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About Creative Commons Creative Commons is a not-for-profit organization, founded in 2001, that promotes the creative re-use of intellectual and artistic works, whether owned or in the public domain. Through its free copyright licenses, Creative Commons offers authors, artists, scientists, and educators the choice of a flexible range of protections and freedoms that build upon the "all rights reserved" concept of traditional copyright to enable a voluntary "some rights reserved" approach. Creative Commons was built with and is sustained by the generous support of organizations including the Center for the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The Rockefeller Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, as well as members of the public. For more information about Creative Commons, visit http://creativecommons.org. Creative Commons is working with the e-Law Center of the Arellano University School of Law to create Philippines jurisdiction-specific licenses from the generic Creative Commons licenses. About Arellano University School of Law (AUSL) The Arellano University School of Law (AUSL), a non-stock non-profit institution, is named after the First Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, Cayetano S. Arellano, and established in 1938. Today it boasts more than six decades of providing quality legal education. The foremost objective of the school is to create global lawyers: practitioners who are deeply educated in the law, practice-ready, and devoted to service not only in the local but also the international community. Arellano Law prides itself for being one of the most populous law schools in the Philippines with faculty members who have distinguished themselves in law practice, the judiciary, government service, and the academe. The law school furthermore is one of the few schools in the Philippines that produces the most number of lawyers in the annual bar examinations administered by the Supreme Court. For more information, please visit http:// www.arellanolaw.edu/. About the e-Law Center at Arellano University School of Law. The e-Law Center was founded in November 2002 under the auspices of the Arellano University School of Law, following the launching of the school’s LAWPHiL Project, which is considered one of the most popular on-line and electronic databases of Philippine law and jurisprudence that is accessible for free to the general public. The Center is pursuing projects in research, publication, policy initiatives and advocacy, capability building, academic support, and linkages in the field of information and communication technology as it affects the Philippine legal system.

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Philippine Launch Celebration: a vibrant member of the global commons Share, Remix, Reuse -- Legally Strides towards a Philippine Commons -- Concept and Direction Strides towards a Philippine Commons -- A sampling Nightcap: the CC-PH Mini-Concert The Past Two Months at Creative Commons International ACIA (Asia and the Commons in the Information Age): Asia Commoners meet in Taipei Introducing the Arellano Law Singers Introducing Lisa Diy The Philippine Legal Commons Creative Commons Newsletters 1-5 Bayanihan Books, Textbook Initiative an Open

Unless provided otherwise, the contents of this newsletter are licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/3.0/ph

Cover: © 2008. Berne Guerrero. "Sugbu." CC BY-SA 3.0 PH. Includes an image “Magellan’s cross” from his 2 February 2008 trip to Cebu and images from nick kulas/Nicholas Manuel. "sinulog 1." CC BY-SA 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickulas/2225804287/ "Festival Queen of San Carlos." CC BY-SA 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickulas/2216666645/ "sinulog 4." CC BY-SA 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickulas/2225803797/ "sinulog 3." CC BYSA 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickulas/2225803933/. Nicholas Manuel is a photographer from Cebu City. His website can be found at http:// www.nicholasmanuel.com. His 6 photos on Sinulog 2008 were shared through CC BY-SA 2.0 licenses at flickr.com. (http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickulas/sets/72157603787289072/) On the other hand, Berne Guerrero is the deputy project lead of Creative Commons in the Philippines. His website can be found at http://www.berneguerrero.com. The Sinulog Festival is held every January in Cebu City in honor of the Santo Niño. (See http://www.sinulog.ph/)

PHILIPPINE LAUNCH CELEBRATION:
MEMBER OF THE GLOBAL COMMONS

A VIBRANT

by Michelle Thorne 13 January 2008, CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7971 http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/7974 Following the unveiling of the Philippine localized Creative Commons licenses [1] in December, [2] citizens will gather on January 14th in Manila to celebrate in full the public launch of the country's completed licenses and its strides towards fostering the global commons movement. The launch activities are scheduled to take place from 1:00pm to 9:00pm at the Arellano University School of Law.[3]
"Remix." © 2008. Berne Guerrero. Some Rights Reserved. Except when otherwise noted , this work is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/ Built upon the works of [1] Beth Highlights include: an Kanter (cambodia4kidsorg). "What A Second Grader Knows About Creative Commons." BY 2.0 orientation to projects from the Generic. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cambodia4kidsorg/2042494952/; [2] Peter Shanks Philippine Commons,[4] a local (BotheredByBees). "CC swag XI". BY 2.0 Generic. http://www.flickr.com/photos/botheredbybees/ 2101568605; [3] Emil Alviola. "scratch-this". BY 2.0 Generic. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ initiative to promote alternative 21328364@N06/2070594652/; and [4] Creative Commons "About" text. CC BY 3.0 http:// licensing, free and open creativecommons.org/about/ . Originally for front stage (function hall), formal CC PH license source software, open launching, 14 January 2008. education, and free culture; the Attorney Jaime N. Soriano, Creative Commons Philippines public presentation of the CC Philippine Licensing Suite Project Lead and Executive Director of the e-Law Center, Version 3.0,[5] which has been available online since its announces that the launch activities are scheduled to take soft launch December 15, 2007; and the CC Philippines place on January 14, 2008 from 1:00pm to 9:00pm at Concert[6] featuring more than six local rock bands. the Arellano University School of Law. See also: The event will consist of three parts: 1) an orientation to * Article about CC & the launch event in the Manila projects by stakeholders in the Philippine Commons, with Times[7] by CC Philippines Project Lead Atty. Jaime the aim of developing a local collaboration promoting N. Soriano alternative licensing, free and open source software, open * Event on Yahoo! Upcoming [8] education, and free culture; 2) the public presentation of the CC Philippine Licensing Suite Version 3.0, which has San Francisco, CA, USA and Pasay City, Metro Manila, been available online since its soft launch December 15, Philippines -- January 14, 2008 2007; and 3) the CC Philippines Concert featuring more than six local rock bands. Following the unveiling of the Philippine localized Creative Commons licenses in December, citizens of the Atty. Soriano and Atty. Michael Vernon M. Guerrero, archipelago will gather today in Manila to celebrate in Deputy Project Lead of CC Philippines, are both pleased full the public launch of its completed licenses and the to also announce the public launching of the Philippine country’s strides towards fostering the global commons Commons website, available at movement. www.philippinecommons.org, and the adaption of a CC license to the LawPhil Project, the most popular and

