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Bachelor of Engineering

The Bachelor of Engineering commonly abbreviated


as (B.Eng.) is an undergraduate academic degree
awarded to a student after three to ve years of studying
engineering at university or college. A BEng degree will
be accredited by one of the Engineering Councils professional bodies as suitable for registration as a chartered
engineer. That might include the British Computer Society. Alternatively, it might be accredited directly by another professional body, such as the Institute of Electrical
and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The BEng is mainly is
a route to chartered engineer, registered engineer or licensed engineer, and has been approved by representatives of the profession.

Automotive engineering

BEng has a greater emphasis on technical engineering


aspects, for example, electronics and electrical circuits,
than the BSc. However, topics covered in BEng can overlap with BSc.

Computer Engineering

Biological/Chemical Engineering includBiomedical,


Biosystems,
ing Biochemical,
Biomolecular, and Chemical engineering
Chemical Engineering deals with the process of
converting raw materials or chemicals into more
useful or valuable forms
Clean Technology use energy, water and raw materials and other inputs more eciently and productively. Create less waste or toxicity and deliver equal
or superior performance.

Civil Engineering a wide-ranging eld, including


building engineering, civil engineering, construction
engineering, industrial, manufacturing, mechanical,
materials and control engineering

Most universities in the United States and Europe award


the Bachelor of Science Engineering (BSc Eng), Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng), Bachelor of Engineering Science (BESc), Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BSE),
or Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) degree to undergraduate students of engineering study. For example, Canada is the only country that awards the BASc degree for graduating engineers. Other institutions award
engineering degrees specic to the area of study, such
as BSEE (Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering) and BSME (Bachelor of Science in Mechanical
Engineering).[1]

Electrical
and
Computer
Engineering/Electronic Engineering very diverse
eld,
including
Computer
Engineering,
Communication/Communication systems engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Microelectronic
Engineering, Microelectronics, Nanotechnology,
Mechatronics, Software Engineering, Systems,
Wireless and Telecommunications, Photovoltaic
and Power Engineering

A less common variety of the degree is Baccalaureus in


Arte Ingeniaria (BAI), a Latin name meaning Bachelor in
the Art of Engineering.[2] It is awarded by the University
of Dublin, Ireland and is more commonly referred to as
Bachelor of Engineering; some South African Universities refer to their Engineering degrees as B.Ing. (Baccalaureus Ingenierswese - Afrikaans).

Electrical Controls Engineering a relatively new


and more specialized subdiscipline of Electrical Engineering that focuses on integrating Electrical Controls, and their programming.
Engineering Management the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational
management of industrial and manufacturing operations

Engineering elds

Environmental Engineering includes elds such


as Environmental, Geological, Geomatic, Mining,
Marine, and Ocean engineering

A Bachelor of Engineering degree will usually be


undertaken in one eld of engineering, which is sometimes noted in the degree postnominals, as in BE(Aero)
or BEng(Elec). Common elds for the Bachelor of Engineering degree include the following elds:

Fire Protection Engineering the application of


science and engineering principles to protect people
and their environments from the destructive eects
of re and smoke.

Aerospace Engineering

Geomatics Engineering acquisition, modeling,


analysis and management of spatial data. Focuses on

Agricultural Engineering
1

2 INTERNATIONAL VARIATIONS
satellite positioning, remote sensing, land surveying,
wireless location and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).[3]

Textile Engineering based on the conversion of


three types of ber into yarn, then fabric, then
textiles

Geotechnical Engineering a combination of civil


and mining engineering, and involves the analysis of
earth materials.

Robotics and Automation Engineering relates all


engineering elds for implementing in robotics and
automation

Information Science and Engineering same as Information Technology.

