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A violation of economic, social and cultural rights occurs when a State fails in its obligations to ensure that

they are enjoyed without discrimination or in its obligation to respect, protect and fulfil them. Often a
violation of one of the rights is linked to a violation of other rights.
A few examples of violations of economic, social and cultural rights include:

Forcibly evicting people from their homes (the right to adequate housing)

Contaminating water, for example, with waste from State-owned facilities (the right to health)

Failure to ensure a minimum wage sufficient for a decent living (rights at work)

Failure to prevent starvation in all areas and communities in the country (freedom from hunger)

Denying access to information and services related to sexual and reproductive health (the right to
health)

Systematically segregating children with disabilities from mainstream schools (the right to
education)

Failure to prevent employers from discriminating in recruitment (based on sex, disability, race,
political opinion, social origin, HIV status, etc.) (The right to work)

Failure to prohibit public and private entities from destroying or contaminating food and its source,
such as arable land and water (the right to food)

Failure to provide for a reasonable limitation of working hours in the public and private sector (rights
at work)

Banning the use of minority or indigenous languages (the right to participate in cultural life)

Denying social assistance to people because of their status (e.g., people without a fixed domicile,
asylum-seekers) (the right to social security)

Failure to ensure maternity leave for working mothers (protection of and assistance to the family)

Arbitrary and illegal disconnection of water for personal and domestic use (the right to water).

Human rights are the most fundamental and important of rights. They are the rights that
the government in the United States spelled out in the Bill of Rights and the Constitution,
and they are the rights that the United Nations aims to protect for all people. These
rights would exist even without government protection or intervention.
Some examples of human rights include:

The right to life


The right to liberty and freedom
The right to the pursuit of happiness
The right to live your life free of discrimination

The right to control what happens to your own body and to make medical
decisions for yourself

The right to freely exercise your religion and practice your religious beliefs without
fear of being prosecuted for your beliefs

The right to be free from prejudice on the basis of race, gender, national origin,
color, age or sex

The right to grow old

The right to a fair trial and due process of the law

The right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment

The right to be free from torture

The right to be free from slavery

The right to freedom of speech

The right to freely associate with whomever you like and to join groups of which
you'd like to be a part.

The right to freedom of thought

The right not to be prosecuted from your thoughts


Most people accept these rights as fundamental and inalienable and in free countries
like the United States, there is little disagreement about these basic human rights.

Controversial Human Rights


There are other rights that some believe are basic human rights but that others believe
are more controversial.
For example, some of the controversial rights that some believe are human rights
include:
The right to reproductive freedom including the right to choose abortion
The right to be free from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation,
including the right to marry a person of the same sex

The right to bear arms and to not have the government infringe unduly on that
right

The right to regular and affordable health insurance subsidized or supported by


the government or provided by a single payer system
Government programs such as Social Security, Medicare and food stamps that purport
to protect the poor also are based on the idea that people have the basic right not to live
in poverty, to have enough to eat and to grow old gracefully. While these programs may
be more controversial, most people accept these rights as part of the social safety net

even there is disagreement on how best to facilitate programs that guarantee these
rights.
Different societies have different ideas on what fundamental human rights are and the
government protections extended to protect basic human rights are a reflection of the
widespread cultures and ideals of the society as a whole.
The Commission on Human Rights is an independent office created by the Constitution of the
Philippines, with the primary function of investigating all forms of human rights violations
involving civiland political rights in the Philippines.[1]
The Commission is composed of a Chairperson and four members. The Constitution requires that a
majority of the Commissions members must be lawyers.
President Benigno Aquino III called upon former Akbayan Party-list representative Etta Rosales to head
the commission.[2] Despite resistance from some sectors,[who?] she was appointed as chairperson.
The Tobacco Monopoly refers to the 1782 economic program of Spanish Governor General Jose V.
Basco, in which tobacco production in thePhilippines was under total control of the government.
Some pueblos were designated as tobacco districts, like Ilocos and Cagayan, and tobacco planting
became compulsory to the point that some crops were abandoned. Brought in the country from Mexico,
this became the Philippines' (under Spanish colonial rule) most important industry in the 18th century. It
took effect through a royal decree signed by King Carlos III of Spain.