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comprehensive website on Philippine law and jurisprudence. The localized CC licenses will also be applied to the Arellano Law and Policy Review; the law school’s IT Law Journal, whose first quarter issue features all articles devoted to Creative Commons; and the original works of the Arellano Law Singers. These materials will be presented and shared at ACIA: International Workshop on Asia and Commons in the Information Age, held on January 19-20 in Taipei, Taiwan.
Endnotes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 http://creativecommons.org/international/ph http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7910 http://www.arellanolaw.edu/ http://www.philippinecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/international/ph/ http://www.philippinecommons.org/2007/12/13/cc-phsoft-launch-and-cc-5th-birthday/ http://www.manilatimes.net/national/2008/jan/13/ yehey/career/20080113car2.html http://upcoming.yahoo.com/event/404875

All photos in this spread by IT Center, Arellano University School of Law. © 2008. CC BY-NC- SA 3.0 PH: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ph/

SHARE,

REMIX, REUSE

LEGALLY

by Jaime N. Soriano 13 January 2008, CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 PH http://www.manilatimes.net/national/2008/jan/13/yehey/career/ 20080113car2.html There is probably no mass media technology that could compete with cyberspace in terms of propagating and circulating ideas and human expressions. The Internet is now the leading repository of music, video, photographs, live journals, books, presentations, documents, and other forms of artistic, literary, educational and even scientific creations. The existing copyright regime applies, and provides legal protection, to this intellectual property works expressed in digital form. The arrangement is of course perfect especially so that in many countries copyright attaches

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to the work from the moment of creation. But this legal safeguard could also stifle creativity, public exposure, and in a sense impose some restraint on the creator’s freedom of choice particularly on the manner on how the netizens could use, exploit or distribute the work. And this is what Creative Commons seeks to address. Creative Commons, a non-stock, non-profit global movement of prestigious organizations and stakeholders now existing in more than fifty countries, provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. They can use CC to change copyright terms from "All Rights Reserved" to "Some Rights Reserved". Creative Commons is not anti-copyright. On the contrary, it is based on, and works within the framework of, copyright and recognizes that every

All photos in this spread by IT Center, Arellano University School of Law. © 2008. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 PH: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc-sa/3.0/ph/

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intellectual creation in the digital world is entitled to both legal and moral respect. Certainly, Creative Commons does not deny the commercial use or distribution of works. Come to think of it, it can even open up better avenues for subsequent commercial opportunities. Pure and simple, what Creative Commons provides the authors, artists, educators, and scientists is the

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option, to let the world knows exactly how they want their works or creations used, distributed or even exploited, as a legal alternative to the default regime called copyright. In short, Creative Commons is all about freedom, promoting free culture and knowledge sharing. While copyright principles are almost uniform in every country that recognizes it since the 1886 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, some of its terms still vary. Thus, Creative Commons embarked on porting its licenses in each country affiliated with it to make sure that local CC licenses conform to domestic copyright laws. In the Philippines, this author is the legal and public lead of the project jurisdiction with the Arellano University School of Law, through its e-Law Center, as the lead public institution. The country has successfully ported its local Creative Commons license last December 15, 2007 and is now available for pinoynetizens to use. [On] January 14, the Arellano Law School [held] the official public launching of Creative

Commons – Philippines and its ported licenses. The launch [was] preceded by open sessions on free and open source software and e-learning. The event [was] capped with a CC-PH concert featuring local bands and the Arellano Law Singers, who [performed] their original works under a Creative Commons license. Artists, educators, scientists, authors, bloggers and creators of works who use the Internet as a medium may now avail of the Creative Commons Philippines License Version 3.0 by visiting the website – www.creativecommons.org or www.philippinecommons.org, and there they can choose their option or freedom. With Creative Commons, it is perfectly legal to share, remix and share.

All photos in this spread by IT Center, Arellano University School of Law. © 2008. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 PH: http:/ /creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ph/

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STRIDES TOWARDS A PHILIPPINE C OMMONS -- C ONCEPT AND DIRECTION

The term "commons" has come to be applied to resources which a community has rights or access to. [1] In the context of the prevailing information age, emphasis has been made to shared resources, specifically which relates to information, culture, and tools, among others. It is in this context that it is manifest that a substantial number of individuals and entities have been pursuing initiatives, or have been collaborating among themselves, to create, else release, these resources to the public or the community, away from the exclusive grasp of proprietary interests. For examples, programmers or software developers have worked together, regardless of business affilitations, to create Free Open Source Software (FOSS, or Free/ Libre Open Source Software [FLOSS]) and thus provide alternatives to pricey proprietary solutions. Some content developers -- whether they may come in the form of text, still images, audio, or video, or any combinations of these -- have been licensing their works to members of the public, else liberally dedicating their works to the public domain, so that information or content may be shared more freely, rather than be strangled by the default restrictions provided by copyright laws. Some academic institutions have been releasing their course outline and academic materials, so that knowledge may cascade towards those who are not enrolled in such institution, whether they may be found inside or outside the country where such institution is located. By themselves, as individuals spheres -- for FOSS, Open Content, Open Education, Free Culture -- certain progress can be attained by those involved in the realization of their goals. Nevertheless, greater progress can be attained further if individuals and entities in each sphere would be able to collaborate with those in the other spheres.

