A Layman’s

Translation
of the
New Testament
(ALTNT)

Public domain

ISBN: 978-1-304-93602-8

Translation by Joel Cartmell

Edited by Lorraine Cartmell
Preface
This is a dynamic equivalent translation, which is a cross
between a literal translation and a paraphrase. Parts of this
translation are translated word for word, and other parts are
paraphrased. I would not recommend this translation for
Bible study unless a literal translation is used alongside it.
The purpose of this translation is to make the New Testament
easy to read and understand. I am only a layman, and I have
no credentials, but I love the Bible and wanted to translate the
New Testament in a way that I could easily understand and
quickly read through. I have worked on this for many years
under much affliction, but I thank God for His grace! I could
not have done this without God’s help. I also thank God for my
wife. She has helped me greatly and has patiently supported
me. I thank the Lord for my two daughters Jaine and Abbey! I
also thank the Lord for all that my parents have done for us.

“Though He slay me, I will put my hope in Him; I will continue
to declare that He is my friend.”
(Job 13:15)

“To Him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing
and honour and glory and power forever and ever!”
(Revelation 5:13)

Joel Cartmell
My Testimony
Hi, my name is Joel Cartmell, and this is my testimony:

I used to read the Bible for hours every day for many years,
but it became too much for me because of my declining health.
So I decided to go through the Epistles word for word, in order
to study the Bible more in depth. I started going through the
Epistles, writing everything down by hand. Over the years I
slowly worked on the Epistles while my health continued to
decline. I always had headaches and my brain was always in a
fog. Eventually it got to the point where I could only comprehend
a few words of the verse I was working on.

My muscles ended up getting worse and worse, I struggled
just to sit down and work on the Epistles. Sometimes I put a
belt tightly around my stomach in order to support my body,
to help me sit on the chair. Between my muscles and pinched
nerves, I had to force my arms and shoulders to work while
flipping through books all day long. I had to force my arm to
move the mouse, my thumb to hold the mouse, and my finger
just to click it. I was in constant pain, always trying to force
everything to work.

I found out that I had adrenal exhaustion. I could hardly
sleep and my body was not functioning well. I eventually became
like a zombie. I could hardly think and I struggled to talk. I felt
so fatigued that I just wanted to die!

In the middle of the night I would get up to work on the
Epistles, because I could not sleep. My eyes were so sensitive
to light because of my adrenals that I had to put on sun glasses
just to look at the computer screen. Even sun glasses were not
good enough; I could hardly bear looking at the screen. The
brightness of the screen would cause my adrenalin to go crazy
and my body was too weak to handle it.

If a phone rang, a dog barked, or anything loud happened,
my head would go weird; like on a windy day when the lights
go dim and then come back again. If I was in a public place it
felt like my knees were going to buckle and that I was going to
lose consciousness. My fatigue, physically and mentally, was
extremely bad. All I desired to do was to lie in bed all day long,
but I would not allow myself too. Every second or third day I
could not sleep, and when I did sleep it was not for long. And
just because I did not sleep that night, did not mean that I
would sleep the next. At my worst I was averaging 2 hours of
sleep a day, and I would wake up every ten minutes. It seemed
weird to me that people could sleep, because it was so foreign
to me at the time.

It got to the point where I could hardly pray. I would pray like
this: “Faith, patience. Okay, what was I praying again? Oh yeah:
faith, patience. What was it again? Oh yeah: faith. What was
the other word again? Oh: patience.” Then I would forget that
I was praying. I would repeat this over and over again. Things
were so bad that if I put on worship music and worshiped God
for just five minutes, my adrenalin would go crazy and I would
not sleep that night! So for the most part I could not pray or
worship. Instead, I would go through the Epistles word by word.
But there came a time when I could not even do that.

By God’s grace I finished the Epistles, and after a while I
started back up on Acts and Revelation. I would be so tired
and fatigued that it was a struggle to even look at a verse. I
remember looking at the clock once, and then fifteen minutes
later I still could not get through reading the verse I was on. It
was too much for me and I just could not do it, no matter how
much I tried. I would regularly get these weird pings that would
shoot up my back, and I would even get them in my head. So
much so, that it would be very hard for me to continue work-
ing on things. When I was doing the side notes for Revelation,
I was in such a fog that it was utterly devastating! I could not
think straight or remember what I had just read. It seemed
impossible for me to do. However, with God’s help, I was able
to work through Acts and Revelation.

The Gospels were utter torment! I would complain to my
wife about this most every morning. It was the hardest thing I
have ever done in my life. And if things were not hard enough,
we ended up on welfare because my wife could not work after
our first child, and so we had no income during this time. How-
ever, by God’s Grace I was able to finish. All praise be to God!

After taking a break I started back up again, and finished
the Book of Psalms and the Book of Daniel. Things have been
hard. My two little girls have many of the same problems as
me. None of us sleep much, and of course this causes my wife
to lose much of her sleep. Working under these conditions is
difficult to say the least. However, by God’s grace He helped
me to finish.

I am the most character flawed person you could ever meet,
I cannot deny it. I am far from perfect, and I have blown it
so many times. It is hard to describe to you the struggles my
family and I have faced because of our health and lack of sleep
and energy. If you know anything about sleep deprivation then
you will understand how hard life is, it is like a nightmare that
never ends; not only for me and my wife, but also our children.
Aside from God, we are very much alone in all we go through.
No one understands. My own family members say: “It is all in
your head; You are just lazy”. But God knows my struggles, and
He knows the truth; it is Him that I need. He may seem like a
million miles away, but it is Him that I serve and He is more
than capable of turning things around. Indeed, He will come
to my rescue. And even if He just leaves me here to rot, He is
all I have! Regardless, I know the truth: I have a Friend that
sticks closer than a brother! I have a Friend who is the Great I
AM! I have a Friend that raises the dead! I have a Friend who
is Love! I may be weak, but He is strong!

I say these things in the hope that maybe someone who is
struggling may be encouraged. There are many people who are
suffering and who feel all alone, like nobody cares—not even
God. There are many people who cannot cope with their situa-
tion, some are even angry at God, but believe me, He is all you
have! The only thing that matters in this life is a relationship
with the Lord Jesus Christ! He is your only hope! So by His
grace, hold on to Him as tight as you can and treasure Him.
Never let Him go, regardless of how things seem!
The Translation
You may be wondering how this translation came about.
Well here is some insight into what I did.

I used the King James Bible for about a third of the Gospels.
And I used Green’s Hebrew, Greek, and English Interlinear Bible
for the rest of the New Testament. I wrote down the English
words that were under the original Greek. The words are not in
order, so I tried to rearrange them. I used whatever I could get
my hands on: lexicons, commentaries, concordances, Bibles,
Bible dictionaries, and maps.

I started with the Epistles, which took me about six years
to complete. I went through them word for word twice, looking
up the meaning of every single word in the original language.
Then I went through them a third time, looking up about half
of the words. My plan for the Epistles was to make them easy
to understand.

Next I worked on Acts and Revelation, which I started during
the Epistles. I went through Acts and Revelation word for word
in the original language once. But due to my health, the other
two times through, I was unable to look up every word (it was
too much for my muscles to turn all those pages!). So I only
looked up the words I felt most important. Acts and Revelation
took me about two years to complete. My plan for Acts was to
work on the geography. As for Revelation, my plan was to side
note what I had personally discovered about the end times from
studying the Bible. I felt this was necessary, because too many
people do not seem to understand that the Lord’s coming is
right at the door.

Then I started working on the Gospels. I was unable to go
through the gospels word for word in the original language, so I
only looked up the words I felt most important. By God’s grace,
and God’s grace alone, I finished the Gospels in six months! I
only went through them once. My goal for the Gospels was to
try and make each Gospel a little different.
I took a break for a while then started on the Book of Psalms,
which took me 9 months to finish. I typed it out as I went and
looked up the main words in the original for the first round.
The second time around I only made a quick pass through. I
did not know how I was going to format Psalms, or if I would
even have enough pages to work with (I am only limited to so
many pages). So in order to save space, I did not put the “O’s”
in front of the words like the King James Bible does. (Later I
went through Psalms and Daniel and put in the missing “O’s”.)
My goal for Psalms was just to get it done!

Next I worked on the Book of Daniel, which took me a month
and a half to finish. I did three rounds of Daniel, looking up all
the main words in the original. Daniel 11 was the hardest part
of the Bible that I have worked on so far! My goal for Daniel was
to do a good job on Daniel 11 and to do side notes.

I also went through the Gospels one more time very quickly.
It took me one month’s time.

I also had to redo the typesetting because I ran out of pages.
I had to make room for an extra 14 pages, plus I added a few
extra! Thank the Lord I was able to make them fit!

Well, I have been trying to proof read through this Bible. I
only made it about two thirds of the way through. The problem
is, when I read my adrenaline gets so bad that I can hardly
sleep whatsoever. I already do not sleep much, and even when
I sleep I have severe sleep apnea, so I am always tired, and
that does not include my chronic fatigue. I technically need to
read through this several more times to tweak the typesetting,
to find spelling and grammar mistakes, and any other kind of
mistakes that I can find. I just cannot bear to do it anymore,
so I am calling it quits.
Table of Contents
Matthew���������������������������������������������������������������������� 1
Mark������������������������������������������������������������������������� 68
Luke������������������������������������������������������������������������ 108
John������������������������������������������������������������������������ 178
Acts ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 228
Romans ������������������������������������������������������������������ 292
1 Corinthians���������������������������������������������������������� 322
2 Corinthians���������������������������������������������������������� 348
Galatians���������������������������������������������������������������� 364
Ephesians���������������������������������������������������������������� 374
Philippians�������������������������������������������������������������� 383
Colossians �������������������������������������������������������������� 389
1 Thessalonians������������������������������������������������������ 395
2 Thessalonians������������������������������������������������������ 400
1 Timothy���������������������������������������������������������������� 403
2 Timothy���������������������������������������������������������������� 410
Titus������������������������������������������������������������������������ 415
Philemon ���������������������������������������������������������������� 418
Hebrews������������������������������������������������������������������ 420
James���������������������������������������������������������������������� 443
1 Peter�������������������������������������������������������������������� 450
2 Peter�������������������������������������������������������������������� 458
1 John�������������������������������������������������������������������� 463
2 John�������������������������������������������������������������������� 471
3 John�������������������������������������������������������������������� 472
Jude������������������������������������������������������������������������ 473
Revelation���������������������������������������������������������������� 475
Psalms�������������������������������������������������������������������� 513
Daniel���������������������������������������������������������������������� 637
Ezekiel 38 & 39 �������������������������������������������������������� 671
End Time Scriptures������������������������������������������������ 675
Questions & Answers���������������������������������������������� 690
My Theory��������������������������������������������������������������� 704
How Can I Be Saved? ���������������������������������������������� 709
Messiah ������������������������������������������������������������������ 711
The
New Testament
Matthew 1

Matthew
1 This is the book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of
David, the son of Abraham:
2
Abraham fathered Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers,
3
Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram,
4
Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5
Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse,
6
and Jesse fathered King David.

King David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife,
7
Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa,
8
Asa fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram,
Joram fathered Uzziah,
9
Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10
Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon,
Amon fathered Josiah,
11
and Josiah fathered Jeconiah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon.
12
After the exile to Babylon:
Jeconiah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13
Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,

1
Matthew 1

Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor,
14
Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15
Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16
and Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary,
and Mary gave birth to Jesus, who is called Christ.
17
In all, there were fourteen generations from Abraham to
David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen
from the exile to Christ.
18
This is how Jesus Christ was born: His mother Mary was
engaged to Joseph, but before they were married she was found
to be with Child through the Holy Spirit. 19Now Joseph, her
husband-to-be, was a righteous man. Therefore, since he did
not want to disgrace her publicly, he planned to secretly annul
their engagement. 20But as he was pondering this, an angel of
the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of
David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife. For the Child
she is carrying is from the Holy Spirit. 21She will give birth to a
Son, and you will call His name JESUS, because He will save
His people from their sins.”
22
All this happened to fulfill what the Lord had said through
the prophet:
23
“Look! A virgin will be with Child,
and will give birth to a Son,
and they will call His name Emmanuel,”
(Isaiah 7:14)

which means, “God is with us.”
24
When Joseph woke up from his sleep he did what the angel
of the Lord had commanded him to do, and took her as his
wife. 25Joseph, however, did not have sexual relations with her
until after she had given birth to her firstborn Son. And Joseph
called His name JESUS.

2
Matthew 2

2 After Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea,
in the days of King Herod, wise men arrived in Jerusalem
from the east. 2 They asked, “Where is He, the newborn King of
the Jews? For we saw His star in the east, and have come to
worship Him.”
3
When King Herod heard this he was troubled, and all
Jerusalem with him. 4So King Herod gathered all the chief
priests and the teachers of the law and asked them where the
birth-place of the Christ would be. 5 They told him, “In the town
of Bethlehem in Judea, for this is what the prophet wrote:
6
‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least
among the leaders of Judah,
for out of you will come a Ruler
who will shepherd My people Israel.’”
(Micah 5:2)
7
So Herod secretly called the wise men and asked them exactly
when the star had appeared. 8 Then he sent them to Bethlehem,
saying, “Go and diligently search for the Child. And when you
have found Him, report back to me, so that I too may go and
worship Him.”
9
After listening to the king, the wise men departed. And
the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it
came and rested over the place where the Child was. 10When
they saw the star, they rejoiced greatly and were overwhelmed
with joy. 11When they entered the house, they saw the Child
with His mother Mary, and they fell down and worshiped Him.
Then they opened their treasure chests and offered Him gifts of
gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12After this, the wise men were
warned in a dream not to return to Herod. So they went back
to their own country by another route.
13
After they had left, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph
in a dream and said, “Get up! Take the Child and His mother
and flee to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going
to search for the Child to kill Him.” 14So Joseph got up and
took the Child and His mother during the night and departed

3
Matthew 3

for Egypt, 15 where he stayed until Herod’s death. This fulfilled
what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

“Out of Egypt I called My Son.”
(Hosea 11:1)
16
When Herod saw that he had been fooled by the wise men,
he became enraged, and sent soldiers to kill all the male children
in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under,
according to the time he had learned from the wise men. 17This
fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah when
he said,
18
“A voice was heard in Ramah,
wailing, weeping, and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children,
unwilling to be comforted,
because they are gone.”
(Jeremiah 31:15)
19
After the death of Herod, an angel of the Lord appeared in
a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20saying, “Get up! Take the Child
and His mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who were
trying to kill the Child are dead.” 21So Joseph got up and took
the Child and His mother and went to the land of Israel. 22But
when Joseph heard that Archelaus had succeeded his father
Herod as king of Judea, he was afraid to go there. But after
being warned in a dream, he left for Galilee. 23 Therefore, Joseph
went and lived in a town called Nazareth. This fulfilled what
was spoken by the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene.”

3 In those days John the Baptist came to the wilderness of
Judea proclaiming, 2“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is
near!” 3 The prophet Isaiah spoke about John when he said,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for Him!’”
(Isaiah 40:3)

4
Matthew 4

4
Now John was clothed in camel’s hair with a leather belt
around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey.
5
Those from Jerusalem, all Judea, and throughout the Jordan
Valley went out to see him. 6 They confessed their sins, and were
baptized by John in the Jordan River.
7
But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees
coming to the place where he was baptizing, he said to them,
“You offspring of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming
wrath? 8Produce fruit that shows you have truly repented. 9Do
not think that you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as
our father!’ For I tell you that from these stones God can raise
up children for Abraham. 10Even now the axe is ready to strike
the root of the trees. Any tree that does not produce good fruit
will be cut down and thrown into the fire. 11Truly, I baptize you
with water for repentance. But after me will come One who is
far more superior than I, whose sandals I am not even worthy
to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12His
winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will clear His threshing
floor. He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn
the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
13
Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan River to be
baptized by John. 14But John tried to stop Him, saying, “I need
to be baptized by You, and You come to me?”
15
But Jesus answered and said to him, “It must be done,
because we must fulfill all righteousness.” So John agreed.
16
As soon as Jesus was baptized, He came up out of the
water, the heavens opened, and John saw the Spirit of God
descending upon Him like a dove. 17Then a voice from heaven
said, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

4 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to
be tempted by the devil. 2After fasting forty days and forty
nights, He was very hungry. 3 Then the tempter approached Him
and said, “If You are the Son of God, command these stones
to become bread.”
4
But Jesus answered and said, “It is written,

5
Matthew 4

‘ Man does not live on bread alone,
but on every word that comes
from the mouth of God.’”
(Deuteronomy 8:3)
5
After this, the devil took Jesus to the Holy City and set Him
on the pinnacle of the temple. 6He said to Jesus, “If You are the
Son of God, jump off! For it is written,

‘ He has put His angels in charge of you,
and they will lift you up with their hands,
so that you will not dash your foot
against a stone.’”
(Psalm 91:11-12)
7
Jesus said to him, “It is also written,

‘ You must not test the Lord your God.’”
(Deuteronomy 6:16)
8
Next the devil took Him to a very high mountain and showed
Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. 9And the
devil said to Him, “I will give You all of this, if You will fall down
and worship me.”
10
Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, satan! For it is written,

‘ You must worship the Lord your God
and serve Him only.’”
(Deuteronomy 6:13)
11
Then the devil left Him, and angels came and took care of Him.
12
When Jesus heard that John had been thrown into prison,
He went back to Galilee. 13 Then Jesus left the town of Nazareth
and went to live in the town of Capernaum, which is located by
the Sea of Galilee, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. 14 This
fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah when he said:
15
“Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali,
toward the sea,

6
Matthew 5

in the region of the Jordan River,
in Galilee of the Gentiles—
16
the people living in darkness
have seen a great light;
for those living in the land of the
shadow of death,
a light has dawned.”
(Isaiah 9:1-2)

From then on, Jesus began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom
17

of heaven is near!”
18
As Jesus was walking along the shore of the Sea of Galilee,
He saw two brothers, Simon (also called Peter) and his brother
Andrew. They were casting a net into the sea, because they
were fishermen. 19Jesus said to them, “Follow Me, and I will
make you fishers of men.” 20So they immediately abandoned
their nets and followed Him.
21
Going a little further, He saw two other brothers, James and
John, the sons of Zebedee, mending nets in a boat with their
father Zebedee. When Jesus called them, 22 they immediately
left the boat and their father and followed Him.
23
Jesus went throughout all Galilee, teaching in the
synagogues, preaching the good news of the kingdom, and
healing every disease and every sickness among the people.
24
His fame spread throughout all Syria, and the people brought
to Him all who were sick—those suffering with various diseases
and torments, the demon-possessed, the epileptics, and the
paralyzed—and He healed them. 25Large crowds followed Him
from Galilee, the Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from the
east side of the Jordan River.

5 When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the hillside and
sat down. His disciples came to Him, 2and He opened His
mouth and taught them, saying:
3
“Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.

7
Matthew 5

4
“Blessed are those who mourn,
for they will be comforted.
5
“Blessed are the meek,
for they will inherit the earth.
6
“Blessed are those who hunger
and thirst for righteousness,
for they will be filled.
7
“Blessed are the merciful,
for they will receive mercy.
8
“Blessed are the pure in heart,
for they will see God.
9
“Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they will be called sons of God.
10
“Blessed are those who are persecuted
because of righteousness,
for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.
11
“Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you,
and falsely say all kinds of evil things against you because
of Me. 12Rejoice and be glad, because your reward is great in
heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who
were before you.
13
“You are the salt of the earth. But if salt loses its flavour,
how can it be made salty again? It is utterly useless, and is
only fit to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.
14
“You are the light of the world. A city on a hilltop cannot
be hidden. 15No one lights a lamp and puts it under a basket.
Instead they put it on a lamp stand, so that its light can shine
on everyone in the house. 16In the same way let your light shine
before men, so that they may see your good works and praise
your Father who is in heaven.

8
Matthew 5

17
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the
Prophets. I have not come to abolish them, but to fulfill them.
18
For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not
the smallest letter or stroke of the letter will pass away from the
Law until everything is accomplished. 19So whoever sets aside
the smallest commandments as unimportant, and teaches others
to do the same, will be called least in the kingdom of heaven.
But whoever keeps all the commandments, and teaches others
to do the same, will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20
For this is what I tell you: unless your righteousness exceeds
that of the teachers of the law and the Pharisees, you will not
enter the kingdom of heaven.
21
“You have heard that it was said to the people of old, ‘ You
must not commit murder,’ and ‘ Whoever commits murder will
be subject to the court.’ 1 22But this is what I tell you: every man
who is angry with his brother without a cause will be subject
to the court. Whoever insults his brother will be subject to the
Supreme Court—the Sanhedrin. And whoever curses his brother
will be subject to hellfire.
23
“So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there
remember that your brother has something against you, 24leave
your gift before the altar; first go and be reconciled to your
brother, and then come back and offer your gift.
25
“Make peace quickly with your opponent while you are on
your way to court, or else your opponent will hand you over to
the judge. Then the judge will hand you over to the officer, and
you will be thrown into prison. 26 Truly I say to you, you will not
get out until you have paid back every last penny.
27
“You have heard that it was said to the people of old, ‘ You
must not commit adultery.’ 2 28But this is what I tell you: every
man who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed
adultery with her in his heart. 29If your right eye causes you to
sin, rip it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one
of your body parts than for your whole body to be thrown into
hell. 30And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and

1
Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17, 16:18
2
Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18

9
Matthew 5

throw it away. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts
than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.
31
“It has also been said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife must give
her a certificate of divorce.’ 3 32But this is what I tell you: whoever
divorces his wife, unless she has been unfaithful, causes her
to commit adultery. And whoever marries a divorced woman
commits adultery.
33
“Again, you have heard that it was said to the people of
old, ‘ You must not break your oath,’ and ‘ You must keep the
oaths you have made to the Lord.’ 4 34But this is what I tell
you: do not swear an oath at all—not by heaven, because it is
God’s throne; 35or by the earth, because it is His footstool; or
by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King. 36And
do not swear an oath by your head, because you cannot make
a single hair black or white. 37A simple ‘ Yes’ or ‘ No’ is all you
should say, anything more than this comes from the evil one.
38
“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and
a tooth for a tooth.’ 5 39But this is what I tell you: do not resist
an evil person. Whoever slaps you on the right cheek, turn the
other to him as well. 40If someone wants to sue you for your
shirt, give him your coat as well. 41If a soldier forces you to carry
his pack for a mile, carry it for two. 42Give to the person who
asks you, and do not turn away from the person who wants to
borrow from you.
43
“You have heard that it was said, ‘ You must love your
neighbour,’ 6 and hate your enemy. 44But this is what I tell you:
love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those
who hate you, and pray for those who slander and persecute
you, 45so that you may be sons of your heavenly Father. For
He makes His sun to rise on everyone, whether good or evil,
and sends rain on everyone, whether just or unjust. 46If you
love only those who love you, what reward will you have? Do
not even the tax collectors do the same? 47And if you greet only
3
Deuteronomy 24:1
4
Leviticus 19:12; Numbers 30:2; Deuteronomy 23:21-23
5
Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21
6
Leviticus 19:18

10
Matthew 6

your brothers, what is remarkable about that? Do not even the
tax collectors do the same? 48 Therefore be perfect, just as your
heavenly Father is perfect.

6 “Be careful not to do your acts of charity in front of men, so
that you may be seen by them. If you do, you will have no
reward from your Father in heaven. 2When you do your acts
of charity, do not toot your own horn like the hypocrites do in
the synagogues and on the streets so that they may be praised
by men. Truly I say to you, they have received their reward.
3
But when you do your acts of charity, do not let your left hand
know what your right hand is doing. 4 Then your acts of charity
will be done in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will
reward you openly.
5
“And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites. For they
love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street
corners, so that they may be seen by men. Truly I say to you,
they have received their reward. 6But when you pray, go to your
room and shut the door. Then pray to your Father in secret,
and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly.
7
“And when you pray, do not use useless repetitions like the
Gentiles, who think they will be heard if they keep repeating
themselves. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what
you need before you ask Him.
9
“This, however, is how you should pray:

Our Father who is in heaven,
may Your name be honoured always.
10
May Your kingdom come,
may Your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
11
Give us today our daily bread,
12
and forgive us our debts,
as we have forgiven our debtors.
13
Do not let us fall into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.

11
Matthew 6

For Yours is the kingship, the power,
and the glory, forever and ever.
Amen.

If you forgive those who sin against you, your heavenly Father
14

will also forgive you. 15But if you do not forgive those who sin
against you, your heavenly Father will not forgive you.
16
“When you fast, do not be like the hypocrites. For they like
to look gloomy and haggard, so that people will know that they
are fasting. Truly I say to you, they have received their reward.
17
But when you fast, put oil on your head and wash your face.
18
Then people will not know that you are fasting, but only your
Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will
reward you openly.
19
“Do not store up treasures for yourselves on earth, where
moths and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.
20
But store up treasures for yourselves in heaven, where moths
and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and
steal. 21For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
22
The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are generous,
your whole body will be full of light. 23But if your eyes are stingy,
your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light that is
in you is darkness, how great is that darkness! 24Nobody can
serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the
other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You
cannot serve both God and money.
25
“Therefore I tell you this: do not worry about your life, as
to what you will eat and drink, or about your body, as to how
you will clothe it. Is not life more important than food, and the
body more important than clothing? 26Look at the birds of the
air, they do not sow or reap or gather food into barns, yet your
heavenly Father feeds them. You are worth much more than
they are, are you not? 27Can any of you add a single hour to
your life span by worrying?
28
“And why worry about clothing? See how the lilies of the
field grow; they do not work or make clothing. 29 Yet I tell you
that not even Solomon in all his splendour was clothed like
one of them. 30 If that is how God clothes the grass of the field,

12
Matthew 7

which is alive today, and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, how
much more will He clothe you, you of little faith?
31
“So do not worry and say, ‘ What are we going to eat?’ or
‘ What are we going to drink?’ or ‘ What are we going to wear?’
32
The Gentiles strive for all these things, but your heavenly Father
knows that you need them all. 33 But seek first the kingdom of
God and His righteousness, and all these things will be added
to you. 34So do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will
have its own worries. Each day has enough trouble of its own.

7 “Do not judge, so that you will not be judged. 2For in the
same way you judge others, you will be judged. Whatever
measure you deal out, the same will be dealt out to you. 3 Why
do you look at the sliver in your brother’s eye, but do not notice
the beam in your own eye? 4How can you say to your brother,
‘Let me take the sliver out of your eye,’ when there is a beam in
your own eye? 5You hypocrite! First take the beam out of your
own eye, then you will be able to see clearly to take the sliver
out of your brother’s eye.
6
“Do not give what is holy to dogs, or cast your pearls before
swine. Otherwise, the swine will trample them underfoot, and
the dogs will turn and attack you.
7
“Ask, and it will be given to you. Seek, and you will find.
knock, and the door will be opened for you. 8 Whoever asks,
receives. Whoever seeks, finds. whoever knocks, the door will
be opened. 9What man among you, if his son asks for bread,
will give him a stone? 10Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a
snake? 11So if you who are evil know how to give good gifts to
your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give
good gifts to those who ask Him!
12
“Always treat others as you would like them to treat you,
for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.
13
“Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and
broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many are those

13
Matthew 8

who enter through it. 14But narrow is the gate and difficult is
the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.
15
“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep’s
clothing, for inwardly they are vicious wolfs. 16You will know
them by their fruit. Can people pick grapes from thorn bushes,
or figs from thistles? 17In the same way, every good tree produces
good fruit, and every bad tree produces bad fruit. 18A good tree
cannot produce bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot produce good
fruit. 19Every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down
and thrown into the fire. 20 Therefore, you will know them by
their fruit.
21
“Not everyone who says to Me, ‘ Lord, Lord,’ will enter into
the kingdom of heaven, but only those who do the will of My
Father in heaven. 22Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord,
did we not prophesy in Your name, and cast out demons in
Your name, and perform many miracles in Your name?’ 23 Then
I will tell them plainly, ‘ I never knew you! Depart from Me, you
workers of lawlessness!’
24
“Therefore, everyone who hears these words of Mine and
does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the
rock. 25 The rain poured down, the floodwaters rose, and the
winds blew and beat against the house, but it did not fall down,
because its foundation was on the rock. 26But everyone who
hears these words of Mine and does not do them will be like a
foolish man who built his house on the sand. 27The rain poured
down, the floodwaters rose, and the winds blew and beat against
the house, and it fell down with a great crash.”
28
When Jesus finished saying these things, the crowds
marvelled at His teaching. 29For unlike the teachers of the law,
He taught with authority.

8 When He came down from the hillside, large crowds followed
Him. 2Suddenly a leper came and fell down at His feet, saying,
“Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean.”
3
Then Jesus stretched out His hand and touched him, saying,
“I am willing, be cleansed!” And instantly he was cleansed of
his leprosy. 4 Then Jesus said to him, “Do not tell anyone. But

14
Matthew 8

go and show yourself to the priest, and offer the sacrifice that
Moses prescribed as a testimony to them.”
5
When Jesus returned to Capernaum, a Roman officer came
and begged Him, 6saying, “Lord, my slave is lying at home
paralyzed. He is in extreme pain.”
7
Jesus said to him, “I will go and heal him.”
8
The officer answered and said, “Lord, I am not worthy to
have You come under my roof. But just say the word, and my
slave will be healed. 9For I am a man under the authority of
others, with soldiers under me. I tell one soldier, ‘Go,’ and he
goes. I tell another soldier, ‘Come,’ and he comes. And I say to
my slave, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
10
When Jesus heard this He marvelled, and said to those
following Him, “Truly I say to you, I have not found anyone in
Israel with such great faith! 11I tell you this: many Gentiles will
come from the east and the west and will sit down with Abraham,
Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven. 12But many of the
Jews, the sons of the kingdom, will be thrown into the darkness
outside, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
13
Then Jesus said to the officer, “Go! As you have believed,
it will be done for you.” And his slave was instantly healed.
14
When Jesus entered Peter’s house, He saw Peter’s mother-
in-law lying in bed with a fever. 15Jesus touched her hand, and
the fever left her. Then she got up and served them.
16
That evening they brought to Him many who were demon-
possessed. He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all
who were sick. 17This happened to fulfill what was spoken by
the prophet Isaiah when he said,

“He Himself took our weaknesses,
and bore our diseases.”
(Isaiah 53:4)
18
When Jesus saw the large crowds around Him, He gave
orders to cross over to the other side of the Sea of Galilee.
19
Just then, one of the teachers of the law came up to Him
and said, “Teacher, I will follow You wherever You go.”

15
Matthew 9

20
Jesus said to him, “Foxes have dens and the birds of the air
have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay His head.”
21
Then another disciple said to Him, “Lord, first let me go
and bury my father.”
22
But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and let the dead bury
their own dead.” 7
23
Then Jesus and His disciples got into the boat and left. 24A
terrible storm suddenly broke out on the sea, and the boat was
swamped by waves. But Jesus was sleeping. 25So His disciples
went and woke Him up, saying, “Lord, save us! We are going
to die!”
26
He replied, “Why are you afraid, you men of little faith?” Then
He got up and rebuked the wind and the sea, and everything
became calm.
27
The men marvelled and said, “What kind of Man is this?
Even the wind and the sea obey Him!”
28
When He made it to the other side, to the region of the
Gerasenes, two demon-possessed men came out to meet Him
from the tombs. They were so violent that nobody could pass by
that way. 29 They cried out, saying, “What do You want with us,
Jesus, Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before
the day of judgment?”
30
Now a large herd of pigs was feeding in the distance. 31So
the demons begged Him, “If You cast us out, allow us to go into
the herd of pigs.”
32
Jesus said to them, “Go!” So they came out and went into the
herd of pigs. Suddenly, the entire herd of pigs rushed down the
steep bank into the sea and died in the water. 33 The herdsmen
ran into the city and reported everything, especially what had
happened to the demon-possessed men. 34 Then the entire city
went out to meet Jesus. And when they saw Him, they begged
Him to leave their region.

9 Jesus got into the boat, crossed over, and came to His own
town. 2 There some people brought to Him a paralyzed man

7
But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and let the spiritually dead
bury their own dead.”

16
Matthew 9

who was lying on a mat. When Jesus saw their faith, He said
to the paralyzed man, “Cheer up, son, your sins are forgiven.”
3
On hearing this, some of the teachers of the law said within
themselves, “This Man is blaspheming.”
4
But Jesus knew their thoughts and said, “Why do you have
such evil thoughts in your hearts? 5 Tell Me, is it easier to say,
‘ Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? 6But to
let you know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to
forgive sins,” He said to the paralyzed man, “Get up, pick up
your mat, and go home.” 7And the man got up and went home.
8
When the crowds saw this they marvelled, and they glorified
God for giving such authority to men.
9
As Jesus continued on from there, He saw a man named
Matthew sitting at the tax booth. He said to him, “Follow Me!”
And Matthew got up and followed Him.
10
While Jesus was having dinner at Matthew’s house, many
tax collectors and sinners came and sat down with Him and
His disciples. 11When the Pharisees saw this, they said to His
disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating with tax collectors and
sinners?”
12
When Jesus heard them, He said, “Those who are healthy
do not need a doctor, but only those who are sick. 13But go and
learn what this means: ‘ I desire mercy, not sacrifice.’ 8 For I
did not come to call the righteous to repentance, but sinners.”
14
Then John’s disciples came to Him and asked, “Why do we
and the Pharisees fast often, but Your disciples do not fast?”
15
Jesus responded, “Can the friends of the bridegroom mourn
while he is with them? But the time will come when the bride-
groom will be taken from them, and then they will fast. 16No-
body patches an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth.
Because when it shrinks, the patch will rip away from the
garment and cause an even bigger tear. 17Nobody puts new
wine into old wineskins. If they did, the wine would swell and
burst the wineskins. Then the wine would pour out, and the
wineskins would be ruined. Instead, they put new wine into
new wineskins, and both are preserved.”

8
Hosea 6:6

17
Matthew 9

18
As He was saying these things to them, a synagogue leader
came and fell down at His feet, saying, “My daughter has just
died! Come and lay Your hand on her, and she will live!” 19So
Jesus and His disciples got up and followed him.
20
On His way, a woman who had suffered from internal
bleeding for twelve years came up behind Him and touched
the hem of His garment. 21For she said within herself, “If only
I can touch His garment, I will be healed.”
22
When Jesus turned around and saw her, He said, “Cheer
up, daughter! Your faith has healed you.” And the woman was
healed that very instant.
23
When Jesus arrived at the synagogue leader’s house, and
saw the flute players and the noisy crowd, 24He said to them,
“Everybody out! The girl is not dead. She is only sleeping.” But
they mocked Him with laughter. 25After the crowd had been
removed, He went inside and took her by the hand, and the girl
got up. 26And the fame of this spread throughout that region.
27
After Jesus left there, two blind men followed Him, crying
out, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!”
28
When He entered the house, the blind men came to Him, and
Jesus asked them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?”
They replied, “Yes, Lord!”
29
Then He touched their eyes and said, “According to your
faith, let it be done for you.” 30And their eyes were opened. Then
Jesus gave them strict orders, saying, “See to it that no one
finds out about this.” 31But they went out and spread His fame
throughout that region.
32
As they were leaving, the people brought to Him a demon-
possessed man who was mute. 33And when the demon was cast
out, the man who was mute began to speak. Then the crowd
marvelled and said, “Never has this been seen in Israel!”
34
But the Pharisees said, “Through the prince of demons He
casts out demons.”
35
Jesus went around teaching in the synagogues of all the
cities and towns, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom and
healing every disease and sickness among the people. 36When
He saw the crowds, He had compassion on them, because they

18
Matthew 10

were weary and scattered like sheep without a shepherd. 37Then
He said to His disciples, “Truly the harvest is plentiful, but the
workers are few. 38 Therefore, petition the Lord of the harvest
to send out workers to gather in His harvest.”

10 Jesus called His twelve disciples to Him and gave them
authority to cast out unclean spirits and to heal every
kind of disease and sickness. 2Here are the names of the twelve
apostles:

Simon (who is called Peter),
Andrew (the brother of Peter),
James (the son of Zebedee),
John (the brother of James),
3
Philip,
Bartholomew (also called Nathanael),
Thomas (also called Didymus—“the twin”),
Matthew 9 (also called Levi, the tax collector),
James (the son of Alphaeus),
Judas Lebbaeus (also called Thaddaeus),
4
Simon (the Zealot),
Judas Iscariot (who betrayed Him).
5
Jesus sent these twelve off with the following instructions:
“Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any Samaritan town.
6
But instead, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7And
as you go, proclaim: ‘ The kingdom of heaven is near!’ 8Heal the
sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, and cast out demons.
Freely you have received, freely give. 9Do not take any gold,
silver, or copper in your belts, 10or a bag for the journey, or
extra clothes, sandals, or a walking stick, because a worker is
worthy of support.
11
“Whenever you enter a city or town, find some worthy person
there and stay in his home until you leave. 12When you enter
his home, say, ‘Peace be with you.’ 13If the home is worthy, let
your greeting of peace rest upon it. But if it is not worthy, let
your greeting of peace return to you. 14And if that home or city
does not welcome you or listen to your words, then leave there
and shake the dust off your feet. 15 Truly I say to you, it will be
9
This is the same Matthew who wrote the Gospel of Matthew.

19
Matthew 10

better on the day of judgment for Sodom and Gomorrah than
for that city.
16
“I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. So be as
wise as serpents and as innocent as doves. 17Beware of men, for
they will hand you over to the local councils and will whip you
in their synagogues. 18And you will be brought before governors
and kings for My sake, to testify to them and to the Gentiles.
19
But when you are arrested, do not worry about what to say
or how to say it. At that time you will be given the words to
say—20 they will not be your own words, for it will be the Spirit
of your Father who is speaking through you.
21
“Brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his
child. Children will turn against their parents and will have
them put to death. 22And everyone will hate you on account of
My name. But whoever endures to the end will be saved. 23When
they persecute you in one city, flee to another. For truly I say to
you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel before
the Son of Man comes.
24
“A disciple is not above his teacher, or a slave above his
master. 25A disciple should be satisfied to become like his teach-
er, and a slave should be satisfied to become like his master. If
they call the master of the house Beelzebul,10 how much more
the members of his household! 26But do not be afraid of them,
for all that is hidden will be revealed, and all that is secret will
be made known. 27What I tell you in the dark, speak in the
daylight, and what you hear whispered in your ear, proclaim
from the rooftops.
28
“Do not be afraid of those who can kill the body, but cannot
kill the soul. Instead, fear the One who can destroy both soul and
body in hell. 29Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not
one of them falls to the ground without your Father knowing it.
30
And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31So do
not be afraid, for you are worth far more than many sparrows.
10
Beelzebub (the god of files) was the god of the Ekronites
(2 Kings 1:2). The Jews called it Beelzebul (the god of dung).
They considered Beelzebub to be the worst and foulest of the
demons, so they called satan Beelzebul (meaning, “prince of
the demons”).

20
Matthew 11

32
“Whoever confesses Me before men, him will I also confess
before My Father in heaven. 33But whoever denies Me before
men, him will I also deny before My Father in heaven.
34
“Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth.
I have not come to bring peace, but a sword! 35For I have come
to divide:

‘A man against his father,
a daughter against her mother,
and a daughter-in-law against
her mother-in-law.
36
A man’s enemies will be
the members of his own household.’
(Micah 7:6)
37
Whoever loves his father or mother more than Me is not worthy
of Me, and whoever loves his son or daughter more than Me
is not worthy of Me. 38 Whoever does not take up his cross and
follow Me is not worthy of Me. 39Whoever finds his life will lose
it, and whoever loses his life for My sake will find it.
40
“Whoever receives you receives Me, and whoever receives
Me receives the One who sent Me. 41Whoever receives a prophet
because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and
whoever receives a righteous man because he is a righteous man
will receive a righteous man’s reward. 42And whoever gives one
of these little ones even a cup of cold water to drink because
they are My disciples, truly I say to you, he will never ever lose
his reward.”

11 When Jesus had finished giving instructions to His twelve
disciples, He left there to teach and preach in the towns
of Galilee.
2
Meanwhile John, who was now in prison, heard about the
works of Christ, and sent two of his disciples 3 to ask Him, “Are
You the One who is coming, or should we expect someone else?”
4
Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John what
you hear and see: 5 the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are

21
Matthew 11

cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor hear
the good news. 6Blessed is the man who is not offended by Me.”
7
As John’s disciples were leaving, Jesus began to speak to the
crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness
to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 8No? Then what did you go
out to see? A man dressed in fine clothes? No, those who wear
fine clothes live in palaces. 9Well, then, what did you go out to
see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet! 10He
is the one about whom it is written:

‘ Look! I will send My messenger ahead of You,
who will prepare Your way before You.’
(Malachi 3:1)
11
Truly I say to you, among those born of women there has
not arisen anyone greater than John the Baptist! Yet he who
is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he! 12From
the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven
has been forcefully advancing, and the forceful grab hold of it.
13
For all the Prophets and the Law foretold of these things up
until the time of John.11 14And if you are willing to accept it, he
is Elijah, whose coming was predicted. 15Whoever has ears to
hear, let him hear!
16
“To what can I compare this generation? It is like children
sitting in the marketplace, who call out to their playmates,

‘ We played wedding music for you,
17

but you did not dance!
We sang funeral songs for you,
but you did not mourn!’
18
Because John did not go around eating and drinking, they
said, ‘ He has a demon.’ 19And because the Son of Man goes
around eating and drinking, they say, ‘Look! He eats and drinks
too much, and He is a friend of tax collectors and sinners.’ Yet
wisdom is proved right by its actions.”
20
Then Jesus began to denounce the towns where He had
performed most of His miracles, because they had not repented.
11
Luke 16:16

22
Matthew 12

21
“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! If the miracles
that were performed in you had been performed in the cities
of Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented in sackcloth and
ashes long ago! 22But I say to you, it will be better on the day
of judgment for the cities of Tyre and Sidon than for you! 23And
you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will
be thrown down to hell! If the miracles that were performed
in you had been performed in Sodom, it would have remained
to this today. 24But I say to you, it will be better on the day of
judgment for Sodom than for you!”
25
At that time Jesus said, “I praise You, Father, Lord of heaven
and earth, because You have hidden these things from the wise
and prudent, and have revealed them to infants. 26Yes, Father,
for this was well-pleasing in Your sight.
27
“All things have been entrusted to Me by My Father. Nobody
knows the Son except the Father, and nobody knows the Father
except the Son—and anyone the Son wants to reveal Him to.
28
“Come to Me, all of you who are weary and burdened, and
I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from
Me, for I am gentle and humble-hearted, and you will find rest
for your souls. 30For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light.”

12 Around that time, one Sabbath day, Jesus was walking
through the grain fields. His disciples became hungry, and
began picking heads of grain to eat. 2But when the Pharisees
saw this, they said to Jesus, “Look! Your disciples are doing
what is unlawful to do on the Sabbath.”
3
Jesus answered them, “Have you not read what David did
when he and his men were hungry? 4How David went into the
house of God and took the consecrated bread, which was not
lawful for him or his men to eat, but only for the priests to eat?
5
Or have you not read in the Law that the priests break the
Sabbath by working in the temple on the Sabbath, yet they are
innocent? 6But I say to you, someone greater than the temple is
here! 7But if you had known what this means, ‘ I desire mercy,
not sacrifice,’ 12 you would not have condemned the innocent.
8
For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”
12
Hosea 6:6

23
Matthew 12

9
Leaving that place, Jesus went into their synagogue. 10A
man with a paralyzed hand was there. Since they wanted to
bring charges against Jesus, they asked Him, “Is it lawful to
heal on the Sabbath?”
11
Jesus said to them, “Which one of you, if your sheep falls
into a pit on the Sabbath, will not grab hold of it and pull it out?
12
How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore it
is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.”
13
Then Jesus said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” So
the man stretched out his hand, and it was completely healed—
just as good as his other hand. 14 Then the Pharisees left and
started making plans to kill Jesus.
15
Aware of this, Jesus left that place. Large crowds followed
Him, and He healed them all, 16giving them strict orders not
to tell anyone who He was. 17This happened to fulfill what was
spoken through the prophet Isaiah:
18
“Look! Here is My Servant
whom I have chosen,
My Beloved in whom My heart delights.
I will put My Spirit upon Him,
and He will declare justice to the Gentiles.
19
He will not argue or shout,
or raise His voice to be heard in the streets.
20
A broken reed He will not snap off,
and a smouldering wick He will not put out,
until He leads justice to victory.
21
And in His name the Gentiles will hope.”
(Isaiah 42:1-4)
22
Then they brought to Him a demon-possessed man who
was blind and mute. And Jesus healed him, so that he could
both talk and see. 23 The crowds marvelled at this, and said,
“Could this be the Son of David?”
24
When the Pharisees heard this, they said, “This Man casts
out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of demons!”
25
But Jesus knew what they were thinking and said to them,
“Every kingdom divided against itself will be destroyed, and every
city or household divided against itself will not stand. 26If satan
casts out satan, he is divided against himself. And if that is so,

24
Matthew 12

then how will his kingdom stand? 27And if I cast out demons by
Beelzebul, by whom do your disciples cast them out? Indeed,
let them be your judges. 28But if I cast out demons by the Spirit
of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
29
“Or how can anyone enter a strong man’s house and steal
his belongings, unless he first ties up the strong man? Then
he can rob his house.
30
“Whoever is not with Me is against Me, and whoever does
not gather with Me scatters. 31Therefore I tell you this: men
will be forgiven for every sin and blasphemy, but blasphemy
against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32Whoever speaks a word
against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks
against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven—not in this age, or
in the age to come.
33
“Now, either the tree is good and its fruit is good, or the
tree is bad and its fruit is bad. For a tree is known by its fruit.
34
You offspring of vipers! How can you say anything good when
you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth
speaks. 35A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings
out good things. But an evil man out of the evil treasure of his
heart brings out evil things. 36I say to you, men will have to
give an account on the day of judgment for every wicked and
useless word they have spoken. 37By your words you will be
justified, or by your words you will be condemned.”
38
Then some of the Pharisees and teachers of the law said
to Him, “Teacher, we want You to show us a miraculous sign.”
39
Jesus answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous
generation looks for a sign, but the only sign you will be given
is the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For just as Jonah was in the
belly of a huge fish for three days and three nights, so will the
Son of Man be in the heart of the earth for three days and three
nights. 41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with
this generation and will condemn it, because they repented at
the preaching of Jonah. But look, someone greater than Jonah
is here! 42 The Queen of Sheba will rise at the judgment with
this generation and will condemn it, because she came from the
ends of the earth to hear Solomon’s wisdom. But look, someone
greater than Solomon is here!

25
Matthew 13

43
“When an unclean spirit leaves a man, it wanders through
dry places seeking rest, but does not find any. 44 Then it says, ‘I
will return to the house I left.’ And when it arrives it finds the
house empty, swept, and decorated. 45 Then it goes and takes
along with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and
they go in and make their home there. Therefore the man is
worse off in the end than in the beginning. And that is what
will happen with this evil generation.”
46
While Jesus was speaking to the crowds, His mother and
brothers stood outside, wanting to speak to Him. 47Someone told
Him, “Look! Your mother and brothers are standing outside,
and they want to speak to You.”
48
Jesus said to the man, “Who is My mother, and who are
My brothers?” 49 Then He pointed to His disciples and said,
“Look! My mother and My brothers. 50 Whoever does the will
of My heavenly Father is My brother and sister and mother.”

13 That same day Jesus left the house and sat down by the
sea. 2Such large crowds gathered around Him that He
got into a boat and sat down, while all the people stood on the
shore. 3Using parables, He began telling them many things: “A
sower went out to sow his seed. 4As he was sowing, some of the
seeds fell on the pathway, and the birds came and ate them up.
5
Some of the seeds fell on rocky ground, where there was not
much soil. They sprouted quickly because the soil was shallow.
6
But when the sun was hot, the young plants were scorched.
They withered up because their roots were not deep enough.
7
Some of the seeds fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew
up and choked the plants. 8But some of the seeds fell on good
soil, and produced a crop of a hundred, sixty, or thirtyfold.
9
Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear!”
10
The disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Why do You speak
to the people in parables?”
11
He answered and said to them, “The knowledge of the
secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but
not to them. 12For whoever has, will be given more—indeed, he
will have an abundance. But whoever does not have, even what
he has will be taken away from him. 13 That is why I speak to
them in parables, because they look but do not see, and they

26
Matthew 13

hear with their ears but do not understand. 14And in them the
prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says:

‘ You will hear with your ears
but never understand,
you will look with your eyes
but never see.
15
For the heart of this people
has become calloused.
They hear with dull ears,
and have closed their eyes.
For this reason they cannot see
with their eyes,
or hear with their ears,
or understand with their hearts.
If they did, they would turn to Me,
and I would heal them.’
(Isaiah 6:9-10)
16
But blessed are your eyes because they see, and your ears
because they hear. 17For truly I say to you, many prophets and
righteous men longed to see the things you see but did not see
them, and to hear the things you hear but did not hear them.
18
“Now listen to the parable of the sower: 19when someone
hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it,
the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his
heart. This is the seed that was sown on the pathway. 20 The
seed that was sown on rocky ground is the man who hears the
word and immediately receives it with joy, 21but since he is not
deeply rooted, he only lasts for a short time. When tribulation
or persecution comes on account of the word, he immediately
falls away. 22 The seed that was sown among the thorns is the
man who hears the word, but the cares of this world and the
deceitfulness of riches choke it, making it unfruitful. 23But
the seed that was sown on good ground is the man who hears
the word, understands it, and produces a crop that yields a
hundred, sixty, or thirtyfold.”
24
Jesus told them another parable, saying, “The kingdom of
heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25But
when everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed false

27
Matthew 13

wheat among the wheat and went away.13 26But when the wheat
sprouted and the heads of grain grew, the false wheat became
apparent. 27So the man’s slaves came to him and said, ‘Master,
did you not sow good seed in your field? Where did this false
wheat come from?’
28
The man answered, ‘An enemy has done this!’
Then his slaves asked him, ‘ Do you want us to go and pull
it out?’
29
The man said, ‘ No! If you pull out the false wheat, you
might uproot the wheat as well. 30Let both grow together until
the harvest. Then at harvest time I will say to the reapers, “First
gather the false wheat and tie it into bundles for burning, and
then gather the wheat into my barn.”’”
31
Jesus told them another parable, saying, “The kingdom of
heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and planted in
his field. 32It is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it is fully
grown it is larger than any of the herbs. It becomes a tree, and
the birds of the air come and nest in its branches.”14
33
Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is
like yeast, which a woman took and mixed into a large amount of
flour until it worked its way through the whole batch of dough.”
34
Jesus said all these things to the crowds in parables. In
fact, He said nothing to them without using parables. 35 This
happened to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet:

“I will open My mouth in parables,
I will utter things that have been hidden
from the foundation of the world.”
(Psalm 78:2)

13
“But when everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed
darnel among the wheat and went away.” Bearded darnel (Loli-
um temulentum) is also called “false wheat.” Darnel is indistin-
guishable from wheat in its early stages of growth. Its grains are
black, and due to fungus it has a reputation of being poisonous.
14
In the days of Jesus, the mustard seed was the smallest
seed used by farmers and gardeners in the Holy Land. These
mustard plants could grow up to ten feet tall!

28
Matthew 13

36
After sending away the crowds, Jesus went into the house.
His disciples came to Him and said, “Explain to us the parable
of the false wheat in the field.”
37
Jesus answered, “The One who sows the good seed is the
Son of Man. 38 The field is the world. The good seed represents
the sons of the kingdom, and the false wheat represents the
sons of the evil one. 39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil.
The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels.
40
Just as the false wheat is gathered up and burned with fire,
so it will be at the end of the age. 41The Son of Man will send
His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all those
who practice lawlessness and cause others to stumble, 42and
they will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be
weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine
like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears
to hear, let him hear!
44
“The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field,
which a man found and hid again, and in great joy the man
went and sold all that he had and bought that field.
45
“The kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine
pearls, 46 who upon finding a very precious pearl went and sold
all that he had and bought it.
47
“The kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was let down
into the sea, which caught all kinds of different fish. 48When it
was full, the fishermen pulled it to shore. Then they sat down
and sorted the fish; the good went into baskets, but the bad
were thrown away. 49The same thing will happen at the end of
the age. The angels will go out and separate the wicked from
the righteous. 50And the wicked will be thrown into the fiery
furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
51
Jesus asked His disciples, “Do you understand all this?”
They answered, “Yes, Lord.”
52
Then He said to them, “Every teacher who is well versed
in the kingdom of heaven is like a homeowner who brings out
treasures from his storeroom, both new and old.”
53
When Jesus had finished these parables, He departed from
there. 54He went to the town of Nazareth where He had grown

29
Matthew 14

up, and taught in their synagogue. The people there marvelled
and said, “Where did He get this wisdom, and these miraculous
powers? 55Is He not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother named
Mary? Are not James, Joses, Simon, and Judas His brothers?
56
And His sisters, are they not all with us? How can He do all
these things?” 57And they took offense at Him.
But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is honoured everywhere,
but in his own town and among his own family.” 58And He did
not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.

14 At that time Herod Antipas, the ruler of Galilee, heard
of Jesus’ fame, 2and said to his officials, “This is John
the Baptist! He has risen from the dead! That is why these
miraculous powers are at work in Him.” 3For Herod had arrested
John, bound him, and put him in prison because of Herodias,
the wife of Herod’s brother Philip. 4For John had said to Herod,
“It is not lawful for you to have her.” 5 Therefore Herod wanted
to kill John, but was afraid of the Jewish people, because they
considered John to be a prophet.
6
On Herod’s birthday the daughter of Herodias danced for
them and pleased Herod so much, 7that he promised with
an oath to give her anything she wanted. 8 Then she, being
prompted by her mother, said, “Give me here on a platter the
head of John the Baptist.” 9 This grieved the king. But because
of his oath and his guests, he ordered it to be done. 10So he had
John beheaded in prison. 11John’s head was brought in on a
platter and given to the girl, who in turn took it to her mother.
12
Then John’s disciples came and took his body and buried it,
and went and told Jesus.
13
Upon hearing this, Jesus withdrew in a boat to a solitary
place where He could be alone. When the crowds heard this,
they followed Him on foot from the towns. 14When Jesus got
out of the boat and saw the large crowds, He had compassion
on them and healed their sick.
15
In the evening His disciples came to Him and said, “This is
a solitary place, and it is getting late. Dismiss the crowds, so
they can go to the towns and buy food for themselves.”

30
Matthew 14

16
Jesus replied, “There is no need to send them away. You
give them something to eat.”
17
They said to Him, “We have nothing here except five loaves
and two fish.”
18
He said, “Bring them here to Me.” 19 Then He commanded
the crowds to sit down on the grass. He took the five loaves
and the two fish, looked up to heaven, and gave thanks. Then
He broke the loaves and gave them to the disciples, and the
disciples handed them out to the crowds. 20 The people all ate
and were satisfied. And the disciples picked up the leftover
pieces, filling up twelve baskets. 21About five thousand men
ate, not counting women and children.
22
Immediately after this, Jesus made His disciples get into the
boat to cross over to the other side ahead of Him. He, however,
stayed behind to dismiss the crowds. 23After dismissing the
crowds, He went up on the hillside by Himself to pray. When
evening came, He was there alone. 24But the boat was now in
the middle of the sea, being tossed around by the waves, for the
wind was against them. 25And in the fourth watch of the night
Jesus came to them walking on the sea.15 26 When the disciples
saw Him walking on the sea, they panicked, and cried out in
fear, “It is a ghost!”
27
But immediately Jesus said, “Take courage, it is I! Do not
be afraid!”
28
Peter said in reply, “Lord, if it is You, command me to come
to You on the water.”
29
Jesus said, “Come!”
Then Peter got out of the boat, and began walking on the
water towards Jesus. 30But when he saw how strong the wind
was, he became frightened and began to sink. So he cried out,
“Lord, save me!”
31
Immediately Jesus reached out His hand and grabbed him,
saying, “You of little faith, why did you doubt?”
32
And when they got into the boat, the wind stopped blowing.
33
Then the men in the boat fell down and worshiped Him, saying,
“Truly You are the Son of God!”
34
Crossing over, they landed at Gennesaret. 35When the
inhabitants of that place recognized Him, they sent word
throughout that entire region, and they brought to Him all who
15
The fourth watch of the night was from 3:00–6:00 A.M.

31
Matthew 15

were sick. 36And they begged Him to let them just touch the hem
of His garment. And all who touched it were completely healed.

15 Then some Pharisees and teachers of the law came to
Jesus from Jerusalem, asking, 2“Why do Your disciples
break the tradition of the elders? They do not wash their hands
before they eat their food!”
3
But Jesus answered and said to them, “Why do you break
the commandment of God because of your tradition? 4For God
commanded, ‘ Honour your father and your mother,’ 16 and
‘ Whoever blatantly disrespects his father or mother must be
put to death.’ 17 5But you teach that it is okay for a man to say
to his father or mother in need, ‘ Whatever support you might
have received from me has been devoted to God.’ 6And so you
teach them not to honour their father or their mother. Therefore
you have nullified the commandment of God on account of your
tradition. 7 You hypocrites! Isaiah was right when he prophesied
about you:
8
‘ These people draw near to Me
with their mouth,
and honour Me with their lips,
but their hearts are far from Me.
9
They worship Me in vain,
because the doctrines they teach
are man-made rules.’”
(Isaiah 29:13)
10
Then Jesus called the crowd, and said to them, “Listen and
understand. 11It is not what goes into the mouth that defiles a
man, but what comes out of the mouth—that is what defiles
a man.”
12
Then His disciples came to Him and said, “Are You aware that
the Pharisees were offended when they heard this statement?”
13
But Jesus answered and said, “Every plant that My heavenly
Father has not planted will be uprooted. 14Leave them alone.
They are blind guides leading the blind. If the blind lead the
blind, both will fall into a ditch.”
16
Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16
17
Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9

32
Matthew 15

15
Peter said to Him, “Explain this parable to us.”
16
Jesus said, “Do you not understand yet? 17Do you not know
that everything that goes into the mouth enters the stomach and
then is eliminated? 18But what comes out of the mouth comes
from the heart, and that is what defiles a man. 19For out of the
heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft,
false testimony, and slander. 20 These are the things that defile a
man. But eating with unwashed hands does not defile a man.”
21
Jesus moved on from there, and headed to the region of Tyre
and Sidon. 22A Canaanite woman from there came and cried
out to Him, saying, “Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David! My
daughter is demon-possessed, and she suffers severely!” 23But
Jesus ignored her.
Then His disciples came to Him and said, “Tell her to go
away—she keeps crying out behind us.”
24
But Jesus said to the woman, “I was sent only to the lost
sheep of the house of Israel.”
25
But she came and fell down at His feet, begging, “Lord,
help me!”
26
He answered, “It is not right to take the children’s bread
and throw it to the dogs.”
27
But she said, “Yes, Lord, but even the dogs eat the crumbs
that fall from their master’s table.”
28
Then Jesus answered and said to her, “Dear woman,
your faith is great! Your request is granted.” And instantly her
daughter was healed.
29
Moving on from there, Jesus went along the Sea of Galilee.
Then He went up on the hillside and sat down. 30Large crowds
came to Him, bringing the paralyzed, the blind, the mute, and
those with missing limbs and other physical defects. They laid
them at Jesus’ feet, and He healed them. 31 The crowds marvelled
when they saw the paralyzed walking, the blind seeing, the mute
speaking, and those with missing limbs made whole. And they
glorified the God of Israel.
32
Jesus summoned His disciples and said, “I have compassion
for the crowd, because they have been with Me for three days
now and have nothing to eat. I do not want to send them away
hungry, or they may faint on the way.”

33
Matthew 16

33
His disciples said to Him, “Where, in a remote place like
this, could we get enough bread to feed such a large crowd?”
34
Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?”
They answered, “Seven, and a few small fish.” 35 Then He
commanded the crowd to sit down on the ground. 36He took the
seven loaves and the fish, and gave thanks. Then He broke the
loaves and gave them to His disciples, and the disciples handed
them out to the crowds. 37The people all ate and were satisfied.
And the disciples picked up the left over pieces, filling up seven
baskets. 38About four thousand men ate, not counting women
and children. 39After sending the crowds away, He got into the
boat and went to the vicinity of Magadan.

