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TEST CODE 02.112010


MAY/JUNE2013
CARIBBEAN

EXAMINATIONS

COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION"'


CHEMISTRY - UNIT 1

Paper 01

1 hour 30 minutes
(

21

M~Y 2013 (a.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

1.

This test consists of 45 items. You will have I hour and 30 minutes to answer them.

2.

In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet'and a Data Booklet.

3.

Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item
you are about to answer and decide which choi<;e is best.

4.

On your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your item and shade the space
having the same letter as.the answer you have cl10sen. Look at the sample item below.

Which of the followi11g transitions requires the HIGHEST energy in an organic compound?
(A)

n to er

(B)

n to 7t

(C)

7t to 7t
cr to cr

(D)

Sample Answer

..

The best answer to this item is "cr to cr", so answer space (D) has been shaded.

--=--=

5.

If you want to change your answer, erase it completely before you fill in your new choice.

6.

When you are told to begin, turn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can. If
you cannot answer an item, go on to the next one. You may return to this item later. Your score
will be the total number of correct answers.

7.

You may do any.rough work in this booklet.

8.

Figures are 'not necessarily drawn to scale.

9.

You may use a silent, non-programmable calculator to answer items.

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DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyript C 2011 Caribbean Examin.tions Council


A II ri nht -'"'A

~---~--------~

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-2l.

Which of the following statements is NOT


a part of Dalton's atomic theory?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Atoms are indivisible.


Atoms are characterised by their
atomic number.
The atoms of an element have
identical properties.
The atoms of an element differ from
those of other elements.

4.

Which of the following factors is important


in determining the stability of an isotope?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

5.

Item 2 refers to the following diagram which


shows the energy levels for the hydrogen
atom and the electronic transitions which
produce lines in the visible region.

Which of the following statements is


TRUE about 5 dm 3 of hydrogen and 5 dm'
of oxygen at 0 C and I OJ kPa?
(A)
(B)

==========::::;==::i===n=S

(C)

=_-=i=_-==-~:1=_1::=~-<:!=~-= ::~

Size of atomic radius


Number of protons
Ratio of protons to electrons
Ratio of protons to neutrons

(D)

They react to produce


water.
They possess the same
kinetic energy.
They contain the same
molecules.
They react completely
other.

5 dm' of
amount of
number of
with each

- - - - - - - - - - n=l
6.

2.

Which of the series below involves


transitions from higher energy levels to the
n = 2 level?

Which of the following solids has a giant


molecular lattice?
(A)
(B)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

3.

Balmer
Dalton
Lyman
Paschen

( C)
(D)

Carbon dioxide
Copper oxide
Magnesium oxide
Silicon dioxide

Which of the following ions has the


GREATEST polarizing power?
(A)

Be'+

(B)

Ca2

(C)

Li+

(D)

Sr

!
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-3Item 11 refers to the following information.

Item 7 refers to the following equation


which shows the production of ammonia.
N 2(g) + 3H2(g)

7.

A piece of copper metal is placed in silver


nitrate solution, as shown in the diagram
below.

.= 2NH,(g)

If I 0 cm' of nitrogen reacts with 30 cm' of


hydrogen at STP, what volume of NH, is
produced?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Cu metal

JO cm'
15 cm'
20cm'
40cm'

11.

8.

F9r complete reaction, 0.25 g ofa monobasic


acid requires IO cm' of0.2 mol dm' sodium
hydroxide. What is the relative molecular
mass of the acid?

Which of the following observations is


correct?

(A)
(B)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

9.

10.

12.5
62.5
125
250

(C)
(D)

The simplest formula for a compound that


contains 50% S and 50% 0 by mass is
(A)

SO

(B)

(C)

so,
s,o

(D)

s,o.

Which of the following gases is MOST


likely to have the characteristics of an ideal

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

(A)

Mn02 --+ Mn2 +

(B),

Mno.---+ Mno

(C)

Mno.---+ MnO,

(D)

Mn02 --+ Mno.-

-. -- .... -

12.

Copper metal dissolves and the


solution remains colourless.
Copper metal is deposited and the
solution turns blue.
Silver metal forms and the solution
turns blue.
Silver metal forms and the solution
remains colourless.

gas?

Which ofthe following processes represents


an oxidation?

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13.

Ammonia
Helium
Methane
Oxygen

A gas in a syringe occupies a volume of


50 cm' and has a pressure of 0.49346
atmospheres. What is the pressure of the
gas if the plunger of the syringe is pushed in,
reducing the volume of the gas to 20 cm'?
(I atmosphere= IOI 325 Pa)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

20kPa
125 kPa
20 OOOkPa
125 000 kPa

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-414.

The second ionisation energy of calcium is 1150 kJ mo1-1


Which of the following equations represents this statement?

kJmot 1
(A)

ca (g) -+ Ca2 (g) + e-

L\H = +1150

(B)

Ca(g) -+ Ca2+ (g) + 2e-

L\H =+1150

(C)

ca (g) -+ Ca2 (g) + e-

L\H =-1150

(D)

Ca (g) -+ Ca,. (g) + 2e-

L\H =-1150

Item 15 refers to the following standard enthalpies of combustion for carbon, hydrogen and octane.

kJmot 1
Carbon
Hydrogen
Octane

15.