All slide images in this spread by Berne Guerrero. © 2008. CC BY 3.0 PH: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/

Considering, for example, that programmers and software developers are able to release a robust and stable free open source software, would not it be easier to disseminate the information about how such software can be utilized through materials, either in the form of training manuals or marketing literature, prepared by non-programmers, who may be open content providers? Would it not be more advantageous for the FOSS development community that instructions in the use of FOSS be incorporated in course outlines and syllabi by those involve in formal education? Would it not be easier for those involved in formal education to provide the instructions with the aid of materials by the aforementioned open content providers? Would it not be similarly easier for those involved in formal education to utilize FOSS to develop alternative means in the delivery of knowledge, either suppletorily or primarily, in the form of e-Learning? Likewise, would it be easier for recipients of open instuctional or academic materials to absorb the information embedded therein, if such materials embeds, further, images, sounds, animation, else if such materials are recrafted or remixed into “open” instructional videos or audios? Perhaps in the above illustrations, indeed, greater progress can be made to realize each other’s

goals if individuals and entities belonging in different spheres, who would naturally be more concentrated in doing the primary object of their pursuits, could collaborate together. So, how do we get to get these “commons” spheres together, especially here in the Philippines? This was the question that was lingering in the minds of the Creative Commons Philippines (CC-PH) team after their participation in the iCommons Summit in Dubrovnik, Croatia in June 2007. The question developed in such a manner as a result of a preliminary research on the scope of “Open Education” in the Philippines, since Open Education was one of the four main tracks during the summit. It has been observed that there have been dispersed initiatives coming from different individuals and entities -- ranging from Open Universities from academic institutions, open content materials on free open source software from FOSS advocates, advocacy towards open textbooks (in response to the textbook issue in the Department of Education), social responsibility programs of major businesses towards technology and education, among others. Gearing towards the more general “commons movement,” the primary questions were “Is there anyone indexing all these initiatives?” “Is there anyone who is making obvious gestures to get these entities to work together?” “Should we wait for those who are already pursuing initiatives towards the “commons” to get the ‘commons’ in the Philippines organized, or should CC-PH be directly involved to provide an avenue for these entities to collaborate with each other?” CC-PH agreed to take a more pro-active approach to develop a “Philippine commons.” As first steps towards this initiative, CC-PH set-up the Philippine Commons website;[2] hosted a two-and-a-half lecture -- on Free Open Source Software, e-Learning, and an overview of the Philippine Commons project -during the launching of the Philippine-ported Creative Commons 3.0 licenses on 14 January 2008; and is currently in collaboration with individuals, entities and associations to bring together their pursuit towards realizable common goals. CC-PH also is currently planning thematic quarterly events, related to the Philippine Commons, i.e. a general “Philippine Commons” summit every January, an “Open Education” symposium every April; a “Free Culture” event every July; and a “Free Open Source Software” conference every October. We invite people to get involved.
Endnotes 1 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commons http://www.philippinecommons.org

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STRIDES TOWARDS A PHILIPPINE COMMONS -- A SAMPLING

During the early afternoon of 14 January 2008, a set of talks was held at the second floor of Mariano Magsalin Sr. Hall, at the Arellano University School of Law in Taft Avenue, Pasay City, Philippines, entitled “Strides towards the Philippine Commons.” For the first hour, Prof. Engels Antonio of Bluepoint Institute of Higher Technology Foundation provided a talk on “Open Source 101,” which focused on the basics of software available in the market, and persuaded the audience about the value of Free Open Source Software (FOSS). His base example was the Fedora Linux Operating System. Prof. Antonio is a trustee of the Bluepoint Institute of Higher Technology Foundation. He started playing with Linux in 1991 and obtained his Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) and Red Hat Certified Examiner (RHCX) certifications in 2002. He is in charge of Total Linux, Linux Kernel Internals, Perl & Python Programming, and Extreme PHP curriculum and instruction development of Bluepoint Foundation since 1999. He is also a Fedora Ambassador and an OpenVZ developer. On the other hand, Bluepoint Institute of Higher Technology Foundation is a non-profit Open Source education and development center. It is the first organization in the Philippines that focuses on Linux and Open Source training. For the next hour, Prof. Leandre Andres S. Dacanay, President of the Philippine e-Learning Society (PeLS), provided a talk on "Teaching and Learning through eLearning." He provided an in-depth discussion on how to undertake an e-Learning program. Prof. Dacanay finished his undergraduate degree from the University of Santo Tomas in Education, major in
All photos in this spread by IT Center, Arellano University School of Law. © 2008. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 PH: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ph/

Computer Technology, and now pursuing his masteral studies on educational management. Currently, he is the Internal Project Manager of the Educational Technology Center, eLearning Access Program, also from the University of Santo Tomas. Serving as President of the Philippine eLearning Society (PeLS), he has been a participant in a number of international eLearning trainings. From the California Virtual Campus, USA, APEC eLearning Training by the Institute of APEC Collaborative Education in Pusan National University in Busan, Korea and eLearning Development and Implementation (eLDI), this time with the Global Campus 21 InWent-Germany. He was the conference chair of the recently concluded 6th National eLearning Conference with the theme "Learning About Technology, eLearning with technology for the Academe and Industry" last October 2007. His interests include educational technology, e-Learning and project management. On the other hand, the Philippine eLearning Society (PeLS) was founded on 30 July 2003 in Manila with the objective of promoting substantive content, appropriate pedagogy, and appropriate use of technology for eLearning, guided by ongoing research activities. PeLS serves as a venue for: Promoting research on the effective use of eLearning, sharing of eLearning experiences, developing standards of excellence, promoting interoperability of eLearning systems, encouraging collaboration in the development of substantive content, cooperating with international eLearning groups, and promoting public awareness and appreciation of the nature and uses of eLearning. Finally, Atty. Michael Vernon M. Guerrero, Deputy Project Lead, Creative Commons Philippines, concluded the twoand-a-half talks, with an overview about the Philippine Commons project, entitled “Collaborating Commoners: Towards a Philippine Commons.” Berne Guerrero was a graduate of the Ateneo de Manila University, with a degree in Political Science, and of the Arellano University School of Law (AUSL). He is the deputy director of the e-Law Center and the IT Center of AUSL, the deputy project lead of Creative Commons in the Philippines, a partner at the Ocampo Santos Nunez Lomangaya and Guerrero law offices, and a trustee of the Institute of Continuing Legal Studies and Education. His nickname has no direct relation to the Berne Convention on Copyright.