16
2
Intending to trap Him, the Pharisees and Sadducees came
to Jesus and asked Him to show them a sign from heaven.
But He answered and said to them, “At sunset you say, ‘ The
weather will be good tomorrow, because the sky is bright red.’
3
At sunrise you say, ‘The weather will be stormy today, because
the sky is overcast and red.’ You Hypocrites! You know how to
read the face of the sky, but you cannot read the signs of the
times! 4An evil and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but
the only sign you will be given is the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
With that, He left them and went away.
5
They crossed over to the other side of the sea, but His
disciples forgot to take bread. 6 Then Jesus said to them, “Watch
out! Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!”
7
They discussed this among themselves and said, “Is He
saying this because we forgot to bring bread?”
8
Aware of their discussion, Jesus said, “You of little faith! Why
are you discussing among yourselves that you have no bread?
9
Do you not understand yet? Do you not remember the five
loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you filled?
10
Do you remember the seven loaves for the four thousand, and
how many baskets you filled? 11Do you not understand that I
was not talking to you about bread? But to beware of the yeast
of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 12 Then they understood that
He was not telling them to beware of the yeast in bread, but to
beware of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

34
Matthew 17

13
When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, He
asked His disciples, “Who do men say the Son of Man is?”
14
They answered, “Some say John the Baptist, some say
Elijah, and others say Jeremiah or one of the other prophets.”
15
Then He asked them, “But who do you say that I am?”
16
Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the
living God!”
17
Jesus said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon son of John,
because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My heav-
enly Father. 18I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will
build My church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against
it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever
you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you
loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” 20 Then He commanded
His disciples not to tell anyone that He was the Christ.
21
From then on Jesus began to tell His disciples that He must
go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, the
chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and be killed, and
be raised again on the third day. 22 Then Peter took Him aside
and began to rebuke Him, saying, “God forbid, Lord! This will
never happen to You!”
23
But Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, satan!
You are a stumbling block to Me. For your mind is not on the
things of God, but on the things of man.”
24
Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come
after Me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow
Me. 25Whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever
loses his life for My sake will find it. 26For what will it profit a
man if he gains the whole world, yet forfeits his soul? Or what
can a man offer in exchange for his soul? 27For the Son of Man
is going to come in His Father’s glory with His angels, and then
He will reward every man according to his works. 28 Truly I say
to you, some who are standing here will not taste death until
they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”

17 Six days later Jesus took Peter, James, and his brother
John, and brought them up on a high mountain where

35
Matthew 17

they could be alone. 2 There, before their very eyes, Jesus was
transformed. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became
as white as light. 3Suddenly Moses and Elijah appeared and
began talking with Him.
4
Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, how wonderful it is for us to be
here! If You want, I will make three shelters here—one for You,
one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
5
As Peter was saying this, a radiant cloud suddenly surrounded
them. And a voice from the cloud said, “This is My beloved Son,
with whom I am well pleased. Listen to Him!”
6
When the disciples heard this they fell on their faces, utterly
terrified. 7But Jesus came and touched them, saying, “Get up,
and do not be afraid.” 8And when they lifted up their eyes, they
saw no one but Jesus.
9
As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus commanded
them, “Tell no one about this vision, until the Son of Man has
been raised from the dead.”
10
Then His disciples asked Him, “Why do the teachers of the
law say that Elijah must come first?”
11
Jesus answered and said, “Elijah truly does come first, in
order to get everything ready. 12But I tell you that Elijah has
already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to him
what they wanted. In a similar way, the Son of Man is destined
to suffer at their hands.” 13 Then the disciples realized that He
was talking to them about John the Baptist.
14
When they came down from the mountain a crowd met
them. And a man came and knelt down before Jesus, begging,
15
“Lord, have mercy on my son! He suffers such terrible seizures
that he often falls into the fire or into the water. 16I brought him
to Your disciples, but they could not heal him.”
17
Jesus answered and said, “You unbelieving and perverted
generation! How much longer must I be with you? How much
longer must I put up with you? Bring him here to Me.” 18 Then
Jesus rebuked the demon and it came out of him, and the boy
was instantly healed.
19
Afterward the disciples came to Jesus privately and asked,
“Why could we not cast that demon out?”
20
Jesus said to them, “It was because of your lack of faith.

36
Matthew 18

For truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard
seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘ Move from here to there,’
and it will move, and nothing will be impossible for you. 21This
kind of demon, however, does not come out except by prayer
and fasting.”
22
While they were travelling together in Galilee, Jesus said to
them, “The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands
of men. 23 They will kill Him, but He will be raised on the third
day.” And the disciples were filled with grief.
24
When they arrived in Capernaum, those collecting the temple
tax came up to Peter and asked, “Does not your Teacher pay
the temple tax?”
25
Peter answered, “Yes, He does.”
When Peter entered the house, Jesus spoke first, saying,
“What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the
earth collect customs or taxes, from their own sons or from
others?”
26
Peter replied, “From others.”
Jesus said to him, “Then the sons are exempt. 27However, so
that we do not offend them, go to the sea, throw in a hook and
take the first fish you catch. Open its mouth, and in it you will
find a coin. Then take the coin and pay the tax for both of us.”

18 At that time the disciples came up to Jesus and asked,
“Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” 2 Then
Jesus called a little child forward, and set the little child in their
midst. 3He said, “Truly I say to you, unless you are converted,
and become like little children, you will never enter the kingdom
of heaven. 4 Therefore, whoever humbles himself like this little
child will be the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 5And whoever
welcomes a little child like this in My name welcomes Me. 6But
whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to
sin, it would be better for him to have a large millstone hung
around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea.
7
Woe to the world because of the stumbling blocks that cause
people to sin! These things are inevitable, but woe to the man
who causes others to stumble and sin!

37
Matthew 18

8
“If your hand or your foot causes you to sin, cut it off and
throw it away. It is better for you to enter life with a missing
limb than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into
eternal fire. 9And if your eye causes you to sin, rip it out and
throw it away. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than
to have two eyes and be thrown into the fire of hell. 10Make sure
you do not look down on one of these little ones. For I tell you
that their angels in heaven constantly see the face of My Father
who is in heaven. 11For the Son of Man has come to save that
which was lost.
12
“So what do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and
one of them goes astray, will he not leave the ninety-nine and
go into the hill country in search for the one that went astray?
13
Truly I say to you, if he finds it, he will rejoice over it more
than the ninety-nine that did not go astray. 14In the same way,
it is not the will of your heavenly Father that one of these little
ones should perish.
15
“If your brother sins against you, go and show him his fault
privately. If he listens to you, you have won over your brother.
16
But if he does not listen, take one or two others with you, so
that every word may be confirmed by the mouth of two or three
witnesses. 17If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church.
And if he refuses to listen to the church, treat him like a Gentile
or a tax collector. 18 Truly I say to you, whatever you bind on
earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth
will be loosed in heaven. 19Again I say to you, that if two of you
agree on earth about anything you ask for, My heavenly Father
will do it for you. 20For where two or three are gathered together
in My name, there I am in the midst of them.”
21
Then Peter came up to Him and asked, “Lord, how many
times should I forgive my brother who sins against me? Seven
times?”
22
Jesus said to him, “No, not seven times, but seventy times
seven! 23For the kingdom of heaven is like a king who called in
his servants to give an account of what they owed him. 24As he
was doing this, one of his servants was brought in who owed

38
Matthew 18

him ten thousand talents (two hundred million dollars).18 25But
since he could not pay his debt, the king ordered him to be
sold, along with his wife and children and all his possessions,
in order to pay off the debt. 26But the servant fell down and
begged him, saying, ‘ Lord, be patient with me, and I will pay
you back everything I owe you.’ 27So the king, filled with com-
passion, forgave his debt and let him go.
28
“But that servant went out and found one of his fellow
servants who owed him $8,000. He grabbed him by the throat
and said, ‘ Pay back what you owe me!’ 19 29 The man fell down
at his feet and begged him, saying, ‘ Be patient with me, and I
will pay you back.’ 30But he refused to have compassion on the
man, and had him thrown into prison until he could pay back
the debt. 31When the other servants saw what he had done, they
were very upset and went to the king and reported all that he
had done. 32 Then the king called him in and said, ‘ You wicked
servant! I forgave all your debt because you pleaded with me.
33
You should have had compassion on your fellow servant just
as I had on you.’ 34 The king was angry, and handed him over
to the torturers until he could pay back all that he owed. 35 This
is what My heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you
do not forgive your brother from your heart.”

18
A talent is 75 pounds. Precious metals are weighed in troy
ounces. There are 14.583 troy ounces in an American (Avoir-
dupois) pound. 14.583×(the price of silver). Right now (Feb-
ruary 3, 2014) silver is worth $19.34(USD) per troy ounce.
14.583×$19.34=$282.04
So today silver is worth $282.04(USD) a pound.
75×10,000=750,000 pounds.
$282.04×750,000=$211,530,000
So ten thousands talents is worth $211,530,000(USD).
Precious metals always fluctuate, and this is just to give you a
general idea of how much this is worth.
19
“But he went out and found one of his fellow servants who
owed him a hundred denarii.” A denarius was a day’s wages.
In Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an
hour. $10×8hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is
$80(CAD). $80×100=$8,000. A hundred denarii is $8,000(CAD).

39
Matthew 19

19 After saying these things, Jesus left Galilee and travelled
along the east side of the Jordan River to the region of
Judea. 2Large crowds followed Him, and He healed them there.
3
Intending to trap Him, the Pharisees came to Jesus and asked
Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?”
4
He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that
from the beginning the Creator made them ‘male and female,’ 20
5
and said,

‘For this reason a man will leave his father
and mother and will be joined to his wife,
and the two will become one flesh’?
(Genesis 2:24)
6
So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God
has joined together, let man not separate.”
7
They asked Him, “Then why did Moses command us to give
a woman a certificate of divorce and to send her away?”
8
He answered them, “It was because of the hardness of your
hearts that Moses permitted you to divorce your wives. However,
it was not this way from the beginning. 9I tell you that whoever
divorces his wife, except for unfaithfulness, and marries another
woman, commits adultery. And whoever marries a divorced
woman commits adultery.”
10
The disciples said to Him, “If that is the only reason a man
can divorce his wife, it is better not to marry.”
11
Jesus replied, “Not everyone can accept this statement, but
only those to whom it is given. 12Some men are celibate because
they were born with birth defects. Others are celibate because
they were castrated. And some have chosen to be celibate for
the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Whoever can accept this
should accept it.”
13
Then some little children were brought to Jesus so that
He could lay His hands on them and pray for them, but the
disciples rebuked them.
14
Jesus said, “Let the little children come to Me. Do not stop

20
Genesis 1:27, 5:2

40
Matthew 19

them, because the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”
15
So He laid His hands on them, and then left that place.
16
Someone came up to Him and said, “Good Teacher, what
good thing must I do to obtain eternal life?”
17
Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? There is only
One who is good, and that is God. But if you want to obtain
eternal life, you must keep the commandments.”
18
The man asked Him, “Which ones?”
Jesus answered,

“‘ You must not murder,
you must not commit adultery,
you must not steal,
you must not give false testimony,
19
honour your father and mother,’
(Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20)

and,

‘ love your neighbour as yourself.’”
(Leviticus 19:18)
20
The young man said to Him, “I have kept all of these
commandments since my childhood, so what do I still lack?”
21
Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go sell your
possessions and give the proceeds to the poor, and you will
have treasure in heaven. Then come and follow Me.” 22But when
the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he had
many possessions.
23
Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Truly I say to you, it is
difficult for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24Again
I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a
needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”
25
His disciples were greatly amazed when they heard this,
and asked, “Then who can be saved?”
26
But Jesus looked at them and said, “With man this is
impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
27
Then Peter said to Him, “We have left everything to follow
You, so what will there be for us?”
28
Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, when the Son of

41
Matthew 20

Man sits on His glorious throne in the age to come, you who have
followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve
tribes of Israel. 29And everyone who has left houses or brothers
or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or fields for
My name’s sake, will receive a hundred times as much and will
inherit eternal life. 30However, many who are first will be last,
and many who are last will be first.

20
2
“The kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out
early in the morning to hire some workers for his vineyard.
He agreed to pay the workers $80 for the day, and sent them
over to his vineyard.21 3At nine o’clock he went out and saw
others standing idle in the marketplace, 4and said to them, ‘Go
and work in my vineyard, and I will pay you what is fair.’ So
they went. 5 Then he went out at noon, and then again at three
o’clock, and did the same thing. 6At five o’clock he went out and
found some others standing idle, and asked them, ‘Why have
you been standing here idle all day?’ 7They answered him, ‘No
one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘Go and work in my vineyard,
and I will pay you what is fair.’
8
“When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his
manager, ‘Call the workers and pay them their wages, beginning
with those hired last and ending with those hired first.’ 9When
those who were hired at five o’clock came, they received $80
each. 10When those who were hired first came, they expected
to receive more, but they also received $80 each. 11When they
received their wages they complained to the landowner, 12saying,
‘These last men worked only one hour, while we worked hard
all day in the scorching heat, yet you have made them equal to
us!’ 13But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I have not wronged
you. Did you not agree to work for $80? 14Take your money and
go! What is it to you, if I want to give them the same amount as
I gave to you? 15Do I not have the right to do what I want with
my own money? Or are you resentful because I am generous?’
16
So the last will be first, and the first will be last. For many are
called, but few are chosen.”
21
“He agreed to pay the workers a denarius for the day, and sent
them over to his vineyard.” A denarius was a day’s wages. In
Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an hour.
$10×8hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is $80(CAD).

42
Matthew 20

17
On His way to Jerusalem, Jesus took the twelve disciples
aside and said to them privately, 18“We are now on our way to
Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief
priests and the teachers of the law. They will condemn Him to
death, 19and will hand Him over to the Gentiles to be mocked,
whipped, and crucified. But on the third day He will rise again.”
20
Then Zebedee’s wife came to Jesus with her two sons, knelt
down, and asked Him for a favour.
21
He said to her, “What do you want?”
She said to Him, “Promise me that in Your kingdom my two
sons will sit one at Your right hand and the other at Your left.”
22
But Jesus answered and said, “You do not know what you
are asking! Can you drink the cup that I am about to drink, or
be baptized with the baptism that I am about to be baptized
with?”
They said to Him, “Yes, we can.”
23
Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink from My cup and
be baptized with the baptism that I am about to be baptized
with, but it is not for Me to decide who will sit at My right or
left hand. On the contrary, it is My Father who will make that
decision.”
24
Upon hearing this, the other ten disciples became angry
with the two brothers. 25But Jesus called them over and said,
“You know that the Gentle rulers lord it over their subjects,
and that their men of high rank exercise authority over the
people. 26But it will not be that way with you. On the contrary,
if anyone wants to become great, he must be your servant.
27
And if anyone wants to be first, he must be your slave. 28For
the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to
give His life as a ransom for many.”
29
As they were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed Him.
30
Sitting by the roadside were two blind men. When they heard
that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, saying, “Have mercy
on us, Lord, Son of David!” 31The crowd told them to be quiet,
but they cried out all the more, saying, “Have mercy on us,
Lord, Son of David!”
32
Jesus stopped and called them, saying, “What do you want
Me to do for you?”
33
They said to Him, “Lord, we want our eyes opened.” 34Filled

43
Matthew 21

with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes. And instantly they
received their sight and followed Him.

21 As Jesus approached Jerusalem, He came to the town
of Bethphage on the Mount of Olives. From there Jesus
sent two of His disciples off 2 with these instructions: “Go to
the town across the way. As soon as you get there you will find
a donkey with her colt. Untie them and bring them to Me. 3If
anyone says anything to you, say, ‘ The Lord needs them,’ and
they will immediately send them.” 4 This happened to fulfill what
was spoken by the prophet:
5
“Tell the daughter of Zion,
‘ Look! Your King comes to you,
meek and riding on a donkey,
on a donkey’s colt.’”
(Zechariah 9:9)
6
So the disciples went and did as Jesus had commanded
them. 7They brought the donkey and the colt. Then they put
their coats on the colt, and He sat on it. 8A very large crowd
spread their coats on the road, while others cut down palm
branches and laid them in His path. 9 The crowds in front and
behind cried out,

“Hosanna to the Son of David!
Blessed is He who comes
in the name of the Lord!
Hosanna in the highest!”
(Psalm 118:25-26)
10
All Jerusalem was stirred when He entered the city, and
they asked, “Who is this?”
11
The crowds answered, “This is Jesus, the prophet from the
town of Nazareth in Galilee.”
12
When Jesus entered the temple of God, He threw out all
those who were buying and selling in the temple. He overturned
the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of those who
were selling doves. 13He said to them, “It is written,

44
Matthew 21

‘ My house will be called a house of prayer,’
(Isaiah 56:7)

but you have made it a den of bandits.” 22
14
The blind and the lame came to Him in the temple and He
healed them. 15But the chief priests and the teachers of the
law became angry when they saw the remarkable things He
was doing and the children crying out in the temple, saying,
“Hosanna to the Son of David!”
16
So they asked Him, “Do You hear what they are saying?”
Jesus answered, “Yes, have you never read,

‘Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
You have perfected praise’?”
(Psalm 8:2)

Then He left Jerusalem and spent the night in the town of
17

Bethany.
18
Early in the morning, as He was returning to Jerusalem, He
became hungry. 19He saw a fig tree by the roadside and went up
to it, but found nothing on it but leaves. So He said to it, “May
you never bear fruit again!” And instantly the fig tree withered.
20
Upon seeing this, the disciples marvelled and said, “How
did the fig tree wither so quickly?”
21
Jesus answered them, “Truly I say to you, if you have faith
and do not doubt, not only will you be able to do this to the
fig tree, but if you say to this mountain, ‘ Lift yourself up and
throw yourself into the sea,’ it will be done. 22If you believe, you
will receive whatever you ask for in prayer.”
23
Jesus entered the temple, and as He was teaching, the chief
priests and the elders of the people approached Him and asked,
“By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave
You this authority?”
24
Jesus answered and said to them, “I have a question for
you. And if you answer it, I will tell you by what authority I
am doing these things. 25Where did John’s authority to baptize
come from? Was it from heaven, or from men?”
They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say,
22
Jeremiah 7:11

45
Matthew 21

‘From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘Then why did you not believe
John?’ 26But if we say, ‘From men,’ we are afraid of the crowd,
because they all believe that John was a prophet.”
27
So they answered Jesus, “We do not know.”
Then He said to them, “Well, then, I will not tell you by what
authority I am doing these things.
28
“Now what do you think? There was a man who had two
sons. He went to the first son and said, ‘Son, go and work in
my vineyard today.’ 29His son answered, ‘I will not go,’ but later
he changed his mind and went. 30 Then the father went to the
other son and said, ‘Son, go and work in my vineyard today.’
His son answered, ‘I will go, sir,’ but he did not go. 31So which
of the two did his father’s will?”
They said to Him, “The first son.”
In response, Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, the tax collectors
and the prostitutes will get into the kingdom of God before you.
32
For John came to show you the way of righteousness, but
you did not believe him. However, the tax collectors and the
prostitutes did. And even when you saw this, you did not repent
and believe him.
33
“Now listen to another parable. There was a landowner
who planted a vineyard. He put a hedge around it, dug a wine
vat, and built a watchtower. Then he leased it to some farmers
and departed. 34When it was harvest time, he sent his slaves to
the farmers to collect his share of the fruit. 35But the farmers
grabbed his slaves and beat one, killed another, and stoned
another. 36 Then he sent more slaves than the first time, but the
farmers did the same to them. 37Last of all he sent his son to
them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38But when the farmers
saw his son, they said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let
us kill him and take his inheritance!’ 39 Then they grabbed him,
threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40Now what will
the owner of the vineyard do to those farmers when he returns?”
41
They said to Him, “He will utterly destroy those wicked men.
Then he will lease the vineyard to other farmers who will give
him his share of the fruit each harvest.”
42
Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures,

‘The Stone that the builders rejected
has become the Cornerstone.

46
Matthew 22

This is the Lord’s doing,
and it is marvellous in our eyes’?
(Psalm 118:22-23)
43
Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away
from you and will be given to a people who will produce the
proper fruit. 44Anyone who falls on this Stone will be broken to
pieces, and anyone it falls on will be ground to powder.”
45
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables,
they knew that He was talking about them. 46 Therefore they
wanted to arrest Him. But they were afraid of the crowds, because
they believed that Jesus was a prophet.

22 Again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2“The
kingdom of heaven is like a king who hosted a wedding
banquet for his son. 3He sent his slaves to call those who had
been invited to the wedding banquet, but they refused to come.
4
So he sent more slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invit-
ed, “Look! I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and fatted calves
have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the
wedding banquet.”’ 5But they did not care and went off—one to
his farm, another to his business. 6 The rest grabbed his slaves,
mistreated them, and then killed them. 7When the king heard
this he became angry. He sent his army, and they destroyed
those murderers and burned down their city.
8
“Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding banquet is ready,
but those who were invited were not worthy. 9So go out into
the roads and invite as many people to the wedding banquet
as you can find.’ 10 Then his slaves went out into the roads and
rounded up everyone they could find, both good and bad, and
the wedding banquet was filled with guests.
11
“When the king went in to look at the guests, he saw a man
who was not wearing the wedding clothes that were provided. 12He
said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without wedding
clothes?’ But the man was speechless. 13 Then the king said to
the servants, ‘Tie him hand and foot and throw him outside
into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of
teeth.’ 14For many are invited, but few are chosen.”

47
Matthew 22

15
Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might trap
Jesus in His words. 16 They sent some of their disciples to Him,
along with some of the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know
that You are sincere and teach the way of God in truth. For You
are not concerned with what others think about You, because
You are not influenced by anyone. 17Now tell us what You think.
Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
18
But Jesus, knowing their wickedness, said, “Why are you
trying to trap Me, you hypocrites? 19Show Me a coin used for
paying taxes.” So they handed Him a denarius.23 20 Then He
asked them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
21
They answered, “Caesar’s.”
Then Jesus said to them, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s,
and to God what is God’s.” 22After hearing this, they marvelled.
Then they left Him and went on their way.
23
That same day the Sadducees, who say there is no
resurrection, came and asked Him a question, 24saying, “Teacher,
Moses said,

‘If a man dies without having children,
his brother must marry the widow
and have a child on behalf of his brother
in order to preserve his family line.’
(Deuteronomy 25:5-6)
25
Now there were seven brothers who lived among us. The oldest
married, and then died. But since he had no children, the second
brother married the widow. 26But the same thing happened to
the second brother, and to the third, and to all seven brothers.
27
And last of all, the woman died too. 28So whose wife will she
be at the resurrection, since she married all seven of them?”
29
But Jesus answered and said to them, “You are in error,
because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.
30
At the resurrection men will not marry, and women will not
be given in marriage; on the contrary, they will be like God’s
angels in heaven. 31But concerning the resurrection of the dead,
have you not read what God told you when He said,

23
A denarius was worth a day’s wages.

48
Matthew 22

32
‘ I am the God of Abraham,
the God of Isaac,
and the God of Jacob’?
(Exodus 3:6)

He is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”
33
When the crowds heard this, they marvelled at His teaching.
34
Now when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the
Sadducees, they gathered together. 35 Then one of them, an
expert in the law, tried to trap Him with a question, saying,
36
“Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”
37
Jesus said to him,

“‘ You must love the Lord your God
with all your heart and with all your soul
and with all your mind.’
(Deuteronomy 6:5)

This is the first and greatest commandment. 39And the second
38

one is like it:

‘ You must love your neighbour as yourself.’
(Leviticus 19:18)

All the Law and the Prophets are based on these two
40

commandments.”
41
While the Pharisees were gathered there, Jesus asked them
a question, 42“What do you think about the Christ? Whose son
is He?”
They said to Him, “The son of David.”
43
Jesus asked them, “Then why did David, by the Spirit, call
Him ‘Lord,’ saying,
44
‘ The Lord said to My Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet”’?
(Psalm 110:1)
45
If David calls Him ‘Lord,’ how can He be his son?” 46
No one

49
Matthew 23

was able to answer Him a word, and after that day no one dared
to ask Him any more questions.

23 Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,
2
saying, “The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit
in Moses’ seat. 3 Therefore obey and practice what they teach
you, but do not do what they do, because they do not practice
what they teach. 4For they tie up heavy loads that are hard to
bear, and put them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves
refuse to lift a finger to help move them.
5
“They do all their works to be seen by men. Indeed, they make
their phylacteries bigger,24 and the tassels of their garments
longer.25 6 They love the seats of honour at banquets and the
most important seats in the synagogues. 7They love to be greeted
in the marketplaces, and to have men call them ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’
8
“But you must not be called ‘ Rabbi,’ for you have only one
Teacher, the Christ, and you are all equal as brothers. 9And do
not call anyone on earth ‘Father,’ for you have only one Father,
and He is in heaven. 10 You must not be called ‘ Master,’ for you
only have one Master, the Christ. 11The greatest among you will
be your servant. 12 Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and
whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
13
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you shut the door to the kingdom of heaven in
men’s faces. You yourselves do not enter, and when others try
to enter you stop them. 14Woe to you, you teachers of the law
and Pharisees, you hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses,
and for a show make long prayers. Therefore, you will receive
greater condemnation!
15
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you cross land and sea to make a single convert,
and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son
of hell as you are!
24
Phylacteries are small boxes that are bound on the arm or
forehead, which contain passages of Scripture, and is a custom
based on Deuteronomy 6:6-8, 11:18; Exodus 13:9, 16.
25
Numbers 15:37-40; Deuteronomy 22:12.

50
Matthew 23

16
“Woe to you, you blind guides! You say, ‘ Whoever swears
an oath by the temple is not bound by his oath. But whoever
swears an oath by the gold in the temple is bound by his oath.’
17
You blind fools! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that
makes the gold holy? 18You also say, ‘ Whoever swears an oath
by the altar is not bound by his oath. But whoever swears an
oath by the gift on the altar is bound by his oath.’ 19You blind
fools! Which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift
holy? 20 Therefore, whoever swears an oath by the altar swears
by it and by everything on it. 21And whoever swears an oath by
the temple swears by it and by the One who dwells in it. 22And
whoever swears an oath by heaven swears by God’s throne and
by the One who sits on it.
23
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you give a tenth of your mint, dill, and cummin,
yet you neglect the weightier matters of the law—such as,
justice, mercy, and faithfulness! You should have tithed, without
neglecting the weightier matters of the law. 24You blind guides!
You strain a gnat out of your water, but swallow a camel!26
25
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and dish, but
inside you are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26 You blind
Pharisees! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, then the
outside will be clean as well.
27
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs, which look
beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s
bones and every kind of uncleanness. 28Likewise, on the outside
you look righteous to men, but on the inside you are full of
hypocrisy and wickedness.
29
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate
the graves of the righteous, 30and say, ‘If we had lived in the days
of our fathers, we would not have helped them shed the blood
26
Some of the Pharisees strained their water through a cloth to
avoid swallowing the smallest unclean thing (Leviticus 11:41-
43). Yet, figuratively, they were swallowing one of the largest
(Leviticus 11:4).

51
Matthew 24

of the prophets.’ 31By saying this you testify against yourselves,
that you are the sons of those who murdered the prophets.
32
And you will finish the work that your fathers began!
33
“You snakes! You offspring of vipers! How will you escape
being condemned to hell? 34 Therefore I will send you prophets,
wise men, and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify,
and some of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute
from city to city. 35 Therefore you will be held accountable for
all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of
righteous Abel to the blood of Zachariah,27 the son of Berekiah,
whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.
36
Truly I say to you, this generation will be held accountable
for all these things!
37
“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone
those who are sent to you! How often I have longed to gather
your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her
wings, but you would not let Me! 38Look! Your house is left to
you desolate! 39For I say to you, from now on you will not see
Me until you say,

‘Blessed is He who comes
in the name of the Lord!’”
(Psalm 118:26)

24 As Jesus was leaving the temple, His disciples came up
to Him and pointed out the buildings of the temple. 2But
Jesus said to them, “Do you see all these buildings? Truly I
say to you, not one stone will be left on another. They will all
be thrown down.”
3
While He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, His disciples
came up to Him privately and said, “Tell us, when will these
things happen? And what will be the sign of Your coming, and
of the end of the age?”
4
Jesus answered and said to them, “Watch out that no one
deceives you. 5For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the

27
2 Chronicles 24:20-22

52
Matthew 24

Christ,’ and they will deceive many. 6And you will hear of wars
and rumours of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. For
these things must happen, but the end is not yet. 7For nation
will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There
will be famines, plagues, and earthquakes in various places.
8
But all these things are the beginning of birth pains. 9 Then
they will hand you over to be tortured and put to death, and
you will be hated by all nations on account of My name. 10 Then
many will apostatize, and will betray and hate one another.
11
Many false prophets will arise, and will deceive many. 12And
lawlessness will increase, causing the love of many to grow
cold. 13But whoever endures to the end will be saved. 14And
this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the
world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.
15
“When you see the ‘abomination that causes desolation,’
which the prophet Daniel spoke about, standing in the holy place
(reader take note of this),28 16 then those who are in Judea must
flee to the mountains! 17Whoever is on the rooftop must not go
down to take anything out of their house. 18And whoever is in
the field must not turn back to get their coat. 19How terrible it
will be in those days for women who are pregnant or nursing.
20
But pray that you will not have to make your escape in the
winter or on the Sabbath. 21For at that time there will be great
tribulation, worse than anything that has happened from the
beginning of the world until now—and nothing like it will ever
happen again. 22If those days had not been cut short, nobody
would survive. But for the sake of the elect, those days will be
shortened.
23
“At that time, if anyone says to you, ‘Look! Here is the
Christ,’ or ‘ There He is,’ do not believe him. 24For false christs
and false prophets will arise and will perform great signs and
wonders in order to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25Look!
I have told you this beforehand. 26If anyone says to you, ‘Look!
He is in the wilderness,’ do not go. And if anyone says, ‘Look!
He is hiding in a secret place,’ do not believe him. 27For as
lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so will
the coming of the Son of Man be. 28Wherever there is a corpse,
there the vultures will gather.

28
Daniel 9:27, 11:31, 12:11

53
Matthew 24

29
“Immediately after the tribulation of those days,

‘ The sun will be darkened,
the moon will not give its light,
the stars will fall from heaven,
and the powers of heaven will be shaken.’
(Isaiah 13:10, 34:4)
30
“Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. And
all the tribes of the earth will mourn when they see the Son
of Man coming in the clouds of the sky with power and great
glory. 31And He will send out His angels with a loud trumpet
call, and they will gather His elect from the four winds—from
one end of the earth to the other.
32
“Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: when its buds
become tender and its leaves begin to sprout, you know that
summer is near. 33Likewise, when you see all these things,
you will know that the time is near, right at the door. 34 Truly
I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these
things are fulfilled. 35Heaven and earth will pass away, but My
words will never pass away.
36
“Nobody knows when that day or hour will come—not
the angels in heaven, not even the Son, but only the Father.
37
When the Son of Man comes, it will be just like the days of
Noah. 38For in the days before the flood, people were eating and
drinking, marrying and being given in marriage, until the day
Noah entered the ark. 39 They did not know what was going to
happen until the flood came and swept them all away. That is
how it will be when the Son of Man comes. 40At that time, two
men will be working in the field—one will be taken, and one
will be left. 41 Two women will be grinding grain at the mill—one
will be taken, and one will be left. 42 Therefore, stay awake! For
you do not know what day your Lord is coming. 43Remember
this: had the owner of the house known when the thief was
coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let
his house be broken into. 44Likewise, you must also be ready!
For the Son of Man will come at an hour you do not expect.

54
Matthew 25

45
“Who then is the faithful and wise slave, whom the master
has put in charge of his servants, to give them their food
allowance at the proper time? 46How blessed is that slave whom
his master finds doing so when he returns. 47 Truly I say to
you, he will put him in charge of all that he owns. 48But if that
wicked slave says in his heart, ‘ My master is not coming back
for a while,’ 49and begins to beat his fellow servants and to eat
and drink with drunkards, 50 the master of that slave will come
on a day that he does not expect and at an hour he does not
know. 51 Then his master will whip him severely and assign
him a place with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping
and gnashing of teeth.

25 “At that time, the kingdom of heaven will be like ten
virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the
bridegroom. 2Five of them were wise, and five were foolish. 3 The
foolish virgins took their lamps, but did not take any oil with
them. 4 The wise virgins, however, took flasks of oil with their
lamps. 5But when the bridegroom was late in coming, they
became tired and fell asleep. 6At midnight someone shouted,
‘ Look! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet him!’ 7Then
all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. 8But the
foolish virgins said to the wise virgins, ‘ Give us some of your
oil! Our lamps are going out!’ 9But the wise virgins replied,
‘ No! There will not be enough for us and for you. Instead, go
to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves.’ 10But while
they were out buying some oil, the bridegroom came. The virgins
who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet, and
the door was closed. 11Later the other virgins arrived and said,
‘ Lord, Lord, open the door for us!’ 12But He answered and said,
‘ Truly I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13 Therefore keep watch,
because you do not know the day or the hour when the Son
of Man will come.
14
“The kingdom of heaven is also like a man who was going
on a trip. He summoned his slaves and gave them each some
money to invest for him. 15He gave five talents (one hundred
thousand dollars) to one, two talents (forty thousand dollars) to

55
Matthew 25

another, and one talent (twenty thousand dollars) to another—
each according to their ability. Then he left on his trip.29
16
“The one who had received the five talents went out and
invested it, and doubled his investment. 17Likewise, the one
who had received the two talents doubled his investment. 18But
the one who had received the one talent went and dug a hole
in the ground and hid his master’s money.
19
“After a long time their master came back and settled
accounts with them. 20 The one who had received the five talents
came in and brought five more talents, saying, ‘ Master, you
gave me five talents. Look! I have earned another five talents.’
21
His master said to him, ‘ Well done, good and faithful slave!
You were faithful over a few things, so I will put you in charge of
many things. Come and share your master’s joy.’ 22 The one who
had received the two talents also came in and said, ‘Master, you
gave me two talents. Look! I have earned another two talents.’
23
His master said to him, ‘ Well done, good and faithful slave!
You were faithful over a few things, so I will put you in charge
of many things. Come and share your master’s joy.’
24
“The one who had received the one talent also came in and
said, ‘ Master, I knew that you were a hard man. For you reap
where you did not sow and gather where you did not scatter
seed. 25So in fear, I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here,
take what is yours.’ 26His master said to him, ‘ You wicked and
29
A talent is 75 pounds. He gave 375 pounds to one, 150
pounds to another, and 75 pounds to another. Precious metals
are weighed in troy ounces. There are 14.583 troy ounces in
an American (Avoirdupois) pound. 14.583×(the price of silver).
Right now (February 3, 2014) silver is worth $19.34(USD) per
troy ounce. 14.583×$19.34=$282.04
So today silver is worth $282.04 (USD) a pound.
375×$282.04=$105,765
So five talents is $105,765(USD)
150×$282.04=$42,306
So two talents is $42,306(USD)
75×$282.04=$21,153
So one talent is $21,153(USD)
Precious metals always fluctuate, and this is just to give you a
general idea of how much this is worth.

56
Matthew 25

lazy slave! If you knew that I reaped where I did not sow and
gathered where I did not scatter seed, 27then you should have
deposited my money with the bankers. And when I returned,
I would have received it back with interest. 28 Therefore, take
the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten
talents. 29 Whoever has, will be given more—indeed, he will
have an abundance. But whoever does not have, even what he
has will be taken away from him. 30Now throw that worthless
slave outside into the darkness, where there will be weeping
and gnashing of teeth.’
31
“When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy
angels with Him, He will sit on His glorious throne. 32And all
the nations (Gentiles) will be gathered before Him, and He will
separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the
sheep from the goats. 33And He will put the sheep on His right
and the goats on His left.
34
“Then the King will say to those on His right, ‘Come, you
who are blessed by My Father, inherit the kingdom that was
prepared for you from the foundation of the world! 35For I was
hungry, and you gave Me something to eat. I was thirsty, and
you gave Me something to drink. I was a stranger, and you
invited Me in. 36I was naked, and you gave Me clothes. I was
sick, and you cared for Me. I was in prison, and you came to
visit Me.’ 37Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, ‘ Lord,
when did we see You hungry, and give You something to eat?
Or thirsty, and give You something to drink? 38Or a stranger,
and invite You in? Or naked, and give You clothes? 39When did
we see You sick or in prison, and visit You?’ 40 Then the King will
answer and say to them, ‘ Truly I say to you, whatever you did
for one of the least of these brothers of Mine, you did for Me.’
41
“Then the King will say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me,
you who are cursed, into the eternal fire that has been prepared
for the devil and his angels! 42For I was hungry, and you gave
Me nothing to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave Me nothing to
drink. 43I was a stranger, and you did not invite Me in. I was
naked, and you did not give Me clothes. I was sick and in prison,
and you did not care for Me.’ 44 Then they will answer, ‘ Lord,
when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked
or sick or in prison, and did not help You?’ 45 Then He will say

57
Matthew 26

to them, ‘ Truly I say to you, whatever you did not do for one of
the least of these, you did not do for Me.’ 46And they will go off
to eternal punishment, but the righteous will go to eternal life.”

26 After saying all this, Jesus said to His disciples, 2“As you
know, the Passover is two days away, and the Son of Man
will be handed over to be crucified.”
3
Then the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders
of the people met together at the house of Caiaphas the high
priest. 4 They discussed how they could arrest Jesus secretly and
have Him put to death. 5But they said, “We must not do this
during the feast, or else there may be a riot among the people.”
6
While Jesus was in the town of Bethany, at the house of
Simon the leper, 7a woman came up to Him. She had an alabaster
jar of fragrant oil, which was very expensive. As He sat at the
table, she poured it on His head. 8But when His disciples saw
this, they became angry and said, “Why this waste? 9 This fragrant
oil could have been sold for a large sum, and the proceeds given
to the poor.”
10
When Jesus saw this, He said to them, “Why are you
bothering this woman? She has done a beautiful thing for Me.
11
You will always have the poor with you, but you will not always
have Me. 12When she poured this fragrant oil on My body, she
did it to prepare Me for My burial. 13 Truly I say to you, wherever
this gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has
done will also be told in memory of her.”
14
Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the
chief priests, 15and said, “What will you give me, if I hand Him
over to you?” And they offered him thirty pieces of silver. 16From
that moment on, Judas began to look for an opportunity to
hand Him over.
17
On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the
disciples came up to Jesus and asked Him, “Where do You
want us to prepare the Passover meal?”
18
He said, “Go to a certain man in the city and tell him, ‘ The
Teacher says, “My time is near, therefore My disciples and I will

58
Matthew 26

celebrate the Passover at your house.”’” 19So the disciples did
as Jesus had told them, and they prepared the Passover meal.
20
When evening came, He sat down with the twelve. 21While
they were eating, He said, “Truly I say to you, one of you will
betray Me.”
22
Filled with sorrow, each of them began to ask Him, “Lord,
is it I?”
23
But Jesus answered and said, “The one who dips his hand
into the bowl with Me is the one who will betray Me. 24Indeed,
the Son of Man will go just as it is written about Him. But woe
to the man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for
him if he had never been born.”
25
Then Judas, the one who was going to betray Him, asked,
“Rabbi, is it I?”
Jesus answered him, “You are correct.”
26
As they were eating, Jesus took the bread, and after giv-
ing thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said,
“Take this and eat it, for this is My body.” 27Then He took the
cup, and after giving thanks He gave it to them, and said, “All
of you drink from it—28for this is My blood, the blood of the
New Covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgive-
ness of sins. 29I tell you this: I will not drink of this fruit of the
vine again, until that day when I drink it new with you in My
Father’s kingdom.”
30
After singing a hymn, they made their way to the Mount
of Olives. 31Then Jesus said to them, “Tonight you will all fall
away on account of Me, for it is written,

‘ I will strike the Shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’
(Zechariah 13:7)
32
But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.”
33
But Peter said to Him, “Even if they all fall away on account
of You, I will never fall away!”
34
Jesus said to him, “Truly I say to you, before the rooster
crows tonight, you will deny Me three times.”
35
Peter said to Him, “Even if I have to die with You, I will never
deny You!” And all the disciples said the same thing.

59
Matthew 26

36
Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane,
and He said to His disciples, “Sit here while I go over there to
pray.” 37 Taking Peter and the two sons of Zebedee along with
Him, He began to be greatly overwhelmed with grief and anguish.
38
Then He said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, to the point
of death. Wait here and stay awake with Me.” 39He went a little
further, fell on His face, and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible,
let this cup pass from Me. However, Your will be done, not Mine.”
40
Then He returned to the disciples and found them asleep. He
said to Peter, “Could you not stay awake with Me for one hour?
41
Stay awake, and pray that you will not enter into temptation.
Indeed, the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
42
He went back a second time and prayed, “My Father, if this
cup cannot pass unless I drink it, Your will be done.” 43 Then He
returned again and found them asleep, for their eyes were heavy.
44
So He left them, went back a third time, and prayed the
same words again. 45 Then He returned to the disciples and said
to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Look! The time
has come for the Son of Man to be betrayed into the hands of
sinners. 46Get up, let us go! Look! Here comes My betrayer!”
47
As Jesus was saying this, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived.
With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent
from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48Now His
betrayer, Judas, promised to give them a signal. He said, “The
One I kiss is the Man you want. Arrest Him.”
49
At once, Judas went up to Jesus and said, “Greetings,
Rabbi,” and kissed Him.
50
Jesus said to him, “Friend, why have you come here?” Then
they came and grabbed hold of Jesus and arrested Him.
51
Suddenly, one of the men with Jesus reached for his sword
and drew it. He struck the high priest’s slave, cutting off his
ear. 52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back where it
belongs! All those who use the sword will die by the sword.
53
Do you not realize that I could ask My Father for more than
twelve legions of angels, and He would instantly send them to
Me? 54But then, how would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say
this must happen?”

60
Matthew 26

55
Then Jesus said to the crowd, “Have you come out with
swords and clubs to arrest Me, as if I were some kind of bandit?
Daily I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not arrest Me.
56
But all this has happened, so that the writings of the prophets
would be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples deserted Him and fled.
57
Those who had arrested Jesus took Him to the house of
Caiaphas, the high priest, where the teachers of the law and the
elders had assembled. 58But Peter followed Him at a distance,
all the way to the high priest’s courtyard, and then went in and
sat down with the officers to see the outcome.
59
The chief priests and the elders and the entire Sanhedrin
were looking for false evidence against Jesus, because they
wanted Him to be put to death. 60But they could not find any,
even though many false witnesses came forward. Finally two
false witnesses came forward, 61and said, “This Man said, ‘I am
able to destroy the temple of God and rebuild it in three days.’”
62
Then the high priest stood up and said to Him, “Have You
no response to the accusations they are making against You?”
63
But Jesus remained silent. Then the high priest said to Him,
“I command You in the name of the living God to tell us if You
are the Christ, the Son of God!”
64
Jesus answered him, “You are correct. Furthermore, in the
future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of
the Almighty and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
65
Then the high priest tore his clothes and exclaimed, “He
has blasphemed! Why do we need any more witnesses? Look!
You have just heard Him blaspheme. 66What do you think?”
They replied, “He is guilty of death!” 67Then they spit in His
face and hit Him with their fists, and slapped Him, 68saying,
“Prophesy to us, Christ! Who is it who hit You?”
69
While Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, a slave-girl
came up to him and said, “You, too, were with Jesus of Galilee.”
70
But Peter denied Him before them all, saying, “I do not know
what you are talking about.” 71Then he went over to the gateway.
There another slave-girl saw him, and said to those standing
there, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
72
This time Peter denied Him with an oath, saying, “I do not
know the Man!”

61
Matthew 27

73
A little while later, those who were standing there said to
Peter, “You must be one of them, for your accent gives you away.”
74
Denying Him again, Peter swore an oath, saying, “I do not
know the Man!” And immediately the rooster crowed. 75 Then
Peter remembered the words that Jesus had spoken to him:
“Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” And
he went out and wept bitterly.

27 Early in the morning all the chief priests and the elders
of the people met together and plotted to put Jesus to
death. 2 They tied Him up, led Him away, and delivered Him to
Pontius Pilate the governor.
3
Now when Judas, the man who had betrayed Jesus, saw
that Jesus was condemned, he was filled with remorse and
returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the
elders, 4saying, “I have sinned! I have betrayed innocent blood!”
But they replied, “What is that to us? That is your problem.”
5
Then Judas threw the pieces of silver onto the floor of the
temple, and went off and hung himself.
6
But the chief priests picked up the pieces of silver and said,
“It is not lawful to put this into the temple treasury, because
it is blood money.” 7So they decided to use the money to buy
the Potter’s Field as a burial place for foreigners. 8 That is why,
to this very day, that field is called the “Field of Blood.” 9 This
fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah when he said,

“They took the thirty pieces of silver,
the price at which the people of Israel
valued Him at,
10
and used it to buy the potter’s field,
as the Lord directed me.”
(Zechariah 11:12-13)
11
Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked
Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”
Jesus answered him, “You are correct.”
12
While the chief priests and the elders made their accusations
against Him, He made no reply. 13So Pilate said to Him, “Do You

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not hear the charges they are bringing against You?” 14
But to
the governor’s surprise, He did not answer a word.
15
Now each Passover it was the governor’s custom to release
one prisoner to the crowd—any prisoner they wanted. 16At that
time they had a notorious prisoner named Barabbas. 17So when
the crowd had gathered together, Pilate asked them, “Which of
these two do you want me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus
who is called Christ?” 18For Pilate knew that the Jewish leaders
had delivered Jesus over to him because they were envious.
19
While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent him a
message, saying, “Leave that innocent Man alone. This morning
I had a very disturbing dream about Him.” 20Meanwhile, the
chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for
the release of Barabbas and to have Jesus put to death. 21But
Pilate asked them again, “Which of these two do you want me
to release to you?”
They shouted, “Barabbas!”
22
Pilate said to them, “Then what should I do with Jesus,
who is called Christ?”
They all shouted, “Crucify Him!”
23
But the governor asked, “Why? What wrong has He done?”
But they began to shout even louder, saying, “Crucify Him!”
24
Since Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, and that a
riot was about to break out, he took some water and washed
his hands in front of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this
Man’s blood. It is on your hands!”
25
And all the people answered and said, “Let His blood be
on us and on our children!” 26 Then he released Barabbas to
them. But he had Jesus whipped, and then delivered Him over
to be crucified.
27
Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium,
and the entire regiment gathered around Him. 28 They stripped
Him, and put a scarlet robe around Him. 29 They wove a crown
of thorns and placed it on His head, and put a staff in His right
hand. Then they knelt down in front of Him and mocked Him,
saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 Then they spit on Him, and
took the staff and struck Him on the head repeatedly. 31When
they had finished mocking Him, they took the robe off Him
and dressed Him in His own clothes. Then they led Him away
to be crucified.

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32
As they were going out, they found a man from the city of
Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry His cross.
33
They came to the place called “Golgotha” (which means, “The
Place of the Skull”). 34 There they gave Him vinegar mixed with
bitter herbs to drink.30 But when He tasted it, He would not
drink it. 35When they crucified Him, they divided His clothes
among themselves by casting lots. This happened to fulfill what
was spoken by the prophet,

“They divided My garments among them,
and cast lots for My clothing.”
(Psalm 22:18)
36
Then they sat there and guarded Him. 37Above His head they
placed a sign with the charges written against Him:

THIS IS JESUS
THE KING OF THE JEWS.
38
They crucified two bandits with Him, one on His right and
one on His left. 39 Those passing by insulted Him and shook
their heads, 40saying, “You who were going to destroy the temple
and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son
of God, come down from the cross!”
41
The chief priests, teachers of the law, and elders also mocked
Him, saying, 42“He saved others, but He cannot save Himself!
If He is the King of Israel, let Him come down from the cross—
then we will believe Him! 43He trusts in God, so let God rescue
Him now if He wants Him. After all, He said, ‘ I am the Son of
God’!” 44And the two bandits who were crucified with Him also
insulted Him.
45
At noon, darkness came over the entire land and lasted until
three in the afternoon. 46At about three o’clock, Jesus cried out
with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (that is,
“My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”)
30
This drink acted as a narcotic to help dull the pain and con-
sciousness of the person suffering. As soon as Jesus tasted it,
He refused to drink it. Instead, He endured the cross (Hebrews
12:2)! According to Mark this drink was mixed with myrrh (Mark
15:23). Just before His death Jesus drank vinegar “without
myrrh” (John 19:28-30; Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36).

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Matthew 27

47
When some of those who were standing there heard this,
they said, “This Man is calling Elijah!” 48Immediately one of
them ran and got a sponge, soaked it with vinegar, put it on a
stick, and gave it to Him to drink.
49
But the others said, “Leave Him alone! Let us see if Elijah
will come to save Him!” 50 Then Jesus cried out again with a
loud voice and died.
51
Suddenly, the curtain of the temple was torn in two from
top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split
apart. 52Moreover, the tombs were opened, and many bodies of
the saints who had died, arose, 53and having come out of their
tombs after His resurrection, they went into the Holy City and
appeared to many. 54When the officer and his men, who were
guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and everything else that
happened, they were terrified and said, “Truly this Man was
the Son of God!”
55
Several women were there, watching from a distance. They
had followed Jesus from Galilee, and had ministered to Him.
56
Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James
and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.
57
That evening a rich man arrived from the city of Arimathea.
His name was Joseph, and he too was a disciple of Jesus. 58He
approached Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate
gave the order, and His body was given to him. 59Joseph took
the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60and laid it in his
own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. Then he rolled
a large stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. 61But
Mary Magdalene and the other Mary stayed there, sitting across
from the tomb.
62
The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief
priests and the Pharisees assembled before Pilate. 63 They said,
“Sir, when that deceiver was still alive, we remember that He
said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ 64 Therefore, give orders
that the tomb be secured until the third day. Otherwise His
disciples might come at night and steal His body, and then tell
the people, ‘He has risen from the dead!’ Then the last deception
will be worse than the first.”

65
Matthew 28

65
Pilate said to them, “Take some guards and make it as
secure as you can.” 66So they went and secured the tomb by
placing a seal on the stone and posting guards.

28 After the Sabbath, at dawn, on the first day of the week,
Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to visit the
tomb. 2Suddenly there was a great earthquake. And an angel
of the Lord descended from heaven, rolled away the stone from
the entrance, and sat on it. 3His appearance was like lightning,
and his clothes were as white as snow. 4 The guards shook in
terror and became like dead men. 5But the angel said to the
women, “Do not be afraid! I know that you are looking for Jesus,
who was crucified. 6He is not here, for He has risen, just as
He said. Come! See the place where the Lord was lying. 7Go
quickly and tell His disciples, ‘He has risen from the dead. He
is going to Galilee ahead of you, and you will see Him there.’
Now remember what I have told you.”
8
So the women left the tomb quickly with great fear and
excitement, and ran to tell His disciples. 9As they were on their
way to tell His disciples, Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!”
And they came up to Him, grabbed hold of His feet, and worshiped
Him. 10 Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid! Go and tell
My brothers to go to Galilee. When they get there, they will see
Me.”
11
As the women were on their way, some of the guards went
into the city and told the chief priests everything that had
occurred. 12 The chief priests met with the elders and decided
to give the soldiers a large sum of money. 13 They said to the
soldiers, “You must say, ‘ His disciples came at night and stole
Him while we were sleeping.’ 14If the governor hears about this,
we will satisfy him with an explanation and keep you out of
trouble.” 15So the soldiers took the money and did as they were
told. And to this very day their story has been widely circulated
among the Jews.
16
So the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain
where Jesus had told them to go. 17When they saw Him, they
worshiped Him, but some doubted. 18 Then Jesus came to them
and said, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on

66
Matthew 28

earth. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,
20
teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you.
Look! I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.

67
Mark 1

Mark
1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
2
As it is written in the prophets:

“Look! I will send My messenger ahead of You,
who will prepare Your way before You.”
(Malachi 3:1)
3
“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for Him!’”
(Isaiah 40:3)

John came baptizing in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism
4

of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5All those from Judea
and Jerusalem went out to see him, and they confessed their
sins and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River. 6John
was dressed in camel’s hair with a leather belt around his waist,
and he ate locusts and wild honey. 7He proclaimed:

“One is coming after me
who is far more superior than I;
I am not even worthy to stoop down
and untie His sandals.
8
Indeed, I baptize you with water,
but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”

In those days Jesus came from the town of Nazareth in
9

Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan River. 10As
soon as Jesus came up out of the water, John saw the heavens
being torn open and the Spirit descending upon Him like a dove.
11
And a voice came from heaven, saying, “You are My beloved
Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

Immediately the Spirit drove Him into the wilderness. 13He
12

was in the wilderness for forty days, tempted by satan. He was
with the wild animals, and the angels took care of Him.
14
Now after John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee,

68
Mark 1

proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God, 15saying, “The
time has come, and the kingdom of heaven is near! Repent, and
believe the good news!”
16
As Jesus was walking along the shore of the Sea of Galilee,
He saw Simon and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net
into the sea, because they were fishermen.
17
“Come follow Me,” Jesus said to them, “and I will make you
fishers of men.” 18So immediately they abandoned their nets
and followed Him.
19
Going a little further He saw James, the son of Zebedee,
and his brother John, mending nets in a boat. 20Immediately
Jesus called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat
with the hired men and followed Him.
21
Then they went to the town of Capernaum. As soon as it
was the Sabbath, He entered the synagogue and began to teach.
22
They were amazed at His teaching, for unlike the teachers of
the law, He taught with authority.
23
In the synagogue there was a man with an unclean spirit,
who cried out, 24“Leave us alone! What do You want with us,
Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who
You are—the Holy One of God!” 25But Jesus rebuked him,
saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!” 26After throwing the
man into convulsions, the unclean spirit cried out with a loud
voice and came out of him.
27
Everyone was amazed and said to one another, “What is
this doctrine? For with authority He gives commands to unclean
spirits and they obey Him!” 28And news about Him spread swiftly
throughout the entire region of Galilee.
29
As soon as they left the synagogue, they went into Simon
and Andrew’s house with James and John. 30Simon’s mother-
in-law was lying in bed with a fever, and right away they told
Jesus about her. 31Then Jesus went and took her by the hand
and raised her up, and immediately the fever left her, and she
began to serve them.
32
That evening, after sunset, they brought to Him all who were
sick and demon-possessed. 33And the entire town gathered at

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Mark 2

the door. 34He healed many who were sick with various diseases
and cast out many demons. But He would not allow the demons
to speak, because they knew who He was.
35
Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got
up and went to a solitary place to pray. 36Simon and the others
went looking for Him, 37and when they found Him, they said to
Him, “Everyone is looking for You.”
38
“Let us go to the neighbouring towns,” Jesus replied, “so
that I can preach in them as well—for that is why I have come.”
39
So He went throughout Galilee preaching in their synagogues
and casting out demons.
40
Now a leper came to Jesus and fell on his knees, begging
Him, “If You are willing, You can make me clean.”
41
Filled with compassion, Jesus stretched out His hand and
touched him. “I am willing,” He said. “Be cleansed!” 42As soon
as He said this, the leprosy left him, and he was cleansed.
43
Jesus sent him away immediately, strictly warning him,
44
“Do not tell anyone. Go and show yourself to the priest, and
offer the sacrifice that Moses prescribed for your cleansing as
a testimony to them.” 45But he went off and began to spread
the news to everyone. As a result, Jesus could no longer enter
a town openly. Instead He stayed in solitary places, and the
people came to Him from everywhere.

2 A few days later, when He returned to the town of Capernaum,
word spread that He was home. 2So many gathered that there
was no more room, not even outside the door, and He preached
the word to them. 3Four men came carrying a paralyzed man.
4
But they were not able to bring him to Jesus because of the
crowd. So they removed the roof tiles and lowered the mat on
which the paralyzed man was lying. 5When Jesus saw their faith,
He said to the paralyzed man, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”
6
But some of the teachers of the law were sitting there thinking
in their hearts, 7“Why does this Man speak such blasphemy?
Who can forgive sins but God alone?”
8
Jesus immediately knew in His spirit what they were thinking,
and said to them, “Why are you thinking such things in your
hearts? 9 Tell Me, is it easier to say to this paralyzed man, ‘Your
sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up, pick up your mat, and

70
Mark 2

walk’? 10 But to let you know that the Son of Man has authority
on earth to forgive sins,” He said to the paralyzed man, 11“I say
to you, ‘Get up, pick up your mat, and go home.’” 12Immediately
he stood up, picked up his mat, and walked out in front of
everyone. And the people all marvelled and glorified God, saying,
“We have never seen anything like this!”
13
Once more Jesus went out by the sea. A large crowd came
to Him, and He taught them. 14After moving on from there, He
saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax booth, and He
said to him, “Follow Me!” So Levi got up and followed Him.
15
While Jesus was eating at Levi’s house, many tax collectors
and sinners sat at the table with Jesus and His disciples—for
many of them had become His followers. 16When the teachers
of the law and the Pharisees saw Him eating with tax collectors
and sinners, they said to His disciples, “Why does He eat and
drink with tax collectors and sinners?”
17
When Jesus heard them, He said, “Those who are healthy
do not need a doctor, but only those who are sick. I have not
come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
18
Since John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, they
came and asked Him, “Why do John’s disciples and the disciples
of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?”
19
Jesus replied, “Can the friends of the bridegroom fast while
he is still with them? As long as the bridegroom is with them, they
cannot fast. 20But the time will come when the bridegroom will be
taken away from them, and then they will fast. 21Nobody patches
an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth. Otherwise the
patch would shrink and rip away from the garment, causing an
even bigger tear. 22Nobody puts new wine into old wineskins. If
they did, the wine would swell and burst the wineskins. Then
the wine would pour out, and the wineskins would be ruined.
Instead, they put new wine into new wineskins.”
23
One Sabbath, as Jesus was walking through the grain
fields, His disciples began picking heads of grain. 24“Look,” the
Pharisees said to Him, “why are they doing what is unlawful
on the Sabbath?”
25
“Have you not read what David did,” said Jesus, “when he
and his men were in need and hungry? 26He went into the house

71
Mark 3

of God when Abiathar was high priest and ate the consecrated
bread, which was not lawful for anyone but the priests to eat,
and he gave some to his men as well?”
27
“The Sabbath was made for man,” remarked Jesus, “not
man for the Sabbath. 28Furthermore, the Son of Man is Lord
of the Sabbath.”

3 Jesus went into the synagogue once again, and a man with
a paralyzed hand was there. 2Since they were looking for a
reason to accuse Him, they watched Him closely to see if He
would heal the man on the Sabbath. 3 Then Jesus said to the man
with the paralyzed hand, “Stand in the middle of the synagogue.”
4
And He asked them, “Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath,
or to do evil? To save life, or to kill?” But they remained silent.
5
Jesus looked around at them in disgust, deeply grieved at the
hardness of their hearts. Then He said to the man, “Stretch
out your hand.” So the man stretched out his hand, and it was
completely healed—just as good as his other hand. 6Immediately
the Pharisees went out and began plotting with the Herodians
against Him, trying to find a way to destroy Him.
7
Jesus left with His disciples and went to the sea. And a large
crowd followed Him. They were from Galilee, Judea, 8Jerusalem,
Idumea, and from east of the Jordan River, as well as from Tyre
and Sidon. The large crowd came to Him because they heard
of all He was doing. 9He told His disciples to get a small boat
ready for Him, so that the crowd would not crush Him. 10For
He had healed so many people that everyone who had diseases
kept pushing their way forward to touch Him. 11Whenever the
unclean spirits saw Him, they fell down before Him and cried
out, “You are the Son of God!” 12But Jesus strictly warned them
not to reveal His identity.
13
Jesus went up on the hillside and called those He wanted,
and they came to Him. 14He appointed twelve to accompany
Him, so that He could send them out to preach, 15and to have
the authority to heal diseases and to cast out demons. 16And
these are the twelve He appointed:

Simon (whom Jesus named Peter),
17
James and his brother John (the sons of Zebedee,

72
Mark 3

whom Jesus nicknamed “Boanerges,” which means,
“Sons of Thunder”),
18
Andrew (the brother of Simon Peter),
Philip,
Bartholomew (also called Nathanael),
Matthew (also called Levi),
Thomas (also called Didymus—“the twin”),
James (the son of Alphaeus),
Judas Lebbaeus (also called Thaddaeus),
Simon (the Zealot),
19
Judas Iscariot (who betrayed Him).
20
Now Jesus was unable to eat bread, because a crowd had
gathered again. 21When His family heard this, they went to get
Him, saying “He is out of His mind!”
22
And the teachers of the law who had come up from Jerusalem
said, “He is possessed by Beelzebul! He casts out demons by
the prince of demons!”31
23
So Jesus called them over and spoke to them in parables:
“How can satan cast out satan? 24If a kingdom is divided against
itself, that kingdom cannot stand. 25If a house is divided against
itself, that house cannot stand. 26If satan rises up against himself
and is divided, he cannot stand, and his end has come. 27No
one can enter a strong man’s house and steal his belongings,
unless he first ties up the strong man. Then he can rob his
house. 28 Truly I say to you, men will be forgiven for every sin
and blasphemy they utter. 29But whoever blasphemes against
the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven, because they are guilty of
an eternal sin.” 30He said this, because they were saying that
He had an unclean spirit.
31
His mother and His brothers arrived. They stood outside
and sent someone in to call Him. 32 Those sitting around Jesus
said to Him, “Look! Your mother and Your brothers are outside
looking for You.”
33
Jesus replied, “Who is My mother or My brothers?” 34 Then
31
Beelzebub (the god of files) was the god of the Ekronites
(2 Kings 1:2). The Jews called it Beelzebul (the god of dung).
They considered Beelzebub to be the worst and foulest of the
demons, so they called satan Beelzebul (meaning, “prince of
the demons”).

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Mark 4

He looked at those sitting around Him and said, “Look! My
mother and My brothers! 35Whoever does the will of God is My
brother and sister and mother.”