The standard enthalpy of formation of octane,

-394
-286
-5476

MJ , is calculated using

(C)

MIJ (octane)= -8 (-394}-9(-286)-5476 kJ rnoJMIJ (octane)= -8 (-394}-9(-286)-{-5476) kJ mo1MIJ (octane)= 8 (-394) + 9(-286)-{-5476) kJ mo1-

(D)

L\H1 (octane)= 8 (-394)-9(-286)-{-5476) kJ mo1- 1

(A)
(B)

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-5Item 16 refers to the following reaction which occurs in the presence of dilute acid.
CH,COCH, (aq) + 12 (aq)--+ CH) COCH, (aq) + H (aq) + 1- (aq)
16.

The rate equation for the reaction is


Rate = k[CH,COCH, (aq)] [H'{aq)). Which of the following equations BEST illustrates the SLOW
step?

(A)

(Il)

(C)

(D)

OH

II

CH,-C-CH, + H -+CH,-C-CH,
Ea

II

CH,- C-CH, + 12 --+ CH,-C-CH, + 1Ea


0

II

CH,- C - CH, + 1- --+CH,- C - CH,


Ea

OH

II

CH-C-CH
,
, +I, +H -+CH-C
, I -CH,
l

17.

The rate Jaw for a given reaction is Rate= k[A) 2 [B] . What are the units fork?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

moJ-2 dm-2 s- 1
mo) dm-3 s- 1
moJ- 1 dm' s- 1
mo1-2 dm' s- 1

GO ON TO 1liE NEXT PAGE

-618.

Which of the following phrases BEST


describes the relationship between the
half-life of a second order reaction and the
reactants?

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

20.

(A)
(B)

Dependent on the initial


concentration of the reactants
Independent of the initial
concentration of the reactants
Dependent on the state of the
reactants
Dependent on the final concentration
of the reactants

Item 19 refers to the following equilibrium.


N, (g) + 0 2 (g)

~ 2NO(g),

Which of the following statements


does NOT refer to a system in dynamic
equilibrium?

(C)
(D)

21.

Which of the following statements about a


catalyst would be true?

LlH =+I 80 kJ moJ 1


I.

19.

The reaction is reversible.


The amounts of all the species in the
system remain constant.
The concentrations of all reactants
and products are equal.
The rate of the forward reaction is
equal to the rate of the backward
reaction.

Which of the curves in the diagram below


shows how increasing temperature affects
the yield of the product?

II.

Ill.
(D)

(A)
(B)
(C)

.CD)
22.
-----,(A)

Temperature (UC)

It increases the equilibrium constant


for the forward reaction only.
It increases the equilibrium constant for both the forward and
backward reactions.
It has no effect on the position of
equilibrium.
I only
III only
I and III only
II and III only

The value of Kp for the equilibrium reaction


H2 (g) + 12 (g) ~ 2HJ (g) at 444 'C at I atm
pressure is 50.
What is the value of KP if the pressure
is changed to 2 atm and the temperature
remains the same?
(A)

25

(B)

50

(C)
(D)

100
200

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-723.

In pure ethanol, (C,H,OH), the following


equilibrium can exist with ammonium ions.
NH; + C2H50H ~NH,+ C,H,OH,+
Which of the following combinations
describes the functions of NH; and C,H,OH
according to the Bronsted-Lowry theory?
NH

'

(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

Acid
Base
Conjugate acid
Acid

24.

The results for four experiments which


. investigated
the
reaction
between
propanaone and iodine (ca~lysed by acid)
are given in the table below.
Expt

(H]

[Propanone]

[Iodine]

Rate

0.5

10.8

0.5

3
4

0.5
0.25

5.3
5.4

0.5

0.5

10.6

C2H 50H

Base
Acid
Base
Conjugate base

Which ofthe following graphs represents the


order of reaction with respect to propanone?
(A)

Rate

[Propanone)
(B)

Rate

[Propanone)

(C)

Rate

[Propanone)
(D)

Rate

lPs

M1, ..,~,,.,,..A~"'"'..,

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- 8-

25.

Which of the following expressions


represents the solubility product of
iron(lll) hydroxide?
(A)

(B)

27.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(0)

[Fe>+] [JOH-]
[Fe 3+] [OH-]3
[Fe(OH) 3 ]

(C)

[Fe1 ] [30H-]3

(D)

[Fe1 ] [OH-] 3

mol dm-'
mol' dm-6
moP dm_.
mol 4 dm-12

Whichofthe following indicators is MOST suitable for use when titrating a weak acid against a
strong base?
Indicator
(A)
(B)
(C)

(0)

28.

