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Product Guide

An Invensys company

Contents

Page
I/ The principle of the gas-recombination battery
II/ Charge characteristics

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III/ Electrical performance tables

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IV/ Battery calculations


Float applications
Accidental deep discharge
Effect of temperature on capacity

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V/ Installation of the battery


Warning
Unpacking the battery
Setting up the battery stands
Installing in a cabinet
Connection of the cells
Installation on standard metallic stand

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VI/ Battery storage


Storage conditions
Storage time
Determining the state of charge of the battery
Recharging stored batteries

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VII/ Commissioning
VIII/ Maintenance

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SUPERSAFE TE Range
TYPE
12 TE 38(3)

Nominal
voltage
(Volts)
12

Capacity (Ah) to Capacity (Ah) to


1.80V at 10 h 1.75V at 10 h
rate at 20C
rate at 20C
35
38

Weigth
in kg

Connexion
Screw

Torque (Nm)

156

Heigth over
protection
in mm
203

14.3

M5

6+/-10%
8 mm wrench
9+/-10%
10 mm wrench
9+/-10%
10 mm wrench
9+/-10%
10 mm wrench
9+/-10%
10 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
9+/-10%
10 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench
16+/-10%
13 mm wrench

Length
in mm

Width
in mm

166

12

46

50

218

164

220

18.9

M6

12 TE 60

12

56

62

271

164

220

22.9

M6

12 TE 75

12

68

74

314

164

220

26.7

M6

12 TE 90(3)

12

79

86

360

164

227

31.3

M6

6 TE 110(3)

102

110

191

206

236

21.4

M8

6 TE 140(3)

132

140

243

206

234

27.9

M8

2 TE 170

152

170

128

165

220

10.2

M6

6 TE 155(3)

157

174

278

178

258

32.2

M8

6 TE 180(3)

165

180

296

204

234

34.1

M8

2 TE 225

200

225

110

208

260

13.9

M8

2 TE 310

275

310

142

208

260

18.5

M8

2 TE 400

350

400

195

208

260

24.0

M8

2 TE 450

400

450

195

208

260

26.2

M8

2 TEO 450(1)

400

450

195

208

260

26.8

M8

2 TE 540(2)(3)

500

540

296

204

240

34.7

M8

2 TE 550

500

550

238

208

260

32.1

M8

12 TE 50

(1) cells with 4 posts - (2) Cells with 6 posts - (3) with integral handles

TYPE
12 TE 38(3)
12 TE 50
12 TE 60
12 TE 75
12 TE 90(3)
6 TE 110(3)
6 TE 140(3)
2 TE 170
6 TE 155(3)
6 TE 180(3)
2 TE 225
2 TE 310
2 TE 400
2 TE 450
2 TEO 450(1)
2 TE 540(2)(3)
2 TE 550

I/ The principle of the


gas-recombination battery
In a gas-recombination battery, the quantity of active
materials in the plates and the alloys used in the
manufacture of the grids which support the active
materials, are such that oxygen is first released from the
positive plate.

The oxygen diffuses across the separator to the negative


plate
The oxygen reacts chemically with the spongy lead of the
negative plate to form lead oxide.
Pb + 1/2O2 PbO

The internal design of the battery ensures that this


oxygen diffuses toward the negative plates where it
reacts chemically with the spongy lead of the negative
active material to form lead oxide.

The sulphuric acid reacts with the lead oxide to give lead
sulphate and water, and so part of the spongy lead is
chemically discharged to the lead suplhate state and the
water consumed at the positive plate is regenerated.

The sulphuric acid contained in the electrolyte is


composed then reacts with this lead oxide to form lead
sulphate and water.

PbO + H2SO4 PbSO4 + H2O


The spongy lead which was chemically discharged at the
negative plate is re-charged chemically.

The lead sulphate thus formed is transformed electrochemically into lead to return sulphuric acid.

PbSO4 + 2H+ + 2e- Pb + H2SO4

This state of equilibrium will remain for as long as the


battery remains fully charged.

These reactions occur within each cell, and an


equilibrium is thus achieved.

Schematically, we then have the following reactions :


At the end of the charge or if overcharging, oxygen is
released at the positive plate in the form of a gas.
H2O 2H+ + 1/2O2 + 2e-

Electrolyte

Conventional cell

Supersafe

Oxygen and hydrogen


escape to
the atmosphere

Oxygen evolved
from positive plate
transfers to negative
and recombines
to form water.

Separator

- fiberglass separators manufactured from borosilicate,


giving them excellent resistance to high temperatures
and to sulphuric acid.The high level of porosity of these
separators is used to retain the quantity of electrolyte
necessary for cell operation, but without any free
electrolyte.

Construction :
These reactions can take place only by using :
- plates composed of special alloy with several
components which provide the plate grids with high
mechanical strength and a high level of hydrogen
overvoltage.

- a pressure relief valve which allows gas to be released


if necessary in the case of an accidental overcharge.

- an appropriate ratio between positive and negative


active materials.

Terminals with threaded


insert for maximum
conductivity and
ease of installation

Grey lid in ABS


heat-welded to
the container

Gas-relief
system

Negative plate
ABS container highly
resistant to impact
and vibration

Positive plate

Separator
3

II/ Charge
characteristics
The cells in the Supersafe TE product range must be
charged at a constant voltage

Under these conditions a full recharge will be completed in approximately 72 hours.

At an ambient temperature of 20C, the batteries should


be charged at 2.27-2.30 volts per cell.

Fast recharge :
Recharge time can be reduced by increasing the charge
voltage to 2.40 Volts per cell and it is possible , depending on the depth of discharge, to halve the recharge
time.

It is not necessary to limit the current as this will be


governed by the maximum output available from the
charger until the voltage limit is reached. Increased
maintenance is recommended as the battery approaches
end of useful life.