4 Again Jesus began to teach by the sea, and a very large crowd
gathered around Him. He got into a boat and sat on the sea,
while all the people remained on the seashore. 2Using parables,
He began teaching them many things. As He was teaching
them, He said, 3“Listen! A sower went out to sow his seed. 4As
he was sowing, some of the seeds fell on the pathway, and the
birds came and ate them up. 5Some of the seeds fell on rocky
ground, where there was not much soil. They sprouted quickly
because the soil was shallow. 6But when the sun was hot, the
young plants were scorched. They withered up, because their
roots were not deep enough. 7Some of the seeds fell among the
thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked the plants, and they
did not produce a crop. 8But some of the seeds fell on good soil
and produced a crop that grew up and increased thirty, sixty,
or hundredfold.” 9 Then He said to them, “Whoever has ears to
hear, let him hear!”
10
When Jesus was alone, the twelve disciples and the others
around Him asked Him about the parables. 11“The knowledge
of the secrets of the kingdom of God has been given to you,” He
replied, “but to those who are outside everything is in parables:

‘ They will look with their eyes
12

but never see.
They will hear with their ears
but never understand.
Otherwise, they would turn to Me,
and I would forgive their sins.’”
(Isaiah 6:9-10)
13
“If you do not understand this parable,” He said to them,
“then how will you understand any other parable? 14Now: the
sower sows the word. 15Some are like the seeds on the pathway,
where the word is sown. When they hear it, satan immediately
comes and takes away the word that was sown in their hearts.
16
Others are like the seeds sown on rocky ground. When they
hear the word, they immediately receive it with joy. 17But since

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Mark 4

they are not deeply rooted they only last for a short time. When
tribulation or persecution comes on account of the word they
immediately fall away. 18Still others are like the seeds sown
among the thorns. They hear the word, 19but the cares of this
world, the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things
come in and choke the word, making it unfruitful. 20Others are
like the seeds sown on good ground. When they hear the word,
they welcome it, and produce a crop that yields thirty, sixty,
or hundredfold.”
21
Then Jesus said to them, “Do you bring a lamp into a room
and put it under a basket or under a bed? Of course not! You
place it on a lamp stand. 22For all that is hidden will be revealed,
and all that is secret will come to light. 23 Whoever has ears to
hear, let him hear!”
24
Jesus said to them, “Pay careful attention to what you are
hearing. For whatever degree you pay attention, will be the
degree you understand. The more you pay attention, the more
understanding you will gain. 25For whoever has, to him more
will be given. And whoever does not have, even what he has
will be taken away from him.”
26
Then Jesus said, “The kingdom of God is like a man who
scatters seed on the ground. 27Whether he is asleep at night or
awake during the day the seed sprouts and grows, though he
does not know how. 28For the ground produces crops by itself—
first the stalk, then the head, then the full head of grain. 29As
soon as the grain is ripe, he starts cutting it with his sickle,
because the harvest has come.”
30
He went on to say, “To what can we compare the kingdom
of God to? Or what parable can we use to describe it? 31It is like
a mustard seed. When it is sown in the ground, it is smaller
than all the other seeds on earth. 32However, after it has been
sown, it grows up and becomes larger than all the herbs. It
produces such large branches that the birds of the air nest in
its shade.” 32

32
In the days of Jesus, the mustard seed was the smallest
seed used by farmers and gardeners in the Holy Land. These
mustard plants could grow up to ten feet tall!

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Mark 5

33
With many such parables He spoke the word to them, as
much as they were able to understand. 34He did not say anything
to them without using parables, but privately He explained
everything to His disciples.
35
That day, when evening had come, He said to His disciples,
“Let us cross over to the other side.” 36So they left the crowd and
got into the boat that He was in. And some other boats followed
them. 37A terrible windstorm arose, and the waves began to
beat against the boat and to fill it with water. 38Jesus, however,
was in the back of the boat sleeping on a cushion. They woke
Him up. “Teacher!” they exclaimed, “Do You not care that we
are about to die?”
39
Then He got up, rebuked the wind, and said to the sea,
“Peace, be still!” Suddenly the wind stopped, and there was a
great calm. 40 Then He asked them, “Why are you so fearful? Do
you still have no faith?”
41
They were greatly terrified and said to one another, “What
kind of Man is this? Even the wind and the sea obey Him!”

5 They arrived on the other side of the sea, in the region of
the Gerasenes. 2As soon as Jesus got out of the boat, a man
with an unclean spirit came from the tombs to meet Him. 3He
lived among the tombs, and no one could bind him, not even
with chains. 4He had often been bound with shackles and
chains, but had torn the chains apart and broke the shackles
in pieces. No one was able to subdue him. 5Night and day he
was always on the hillside among the tombs, screaming and
cutting himself with stones.
6
Seeing Jesus a long ways off, he ran up and fell down before
Him. 7Then he cried out with a loud voice, “What do you want
with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? Swear to God that
You will not torment me!” 8For Jesus had said to him, “Come
out of the man, you unclean spirit!”
9
“What is your name?” Jesus asked him.
“My name is Legion,” he replied, “for we are many.” 10And he
begged Jesus repeatedly not to send them out of that region.
11
Now a large herd of pigs was feeding on the hillside nearby.
12
“Send us into the pigs,” begged the demons, “so that we can

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Mark 5

enter them!” 13And Jesus allowed them. Then the demons came
out and entered the pigs. And the herd—about two thousand—
rushed down the steep bank into the sea, and drowned in the
sea. 14 The herdsmen ran off and reported everything in the city
and the countryside. So the people went out to see what had
happened. 15 When they came to Jesus and saw the man who had
been possessed by the legion of demons, sitting there, clothed,
and in his right mind, they were afraid. 16 Those who had seen
it told them what had happened to the demon-possessed man,
and to the pigs. 17Then they begged Him to leave their region.
18
As He was climbing into the boat, the man who had been
demon-possessed begged Jesus to let him go with Him. 19But
Jesus would not let him. “Go home to your family,” Jesus said
to him, “and tell them how much the Lord has done for you,
and how He has shown you mercy.” 20So the man went off and
began proclaiming in the Decapolis all that Jesus had done for
him, and everyone marvelled.
21
When Jesus had crossed over again in the boat to the other
side, a large crowd gathered around Him by the sea. 22 Then a
synagogue leader named Jairus arrived. When he saw Jesus,
he fell down at His feet. 23“My daughter is dying,” he pleaded
desperately, “come and lay Your hands on her so that she can
be healed and live.”
24
So Jesus went with Jairus, and a large crowd followed and
pressed against Him. 25A woman was there who had suffered
from internal bleeding for twelve years. 26She had suffered a
great deal from many doctors and had spent everything she
had, yet instead of getting better she had gotten worse. 27When
she heard about Jesus, she came up behind Him in the crowd
and touched His garment. 28“If I can just touch His garment,”
she said to herself, “I will be healed.” 29Immediately the source
of her bleeding stopped, and she felt in her body that she was
healed of her illness.
30
Immediately Jesus knew within Himself that power had
gone out from Him. So He turned around in the crowd and
said, “Who touched My garments?”
31
“You see the crowd pressing against You,” said the disciples,
“and You say, ‘ Who touched Me?’”

77
Mark 6

32
But Jesus kept looking around to see who had touched
Him. 33 Then the woman, knowing what had happened to her,
came with fear and trembling, fell down before Him, and told
Him the whole truth. 34“Daughter,” Jesus said to her, “your faith
has healed you. Go in peace, and be healed of your illness.”
35
While He was still speaking, some people came from the
synagogue leader’s house. “Your daughter has died,” they said.
“Why trouble the Teacher any further.”
36
When Jesus heard what they said, He said to the synagogue
leader, “Do not be afraid. Just believe.” 37And He did not let
anyone follow Him except Peter, and the two brothers, James
and John. 38 When He arrived at the house of the synagogue
leader and saw all the commotion, and the people weeping
and wailing, 39He went inside and said to them, “Why are you
weeping and making such a commotion? The girl is not dead.
She is only sleeping.”
40
But they mocked Him with laughter. After He had removed
them all, He took the girl’s father and mother, and those who
were with Him, and went into the room where the girl was lying.
41
Then He took the girl by the hand and said to her, “Talitha,
koum!” which means, “Girl, I say to you, get up!” 42And the
girl, who was twelve years old, immediately got up and started
to walk around. And her parents were shocked and amazed.
43
Then He gave them strict orders not to tell anyone what had
happened, and told them to give her something to eat.

6 Jesus left there and went to the town of Nazareth, where
He had grown up, and His disciples followed Him. 2On the
Sabbath He began to teach in the synagogue, and all those who
heard Him marvelled.

“Where did He get these things?” they asked. “What is this
wisdom that has been given to Him, that He even performs
miracles through His hands? 3Is this not the carpenter, the son
of Mary, the brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? Are
not His sisters here with us?” And they were offended by Him.
4
“A prophet is honoured everywhere,” said Jesus, “but in his
own town, among his relatives, and among his own family.” 5He
was unable to do any miracles there except to lay His hands

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on a few sick people and heal them. 6And He marvelled at their
unbelief.

Then He went around teaching from village to village. 7He
called the twelve and began to send them out two by two, giving
them authority over unclean spirits. 8He commanded them
to take nothing for their journey except a walking stick—no
traveller’s bag, no bread, and no money in their belts. 9 They
were to wear sandals, but they were not to take along any extra
clothes.
10
“Whenever you enter a house,” He said to them, “stay there
until you leave that place. 11If that place does not welcome you
or listen to you, leave there and shake the dust off your feet as
a testimony against them. Truly I say to you, it will be better
on the day of judgment for Sodom and Gomorrah than for that
town.”
12
So they went out and proclaimed that men should repent.
13
They cast out many demons, anointed many sick people with
oil, and healed them.
14
King Herod heard of all this, because Jesus’ name had
become well known. For some were saying, “John the Baptist
has been raised from the dead, and that is why these powers
are at work in Him.”
15
Others were saying, “He is Elijah.”
Still others were saying, “He is a prophet, like one of the
prophets of old.”
16
When Herod heard of all this, he said, “It is John, whom I
beheaded. He has risen from the dead!”
17
For Herod himself had sent and arrested John, and had
him bound and put in prison, because of Herodias, his brother
Philip’s wife, whom he had married. 18For John had said to
Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.”
19
So Herodias held a grudge against him and wanted to kill
him. But she was not able to, 20because Herod feared John.
He knew that John was a righteous and holy man, so he kept
John safe. When he heard John he was greatly puzzled, yet he
enjoyed listening to him.

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Mark 6

21
The opportunity Herodias had been waiting for had arrived.
It was Herod’s birthday, and he hosted a banquet for his nobles,
commanders, and the most prominent men of Galilee. 22When
the daughter of Herodias came in and danced for Herod and
his guests, she pleased the king so much that he said to her,
“Ask me for anything you want, and I will give it to you.” 23And
he swore an oath to her, “I will give you anything you ask for,
up to half my kingdom.”
24
Then she went out and asked her mother, “What should
I ask for?”
Her mother said, “The head of John the Baptist.”
25
Immediately she hurried back to the king and said, “I want
you to give me right now, on a platter, the head of John the
Baptist.”
26
This deeply grieved the king. But because of his oath and
his guests, he did not want to refuse her. 27Immediately the
king sent an executioner and commanded him to bring John’s
head. So the man went and beheaded John in prison. 28He
brought John’s head on a platter and gave it to the girl, who
in turn gave it to her mother. 29When John’s disciples heard
about this, they came and took his body and laid it in a tomb.
30
The apostles gathered around Jesus and told Him about
everything they had done and taught. 31 There were so many
people coming and going that they did not even have time to
eat. “Come with Me,” said Jesus, “to a solitary place and rest
for a while.” 32So they went off in a boat by themselves to a
solitary place. 33 The people saw them leaving, and many of them
recognized Him. So they hurried on foot from all the towns and
arrived ahead of them. 34When Jesus got out of the boat and
saw the large crowds, He had compassion on them, because
they were like sheep without a shepherd. Then He began to
teach them many things.
35
As the hour grew late, His disciples came to Him and said,
“This is a solitary place, and it is getting late. 36Send them
away, so they can go into the surrounding countryside and
towns to buy some bread for themselves. For the people have
nothing to eat.”
37
He answered them, “You give them something to eat.”
They said to Him, “Should we go and buy $16,000 worth of

80
Mark 6

bread and give it to them to eat?” 33
38
Jesus asked them, “How many loaves do you have? Go
and see.”
When they found out, they said, “Five loaves and two fish.”
39
Then He commanded them all to sit down in groups on the
green grass. 40And they sat down in groups of hundreds and
fifties. 41 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, looked
up to heaven, and gave thanks. Then He broke the loaves, and
gave them to His disciples to hand out to the people. He divided
the two fish among them as well. 42 The people ate and were all
satisfied. 43And the disciples picked up the left over pieces of
bread and fish, filling up twelve baskets. 44About five thousand
men had eaten the loaves.
45
Immediately after this, Jesus made His disciples get into the
boat to cross over to the other side, to the town of Bethsaida.
He, however, stayed behind to dismiss the crowds. 46After dis-
missing the crowds, He went up on the hillside to pray. 47When
evening came, the boat was in the middle of the sea, and He
was alone on land. 48Jesus saw them straining at the oars, be-
cause the wind was against them. And in the fourth watch of
the night Jesus came to them walking on the sea.34 He wanted
to approach them, 49but when they saw Him walking on the
sea they thought He was a ghost and cried out. 50 They all saw
Him and were terrified, so Jesus spoke to them at once. “Take
courage,” He said, “it is I! Do not be afraid!” 51 Then He got into
the boat with them, and the wind stopped. Overwhelmed with
amazement, the disciples marvelled. 52 They did not understand
about the loaves, because their hearts were hardened.
53
Crossing over, they landed at Gennesaret and anchored the
boat. 54As soon as they got out of the boat, everyone recognized
Him. 55 They ran throughout that entire region, carrying the
sick on mats to wherever they heard He was. 56 Wherever He
went—into villages, towns, or the countryside—they laid the

33
“Should we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread
and give it to them to eat?” A denarius was a day’s wages.
In Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10 an hour.
$10×8hours=$80. So one day’s wages is $80(CAD). $80×200=
$16,000. So two hundred denarii is $16,000(CAD).
34
The fourth watch of the night was from 3:00–6:00 A.M.

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Mark 7

sick in the marketplaces, begging Him to let them just touch
the hem of His garment. And all who touched Him were healed.

7 The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had
come from Jerusalem gathered around Him. 2 When they saw
some of His disciples eating bread with unclean hands—that
is, unwashed hands—they found fault with them. 3(For the
Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their
hands thoroughly, thus keeping the tradition of the elders. 4When
they come in from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they
wash themselves. There are many other traditions they keep,
such as the washing of cups, pots, bronze vessels, and tables.)
5
So the Pharisees and the teachers of the law asked Him,
“Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of
the elders, but eat their bread with unwashed hands?”
6
He answered and said to them, “Isaiah was right when He
prophesied about you hypocrites, as it is written:

‘ These people honour Me with their lips,
but their hearts are far from Me.
7
They worship Me in vain,
because the doctrines they teach
are man-made rules.’
(Isaiah 29:13)
8
“You lay aside the commandments of God in order to keep
your man-made traditions, such as the washing of pots and
cups. And you do many other things like that.” 9Jesus continued,
“You are good at rejecting the commandments of God in order to
keep your traditions. 10For Moses said, ‘Honour your father and
your mother,’ 35 and ‘Whoever blatantly disrespects his father or
mother must be put to death.’ 36 11But you say, ‘ If a man says
to his father or mother in need, “Whatever support you might
have received from me is Corban (that is, a gift devoted to God),”
12
then you allow him to neglect his father and mother.’ 13 You
have nullified the word of God by your tradition that you have
handed down. And you do many other things like that.”

35
Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16
36
Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9

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Mark 7

14
Then Jesus called all the people to Him, and said to them,
“Everyone listen to Me, and understand this: 15nothing that goes
into a man from the outside can defile him. It is what comes
out of a man that defiles him. 16Whoever has ears to hear, let
him hear!”
17
When He went into the house away from the crowd, His
disciples asked Him about this parable. 18“Do you have no
understanding?” He asked. “Do you not realize that nothing
that goes into a man from the outside can defile him? 19For it
does not go into his heart but into his stomach, and then is
eliminated.” (By saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.)
20
Then He said, “It is what comes out of a man that defiles
him. 21For from within, out of men’s hearts, come evil thoughts,
adultery, fornication, murder, 22 theft, greediness, wickedness,
deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, arrogance, and foolishness.
23
All these evil things come from within and defile a man.”
24
Jesus got up from there and went to the region of Tyre and
Sidon. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know
that He was there, but He could not keep it a secret. 25Upon
hearing about Him, a woman whose daughter had an unclean
spirit came and fell down at His feet. 26Now the woman was a
Greek, a Syrophoenician by birth. She kept begging Him to cast
the demon out of her daughter.
27
“First let the children eat what they want,” Jesus said to
her, “for it is not right to take the children’s bread and throw
it to the dogs.”
28
“Yes, Lord,” she answered, “but even the dogs under the
table eat the children’s crumbs.”
29
“For such an answer,” He said to her, “you may go. The
demon has gone out of your daughter.” 30 When she returned
home, she found her daughter lying in bed, and the demon
was gone.
31
Moving on from the region of Tyre and Sidon, He went to
the Sea of Galilee and into the region of the Decapolis. 32 They
brought to Him a deaf man who could hardly speak, and they
begged Him to lay His hands on him. 33So Jesus took him
aside from the crowd. He put His fingers into the man’s ears,
and then spit and touched his tongue. 34 Then He looked up to

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Mark 8

heaven, sighed, and said to him, “Ephphatha!” (which means, “Be
opened!”). 35Immediately his ears were opened, the impediment
of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke clearly.
36
Jesus commanded the people not to tell anyone. But the
more He commanded them, the more they told everyone. 37The
people were overwhelmed with amazement.
“Everything He does is wonderful!” they exclaimed. “He even
makes the deaf to hear and the mute to speak!”

8 In those days there was a very large crowd with nothing to
eat. So Jesus summoned His disciples. 2“I have compassion
for the crowd,” said Jesus, “because they have been with Me for
three days now and have nothing to eat. 3If I send them home
hungry, they will faint on the way, because some of them have
come a long distance.”
4
“Where in this wilderness,” answered the disciples, “could
anyone get enough bread to feed these people?”
5
“How many loaves do you have?” He asked them.
“Seven,” they replied.
6
Then He commanded the crowd to sit down on the ground.
He took the seven loaves, and gave thanks. Then He broke the
loaves and gave them to His disciples to hand out, and they
handed them out to the crowd. 7They also had a few small fish.
He gave thanks for them, and told the disciples to hand them
out as well. 8 The people ate and were satisfied. And the dis-
ciples picked up the left over pieces, filling up seven baskets.
9
About four thousand men ate. After sending them away, 10He
immediately got into the boat with His disciples and went to
the region of Dalmanutha.
11
Intending to trap Him, the Pharisees came to Jesus and
asked Him to show them a sign from heaven. 12Jesus sighed
deeply in His spirit. “Why does this generation look for a sign?” He
said. “Truly I say to you, no sign will be given to this generation!”
13
Then He left them, got into the boat again, and went to the
other side of the sea.
14
The disciples had forgotten to take bread with them, so they
had only one loaf in the boat. 15“Watch out!” Jesus warned them.
“Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod.”

84
Mark 8

16
They discussed this among themselves and said, “Is He
saying this because we have no bread?”
17
Aware of this, Jesus asked, “Why are you talking about
having no bread? Do you not comprehend or understand? Are
your hearts hardened? 18Do you have eyes, but do not see? Do
you have ears, but do not hear? Do you not remember? 19When I
broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many basketfuls
of leftovers did you pick up?”
“Twelve,” they said to Him.
20
“And when I broke the seven loaves for the four thousand,
how many basketfuls of leftovers did you pick up?”
“Seven,” they said.
21
“Do you still not understand?” Jesus asked them.
22
When He arrived at Bethsaida, they brought a blind man
to Him and begged Him to touch him. 23So Jesus took the blind
man by the hand and led him out of the town. Then He spit on
his eyes, placed His hands on him, and asked him, “Can you
see anything?”
24
The man looked around. “I can see people,” he said, “but
they look like trees walking around.”
25
Again Jesus placed His hands on the man’s eyes and made
him look around. His sight was restored, and he saw everything
clearly. 26 Then Jesus sent the man home. “Do not go into the
town,” He said, “or tell anyone in the town about this.”
27
Then Jesus and His disciples went to the towns around
Caesarea Philippi. On the way He asked His disciples, “Who do
men say that I am?”
28
“Some say John the Baptist,” they replied, “some say Elijah,
and others say that You are one of the other prophets.”
29
“What about you?” Jesus asked. “Who do you say that I am?”
“You are the Christ,” answered Peter.
30
And Jesus warned them not to tell anyone about Him.
31
Then He began to teach them that the Son of Man must
suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, the chief
priests, and the teachers of the law, and be killed, and after
three days rise again. 32As He spoke openly about this, Peter
took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. 33But Jesus turned
around, looked at His disciples, and rebuked Peter. “Get behind

85
Mark 9

Me, satan!” He said. “For your mind is not on the things of God,
but on the things of man.”
34
Then Jesus called the crowd to Him, as well as His disciples.
“If anyone desires to come after Me,” Jesus said, “he must deny
himself and take up his cross and follow Me. 35Whoever desires
to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake
and for the gospel will save it. 36For what will it profit a man if
he gains the whole world, yet forfeits his soul? 37Or what can
a man offer in exchange for his soul? 38Whoever is ashamed of
Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the
Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the
glory of His Father with the holy angels.”

9 Then Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, some who are
standing here will not taste death until they see the kingdom
of God come in power.”
2
Six days later, Jesus took Peter, James, and John, and led
them up on a high mountain to be alone. There, before their
very eyes, Jesus was transformed. 3His clothes became radi-
ant, very white, like snow—whiter than anyone on earth could
bleach them. 4 Then Elijah and Moses appeared and began
talking with Jesus.
5
Peter said to Jesus, “Rabbi, how wonderful it is for us to be
here! I will make three shelters—one for You, one for Moses,
and one for Elijah.” 6Peter did not know what to say, for they
were all terrified.
7
Then a cloud came and surrounded them, and a voice came
from the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son. Listen to Him!”
8
Suddenly, as they looked around, they saw no one with them
but Jesus.
9
As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus ordered them
not to tell anyone what they had seen until the Son of Man had
risen from the dead. 10So they kept the matter to themselves,
discussing what “rising from the dead” meant.
11
“Why, then,” they asked Him, “do the teachers of the law
say that Elijah must come first?”
12
“Elijah truly does come first,” He answered, “in order to
get everything ready. But why is it written that the Son of Man

86
Mark 9

must suffer many things and be rejected? 13But I tell you that
Elijah has come, and they did to him what they wanted, just
as it is written about him.”
14
When He came to the other disciples, He saw a large crowd
around them and the teachers of the law arguing with them.
15
As soon as the whole crowd saw Him, they were greatly amazed
and ran to greet Him.
16
“What are you arguing with them about?” He asked the
teachers of the law.
17
“Teacher,” said a man in the crowd, “I brought my son
to You. He is possessed by a spirit that makes him mute.
18
Whenever it seizes him, it throws him down. He foams at the
mouth, gnashes his teeth, and becomes very stiff. I asked Your
disciples to cast it out, but they could not do it.”
19
“You unbelieving generation!” remarked Jesus. “How much
longer must I be with you? How much longer must I put up
with you? Bring him here to Me.”
20
So they brought the boy to Him. When the spirit saw Jesus,
it immediately threw the boy into convulsions. He fell to the
ground and rolled around, foaming at the mouth.
21
“How long has this been happening?” Jesus asked his father.
“Since childhood,” he replied. 22“Many times it has thrown
him into the fire or the water to destroy him. But if You can do
anything, have compassion on us and help us!”
23
“If you can believe,” Jesus said to him, “all things are pos-
sible for him who believes.”
24
Immediately the child’s father cried out and said with tears,
“Lord, I believe! Help my unbelief!”
25
When Jesus saw that a crowd was running towards Him,
He rebuked the unclean spirit. “You deaf and mute spirit,” He
said, “I command you to come out of him and to never enter
him again!”
26
Then the unclean spirit cried out, threw the boy into
convulsions, and came out. The boy looked lifeless, and many
said that he was dead. 27But Jesus took him by the hand and
helped him up, and he stood up.
28
When Jesus entered the house, His disciples asked Him
privately, “Why could we not cast it out?”
29
“This kind of demon,” answered Jesus, “does not come out
except by prayer and fasting.”

87
Mark 9

30
They departed from there and passed through Galilee. He
did not want anyone to know where He was, 31because He was
teaching His disciples. “The Son of Man,” Jesus said to them,
“is going to be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and they
will kill Him. After He is killed, He will rise on the third day.”
32
But they did not understand what He was talking about, and
they were afraid to ask Him.
33
Then they came to Capernaum. While Jesus was in the
house, He asked them, “What were you arguing about on the
road?” 34But they made no reply, because on the way they had
been arguing with each other about who was the greatest. 35So
He sat down and called the twelve to Him. “If anyone wants
to be first,” He said, “he must be last of all and servant of all.”
36
Then He took a little child and stood him in their midst, and
taking him in His arms, He said to them, 37“Whoever welcomes
a little child like this in My name welcomes Me. And whoever
welcomes Me does not welcome Me, but Him who sent Me.”
38
“Teacher,” said John, “we saw someone casting out demons
in Your name. We tried to stop him, because he was not one
of us.”
39
“Do not stop him,” said Jesus, “because no one who performs
a miracle in My name can soon afterward speak evil of Me. 40For
whoever is not against us is for us. 41For whoever gives you a
cup of water to drink in My name, because you belong to Christ,
truly I say to you, he will not lose his reward.
42
“But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in
Me to sin, it would be better for him to have a large millstone
hung around his neck and to be cast into the sea. 43If your right
hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life
without a limb than to have two hands and go into hell—into
the unquenchable fire, 44 where

‘ Their worm does not die,
and the fire is not quenched.’ 37
45
And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for
you to enter life without a limb than to have two feet and be
thrown into hell—into the unquenchable fire, 46 where
37
Isaiah 66:24

88
Mark 10

‘ Their worm does not die,
and the fire is not quenched.’

And if your eye causes you to sin, rip it out. It is better for
47

you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two
eyes and be thrown into the fire of hell, 48 where

‘ Their worm does not die,
and the fire is not quenched.’

For everyone will be salted with fire, and every sacrifice will
49

be salted with salt. 50Salt is good, but if salt loses its flavour,
how can it be made salty again? Have salt in yourselves, and
be at peace with one another.”

10 Jesus left that place and travelled along the east side of
the Jordan River to the region of Judea. Again crowds
gathered around Him, and as was His custom, He taught them.
2
Intending to trap Him, the Pharisees came to Jesus and asked
Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
3
He answered, “What did Moses command you?”
4
They said, “Moses allowed us to write a certificate of divorce
and to send her away.”
5
But Jesus answered them, “It was because of the hardness of
your hearts that he wrote this commandment for you. 6But from
the beginning of creation ‘God made them male and female.’ 38
7
‘ For this reason a man will leave his father
and mother and will be joined to his wife,
8
and the two will become one flesh.’
(Genesis 2:24)

So they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9 Therefore, what God
has joined together, let man not separate.”
10
When they went inside the house, the disciples asked Him
about this. 11Jesus said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife,
and marries another woman, commits adultery against her.
12
And if a woman divorces her husband, and marries another
man, she commits adultery.”
38
Genesis 1:27, 5:2

89
Mark 10

13
Some people brought their little children to Jesus so that
He could touch them, but His disciples rebuked them. 14When
Jesus saw this, He was displeased, and said to them, “Let
the little children come to Me. Do not stop them, because the
kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these. 15 Truly I say to
you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child
will not enter it.” 16 Then He took the children in His arms, laid
His hands on them, and blessed them.
17
As Jesus was going on His way, a man ran up and knelt
down before Him. “Good Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do
to inherit eternal life?”
18
“Why do you call Me good?” Jesus asked him. “ There is
only One who is good, and that is God. 19 You know the com-
mandments:

‘ You must not commit adultery,
you must not murder,
you must not steal,
you must not give false testimony,
you must not defraud,
honour your father and mother.’”
(Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20;
Leviticus 19:13)
20
“Teacher,” he replied, “I have kept all of these commandments
since my childhood.”
21
Jesus looked at him and loved him. “ There is one thing
you lack,” He said. “Go and sell everything you have and give
the proceeds to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven.
Then come, take up the cross, and follow Me.” 22 This statement
made the man gloomy, and he went away sad, because he had
many possessions.
23
Jesus looked around and said to His disciples, “How difficult
it is for those who are rich to enter the kingdom of God!” 24 The
disciples were amazed at what He said. But Jesus said to them
again, “Children, how hard it is for those who trust in riches
to enter the kingdom of God! 25It is easier for a camel to go
through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the
kingdom of God.”

90
Mark 10

26
They were greatly amazed and said to one another, “Then
who can be saved?”
27
Jesus looked at them and said, “With man this is impossible,
but not with God. For with God all things are possible.”
28
“Look,” said Peter to Him, “we have left everything to follow
You.”
29
“ Truly I say to you,” replied Jesus, “there is no one who
has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or
wife or children or fields for My sake and for the sake of the
gospel 30 who will not receive a hundred times as much in this
present age—houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and
fields, with persecutions—and eternal life in the age to come.
31
However, many who are first will be last, and many who are
last will be first.”
32
As they were on their way down to Jerusalem, Jesus led the
way. This amazed them, but as they followed Him they became
anxious and afraid. Again He took the twelve aside and began
to tell them what was going to happen to Him. 33“We are now
on our way to Jerusalem,” He told them, “and the Son of Man
will be handed over to the chief priests and the teachers of the
law. They will condemn Him to death and will hand Him over
to the Gentiles, 34 who will mock Him, whip Him, spit on Him,
and kill Him. But on the third day He will rise again.”
35
Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came up to
Him. “Teacher,” they said, “we want You to do us a favour.”
36
“What do you want Me to do for you?” asked Jesus.
37
They said to Him, “Promise us that in Your glory we will sit
one at Your right hand and the other at Your left.”
38
“You do not know what you are asking!” Jesus replied. “Can
you drink the cup that I am about to drink, or be baptized with
the baptism that I am about to be baptized with?”
39
“Yes,” they said to Him, “we can.”
“Indeed,” said Jesus, “you will drink from the cup that I am
about to drink and will be baptized with the baptism that I am
about to be baptized with. 40But it is not for Me to decide who
will sit at My right or left hand. On the contrary, it is My Father
who will make that decision.”
41
Upon hearing this, the other ten disciples became angry
with James and John. 42Jesus called His disciples to Him and

91
Mark 11

said, “You know that those who are recognized as rulers of the
Gentiles lord it over their subjects, and that their men of high
rank exercise authority over the people. 43But it will not be that
way with you. On the contrary, if anyone wants to become great,
he must be your servant. 44And if anyone wants to be first, he
must be slave of all. 45For even the Son of Man did not come
to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for
many.”
46
Then they came to Jericho. As Jesus was leaving Jericho with
His disciples and a large crowd, a blind man named Bartimaeus
(the son of Timaeus) sat by the road begging. 47When he heard
that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say,
“Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!”
48
But the people rebuked him and told him to be quiet. Howev-
er, he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!”
49
Then Jesus stood still. “Call him,” He said.
So they called the blind man. “Cheer up!” they said. “Get up,
He is calling you!” 50So the man threw off his coat, stood up,
and went to Jesus.
51
“What do you want Me to do for you?” Jesus asked him.
“Lord,” the blind man answered, “I want to receive my sight!”
52
“Go,” said Jesus, “your faith has healed you.” And instantly
the man received his sight and followed Jesus down the road.

11 As He approached Jerusalem, near the towns of Bethphage
and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, He sent two of His
disciples off 2 with these instructions: “Go to the town across the
way. As soon as you get there you will find a colt tied up that
nobody has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 3If anyone
asks you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord needs it and
will send it back here shortly.’”
4
So they went and found the colt outside in the street, tied
up at the doorway. As they were untying it, 5some of those who
were standing there asked them, “What are you doing, untying
that colt?” 6So they answered just as Jesus had told them, and
they let them take it. 7Then they brought the colt to Jesus and
threw their coats on it, and He sat on it.

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8
Many spread their coats on the road, while others cut off
palm branches and laid them in His path. 9 Those in front and
those behind cried out:

“Hosanna!
Blessed is He who comes
in the name of the Lord!”
(Psalm 118:25-26)

“Blessed is the kingdom of our father David,
10

who comes in the name of the Lord!
Hosanna in the highest!”
11
Jesus entered Jerusalem, went to the temple, and looked
around at everything. But since it was already late in the eve-
ning, He went out to the town of Bethany with the twelve.
12
The next day, as they were leaving Bethany, Jesus became
hungry. 13He saw a fig tree in the distance with leaves, and
hoped to find some fruit on it. When He came to it, He found
nothing but leaves, because it was not fig season. 14Jesus said
to the fig tree, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again!” And
His disciples heard this.
15
Arriving in Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple and began
throwing out those who were buying and selling in the temple.
He overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats
of those who were selling doves, 16and He would not let anyone
carry merchandise through the temple. 17 Then He began to
teach them, saying, “Is it not written:

‘ My house will be called
a house of prayer for all nations?’
(Isaiah 56:7)

But you have made it a den of bandits!” 39 18 When the teachers
of the law and the chief priests heard this, they began looking
for a way to kill Him. They were afraid of Him, because all the
people were amazed at His teaching. 19 When evening came, He
went out of the city.

39
Jeremiah 7:11

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Mark 12

20
In the morning, as they passed by, they noticed that the fig
tree had withered to its very roots. 21Peter, remembering what
had happened, said to Him, “Look, Rabbi, the fig tree that You
cursed has withered!”
22
Jesus replied, “Have faith in God! 23 Truly I say to you,
whoever says to this mountain, ‘ Lift yourself up and throw
yourself into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but
believes that what he says will happen, it will be done for him.
24
Therefore I say to you, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe
that you have received it, and it will be yours. 25And when you
stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive them,
so that your Father in heaven will forgive your sins. 26For if you
do not forgive, your Father in heaven will not forgive your sins.”
27
They went to Jerusalem again. As Jesus was walking in
the temple, the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the
elders came to Him. 28“By what authority are You doing these
things?” they asked Him. “And who gave You this authority?”
29
“I have one question for you,” replied Jesus. “Answer Me,
and I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things.
30
Did John’s authority to baptize come from heaven or from
men? Answer Me.”
31
They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say,
‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Then why did you not believe John?’
32
But if we say, ‘From men,’ we are afraid of the crowd, because
they all believe that John was a prophet.”
33
“We do not know,” they said to Jesus.
“Well, then,” Jesus replied, “I will not tell you by what
authority I am doing these things.”

12 Then He began to speak to them in parables: “There was
a man who planted a vineyard. He put a hedge around
it, dug a wine vat, and built a watchtower. Then he leased it to
some farmers and departed. 2At harvest time, he sent a slave
to the farmers to collect from them his share of the vineyard’s
fruit. 3But the farmers grabbed him, beat him, and sent him
away empty-handed. 4So the man sent another slave to them.
But they stoned him, wounded his head, and sent him away
in a shameful manner. 5 Then the man sent another, and they
killed him. He sent many others; some of them they beat, and
others they killed. 6 The man had one more person left to send,

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his beloved son. He sent him last, saying, ‘ They will respect
my son.’ 7But those farmers said to one another, ‘ This is the
heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!’
8
Then they grabbed him, killed him, and threw him out of the
vineyard. 9What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do? He
will come and destroy those farmers and will give the vineyard
to others. 10Have you not read this Scripture:

‘ The Stone that the builders rejected
has become the Cornerstone.
11
This is the Lord’s doing,
and it is marvellous in our eyes’?”
(Psalm 118:22-23)

They wanted to arrest Him, because they knew that He had
12

spoken this parable against them, but they were afraid of the
people. So they left Him and went away.
13
Then they sent some of the Pharisees and the Herodians
to trap Him in His words. 14 When they came to Him, they
said, “Teacher, we know that You are sincere. For You are not
concerned with what others think about You, because You are
not influenced by anyone but teach the way of God in truth.
Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not? 15Should we pay or
should we not pay?”
But knowing their hypocrisy, Jesus said to them, “Why are
you trying to trap Me? Bring Me a denarius so that I may look at
it.” 40 16So they brought Him one. “Whose image and inscription
is this?” He asked them.
“Caesar’s,” they replied.
17
Then Jesus said to them, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s,
and to God what is God’s.” And they marvelled at Him.
18
Then the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection,
came and asked Him a question, saying, 19“Teacher, Moses
wrote this to us:

‘ If a man’s brother dies,
leaving a wife but no children,
his brother must marry the widow

40
A denarius was worth a day’s wages.

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Mark 12

and have a child on behalf of his brother
in order to preserve his family line.’
(Deuteronomy 25:5-6)
20
Now there were seven brothers. The oldest married a wife, but
died without having children. 21So the second brother married
her, but he also died without having children. The same thing
happened to the third brother. 22In fact, all seven married her
and died without having children. Last of all, the woman died
too. 23So whose wife will she be at the resurrection when the
dead rise, since all seven were married to her?”
24
Jesus answered and said to them, “Are you not in error,
because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God?
25
For when the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in
marriage, but will be like the angels in heaven. 26Now concerning
the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses,
in the account of the burning bush, how God said to Moses,

‘ I am the God of Abraham,
the God of Isaac,
and the God of Jacob’?
(Exodus 3:6)

He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living.
27

Therefore you greatly err.”
28
One of the teachers of the law came and heard them de-
bating. When he saw that Jesus had answered them well, he
asked Him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?”
29
Jesus replied, “The most important of all the commandments
is this:

‘ Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
30
You must love the Lord your God
with all your heart and with all your soul
and with all your mind
and with all your strength.’
(Deuteronomy 6:4-5)

This is the most important commandment. 31
And the second
one is like it:

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Mark 12

‘ You must love your neighbour as yourself.’
(Leviticus 19:18)

There is no other commandment greater than these.”
32
The teacher of the law said to Him, “Well said, Teacher! It
is true, God is one and there is no other besides Him. 33 To love
Him with all your heart, with all your understanding, with all
your soul, and with all your strength, and to love your neighbour
as yourself, is more important than all burnt offerings and
sacrifices.”
34
When Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him,
“You are not far from the kingdom of God.” After that nobody
dared to ask Him any more questions.
35
As Jesus was teaching in the temple, He asked, “How can
the teachers of the law say that the Christ is the son of David?
36
For David himself said by the Holy Spirit,

‘ The Lord said to My Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet.”’
(Psalm 110:1)
37
If David himself calls Him ‘Lord,’ how can He be his son?” And
the large crowd listened to Him gladly.
38
As He taught them, He said, “Beware of the teachers of the
law. They love to walk around in long robes and to be greeted in
the marketplaces. 39 They love to have the most important seats
in the synagogues and the seats of honour at banquets. 40 They
devour widows’ houses, and for a show make long prayers. They
will receive greater condemnation!”
41
Sitting across from the temple treasury, Jesus watched
the people dropping their money into the treasury. Many of the
rich dropped in large amounts. 42But a poor widow came and
dropped in two small coins, worth only a fraction of a penny.
43
Then Jesus called His disciples to Him. “Truly I say to you,”
He remarked, “this poor widow has put more into the treasury
than the rest of them. 44For they all gave out of their surplus,
but she out of her poverty has given all that she had to live on.”

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Mark 13

13 As He was leaving the temple, one of His disciples said
to Him, “Teacher! Look at these magnificent stones, and
these magnificent buildings!”
2
“Do you see these great buildings?” Jesus said to him. “Not
one stone will be left on another. They will all be thrown down.”
3
While He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the
temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked Him privately,
4
“Tell us, when will these things happen? And what will be the
sign that all these things are about to be fulfilled?”
5
“Watch out that no one deceives you,” Jesus began to say
to them. 6“For many will come in My name, saying, ‘ I am the
Christ,’ and they will deceive many. 7And when you hear of wars
and rumours of wars, do not be alarmed. These things must
happen, but the end is not yet. 8For nation will rise against
nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes
in various places, and there will be famines and troubles. These
are the beginning of birth pains.
9
“Watch out for yourselves! They will hand you over to the
councils, and you will be whipped in their synagogues. You will
be brought before governors and kings for My sake, to testify to
them. 10And the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations.
11
When you are arrested and brought to trial, do not think
beforehand about what to say. But say whatever is given to you
at that moment, for it will not be you speaking, but the Holy
Spirit. 12Brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father
his child. Children will turn against their parents and will have
them put to death. 13And everyone will hate you on account of
My name. But whoever endures to the end will be saved.
14
“When you see the ‘abomination that causes desolation,’ 41
which the prophet Daniel spoke about, standing where it should
not be (reader take note of this), then those who are in Judea
must flee to the mountains! 15Whoever is on the rooftop must
not go down into their house to take anything out of it. 16And
whoever is in the field must not turn back to get their coat. 17How
terrible it will be in those days for women who are pregnant or
nursing. 18And pray that you will not have to make your escape
in the winter. 19For at that time there will be great tribulation,
41
Daniel 9:27, 11:31, 12:11

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Mark 13

worse than anything that has happened since the beginning of
creation, which God created, until now—and nothing like it will
ever happen again. 20If the Lord had not cut short those days,
nobody would survive. But for the sake of the elect, whom He
has chosen, those days will be shortened.
21
“At that time, if anyone says to you, ‘Look! Here is the Christ,’
or ‘ Look! There He is,’ do not believe him. 22For false christs
and false prophets will arise and will perform great signs and
wonders in order to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 23Watch
out! I have told you everything ahead of time! 24But in those
days, after that tribulation,

‘ The sun will be darkened,
the moon will not give its light,
25
the stars will fall from heaven,
and the powers of heaven will be shaken.’
(Isaiah 13:10, 34:4)
26
Then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with
great power and glory. 27He will send out His angels, and they
will gather His elect from the four winds, from the ends of the
earth to the ends of heaven.
28
“Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: when its buds become
tender and its leaves begin to sprout, you know that summer
is near. 29Likewise, when you see these things happening, you
will know that the time is near, right at the door. 30 Truly I say
to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things
are fulfilled. 31Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words
will never pass away. 32Nobody knows when that day or hour
will come—not the angels in heaven, not even the Son, but only
the Father. 33 Watch out, stay awake, and pray, because you do
not know when that time will come.
34
“It is like a man who went away from home on a trip,
who put his slaves in charge, each with their own task, and
commanded the doorkeeper to keep watch. 35 Therefore keep
watch, because you do not know when the master of the house
will come back—whether in the evening, or at midnight, or at
three o’clock in the morning, or at sunrise. 36Indeed, you do not

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Mark 14

want him to come suddenly and find you sleeping. 37What I say
to you I say to everyone: watch!”

14 Two days before the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened
Bread, the chief priests and the teachers of the law were
looking for some sly way to arrest and kill Him. 2“We must not
do this during the feast,” they said, “or else there may be a riot
among the people.”
3
While Jesus was in the town of Bethany, at the house of
Simon the leper, a woman came up to Him as He sat at the
table. She had an alabaster jar of fragrant oil made of pure
nard, it was very expensive. She broke the jar open and poured
it on His head. 4Some who were there became angry and said to
themselves, “Why has this fragrant oil been wasted? 5It could
have been sold for more than $24,000 and given to the poor.” 42
And they began to scold her.
6
“Leave her alone,” said Jesus. “Why are you bothering her?
She has done a beautiful thing for Me. 7 You will always have the
poor with you and can help them anytime you want, but you
will not always have Me. 8She has done what she could. She
has anointed My body beforehand to prepare it for burial. 9 Truly
I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached throughout the
world, what she has done will also be told in memory of her.”
10
Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief
priests to betray Jesus to them. 11When they heard this, they
were glad and promised to give him silver. So he began to look
for an opportunity to hand Him over.
12
On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when
they sacrificed the Passover lamb, His disciples asked Him,
“Where do You want us to go and prepare the Passover meal?”
13
Then He sent off two of His disciples with these instruc-
tions: “Go into the city, and there you will meet a man carrying
a pitcher of water. Follow him, 14and say to the owner of the
42
“It could have been sold for more than three hundred de-
narii and given to the poor.” A denarius was a day’s wages. In
Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an hour.
$10×8hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is $80(CAD).
300×80=24,000. So three hundred denarii is $24,000(CAD).

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house he enters, ‘ The Teacher says, “Where is My guest room,
where I can eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ 15He will show
you a large upper room that is furnished and ready. Make
preparations for us there.” 16So His disciples left, and went into
the city. They found everything just as He had told them, and
they prepared the Passover meal.
17
When evening came, He arrived there with the twelve. 18As
they were sitting at the table eating, Jesus said, “Truly I say to
you, one of you who is eating with Me will betray Me.”
19
Filled with sorrow, they asked Him one by one, “Is it I?”
20
“It is one of you twelve,” He replied. “The one who is dipping
his hand into the bowl with Me. 21Indeed, the Son of Man will
go just as it is written about Him. But woe to the man who
betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had
never been born.”
22
As they were eating, Jesus took the bread, and after giving
thanks, He broke it and gave it to them. “Take this and eat it,”
He said, “for this is My body.”
23
Then He took the cup, and after giving thanks He gave it to
them, and they all drank from it. 24“This is My blood,” He said,
“the blood of the New Covenant, which is poured out for many.
25
Truly I tell you this: I will not drink again of the fruit of the
vine, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”
26
After singing a hymn, they made their way to the Mount of
Olives. 27“Tonight you will all fall away on account of Me,” said
Jesus, “for it is written,

‘ I will strike the Shepherd,
and the sheep will be scattered.’
(Zechariah 13:7)

But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.”
28
29
“Even if they all fall away,” declared Peter, “I will not!”
30
“Truly I say to you,” replied Jesus, “today, this very night,
before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.”
31
“Even if I have to die with You,” insisted Peter, “I will never
deny You!” And they all said the same thing.

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32
Then they went to a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus
said to His disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 33He took Peter,
James, and John with Him, and began to be greatly overwhelmed
with distress and anguish. 34“My soul is deeply grieved,” He
told them, “to the point of death. Wait here and stay awake.”
35
He went a little further, fell to the ground, and prayed
that if it were possible the hour might pass from Him. 36“Abba,
Father,”43 He prayed, “all things are possible for You. Take this
cup away from Me. However, Your will be done, not Mine.”
37
Then He returned and found them sleeping. “Simon,” He
said to Peter, “are you asleep? Could you not stay awake for
one hour? 38Stay awake, and pray that you will not enter into
temptation. Indeed, the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
39
Again Jesus went away and prayed the same words. 40 Then
He returned and found them sleeping again, because their eyes
were heavy. And they did not know what to say to Him.
41
Then He returned a third time and said to them, “Are you
still sleeping and resting? Enough! The time has come. Look!
The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42Get up,
let us go! Look! My betrayer is coming!”
43
No sooner had He uttered these words than Judas, one of
the twelve, appeared. With him was a large crowd armed with
swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests, the teachers of
the law, and the elders. 44Now His betrayer, Judas, promised
to give them a signal. He said, “The One I kiss is the Man you
want. Arrest Him and lead Him away under guard.”
45
At once, Judas went up to Jesus and said, “Rabbi, Rabbi,”
and kissed Him. 46 Then they grabbed hold of Jesus and arrested
Him. 47But one of those who were standing there drew their
sword and struck the high priest’s slave, cutting off his ear.
48
“Have you come out,” said Jesus, “with swords and clubs to
arrest Me, as if I were some kind of bandit? 49Daily I was in the
temple teaching, and you did not arrest Me. But the Scriptures
must be fulfilled.” 50 Then all the disciples deserted Him and
fled. 51A certain young man had followed Jesus, wearing only

43
Abba is the Aramaic word for father. “Father, Father,” He
prayed, “all things are possible for You.”

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Mark 14

a linen cloth over his bare body. When they tried to grab him,
52
he left the linen cloth behind and ran away naked.44
53
They led Jesus away to the high priest, and all the chief
priests and the elders and the teachers of the law assembled
together. 54Peter followed Him at a distance, right into the
courtyard of the high priest, and then sat down with the officers
and warmed himself by the fire.
55
The chief priests and the entire Sanhedrin were looking
for false evidence against Jesus, because they wanted Him to
be put to death. However, they could not find any. 56Although
many falsely testified against Him, their testimonies did not line
up. 57 Then some men came forward and falsely testified against
Him, saying, 58“We heard Him say, ‘ I will destroy this temple
made with human hands, and in three days I will build another
made without human hands.’” 59But even their testimonies did
not line up.
60
Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus,
“Have You no response to the accusations they are making
against You?” 61But Jesus remained silent and made no reply.
Again the high priest asked Him, “Are You the Christ, the Son
of the Blessed One?”
62
“I am,” said Jesus, “and you will see the Son of Man sitting
at the right hand of the Almighty and coming on the clouds of
heaven.”
63
Then the high priest tore his clothes and exclaimed, “What
further evidence do we need? 64You have heard His blasphemy!
What do you think?”
And they all condemned Him, saying, “He is guilty of death!”
65
Then some began to spit on Him, and they blindfolded Him
and hit Him with their fists, saying, “Prophesy!” And the officers
slapped Him with the palms of their hands.
66
As Peter was in the courtyard below, a slave-girl of the high
priest came by. 67 When she saw Peter warming himself, she
stared at him and said, “You, too, were with Jesus of Nazareth.”
68
But Peter denied Him, saying, “I do not know or understand
44
This young man was most likely John Mark, the author of
the Gospel of Mark.

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Mark 15

what you are talking about.” Then he went over to the gateway,
and the rooster crowed.
69
The slave-girl saw him again, and began to say to those
standing there, “This man is one of them.” 70Peter, however,
denied Him again.
A little while later those who were standing there said to
Peter again, “You must be one of them, for you are a Galilean,
and your accent proves it.”
71
Denying Him again, Peter swore an oath, saying, “I do not
know the Man you are talking about!” 72And immediately the
rooster crowed a second time, and Peter remembered the words
that Jesus had said to him: “Before the rooster crows twice, you
will deny Me three times.” As Peter thought about it, he wept.

15 As soon as it was morning, the chief priests had a meeting
with the elders, the teachers of the law, and the entire
Sanhedrin. Then they tied Jesus up, led Him away, and delivered
Him to Pilate.
2
“Are You the King of the Jews?” asked Pilate.
“You are correct,” replied Jesus.
3
The chief priests accused Him of many things, but He made
no reply. 4“Have You nothing to say?” said Pilate. “Look at the
charges they are bringing against You.” 5But to Pilate’s surprise,
Jesus made no reply.
6
Now each Passover Pilate would release one prisoner for
them—any prisoner they wanted. 7A man named Barabbas
was in prison at that time, with the rebels who had committed
murder during the rebellion. 8So when the people cried out,
asking Pilate to release a prisoner for them, 9he said, “Do you
want me to release for you the King of the Jews?” 10For he knew
that the chief priests had delivered Jesus over to him because
they were envious. 11But the chief priests stirred up the crowd
to ask for the release of Barabbas instead. 12“What, then,” asked
Pilate, “should I do with the One you call the King of the Jews?”
13
“Crucify Him!” they cried out.
14
“Why?” asked Pilate. “What wrong has He done?”
“Crucify Him!” they cried out even louder.
15
So Pilate, wanting to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas
to them. Then he had Jesus whipped, and delivered Him over
to be crucified.

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Mark 15

16
The soldiers led Jesus away into the palace (that is, the
Praetorium), and called together the entire regiment. 17 They
dressed Him in a purple robe, wove a crown of thorns, and
placed it on His head. 18And they began to salute Him, “Hail,
King of the Jews!” 19 Then they repeatedly struck Him on the
head with a staff and spit on Him. And they fell on their knees,
pretending to pay homage to Him. 20 When they had finished
mocking Him, they took the purple robe off Him and dressed
Him in His own clothes. Then they led Him away to be crucified.
21
Now Simon (the father of Alexander and Rufus), who was
from the city of Cyrene, was coming in from the country. As he
was passing by, they forced him to carry His cross. 22And they
brought Him to the place called Golgotha (which is translated,
“The Place of the Skull”). 23 They gave Him some wine mixed with
myrrh to drink, but He did not take it. 24When they crucified
Him they divided His clothes, casting lots to see who would get
what. 25It was nine o’clock in the morning when they crucified
Him. 26 The sign of the charges written against Him said:

THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Two bandits were crucified with Him, one on His right and
27

one on His left. 28 This fulfilled the Scripture that says,

‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12)
29
Those passing by insulted Him and shook their heads, saying,
“Aha! You who were going to destroy the temple and rebuild it
in three days, 30save Yourself and come down from the cross!”
31
The chief priests and the teachers of the law also mocked
Him, saying, “He saved others, but He cannot save Himself!
32
Let this Christ, this King of Israel, come down from the cross
now, so that we may see it and believe!” And those who were
crucified with Him also insulted Him.
33
At noon, darkness came over the entire land and lasted until
three in the afternoon. 34At three o’clock Jesus cried out with a
loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” (which is translated,
“My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”)

105
Mark 16

35
When some of those who were standing there heard this,
they said, “He is calling Elijah!”
36
Then one of them ran and soaked a sponge full of vinegar,
put it on a stick, and gave it to Him to drink, saying, “Leave
Him alone! Let us see if Elijah will come and take Him down!”
37
Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice and died. 38And the
curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom.
39
When the officer, who was standing across from Him, saw
the way He cried out and gave up His spirit, he said, “Truly this
Man was the Son of God!”
40
Some women were also watching from a distance. Among
them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the
younger and of Joses, and Salome. 41When He was in Galilee,
they had followed Him and ministered to Him, along with many
other women who had come down to Jerusalem with Him.
42
It was Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath.
Since it was late in the afternoon, 43Joseph of Arimathea, an
honourable member of the Sanhedrin, who was waiting for
the kingdom of God, boldly approached Pilate and asked for
Jesus’ body. 44Pilate was shocked to hear that He was already
dead. So he summoned the officer to find out if he had in fact
died. 45When Pilate learned the facts from the officer, he gave
the body to Joseph. 46 Then Joseph bought a linen cloth, took
Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen cloth. Then he laid
Him in a tomb that was cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone
to the entrance of the tomb. 47And Mary Magdalene, and Mary
the mother of Joses, saw where He was laid.

16 When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary
the mother of James and Salome, bought fragrant spices to
go and anoint His body. 2 Very early on the first day of the week,
at sunrise, they came to the tomb. 3 They said to each other,
“Who will roll away the stone from the entrance of the tomb for
us?” 4But when they looked up, they saw that the stone had
been rolled away. (It was a very large stone.) 5As they entered
the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a long white robe
sitting on the right side, and they were startled.
6
“Do not be alarmed,” he said to them. “You are looking
for Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen! He is

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not here. See the place where they laid Him. 7Now go, tell His
disciples and Peter that He is going ahead of you to Galilee.
There you will see Him, just as He told you.”
8
Overwhelmed with fear and amazement, they quickly left
the tomb and fled. They said nothing to anyone, because they
were afraid.
9
When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, He
appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast
out seven demons. 10She went and told the disciples, who were
mourning and weeping. 11When they heard that He was alive
and that she had seen Him, they did not believe her.
12
Later, Jesus appeared in another form to two of them as
they were walking in the country. 13So they went back and told
the rest, but they did not believe them.
14
Afterward He appeared to the eleven as they sat at the ta-
ble. He rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart,
because they refused to believe those who had seen Him after
He had risen. 15“Go into all the world,” He said to them, “and
preach the good news to all creation. 16Whoever believes and
is baptized 45 will be saved, but whoever does not believe will
be condemned. 17And these signs will accompany those who
believe: in My name they will cast out demons; they will speak
in new tongues; 18they will pick up snakes; and if they drink
any deadly thing, it will not harm them; they will lay hands on
the sick, and they will recover.”
19
After the Lord had spoken to them, He was taken up into
heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 Then they went
out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them,
confirming His word by the signs that accompanied it. Amen.

45
Romans 6:3-6; Colossians 2:11-12

107
Luke 1

Luke
1 Many have attempted to draw up an account of the events
that have been fulfilled among us, 2based on what the original
eyewitnesses and servants of the word handed down to us.
3
And since I have carefully investigated everything from the
beginning, I have decided to write an orderly account for you,
most excellent Theophilus, 4so that you may know the exact
details of everything you have been taught.

In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named
5

Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah.
His wife’s name was Elizabeth, and she was a descendant of
Aaron. 6 They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking
blamelessly in all the commandments and regulations of the
Lord. 7 They had no children, because Elizabeth was barren,
and they were both very old.

One day Zechariah was performing his priestly duties before
8

God, because it was his division’s turn to serve in the temple.
9
According to the custom of the priesthood, he was chosen by
lot to go into the temple of the Lord to burn incense. 10At the
hour of the incense offering all the people stood outside praying.
11
Suddenly an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on
the right side of the altar of incense. 12When Zechariah saw the
angel, he was startled and overwhelmed with fear. 13But the
angel said to him, “Do not fear, Zechariah! Your prayers have
been heard! Your wife Elizabeth will give birth to a son, and you
will call his name John. 14Joy and gladness will be yours, and
many will rejoice at his birth, 15because he will be great in the
eyes of the Lord. He will not drink wine or liquor, and he will
be filled with the Holy Spirit in his mother’s womb. 16He will
turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God. 17And he
will go before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn
the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the disobedient
to the wisdom of the righteous, to prepare a people who are
ready for the Lord.”

108
Luke 1

18
Zechariah said to the angel, “How can I be sure of this? My
wife and I are very old.”
19
The angel replied, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence
of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you
this good news. 20Now listen! You will be silent and will not be
able to speak until the day these things happen, because you
did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.”
21
Meanwhile the people were waiting for Zechariah, wondering
why he was taking so long in the temple. 22 When Zechariah
came out, he was unable to speak to them. They realized that
he had seen a vision in the temple, because he kept making
gestures to them and could not talk.
23
When the days of his priestly service were over, he went
home. 24After this, his wife Elizabeth became pregnant. She did
not go out in public for five months, saying, 25“The Lord has
done this for me. He has looked upon me with favour and has
removed my disgrace among men.”
26
When Elizabeth was six months pregnant, God sent the
angel Gabriel to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27to a virgin
who was engaged to a man named Joseph, who was a descendant
of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 The angel came to her
and said, “Greetings, highly favoured one! The Lord is with
you. Blessed are you among women.” 29Mary was puzzled by
his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.
30
The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have
found favour with God. 31Look! You will become pregnant and
will give birth to a Son, and you will call His name JESUS. 32He
will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High, and
the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. 33He
will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom
will have no end.”
34
Mary asked the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?”
35
The angel answered and said to her,

“The Holy Spirit will come upon you,
and the power of the Most High
will overshadow you.
Therefore, the One born to you will be holy,
and He will be called the Son of God.

109
Luke 1

36
Look! Your relative Elizabeth has become
pregnant in her old age.
She who was called barren
is now in her sixth month.
37
For with God nothing is impossible.”
38
Then Mary said, “Look, I am the Lord’s slave! May it happen
to me as you have said.” Then the angel left her.
39
After this, Mary got up and went quickly to a town in the hill
country of Judea. 40 When she arrived, she entered Zechariah’s
home and greeted Elizabeth. 41As soon as Elizabeth heard Mary’s
greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled
with the Holy Spirit. 42She called out with a loud voice and said,

“Blessed are you among women,
and blessed is the fruit of your womb!
43
Who am I that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44As
soon as I heard your greeting, the baby in my womb leaped for
joy! 45Blessed is she who has believed, because what the Lord
has spoken to her will be fulfilled!”
46
Then Mary said:

“My soul magnifies the Lord,
47
and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour,
48
because He has looked upon
the humble state of His slave.
From now on all generations will call me blessed,
49
for the Almighty has done great things for me,
and His name is holy.
50
From generation to generation
He shows mercy to those who reverence Him.
51
“He has done mighty deeds with His arm.
He has scattered the proud
because of the thoughts of their hearts.
52
He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
and has exalted the lowly.
53
He has filled the hungry with good things,
and the rich He has sent away empty.

110
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54
“He has helped His servant Israel,
remembering His mercy,
55
just as He promised to our fathers—
to Abraham and his descendants forever.”
56
And Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months, and
then returned to her home.
57
When the time came for Elizabeth to give birth, she had a
son. 58Upon hearing this, her neighbours and relatives rejoiced
with her because the Lord had shown her such great mercy.
59
On the eighth day they went to circumcise the child. They
were going to name him after his father Zechariah, 60but his
mother said, “No! His name will be John.”
61
They said to her, “But no one in your family has that name.”
62
So they motioned to Zechariah, to find out what he wanted
to name the child.
63
Then Zechariah asked for a writing tablet and wrote,
“His name is John.” And everyone marvelled. 64Immediately
Zechariah’s mouth was opened and his tongue was loosed, and
he began to speak and to praise God.
65
Awe fell upon everyone living around them, and news of
this spread throughout the hill country of Judea. 66Everyone
who heard this pondered it in their hearts, saying, “What will
this child grow up to be?” And the Lord’s hand was with him.
67
And his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit
and prophesied:
68
“Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,
because He has visited and redeemed His people.
69
He has raised up a horn of salvation for us
in the house of His servant David,
70
just as He promised through the mouth
of His holy prophets long ago.
71
Indeed, He promised that He would save us from
our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us.
72
“He has shown mercy to our fathers
and remembered His holy covenant,
73
the oath that He swore to our father Abraham.

111
Luke 2

74
He promised to rescue
us from the hand of our enemies,
so that we could serve Him without fear,
75
in holiness and righteousness
before Him all the days of our life.
76
“And you, child, will be called
a prophet of the Most High.
For you will go ahead of the Lord
to prepare the way for Him,
77
and to give His people the knowledge of salvation
through the forgiveness of their sins.
78
Because of our God’s tender mercy,
a dawning Light from on high will visit us,
79
to shine on those who sit in darkness
and in the shadow of death,
to direct our feet into the way of peace.”
80
And the child grew up and became strong in spirit, and he
lived in the wilderness until the day of his public appearance
to Israel.

