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AUDITING THEORY TESTBANKS / REVIEWERS

1. When an auditor believes that an understanding with the client has


not been established, he or she should ordinarily
a. Perform the audit with increase professional skepticism.
b. Decline to accept or perform the audit.
c. Assess control risk at the maximum level and perform a
primarily substantive audit.
d. Modify the scope of the audit to reflect an increased risk of
material misstatement due to fraud.
2. An auditor should design the written audit program so that
a. All material transactions will be selected for substantive testing.
b. Substantive tests prior to the balance sheet date will be
minimized.
c. The audit procedures selected will achieve specific audit
objectives.
d. Each account balance will be tested under either tests of
controls or tests of transactions.
3. Which of the following fraudulent activities most likely could be
perpetrated due to the lack of effective internal controls in the
revenue cycle?
a. Fictitious transactions may be recorded that cause an
understatement of revenues and overstatement of receivables.
b. Claim received from customers for goods returned may be
intentionally recorded in other customers accounts.
c. Authorization of credit memos by personnel who receive cash
may permit the misappropriation of cash.
d. The failure to prepare shipping documents may cause an
overstatement of inventory balances.
4. Accepting an engagement to examine an entitys financial
projection most likely would be appropriate if the projection were to
be distributed to
a. All employees who work for the entity.
b. Potential stockholders who request a prospectus or a
registration statement.
c. A bank with which the entity is negotiating for a loan.
d. All stockholders of record as of the report date.

5. In assessing control risk for purchases, an auditor vouches a


sample of entries in the voucher register to the supporting
documents. Which assertion would this test of controls most likely
support?
a. Completeness
c. Valuation or allocation
b. Existence or occurrence
d.
Rights
and
obligations
6. Which of the following comparisons would an auditor most likely
make in evaluating an entitys costs and expenses?
a. The current years accounts receivable with the prior years
accounts receivable.
b. The current years payroll expense with the prior years payroll
expense.
c. The budgeted current years sales with the prior years sales.
d. The budgeted current years warranty expense with the current
years contingent liabilities.
7. An auditor is planning an audit engagement for a new client in a
business that is unfamiliar to the auditor. Which of the following
would be the most useful source of information for the auditor
during the preliminary planning stage, when the auditor is trying to
obtain a general understanding of audit problems that might be
encountered?
a. Client manuals of accounts and charts of accounts.
b. Industry Audit Guides.
c. Prior year documentation of the predecessor auditor.
d. Latest annual and interim financial statements issued by the
client.
8. An auditors report on financial statements prepared in accordance
with the financial reporting provisions of a contract (that is, a
special purpose framework) to comply with the provisions of that
contract should include all of the following, except
a. An opinion as to whether the financial statements are presented
fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with the financial
reporting provisions of the contract.
b. A statement that indicates the basis of accounting used.

c. An opinion as to whether the basis of accounting used is


appropriate under the circumstances.
d. Reference to the note to the financial statements that describes
the basis of presentation.
9. An entitys management is responsible for the preparation and fair
presentation of the financial statements. Its responsibility includes
the following, except
a.
Designing, implementing, and maintaining internal control
relevant to the preparation and presentation of financial
statements.
b.
Making accounting estimates that are reasonable in the
circumstances.
c.
Selecting and applying appropriate accounting policies.
d.
Assessing the risks of material misstatement of the financial
statements.
10. Which of the following statements best expresses the objective
of the traditional audit of financial statements?
a.
To express an opinion on the fairness with which the
statements present financial position, financial performance,
and cash flows in accordance with Philippine Financial
Reporting Standards.
b.
To express an opinion on the accuracy with which the
statements present financial position, financial performance,
and cash flows in accordance with Philippine Financial
Reporting Standards.
c.
To make suggestions as to the form or content of the
financial statements or to draft them in whole or in part.
d.
To assure adoption of sound accounting policies and the
establishment and maintenance of internal control.
11. Which of the following statements concerning related party
transactions is correct?
a.
In the absence of evidence to the contrary, related party
transactions should be assumed to be outside the ordinary
course of business.
b.
The audit procedures directed toward identifying related
party transactions should include considering whether

transactions are occurring but are not being given proper


accounting recognition.
c.
An auditor should determine whether a particular transaction
would have occurred if the parties had not been related.
d.
An auditor should substantiate that related party transactions
were consummated on terms equivalent to those that prevail in
arms-length transactions.
12. The auditor shall assemble the audit documentation in a/an
a.
Working paper
c. Audit file
b.
Workpaper
d. Audit memorandum
13. The auditor is required to complete the administrative process
of assembling the final audit file on a timely basis after the date of
the auditors report. The time limit within which to complete the
assembly of the audit file is ordinarily
a.
Not more than 30 days after the date of the auditors report.
b.
Not more than 60 days after the date of the auditors report.
c.
Not more than 90 days after the end of the entitys reporting
period.
d.
Not more than 60 days after the date the entitys financial
statements are authorized for issue.
14. According to Section 9(A) of the IRR, the Commission upon the
recommendation of the Board, shall create an auditing standard
setting body to be known as the
a.
Auditing and Assurance Standards Council (AASC)
b.
Auditing Standards and Practices Council (ASPC)
c.
Auditing Standards Board (ASB)
d.
Auditing Standards Council (ASC)
15. The following documents shall be submitted by applicants for
the CPA licensure examination, except
a.
Certificate of Live Birth in National Statistics Office (NSO)
security paper.
b.
Marriage contract in NSO security paper for all married
applicants.
c.
Marriage contract in NSO security paper for married female
applicants.

d.

Transcript of records with indication therein of date or


graduation and Special Order number unless it is not required.

16. The following documents are to be submitted by a foreign


applicant whose letter/document and the copy of the law on
foreign reciprocity of his/her country/state are satisfactory to the
BOA, except
a.
Certificate of Religious Affiliation.
b.
Original or authenticated copy of transcript of records or
equivalent document of the course for licensure examination
where he/she studied, duly authorized or accredited by his/her
country/state.
c.
The original or certified copy of any official documents issued
by the Bureau of Immigration and Deportation allowing the
applicant to enter and reside in the Philippines.
d.
Certificate of Registration or its equivalent stating that the
foreign applicant is duly registered or licensed CPA or its
equivalent in his/her country/state.
17. Which part of the Code of Ethics applies to professional
accountants in public practice?
a. Part A
c. Part C
b. Part B
d. Part D
18. Which of the following fundamental ethical principles prohibits
association of professional accountants with reports, returns,
communications or other information that is believed to contain a
materially false or misleading statement?
a. Integrity
c. Professional competence and
due care
b. Objectivity
d. Confidentiality
19. Safeguards created by the profession, legislation or regulation
include the following, except
a. Continuing professional development requirements.
b. Professional standards.
c. Firm-wide and engagement specific safeguards.
d. Educational, training and experience requirements for entry into
the profession.

20. On which of the following safeguards a professional accountant


in public practice cannot rely solely to reduce threats to an
acceptable level?
a. Safeguards created by the profession, legislation or regulation.
b. Firm-wide safeguards.
c. Engagement specific safeguards.
d. Safeguards within the clients systems and procedures.
21. If the fee quoted for a professional service is so low, it may be
difficult for the CPA to perform the engagement in accordance with
applicable technical and professional standards for that price. This
situation may create a self-interest threat to
a. Professional competence and due care
c. Integrity
b. Objectivity
d.
Professional
behavior
22. Which of the following is not a contingent fee?
a. A fee that is dependent upon the approval of the assurance
clients loan application
b. An audit fee that is based on 5% of the clients adjusted net
income for the current year
c. A fee that is fixed by a court or other public authority
d. An arrangement whereby no fee will be charged unless a
specified finding or result is attained
23. A self-interest threat would be created if the firm, or a member
of the assurance team, makes a loan to an assurance client that is
not a bank or similar institution, or guarantees such an assurance
clients borrowing. The self-interest threat created would be so
significant that no safeguard could reduce the threat to an
acceptable level unless the loan or guarantee is
a. Made under normal lending terms, procedures and
requirements
b. Immaterial to the firm or the member of the assurance team
c. Immaterial to both or the member of the assurance team and
the assurance client
d. Made under normal lending terms, procedures and
requirements and the loan or guarantee is immaterial to both
the firm or the member of the assurance team and the
assurance client

24. The auditors risk assessment procedures should always


include the following, except
a. Inquiries of management and of others within the entity
b. Analytical procedures
c. Observation and inspection
d. Substantive test procedures and tests of controls
25. The auditors risk assessment procedures
a. By themselves, do not provide sufficient appropriate audit
evidence on which to base the audit opinion
b. Should not consider information obtained from the auditors
previous experience with entity
c. Are designed to detect material misstatement at the assertion
level of classes of transactions, account balances and
disclosures
d. Are designed to test the effectiveness of the entitys controls
26. Which of the following statements concerning audit risk and its
components is incorrect?
a. Regardless of the assessed levels of inherent and control risks,
the auditor should always perform some substantive
procedures for material account balances and classes of
transactions
b. The higher the assessment of inherent and control risks, the
more evidence the auditor should obtain from the performance
of substantive procedures
c. The assessed level of inherent risk need not be considered in
determining the nature, timing, and extent of substantive
procedures required to reduce audit risk to an acceptably low
level
d. After obtaining an understanding of the accounting and internal
control systems, the auditor should make a preliminary
assessment of control risk, at the assertion level, for each
material account balance or class of transactions
27. The following are components of internal control
a. Control activities
c. Control environment
b. The entitys risk assessment process
d. Business risk

28. An entitys internal control system contains manual elements


and often contains automated elements. Manual elements in
internal control may be less reliable than automated elements
because
a. Manual control elements can be more easily bypassed,
ignored, or overridden and they also more prone to simple
errors and mistakes
b. Manual control elements facilitate the additional analysis of
information
c. Consistency of application of manual control elements can
always be assumed
d. Manual control elements include reliance on systems or
programs that are inaccurately processing data, processing
inaccurate date, or both
29. Which of the following components of an entitys internal control
includes development and use of training policies that
communicate prospective roles and responsibilities to employees?
a. Monitoring of controls
c. Control environment
b. Control activities
d.
Information
and
communication
30.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Control activities relate to the following, except


Segregation of duties
Performance reviews
An internal audit function
Authorization

31. Internal control should be designed to provide reasonable


assurance that
a. Managements planning, organizing, and directing processes
are properly evaluated
b. Managements plans have not been circumvented by employee
collusion
c. Material errors or fraud will be prevented, or detected and
corrected within a timely period by employees in the course of
performing their assigned duties
d. The internal auditing departments guidance and oversight of
managements performance is accomplished economically and
efficiently

32. An audit is conducted on the premise that management and,


where appropriate, those charged with governance, have
acknowledged and understand that they have responsibilities that
are fundamental to the conduct of an audit in accordance with
PSAs. Which of t6he following is not one of those responsibilities?
a. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with
relevant pronouncements issued by the ASCC
b. The establishment and maintenance of an adequate internal
control system that is necessary to enable the preparation of
financial statements that are free from material misstatement,
whether due to fraud or error
c. To provide the auditor with access to all information that is
relevant to the preparation of the financial statements such as
records, documentation, and other matters
d. To provide the auditor with unrestricted access to persons
within the entity from which the auditor determines it necessary
to obtain evidence
33. In performing an audit of financial statements, the auditor
should obtain a sufficient knowledge of a clients business and
industry to
a. Develop an attitude of professional skepticism concerning
managements financial statement assertions
b. Make constructive suggestions concerning improvements to the
clients internal control
c. Evaluate whether the aggregation of known misstatements
causes the financial statements taken as a whole to be
materially misstated
d. Understand the events and transactions that may have an
effect on the clients financial statements
34. The establishment of an overall audit strategy involves
I. Determining the characteristics of the engagement that define
its scope
II. Ascertaining the reporting objectives of the engagement to plan
the timing of the audit and the nature of the communications
required
III. Considering the important factors that will determine the focus
of the engagement teams efforts.

a. I and II only
b. II and III only

c. I and III only


d. I, II and III

35. Which of the following should be included in the audit plan?


I. The nature, timing and extent of planned risk assessment
procedures, as determined under PAS 315 (Identifying and
Assessing the Risks of Material Misstatements trough
Understanding the Entity and its Environment)
II. The nature, timing and extent of planned further audit
procedures at the assertion level, as determined under PSA
330 (The Auditors Responses to Assessed Risks)
b. I only
c. Both I and II
c. II only
d. Neither I nor II
36. Which of the following matters would an auditor most likely
consider when establishing the scope of the audit?
a. The expected audit coverage, including the number and
locations of the entitys components to be included
b. The entitys timetable for r4epoting, such as at interim and final
stages
c. The discussion with the status of audit work throughout the
engagement and the expected deliverables resulting from the
audit procedures
d. Audit areas where there is a higher risk of material
misstatement
37. Audit programs are modified to suit the circumstances of
particular engagements. A complete audit progr5am usually should
be developed
a. When the engagement letter is prepared
b. After obtaining an understanding of the control environment and
control activities components of the entitys internal control
c. After the auditor has obtained an understanding of the entity
and its environment, including its internal control and assessed
the risks of material misstatement
d. Prior to beginning the actual audit work
38. In connection with the planning phase of an audit engagement,
which of the following statements is always correct?

a. Final staffing decisions must be made prior to completion of the


planning stage
b. Observation of inventory count should be performed at yearend
c. A portion of the audit of a continuing audit client can be
performed at interim dates
d. An engagement should not be accepted after the clients
financial year-end
39. An adequate system of internal controls is most likely to detect
a fraud perpetrated by a
a. Group of employees in collusion
b. Single employee
c. Group of managers in collusion
d. Single manager
40. Controls should be designed to provide reasonable assurance
that
a. Organizational objectives and goals will be achieved
economically and efficiently
b. Managements plans have not been circumvented by worker
collusion
c. The internal audit activitys guidance and oversight of
managements performance is accomplished economically and
efficiently
d. Managements planning, organizing, and directing processes
are properly evaluated
41. Criteria that are embodied in laws or regulations, or issued by
authorized or recognized bodies of experts that follow a
transparent due process are called
a. Suitable criteria
c.
Specifically
developed criteria
b. Established criteria
d. General criteria
42. In an assurance engagement, the outcome of the evaluation or
measurement of a subject matter against criteria is called
a. Subject matter information
c. Assurance
b. Subject matter
d. Conclusion

43. The following are characteristics of direct reporting assurance


engagements, except
a. The subject matter information is in the form of an assertion by
the responsible party that is made available to the intended
users
b. The subject matter information is provided to the intended users
in the assurance report
c. The practitioner either directly performs the evaluation or
measurement of the subject matter or obtains a representation
from the responsible party that has performed the evaluation or
measurement
d. The representation of the responsible party that has performed
the evaluation or measurement of the subject matter is not
available to the intended users
44. What type of assurance engagement is involved when the
practitioner expresses a negative form of conclusion?
a. Reasonable assurance engagement
b. Negative assurance engagement
c. Assertion-based assurance engagement
d. Limited assurance engagement
45. Assurance engagement risk is the risk
a. That the practitioner expresses an inappropriate conclusion
when the subject matter information is materially misstated
b. Of expressing an inappropriate conclusion when the subject
matter information is not materially misstated
c. Through loss from litigation, adverse publicity, or other events
arising in connection with a subject matter reported on
d. Of expressing an inappropriate conclusion when the subject
matter information is either materially misstated or not
materially misstated
46. The following statements relate to the performance of an
assurance engagement other than an audit or review of historical
financial information covered by PSAs and PSREs. Which is
incorrect?