Under these conditions, however, the charge must be


monitored and must be terminated when the charge
current remains reasonably steady for 3 hours after the
voltage limit has been reached.At the beginning of charge the current must be limited to 0.10C10 : 0.125C3(A).

The charging voltage of 2.27-2.30 volts should also be


used for float charging.
To achieve nominal performance characteristics, it is
recommended to adjust this value to suit the ambient
temperature, as indicated in the following table :
Temperature

Float charge voltage

0C
10C
20C
25C
30C
35C

2.36 - 2.39 V
2.31 - 2.34V
2.27 - 2.30 V
2.25 - 2.28 V
2.23 - 2.26 V
2.21 - 2.24 V

(reference T)

Ripple current :
The ripple content of the charging current affects the
life of the battery.
Transient and other ripple type voltage excursions can
be accommodated provided that, with the battery disconnected , the system peak to peak voltage including
regulation limits falls within -+ 2.5 % of the recommended float voltage of the battery.
It is recommended to limit the continuous ripple current to 0.05C10 (in amperes) as recommended value
(never exceed 0.1C10).

III/ Tables of performances


Supersafe TE
End voltage : 1.60 V
Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

46.9

34.1

27.30

15.2

10.9

6.9

4.5

3.7

3.1

1.9

12 TE 50

12

61.9

45.0

35.9

20.0

14.3

9.0

5.9

4.8

4.1

2.5

12 TE 60

12

77.0

55.9

44.5

24.8

17.7

11.2

7.3

6.0

5.1

3.1

12 TE 75

12

92.9

67.4

53.4

29.8

21.2

13.4

8.8

7.2

6.1

3.7

12 TE 90

12

108.8

78.9

62.4

34.8

24.8

15.7

10.3

8.4

7.1

4.4

6 TE 110

120.4

86.4

68.6

40.4

29.1

19.0

12.5

10.4

8.7

5.4

6 TE 140

156.5

114.0

89.2

52.5

37.9

24.7

16.3

13.5

11.3

7.1

2 TE 170

194.9

142.0

110.0

62.0

44.0

28.8

19.4

16.2

13.6

8.5

6 TE 155

187

136

109

62.4

44.9

29.2

19.6

16.1

13.8

8.8

6 TE 180

187.0

136.0

110.0

65.0

47.0

31.1

20.9

17.3

14.6

9.1

2 TE 225

230.6

169.6

131.0

74.0

52.0

34.9

23.6

20.0

16.9

10.8

2 TE 310

311.5

233.6

180.0

102.0

72.0

48.1

32.5

27.5

23.3

14.8

2 TE 400

401.9

301.5

233.0

132.0

93.0

62.1

41.9

35.0

30.0

19.1

2 TE 450

452.2

339.1

262.0

148.0

105.0

69.8

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

Type

2 TEO 450

461.2

339.1

262.0

148.0

105.0

69.8

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

2 TE 540

561.0

408.0

330.0

195.0

141.0

93.3

62.7

51.9

43.7

27.3

2 TE 550

531.0

391.0

319.0

185.0

131.0

87.3

58.9

50.0

42.8

27.3

End voltage : 1.65 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

46.2

33.6

27.3

15.2

10.9

6.9

4.5

3.7

3.1

1.9

12 TE 50

12

61.3

44.5

35.9

20.0

14.3

9.0

5.9

4.8

4.1

2.5

12 TE 60

12

76.4

55.5

44.5

24.8

17.7

11.2

7.3

6.0

5.1

3.1

12 TE 75

12

92.6

67.2

53.4

29.8

21.2

13.4

8.8

7.2

6.1

3.7

12 TE 90

12

108.8

78.9

62.4

34.8

24.8

15.7

10.3

8.4

7.1

4.4

6 TE 110

119.4

86.4

68.6

40.4

29.1

19.0

12.5

10.4

8.7

5.4

6 TE 140

155.2

114.0

89.2

52.5

37.9

24.7

16.3

13.5

11.3

7.1

2 TE 170

193.0

142.0

110.0

61.8

43.9

28.8

19.4

16.2

13.5

8.4

6 TE 155

186

136

108

62.3

44.8

29.2

19.5

16.1

13.7

8.8

6 TE 180

186.0

136.0

110.0

65.0

47.0

31.1

20.9

17.3

14.6

9.0

2 TE 225

230.6

169.6

131.0

74.2

52.4

34.9

23.6

20.0

16.9

10.8

2 TE 310

311.5

233.6

180.4

102.2

72.2

48.1

32.5

27.5

23.3

14.8

2 TE 400

401.9

301.5

232.8

131.9

93.1

62.1

41.9

35.0

30.0

19.1

2 TE 450

452.2

339.1

261.9

148.4

104.8

69.8

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

2 TEO 450

461.2

339.1

261.9

148.4

104.8

69.8

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

Type

2 TE 540

558.0

408.0

330.0

195.0

141.0

93.3

62.7

51.9

43.7

27.1

2 TE 550

531.0

391.0

319.0

185.0

131.0

87.3

58.9

50.0

42.8

27.3

End voltage : 1.70 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

44.8

32.9

26.3

14.9

10.6

6.7

4.4

3.6

3.1

1.9

12 TE 50

12

58.9

43.2

34.5

19.6