2 In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that
a census was to be taken of the entire Roman world. 2 This
was the first census taken when Quirinius was governor of
Syria. 3So everyone went to the town of their ancestry to register.
4
Since Joseph was of the house and lineage of David he left
Galilee. He went down from the town of Nazareth to Judea, to
the town of David, which is called Bethlehem. 5Joseph went
there to register with Mary, who was engaged to him, and who
was soon expecting a child. 6 While they were there, the time
came for her to give birth. 7And she gave birth to her firstborn
Son, and wrapped Him up and laid Him in a manger, because
there was no room for them in the inn.
8
Now there were shepherds nearby in the fields, keeping
watch over their flocks at night. 9Suddenly an angel of the Lord
appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them,
and they were struck with terror. 10But the angel said to them,
“Do not be afraid! Look! I bring you good tidings of great joy for
all people. 11For there is born to you this day a Saviour, who

112
Luke 2

is Christ the Lord, in the town of David. 12 This will be a sign to
you: you will find a baby wrapped up and lying in a manger.”
13
Suddenly the angel was joined by a vast army from heaven,
praising God and saying,
14
“Glory to God in the highest,
peace on earth, and good will towards men!”
15
When the angels returned to heaven, the shepherds said
to one another, “Let us go to Bethlehem and see this wonderful
thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”
16
So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the Baby
lying in a manger. 17 When they saw the Child, they told everyone
what the angel had said about Him. 18Everyone marvelled when
they heard what the shepherds said. 19But Mary treasured
all these things in her heart and pondered them. 20 Then the
shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for everything
they had seen and heard. For everything happed just as the
angel had told them.
21
Eight days after His birth, the Child was circumcised. And
they called His name JESUS, the name the angel had given to
Him before His mother became pregnant.
22
And when the days of her purification were completed,
according to the Law of Moses, they took Him to Jerusalem to
present Him to the Lord. 23Just as it is written in the Law of
the Lord,

“Every firstborn male
will be called holy to the Lord.”
(Exodus 13:2)
24
They also offered a sacrifice according to what is stated in
the Law of the Lord:

“A pair of turtledoves
or two young pigeons.”
(Leviticus 12:6, 8)
25
Now there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon, who was
a righteous and God-fearing man. He was eagerly expecting the

113
Luke 2

One who would comfort Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon
him. 26It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he
would not die until he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27Led by the
Spirit, Simeon went to the temple. When they brought Jesus to
the temple to do what was required by the Law, 28Simeon took
Him in his arms and praised God, saying,
29
“Now, Lord, let Your slave die in peace,
according to Your promise.
30
For my eyes have seen Your Salvation,
31
which You have prepared for all people to see—
32
a light for revelation to the Gentiles,
and glory for Your people Israel.”

Joseph and Mary marvelled at what was being said about
33

Him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to His mother Mary,

“Look! This Child is destined to cause
the fall and rise of many in Israel.
He will be a sign that many will oppose,
35
and in the process the thoughts of many
hearts will be revealed.
Indeed, a sword will pierce your own soul as well.”
36
There was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel,
of the tribe of Asher. She was very old. She had been married for
seven years, 37but then her husband died and she remained a
widow; she was eighty-four years old. She never left the temple,
but served God day and night with fasting and prayer. 38At that
very moment, she came up to them and began to give thanks to
the Lord and to speak about the Child to all who were eagerly
expecting the redemption of Jerusalem.
39
After they had completed everything according to the Law of
the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth.
40
And the Child grew and became strong in spirit. He was
full of wisdom, and God’s grace was upon Him.
41
Now His parents went to Jerusalem every year for the
Passover Feast. 42 When He was twelve years old, they went down
to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast. 43 When the

114
Luke 3

days of the feast were over, His parents headed back. Meanwhile,
the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. Joseph and Mary,
however, were unaware of it. 44 They travelled for a whole day,
supposing that Jesus was with those who were travelling with
them. Then they began to look for Him among their relatives
and friends. 45But when they did not find Him, they went back
to Jerusalem to look for Him. 46After three days they found Him
in the temple. He was sitting among the teachers, listening to
them and asking them questions. 47And all who heard Him were
amazed at His insight and answers. 48 When His parents saw
Him, they were astonished. His mother said to Him, “Son, why
have You done this to us? Look, Your father and I have been
anxiously searching for You!”
49
He said to them, “Why were you searching for Me? Did you
not know that I must be about My Father’s business?” 50But
they did not understand what He was talking about.
51
Then He went back with them to Nazareth, and lived in
obedience to them. But His mother kept all these matters in
her heart. 52And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and
in favour with God and man.

3 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when
Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod Antipas was
ruler of Galilee, and his brother Philip was ruler of Iturea and
Trachonitis, and Lysanias was ruler of Abilene, 2and Annas and
Caiaphas were high priests, the word of God came to John, the
son of Zechariah, in the wilderness. 3And he went throughout the
region of the Jordan River, preaching a baptism of repentance
for the forgiveness of sins. 4As it is written in the book of Isaiah
the prophet:

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for Him!
5
Every valley will be filled in,
and every mountain and hill will be levelled.
The crooked roads will be made straight,
and the rough ways will be made smooth,
6
and all flesh will see the salvation of God.’”
(Isaiah 40:3-5)

115
Luke 3

7
John said to the crowds who came out to be baptized by
him, “You offspring of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the
coming wrath? 8Produce fruit that shows that you have truly
repented. Do not think that you can say to yourselves, ‘We have
Abraham as our father!’ For I tell you that from these stones
God can raise up children for Abraham. 9Even now the axe
is ready to strike the root of the trees. Any tree that does not
produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.”
10
The crowds asked him, “What, then, should we do?”
11
John answered them, “Whoever has two coats should give
one to someone who has none, and whoever has food should
do the same.”
12
Some tax collectors came to be baptized, and they asked
him, “Teacher, what should we do?”
13
John replied, “Collect no more than what you are supposed
to collect.”
14
Some soldiers also asked him, “What should we do?”
John answered, “Be satisfied with your pay, and never use
intimidation or blackmail to extort money.”
15
Since the people were expecting the Messiah to come soon,
they were all wondering in their hearts if John was perhaps the
Messiah. 16But John said to them all, “I baptize you with water,
but there is One coming who is far more superior than I, and I
am not even worthy to untie His sandals. He will baptize you with
the Holy Spirit and fire. 17His winnowing fork is in His hand, and
He will clear His threshing floor. He will gather His wheat into
the barn, but He will burn the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
18
With many other encouraging words John preached the
good news to the people.
19
But when John rebuked Herod Antipas, the ruler of Galilee,
because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the
other evil things he had done, 20Herod added yet another sin
to everything else: he locked John up in prison.
21
When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was also
baptized. And as He was praying, the heavens opened, 22and
the Holy Spirit descended on Him in bodily form like a dove.

116
Luke 3

Then a voice from heaven said, “This is My beloved Son, with
whom I am well pleased.”
23
When Jesus began His ministry He was about thirty years
old. It was supposed that He was the son of Joseph.

Now Joseph was the son of Heli,
24
Heli was the son of Matthat,
Matthat was the son of Levi,
Levi was the son of Melchi,
Melchi was the son of Jannai,
Jannai was the son of Joseph,
25
Joseph was the son of Mattathias,
Mattathias was the son of Amos,
Amos was the son of Nahum,
Nahum was the son of Esli,
Esli was the son of Naggai,
26
Naggai was the son of Maath,
Maath was the son of Mattathias,
Mattathias was the son of Semein,
Semein was the son of Josech,
Josech was the son of Joda,
27
Joda was the son of Joanan,
Joanan was the son of Rhesa,
Rhesa was the son of Zerubbabel,
Zerubbabel was the son of Shealtiel,
Shealtiel was the son of Neri,
28
Neri was the son of Melchi,
Melchi was the son of Addi,
Addi was the son of Cosam,
Cosam was the son of Elmadam,
Elmadam was the son of Er,
29
Er was the son of Joshua,
Joshua was the son of Eliezer,
Eliezer was the son of Jorim,
Jorim was the son of Matthat,
Matthat was the son of Levi,
30
Levi was the son of Simeon,
Simeon was the son of Judah,
Judah was the son of Joseph,
Joseph was the son of Jonam,
Jonam was the son of Eliakim,

117
Luke 3

31
Eliakim was the son of Melea,
Melea was the son of Menna,
Menna was the son of Mattatha,
Mattatha was the son of Nathan,
Nathan was the son of David,
32
David was the son of Jesse,
Jesse was the son of Obed,
Obed was the son of Boaz,
Boaz was the son of Salmon,
Salmon was the son of Nahshon,
33
Nahshon was the son of Amminadab,
Amminadab was the son of Admin,
Admin was the son of Arni,
Arni was the son of Hezron,
Hezron was the son of Perez,
Perez was the son of Judah,
34
Judah was the son of Jacob,
Jacob was the son of Isaac,
Isaac was the son of Abraham,
Abraham was the son of Terah,
Terah was the son of Nahor,
35
Nahor was the son of Serug,
Serug was the son of Reu,
Reu was the son of Peleg,
Peleg was the son of Eber,
Eber was the son of Shelah,
36
Shelah was the son of Cainan,
Cainan was the son of Arphaxad,
Arphaxad was the son of Shem,
Shem was the son of Noah,
Noah was the son of Lamech,
37
Lamech was the son of Methuselah,
Methuselah was the son of Enoch,
Enoch was the son of Jared,
Jared was the son of Mahalaleel,
Mahalaleel was the son of Cainan,
38
Cainan was the son of Enos,
Enos was the son of Seth,
Seth was the son of Adam,
Adam was the son of God.

118
Luke 4

4
2
Then Jesus, filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the
Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,
where He was tempted by the devil for forty days. He ate
nothing during those days, and when they were over He was
hungry. 3 Then the devil said to Jesus, “If You are the Son of
God, command this stone to become bread.”
4
But Jesus answered and said, “It is written:

‘ Man does not live on bread alone,
but on every word of God.’”
(Deuteronomy 8:3)
5
Next the devil took Him to a high mountain and showed
Him all the kingdoms of the world in an instant. 6 The devil said
to Him, “I will give You all their power and glory. For it has all
been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want. 7 Therefore,
if You will worship me, all this will be Yours.”
8
Jesus answered and said to him, “Get behind Me, satan!
For it is written:

‘ You must worship the Lord your God
and serve Him only.’”
(Deuteronomy 6:13)
9
Then the devil took Jesus to Jerusalem and set Him on the
pinnacle of the temple. He said to Jesus, “If You are the Son of
God, jump off of here! 10For it is written:

‘ He has put His angels in charge of you,
to protect you.
11
And they will lift you up with their hands,
so that you will not dash your foot
against a stone.’”
(Psalm 91:11-12)
12
Jesus answered and said to him, “It says:

‘ You must not test the Lord your God.’”
(Deuteronomy 6:16)

After the devil had tempted Jesus in every way, he left Him
13

until another opportunity arose.

119
Luke 4

14
Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and
His fame spread throughout the countryside. 15He taught in
their synagogues and was praised by everyone.
16
Jesus went to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. As
was His custom, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath
day. When He stood up to read, 17the scroll of Isaiah the prophet
was handed to Him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place
where it was written:

“The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
18

because He has anointed Me
to preach the gospel to the poor.
He has sent Me to heal the broken hearted,
to preach freedom to the captives,
and recovery of sight to the blind,
to set the oppressed free,
19
and to proclaim the year
of the Lord’s favour.”
(Isaiah 61:1-2, 58:6)
20
Then He rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant,
and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fixed
on Him. 21And He said to them, “Today this Scripture has been
fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 They were all impressed with Him,
and marvelled at the gracious words that came from His mouth.
They said, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”
23
He said to them, “Surely you will quote this proverb to Me,
‘ Physician, heal Yourself!’ You will say, ‘ We have heard of all
that You did in Capernaum, now do these things here in Your
hometown as well.’” 24He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet
is accepted in his hometown. 25I assure you of this: there were
many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was
shut up for three and a half years and there was a great famine
over all the land. 26 Yet Elijah was not sent to any of them except
to a widow in the town of Zarephath in Sidon.46 27And there
were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet,
yet none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.” 47

46
1 Kings 17:8-24
47
2 Kings 5:1-15

120
Luke 4

28
Everyone in the synagogue was filled with anger when they
heard this. 29So they got up and drove Him out of town. They
took Him to the top of the hill on which the town was built,
intending to throw Him over the edge. 30But He passed through
the midst of them and went on His way.
31
Then He went to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and taught
them on the Sabbath. 32 The people were amazed at His teaching,
because He spoke with authority.
33
In the synagogue there was a man with an unclean demonic
spirit, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34saying, “Leave us
alone! What do You want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You
come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!”
35
But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out
of him!” The demon threw the man down in front of them, and
came out of him without injuring him.
36
Everyone was amazed and said to one another, “What is
this doctrine? For with authority and power He gives commands
to unclean spirits and they come out!” 37And His fame spread
throughout the countryside.
38
After Jesus left the synagogue, He went to Simon’s house.
Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they
begged Jesus to help her. 39So He stood over her and rebuked
the fever, it left her, and immediately she got up and began to
serve them.
40
When the sun went down, the people brought to Him all
who had various diseases. And He laid His hands on every one
of them and healed them. 41Demons also came out of many,
crying out, “You are the Christ, the Son of God!” But He rebuked
them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew
that He was the Christ.
42
At daybreak, Jesus left and went to a solitary place. The
crowds went looking for Him. And when they found Him, they
tried to keep Him from leaving them. 43But He said to them, “I
must proclaim the good news of the kingdom of God to the other
towns as well, for this is why I was sent.” 44And He preached
in the synagogues of Galilee.

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5 One day, as Jesus was standing by the Sea of Gennesaret,
the crowds pressed in on Him to hear the word of God. 2He
saw two boats on the shore. The fishermen had gotten out of
them, and were washing their nets. 3Jesus got into one of the
boats—Simon’s boat—and asked him to take it out a little ways
from the shore. Then He sat down and taught the crowds from
the boat.
4
When He had finished speaking, He said to Simon, “Take
the boat into deeper water and let down your nets for a catch.”
5
Simon said to Him, “Master, we have worked all night long
and have caught nothing. But if You say so, I will let down the
nets.”
6
When they did this, they caught so many fish that their nets
began to tear. 7So they signalled to their partners in the other
boat to come and help them, and they came and filled both
boats so full that they were on the verge of sinking.
8
When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at Jesus’ knees and
said, “Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man!” 9For Simon
Peter and the others were greatly astonished at the number of
fish they had caught, 10as were James and John, the sons of
Zebedee, Simon’s partners.
Then Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid! From now on
you will catch men!” 11And when they brought their boats to
shore, they left everything and followed Jesus.
12
While Jesus was in one of the towns, a man covered with
leprosy saw Him and fell facedown, begging Him, “Lord, if You
are willing, You can make me clean.”
13
Then Jesus stretched out His hand and touched him, saying,
“I am willing, be cleansed!” And instantly the leprosy departed
from him.
14
Then Jesus gave him strict orders, “Do not tell anyone. But
go and show yourself to the priest, and offer the sacrifice that
Moses prescribed for your cleansing as a testimony to them.”
15
But His fame spread even more, and large crowds came to
hear Him and to be healed of their diseases. 16However, He often
withdrew to solitary places to pray.
17
One day, while Jesus was teaching, some of the Pharisees
and teachers of the law sat down to listen to Him. They had come
from every town in Galilee and Judea, and from Jerusalem. And

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the power of the Lord was present to heal. 18Just then some men
came carrying a paralyzed man on a mat. They tried to bring
the man into the house to lay him before Jesus, 19but found it
impossible because of the crowd. So they went up on the roof
and lowered him through the roof tiles, placing him, mat and
all, into the middle of the crowd, right in front of Jesus. 20 When
Jesus saw their faith, He said to the man, “Friend, your sins
are forgiven.”
21
But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law said within
themselves, “Who is this Man who speaks blasphemy? Who
can forgive sins but God alone?”
22
But Jesus knew their thoughts and said, “Why are you
thinking these things in your hearts? 23 Tell Me, is it easier to
say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? 24But
to let you know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to
forgive sins,” He said to the paralyzed man, “I say to you, ‘ Get
up, pick up your mat, and go home.’” 25Immediately the man
stood up in front of them, picked up his mat, and went home
glorifying God. 26And they all marvelled and glorified God in
reverence, saying, “We have seen wonderful things today!”
27
After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector named
Levi sitting at the tax booth. And Jesus said to him, “Follow
Me!” 28So Levi left everything, got up, and followed Him.
29
Then Levi hosted a large banquet at his home in honour of
Jesus, and there was a large crowd of tax collectors and others
sitting at the table with them. 30 The teachers of the law and
the Pharisees began complaining to His disciples, saying, “Why
are you eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?”
31
Jesus answered and said to them, “Those who are healthy
do not need a doctor, but only those who are sick. 32I have not
come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
33
They said to Him, “John’s disciples often fast and pray, and
the disciples of the Pharisees do the same, but Your disciples
are always eating and drinking.”
34
Jesus replied, “Can the friends of the bridegroom fast while
he is with them? 35But the time will come when the bridegroom
will be taken from them, and then they will fast.”

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36
Then Jesus told them this parable: “Nobody tears a patch
from a new garment and sews it on an old garment. If they
did, the new garment would be ruined, and the new patch
would not match the old garment. 37Nobody pours new wine
into old wineskins. If they did, the new wine would swell and
burst the old wineskins. Then the wine would pour out, and
the wineskins would be ruined. 38Instead, new wine must be
put into new wineskins, and both are preserved. 39And nobody
wants new wine after drinking old wine, because he says, ‘ The
old wine is better.’”

6 One Sabbath, as Jesus was walking through the grain fields,
His disciples started picking the heads of grain—rubbing
them in their hands, and eating them. 2Some of the Pharisees
said to them, “Why are you doing what is unlawful to do on
the Sabbath?”
3
But Jesus responded, “Have you not read what David did
when he and his men were hungry? 4How David went into the
house of God and took the consecrated bread and ate it, which
was not lawful for anyone but the priests to eat, and then gave
some to his men as well?” 5 Then He said to them, “The Son of
Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”
6
On another Sabbath He entered the synagogue and began
teaching. A man was there whose right hand was paralyzed. 7 The
teachers of the law and the Pharisees watched Him closely to
see if He would heal the man on the Sabbath, so that they could
accuse Him of something. 8But Jesus knew their thoughts, and
said to the man with the paralyzed hand, “Get up and stand
in the middle of the synagogue.” So the man got up and stood
there. 9 Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you, is it lawful to do
good, or to do evil on the Sabbath? To save life, or to destroy
it?” 10Jesus looked around at all of them, and said to the man,
“Stretch out your hand.” So the man stretched out his hand,
and it was completely healed—just as good as his other hand.
11
But they were filled with rage and began to discuss with one
another what they might do to Jesus.
12
One day He went up on the hillside to pray, and He spent all
night praying to God. 13 The next morning, He called His disciples
and chose twelve of them, whom He also called apostles:

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14
Simon, (whom Jesus called Peter),
Andrew (the brother of Peter),
James,
John,
Philip,
Bartholomew (also called Nathanael),
15
Matthew (also called Levi),
Thomas (also called Didymus—“the twin”),
James (the son of Alphaeus),
Simon (the Zealot),
16
Judas Lebbaeus (also called Thaddaeus;
the son of James),
Judas Iscariot (who betrayed Him).
17
Then Jesus came down with them and stood on a piece of
level ground. A large number of His disciples were there, as well
as many people from all over Judea, Jerusalem, and the coastal
cities of Tyre and Sidon. They had come to hear Him and to be
healed of their diseases. 18 Those who were tormented by unclean
spirits were healed, 19and all the people tried to touch Him,
because power was going out from Him and healing everybody.
20
Jesus lifted up His eyes to His disciples and said:

“Blessed are you who are poor,
for the kingdom of God is yours.
21
“Blessed are you who are hungry now,
for you will be filled.

“Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22
“Blessed are you when men hate you,
when they exclude you, insult you,
and slander your name as evil
because of the Son of Man.
23
“Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because your reward
in heaven is great! For that is how their fathers treated the
prophets.

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24
“But woe to you who are rich,
for you have received your comfort!
25
“Woe to you who are full now,
for you will be hungry!

“Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will mourn and weep!
26
“Woe to you when all men speak well of you,
for that is how their fathers
treated the false prophets.
27
“But I say to you who are listening:

“Love your enemies,
and do good to those who hate you.
28
“Bless those who curse you,
and pray for those who mistreat you.

“If someone slaps you on the cheek,
29

turn the other to him as well.
And if someone takes your coat,
let him have your shirt as well.
30
“Give to everyone who asks you,
and when someone takes what is yours,
do not ask for it back.
31
“Treat others as you would like them to treat you. 32If you
love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even
sinners love those who love them. 33And if you do good to those
who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners
do the same. 34And if you lend only to those who can repay you,
what credit is that to you? For even sinners lend to sinners and
expect to be repaid in full. 35But love your enemies, do good,
and lend without expecting anything back. Then your reward
will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, because
He is kind to the ungrateful and the wicked. 36Be merciful, just
as your Father is merciful.

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37
“Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn,
and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.
38
Give, and it will be given to you—a full measure, pressed
down, shaken together, and running over, will be poured into
your lap. For whatever measure you deal out, the same will be
dealt out to you.”
39
Jesus also told them this parable: “Can the blind lead the
blind? Will they not both fall into a ditch? 40A disciple is not
above his teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like
his teacher. 41Why do you look at the sliver in your brother’s eye,
but do not notice the beam in your own eye? 42How can you say
to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take the sliver out of your eye,’
when you yourself do not see the beam in your own eye? You
hypocrite! First take the beam out of your own eye, and then
you will see clearly to take out the sliver in your brother’s eye.
43
“A good tree does not produce bad fruit, and a bad tree
does not produce good fruit. 44Each tree is known by its fruit.
You do not pick figs from thorn bushes, or grapes from briers.
45
A good man, out of the good treasure of his heart, brings out
good things. But an evil man, out of the evil treasure of his
heart, brings out evil things. For out of the abundance of the
heart the mouth speaks.
46
“Why do you call Me, ‘ Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I
say? 47Everyone who comes to Me and listens to My words, and
does them—I will show you what he is like: 48he is like a man
who built a house; he dug down deep and laid the foundation
on the rock. When the floodwaters came, and the rising waters
beat against the house, it could not be shaken, because its
foundation was on the rock. 49But the man who hears My words
and does not do them is like a man who built his house on the
ground without a foundation. The rising waters beat against
it, and immediately it collapsed. And the destruction of that
house was great!”

7 After Jesus had finished saying all these words in the hearing
of the people, He returned to Capernaum. 2A Roman officer
there had a slave he valued highly, who was sick and about to
die. 3When the officer heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish

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elders to ask Him to come and heal his slave. 4 When they
came to Jesus, they begged Him earnestly, saying, “This man
deserves Your help, 5because he loves our nation and has built
us a synagogue.” 6 Then Jesus went with them.
As He neared the house, the officer sent some friends to say
to Him, “Lord, do not trouble Yourself! For I am not worthy to
have You come under my roof. 7 That is why I did not come to
You myself. But just say the word, and my slave will be healed.
8
For I am a man under the authority of others, with soldiers
under me. I tell one soldier, ‘Go,’ and he goes. I tell another
soldier, ‘Come,’ and he comes. And I say to my slave, ‘ Do this,’
and he does it.”
9
When Jesus heard this He marvelled. And He turned to the
crowd that was following Him and said, “I say to you, I have
not found anyone in Israel with such great faith!” 10When those
who had been sent returned to the house, they found the slave
completely healed.
11
A little later Jesus went to a town called Nain, and many of
His disciples and a large crowd went with Him. 12As He neared
the town gate, a dead man was being carried out—the only
son of his mother, who was a widow. And a large crowd from
the town was with her. 13When the Lord saw her, He had com-
passion on her, and said to her, “Do not weep.” 14 Then Jesus
came up and touched the coffin, and those who were carrying
it stood still. He said, “Young man, I say to you, get up!” 15 Then
the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him
to his mother.
16
Fear seized them all, and they glorified God, saying, “A
great prophet has risen among us,” and “God has visited His
people.” 17This news about Jesus spread throughout Judea and
the surrounding countryside.
18
John’s disciples reported all these things to him. 19So John
called two of his disciples, and sent them to ask Jesus, “Are
You the One who is coming, or should we expect someone else?”
20
When the men came to Jesus, they said, “John the Baptist
sent us to ask You, ‘Are You the One who is coming, or should
we expect someone else?’”
21
And in that very hour Jesus healed many of their diseases,
plagues, and evil spirits, and He restored the sight of many who
were blind. 22So Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell

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John what you see and hear: the blind receive their sight, the
lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are
raised, and the poor hear the good news. 23Blessed is the man
who is not offended by Me.”
24
After John’s messengers left, Jesus began to speak to the
crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness
to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 25No? Then what did you go
out to see? A man dressed in fine clothes? No, those who wear
fine clothes and live in luxury are in palaces. 26Well, then, what
did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than
a prophet! 27He is the one about whom it is written:

‘ Look! I will send My messenger ahead of You,
who will prepare Your way before You.’
(Malachi 3:1)

I say to you, among those born of women there is not a greater
28

prophet than John the Baptist! Yet he who is least in the kingdom
of God is greater than he!”
29
When all the people, including the tax collectors, heard
this, they acknowledged that God’s way was right, because they
had been baptized with John’s baptism. 30But the Pharisees
and the experts in the Law refused to accept God’s purpose
for themselves, because they had not been baptized by John.
31
Then the Lord said, “To what then should I compare the men
of this generation? What are they like? 32 They are like children
sitting in the marketplace, who call out to their playmates,

‘ We played wedding music for you,
but you did not dance!
We sang funeral songs for you,
but you did not mourn!’

Because John the Baptist did not go around eating bread and
33

drinking wine, you said, ‘ He has a demon.’ 34And because the
Son of Man goes around eating and drinking, you say, ‘Look! He
eats and drinks too much, and He is a friend of tax collectors
and sinners.’ 35 Yet wisdom is proved right by its actions.”

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36
Now one of the Pharisees invited Jesus over for a meal,
so He went to the Pharisee’s house and sat down at the table.
37
A sinful woman in the town knew that He was dining in the
Pharisee’s house, and brought an alabaster jar of fragrant oil.
38
She knelt behind Him at His feet, weeping, and began to wash
His feet with her tears. Then she wiped His feet dry with her
hair, kissed His feet, and anointed them with the fragrant oil.
39
When the Pharisee who had invited Him saw this, he said
to himself, “If this Man were a prophet, He would know that
the woman who is touching Him is a sinner.”
40
Jesus said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.”
He replied, “Teacher, go ahead and speak.”
41
“A creditor had two debtors. One owed $40,000, and the
other $4,000.48 42Since they could not pay it back, he forgave
both their debts. Now which of them will love him more?”
43
Simon answered and said, “I suppose the one who had the
greater debt forgiven.”
Jesus said to him, “You have judged correctly.”
44
Then Jesus turned to the woman and said to Simon, “Do
you see this woman? I came into your home, and you gave Me
no water for My feet, but she has washed My feet with her tears
and wiped them dry with her hair. 45 You did not welcome Me
with a kiss, but she has not stopped kissing My feet since I
came in. 46 You did not anoint My head with olive oil, but this
woman has anointed My feet with fragrant oil. 47 Therefore I tell
you, her many sins have been forgiven—for she loved much.
But whoever is forgiven little, loves little.” 48 Then Jesus said to
the woman, “Your sins are forgiven.”
49
And those who were sitting at the table with Him began to
say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?”
50
But He said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you. Go
in peace.”

48
“A creditor had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii,
and the other fifty.” A denarius was a day’s wages. In Canada
where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an hour. $10×8
hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is $80(CAD).
500×80=$40,000. So five hundred denarii is $40,000(CAD).
50×80=$4,000. So fifty denarii is $4,000(CAD).

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8 Afterward, He travelled from one town and village to another,
proclaiming and announcing the good news of the kingdom
of God. The twelve were with Him, 2as well as some women who
had been healed of evil spirits and diseases: Mary, called Mag-
dalene, from whom seven demons had been cast out; 3Joanna,
the wife of Chuza (Herod’s household manager); Susanna; and
many others who helped support Him from their possessions.
4
The people came to Him from every town, and a large crowd
had gathered, and He spoke to them in parables: 5“A sower went
out to sow his seed. As he was sowing, some of the seeds fell
on the pathway; they were trampled on, and the birds of the air
came and ate them up. 6Some of the seeds fell on rocky ground;
when the plants sprouted, they withered up because they lacked
moisture. 7Some of the seeds fell among the thorns; the thorns
grew up with them, and choked the plants. 8But some of the
seeds fell on good soil; they sprang up, and produced a crop
of a hundredfold.” As He said this, He cried out, “Whoever has
ears to hear, let him hear!”
9
His disciples asked Him, “What does this parable mean?”
10
He said, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of
God has been given to you. But to the rest I speak in parables,
so that,

‘ They may look but not see,
and hear but not understand.’
(Isaiah 6:9)
11
“Now this is the meaning of the parable: the seed is the
word of God. 12 The seeds that fell on the pathway are those
who hear the word, but then the devil comes and takes away
the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and
be saved. 13 The seeds that fell on rocky ground are those who
joyfully receive the word when they hear it, but they have no
root. They believe for a while, but when their faith is tested they
fall away. 14 The seeds that fell among the thorns are those who
hear the word, but as they go on their way they are choked by
the cares and riches and pleasures of life, and their fruit does
not mature. 15But the seeds that fell on good ground are those
who hear the word and hold fast to it with an honest and good
heart, producing a crop with perseverance.

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16
“Nobody lights a lamp and hides it under a bowl or a bed.
Instead, they put it on a lamp stand, so that those who come
in can see its light. 17Whatever is hidden will be revealed, and
whatever is secret will be made known and brought to light.
18
So be careful how you listen. For whoever has, to him will be
given more. And whoever does not have, even what he thinks
he has will be taken away from him.”
19
His mother and brothers came to see Him, but they were
unable to reach Him because of the crowd. 20Someone told Him,
“Your mother and brothers are standing outside, and they want
to see You.”
21
But He replied, “My mother and brothers are those who
hear the word of God and do it.”
22
One day Jesus and His disciples got into a boat, and He
said to them, “Let us go over to the other side of the sea.” So
they set off, 23and as they were sailing He fell asleep. Gale-force
winds swept down on the sea, and the boat was swamped by
waves, and they were in danger.
24
So His disciples went and woke Him up, exclaiming, “Master,
Master, we are going to die!”
Then Jesus got up and rebuked the wind and the raging
water, and everything stopped and became calm. 25 Then He
said to them, “Where is your faith?”
Frightened and amazed, they said to one another, “What kind
of Man is this? He commands even the wind and the water,
and they obey Him!”
26
Then they landed in the region of the Gerasenes, which
is across the sea from Galilee. 27As Jesus stepped ashore, a
demon-possessed man from the city met Him. For a long time he
had worn no clothes, and he did not live in a house but among
the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he fell down before Him and
cried out with a loud voice, “What do You want with me, Jesus,
Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!” 29He
said this, because Jesus had commanded the unclean spirit
to come out of him. It had seized him many times. And even
though he had been kept under guard, chained hand and foot,
he would break the chains. And the demons would drive him
into the wilderness.
30
So Jesus asked him, “What is your name?”

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He answered, “Legion,” because many demons had entered
him. 31Then the demons begged Him not to command them to
go into the bottomless pit.
32
Now a large herd of pigs were feeding on the hillside. So
the demons begged Jesus to allow them to enter the pigs. And
He allowed them. 33 Then the demons came out of the man and
entered the pigs, and the herd rushed down the steep bank
into the sea and drowned.
34
When the herdsmen saw this, they ran off and reported
everything in the city and the countryside. 35So the people went
out to see what had happened. When they came to Jesus and
found the man from whom the demons had been cast out sitting
at Jesus’ feet, clothed and in his right mind, they were afraid.
36
And those who had seen what happened told them how the
demon-possessed man had been healed.
37
Then all the people from the surrounding region of the
Gerasenes asked Jesus to leave them, because they were terribly
afraid. So He got into the boat and left. 38Now the man from
whom the demons had been cast out begged Jesus to let him
go with Him. But Jesus sent him away, saying, 39“Go home and
tell everyone what God has done for you.” And the man went
off, proclaiming throughout the whole city all that Jesus had
done for him.
40
When Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed Him, because
they were all expecting Him. 41Just then a man named Jairus, a
leader of the synagogue, came and fell at Jesus’ feet. He begged
Jesus to come to his house 42because his only daughter, who
was about twelve years old, was dying.

As Jesus went, the crowds pressed against Him. 43A woman
was there who had suffered from internal bleeding for twelve
years. She had spent all that she had on doctors, but no one
was able to heal her. 44She came up behind Him and touched
the hem of His garment, and immediately her bleeding stopped.
45
Jesus said, “Who touched Me?”
When everyone denied it, Peter and the rest of the disciples
said, “Master, the crowds are pushing and pressing against
You, and You say, ‘ Who touched Me?’”

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46
But Jesus said, “Someone touched Me, because I felt power
go out from Me.”
47
When the woman realized that she could not hide, she came
trembling and fell down before Him. In the presence of all the
people, she explained why she had touched Him and how she
had been instantly healed.
48
Then He said to her, “Cheer up, daughter! Your faith has
healed you. Go in peace.”
49
While He was still speaking, someone came from the
synagogue leader’s house, saying, “Your daughter has died.
Do not trouble the Teacher.”
50
But when Jesus heard this, He said to Jairus, “Do not fear!
Just believe, and she will be healed.” 51When Jesus arrived at his
house, He did not let anyone go in with Him except Peter, James,
and John, and the girl’s father and mother. 52Everyone was
weeping and mourning for her, but Jesus said, “Stop weeping!
She is not dead. She is only sleeping.” 53But they mocked Him
with laughter, because they knew that she was dead. 54But He
removed them all, took her by the hand, and called out, “Girl,
get up!” 55Her spirit returned, and she got up at once. Then
He told them to give her something to eat. 56Her parents were
amazed, but He gave them strict orders not to tell anyone what
had happened.

9 Jesus called together His twelve disciples and gave them
power and authority to cast out all demons and to heal
diseases. 2 Then He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of
God and to heal the sick. 3He said to them, “Take nothing for
your journey—no walking stick, no bag, no bread, no money,
or extra clothes. 4Whatever house you enter, stay there until
you leave that place. 5If that town does not welcome you, leave
there and shake the dust off your feet as a testimony against
them.” 6 Then they departed and travelled through the towns,
proclaiming the good news and healing people everywhere.
7
Now Herod Antipas, the ruler of Galilee, heard about
everything that was happening. He was puzzled, because some
were saying that John had been raised from the dead, 8 while
others were saying that Elijah had appeared, and still others that
one of the prophets of old had risen. 9Herod said, “I beheaded

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John, but who is this I hear so much about?” So Herod wanted
to see Him.
10
When the apostles returned, they told Him everything they
had done. Then He took them along, and withdrew privately to
a solitary place near the town of Bethsaida. 11When the crowds
heard this, they followed Him. He welcomed them and spoke to
them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who needed
healing.
12
As the day was drawing to a close, the disciples came to
Him and said, “Dismiss the crowds, so they can go into the
surrounding towns and countryside to find food and lodging,
because we are in a solitary place.”
13
But Jesus said to them, “You give them something to eat.”
They answered, “All we have is five loaves and two fish—
unless we go and buy food for all these people.”
14
Since there were about five thousand men, Jesus said to
His disciples, “Have them sit down in groups of fifty.” 15So they
made all the people sit down. 16 Then He took the five loaves and
the two fish, looked up to heaven, and gave thanks. Then He
broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples to hand out
to the crowd. 17The people ate and were all satisfied. And the
disciples picked up the left over pieces, filling up twelve baskets.
18
Once when Jesus withdrew with His disciples to a private
place to pray, He asked them, “Who do the crowds say that I
am?”
19
They answered and said, “Some say John the Baptist, some
say Elijah, and others say that one of the prophets of old has
risen.”
20
Then Jesus asked them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ sent from God.”
21
Then He gave them strict orders not to tell this to anyone,
22
saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be
rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the
law, and be killed, and be raised on the third day.”
23
Then He said to all of them, “If anyone desires to come after
Me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow
Me. 24Whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever
loses his life for My sake will save it. 25For what will it profit a

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man if he gains the whole world, yet loses or forfeits his soul?
26
Whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, the Son of Man
will be ashamed of him when He comes in His glory and in the
glory of His Father and the holy angels. 27Truly I say to you,
some who are standing here will not taste death until they see
the kingdom of God.”
28
About eight days after Jesus had said these things He took
Peter, John, and James with Him, and went up on a mountain to
pray. 29As He was praying, the appearance of His face changed,
and His clothing became bright white. 30Suddenly two men,
Moses and Elijah, began talking with Him. 31They appeared
in glory, discussing His death, which He was going to fulfill
in Jerusalem. 32Now Peter and the others were sound asleep,
but when they woke up they saw His glory and the two men
standing with Him. 33As Moses and Elijah were leaving, Peter
said to Jesus, “Master, how wonderful it is for us to be here!
We will make three shelters—one for You, one for Moses, and
one for Elijah.” Peter did not know what he was saying. 34But
as he was saying this, a cloud came and surrounded them, and
as they entered the cloud they became terrified. 35 Then a voice
came from the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, listen to
Him!” 36After the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. They
kept silent in those days and told no one what they had seen.
37
The next day, when they came down from the mountain, a
large crowd met Him. 38Suddenly a man from the crowd cried
out, saying, “Teacher! I beg You to look at my son, because he
is my only child! 39A spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries
out. It throws him into convulsions, and he foams at the mouth.
It severely batters him, and rarely leaves him alone. 40I begged
Your disciples to cast it out, but they could not do it.”
41
Jesus answered and said, “You unbelieving and perverted
generation! How much longer must I be with you and put up
with you? Bring your son here.” 42As the boy was coming near,
the demon knocked him down and threw him into convulsions.
But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave
him back to his father. 43And all the people were amazed at the
mighty power of God.
But while everyone was marvelling at everything He was
doing, Jesus said to His disciples, 44“Let these words sink into
your ears: the Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands

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of men.” 45But they had no idea what He was talking about,
because it was hidden from them. They did not understand it,
and they were afraid to ask Him about it.
46
An argument broke out among the disciples as to who was
the greatest. 47But Jesus, knowing the thoughts of their hearts,
took a little child and put him beside Him. 48 Then He said to
them, “Whoever welcomes this little child in My name welcomes
Me. And whoever welcomes Me, welcomes Him who sent Me.
The one who is least among all of you—he is the greatest.”
49
John said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in
Your name. We tried to stop him, because he was not one of us.”
50
Jesus said to him, “Do not stop him, for whoever is not
against us is for us.”
51
As the time drew near for Jesus to be taken up to heaven, He
was determined to go to Jerusalem. 52He sent some messengers
ahead of Him, and they went into a Samaritan village to get
things ready for Him. 53But the people there did not welcome
Him, because He was on His way to Jerusalem. 54 When His
disciples James and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do You
want us to call fire down from heaven to consume them like
Elijah did?” 49 55But He turned and rebuked them, saying, “You
do not know what kind of spirit you are of. 56For the Son of
Man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them.”
And they went to another village.
57
As they were walking along the road, someone said to Him,
“Lord, I will follow You wherever You go.”
58
Jesus said to him, “Foxes have dens and the birds of the air
have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay His head.”
59
Jesus said to another man, “Follow Me!”
But the man replied, “Lord, first let me go and bury my father.”
60
But Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their own dead.
But you go and proclaim the kingdom of God.”50
61
Another man said, “I will follow You, Lord, but first let me
say good-bye to those in my house.”
62
But Jesus said to him, “No one who puts his hand to the
plough and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.”
49
2 Kings 1:9-15
50
But Jesus said to him, “Let the spiritually dead bury their
own dead. But you go and proclaim the kingdom of God.”

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10 After this, the Lord appointed seventy others. He sent them
two by two ahead of Him into every town and place where
He was intending to go. 2He said to them, “Truly the harvest is
plentiful, but the workers are few. Therefore, petition the Lord
of the harvest to send out workers to gather in His harvest.
3
Go! I am sending you out like lambs among wolves. 4Do not
take along a moneybag, a traveller’s bag, or sandals, and do
not greet anyone along the way.
5
“When you enter a house, first say, ‘Peace be on this house.’
6
If a man of peace lives there, your greeting of peace will rest
upon him. But if not, it will return to you. 7Do not move from
house to house, but remain in the same house. And eat and
drink whatever they offer you, for a worker is worthy of his wages.
8
“If you enter a town and they welcome you, eat what is set
before you, 9heal the sick that are there, and tell them, ‘ The
kingdom of God is near you.’ 10But if you enter a town and they
do not welcome you, go out into its streets and say, 11‘ Even the
dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you!
Nevertheless know this: the kingdom of God is near you!’ 12 I
say to you, it will be better on the day of judgment for Sodom
than for that town.
13
“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! If the miracles
that were performed in you had been performed in the cities of
Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in
sackcloth and ashes. 14It will be better at the judgment for the
cities of Tyre and Sidon than for you! 15And you, Capernaum, will
you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be thrown down to hell!
16
“Whoever listens to you listens to Me. Whoever rejects you
rejects Me. And whoever rejects Me rejects Him who sent Me.”
17
The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the
demons submit to us in Your name.”
18
Jesus said to them, “I saw satan falling like lightning from
heaven. 19Look! I have given you the authority to tread on snakes
and scorpions and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing
will ever harm you. 20However, do not rejoice because the spirits
submit to you, but because your names are written in heaven.”

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21
At that moment Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I
praise You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because You
have hidden these things from the wise and prudent, and have
revealed them to infants. Yes, Father, for this was well-pleasing
in Your sight.
22
“All things have been entrusted to Me by My Father. Nobody
knows the Son except the Father, and nobody knows the Father
except the Son—and anyone the Son wants to reveal Him to.”
23
Then Jesus turned to His disciples and said privately,
“Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24For I say to you,
many prophets and kings desired to see what you see but did
not see them, and to hear what you hear but did not hear them.”
25
Now an expert in the law stood up and tried to trap Him,
saying, “Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”
26
Jesus answered him, “What is written in the law? How do
you interpret it?”
27
The man replied,

“‘ You must love the Lord your God
with all your heart and with all your soul
and with all your strength
and with all your mind.’
(Deuteronomy 6:5)

And,

‘ You must love your neighbour as yourself.’”
(Leviticus 19:18)

Jesus said to him, “You have answered correctly. Do this and
28

you will live.”
29
But the man, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And
who is my neighbour?”
30
Jesus answered and said, “A man was going up from
Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell into the hands of bandits. They
stripped him, beat him, and went off, leaving him half dead. 31A
priest happened to be travelling along the same road, but when
he saw the man, he passed by on the other side. 32Likewise,

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a Levite came to that spot, but when he saw the man, he also
passed by on the other side.
33
“But a Samaritan, who was travelling along the road, came
across him, and when he saw the man, he was filled with
compassion. 34He went over to him, poured olive oil and wine
on his wounds, and bandaged them. Then he put the man on
his own donkey, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35
The next day when he departed, he took out $160 and gave it
to the innkeeper, saying, ‘ Take care of him. If you spend more
money on him, I will pay you back when I return.’ 51 36Now which
one of these three men do you think was a neighbour to the
man who was attacked by bandits?”
37
The expert in the law answered, “The one who had mercy
on him.”
Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”
38
As Jesus travelled along, He entered a town, and a woman
named Martha welcomed Him into her home. 39She had a sister
named Mary, who was sitting at Jesus’ feet listening to His
teaching. 40But Martha was distracted by all that she had to do,
and came and asked Him, “Lord, do You not care that my sister
has left me to do all the work alone? Please tell her to help me.”
41
But Jesus answered and said to her, “Martha, Martha, you
are worried and troubled about many things, 42but only one
thing is needed. Mary has chosen what is best, and it will not
be taken away from her.”

11 One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When He
finished, one of His disciples said to Him, “Lord, teach us
to pray, just as John taught his disciples.”
2
Jesus said to them, “Whenever you pray, say this:

‘Our Father who is in heaven,
may Your name be honoured always.
May Your kingdom come,
51
“The next day when he departed, he took out two denarii and
gave them to the innkeeper.” A denarius was a day’s wages. In
Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an hour.
$10×8hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is $80(CAD).
80×2=$160. So two denarii is worth about $160(CAD).

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may Your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us each day our daily bread,
3
4
and forgive us our sins,
as we forgive everyone who sins against us.
Do not let us fall into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.’”
5
Then He said to them, “Suppose one of you has a friend,
and you go to him in the middle of the night and say, ‘ Friend,
lend me three loaves of bread. 6A friend of mine who is on a
journey has arrived, and I have nothing for him to eat.’ 7And
suppose your friend answers from inside, ‘ Do not bother me!
The door is already locked, and my children and I are in bed.
I cannot get up and give you anything.’ 8I assure you, even
though he will not get up and give you anything because you
are his friend, yet because of your persistence he will get up
and give you whatever you need.
9
“So I say to you: ask, and it will be given to you. Seek,
and you will find. Knock, and the door will be opened for you.
10
Whoever asks, receives. Whoever seeks, finds. Whoever knocks,
the door will be opened.
11
“What father among you, if his son asks for bread, will
give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake
instead? 12Or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 13So
if you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children,
how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit
to those who ask Him!”
14
Jesus was casting out a demon that was mute. When the
demon came out, the man who had been mute spoke, and
the crowds marvelled. 15But some of them said, “He casts out
demons by Beelzebul, the prince of demons!” 52 16And others
tried to trap Him by asking Him for a sign from heaven.
52
Beelzebub (the god of files) was the god of the Ekronites
(2 Kings 1:2). The Jews called it Beelzebul (the god of dung).
They considered Beelzebub to be the worst and foulest of the
demons, so they called satan Beelzebul (meaning, “prince of
the demons”).

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17
But Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them, “Every
kingdom divided against itself will be destroyed, and a household
divided against itself will fall. 18If satan is divided against himself,
how will his kingdom stand? I say this, because you claim that
I cast out demons by Beelzebul. 19So if I cast out demons by
Beelzebul, by whom do your disciples cast them out? Indeed,
let them be your judges. 20But if I cast out demons by the finger
of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
21
“When a strong man, fully armed, guards his house, his
possessions are secure. 22But when someone stronger attacks
and overpowers him, he takes away the armour in which the
man trusted in, and divides up his plunder. 23Whoever is not
with Me is against Me, and whoever does not gather with Me
scatters.
24
“When an unclean spirit leaves a man, it wanders through
dry places seeking rest, but does not find any. Then it says, ‘ I
will return to the house I left.’ 25And when it arrives, it finds
the house swept and decorated. 26 Then it goes and takes along
with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go
in and make their home there. Therefore the man is worse off
in the end than he was in the beginning.”
27
As Jesus was saying this, a woman from the crowd raised
her voice and said to Him, “Blessed is the womb that gave birth
to You, and the breasts that nursed You!”
28
But He replied, “On the contrary, blessed are those who
hear the word of God and obey it!”
29
As the people crowded around Him, He began to say, “This
is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, but the only sign you will
be given is the sign of Jonah the prophet. 30For just as Jonah
was a sign to the people of Nineveh, so also will the Son of Man
be to this generation. 31The Queen of Sheba will rise at the
judgment with the men of this generation and will condemn
them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear
Solomon’s wisdom. But look, someone greater than Solomon is
here! 32 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with
this generation and will condemn it, because they repented at
the preaching of Jonah. But look, someone greater than Jonah
is here!

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33
“No one lights a lamp and hides it or puts it under a basket.
Instead they put it on a lamp stand, so that those who come in
may see its light. 34Your eye is the lamp of your body. If your
eyes are generous, your body is full of light. But if your eyes
are stingy, your body is full of darkness. 35So watch out that
the light in you is not darkness! 36 Therefore, if your body is full
of light, and none of it is dark, it will be completely full of light,
as when a lamp shines its light on you.”
37
When Jesus finished speaking, a Pharisee invited Him
over for a meal. So Jesus went in and sat down to eat. 38 The
Pharisee marvelled when he saw that Jesus did not first wash
His hands before the meal. 39But the Lord said to him, “You
Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you
are full of greed and wickedness. 40Fools! Did not the One who
made the outside make the inside as well? 41But give what is
inside to the poor, and then everything will be clean for you.
42
“Woe to you Pharisees! For you give a tenth of your mint, rue,
and herbs, yet neglect justice and the love of God! You should
have tithed, without neglecting justice and the love of God.
43
“Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the most important
seats in the synagogues, and to be greeted in the marketplaces!
44
“Woe to you, you teachers of the law and Pharisees, you
hypocrites! For you are like unmarked graves, which men walk
on without knowing.”
45
Then one of the experts in the law said to Him, “Teacher,
when You say these things, You are insulting us as well!”
46
He said, “Woe to you, you experts in the law! For you
load men down with burdens that are hard to carry, but you
yourselves do not lift one finger to help ease those burdens.
47
“Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and
it was your fathers who killed them! 48 Therefore, you testify that
you approve of the deeds of your fathers—for they killed the
prophets, and you build their tombs. 49 That is why God in His
wisdom said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, and some
of them they will kill and persecute,’ 50so that this generation
will be held accountable for the blood of all the prophets shed

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from the foundation of the world—51from the blood of Abel to
the blood of Zechariah,53 who was killed between the altar and
the sanctuary. Truly I say to you, this generation will be held
accountable.
52
“Woe to you, you experts in the law! You have taken away
the key to knowledge! You did not enter yourselves, and you
have kept out those who were trying to enter!”
53
As He said these things to them, the teachers of the law
and the Pharisees began to oppose Him fiercely. They asked
Him many questions, trying to provoke Him to talk about many
things, 54 waiting to catch Him in His words, so that they could
accuse Him of saying something wrong.

12 Meanwhile, tens of thousands of people had assembled
together. The crowd was so large that people trampled on
one another. Jesus spoke to His disciples first, saying, “Beware
of the yeast of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. 2For all that
is hidden will be revealed, and all that is secret will be made
known. 3 Whatever you have said in the dark will be heard in
the daylight, and whatever you have whispered behind closed
doors will be proclaimed from the rooftops.
4
“My friends, I say this to you: do not be afraid of those who
can kill the body, but after that can do nothing more. 5But I
will show you the One you should fear: fear Him who has the
power to throw you into hell after killing you. Yes, I tell you,
fear Him! 6Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? Yet not
one of them is forgotten by God. 7And even the very hairs of
your head are all numbered. So do not be afraid, for you are
worth far more than many sparrows.
8
“I say this to you: whoever confesses Me before men, him
will the Son of Man also confess before the angels of God. 9But
whoever denies Me before men will be denied before the angels
of God. 10 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will
be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit
will not be forgiven.

53
2 Chronicles 24:20-22

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11
“When they bring you before the synagogues, rulers,
and authorities, do not worry about how you should defend
yourselves or what you should say, 12 for at that moment the
Holy Spirit will teach you what you must say.”
13
Someone in the crowd said to Jesus, “Teacher, tell my
brother to divide the inheritance with me!”
14
But Jesus said to him, “Man, who appointed Me as a judge
or arbitrator over you?” 15 Then He said to them, “Watch out
and guard yourselves from all greed, for a man’s life does not
consist in the abundance of his possessions.”
16
He told them a parable, saying, “The ground of a certain rich
man produced an abundant crop. 17So he thought to himself,
‘ What am I going to do? I have nowhere to store my crops.’
18
Then he said, ‘ I will do this: I will tear down my barns and
build bigger ones, and in them I will store all my grain and
goods. 19And I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have stored up
many good things for many years. Now rest, eat, drink, and be
merry.”’ 20But God said to him, ‘ You fool! This very night your
soul will be demanded of you. Then who will get what you have
prepared for yourself ?’ 21 This is how it will be for those who
store up treasures for themselves but are not rich toward God.”
22
Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Therefore I tell you this: do
not worry about your life, as to what you will eat, or about your
body, as to how you will clothe it. 23For life is more important than
food, and the body more important than clothing. 24Consider the
ravens: they do not sow or reap, they do not have storerooms
or barns, yet God feeds them. How much more are you worth
than birds? 25Can any of you add a single hour to your life span
by worrying? 26If you cannot even do a small thing like that,
then why worry about the rest? 27Consider how the lilies grow,
they do not work or make clothing. Yet I tell you that not even
Solomon in all his splendour was clothed like one of them. 28If
that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is alive
today, and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, how much more
will He clothe you, you of little faith?
29
“Do not worry about what you will eat or what you will drink;
do not be doubtful. 30For all the Gentiles of the world strive for
these things, but your heavenly Father knows that you need

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them. 31But seek the kingdom of God, and all these things will
be added to you. 32Do not fear, little flock, for it is your Father’s
good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 33Sell your possessions
and give the proceeds to the poor. Provide wallets for yourselves
that will not wear out, an inexhaustible treasure in heaven,
where no thief comes near and no moth destroys. 34For where
your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
35
“Keep your belts fastened and your lamps burning, 36like
men waiting for their master to return from a wedding banquet,
so that when he comes and knocks you can immediately open
the door for him. 37Blessed are those slaves whose master finds
them watching when he returns. Truly I say to you, he will fasten
his belt, seat them at the table, and will come and serve them.
38
Blessed are those slaves whose master finds them waiting,
even if he comes in the second or third watch of the night.54
39
“Remember this: had the owner of the house known at
what time the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake
and would not have let his house be broken into. 40So be ready,
because the Son of Man will come at a time you do not expect.”
41
Then Peter said to Him, “Lord, are you telling this parable
to us or to everyone?”
42
The Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and wise steward,
whom the master has put in charge of his servants, to give
them their food allowance at the proper time? 43How blessed
is that slave whom his master finds doing so when he returns.
44
Truly I say to you, he will put him in charge of all that he
owns. 45But if that slave says in his heart, ‘ My master is not
coming back for a while,’ and he begins to beat the menservants
and maidservants and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46 the
master of that slave will come on a day that he does not expect
and at an hour he does not know. Then his master will whip
him severely and assign him a place with the unbelievers. 47The
slave who knows his master’s will, but does not get ready or
does not do what his master wants, will be whipped with many

54
There were four watches in the night. The first watch was
from 6:00–9:00 P.M., the second was from 9:00 P.M.–midnight,
the third was from midnight–3:00 A.M., and the fourth from
3:00–6:00 A.M.

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stripes. 48But the slave who does not know his master’s will,
and does things worthy of stripes, will be whipped with few
stripes. From everyone who has been given much, much will
be demanded, and from the one who has been entrusted with
much, even more will be asked of him.
49
“I have come to bring fire on the earth, and how I wish it
were already kindled! 50But I have a baptism to be baptized
with, and how distressed I am until it is accomplished! 51Do
not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. No, I
tell you, but rather division! 52From now on, there will be five
divided in one household: three against two, and two against
three. 53 They will be divided:

‘A father against his son,
a son against his father,
a mother against her daughter,
a daughter against her mother,
a mother-in-law against
her daughter-in-law,
and a daughter-in-law against
her mother-in-law.’”
(Micah 7:6)
54
Jesus also said to the crowds, “When you see a cloud rising
in the west, you immediately say, ‘ It will storm,’ and it does.
55
And when a south wind blows, you say, ‘ It will be hot,’ and
it is. 56You Hypocrites! You know how to read the face of the
earth and sky, but how is it that you cannot read the present
time? 57Why do you not judge for yourselves what is right? 58As
you are on your way to court with your opponent, do your best
to settle with him before you get there. Otherwise, he will drag
you before the judge, and the judge will hand you over to the
officer, and the officer will throw you into prison. 59I say to you,
you will not get out until you have paid back every last penny.”

13 Now there were some present on that occasion who told
Him about the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mixed
with their sacrifices. 2But Jesus responded, “Do you think
that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the rest of the

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Galileans, because they suffered these things? 3No, I tell you!
But unless you repent, you will all perish as well! 4Or what
about those eighteen men who were killed when the tower in
Siloam fell on them? Do you think that they were more guilty
than all the rest of those living in Jerusalem? 5No, I tell you!
But unless you repent, you will all perish as well!”
6
Then Jesus told them this parable: “A man planted a fig
tree in his vineyard. He kept looking to see if there were any
figs on the tree, but never found any. 7So he said to the worker
in charge of his vineyard, ‘ Look! For three years I have been
coming to look for figs on this fig tree, but have never found
any. Cut it down! Why should it use up good soil?’ 8But the
worker answered him, ‘Sir, leave it alone for one more year, and
I will dig and put manure around it. 9Perhaps it will produce
figs next year. If not, then cut it down.’”
10
Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sab-
bath. 11A woman was there who had a spirit of infirmity for
eighteen years. She was completely hunched over and could not
straighten herself up. 12 When Jesus saw her, He called her over
and said, “Woman, you are freed from your infirmity.” 13 Then
He laid His hands on her, and immediately she straightened
up and glorified God.
14
The synagogue leader was angry with Jesus for healing the
woman on the Sabbath, so he said to the people, “There are six
days for a person to work. Come on one of those days and be
healed, but not on the Sabbath!”
15
Then the Lord answered him and said, “You hypocrites!
Does not each one of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or donkey
from the stall and lead it out for a drink of water? 16 Then should
not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom satan has
bound these eighteen years, be set free on the Sabbath from
this bondage?” 17When Jesus said this, all those who were
opposing Him were ashamed, and all the people rejoiced for all
the glorious things He was doing.
18
Then He said, “What is the kingdom of God like? To what
can I compare it to? 19 It is like a mustard seed that a man took

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and planted in his garden. It grew and became a big tree, and
the birds of the air nested in its branches.” 55
20
And again He said, “To what can I compare the kingdom
of God to? 21It is like yeast, which a woman took and mixed
into a large amount of flour until it worked its way through the
whole batch of dough.”
22
As Jesus made His way toward Jerusalem, He went through
the towns and villages teaching. 23Now someone asked Him,
“Lord, will only a few be saved?”
Jesus answered, 24“Strive to enter through the narrow gate.
For I say to you, many will try to enter, but will not be able to.
25
When the Master of the house gets up and shuts the door, you
will stand outside knocking on the door, saying, ‘ Lord, Lord,
open the door for us!’ But He will answer you, ‘ I do not know
you!’ 26 Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with You, and You
taught in our streets.’ 27But He will say to you, ‘ I do not know
you! Depart from Me, all you workers of unrighteousness!’ 28In
that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when
you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the
kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out! 29People will
come from the east and the west, from the north and the south,
and will sit down in the kingdom of God. 30Look! Those who are
last will be first, and those who are first will be last.”
31
That same day, some Pharisees came to Jesus and said,
“Go, get away from here! Herod wants to kill You!”
32
But Jesus said to them, “Go tell that fox, ‘ Look! I will cast
out demons and heal people today and tomorrow, and on the
third day I will complete My work.’ 33 Yet I must travel today
and tomorrow and the next day, because it is unthinkable for
a prophet to perish anywhere except in Jerusalem.
34
“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone
those who are sent to you! How often I have longed to gather
your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her
wings, but you would not let Me! 35Look! Your house is left to

55
In the days of Jesus, the mustard seed was the smallest
seed used by farmers and gardeners in the Holy Land. These
mustard plants could grow up to ten feet tall!

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Luke 14

you desolate. Truly I say to you, you will not see Me again until
you say,

‘ Blessed is He who comes
in the name of the Lord!’”
(Psalm 118:26)

14 One Sabbath Jesus went to eat bread in the house of a
prominent Pharisee, and they watched Him closely. 2 There,
right in front of Him, was a man whose body was swollen with
fluid. 3So Jesus asked the Pharisees and the experts in the law,
“Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?” 4But they made no reply.
So Jesus took hold of the man, healed him, and sent him away.
5
Then He said to them, “Which one of you, if your donkey or ox
falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not pull it out immediately?”
6
And they could not answer Him.
7
When Jesus saw how the guests were choosing the most
important seats, He told them this parable: 8“When someone
invites you to a wedding banquet, do not sit in the most important
seat, because someone more important than you may have been
invited. 9If so, the one who invited you will come and say, ‘Give
this man your seat,’ and in shame, you will have to take the
least important seat. 10But when you are invited, go and sit in
the least important seat. Then, when the one who invited you
comes, he will say, ‘Friend, move up to a better seat,’ and you
will be honoured in the presence of everyone seated with you.56
11
For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever
humbles himself will be exalted.”
12
Then He said to the one who had invited Him, “When you
give a luncheon or a dinner, do not invite your friends, your
brothers, your relatives, or your rich neighbours. Otherwise
they might invite you over to eat in return, and you would be
repaid. 13Instead, when you give a banquet, invite the poor,
the lame, the blind, and those with missing limbs. 14 Then you
will be blessed, because they cannot repay you, and you will
be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.”

56
Proverbs 25:6-7

150
Luke 14

15
One of those who were sitting at the table heard this, and
said to Him, “Blessed are those who will eat bread in the kingdom
of God.”
16
Jesus replied, “A certain man prepared a large banquet
and invited many. 17When it was time for the banquet, he sent
his slave to tell those who were invited, ‘Come! Everything is
ready now.’ 18But they all made excuses. The first one said, ‘ I
have just bought a field, and I must go and see it. Please excuse
me.’ 19Another said, ‘ I have just bought five yoke of oxen, and
I am going to try them out. Please excuse me.’ 20And another
said, ‘ I just married a wife, so I cannot go.’ 21So the slave went
back and reported all this to his master. Then the master of
the house became angry and said to his slave, ‘Go quickly into
the streets and alleys of the city and bring back the poor, the
lame, the blind, and those with missing limbs!’ 22 Then the slave
said, ‘Sir, your command has been carried out, and there is
still room.’ 23So the master said to the slave, ‘Go out into the
roads and paths and compel the people to come in, so that my
house may be filled! 24For I say to you, none of those men who
were invited will eat at my banquet!’”
25
Jesus turned to the large crowds that were accompanying
Him and said, 26“If anyone comes to Me and does not hate
his father and mother, his wife and children, his brothers
and sisters, as well as his own life, he cannot be My disciple.
27
Whoever does not carry his cross and follow Me cannot be
My disciple.
28
“Suppose one of you wants to build a tower. Would you not
first sit down and calculate the cost to see if you have enough
money to complete it? 29For if you lay the foundation and cannot
finish it, everyone who sees it will mock you, 30saying, ‘This man
started to build, but could not finish it!’
31
“Or suppose a king is about to engage another king in battle.
Would he not first sit down with his advisers and determine
whether his ten thousand men can fight a king who is coming
against him with twenty thousand? 32If not, while the other is
still a long way off, he will send a delegation to ask for terms
of peace.