a. Those persons who are perform the engagement should


collectivity possess the necessary professional competence
b. The practitioner is not allowed to use the work of persons from
other professional disciplines
c. The practitioner should consider materiality and assurance
engagement risk when planning and performing an assurance
engagement
d. The assurance report should be in writing and should contain a
clear expression of the practitioners conclusion about the
subject matter information
47. Reducing assurance engagement risk to zero is very rarely
attainable or cost beneficial as a result of the following factors,
except
a. The use of selective testing
b. The fact that much of the evidence available assurance
knowledge is persuasive rather than conclusive
c. The practitioner may not have the required assurance
knowledge and skills to gather and evaluate evidence
d. The use of judgment in gathering and evaluating evidence and
forming conclusions based on that evidence
48. The Philippine Standards on Quality Control (PSQCs) are to be
applied to
a. Assurance engagements only
b. Review engagements only
c. Compilation and review engagements only
d. All services that fall under the AASCs engagement standards
49. The overall objectives of the auditor in conducting an audit of
financial statements are
I. To obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial
statements as a whole are free from material misstatements,
whether caused by fraud or error
II. To report on the financial statements
III. To obtain conclusive rather than persuasive evidence
IV. To detect all misstatements, whether due to fraud or error
a. I and II only
c. I, II and III only
b. II and IV only
d. I, II, III and IV

50. The auditor is required to maintain professional skepticism


throughout the audit. Which of the following statements concerning
professional skepticism is false?
a. A belief that management and those charged with governance
are honest and have integrity relieves the auditor of the need to
maintain professional skepticism
b. Maintaining professional skepticism throughout the audit
reduces the risk of using inappropriate assumptions in
determining the nature, timing and extent of the audit
procedures and evaluating the results thereof
c. Professional skepticism is necessary to the critical assessment
of audit evidence
d. Professional skepticism is an attitude that includes questioning
contradictory audit evidence obtained
51. Professional judgment
a. Should be exercised in planning and performing an audit of
financial statements but need not be documented
b. Can be used as the justification for the decisions made by the
auditor that are not supported by the facts and circumstances of
the engagement
c. Is necessary in the evaluation of managements judgments in
applying the entitys applicable financial reporting framework
d. Is not used in making decisions about materiality and audit risk
52. The internal auditing profession has advanced primarily as a
result of
a. Increased interest by Bachelor of Science in Accountancy
(BSA) graduates and experienced auditors
b. Job qualification specifications that included added emphasis
on background knowledge and skills
c. The limitation of financial statement audit scope
d. Increased complexity and sophisticated of business operations
53. As defined in PSA 500, _________ is an individual or
organization possessing the expertise in a field other than
accounting or auditing, whose work in that field is used by the
entity to assist the entity in preparing the financial statements
a. Auditors expert
c. Auditors internal expert

b. Managements expert
expert

d. Auditors

external

54. Which of the following statements concerning the


managements experts competence, capabilities and objectivity is
correct?
a. Objectivity relates to the ability of the managements expert to
exercise the competence in the circumstances
b. Competence relates to the possible effects that bias, conflict of
interest or the influence of others may have on the professional
or business judgment of the managements expert
c. Capability relates to the nature and level of expertise of the
managements expert
d. The managements experts competence, capabilities and
objectivity are important factors in relation to the reliability of
any information prepared by the managements expert
55. Audit evidence is information used to draw reasonable
conclusions on which to base the auditors opinion. Audit evidence
is obtained by performing
I. Risk assessment procedures
II. Further audit procedures
a. I only
b. II only
c. Either I or II
d. Both I
and II
56. Which of the following would least likely affect the
appropriateness of evidence available to an auditor?
a. The sampling method employed by the auditor to obtain a
sample of such evidence
b. The relevance of such evidence to the financial statement
assertion being verified
c. The relationship of the preparer of such evidence to the entity
being audited
d. The timeless of such evidence
57. The objective of tests of details of transactions performed as
substantive tests is to
a. Attain assurance about the reliability of the accounting system
b. Evaluate whether managements policies and procedures
operated effectively

c. Detect material misstatements in the financial statements


d. Comply with generally accepted auditing standards
58. In determining whether transactions have been recorded, the
direction of the audit testing should be from the
a. General journal entries
c.
General
ledger
balances
b. Original source documents
d.
Adjusted
trial
balance
59. Which of the following elements ultimately determines the
specific auditing procedures that are necessary in the
circumstances to afford a reasonable basis for an opinion?
a. Materiality
c. Auditor judgment
b. Audit risk
d. Reasonable assurance
60. An auditor who uses the work of an expert may refer to and
identify the expert in the auditors report if the
a. Expert is employed by the entity
b. Experts work provides the auditor greater assurance of
reliability
c. Auditor expresses a qualified opinion or an adverse opinion
related to the work of the expert
d. Auditor indicates a division of responsibility related to the work
of the expert
61.) When an auditor increases the assessed level of control risk
because certain control procedures were determined to be
ineffective, the auditor would most likely increase the
a.) Tests of controls b.) Extent of tests of details c.) Tolerable risk
d.) Population size
62.) Xavier, CPA is currently auditing the financial statements of the
Polk Corporation. At the moment, Xavier is assessing the control risk
surrounding the recognition of sales revenue. The CPA has become
concerned that revenues are understated. The CPA thinks the
company may be shipping merchandise to false customers with no
sales invoice (or other record) being prepared. If true, company

employees are using this scheme to steal goods from the company.
In assessing the possibility of this problem, which of the following is
the auditor most likely to do?
a)
Take a sample of sales invoices and match those documents
to the appropriate bill of lading or other shipping document.
b)
Take a sample of receiving reports and match those
documents to the appropriate sales invoice.
c)
Take a sample of cash receipts and match those payments
to the appropriate sales invoice.
d) Take a sample of bills of lading (or other shipping
document) and match those documents to the appropriate
sales invoice.
63.) An auditor is assessing the level of inherent risk in an audit
engagement and finds that it is higher than expected. Which of the
following results is most likely?
a)
The acceptable level of audit risk should be raised.
b) The desired level of detection risk should be reduced
c)
The acceptable level of audit risk should be lowered
d)
The desired level of control risk should be reduced.
64.) Epptons, CPA, is auditing the financial statements of a small
rural municipality. The receivable balances represent residents'
delinquent real estate taxes. The internal control structure at the
municipality is weak. To determine the existence of the accounts
receivable balances at the balance sheet date, Epptons would most
likely
a)
Send negative confirmation requests.
b) Send positive confirmation requests.
c)
Inspect the internal records such as copies of the tax
invoices that were mailed to the residents.
d)
Examine evidence of subsequent cash receipts
**Confirmation of receivables is a generally accepted auditing
procedure. The use of positive confirmation requests is preferable
when individual account balances are relatively large or when there is
reason to believe that there may be a substantial number of accounts
in dispute or with inaccuracies or irregularities. The negative form is
useful when internal control surrounding accounts receivable is
considered to be effective. In this case, although the individual

accounts may not be relatively large, the internal control structure is


weak and the balances, since they are delinquent, may be in dispute
65.) Which of the following computer-assisted auditing techniques
allows fictitious and real transactions to be processed together
without client operating personnel being aware of the testing
process?
a)Parallel simulation.
b)Generalized audit software programming.
c) Test data approach.
d) Integrated test facility.
An integrated test facility is a method of testing programmed controls
by creating a small subsystem within the regular EDP system.
Dummy files and records are appended to existing client files and
fictitious test transactions, specifically coded to correspond with the
dummy files and records, are introduced into a system together with
actual real transactions.
66.) Tests of controls may include which of the following types of
evidence?
a)
Inquiry.
b)
Observation.
c)
Inspection.
d) All of the above.
67.) In accordance with SAS No. 105, which of the following correctly
denotes the revised wording of the first general standard of auditing?
a)
The audit must be performed by a person or persons with
a college degree in accounting.
b)
The audit must be performed by a person or persons who
are partners in a CPA firm.
c)
The audit must be performed by a person or persons
having adequate technical training and proficiency as an
auditor.
d)
The audit should be performed by a person or persons
having adequate technical training and proficiency as an
auditor.

68.) When control risk is assessed as low for assertions related to


payroll, substantive tests of payroll balances most likely would be
limited to applying analytical procedures and
a) Recalculating payroll accruals.
b)
Observing the distribution of paychecks.
c)
Footing and cross footing the payroll register.
d)
Inspecting payroll tax returns.
**When the auditor determines that the internal control structure is
effective and thus the control risk is assessed as low, the auditor may
alter the nature, timing, and extent of substantive tests performed. In
the case of assertions related to payroll, the auditor may decide to
limit substantive tests to performing analytical procedures, which
would evaluate the reasonableness of payroll-related amounts for the
year, and recalculating payroll accruals, which would provide some
assurance that the year-end adjustments are proper.
69.) Which of the following procedures would be most effective in
reducing attestation risk?
a)
Discussion with responsible individuals.
b) Examination of evidence.
c)
Inquiries of senior management.
d)
Analytical procedures.
**Examination of evidence is the most effective procedure. AT 101.53
states that "in the hierarchy of available attest procedures, those
that involve search and verification, particularly when using
independent sources outside the entity, are generally more effective
in restricting attestation risk than those involving internal inquiries and
comparison of internal information.
70.) Significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in internal
control of a public company must be reported to which of the
following?
a)
Members of management who are responsible for the
related area of the company.
b) Audit Committee of the company's board of directors
c)
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
d)
None of the above is correct.
71.) An auditor most likely would assess control risk at the maximum
if the payroll department supervisor is responsible for

a)
Comparing payroll registers with original batch
transmittal data.
b) Authorizing payroll rate changes for all employees.
c)
Examining authorization forms for new employees.
d)
Hiring all subordinate payroll department employees.
** Authorization and recording are incompatible functions that should
be assigned to different individuals. In this case, authorization of
payroll changes, which is typically the responsibility of the human
resources department, should be segregated from recording payroll,
which is the responsibility of the payroll department. If the payroll
department supervisor is responsible for these two functions, the
entity's internal control structure may be inadequate to prevent or
detect material misstatements in the payroll area. Thus, the auditor
would assess control risk at the maximum.
72.) In the early stages of an audit engagement, the independent
CPA must obtain a general understanding of internal control. Which
of the following is not studied as part of that step in the audit
process?
a)
Control environment
b)
Risk assessment
c)
Control activities
d) Internal independence
** The five areas to be studied in gaining a general understanding of
internal control are the control environment, risk assessment, control
activities, information and communications, and monitoring.
73.) Which of the following best describes proper internal control over
payroll?
a)
The payment of cash to employees should be replaced
with payment by checks.
b)
The confidentiality of employee payroll data should be
carefully protected to prevent fraud.
c)
The duties of hiring, payroll computation, and
payment to employees should be segregated.
d)
The preparation of the payroll must be under the control
of the personnel department.
** The authorization of transactions, record keeping, and custodial
functions should be segregated.

74.) The primary purpose of an auditor's consideration of internal


control is to provide a basis for
a)
Determining whether procedures and records that are
concerned with the safeguarding of assets are reliable.
b)
Constructive suggestions to clients concerning
improvements in internal control.
c)
Determining the nature, extent, and timing of audit
tests to be applied.
d)
To express an opinion.
** The second standard of fieldwork requires, "A sufficient
understanding of internal control is to be obtained to plan the audit
and to determine the nature, timing, and extent of tests to be
performed."
75.) Which of the following matters would an auditor most likely
consider to be a significant deficiency to be communicated to
management and those in charged with governance?
a)
Management's failure to renegotiate unfavorable longterm purchase commitments.
b)
Recurring operating losses that may indicate going
concern problems.
c)
Evidence of a lack of objectivity by those responsible
for accounting decisions.
d)
Management's current plans to reduce its ownership
equity in the entity.
** A significant deficiency is a control deficiency or combination of
control deficiencies that adversely affect the entity's ability to
summarize, authorize, record, process or report financial data in
accordance with GAAP, such that a material misstatement of the
entity's financial statements will not be prevented or detected. Thus, a
lack of objectivity by those responsible for accounting decisions
would affect management's ability to produce financial statement free
from material errors.
76.) In an audit of financial statements in accordance with generally
accepted auditing standards, an auditor is required to
a)
Determine whether control procedures are suitably
designed to prevent or detect material misstatements.
b)
Perform tests of controls to evaluate the effectiveness of
the entity's accounting system.

c)
Search for significant deficiencies in the operation of the
internal control structure.
d) Document the auditor's understanding of the entity's
internal control structure
** The auditor is required to document the auditor's understanding of
the entity's internal control structure. The form and extent of
documentation may be influenced by the size and complexity of the
entity, but in all audits this understanding must be documented.
77.) A CPA is performing an audit examination of Malfoy, Inc. The
CPA has already done the work necessary to gain a general
understanding of the companys internal control. The CPA is now
looking at the internal control policies and procedures within the
accounting system specifically for accounts receivable. The CPA has
decided to perform test of controls in this area. Which of the following
is least likely to be true?
a) The system contains an excess number of possible
problems so that testing is required.
b)
The internal control system appears to be well designed.
c)
The CPA hopes to reduce the necessary amount of
substantive testing.
d)
The CPA hopes to reduce overall audit time.
** Once a general understanding of internal control has been
obtained, the auditor only needs to test specific controls if it is
efficient to do so. If the general internal control system appears to be
well designed, testing specific controls to verify their efficiency can
lead to a reduction in the assessed level of control risk. Hopefully, the
amount of substantive testing can then be reduced because the
desired level of detection risk does not need to be so low. This
decrease in substantive testing can lead, possibly, to an overall
reduction in the time and cost of performing the audit. Conversely, if
the internal control appears to be weak, no benefit is gained by
testing those controls further. It is not likely that those weaknesses
can be overcome.
78.) Mr. A makes a 3,000 payment on Monday to Acme Company.
The money is stolen by one of Acmes employees. On Friday, Ms. B
makes a 3,000 payment to Acme Company. The same employee
credits this payment to Mr. As account (rather than to Ms. Bs
account) so that a second bill will not be sent to him. Several days

later, a payment is received from Mr. C and it is posted to Ms. Bs


account. What is this type of theft known as?
a)
Posting Fraud
b)
Reconciliation Shortage
c)
Lapping
d)
Receivable Management Deficiency (RMD)
** The term lapping has long referred to the coverage of theft by
using amounts received from one customer to cover earlier balances
received from other customers and then stolen. If lapping is not
performed, the original customer will receive a second invoice and
any subsequent complaint by the customer will alert management to
the problem.
79.) Effective internal control over purchases generally can be
achieved in a well-planned organizational structure with a separate
purchasing department that has
a) The authority to make purchases of requisitioned
materials and services.
b)
A direct reporting responsibility to the controller of the
organization.
c)
The responsibility of reviewing purchase orders issued by
user departments
d)
The ability to prepare payment vouchers based on the
information on a vendor's invoice.
** Purchasing agent has authority to purchase, not authority to initiate
purchases.
80.) An auditor uses the assessed level of control risk to
a) Determine the acceptable level of detection risk for
financial statement assertions.
b)
Evaluate the effectiveness of the entity's internal control
policies and procedures.
c)
Identify transactions and account balances where
inherent risk is at the maximum.
d)
Indicate whether materiality thresholds for planning and
evaluation purposes are sufficiently high.
** According to the audit risk model, acceptable detection risk is a
function of allowable audit risk, inherent risk, and control risk. This
question is concerned with control risk, which is defined as the risk
that a material misstatement that could occur in an assertion will not

be prevented or detected on a timely basis by an entity's internal


control structure policies or procedures, and detection risk, which is
defined as the risk that the auditor will not detect a material
misstatement that exists in an assertion. The auditor uses the
assessed level of control risk to determine the acceptable level of
detection risk for financial statement assertions.
81.) In reporting on an entity's internal control structure over financial
reporting, a practitioner should include a paragraph that describes the
a)
Inherent limitations of any internal control structure.
b)
Documentary evidence regarding the control environment
factors.
c)
Changes in the internal control structure since the prior
report.
d)
Potential benefits from the practitioner's suggested
improvements.
** A practitioner's report on an examination of management's
assertion about the effectiveness of the entity's internal control
structure should include a paragraph stating that, because of inherent
limitations of any internal control structure, errors or irregularities may
occur and not be detected.
82.) An auditor uses the knowledge provided by the understanding of
internal control and the assessed level of control risk primarily to
a)
Determine whether procedures and records concerning
the safeguarding of assets are reliable.
b)
Determine the nature, timing, and extent of
substantive tests for financial statement assertions.
c)
Modify the initial assessments of inherent risk and
preliminary judgments about materiality levels.
d)
Ascertain whether the opportunities to allow any person to
both perpetrate and conceal irregularities are minimized.
** The second standard of field work states that, "The auditor
should obtain a sufficient understanding of the internal control
structure to plan the audit and to determine the nature, timing and
extent of tests to be performed." These tests are the substantive
tests for financial statement assertions
83.)

