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# MATH23X EXIT EXAM REVIEW MATERIAL

TRIGONOMETRY
1. The angle of elevation of the top of an incomplete vertical pillar at a
horizontal distance of 100 meters from its base is 45 degrees. If the angle
of elevation of the top of the complete pillar at the same point is to be 60
degrees, then the height of the incomplete pillar is to be increased by how
much?
a. 73.21
b. 100
c. 173.21
d. 26.79

Solution:

2. The function f is defined for 0 x 360, f(t) = 3sin(2t-1). What is the period
of the waveform?
a. /4
b. 2
c.
d. /2

Solution:
Compare f(t) = a sin(bt c) + d with f(t) = 3 sin(2t 1), then b = 2

P=

2 2
= =
b
2

## 3. If an equilateral triangle is circumscribed about a circle of radius 12 cm,

determine the side of the triangle.
a. 34.64

b. 41.57

c. 83.14

d. 20.78

c. 4

d. 25

Solution:

## 4. Solve for x: 2 log5(x-4) = 4

a. 29
b. 21

Solution:
2 log5(x 4) = 4
log5(x 4)2 = 4

(x 4)2 = 54
x2 8x + 16 = 625
x2 8x 609 = 0
(x 29)(x + 21) = 0

## --------- > x = 29 , x = -21 (extraneous)

5. Solve for x:
log 5 log (x+4) log 3 log (x+4) = log 3 log 5
A. 18.89
B. 56.67
C. 23.12

D. 27.86

6. Given the triangle ABC with side AB= 210m , BC = 205m and AC = 110m. Find the
largest angle.
A. = 77 09 24 B. = 97 09 24
C. = 81 19 24
D. = 86 0944
7. What is the length of the arc intercepted by a central angle 95 in a circle whose radius is
12m?
A. 19.89 m
8
.

## Solve for in the equation

a)

9
.

B. 23.54 m

15

b)

C. 32.78 m

2 cos2 =1+sin

at

30

D. 120 m

0 90 .
45

c)

d)

60

Find the height of a tree if the angle of elevation of its top changes from 30 0 to
450 as the observer advances 20 ft toward its base.
d)
a) 20 3 ft .
b) 20 3+ 20 ft .
c) 10 3 ft .

10 3+10 ft .

1
0.

1
1

## Find the value of x for

ln ( x3 ) + ln ( x2 ) =ln ( 2 x +24 )

greater than 3
a) 3

b) 6

c) 9

d) 12

a)

5
3

b)

5
3

c)

3
5

d)

3
5

a) 3x

b) 3x 4x3

c) 4x3 3x

d) 3 4x2

## 13.How many times do the graphs of y = 4cos x and y = x intersect? (Graphs

should be shown).
a) none
thrice

b) once

c) twice

d)

C 100, b 20
14.What is the measure of side c of triangle ABC where
a 15
?
a) 27
b) 30
c) 35

and
d) 38

15.If m and n are integers such that m log 2502 + n log2505 = 3, what is the exact
value of m + 2n?
a) 6
b) 21
c) 12
d) 18

## 16.What is the length of the arc intercepted by a central angle 95 in a circle

whose radius is 12m?

s=r

S = (12) ( 950.)

180 o

B. 19.89 m

= 19.89m

B. 23.54 m

C. 32.78 m

D. 120 m

## 17.If sin x cos x + sin 2x = 1, what are the values of x?

sinx cos x + sin 2x = 1
0.5 sin2x + sin 2x = 1
sin 2x = 2/3
x = 20.90
x = 159. 10
A. 32.2o, 69.3o

C. 20.90o, 69.1o

B. -20.67o, 69.3o

D. -32.2o, 69.3o
18. If arc tan x + arc tan 1/3 = /4, find the value of x.
tan-1x + tan-1(1/3) = /4
apply tangent to both sides
tan( tan-1x + tan-1(1/3)) =tan( /4)
let A = tan-1x

and B = tan-1(1/3)

tan(A + B) = 1

tan A tan B

1
1 tan A tan B
x + 1/3 = 1 (x)(1/3)
x = 0.5
A.

1
9.

a) 0,

2
0.

B. 1/3

b)

C.

,

5
3

D. 1/5

at
c)

0 90 .
,

d)

,0

angle of 1200.
d)
a) 20 units .
c) 10 units
b) 20 3 units

10 3 units

2
1.

greater than 3.

## ln ( x1 ) +ln ( x+ 3 )=ln ( 3 x 25 x7 ) if x is any real number

a)
2
2

2
.

c)

d)

7
24

b)

24
7

c)

25
7

d)

25
24

If A is an acute angle of right triangle ACB and sin A = 2x/3. Find cot A.
a)

2
.

b)

The sides of right triangle ABC are given as BC= 7 and AC=24. Find sec A

a)

1
2

94 x2
2x

b)

3
94 x2

c)

2x
3

d)

9
2x

a) 280

b) 1180

## Which of the following is correct?

I. (log x)2 = log x2
II. log z4 = 2 log z2
III. (log y)2 = log(log y)
IV. log (x/y) = log x log y
a) I and II
b) II and III

c) 1520

d) none of
these

c) II and IV

d) III and IV

## Find the value of sin (900 + A)

a) cos A
b) cos A
c) sin A
d) sin A
27. Solve for in the equation 3tan^3 x-3tan^2 x-tanx+1=0 at 090.
a) 0, 300

b) 0, 450

c) 300, 450

d) 450, 900

28. Find the length of the chord of a circle of radius 40 cm subtended by a central
angle of 1200.
A. 40

B. 403

C. 20

D. 203

## 29. Find the value of x for log_2 (x+5)+log_2 (x+2)=log_2 (x+6) if x is

any real number greater than -2
A. -3+5

B. -3-5

C. -1+2

D. -1-2

30. The sides of right triangle ACB are given as BC= 9 and AC=40. Find csc A.
a. 9/41

b. 40/41

c. 41/9

d. 40/41

a. 11/6

b. 5/6

c. (-11)/5

d. 6/11

## 32. Solve for x:

log 5 log (x+4) log 3 log (x+4) = log 3 log 5
a) 18.89

b) 56.67

c) 23.12

d) 27.86

33. Given the triangle ABC with side AB= 210 m, BC = 205m, and AC = 110m. Find
the largest angle.
a) 777 09 24
d) 867 0944

b) 977 09 24

c) 817 19 24

34. What is the length of the arc intercepted by a central angle 95 in a circle
whose radius is 12m?
a) 19.89 m

b) 23.54 m

.
a)
3
6.

150

c) 32.78 m

d) 120 m

sin 2=cos .
0

b) 30

c)

45 0

d)

## 85 meters nearer the tower and find its angle of elevation to be

the height of the tower?
a) 76.31 m
b) 73.31 m
3
7.

Given:
a)

1
n

log 4
b)

c) 73.16 m

30

600
. He walks

600 . What is
d) 73.61 m

1
7
c)

1
n

d)