NIGHTCAP: CONCERT

THE

CC-PH MINI-

On the night of 14 January 2008, at the al fresco Hall, on the ground floor of the Mariano Magsalin Sr. building at Arellano University School of Law, in Pasay City, Philippines, eight (8) amateur bands performed in the Creative Commons Philippines mini-concert, as part of the celebrations pertaining to the public launching of the Philippine-ported Creative Commons licenses and the Philippine Commons. These bands include LexAdvox, Hotsi Patootsi, SOTC, Kahel, Prodigal, Mortadella, and Sopiz. The bands sang their originals, except for a couple who included covers, during the mini-concert. The playlist includes [1] Mortadella’s ”Embrace November,” “Backtrack,” and “P .S.”; [2] Sopiz’s...; [3] SOTC’s “song.3,” “Magandang Balita,” [1] and “Pagtatapos ng bagong istorya”; [2] [4] Hotsi Patootsi’s untitled instrumental, “Tadhana,”[3] “Kahit hindi na tayo,”[4] “Ikaw na bahala,”[5] and “3 na”[6]; [5] Himalaya’s “Diyos ang salapi,”[7] “Hiling ko sana,”[8] and “Pwesto”[9]; [6] LexAdvox;s “Addiction,” “’Pagkat ikaw na nga,”[10] “Sabog,” [11] “Kalawakan,”[12] and “Walang Hanggan” [13]; [7] Prodigal’s “Acree,” “Goodbye,” and “Golden Heart”; and [8] Kahel’s “Soundcheck,” “Fear to forget,” and “Beats.” Half-way through the band sets, Mr. Eugene Marfil, of the locally known band “True Faith” and of the “Accidental Ideas” which is responsible for the music site “newbornaudio.com” sang two of his original compositions. He capped his performance with a rendition of a True Faith classic entitled “Huwag na lang kaya.” This event was organized with the help of SpeedOfSound360 productions and and N- Tech Lights & Sounds (sounds R us). The event ended at half past ten in the evening -- a full three and a half gig.
Endnotes

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Tagalog. “Good news.” Tagalog. “Ending of a new story.” Tagalog. “Fate.” Tagalog. “Even if it is not ‘us’ anymore.” Tagalog, roughly: “It’s up to you” or “You take care of it.” Tagalog. “It’s already 3.” Tagalog. “Money is (his) god.” Tagalog, roughly. “My request...” Tagalog, literally. “position.” Tagalog. “Because, indeed, it is you.” Tagalog, colloquially. “wasted” or “drugged.” Tagalog, roughly. “space” or “skies.” Tagalog. “Without end.”

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THE PAST TWO MONTHS AT CREATIVE COMMONS INTERNATIONAL
(1 JANUARY-29 FEBRUARY 2008)

1 January 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. “Happy Public Domain Day! “ http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7941 * 2 January 2008 * Steuer, Eric. “Creative Commons Announces Pledges Made to Fulfill “5×5” Funding Challenge” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7946 3 January 2008 * Maracke, Catharina. “CC Hong Kong begins public discussion” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7949 4 January 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. "Political Novel “Republic” Released Under CC License" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7950 * Reeder, Melissa. "Thank You!" http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7951

Winners." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7963 Linksvayer, Mike. "More CC Cinema 2.0." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7964

Above: Craig Neilson (http:// w w w. f l i c k r. c o m / p h o t o s / e x q u i r e / 229964069/) / CC BY (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)

All other images from Creative Commons website http:// www.creativecommons.org/, presumably CC BY 3.0

8 January 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. "LiveContent Available Through OnDisk.com." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7936 9 January 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. "New York Times Continues Polling Place Photo Project." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7965 10 January 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. "Linux Format Interviews Red Hat’s Jack Aboutboul." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7955 13 January 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. "Philippine Launch Celebration: a vibrant member of the global commons." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7971 14 January 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Participatory Media Lab launch with ccMixter analysis." h t t p : / / creative commons.org/ weblog/ entry/7975

7 January 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. “Video intro to RDFa." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7957 * Parkins, Cameron. "Featured Commoner: BloodSpell." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7958 * Linksvayer, Mike. "New Year Resolution: Free(v.) stuff." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7960 * Parkins, Cameron. "Creative Commons Cinema 2.0" http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7961 * Reeder, Melissa. "2007 CC Swag Photo Contest

Above: Photo by Jodi Sperber / CC BY-ND (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nd/3.0/)

Right: Berne Guerrero. CC BY 3.0 PH http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/

15 January 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. “Manybooks.net Supports Multi-format Texts for Multi-venue Reading” http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7956
Below right: Photo by Venkatesh Harihara (http://www.flickr.com/photos/venky7/ 2157716223/) / CC BY-NC- SA (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/)

21 January 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. “Tone Releases Small Arm of Sea” h t t p : / / creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7988 22 January 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. “ P u b l i c Broadcasters Opt for CC” http:// creativecommons .org/weblog/entry/ 7987 23 January 2008 * Bissell, Ahrash. “Teachers, Students, Web Gurus, and Foundations Launch

Above: Asia and the Commons Case Studies 2008, (http://creativecommons.org.au/ asiaandthecommons%20) presented at the ACIA workshop. (http:// meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/) The project, initiated by CCau (http:// creativecommons.org.au/) and the Creative Commons Clinic, (http://www.cci.edu.au/ccc/) represents an effort to uncover exemplary individuals and organizations engaged in the commons in the Asia-Pacific region.

Above: 2009 Ford F-150 FX4 (http:// www.flickr.com/photos/fordmotorcompany/ 2183364190/) / Ford Motor Company / CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/)

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Park, Jane. “2008 Science Video Collection and Remix Challenge” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7967 Laroia, Asheesh. “liblicense 0.5: first stable version of C library supporting CC metadata” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7977 Linksvayer, Mike. “CC0 beta/discussion draft launch” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7978

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Campaign to Transform Education, Call for Free, Adaptable Learning Materials Online” http:// creativecommons .org/weblog/entry/7992 Bissell, Ahrash. “Make Textbooks Affordable campaign launched” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7993 Vollmer, Timothy. “SPARC Announces SPARKY Winners” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 7991

16 January 2008 * Rojer, Rebecca. “The Future of Ideas is now CC Licensed” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7979 * Vollmer, Timothy. “Videos Posted from MIT OCW Landmark Event” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7976 18 January 2008 * Parkins, Cameron/ “Featured Commoner: Monk Turner” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 7981 * Parkins, Cameron. “Recut, Reframe, Recycle” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 7985 20 January 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. “Doctorow Completes Reading of Sterling’s ‘The Hacker Crackdown’” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 7986

24 January 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. “ACIA: Asia Commoners meet in Taipei” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 7994 25 January 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. “24/7: A DIY Video Summit” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/7997 Linksvayer, Mike. “Ford encourages fans with CC BY photos” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/7999

Below: Newton2 (http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Newton2) / CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/2.5/)

