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Interpretarea scalei stimei de sine

(Rosenberg, 1965)

Aceasta scala a fost elaborate iniial pentru a msura sentimentul global al valorii
personale si autoacceptrii.

Scala cuprinde 10 itemi cu 4 posibilitai de rspuns ntre total dezacord (1 punct) si


total acord (4 puncte).

Itemii 2,5,6,8,9 se coteaza invers.

Scorurile pot fi cuprinse ntre 10 si 40; scorurile ridicate indica o stim de


sine scazut.

Coeficientul Cronbach = 0,89, raportat de autor, indica o buna consisten intern iar
fidelitatea test-retest e cuprins n studiile autorului ntre 0,85 (la o sptmna interval)
si 0,88 (la doua sptmni interval).
Coeficientul de fidelitate obinut n cazul aplicrii de un eantion iniial de 5024 de
elevi de liceu si gimnaziu a fost de 0,77. S-au semnalat corelaii negative semnificative
ntre nivelul stimei de sine si anxietate (r=-0,64) si ntre nivelul stimei de sine si
depresie (r=-0,54).

Corelaii pozitive sunt raportate ntre nivelul stimei de sine i aspectui fizic (r=0,66),
abilitati colare (r=0,42) si ncredere social (r=0,35)

La cotarea rezultatelor se vor lua ca etalon valorile cuprinse ntre:


o 10-16 puncte - stima de sine scazut
o 17-33 puncte - stima de sine medie
o 34-40 puncte - stima de sine nalt

Stima de sine
Chestionarul de mai jos i propune s v ofere o indicaie despre nivelul stimei dvs.
de sine. Citii cu atenie fiecare fraz si rspundei in cel mai scurt timp, marcnd cu o stelu
varianta care se apropie cel mai mult de punctul dvs. de vedere actual.
Total de
Total
De acord Dezacord
acord
dezacord
1) n general sunt mulumit() de mine
2) Cteodat m gndesc c nu valorez nimic
3) Cred c am o serie de caliti bune
4) Sunt capabil() sa fac lucrurile la fel de bine ca ceilali
5) Simt c nu am n mine prea multe de care sa fiu mndru()
6) Cteodat m simt realmente inutil
7) M gndesc c sunt un om de valoare, cel puin la fel ca alte
persoane
8) Mi-ar plcea s am mai mult respect fat de mine nsumi
9) innd cont de toate, am tendina sa cred ca sunt un(o)
ratat()
10) Am o prere pozitiv despre mine

Stima de sine
Chestionarul de mai jos i propune s v ofere o indicaie despre nivelul stimei dvs.
de sine. Citii cu atenie fiecare fraz si rspundei in cel mai scurt timp, marcnd cu o stelu
varianta care se apropie cel mai mult de punctul dvs. de vedere actual.
Total de
Total
De acord Dezacord
acord
dezacord

1) n general sunt mulumit() de mine


2) Cteodat m gndesc c nu valorez nimic *
3) Cred c am o serie de caliti bune
4) Sunt capabil() sa fac lucrurile la fel de bine ca ceilali
5) Simt c nu am n mine prea multe de care sa fiu
mndru()*
6) Cteodat m simt realmente inutil *
7) M gndesc c sunt un om de valoare, cel puin la fel ca alte
persoane
8) Mi-ar plcea s am mai mult respect fat de mine nsumi *
9) innd cont de toate, am tendina sa cred ca sunt un(o)
ratat() *
10) Am o prere pozitiv despre mine

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)1


The scale is a ten item Likert scale with items answered on a four point scale - from strongly
agree to strongly disagree. The original sample for which the scale was developed consisted
of 5,024 High School Juniors and Seniors from 10 randomly selected schools in New York
State.
Instructions: Below is a list of statements dealing with your general feelings about yourself. If
you strongly agree, circle SA. If you agree with the statement, circle A. If you disagree, circle
D. If you strongly disagree, circle SD.
1. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.

SA A D

SD

2.* At times, I think I am no good at all.

SA A D

SD

3. I feel that I have a number of good qualities.

SA A D

SD

4. I am able to do things as well as most other people.

SA A D

SD

5.* I feel I do not have much to be proud of.

SA A D

SD

6.* I certainly feel useless at times.

SA A D

SD

7. I feel that Im a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others. SA A D

SD

8.* I wish I could have more respect for myself.