14.0

8.8

5.8

4.7

4.0

2.5

12 TE 60

12

73.0

53.6

42.8

24.2

17.3

10.9

7.2

5.9

5.0

3.1

12 TE 75

12

87.7

64.4

51.4

29.1

20.8

13,2

8.6

7.1

6.0

3.7

12 TE 90

12

102.4

75.2

60.0

34.0

24,3

15.4

10.1

8.2

7.0

4.3

6 TE 110

115.5

84.5

67.6

40.4

29.1

19.0

12.5

10.4

8.7

5.4

6 TE 140

150.2

109.8

87.9

52.5

37.9

24.7

16.3

13.5

11.3

7.1

2 TE 170

187.0

140.0

109.0

61.8

43.9

28.8

19.4

16.2

13.7

8.6

6 TE 155

184

135

108

61.9

44.6

29.1

19.5

16.1

13.7

8.7

6 TE 180

185.4

135.7

109.9

65.0

47.0

31.1

20.9

17.3

14.6

9.0

2 TE 225

219.3

165.0

128.8

74.2

52.4

34.9

23.6

20.0

16.9

10.8

2 TE 310

299.0

227.4

177.4

102.2

72.2

48.1

32.5

27.5

23,3

14.8

2 TE 400

385.9

293.4

228.9

131.9

93.1

62.1

41.9

35.0

30,0

19.1

2 TE 450

434.1

330.1

257.5

148.54

104.8

69.8

47.1

40,0

34.2

21.8

Type

2 TEO 450

438.6

330.1

257.5

148.4

104.8

69.8

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

2 TE 540

556.2

407.1

329.7

195.0

141.0

93.3

62.7

51.9

43.7

27.0

2 TE 550

509.0

380.0

311.0

185.0

131.0

87.3

58.9

50,0

42.8

27.3

End voltage : 1.75 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

43.4

31.7

26.3

14.5

10.4

6.7

4.4

3.6

3.0

1.9

12 TE 50

12

57.0

41.7

34,5

19.1

13.7

8.7

5.8

4.7

4.0

2.5

12 TE 60

12

70.7

51.7

42.8

23.7

17.0

10.8

7.1

5.8

4.9

3.0

12 TE 75

12

84.9

62.1

51.4

28.4

20.4

13.0

8.6

7.0

5.9

3.7

12 TE 90

12

99.2

72.5

60.0

33.2

23.9

15.2

10.0

8.2

6.9

4.3

6 TE 110

110.7

80.6

65.7

39.6

28.5

18.5

12.5

10.4

8.7

5.4

6 TE 140

143.9

104.8

85.4

51.5

37.1

24.1

16.3

13.5

11.3

7.1

2 TE 170

176.0

129.0

105.5

60.1

43.4

28,7

19.4

16.2

13.6

8.5

6 TE 155

178

132

105

61.1

44.1

28.8

19.3

15.9

13.6

8.7

6 TE 180

180.0

133.0

109.0

65.0

47.0

31.1

20.9

17.3

14.6

8.9

2 TE 225

210.3

158.3

124.4

69.8

50.2

33.8

23.6

20.0

16.9

10.8

2 TE 310

280.4

218.1

171.4

96.2

69.2

46.6

32.5

27.5

23,3

14.8

2 TE 400

361.7

281.4

221.2

124.2

89.2

60.1

41.9

35.0

30.0

19.1

2 TE 450

407.0

316.5

248.8

139.7

100.4

67.7

47.1

40,0

34,2

21.8

2 TEO 450

420.5

316.5

248.8

139.7

100.4

67.7

47.1

40.0

34.2

21.8

2 TE 540

540.0

399.0

327.0

195.0

141.0

93.3

62.7

51.9

43.8

26.8

2 TE 550

481.0

369.0

305.0

175.0

125.0

84.6

58.9

50.0

42.8

27.3

Type

End voltage : 1.80 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

40.6

30.3

24.9

14.0

10.0

6.4

4.2

3.5

2.9

1.8

12 TE 50

12

53.4

39.9

32.7

18.4

13.2

8.4

5.6

4.6

3.9

2.4

12 TE 60

12

66.1

49.4

40.5

22.8

16.3

10.4

6.9

5.6

4.8

3.0

12 TE 75

12

79.5

59.4

48.6

27.4

19.6

12.5

8.3

6.8

5.8

3.6

12 TE 90

12

92.8

69.3

56.8

32.0

22.9

14.6

9.7

7.9

6.7

4.2

6 TE 110

102.9

76.7

62.7

37.7

27.6

18.3

12.3

10.2

8.7

5.4

6 TE 140

133.8

99.7

81.6

49.1

35.9

23.8

16.0

13.2

11.3

7.0

2 TE 170

160.8

122.6

95.6

56.8

41.2

27.4

18.5

15.2

13.0

8.0

6 TE 155

169

126

102

59.6

43.3

28.3

19

15.7

13.4

8.6

6 TE 180

171.0

130.0

107.0

63.7

46.3

31.1

20.9

17.3

14.6

8.9

2 TE 225

189.9

144.7

117.0

68.6

49.5

33.8

23.6

20.0

17.2

10.7

2 TE 310

249.2

199.4

161.2

94.6

68.2

46.5

32.6

27.5

23.4

14.7

2 TE 400

321.6

257.2

208.0

122.0

88.0

60.0

42.0

35.0

30.1

18.9

2 TE 450

361.7

289.4

234.0

137.3

99.0

67.5

47.3

40.0

33.9

21.3

Type

2 TEO 450

379.8

289.4

234.0

137.3

99.0

67.5

47.3

40.0

33.9

21.3

2 TE 540

513.0

390.0

321.0

191.1

138.9

93.3

62.7

51.9

43.7

26.7

2 TE 550

440.0

344.0

289.0

171.0

124.0

84.4

59.0

50.0

42.4

26.7

End voltage : 1.85 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

36.4

28.0

22.8

13.3

9.3

5.9

3.9

3.2

2.7

1.7

12 TE 50

12

47.8

36.8

29.9

17.5

12.2

7.8

5.2

4.2

3.6

2.2

12 TE 60

12

59.3

45.6

37.1

21.7

15.1

9.6

6.4

5.2

4.5

2.8

12 TE 75

12

71.2

54.8

44.5

26.0

18.2

11.6

7.7

6.3

5.4

