Bitumen properties 1.Hardness. determined by penitration test which classify it into grades whether it is 80/100,100/120,or 60/70.

The grades with penetrations greater than 40 are mostly used in road construction and occasionally in industrial applications. The grades with penetrations less than 40 are used exclusively in industrial applications.in hot climate lower grades such as 60/70 is used. 2.Softening point It is the temperature at which bitumen changes its state from semi solid to semi liquid .softening point test is caries out by ring or ball method.this property make us to know whether given bitumen can be used at the perticular place i.e softening point value should be higher than pavement temperature otherwise bitumen present in the layer get soften and come out. 3.Ductility It is the distance at which the film formed when a standard sample of bitumen in a briquette mould trenched at the constant rate of pulling, breaks.Presence of ductility

means the formation of the film and coating would be proper. 4.Viscosity It is resistance to flow or inverse of fluidity.at low or high viscosity of bitumen coating of binder around aggregates will not be proper. 5. Flash and fire point Flash point : temp at which bitumen catches fire Fire point : temp at which bitumen completely burns. These are to know up to which temp bitumen can be heated up in the field. 6.Specific Gravity As with colour, specific gravity has no relation to burning quality, but it is a useful aid for quantity reckoning and identity. 7.Durability Bitumen durability refers to the long-term resistance to oxidative hardening of the material in the field. Although, in-service, all bitumens harden with time through reaction

with oxygen in the air, excessive rates of hardening (poor durability) can lead to premature binder embrittlement and surfacing failure resulting in cracking and chip loss 8.

SPECIFICATION OF BITUMEN
Sr.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Characteristics Specific Gravity at 27 0C min Water percent by wt.max Flash point, 0C Softening point 0C Penetration at 25 0C, 100 g 5 sec in 1/100 cm Ductility at 27 0C, in cm. min Loss on heating, percentage by wt.Max Penetration of residue Percent by wt. soluble in carbon di- sulphide, min 80/100 0.98 0.2 175 35-50 80-100 75 1 60 99 60/70 0.99 0.2 175 40-55 60-70 75 1 60 99 30/40 10/20 0.99 1.00-1.05 0.2 175 50-65 30-40 50 1 60 99 225 65-80 10-20 2.5 0.10 99

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