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# Lab 2 - Anthropometric Assessment of Asian Adults

Objective
1.

To assess body composition through Weight and Height Measurement, Waist and Hip
Measurement, Skinfold Thickness Measurement and Bioelectrical Impedence
Analysis.

2.

To classify the Body Mass Index, Waist-Hip Ratio, Waist-Height Ratio, bodyfat
percentage and Visceral Fat Level into normal, underweight, or overweight range.

3.

## To examine and compare the accurancy of body fatness percentage measurement.

Results
Profile of Subjects
Subject
Age
Nationality
Gender

A
21
Malaysian
Female

B
21
Malaysian
Female

Subject
Weight (kg)
Height (cm)

1
45
163

A
2
45
163.5

Average
45
163.25

1
49.5
158.75

B
2
49
159

Average
49.25
158.88

Subject
BMI (kg/m2)
Classification

A
16.88
Underweight

B
19.51
Normal

## Waist and Hip Measurement

Subject
Waist Measurement (cm)
Hip Measurement (cm)
Waist - Hip Ratio
Subject
Waist-Hip Ratio
Classification

1
72
88.5

A
2
71
88.2

Average
71.5
88.35

1
74.5
91.6

B
2
75
91.8

A
0.81
Abdominal Obesity

B
0.82
Abdominal Obesity

## Waist - Height Ratio

Subject

Average
74.75
91.7

Waist-Height Ratio
Classification

0.44
Underweight or Normal

0.48
Underweight or Normal

## Skinfold Thickness Measurement

Subject
Triceps (mm)
Biceps (mm)
Subscapular (mm)
Suprailic (mm)
Abdomen (mm)

1
8.50
7.50
7.50
7.00
6.00

A
2
9.00
7.50
8.00
6.00
7.00

B
Average
8.75
7.50
7.75
6.50
6.50

1
15.00
8.50
12.50
10.00
11.50

2
15.5
8.00
11.50
10.00
12.00

Average
15.25
8.25
12.00
10.00
11.75

Calculation:
Bodyfat Percentage of A

Bodyfat Percentage of B

(21) + 1.4072

= 12.42%
Fat Weight of A

= 18.68%
Fat Weight of B

= 12.42% x 45

= 18.68% x 49.25

= 5.59 kg

= 9.20 kg

## = ScaleWeight - Fat Weight

= 45 - 5.59

= 49.25 - 9.20

= 39.41 kg
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)

= 40.05 kg

Subject
A
Weight (kg)
45.4
Fat%
25.2
VFA Level
1
2
BMI (kg/m )
17
BMR (kcal)
1162
Visceral Fat Level Classification of A = Normal

B
50.2
23.5
2
19.9
1198

## Visceral Fat Level Classification of B = Normal

Questions
1.

What is the goal of waist measurement to identify the risk of health problems?

## Interpret your results based on this goal.

The waist measurement is to identify the risk of abdominal obesity, overweight or
underweight throught the calculation of Waist-Hip Ratio and Waist-Height Ratio. The
goal for Waist-Hip Ratio values are less than 0.90 and 0.80 for men and women
respectively. The goal for Waist-Height Ratio is less than 0.5. The Waist-Hip Ratio of
A and B are 0.81 and 0.82 respectively which are more than 0.80 and are considered
as abdominal obesity. The Waist-Height Ratio of A and B are 0.44 and 0.48
respectively which are less than 0.5 and classified as normal range.
2.

What is the body mass index (BMI) range for the following categories:
underweight; normal; overweight and obese? Interpret your results based on
BMI table.
The BMI range for underweight is less than 18.5kg/m 2, the range for normal is from
18.5kg/m2 to 22.9kg/m2, the range for overwight is more than 23kg/m2, the range for
overweight at risk is from 23kg/m2 to 24.9kg/m2, the range for obese class 1 is from
25kg/m2 to 29.9kg/m2 and the range for obese class 2 is more than 30kg/m2. The
BMI of A is 16.88kg/m2 which is classified as underweight. The BMI of B is
19.51kg/m2 which is classified as normal.

3.

What is the recommended range of body fatness for both males and females?
Interpret your result from the skinfold thickness measurements based on this
recommended range.
The recommended range of body fetness for males and females are from 14% to 17%
and from 21% to 24% respectively (American Council on Exercise. The skinfold
thickness measurement of A & B are 12.42% and 18.68% respectively which are
lying under the categories of essential fat and athelete respectively which both
subjects have lower body fatness percentage than the recommended range.

References
American Council on Exercise, 2013. Percent Body Fat Norms for Men and Women
[Online].

Available

from:

<http://www.acefitness.org/acefit/healthy_living_tools_content.aspx?id=2> [Accessed 23
January 2015].