The auditor should use the risk assessment to determine:


a)
Whether to accept the engagement.

b)
The type of opinion to issue in the Audit Report.
c)
The size of the audit team.
d)
The nature, timing, and extent of further audit
procedures to be performed.
84.) After obtaining an understanding of an entity's internal control
and assessing control risk, an auditor may next
a)
Perform tests of controls to verify management's
assertions that are embodied in the financial statements.
b)
Apply analytical procedures as substantive tests to
validate the assessed level of control risk.
c)
Evaluate whether the internal control structure policies
and procedures detected material misstatements in the
financial statements.
d)
Consider whether evidential matter is available to
support a further reduction in the assessed level of control
risk.
** After the auditor assesses control risk, the auditor may desire a
further reduction in the assessed level of control risk for some
assertions. The auditor would then decide if it is likely that additional
evidential matter could be obtained to support a lower assessed level
of control risk for these assertions. If yes, and it is likely to be efficient
to obtain such evidential matter, the auditor would then perform
additional tests of controls. Next, whether the auditor performed
additional tests of controls or not, the auditor would document the
basis for conclusions about the assessed level of control risk and
design substantive tests.
85.) Which of the following is not a component of an entity's internal
control?
a)
The control environment.
b)
Risk assessment.
c)
Information and communication.
d)
Control risk.
86.) Which of the following is responsible for establishing internal
controls for a public company?
a)
Management.
b)
Management and auditors.
c)
Committee on Sponsoring Organizations.

d)
Financial statement auditors.
87.) The auditor's study of a public company's internal control is:
a)
Recommended by the PICPA.
b)
Required by GAAS.
c)
Required by PICAP.
d)
Required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
88.) The auditor's study of a private company's internal control is:
e)
Recommended by the PICPA.
f)
Required by GAAS.
g)
Required by PICAP.
h)
Required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
89.) Which of management's concerns with respect to implementing
internal controls is the auditor primarily concerned?
a)
Reliability of financial reporting.
b)
Efficiency of operations.
c)
Compliance wit applicable laws and regulations.
d)
Effectiveness of operations.
90.) When an auditor attempts to understand the operation of the
accounting system by tracing a few transactions through the
accounting system, the auditor is said to be:
a)
Testing controls.
b)
Vouching.
c)
Tracing.
d)
Performing a walk-through.
** In a walk-through, the auditor selects one or a few documents of a
transaction type and traces them from initiation through the entire
accounting process. Walk-through conveniently combines
observation, documentation, and inquiry.
91.) The primary emphasis by auditors by auditor when assessing
internal control is on controls over:
a)
Account balances.
b)
Classes of transactions.
c)
Both A and B, because they are equally important.
d)
Both A and B, because they vary from client to client.
** Auditors emphasize internal control over classes of transactions
rather than account balances because the accuracy of accounting
system outputs (account balances) depends heavily on the accuracy
of inputs and processing (transactions).

92.) Narrative, flowcharts, and internal control questionnaires are


three common methods of:
a)
Documenting the auditor's understanding of internal
controls.
b)
Designing the audit manual and procedures.
c)
Testing the internal controls.
d)
Documenting the auditor's understanding of the client's
organizational structure.
93.) In obtaining an understanding of a manufacturing entity's internal
control concerning inventory balances, an auditor most likely would
a)
Perform test counts of inventory during the entity's
physical count.
b)
Analyze inventory turnover statistics to identify slowmoving and obsolete items.
c)
Review the entity's descriptions of inventory policies
and procedures.
d)
Analyze monthly production reports to identify variances
and unusual transactions.
** An auditor is required to obtain an understanding of a client's
internal control structure. Reviewing policies and procedures manuals
that describe a client system such as inventory and the related
controls is a standard audit step in obtaining that understanding.
94.) The auditor who becomes aware of a reportable condition in
internal control is required to communicate this to the
a)
Senior management and board of directors.
b)
Board of directors and internal auditors.
c)
Internal auditors and senior management.
d)
Audit committee or its equivalent.
** The audit committee is the appropriate recipient of communication
regarding internal control related matters.
95.) After obtaining an understanding of internal control and
assessing control risk, an auditor decide to perform tests of controls.
The auditor most likely decided that
a)
It would be efficient to perform tests of controls that
would result in a reduction in planned substantive tests.
b)
There were many internal control structure weaknesses
that could allow errors in the accounting systems.

c)
Additional evidence to support a further reduction in
control risk is not available.
d)
An increase in the assessed level of control risk is justified
for certain financial statement assertions.
** Auditing authoritative sources state that after obtaining an
understanding of internal control, the auditor considers if it is
sufficient to perform tests of controls that would result in a reduction
in planned substantive tests.
96.) When management is evaluating the design of internal control,
management evaluates whether the control can do all but which of
the following?
a) Correct material misstatements.
b)
Prevent material misstatements.
c)
Detect material misstatements.
d)
None of the above is correct.
**Controls are designed to prevent and detect errors; corrections of
errors involve human intervention.
97.) Which of the following may increase risk to an organization?
a)
Quality of personnel.
b)
Presence of new information technologies.
c)
Geographic dispersion of the company operations.
d) All of the above.
98.) Risk assessment for financial reporting is managements process
for identifying, analyzing, and responding to risks relevant to the
preparation of financial statements in conformity with:
a)
Generally Accepted Accounting Standards
b)
Generally Accepted Auditing Standards.
c)
PCAOB Auditing Standards.
d) Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
99.) An auditor is currently assessing control risk and finds that it is
lower than had been anticipated. How does this discovery impact the
work of the auditor?
a)
The acceptable level of audit risk can be raised.
b)
The acceptable level of inherent risk can be lowered.
c)
The acceptable level of audit risk can be lowered.

d) The acceptable level of detection risk can be


raised.
100.) Risk assessment involves considering threats to the
organizations objectives in the areas of:
a)
Marketing, financial reporting and compliance.
b) Operations, financial reporting and compliance with
laws and regulations.
c)
Financial reporting, performance and marketing.
d)
Compliance with laws and regulations, operations and
performance.
101.) To obtain an understanding of the entity and its environment,
including its internal control, the auditor should perform each of the
following risk assessment procedures except:
a)
Inquiries of management and others within the entity.
b)
Analytical procedures.
c)
Attribute Sampling.
d)
Observation and inspection.
102.) In assessing control risk for purchases, an auditor vouches a
sample of entries in the voucher register to the supporting
documents. Which assertion would this test of controls most likely
support?
a)
Valuation or allocation.
b)
Rights and Obligations
c)
Existence or occurrence.
d)
Completeness.
**Assertions about existence or occurrence deal with whether assets
or liabilities of the entity exist at a given date and whether recorded
transactions have occurred during a given period. For example,
management asserts that finished goods inventories in the balance
sheet are available for sale, or management asserts that sales in the
income statement represent the exchange of goods or services with
customers for cash or other consideration.
103.) The ultimate purpose of assessing control risk is to contribute to
the auditor's evaluation of the risk that
a) Material misstatements may exist in the financial
statements.
b)
Entity policies may be overridden by senior management.

c)
Specified controls requiring segregation of duties may be
circumvented by collusion.
d)
Tests of controls may fail to identify procedures relevant to
assertions.
**Control risk is defined as the risk that a material misstatement that
could occur in an assertion will not be prevented or detected on a
timely basis by an entity's internal control structure policies or
procedures. The auditor assesses control risk as part of his overall
evaluation of the risk that material misstatements may exist in the
financial statements.
104.) An auditor assesses inherent risk in an engagement. An auditor
assesses control risk in an engagement. Then, based on those two
assessments, the auditor does enough substantive testing to reduce
detection risk so that overall audit risk drops to an acceptably low
level. That is the structure of an audit. In assessing control risk, the
auditor starts by learning the design of the control system and then
considers whether to perform tests of individual controls. If the design
of the control system is viewed as weak, which of the following is
most likely to be true?
a)
The auditor will be likely to test the controls because of
the weakness.
b) The auditor is likely to do additional substantive
testing.
c)
The auditor will likely reduce the assessment of inherent
risk.
d)
An unqualified opinion cannot be issued.
**When the design of internal control is weak, there is no reason to
do any testing of those controls. Properly operating within a weak
system does not make it any less weak. Instead, the auditor will
probably assess control risk as high which is likely to force the auditor
to do additional (or better) substantive testing in order to compensate
for this problem. Detection risk has to be quite low to make up for the
weakness in internal control. The assessment of inherent risk is
independent from the assessment of control risk and is not affected.
Finally, as long as the auditor eventually reduces overall audit risk to
an appropriately low level, an unqualified opinion can be given even
though the control system is weak.

105.) An independent CPA is assessing the level of control risk


present at a company that is currently being audited. This company
has an internal audit department and the independent CPA is
evaluating the objectivity of that department. Which of the following is
a sign that the department has proper objectivity?
a)
The size of the department has grown from 7 people to 19
over the last three years.
b)
In order to be promoted within this department, the
employee must have become a CPA.
c)
The head of the department meets privately with the
chair of the board of directors each quarter.
d)
The head of the department had seven years of
experience with an international accounting firm before taking
this position with the company.
**The independent CPA is interested in both the competence and
objectivity of the internal audit department because of the key
function that it plays in the company. Answers A, B, and D all relate to
competence. These relate to the question: Is there evidence that the
people doing the work are capable of doing it properly? Objectivity
concerns the internal auditors independence so that the department
can do the work that is necessary. That is usually shown by having a
direct line of communication to an authority figure outside of
management (usually the board of directors or the audit committee of
the board of directors).
106.) One of the components of internal control that an independent
auditor must come to understand about each audit client is
information and communication. What is meant by this term?
a)
The ability of the management of the company to
communicate its priorities to the appropriate staff levels within
the organization.
b) The ability of the accounting system to generate
reliable information and convey it in a timely manner to
those parties within the organization that needs it.
c)
The ability of employees in a company to warn the
independent auditor of fraudulent actions within the
organization.
d)
The ability of the internal auditor to communicate
information about the various systems to people within the
organization at an appropriate level of authority.

**Internal control includes any policies and procedures within the


company designed to ensure that the accounting systems are
functioning effectively as designed by the management of the
company. One general goal is to make sure that the information
produced by the accounting system is reliable and reaches the
correct party in time to be used in making appropriate decisions. In
looking at a particular system and its internal control, the auditor
evaluates the ability to generate information and then communicate it
to the parties who can make use of it.
107.) A CPA firm is beginning the audit of Panasian Corporation.
One of the staff auditors has been assigned to gain and then
document her understanding of the internal controls designed to be in
place in the companys payroll system. At the end of the day, the
staff auditor has created a series of flowcharts, questionnaires, and
narrative descriptions based on the understanding she has obtained.
Which of the following is correct?
a)
The questionnaire approach is preferred.
b)
The flowchart approach is preferred.
c)
She was correct in using all three of these techniques to
fulfill this assignment.
d) She only needed to use one of these techniques.
**The auditors goal was to establish her understanding of the design
of the controls that were supposed to be in place in this payroll
system. All three of these techniques (questionnaire, flowchart, or
narrative) can accomplish this purpose successfully. Therefore, only
one is necessary although sometimes the techniques are grouped
together if the system is particularly complex.
108.) Jane Simpson works for Shadowline Corporation and is paid
$30 per hour. She typically works 28 hours per week but always
reports that she works 32 hours per week so that she can receive
additional wages from the company. Which of the following internal
control activities is most likely to prevent this type of theft?
a)
The companys payroll program is tested each month with
test data to ensure that it operates properly.
b)
A separate paymaster delivers the checks each pay
period to Jane Simpson after verifying her identity.
c)
The supervisor for Jane Simpson must review her
time sheet each period and indicate approval.

d)
Any paychecks that are printed but not picked up must be
turned over to an independent group for subsequent handling.
**Each of these four is an internal control activity frequently found in a
companys payroll system. However, they are each designed to
prevent or discover frauds of a specific type. Here, the problem is
extra hours claimed by an employee so that unearned money can be
received. Test data is used to verify that the payroll program is
working as intended. The paymaster hands out checks to make
certain that checks are being prepared for actual individuals who
work for the company. That is also the case for following up on
checks that are not claimed at the appropriate time. The approval by
the supervisor is correct here because the supervisor is the person
most likely to know how many hours the employee actually did work.
That person is in a position to verify that the number of hours listed is
correct.
109.) Which of the following audit procedures would an auditor most
likely perform to test controls relating to management's assertion
concerning the completeness of sales transactions?
a) Inspect the entity's reports of prenumbered shipping
documents that have not been recorded in the sales
journal.
b)
Inquire about the entity's credit granting policies and the
consistent application of credit checks.
c)
Compare the invoiced prices on prenumbered sales
invoices to the entity's authorized price list.
d)
Verify that extensions and footings on the entity's sales
invoices and monthly customer statements have been
recomputed.
110.) An auditor uses the assessed level of control risk to
a) Determine the acceptable level of detection risk for
financial statement assertions.
b)
Evaluate the effectiveness of the entity's internal control
policies and procedures.
c)
Identify transactions and account balances where
inherent risk is at the maximum.
d)
Indicate whether materiality thresholds for planning and
evaluation purposes are sufficiently high.

111.) Cutoff tests designed to detect purchases made before the end
of the year that have been recorded in the subsequent year most
likely would provide assurance about management's assertion of
a)

Presentation and disclosure.

b)

Existence or occurrence.

c)

Completeness.

d)

Valuation or allocation.

112.) Internal control procedures are strengthened when the quantity


of merchandise ordered is omitted from the copy of the purchase
order sent to the
a)

Purchasing agent.

b)

Accounts payable department.

c)

Receiving department.

d)

Department that initiated the requisition.