3.3

12 TE 90

12

83.2

64.0

52.0

30.4

21.2

13.5

9.0

7.4

6.3

3.9

6 TE 110

92.2

69.9

57.8

35.6

26.1

17.3

11.7

9.6

8.2

5.1

6 TE 140

119.9

90.9

75.2

46.3

33.9

22.4

15.2

12.5

10.7

6.7

2 TE 170

141.7

110.5

87.4

52.8

38.4

25.4

17.2

14.2

12.1

7.5

6 TE 155

169

126

102

59.6

43.3

28.3

19

15.7

13.4

8.6

6 TE 180

159.0

123.0

100.0

60.7

44.7

29.4

19.6

16.2

13.6

8.3

2 TE 225

167.3

131.1

103.5

63.0

46.1

31.5

21.8

18.2

15.8

10.0

2 TE 310

224.3

180.7

142.6

86.8

63.6

43.4

30.1

25.1

21.7

13.7

2 TE 400

289.4

233.1

184.0

112.0

82.0

56.0

38.8

32.4

28.0

17.7

2 TE 450

325.6

262.3

207.0

126.0

92.3

63.0

43.7

36.5

31.5

19.9

2 TEO 450

334.6

262.3

207.0

126.0

92.3

63.0

43.7

36.5

31.5

19.9

2 TE 540

477.0

369.0

300.0

182.1

134.1

88.2

58.8

48.6

40.9

25.0

2 TE 550

393.0

311.0

246.0

158.0

115.0

78.8

54.5

45.6

39.4

25.0

Type

End voltage : 1.90 V


Temperature : 20C

Discharge current in amperes


Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

32.2

25.2

20.3

11.9

8.5

5.4

3.6

2.9

2.5

1.6

12 TE 50

12

42.3

33.1

26.7

15.6

11.1

7.1

4.7

3.9

3.3

2.0

12 TE 60

12

52.4

41.0

33.1

19.4

13.8

8.8

5.8

4.8

4.1

2.5

12 TE 75

12

63.0

49.3

39.7

23.3

16.6

10.5

7.0

5.8

4.9

3.0

12 TE 90

12

73.6

57.6

46.4

27.2

19.3

12.3

8.2

6.7

5.7

3.5

6 TE 110

74.8

58.3

49.0

30.4

22.3

14.7

9.9

8.1

7.0

4.3

6 TE 140

97.2

75.7

63.7

39.5

28.9

19.1

12.9

10.6

9.0

5.6

2 TE 170

117.6

92.4

76.4

45.9

34.0

22.4

15.1

12.6

10.7

6.7

6 TE 155

135

104

85

51.4

37.8

24.9

16.9

14

12

7.68

6 TE 180

121.1

94.4

79.0

49.0

36.0

23.8

16.0

13.2

11.3

7.0

6 TE 225

135.7

108.5

88.9

55.1

40.5

27.0

18.6

15.5

13.3

8.6

2 TE 310

186.9

149.5

122.5

76.0

55.8

37.2

25.6

21.4

18.3

11.8

2 TE 400

241.2

192.9

158.0

98.0

72.0

48.0

33.0

27.6

23.6

15.2

2 TE 450

271.3

217.0

177.8

110.3

81.0

54.0

37.1

31.1

26.6

17.2

Type

2 TEO 450

271.3

217.0

177.8

110.3

81.0

54.0

37.1

31.1

26.6

17.2

2 TE 540

363.3

283.1

237.0

147.0

108.0

71.5

48.1

39.5

33.8

21.0

2 TE 550

330.0

264.0

221.0

138.0

101.0

67.5

46.4

38.8

33.8

21.6

Tables of available power


End voltage : 1.60 V
Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

86.5

64.3

51.1

29.0

20.6

13.5

8.7

7.2

6.1

3.8

12 TE 50

12

118.6

84.5

67.1

38.2

27.0

17.7

11.4

9.4

8.0

4.9

12 TE 60

12

148.2

104.7

83.2

48.3

34.2

22.1

14.3

11.8

9.9

6.1

12 TE 75

12

174.8

126.7

100.7

58.5

41.4

26.8

17.3

14.2

12.0

7.4

12 TE 90

12

201.4

146.9

116.7

67.8

48.0

31.1

20.1

16.5

13.9

8.6

6 TE 110

222.2

160.3

127.6

77.4

56.1

36.9

24.4

20.2

17.0

10.6

6 TE 140

288.9

211.5

165.9

100.6

72.9

48.0

31.7

26.2

22.1

13.8

2 TE 170

358.7

263.4

204.6

118.0

85.0

56.0

37.7

31.5

26.3

15.8

6 TE 155

340

251

202

117

85.1

56

37.7

31.2

26.7

17.1

6 TE 180

370.0

265.0

214.0

125.0

92.6

62.0

42.0

34.3

28.9

18.0

2 TE 225

419.4

312.0

244.0

141.0

100.0

67.0

45.5

38.6

32.8

20.9

2 TE 310

566.9

429.9

336.0

194.0

138.0

92.0

62.7

53.1

45.1

28.8

2 TE 400

731.5

554.7

433.0

251.0

178.0

119.0

80.9

67.5

58.1

37.0

2 TE 450

823.0

624.0

487.0

282.0

200.0

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TEO 450

838.8

624.0

487.0

282.0

200.0

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TE 540

1110.0

795.0

642.0

375.0

277.8

186.0

126.0

102.9

86.7

54.1

2 TE 550

957.0

709.0

591.0

353.0

250.0

168.0

113.6

96.5

82.9

52.9

Type

End voltage : 1.65 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

86.5

64.3

51.1

29.0

20.6

13.5

8.7

7.2

6.1

3.8

12 TE 50

12

115.5

84.5

67.1

38.2

27.0

17.7

11.4

9.4

8.0

4.9

12 TE 60

12

144.4

104.7

83.2

48.3

34.2

22.1

14.3

11.8

9.9

6.1

12 TE 75

12

172.0

126.7

100.7

58.5

41.4

26.8

17.3

14.2

12.0

7.4

12 TE 90

12

199.5

146.9

116.7

67.8