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26 January 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. “Wikimedia Commons Pictures of the Year” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8001 * Linksvayer, Mike. “I wouldn’t steal <video>” http:// creativecommons .org/weblog/ entry/8000
Above: United States Air Force photo by Senior Airman Joshua Strang / public domain

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Above: Lawrence Lessig at Stanford’s Memorial Auditorium / photo by Robert Scoble / Public Domain (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/ publicdomain/)

28 January 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. “Ground Report Launches News Widget” http:// creativecommons .org/ weblog/entry/8003 * Parkins, Cameron. “Featured Commoner: James Patrick Kelly ” http:// creativecommons .org/ weblog/entry/8004 * Vollmer, Timothy. “Open Educational Resources Aid Florida Reading Teachers” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8002 29 January 2008

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Parkins, Cameron. "Secondary Sound Released Under CC-License" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8023

6 February 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. "CC Salon in Chennai " http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8033 * Thorne, Michelle. "Download the Creative Commons Newsletter #5” http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8025 * Park, Jane. "Bayanihan Books, an Open Textbook Initiative" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8034 * Park, Jane. "OpenCourseWare Launched at United Nations University” http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8035 8 February 2008 * Yip, Jennifer. "2008 Summer Internships" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8037 11 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "commons-research list" http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8038 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Freeing America’s Operating System” http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8039 14 February 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. "Community Testing for LiveContent 2.0 beta LiveDVD" http:/ /creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8006 * Vollmer, Timothy. "OLPC + CC Hackathon" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8040 15 February 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. "Lessig Library" creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8042 * Parkins, Cameron. "Jahtari." creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8043 * Parkins, Cameron. "8bitpeoples." creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8044 * Parkins, Cameron. "Songza." creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7851

*

Steuer, Eric. “Lawrence Lessig to Give Final Presentation on Free Culture and Copyright “ http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8011

31 January 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. "Danish Collecting Society KODA teams up with CC Denmark" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8012 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Creative Commons licensing for public sector information" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8015 3 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Wikitravel Press launches first printed titles" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8016 4 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Open documentary proposal: then you win" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8017 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Scobleizing the public domain " http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8018 * Parkins, Cameron. "Enrico Casarosa on CC" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8019 * Parkins, Cameron. "The Art of Magic Words" http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8020 * Parkins, Cameron. "Ronaldo Lemos’ Public Policy Talk at Google" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8021 * Parkins, Cameron. "Anomolo Records Launches English Site" http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8022

http:// http:// http:// http://

16 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "CC0 beta/discussion draft feedback and next step." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8045

20 February 2008 * Park, Jane. "3-D Internet for Learning Summit: What’s Missing?" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8050 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Approved for Free Cultural Works." http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8051 21 February 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. "Puerto Rico Launches Localized Creative Commons Licenses." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8053 * Park, Jane. "SciVee Television." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8055 * Thorne, Michelle. "License drafts from Ecuador & Norway enter public discussion." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8046 22 February 2008 * Vollmer, Timothy. "Nebraska Library Commission adds CClicensed books to collection." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8056 * Parkins, Cameron. "Loops: Solo Dance, CC-Licensed." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8057 * Parkins, Cameron. "Copyright Panel in NYC: 'Is Intellectual Property Dead?'" http:/ /creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8059 * Parkins, Cameron. "RetarDEAD Theme Song CC-Licensed." h t t p : / / creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8060 23 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "LugRadio Live USA 2008 and LugRadio licensing." http:// creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8064 24 February 2008 * Thaney, Kaitlin. "Science Commons News: A commonssense approach to winning the drug

discovery lottery." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8065 25 February 2008 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Wireless Networking in the Developing World." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8066 * Yergler, Nathan. "Illustrated Blogging with Flickr and CC." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8067 * Parkins, Cameron. "'Steal This Film' at Other Cinema, SF." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8068 26 February 2008 * Parkins, Cameron. "ACLU Embraces CC Licensing." http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8069 * Parkins, Cameron. "Featured Commoner: vosotros." http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8070 * Rojer, Rebecca. "Download Sharing Creative Works." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8074 * Park, Jane. "CC and Net Neutrality." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8075 28 February 2008 * Thorne, Michelle. "1st CC Korea International Conference." http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8077 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Is it possible to design non-defective DRM?" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8080 * Thorne, Michelle. "University of Auckland embeds CC licensing." http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8079 29 February 2008 * Laroia, Asheesh. "Recycled Computers, Remixable Content for schools." http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8081 * Thorne, Michelle. "Free as in 'FREE BEER' Brewing in Berlin." http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/ 8082 * Parkins, Cameron. "Wireless Networking in the Developing World." http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/entry/8085 * Parkins, Cameron, "CC Licensed Document Sharing" http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8087 * Parkins, Cameron, "Zhura." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8088 * Linksvayer, Mike. "Ro(cc)k music wanted." http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8090

Image: Screenshot of IBM Learning Summit, Active Worlds Browser 4.1. © 1995-2007 Active Worlds, Inc.

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ACIA (A SIA AND THE C OMMONS IN THE INFORMATION AGE): ASIA COMMONERS MEET IN TAIPEI
Extended from the original by Michelle Thorne 24 January 2008, CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7994

Photos in this spread by Atty. Jaime N. Soriano and Atty. Michael Vernon M. Guerrero © 2008. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 PH: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/ 3.0/ph/