**The receiving department copy of the purchase order should be


"blind" (i.e., quantities omitted). This ensures that the receiving
department personnel count the incoming merchandise. Thus the
company will end up paying only for what was received, which
may not be what was billed by the vendor.
113.) While observing a client's annual physical inventory, an auditor
recorded test counts for several items and noticed that certain test
counts were higher than the recorded quantities in the client's
perpetual records. This situation could be the result of the client's
failure to record
a)

Sales returns.

b)

Sales.

c)

Purchase returns.

d)

Purchase discounts.

114.) To best ascertain that a company has properly included


merchandise that it owns in its ending inventory, the auditor should
review and test the
a)

Terms of the open purchase orders.

b)

Purchase cut-off procedures.

c)

Purchase invoices received on or around year end.

d)
Contractual commitments made by the purchasing
department.
**Purchase cutoff procedures are designed to determine that items
actually received in inventory have been included in the proper
period.
115.) Which of the following would most likely be an internal control
procedure designed to detect errors and irregularities concerning the
custody of inventory?
a)
Periodic reconciliation of work in process with job cost
sheets.
b) Independent comparisons of finished goods records
with counts of goods on hand.
c)

Approval of inventory journal entries by the storekeeper.

d)
Segregation of the functions between general accounting
and cost accounting.
116.) An increased extent of the tests of controls is most likely to
occur when:
a)

It is a first-time audit.

b)
Controls are ineffective and the preliminary control risk
assessment is high.

c)
Controls are effective and the preliminary control risk
assessment is low.
d)

The auditor is performing a fraud audit.

**If the auditors determine that the client's internal control is effective
at preventing or detecting misstatements, they will assess the control
risk low. They can then accept a higher level of detection risk, and the
substantive testing can be decreased.
117.) Which of the following is a control procedure that most likely
could help prevent employee payroll fraud?
a) The personnel department promptly sends employee
termination notices to the payroll supervisor.
b)
Total hours used for determination of gross pay are
calculated by the payroll supervisor.
c)
Salary rates resulting from new hires are approved by the
payroll supervisor
d)
Employees who distribute payroll checks forward
unclaimed payroll checks to the absent employees' supervisors.
**Payroll fraud could involve fictitious employees and/or fictitious
salary rates. In order to prevent these frauds, new hires, terminations
of employees, and salary rates should be approved by the personnel
department, which in turn should keep the payroll department and
employee supervisors informed on a timely basis.
118.) Transaction authorization within an organization may be either
specific or general. An example of a specific transaction authorization
is the
a)
Setting of automatic reorder points for material or
merchandise.
b) Approval of a detailed construction budget for a
warehouse.

c)
Establishment of requirements to be met in determining a
customer's credit limits.
d)
Establishment of sales prices for products to be sold to
any customer.
119.) Which of the following internal control activities most likely
would prevent direct labor hours from being charged to manufacturing
overhead?
a) Use of time tickets to record actual labor worked on
production orders.
b)
Periodic independent counts of work in process for
comparison to recorded amounts.
c)
Comparison of daily journal entries with approved
production orders.
d)
Reconciliation of work-in-process inventory with periodic
cost budgets
**Time tickets should be designed to keep track of hours worked, by
whom, and on what production orders. After approval by a production
supervisor, time tickets provide the information on number of hours
worked directly on specific production orders. If time tickets are
properly used to record actual hours worked on orders, approval
and/or review of these cards should prevent direct labor hours from
being incorrectly charged to manufacturing overhead.
120.) Which of the following is ordinarily considered a test of
controls?
a)

Send confirmation letters to banks.

b)

Count and list cash on hand.

c)

Examine signatures on checks.

d)
Obtain or prepare reconciliations of bank accounts as of
the balance sheet date.

**Examine signatures on checks is a test of controls; the control is


requiring signatures on checks in place and functioning properly.
121.) An auditor vouched data for a sample of employees in a payroll
register to approved clock card data to provide assurance that
a)
Internal controls relating to unclaimed payroll checks are
operating effectively.
b)
Segregation of duties exist between the preparation and
distribution of the payroll.
c)
Payments to employees are computed at authorized
rates.
d) Employees work the number of hours for which they
are paid.
122.) An auditor would consider internal control over a client's payroll
procedures to be ineffective if the payroll department supervisor is
responsible for
a)

Updating employee earnings records.

b)

Hiring subordinate payroll department employees.

c)

Applying pay rates to time tickets.

d)

Having custody over unclaimed paychecks.

**The payroll accounting department has a recording responsibility


and as such it should not have custody of unclaimed payroll checks
(custody of an asset). If the payroll accounting department had
custody of payroll checks, its employees could add a fictitious
employee to the payroll and subsequently obtain the check.
123.) Which of the following procedures in the cash disbursements
cycle should not be performed by the accounts payable department?
a)

Canceling supporting documentation after payment.

b)

Signing the voucher for payment by an authorized person.

c)
Verifying the mathematical accuracy of the vendor's
invoice.
d)

Comparing the vendor's invoice with the receiving report.

**The supporting documentation should be canceled by the check


signer (usually the treasurer) and not the accounts payable
department.
124.) Which of the following tests of controls most likely would help
assure an auditor that goods shipped are properly billed?
a)
Compare the accounts receivable ledger to daily sales
summaries.
b) Examine shipping documents for matching sales
invoices.
c)
Inspect unused sales invoices for consecutive
prenumbering.
d)

Scan the sales journal for sequential and unusual entries.

125.) Which of the following internal control procedures is not usually


performed in the vouchers payable department?
a)
Approving vouchers for payment by having an authorized
employee sign the vouchers.
b)

Indicating the asset and expense accounts to be debited.

c)
Matching the vendor's invoice with the related receiving
report.
d)
Accounting for unused prenumbered purchase orders
and receiving reports.
**The unused forms should be accounted for by the department in
which the forms are prepared - purchase orders in the purchasing
department and receiving reports in the receiving department.

126.) Internal control over cash receipts is weakened when an


employee who receives customer mail receipts also
a)

Prepares bank deposit slips for all mail receipts.

b)

Maintains a petty cash fund.

c)

Prepares initial cash receipts records.

d)

Records credits to individual accounts receivable.

**There is a control weakness because the employee has both


custody of an asset (cash) and the accounting record (accounts
receivable subsidiary ledgers).
127.) Which of the following internal control activities most likely
would justify a reduced assessed level of control risk concerning plant
and equipment acquisitions?
a) Periodic physical inspection of plant and equipment
by the internal audit staff.
b)
Comparison of current-year plant and equipment account
balances with prior-year actual balances.
c)
The review of prenumbered purchase orders to detect
unrecorded trade-ins.
d)
Approval of periodic depreciation entries by a supervisor
independent of the accounting department.
**The internal audit procedure of the periodic inspection of physical
equipment and comparison to what is recorded by the internal would
allow for a reduction in the scope of the auditor's tests of asset
acquisitions.
128.) A customer buys some furniture from a company and must be
billed for the Php879 sales price. The companys billings department
prepares a sales invoice which is properly approved. Which of the
following does not receive a copy of this sales invoice?

a)

The billings department retains a copy for its records.

b) The inventory management department gets a copy to


update the perpetual records.
c)

The customer receives a copy.

d)

The accounts receivable department is sent a copy.

**The company should have created a shipping document at the time


the furniture left the warehouse to be used to update the perpetual
inventory records. The sales invoice is not used for that purpose.
The billings department and accounts receivable should both have a
copy and one is mailed to the customer in hopes of bringing in a cash
payment.
129.) The Waynesboro Corporation has recently installed a new
computer payroll processing program. Before the program is used to
compute actual payroll checks for the employees, test data is going to
be run through the computer to see how it would be processed.
Which of the following is least likely to be tested in this manner?
a)

Two checks requested for the same employee

b)
A check requested for an employee who quit two months
earlier.
c)
A check requested for an employee working more than
60 hours per week.
d) A check requested for an employee paid an hourly
rate of $12 per hour.
130.) Risk assessment involves considering threats to the
organizations objectives in the areas of:
a) Operations, financial reporting, and compliance with
laws and regulations.
b)

Marketing, financial reporting, and compliance.

c)

Financial reporting, performance, and marketing.

d)
Compliance with laws and regulations, operations, and
performance
131.) To obtain an understanding of the entity and its environment,
including its internal control, the auditor should perform each of the
following risk assessment procedures except:
a)

Inquiries of management and others within the entity.

b)

Sampling for variables.

c)

Observation and inspection.

d)

Analytical procedures.

132.) In accordance with the standards, the second standard of audit


fieldwork is expanded from "internal control" to:
a)
The entity and management assertions, including internal
control
b) The entity and its environment, including its internal
control
c)
The entity and its business model, including internal
control.
d)

The entity, including internal control.

133.) Which of the following is the basic fundamental concept that


underlies the audit process?
a.) Skepticism .b.) Materiality. c.) Risk. d.) All of the above.
134.) Management must disclose material weaknesses in internal
control:
a)

Only if the auditor disclose the weakness as significant.

b)
Whenever the weakness is significant to the overall
financial reporting objectives.
c)
Whenever the weakness is deemed significant to a single
class of transactions.
d)

If the weakness exist at the end of the year.

**Management must disclose material weaknesses in internal control


that exist at year end, since material weaknesses result in a more
than remote likelihood that internal control will not prevent or detect
material financial statement misstatements.
135.) A weakness in internal control over recording retirements of
equipment may cause an auditor to
a)
Trace additions to the "other assets" account to search
for equipment that is still on hand but no longer being used.
b) Select certain items of equipment from the
accounting records and locate them in the plant.
c)
Review the subsidiary ledger to ascertain whether
depreciation was taken on each item of equipment during
the year.
d)
Inspect certain items of equipment in the plant and
trace those items to the accounting records.
**A weakness in controls over recording equipment retirements
increases the risk that equipment which is removed from the plant is
not removed from the accounting records. When the auditor selects
items in the accounting records and tries to locate them in the plant,
he may discover retired equipment that is still in the accounting
records.
136.) An effective system of control procedures over the payroll
function would include

a)
Preparation of payroll transaction journal entries by an
employee who reports to the supervisor of the personnel
department.
b) Verification of agreement of job time tickets with
employee clock card hours by a payroll department
employee.
c)
Custody of rate authorization records by the supervisor of
the payroll department.
d)
Reconciliation of totals on job time tickets with job reports
by employees responsible for those specific jobs.
137.) For an appropriate segregation of duties, journalizing and
posting summary payroll transactions should be assigned to
a)

The treasurer's department.

b)

General accounting.

c)

Payroll accounting.

d)

The internal accounting department.

138.) In a well-designed internal control system, the same employee


may be permitted to
a) Mail signed checks, and also cancel supporting
documents.
b)
Prepare receiving reports, and also approve purchase
orders.
c)
Approve vouchers for payment, and also have access to
unused purchase orders.
d)
Mail signed checks, and also prepare bank
reconciliations.
**By canceling the supporting documents, the person in authority
ensures that the documents are not presented for payment again.

139.) When considering internal control, an auditor must be aware of


the concept of reasonable assurance which recognizes that
a)
The employment of competent personnel provides
assurance that the objectives of internal control will be
achieved.
b)
The establishment and maintenance of internal control is
an important responsibility of the management and not of the
auditor.
c)
The cost of internal control should not exceed the
benefits expected to be derived from internal control.
d)
The segregation of incompatible functions is necessary to
obtain assurance that the internal control is effective.
140.) Which of the following internal controls most likely would reduce
the risk of diversion of customers receipts by an entity's employees?
a)

A bank lockbox system.

b)

Prenumbered remittance advices.

c)

Monthly bank reconciliations.

d)

Daily deposit of cash receipts.

**A bank lockbox system assures accountability control as cash


enters the client's cash receipts system.
141.) Reportable conditions are matters that come to an auditor's
attention, which should be communicated to an entity's audit
committee because they represent
a)
Off-balance sheet transactions that are not fully disclosed
in the financial statements.
b)
Conditions which may result in a disclaimer of an opinion
on the financial statements.

c)
Significant deficiencies in the design or operation of
the internal control structure
d)
Material irregularities or illegal acts perpetrated by highlevel management.
142.) Which of the following statements is correct concerning
reportable conditions in an audit?
a)
Reportable conditions generally lead to an adverse audit
opinion.
b)
An auditor is required to search for reportable conditions
during an audit.
c)
All reportable conditions are also considered to be
material weaknesses.
d)
An auditor may communicate reportable conditions
during an audit or after the audit's completion.
143.) Which of the following conditions is necessary for a practitioner
to accept an attest engagement to examine and report on an entity's
internal control structure over financial reporting?
a) Management presents its written assertion about the
effectiveness of the internal control structure.
b)
The practitioner is a continuing auditor who previously
has audited the entity's financial statements.
c)
The practitioner anticipates relying on the entity's internal
control structure in a financial statement audit.
d)
The practitioner is hired by the audit committee to
specifically audit internal control in accordance with generally
accepted auditing standards.
**A practitioner may examine and report on management's assertion
about the effectiveness of an entity's internal control structure if the
following conditions are met: Management accepts responsibility for

the effectiveness of the entity's internal control structure,


management evaluates the effectiveness of the entity's internal
control structure, and presents its written assertion about the
effectiveness of the entity's internal control structure.
144.) Which of the following is an inherent limitation in internal
control?
a)

Incompatible duties.

b)

Lack of segregation of duties.

c)

Faulty human judgment.

d)

Lack of an audit committee.

145.) Significant deficiencies are matters that come to an auditor's


attention and should be communicated to an entity's audit committee
because they represent:
a)
Intentional attempts by the client personnel to limit the
scope of the auditor's fieldwork.
b)
Flagrant violations of the entity's documented conflict-ofinterest policies.
c)

Material fraud perpetrated by high-level management.

d) Internal control deficiencies that could adversely


affect a company's ability to initiate, record, process, or
report external financial statements reliably.
146.) How must significant deficiencies and material weaknesses be
communicated to those charged with governance?
a)

Oral communication is required.

b)

Written communication is required.

c)

Either oral or written communication is acceptable.

d)

None of the above is correct.

147.) In determining whether transactions have been recorded, the


direction of the auditing testing should be from the
a)

General ledger balances.

b)

Adjusted trial balances.

c)

Original source document.

d)

General journal entries.

148.) Which of the following is the best example of a substantive


test?
a)

Flowcharting of the client's cash disbursement system.

b)

Confirmation of balances of accounts receivable.

c)
Examining a sample of cash disbursements to test
whether expenses have been properly approved.
d)
Comparison of signatures on checks to an authorized list
of signers.
**Confirmation of balances of accounts receivable will provide a test
of ending account balance and is therefore a detail test of a balance,
a type of substantive test. Examining approval of cash disbursements
and comparing signatures on checks with authorized signers are
examples of tests of controls; flowcharting is an example of an
auditor's documentation of his/her understanding of a process.
149.) The objective of tests of details of transactions performed as
substantive tests is to
a)
Evaluate whether management's policies and procedures
operated effectively.
b)
Attain assurance about the reliability of the accounting
system.
c)
Detect material misstatements in the financial
statements.

d)
Evaluate whether management internal control operates
effectively.
150.) To determine whether accounts payable are complete, an
auditor performs a test to verify that all merchandise received is
recorded. The population of documents for this test consists of all
a)

Receiving reports.

b)

Vendor's invoices.

c)

Purchase orders.

d)

Canceled checks.