Systems Science focuses on the analysis, design, development and organization of complex
systems[6][7]

Industrial Engineering studies facilities planning,


plant layout, work measurement, job design, methods engineering, human factors, manufacturing processes, operations management, statistical quality 2 International variations
control, systems, psychology, and basic operations
management
2.1 Australia
Instrumentation Engineering a branch of engiIn Australia, the Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) is a
neering dealing with measurement
four-year undergraduate degree course and a professional
Integrated Engineering a multi-disciplinary, qualication. It is also available as a six-year sandwich
design-project-based engineering degree program.
course (where students are required to undertake a pe Manufacturing Engineering: Includes methods riod of professional placement as part of the degree) or
engineering, manufacturing process planning, an eight-year part-time course through some universities.
tool design, metrology, Robotics, Computer inte- The Institution of Engineers, Australia (Engineers Ausgrated manufacturing, operations management and tralia) accredits degree courses and graduates of accredited courses are eligible for membership of the Institumanufacturing management]]
tion. Bachelor of Engineering graduates may commence
Materials Engineering includes metallurgy, poly- work as a graduate professional engineer upon graduamer and ceramic engineering
tion, although some may elect to undertake further study
such as a Masters or Doctoral degree. Chartered Profes Mechanical Engineering includes engineering of
sional Engineer (CPEng) status or the various State regtotal systems where mechanical science principles
istration requirements are usually obtained in later years.
apply to objects in motion including transportation,
Graduates with formal engineering qualications in Ausenergy, buildings, aerospace, and machine design.
tralia are often referred to as Professional Engineers to
Explores the applications of the theoretical elds of
distinguish them from other professions where the term
Mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials
Engineer is used loosely.
science, structural analysis, manufacturing, and
electricity
Mechatronics Engineering - includes a combination 2.2 Canada
of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering,
telecommunications engineering, control engineer- In Canada, a degree for studies in an accredited undergraduate engineering program is either named Bachelor
ing and computer engineering
of Engineering (B.Eng., B.Ing. in French).
Mining Engineering deals with discovering, extracting, beneciating, marketing, and utilizing min- Through the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board
(CEAB), Engineers Canada accredits Canadian undereral deposits.[4][5]
graduate engineering programs that meet the standards
Nuclear Engineering customarily includes of the profession. Graduates of those programs are
nuclear ssion, nuclear fusion, and related topics deemed by the profession to have the required academic
such as heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel qualications to be licensed as professional engineers in
and/or other related technology (e.g., radioactive Canada.[8] This practice is intended to maintain standards
waste disposal), and the problems of nuclear pro- of education and allow mobility of engineers in dierent
liferation. May also include radiation protection, provinces of Canada.[9]
particle detectors, and medical physics.
In Canada, A CEAB-accredited degree is the minimum
Production Engineering term used in the UK and academic requirement for registration as a professional
Europe similar to Industrial Engineering in N Amer- engineer anywhere in Canada, and the standard against
ica - it includes engineering of machines, people, which all other engineering academic qualications are
process and management. Explores the applications measured.[10] Graduation from an accredited program,
which normally involves four years of study, is a required
of the theoretical eld of Mechanics.

2.6

Netherlands

rst step to becoming a Professional Engineer. Regulation and accreditation are accomplished through a selfgoverning body (the name of which varies from province
to province), which is given the power by statute to register and discipline engineers, as well as regulate the eld
of engineering in the individual provinces.

carrying-out any professional engineering works in private or public sector and are entitled to use the prex
(Engr.) with their names in general and (R.E. / P.E.) titles in particular as per registration status. Engineers are
registered in two categories namely: Registered Engineer
(R.E.) and Professional Engineer (P.E.). Graduate EngiA graduate of a non-CEAB-accredited program must neers completing a PEC accredited degree are registered
demonstrate that his or her education is at least equivalent as Registered Engineers (R.E.) and a further 5 years
postgraduate experience with formal examination (EPE)
to that of a graduate of a CEAB-accredited program.[11]
gets them registered as Professional Engineers (P.E.).

2.3

Germany

In Germany, the Bachelor of Engineering was introduced


as part of implementation of the Bologna process. However, this degree is in fact mostly oered by German
Fachhochschule-institutions Universities of Applied Sciences. German technical universities award a Bachelor of
Science in engineering rather than the BEng degree.