The workshop, ACIA: the International Workshop on Asia and Commons in the Information Age,[1] which was organized by CC Taiwan [2] and hosted at Academica Sinica[3] on January 19-20 in Taipei, Taiwan, focused on bringing together members of the “Asia Commons” to meet and discuss regional strategies and initiatives. The program[4] opened with a keynote by Terry Fischer on “Solutions to the copyright crisis,”[5] in which he sought to combine legal reforms and business models with digital technologies that compensate creators while enabling cultural and economic benefits. Both Ts’ui-jung Liu, VP of Academia Sinica, and Der Tsai Lee, director of the Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, were at the opening ceremonies and delivered greetings to the workshop participants. CC Vice President Mike Linksvayer chaired a session featuring plans for “The Making a Totally Open Phone”,[6] Sony’s integration of CC licensing for their eyeVio video sharing service,[7] techniques in musical collaboration with “Jamming with Machines”,[8] and “Making Creative Commons Common in Asia”[9] by CC’s Jon Phillips (slides).[10] Later in the day, CC Australia[11] Project Manager Jessica Coates presented open licensing compatibility in “Playing Well With Others”[12] at a panel with Chunyan Wang from CC China Mainland[13] and Alina Ng from CC Malaysia.[14] The CC Team from Australia and the Creative Commons Clinic[15] also announced the release of the Asia and the Commons case studies booklet,[16] a fantastic collection of reports on individuals and organizations engaged in the commons in the AsiaPacific region. Their work was followed by Lawrence Liang and his debate about concepts, “How Does An Asian Commons Mean.” [17] The ACIA workshop drew to an close with Chu-Cheng Huang’s final remarks on

the changing phases of property in “From res nullius to res communis,”[18] a session chaired by the event’s organizer, Tyng-Ruey Chuang from CC Taiwan. The social program picked up as the sun set with the CC Asia Mega Mix Concert featuring acts by Monbaza;[19] Pig Head Skin;[19] MoShang[20] (video),[21] Kuo Chou Ching,[22] Chang Jui-chuan,[23] and André van Rensburg, [24] Bust This,[25] Sudev Bangah,[26] and Lisa Diy.[27] The next day, the conference reopened with a keynote from University of Hong Kong's Rebecca MacKinnon on "Free Culture and Free Speech: Why strong and vibrant free culture communities are important for freedom of expression."[28] The kick-off was chaired by Shieu-chi Weng of the National Chengchi University. After the break, Catharina Maracke, of Creative Commons International, chaired the session on "Case studies and project showcases," which includes "Creative Commons Licenses for Digital Cultural Heritage: A case study of the National Digital Archives Program"[29] by Shu-Jiun (Sophy) Chen of Academia Sinica, "Open legal content and Creative Commons"[30] by Jimmy N. Soriano and Berne Guerrero of the Arellano University School of Law, "Introduction to

Vietnam OpenCourseWare"[31] by Do Ngoc Minh of the Vietnam Education Foundation, "CC Real Mixter: An experimental performance inspired by creative commons"[32] by Wonyoung So and Hyojung Sun of Creative Commons Korea, "CC projects in Japan"[33] by Klaus Gresbrand of Creative Commons Japan, "Licensing attitudes in Asia and (mis)perceptions of free culture”[34] by Giorgos Cheliotis" of Singapore Management University, and "Toward useful Creative Commons adoption metrics"[35] by Mike Linksvayer of Creative Commons. After the discussion on the concept and ramifications of "Asia and Commons,"[36] which was facilitated by TyngRuey Chuang of Academia Sinica and Jessica Coates of Queensland University of Technology, the workshop was adjourned. An optional social program[37] -- i.e. a Museum Tour -- was held in the afternoon.
Endnotes 1. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/ 2. http://creativecommons.org.tw/ 3. http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ 4. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/ac:program 5. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:solutions-to-the-copyright-crisis 6. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:the-making-of-a-totally-open-phone 7. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:sony-eyevio-user-generated-media-meetscreative-commons 8. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:jamming-with-machines 9. http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:making-creative-commons-common-inasia 10. http://rejon.org/2008/01/19/slides-from-acia-and-asia-commons-conference-in-taiwan/ 11 http://www.creativecommons.org.au/ 12 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:playing-well-with-others 13 http://cn.creativecommons.org/ 14 http://www.creativecommons.org.my/ 15 http://www.cci.edu.au/ccc/ 16 http://creativecommons.org.au/asiaandthecommons%20 17 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:how-does-an-asian-commons-mean 18 http://www.monbaza.com/ 19 http://my.streetvoice.com.tw/pigheadskin 20 http://moshang.net/ 21 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g90FXXEdluI 22 http://kou.com.tw/ 23 http://www.myspace.com/juichuanchang 24 http://www.myspace.com/andrevanrensburg 25 http://www.groovestore.co.kr/album/album_view.php?goods_code=G1196752169 26 http://www.myspace.com/sbinfluence 27 http://www.m2kmusic.net/resources/songwriters/lisa_diy.htm 28 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:free-culture-and-free-speech 29 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:creative-commons-licenses-for-digitalcultural-heritage 30 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:open-legal-content-and-creative-commons 31 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:introduction-to-vietnam-opencourseware 32 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:cc-real-mixter 33 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:cc-projects-in-japan 34 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:licensing-attitudes-in-asia-and-misperceptions-of-free-culture 25 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:cc-adoption-metrics 36 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/program:asia-and-commons 37 http://meeting.creativecommons.org.tw/ac:social-program

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INTRODUCING LAW SINGERS

THE

ARELLANO

The Arellano Law Singers (ALS), a group of talented law students, was officially formed on December 2001 and immediately served its role as the Arellano University School of Law (AUSL)'s mbassador of music, law and God to the Arellano Law Community. The ALS is geared towards the attainment of it aspiration to foster the invaluable contribution of music to the legal profession and vice-versa. Further, it seeks to instill and uphold the morale, essential to the legal study through the groups musicality and artistic talent. One ot its humble beginnings was the staging of "Evo-Law-tion", the first major concert of the group. Next was the release of "MUBAKA Concert Series", ALS' debut CD album. "Denimo-Law-gy" followed on December 2003, which marked the group's second anniversary and second full length concert. Such was followed by its 3rd and latest full length concert entitled "The Law & Loving It!", a rare musical event which was designed to showcase the passion and love of each member of the law community for God, country and life, as it was celebrated during the love month of the year 2005. On 14 January 2008, during the formal launching of the Creative Commons Philippine jurisdictional licenses, the Arellano Law Singers released an album entitled “A slice of Vox Legis” under a C r e a t i v e

Commons Attribution NonCommercialShareAlike 3.0 Philippines license. The album contains six (6) songs, composed and rendered by the Arellano Law Singers, which were part of the original 15-track album “Vox Legis.” The songs are artistic renditions of basic legal information, such as the “Preamble,” “National Territory,” “The Bill of Rights,” and “Citizenship,” of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, discussed in Political Law; “Social Justice,” as defined in the landmark Philippine case of “Calalang vs. Williams, GR 47800, 2 December 1940”, which is discussed under Political Law and Labor Law; and the “Lawyer’s Oath” which is discussed under Legal Ethics. Copies of the album were distributed free during the launching of the Creative Commons Philippine license launching on the said date of 14 January 2008 and during the ACIA conference held at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan on 19-20 January 2008.