48.0

31.1

20.1

16.5

13.9

8.6

6 TE 110

221.3

161.0

128.6

77.4

56.1

36.9

24.5

20.2

17.0

10.6

6 TE 140

287.7

212.4

167.2

100.6

72.9

48.0

31.9

26.2

22.1

13.8

2 TE 170

355.1

263.4

204.6

118.3

84.6

55.9

37.7

31.5

26.4

16.5

6 TE 155

340

251

202

117

85.1

56

37.7

31.2

26.7

17.1

6 TE 180

369.0

265.0

214.0

125.0

92.3

61.6

41.6

34.3

28.9

17.9

2 TE 225

419.4

312.0

243.6

141.0

100.1

67.0

45.5

38.6

32.8

20.9

2 TE 310

566.9

429.9

335.6

194.3

137.9

92.3

62.7

53.1

45.1

28.8

2 TE 400

731.5

554.7

433.0

250.6

177.9

119.1

80.9

67.5

58.1

37.0

2 TE 450

823.0

624.0

487.1

282.0

200.1

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

Type

2 TEO 450

838.8

624.0

487.1

282.0

200.1

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TE 540

1107.0

795.0

642.0

375.0

276.9

184.8

124.8

102.9

86.7

53.8

2 TE 550

957.0

709.0

591.0

353.0

250.0

168.0

113.6

96.5

82.9

52.9

End voltage : 1.70 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

85.5

62.6

49.8

28.7

20.3

13.1

8.6

7.1

6.0

3.7

12 TE 50

12

114.0

82.3

65.4

37.7

26.7

17.2

11.3

9.3

7.9

4.9

12 TE 60

12

142.5

101.9

81.1

46.7

33.1

21.3

14.0

11.6

9.8

6.1

12 TE 75

12

171.0

123.4

98.2

57.2

40.5

26.0

17.1

14.0

11.9

7.4

12 TE 90

12

199.5

144.0

113.8

67.1

47.5

30.5

20.0

16.3

13.8

8.5

6 TE 110

215.0

158.6

127.5

77.4

56.1

36.9

24.4

20.2

17.0

10.6

6 TE 140

279.5

206.2

165.8

100.6

72.9

48.0

31.7

26.2

22.1

13.8

2 TE 170

346.0

260.4

206.0

118.3

84.6

55.9

37.7

31.5

26.4

16.8

6 TE 155

339

251

202

117

85.1

56

37.7

31.2

26.7

17.1

6 TE 180

366.5

263.0

213.6

123.1

91.4

61.0

41.1

33.6

28.3

17.4

2 TE 225

403.6

306.4

240.7

141.0

100.1

67.0

45.5

38.6

32.8

20.9

2 TE 310

549.8

422.1

331.7

194.3

137.9

92.3

62.7

53.1

45.1

28.8

2 TE 400

709.4

544.6

428.0

250.6

177.9

119.1

80.9

67.5

58.1

37.0

2 TE 450

798.1

612.7

481.5

282.0

200.1

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TEO 450

807.1

612.7

481.5

282.0

200.1

134.0

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TE 540

1099.5

789.0

640.8

369.2

274.2

182.9

123.2

100.8

84.9

52.3

2 TE 550

923.0

703.0

577.0

353.0

250.0

168.0

113.6

96.4

82.9

52.9

Type

End voltage : 1.75 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

82.7

60.4

48.1

28.2

20.0

12.9

8.5

7.0

5.9

3.7

12 TE 50

12

110.2

79.3

64.6

37.7

26.7

17.2

11.3

9.2

7.8

4.9

12 TE 60

12

137.8

98.3

81.0

47.3

33.5

21.5

14.0

11.5

9.7

6.0

12 TE 75

12

164.8

119.0

96.2

56.6

40.2

25.9

16.9

13.8

11.6

7.2

12 TE 90

12

191.9

138.0

111.5

65.9

47.0

30.3

19.8

16.1

13.6

8.5

6 TE 110

206.4

151.9

124.8

76.2

55.2

35.9

24.4

20.2

17.0

10.6

6 TE 140

268.3

197.5

162.2

99.1

71.8

46.7

31.7

26.2

22.1

13.9

2 TE 170

327.1

241.4

201.1

115.8

83.9

55.7

37.7

31.5

26.6

16.8

6 TE 155

333

249

200

117

85.1

56

37.7

31.2

26.7

17.1

6 TE 180

344.0

245.0

210.0

122.0

90.6

60.0

40.6

33.3

28.0

17.3

2 TE 225

388.9

293.9

232.7

133.4

96.4

64.9

45.5

38.6

32.8

20.9

2 TE 310

518.7

405.0

320.5

183.7

132.8

89.5

62.7

53.1

45.1

28.8

2 TE 400

669.2

522.5

413.6

237.1

171.3

115.4

80.9

67.5

58.1

37.0

2 TE 450

752.9

587.8

465.3

266.7

192.7

129.9

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

Type

2 TEO 450

777.8

587.8

465.3

266.7

192.7

129.9

91.0

77.2

66.4

42.3

2 TE 540

1032.0

735.0

630.0

366.0

271.8

180.0

121.8

99.9

84.1

51.9

2 TE 550

879.0

685.0

569.0

334.0

241.0

163.0

113.6

96.4

82.9

52.9

End voltage : 1.80 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

77.9

57.0

46.2

27.0

19,2

12.0

8.1

6,7

5.7

3.5

12 TE 50

12

104.9

74.3

61,3

35,7

25.4

16.0

10.6

8.7

7.4

4.6

12 TE 60

12

131.1

92.1

76.4

44.5

31.6

19.9

13.2

10.8

9.1

5.7

12 TE 75

12

154.9

111.5

91.4

54.0

38.2

24.2

15,9

13.0