151
Luke 15

33
“Likewise, none of you can be My disciples unless you give
up everything. 34Salt is good, but if salt loses its flavour, how
can it be made salty again? 35It is not fit for the soil or for the
manure pile, but is thrown out. Whoever has ears to hear, let
him hear!”

15 All the tax collectors and sinners came to hear Jesus.
2
But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law murmured,
saying, “This Man welcomes sinners and eats with them!”
3
So Jesus told them this parable: 4“What man among you, if he
has a hundred sheep and loses one of them, does not leave the
ninety-nine in the wilderness to go looking for the lost one until
he finds it? 5And when he finds it, he puts it on his shoulders
and rejoices. 6And when he returns home, he calls his friends
and neighbours together and says to them, ‘Rejoice with me,
because I have found my sheep that was lost!’ 7Likewise, I say
to you, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who
repents than over ninety-nine righteous people who have no
need of repentance.
8
“Or what woman, if she has ten silver coins and loses one
of them, does not light a lamp, sweep the house, and search
carefully until she finds it? 9And when she finds it, she calls
her friends and neighbours together and says, ‘Rejoice with
me, because I have found the coin that I lost!’ 10Likewise, I say
to you, there is joy in the presence of God’s angels over one
sinner who repents.”
11
Then Jesus said, “A man had two sons. 12 The youngest son
said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of the inheritance.’
So the father divided his estate between them. 13A few days
later, the youngest son packed up all his belongings and went
off to a distant country. There he squandered his money on wild
living. 14After he had spent everything, a severe famine struck
that country, and he became destitute.
15
“So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of
that country, who sent him into the fields to feed his pigs. 16He
longed to fill his stomach with the carob pods that the pigs were
eating, but no one gave him anything.

152
Luke 16

17
“But when he came to his senses, he said, ‘ How many of
my father’s hired men have an abundance of food, and here I
am starving to death! 18I will get up and go to my father, and
say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and against
you! 19I am no longer worthy to be called your son! Make me like
one of your hired men.”’ 20So he got up and went to his father.

“But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and
was filled with compassion. So his father ran to him, threw his
arms around his neck, and kissed him. 21Then his son said to
him, ‘ Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you! I
am no longer worthy to be called your son!’ 22But his father said
to his slaves, ‘ Bring out the best robe and put it on him, and
put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet! 23 Then bring
the fattened calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate! 24For
this son of mine was dead, but now he is alive again! He was
lost, but now he is found!’ And they began to celebrate.
25
“Now his oldest son was in the field. On his way back, as
he approached the house, he heard music and dancing. 26So
he called one of the slaves and asked him what was happening.
27
The slave said, ‘ Your brother has come back home, and your
father has killed the fattened calf because he has come back
safe and sound.’
28
“But the oldest son became angry and would not go into the
house. So his father came out and begged him to come in. 29But
he answered his father, ‘Look! I have served you like a slave for
many years, and I have never disobeyed a single commandment
of yours. Yet you never even gave me a young goat, so that I
could celebrate with my friends! 30But when this son of yours
came back, after wasting your money on prostitutes, you killed
the fattened calf for him!’ 31Then his father said to him, ‘Son,
you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But
now we must rejoice and celebrate! For this brother of yours
was dead, but now he is alive again! He was lost, but now he
is found!’”

16
2
Jesus also said to His disciples, “There was a rich man
whose steward was accused of squandering his possessions.
So he summoned the steward and said to him, ‘ What is this I

153
Luke 16

hear about you? Give an account of your stewardship; you can
no longer be my steward!’
3
“The steward said to himself, ‘What should I do? My master is
taking the stewardship away from me. I am definitely not strong
enough to dig, and I am too proud to beg. 4Aha! I know what
I will do!—so that when I am removed from the stewardship,
people will welcome me into their homes.’
5
“Then he called each one of his master’s debtors. He asked
the first one, ‘ How much do you owe my master?’ 6 The man
replied, ‘I owe him nine hundred gallons of olive oil.’ The steward
said to him, ‘ Take your bill, sit down quickly, and write down
four hundred and fifty gallons.’ 7 Then the steward asked another
one, ‘ How much do you owe?’ The man replied, ‘A thousand
bushels of wheat.’ Then the steward said to him, ‘ Take your
bill and write down eight hundred bushels.’
8
“The master commended the dishonest steward because he
had acted shrewdly. In this age, the children of this world are
more shrewd than the children of light.
9
“ Therefore I say this to you: use unrighteous money to
make friends for yourselves. Then when it is gone, they will
welcome you into eternal dwellings.57 10 Whoever is faithful with
very little is also faithful with a lot. Whoever is dishonest with
very little is also dishonest with a lot. 11If you have not been
faithful with unrighteous money, who will trust you with true
riches? 12And if you have not been faithful with what belongs to
another, who will give you what is your own? 13No servant can
serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the
other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other.
You cannot serve both God and money!”
14
When the Pharisees heard all this they scoffed at Him,
because they loved money. 15But Jesus said to them, “You are
the ones who justify yourselves before men, but God knows your
hearts. For what is highly prized among men is an abomination
57
Therefore I say this to you: be good stewards of your money,
using it wisely for the kingdom of God. Then your generosity
will make you friends, and when it is gone, they will welcome
you into heaven.

154
Luke 17

before God. 16 The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until
John. Since then, the good news of the kingdom of God has
been proclaimed, and everyone is pushing to get into it. 17It is
easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one stroke
of a letter in the Law to fail. 18Whoever divorces his wife, and
marries another woman, commits adultery. And whoever marries
a woman, divorced from her husband, commits adultery.
19
“Now there was a rich man who dressed in purple and fine
linen and lived in luxury every day. 20A beggar named Lazarus,
who was covered with sores, lay at his gate. 21He longed to eat
the crumbs that fell from the rich man’s table, but instead the
dogs would come and lick his sores. 22One day the beggar died
and was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom. And
the rich man also died and was buried.
23
“In hell, as he was in torment, he looked up and saw
Abraham a long way off with Lazarus by his side. 24And he
cried out and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me! Send
Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water to cool off my tongue,
because I am in torment in this inferno.’ 25But Abraham said,
‘Child, remember that in your lifetime you received your good
things, whereas Lazarus received bad things. But now he is
comforted here, while you are in torment. 26Besides all this,
a wide chasm has been fixed between us and you, so that no
one from here can cross over to you, and no one from there
can cross over to us.’
27
“The rich man answered, ‘Father Abraham, I beg you to send
Lazarus to my father’s house, 28because I have five brothers.
Let him warn them, so that they do not end up in this place of
torture.’ 29But Abraham said to him, ‘ They have Moses and the
Prophets; they can listen to them.’ 30 The rich man replied, ‘ No,
father Abraham! But if someone from the dead goes to them,
they will repent!’ 31Abraham said to him, ‘ If they do not listen
to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if
someone rises from the dead.’”

17 Jesus said to His disciples, “Stumbling blocks are bound
to come, but woe to the one through whom they come! 2It
would be better for him to have a large millstone hung around

155
Luke 17

his neck and to be cast into the sea than to cause one of these
little ones to sin. 3 Watch yourselves! If your brother sins against
you, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him. 4If he sins
against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day
turns to you and says, ‘ I repent,’ you must forgive him.”
5
The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith.”
6
The Lord replied, “If you have faith the size of a mustard seed,
you can say to this sycamore tree, ‘ Be uprooted and planted in
the sea,’ and it will obey you! 7 Which one of you, who has a slave
ploughing or tending the sheep, will say to him when he comes
in from the field, ‘Come! Sit down to eat’? 8None of you! Instead,
you will say to him, ‘Prepare me something to eat. Fasten your
belt and wait on me while I eat and drink, then afterwards you
can eat and drink.’ 9 Will you thank that slave because he did
what you commanded him? I think not! 10Likewise, when you
have done everything you were commanded, you should say,
‘ We are worthless slaves. We have only done our duty.’”
11
On His way to Jerusalem, Jesus passed between Samaria
and Galilee. 12As He entered a village, He was met by ten men
with leprosy. They stood at a distance, 13and lifted up their
voices, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!”
14
When Jesus saw them, He said, “Go! Show yourselves to
the priests.” And as they went, they were cleansed.
15
But one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned
back and glorified God with a loud voice. 16He fell facedown at
Jesus’ feet and thanked Him. The man was a Samaritan.
17
Jesus said, “Were not ten of you cleansed? Where are the
other nine? 18 Was this foreigner the only one who turned back
to give glory to God?” 19 Then Jesus said to him, “Get up and
go! Your faith has healed you.”
20
Some of the Pharisees asked Jesus, “When will the kingdom
of God come?” Jesus answered, “The kingdom of God is not
coming in the way you expect to see it. 21People will not say,
‘ Look! Here it is!’ or ‘ Look! There it is!’ For look! The kingdom
of God is in your midst.”
22
Then He said to the disciples, “The days will come when
you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, but you
will not see it. 23People will say to you, ‘ Look! Here He is!’ or
‘ Look! There He is!’ But do not go after them or follow them.

156
Luke 18

24
For as lightning flashes and illuminates one end of the sky to
the other, so will the Son of Man be on the day of His return.
25
But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this
generation.
26
“Just as it was in the days of Noah, so also will it be in the
days of the Son of Man. 27People were eating, drinking, marrying,
and being given in marriage, until the day Noah entered the
ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all. 28Likewise,
just as it was in the days of Lot—people were eating, drinking,
buying, selling, planting, and building. 29But on the day Lot
left Sodom, fire and brimstone rained down from heaven and
destroyed them all. 30 That is how it will be on the day the Son
of Man is revealed. 31On that day, those on the rooftop, whose
belongings are in the house, must not go down to get them.
Likewise, those in the field must not turn back for anything.
32
Remember Lot’s wife!58 33Whoever tries to save his life will lose
it, but whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34I tell you, on that
night there will be two people in one bed—one will be taken, and
one will be left. 35 Two women will be grinding grain together at
the mill—one will be taken, and one will be left. 36 Two men will
be working in the field—one will be taken, and one will be left.”

Then the disciples asked Him, “Where, Lord?”
37

Jesus answered, “Wherever there is a body, there the vultures
will gather.”

18 Jesus told His disciples a parable to show them that they
must always pray and not faint. 2He said, “In a certain
town there was a judge who neither feared God nor respected
man. 3Now a widow in that town kept coming to him, saying,
‘Grant me justice against my adversary!’ 4For a long time he
was unwilling to help her, but after a while he said to himself,
‘ Even though I do not fear God or respect man, 5 yet because
this widow keeps troubling me, I will grant her justice, so that
in the end she will not wear me out with her persistence.’”
6
Then the Lord said, “You heard what the unrighteous judge
said. 7How much more will God grant justice to His elect who
cry out to Him day and night? Will He keep putting them off?
58
Genesis 19:26

157
Luke 18

8
I say to you, He will swiftly grant them justice! But when the
Son of Man comes, will He find faith on earth?”
9
Then Jesus told this parable to those who trusted in their
own righteousness and looked down on others: 10“Two men went
up to the temple to pray. One was a Pharisee, and the other
was a tax collector. 11The Pharisee stood and prayed about him-
self, ‘God, I thank You that I am not like other men, who steal,
cheat, and commit adultery, or even like this tax collector. 12I
fast twice a week, and give a tenth of all that I get.’ 13But the
tax collector stood at a distance, and would not even lift his
eyes to heaven. He beat his chest and said, ‘God, be merciful to
a sinner like me.’ 14I tell you, this man went back to his home
justified rather than the other. For whoever exalts himself will
be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”
15
Some people brought their babies to Jesus, so that He could
touch them. But when His disciples saw this, they rebuked
them. 16But Jesus called the children to Him and said, “Let
the little children come to Me. Do not stop them, because the
kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these. 17Truly I say to
you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child
will not enter it.”
18
A certain leader asked Him, “Good Teacher, what must I
do to inherit eternal life?”
19
Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? There
is only One who is good, and that is God. 20 You know the
commandments:

‘ You must not commit adultery,
you must not murder,
you must not steal,
you must not give false testimony,
honour your father and mother.’”
(Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20)
21
But the leader said, “I have kept all of these commandments
since my childhood.”
22
When Jesus heard this, He said to him, “There is one thing
you lack. Sell everything you have and give the proceeds to the
poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come and

158
Luke 18

follow Me.” 23But when the leader heard this he became sad,
because he was very rich.
24
When Jesus saw how sad he was, He said, “How difficult
it is for those who are rich to enter the kingdom of God! 25For
it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than
for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”
26
Those who heard this said, “Then who can be saved?”
27
Jesus answered, “What is impossible with man is possible
with God.”
28
Then Peter said, “We have left everything to follow You.”
29
Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who
has left house or parents or brothers or wife or children for the
sake of the kingdom of God, 30 who will not receive far more in
this present time, and eternal life in the age to come.”
31
Then Jesus took the twelve aside and said to them, “We are
now on our way to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by
the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32He will be
handed over to the Gentiles, and He will be mocked, abused,
and spit on. 33And they will whip Him and put Him to death,
but on the third day He will rise again.”
34
But the disciples understood none of this. Its meaning
was hidden from them, and they did not know what He was
talking about.
35
As Jesus was nearing Jericho, there was a blind man sitting
by the road begging. 36When he heard the crowd going past, he
asked what was happening. 37 They told him, “Jesus of Nazareth
is passing by.”
38
So he cried out, saying, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy
on me!”
39
But the people in front rebuked him and told him to be
quiet. However, he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have
mercy on me!”
40
Then Jesus stood still and commanded the man to be
brought to Him. As the man approached, Jesus asked him,
41
“What do you want Me to do for you?”
The man exclaimed, “Lord, I want to receive my sight!”
42
Then Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight! Your faith
has healed you!” 43Immediately the man received his sight and

159
Luke 19

followed Jesus, glorifying God. And when all the people saw
this, they gave praise to God.

19 Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through it. 2A
wealthy man named Zacchaeus was there; he was a chief
tax collector. 3He wanted to see who Jesus was, but he could
not see over the crowd because he was too short. 4So he ran
ahead and climbed up a sycamore tree to catch a glimpse of
Jesus, who was coming that way. 5When Jesus reached that
spot, He looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down
quickly, because I must stay at your house today.” 6So he came
down quickly and welcomed Him with joy.
7
When everyone saw this, they began to complain, saying,
“He has gone to be the guest of a sinner.”
8
Zacchaeus stood there and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! I
will give half of my possessions to the poor. And if I have cheated
anyone, I will repay them four times as much!”
9
Then Jesus said, “Today salvation has come to this house,
because he too is a son of Abraham. 10For the Son of Man came
to seek and to save the lost.”
11
Since Jesus was nearing Jerusalem, they thought that
the kingdom of God would appear right away. So while they
were listening, He told them a parable. 12He said, “A certain
nobleman went to a distant country to be appointed king and
then to return. 13He summoned ten of his slaves, gave them
ten minas, and said to them, ‘ Invest this until I come back.’ 59
14
But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him,
saying, ‘We do not want this man to rule over us!’
59
A mina is 1/60 of a talent. A talent is 75 pounds. 75×1/60=1.25
pounds. Precious metals are weighed in troy ounces. There
are 14.583 troy ounces in an American (Avoirdupois) pound.
14.583×(the price of silver). Today (February 3, 2014) silver is
worth $19.34(USD) per troy ounce. 14.583×19.34=282.04
So today silver is worth $282.04(USD) a pound.
282.04×1.25=352.55
So one mina of silver is $352.55(USD).
10×352.55=3,525.50
So ten minas of silver is $3,525.50(USD).
5×352.55=1,762.75
So five minas of silver is $1,762.75(USD).

160
Luke 19

15
“After receiving his kingdom, he returned home. Then he
summoned the slaves to whom he had given the money to find
out how much each one had made by investing. 16 The first one
came and said, ‘ Master, your mina has made ten more minas.’
17
The king said to him, ‘ Well done, good slave! Since you have
been faithful in such a small matter, I will put you in charge
of ten cities.’ 18 The second one came and said, ‘ Master, your
mina has made five minas.’ 19 The king said to him, ‘ You will be
in charge of five cities.’
20
“Then another one came and said, ‘ Master, look! Here is
your mina. I kept it hidden in a piece of cloth. 21I was afraid
of you, because you are a hard man. For you profit where you
did not invest, and you reap what you did not sow.’ 22 The king
said to him, ‘ I will judge you by the words of your mouth, you
wicked slave! Since you knew that I was a hard man, profiting
where I did not invest and reaping where I did not sow, 23 then
why did you not deposit my money in the bank? Then when I
returned, I could have collected it with interest.’ 24So the king
said to those standing there, ‘ Take the mina away from him
and give it to the one who has ten minas.’ 25But they said to
him, ‘ Master, he already has ten minas!’ 26 The king replied, ‘ I
tell you that to everyone who has, more will be given. But from
the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken
away from him. 27Now, as for those enemies of mine who did
not want me to rule over them, bring them here and execute
them in front of me!’”
28
After saying these things, Jesus travelled onward to
Jerusalem. 29As He approached the towns of Bethphage and
Bethany, on the Mount of Olives, He sent two of His disciples
off 30with these instructions: “Go to the town across the way.
When you get there, you will find a colt tied up that nobody
has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31If anyone asks
you, ‘ Why are you untying it?’ say to them, ‘ The Lord needs
it.’” 32So the two disciples went off and found everything just
as He had told them.
33
As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why
are you untying the colt?”
34
The disciples said, “The Lord needs it.” 35 Then they brought
the colt to Jesus, threw their coats on it, and put Jesus on it.
36
As He was going along, people spread their coats on the road.

161
Luke 20

Now when He came to the descent of the Mount of Olives, the
37

whole crowd of disciples began to rejoice and praise God with
a loud voice for all the miracles they had seen, 38saying,

“Blessed is the King who comes
in the name of the Lord!”
(Psalm 118:26)

“Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
39
Then some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher,
rebuke Your disciples!”
40
But Jesus answered and said to them, “I tell you, if they
were silent, the stones would cry out!”
41
When He came near and saw the city of Jerusalem, He
wept over it, 42saying, “If you had only known on this day what
would bring you peace! But now it is hidden from your eyes.
43
For the days will come upon you when your enemies will build
fortifications around you, and will encircle you and hem you in
on every side. 44 They will level you and your children within you
to the ground. They will not leave in you one stone on another,
because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
45
When Jesus entered the temple, He began to throw out
those who were buying and selling in it. 46He said to them, “It
is written:

‘ My house will be a house of prayer,’
(Isaiah 56:7)

but you have made it a den of bandits.” 60
47
Every day Jesus taught in the temple. But the chief priests,
the teachers of the law, and the elders of the people sought to
kill Him. 48But they could not find a way to do it, because all
the people hung on His words.

20 On one of those days, as Jesus was teaching the people
in the temple and proclaiming the good news, the chief
60
Jeremiah 7:11

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Luke 20

priests and the teachers of the law and the elders approached
Him. 2 They spoke to Him, saying, “Tell us, by what authority
are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority?”
3
Jesus answered and said to them, “I have a question for
you. Answer Me: 4did John’s authority to baptize come from
heaven or from men?”
5
They discussed it among themselves and said, “If we say,
‘ From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘ Then why did you not believe
John?’ 6But if we say, ‘ From men,’ all the people will stone us,
because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7So they
answered, “We do not know where it came from.”
8
Then Jesus said to them, “Well, then, I will not tell you by
what authority I am doing these things.”
9
Then Jesus told the people this parable: “There was a man
who planted a vineyard, he leased it to some farmers, and
went away for a long time. 10At harvest time, he sent a slave
to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard.
But the farmers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11
So he sent another slave. They beat him as well, treated him
shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 Then he sent
a third slave, but they wounded him and threw him out as well.
13
“Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘ What should I do? I
will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him when
they see him.’ 14But when the farmers saw him, they said to
one another, ‘ This is the heir. Come! Let us kill him, so that
the inheritance will be ours.’ 15So they threw him out of the
vineyard and killed him.

“What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16I
tell you, he will come and destroy those farmers and will give
the vineyard to others.”
And when the people heard this, they said, “God forbid!”
17
But Jesus looked at them and said, “Then what is the
meaning of that which is written:

‘ The Stone that the builders rejected
has become the Cornerstone’ ?
(Psalm 118:22)

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Everyone who falls on this Stone will be broken to pieces, and
18

anyone it falls on will be ground to powder.”
19
The chief priests and the teachers of the law tried to lay
their hands on Him that same hour, because they knew that
He had spoken this parable against them, but they were afraid
of the people.
20
They watched Him closely, and sent spies who pretended
to be righteous men. They wanted to trap Him in what He said,
so that they could hand Him over to the power and authority
of the governor. 21So they asked Him a question, “Teacher, we
know that what You speak and teach is right. You do not show
favouritism to any person, but teach the way of God in truth.
22
Tell us, is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
23
But Jesus perceived their craftiness, and said to them,
“Why are you trying to trap Me? 24Show Me a denarius.61 Whose
image and inscription does it have?”
They answered and said, “Caesar’s.”
25
Then He said to them, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s,
and to God what is God’s.” 26 They were unable to trap Him
in anything He said before the people. They marvelled at His
answer, and kept quiet.
27
Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection,
came and asked Him a question, 28“Teacher, Moses wrote this
to us:

‘ If a man’s brother dies,
leaving a wife but no children,
his brother must marry the widow
and have a child on behalf of his brother
in order to preserve his family line.’
(Deuteronomy 25:5-6)
29
Now there were seven brothers. The oldest married a wife,
but died childless. 30So the second brother married her, but he
also died childless. 31 The third brother married her—likewise,
all seven married her and died without having children. 32And
last of all, the woman died too. 33So whose wife will she be at
the resurrection, since all seven were married to her?”
61
A denarius was worth a day’s wages.

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34
Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are
given in marriage, 35but those who are counted worthy of the
age to come, and of the resurrection from the dead, will not
marry or be given in marriage. 36 They cannot die anymore, for
they are like the angels. They are sons of God, because they
are sons of the resurrection.
37
“Even Moses in the account of the burning bush showed that
the dead are raised. For he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham,
the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 62 38He is not the God
of the dead, but of the living, for to Him all are alive.”
39
Some of the teachers of the law remarked, “Teacher, You
have spoken well.” 40And after that nobody dared to ask Him
anything.
41
Then Jesus said to them, “How can they say that the Christ
is the son of David? 42For David himself says in the book of
Psalms,

‘ The Lord said to My Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
43
until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet.”’
(Psalm 110:1)
44
If David calls Him ‘Lord,’ how can He be his son?”
45
While all the people were listening, He said to His disciples,
46
“Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around
in long robes and to be greeted in the marketplaces. They love
to have the most important seats in the synagogues and the
seats of honour at banquets. 47They devour widows’ houses,
and for a show make long prayers. They will receive greater
condemnation!”

21 Jesus looked up and saw the rich dropping their gifts into
the temple treasury. 2He also saw a poor widow dropping
in two small coins. 3He said, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow
has put in more than all the rest of them. 4All these people put
62
Exodus 3:6

165
Luke 21

their money into the offering out of their surplus, but she out
of her poverty has put in all she had to live on.”
5
Some of His disciples were talking about the temple, how it
was decorated with beautiful stones and with gifts dedicated
to God. But Jesus said, 6“As for these things that you see, the
days will come when not one stone will be left on another; they
will all be thrown down.”
7
So they asked Him, “Teacher, when will these things happen?
And what will be the sign that these things are about to take
place?”
8
He said, “Watch out that no one deceives you. For many will
come in My name, saying, ‘ I am the Christ,’ and ‘ The time has
come.’ But do not follow them. 9And when you hear of wars and
revolutions, do not be terrified. For these things must happen
first, but the end will not come right away.”
10
Then He said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and
kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be great earthquakes
and famines and plagues in various places, and there will be
terrifying sights and great signs from heaven. 12But before all
this, they will lay hands on you and will persecute you. They
will hand you over to the synagogues and prisons, and you
will be brought before kings and governors on account of My
name. 13 This will give you an opportunity to testify. 14So settle
it in your hearts not to meditate ahead of time about how you
will defend yourselves. 15For I will give you words of wisdom
that none of your opponents will be able to contradict or refute.
16
You will be betrayed even by your parents, brothers, relatives,
and friends, and some of you will be put to death. 17You will
be hated by everyone because of My name. 18But not one hair
of your head will perish. 19By your perseverance you will gain
your lives.
20
“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then you
will know that her desolation is near. 21Then those in Judea
must flee to the mountains. Those in Jerusalem must get out,
and those in the countryside must not enter her. 22For these
are the days of vengeance, so that all that is written may be
fulfilled. 23How terrible it will be in those days for women who
are pregnant or nursing. There will be great distress in the land
and wrath against this people. 24 They will fall by the edge of

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Luke 22

the sword and will be led captive into all the nations, and Je-
rusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles until the times
of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
25
“There will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars. The nations
of the earth will be distressed and confused because of the
roaring of the sea and its tides. 26Men will faint from terror
when they see what is going to happen on the earth, for the
powers of heaven will be shaken. 27 Then they will see the Son
of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28When
these things begin to happen, stand up and lift up your heads,
because your redemption draws near.”
29
Then Jesus told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree or any
other tree. 30When they sprout leaves, you can see and know
for yourselves that summer is near. 31Likewise, when you see
these things happening, you will know that the kingdom of God
is near. 32 Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away
until all these things are fulfilled. 33Heaven and earth will pass
away, but My words will never pass away.
34
“Be on your guard, so that your hearts are not weighed
down with gluttony, drunkenness, and the cares of this life, or
that day will come on you unexpectedly. 35For it will come like
a trap on all the inhabitants of the whole earth. 36Always be
watchful, and petition God that you may be counted worthy to
escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able
to stand before the Son of Man.”
37
During the day Jesus taught in the temple, but at night He
went and stayed on the Mount of Olives. 38And all the people
came early in the morning to listen to Him in the temple.

22 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is called the
Passover, was drawing near. 2 The chief priests and the
teachers of the law were looking for a way to kill Jesus, but
they were afraid of the people.
3
Then satan entered Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve
disciples. 4He went off to the chief priests and the officers of the
temple guard and discussed how he could hand Jesus over to

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Luke 22

them. 5 They were delighted, and agreed to give him silver. 6He
consented, and began to look for an opportunity to hand Jesus
over to them when the crowds were not present.
7
Then the Day of Unleavened Bread arrived, when the Passover
lamb had to be sacrificed. 8Jesus sent Peter and John, saying,
“Go and prepare the Passover meal for us to eat.”
9
They asked Him, “Where do You want us to prepare it?”
10
He replied, “When you go into the city, you will meet a
man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him into the house he
enters, 11and say to the owner of the house, ‘ The Teacher asks
you, “Where is the guest room, where I can eat the Passover
with My disciples?”’ 12 Then he will show you a large upper room
that is furnished. Make preparations there.” 13So they went and
found everything just as He had told them, and they prepared
the Passover meal.
14
When the hour came, Jesus sat at the table, and the twelve
apostles sat with Him. 15 Then He said to them, “I have earnestly
desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16For I tell
you, I will not eat it again until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of
God.”
17
Then He took the cup, and after giving thanks He said,
“Take this and share it among yourselves. 18For I say to you, I
will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God
comes.” 19 Then He took the bread, and after giving thanks, He
broke it and gave it to them, saying “This is My body, which is
given for you. Do this in remembrance of Me.” 20Likewise, He
took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the New Covenant
in My blood, which is poured out for you.
21
“But Look! The hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table.
22
Truly the Son of Man will go as it has been determined, but
woe to that man who betrays Him!” 23 Then they asked each
other which one of them would do such a thing.
24
A dispute arose among the disciples as to which one of
them was the greatest. 25So Jesus said to them, “The kings of
the Gentiles lord it over their subjects, and those who exercise
authority over them are called ‘friends of the people.’ 26But you
must not be like that! On the contrary, the greatest among you

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Luke 22

must be like the youngest, and the one who leads must be like
a servant. 27For who is the greatest, the one sitting at the table
or the one serving? It is the one sitting at the table, is it not?
But I am among you as one who serves.
28
“You are the ones who have remained with Me in My trials.
And I bestow on you a kingdom, just as My Father has bestowed
29

one on Me, 30so that you may eat and drink at My table in My
kingdom. And you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes
of Israel.”
31
Then the Lord said, “Simon, Simon, look! Satan has
demanded to sift you like wheat, 32but I have petitioned the
Father for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have
turned back, strengthen your brothers.”
33
But Peter said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You
both to prison and to death!”
34
Jesus replied, “I say to you, Peter, the rooster will not crow
today until you have denied knowing Me three times.”
35
Jesus said to them, “When I sent you without a moneybag,
traveller’s bag, or sandals, did you lack anything?”
They replied, “Nothing at all.”
36
Then He said to them, “But now, whoever has a moneybag
should take it, and likewise a traveller’s bag. And whoever has
no sword should sell his coat and buy one. 37For I tell you that
this Scripture must be fulfilled concerning Me:

‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’
(Isaiah 53:12)

Indeed, what is written about Me is nearly completed.”
38
The disciples said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.”
He replied, “That is enough.”
39
Then Jesus left and went to the Mount of Olives, as was
His custom, and His disciples followed Him. 40 When He reached
the place He was going, He said to them, “Pray that you will not
enter into temptation.” 41 Then He withdrew from them about
a stone’s throw away, fell on His knees, and began to pray,
42
“Father, if You are willing, take this cup from Me. However,
not My will but Yours be done.” 43 Then an angel from heaven

169
Luke 22

appeared to Him and strengthened Him. 44Being in anguish, He
prayed more intensely. And His sweat was like drops of blood
falling to the ground. 45When He got up from prayer, He went
to His disciples, and found them sleeping on account of grief.
46
So He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up, and pray
that you will not enter into temptation.”
47
As Jesus was saying this, a crowd appeared. And one of the
twelve, named Judas, was leading them. He came up to Jesus
to kiss Him. 48But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying
the Son of Man with a kiss?”
49
When His disciples saw what was about to happen, they
said to Him, “Lord, should we attack them with our swords?”
50
Then one of them struck the high priest’s slave, cutting off
his right ear.
51
But Jesus responded, “Enough of this!” And He touched
the man’s ear and healed him.
52
Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple
guard, and the elders who had come for Him, “Have you come
out with swords and clubs, as if I were some kind of bandit?
53
I was in the temple with you every day, and you did not lay
a hand on Me. But this is your hour, when darkness reigns.”
54
Then they arrested Him, led Him away, and brought Him
to the high priest’s house. Peter, meanwhile, followed at a
distance. 55And when they had kindled a fire in the middle of
the courtyard, and sat down together, Peter sat down with them.
56
When a slave-girl saw him sitting by the fire, she looked at
him closely and said, “This man was also with Him.”
57
Peter, however, denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know
Him.”
58
A little while later, someone else saw him and said, “You
are also one of them.”
Peter, however, denied Him again, saying, “Man, I am not!”
59
About an hour later another person insisted, “Certainly
this man was with Him, for he is a Galilean.”
60
Then Peter denied Him again, saying, “Man, I do not know
what you are talking about!” And immediately, while he was
still speaking, the rooster crowed. 61 Then the Lord turned and
looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the words that Jesus

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had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows, you will deny
Me three times.” 62 Then Peter went outside and wept bitterly.
63
The men who were guarding Jesus began to mock Him and
beat Him. 64 They blindfolded Him, and kept hitting Him in the
face, saying, “Prophesy! Who is it who hit You?” 65And they said
many other blasphemous things against Him.
66
When day came, the elders of the people, the chief priests,
and the teachers of the law assembled together and brought Him
before the Sanhedrin, saying, 67“If You are the Christ, tell us!”
But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe Me.
68
And if I ask you a question, you will not answer Me or let Me
go. 69But from now on, the Son of Man will sit at the right hand
of Almighty God.”
70
Then they all asked, “Are You, then, the Son of God?”
Jesus answered, “You are correct.”
71
And they said, “What further evidence do we need? We have
heard it from His own mouth!”

23 Then the entire Sanhedrin got up and brought Him before
Pilate. 2And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found
this Man subverting our nation and forbidding us to pay taxes
to Caesar, even saying that He is Christ—a King!”
3
Then Pilate asked Him a question, “Are You the King of the
Jews?”
Jesus answered and said to him, “You are correct.”
4
Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find
this Man guilty of no crime.”
5
But they kept insisting, “He stirs up the people throughout
all Judea with His teaching. He began in Galilee, and now He
is here.”
6
When Pilate heard this, he asked if Jesus was from Galilee.
7
And when Pilate found out that Jesus was from Galilee, the
jurisdiction of Herod Antipas, he sent Him to Herod. For Herod
was in Jerusalem at that time.
8
Herod was very glad to see Jesus, because he had heard
much about Him. He had wanted to see Jesus for a long time,
and hoped to see Him perform some kind of miraculous sign.
9
So Herod asked Him many questions, but Jesus made no reply.

171
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10
And the chief priests and the teachers of the law stood and
viciously accused Him. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers treated
Him with contempt. They dressed Him in a magnificent robe
and mocked Him, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 That day Pilate
and Herod became friends with one another. Before this they
had been enemies.
13
Then Pilate called together the chief priests, the leaders,
and the people, 14and said to them, “You brought this Man to
me as one who misleads the people. But I have examined Him
before you, and I have not found this Man guilty of any of the
crimes you have accused Him of doing. 15Neither did Herod, so
he sent Him back to us. Look! He has done nothing worthy of
death. 16 Therefore I will punish Him, and then release Him.”
17
Now Pilate was obligated to release one prisoner to them
at the feast. 18So they all cried out in unison, saying, “Away
with this Man! Release Barabbas to us!” 19(Barabbas had been
thrown into prison for a rebellion that had occurred in the city,
and for murder.) 20Pilate, however, wanting to release Jesus,
addressed them again. 21But they kept crying out, “Crucify
Him! Crucify Him!”
22
Then Pilate said to them a third time, “Why? What wrong has
this Man done? I have not found any reason to put Him to death.
Therefore I will punish Him, and then release Him.” 23But they
persisted with loud voices, demanding that He be crucified. And
the voices of the people and the chief priests prevailed. 24Pilate
decided to grant them their request. 25He released Barabbas,
who had been thrown into prison for rebellion and murder, just
as they asked. He gave them what they desired, and handed
Jesus over to be killed.
26
As the soldiers led Jesus away, they grabbed hold of a man
from the city of Cyrene, named Simon, who was on his way in
from the country. They put the cross on him, and made him
carry it behind Jesus. 27A large crowd of people followed Him,
including some woman who were weeping and wailing for Him.
28
But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem,
do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children!
29
Look! The days will come when you will say, ‘ Blessed are the
barren women, and the wombs that never bore children, and
the breasts that never nursed!’ 30Indeed,

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‘ The people will say to the mountains,
“Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’
(Hosea 10:8)

For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will
31

happen when it is dry?”
32
Two others, who were criminals, were also led away with
Him to be put to death. 33When they came to the place called
“The Skull,” they crucified Him there with the two criminals—one
on His right, and one on His left. 34 Then Jesus said, “Father,
forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” And the
soldiers divided His clothes among themselves by casting lots.
35
While the people stood there watching, the leaders also
ridiculed Him, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself
if He is the Christ, the chosen One of God!”
36
The soldiers also came up and mocked Him. They offered
Him vinegar, 37saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save
Yourself!” 38 There was a sign above Him that was written in
Greek, Latin, and Hebrew:

THIS IS
THE KING OF THE JEWS.
39
Then one of the criminals hanging there hurled insults at Him,
saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us!”
40
But the other criminal rebuked him, saying, “Do you not
fear God, since you are undergoing the same punishment? 41We
are punished justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our
deeds, but this Man has done nothing wrong.”
42
Then he said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You come
into Your kingdom!”
43
Jesus answered him, “Truly I say to you, today you will be
with Me in Paradise.”
44
At around noon, darkness fell upon the entire land until
three in the afternoon. 45 The sun stopped shinning, and the
veil of the temple was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus cried out with
a loud voice and said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My
spirit!” After He said this, He died.

173
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47
Upon seeing this, the officer who was guarding Jesus
glorified God, saying, “Truly this Man was righteous!” 48When
the crowd that came to watch all this saw what happened, they
beat their chests and went away. 49But all those who knew Him,
including the women who had followed Him from Galilee, stood
watching from a distance.
50
Now there was a man named Joseph, who was a member
of the Sanhedrin. He was a good and righteous man, 51 who had
not agreed with the decision and actions of the Sanhedrin. He
was from the Jewish city of Arimathea, and he was waiting for
the kingdom of God. 52He approached Pilate and asked for the
body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and
placed it in a tomb that was cut out of the rock, where no one
had ever been laid.
54
It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
55
The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed
Joseph, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then
they went back and prepared fragrant spices and ointments.
And they rested on the Sabbath as commanded.

24 But on the first day of the week, very early in the morning,
they went to the tomb carrying the fragrant spices they
had prepared. 2 They found the stone rolled away from the tomb,
3
but when they went in, they did not find the body of the Lord
Jesus. 4 While they were puzzled about this, two men in shining
clothes suddenly stood beside them. 5 The women were terrified
and bowed their faces to the ground, but the men said to them,
“Why are you looking for the living among the dead? 6He is
not here—He has risen! Remember what He told you while He
was still in Galilee: 7‘ The Son of Man must be delivered into
the hands of sinful men, be crucified, and on the third day be
raised again.’” 8 Then they remembered His words. 9 When they
returned from the tomb, they reported all these things to the
eleven and to all the rest. 10 The women who told this to the
apostles were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of
James, and some others who were with them.

174
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11
Their words seemed like nonsense to the men, and they
did not believe them. 12But Peter got up and ran to the tomb,
stooped down, and saw the linen strips lying by themselves.
Then he went away, wondering what had happened.
13
That same day two of them were walking to a village called
Emmaus, which was about seven miles from Jerusalem. 14 They
were talking to each other about all that had happened. 15While
they were talking and discussing these things, Jesus Himself
came near and began walking with them. 16But their eyes were
kept from recognizing Him. 17And Jesus said to them, “What are
you discussing together as you are walking, which is making
you so sad?”
18
Then one of them, named Cleopas, answered and said to
Him, “Are You the only one visiting Jerusalem who does not
know what has happened there in the last few days?”
19
Jesus said to them, “What things?”
They replied, “The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who
was a prophet, powerful in both deed and word before God and
all the people. 20Our chief priests and leaders handed Him over
to be condemned to death, and He was crucified. 21We were
hoping that He was the One who was going to redeem Israel.
But it has already been three days since these things happened.
22
However, some of our women amazed us. Early this morning
they went to the tomb, 23but did not find His body there. And
they came back and told us that they had seen a vision of
angels, who said that He was alive. 24Some of our men went to
the tomb and found it exactly as the women had said. However,
they did not see Him.”
25
Then Jesus said to them, “How foolish you are, and how
slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26Was
it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and then
to enter into His glory?” 27 Then beginning with Moses and all
the Prophets, He explained to them all that was written about
Himself in the Scriptures.
28
As they approached the village where they were headed,
Jesus acted as though He were going further. 29But they strongly
urged Him, saying, “Stay with us, it is nearly evening, and the
day is almost gone.” So He went in to stay with them. 30While

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He was at the table with them, He took the bread, and after
giving thanks, He broke it and gave it to them. 31 Then their
eyes were opened and they recognized Him. But He vanished
from their sight. 32 Then they said to one another, “Did not our
hearts burn within us while He was talking to us on the road
and explaining the Scriptures to us?”
33
That very hour they got up and returned to Jerusalem.
There they found the eleven and those who were gathered
together with them, 34saying, “The Lord has really risen! He has
appeared to Simon!” 35 Then the two described to them what
had happened on the road, and how they had recognized Jesus
when He broke the bread.
36
As they were talking about this, Jesus Himself stood in
their midst and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 37They were
startled and terrified, because they thought that they were seeing
a ghost. 38But Jesus said to them, “Why are you troubled? Why
do doubts arise in your hearts? 39Look at My hands and My feet.
It is I Myself! Go ahead, touch Me and see. For a ghost does
not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” 40After saying
this, He showed them His hands and feet. 41And while they
were still in disbelief on account of their joy and amazement,
Jesus asked them, “Do you have anything here to eat?” 42So
they handed Him a piece of broiled fish and some honeycomb.
43
And He took them and ate them in their presence.
44
Then Jesus said to them, “While I was still with you I
spoke these words to you: everything written about Me in the
Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms must be fulfilled.”
45
Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures,
46
and said to them, “It is written that the Christ would suffer
and rise from the dead on the third day, 47and that repentance
and the forgiveness of sins would be preached in His name to
all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 48You are witnesses of
these things. 49Look! I am sending the promise of My Father
upon you, so stay in the city of Jerusalem until you have been
clothed with power from on high.”
50
Then He led them out as far as the town of Bethany, and He
lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51While He was blessing

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them, He departed from them and was taken up into heaven.63
52
They worshiped Him and returned to Jerusalem with great
joy. 53And they were continually in the temple, praising and
thanking God. Amen.

63
The town of Bethany was located on the Mount of Olives.
When Christ returns He will touch foot on the Mount of Olives
(Zechariah 14:3-4). Jesus will return in the same way He left
(Acts 1:9-12).

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John
1 In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God.
2
He was with God in the beginning.
3
All things were created by Him,
and not one thing that was created
could exist without Him.
4
He was the source of life,
and His life gives light to all mankind.
5
The Light shines through the darkness,
and the darkness can never expel it.

There was a man named John, who was sent from God.
6
7
He came as a witness to testify of the Light, so that everyone
might believe through his testimony. 8John was not the Light,
but came to testify of the Light.
9
Indeed! The true Light,
which shines on all mankind,
was coming into the world.
10
He was in the world,
and He created the world,
but the world did not know Him.
11
He came to His own homeland,
but His own people did not receive Him.

But to all who received Him and believed in His name, He
12

gave the right to become children of God. 13 They were not born
by natural birth, or by man’s efforts, or because they were
Abraham’s descendants—on the contrary, they were born of God.

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John 1

The Word became flesh,
14

and lived among us.
We have seen His glory,
the glory of the Father’s one and only Son,
full of grace and truth.
15
John testified about Him, crying out, “This is the One I
spoke about when I said, ‘ He who comes after me is greater
than I am, because He existed before me.’”
16
Out of His fullness we have all received
grace upon grace.
17
For the law was given through Moses,
but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

Nobody has ever seen God—
18

but the one and only Son,
who is at the Father’s side,
has made Him known.
19
This is the testimony that John gave when the Jewish
leaders in Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him, “Who
are you?” 20He did not deny it but openly acknowledged: “I am
not the Messiah.”
21
“Then who are you?” they enquired. “Are you Elijah?”
“No, I am not,” said John.
“Are you the Prophet?”
“No,” answered John.
22
“Who are you then?” they asked. “For we need to give an
answer to those who sent us. Who do you claim to be?”
23
John replied, “As Isaiah the prophet said:

‘ I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness,
make straight the way of the Lord.’”
(Isaiah 40:3)
24
Now these men, who had been sent by the Pharisees, 25asked
him, “If you are not the Messiah, Elijah, or the Prophet, then
why are you baptizing the people?”
26
John answered, “I baptize with water. However, in your midst
stands One you do not know. 27He is the One who comes after

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John 1

me. He is greater than I am, for I am not even worthy to untie
His sandals.” 28 This happened on the east side of the Jordan
River at Bethabara, where John was baptizing.
29
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said,
“Look! The Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
30
He is the One I told you about when I said, ‘ He who comes
after me is greater than I am, because He existed before me.’
31
I did not know who He was, but I came baptizing with water
so that He might be revealed to Israel.”
32
John testified further, saying, “I saw the Spirit descending
from heaven like a dove and resting upon Him. 33I did not know
who He was, but the One who sent me to baptize with water
said to me, ‘The One on whom you see the Spirit descending and
resting upon is the One who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’
34
I have testified of what I have seen: He is the Son of God.”
35
The following day John was once again standing there
with two of his disciples. 36He saw Jesus walking by, and said,
“Look! The Lamb of God!” 37After hearing him say this, the two
disciples followed Jesus.
38
And when Jesus turned around and saw them following,
He asked them, “What do you want?”
They said, “Rabbi (which means Teacher), where are You
staying?”
39
“Come and see,” He replied. So they went and saw where
He was staying, and stayed with Him for the rest of the day. It
was about four o’clock in the afternoon.
40
Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who
heard John and followed Him. 41The first thing Andrew did
was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the
Messiah” (which means “the Anointed One” or “the Christ”).
42
Andrew took him to Jesus, who looked at him and said,
“You are Simon, the son of John. You will be called Cephas”
(which means “Peter”).
43
The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee, where He found
Philip. “Follow Me,” Jesus said to him. 44Now Philip was from
Bethsaida, the town of Andrew and Peter.
45
Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found
the One Moses wrote about in the Law, as did the prophets:

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John 2

Jesus, the son of Joseph, from the town of Nazareth.”
46
“Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” asked Nathanael.
“Come and see,” replied Philip.
47
Jesus saw Nathanael coming towards Him and remarked,
“Look! A true Israelite, in whom there is no deceit.”
48
“How do You know me?” asked Nathanael.
Jesus answered, “Before Philip called you, I saw you under
the fig tree.”
49
“Rabbi,” said Nathanael, “You are the Son of God! You are
the King of Israel!”
50
Jesus replied, “Do you believe this just because I told you
that I saw you under the fig tree? You will see greater things
than this!” 51 Then Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to
you, you will see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending
and descending on the Son of Man.”

2 Three days later, there was a wedding in the town of Cana
in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2and Jesus and His
disciples were also invited to the wedding. 3When the wine ran
out, Jesus’ mother said to Him, “They have no more wine.”
4
“Dear woman,” Jesus said, “what does that have to do with
you and Me? My time has not yet come.”
5
His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.”
6
Nearby were six stone waterpots, which the Jews used for
ceremonial washing, each with a capacity of twenty to thirty
gallons.
7
Jesus told them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” So they
filled them up to the brim. 8“Now take some out,” said Jesus,
“and bring it to the man in charge of the banquet.” So they did.
9
When the man in charge of the banquet tasted the water
that had turned into wine (he did not know where it had come
from, but the servants who brought the water knew), he called
the bridegroom. 10“Everyone usually serves the best wine first,”
he said. “Then, after the guests have been drinking for a while,
they serve the cheaper wine. But you have kept the best until
now!”
11
Jesus did this, the first of His miraculous signs, in the town
of Cana in Galilee. He displayed His glory, and His disciples
believed in Him. 12After this He went to the town of Capernaum
for a few days with His mother, His brothers, and His disciples.

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John 3

13
The Jewish Passover was near, so Jesus went down to
Jerusalem. 14In the temple He found moneychangers and people
selling cattle, sheep, and doves. 15So He made a whip out of ropes
and drove them all out of the temple—the sheep, cattle, and
the moneychangers—dumping out their money and overturning
their tables. 16And He said to those selling doves, “Get these
things out of here! Do not make My Father’s house a house of
merchandise!”
17
His disciples later recalled that it was written:

“The zeal of Your house has consumed Me.”
(Psalm 69:9)
18
The Jewish leaders challenged Him by saying, “What miraculous
sign can You show us, to prove that You have authority to do
this?”
19
“Destroy this temple,” Jesus answered, “and in three days
I will raise it up.”
20
“It has taken forty-six years to build this temple,” they
responded, “and in three days You will raise it up?”
21
But the temple He was speaking about was His body. 22After
He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered what
He had said, and they believed the Scriptures and the words
that Jesus had spoken.
23
While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many
saw the miraculous signs He was doing and believed in His
name. 24But Jesus did not trust the crowds, because He knew
the true nature of all men. 25Nobody needed to tell Him about
anyone, because He already knew what was in their hearts.

3 Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a Jewish
leader, 2 who came to Jesus at night. “Rabbi,” he said, “we
know that You are a Teacher sent by God. For no one could do
the miraculous signs that You do, unless God were with Him.”
3
Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a man
is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”
4
“How can a man be born again,” asked Nicodemus, “when
he is old? Is a man able to enter his mother’s womb a second
time, and be born again?”

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John 3

5
Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a man
is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom
of God.64 6What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born
of the Spirit is spirit. 7Do not be surprised that I said to you,
‘ You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows wherever it wishes,
you can hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes
from or where it goes. It is the same with everyone who is born
of the Spirit.”
9
“How can this be possible?” asked Nicodemus.
10
“You are a teacher of Israel,” said Jesus, “and you do not
know this? 11 Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know,
and we testify of what we have seen, yet you do not receive our
testimony. 12If I tell you about earthly things and you do not
believe, how will you believe if I tell you about heavenly things?
13
No man has gone up to heaven except He who came down
from heaven—the Son of Man, who is from heaven. 14Just as
Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness,65 so must the
Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in Him should
not perish, but have eternal life.
16
“For God so loved the world, that He gave His one and only
Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have
eternal life. 17In fact, God did not send His Son into the world
to condemn the world, but to save the world through Him.
18
The man who believes in Him is not condemned, but the man
who does not believe has already been condemned, because he
has not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. 19 The
reason they stand condemned is this: light has come into the
world, but they loved darkness more than light, because their
deeds were evil. 20For every man who practices evil hates the
light, and does not come to the light for fear that his deeds will
be exposed. 21But the man who practices the truth comes to
the light, so that it may be perfectly clear that his deeds were
accomplished through God.”
22
After this, Jesus and His disciples went into the countryside
of Judea, where He spent some time with them baptizing. 23John
was also baptizing at Aenon, near Salim, because there was an
64
“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a man is born again through
the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God” (Titus 3:5).
65
Numbers 21:8

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John 4

abundance of water there. The people came to him and were
baptized, 24for John had not yet been thrown into prison.
25
Now a dispute arose between John’s disciples and some
of the Jews concerning purification. 26 They came to John and
said to him, “Rabbi, look! The Man who was with you on the
east side of the Jordan River, the One you testified about, He
is baptizing, and everyone is going to Him.”
27
“A man cannot receive anything unless it has been given to
him from heaven,” replied John. 28“You yourselves can testify
that I said, ‘ I am not the Messiah, but I have been sent ahead
of Him.’ 29 The one who gets the bride is the bridegroom, but
the best man who stands and listens to the bridegroom’s voice
celebrates joyfully. In the same way, my joy is complete. 30He
must increase, but I must decrease.
31
“He who comes from above is above all. He who comes
from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks about earthly
matters. He, however, who comes from heaven, is above all. 32He
testifies of what He has seen and heard, but nobody accepts His
testimony. 33 The man who accepts His testimony acknowledges
that God is true. 34Since He is sent by God He speaks the words
of God, for God has given Him the Spirit without measure. 35 The
Father loves the Son and has placed everything in His hands.
36
Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever
does not believe in the Son will not see life. Instead, the wrath
of God remains on him.”

4 When Jesus knew that the Pharisees had heard that He was
making and baptizing more disciples than John 2(though
Jesus was not baptizing the people, His disciples were), 3He
left Judea and went back to Galilee.
4
While He was passing through Samaria, 5He came to a
town called Sychar, near the plot of land that Jacob had given
to his son Joseph. 6Since Jacob’s well was there, and since
Jesus was tired from His journey, He sat down at the well. It
was about noon.
7
A Samaritan woman came to draw some water.
“May I have a drink,” Jesus said to her. 8(His disciples had

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John 4

gone into the town to buy some food.)
9
The Samaritan woman asked Him, “Why would a Jew ask
for a drink from a Samaritan woman like me, when Jews do
not associate with Samaritans?”
10
Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who
it is that is asking you for a drink, you would have asked Him
and He would have given you living water.”
11
“But Sir,” the woman said, “You have nothing to draw water
with, and the well is deep, from where will You get this living
water? 12Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us
this well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his
livestock?”
13
“Everyone who drinks of this water,” replied Jesus, “will
thirst again. 14But whoever drinks of the water that I will give
him will never thirst again. The water that I will give him will
become a well of water in him, springing up to eternal life.”
15
“Sir,” said the woman, “give me this water so that I will
never thirst again or need to come here to draw water again.”
16
“Go,” Jesus said to her, “get your husband and come back.”
17
“I do not have a husband,” replied the woman.
“You are right,” said Jesus, “in saying that you do not have a
husband. 18You have had five husbands, and the man you are
living with now is not your husband. You have told the truth.”
19
“Sir,” the woman responded, “I see that You are a prophet.
20
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain.66 You Jews, however,
say that Jerusalem is the place where men must worship.”
21
“Believe Me, dear woman,” said Jesus, “the time is coming
when you will not worship the Father on this mountain or in
Jerusalem. 22You worship what you do not know. We worship
what we know, because salvation is from the Jews. 23Yet the
time is approaching, and is now here, when the true worshipers
will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. For they are the
kind of worshipers the Father desires. 24God is Spirit, and those
who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth.”
25
“I know that the Messiah is coming,” said the woman, “the
One who is called the Christ. When He comes, He will explain
everything to us.”
66
Mount Gerizim

185
John 4

26
Jesus said to her, “I, the One who is speaking to you, am
He.”
27
At that moment His disciples returned, and they were
surprised to find Him talking with the woman. But nobody
dared to ask, “What do You want?” or “Why are You talking
with her?” 28 Then the woman left her water jug, went into the
town, and said to everyone, 29“Come, see a Man who told me
everything that I have ever done. Could He possibly be the
Christ?” 30 Then the people left the town and went to see Jesus.
31
In the meantime His disciples begged Him, saying, “Rabbi,
You should eat something.”
32
“I have food to eat that you do not know about,” He told
them.
33
“Did someone bring Him something to eat?” said the disciples
to one another.
34
“My food,” explained Jesus, “is to do the will of Him who
sent Me and to finish His work. 35Do you not say, ‘After four
months the harvest comes’? Look! I say to you, lift up your
eyes and look at the fields, because they are ripe and ready to
harvest. 36Already the reaper is receiving wages and gathering
fruit for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may rejoice
together. 37For this saying is true: ‘one sows, another reaps.’ 38I
sent you to reap what you have not laboured for. Others have
laboured for it, and you will share in their labour.”
39
Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in Him
because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything that
I have ever done.” 40 The Samaritans came and asked Him to
stay with them, so He stayed there for two days. 41And many
more believed because of the words He spoke.
42
They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because
of what you said, for we ourselves have heard and know that
He is truly the Saviour of the world—the Christ!”
43
Two days later, He left and went to Galilee. 44(Jesus Himself
testified that a prophet has no honour in his own country.)
45
When He arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed Him
because of all the things they had seen Him do in Jerusalem
at the Passover Feast. For they, too, had been at the Passover
Feast.

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John 5

46
Jesus went back to the town of Cana in Galilee, where He
had turned the water into wine. Now in the town of Capernaum
there was a nobleman whose son was sick. 47When he heard
that Jesus had returned from Judea to Galilee, he went to
Jesus and asked Him if He would come and heal his dying son.
48
“Unless you see signs and wonders,” Jesus remarked, “you
will not believe.”
49
“Sir,” begged the nobleman, “come to Capernaum before
my son dies.”
50
“Go,” replied Jesus, “your son will live.” And the man believed
what Jesus said and left. 51While he was on his way, his slaves
met him and said, “Your son is alive and well!”
52
He asked them at what time his son had recovered.
“The fever left him,” they said, “yesterday, at one o’clock in
the afternoon.”
53
Then the father realized that this was the very hour when
Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” So he and his entire
household believed. 54 This was the second miraculous sign that
Jesus did in the town of Cana in Galilee—which He performed
after He had come back from Judea.

5 Some time after this, there was a Jewish feast, and Jesus
went down to Jerusalem. 2Near the Sheep Gate in Jerusalem
there was a pool, which was called Bethesda in Aramaic. It had
five covered porches. 3Lying under these porches were a large
number of the sick, the blind, the lame, and the paralyzed, who
were waiting for the stirring of the water. 4Every so often, an
angel came and stirred the water of the pool. Whoever entered
the pool first, after the stirring of the water, was healed of
whatever disease they had. 5Now there was a man present who
had been sick for thirty-eight years. 6When Jesus saw him lying
there, He knew that he had been there for a long time. So He
asked him, “Do you want to be healed?”
7
“Sir,” the sick man replied, “I have no one to throw me
into the pool when the water is stirred. So when I try to enter,
someone else gets in before me.”
8
“Get up,” Jesus said to him, “pick up your mat and walk!”
9
Instantly the man was healed, and he picked up his mat and
walked.

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John 5

Now, because this happened on the Sabbath, 10 the Jewish
leaders said to the man who was healed, “It is the Sabbath! It
is not lawful for you to carry your mat!”
11
But he replied, “The Man who healed me told me to pick
up my mat and walk.”
12
So they asked him, “Who is the Man who told you to pick
up your mat and walk?” 13But the man who was healed had no
idea, because Jesus had disappeared into the crowd.
14
Later on Jesus found him in the temple and said to him,
“Look! You have been healed. Sin no more, or else something
worse might happen to you.” 15 Then the man went to the Jewish
leaders and told them that it was Jesus who had healed him.
16
Therefore the Jewish leaders persecuted Jesus, and sought
to kill Him, because He had done this on the Sabbath.
17
Jesus responded to them, “To this very day My Father
continues to work, and so must I.” 18Because of this, the Jewish
leaders sought to kill Him all the more. For not only did He
break the Sabbath, but He also said that God was His Father—
making Himself equal to God.
19
Therefore, Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you,
the Son can do nothing by Himself. He can only do what He
sees the Father doing. Whatever the Father does, the Son also
does. 20 The Father loves the Son and shows Him all that He
does. He will show Him even greater works than these, so that
you will marvel. 21Just as the Father raises the dead and gives
them life, so the Son also gives life to whomever He chooses.
22
The Father does not judge anyone. Instead, He has handed
over all judgment to the Son, 23so that everyone will honour the
Son just as they honour the Father. Whoever does not honour
the Son does not honour the Father who sent Him.
24
“Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears My word and
believes in the One who sent Me has eternal life. He will not
be condemned, because he has already passed from death to
life. 25 Truly, truly, I say to you, the time is approaching, and is
now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God,
and those who hear it will live. 26Just as the Father has life in
Himself, so also He has granted the Son to have life in Himself.
27
And the Father has given Him authority to pass judgment,

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because He is the Son of Man. 28Do not marvel at this. For the
time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear the
Son’s voice, 29and will come out—those who have done good,
to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the
resurrection of judgment. 30By Myself I can do nothing. Whatever
I hear, I judge. My judgment is just, because I do not seek My
own will, but the will of the Father who sent Me.
31
“If I testify about Myself, My testimony is not valid. 32 There
is Someone else who testifies about Me, and I know that His
testimony about Me is valid. 33 You have sent messengers to
John, and he has testified to the truth. 34However, I do not
accept man’s testimony. I only mentioned this, so that you may
be saved. 35John was a burning lamp that shone brightly, and
for a season you were willing to rejoice in his light.
36
“But I have a testimony greater than John’s—the very works
that the Father has given Me to complete. The works that I do
testify about Me, that the Father has sent Me. 37And the Father
who sent Me also testifies about Me. Never at any time have
you heard His voice or seen His form. 38And you do not have
His word living in you, because you do not believe in the One
He sent. 39You search the Scriptures, because you think that in
them you have eternal life, yet these very Scriptures testify about
Me. 40But you refuse to come to Me, so that you may have life.
41
“I do not accept man’s praise. 42But I know you, that you
do not have God’s love within you. 43I have come in My Father’s
name, and you do not accept Me. But if someone else comes in
his own name, you will accept him. 44So how can you believe
when you accept praise from one another, but do not seek the
praise that comes from the one and only God?
45
“Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father. Your
accuser is Moses, in whom you have placed your hope. 46If you
believed Moses, you would believe Me, because Moses wrote
about Me. 47But if you do not believe what he wrote, how will
you believe My words?”

6 Some time later, Jesus crossed over to the other side of the
Sea of Galilee (also called, the Sea of Tiberias). 2A large crowd

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John 6

followed Him, because they saw the miraculous signs that He
had performed on the sick. 3Jesus went up on a hillside and
sat there with His disciples. 4(The Jewish Passover Feast was
drawing near.) 5When Jesus lifted up His eyes and saw a large
crowd coming toward Him, He said to Philip, “Where will we
buy bread to feed these people?” 6Jesus said this to test Philip,
for He already knew what He was going to do.
7
Philip answered, “$16,000 worth of bread would not be
enough for each of them to receive a little.” 67
8
One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to
Him, 9“There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two
fish, but how can that be enough for so many?”
10
“Have the people sit down,” said Jesus. There was plenty
of grass in that spot. So the people sat down, about five thou-
sand in number. 11Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks, and gave
them to the disciples. The disciples handed them out, as well
as the fish, giving those sitting down as much as they desired.
12
When they were filled, Jesus said to His disciples, “Gather
up the leftover pieces, so that nothing is wasted.” 13 Then they
gathered up the leftover pieces of the five barley loaves that the
people had eaten, filling up twelve baskets.
14
When the people saw this miraculous sign, which Jesus
had performed, they said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to
come into the world.” 15Jesus, well aware that they were going
to grab Him and make Him king, withdrew again to the hillside
by Himself.
16
When evening came, His disciples went down to the sea.
17
It was already dark, but Jesus had not yet joined them. They
got into the boat and began to cross the sea to Capernaum. 18A
strong wind began blowing and the sea became choppy. 19When
they had rowed for about three or four miles, they saw Jesus
walking on the sea. As He approached the boat, they became
terrified. 20“It is I!” said Jesus. “Do not be afraid!” 21 Then they

67
“Two hundred denarii worth of bread would not be enough
for each of them to receive a little.” A denarius was a day’s
wages. In Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10
an hour. $10×8hours=$80. So one day’s wages is $80(CAD).
$80×200=$16,000. So two hundred denarii is $16,000(CAD).