151.) Which of the following is a substantive test that an auditor most


likely would perform to verify the existence and valuation of recorded
accounts payable?
a)
Investigating the open purchase file to ascertain that
prenumbered purchase orders are used and accounted for.
changes in long-term debt occurring after year end.
b)
Receiving the client's mail, unopened, for a reasonable
period of time after the year end to search for unrecorded
vendor's invoices.
c)
Vouching selected entries in the accounts payable
subsidiary ledger to purchase orders and receiving
reports.
d)
Confirming accounts payable balances with known
suppliers who have zero balances.
152.) Independent auditors have carried out analytical procedures on
an audit client and determined that the reported liabilities at the end
of Year One are significantly lower than expected. Which of the
following is most likely to have created this situation?
a) Purchases received during the last few days of Year
One were recorded in Year Two.

b)
Sales made during the first few days of Year Two were
recorded in Year One.
c)
Cash payments made during the last few days of Year
One were recorded in Year Two.
d)
Cash collections made during the first few days of Year
Two were recorded in Year One.
**Sales and cash collections are unlikely to have an impact on the
amount of reported liabilities. However, purchases and cash
payments do affect the liability balance. By not recording the
purchases in Year One, the liability was incorrectly omitted and would
be too low at the end of the year. By not recording the cash payments
in Year One, the liability (although paid) incorrectly remains on the
books and is too high.
153.) The CPA firm of Terry & Francona is auditing the financial
statements of Fenway International Corporation. Fenway owns a
number of unique investments where the market value is difficult to
determine. The CPA firm hires a specialist in investment analysis to
help determine the market value of these assets. Which of the
following statements is true?
a)
This investment analyst must be independent of the client
company.
b)
The hiring of this analyst means that the firm must provide
a qualified audit opinion.
c)
The hiring of this analyst means that the firm must add an
extra paragraph to the end of the audit report to alert readers to
the work of the specialist.
d) The firm must assess the qualifications of the
specialist as part of the audit process.
**The CPA firm is required to ensure that the specialist is truly
capable of making the assessments that are being asked. The
qualifications must be assessed carefully. If the analyst is not
independent, the CPA firm can still make use of the information

provided by the specialist but should consider carefully the impact of


the relationship with the client in making that assessment. Finally,
use of a specialist is a normal audit technique and does not require
any change in the audit report. However, the CPA firm does have the
right to make mention that a specialist was used if that information is
viewed as helpful.

154. Auditing standards differ from auditing procedures in that


procedures relate to
a) Measure of performance.
b) Audit principles.
c) Acts to be performed.
d) Audit judgments.
155. The independent auditor of 1900 differs from the auditor of
today in that the 1900 auditor was more concerned with the
a) Validity of the income statement.
b) Determination of fair presentation of financial statements.
c) Improvement of accounting systems.
d) Detection of irregularities.
156. The first general standard of generally accepted auditing
standards which states, in part, that the examination is to be
performed by a person or persons having adequate technical
training, requires that an auditor have
a) Education and experience in the field of auditing.
b) Ability in the planning and supervision of the audit work.
c) Proficiency in business and financial matters.
d) Knowledge in the areas of financial accounting.
157. The first standard of field work, which states that the work is
to be adequately planned, and assistants, if any, are to be properly
supervised, recognizes that
a) Early appointment of the auditor is advantageous to the
auditor and the client.
b) Acceptance of an audit engagement after the close of the

client's fiscal year is generally not permissible.


c) Appointment of the auditor subsequent to the physical count of
inventories requires a disclaimer of opinion.
d) Performance of substantial parts of the examination is
necessary at interim dates.
158. An independent audit aids in the communication of economic
data because the audit
a) Assures the reader of financial statements that any fraudulent
activity has been corrected.
b) Confirms the accuracy of management's financial
representations.
c) Lends credibility to the financial statements.
d) Guarantees that financial data are fairly presented.
159. A CPA is most likely to refer to one or more of the three
general auditing standards in determining
a) Whether the CPA should undertake an audit engagement.
b) The nature of the CPA's report qualification.
c) The scope of the CPA's auditing procedures.
d) Requirements for the review of internal control.
160. The first standard of field work recognizes that early
appointment of the independent auditor has many advantages to
the auditor and the client. Which of the following advantages is
least likely to occur as a result of early appointment of the auditor?
a) The auditor will be able to complete the audit work in less
time.
b) The auditor will be able to perform the examination more
efficiently.
c) The auditor will be able to better plan for the observation of the
physical inventories.
d) The auditor will be able to plan the audit work so that it may be
done expeditiously.
161. Which of the following best describes the reason why an
independent auditor reports on financial statements?
a) A management fraud may exist and is more likely to be
detected by independent auditors.

b) Different interests may exist between the company preparing


the statements and the persons using the statements.
c) A misstatement of account balances may exist and is generally
corrected as the result of the independent auditor's work.
d) Poorly designed internal control may exist.
162. What is the general character of the three generally accepted
auditing standard classified as general standards?
a) Criteria for content of the F/S and the auditor's report.
b) Criteria of audit planning and supervision and evidence
gathering.
c) The need to maintain an independence in mental attitude in all
matters relating to the assignments.
d) Criteria for competence, independence and professional
care of individuals performing the audit.
163. A CPA, while performing an audit, strives to achieve
independence in appearance in order to
a) Reduce risk and liability.
b) Comply with the generally accepted standards of field work.
c) Become independent in fact.
d) Maintain public confidence in the profession.
164. The "generally accepted auditing standards" are standards
which
a) Are sufficiently established so that independent auditors
generally agree on their existence.
b) Are generally accepted based upon a pronouncement of the
Financial Accounting Standards Board.
c) Are generally accepted in response to the changing needs of
the business community.
d) Are generally accepted as a consequence of approval of
the AICPA membership.
165. The primary objective of the ordinary examination of financial
statement by a CPA is the expression of an opinion on
a) The competence of management in accounting matters which is
implied by whether the opinion is qualified or not.
b) The conformity of the statements with the book of account.
c) The conformity of the financial statements with generally

accepted auditing standards applied on a basis consistent with


that of the prior year.
d) The fairness with which the financial statements present
cash flows and results of operations.
166. The primary responsibility for the adequacy of disclosure in
the financial statements of a publicly held company rests with the
a) Partner assigned to the engagement.
b) Auditor in charge of field work.
c) Management of the company.
d) Securities & Exchange Commission.
167. A CPA should comply with applicable GAAS on every
engagement
a) Without exception.
b) Except in examinations that result in a qualified report.
c) Except in engagements where the CPA is associated with
unaudited F/S.
d) Except in examinations of interim financial statements.
168. Which of the following best describes what is meant by
GAAS?
a) Audit objectives generally determined on audit engagements.
b) Acts to be performed by the auditor.
c) Measures of the quality of the auditor's performance.
d) Procedures to be used to gather evidence to support financial
statements.
169. The first general standard recognizes that regardless of how
capable an individual may be in other fields, the individual can not
meet the requirements of the auditing standards without the proper
a) Business and finance course.
b) Quality control and peer review.
c) Education & experience in auditing.
d) Supervision and review skills.
170. The first general standard requires that the examination of
F/S is to be performed by a person having adequate technical
training and
a) Independence with respect to the F/S and supplementary

disclosures.
b) Exercising professional care as judged by peer reviewers.
c) Proficiency as an auditor which likely has been acquired
from previous experience.
d) Objectivity as an auditor as verified by proper supervision.
171. Due professional care requires
a) A critical review of the work done at every level of
supervision.
b) The examination of all corroborating evidence available.
c) The exercise of error free judgment.
d) A study and review of the I/C's that include tests of controls
172. The third general standard states that due care is to be
exercised in the performance of the examination. This standard
means that a CPA who undertakes an engagement assumes a
duty to perform each audit
a) As a professional possessing the degree of skill commonly
possessed by others in the field.
b) In conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
c) With reasonable diligence and without fault or error.
d) To the satisfaction of governmental agencies and investors who
rely upon the audit.
173. According to court decision, GAAS established by the AICPA
applies
a) Only to AICPA members.
b) To all CPA's.
c) Only to those who choose to follow them.
d) Only when conducting audits subject to the AICPA jurisdiction.
174. Which of the following best describes the reason why an
independent auditor reports on financial statements?
a) A management fraud may exist and is more likely to be detected
by independent auditors.
b) Different interests may exist between the company
preparing the statements and the persons using the
statements.
c) A misstatement of account balances may exist and is generally
corrected as the result of the independent auditor's work.

d) Poorly designed internal control may exist.


(Yes, this is the same as #8, ask me why!!!)
175. The independent audit is important to readers of F/S because
it
a) Determines the future stewardship of the management of the
company whose financial statements are audited.
b) Measures and communicates financial and business data in the
F/S.
c) Involves the objective examination of, and reporting on,
management-prepared statements.
d) Reports on the accuracy of all information in the F/S.
176. Independent auditing can best be described as
a) A branch of accounting.
b) A discipline that attests to the results of accounting and
other functional operations and data.
c) A professional activity that measures and communicates
financial and business data.
d) A regulatory function that prevents the issuance of improper
financial information.
177. What is the meaning of the GAAS that requires the auditor to
be independent?
a) The auditor must be without bias with respect to the client
under audit.
b) The auditor must adopt a critical attitude during the audit.
c) The auditor's sole obligation is to third parties.
d) The auditor may have a direct ownership interest in the client's
business if it is not material.
178. The primary purpose of a management advisory services
engagement is to help the client
a) Become more profitable by relying upon the CPA's existing
personal knowledge about the client's business.
b) Improve the use of its capabilities and resources to achieve
its objectives.
c) Document and quantify its future plans without impairing the
CPA's objectivity or allowing the CPA to assume the role of
management.

d) Obtain benefits that are guaranteed implicitly by the CPA.


179. Operational auditing is primarily oriented toward
a) Future improvements to accomplish the goals of
management.
b) The accuracy of data reflected in management's financial
records.
c) The verification that a company's financial statements are fairly
presented.
d) Past protection provided by existing internal control.
180. Because an examination i/a/w GAAS is influenced by the
possibility of material errors, the auditor should conduct the
examination with an attitude of
a) Professional responsiveness.
b) Conservative advocacy.
c) Objective judgment.
d) Professional skepticism.
181. The exercise of due professional care requires that an auditor
a) Use error-free judgment.
b) Consider the internal control structure, including tests of
controls.
c) Critically review the work done at every level of
supervision.
d) Examine all corroborating evidence available.
182. CPA firms should establish quality control policies and
procedures for personnel management in order to provide
reasonable assurance that
a) Employees promoted possess the appropriate characteristics to
perform competently.
b) Personnel will have the knowledge required to fulfill
responsibilities assigned.
c) The extent of supervision and review in a given instance will be
appropriate.
d) All of the above are reasons.
183. The least important evidence of a CPA firm's evaluation of its
system of QC would concern the CPA firm's policies and

procedures for
a) Employment (hiring).
b) Confidentiality of audit engagements.
c) Assigning personnel to audit engagements.
d) Determination of audit fees.
184. A CPA establishes QC policies and procedures for deciding
whether to accept a new client or continue to perform services for
a current client. The primary purpose for establishing such policies
is to
a) Enable the auditor to attest to the integrity or reliability of a
client.
b) Comply with the quality control standards established by
regulatory bodies.
c) Minimize the likelihood of association with clients whose
management lacks integrity.
d) To lessen the exposure to litigation resulting from failure to
detect irregularities in client financial statements.
185. In pursuing its quality control objectives with respect to
acceptance of a client, a CPA firm is not likely to
a) Make inquiries of the proposed client's legal counsel.
b) Review financial statements of the proposed client.
c) Make inquiries of previous auditors.
d) Review the personnel practices of the proposed client.
186. Within the context of quality control, the primary purpose of
continuing professional education and training activities is to
enable a CPA firm to provide personnel within the firm with
a) Technical training that assures proficiency as an auditor.
b) Professional education that is required in order to perform with
due professional care.
c) Knowledge required to fulfill assigned responsibilities and
to progress within the firm.
d) Knowledge required in order to perform a peer review.
187. In pursuing a CPA firms' quality control objectives, a CPA firm
may maintain records indicating which partners or employees of
the CPA firm were previously employed by the CPA firm's clients.
Which quality control objective would this be most likely to satisfy?

a) Acceptance of client.
b) Supervision.
c) Independence.
d) Monitoring.
188. In pursuing its quality control objectives with respect to
independence, a CPA firm may use policies and procedures such
as
a) Emphasizing independence of mental attitude in firm
training programs and in supervision and review of work.
b) Prohibiting employees from owning stock of public companies.
c) Suggesting that employees conduct their banking transactions
with banks that do not maintain accounts with client firms.
d) Assigning employees who may lack independence to research
positions that do not require participation in field audit work.
189. Which of the following is an element of quality control?
a) Supervision
b) Inspection
c) Personnel management
d) Consultation
190. In connection with the element of monitoring, a CPA firm's
system of quality control should ordinarily provide for the
maintenance of
a) A file of minutes of staff meetings.
b) Updated personnel files.
c) Documentation to demonstrate compliance with its policies
and procedures.
d) Documentation to demonstrate compliance with peer review
directives.
191. One element of the personnel management quality control
standard is professional development. The primary reason why a
CPA firm establishes policies and procedures for professional
development of staff accountants is to
a) Comply with the continuing educational requirements imposed
by various states for all staff accountants in CPA firms.
b) Establish, in fact as well as in appearance, that staff
accountants are increasing their knowledge of accounting and

auditing matters.
c) Provide a forum for staff accountants to exchange their
experiences and views concerning firm policies and procedures.
d) Provide reasonable assurance that staff personnel will
have the knowledge required to enable them to fulfill
responsibilities.
192. Which of the following is a quality control standard?
a) Peer review.
b) Administrative control.
c) Engagement performance.
d) Time studies.
193. What is the responsibility of a successor auditor (SA) with
respect to communicating with the predecessor auditor (PA) in
connection with a prospective new client?
a. The SA has no responsibility to contact the PA.
b. The SA should obtain permission from the prospective
client to contact the PA.
c. The SA should contact the PA regardless of whether the
prospective client authorizes contact.
d. The SA need not contact the PA if the successor is aware of all
available relevant facts.
194. A CPA firm's personnel partner periodically studies the CPA
firm's personnel advancement experience to ascertain whether
individuals meeting stated criteria are assigned increased degrees
of responsibility. This is evidence of the CPA firm's adherence to
prescribed standards of
a) Quality control.
b) Due professional care.
c) Supervision and review.
d) Field work.
195. Quality control for a CPA firm as referred to in Statements on
Quality Control Standards, applies to
a) Auditing services only.
b) Auditing and management advisory services.
c) Auditing and tax services.
d) Auditing and accounting and review services.