INTRODUCING LISA DIY

Regional Trial Court (RTC) Judge Maria Elisa Sempio Diy, or Lisa Diy as she is known in the Philippine industry, is a lyricist and a composer. She has been designated, on January 2008, as Creative Commons Philippines’ resident-artist in music. Lisa Diy released two (2) of the her compositions, “I choose you” and “Isama mo ako” under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivate 3.0 Philippines during the launching of the Creative Commons Philippines licenses on 14 January 2008, and sang “I choose you” during the ”CC Asia Mega Mix!”, the ACIA Concert, at Riverside Cafe, Taipei, Taiwan on the evening of 19 January 2008. She is working with other artists, who performed during the ACIA Concert, in developing the CC Asia Band. She has recently released an unworded composition entitled “Moved by an angel” as her contribution to the upcoming project of the CC Asia Band. Lisa has written and composed at least twenty popular and best-selling songs for top Filipino singers/artists. One of her songs, “To Reach You,” sang by Regine Velasquez, achieved a Platinum Award in the Philippine recording industry. Other popular songs she composed, some in tandem with songwriter Chat Zamora, include “With you” and “Paulit ulit” by Jaya; “Tila”[ by Lani Misalucha; “Kailan pa man,” “Pangarap sa aking puso,”“My heart still wishes

for you,” “Long for him,” and “Cradle me this Christmas” by Regine Velasquez; “When I love” by Sharon Cuneta; “Open” by Rochelle Nava; “Open” also by Zsa Zsa Padilla; “Beginning today” and “Til the End” by Agot Isidro; “As you sleep,” and “I remember” by Gabby Eigenmann; “Love is in your eyes” by Vernie Varga; “Wherever I go” and “Dahil May Pag-ibig Pa” by Pops Fernandez; the duet “Just Like Before” by Gabby Eigenmann and Regine Velasquez; and the duet “Magtatagpong muli” by Dennis Trillo and Regine Velasquez; among others. [1] Lisa was born on 25 April 1966 in Quezon City. She honed her songwriting skills as a high school colegiala in St. Paul’s College, playing keyboards for a band, joining interscholastic songfests, and composing school hymns. She got her first break as a professional songwriter in 1987 when she passed a demo to popular singer Randy Santiago through a friend. Lisa is also a Law graduate of San Beda College, and has been recognized by the local government of Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines as the fastest judge in said city as she hands down court decisions with startling speed and efficiency.
Reference: http://www.m2kmusic.net/resources/songwriters/lisa_diy.htm

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THE PHILIPPINE LEGAL COMMONS

An abstract and summary of Atty. Jaime N. Soriano’s and Atty. Michael Vernon Guerrero’s talk at the ACIA Conference in Taipei, Taiwan on 20 January 2008
Laws and jurisprudence, as they intimately affect the public, should remain public and not locked as proprietary content by way of the creation of the derivative work of "collection." It is suggested that proponents of the commons, in their jurisdictions, find ways of gathering public domain materials to equate the collections being pursued by proprietary entities, especially in the absence of government effort to provide the same, in the same direction that FLOSS has been made an alternative to the previously predominant proprietary software in the market. Although it may be contended that this line of project(s) is predominantly in the realm of law practitioners and law students, the direction, however, assures the availability of materials that would aid ordinary citizens to be informed of their rights, obligations, and potential liabilities as provided by public documents. The availability of the said resources also provides for the raw data that could be useful in the development of other value-added law-related documents, which if released similarly, could benefit the commons and/or society in general. It is with this background that emphasis is being made to the region-wide cooperation being cultivated to gather multijurisdictional legal content. The Philippines, for example, has multiple public resources available to satisfy aspects of legal research. One of these is the LawPhil Project developed by the Creative Commons Philippine jurisdiction lead public institution, Arellano University School of Law. In turn, the LawPhil Project, among other entities in the region, has contributed to the content available in the Asian Legal Information Institute resource. Further efforts remain to be important to support this direction. Following the pattern of development of this class of legal content, fresh efforts are being exerted to create another class of content, i.e. value-added law-related documents, that are to be released to the commons, preferably through Creative Commons licensing. This is to provide alternative to proprietary law books, which are usually limited by printing considerations (such as content volume-to-price ratio, update requirements viz existing inventory, etc.) The availability of licensed legal content can provide substantial impact in law education, the delivery of legal services, etc., that could inure to the benefit of society as well. Active participation by legally-interested individuals in the development of a single comprehensive resource is also being contemplated.

Every society has a regime of law, and we are civilized because we are governed by laws. Nowadays, however, people have to contend with a lot of laws and rules, not to mention case laws or jurisprudence provided by the Courts. Laws are not just becoming numerous, and are also becoming very complicated for ordinary people to understand. As a result, laws are assumed to be understood only by those who are pursuing the legal profession (like students, professors, legal practitioners, and those who work for the Bench), those who pass or craft the law (like legislators and implementors), and those who invoke the law for their protection. Still, we are still not certain whether the above three mentioned groups, which are presumed to understand the law, actually understand it since the laws are numerous and complicated. There is an existing legal principle or maxim, such as in the Philippines, that “Ignorance of the law excuses no one from compliance therewith.” Considering the above, thus, what can be done to cure this apparent legal illiteracy? The primary step to such cure is access to the law. Digital technology has provided the platform for easier access for legal content. Unfortunately, legal content which are supposed to be in the public domain are commercially exploited, all within the context of copyright.

