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Question Paper Code :

77709

Second Semester
Computer Aided Design

21

M.E. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2011

Reg. No. :

ED 9222 VIBRATION ANALYSIS AND CONTROL

(Common to M.E. CAD/CAM M.E. Engineering Design)


(Regulation 2009)

Maximum : 100 marks

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Time : Three hours


Answer ALL questions

PART A (10 2 = 20 marks)

List the advantages of the Laplace transform method.

2.

Give any four examples of systems exhibiting non linear vibration


characteristics.

3.

What is meant by static and dynamic coupling? How can you eliminate
coupling of the equations of motion?

4.

What are stiffness matrices?

5.

Write a note on Holzers transfer matrices.

6.

How can the natural frequency of continuous systems be determined?

7.

8.

Why does the natural frequency of a beam become lower if the effects of shear
deformation and rotary inertia are considered?
Distinguish between single-plane balancing and two-plane balancing.

What is the difference between a vibrometer and a vibrograph?

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9.

1.

10.

Why are accelerometer pickups preferred over velocity pickups?

(a)

Find the total response of a viscously damped single degree of freedom


system subjected to a harmonic base excitation for the following data:
m =10 kg, c = 20 Ns/m, k = 4000 N/m, y(t) =0.05 cos 5t m, x0 = 1 m/s
Or

(b)

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PART B (5 16 = 80 marks)

A machine of mass 80kg is mounted on springs of stiffness 1100 N/mm


and damper with damping factor of 0.12. A piston within the machine
has a mass of 2kg and a stroke length of 70 mm. The speed of the
machine is 3000 rpm. Assuming the motion of the piston to be simple
harmonic, determine
(i)

The amplitude of vibration

(ii)

The transmissibility and the force transmitted to the foundation

12.

(a)

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(iii) The phase angle of the transmitted force with respect to the
exciting force.
(i)

Given the equation of motion of a damped system, F(t) = 2x + 24x


+ 98x determine the response for an impulse force F(t) = 5 with
x(0) = 0 and x(0) by Laplace transform.
(10)

(ii)

Explain viscously damped free vibration with a neat sketch.

(6)

Or

(b)

13.

(a)

(i)

Derive the Duhamels integral to determine the response of an


undamped single degree of freedom system due to a general
disturbance.
(10)

(ii)

Explain Logarithmic decrement.

(6)

The stiffness and mass matrices of a vibrating system are given by

2 1 0
1 0 0

[k] = k 1 2 1 and [m] = m 0 1 0


0 1 3
0 0 2

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Using Holzer's method, determine all the principal modes and natural
frequencies.

(b)

Or

Derive an expression for the natural frequencies of transverse vibration


of a uniform beam with both ends simply supported.
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77709

(a)

List any four practical methods of controlling vibrations. Explain each


one of them in detail.

14.

Or

Enumerate the different machine condition monitoring techniques.


Explain any two vibrations based monitoring techniques.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

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15.

(b)

A vibrometer is used to measure the vibration of an engine whose


operating speed range is from 500 to 2000 rpm. The vibration
consists of two harmonics. The amplitude distortion must be less
than 2 percent. Find the natural frequency of the vibrometer if
(1)

The damping is negligible and

(2)

The damping ratio is 0.6.

Write a note on spectrum analysis.

(12)

(4)

Or
With the aid of a neat sketch, explain the methods of recording the
vibration signatures of a diesel generator set.
(16)

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(b)

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77709