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Differentiate molarity and molality for a reaction. How does change in temperature influence this


Calculate the freezing point of an aqueous solution containing 10.5 g of MgBr2 in 200 g of water.
(Molar mass of MgBr2= 184 g) (Kf of H2O = 1.86K kg/mol)


Define osmosis and osmotic pressure. Is the osmotic pressure of a solution a colligative property?
Explain. How MB can be determined from osmotic pressure? Calculate the boiling point of a
solution prepared by adding 15 g of NaCl to 250 g of H2O.


State Henrys Law about partial pressure of a gas in a mixture. State Raoults Law in its general
form in reference to solution. A solution prepared by dissolving 8.9 mol of a gene fragment in 355
ml of water has an osmotic pressure of 0.335 torr at 25C. Determine its molar mass. (1 torr=760


What would be the molar mass of a compound if 6.21 g of it is dissolved in 24 g of chloroform

from a solution that has a B.P of 68.04C? The B.P of pure chloroform is 61.75C and the boiling
point elevation constant, Kb for chloroform is 3.63C.


Calculate the temperature at which a solution containing 54 g of glucose (C6H12O6) in 250 g of

water will freeze. (Kf =1.86 K Kg/mol)


Taking suitable examples explain the meaning of positive and negative deviation from Raoults


A solution containing 8 g of substance in 100 g of diethyl ether boils at 36.8C when ether boils at
35.6C. Determine molecular mass of the solute. (for ether Kb = 2.02 K Kg/mol)


State how the V.P of a solvent is affected when a non volatile solute is dissolved in it. A 5%
solution of cane sugar in water has a freezing point of 271 K. Calculate the freezing point of 5%
solution of glucose in water. The freezing point of pure water is 273.15 K. (Molecular mass of cane
sugar = 342 g, glucose = 180 g)

Q10. If the density of water of a lake is 1.25g/mol and kg of lake water contains 92 g of Na+ ions.
Calculate the molarity of Na+ ions.
Q11. Calculate the mass of a non-volatile solute (molar mass 40 g/mol) which should be dissolved in
114g of octane to reduce its vapour pressure to 80%.
Q12. 100 g of protein is dissolved in water to make 10 ml of solution. If this solution has an osmotic
pressure of 13.3 mm Hg at 25C. What is the molar mass of the protein?
Q13. Calculate the F.P. depression for 0.071 m aqueous solution of Na2SO4. If this solution actually
freezes at -0.32C. What would be the value of Vant Hoff Factor? (Kf=1.86 K Kg/mol)
Q14. Define :a) Mole fraction

b) Isotomic solutions

c) Vant Hoff Factor

d) Ideal Solution

Q15. A 1.00 molal solution of CCl3COOH is heated to its boiling point. The solution has the boiling
point of 100.18C. Determine the Vant Hoff Factor for the acid. (Kb for water = 0.512 K Kg/mol)
Q16. 15 g of an unknown molecular material was dissolved in 450 g of water. The resulting solution was
found to freeze at -0.34. What is the molar mass of this material? (Kf of H2O = 1.86 K Kg/mol)