Kuby Vocab: Urban Patterns (landscape) 1) concentric ring model: made in the 1920s, said that the city

was organized in a series of concentric rings; CBD packed with corporate offices, consumer services, shopping, and gov buildings, focus of city life; 1st zone around city=fringe zone, 2nd was zone of transition (home to the poor), and 3 rd consisted of homes with increasingly well-off residents, starting with the homes of blue collar worker; residential geo of a city was driven by a process of invasion and succession

2) CBD: central business district, packed with corporate offices, consumer services, shopping, and gov buildings, focus of city life 3) Invasion and succession: new immigrants to the city moved into the oldest housing near the city center and pushed earlier groups outward, each preceding group moved outward 4) Sector model: housing values in US cities conformed to a pattern of sectors radiating out from the downtown; high rent models took the shape of wedges leading outward toward along established lines of travel, fashionable boulevards, and environmentally desirable corridors like high ground, ocean fronts, lakeshores, bays and parks; low income- as far away as possible; middle classsurrounding the high rent wedges

5) Multiple nuclei model: the districts in the model are not always of the same shapes or the same spatial arrangements (this model is more flexible than others); not all employment is found in CBD , some activities are found in adjacent districts of the city- like middle class neighborhoods bordering manufacturing and wholesaling; morphed into the concept of urban realms when cars became more famous 6) Urban realms: suburban regions functionally tied to a mixed- use “suburban downtown” 7) Postmodernism: celebrates diversity, and denies that any perspective, style, or subgroup has a decoration, context, and historic preservation- form and function; NO UNIVERSAL MODELS 8) Modernism: modernism is based on a belief in the preeminence of scientific rationality and the inevitability of human progress; emphasizes function over form and universal models 9) Slums: run down inter city neighborhoods, low income families live here 10) Urban underclass: first underclass is persistently poor, only poor for an extended amount of time, 2nd plagued by a variety of social ills, like wedlock births, high dropouts rates, crime, gangs, and drugs; 3rd lives in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty where most of the neighbors are persistently poor 11) Gentrification: involved the physical revitalization of some older, architecturally and historically significant neighborhoods; earlier, they attracted “non traditional” people, now they attract many diverse kinds of people; gentrified neighborhoods offer proximity to work, access to activities that have sprouted in many downtown districts

12) Creative class: the post modern hunger for neighborhoods that provide meaning, identity, diversity, and excitement in people’s lives; consists of scientists, engineers, artists (basically people who are creative enough to create new things) 13) Suburbanization: the decentralization of the urban economy and population (people go to suburbs from CBDs) 14) Edge cities: emerge from the suburban downtowns of the urban realm concept, but they are far more than just shopping malls; they are corporate headquarters, built to be served by automobile rather than pedestrian travel