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John 6

willingly took Him into the boat, and instantly the boat reached
its destination.
22
The next day the crowd stood on the other side of the sea
waiting for Jesus. They had seen that Jesus and His disciples
had arrived in one boat, and that His disciples had left in the
boat without Him. 23Some boats came from the city of Tiberias,
which is near the place where they had eaten the loaves after
the Lord had given thanks. 24When the crowd saw that neither
Jesus nor His disciples were there, they got into the boats and
went to the town of Capernaum to look for Jesus.
25
When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they
asked Him, “Rabbi, when did You get here?”
26
Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are
looking for Me not because of the miraculous signs that you
saw, but because you ate the loaves and were filled. 27Do not
work for food that perishes, but for food that lasts to eternal
life, which the Son of Man will give to you. On Him God the
Father has placed His seal of approval.”

“What does God want us to do?” they asked Him.
28

“What God wants you to do,” Jesus replied, “is to believe
29

in the One He sent.”
30
“What miraculous sign will You perform,” they asked, “so
that we can see it and believe You? What will You do? 31Our
fathers ate manna in the wilderness, as it is written,

‘ He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”
(Psalm 78:24)
32
Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, My Father was
the One who gave them the bread from heaven, not Moses. But
now My Father gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 The
true bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven
and gives life to the world.”

“Sir,” they said, “give us this bread all the time.”
34

“I am the Bread of Life,” said Jesus. “Whoever comes to Me
35

will never hunger, and whoever believes in Me will never thirst.
36
But as I told you before, you have seen Me and still do not

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believe. 37Everyone the Father gives to Me will come to Me, and
I will never turn away anyone who comes to Me. 38For I have
come down from heaven not to do My own will, but the will of
Him who sent Me. 39And this is the will of the Father who sent
Me: that I should not lose anyone He has given Me, but that I
should raise them up on the last day. 40Indeed, this is the will
of Him who sent Me: that all who see the Son and believe in
Him should have eternal life, and that I will raise him up on
the last day.”
41
Then the Jews started complaining about Him, because He
said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42 They said,
“Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother
we know? So how can He say, ‘I came down from heaven’?”
43
“Stop complaining among yourselves,” replied Jesus. 44“No
one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him,
and I will raise him up on the last day. 45It is written in the
Prophets,

‘And they will all be taught by God.’
(Isaiah 54:13)

Therefore, everyone who hears and learns from the Father
comes to Me. 46Nobody has seen the Father except the One
who is from God—only He has seen the Father. 47Truly, truly,
I say to you, he who believes in Me has eternal life. 48I am the
Bread of Life. 49Your fathers ate manna in the wilderness and
died. 50But whoever eats this bread, which comes down from
heaven, will never die. 51I am the Living Bread that has come
down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever.
This bread is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”
52
Then the Jews argued with one another, saying, “How can
He give us His flesh to eat?”
53
Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you
eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have
no life in you. 54Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has
eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55My flesh
truly is food, and My blood truly is drink. 56Whoever eats My
flesh and drinks My blood lives in Me, and I in him. 57Just as
the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so
the one who feasts on Me will live because of Me. 58 Whoever eats

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this bread, which came down from heaven, will live forever—
unlike the manna that your fathers ate and died.” 59Jesus said
this while teaching in the synagogue in the town of Capernaum.
60
When they heard this, many of His disciples said, “This
message is absurd. Who can accept it?”
61
When Jesus knew within Himself that His disciples were
complaining about this, He said to them, “Does this offend you?
62
What if you were to see the Son of Man going up to where
He was before? 63It is the Spirit that gives life; the flesh profits
nothing. The very words I have spoken to you are spirit and
life, 64 yet some of you refuse to believe.” Jesus knew from the
beginning which ones would not believe, and which one would
betray Him. 65Jesus went on to say, “That is why I told you that
no one can come to Me unless the Father draws him.”
66
From that time on, many of His disciples turned away and
no longer followed Him. 67“Do you want to leave too?” Jesus
asked the twelve.
68
“Lord,” Simon Peter answered, “to whom would we go? You
have the words of eternal life. 69We believe and know that You
are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
70
Jesus replied, “Did I not choose the twelve of you, and yet
one of you is a devil?” 71He was speaking about Judas Iscariot,
the son of Simon, who was one of the twelve disciples—the one
who was going to betray Him.

7 After this Jesus went throughout Galilee, avoiding Judea
because the Jewish leaders wanted to kill Him. 2Now the
Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was drawing near. 3 Therefore Jesus’
brothers said to Him, “Leave here and go to Judea, so that Your
disciples can see the works You are doing. 4 Those who desire
to be in the public eye do not hide what they can do. If You can
do these things, then show Yourself to the world.” 5For even
His brothers did not believe in Him.
6
“My time has not yet come,” replied Jesus, “but for you
any time is right. 7The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me,
because I testify that its works are evil. 8You go down to the
feast. I am not going right now, because the right time for Me
has not yet come.” 9Having said this, He stayed behind in Galilee.

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10
But after His brothers left, He also went down to the feast—
not openly, but secretly. 11The Jewish leaders were looking for
Him at the feast, saying, “Where is He?” 12 There was a lot of
whispering about Him among the crowds. Some said, “He is
a good Man.” While others said, “No, He deceives the people.”
13
But no one spoke publicly about Him, because they feared
the Jewish leaders.
14
Halfway through the feast, Jesus went up to the temple and
began to teach. 15 The Jewish leaders marvelled, saying, “How
does He know the Scriptures so well without an education?”
16
“My teaching is not My own,” said Jesus. “It is from Him who
sent Me. 17Whoever wants to do God’s will, will know whether
this teaching is from God or whether I speak on My own. 18He
who speaks on his own authority seeks his own glory. But He
who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him—He is true, and
there is no unrighteousness in Him. 19Has not Moses given you
the law? Yet none of you keep the law—if you did, then why are
you trying to kill Me?”
20
“You have a demon!” the crowd replied. “Who is trying to
kill You?”
21
“I did one miracle,” said Jesus, “and you all marvelled.
22
Moses gave you circumcision, and so you circumcise a man
on the Sabbath—although circumcision did not originate with
Moses, but with the patriarchs. 23So if a man can be circumcised
on the Sabbath, to avoid breaking the law of Moses, then why
are you angry with Me for making a man completely whole on
the Sabbath? 24Do not judge only by what you see, but make
righteous judgments.”
25
Some of the residents of Jerusalem said, “This is the Man
they want to kill, is it not? 26But, look! He is speaking publicly,
and they have not said a word to Him. Maybe our leaders have
discovered that He truly is the Christ? 27But we know where
He is from. When the Christ comes, no one will know where
He is from.”
28
As Jesus was teaching in the temple, He cried out and said,
“You know Me! You know where I am from! I have not come on
My own—but He who sent Me is true, and you do not know Him!
29
But I know Him, because I am from Him, and He sent Me!”

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30
They wanted to arrest Him, but no one laid a hand on Him
because His time had not yet come. 31But many in the crowd
believed in Him and said, “When the Christ comes, will He do
more miraculous signs than this Man?”
32
The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering these things
about Him. So the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers
to arrest Him.
33
“I am with you for a little while longer,” said Jesus, “and
then I will go back to Him who sent Me. 34You will look for Me,
but you will not find Me. And where I go, you cannot come.”
35
The Jews said to one another, “Where will He go, if we will
not be able to find Him? Will He go to those who are scattered
among the Greeks, and teach the Greek-speaking Jews? 36What
does He mean when He says, ‘ You will look for Me, but you will
not find Me,’ and ‘ Where I go, you cannot come’?”
37
On the last and most important day of the feast, Jesus
stood up and cried out, saying,

“If any man is thirsty,
let him come to Me and drink!
38
“Whoever believes in Me,
as the Scriptures declare,
rivers of living water will flow
from his innermost being!”
39
Jesus was speaking about the Spirit, whom those believing
in Him were about to receive. For the Holy Spirit had not yet
been given, because Jesus had not yet been glorified.
40
When the crowd heard these words, many of them said,
“This is truly the Prophet.” 41Others said, “This is the Christ.”
But others said, “How can the Christ come out of Galilee? 42Does
not the Scriptures say that the Christ will be a descendant of
David, from the town of Bethlehem where David lived?” 43So
the crowd was divided because of Him. 44Some of them wanted
to arrest Him, but no one laid hands on Him.
45
Then the officers returned to the chief priests and the
Pharisees. “Why did you not bring Him in?” they demanded.

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46
“We have never heard anyone talk like this before,” replied
the officers.
47
“Have you also been deceived?” said the Pharisees. 48“Have
any of the leaders or the Pharisees believed in Him? 49As for this
crowd, they are ignorant of the law and are under God’s curse.”
50
Nicodemus, one of the Jewish leaders—the one who had
come to see Jesus at night—said to them, 51“Does our law
condemn a man without first giving him a hearing to find out
what he has done?”
52
“Are you also from Galilee?” they remarked. “Search the
Scriptures and you will see that no prophet comes out of Galilee!”
53
After this everyone left and went home.

8 Jesus, however, went to the Mount of Olives. 2Early in the
morning He returned to the temple. All the people came to
Him, and He sat down and taught them. 3 The teachers of the
law and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught
in adultery, and stood her in front of everyone. 4 They said to
Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery.
5
In the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women. So
what do You say?” 6 They said this to trap Him, so that they
could bring charges against Him.
But Jesus stooped down, as if He never heard them, and
wrote on the ground with His finger. 7 When they continued
questioning Him, He straightened up and said to them, “Whoever
among you is without sin, let him throw the first stone at her.”
8
And once again He stooped down and wrote on the ground.
9
Those who heard this were convicted by their conscience and left
one by one, beginning with the oldest, until only Jesus was left
with the woman still standing there. 10When Jesus straightened
up and saw no one but the woman, He said to her, “Dear woman,
where are your accusers? Has no one condemned you?”
11
She replied, “No one, Sir.”
Jesus said to her, “Then I do not condemn you either. Go,
and sin no more.”
12
Jesus spoke to the people again, saying, “I am the Light of
the world. Whoever follows Me will not walk in darkness, but
will have the light of life.”
13
Then the Pharisees said to Him, “You testify about Yourself,

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so Your testimony is not valid.”
14
Jesus answered them, “Even if I testify about Myself, My
testimony is valid, because I know where I came from and
where I am going. But you do not know where I come from or
where I am going. 15You judge according to the flesh; I judge no
one. 16But even if I judge, My judgment is true, because I am
not alone—for the Father who sent Me is with Me. 17It is also
written in your Law that the testimony of two men is valid. 18I
testify about Myself, and the Father who sent Me also testifies
about Me.”
19
“Where is Your Father?” they asked.
“You do not know Me or My Father,” Jesus answered. “If you
knew Me, you would also know My Father.” 20Jesus spoke these
words in the treasury, while He was teaching in the temple. No
one arrested Him, because His time had not yet come.
21
“I am going away,” Jesus said again. “You will look for Me,
and you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.”
22
“Will He kill Himself?” said the Jewish leaders. “Is that why
He says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?”
23
“You are from below,” Jesus said to them, “I am from above.
You are from this world, I am not from this world. 24 That is why
I said that you will die in your sins; for unless you believe that
I am He, you will die in your sins.”
25
Then they asked Him, “Who are You?”
Jesus answered, “I am exactly who I have been claiming to
be all along. 26I have much to say in judgment of you. But the
One who sent Me is true, and what I have heard from Him I
tell the world.” 27 They did not realize that He was speaking to
them about the Father. 28So Jesus said to them, “When you
lift up the Son of Man, then you will realize that I am He and
that I do nothing on My own but only speak what the Father
has taught Me. 29He who sent Me is with Me. The Father has
not left Me alone, for I always do the things that please Him.”
30
As He spoke these words, many believed in Him.
31
To the Jews who believed in Him, Jesus said, “If you continue
in My word, you are truly My disciples. 32And you will know the
truth, and the truth will set you free.”
33
“We are Abraham’s descendants!” they responded. “We

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have never been anyone’s slaves! So how can You say, ‘ You
will be set free’?”
34
Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever
sins is a slave to sin. 35A slave does not remain in the family
forever, but a son remains forever. 36So if the Son sets you
free, you are free indeed. 37I know that you are Abraham’s
descendants. Yet you are trying to kill Me, because My word
has no place in you. 38I speak of what I have seen in My Father’s
presence, and you do what you have seen from your father.”
39
“Our father is Abraham,” they replied.
“If you were Abraham’s children,” Jesus said, “you would do
the works that Abraham did. 40But you are trying to kill Me, a
Man who has told you the truth—the truth that I have heard
from God. Abraham did not do such things! 41You do the works
of your father!”
“We are not illegitimate children!” they exclaimed. “We have
one Father, and that is God!”
42
“If God were your Father,” replied Jesus, “you would love Me,
because I came here from God. I did not come on My own, but
God sent Me. 43Why do you not understand what I am saying?
It is because you are unable to hear My message. 44You belong
to your father, the devil! And you are determined to carry out
your father’s desires, for he was a murderer from the beginning!
He has never stood for the truth, because there is no truth in
him. When he tells a lie, he speaks what comes naturally to
him. He is a liar, and the father of lies. 45But because I speak
the truth, you do not believe Me. 46Which one of you convicts
Me of sin? And if I speak the truth, why do you not believe Me?
47
Those who belong to God listen to God’s words. But you do
not hear them, because you do not belong to God.”
48
“We said it right,” replied the Jewish leaders, “You are a
Samaritan and are demon-possessed!”
49
“I am not demon-possessed,” responded Jesus, “but I honour
My Father and you dishonour Me. 50I do not seek My own glory,
but there is One who seeks it, and He is the Judge. 51Truly, truly,
I say to you, if anyone keeps My word, he will never see death.”
52
“Now we know that You are demon-possessed!” exclaimed
the Jewish leaders. “Abraham died, as did the prophets, and
You say, ‘ If anyone keeps My word, he will never taste death.’

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53
Are You greater than our father, Abraham, who died? The
prophets died as well. Who do You think You are?”
54
“If I give Myself glory,” answered Jesus, “My glory is nothing.
My Father, whom you claim is your God, is the One who gives
Me glory. 55You do not know Him, but I know Him. If I said that
I did not know Him, then I would be a liar like you. But I do
know Him, and I keep His word. 56Your father Abraham rejoiced
at the thought of seeing My day. He saw it, and was glad.”68
57
“You are not even fifty years old,” said the Jewish leaders,
“and You have seen Abraham?”
58
Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before
Abraham existed, I AM!”69
59
Then they picked up stones to throw at Him. But Jesus
walked through their midst, hid Himself, and left the temple.

9 As Jesus walked along, He saw a man who was blind from
birth. 2His disciples asked Him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this
man or his parents, that he was born blind?”
3
“Neither this man nor his parents sinned,” Jesus answered.
“It happened so that God’s works could be displayed in him.
4
While it is daytime, I must do the works of Him who sent Me.
Night is coming, when nobody is able to work. 5While I am in
the world, I am the Light of the world.”
6
After saying this, He spit on the ground and made some
mud with His saliva. Then He put the mud on the blind man’s
eyes, 7and said to him, “Go and wash in the pool of Siloam”
(which means “sent”). So the man went and washed himself,
and came out seeing.
8
Now his neighbours, and everyone else who knew that he
was blind, said, “Is this not the man who used to sit begging?”
9
Some said, “It is him.” Others said, “No, he only looks like him.”
But the man exclaimed, “It is me!”
10
So they asked him, “How were your eyes opened?”
11
He answered, “The Man called Jesus made some mud and
put it on my eyes, then He told me to go and wash in the pool of
Siloam. So I went and washed myself, and I received my sight!”
68
Genesis 22:1-13; Hebrews 11:17-19; Hebrews 11:13
69
Exodus 3:14

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Then they asked him, “Where is He?”
12

The man replied, “I do not know.”
13
Then they brought the man who had been blind to the
Pharisees—14for Jesus had made the mud and opened his eyes
on the Sabbath. 15 Therefore the Pharisees asked him how he
had received his sight.
The man said to them, “He put mud on my eyes, I washed,
and now I can see.”
16
Then some of the Pharisees said, “This Man is not from
God, because He does not keep the Sabbath.”
But others said, “How can a sinner do such miraculous
signs?” So they were divided.
17
They questioned the man again, “What do you have to say
about Him, since He opened your eyes?”
“He is a prophet,” the man replied.
18
The Jewish leaders did not believe that he had been blind
and had received his sight, until they summoned his parents
19
and asked them, “Is this your son, the one you say was born
blind? How is it that he can see now?”
20
His parents answered, “We know that he is our son, and
that he was born blind. 21But as to how he can see now, or who
it was who opened his eyes, we do not know. He is of age—ask
him. He can speak for himself.” 22His parents said this because
they feared the Jewish leaders, who had already agreed that they
would expel anyone from the synagogue who confessed Him as
Christ. 23 That is why his parents said, “He is of age—ask him.”
24
They summoned the man who had been blind a second
time, and said to him, “Give glory to God, because we know
that this Man is a sinner.”
25
“Whether He is a sinner or not, I do not know,” replied the
man. “All I know is this: I once was blind, but now I see!”
26
“What did He do to you?” they asked him again. “How did
He open your eyes?”
27
“I told you already,” answered the man, “but you did not
listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you want to become
His disciples too?”
28
Then they insulted him and said, “You are His disciple, but
we are disciples of Moses. 29We know that God spoke to Moses,
but as for this Man, we do not know where He is from.”

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30
“Now that is astonishing!” the man exclaimed. “You do not
know where He is from, yet He opened my eyes! 31We know that
God does not listen to sinners. On the contrary, He listens to
God-fearing people who do His will. 32Since the world began,
nobody has ever heard of anyone opening the eyes of someone
born blind. 33If this Man were not from God, He could do nothing.”
34
“You were born full of sin,” they said, “and you are trying
to teach us?” And they threw him out.
35
When Jesus heard that they had thrown him out, He found
the man and said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?”
36
The man answered, “Who is He, Sir, so that I can believe
in Him?”
37
Jesus said to Him, “You have seen Him. In fact, He is talking
to you right now.”
38
“Lord,” the man said, “I believe!” And he worshiped Him.
39
Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, so
that those who do not see may see, and those who see may
become blind.”
40
Some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard this and
asked, “Are we also blind?”
41
“If you were blind,” answered Jesus, “you would have no
sin. But since you say, ‘We see,’ your sin remains.

10 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheep
pen through the gate, but climbs in some other way, he
is a thief and a bandit. 2But He who enters through the gate
is the Shepherd of the sheep. 3 The gatekeeper opens the gate
for Him, and the sheep hear His voice. He calls His own sheep
by name and leads them out. 4When He leads His sheep out,
He goes in front of them, and the sheep follow Him because
they know His voice. 5 They will not follow a stranger, but will
flee from him, because they do not know the stranger’s voice.”
6
Jesus told them this parable, but they did not understand
what He was talking to them about. 7So Jesus said to them
again, “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the Gate for the sheep.
8
All who came before Me were thieves and bandits, but the
sheep did not listen to them. 9I am the Gate! If anyone enters
through Me, he will be saved, and he will go in and out, and will

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find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal, kill, and destroy.
However, I have come so that they may have life abundantly.
11
“I am the Good Shepherd! The Good Shepherd lays down
His life for the sheep. 12 The hired hand is not the shepherd, and
the sheep are not his own. So when he sees a wolf coming, he
forsakes the sheep and flees. Then the wolf attacks the sheep
and scatters them. 13He flees because he is a hired hand and
does not care about the sheep. 14I am the Good Shepherd! I know
My sheep, and they know Me—15just as the Father knows Me,
and I know the Father—and I lay down My life for the sheep. 16I
have other sheep that are not from this pen. I must lead them
too. They will listen to My voice, and there will be one flock and
one Shepherd.
17
“My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life, that I
may take it up again. 18No one takes it from Me, but I lay it
down voluntarily. I have authority to lay it down, and I have
authority to take it up again. This commandment I received
from My Father.”
19
These words caused even more division among the Jews.
And many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and out of
20

His mind! Why listen to Him?”
21
Others said, “These are not the words of someone who is
demon-possessed. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
22
It was now winter and the Feast of Dedication70 was being
celebrated in Jerusalem. 23As Jesus was in the temple walking
in Solomon’s porch, 24the Jewish leaders surrounded Him and
asked, “How long will You keep us in suspense? If You are the
Christ, tell us plainly.”
25
Jesus answered them, “I have told you, but you do not
believe Me. The works that I do in My Father’s name testify
about Me, 26but you do not believe because you are not My
sheep. 27My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they
follow Me. 28I give them eternal life. They will never perish, and
no one can steal them out of My hand. 29My Father, who has
given them to Me, is greater than all, and no one can steal them
out of My Father’s hand. 30I and the Father are one.”

70
Hanukkah

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John 11

31
Once again the Jewish leaders picked up stones to stone
Him. 32But Jesus responded, “I have shown you many good
works from My Father. So which of these works are you going
to stone Me for?”
33
The Jewish leaders answered Him, “We are not stoning You
for any good works, but for blasphemy—because You, a mere
man, claim to be God.”
34
Jesus replied, “Is it not written in your law,

‘ I have said you are gods’?
(Psalm 82:6)
35
So if the men, to whom this word of God was directed at, were
called ‘gods’—and the Scripture cannot be altered—36 then how
can you say that the One whom the Father has sanctified and
sent into the world is guilty of blasphemy, just because I said,
‘ I am the Son of God’?
37
“If I do not do the works of My Father, then do not believe
Me. 38But if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe
the works, so that you may know and believe that the Father
is in Me, and that I am in Him.” 39Once again they wanted to
arrest Him, but He escaped from their hands.
40
Jesus crossed over to the east side of the Jordan River once
again, to the place where John first started baptizing. Jesus
stayed there, 41and many people came to Him.
“John never did any miraculous signs,” they said, “but every-
thing John said about this Man was true.” 42And many believed
in Him there.

11 Now there was a man by the name of Lazarus who had
become sick. He was from the town of Bethany, where
Mary and her sister Martha lived. 2(This was the same Mary
who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil, and wiped His feet
with her hair—it was her brother Lazarus who was sick.) 3His
sisters sent for Jesus, saying, “Lord, look! The one whom You
love is sick.”
4
When Jesus heard this, He said, “This sickness will not end
in death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may
be glorified through it.”

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5
Now Jesus loved Martha, her sister Mary, and Lazarus. 6Yet
when He heard that Lazarus was sick, He stayed two more days
in the place where He was at. 7Then Jesus said to His disciples,
“Let us go back to Judea.”
8
“Rabbi,” replied His disciples, “the Jewish leaders wanted
to stone You, and You are going back again?”
9
“Are there not twelve hours of daylight?” said Jesus. “Whoever
walks in the daylight will not stumble, because they see the
light of this world. 10But whoever walks in the night stumbles,
because there is no light for them to see.”
11
After Jesus said this, He added, “Our friend Lazarus is
sleeping, but I am going there to wake him up.”
12
“Lord,” replied His disciples, “if he is sleeping, he will
recover.”
13
His disciples thought He was talking about sleep, when
Jesus was actually talking about his death. 14So Jesus told them
plainly, “Lazarus is dead. 15And for your sakes I am glad that I
was not there, so that you may believe. Now let us go to him.”
16
Then Thomas (whose name means “twin”), said to his fellow
disciples, “Let us go too, so that we may die with Him.”
17
When Jesus arrived, He found that Lazarus had already
been in the tomb for four days. 18Now the town of Bethany was
about two miles from Jerusalem, 19and many of the Jews had
come to comfort Martha and Mary concerning their brother.
20
When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to
meet Him. Mary, meanwhile, was sitting in the house.
21
“Lord,” Martha said to Jesus, “if You would have been here,
my brother would not have died. 22But even now I know that
God will give You whatever You ask Him.”
23
“Your brother will rise again,” said Jesus.
24
“I know he will rise again,” replied Martha, “in the resurrection
at the last day.”
25
“I am the Resurrection and the Life,” Jesus said to her.
“Whoever believes in Me will live, even if he dies, 26and everyone
who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you believe this?”
27
“Yes, Lord,” she replied, “I believe that You are the Christ,
the Son of God, who was to come into the world.”
28
After saying this, Martha went back and secretly called

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her sister Mary. “The Teacher is here,” she said, “and He is
calling for you.” 29As soon as Mary heard this, she quickly got
up and went to Him. 30Jesus had not yet come into town, but
was still at the place where Martha had met Him. 31When the
Jews who were comforting Mary in the house saw how quickly
she got up and left, they followed her, saying, “She is going to
weep at the tomb.”
32
When Mary came to the place where Jesus was and saw
Him, she fell down at His feet and said to Him, “Lord, if You
would have been here, my brother would not have died.”
33
When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had
come with her weeping also, He was deeply moved in spirit
and troubled. 34“Where have you laid him?” He asked.
“Lord,” they replied, “come and see.”
35
Jesus wept.
36
So the Jews said, “See how He loved him.”
37
But some of them said, “Could not this Man, who opened
the eyes of the blind, have prevented him from dying?”
38
When Jesus came to the tomb, He was deeply moved once
again. The tomb was a cave, and a stone covered the entrance.
39
“Remove the stone,” Jesus said.
“Lord,” said Martha, the dead man’s sister, “by now there
will be a terrible smell. He has been dead for four days.”
40
“Did I not tell you,” said Jesus, “that if you believe you will
see the glory of God?” 41So they removed the stone from the
tomb where Lazarus was laid. Then Jesus lifted up His eyes,
and said, “I thank You, Father, for hearing Me. 42I know that
You always hear Me. But I am saying this for the sake of those
standing here, so that they may believe that You sent Me.” 43After
saying this, He cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come
out!” 44And the dead man came out. His hands and feet were
wrapped with linen strips, and his face with a cloth. “Unwrap
him,” said Jesus, “and let him go!”
45
After seeing what Jesus had done, many of the Jews who
had come to visit Mary believed in Him. 46But some of them
went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done.
47
Then the chief priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of
the Sanhedrin. “What are we going to do?” they said. “This Man
is performing many miraculous signs! 48If we let Him continue

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doing these things, the entire nation will believe in Him. Then
the Romans will come and destroy our temple and our nation!”
49
But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year,
said to them, “You know nothing at all! 50Consider this: it is
better for us if one man dies on behalf of the people than for the
whole nation to perish.” 51Now Caiaphas did not say this on his
own. But as high priest that year, he was actually prophesying
that Jesus would die on behalf of the nation—52not only for the
nation, but also for the children of God who were scattered
abroad, so that He could gather them together and make them
one.
53
And from that very day they plotted to kill Him. 54 Therefore
Jesus no longer walked publicly among the Jews. Instead He
went to a region near the wilderness, to a town called Ephraim,
and stayed there with His disciples.
55
The Jewish Passover was near, and many from the
countryside went down to Jerusalem to purify themselves in
preparation for the Passover. 56 They kept looking for Jesus, and
as they stood in the temple they asked one another, “What do
you think? Is He coming to the feast?” 57Now the chief priests
and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where
He was, they should report it to them so that they could arrest
Him.

12 Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to the town of
Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised
from the dead. 2 They prepared a meal for Him there in His
honour. Martha served, while Lazarus was one of those sitting
at the table with Jesus. 3 Then Mary took a pound of fragrant
oil, made of pure nard. It was very expensive. And she anointed
Jesus’ feet with it, and then wiped His feet dry with her hair.
And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.
4
Then Judas Iscariot (the disciple who was later to betray
Him) said, 5“Why was this fragrant oil not sold for $24,000,71
71
“Why was this fragrant oil not sold for three hundred de-
narii, and given to the poor?” A denarius was a day’s wages.
In Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10 an hour.
$10×8hours=$80. So one day’s wages is $80(CAD). $80×300=
$24,000. So three hundred denarii is $24,000(CAD).

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John 12

and given to the poor?” 6He said this not because he cared for
the poor, but because he was a thief. He was in charge of the
moneybag, and would help himself to what was put into it.
7
“Leave her alone,” said Jesus. “She has kept this for the day
of My burial. 8 You will always have the poor among you, but
you will not always have Me.”
9
A large number of the Jews heard that Jesus was there and
went to see Him, and also to see Lazarus whom He raised from
the dead. 10 Therefore the chief priests decided to kill Lazarus
too. 11For on account of him many of the Jews were leaving
them and believing in Jesus.
12
The next day those attending the feast heard that Jesus was
coming to Jerusalem. So a large crowd 13 took palm branches
and went out to meet Him, crying out,

“Hosanna!
Blessed is He who comes
in the name of the Lord,
the King of Israel!”
(Psalm 118:25-26)

After finding a young donkey Jesus sat on it, just as it is
14

written,

“Do not be afraid, daughter of Zion!
15

Look! Your King is coming,
sitting on a donkey’s colt.”
(Zechariah 9:9)

His disciples did not understand these things at first. However,
16

after Jesus was glorified, they remembered that these things
had been written about Him, and that these things had been
done to Him.
17
Now the crowd that was with Jesus when He called Lazarus
from the tomb, and raised him from the dead, went around
testifying about Him. 18 That is why the crowd went out to meet
Him, because they heard that He had performed this miraculous
sign. 19At this, the Pharisees said to one another, “See, we are
getting nowhere. Look, the whole world has gone after Him!”

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20
Among those who had come to worship at the feast were
some Greeks. 21 They came up to Philip, who was from the town
of Bethsaida in Galilee. “Sir,” they said, “we want to see Jesus.”
22
So Philip went and told Andrew, and then Andrew and Philip
went and told Jesus.
23
Jesus said to them, “The time has come for the Son of
Man to be glorified. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain
of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains only a single
seed. But if it dies, it will produce an abundant harvest. 25He
who loves his life will lose it, but he who hates his life in this
world will preserve it for eternal life. 26If any man serves Me,
he must follow Me. And where I am, there My servant will be
also. And if any man serves Me, My Father will honour him.
27
“Now My heart is troubled, and what should I say? ‘Father,
save Me from this hour of trial’? No, it is for this hour that I
have come. 28Father, glorify Your name!” Then a voice came from
heaven and said, “I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again.”
29
Upon hearing this, some in the crowd said, “It thundered.”
While others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.”
30
Jesus answered, “This voice came for your sake, not Mine.
31
Now is the judgment of this world. Now the ruler of this world
will be cast out. 32And when I am lifted up from the earth, I
will draw all men to Me.” 33He said this to indicate what kind
of death He would die.
34
The crowd responded, “We have heard from the Law that
the Christ will live forever, so how can You say, ‘The Son of Man
must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?”
35
Then Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light
is with you. Walk while you have the Light, so that the darkness
does not overtake you. The one who walks in the darkness does
not know where he is going. 36While you have the Light, believe
in the Light, so that you may be children of the Light.” After
saying these things, Jesus left and hid from them.
37
Even though He had done many miraculous signs in their
presence, they still did not believe in Him. 38 This was to fulfill
the word of Isaiah the prophet, when he said:

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John 13

“Lord, who has believed our report?
And to whom has the arm of the Lord
been revealed?”
(Isaiah 53:1)
39
They could not believe, just as Isaiah said again:
40
“He has blinded their eyes,
and hardened their hearts.
For this reason they cannot see
with their eyes,
or understand with their hearts.
If they did, they would turn to Me,
and I would heal them.”
(Isaiah 6:10)

Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about
41

Him.
42
Now many of the leaders believed in Him. But they did not
confess Him, because they feared that the Pharisees would
expel them from the synagogue. 43 This was because they loved
the praise of men more than the praise of God.
44
Jesus cried out and said, “Whoever believes in Me, does
not believe in Me, but in Him who sent Me! 45And whoever sees
Me, sees Him who sent Me. 46I have come into the world as a
light, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in
darkness. 47If anyone hears My words and does not believe, I do
not judge him—for I came not to judge the world, but to save
it. 48He who rejects Me and does not accept My words has one
who judges him: the very words that I have spoken will judge
him on the last day. 49I have not spoken on My own, but the
Father who sent Me has commanded Me what to say and how
to say it. 50And I know that His commands bring eternal life.
Therefore I say exactly what the Father has told Me to say.”

13 It was just before the Passover Feast, and Jesus knew that
His time had come to leave this world and to return to

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John 13

the Father. Having loved His own who were in the world, He
loved them to the end.
2
It was now supper, and the devil had already put into the
heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Jesus.
3
Jesus knew that the Father had placed everything into His
hands, and that He had come from God and was going back to
God. 4 Therefore He got up from the table, removed His outer
garments, and wrapped a towel around His waist. 5 Then He
poured some water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’
feet, wiping them dry with the towel that was wrapped around
Him.
6
He then came to Simon Peter. “Lord,” asked Peter, “are You
going to wash my feet?”
7
“You do not know what I am doing now,” answered Jesus,
“but you will know later on.”
8
“No,” said Peter, “You will never wash my feet!”
“Unless I wash you,” replied Jesus, “you have no fellowship
with Me.”
9
“Lord,” said Simon Peter, “not only my feet, but also my
hands and my head.”
10
Jesus said, “Those who have bathed are completely clean
and only need to wash their feet. You are clean, but not all of
you.” 11For He knew who would betray Him. That is why He
said, “Not all of you are clean.”
12
After He had washed their feet and put on His garments,
He returned to His seat and said to them, “Do you know what
I have done for you? 13 You call Me ‘ Teacher’ and ‘ Lord,’ and
you are right, for that is what I am. 14Now if I, your Lord and
Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one
another’s feet. 15Since I have given you this example, you should
do the same as I have done for you. 16 Truly, truly, I say to you,
a slave is not greater than his master, or a messenger greater
than the one who sent him. 17If you know these things, you
will be blessed if you do them.
18
“I am not referring to all of you—I know the ones I have
chosen. But this must happen to fulfill the Scripture:

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John 13

‘ The one eating bread with Me
has lifted up his heel against Me.’
(Psalm 41:9)
19
I am telling you this now before it happens, so that when it
does happen you will believe that I am He. 20 Truly, truly, I say
to you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts Me, and whoever
accepts Me accepts the One who sent Me.”
21
After Jesus had said this, He was troubled in spirit, and
testified, “Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.”
22
Then the disciples looked at one another, puzzled as to
who He was talking about. 23Now one of His disciples, whom
He loved, was sitting by His side. 24So Simon Peter motioned to
him to ask Jesus whom He was talking about. 25 Then leaning
into Jesus, he asked Him, “Lord, who is it?”
26
Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece
of bread once I have dipped it into the bowl.” Then He dipped
the bread and gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. 27As
soon as Judas took the bread, satan entered into him. “What
you are about to do,” said Jesus to him, “do quickly.” 28But no
one at the table knew what He meant. 29 They thought that,
since Judas was in charge of the moneybag, Jesus was telling
him to buy supplies for the feast, or to give something to the
poor. 30After taking the bread, Judas left at once. It was night.
31
After he was gone, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is
glorified, and God is glorified in Him. 32If God is glorified in
Him, God will glorify the Son in Himself, and will glorify Him
immediately. 33Little children, I am with you for a little while
longer. You will look for Me, but as I told the Jewish leaders,
‘ Where I am going, you cannot come.’
34
“I am giving you a new commandment: love one another.
Just as I have loved you, you must also love one another. 35If you
love one another, everyone will know that you are My disciples.”

“Lord,” asked Simon Peter, “where are You going?”
36

“Where I am going,” answered Jesus, “you cannot follow
now, but you will follow later.”
37
“Lord,” Peter asked, “why can I not follow You now? I will
lay down my life for You.”

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John 14

38
Jesus answered him, “Will you lay down your life for Me?
Truly, truly, I say to you, before the rooster crows, you will
deny Me three times.

14 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, and
believe in Me also. 2In My Father’s house there are many
dwelling places. If it were not so, I would have told you. I am
going there to prepare a place for you. 3And if I go and prepare
a place for you, I will come back again and will take you with
Me, so that where I am you may be also. 4You know where I
am going, and you know the way.”
5
“Lord,” Thomas said to Him, “we do not know where You
are going, so how can we know the way?”
6
Jesus answered him, “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life.
No one comes to the Father except through Me. 7If you really
knew Me, you would know My Father as well. From now on you
do know Him, and have seen Him.”
8
“Lord,” said Philip, “show us the Father and that will be
good enough for us.”
9
Jesus replied, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip,
and you still do not know Me? Whoever has seen Me has seen
the Father. So how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10Do you
not believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in
Me? The words that I speak to you do not come from Me, but
from the Father who lives and works in Me. 11Believe Me when
I say that I am in the Father and that the Father is in Me. If
not, then believe Me on account of the works that I do. 12 Truly,
truly, I say to you, whoever believes in Me will also do the works
that I do. In fact, they will do even greater works than these,
because I am going to My Father. 13I will do whatever you ask
in My name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14If
you ask for anything in My name, I will do it.
15
“If you love Me, you will keep My commandments. 16I will
ask the Father, and He will give you another Comforter, who
will stay with you forever—17the Spirit of Truth, whom the world
cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him. But
you know Him, because He lives with you, and will be in you.
18
I will not forsake you like orphans. On the contrary, I will

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come back for you. 19Soon the world will no longer see Me, but
you will see Me. And because I live, you will live also. 20In that
day you will know that I am in My Father, and that you are in
Me, and that I am in you. 21Whoever has My commandments
and keeps them is the one who loves Me. Whoever loves Me
will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and will reveal
Myself to him.”
22
Then Judas Lebbaeus (also called Thaddaeus), asked Him,
“Lord, how is it that You will show Yourself to us and not to
the world?”
23
“If anyone loves Me,” Jesus said, “he will keep My word.
Then My Father will love him, and We will come to him and
will make Our home with him. 24 Those who do not love Me, do
not keep My words. And the words that you hear are not Mine,
but the Father’s who sent Me.
25
“I have said these things to you while I am still here with
you. 26But the Comforter, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will
send in My name, will teach you all things and will remind you
of everything that I have told you.
27
“Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you, such as
the world cannot give. So do not let your hearts be troubled or
afraid. 28You heard Me say, ‘ I am going away, but I will come
back for you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced when I
said, ‘ I am going to the Father.’ For My Father is greater than
I. 29I have told you this now, before it happens, so that when
it does happen, you will believe. 30I will not speak to you for
much longer, because the ruler of this world is coming. He has
nothing on Me. 31But I will do as My Father has commanded
Me, so that the world will know that I love the Father. Now get
up, let us go.

15 “I am the True Vine, and My Father is the Vinedresser. 2He
cuts off every branch in Me that does not bear fruit. And
He cleanses every branch that bears fruit, pruning it so that it
can bear even more fruit. 3As for yourselves, you are already
clean because of the word that I have spoken to you. 4Abide
in Me, and I will abide in you. Just as the branch cannot bear

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John 15

fruit from itself unless it abides in the vine, neither can you
unless you abide in Me.
5
“I am the Vine, and you are the branches. If you abide in
Me, and I in you, then you will bear much fruit. But apart from
Me, you can do nothing. 6If anyone does not abide in Me, he is
like a withered branch that is thrown away. All such branches
are gathered up, thrown into the fire, and burned.
7
“If you abide in Me and My words abide in you, ask for
whatever you want and it will be done for you. 8My Father is
glorified in this: that you bear much fruit, and so prove to be
My disciples.
9
“Just as the Father has loved Me, so have I loved you. Now
abide in My love. 10If you keep My commandments you will abide
in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and
abide in His love. 11I have told you this so that My joy may abide
in you, and so that your joy may be full.
12
“My commandment is this: that you love one another, just
as I have loved you. 13Greater love has no man than this: that
he lays down his life for his friends. 14You are My friends if you
do what I command you. 15I no longer call you slaves, because
a slave does not know what his master is doing. Instead, I have
called you friends, for everything that I have heard from My
Father I have revealed to you. 16You have not chosen Me, but
I have chosen you and have appointed you to go out and bear
fruit that will last. Then the Father will give you whatever you
ask for in My name. 17 These commandments I have given to
you, so that you will love one another.
18
“If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me first. 19If
you belonged to the world, you would be loved by the world.
But you do not belong to the world, because I chose you out of
the world, and for this reason the world hates you. 20Remember
what I told you: ‘A slave is not greater than his master.’ If they
persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they have kept
My word, they will also keep yours. 21They will do all these
things to you because of My name, for they do not know the
One who sent Me.

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John 16

22
“If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not
be guilty of sin. But now they have no excuse for their sin.
23
Whoever hates Me, also hates My Father. 24If I had not done
the works among them that nobody else did, they would not be
guilty of sin. But now they have seen and hated both Me and
My Father. 25However, this is to fulfill the word that is written
in their Law: ‘They hated Me for no reason.’ 72
26
“When the Comforter comes, whom I will send to you from
the Father—the Spirit of Truth who comes from the Father—He
will testify about Me. 27And you also will testify, because you
have been with Me from the beginning.

16 “I have told you this so that you do not stumble and lose
your faith. 2You will be expelled from the synagogues. In
fact, the time is coming when those who kill you will think that
they are doing God a service. 3 They will do these things to you
because they do not know the Father or Me. 4I have told you all
of this so that when these things happen, you will remember
that I warned you about them. I never told you about these
things in the beginning, because I was with you.
5
“But now I am going back to Him who sent Me, yet none of
you asks Me where I am going. 6And now your hearts are filled
with grief because of what I have said. 7Nevertheless, I tell you
the truth: it is better for you that I go away, because if I do not
go away, the Comforter will not come to you. But if I go, I will
send Him to you. 8When He comes, He will convict the world
of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: 9of sin, because
they do not believe in Me; 10of righteousness, because I am going
to My Father, and you will no longer see Me; 11of judgment,
because the ruler of this world has been condemned.
12
“I have so much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now.
13
However, when the Spirit of Truth comes, He will guide you
into all truth. He will not speak on His own, but He will speak
what He hears, and He will show you things to come. 14He will
glorify Me, because He will take of what is Mine and will show
it to you. 15All that the Father has is Mine. That is why I said,
‘ He will take of what is Mine and will show it to you.’
72
Psalm 35:19, 69:4

215
John 16

16
“In a little while you will not see Me, and then after a little
while you will see Me again, because I am going to the Father.”
17
Then His disciples said to one another, “What does He
mean when He says, ‘ In a little while you will not see Me, and
then after a little while you will see Me again,’ and, ‘ Because I
am going to the Father’?” 18 They kept saying, “What does He
mean when He says, ‘ In a little while’? We do not understand
what He is saying.”
19
Since Jesus knew they wanted to ask Him about this, He
said to them, “Are you asking one another what I meant when
I said, ‘ In a little while you will not see Me, and then after a
little while you will see Me again’? 20 Truly, truly, I say to you,
you will weep and mourn, but the world will rejoice. You will
grieve, but your grief will turn to joy. 21When a woman is about
to give birth, she experiences pain. But when her baby is born
she forgets the pain, because she is happy that a child has
been born into the world. 22In the same way, you are full of grief
now. But I will see you again and your hearts will rejoice, and
nobody will take your joy away from you.
23
“On that day you will not ask Me for anything. Truly, truly,
I say to you, whatever you ask the Father for in My name, He
will give it to you. 24So far you have not asked for anything in
My name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be full.
25
“Though I have been speaking figuratively, a time is coming
when I will no longer do so. Instead, I will tell you plainly about
the Father. 26When that day comes you will ask in My name.
In saying this, I do not mean that I will ask the Father on your
behalf. 27On the contrary, the Father Himself loves you because
you have loved Me and have believed that I came from God. 28I
came from the Father and entered the world. Now I am leaving
the world and returning to the Father.”
29
“See,” said His disciples, “now You are speaking plainly
and not in riddles. 30Now we know that You know all things.
For You know our questions even before we ask them—for this
reason, we believe that You came from God.”
31
“Now do you believe?” replied Jesus. 32“Look! The time is
coming, and is already here, when you will be scattered, each

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John 17

to his own home. You will leave Me, and I will be alone. Yet I
am not alone, because My Father is with Me. 33I have said these
things to you, so that in Me you may have peace. In this world
you will have tribulation. But take courage! I have overcome
the world!”

17 After Jesus said this, He lifted up His eyes to heaven and
said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify Your Son, so that
Your Son may glorify You. 2For You have given Him authority
over all people, so that He might give eternal life to all those
You have given to Him. 3And this is eternal life: to know You,
the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You sent. 4I have
brought You glory on earth by accomplishing the work that You
gave Me to do. 5And now, Father, glorify Me in Your presence
with the glory that I shared with You before the world began.
6
“I have revealed Your name to the men whom You gave to
Me from this world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and
they have obeyed Your word. 7Now they know that everything
You have given to Me comes from You. 8For I have given them
the words You gave to Me, and they have accepted them. They
know that I have truly come from You, and they believe that
You have sent Me. 9I am praying for them. I am not praying for
the world but for those You have given to Me, because they are
Yours. 10All that is Mine is Yours, and all that is Yours is Mine.
And My glory is shown through these men. 11I will no longer
be in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming
back to You. Holy Father, protect those You have given to Me
by Your name, so that they may be one as We are one. 12While
I was with them in the world, I protected them in Your name.
Those You have given to Me I have guarded, and none of them
has been lost except for the son of destruction, so that the
Scripture would be fulfilled.
13
“And now I am coming to You, but I am saying these things
while I am still in the world, so that My joy may be made full in
them. 14I have given them Your word and the world has hated
them, because they do not belong to this world, just as I do not
belong to this world. 15I am not praying that You will take them
out of this world, but that You will protect them from the evil
one. 16 They do not belong to this world, just as I do not belong

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John 18

to this world. 17Sanctify them through Your truth—Your word
is truth. 18Just as You have sent Me into the world, I have also
sent them into the world. 19For their sakes I sanctify Myself, so
that they too may be sanctified through the truth.
20
“I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe
in Me on account of their message. 21May they all be one, Father,
just as You are in Me and I am in You. May they also be one
in Us, so that the world may believe that You have sent Me.
22
And the glory that You have given to Me, I have given to them,
so that they may be one just as We are one—23I in them and
You in Me. May they have perfect unity, so that the world may
know that You have sent Me and that You have loved them as
You have loved Me.
24
“Father, I want those You have given to Me to be with Me
where I am, so that they may see My glory—the glory that You
have given to Me, because You loved Me before the foundation
of the world. 25Righteous Father! The world does not know You,
but I know You, and these men know that You have sent Me.
26
I have made Your name known to them, and will continue to
make it known, so that Your love for Me may be in them, and
that I Myself may be in them.”

18 After Jesus said these things, He and His disciples crossed
the Kidron Valley and went into a garden. 2Judas, who
betrayed Him, also knew about this place. For Jesus had
often met there with His disciples. 3Judas came there with a
detachment of Roman soldiers and some officers from the chief
priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns,
and weapons. 4Since Jesus knew everything that was going to
happen to Him, He went out and said, “Who are you looking for?”
5
“Jesus of Nazareth,” they answered.
“I am He,” Jesus said to them.
(And Judas, who betrayed Him, was also standing there
with them.) 6When Jesus said, “I am He,” they fell backward
to the ground.
7
“Who are you looking for?” Jesus asked again.
“Jesus of Nazareth,” they said.
8
“I told you that I am He,” said Jesus. “If you are looking for
Me, then let these men go.” 9He did this to fulfill what He had

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said earlier, “I have not lost any of those You have given to Me.”
10
Then Simon Peter drew his sword and cut off the right ear
of Malchus, the high priest’s slave. 11Then Jesus said to Peter,
“Put your sword away! Should I not drink the cup that the
Father has given to Me?”
12
Then the detachment of Roman soldiers and their
commander, together with the Jewish officers, arrested Jesus
and tied Him up. 13 They took Him first to Annas, who was the
father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14It was
Caiaphas who had told the Jewish leaders, “It is better if one
man dies on behalf of the people.”
15
Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. Since the
other disciple was an acquaintance of the high priest, he was
able to go into the high priest’s courtyard with Jesus. 16Peter,
however, stood outside the gate. So the other disciple, who
was an acquaintance of the high priest, went and spoke to the
gatekeeper and brought Peter in. 17The slave-girl tending the
gate asked Peter, “Are you not one of His disciples?”
“No, I am not,” said Peter, denying Him.
18
Now the slaves and officers had made a fire, because it was
cold. They stood around the fire warming themselves, and Peter
also stood there warming himself with them.
19
Meanwhile, the high priest asked Jesus about His disciples
and His teaching. 20“I have spoken publicly to the world,” Jesus
answered. “I have always taught in the synagogues and in the
temple, where all the Jews gather. I did not say anything in
secret. 21Why are you asking Me? Ask those who heard Me.
They know what I said.”
22
When Jesus said this, one of the officers standing there
hit Him. “Is that how You answer the high priest?” exclaimed
the officer.
23
“If I said something wrong,” answered Jesus, “testify of what
was wrong. But if I am right, why did you hit Me?” 24 Then Annas
sent Jesus, who was still tied up, to Caiaphas the high priest.
25
Simon Peter, meanwhile, was standing there warming
himself. “Are you not one of His disciples?” they asked.

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John 18

“No, I am not,” said Peter, denying Him.
26
Then one of the high priest’s slaves, a relative of the man
whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden
with Him?” 27But Peter denied Him again, and immediately the
rooster crowed.
28
Early in the morning they led Jesus from Caiaphas’ house
to the Praetorium. However, because they wanted to eat the
Passover meal, they did not defile themselves by entering the
Praetorium. 29 Therefore Pilate went out to them and asked,
“What charges are you bringing against this Man?”
30
“If this Man were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would
not have handed Him over to you!”
31
“You take Him,” responded Pilate, “and judge Him according
to your own law.”
“We are not allowed to put anyone to death!” exclaimed the
Jewish leaders. 32 This happened to fulfill what Jesus had said
when He indicated what kind of death He would die.
33
Then Pilate went back into the Praetorium and summoned
Jesus. “Are You the King of the Jews?” he asked.
34
“Are you asking this on your own,” Jesus replied, “or have
others told you about Me?”
35
“Am I a Jew?” responded Pilate. “It was Your own people
and chief priests who handed You over to me. What have You
done?”
36
“My kingdom is not of this world,” Jesus replied. “If My
kingdom were of this world, My servants would have fought to
prevent Me from being arrested by the Jewish leaders. But as
it is, My kingdom is not from here.”
37
“You are a king then?” Pilate asked.
Jesus replied, “You are correct in saying that I am a king. I
was born and came into the world for this reason: to testify to
the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to My voice.”
38
“What is truth?” Pilate asked Him.

After saying this he went back out to the Jewish leaders, and
said to them, “I find Him guilty of no crime. 39But you have a
custom, in which I release a prisoner to you at Passover. So
how about it, do you want me to release the King of the Jews?”
40
“No, not Him!” they cried out. “Give us Barabbas!” (Now
Barabbas was a bandit.)

220
John 19

19 Then Pilate took Jesus and had Him whipped. 2 The soldiers
wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head. Then they
dressed Him in a purple robe, 3and said, “Hail, King of the
Jews!” And they hit Him.
4
Then Pilate went outside again, and said to them, “Look! I
will bring Him out to you, so that you may know that I do not
find Him guilty of any crime.” 5 Then Jesus was brought out,
wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. “Look!” Pilate
said. “Here is the Man!”
6
When the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried
out, “Crucify Him! Crucify Him!”
“You take Him and crucify Him,” said Pilate. “I do not find
Him guilty of any crime.”
7
The Jewish leaders responded, “We have a law, and according
to that law He must die, because He claimed to be the Son of
God!”
8
When Pilate heard this, he became even more afraid. 9He
went back into the Praetorium and asked Jesus, “Where are
You from?” But Jesus made no reply. 10So Pilate said to Him,
“Are You not going to speak to me? Do You not realize that I
have the authority to crucify You or to free You?”
11
Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me if
it were not given to you from above. But those who handed Me
over to you are guilty of a greater sin.”
12
From that moment on, Pilate tried to release Him. However,
the Jewish leaders cried out, “If you release Him, you are no
friend of Caesar! Whoever claims to be a king opposes Caesar!”
13
When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out. Then Pilate
sat down on the judgment seat at the place called “The Stone
Pavement” (which in Aramaic is called “Gabbatha”). 14Now it
was the Preparation Day of the Passover, about noon. “Look!”
said Pilate to the Jews. “Here is your King!”
15
“Away with Him!” they cried out. “Away with Him! Crucify
Him!”
“Should I crucify your King?” asked Pilate.
“We have no king but Caesar!” the chief priests answered.
16
Then Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be crucified.

So the soldiers took Jesus and led Him away. 17Carrying His
own cross, Jesus made His way to the place called “The Place

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John 19

of the Skull” (which in Aramaic is called “Golgotha”). 18 There
they crucified Him along with two other men, one on each side,
with Jesus in the middle. 19Pilate also wrote a sign and had it
placed on the cross, which said:

JESUS OF NAZARETH
THE KING OF THE JEWS.
20
The sign was written in Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Many of
the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was
crucified was near the city. 21The Jewish chief priests said to
Pilate, “Do not write, ‘ The King of the Jews.’ But write, ‘ He
claimed to be the King of the Jews.’”
22
Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23
When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes
and divided them into four shares, one for each soldier, with
the under-robe remaining. The under-robe was seamless, woven
in one piece from top to bottom. 24 Therefore they said to one
another, “Let us not tear it. Instead, let us cast lots to see
who will get it.” This happened so that the Scripture would be
fulfilled that said,

“They divided My garments among them,
and cast lots for My clothing.”
(Psalm 22:18)

And that is exactly what the soldiers did.
25
Standing near the cross of Jesus was His mother, His
mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleopas, and Mary Magdalene.
26
Now when Jesus saw His mother there, and the disciple whom
He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, “Dear woman,
look, here is your son.” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Look,
here is your mother.” And from that time on, this disciple took
her into his home.
28
After this, knowing that everything had now come to its
appointed end, Jesus, in order to fulfill Scripture, said, “I am
thirsty.”73 29A jar full of vinegar was there, so the soldiers soaked
a sponge in the vinegar, placed it on a hyssop branch, and put
73
Psalm 22:15, 69:21

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John 20

it to His mouth. 30Jesus received the vinegar, and then cried
out, “It is finished!” Then He bowed His head and died.
31
It was Preparation Day, and the Jewish leaders did not want
their bodies to remain on the crosses during the Sabbath—
especially because it was an important Sabbath. So they asked
Pilate to have their legs broken and their bodies taken down.
32
Therefore the soldiers went and broke the legs of the first man,
as well as the other man who was crucified with Him. 33But
when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead,
they did not break His legs. 34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced
His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came
out. 35 The disciple who saw this has testified about it, and his
testimony is true. He knows that he is telling the truth, and
he has testified so that you also may believe. 36 These things
happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled:

“Not one of His bones will be broken.”
(Psalm 34:20; Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12)
37
And again, another Scripture says,

“They will look on the One they have pierced.”
(Zechariah 12:10)
38
After this, Joseph, a man from the city of Arimathea, asked
Pilate for the body of Jesus. He was a disciple of Jesus—but
only secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders. Pilate
gave him permission, and he went and took the body of Jesus.
39
Nicodemus, the one who had come to see Jesus at night, also
went with Joseph. He brought with him a mixture of myrrh
and aloes, weighing about seventy-five pounds. 40 Then they
took Jesus’ body and wrapped it with linen strips and spices,
according to the burial custom of the Jews. 41Near the place
where He was crucified there was a garden, and in it there was
a new tomb in which no one had ever been laid. 42Now since it
was the Jewish Preparation Day, and since the tomb was close
by, they laid Jesus there.

20 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark,
Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone

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John 20

had been removed from the tomb’s entrance. 2So she ran off
and went to Simon Peter and to the other disciple, whom Jesus
loved. “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb,” she said,
“and we do not know where they have put Him!”
3
So Peter and the other disciple left for the tomb. 4 They both
ran together, but the other disciple out ran Peter and made it to
the tomb first. 5He stooped down and saw the linen strips lying
there, but he did not go in. 6Following him, Simon Peter arrived
and entered the tomb. He saw the linen strips lying there, 7and
the cloth that had covered His face—it was not lying with the
linen strips, but was wrapped up in a place of its own. 8 Then
the other disciple, who had arrived at the tomb first, also went
inside. After seeing this, he believed Mary Magdalene. 9(At that
time they did not understand from the Scriptures that Jesus
had to rise from the dead.)
10
So the disciples went back to the place where they were
staying. 11Mary, however, stood weeping outside the tomb. As
she wept, she stooped down and looked inside the tomb. 12She
saw two angels dressed in white, sitting where Jesus’ body had
been—one at the head, and one at the feet. 13“Dear woman,”
the angels said, “why are you weeping?”
“They have taken my Lord away,” she replied, “and I do not
know where they have put Him.”
14
As she said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing
there, but did not recognize Him. 15“Dear woman,” asked Jesus,
“why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?”
Thinking that He was the gardener, she said to Him, “Sir, if
you have carried Him away, please tell me where you have put
Him, and I will take Him away.”
16
Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned to Him and cried out,
“Rabboni!” (which means “Teacher”).
17
“Do not cling to Me,” Jesus said, “for I have not yet ascended
to My Father. Instead, go to My brothers and tell them, ‘ I am
ascending to My Father and your Father—to My God and your
God.’” 18So Mary Magdalene went and told the disciples that
she had seen the Lord, and that He had said this to her.
19
That evening, on the first day of the week, the disciples were
gathered together. They had locked the doors out of fear of the

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John 21

Jewish leaders. Even so, Jesus came and stood in their midst,
and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20After saying this, He
showed them His hands and side. When the disciples saw the
Lord they rejoiced. 21Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with
you. As the Father has sent Me, I am sending you.” 22After He
had said this, He breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy
Spirit. 23If you tell anyone that their sins are forgiven, because
they have believed in Me, indeed they are forgiven. If you tell
anyone that their sins are not forgiven, because they have not
believed in Me, indeed they are not forgiven.”
24
Now one of the twelve disciples, Thomas (whose name means
“twin”), was not with them when Jesus came. 25So the other
disciples said to Thomas, “We have seen the Lord!”
But Thomas said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in His
hands, put my finger into the nail marks, and put my hand into
His side, I will not believe.”
26
A week later His disciples were inside again, and Thomas was
with them. Even though the doors were locked, Jesus came and
stood in their midst. “Peace be with you,” He said. 27“Put your
finger here,” He said to Thomas, “and look at My hands. Take
your hand and put it into My side. Do not doubt! Just believe!”
28
“My Lord and My God!” exclaimed Thomas.
29
Jesus said to him, “You believe Thomas, because you have
seen Me. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet believe.”
30
In the presence of His disciples, Jesus did many other
miraculous signs that are not recorded in this book. 31But these
things have been recorded so that you may believe that Jesus
is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may
have life in His name.

21 After these things, Jesus once again showed Himself to
His disciples at the Sea of Tiberias. This was how He
showed Himself: 2Simon Peter, Thomas (whose name means
“twin”), Nathanael from the town of Cana in Galilee, the sons of
Zebedee, and two of His other disciples were together.
3
“I am going fishing,” Simon Peter said to them.
“We are coming with you,” said the others. So they went and
got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.

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John 21

4
It was now early in the morning, and Jesus stood on the
shore. His disciples, however, did not know that it was Jesus.
5
“Children,” called out Jesus, “do you have any fish?”
“No!” they answered.
6
“Cast your net to the right side of the boat,” said Jesus,
“and you will catch some.” So they cast in their net, and were
unable to pull it in because of the large number of fish.
7
Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the
Lord!” When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on
his outer garment (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the
sea. 8 The other disciples followed in the boat, dragging the net
of fish. They were not far from shore, only about three hundred
feet away. 9When they made it to shore, they saw a charcoal
fire there, with fish on it, and some bread.
10
“Bring some of the fish you have just caught,” Jesus said.
11
So Simon Peter went and dragged the net to shore. It was full
of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three in all. And even with that
many fish, the net was not torn. 12“Come and eat breakfast,”
said Jesus. But none of the disciples dared to ask Him, “Who
are You?” because they knew that it was the Lord. 13 Then Jesus
came and took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same
with the fish. 14 This was now the third time that Jesus showed
Himself to His disciples after He had been raised from the dead.
15
After breakfast, Jesus asked Simon Peter, “Simon, son of
John, do you love Me more than these others do?”
“Yes, Lord,” Peter replied, “You know that I am Your friend.”
“Then feed My lambs,” said Jesus.
16
“Simon, son of John,” said Jesus a second time, “do you
love Me?”
“Yes, Lord,” Peter answered, “You know that I am Your friend.”
“Then take care of My sheep,” said Jesus.
17
“Simon, son of John,” said Jesus a third time, “are you
My friend?”
Peter was grieved because Jesus asked him a third time,
“Are you My friend?”
“Lord,” Peter replied, “You know all things! You know that I
am Your friend!”
“Then feed My sheep,” said Jesus. 18“Truly, truly, I say to you,
when you were younger, you dressed yourself and went where
you wished. But when you grow old, you will stretch out your

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John 21

hands, and someone else will dress you and will take you where
you do not wish to go.” 19Jesus said this to indicate what kind
of death Peter would die to glorify God. After this, Jesus said
to him, “Follow Me.”
20
Then Peter turned around, and saw the disciple whom
Jesus loved following them—the one who had leaned into Jesus
during supper and asked, “Lord, who is going to betray You?”
21
When Peter saw this disciple, he asked Jesus, “Lord, what
about him?”
22
Jesus said to Peter, “If I want him to remain until I return,
what is that to you? You follow Me!” 23So word spread among
the brothers that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not
say to Peter that he would not die, but, “If I want him to remain
until I return, what is that to you?”
24
This is the disciple who testifies about these things, and has
put these things into writing. And we know that his testimony
is true.
25
There are many other things that Jesus did. If they were
written down one by one, I suppose the world itself could not
contain the books that would be written. Amen.