As a response to this situation, in 2001, the Arellano Law Foundation initiated the LawPhil project (http:// www.lawphil.net). The idea was to create a simple databank of all the Philippine laws, rules, regulations; and cases decided by Philippine Supreme Court, starting from 1901. This resource has become a comprehensive and popular legal database in the Philippines. Government agencies responded positively to this facility, inasmuch as they likewise shared legal content freely to the public through the Internet. Subsequently, the University of South Wales/Australian Legal Information Institute (AUSLII) invited the Arellano Law Foundation, with its LawPhil project, to be a part of the Asian Legal Information Institute (AsianLII; http:// asianlii.org/)’s network, which the latter accepted. The AsianLII attempts to make laws accessible in Asia. The mission of Arellano University School of Law, as the lead public institution for Creative Commons in the Philippines, does not end by providing access to raw legal content. The next task is to make the public know what the law is all about through the Legal Commons. The ultimate goal is to ensure that we are a society where there is no excuse for ignorance of the law. Within the sphere of Creative Commons, we have been looking at sharing artistic, scientific/academic, and literary content. Why not look into the sharing of legal content? We have discussed raw legal content, like the LawPhil project and those from government websites. Government repositories are in public domain, some private collections are “All Rights Reserved,” while the LawPhil’s collection is licensed under Creative Commons. On matters involving derivatives and annotations, however, except for Government agency FAQs and similar materials, most of these contents remain under full copyright. The question is why not bring Creative Commons licensing into the sharing of legal annotations and primers? Consider the benefits, especially for endusers, for doing so. As to content delivery, law professors would increase the usually sole option of recommeding propriety content with two additional options, i.e. recommending open content, else remixing sharedcontent to suit one’s personal approach in teaching law. As to legal service delivery, law practitioners who get hold of derivative open legal content -- which may surpass the limitations of propriety content as to matters of inventory, cost of printing, and the like -- could be more updated, and hence dispense more quality services to clients. As to transfer of knowledge, since there could be two classes of legal content that could be generated by sharing, depending upon the original and subsequent author-

licensor’s use of legal language -- i.e. lawyer-readable legal content and layman-readable legal content -derivative content can serve the purpose of legal scholars and practitioners, on one hand, and serve the purpose of laymen and the masses. Lawyer-readable legal content could be very relevant for the first two benefits, but laymanreadable content is definitely potent to enlighten responsible individuals (in media, and in education, as examples) who could in turn enlighten the masses in the actual ramifications of the law and prevent themselves from misleading the last with imaginative fictions about the law. Looking at the mechanism of content delivery, legal service delivery, and transfer of knowledge, it would be apparent that the method seems predominantly that of a cascading model. Still, a collaborative model can actually be available, else more so, desired. The latter model transcends the relationship of “I” to “you” and emphasize the “we” in the development of a resource. There is promise in the dynamics of collaborating inputs and feedback in a learning community. The bottom line of any effort in this line is that “we try to empower people,” which has been repeatedly articulated in advocacies in favor of the commons. To foster the legal commons merely emphasize this bottom line in two dimensions: the freedom which relates to sharing, reuse,

and remixing of legal content, and the other freedom which relates to knowledge of the mechanics of that which is intimately intertwined with out lives (however we try to avoid it), which is the law. Besides, thus, ensuring the provision of open raw legal content, as in the LawPhil Project, we aim to license previously printed books created by us with Creative Commons licenses, convert current research on Philippine laws and applicable juriseprudence as free open e-books, and provide the infrastructure for legal scholars to allow them to collaborate on a common legal resource.

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CREATIVE COMMONS NEWSLETTERS 1-5
by the Philippine Commons website 6 February 2008, CC BY 3.0 PH http://philippinecommons.org/2008/ 02/06/cc-newsletter-5/

BAYANIHAN BOOKS, AN OPEN TEXTBOOK INITIATIVE
by Jane Park 6 February 2008, CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8034 and the Philippine Commons website 7 February 2008, CC BY 3.0 PH http://philippinecommons.org/2008/02/07/bayanihanbooks-gains-momentum/ Bayanihan[1] is a Tagalog term originating from the root word Bayani, or hero. Today, Bayanihan represents an heroic effort on the part of the community, or the actions of a group of people that result in a common good. Greg Moreno’s new initiative, Bayanihan Books,[2] is aptly named. With 17.5 million public school students in the Philippines, affordable access to textbooks is not a simple matter. Textbook companies can monopolize the market, upping prices for students and schools that can’t always afford them. Moreno’s plan is to compete with these companies by shifting the control of textbook content from a few to many -- the community. Textbook making will be a collaborative project, a sort of wiki-style peer editing and review consisting of volunteers. The content will be published under a Creative Commons license specific to the Philippines that allows it to be shared. But the ultimate goal is to have the content be in print and distributed widely to public schools. That’s where the publishing companies come in. The publishing companies will bid on the content, and because they don’t have to deal with doling out royalty fees to a community of volunteers, they will only have to shoulder the costs of the actual printing. Then they can distribute the books at minimal cost to schools around the country, while still making quite a profit for themselves. Everyone wins. Currently, they are working on two[3] books. During late January to early February 2008, Bayanihan Books’ active community has increased to 43, and continues to grow. Further, Bayanihan Books appeared on Inquirer.net courtesy of Erwin Oliva. [4]
Endnotes
1 “Bayanihan” is synonymous with “Tulungan,” which is translated as “Helping each other.” Bayanihan is stereotypically depicted as rural folks carrying or moving a rural hut. http://blog.bayanihanbooks.org/ http://blog.bayanihanbooks.org/books http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/infotech/view/ 20080203-116516/Pinoy-uses-wiki-model-to-make-textbooksfor-public-schools

In light of the encouragement, in Ms. Melissa Reeder’s email, for the sharing and remixing of the Creative Commons newsletter, [1] Creative Commons Philippines released an unofficial PDF version of the fifth issue,[2] for people who need the base information printed, so they may read them offline. Similarly, previous issues were also retroactively created (all unofficial versions of the newsletter), to complete the series. [3] [4]
Endnotes
1 “This newsletter is licensed under http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ — please share and remix!” http://philippinecommons.org/ downloads/ccnewsletter5.pdf. “No. 5” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. CC BY 3.0 PH http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 3.0/ph/ http://philippinecommons.org/ downloads/ccnewsletter4.pdf. “Wrapped” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. CC BY 3.0 PH http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 3.0/ph/ ; http://philippinecommons.org/ downloads/ccnewsletter3.pdf. “Publicity Rights?” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. CC BYSA 3.0 PH http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-sa/3.0/ph/; http:// philippinecommons.org/downloads/ ccnewsletter2.pdf. “c-Flame” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. CC BY 3.0 PH http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ ph/; and http://philippinecommons.org/ downloads/ccnewsletter1.pdf. “Mainstream?” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. CC BY 3.0 PH http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ ph/ Full credits for the source images are at http://philippinecommons.org/2008/02/ 06/cc-newsletter-5/

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