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UNIVERSITI

TEKNOLOGI

PETRONAS

TEST 2

SEPTEMBER 2013

DATE

TIME

: 4.00pm 5.00pm

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1.

2.

3.

solutions and indicate ALL assumptions.

4.

5.

1

FCM2063

Question 1:

An Ipoh council city member gave a speech in which she said that 18% of all private

homes in the city had been undervalued by the tax assessors office. In a follow-up

story, the local newspaper reported that it had taken random sample of 91 private

homes. Using professional evaluator to evaluate the property and checking against the

county tax records it found that 14 of the homes had been undervalued.

i.

Does this data indicate that the proportion of private homes that are

undervalued by the county tax assessor is different from 18%? Use a 5%

significance level.

[7 marks]

ii.

Construct a two-sided 95% on the proportion and interpret the interval.

[3 marks]

Solution:

i.

(a) The parameter of interest is test about proportion, p.

(1)

(1)

H 0 : p 0.18

(c)

p X / n p0

z0

p0 (1 p0 ) / n

(d)

Computation:

14 / 91 0.18

z0

(0.18)(0.82) / 91

H 1 : p 0.18

vs

(1)

0.645

(1)

(e)

Decision:

Reject H0 if z0 > z or z0 < -z , where z0.025 = 1.96 (1)

(f)

Since Zo > -1.96, thus we fail to reject the H0 and conclude that the proportion of

private homes that undervalued is different from 18% as the claim is not true

(2)

ii.

Given, n 91, p 0.154, Z / 2 1.96

p (1 p ) p p z

p (1 p )

n

n

/2

/2

p z

0.154(0.846)

0.154(0.846)

p 0.154 (1.96)

0.154 (1.96)

91

91

0.08 p 0.22

(2)

Since p=0.18 falls in the interval, then we fail to reject H o. Thus the

proportion of private homes that undervalued is different from 18% as the claim

is not true.

(1)

FCM2063

Question 2:

An engineer investigated two different foam expanding agents that can be used

in the nozzle of fire-fighting spray equipment. A random sample of five observations

with an aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) had a sample mean of 4.7 and a standard

deviation of 0.6. A random sample of five observations with alcohol-type concentrates

(ATC) had a sample mean of 6.9 and a standard deviation of 0.8.

i.

Assume that both populations are well represented by normal distributions with

the same standard deviations draw a conclusion about difference in mean foam

expansion at 5% level of significance.

[7 marks]

ii.

[3 marks]

Solution:

i.

(a)

(b)

The parameter of interest is to test the different between the two means,

1and 2variance unknown but equal.

(1)

Hypothesis testing:

H 0 : 1 2 0 vs H 1 : 1 2 0

(1)

(c)

T

( x1 x 2 ) ( 1 2 )

1 1

Sp

n1 n2

(1)

where

Sp

n1 n2 2

4(0.6) 2 4(0.8) 2

0.707

8

(1)

(e) Critical region: Reject Ho if T > 2.306 or T < -2.306

(1)

(f)

Computation:

x1 4.7, x2 6.9, n1 n2 5

So

T

(79.4 71.2)

4.92

1 1

0.707

5 5

(1)

(g)

Since T < -2.306, then we reject Ho. It means that the mean of foam

expanding agent used for firefighting spray are not the same. (1)

3

FCM2063

T=4.92 falls between two values: 3.833 for which =0.0025 and 5.041 for which

=0.0005. So the P-value is : 2( 0.0005 < P < 0.0025) = 0.001<P<0.005. (2)

Since P < 0.05 thus we reject H0 and conclude that the means are difference at

=0.05.

(1)

iii.

Question 3:

An experiment was set up to investigate the variance of the specific heat of a certain

chemical with temperature. The data is given below.

100

60

70

80

90

Temperature 0 F , (x) 50

1.71

Heat, (y)

1.60

1.63

1.67

1.70

1.71

i.

[6 marks]

ii.

[2 marks]

iii.

[2 marks]

Solution:

i.

= 1.4945,

(6)

ii.

R = 90.6%.

iii.

(2)

(2)

oooOOOooo

FCM2063

APPENDIX

FCM2063

FCM2063

z-DISTRIBUTION:

FCM2063

FCM2063

t -DISTRIBUTION

FCM2063

10

FCM2063

11

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