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Acts 1

Acts
1 Dear Theophilus, in my previous book74 I wrote about
everything that Jesus began to do and teach, 2 until the day
He was taken up to heaven, after giving commandments through
the Holy Spirit to the apostles He had chosen.

He presented Himself to them alive, after His suffering, by
3

many convincing proofs. He was seen by them for forty days,
during which He spoke about the kingdom of God.

Gathering them together, He gave them this command: “Do
4

not leave Jerusalem, but wait for what My Father has promised,
as I told you earlier. 5For John truly baptized with water, but
in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

While He was with them they asked Him, “Lord, are You
6

going to restore the kingdom to Israel now?”
7
He said to them, “It is not for you to know the dates or the
times that the Father has fixed by His Own authority. 8But
you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you,
and you will be My witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea and
Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

After saying these things, He was taken up before their very
9

eyes, into the clouds and out of sight. 10Suddenly, as they were
staring into the sky, two men dressed in white stood beside
them. 11They said, “Men of Galilee, why are you standing here
staring into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken from you
into heaven, will come back in the same way you saw Him go
into heaven.”

Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the
12

Mount of Olives, which is a Sabbath day’s walk from Jerusalem.
13
When they arrived, they went up to the upper room where
Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew,
Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and

74
Luke, the beloved physician (Colossians 4:14), was the author
of Acts. His first book was the Gospel of Luke.

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Acts 1

Judas Lebbaeus the son of James were staying. 14 With one
mind they all continued in prayer and supplication, along with
the women, Mary the mother of Jesus, and the Lord’s brothers.
15
In those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples,
a group numbering about a hundred and twenty people, and
said, 16“Men, brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which
the Holy Spirit foretold through the mouth of David concerning
Judas, who became the guide of those who arrested Jesus.
17
He was one of us and had received a portion in this ministry.”
18
(With the reward of his wickedness a field was purchased. He
hung himself and fell headfirst, his body burst open at the mid-
section, and all his intestines gushed out. 19When everyone in
Jerusalem heard about this, they called the field in Aramaic:
“Akeldama,” which means, “Field of Blood.”)
20
“For it is written in the book of Psalms:

‘ Let his house be deserted,
and let no one live in it,’
(Psalm 69:25)

and,

‘ Let another take his office.’
(Psalm 109:8)

Therefore we must choose one of the men who accompanied
21

us during the entire time that the Lord Jesus went in and out
among us, 22beginning with the baptism of John until the day
that Jesus was taken up from us—one of these men must
become a witness with us of His resurrection.”
23
So they picked two men: Joseph, called Barsabbas, who
was also known as Justus, and Matthias. 24 Then they prayed,
“Lord, You know the hearts of all men. Show us which of these
two men You have chosen 25 to receive a portion of this ministry
and apostleship, which Judas abandoned to go to the place
where he belongs.” 26 Then they cast their lots, and the lot fell
to Matthias, and he was added to the eleven apostles.

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2 On the day of Pentecost they were all gathered in the same
place with one mind. 2Suddenly the sound of a violent roaring
wind came from heaven and filled the entire house where they
were sitting. 3 They saw what appeared to be separate tongues
of fire, which rested on each one of them. 4And they were all
filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues
as the Spirit enabled them to speak.
5
Now there were devout Jews living in Jerusalem from every
nation under heaven. 6When they heard this sound, a crowd
gathered in confusion, because each person heard them speaking
in his own language. 7 They all marvelled in amazement and
said to one another, “Look! These men who are speaking, are
they not Galileans? 8If this is so, how come we all hear them
speaking in our own native language? 9 We all come from different
places: Parthia, Media, Elam, Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia,
Pontus, Asia, 10Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the areas of Libya
near Cyrene, Rome, 11Crete, and Arabia. So how is it that we all,
both Jews and converts to Judaism, hear them speaking in our
own languages about the wonderful works of God?”
12
They were all amazed and puzzled, and asked one another,
“What does this mean?”
13
But others mocked and said, “They are drunk on sweet wine.”
14
Then Peter stood up with the eleven, raised his voice and
said to them, “Men of Judea and all you residence of Jerusalem,
listen carefully to me and I will tell you what this means. 15 These
men are not drunk as you suppose, for it is only nine in the
morning. 16On the contrary, this is what was spoken by the
prophet Joel:
17
‘In the last days, God says,
I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh.
Your sons and your daughters will prophesy,
your young men will see visions,
and your old men will dream dreams.
18
In those days I will pour out My Spirit
on My menservants and on My maidservants,
and they will prophesy.
19
I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below—
blood, fire, and plumes of smoke.

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Acts 2

20
The sun will be turned to darkness,
and the moon to blood,
before the coming of the great
and notable day of the Lord.
21
But whoever calls on
the name of the Lord will be saved.’
(Joel 2:28-32)
22
“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth was a
Man approved by God. God showed this to you by performing
miracles, wonders, and signs through Him—as you yourselves
know. 23He was handed over to you according to the predetermined
purpose and foreknowledge of God, and you crucified and killed
Him by the hands of lawless men. 24But God raised Him from
the dead and freed Him from the suffering of death, because it
was impossible for death to keep its grip on Him. 25David said
this about Him:

‘I see that the Lord is always before me;
because He is at my right hand,
I will not be shaken.
26
Therefore my heart is glad
and my tongue rejoices.
Furthermore, my body will rest in hope.
27
For You will not leave my soul
among the dead,
or let Your Holy One see decay.
28
You have shown me the paths of life,
and You will fill me with joy
in Your presence.’
(Psalm 16:8-11)
29
“Men, brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch
David died and was buried—his tomb is here among us to this
day. 30But David was a prophet and knew that God had promised
him on oath that from his descendants the Christ would come
to sit on his throne. 31Since David foresaw this, he spoke about
the resurrection of the Christ, saying,

‘His soul was not left among the dead,
and His flesh did not see decay.’
(Psalm 16:10)

231
Acts 2

32
“God raised this Jesus from the dead, and we are all
witnesses of this. 33He has been exalted to the right hand of
God. And the Father has given Him the promised Holy Spirit,
whom He has now poured out—which is what you are seeing and
hearing. 34For David did not ascended into heaven, yet he said,

‘ The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand
35
until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet.”’
(Psalm 110:1)
36
“So let the entire house of Israel know beyond any doubt that
God made Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ!”
37
Now when they heard this, they were pierced to the heart,
and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Men, brothers, what
should we do?”
38
Peter replied, “Each one of you must repent and be baptized
in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.
Then you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 This promise
belongs to you and to your children and to all who are far off;
it is for as many as the Lord our God calls!”
40
And with many more words Peter testified and pleaded,
saying, “Be saved from this warped generation!” 41Those who
gladly received his message were baptized, and about three
thousand souls were added to them that day. 42And they faithfully
devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching, to fellowship, to
the breaking of bread, and to prayer.
43
Fear came over everyone, and many wonders and signs
were performed through the apostles. 44And all the believers
were united together and shared everything. 45 They sold their
property and possessions, and distributed the proceeds to
anyone among them who was in need. 46With one mind they met
daily at the temple, and broke bread in their homes together.
With sincere hearts they ate their food with gladness, 47praising
God and having favour with all the people. And day by day the
Lord added to the church those who were being saved.

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3 One afternoon Peter and John went to the temple at the time
of prayer, which is at three o’clock. 2Now there was a man
there who was born lame. Every day his friends would carry
him to the temple gate called beautiful, and would lay him down
so that he could beg from those entering the temple. 3When he
saw Peter and John about to enter the temple, he begged them
for some money. 4But Peter and John stared him straight in
the eyes, and Peter said, “Look at us!” 5So the man gave them
his attention, expecting to receive something from them. 6 Then
Peter said, “Silver and gold I do not have, but what I have I give
to you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, get up and
walk!” 7Then Peter grabbed him by the right hand and helped
him up, and immediately his feet and ankles became strong.
8
He leaped to his feet and began to walk. Then he entered the
temple with Peter and John, walking and leaping and praising
God! 9When everyone saw him walking and praising God, 10 they
were filled with wonder and amazement. They realized that
he was the beggar, who always sat at the temple gate called
Beautiful. 11While the lame man who was healed clung to Peter
and John, all the people ran to them in great amazement to the
place called Solomon’s Porch.
12
When Peter saw this, he said to the people, “Men of Israel,
why are you so amazed at this? Why are you staring at us, as
though we have made this man to walk by our own power or
godliness? 13 The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of
our fathers, glorified His Son Jesus, whom you handed over and
rejected before Pilate, even though Pilate had decided to let Him
go. 14You rejected the Holy and Righteous One, requesting that a
murderer be released to you instead. 15You killed the Author of
life, whom God raised from the dead. We are witnesses of this!
16
It is through faith in His name—the name of Jesus—that this
man whom you see and know has been healed. It is the faith
that comes through Him that has given this man his complete
healing in front of you all.
17
“Now, brothers, I know that you acted ignorantly just as your
leaders did. 18But God declared beforehand by the mouth of all
His prophets that the Christ would suffer, and He has fulfilled
this. 19 Therefore repent and turn to God so that your sins may
be wiped away, so that times of refreshing may come from the
presence of the Lord, 20and so that He may send the Christ, who

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was proclaimed to you beforehand—Jesus. 21He must remain
in heaven until it is time for all things to be restored, just as
God said long ago through the mouth of all His holy prophets.
22
For Moses truly said to our fathers,

‘ The Lord your God will raise up
for you a Prophet like me
from among your brothers.
You must listen to everything He tells you.
23
Anyone who fails to listen to that Prophet
will be completely cut off
from among his people.’
(Deuteronomy 18:15, 19)
24
“Samuel, and all the prophets who followed after him,
foretold of these days. 25And you are heirs of the prophets, and
of the covenant God made with our fathers. For God said to
Abraham,

‘ Through your seed will all the families
of the earth be blessed.’
(Genesis 22:18, 26:4)
26
God raised up His Son Jesus and sent Him to you first, so
that He might bless you by turning each of you from your sinful
ways.”

4 While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests,
the captain of the temple guard, and the Sadducees rushed
over to them. 2 They were enraged because Peter and John
were teaching the people, and were preaching through Jesus
the resurrection of the dead. 3So they arrested Peter and John
and put them in custody until the next day, because it was
already evening. 4But many of those who heard their message
believed, and the number of men who believed grew to about
five thousand.
5
The next day the leaders, elders, and teachers of the law
assembled in Jerusalem. 6Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John,
Alexander, and many of the high priest’s relatives were there.

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7
They made Peter and John stand before them and asked, “By
what power or by what name have you done this?”
8
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Leaders
of the people, and elders of Israel! 9If we are being questioned
today about a good deed that was done for a lame man—as
to how he was healed—10 then you and all the people of Israel
must know this: it is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth,
whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that
this man stands before you in good health.
11
‘ The Stone that
you builders have rejected,
has become the Cornerstone.’
(Psalm 118:22)

There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name
12

under heaven given to men by which we must be saved!”
13
As soon as they saw the boldness of Peter and John,
and recognized that neither man had any special training or
education, they marvelled and realized that they had been
with Jesus. 14But they could not say anything against them,
because it was evident that the man who was standing with
them had been healed. 15So they ordered Peter and John to
leave the Sanhedrin, and then consulted with one another,
16
saying, “What should we do to these men? A notable miracle
has truly been performed through them and is known by all
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. 17But to
prevent this from spreading any further among the people, we
must threaten and warn them not to speak to anyone in the
name of Jesus again.”
18
So the Sanhedrin called them back in, and commanded them
not to speak or teach in the name of Jesus again. 19But Peter
and John replied, “You judge if it is right in God’s sight for us
to listen to you rather than to God. 20As for us, we cannot stop
talking about what we have seen and heard.” 21After threatening
Peter and John further, they released them. There was no way
they could punish them, because all the people glorified God
for what had happened. 22For the man who was miraculously
healed was over forty years old.

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23
After Peter and John were released, they returned to their
own people and reported what the chief priests and the elders had
said to them. 24When they heard this, they raised their voices to
God with one mind and said: “Sovereign Lord, You made heaven
and earth, the sea, and everything in them. 25You spoke by the
Holy Spirit through the mouth of Your servant David, saying,

‘ Why do the nations rage
and the peoples plot in vain?
26
The kings of the earth stand opposed,
and the rulers make plans together
against the Lord
and against His Anointed One.’
(Psalm 2:1-2)
27
For truly both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles
and the people of Israel, made plans together against Jesus—
Your holy Son, whom You anointed. 28 They did what Your
hand and Your will predestined to happen. 29Now, Lord, look
at their threats and give Your slaves great boldness to speak
Your word. 30Stretch out Your hand to heal, and to perform
signs and wonders through the name of Your holy Son Jesus.”
31
After they had finished petitioning God, the place where
they were meeting shook, and they were all filled with the Holy
Spirit and spoke the word of God boldly.
32
All the believers were one in both heart and soul. They
did not consider their possessions as their own, but shared
everything. 33With great power the apostles testified about the
resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great favour was upon them
all. 34Not one of them was in need, because those who owned
land or houses sold them and brought the money from the
sales 35and laid it at the apostles’ feet. Then it was distributed
to each one who was in need.
36
There was a man named Joseph, a Levite from the Island
of Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (which means
“Son of Encouragement”), 37who sold a field that belonged to
him and brought the money and laid it at the apostles’ feet.

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5 Now there was a man named Ananias, who along with his wife
Sapphira, sold a piece of property. 2With his wife’s knowledge
he secretly kept a portion of the money, and brought the rest and
laid it at the apostles’ feet. 3 Then Peter said, “Ananias! Why has
satan so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit
by secretly keeping a portion of the money that you received
for the land? 4Before you sold it, was it not yours? After you
sold it, was not the money yours? How could you set your heart
on doing such a thing? You have not lied to man, but to God!”
5
When Ananias heard these words, he collapsed and died. And
great fear came upon all who heard of it. 6 Then the young men
got up, wrapped his body, and carried him out and buried him.
7
About three hours later his wife came in, unaware of what
had happened. 8Peter asked her, “Tell me, is this the price you
received for your land?”
She replied, “Yes, it is the price.”
9
Then Peter said to her, “How could the two of you agree to
test the Spirit of the Lord? Look! The feet of those who have
buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you
out as well!” 10Immediately she collapsed at his feet and died.
When the young men came in and found her dead, they carried
her out and buried her beside her husband. 11And great fear
came upon the whole church, and upon all who heard of it.
12
Through the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders
were performed among the people. And all the believers were of
one mind and met together at Solomon’s porch. 13No one else
dared to join them, even though all the people highly respected
them. 14Nevertheless, large numbers of men and women believed
and were added to the Lord. 15 They even carried the sick into
the streets and laid them on beds and mats, hoping that Peter’s
shadow might fall on them as he passed by. 16Many people also
came from the towns around Jerusalem, bringing the sick and
those who were possessed by unclean spirits, and they were
all healed.
17
At this, the high priest and all his associates from the party
of the Sadducees were filled with jealousy and took action.
18
They arrested the apostles and put them in the public jail.
19
But an angel of the Lord came during the night and opened

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the jail doors and led them out, saying, 20 “Go and stand in
the temple and tell the people all about the message of eternal
life!” 21After hearing this, they entered the temple at dawn and
began to teach.

When the high priest and his associates arrived, they called
together the Sanhedrin—all the elders of the children of Israel.
Then they sent orders to the jail to have the apostles brought
to them. 22But when the officers arrived, they did not find the
apostles in jail. So they went back and reported, 23“We found
the jail securely locked and the guards standing at their posts,
but when we opened the doors we found no one inside!” 24When
the high priest and the captain of the temple guard heard this,
they were puzzled as to what had happened.
25
Then someone came and told them, “Look! The men you
put in jail are standing in the temple teaching the people!”
26
Then the captain went with his officers and brought them
back without force, because they were afraid of being stoned
by the people. 27 They brought the apostles in and stood them
before the Sanhedrin. And the high priest questioned them,
28
saying, “Did we not give you strict orders not to teach in this
name? Look! You have filled Jerusalem with your teaching and
are determined to bring this Man’s blood upon us!”
29
But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God,
not man! 30 You killed Jesus by hanging Him on a cross, but
the God of our fathers raised Him from the dead. 31God has
exalted Him to His right hand as Prince and Saviour, so that
Israel might repent and receive forgiveness for their sins. 32We
are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom
God has given to those who obey Him.”
33
When the Sanhedrin heard this, they became enraged and
wanted to kill them. 34But a Pharisee named Gamaliel, a teacher
of the law who was respected by all the people, stood up in the
Sanhedrin and ordered the apostles to be put outside for a
few moments. 35 Then he said to the Sanhedrin, “Men of Israel,
weigh carefully what you intend to do to these men. 36For some
time ago Theudas rose up, claiming to be someone great, and
about four hundred men joined him. But he was killed, and all
his followers were scattered and came to nothing. 37After him,

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in the days of the census, Judas the Galilean rose up and led
a revolt. But he was killed, and all his followers were scattered.
38
So here is my advice to you: stay away from these men and
leave them alone. If this plan or this work is of man, it will fail.
39
But if it is from God, you will not be able to stop them. In fact,
you might actually find that you are fighting against God!” 40So
they took Gamaliel’s advice. They called in the apostles and had
them whipped. Then they ordered them not to speak in the name
of Jesus, and let them go. 41The apostles left the Sanhedrin,
rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer disgrace for
the name of Jesus. 42And every day, in the temple and from
house to house, they did not stop teaching and preaching the
good news that Jesus is the Christ.

6 In those days, as the disciples continued to increase, the Greek-
speaking Jews complained against the Hebrew-speaking Jews
that their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution
of food. 2So the twelve apostles called all the disciples together
and said, “It would not be right for us to neglect the word of
God to wait on tables. 3 Therefore brothers, choose seven men
from among you who are reputable and full of the Holy Spirit
and wisdom, and we will appoint them over this task. 4But we
will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word.”
5
This suggestion pleased everyone. So they chose Stephen, a
man who was full of faith and the Holy Spirit. They also chose
Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas, a
former convert to Judaism from the city of Antioch. 6 They were
brought to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them.
7
The word of God continued to spread, and the number of
disciples in Jerusalem greatly increased, and a large group of
priests became obedient to the faith.
8
Now Stephen, a man full of faith and power, performed great
wonders and signs among the people. 9Opposition arose from
the synagogue of the freedmen, whose members were comprised
of Jews from the cities of Cyrene and Alexandria and from the
provinces of Cilicia and Asia. They argued with Stephen, 10but
they were unable to stand against the wisdom and the Spirit
by whom he spoke.

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11
So they persuaded some men to say, “We heard Stephen
saying blasphemous things against Moses and God.” 12 This
stirred up the people, the elders, and the teachers of the law. So
they rushed over and seized Stephen, and brought him before
the Sanhedrin. 13 They presented false witnesses who said, “This
man never stops speaking blasphemous words against this holy
place and against the law. 14We have heard him say that this
Jesus of Nazareth will destroy the temple, and will change the
customs that Moses handed down to us.”
15
All those sitting in the Sanhedrin stared at Stephen, because
his face looked like the face of an angel.

7 Then the high priest asked Stephen, “Is this true?”
2
Stephen answered, “Men, brothers, and fathers, listen up!
Before our father Abraham lived in Haran, the God of glory
appeared to him in Mesopotamia. 3God said to him,

‘Leave your country and your relatives,
and go to the land that I will show you.’
(Genesis 12:1)
4
“So Abraham left the land of the Chaldeans and settled in
Haran. After his father died, God brought him to this land where
we now live. 5God gave him no inheritance here, not even one
square foot. But God promised to give the land to him and to his
descendants after him for a possession—even though Abraham
was too old to have children. 6 This is what God said:

‘ Your descendants will be aliens
in a foreign land,
and they will be enslaved
and oppressed for four hundred years.
7
But I will judge the nation
that enslaves them,’ God said,
‘and afterwards they will leave that land
and will come and worship
Me in this place.’
(Genesis 15:13-14)

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8
Then God gave Abraham the covenant of circumcision. So
when Abraham fathered Isaac he circumcised him on the eighth
day, as did Isaac when he fathered Jacob, and Jacob when he
fathered the twelve patriarchs.
9
“Now the patriarchs became jealous of Joseph and sold him
as a slave into Egypt, but God was with him. 10God delivered
him from all his troubles and gave him favour and wisdom in
the presence of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who appointed him
governor over Egypt and over his entire household. 11Eventually
a famine covered the entire land of Egypt and Canaan, causing
great suffering, and our fathers could not find any food. 12 When
Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent our fathers
on their first trip. 13On their second trip, Joseph revealed his
identity to his brothers, and Pharaoh learned about Joseph’s
family. 14 Then Joseph sent and invited his father Jacob and all
his relatives, seventy-five people in all. 15So Jacob went down
to Egypt, where he and our fathers died. 16 Their bodies were
carried to Shechem and buried in the tomb that Abraham had
purchased from the sons of Hamor.
17
“When the time drew near for God to fulfill the promise
that He swore to Abraham, our people increased and multiplied
in Egypt. 18 Then another king who did not know Joseph rose
up. 19 This king exploited our race and oppressed our fathers,
forcing them to abandon their infants so that they would die.
20
“Moses was born at this time. He was beautiful to God, and
he nursed for three months in his father’s house. 21When he
was left outside, Pharaoh’s daughter took him and raised him
as her own son. 22So Moses was trained in all the wisdom of
the Egyptians, and he was powerful in both words and deeds.
23
“When Moses was forty years old, he decided in his heart to
visit his brothers—the children of Israel. 24When he saw one of
them being mistreated, Moses came to his defence and avenged
him by killing the Egyptian. 25Moses thought his brothers would
understand that God was going to deliver them by his hand,
but they did not understand. 26 The next day when Moses saw
two of his brothers fighting, he tried to make peace between
them. He said, ‘Men, you are brothers, why are you mistreating

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each other?’ 27But the man who was mistreating his neighbour
pushed Moses aside and said,

‘ Who made you our ruler and judge?
28
Do you want to kill me like
you killed the Egyptian yesterday?’
(Exodus 2:14)
29
After he said this, Moses fled to the land of Midian. There he
lived as a foreigner, and fathered two sons.
30
“Forty years later when Moses was in the desert of Mount
Sinai, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in the flames of
a burning bush. 31When Moses saw this, he marvelled at the
sight. And when he approached to take a closer look, the voice
of the Lord said to him,
32
‘ I am the God of your fathers,
the God of Abraham,
the God of Isaac,
and the God of Jacob.’
(Exodus 3:6)

Moses became terrified and did not dare to look. 33
Then the
Lord said to him,

‘ Take off your sandals,
for you are standing on holy ground.
34
I have certainly seen the oppression
of My people in Egypt.
I have heard their groaning,
and I have come down to deliver them.
Now come, I will send you back to Egypt.’
(Exodus 3:5-10)
35
“This Moses, whom they rejected by saying,

‘ Who made you our ruler and judge?’
(Exodus 2:14)

was the man God sent to be their ruler and deliverer, by the
hand of the angel who appeared to him in the burning bush.

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36
This Moses led them out of Egypt. He performed many signs
and wonders in the land of Egypt, at the Red Sea, and in the
wilderness for forty years. 37This is the same Moses who told
the children of Israel,

‘ The Lord your God will raise up
for you a Prophet like me
from among your brothers.
You must listen to Him.’
(Deuteronomy 18:15)
38
This Moses was with our fathers in the congregation in the
wilderness. The angel spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and he
received living words to give to us.
39
“But our fathers would not obey him. They rejected him,
and their hearts turned back to Egypt. 40 They said to Aaron,

‘ Make us gods who will go before us.
As for this Moses,
who led us out of the land of Egypt,
we do not know what has happened to him.’
(Exodus 32:1)
41
In those days they made a calf idol. And as they offered sacrifices
to it, they rejoiced at what their hands had made. 42 Then God
turned away from them and let them worship the sun, moon,
and stars. As it is written in the book of the prophets,

‘ Did you offer Me sacrifices and offerings
in the wilderness for forty years,
O house of Israel?
43
No! You carried the shrine of Molech
and the star of your god Rephan,
the idols you made to worship.
So I will send you into exile beyond Babylon.’
(Amos 5:25-27)
44
“In the wilderness our fathers had the tent of testimony,
which God had commanded Moses to make according to the
pattern that he had seen. 45 The next generation brought it with
Joshua when they took possession of the nations that God drove

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out before them, and that is where it remained until the time of
David. 46Although David found favour with God and desired to
provide a dwelling place for the God of Jacob, 47it was Solomon
who built a house for Him. 48However, the Most High does not
dwell in a man-made temple! As the prophet says,
49
‘ Heaven is My throne,
and the earth is My footstool.
What kind of house can you build for Me,
says the Lord,
or what place can you build for My rest?
50
Did not My hands make all these things?’
(Isaiah 66:1-2)
51
“You stubborn people have uncircumcised hearts and ears!
You always oppose the Holy Spirit, just as your fathers did!
52
Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute?
They even killed those who foretold the coming of the Righteous
One, whom you have now betrayed and murdered! 53 You received
the law that was instituted by angels, but you have not kept it!”
54
When they heard this, they gnashed their teeth in rage. 55But
Stephen, who was full of the Holy Spirit, stared into heaven
and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand
of God. 56“Look,” he exclaimed, “I see heaven open and the Son
of Man standing at the right hand of God!”
57
Then they cried out with a loud voice and covered their
ears as they all rushed over to Stephen. 58 They dragged him
outside of the city and then began to stone him. Meanwhile,
his accusers took off their coats and laid them at the feet of a
young man named Saul.
59
As they were stoning Stephen, he called out, “Lord Jesus,
receive my spirit!” 60 Then he fell to his knees, and cried out with
a loud voice, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them!” After
Stephen had said this, he died.

8 Now, as for Saul, he was pleased with the death of Stephen.

And on that day a great persecution broke out against the

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church in Jerusalem, and everyone except the apostles were
scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria. 2Some
Godly men buried Stephen and mourned greatly for him. 3But
Saul viciously attacked the church. He went from house to
house dragging off both men and women to put in jail. 4However,
those who were scattered went about preaching the good news
of the word.
5
Now Philip went up to the city of Samaria and proclaimed
Christ to them. 6 When the crowds heard Philip and saw the
miraculous signs that he performed, they all listened carefully
to what he said. 7Unclean spirits screamed as they came out of
many who were possessed, and many who were paralyzed and
lame were healed. 8So there was great joy in that city.
9
Now there was a man named Simon who had practiced
sorcery in that city for a long time. He amazed the people of
Samaria and claimed that he was someone great. 10Everyone
paid attention to him, both small and great, saying, “This man
is the great power of god.” 11They paid attention to Simon,
because he had amazed them with his sorcery for a long time.
12
But when they heard Philip preaching the good news about
the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, the men and
women believed and were baptized. 13Simon himself believed
and was baptized. He followed Philip around and was amazed
by the great signs and miracles that he saw.
14
When the apostles in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had
received the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them.
15
When they arrived, they prayed for them to receive the Holy
Spirit. 16For they had been baptized in the name of the Lord
Jesus, but the Holy Spirit had not yet fallen on any of them.
17
So Peter and John laid their hands on them, and they received
the Holy Spirit.
18
When Simon saw that the Holy Spirit was given through
the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money.
19
“Give me this power too,” Simon said, “so that everyone I lay
my hands on will receive the Holy Spirit.”
20
But Peter replied, “May your money perish with you, because
you thought that you could obtain the gift of God with money!
21
You have no portion or share in this matter, because your

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heart is not right before God. 22Repent of your wickedness and
petition God, maybe He will forgive you for thinking this in your
heart. 23For I perceive that you are poisoned by bitterness and
bound by sin.”
24
Simon answered, “Petition the Lord for me, so that none of
the things you have mentioned will happen to me.”
25
After they had finished testifying and preaching the word
of the Lord, they returned to Jerusalem, proclaiming the gospel
in many Samaritan villages along the way.
26
Now an angel of the Lord said to Philip, “Get up, and go
along the desert road that goes south from Jerusalem down
to Gaza.” 27So Philip got up and went. On the road he saw an
Ethiopian eunuch, who had come to Jerusalem to worship. He
was a high-ranking official in charge of the entire treasury of
Candace, the queen of Ethiopia. 28On his way back home, he
sat in his chariot reading from the prophet Isaiah.
29
The Spirit said to Philip, “Approach the chariot and stay
close to it.” 30As Philip ran near, he heard the eunuch reading
from the prophet Isaiah.
So Philip asked him, “Do you understand what you are
reading?”
31
The eunuch answered, “How can I, unless someone guides
me through it?” So he invited Philip to climb up and sit with him.
32
The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture:

“He was led like a sheep to the slaughter.
And as a lamb is silent before its shearer,
He did not open His mouth.
33
In His humiliation He was denied justice.
Who can speak of His descendants?
For His life was taken from the earth.”
(Isaiah 53:7-8)
34
The eunuch asked Philip, “Please tell me who the prophet
is talking about? Is he talking about himself or someone else?”
35
Then Philip, beginning with this Scripture, told him the good
news about Jesus.

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36
As they were travelling along the road, they came to some
water. The eunuch said, “Look! Here is some water. What
prevents me from being baptized?”
37
Philip said, “As long as you believe with all your heart, you
can be baptized.”
The eunuch answered and said, “Yes, I believe that Jesus
Christ is the Son of God.” 38So he ordered the chariot to stop;
they both went down to the water, and Philip baptized the
eunuch. 39As soon as they came up out of the water, the Spirit
of the Lord snatched Philip away. The eunuch never saw him
again, but went on his way rejoicing. 40Philip found himself in the
city of Ashdod, and from there he preached the gospel to every
town he passed through until he came to the city of Caesarea.

9 Meanwhile, Saul continued breathing out murderous threats
against the Lord’s disciples. He went to the high priest 2and
asked him to write letters to the synagogues in Damascus,
giving him authority to arrest any man or women that he found
belonging to “the Way,” so that he could bring them to Jerusalem.
3
As Saul was nearing the city of Damascus on his journey,
a light from heaven suddenly shone around him. 4He fell to the
ground and heard a voice saying to him, “Saul! Saul! Why are
you persecuting Me?”
5
Saul asked, “Who are you, Lord?”
The Lord replied, “I am Jesus, the One you are persecuting.
It is hard for you to kick against the goads.” 75
6
Trembling and astonished, Saul asked, “Lord, what do you
want me to do?”
The Lord said to him, “Get up and go into the city, there you
will be told what you must do.”
7
The men who were travelling with him stood speechless,
because they heard the voice but saw no one. 8When Saul got
up from the ground and opened his eyes, he could not see. So
they led him by the hand into the city of Damascus. 9He was
without sight for three days, and did not eat or drink.
75
This is talking about an ox-goad, which is a long stick with
a pointed end used for prodding oxen when ploughing. A stub-
born ox would kick back against the goad that was urging him
forward, only to inflict harm on itself.

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10
Now there was a disciple in Damascus named Ananias.
The Lord spoke to him in a vision, “Ananias!”
Ananias answered, “Here I am, Lord.”
11
The Lord said to him, “Get up and go to Straight Street, to
the house of Judas. Ask for a man named Saul, from the city
of Tarsus. He is praying there right now. 12In a vision he has
seen a man named Ananias come in and lay his hands on him,
so that he can see again.”
13
But Ananias answered, “Lord, many have told me about
the evil things this man has done to Your saints in Jerusalem.
14
Now he has come here and the chief priests have given him
authority to arrest everyone who calls on Your name.”
15
But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! For I have chosen this
man as My vessel to take My name to the Gentiles and their
kings, and to the children of Israel. 16 Therefore, I will show him
how much he must suffer for My name.”
17
So Ananias went and entered the house. He laid his hands
on Saul and said, “Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared
to you on the road as you were coming, has sent me to you
so that you may regain your sight and be filled with the Holy
Spirit.” 18Immediately, something that looked like scales fell
from Saul’s eyes, and he regained his sight. Then he got up and
was baptized. 19After he ate some food, he was strengthened.

Saul spent a few days with the disciples in Damascus. 20And
right away he began preaching about Jesus in the synagogues,
saying, “He is the Son of God!”
21
All those who heard him were amazed and said, “In
Jerusalem, did he not viciously attack everyone who calls on
this name? Has he not come here for the same purpose, to
arrest and bring them to the chief priests?” 22But Saul continued
to increase in strength, and confounded the Jews living in
Damascus by proving that Jesus was the Christ.
23
After many days the Jews plotted to kill him. 24 They carefully
watched the city gates day and night to kill him, but Saul became
aware of their plot. 25So his disciples took him in the night and
lowered him down in a basket through a window in the wall.76
26
When Saul came to Jerusalem and tried to join the disciples,
76
2 Corinthians 11:32-33

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they all feared him because they did not believe that he was
really a disciple. 27Barnabas, however, took him and brought
him to the apostles. He explained to them how Saul had seen
the Lord on the road and heard His voice, and how he had
boldly preached in the name of Jesus while in Damascus. 28So
Saul went all over Jerusalem with them,77 29speaking boldly in
the name of the Lord Jesus. He talked and debated with the
Greek-speaking Jews, but they attempted to kill him. 30Once
the brothers learned of this, they brought him up to the city of
Caesarea and sent him off to the city of Tarsus.
31
Then the church throughout all Judea, Galilee, and Samaria
enjoyed a time of peace and was strengthened. The church
continued to multiply as it walked in the fear of the Lord and
in the comfort of the Holy Spirit.
32
As Peter travelled about, he went to visit the saints living
in the town of Lod. 33 There he found a paralyzed man named
Aeneas, who had been bedridden for eight years. 34Peter said
to him, “Aeneas, Jesus Christ is healing you! Get up and make
your bed!” And immediately Aeneas got up. 35Everyone living
in the town of Lod and the Plain of Sharon saw Aeneas and
turned to the Lord.78
36
Now there was a disciple in the town of Joppa named
Tabitha, which means “Gazelle.” She was distinguished for
her good works and acts of charity. 37During this time she
became sick and died, and they washed her body and laid it
in an upper room. 38When the disciples heard that Peter was
in Lod, which is near Joppa, they sent two men to request for
him to come without delay.
39
So Peter got up and went with them, and when he arrived
they took him to the upper room. All the widows stood weeping
as they showed him the coats and clothes that Tabitha had made
for them while she was still alive. 40Peter sent them all out and
knelt down and prayed. Then he turned to her body and said,

77
Paul only stayed in Jerusalem for fifteen days (Galatians 1:18).
78
“I am the rose of Sharon, the lily of the valleys” (Song of Songs
2:1). The Plain of Sharon runs along the Mediterranean coast
between Joppa and Mount Carmel. It is about 50 miles long.

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“Tabitha, get up!” She opened her eyes and saw Peter, then sat
up. 41Peter gave her his hand and helped her up, then called in
the saints and widows and presented her to them alive. 42 This
became known throughout the whole town of Joppa, and many
believed in the Lord. 43And Peter stayed in Joppa for a while
with a tanner named Simon.

10 There was a man in the city of Caesarea named Cornelius.
He was an officer of the Italian Regiment. 2He and his
household were devout and God-fearing people. He was very
charitable to the poor and petitioned God continually. 3About
three o’clock one afternoon he clearly saw an angel of God
coming to him in a vision, saying, “Cornelius!”
4
He stared at the angel in terror and said, “What is it, Lord?”
The angel replied, “Your prayers and acts of charity have gone
up as a memorial offering before God. 5Now send messengers
down to the town of Joppa to summon a man named Simon
Peter. 6He is staying with Simon the tanner, whose house is by
the sea. Peter will tell you what you must do.” 7After the angel
left, Cornelius called two of his servants and a devout soldier
who was one of his personal attendants. 8Cornelius explained
everything to them and sent them to Joppa.
9
The next day at about noon, as they were making their way
near the town, Peter went up on the roof to pray. 10He became
very hungry and wanted to eat, but while the meal was being
prepared, he fell into a trance. 11He saw heaven open, and
something that looked like a large sheet was let down to earth
by its four corners. 12In it were all kinds of four-footed animals,
wild beasts, reptiles, and birds. 13 Then a voice said to him, “Get
up, Peter, kill and eat something.”
14
But Peter said, “No, Lord! I have never eaten anything that
is common or unclean!”
15
The voice said to him a second time, “What God has cleansed,
you must not call common.” 16 This happened three times, and
then the sheet was taken back up into heaven.
17
While Peter was pondering the meaning of the vision he
had seen, the men sent by Cornelius found Simon’s house and
stood at the gate. 18 They called out and asked if Simon Peter
was staying there. 19While Peter was pondering the vision, the

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Spirit said to him, “Look! Three men are looking for you. 20Now
get up and go downstairs, and do not hesitate to go with them,
because I have sent them.”
21
So Peter went down to the men Cornelius had sent, and
said, “I am the one you are looking for. Why have you come?”
22
They replied, “We were sent by Cornelius, a Roman officer.
He is a righteous and God-fearing man, who is well respected by
all the Jewish people. He was told by a holy angel to summon
you to his house, so that he may hear what you have to say.”
23
So Peter invited them in to spend the night. The next day Peter
left with them, accompanied by some of the brothers from the
town of Joppa. 24 The next day they entered the city of Caesarea.
Cornelius was waiting for them and had invited his relatives
and close friends. 25When Peter entered, Cornelius met him and
fell prostrate at his feet. 26But Peter pulled him up and said,
“Stand up! I am only a man.”
27
As he talked with Cornelius, he entered and found a large
group of people. 28Peter said to them, “You know that it is
unlawful for a Jewish man to associate with or to visit a Gentile.
But God has shown me not to call any man common or unclean.
29
So when I was summoned, I came promptly. Now I ask, why
have you summoned me?”
30
Cornelius answered, “Four days ago I was fasting and
praying in my house at this very hour, at three o’clock in the
afternoon, when suddenly a man dressed in bright clothing
stood in front of me. 31He said to me, ‘Cornelius, your prayers
and acts of charity have been remembered before God. 32Now
send messengers down to the town of Joppa to summon a man
named Simon Peter. He is staying with Simon the tanner, whose
house is by the sea. He will tell you what you must do.’ 33So I
sent for you immediately, and you have done well in coming.
Now we are all present before God to hear everything God has
commanded you to say.”
34
Then Peter opened his mouth and said, “Now I truly
understand that God is no respecter of persons. 35In every
nation He accepts the man who reveres Him and does what is
righteous.

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36
“You know the message that God sent to the children of
Israel—He announced the gospel of peace through Jesus Christ,
who is Lord of all. 37You know what happened throughout Judea,
beginning in Galilee, after the baptism that John preached.
38
You know that God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy
Spirit and with power. You know that He went around doing
good and healing all those who were oppressed by the devil,
because God was with Him.
39
“We are witnesses of everything He did, both in Judea and
in Jerusalem. They killed Him by hanging Him on a tree, 40but
God raised Him to life on the third day. God allowed Him to be
seen, 41not by everyone, but only by those witnesses whom God
had chosen in advance—by us, who ate and drank with Him
after He rose from the dead. 42He commanded us to preach to
the people and to testify that He is the God-appointed Judge
of both the living and the dead. 43All the prophets testify about
Him, that through His name everyone who believes in Him will
receive forgiveness of sins.”
44
While Peter was still speaking, the Holy Spirit fell on everyone
who heard the message. 45 The circumcised believers who came
with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had
also been poured out on the Gentiles—46for they heard them
speaking in tongues and magnifying God. 47 Then Peter said,
“Can anyone object to them being baptized with water, since
they have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?” 48So Peter
commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then
they asked Peter to stay for a few more days.

11
2
The apostles and the brothers throughout Judea heard
that the Gentiles had also received the word of God.
But when Peter went down to Jerusalem, the circumcised
believers criticized him. 3 They said, “You went in and ate with
uncircumcised men!”
4
Then Peter began to explain everything in order, saying, 5“I
was in the town of Joppa praying, and in a trance I saw a vision.
I saw what looked like a large sheet that was let down from
heaven by its four corners. It came down right in front of me.
6
As I examined it closely, I saw all kinds of four-footed animals,

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wild beasts, reptiles, and birds. 7 Then I heard a voice say to me,
‘Get up, Peter, kill and eat something.’ 8But I said, ‘ No, Lord!
I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean!’ 9 The
voice from heaven said to me a second time, ‘ What God has
cleansed, you must not call common.’ 10 This happened three
times, and then the sheet was taken back up into heaven.
11
“Immediately after this, three men arrived at the house where
I was staying. They had been sent from the city of Caesarea
to find me. 12 The Spirit told me to go with them, without any
hesitation. These six brothers also accompanied me, and we
entered the man’s house. 13He told us that he had seen an angel
standing in his house. The angel said to him, ‘Send messengers
down to the town of Joppa to summon a man named Simon
Peter. 14He will tell you how you and your entire household can
be saved.’
15
“While I was speaking, the Holy Spirit fell on them just as
He fell on us at the beginning. 16 This reminded me of what the
Lord had said: ‘John truly baptized with water, but you will be
baptized with the Holy Spirit.’ 17So if God gave them the same
gift as He gave to us when we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ,
then who was I to oppose God?”
18
When they heard this, they calmed down and glorified God,
saying, “To the Gentiles God has also granted repentance that
leads to life.”
19
Now some of those who were scattered by the persecution
that broke out after Stephen’s death travelled as far as Phoenicia,
Cyprus, and the city of Antioch, preaching the word only to the
Jews. 20But then some men from Cyprus and Cyrene came to
the city of Antioch, and preached the gospel of the Lord Jesus
to the Greeks as well. 21The Lord’s hand was with them, and a
large number of them believed and turned to the Lord.
22
When the church in Jerusalem heard about this, they sent
Barnabas to the city of Antioch. 23When Barnabas arrived and
saw the grace of God, he rejoiced and encouraged them all to
whole heartedly cling to the Lord. 24He was a good man who was
full of the Holy Spirit and faith, and a large number of people
were added to the Lord.

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Acts 12

25
Then Barnabas went to the city of Tarsus to look for Saul.
After Barnabas found Saul, he brought him back to Antioch.
26

For an entire year they met together with the church in Antioch,
and taught a large number of people. The disciples were first
called “Christians” in Antioch.
27
During this time some prophets from Jerusalem went up
to the city of Antioch. 28One prophet named Agabus stood up,
and through the Spirit he foretold of a great famine that would
cover the entire Roman world. This prophecy was fulfilled during
the reign of Claudius Caesar. 29 Then the disciples in Antioch,
each according to what they could afford, decided to send aid
to the brothers living in Judea. 30 They followed through with it,
and sent it to the elders in Jerusalem by the hands of Barnabas
and Saul.

12 It was around this time that King Herod Agrippa persecuted
some of those who belonged to the church. 2He killed
James, the brother of John, with the sword. 3When Herod saw
how much this pleased the Jews he also arrested Peter. This
happened during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. 4After Herod
had Peter arrested, he put him in prison and handed him over
to be guarded by four squads of four soldiers each. After the
Passover Herod intended to put him on trial before the people.
5
But while Peter was in prison, the church continually prayed
to God for him.
6
Now it was the night before Herod was to bring him to trial,
and Peter had fallen asleep between the two soldiers he was
chained to—two other soldiers stood in front guarding the door of
his prison cell. 7Suddenly an angel of the Lord stood before him
and a light shone in his prison cell. The angel struck Peter on the
side and woke him up, saying, “Get up quickly!” Then the chains
fell from Peter’s hands. 8 The angel said to him, “Dress yourself
and put on your sandals.” And Peter did so. Then the angel
told him, “Put on your coat and follow me.” 9As Peter followed
him out, he thought he was seeing a vision—not realizing that
what the angel was doing was actually real. 10After passing the
first and second guard posts, they came to the iron gate that
leads to the city. The gate opened by itself, and they walked out.

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They walked the length of one street, and then the angel suddenly
left him.
11
When Peter came to his senses, he said, “Now I truly know
that the Lord has sent His angel to rescue me from the hand
of Herod, and from everything the Jewish people were hoping
would happen.”
12
After Peter became aware of this, he went to the house of
Mary, the mother of John Mark, where many were gathered
together praying. 13Peter knocked on the porch door, and a
servant girl named Rhoda came to answer the door. 14When
she recognized Peter’s voice, she became so overjoyed that she
forgot to open the door. Instead, she ran back and told the rest
of them that Peter was standing at the porch. 15 They said to
her, “You are crazy!” But since she kept insisting that it was
true, they said, “It must be his angel.” 16Meanwhile, Peter kept
knocking. When they finally opened the door and saw him,
they were stunned. 17Peter signalled to them with his hand to
be silent, and explained to them how the Lord had led him out
of prison. He said, “Tell all this to James and the brothers.”
Then he left and went to another place.
18
At daybreak the soldiers were in a panic, because they
could not find Peter. 19Herod searched for him, but could not
find him. After Herod questioned the guards, he commanded
them to be led away for execution. Then Herod left Judea, and
stayed in the city of Caesarea for a while.
20
Now Herod was very angry with the people of Tyre and
Sidon. So they persuaded Herod’s servant Blastus, who was in
charge of the king’s bedchamber, to help them. Then they came
with one mind to ask for peace, because their cities depended
on Herod for their food supply. 21On an appointed day Herod
sat on his throne, dressed in royal apparel, and addressed the
crowd. 22 The people cried out, “This is the voice of a god, not
of a man!” 23Immediately an angel of the Lord struck Herod
down, because he did not give glory to God, and he was eaten
by worms and died. 24But the word of God grew and increased.
25
After Barnabas and Saul delivered the aid contribution,
they left Jerusalem, taking John Mark with them.

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13 Now these were the prophets and teachers in the church
at Antioch: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius from
Cyrene, Manaen, who had grown up with Herod the governor,
and Saul. 2One day as they were worshiping the Lord and fasting,
the Holy Spirit said, “Set Barnabas and Saul apart for Me, for
the work to which I have called them to do.” 3After fasting and
praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off.79
4
After they had been sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went
down to the city of Seleucia, and from there they sailed to the
Island of Cyprus. 5Arriving in the city of Salamis, they preached
the word of God in the Jewish synagogues. And John Mark was
their assistant. 6 They travelled through the whole island and
came to the city of Paphos. There they found a Jewish sorcerer,
a false prophet named Bar-Jesus. 7He was closely associated
with the governor, Sergius Paulus, who was an intelligent man.
The governor wanted to hear the word of God, so he summoned
Barnabas and Saul. 8But Elymas the sorcerer (as his name is
translated) opposed them and tried to turn the governor away
from the faith. 9But Saul, also known as Paul, being filled with
the Holy Spirit, stared directly at him and said, 10 “You are full
of all deceit and fraud, you are a son of the devil, an enemy of
all that is righteous! Will you ever stop perverting the right ways
of the Lord? 11Now, look! The Lord’s hand is upon you. For a
time you will be blind and will not see the sun.” And instantly
mist and darkness fell upon him, and he went around seeking
someone to lead him by the hand. 12 When the governor saw
this, he believed, because he was amazed at the teaching about
the Lord.
13
Then Paul and his companions left the city of Paphos and
sailed to Perga, a city in the province of Pamphylia, where John
Mark left them and returned to Jerusalem. 14 They left Perga and
arrived in the city of Pisidia Antioch. On the Sabbath they entered
the synagogue and sat down. 15After the reading of the Law and
the Prophets, the synagogue leaders sent a message to them,
saying, “Men, brothers, if you have a word of encouragement
for the people, you may speak.”
16
So Paul stood up, signalled to them with his hand to be
silent, and said, “Men of Israel, and those who revere God, listen!
79
The start of Paul’s first missionary journey (A.D. 46-48).

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Acts 13

17
The God of this people Israel chose our fathers. He exalted the
people when they lived as foreigners in the land of Egypt, and
with an uplifted arm He led them out of Egypt. 18For a period of
about forty years He endured their manners in the wilderness.
19
He destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, divided
their land by lot, and gave it to the people of Israel. 20All this
took about 450 years. After that, God gave them judges until
the time of Samuel the prophet. 21Then they asked for a king.
So God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man from the tribe
of Benjamin, who ruled for forty years. 22But God removed Saul
as their king and raised up David, whom God testified about
when He said, ‘I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after
My own heart, who will do all I desire.’
23
“From this man’s descendants God has raised up Jesus as
Israel’s Saviour, just as He promised. 24Before Jesus came, John
preached a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.
25
As John was completing his race, he said, ‘ Who do you think
I am? I am not the Christ! But look! He is coming after me, and
I am not worthy to untie the sandals on His feet.’
26
“Men, brothers, descendants of Abraham’s family, and those
among you who revere God, this message of salvation has been
sent to us. 27The residents of Jerusalem and their leaders did
not recognize who Jesus was, or understand the words of the
prophets that are read every Sabbath, so they fulfilled the words
of the prophets by condemning Him. 28Although they found no
legitimate grounds for the death penalty, they asked Pilate to
put Him to death. 29When they had fulfilled all that was written
about Him, they took Him down from the cross and laid Him
in a tomb. 30But God raised Him from the dead! 31He was seen
for many days by those who came down with Him from Galilee
to Jerusalem, and they are now His witnesses to the people.
32
“And we proclaim the good news to you, that is, the promise
made to our fathers. 33 This promise God has fulfilled for us,
their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second
Psalm,

‘ You are My Son,
today I have become Your Father.’
(Psalm 2:7)

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God raised Him from the dead so that He would never decay,
34

as He said,

‘ I will give you the holy and sure
blessings promised to David.’
(Isaiah 55:3)
35
In another place God says,

‘ You will not let Your Holy One see decay.’
(Psalm 16:10)
36
“After David had served God’s purpose in his own generation
he died. He was buried with his fathers, and his body decayed.
37
But the One God raised from the dead did not see decay.
38
“Therefore, brothers, you must understand what we are
telling you: through Jesus there is forgiveness for your sins,
39
and everyone who believes in Him is justified from everything
that you could not be justified from by the law of Moses. 40So
beware that what the prophets have said does not happen to you:

‘ Look, you mockers,
41

be amazed and perish!
For I will do a work in your day
that you would not believe,
even if someone told you.’”
(Habakkuk 1:5)
42
As Paul and Barnabas were leaving the synagogue, they
were invited to speak more about these things on the next
Sabbath. 43After the synagogue had been dismissed, many of
the Jews and devout converts to Judaism followed them. So
Paul and Barnabas spoke to them and urged them to continue
in the grace of God.
44
The next Sabbath, almost the entire city gathered to hear
the word of God. 45But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were
filled with jealousy. They insulted Paul and tried to contradict
everything he said. 46 Then Paul and Barnabas boldly said, “We
had to speak the word of God to you first. But since you have
rejected it, and have considered yourselves unworthy of eternal

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life, we will go to the Gentiles—47as the Lord has commanded
us to do:

‘ I have made you a light to the Gentiles,
to bring salvation to the ends of the earth.’”
(Isaiah 49:6)
48
When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified
the word of the Lord. All who had been appointed for eternal
life believed. 49And the word of the Lord spread throughout the
entire region. 50But the Jews stirred up the devout women of
influence and the leading men of the city, and Paul and Barnabas
were persecuted and driven out of that area. 51So they shook
the dust off their feet in protest and went to the city of Iconium.
52
And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.

14 The same thing happened in the city of Iconium. Paul and
Barnabas entered the Jewish synagogue and spoke with
such power that a large number of Jews and Greeks believed.
2
But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles and poisoned
their minds against the brothers. 3Paul and Barnabas stayed
in Iconium for a long time. They spoke boldly in the Lord,
who confirmed the message of His grace by performing signs
and wonders through their hands. 4But the people of Iconium
were divided. Some sided with the Jews and others with the
apostles. 5Eventually both the Gentiles and Jews, together with
their leaders, planned to attack and stone them. 6But when
they became aware of it, they fled to the Lycaonian cities of
Lystra and Derbe, and to the surrounding region, 7where they
preached the gospel.
8
In Lystra there sat a man who was unable to use his feet. He
was born crippled and had never walked. 9As he was listening
to Paul speak, Paul looked straight at him and saw that he
had faith to be healed. 10So Paul said with a loud voice, “Stand
up on your feet!” And the man jumped up and began to walk.
11
When the Lycaonian’s saw what Paul had done, they
shouted in their language, “The gods have come down to us in
human form!” 12 They called Barnabas “Zeus” and Paul “Hermes,”
because he was the main speaker. 13 Then the priest of Zeus,
whose temple was just outside the city, brought bulls and

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garlands to the city gates. He intended, along with the crowd,
to offer sacrifices to them.
14
But when the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard about
this, they tore their clothes and ran into the crowd, shouting,
15
“Men! Why are you doing this? We are human beings just
like you! We have come to announce the good news to you, so
that you may turn from these worthless things and serve the
living God—the God who made heaven and earth, the sea, and
everything in them! 16In past generations, God allowed all the
nations to go their own way. 17Yet He never left them without
proof of His existence. For in His kindness He gives you rain
from heaven, crops in their seasons, and He fills your hearts
with food and gladness.” 18Even with these words, Paul and
Barnabas could hardly stop the crowd from sacrificing to them.
19
Then some Jews from the cities of Pisidia Antioch and
Iconium came to Lystra and stirred up the crowd against them.
They stoned Paul and dragged him out of the city, because
they thought he was dead. 20But after the disciples surrounded
him, he got up and entered the city. The next day he left with
Barnabas for the city of Derbe.
21
They preached the gospel in Derbe and made many disciples.
Then they returned to Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidia Antioch,
22
strengthening the hearts of the disciples and encouraging them
to continue in the faith, saying, “We must endure many trials
and persecutions before entering the kingdom of God.” 23After
Paul and Barnabas had appointed elders in each church they
prayed and fasted, committing them to the Lord in whom they
had put their trust. 24 Then they travelled through the region of
Pisidia and came to the province of Pamphylia. 25 They preached
the word in the city of Perga, and then went to the city of Attalia.
26
From there they sailed back to the city of Antioch, where they
had been committed to the grace of God for the work they had
now completed.80 27They gathered the church together when they
arrived, and told them everything that God had done through
them and how God had opened a door of faith to the Gentiles.
28
And they remained there with the disciples for a long time.

80
The end of Paul’s first missionary journey.

260
Acts 15

15 Now some men from Judea went up to the city of Antioch,
teaching the Gentile believers this doctrine: “Unless you
are circumcised according to the law of Moses you cannot be
saved.” 2Paul and Barnabas strongly disagreed and argued with
them. So the church decided to send Paul and Barnabas, along
with some other believers, to Jerusalem to talk to the apostles
and elders about this question. 3 The church sent them on their
way. And as they travelled through Phoenicia and Samaria they
told the believers about the conversion of the Gentiles, which
brought great joy to them all.
4
When they arrived in Jerusalem, they were welcomed by
the church, the apostles, and the elders, and they reported all
that God had done through them. 5But some believers from the
party of the Pharisees stood up and said, “The Gentiles must be
circumcised; they must be required to keep the law of Moses.”
6
So the apostles and elders met together to look into this
matter. 7After much debate, Peter stood up and said to them,
“Men, brothers! You know that in the early days God chose
me from among you, so that through my mouth the Gentiles
would hear the gospel message and believe. 8And God, who
knows the heart, showed that He accepted the Gentiles by
giving them the Holy Spirit just as He did to us. 9God made no
distinction between them and us, for He cleansed their hearts
by faith. 10So why are you testing God by putting a yoke on the
disciples’ necks that neither we nor our fathers were able to
bear? 11No! We believe that we are saved through the grace of
the Lord Jesus Christ, just as they are.”
12
Then the entire crowd listened quietly to Barnabas and Paul
tell of all the signs and wonders that God had performed among
the Gentiles through them. 13After they finished speaking, James
answered and said, “Men, brothers, listen to me. 14Simon has
told us how God first selected a people for His name from among
the Gentiles. 15 This lines up with the words of the prophets,
as it is written:
16
‘After this I will return
and rebuild David’s fallen tent.
I will rebuild its ruins
and set it up again,

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Acts 15

17
so that the rest of mankind
may seek the Lord—
including all the Gentiles
who are called by My name,
says the Lord, who does all these things.’
(Amos 9:11-12)
18
For God has known all His works from eternity.
19
“This is my opinion: we should not trouble the Gentiles who
are turning to God. 20Instead, we should write and tell them
to abstain from food defiled by idols, from sexual immorality,
from eating the meat of strangled animals, and from consuming
blood. 21For many generations the law of Moses, which prohibits
these things, has been preached in every city and is read in the
synagogues on every Sabbath.”
22
Then the apostles and elders, together with the whole
church, decided to choose some of their own men to go with
Paul and Barnabas to the city of Antioch. They chose Judas, who
was called Barsabbas, and Silas, who were both leading men
among the brothers. 23 They sent a letter with them, which said:

From: The apostles and elders, your brothers.

To: The Gentile brothers in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia,

Greetings!
24
We have heard that some men who came from us have
troubled you with their doctrine. They have upset your hearts
by telling you that you must be circumcised and keep the
law. We did not authorize them to do this! 25So we all decided
to choose some of our own men to send to you with our
beloved Barnabas and Paul, 26who have risked their lives
for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 27Therefore we have
sent Judas and Silas to confirm what we have decided. 28For
it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to place any
greater burden on you then these requirements: 29 to abstain
from food that has been sacrificed to idols, from consuming

262
Acts 16

blood, from eating the meat of strangled animals, and from
sexual immorality. If you stay away from these things, you
will do well.

Farewell.
30
As soon as they were sent off, they went up to the city of
Antioch, where they gathered the church together and delivered
the letter. 31When they read it, the people rejoiced and were
comforted. 32 Then Judas and Silas, who were also prophets,
encouraged and strengthened the brothers with many words.
33
After spending some time there, the brothers sent them back
to the apostles in peace. 34But Silas decided to turn back, and
stayed in Antioch. 35Paul and Barnabas, along with many others,
continued teaching and preaching the word of the Lord in the
city of Antioch.
36
Some time later Paul said to Barnabas, “Let us revisit the
brothers in every city where we have preached the Lord’s word,
and see how they are doing.” 37Barnabas wanted to take John
Mark with them. 38But Paul thought that it was a bad idea,
because he had previously left them in the province of Pamphylia
and had not continued with them in the work of the gospel.
39
They had such a sharp disagreement that they went their
separate ways. Barnabas took John Mark and sailed to the
Island of Cyprus. 40Paul, however, chose Silas, and departed
after the brothers had committed him to the grace of God.81
41
Paul travelled through the provinces of Syria and Cilicia,
strengthening the churches.

16 Paul went to the city of Derbe and then to the city of Lystra,
where he met a disciple named Timothy. His mother was a
Jewish believer, but his father was a Greek. 2 The brothers from
the cities of Lystra and Iconium spoke well of Timothy. 3Paul
wanted Timothy to go with him, but all the Jews living in that
area knew that his father was a Greek, so Paul took Timothy
and circumcised him.
4
As they travelled from one city to another, they delivered the
decisions made by the apostles and elders in Jerusalem for the
81
The start of Paul’s second missionary journey (A.D. 49-52).

263
Acts 16

Gentile believers to obey. 5So the churches were strengthened
in the faith, and daily their numbers increased.
6
Paul and Silas travelled through the province of Galatia to
the region of Phrygia, but the Holy Spirit would not allow them
to enter the province of Asia to preach the word. 7When they
came to the border of the region of Mysia, they went north and
tried to enter the province of Bithynia, but the Spirit would
not allow them to. 8So they passed through the region of Mysia
until they reached the city of Troas. 9 That night Paul had a
vision: a man from the province of Macedonia was standing
there begging him, “Come over to Macedonia and help us!”
10
After Paul had seen the vision we immediately planned to go
to Macedonia, concluding that the Lord had called us to preach
the gospel to them.
11
From the city of Troas we sailed straight to the Island of
Samothrace, and the next day we sailed to the city of Neapolis.
12
From there we travelled to the city of Philippi, a Roman colony,
the leading city of that part of Macedonia. And we stayed there
for a few days. 13On the Sabbath we went outside of the city to a
riverbank, where we thought the Jews might gather for prayer.
We sat down and spoke to the women who had gathered there.
14
A woman named Lydia was among them. She was a convert to
Judaism from the city of Thyatira, a merchant of purple cloth.
As she listened, the Lord opened her heart to respond to what
Paul was saying. 15After Lydia and her family were baptized,
she begged us, “If you are convinced that I believe in the Lord,
then come to my home and stay with us.” And she compelled
us to stay with her.
16
One day as we were going to the place of prayer, a slave-
girl met us along the way. She was possessed by a spirit of
divination, and her fortune-telling earned her master’s a lot of
money. 17She followed behind Paul and the rest of us, crying
out, “These men are slaves of the Most High God, who proclaim
the way of salvation to us!”
18
She did this for many days, until Paul became so annoyed
that he turned to the spirit and said, “I command you in the name
of Jesus Christ to come out of her!” And instantly it came out.
19
When her masters saw that their hope of profit was gone,

264
Acts 16

they grabbed Paul and Silas and dragged them to the market
square to face the authorities. 20 They brought them before the
Roman officials and said, “These Jewish men are causing a lot
of trouble in our city! 21They are teaching unlawful customs,
which we Romans cannot accept or observe!” 22A crowd formed
against Paul and Silas, and the officials ordered them to be
stripped and beaten with rods. 23After giving them a severe
beating, they threw them into prison and ordered the jailer to
guard them securely. 24Upon receiving such an order, the jailer
threw Paul and Silas into the dungeon and secured their feet
in the stocks.
25
Around midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing
hymns to God, while the other prisoners were listening. 26Suddenly
there was a great earthquake that shook the foundations of
the prison, and immediately all the doors were opened, and
everyone’s chains came loose. 27When the jailer woke up and
saw the prison doors open, he assumed that the prisoners had
escaped and drew his sword to kill himself. 28But Paul cried out
with a loud voice, saying, “Do not harm yourself, we are all here!”
29
The jailer called for lights, rushed in, and fell down trembling
before Paul and Silas. 30 Then the jailer brought them out of the
dungeon and asked, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?”
31
They replied, “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and you
and your household will be saved.” 32 Then they spoke the word
of the Lord to him and his entire household. 33 That same hour
of the night the jailer took them and washed their wounds.
Immediately after this, the jailer and his entire household were
baptized. 34 Then he brought Paul and Silas up to his house and
set food before them, and he and his entire household rejoiced
because they believed in God.
35
The next morning the Roman officials sent their officers to
tell the jailer, “Release those men!”
36
The jailer told Paul, “The officials have sent word to release
you. So now you can leave. Go in peace.”
37
But Paul said to the officers, “Although we are Roman
citizens they beat us publicly without a trial and threw us into
prison, and now they want us to leave secretly? No! Let them
personally come to release us!”