2.4

Finland

The situation is similar in Finland as in Germany. Universities of applied sciences (ammattikorkeakoulu) grant
professional Bachelors degrees (insinri (amk)). The
degree does not traditionally prepare for further study,
but due to the Bologna process, a completely new degree
of ylempi insinri (yamk) has been introduced for engineers who wish to continue studying after some work
experience. Before 2005, academic universities (see
Education in Finland) did not make an administrative distinction between studies on the Bachelors and Masters
level, and the Masters level diplomi-insinri was the rst
degree to be received. Due to the Bologna process, an intermediate Bachelor of Science in Engineering (tekniikan kandidaatti) has been introduced.

2.5

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the Bachelor of Science in Engineering


or Bachelor of Engineering (BS / BSc/ BE Engg.) is
awarded to a student who has completed four years course
in engineering which consists of eight semesters. The
entry to an engineering programme is after 12 years of
schooling. Students are required to appear in an entry
test and nal evaluation is made by calculating their Intermediate (HSSC / F.Sc. Pre Engineering) Marks and
entry test marks. Students having three years diploma of
Associate Engineering (D.A.E.) can also appear for entry
test. The rest of the procedure is same. Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), the regulatory body of Engineering profession in Pakistan, registers and awards registration certicates to those graduates only, who complete
their engineering studies from Universities/Institutes offering Accredited Engineering Programmes, thus declaring them bona de Professional Engineers, capable of

2.6 Netherlands
In the Netherlands the Bachelor of Engineering was also
introduced as part of implementation of the bologna process, the same as in Germany. The degree is only offered by Dutch Hogeschool-institutions and is equivalent to the Dutch engineers degree ingenieur (ing.). A
Dutch BEng involves a rigorous study of four years and
is only awarded in the eld of aeronautical engineering,
mechanical engineering, software engineering, industrial
engineering, or electrical engineering. Completion of
a Dutch engineers study in the eld biochemical engineering, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering,
environmental engineering, material engineering is however awarded with a Bachelor of Applied Science degree.
Dutch technical universities award a Bachelor of Science
in engineering (BScEng) instead of the BEng degree.

2.7 India
In India,B.E. is equivalent to B.tech. BE/BTech is a degree awarded by universities to students who have completed four years (eight semesters) worth of coursework
related to a specic branch of engineering.
Eligibility for entry is 12 years of school education. Generally the rst year (rst two semesters) is common to all
branches, and has the same subjects of study. Courses
divert after rst year. The medium of instruction and
examination is English. Most universities follow the
Marks System for grading instead of the Credit System. Generally, universities in India oer BE/BTech in
the following branches: Civil Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Electrical (and Electronics), Electronics
(and Communications and/or Telecom) Engineering,
Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Computer
Engineering, Information Technology, Chemical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Production Engineering, Systems Science,
Biotechnology Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.
The AICTE and the Indian Government are responsible
for approving engineering colleges and branches/courses.
Only those universities which have been approved by
these bodies can award degrees which are legally valid
and are accepted as qualiers for jobs in the central/state
government and in the private sector.

2.8

South Africa

In South Africa, the Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BEng/BIng (for Afrikaans
Universities) or B.Sc. Eng.) is awarded to a student who
has completed four years course in engineering which
consists of eight semesters. The degree is regulated by
ECSA (Engineering Council of South Africa).

See also
Bachelor of Technology
Bachelors degree
Bachelor of Applied Science
Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
Engineers degree
Master of Engineering (M.E. or MEng)
Vocational university

References

[1] Example Degrees. Retrieved 2013-01-28.


[2] http://www.tcd.ie/Engineering/welcome/index.php
[3] http://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/about
[4] Mining engineering
[5] http://www.cemr.wvu.edu/academics/degrees.php?
level=ugrad&pPage=programs.php&pTitle=Programs
[6] List of systems sciences organizations
[7] List of systems engineering universities
[8] http://www.engineerscanada.ca/e/pr_accreditation.cfm
[9] http://www.engineerscanada.ca/
canadian-engineering-accreditation-board
[10] http://www.apegm.mb.ca/CEAB.html
[11] http://www.apegm.mb.ca/CEAB.html

REFERENCES

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Bachelor of Engineering Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bachelor%20of%20Engineering?oldid=639988877 Contributors: Bryan


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