196. A prospective client's refusal to grant a CPA permission to


communicate with the predecessor auditor will bear directly on the
CPA's ability to
a) Determine appropriate pricing of the audit.
b) Determine the integrity of management.
c) Determine the beginning balances of the current year's financial
statements.
d) Establish consistency in application of GAAP between years.
197 . Prior to the acceptance of an audit engagement with a client
who has terminated the services of the predecessor auditor, the
CPA should
a. Contact the predecessor auditor without advising the
prospective client and request a complete report of the
circumstances leading to the termination with the understanding
that all information disclosed will be kept confidential.
b. Accept the engagement without contacting the predecessor
auditor since the CPA can include audit procedures to verify the
reason given by the client for the termination.
c. Not communicate with the predecessor auditor because this
would, in effect, be asking the auditor to violate the confidential
relationship between auditor and client.
d. Advise the client of the intention to contact the
predecessor auditor and request permission for the contact.
198. Before accepting an audit engagement, a successor auditor
should make specific inquiries of the predecessor auditor
regarding the predecessor's
a. Awareness of the consistency in the application of GAAP
between periods.
b. Evaluation of all matters of continuing accounting significance.
c. Opinion of any subsequent events occurring since the
predecessor's audit report was issued.
d. Understanding as to the reasons for the change of auditors.
199. The single feature that most clearly distinguishes auditing,
attestation, and assurance is
a. Type of service.
b. Training required performing the service.

c. Scope of services.
d. CPAs approach to the service.
200. The auditor's judgment concerning the overall fairness of the
presentation of financial position, results of
operations, and
changes in financial position is applied within the framework of
a.
Generally accepted accounting principles.
b.
Generally accepted auditing standards.
c.
Internal control.
d.
Information systems control.
201. The auditor communicates the results of his or her work through
the medium of the
a.
Engagement letter.
b.
Management letter.
c.
Audit report.
d.
Financial statements.
202. The four major steps in conducting an audit are:
a. Testing internal controls
b. Audit report
c. Planning
d. Testing transactions and balances
The proper sequence in applying the above steps is:
a. cadb
b. cdab
c. bcda
d. adcb
203.) Which of the following best describes the purpose of the
engagement letter?
a. The engagement letter relieves the auditor of some
responsibility for the exercise of due care.
b. By clearly defining the nature of the engagement, the
engagement
letter
helps
to
avoid
and
resolve
misunderstandings between CPA and client regarding the
precise nature of the work to be performed and the type of
report to be issued.
c. The engagement letter conveys to management the detailed
steps to be applied in the audit process.

d. The engagement letter should be signed by both the client and


the CPA and should be used only for independent audits.
204.
Which of the following is mandatory if the auditor is to
comply with generally accepted auditing standards?
a. Possession by the auditor of adequate technical training.
b.
Use of analytical review on audit engagements.
c.

Use of statistical sampling whenever feasible on an audit


engagement.
d. Confirmation by the auditor of material accounts receivable
balances.
205.
Which of the following statements best describes why
the CPA profession has deemed it essential to promulgate ethical
standards and to establish means for ensuring their observance?
a.
A requirement for a profession is the establishment of ethical
standards that stress primarily a responsibility to clients and
colleagues.
b.
A requirement of most state laws calls for the profession to
establish a code of ethics.
c.
An essential means of self-protection for the profession is
the establishment of flexible ethical
standards by the
profession.
d.
A distinguishing mark of a profession is its acceptance of
responsibility to the public.
206.
Pursuant to the AICPA rules of conduct, the auditor's
responsibility to the profession is defined by
a.
The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct.
b.
Federal laws governing licensed professionals who are
involved in interstate commerce.
c.
Statements on Auditing Standards.
d.
The Bylaws of the AICPA.
207.
The exercise of due professional care requires that an
auditor
a.
Examine all available corroborating evidence.
b.

Critically review the judgment exercised at every level of


supervision.

c.
d.

Reduce control risk below the maximum.


Attain the proper balance of professional experience and
formal education.

208.
In determining estimates of fees, an auditor may take
into account each of the following, except the
a.
Value of the service to the client.
a.
Degree of responsibility assumed by undertaking the
engagement.
b.
Skills required to perform the service.
c.
Attainment of specific findings.
Choose the following actions with the Code of Conduct rule violated
by the action. No rule is used more than once. Briefly explain why
the action is a violation of the rule cited.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Independence
Integrity and objectivity
General standards
Compliance with standards

209.
Brianna Lopez, CPA, agreed to review loan
applications for First Charter Bank, an audit client. The bank
granted or denied the loans on the basis of Lopez
recommendations.
A
210.
In defense of a lawsuit alleging negligence, Melissa
Franklin, CPA, explained that she was not an expert in
commodities trading and therefore did not detect the accounting
fraud perpetrated by her client, a commodities broker.
C
211.
In reviewing the corporate tax return for Eager
Turnstiles, Inc., Abba Shah, CPA, discovered that Eagers
controller had incorrectly reported a P500,000 purchase of painting
equipment as repairs expense. When Shah informed the controller
of the tax code violation, she refused to correct the return. Shah
signed the return as preparer.
D

212.
Ben Williams, CPA, issued an unqualified opinion on a
set of financial statements, even though he felt uncomfortable
about an accounting practice applied by the client. Although the
practice in question was in accordance with GAAP, it increased
net income significantly above a level that Williams considered
reasonable.
B
Choose the following actions with the Code of Conduct rule violated
by the action. No rule is used more than once. Briefly explain why
the action is a violation of the rule cited.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Accounting principles
Confidential client information
Contingent fees
Acts discreditable

213.
Juanita Garcia, CPA, refused to be associated with a
clients financial statements after the client declined to correct a
material misstatement. Garcia later contacted James Jordan,
CPA, retained by the client to replace Garcia, and informed Jordan
of the misstatement.
B
214.
Rudy Boesch, CPA, accepted an audit engagement for
a fixed fee of P27,000 plus 1% of audited net assets. C
215.
Jones Transfer Company wishes to defer charging
certain research and development expenditures to current income
on the basis that the expenditures are virtually certain to benefit
future operations. For this reason, Jack Risher, CPA and Jones
auditor, agrees with the proposed accounting treatment.
A
216.
The following are examples of the type of information
that may come to the auditors attention which might indicate that
noncompliance with laws or regulations has occurred. One of them
is not. Identify the exception:
a.
Media comment
b.
Industry is regulated by various government agencies

c.

Unusual payments in cash, purchases in the form of


cashiers checks payable to bearer or transfers to numbered
bank accounts
d.
Payments without proper exchange control documentation
217.
As used in PSA 250 (Consideration of Laws and
Regulations in an Audit of Financial Statements), this term refers
to acts of omission or commission by the entity being audited,
either intentional or unintentional, which are contrary to prevailing
laws or regulations.
a. Noncompliance
c. Erotic acts
b. Illegal acts
d. Unforgivable acts
218.
According to PSA 250, the term noncompliance as
used in the standards refers to acts of omission or commission by
the entity being audited, either intentional or unintentional, which
are contrary to the prevailing laws or regulations. Such acts do not
include
a. Transactions entered into by the entity.
b. Transaction entered into in the name of the entity.
c. Transaction entered into on the entitys behalf by its
management or employees.
d. Personal misconduct (unrelated to the entitys business
activities) by the entitys management or employees.
219.
The responsibility for the prevention and detection of
noncompliance rest with
a. The auditor.
c.
The auditors
lawyer.
b. Management
d. The clients lawyer.
220.
PSA 250 states that in order to plan the audit, the
auditor should obtain a general understanding of the legal and
regulatory framework applicable to the entity and the industry and
how the entity is complying with that framework. To obtain this
understanding, the following procedures would ordinarily be
considered by the auditor, except
a. Use the existing understanding of the entitys industry,
regulatory, and other external factors.

b. Inquire of management concerning the entitys policies and


procedures regarding compliance with laws and regulations.
c. Inquire of management as to the laws and regulations that may
be expected to have a fundamental effect on the operation of
the entity.
d. Inspect correspondence with relevant licensing or regulatory
authorities.
221.
Which of the following statements is incorrect
concerning reporting of noncompliance?
a. The auditors, as soon as practicable, either communicate with
those charged with governance, or obtain evidence that they
are appropriately informed, regarding noncompliance that
comes to the auditors attention.
b. If the auditor suspects that members of senior management,
including members of the board of directors, are involved in
noncompliance, the auditor should report the matter to the next
higher level of authority at the entity, if it exists, such as an audit
committee or a supervisory board.
c. The auditor should, as soon as practicable, communicate with
those charged with governance regarding noncompliance,
including matters that are clearly inconsequential or trivial.
d. If in the auditors judgment, the noncompliance is believed to be
intentional and material, the auditor should communicate the
finding without delay.
222.
If the auditor concludes that the noncompliance has a
material effect on the financial statements, and has not been
properly reflected in the financial statements, the auditor should
express
a. A qualified or an adverse opinion.
c.
A disclaimer of
opinion.
b. A qualified opinion or a disclaimer of opinion. d.
A qualified
opinion.
223.
If the auditor is precluded by the entity from obtaining
sufficient appropriate audit evidence to evaluate whether
noncompliance that may be material to the financial statements,
ha, or is likely to have, the auditor should express
a. A qualified or an adverse opinion.
c. An adverse opinion.

b. A qualified opinion or a disclaimer of opinion. d.


opinion or a disclaimer of opinion.

An adverse

224.
Under which of the circumstances below would the
auditor conclude that withdrawal from the engagement is
necessary?
a. The auditor concludes that the noncompliance has a material
effect on the financial statements and has not been properly
reflected in the financial statements.
b. The auditor is precluded by the entity from obtaining sufficient
appropriate audit evidence to evaluate whether noncompliance
that may be material to the financial statements, has, or is likely
to have, occurred.
c. The auditor is unable to determine whether noncompliance has
occurred because of limitations imposed by the circumstances
rather than by the entity.
d. The entity does not take the remedial action that the auditor
consider necessary in the circumstances.
225.
Detection of noncompliance, regardless of materiality
requires considerations of the following
a.
b.
c.
d.
Integrity of management
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Possible effect on other aspects of the audit
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Legal determination of the act of non-compliance
Yes
No
Yes
No
226.
The auditor-in-charge of engagement assesses risk of
fraud higher than the average. The prudent auditor is expected to
a. Assign more experienced auditors to the engagement
b. Assign a more members to the engagement
c. Make a more extensive test of controls
d. Raise the materiality level
227.
A type of fraud in which an employee takes assets
from an organization for personal gain.
a. Fraudulent financial reporting

b. Defalcation
c. Window dressing
d. Secret reserve
228.
Which of the following is least likely a factor that
increases potential for fraud?
a. Operating, financing and investing decisions are dominated by
a single person.
b. Operating results are highly sensitive to outside economic
conditions.
c. Audit client has been in the business and the leader of the
industry for more than a decade.
d. Organization is decentralized without adequate monitoring
229.
In assessing potential for fraud, the following are either
likely or unlikely to increase risk of misstatements of financial
statements. Which of the following combinations best describes
the likelihood of potential for fraud?
A
B
C
D
Many contentious or difficult accounting issues
are present
LikelyLikely
Likely
Unlikely
Significant and unusual related-party transactions
are present
LikelyUnlikely
Unlikely Unlikely
Direction of change in entitys industry is declining
with many businesses
LikelyLikely
Unlikely Likely
230.
Which of the following is an incorrect statement?
a. The amount of audit work should vary inversely with the
likelihood of material misstatements existing in the accounting
records.
b. The better the organizations control structure, the less likely it
is that material misstatements will be present
c. Complex or unusual transactions are more likely to be recorded
in error than recurring or routine transactions are
d. If misstatements are likely to occur in the recording process, the
auditor should develop procedures to detect misstatements.

231.
In the regular audit of X Company, B, CPA, discovered
a material fraud being perpetrated by the cashier. What do you
expect most of B, CPA to do?
a. Report the incident to the SEC
b. Communicate the existence and details of the fraud to the audit
committee of the board of directors and to management at least
one level above that where the fraud has occurred.
c. Advice the shareholders of the client company regarding the
fraud.
d. Make an extensive investigation in order to account for the
extent of the fraud.
232.
How do auditing standards consider the auditors
responsibilities for detecting fraud and errors?
a. Auditing standards make no distinction between the auditors
responsibilities for searching for errors and fraud.
b. The difficulty of detecting fraud changes the auditors
responsibility from reasonable to limited assurance.
c. The auditor should plan to discover material errors and all
forms of fraud
d. Auditing standards provide an implicit responsibility for the
auditor to discover material misstatement due to fraud.
233.
What should the auditor do first when in an audit of a
client entity, an illegal act has been identified?
a. Consider the effects of the illegal act on the financial statements
b. Communicate the matter with the audit committee of the board
of directors
c. Submit a confidential report to the SEC
d. Consult the clients legal counsel about the matter
234.
Lapping is
a. Making the financial statements indicate a more favorable
position by giving effect to tr5ansactions is a period other than
that in which these actually occurred
b. Done to inflate the cash position or cover the theft of cash by
depositing at the end of the accounting period a check drawing
on one bank account in another bank account without making
the necessary deduction in the balance of the first bank

c. An irregularity that conceals cash shortages by a delay in


recording cash collections, retaining a customers payment on
credit sales and covering up the shortage with subsequent cash
receipts
d. A kind of fraud committed by making entry of fictitious
payments or failure to enter receipts
235.
In general, material fraud perpetrated by which of the
following are most difficult to detect
a. Cashier
c. Internal auditor
b. Keypunch operator
d. Controller
236.
Certain management characteristics may heighten the
auditors concern about the risk of material misstatements. The
characteristic that is least likely to cause concern is that
management
a. Operating and financing decisions are made by numerous
individuals
b. Commits to unduly aggressive forecasts
c. Has an excessive interest in increasing the entitys stock price
through use of unduly aggressive accounting practices
d. In interested in inappropriate methods of minimizing earnings
for tax purposes
237.
In a financial statements audit, the auditor should
consider categories of fraud risk factors. The auditor is most likely
to presume that a high risk of a declaration exists if
a. The client is a multinational company that does business in
numerous foreign countries
b. The client does business with several related parties
c. Inadequate segregation of duties places an employee in a
position to perpetrate and conceal thefts
d. Inadequate employee training results in lengthy EDP exception
reports each month
238.
Which of the following characteristics most likely would
heighten an auditors concern about the risk of intentional
manipulation of financial statements?
a. Turnover of senior accounting personnel is low

b. Insiders recently purchased additional shares of the entitys


stock
c. Management places substantial emphasis on meeting earnings
projection
d. The rate of change in the entitys industry is slow
239.
Under Section 2 of RA 9298, the State recognizes the
importance of accountants in nation building and development.
Hence, it shall develop and nurture competent, virtuous,
productive and well rounded professional accountants whose
standards of practice and service shall be excellent, qualitative,
world class and globally competitive through
a. Inviolable, honest, effective and credible licensure
examinations
b. Regulatory measures, programs and activities that foster
their professional growth and development
a. I only
b. II only
c. I and II
d. Neither I nor
II
240.
The objectives of the Philippine Accountancy Act of
2004 are the following, except:
a. Standardization and regulation of accounting education.
b. Integration of accountancy profession.
c. Examination for registration of certified public accountants.
d. Supervision, control and regulation of the practice of
accountancy.
241.
Practice of Public Accountancy shall constitute in a
person:
a. When involved in decision making requiring professional
knowledge in the science of accounting, as well as the
accounting aspects of finance and taxation.
b. When he/she is appointed in an accounting professional group
in government or in a government-owned and/or controlled
corporation, including those performing proprietary functions,
where decision-making requires professional knowledge in the
science of accounting.
c. When he or she is involved in teaching of accounting, auditing,
management advisory services, accounting aspect of finance,
business law, taxation and other technically related subjects.