11.0

6.8

12 TE 90

12

178.6

129.3

106.4

63.5

44.9

28.5

18.7

15.2

12.8

8.0

6 TE 110

193.5

145.7

120.3

73.1

53.7

35.6

24.0

19.9

17.0

10.6

6 TE 140

251.5

189.4

156.4

95.0

69.8

46.3

31,2

25.8

22.1

13.8

2 TE 170

301.5

230.1

183.1

110.0

79.9

53.1

36.1

29.7

25.6

15.7

6 TE 155

320

241

195

115

84.4

55.5

37.4

31

26.5

17.0

6 TE 180

327.0

253.0

210.0

120.0

89.6

59,4

40.3

32.8

27.6

16.9

2 TE 225

355.0

271.3

219.9

131.7

95.5

65.5

45.8

38.8

33.4

20.8

2 TE 310

465.7

373.8

303.0

181.5

131.6

90.2

63.1

53.3

45.3

28.5

2 TE 400

600.9

482.3

391.0

234.2

169.8

116.4

81.5

67.9

58.4

36.8

2 TE 450

676.0

542.6

439.9

263.5

191.0

131.0

91.7

77.6

65.7

41.4

2 TEO 450

109.9

542.6

439.9

263.5

191.0

131.0

91.7

77.6

65.7

41.4

2 TE 540

981.0

759.0

630.0

360.0

268.8

178.3

120.9

98.4

82.8

50.7

2 TE 550

810.0

644.0

541.0

330.0

239.0

163.0

114.5

96.4

82.1

51.7

Type

10

End voltage : 1.85 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

75.1

51.2

41.8

24.6

17.6

11.3

7.5

6.1

5.2

3.3

12 TE 50

12

95.0

67.3

55.0

31.2

23.1

14.9

10.0

8.2

6.9

4.4

12 TE 60

12

118.8

79.2

68.1

37.9

28.6

18.6

12.5

10.2

8.7

5.4

12 TE 75

12

140.1

96.7

81.8

47.0

34.4

22.3

14.9

12.2

10.3

6.5

12 TE 90

12

161.5

112.1

95.6

56.1

40.2

26.1

17.3

14.2

12.0

7.6

6 TE 110

175.2

134.6

111.9

69.2

50.9

33.7

22.8

19.0

16.2

10.1

6 TE 140

227.8

174.9

145.5

90.0

66.1

43.9

29.6

24.6

21.0

13.1

2 TE 170

267.8

210.0

167.8

102.6

74.9

49.7

33.7

27.9

23.7

14.8

6 TE 155

297

226

184

111

81.4

53.8

36.4

30.1

25.8

16.6

6 TE 180

309.0

234.0

189.0

119.0

89.0

58.6

39.7

32.4

27.3

16.7

2 TE 225

316.5

247.6

195.8

122.2

89.9

61.4

42.6

35.5

30.7

19.4

2 TE 310

423.6

341.1

269.7

168.3

123.8

84.6

58.6

49.0

42.3

26.8

2 TE 400

546.6

440.1

348.0

217.2

159.8

109.2

75.7

63.2

54.6

34.6

2 TE 450

615.0

495.1

391.5

244.4

179.4

122.9

85.1

71.1

61.4

38.9

Type

2 TEO 450

633.1

495.1

391.5

244.4

179.8

122.9

85.1

71.1

61.4

38.9

2 TE 540

927.0

702.0

567.0

357.0

267.0

175.8

119.1

97.2

81.8

50.1

2 TE 550

728.0

586.0

466.0

305.0

225.0

154.0

106.4

88.9

76.8

48.6

End voltage : 1.90 V


Temperature : 20C

Power per cell


in watts
Nominal
voltage (V)

30 mn

45 mn

1h

2h

3h

5h

8h

10 h

12 h

20 h

12 TE 38

12

61.2

47.9

38.6

22.6

16.1

10.2

7.2

5.9

5.0

3.1

12 TE 50

12

80.4

62.9

50.7

29.7

21.1

13.5

9.4

7.7

6.6

4.1

12 TE 60

12

99.6

78.0

62.8

36.8

26.2

16.7

11.7

9.6

8.2

5.1

12 TE 75

12

119.7

93.7

75.5

44.3

31.5

20.0

14.0

11.5

9.8

6.1

12 TE 90

12

139.8

109.4

88.2

51.7

36.7

23.4

16.4

13.4

11.5

7.1

6 TE 110

144.7

113.9

96.1

59.7

43.7

29.0

19.6

16.1

13.8

8.6

6 TE 140

188.1

148.0

124.9

77.6

56.9

37.7

25.4

20.9

17.9

11.2

2 TE 170

223.4

176.6

146.7

90.2

66.8

44.1

29.8

24.9

21.2

13.2

6 TE 155

263

203

167

102

75.1

49.8

33.9

28.1

24.2

15.6

6 TE 180

234.3

184.5

154.8

96.3

70.7

46.9

31.7

26.1

22.3

13.9

2 TE 225

257.7

205.7

168.8

108.6

79.8

53.2

36.6

30.6

26.1

16.9

2 TE 310

355.1

283.5

232.5

149.6

109.9

73.3

50.4

42.1

36.0

23.3

2 TE 400

458.2

365.8

300.0

193.0

141.8

94.6

65.0

54.4

46.5

30.0

2 TE 450

515.5

411.5

337.5

217.1

159.5

106.4

73.1

61.2

52.3

33.8

2 TEO 450

515.5

411.5

337.5

217.1

159.5

106.4

73.1

61.2

52.3

33.8

2 TE 540

703.0

553.5

466.9

290.2

212.5

140.8

95.0

78.3

67.0

41.7

2 TE 550

627.0

511.0

420.0

271.0

200.0

133.0

91.4

76.4

65.3

42.3

Type

11

IV/ Battery
calculations
a. Floating applications
A battery application is characterised by :

Discharge current :
During the surge : 154300 W/383 V = 403 amps
And then :25700 W/383 V = 67 amps

- a voltage which must be held within certain limits,


- a power level which must be delivered
- a set capacity to maintain the load in terms of time.