SA A D

SD

9.* All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.

SA A D

SD

10. I take a positive attitude toward myself.

SA A D

SD

Scoring: SA=3, A=2, D=1, SD=0. Items with an asterisk are reverse scored, that is, SA=0,
A=1, D=2, SD=3. Sum the scores for the 10 items. The higher the score, the higher the self
esteem.

Literatur: Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton N.J.: University Press.

http://www.ewi-psy.fu-berlin.de/einrichtungen/arbeitsbereiche/arbpsych/media/lehre/ss08/12736/
rosenberg_self_esteem_scale.pdf?1286346456

SCALA ROSENBERG A University of Maryland


BELOW IS A LIST OF STATEMENTS DEALING WITH YOUR GENERAL FEELINGS
ABOUT YOURSELF. IF YOU STRONGLY AGREE, CIRCLE SA. IF YOU AGREE WITH
THE STATEMENT, CIRCLE A. IF YOU DISAGREE, CIRCLE D. IF YOU STRONGLY
DISAGREE, CIRCLE SD2.

1.
STRONGLY
AGREE

2.
AGREE

3.
DISAGREE

4.
STRONGLY
DISAGREE

I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least


on an equal plane with others.
M simt o persoan valoroas, cel puin
egal cu ceilali

SA

SD

I feel that I have a number of good


qualities.
Simt c am un numr nsemnat de
caliti

SA

SD

All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am


a failure.**
Mereu sunt tentat s cred c sunt ratat

SA

SD

I am able to do things as well as most


other people.
Pot s fac lucrurile la fel de bine ca
majoritatea oamenilor

SA

SD

I feel I do not have much to be proud


of.**
Simt c nu prea am multe motive s fiu
mndru de mine

SA

SD

I take a positive attitude toward myself.


Adopt o poziie pozitiv fa de mine

SA

SD

On the whole, I am satisfied with


myself.
Pe ansamblu sunt satisfcut de mine
nsumi

SA

SD

I wish I could have more respect for


myself.**
mi-a dori s am mai mult respect fa de
mine

SA

SD

I certainly feel useless at times.**


Cu siguran, m simt nefolositor uneori

SA

SD

At times I think I am no good at all.**


Uneori m gndesc c nu sunt bun deloc

SA

SD

http://www.socy.umd.edu/quick-links/rosenberg-self-esteem-scale (Department of Sociology at the University


of Maryland)

General Information for Using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES):

While designed as a Guttman scale, the SES is now commonly scored as a Likert
scale. The 10 items are answered on a four point scale ranging from strongly
agree to strongly disagree.

The original sample for which the scale was developed in the 1960s consisted of 5,024
high school juniors and seniors from 10 randomly selected schools in New York State
and was scored as a Guttman scale. The scale generally has high reliability: test-retest
correlations are typically in the range of .82 to .88, and Cronbach's alpha for various
samples are in the range of .77 to .88 (see Blascovich and Tomaka, 1993 and
Rosenberg, 1986 for further detail). Studies have demonstrated both a unidimensional
and a two-factor (self-confidence and self-deprecation)structure to the scale. To obtain
norms for a sample similar to your own, you must search the academic literature to
find research using similar samples.

To score the items, assign a value to each of the 10 items as follows:


For items 1,2,4,6,7: Strongly Agree=3, Agree=2, Disagree=1, and Strongly
Disagree=0.
For items 3,5,8,9,10 (which are reversed in valence, and noted with the asterisks**
below): Strongly Agree=0, Agree=1, Disagree=2, and Strongly Disagree=3.

The scale ranges from 0-30, with 30 indicating the highest score possible. Other
scoring options are possible. For example, you can assign values 1-4 rather than 0-3;
then scores will range from 10-40. Some researchers use 5- or 7-point Likert scales,
and again, scale ranges would vary based on the addition of "middle" categories of
agreement.

Present the items with these instructions. Do not print the asterisks on the sheet you provide to
respondents.

BELOW IS A LIST OF STATEMENTS DEALING WITH YOUR GENERAL FEELINGS


ABOUT YOURSELF. IF YOU STRONGLY AGREE, CIRCLE SA. IF YOU AGREE WITH
THE STATEMENT, CIRCLE A. IF YOU DISAGREE, CIRCLE D. IF YOU STRONGLY
DISAGREE, CIRCLE SD.