d. When a person is skilled in the knowledge, science and


practice of accounting and as a qualified person to render
professional services as a CPA.
242.
Any position in any business or company in the private
sector which requires supervising the recording of financial
transactions, preparation of financial statements, coordinating with
the external auditors for the audit of such financial statements and
other related functions shall be occupied only by a duly registered
CPA. Provided
a. That the business or company where the above position
exists has a paid-up capital of at least P10,000,000
and/or annual revenue of at least P5,000,000.
b. The above provision shall apply only to persons to be
employed after the effectivity of the Implementing Rules
and Regulations of RA 9298.
c. The above provision shall not result to deprivation of the
employment of incumbents to the position.
a. I, II, and III
c. II and III
b. I and II
d. I and III
243.
The following statements relate to the Board of
Accountancy. Which statement is incorrect?
a. The Board consists of a Chairman and six members
b. The Chairman and members are appointed by the President of
the Philippines upon recommendation of PRC
c. No person shall be appointed a member of the Board unless he
is natural-born citizen of the Philippines, a duly registered CPA
and has been in the practice of accountancy for at least ten
years
d. The Professional Regulation Commission may remove from the
Board any member whose certificate to practice has been
removed or suspended
244.
The APO shall submit its nominations with complete
documentation to the Commission not later than ____ prior to the
expiry of the term of an incumbent chairman or member.
a. 30 days
b. 60 days
c. 90 days
d.
120 days

245.
Which of the following is incorrect regarding the
qualifications of members of the Board of Accountancy?
a. Must be a natural-born citizen and resident of the Philippines
b. Must be a duly registered Certified Public Accountant with at
least fifteen (15) years of work experience in any scope of
practice of accountancy
c. Must be a good moral character and must not have been
convicted of crimes involving moral turpitude
d. Must not have any pecuniary interest, directly or indirectly, in
any school, college, university where review classes in
preparation for the licensure examination are being offered or
conducted
246.
Which of the following statements is incorrect
according to Section 7 of the Philippine Accountancy Act of 2004
(RA 9298)?
a. The Chairman and the members of the Professional Regulatory
Board of Accountancy (PRBOA) shall hold office for a term of
three (3) years.
b. No person who has served two(2) successive terms shall be
eligible for reappointment until the lapse of one (1) year.
c. Any vacancy occurring within the term of a member shall be
filled up for the unexpired portion of the term only.
d. Appointment to fill up an unexpired term is considered as a
complete term.
247.
The following statements relate to CPA examination
ratings. Which statement is incorrect?
a. To pass the examination, candidates should obtain a general
weighted average of 75% and above, with no rating in any
subject less than 65%.
b. Candidates who obtain a rating of 75% and above in at least
four subjects shall receive a conditional credit for the subjects
passed.
c. Conditioned candidates shall take an examination in the
remaining subject within three years from the preceding
examination.
d. Candidates who fail in two (2) complete CPA examinations may
be allowed to take examinations a third time provided he or she
will comply with Sec. 18 of this Act.

248.
The Board shall submit to the Commission the ratings
obtained by each candidate within ten (10) calendar days after the
examination, unless extended for just cause
Any candidate who fails in two (2) complete Certified Public
Accountant Board Examination shall be disqualified from taking
another set of examinations unless he/she submits evidence to the
satisfaction of the Board that he/she enrolled in and completed at
least twenty-four (24) units of subject given in the licensure
examination.
a. True, True b. True, False
c. False, False
d.
False, True
249.
Which statement is(are) correct regarding CPE
requirements for renewal of professional license?
a. The total CPE credit units required for CPAs shall be sixty
(60) units for three (3) years, provided that a minimum of
fifteen (15) credit units shall be earned in each year.
b. Any excess credit units in one year may be carried over to
the succeeding years within the three-year period.
c. Excess credit units earned shall not be carried over to the
next three-year period without exception.
d. A registered professional who is working abroad shall be
temporarily exempted from compliance with CPE
requirement during his/her stay abroad, provided that
he/she is has been out of the country for at least one year
immediately prior to the date of renewal.
a. I, II and III only
c. I , II and IV only
b. I and II only
d. I , II, III and IV
250.
Which statement is incorrect regarding CPE
requirements for renewal of professional license?
a. The total CPE credit units required for CPAs shall be sixty (60)
units for three (3) years, provided that a minimum of fifteen (15)
credit units shall be earned in each year.
b. A registered professional shall be permanently exempted from
CPE requirements upon reaching the age of 65 years old.
c. A registered professional who is working abroad shall be
temporarily exempted from compliance with CPE requirement

during his/her stay abroad, provided that he/she is has been out
of the country for at least one year immediately prior to the date
of renewal.
d. Those who failed to renew professional licenses for a period of
five (5) continuous years from initial registration, or from at last
renewal shall be declared delinquent.
251.
How many credit units per hour is (are) earned by a
CPA who serves as a resource speaker at a CPE seminar?
a. 1 CU per hour
c. 3 CU per hour
b. 5 CU per hour
d. 2 Cu per hour
252.
Generally, the decision to notify parties outside the
clients organization of an illegal act is the responsibility of the
a. Independent auditor
c.
Outside legal
counsel
b. Management
d. Internal auditors
253.
An audit should be designed to achieve reasonable
assurance of detecting material
a. Errors
b. Errors and irregularities with a direct effect on financial
statement amounts
c. Errors, irregularities and those illegal acts with a direct effect on
financial statement amounts and presentation
d. Errors, irregularities and illegal acts
254.
Which of the following statements reflects an auditors
responsibility for detection fraud and error?
a. An auditor is responsible for detecting employee errors and
simple fraud, but not for discovering fraud involving employee
collusion or management override
b. An auditor should plan the audit to detect errors and fraud that
are caused by departures from GAAP
c. An auditor is not responsible for detecting errors and fraud
unless the application of GAAS would result in such detection
d. An auditor should design the audit to provide reasonable
assurance of detecting errors and fraud that are material to the
financial statements

255.
Which of the following is not an example of an error?
a. Client personnel make mistakes in gathering or processing
accounting data from which financial statements are prepared
b. Client personnel after accounting records from which financial
statements are prepared
c. Client personnel overlook or misinterpret facts, causing
accounting estimates to be incorrect
d. Client personnel make mistakes in the application of accounting
principles
256.
Under PSA 260, this term is used to describe the role
of persons entrusted with the supervision, control, and direction of
an entity.
A. Oversight
C. Direction
B. Governance
D. Control
257.
According to PSA 260, those matters that arise from
the audit of financial statements and, in the opinion of the auditor,
are both important and relevant to those charged with governance
in overseeing the financial reporting and disclosure process are
called
A. Audit matters of governance interest.
C.
Auditors
findings.
B. Significant audit matters.
D.
Material
misstatements in the financial statements.
258.
Which of the following statements relating to
communication of audit matter of governance interest is incorrect?
A. Audit matters of governance interest include only those matters
that have come to the attention of the auditor as a result of the
performance of the audit.
B. In an audit in accordance with PSAs, the auditors should design
audit procedures for the specific purpose of identifying matters
of governance interest.
C. The auditor should identify relevant persons who are charged
with governance and with whom audit matters of governance
interest are to be communicated.
D. The auditors communications with those charged with
governance may be made orally or in writing.

259. While performing professional services for their clients, CPAs


have always had a duty to exercise a level of care which is best
described as:
a. Greater than average
c. Infallible
b. Superior
d. Reasonable
260. S1: Integrity is attribute that most clearly differentiates a CPA
who audits managements financial statements as contrasted to
management.
S2. Not all engagements require integrity
a. True, True
c. False, true
b. True, false
d. False, false
261. Karen Corporation has engaged Gelai, CPA, to issue a report
on the accuracy of product quality specifications included in trade
sales agreements. This is an example of a(n):
a. Attestation service.
c. Compliance audit.
b. Financial statement audit.
d. Operational audit.
262. One of the general principles of an audit is compliance with
Philippine Standards on Auditing (PSAs). As a consequence of his
failure to adhere to PSAs in the course of his examination of the
Mariz Combined Machinery, Inc., Eric, CPA, did not detect the
embezzlement of a material amount of funds by Ubebe Gandarita,
the companys controller. As a matter of common law, to what
extent would Eric be liable to Mariz Combined Machinery, Inc., for
losses attributable to the theft?
a. Eric would be liable for losses attributable to his negligence.
b. Eric would be liable only if it could be proven that he committed
gross negligence.
c. Eric would have no liability because privity of contract is lacking.
d. Eric would have no liability, since the ordinary examination
cannot be relied upon to detect embezzlement.
263. The following, except one, is always present in attest
engagements. Select the exception:
a. The issuance of a written report.
b. The consideration of internal control.
c. The presence of written assertions which is the responsibility of
another party.

d. Independence of mind and in appearance on part of the auditor.


264. A technique for regularly and systematically appraising a unit of
function and its effectiveness against corporate and industry
standards with the objective of assuring management that its aims
are being carried out and/or identifying conditions that provide an
opportunity for improvement:
a. Financial audit
c. Compliance audit
b. Operational audit
d. management audit
265. Lotlot, CPA, has issued a report with the following wordings: In
our opinion, the schedule presents, in all material respects. In
this situation, Lotlots report is likely to be:
a. A standard audit report.
b. An audit report with a qualified opinion.
c. An attestation with a qualified opinion.
d. An attestation report.
266. An audit should be designed to achieve reasonable assurance
of detecting material:
a. Errors.
b. Errors and irregularities.
c. Errors, irregularities, and those illegal acts with a direct effect
on financial statement amounts.
d. Errors, irregularities and illegal acts, regardless of whether it
has a direct or indirect effect on financial statement amounts.
267. Evidence gathering in a scientific experiment is most similar to
which phase of the audit?
a. Planning and supervising an engagement.
b. Hypothesizing that financial statements are present fairly.
c. Evaluating whether the financial statements are fairly
presented.
d. Assessing risks and designing audit procedures to address
these risks.
268. The review of a companys financial statements by a CPA firm:
a. Culminates in issuance of a report expressing the CPAs
opinion as to the fairness of the statements.
b. Is substantially less in scope of procedures than an audit.

c. Is of similar scope as an audit and adds similar credibility to the


statements.
d. Requires detailed analysis of the major accounts.
269. Berto, CPA, discovered an illegal act during the audit of UBE
Corporation, a publicly held company. Accordingly, which of the
following would be the best response by Berto?
a. Berto shall notify the Securities and Exchange Commission
regarding the illegal act.
b. Berto should determine who was responsible for the illegal act.
c. Berto shall report the act to the audit committee and high level
personnel within Ube Corporation.
d. Berto shall intensity the examination to identify all illegal acts.
270. In determining estimates of fees, an auditor may take account
each of the following, except the:
a. Value of the service to the client.
b. Degree of responsibility assumed by undertaking the
engagement.
c. Skills required to perform the service.
d. Attainment of specific findings.
271. Cruz, Del Rosario, CPAs, was hired by Ariel Rivera Company to
give an opinion on recently prepared, but still unaudited, financial
statements. The statement that best describes this engagement is:
a. The CPA is performing an examination of the financial
statements rather than an accounting service.
b. The financial statements are representations of both
management and the CPA.
c. The CPA is performing and accounting service rather than an
examination of the financial statements.
d. The CPA may prepare the statements from the books, but may
not assist in adjusting and closing the books.
272. During planning, one of the auditors considerations is the
presence of fraud risk factors. Which of the following factors would
most likely heighten an auditors concern about the risk of
fraudulent financial reporting?
a. Presence of large amounts of liquid assets that are readily
convertible into cash.

b. Low growth and profitability ratios as compared to other entities


within the same industry.
c. An overly complex organizational structure involving unusual
lines of authority.
d. Top managements admission of responsibility for the
establishment and maintenance of internal controls.
273. The following are required audit procedures in every audit
engagement:
A
b
c
d
Risk assessment procedures
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Tests of controls
Yes
No
Yes
No
Substantive tests
Yes Yes
No
No
274. Which of the following statements is not correct?
a. Objectively requires that internal auditors have an independent
mental attitude.
b. Internal auditors should be independent of the activities they
audit.
c. It is acceptable for internal auditors to recommend changes in
operations and to install and implement the operating systems,
as long as they do not have the responsibility for operating
them throughout the year.
d. The internal auditor should not be responsible for correcting
deficiencies when ineffective or inefficient operations are found.
275. Which of the following phrases is generally included in an audit
engagement letter?
a. The following are factors considered in setting a preliminary
judgment about materiality
b. These are the procedures that the audit team intends to
undertake
c. The auditors are responsible to search for significant
deficiencies in internal control
d. Company management is responsible for the entitys
compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations"
276. The financial reporting framework adopted by management in
preparing the financial statements that the auditor has determined

is acceptable in view of the nature of the entity and the objective of


the financial statements, or that is required by law or regulations.
a. Applicable financial reporting framework.
b. Generally accepted accounting principles.
c. Philippine standards on auditing.
d. Other comprehensive basis of accounting.
277. Which of the following factors most likely would influence an
auditors determination of the auditability of an entitys financial
statements?
a. The adequacy of the underlying accounting records.
b. The existence of related parties and related party transactions.
c. The complexity of the accounting system.
d. The operating effectiveness of control procedures and the
control environment.
278. Which of the following factors is least likely considered when an
auditor is performing acceptance/continuance procedures?
a. The auditors independence of mind and in appearance.
b. Professional competence and ability to provide services to the
client.
c. Ability of the client to achieve an unqualified opinion.
d. Integrity of the clients management and those charged with
governance.
279. In an audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing
standards, the auditors must test compliance with those laws and
regulations that have:
a. A direct and material effect on the financial statements.
b. A direct and material effect on major government programs.
c. A material direct or indirect effect on the financial statements.
d. A material effect on major or non-major audit programs.
280. Professional experience is an important aspect of the training
and proficiency of the junior assistant just entering upon an
auditing career. Professional experience should be obtained:
a. Through a thorough study of the generally accepted auditing
standards.
b. With proper supervision and review of work by a more
experienced supervisor.

c. By completing a number of continuing professional education


courses each year.
d. By taking appropriate professional certification exams.
281. The following matters, would be considered by the auditor in
planning for an audit of financial statements (select the exception):
a. Preliminary judgment about materiality levels for audit
purposes.
b. Anticipated reliance in internal controls.
c. Financial statement items that possess great risk of material
misstatement.
d. The kind of opinion (unqualified, qualified, or adverse) or
disclaimer of opinion, likely to be given.
282. An audit program is usually prepared after establishing the
audit strategy and developing the audit plan. The procedures
specifically outlined in an audit program are primarily designed to:
a. Test all material transactions.
b. Gather corroborating evidence.
c. Serve as protection of the auditor in case of litigation regarding
negligence.
d. Detect errors or irregularities.
283. Which of the following circumstances most likely would cause
an auditor to believe that material misstatements may exist in an
entitys financial statements?
a. ABC Company told its auditor that audit trails of computergenerated transactions exist only for a short time.
b. Jeff Hong, chief financial officer of DEF Manufacturing, does not
want to sign the management representation letter until the last
day of the auditors field work.
c. The management of XYZ Enterprises consults with other
accountants about significant accounting matters.
d. The accounts receivable of Jess Inc. were circularized, and the
procedure yielded significantly fewer responses than expected.
284. By common agreement, the audit team assigned to Irah Mae
Company decided to set the preliminary judgment about
materiality at P100,000 or 10% of total assets. In addition, the

team decided to allocate the P100,000 to the balance sheet


accounts. How will the allocation be implemented?
a. Allocate the P100,000 based on the relative carrying values of
each balance sheet account.
b. Allocate the P100,000 based on professional judgment.
c. Allocate the P100,000 according to the specific formula
required in PSA 320, Audit materiality.
d. 10% of the account or P100,000, whichever is lower.
285. An item is considered material to a companys financial
statements if the item:
a. Exceeds 5% of reported income from operations before interest
and income taxes, or P10,000, whichever is lower.
b. Causes the companys statement of comprehensive income to
fall short of the expectations of external financial analysis.
c. In substance reflects a new class of transactions or events
during the period under audit.
d. Alters the total mix of information significantly.
286. Considering the work of experts is one of the factors of audit
planning. Which of the following statements is incorrect concerning
the use of the work of experts?
a. An expert under employ by the client cannot be used for
purposes of the auditors work because doing so would the
rules on objectivity and independence.
b. An auditor may use an expert in the determination of physical
characteristics relating to inventories.
c. In the context of PSAs, an expert is a person possessing a high
degree of skill or knowledge in fields outside auditing and
accounting.
d. Professional competence and reputation are some of the major
considerations in selecting an expert.
287. The auditor faces a risk that the examination will not detect
material misstatements in the financial statements. In regard to
minimizing this risk, the auditor primarily relies on:
a. Substantive tests.
c. Internal control.
b. Tests of controls.
d. Statistical analysis.
288. Early appointment of the independent auditor will enable:

a. A more thorough examination to be performed.