26. Silver chromate(VI), Ag,Cr04 , is sparingly


soluble in water. The units. for the solubility
product (K,,,) for silver chromate(VI) are

pH of Change

Methyl orange
Litmus
Bromothymol blue
Phenolphthalein

3.5

6.0
7.0
9.5

Colour Change
Acid ~Alkali

red -+ yellow
red-+ blue
yenow -+ blue
colourless -+ pink

A weak acid, HX, dissociates as follows:


HX(aq) .= x-(aq) + H'(aq)
-The -dissocfation coiitint, K-; for the above reaction Is 1.0 x llf1,-mol am-3 .-w!tafwill oo

approximate pH of 1.0 x 10-2 mol dm-1 HX?


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

29.

the--

S
6
7
8

Using standard electrode potentials, which of the following reactions would be MOST feasible?
(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

Zn(s) + Cu''(aq)-+ Zn'+ (aq) + Cu(s)


Zn(s) + Pb2(aq) -+ Zn 2+(aq) + Pb(s)
Pb(s) + Zn2(aq) -+ Pb2 (aq) + Zn(s)
Ca(a) + Zn2+(aq)- Cu,. (aq) + Zn()

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-9-

Item 30 refers to the electrochemical cell


below.
Zn(s) I Zn 2 (aq) II Ag+ (aq) IAg(s)
30.

In the cell shown above, electrons originate


from
(A)

31.

Zn( s) I Zn''( aq)

(C)

Ag(aq) I Ag(s) II Zn(s) I Zn2'(aq)

(D)

Zn(s) I Zn''(aq) II Ag (aq) IAg(s)

Which of the following sets of oxides is


classified rorrectly?

(D)

Acidic Amphoteric

Basic

co,

CuO

MgO

so,
so,

Al,03

so,

co

P,0 10

Feature
State at 25 C

Barium
Beryllium
Magnesium
Strontium

Solid

(C)

(B)

Solid

Liquid

(D)

Gas

Bonding and
Ionic Giant
Covalent Covalent
Structure in Oxide lattice covalent molecular molecular
10

Match EACH oxide below with one of the


options (A, B, C, or D) above. Each option
may be used once, more than once or not at
all.
33.

Oxide of silicon

34.

Oxide of sulphur

35.

Group II elements of the periodic table have

Cao

(A)

Na,O

so,

(B)
()

Which of the following elements reacts very


slowly with cold water and burns with a
bright white flame?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

(A)

pH of Aqueous
Solution

(B)

(A)
(B)
(C)

32.

Ag'(aq) I Ag(s)

Items 33-34 refer to the information in the


following table.

(D)

36.

high melting points and low


dens4ties
high electrical conductivities and
low densities
high melting points and high
electrical conductivities
low melting points and poor
electrical conductivities

meli:ing point of graphite ~an be


attributed to the

The high

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

delocalised electrons
hexagonal arrangement of the
carbon atoms
van der Waals' forces between the
layers
strong covalent bonds within the
layers

,..,.., _...,

____ . ____ _

- I0 -

37.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

38.

Aluminium
Chlorine
Sulphur
Phosphorus

s
g

11-1

When AgNO,(aq) is added to fluoride ions


followed by NH3(aq) the result is
(A)
(B)
(C),
(D)

39.

Item 41 refers to the graph below showing


the first ionisation energy (IE) of some
elements.

Which of the following elements in the


third period has the same oxidation number in ALL of its known compounds?

no precipitate
white silver fluoride
yellow silver fluoride
cream-coloured ammonium fluoride

Br-, Cl -, 1-

(B)

Cl-, 1-, Br

(C)

c1-, Br,1-

(D)

I-, Br-, Cl -

Ca Sc Ti V Cr MnFe Co Ni Cu Zn

Elements
41.

In which of the following options are the


halide ions placed in order of INCREASING
reducing power?
(A)

1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0

The sharp increase from copper (Cu) to zinc


(Zn) is caused by filled
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

4s-orbitals
d-orbitals
4s and d-orbitals
4s-orbitals and half-filled d-orbitals

Item 42 refers to the information in the table


below.
Element
I

40.

On heating CaSO strongly, it decomposes


into CaO and SO,(g). CaCO, decomposes
ani mucfi lower temperature than CaSO,.
Which of the following factors BEST
explains the greater thermal stability of
CaSO,?
(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

CaC03 has a higher lattice energy


than Caso,.
CO, is a smaller molecule than SO,.
The co, 2 - ion is more easily
polarised than the SO,'-ion.
The co,>- ion has a higher charge
density than the so,>- ion.

42.

Melting
Point (C)
1538

Density
(g cm-l)

7.86

II

660

2.70

III

328

11.34

Which of the elements in the table can be


classified as transition?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I only
II only
I and II only
II and Ill only

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- 11 -

43.

Items 44-45 refer to the following options.

Which of the following metals gives a green


flame when heated?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Calcium
Copper
Magnesium
Sodium

A central ion in a complex


A ligand
An octahedral complex
A tetrahedral complex

Match EACH formula below with one of the


options (A, B, C or D) above. Each option
may be used once, more than once, or not at
all.
44.

[Co(H,O)J>+

45.

CH,NH 2

END OF TEST.

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

02112010/CAPE 2013