Determining the cell required for the current


required
Current flow during surge :
( 403 A x 10 mins)/60 mins= 67 Ah
Current flow for 4 hours :
67 A x 4 h = 268 Ah
Total capacity drawn : 67 Ah + 268 Ah = 335 Ah.
Equivalent discharge time at 67 amps to supply 335 Ah :
335/67 = 5 hours
From the table of performance characteristics, expressed
in terms of the discharge current in amps for 1.80 V end
voltage, the cell to give a current of 67 amps for 5 hours
is the 2TE 450.
Conclusion : In this example; it is the total number of Ah
required which determines the battery to be used, i.e.
213 cells of type 2 TE 450.

By the use of these three parameters, calculations can be


effected as follows :
- A situation requires : a maximum voltage of 484 volts
a minimum voltage of 383 volts
- The ambient temperature is 20 C
- The float voltage is to be 2.27 volts per cell.
Preliminary calculation :
The maximum number of cells : 484 V / 2.27 V = 213 cells
The minimum voltage per cell at the end of discharge :
383 V / 213 = 1.80 volts.
Case 1 : discharge with a surge at the start of discharge
- The surge power is to be 154.3 kW for 10 minutes,
followed by 25.7 kW for 4 hours.

Case 2 : discharge with a surge at the end of discharge


(here again, it is the surge which dictates the battery to
be used)
The continuous power is to be 25.7 kW for one hour,
followed by a surge of 138 kW for 20 minutes.

P
P
138 KW
154,3 KW

25,7 KW
25,7 KW
T
T
10

1h20

4h10

12

Discharge current :

c) Effect of temperature on capacity

- During the surge : 138000 W/383 V=360 amps


- Before the surge : 25700 W/383 V= 67 amps

The following table gives the correction factor according


to temperature, where the reference temperature is
20C .

Capacity drawn in 1 hour : 67 A x 1 h = 67 Ah


Capacity drawn during surge (20 mins) (360 amps x 20
mins)/60 mins=120 Ah
Total capacity drawn : 187 Ah

Discharge
time

Equivalent discharge time at 360 amps to supply 187 Ah


(187/360)x 60 min=31 min
From the table of performance characteristics, expressed
in terms of the discharge current in amps for 1.80 V end
voltage, the cell to give a current of 360 amps for 31
minutes is the 2 TE 450.
The battery to be used will consist of 213 cells of type
2 TE 450.
b) Accidental deep discharge
This may involve discharge of the battery into indicator
lamps, a lower load on the battery than that initially
planned, a failure of the charging system, a discharged
battery not recharged immediately, etc
On a full battery discharge :
All of the sulphuric acid has been consumed, and the
electrolyte is now entirely water.
Sulphation of the plates is at a maximum, thus increasing
greatly the internal resistance of the accumulator.
The aqueous solution in which the battery now finds
itself can give rise to the development of metal flakes on
the separator during recharging, and this may cause the
cell to short-circuit internally.
Important note :
This type of deep discharge will still result in the
premature deterioration of the battery, and a significant
effect on its life expectancy.

13

0C 5C 10C 15C 20C 25C 30C 35C 40C

5 minutes
to 59 minutes

0.81 0.87 0.91 0.96

1.03 1.06 1.08 1.10

1 hour
to 24 hours

0.87 0.91 0.93 0.97

1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05

V/ Installation
of the battery
Warning :

In srie :

- The cells of the Supersafe TE Series batteries are


already charged when delivered, and are fitted with a
protective cap on each terminal .They should be
unpacked with care.

The number of cells in series will determine the total


float of voltage :
U

- Avoid short-circuiting terminals of opposite polarity,


because these units are capable of discharging at a very
high current especially if the lid or the container is
damaged.

Total float
Voltage

Float voltage
for one cell

N
Number of cells

In parallel :

Unpacking the battery

TE cells of the same Ah rating may be connected in


parallel to give higher current capability. This connection
in parallel will be preferably carried out through an
equipotential wiring for an equal current distribution in
each string.

- Each shipment of Supersafe TE Series batteries is


accompagnied by a packing list.
- The packing list should be checked, and the Sales
Department Telecoms/IT should be told immediately of
any missing items.

There is no technical reason for limiting the number of


strings but for practical installation reasons, it is
recommended not to exceed 4 strings in parallel
especially if the battery is used in high discharge rates
(Standby time lower than 1 hour).

Setting up the battery stands


- The structure should be assembled in accordance with
instructions supplied with the equipment.
Wooden stands

General recommendations

- Ensure that the stretchers and cross-members are


correctly interlinked.
- Take up any irregularity in floor surface using shims

- Do not wear clothing of synthetic material, to avoid the


generation of static potentials.
- Use insulated tools.

Metal stands

- Place the cells beginning with the least accessible rows,


spacing the cells as shown on the drawing.

- Ensure that all frame members are correctly interlinked


- Use the adjustable feet to take up irregularities in the
floor surface
- Recommend stands over 3 tiers high are wall mounted
- Metal stands should always be connected to the
building earth in accordance with current regulations.
Place the duckboarding around the battery stand as
shown in the figure on p.15.

- Consult the drawing for the correct position of the cell


poles ( positive=red washer, negative = blue washer).
- Before attaching the inter-cell flexible cables, check
that all terminals are in the correct position.
- The battery cells are connected in series, that is with a
positive pole connected to a negative pole.

Mounting in a cabinet

- Use only a damp cotton cloth for cleaning purposes

Ensure that the cabinet :


- is sufficiently strong to cope with the weight of the
battery
- is covered with a layer of insulation
- is naturally ventilated.