b. A proper study and evaluation of internal control to be
performed.
c. Sufficient, appropriate evidential matter to be obtained.
d. A more efficient examination to be planned.
289. In an audit situation, communication between the successor
and predecessor auditors should be:
a. Authorized in an engagement letter.
b. Acknowledged in a representation letter.
c. Either written or oral.
d. Written and included in the working papers.
290. A professional accountant who does not consider and apply the
guidance included in a relevant Practice Statement should be
prepared to:
a. Explain to the Board of Accountancy tribunal why the practice
statement was not complied with.
b. Bear the consequences of such non-compliance, such as
suspension of revocation of license, plus imprisonment of not
more than two (2) years.
c. Face the shareholders of the entity, and explain in the meeting
why such practice statement was not complied with, provided
that the explanation is also put in writing, and signed in the
presence of the Chairperson of the Auditing and Assurance
Council.
d. Explain how the basic principles and essential procedures in
the Engagement Standards addressed by the Practice
Statements have been complied with.
291. Which of the following documentation is required for an audit in
accordance with generally accepted auditing standards?
a. An internal control questionnaire.
b. A client engagement letter.
c. A planning memorandum or checklist.
d. A client representation letter.
292. Which statement is correct relating to a potential successor
auditors responsibility for communicating with the predecessor
auditors in connection with a prospective new audit client?

a. The successor auditors have no responsibility to contact the


predecessor auditors.
b. The predecessor auditors should obtain permission from the
prospective client to contact the successor auditors.
c. The successor auditors should contact the predecessor
regardless of whether the prospective client authorizes contact.
d. Refusal by the prospective client to authorize communication
between successor auditor and predecessor auditor may lead
the successor auditor to question the integrity of the
prospective clients management.
293. An external auditor is determining how the clients internal
auditor could provide direct assistance in the engagement.
Accordingly, the internal auditor may provide direct assistance to
the external auditor in:
a. Obtaining an understanding of internal control systems
b. Performing tests of controls
c. Performing substantive controls
d. All of the answers
294. An engagement in which an auditor is engaged to carry out
those procedures of an audit nature to which the auditor and the
entity and any appropriate third parties have agreed and to report
on factual findings.
a. Special audit engagement.
b. Agreed-upon procedures engagement.
c. Examination of prospective information.
d. Engagement to compile information.
295. An increase in the reliance on substantive tests usually mean
that the reliance placed on internal controls:
a. Also increases
c. Remains the same
b. Decreases
d. Cannot be determined
Which of the following are considered further audit procedures
that may be designed after assessing the risks of material
misstatement?
a
b
c
d
Tests of controls
Yes
No
Yes
No
Substantive tests
Yes Yes
No
No

296.

297. The susceptibility of an account balance to error that could be


material, assuming there are no related controls, is referred to as:
a. Intangible risk
c. Inherent risk
b. Detection risk
d. Control risk
298. Which of the following ultimately determines the specific audit
procedures necessary to provide an independent auditor with a
reasonable basis for the expression of an opinion?
a. The audit program.
c. GAAS.
b. The auditors judgment.
d.
The audit
documentation.
299. An auditor should obtain sufficient knowledge of an entitys
information system to understand the:
a. Process used to prepare significant accounting estimates.
b. Controls used to assure proper authorization of transactions.
c. Safeguards used to limit access to IT facilities.
d. Controls used to detect the concealment of fraud.
300. An auditor evaluates the existing system of internal control in
order to:
i. Determine the extent of substantive tests which must be
performed
ii. Determine the extent of compliance tests which must be
performed
iii. Ascertain whether irregularities are probable
iv. Ascertain whether any employees have incompatible functions
301. This refers to a professional who acts as discussion leader or
lecturer in a convention or seminar or similar gathering:
i. Resource speaker
c. CPE provider
ii. Peer reviewer
d. Panelist/reactor
302. The following are the more significant powers and functions of
the Board of Accountancy select the exception)
a. To prescribe and adopt the rules and regulations necessary for
carrying out the provisions of RA 9298.
b. To supervise the registration, licensure and practice of
professions in the Philippines

c. To administer oaths in connection with the administration of RA


9298
d. To revoke of licenses of violators of RA 9298
303. Which of the following best describes the most important stage
of an auditors statistical analysis of significant ratios and trends?
a. Computation of significant ratios and trends
b. Interpretation of significant variations and unusual relationships
c. Reconciliation of statistical data to the clients accounting
records
d. Comparison of statistical data to prior year statistics and to
similar data published by governmental and private sources.
304. The probability that an auditor will give an inappropriate opinion
on financial statements is:
a. Audit risk
c. Control risk
b. Inherent risk
d. Detection risk
305. One of the factors affecting the control environment is
management philosophy and operating style. This factor most
likely would have a significant influence on an entitys control
environment when:
a. Management is dominated by one individual
b. Accurate management job descriptions delineate specific duties
c. The audit committee actively oversees the financial reporting
process
d. The internal auditor reports directly to management
306. Which of the following would be of least interest to the auditors
on considering internal control?
a. Procedures that are concerned with the decisio9n processes
leading to managements authorization of transactions
b. Procedures restricting access to assets
c. Procedures related to recording transactions
d. Policies concerning the reconciliation of accounting records to
existing assets
307. As used in Annex C of the implementing Rules and Regulations
to RA 9298, this refers to a guarantee degree in accountancy,

business, or related field from a recognized school, college or


university.
a. Masteral degree
c. BSA
b. Doctoral degree
d. MSA
308. This refers to the ownership of intellectual property which
includes technical or professional books, instructional materials
and the like
a. Authorship
c. Patent
b. Copyright
d. Professional journalism
309. Ten credit hours as participant of a Continuing Professional
Education (CPE) program, activity or source shall be equivalent
/to:
a. 10 credit units
c. 3 credit units
b. 5 credit units
d. 1 credit units
310. Which of the following is an advantage of describing internal
control through the use of a standardized questionnaire?
a. Questionnaires highlight weakness in the system
b. Questionnaires are more flexible than other methods of
describing internal control
c. Questionnaires usually identify situations in which internal
control weaknesses are compensated for by other strengths in
the system
d. Questionnaires provide a clearer, more specific portrayal of a
clients system than other methods of describing internal control
311. An auditor generally obtains evidence regarding
segregation of duties related to inventory by:
a. Test counts and cur-off procedures
b. Analytical procedures and invoice recomputation
c. Document inspection and reconciliation
d. Personal inquiry and observation

the

312. A well designed system of internal control that is functioning


effectively is most likely to detect an irregularity arising from:
a. The fraudulent action of several employees
b. The fraudulent action of an individual employee
c. Information deviations from the official organization chart

d. Management fraud
313.
a.
b.
c.
d.

The most6 important aspect of any system of controls is:


Proper authorization procedures
Competent, trustworthy personnel
Separation of duties
Regular review by top management

314. Obtaining an understanding of an entitys internal control, an


auditor is required to obtain knowledge about the:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Operating effectiveness of controls
Yes
No
Yes
No
Design and operation of controls
Yes
Yes
No
No
315. In a small Company that employs inadequate number of
employees to permit proper division of responsibilities, effective
internal control can best be strengthen by:
a. Delegation of full clear cut responsibility to each employee for
the functions assigned to each
b. Employment of temporary personnel to aid in the separation of
duties
c. Direct participation by the owner of the business in the record
keeping activities of the business
d. Affirm in writing managements approval of limitation on the
scope of the audit
316. The following statements relates to RA 9298. Which statement
is correct?
a. The Professional Regulation Commission has the authority to
remove after due process, any member of the Board of
Accountancy for negligence, incompetence or any other just
cause
b. The functions of the Board of Accountancy include the
preparation of the content of the CPA licensure examination but
not the rating of examination papers

c. After two years, subject to certain conditions, the Board of


Accountancy must order the reinstatement of a CPA whose
certificate of registration has been revoked.
d. Insanity is ground for issuing a certificate of registration to a
successful CPA candidate
317. The principal purpose in conducting a study and evaluation of
existing internal control system is
a. For independent auditor to maintain a statement of
independence in mental attitude in all matters relating the audit
b. To assure compliance with GAAP
c. To enable independent auditor to assess and be assured of
managements efficiency and effectivity
d. To develop an audit plan and determine the nature, timing and
extent of audit work required
318. Procedures directed toward obtaining evidential matter
concerning the effectiveness of the deign or operation of an
internal control structure policy or procedures are referred to as:
a. Compliance tests
b. Substantive tests
c. Tests of controls
d. Test of internal control structure elements
319. S1 The basic components operations and the primary subject
matter of internal accounting control are transactions
S2Narratives, flowcharts, and internal control questionnaires are
three commonly used methods for documenting the auditors
understanding of the internal control structure.
Which of the above statements is correct?
a. S1 only
c. Both S1 and S2
b. S2 only
d. Neither are correct
320. Which of the following parts of the audit is described by this
statement? the auditor examines and evaluates processes that
produce the numbers and disclosures in the financial statements.
a. Planning
b. Studying and testing internal control
c. Performing substantial tests
d. Issuing the audit report

321. Financial statement assertions are established for:


a.
b.
d.
Account balances
No
Yes
Yes
Classes of transactions
Yes
Yes
No
Disclosures
Yes
No
No

c.
Yes
Yes
Yes

322. Which of the following should be the focus of analytical


procedures in the context of planning an audit engagement?
a. Enhancing the auditors understanding of the entity and its
environment
b. Providing assurance that potential material misstatements will
be identified
c. Reducing the scope of tests of controls and substantive tests
d. Assessing the sufficiency and appropriateness of audit
evidence
323. There are three categories of financial statement assertions:
Assertions pertaining to account balances at period end,
assertions pertaining to classes of transactions and events during
the period, and assertions pertaining to presentation and
disclosure. Which of the following is a financial statement assertion
that is common to all three categories?
a. Existence
c. Completeness
b. Classifications
d. Occurrence
324. What type of analytical procedure would an auditor most likely
use in developing relationships among balance sheet accounts
when reviewing the financial statements of a non public entity?
a. Trend analysis
c. Ratio analysis
b. Regression analysis
d. Risk analysis
325. Analytical procedures are required in which phases of the audit
engagement?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Planning
Yes
Substantive testing
No
Audit completion
Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

326. In auditing accounts receivable and accounts payable, the


auditors procedures most likely would focus primarily on which of
the following assertions?
a. Completeness (AR) and existence (AP)
b. Existence (AR) and completeness (AP)
c. Cut-off and occurrence (AR and AP)
d. Existence and occurrence (AR and AP)
327. Philippine Auditing Practice Statements (PAPSs):
a. Are intended to replace Philippine Standards on Auditing
(PSAs)
b. Are intended to have the same authority as the PSAs
c. Are issued to provide practical assistance to auditors in
implementing PSAs.
d. Are interpretations of PSAs as issued by the Auditing and
Assurance Standards Council
328. The following statements relate to RA 9298 and its IRR. Which
statement is incorrect?
a. A person shall be considered to be in the professional practice
of accounting if, as an officer of a private enterprise, he makes
decisions requiring professional accounting knowledge
b. When a CPA represents his/her client before government
agencies o tax and other matters related to accounting, the
CPA is engaged in public accountancy
c. A registered professional shall be permanently exempted from
CPE requirements upon reaching the age of 65 years old
d. The total CPE credit units required for CPAs shall be sixty (60)
units for three years, provided that a maximum of fifteen (15)
credit units shall be earned in each year
329. Which of the following is not an underlying condition that
creates a demand by users for reliable information?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Transactions that are numerous and complex


Decisions are not time sensitive
Financial decisions that are important to investors and users
Users separated from accounting records by distance and time

330. During the performance of risk assessment procedures, Andoy,


CPA, noted a change in accounting principle has been effected by
the client. In this case, Andoy should plan to evaluate the change
to satisfy himself that:
a. The newly adopted principle is a generally accepted accounting
principle
b. The method of accounting for the effects of the change is in
conformity with generally accepted accounting principles
c. Managements justification for the change is reasonable
d. All of the answers
331. In a review engagement the public accountant provides
negative assurance in the report which is issued. This can best be
described by the phrase:
a. Nothing has come to my attention
b. The financial statements present fairly
c. We are unable to express an opinion
d. Except for the issues explained above
332. Gina Dizon, CPA, is performing pre-engagement activities.
Which of the following must Gina obtain from her predecessor,
prior to the acceptance of the engagement?
a. Analysis of income statement accounts
b. Analysis of balance sheet accounts
c. Facts that might bear on the integrity of management
d. All matters of continuing accounting significance
333. Which of the following best describes due care?
a. Tact in avoiding legal liability
c.
Reasonable
infallibility
b. Requisite skill and diligence
d. Freedom from
undue influence
334. The audit risk model consists of: AR = IR X CR X DR

The detection risk is the dependent variable. What is the


acceptable level of detection risk if the assessed level of Inherent
Risk is High and the Control risk is Low?
a. Highest
b. Lower
c. Medium
d. Higher
335. This refers to the audit procedures deemed necessary in the
circumstances to achieve the objective of the review
a. Scope of an audit
c. Audit program
b. Scope of a review
d. Scope limitation
336. A certificate under seal, issued by the Commission upon the
recommendation by the Board of Accountancy pursuant to the
revised IRR, attesting that individual CPAs (including the staff
members thereof), firms (including the sole proprietors and the
staff members thereof) and partnerships of CPAs (including the
partners and the staff members thereof) are duly accredited to
practice public accountancy in the Philippines
a. Certificate of registration
c.
Certificate
of
Identification
b. Certificate of accreditation
d. Certificate of Quality
Review
337. If the auditor concludes that there is reasonable justification to
change the engagement and if the audit work performed complies
with the PSAs applicable to the changed engagement, the report
issued would b e that appropriate for:
a. The original engagement, without reference to the original
engagement
b. The revised terms of engagement, without reference to the
original engagement
c. The revised terms of engagement, with reference to the original
engagement
d. The original engagement, with reference to the original
engagement
338. Which of the following services provides the highest level of
assurance to third parties about a companys financial statements?
a. Audits
b. Reviews
c. Compilation
d.
Write-up work