- THE TIGHTENING TORQUE FOR CONNECTION SCREWS


VARIES ACCORDING TO THE IR DIAMETER :
M5 screws : torque from 5.5 Nm to 6.5 Nm maximum
M6 screws :torque from 8Nm to 10 Nm maximum
M8 screws : torque from 15 Nm to 17 Nm maximum
(see table on p.1 of the brochure)

Connection of cells

Safety :

All connections should be insulated

All installations must comply with the current regulations


and norms.

14

Installation on standard metallic stand


- in vertical position

Width of stand
410
Type of cells
12 TE 38
12 TE 50
12 TE 60
12 TE 75
12 TE 90
6 TE 110
6 TE 140
2 TE 170
6 TE 180
2 TE 225
2 TE 280-310
2 TE 400-450
2 TEO 450
2 TE 540
2 TE 550

Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)
Max. No of cells
Total height (mm)

510

610

2 levels

3 levels

4 levels

2 levels

3 levels

4 levels

2 levels

3 levels

4 levels

24
894
16
911
12
911
12
911
10
918
16
927
8
925
30
911
12
925
24
951
16
951
16
951
16
951
12
931
8
951

36
1319
24
1336
18
1336
18
1336
15
1343
24
1352
12
1350
45
1336
18
1350
36
1376
24
1376
24
1376
24
1376
18
1356
12
1376

48
1744
32
1761
24
1761
24
1761
20
1768
32
1777
16
1775
60
1761
24
1775
48
1801
32
1801
32
1801
32
1801
24
1781
16
1801

36
894
24
911
18
911
18
911
12
918
20
927
16
925
42
911
12
925
36
951
28
951
20
951
20
951
12
931
16
951

54
1319
36
1336
27
1336
27
1336
18
1343
30
1352
24
1350
63
1336
18
1350
54
1376
42
1376
30
1376
30
1376
18
1356
24
1376

72
1744
48
1761
36
1761
36
1761
24
1768
40
1777
32
1775
84
1761
24
1775
72
1801
56
1801
40
1801
40
1801
24
1781
32
1801

36
894
24
911
24
911
18
911
12
918
24
927
16
925
48
911
16
925
40
951
32
951
24
951
24
951
16
931
16
951

54
1319
36
1336
36
1336
27
1336
18
1343
36
1352
24
1350
72
1336
24
1350
60
1376
48
1376
36
1376
36
1376
24
1356
24
1376

72
1744
48
1761
48
1761
36
1761
24
1768
48
1777
32
1775
96
1761
32
1775
80
1801
64
1801
48
1801
48
1801
32
1781
32
1801

6 TE 155 is design primarily in a cabinet. If stand details are required, please consult the sales departement.
Ferrule

Total height

Stand drawing.
Constructional details
and dimensions

425

Schelf

10

Len

gth

10

- in horizontal position
(please contact our sales departement)

10
h

idt

15

0,5

41

10

r6

o
10

VI/ Battery storage


Storage conditions :

Determining the state of charge of the battery

The battery should be stored away from any moisture or


source of heat.
Storage times :

The state of charge of the battery can be determined by


measuring the off-load voltage after the battery has
been allowed to rest for 24 hours.

The self-discharge of Supersafe TE Series batteries as a


function of temperature is as follows :
3 % per month at 20C
6 % per month at 30 C
10 % per month at 40 C
In order to ensure that the battery can be charged easily after a long period of storage, it is recommended that
batteries should not be stored for more than the following periods without recharging :

% of
capacity
at 20 C

0C

10C

20C

30C

40C

100%
80%
60%
40%
20%

2.16
2.09
2.06
2.02
1.97

2.15
2.09
2.06
2.02
1.97

2.14
2.09
2.06
2.02
1.97

2.13
2.09
2.06
2.02
1.97

2.13
2.09
2.06
2.02
1.97

Voltage per cell at differents temperatures

Recharging stored batteries


The batteries should be recharged at the float charge
voltage to suit the temperature 2.27 2.30 volts at
20 C per cell for example) for a minimum period of
96 hours.

6 months at 20 C
4 months at 30 C
2 months at 40 C

The battery will be charged when the charging current


has remained constant for a period of 3 hours.

Failure to comply with these recommendations may


compromise the life expectancy of the battery.

VI/ Commissioning
- Ensure that batteries are kept at all times in clean and
dry conditions.

- Before commissioning, the batteries must be charged


at a constant regulated voltage to match the prevalling
temperature with a current limit of 0.3 C20 and for a
minimum period of 48 hours.

VII/Maintenance
- Check the tightening of connections.
- Every month, it is recommended that the total voltage
at the battery terminals be measured. It should be
Nx2.27-2.30 at a temperature of 20 C, where N is the
number of cells in the battery.
- Once each year, it is recommended that the voltage of
each cell in the battery should be read off.
- A difference of plus or minus 2.0% between these
individual voltages and the average voltage may be
observed. This is due to the gas- recombination
process.
- A check on capacity (independent operation on load)
can be performed once or twice per year.

Note : it is recommended that a battery log be


maintained, and that records should be kept of the total
voltage measurements, any mains failures, major battery
discharges (current and time) etc.
The main factors causing reduction in the life
expectancy of Supersafe TE Series cells :
- deep discharges
- poor regulation on the float voltage
- cycling or micro-cycling
- poor quality ( smoothing) of the charging current
- high ambient temperature.

Safety :
When carrying out any work on the battery, the
applicable safety standards should be followed.
16

Hawker Worldwide Marketing


Rake Lane Clifton Junction Swinton
Manchester M27 8LR, UK
Tel: +44 (0)161 794 4611 Fax: +44 (0)161 793 6606
www.hawker.invensys.com

Please refer to the website address for details of your nearest Hawker office

Ref. DCE0013G/05-2001 - Hawker reserves the right to changeor revise without notice any specification or other details given in this publication.

Hawker S.A.
Rue Alexander Fleming ZI EST BP 962
62033 Arras Cedex France
Tel: + 33 3 21 60 25 25 Fax: + 33 3 21 73 16 51
www.hawker.invensys.com