265
Acts 17

38
The officers reported these words to the Roman officials,
and when they heard that Paul and Silas were Roman citizens
they were terrified. 39So the officials came and pleaded with
them. Then they brought them out and begged them to leave
the city. 40After leaving the prison they went to Lydia’s house,
where they saw the brothers and encouraged them. Then they
departed.

17 After travelling through the cities of Amphipolis and
Apollonia, Paul and Silas came to the city of Thessalonica,
where there was a Jewish synagogue. 2Paul entered the
synagogue, as was his custom, and reasoned with them from
the Scriptures for three Sabbaths. 3He explained and presented
evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise from the dead,
saying, “This Jesus I am telling you about is the Christ.” 4Some
of the Jews believed and joined Paul and Silas, along with a
large group of God-fearing Greeks and a number of prominent
women.
5
But the unbelieving Jews became jealous. They gathered
some wicked men from the marketplace, formed a mob, and
started a riot in the city. They attacked Jason’s house in an
effort to bring Paul and Silas out to the people. 6But they did
not find them, so they dragged Jason and some of the brothers
before the city officials, shouting, “These men have caused
trouble all over the world, and now they have come here too!
7
Jason has welcomed them, even though they all oppose Caesar’s
decrees. They say there is another king, whose name is Jesus!”
8
When the crowd and the city officials heard this, they became
agitated. 9But they released Jason and the others after they
had posted bond.
10
As soon as it was night, the brothers sent Paul and Silas to
the city of Berea. When they arrived, they went into the Jewish
synagogue. 11Now the people of Berea were more noble than
those in Thessalonica, for they willingly received the word and
examined the Scriptures daily to see if their teaching was true.
12
Therefore many of the Jews believed, along with a number of
prominent Greek men and women.
13
But when the Jews in Thessalonica found out that Paul

266
Acts 17

was preaching the word of God in Berea, they went there and
stirred up the crowds. 14So the brothers immediately sent Paul
to the coast, but Silas and Timothy remained in Berea. 15 Those
who escorted Paul brought him as far as Athens, and then left
with instructions for Silas and Timothy to join him as soon as
possible.
16
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, his spirit became
troubled, because he saw that the city was full of idols. 17So he
debated in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing
Greeks, and with the people in the marketplace every day.
18
Some Epicurean and Stoic philosophers began to debate with
Paul. Some mocked him, saying, “What does this seed picker
wish to say?” Others said, “He seems to be a preacher of foreign
gods.” They said this because Paul was proclaiming the good
news about Jesus and the resurrection. 19 Then they took Paul
and brought him to the Areopagus,82 and asked him, “Can you
tell us more about this new doctrine you are teaching? 20Our
ears are hearing some strange things, and we would like to
know what they mean.” 21For all those in Athens, native and
foreigner, spent their spare time either discussing or listening
to the latest ideas.
22
So Paul stood before the Areopagus and said, “Men of
Athens, I can see that you are extremely religious in every
way. 23As I walked around and carefully examined the objects
of your worship, I found an altar with this inscription: ‘ To an
unknown god.’ You worship a god that you do not know, but I
will tell you about Him.
24
“He is the God who made the world and everything in it;
He is Lord of heaven and earth, and He does not live in man-
made temples. 25No human hands can serve Him. He has no
need of anything, because He gives everyone life and breath and
everything else that is needed. 26From one man God has made
every nation that lives on the face of the earth, and He has set
the timelines and boundaries of every nation. 27God did this so
that they would look for Him and perhaps reach out and find
Him, though He is not far from any one of us. 28For in Him we
live and move and exist. As some of your own poets have said,
82
The Areopagus, “The Hill of Mars,” was the highest court in
Athens.

267
Acts 18

‘ We are also His offspring.’ 29So if we are God’s offspring, we
must not think of God as an image of gold or silver or stone
that is made by the skill and imagination of man.
30
“God overlooked such ignorance in the past, but now He
commands all men everywhere to repent. 31For God has set a
day when He will judge the world with justice by the Man He
has appointed. And God has proved this to everyone by raising
this Man from the dead.”
32
When they heard about the resurrection of the dead, some
mocked him. But others said, “We would like to hear you again
on this subject.” 33 Then Paul left the Areopagus. 34However,
some men joined Paul and became believers. Among them
was Dionysius, a member of the Areopagus, a woman named
Damaris, and some others.

18 After this, Paul left Athens and travelled to the city of
Corinth. 2 There Paul met a Jew named Aquila, a native of
the province of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with
his wife Priscilla, because Claudius Caesar had ordered all the
Jews to leave Rome. Paul went to see them, 3because they were
tent-makers by trade just as he was, and he stayed with them
and worked together with them.
4
Paul spoke in the synagogue every Sabbath, trying to
persuade both Jews and Greeks. 5 When Silas and Timothy
arrived from the province of Macedonia, Paul was compelled
by the Spirit to testify to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ.
6
But when they opposed and insulted Paul, he shook the dust
from his clothes in protest and said, “Your blood is on your own
heads! I am innocent! From now on I will go to the Gentiles!”
7
Then Paul left the synagogue and went next door to the
house of a Gentile named Justus, who was a worshiper of
God. 8Now Crispus, the leader of the synagogue, and his entire
household believed in the Lord. And after hearing Paul, many
of the Corinthians believed and were baptized.
9
One night the Lord said to Paul in a vision, “Do not be
frightened! Keep on speaking and do not be silent. 10I am with

268
Acts 18

you, and no one will attack or harm you, for I have many people
in this city.” 11So Paul stayed in the city of Corinth for a year
and a half, teaching the word of God among the people.83
12
While Gallio was governor of the province of Achaia, the
Jews rose up together against Paul and dragged him into court.
13
They said, “This man is persuading people to worship God in
ways that are contrary to the law.”
14
Just as Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to
the Jews, “If this were truly a case of some injustice or serious
crime, it would be reasonable for me to listen to you Jews. 15But
if it is a question about words and names and of your law, look
after it yourselves. I will not be a judge of such matters.” 16And
he threw them out of his court. 17Then all the Greeks grabbed
Sosthenes, the leader of the synagogue, and beat him in front
of the court. Gallio, however, did not care.
18
After Paul had remained in the city of Corinth for a while,
he left the brothers and went to the town of Cenchrea. There
he shaved his head because of a vow. Then he sailed for Syria,
taking Priscilla and Aquila with him. 19 They stopped at the city
of Ephesus, where Paul left Priscilla and Aquila. While Paul was
there, he entered the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews.
20
They asked him to stay longer, but he declined. 21As he was
leaving, he said, “By all means I must keep the upcoming feast
in Jerusalem, but I will come back to you again if it is God’s
will.” Then he set sail from Ephesus.
22
After Paul arrived at the city of Caesarea, he went down to
Jerusalem and greeted the church. Then he went back up to
the city of Antioch.84 23Paul stayed there for a while, then left
and travelled back through the regions of Galatia and Phrygia,
strengthening all the disciples.85
24
Meanwhile, a Jew named Apollos came to the city of Ephesus.
He was a native of Alexandria, an intelligent man who was well
versed in the Scriptures. 25He had been instructed in the way
83
It is believed that during this 18 month period in Corinth
Paul wrote 1 & 2 Thessalonians.
84
The end of Paul’s second missionary journey.
85
The start of Paul’s third missionary journey (A.D. 53-57).

269
Acts 19

of the Lord, and with a zealous spirit he accurately spoke and
taught about the things of the Lord, although he only knew
about John’s baptism. 26When Aquila and Priscilla heard him
speaking boldly in the synagogue, they took him aside and
explained to him the way of God more accurately. 27And when
Apollos decided to cross over to the province of Achaia, the
brothers in Ephesus encouraged him and wrote to the disciples
there to welcome him. When he arrived, he greatly helped those
who had believed through grace. 28For Apollos powerfully refuted
the Jews publicly, proving through the Scriptures that Jesus
was the Christ.

19 While Apollos was in the city of Corinth, Paul travelled
through the interior and came to the city of Ephesus.86
There Paul found some disciples, 2and asked them, “Did you
receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?”
They replied, “No, we have never even heard of the Holy Spirit.”
3
So Paul asked them, “Then what baptism did you receive?”
And they replied, “John’s baptism.”
4
Paul said, “John’s baptism was a baptism of repentance.
But John told the people to believe in the One who was to come
after him, that is, in Christ Jesus.” 5After hearing this, they
were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6When Paul laid
his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they
spoke in tongues and prophesied. 7There were about twelve
men in total.
8
Then Paul entered the synagogue and spoke boldly for three
months, arguing persuasively about the kingdom of God. 9But
when some of them became stubborn and would not believe, and
began to publicly speak against the Way, Paul left the synagogue.
He took the disciples with him, and held discussions daily in
the school of Tyrannus. 10 This continued for two years. And
all those living in the province of Asia, both Jews and Greeks,
heard the word of the Lord Jesus.
11
God performed extraordinary miracles through the hands
of Paul. 12When handkerchiefs and aprons that had touched

86
Paul wrote 1 Corinthians near the end of his stay in Ephesus
on his third missionary journey.

270
Acts 19

his body were brought to the sick, their diseases were healed
and evil spirits left them.
13
Now there were some Jewish exorcists who travelled from
place to place trying to use the name of the Lord Jesus to cast
out evil spirits, saying, “In the name of Jesus, whom Paul
preaches, I command you to come out!” 14It was the seven sons
of a Jewish chief priest named Sceva who were doing this.
15
One day an evil spirit answered and said, “I know Jesus,
and I am familiar with Paul, but who are you?” 16 Then the
man who was possessed by the evil spirit leaped on them, and
overpowered them with such force that they fled from the house
naked and wounded.
17
When this became known, fear fell upon all the Jews and
Greeks living in the city of Ephesus, and the name of the Lord
Jesus was magnified. 18Many of those who believed came and
openly confessed their evil deeds. 19And many of those who
had practiced magic gathered their scrolls and burned them in
front of everyone. They added up their value and found them
to be worth four million dollars.87 20So the word of God spread
mightily with power.
21
After this, Paul felt compelled by the Spirit to travel
through the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia and then on
to Jerusalem. He said, “After I have gone to Jerusalem, I must
also visit Rome.” 22After sending two of his helpers, Timothy
and Erastus, to the province of Macedonia, Paul stayed awhile
longer in the province of Asia.
23
During that time a great disturbance broke out in the
city of Ephesus concerning the Way. 24It started because of
a silversmith named Demetrius. He made silver shrines of
the Greek goddess Artemis, and provided a lot of work for the
craftsmen in Ephesus. 25He gathered the craftsmen together,
along with those working in similar trades, and said, “Men, you
87
“They added up their value and found them to be worth fifty
thousand drachmas.” A drachma was worth about a day’s wag-
es. In Canada where I am from, minimum wage is $10(CAD) an
hour. $10×8hours=$80. So a day’s wages where I am from is
$80(CAD). 50,000×80=4,000,000. So fifty thousand drachmas
is worth about $4,000,000(CAD).

271
Acts 19

know that our prosperity depends on this business. 26As you
have seen and heard, this man Paul says that man-made gods
are not real. He has persuaded and misled large numbers of
people not only in Ephesus, but throughout the entire province
of Asia. 27 There is a danger not only that our business will
be discredited, but also that the temple of the great goddess
Artemis will be considered worthless. Then, even though the
entire province of Asia and the whole world worships her, her
glory will be destroyed.”
28
When they heard this they became enraged and cried out,
saying, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!” 29The whole city was
in an uproar. The crowd grabbed Gaius and Aristarchus, Paul’s
travelling companions from the province of Macedonia. And with
one mind they rushed over to the theatre. 30Paul wanted to go
in and address the crowd, but the disciples would not let him.
31
Some of the officials of the province of Asia, who were Paul’s
friends, sent a message begging him not to enter the theatre.
32
Meanwhile, some shouted one thing and some another. The
crowd was confused, and most of them did not know why they
were there. 33 The Jews in the crowd pushed Alexander out in
front. So Alexander motioned with his hand to make his defence
before the people. 34But when they realized that Alexander was
a Jew, they all cried out with one voice for about two hours:
“Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”
35
After the city clerk quieted the crowd down he said, “Men
of Ephesus! Everyone knows that the city of Ephesus is the
guardian of the temple of the great goddess Artemis, whose
image fell from heaven? 36Since these facts are indisputable,
you must quiet down and not do anything rash. 37These men
you have brought here are not temple-robbers or blasphemers
of our goddess. 38So if Demetrius and his fellow craftsmen have
a complaint against anyone, the courts are open and there are
officials available. They can press charges in court. 39If you
have any further complaints, they must be settled in the legal
assembly. 40For we are in danger of being charged with rioting
today, since there is no explanation we can give to justify this
mob.” 41After the city clerk said this, he dismissed the assembly.

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Acts 20

20 After the uproar was over, Paul summoned the disciples
and embraced them. Then he left for the province of
Macedonia. 2Paul travelled through Macedonia,88 greatly
encouraging the believers, and then came to the province of
Achaia. 3He stayed in Achaia for three months.89 When he was
about to sail to Syria, the Jews plotted against him. So Paul
decided to go back through Macedonia. 4 These are the men who
accompanied Paul to the province of Asia: Sopater, who was
from the city of Berea; Aristarchus and Secundus, who were
from the city of Thessalonica; Gaius, who was from the city of
Derbe; Timothy; Tychicus and Trophimus, who were from the
province of Asia. 5 These men went ahead and waited for us in
the city of Troas. 6 We sailed from the city of Philippi after the
Feast of Unleavened Bread. Five days later we joined them in
Troas, where we stayed for seven days.
7
On the first day of the week, the disciples gathered together
to break bread, and since Paul was going to leave the next day,
he continued preaching until midnight. 8 There were many
lamps in the upper room where we were gathered. 9Sitting in
a window was a young man named Eutychus, who fell into a
deep sleep as Paul talked on and on. While he was sleeping, he
fell from the third story and was picked up dead. 10Paul went
down, threw himself on Eutychus, and embraced him, saying,
“Do not be disturbed; he is alive!” 11Then Paul went back up,
broke bread, and ate. He talked for a long time, until daybreak,
and then left. 12 They took the young man home alive, and were
greatly comforted.
13
We boarded the ship without Paul, and sailed for the city of
Assos. There we intended to pick him up as arranged, because
he wanted to go on foot. 14After Paul met up with us in Assos, we
took him aboard and went to the city of Mitylene. 15 The next day
we sailed past the Island of Chios. The following day we reached
the Island of Samos, and stayed at the town of Trogyllium. A day
later we arrived at the city of Miletus. 16For Paul had decided
to sail past the city of Ephesus to avoid spending more time in
the province of Asia. He was in a hurry to get to Jerusalem, if
possible, by the day of Pentecost.
88
Paul wrote 2 Corinthians during this time in Macedonia.
89
Paul wrote the book of Romans during this three month pe-
riod in the city of Corinth.

273
Acts 20

17
From Miletus Paul sent a message to Ephesus, summoning
the elders of the church. 18 When they arrived, Paul said to
them, “You know how I conducted myself the entire time I
was with you, from the first day I set foot in the province of
Asia. 19I served the Lord with great humility and with many
tears throughout the trials that I went through when the Jews
plotted against me. 20You know that I never failed to tell you
what was profitable, and that I taught you publicly and from
house to house. 21I earnestly testified to both Jews and Greeks
that they must repent and turn to God and put their faith in
our Lord Jesus Christ.
22
“And now I am bound by the Spirit to go to Jerusalem, not
knowing what will happen to me there. 23However, the Holy
Spirit warns me in every city that chains and suffering await
me. 24Nevertheless, I do not worry about these things, I do not
consider my life of any value. My goal is to finish my race with
joy, and the ministry that I received from the Lord Jesus—the
ministry of testifying about the gospel of God’s grace.
25
“Now I know that none of you whom I have preached the
kingdom of God to, will ever see my face again. 26 Therefore,
today you are witnesses that I am innocent of the blood of all
of you. 27For I never failed to tell you about the whole plan of
God. 28Pay attention to yourselves and to the entire flock over
which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, shepherding
God’s church, which He bought with His own blood. 29I know
that after I leave, vicious wolves will come in among you and
will not spare the flock. 30Some of your own men will rise up
and teach distorted doctrines in order to lure the disciples into
following them. 31So watch out! Remember that for three years,
both night and day, I never stopped warning each one of you
with tears.
32
“Now I commit you to God and to the message of His grace,
which is able to build you up and to give you an inheritance with
all those who are sanctified. 33I did not covet anyone’s silver,
gold, or clothing. 34You know that I worked with my own hands
to supply my needs and the needs of my companions. 35In every
way I have shown you that we must work hard like this in order
to help the sick and feeble, remembering the words of the Lord
Jesus when He said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’”

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Acts 21

36
After saying this, Paul knelt down with all of them and
prayed. 37They all wept bitterly as they threw their arms around
Paul’s neck and kissed him. 38What grieved them most of all
was Paul’s statement that they would never see his face again.
Then they escorted him to the ship.

21 After we had torn ourselves away from them, we sailed
straight to the Island of Cos. The next day we sailed to the
Island of Rhodes, and from there to the city of Patara. 2 There we
found a ship that was crossing over to Phoenicia, so we boarded
it and set sail. 3After sighting the Island of Cyprus, we passed
it on our left and sailed on to Syria. We landed at the city of
Tyre, where our ship unloaded its cargo. 4We found the disciples
and stayed with them for seven days. Through the Spirit they
warned Paul not to go to Jerusalem. 5When it was time to go, we
left and continued on our journey. All the disciples, along with
their wives and children, escorted us outside of the city. Then
we knelt down on the shore and prayed. 6After embracing one
another, we boarded the ship, and they returned to their homes.
7
We departed from the city of Tyre and sailed to the town of
Ptolemais, where we greeted the brothers and stayed with them
for one day. 8 The next day we sailed to the city of Caesarea, and
stayed at the house of Philip the evangelist, who was one of the
Seven.90 9Philip had four virgin daughters who all prophesied.
10
Several days later a prophet named Agabus arrived from
Judea. 11He came over to us and took Paul’s belt, he bound his
own hands and feet with it and said, “This is what the Holy Spirit
says: ‘This is how the Jews in Jerusalem will bind the man who
owns this belt and will hand him over to the Gentiles.’” 12When
we heard this, we all begged Paul not to go down to Jerusalem.
13
But Paul replied, “Why are you weeping? You are breaking
my heart! I am not only ready to be bound, but also to die in
Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus!”
14
Since Paul could not be persuaded, we held our peace and
said, “The Lord’s will be done.”
15
After this, we packed up and went down to Jerusalem.
16
Some of the disciples from the city of Caesarea came along with
90
Acts 6:5

275
Acts 21

us. They brought us to our host Mnason, a native of Cyprus,
who was one of the early disciples.
17
When we arrived in Jerusalem, the brothers gladly welcomed
us.91 18 The next day we went with Paul to visit James, and all
the elders were present. 19After greeting them, Paul explained
in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his
ministry.
20
When they heard this, they glorified the Lord and said, “You
see brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and
all of them are zealous for the law. 21They have been told that
you teach all the Jews living among the Gentiles to forsake the
law of Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or to
follow our customs. 22What should we do? Once they hear that
you have come, it is inevitable that a crowd will gather. 23So
this is what you must do: we have four men who have taken a
vow. 24 Take these men and purify yourself along with them, and
pay for them to have their heads shaved. Then everyone will
realize that the rumours about you are not true, and that you
walk in obedience to the law. 25As for the Gentile believers, we
have written them concerning our decision: they must abstain
from food that has been defiled by idols, from consuming blood,
from eating the meat of strangled animals, and from sexual
immorality.”
26
The next day Paul took the men and purified himself along
with them. Then he entered the temple, and announced to
the priest when their days of purification would end and their
offerings were to be presented. 27 When the seven days were
almost up, some Jews from the province of Asia noticed Paul
at the temple. They stirred up all the people and grabbed Paul,
28
crying out, “Men of Israel, help! This is the man who teaches
everyone everywhere against our people, the law of Moses, and
this temple! Furthermore, he has brought Greeks into the temple
and has defiled this holy place!” 29For they had previously seen
Trophimus, a Gentile from the city of Ephesus, with Paul in
Jerusalem, and thought that Paul had brought him into the
temple.
30
The people rushed together and grabbed Paul, they dragged
91
The end of Paul’s third missionary journey.

276
Acts 22

him out of the temple and immediately shut the gates, and the
whole city was in an uproar. 31As they were about to kill Paul,
word reached the commander of the Roman regiment that all
Jerusalem was in an uproar. 32Immediately the commander took
some of his officers and soldiers and ran down to the people.
When they saw the commander and his soldiers, they stopped
beating Paul.
33
The commander went over and grabbed Paul and commanded
his soldiers to bind him with two chains. Then the commander
inquired who Paul was and what he had done. 34Some shouted
one thing and some another. And since the commander was
unable to find out anything because of the uproar, he commanded
the soldiers to take Paul to the fortress. 35When Paul reached
the stairs, the mob became so violent that the soldiers had to
carry him. 36 The mob followed, shouting, “Away with him!”
37
As the soldiers were about to take Paul into the fortress,
he asked the commander, “May I speak to you?”
The commander replied, “Do you know Greek? 38Are you not
the Egyptian who started a rebellion some time ago and led four
thousand assassins into the desert?”
39
Paul answered, “I am a Jew from the distinguished city of
Tarsus, in the province of Cilicia. I beg you to let me speak to
the people.”
40
So Paul, with the commander’s permission, stood on the
stairs and signalled to the people with his hand. As soon as it
was quiet, Paul said to them in Aramaic:

22 “Men, brothers, and fathers, listen to my defence!” 2When
they heard him speaking in Aramaic, they quieted down
even more. Then Paul continued, 3“I am a Jew, born in the
city of Tarsus, in the province of Cilicia, but brought up here
in Jerusalem. I was educated under Gamaliel, and thoroughly
trained in the law of our fathers. I was as zealous for God as
all of you are today. 4I persecuted the followers of the Way, and
some were even put to death. I arrested both men and women
and threw them into prison. 5 The high priest and the entire
Sanhedrin can testify to this. They also gave me letters to bring
to the brothers in Damascus, so that I could arrest them and
bring them to Jerusalem to be punished.

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Acts 22

6
“Around noontime, as I was nearing the city of Damascus,
a bright light from heaven suddenly shone around me. 7I fell to
the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul! Saul! Why
are you persecuting Me?’
8
I asked, ‘ Who are you, Lord?’
He replied, ‘ I am Jesus of Nazareth, the One you are
persecuting.’ 9 The men who were with me saw the light and
became afraid, because they did not understand the voice of
the One who was speaking to me.
10
I asked, ‘ Lord, what do you want me to do?’
And the Lord said to me, ‘Get up and go into the city of
Damascus, there you will be told about everything that you
have been appointed to do.’ 11I could not see because of the
glory of the light, so my companions led me by the hand into
Damascus.
12
“Now there was a godly man named Ananias, who walked
according to the law and was highly respected by all the Jews
living in Damascus. 13He came and stood beside me and said,
‘Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And instantly I looked up
and saw him.
14
Then Ananias said, ‘ The God of our fathers has chosen
you to know His will, to see the Righteous One, and to hear
the sound of His voice. 15You will be His witness to all men of
what you have seen and heard. 16Now what are you waiting for?
Get up! Call on the name of the Lord, so that your sins may be
washed away, and be baptized!’
17
“When I returned to Jerusalem, I was praying in the temple
and fell into a trance.92 18I saw the Lord saying to me, ‘ Hurry!
Get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not receive your
testimony about Me.’
19
I replied, ‘ Lord, they know that I went from synagogue
to synagogue imprisoning and beating those who believed in
You. 20And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was shed,
I consented to his death. I even stood and guarded the coats
of those who were killing him.’
21
But the Lord said to me, ‘Go! I am sending you far away
to the Gentiles!’”

92
This happened three years after Paul’s conversion (Galatians
1:15-18).

278
Acts 23

22
They listened to Paul up to this point, and then raised their
voices and said, “Rid the earth of this man! He is not fit to live!”
23
As they shouted, they threw off their coats and tossed dust into
the air. 24 The commander ordered the soldiers to bring Paul into
the fortress. He told them to whip and interrogate him, so that
he could find out why the people were yelling at him like this.
25
But as they were tying him up to be whipped, Paul asked
the officer standing there, “Is it legal for you to whip a Roman
citizen without a trial?”
26
When the officer heard this he went and reported it to the
commander, saying, “Do you realize what you are doing? This
man is a Roman citizen!”
27
The commander went and asked Paul, “Tell me, are you a
Roman citizen?”
“Yes,” Paul answered.
28
The commander said, “I acquired my citizenship with a
large sum of money.”
Paul replied, “But I was born a Roman citizen.”
29
Immediately, those who were about to examine him withdrew.
The commander became afraid when he realized that he had
tied up a Roman citizen.
30
The next day the commander, intending to find out exactly
what the Jews were accusing him of doing, commanded the
chief priests and the entire Sanhedrin to assemble. Then he
unchained Paul and brought him down to stand before the
Sanhedrin.

23 Paul looked directly at the Sanhedrin and said, “Men,
brothers, to this very day I have lived before God with a
clear conscience.” 2 Then the high priest Ananias ordered those
who were standing beside Paul to slap him on the mouth. 3In
response, Paul said to him, “God will slap you, you whitewashed
wall! You sit there and judge me according to the law, yet you
have violated the law by ordering them to slap me!”
4
Those who were standing beside Paul said, “Do you dare
insult God’s high priest?”
5
Paul answered, “Brothers, I was not aware that he was the
high priest. For it is written,

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Acts 23

‘ You must not curse the ruler of your people.’”
(Exodus 22:28)
6
When Paul realized that the Sanhedrin was comprised of
both Sadducees and Pharisees, he cried out, “I am a Pharisee,
brothers, just as my father was a Pharisee! I am on trial because
of my hope that the dead will be resurrected!” 7After Paul said
this, the Pharisees and Sadducees began to argue, and the
Sanhedrin was divided. 8For the Sadducees say that there is
no resurrection, angels, or spirits. But the Pharisees believe
in them all. 9 There was a great commotion. Then some of the
teachers of the law, who were Pharisees, stood up and argued,
“We find nothing wrong with this man. But if a spirit or an angel
has spoken to him, let us not fight against God!” 10 The dispute
escalated so much that the commander feared they would tear
Paul to pieces. So he commanded the soldiers to go down and
take Paul by force, and to bring him back into the fortress.
11
That night the Lord stood by his side and said, “Take courage,
Paul! Just as you have testified about me in Jerusalem, you
must also testify about me in Rome.”
12
The next morning the Jews formed a secret alliance, and
bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they
had killed Paul. 13 There were more than forty men involved in
this plot. 14 They went to the high priest and the elders and said,
“We have bound ourselves with an oath not to eat anything until
we have killed Paul. 15Now this is what you must do: you and
the Sanhedrin must ask the commander to bring him to you
tomorrow, so that you may investigate his case in more detail.
And we will kill him before he gets here.”
16
But when the son of Paul’s sister heard about the ambush,
he went to the fortress and told Paul. 17 Then Paul called one
of the officers over and said, “Bring this young man to the
commander, because he has something to tell him.”
18
So the officer took him to the commander and said, “Paul,
the prisoner, called me over. He asked me to bring this young
man to you, because he has something to tell you.”
19
Then the commander took him by the hand, led him aside
privately, and asked, “What do you want to tell me?”
20
The young man said, “The Jews have agreed to ask you to

280
Acts 23

bring Paul before the Sanhedrin tomorrow, so that they may
investigate his case in more detail. 21Do not believe them, because
more than forty men are planning to ambush him. They have
taken an oath not to eat or drink until they have killed him,
and they are ready and waiting for your consent.”
22
The commander dismissed the young man, cautioning
him, “Do not tell anyone what you have told me.” 23 Then the
commander summoned two of his officers and said, “Prepare two
hundred soldiers, seventy horsemen, and two hundred spearmen
to leave for the city of Caesarea at nine o’clock tonight. 24Provide
horses for Paul to ride, and bring him safely to Governor Felix.”
25
Then he wrote a letter to the Governor, which said:
26
From: Claudius Lysias.

To: His Excellency, Governor Felix,

Greetings!
27
The Jews seized this man and were about to kill him, but
I came with my troops and rescued him. When I realized that
he was a Roman citizen, 28I wanted to find out exactly what
the Jews were charging him with. So I brought him before
their Sanhedrin. 29I found out that he was being accused
of questions regarding their law, but there was no charge
against him that was worthy of death or imprisonment.
30
When it was reported to me that the Jews were plotting to
kill this man, I immediately sent him to you. I also ordered
his accusers to present their charges before you.

Farewell.
31
So the soldiers did what they were commanded, and took
Paul to the city of Antipatris during the night. 32 The next day
the horsemen took Paul to the city of Caesarea, while the rest
returned to the fortress in Jerusalem. 33 When the horsemen
arrived in Caesarea, they delivered the letter to the governor
and presented Paul to him. 34 The governor read the letter and
asked Paul what province he was from. When he learned that
Paul was from the province of Cilicia, 35he said, “I will hear

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your case when your accusers get here.” Then he gave orders
to confine Paul in Herod’s palace.

24 Five days later the high priest Ananias went up to the
city of Caesarea with some of the elders and an attorney
named Tertullus, and they presented their case against Paul
to the governor. 2When Paul was called in, Tertullus presented
his case: “We have enjoyed much peace, because of the reforms
you have made to this nation through your foresight. 3We are
always thankful for what you have done, most excellent Felix,
and we acknowledge this everywhere we go. 4But in order not
to take up anymore of your time, I beg you to kindly listen to
us for a moment.
5
“We have found this man to be a plague that stirs up riots
among all the Jews throughout the world. He is a ringleader
of the Nazarene sect. 6He even tried to desecrate the temple,
so we arrested him. We were going to judge him according to
our law. 7But commander Lysias came with great force and
took him from our hands, 8and commanded us to present our
case to you. By examining him for yourself, you will become
fully acquainted with the accusations we are bringing against
him.” 9Then the other Jews joined in, alleging that these things
were true.
10
Then the governor signalled for Paul to speak. So Paul
responded, “I know that you have been a judge over this nation
for many years, so I gladly make my defence. 11You will find that
I arrived in Jerusalem twelve days ago to worship. 12My accusers
did not find me stirring up a crowd or arguing with anyone in
the temple, the synagogues, or in the city. 13 They cannot prove
their accusations against me. 14But I will confess that I am a
follower of the Way, which they call a sect. I worship the God
of our fathers and believe everything that is written in the Law
and the Prophets. 15I have the same hope in God as these men
have—that there will be a resurrection of both the righteous
and unrighteous from the dead. 16 That is why I always try to
have a clear conscience before God and man.
17
“After several years, I returned to Jerusalem to bring a
charitable gift to my nation and to offer sacrifices. 18I was neither

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Acts 25

with a crowd nor causing a disturbance. When my days of
purification were almost complete, some Jews from the province
of Asia saw me in the temple—19they are the ones who should
be here accusing me, if they have anything against me. 20Or else
these men should state what crime they found me guilty of when
I stood before the Sanhedrin, 21other than what I shouted when
I stood before them: ‘ I am on trial before you today because of
my hope in the resurrection of the dead!’”
22
Then Felix, who had a detailed knowledge of the Way,
adjourned the hearing, saying, “When commander Lysias comes,
I will decide your case.” 23Felix commanded an officer to guard
Paul. He was to give Paul some freedom, and was to allow his
friends to visit him and to take care of his needs.
24
Several days later, Felix came with his Jewish wife Drusilla.
He sent for Paul and listened to him talk about faith in Christ.
25
As Paul spoke to them about righteousness, self-control, and
the coming judgment, Felix became afraid and said, “Go now,
when I have time I will summon you.” 26Felix sent for Paul
frequently and talked with him, hoping that Paul would bribe
him.
27
Two years later, Felix was succeeded by Porcius Festus.
But since Felix wanted to do the Jews a favour, he left Paul in
prison.

25
2
Three days after Festus arrived in the province of Judea,
he went down from the city of Caesarea to Jerusalem.
There the high priest and the Jewish elders presented their case
against Paul. 3 They asked Festus to bring Paul to Jerusalem
as a favour to them, because they were planning to ambush
and kill him on the way. 4But Festus told them that Paul would
be kept in Caesarea, and that he himself was returning there
shortly. 5Festus said, “Let some competent men come with me
to Caesarea, and if he has done anything wrong, they can make
their accusations against him.”
6
Festus stayed in Jerusalem for about ten days and then
went up to the city of Caesarea. The next day he sat on the
judgment seat and summoned Paul. 7When Paul was brought

283
Acts 25

in, the Jews who had come up from Jerusalem stood around
him bring many serious charges against him that they could
not prove. 8 Then Paul made his defence: “I have not committed
any offence against the Jewish law or against the temple or
against Caesar.”
9
Then Festus, wanting to do the Jews a favour, asked Paul,
“Are you willing to stand trial before me at Jerusalem?”
10
But Paul replied, “I am standing before Caesar’s judgment
seat where I ought to be tried. I have not wronged the Jews,
as you very well know. 11If I have truly done something wrong
and worthy of death, then I am willing to die. But if none of
their accusations are true, then no one has the right to hand
me over to them. I appeal to Caesar!”
12
After Festus talked with his advisers, he said, “You have
appealed to Caesar, to Caesar you will go!”
13
A few days later King Agrippa and his sister Bernice arrived
in the city of Caesarea to congratulate Festus. 14Since they were
staying there for several days, Festus explained Paul’s case to
the king, saying, “Felix left a man here in prison. 15When I was
in Jerusalem, the chief priests and the Jewish elders presented
their case against him and asked me to pronounce judgment on
him. 16I told them that it is contrary to Roman law to sentence
a man to death in order to grant a favour. Instead, the accused
must have the opportunity to meet his accusers face to face
and to make his defence against their charges.
17
“When they came here with me, I did not delay. The next
day I sat on the judgment seat and summoned the man. 18When
his accusers stood up, they did not bring any criminal charges
against him like I thought they would. 19Instead, they argued
with him about certain matters regarding their religion and
about a dead man named Jesus, who Paul said was alive. 20I
had no idea how to investigate these claims, so I asked Paul
if he would be willing to go to Jerusalem to be tried there on
these charges. 21But Paul appealed to Caesar, so I commanded
him to be kept in custody until I could send him to Caesar.”
22
Then King Agrippa said to Festus, “I would like to hear this
man.”
Festus replied, “Tomorrow you will hear him.”

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Acts 26

23
The next day King Agrippa and Bernice entered the auditorium
with royal splendour, accompanied by the commanders and the
prominent men of the city. Then Festus gave the command, and
Paul was brought in. 24Festus said, “King Agrippa, and all who
are present, look at this man. The whole Jewish community has
petitioned me in both Caesarea and Jerusalem, shouting that
he should no longer live. 25I found that he has done nothing
worthy of death. But since he has appealed to Caesar, I have
decided to send him to Rome. 26But I have nothing definite
to write to Caesar about him. So I have brought him before
all of you, especially before you, King Agrippa, so that I may
have something to write after we examine him. 27For it seems
unreasonable to me to send a prisoner without indicating the
charges against him.”

26 Then King Agrippa said to Paul, “You may now speak on
your own behalf.”

So Paul stretched out his hand and made his defence: 2“King
Agrippa, I am very fortunate to make my defence before you
today concerning all the accusations the Jews have brought
against me, 3for I know that you are well acquainted with all
the Jewish customs and controversies. Therefore I beg you to
listen to me patiently.
4
“All the Jews know how I have lived my life, both in my own
country and in Jerusalem, from the beginning of my youth.
5
They have known me from the beginning, if they will admit it,
because I was a member of the Pharisees—the strictest party
of our religion. 6And now I stand here on trial because of my
hope in the promise that God made to our fathers. 7This is the
promise that the twelve tribes of Israel hope to attain as they
earnestly serve God night and day. The Jews are bringing these
accusations against me, King Agrippa, because of this hope!
8
What? Do you think it is impossible for God to raise the dead?
9
“I once thought I should do everything possible to oppose
the name of Jesus of Nazareth, 10and that is exactly what I
did in Jerusalem. I received authority from the chief priests to
imprison many of the saints, and I cast my vote against them
when they were put to death. 11In synagogue after synagogue I

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Acts 26

punished them frequently, trying to force them to blaspheme.
My rage was so great against them that I even persecuted them
in foreign cities.
12
“On one such occasion, I was heading for the city of
Damascus with the permission and authority of the chief priests.
13
At about noon, King Agrippa, as I was travelling along the
road, I saw a light from heaven that was brighter than the sun,
shining around me and my companions. 14 We all fell to the
ground, and I heard a voice saying to me in Aramaic, ‘Saul! Saul!
Why are you persecuting Me? It is hard for you to kick against
the goads.’ 15I asked, ‘ Who are You, Lord?’ He answered, ‘ I am
Jesus, the One you are persecuting. 16Now get up and stand on
your feet. I have appeared to you to appoint you as My servant
and witness. You will testify of what you have seen, and what
I will show you. 17I will deliver you from your own people and
from the Gentiles. I am sending you to the Gentiles, 18to open
their eyes so that they turn from darkness to light and from the
power of satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness for
their sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified
by faith in Me.’
19
“So, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly
vision. 20First I preached to those in Damascus, then to those
in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that
they should repent and turn to God—showing their repentance
by their deeds. 21That is why the Jews grabbed me in the temple
and tried to kill me. 22But I have received God’s help to this very
day, so that I can stand and testify to both small and great,
preaching nothing but what the prophets and Moses said would
happen—23that the Christ would suffer and be the first to rise
from the dead, and by doing so would proclaim light to our
people and to the Gentiles.”
24
At this part of Paul’s defence, Festus shouted, “You are
insane, Paul! All that learning has made you crazy!”
25
But Paul replied, “I am not insane, most excellent Festus,
because the words I speak are true and rational. 26And since
King Agrippa knows about these things, I can speak frankly
to him. I am sure that none of this has escaped his attention,
because it was not done in a corner. 27King Agrippa, do you
believe the prophets? I know you believe them.”

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Acts 27

28
Then King Agrippa said to Paul, “Do you think you can
persuade me to become a Christian so quickly?”
29
Paul replied, “Whether quickly or not, I pray to God that
not only you, but everyone listening to me today, might become
as I am, except for these chains!”
30
After Paul finished speaking, King Agrippa, governor Festus,
Bernice, and those who were sitting with them got up. 31As they
were leaving, they said to one another, “This man has done
nothing worthy of death or imprisonment.”
32
Then King Agrippa said to Festus, “This man could have
been released if he had not appealed to Caesar.”

27 When it was decided that we should sail for Italy, Paul
and some other prisoners were delivered to an officer of
the imperial regiment named Julius. 2We boarded a ship from
the city of Adramyttium, which was headed for various ports
along the coast of the province of Asia. We were accompanied
by Aristarchus, a Macedonian from the city of Thessalonica.
3
The next day we arrived at the city of Sidon. There Julius
kindly allowed Paul to visit his friends, so that they could care
for his needs. 4We left Sidon and sailed up along the northern
side of the Island of Cyprus, because the winds were against
us. 5 Then we crossed over the sea and sailed along the coast
of the provinces of Cilicia and Pamphylia until we reached the
city of Myra in the province of Lycia. 6 There the officer found an
Alexandrian ship headed for Italy, and put us aboard it. 7After
sailing slowly for many days, we neared the city of Cnidus with
great difficulty. Since the wind was against us, we sailed down
to the Island of Crete. We sailed around the Cape of Salmone,
and then along the southern side of the island. 8We sailed with
great difficulty along the coast of Crete until we came to a place
called Fair Havens, near the town of Lasea.
9
We had lost a lot of time and it was now too risky to sail,
for the Day of Atonement had already past. So Paul warned
them, 10“Men, I can see that this voyage will be hazardous, not
only endangering the ship and its cargo but also our lives.”
11
But the officer believed the helmsman and the ship’s captain
rather than Paul. 12Since Fair Havens was not a suitable place
to spend the winter, the majority of the crew decided to sail

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along the coast. They hoped to somehow make it to Phoenix, a
harbour of Crete, which faced both southwest and northwest,
where they could spend the winter safely.
13
When a gentle south wind began to blow, the crew thought
they had obtained what they wanted. So they raised the anchor
and sailed close to the shore of Crete. 14But soon after we
experienced a gale force wind called the Northeaster. 15 The ship
was caught in the storm and could not face the wind, so the
crew gave up and let the wind carry us along. 16We passed to
the left of a small island called Clauda, where we were barely
able to secure the ship’s lifeboat. 17After hoisting the lifeboat
aboard, the crew bound ropes around the ship’s hull to reinforce
it. They feared being driven across to the sandbars of Syrtis, so
they lowered the sail and drifted along. 18 The next day, as the
storm violently tossed the ship to and fro, they began throwing
the ship’s cargo overboard. 19On the third day, the crew threw
the ship’s tackle overboard with their own hands. 20Since the
storm continued to rage against us, and we had not seen the
sun or stars for many days, we lost all hope of being saved.
21
The crew had not eaten for quite some time, so Paul stood
among them and said, “Men, if only you had listened to me.
If you had not sailed from Crete, you would have avoided all
of this damage and loss. 22But take courage! No man will lose
his life, only the ship will be destroyed. 23For an angel of the
God to whom I belong and whom I serve stood beside me last
night 24and said, ‘Do not be afraid, Paul! You must stand before
Caesar. Look! God has granted you the safety of everyone who
is sailing with you.’ 25So take courage, men! For I have faith in
God that everything will turn out exactly as I have been told.
26
Nevertheless, we will run aground on some island.”
27
On the fourteenth night, at about midnight, as we were
being tossed about in the Adriatic Sea, the crew thought we
were approaching land. 28So they took soundings and found the
water to be 120 feet deep. A little while later they took another
sounding and found the water to be 90 feet deep. 29Fearing that
they would be driven into the rocks, they dropped four anchors
from the ship’s stern and prayed for day to come. 30In an attempt
to abandon the ship, the crew lowered the lifeboat into the sea.
They acted as if they were going to lower anchors from the ship’s

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bow, 31but Paul said to the officer and the soldiers, “If these
men do not remain aboard the ship, you cannot be saved!” 32So
the soldiers cut the ropes of the lifeboat and let it drift away.
33
Just before daybreak, Paul begged them all to eat some
food. He said, “You have been so anxious that you have gone
without food for fourteen days. 34For your own safety I beg you
to eat some food. For none of you will lose a single hair from
your head.” 35After he said this, Paul took some bread and gave
thanks to God in front of them all. Then he broke it and began
to eat. 36 This encouraged everyone and they all ate some food.
37
Altogether there were 276 of us on board the ship. 38After
they had enough to eat, they lightened the ship by tossing the
wheat into the sea.
39
When day came they saw land, but did not recognize it.
When they discovered a bay with a sandy beach, they decided
to try and run the ship aground. 40So they cut loose the anchors
and left them in the sea. Then they untied the ropes that held
the rudders, raised the foresail to the wind, and headed for the
beach. 41But they crossed an area where two currents met, and
the ship struck a sandbar. The bow was stuck and would not
move, and the stern broke up because the waves were so violent.
42
The soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners, so that none
of them could swim off and escape. 43But the officer wanted
to save Paul, so he put an end to their plans. He commanded
those who could swim to jump overboard first, so that they could
make it to land. 44 The rest were to follow on planks and other
pieces of the ship. In this way everyone made it to shore safely.

28 Once we were safely on shore, we learned that the island
was called Malta. 2 The islanders were very kind to us.
They made a fire in the cold and rain and welcomed all of us.
3
As Paul gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire,
a viper darted out of the heat and bit down on his hand. 4When
the islanders saw the viper hanging from Paul’s hand, they said
to one another, “This man must be a murderer! Though he has
escaped from the sea, justice will not permit him to live.” 5But
Paul shook the viper off into the fire and was not harmed. 6 They
expected Paul to swell up or suddenly drop dead, so they watched

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and waited for a long time, but nothing unusual happened to
him. So they changed their minds and said that he was a god.
7
The governor of the island, Publius, owned land nearby. He
welcomed us kindly and entertained us for three days. 8It so
happened that Publius’ father was sick in bed with fever and
dysentery. So Paul went in and prayed for him; he laid hands
on him, and he was healed. 9After this, the rest of the islanders
who were sick came to him and were healed. 10 They honoured
us with many honours. And when we were about to sail, they
supplied us with everything we needed.
11
After three months we set sail in an Alexandrian ship that
had wintered at the island—it had the twin sons of Jupiter,
Castor and Pollux, as its figurehead. 12We stopped at the city
of Syracuse and stayed there for three days. 13From Syracuse
we sailed up to the city of Rhegium. The next day a south
wind began to blow, and the following day we came to the city
of Puteoli. 14 There we found some believers who invited us to
stay with them for a week. After this we left for Rome. 15When
the brothers heard about us, they came as far as the town of
Appius’ market and the town of Three Inns to meet us. When
Paul saw them, he thanked God and was encouraged. 16When
we arrived in Rome, the officer delivered the prisoners to the
captain of the guard. But Paul was allowed to live by himself,
with a soldier guarding him.
17
Three days later Paul called the Jewish leaders together.
When they had assembled, he said to them, “Men, brothers,
although I have done nothing against our people or against
the customs of our fathers, I was arrested in Jerusalem and
was handed over to the Romans. 18After they examined me,
they wanted to release me, because I had committed no crime
worthy of death. 19But when the Jews objected, I had no choice
but to appeal to Caesar—even though I actually had no charges
to bring against my own people. 20 That is why I have asked to
see you and to speak with you. For I am bound with this chain
because I believe in the hope of Israel.”
21
They answered Paul, “We have received no letters from
Judea concerning you, and none of the Jewish brothers who
have come from there have reported or mentioned anything

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bad about you. 22But we are interested in hearing what you
believe, because we know that people everywhere are speaking
against this sect.”
23
So a day was set, and on that day a large number of Jews
came to his residence. From morning until evening Paul explained
and testified about the kingdom of God, trying to persuade them
about Jesus from the Law of Moses and the Prophets. 24Some
were persuaded by what Paul said, but others would not believe.
25
Unable to agree among themselves, they left after Paul made
this one last statement: “The Holy Spirit was right when He
said to our fathers through Isaiah the prophet,
26
‘Go to this people and say:
you will hear with your ears
but never understand,
you will look with your eyes
but never see.
27
For the heart of this people
has become calloused.
They hear with dull ears,
and have closed their eyes.
For this reason they cannot see
with their eyes,
or hear with their ears,
or understand with their hearts.
If they did, they would turn to Me,
and I would heal them.’
(Isaiah 6:9-10)
28
“Let it be clearly understood that God’s salvation has been
sent to the Gentiles, and they will listen!” 29After Paul said this,
the Jews left debating among themselves.
30
Paul stayed in Rome for two full years in his own rented
place, welcoming everyone who came to visit him.93 31With all
boldness, and without hindrance, Paul proclaimed the kingdom
of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ.

93
During Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome he wrote Ephesians,
Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon.

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Romans 1

Romans
1 From: Paul, a slave of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle
and set apart for the gospel of God. 2 This is the gospel
God promised beforehand through His prophets in the Holy
Scriptures. 3 This gospel is about His Son, who according to
the flesh was a descendant of David. 4He was declared the Son
of God when He was raised from the dead in power through
the Spirit of holiness. He is Jesus Christ our Lord. 5 Through
Him we have received this grace and apostleship, to promote
obedience to the message of faith among all the Gentiles for
His name’s sake. 6And you were also called from among the
Gentiles to belong to Jesus Christ.

To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to
7

be saints:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
Jesus Christ!
8
First of all, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of
you, because your faith is being reported throughout the whole
world. 9For God, whom I serve in my spirit by preaching the
gospel of His Son, is my witness that I do not stop mentioning
you in my prayers. 10In my prayers, I always petition God that
somehow by His will I may now finally succeed in coming to you.
11
For I long to see you, so that I may impart some spiritual gift
to strengthen you, 12so that we may be mutually encouraged
by one another’s faith.

Brothers, I want you to know that I intended to visit you
13

on many occasions, so that I might reap a harvest among you
as I have among the other Gentiles, but I was prevented until
now. 14I am obligated to preach the gospel to both Greeks and
foreigners, to both the wise and the foolish. 15 That is why I am
very eager to preach the gospel to you who live in Rome.

For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ; it is the
16

powerful means by which God brings salvation to all who
believe—first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. 17For it is revealed

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in the gospel that the righteousness of God is only obtained,
from start to finish, by faith. As it is written:

“The righteous will live by faith.”
(Habakkuk 2:4)
18
From heaven God shows his displeasure against all the
ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold back the
truth by their wickedness. 19What can be known about God is
obvious to them, because God has made it obvious to them.
20
For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes,
His eternal power and Godhead, have been clearly seen and
understood from what has been made. That is why men are
without excuse. 21For they knew about God but still refused to
glorify Him as God or express their gratitude, but instead, they
became foolish in their reasoning and their foolish hearts were
darkened. 22Professing to be wise, they became fools. 23And they
exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made in
the likeness of mortal man, birds, animals, and reptiles.
24
So God gave them over to the lusts of their hearts, to
impurity, and to the shameful degrading of their bodies with one
another. 25 They exchanged God’s truth for a lie, and worshiped
and served what was created instead of the Creator—who is
blessed forever! Amen.
26
That is why God has given them over to their degrading
lusts. Even their women have exchanged their natural sexual
relations for one that is not natural. 27Likewise, the men have
also forsaken their natural sexual relations with a women,
and have burned with lust for one another; men committing
indecent acts with men, and receiving within themselves the
due penalty for their error.
28
Since they did not like to acknowledge God, God gave them
over to a destitute mind and let them do what is improper.
29
They have become filled with all unrighteousness, fornication,
wickedness, greed, and depravity. They are full of envy, murder,
strife, deceit, and maliciousness. They are gossipers, 30slanders,
and God-haters. They are despiteful and arrogant. They are
braggers. They are inventors of evil. They are disobedient to
their parents. 31 They are without understanding. They are

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covenant-breakers. They are without natural affection. They
are unforgiving, and unmerciful. 32Although they know God’s
righteous judgment, that those who do such things are worthy
of death, they not only do these things but are pleased with
those who practice them.

2 The man who judges someone else is without excuse. For
in judging others you condemn yourself, because you also
do the same things you judge others for doing. 2Now we know
that God’s judgment is according to the truth and is against
those who do such things. 3Do you think you will escape God’s
judgment when you judge someone, and yet practice the same
things they do? 4Or do you despise the riches of His kindness,
tolerance, and patience, being ignorant of the fact that God’s
kindness leads you to repentance? 5But because of the hardness
of your unrepentant hearts you are storing up wrath against
yourselves for the day of wrath, when the righteous judgment
of God will be revealed. 6For He will repay each man according
to his deeds. 7 Those who persist in doing good deeds, because
they desire to obtain glory and honour and immortality, will
receive eternal life. 8But those who contend against God, and
obey unrighteousness instead of the truth, will receive wrath
and indignation. 9 There will be tribulation and distress for the
soul of every man who does evil—first for the Jew, then for the
Gentile. 10But there will be glory, honour, and peace for everyone
who does good—first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11For
there is no favouritism with God.
12
Whoever sins apart from the law will also perish apart from
the law, and whoever sins under the law will be judged by the
law. 13 Those who hear the law are not justified before God, only
the doers of the law will be justified before God. 14For if the
Gentiles, who do not possess the law, instinctively do what is
required by the law, even though they do not have the law, they
are a law to themselves—knowing right from wrong. 15 They show
that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their
own conscience bears witness to this, because their thoughts
either accuse or defend them. 16 This will happen on the day
when God will judge the secrets of men through Jesus Christ,
as my gospel declares.

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Romans 3

17
Now if you call yourself a Jew, and if you rely on the law and
boast in God, 18and if you know His will and approve of what is
more excellent, because you have been instructed in the law;
19
if you are confident that you are a guide for the blind and a
light for those in darkness, 20and an instructor of the foolish
and a teacher of infants, because you have the embodiment of
knowledge and truth in the law—21then you who teach others, do
you not teach yourself? You who teach against stealing, do you
steal? 22You who teach against adultery, do you commit adultery?
You who detest idols, do you commit idolatrous acts? 23You who
boast about the law, do you break the law and dishonour God?
24
Just as it is written:

“God’s name is blasphemed among the
Gentiles because of you.”
(Isaiah 52:5; Ezekiel 36:22)
25
Circumcision only profits you if you keep the law, but
if you break the law, your circumcision will be counted as
uncircumcision. 26If those who are uncircumcised keep the
law’s requirements, will not their uncircumcision be counted
as circumcision? 27Those who are physically uncircumcised
but keep the law, will condemn those who have been given the
written law and circumcision but have violated it. 28No man is
a Jew just because he is one outwardly, neither is circumcision
just something that is outward and physical. 29For a real Jew
is one inwardly, and true circumcision is circumcision of the
heart, done by the Spirit, not by the law. That man’s praise will
not come from men, but from God.

3 What advantage is there in being a Jew, or what profit is
there in circumcision? 2A lot! First of all, they were entrusted
with the words of God. 3What if some did not believe? Will their
unbelief stop God’s faithfulness? 4Never! Let God be true and
every man a liar, as it is written,

“That You may be justified when You speak
and triumph when You
are called into question.”
(Psalm 51:4)

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Romans 3

5
So if God’s righteousness is displayed because of our
unrighteousness, what should we say? Is God unrighteous for
punishing us? (Humanly speaking). 6Never! Otherwise, how
could God judge the world?
7
If through my lie God’s truth is displayed more abundantly
and brings Him glory, then why am I condemned as a sinner?
8
Why not say, as some report and slanderously accuse us
of saying, “Let us do evil, so that good may come”? Their
condemnation is deserved.
9
So then, are we Jews better off than the Gentiles? Not at
all! For we have already accused both Jews and Gentiles of all
being under sin.
10
As it is written:

“There is no one righteous, not one!
11
There is no one who understands,
there is no one who seeks God.
12
They have all turned away,
they have all become useless.
There is no one who does good, not even one!”
(Psalm 14:1-3, 53:1-3)
13
“Their throats are an open grave,
and with their tongues they speak deceit.”
(Psalm 5:9)

“The poison of vipers is on their lips.”
(Psalm 140:3)
14
“Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.”
(Psalm 10:7)
15
“Their feet are quick to shed blood.
16
Destruction and calamity lie in their path.
17
The way of peace they do not know.”
(Isaiah 59:7-8; Proverbs 1:16)
18
“There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
(Psalm 36:1)

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Romans 4

19
Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those
who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced
and the whole world may be found guilty before God. 20 Whoever
observes the law cannot be justified in God’s sight, because the
purpose of the law is to show us that we are sinners.
21
But now, apart from the law, God’s righteousness has been
revealed, the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it, 22 that
God’s righteousness is only obtained through faith in Jesus
Christ. It is for all who believe; there is no difference between
Jew and Gentile. 23For all have sinned and fall short of the
glory of God. 24We are justified freely by God’s grace through
the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. 25God presented Him as
the sacrifice of atonement, which can only be obtained through
faith in His blood. God demonstrated His righteousness by
patiently waiting to deal with the sins committed in the past.
26
He did this to demonstrate His righteousness at the present
time, for He is just and He is the One who justifies those who
have faith in Jesus.
27
Where then is boasting? It is excluded! On what principle is
boasting excluded, on the principle of works? No, it is excluded
on the principle of faith. 28So we conclude that a man is justified
by faith apart from the works of the law. 29Or is God only the
God of the Jews? Is He not the God of the Gentiles too? Yes, He
is the God of the Gentiles too. 30For there is only one God, and
He will justify both the circumcised and the uncircumcised by
the same faith. 31Do we then make the law void by this faith?
Never! On the contrary, we uphold the law.

4 So what can we say concerning what our forefather Abraham
found? 2If Abraham was justified by works, then he could
boast—but not before God! 3For what does the Scripture say?

“Abraham believed God,
and it was credited to him as righteousness.”
(Genesis 15:6)
4
When a man works, his pay is not credited to him as a gift
but what he is owed. 5 Those who do not live by works, but believe
in God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited to them

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as righteousness. 6David also describes the blessedness of the
man whom God credits with righteousness apart from works:
7
“Blessed are those whose transgression
is forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
8
Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will
not count against him.”
(Psalm 32:1-2)
9
Therefore, is this blessing only for the circumcised or also
for the uncircumcised? We have told you that Abraham’s faith
was credited to him as righteousness. 10 Therefore, how was
it credited? Was he circumcised or uncircumcised? He was
uncircumcised, not circumcised! 11He received circumcision as
a sign and seal of the righteousness that he had by faith before
he was circumcised. He is the father of all who believe and are
uncircumcised, so that righteousness can also be credited to
them as well. 12He is also the father of the circumcised who are
not only circumcised, but who also walk in the same footsteps
of faith as our father Abraham did when he was uncircumcised.
13
For the promise that Abraham and his descendants would
be heir of the world did not come through the law, but through
the righteousness of faith. 14If those who observe the law are
heirs, then faith is useless and the promise is worthless. 15 The
law brings wrath. But where there is no law, there is no violation
of the law.
16
That is why the promise is obtained by faith, so that it
may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham’s
descendants—not only for those who have the law but also
for those who possess the same faith as Abraham, who is the
father of us all. 17As it is written:

“I have made you a father of many nations.”
(Genesis 17:5)

So Abraham believed God, who gives life to the dead and
calls things into existence that do not exist. 18Against all hope
Abraham believed in hope, so that he would become the father
of many nations, as he had been told:

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Romans 5

“So will your descendants be.”
(Genesis 15:5)

Abraham was not weak in his faith, though he knew that his
19

body was about a hundred years old and that Sarah’s womb
was dead. 20He did not doubt God’s promise in unbelief, instead,
his faith was strong and he gave glory to God. 21For Abraham
was fully persuaded that God was able to accomplish what He
had promised. 22 Therefore,

“it was credited to him as righteousness.”
(Genesis 15:6)
23
The words “it was credited to him” were not only written for
Abraham, 24but also for us. It will also be credited to us, if we
believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. 25He
was delivered over to death because of our sins, and was raised
to life for our justification.

5 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have
peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through
Him we have obtained access, by faith, to this grace in which
we stand. Therefore, we boast in our hope of God’s glory. 3But
that is not all. We also boast in tribulations, knowing that
tribulation produces endurance, 4endurance produces character,
and character produces hope. 5And hope does not disappoint
us, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts by
the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us.
6
For while we were still helpless, Christ came at the proper
time and died for the ungodly. 7Most people would not be willing
to die for an upright man, though some might be willing to die
for a good friend. 8But this is how God demonstrated His love
to us: while we were sinners, Christ died for us. 9Now that
we have been justified by Christ’s blood, how much more will
we be saved from God’s wrath through Him! 10For if we were
reconciled to God through the death of His Son while we were
His enemies, how much more will we be saved through the life
of His Son now that we have been reconciled! 11 That is not all,
we also boast in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through
whom we have now received reconciliation.

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Romans 6

12
Sin entered the world through one man, and death came as
a result of sin. Therefore death came to all mankind, because
all mankind have sinned. 13Sin was in the world before the law
was given. But where there is no law, no one is charged with sin.
14
Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam until the
time of Moses, even over those who did not sin in the same way
as Adam did when he broke God’s commandment. Now Adam
was symbolic of the One who was to come. 15But the free gift
is not like the offense. For if many died because of the offence
of one man, how much more will God’s grace and the free gift
that came by the grace of one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to
many! 16 The free gift is not like the one man’s sin. For God’s
judgment of Adam’s one sin brought condemnation, but the free
gift came after many offences and brought justification. 17For
if by the offence of one man, death reigned through that one
man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant
grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the
one Man, Jesus Christ!
18
One offence brought condemnation to all men, but one
righteous act brought justification and life to all men. 19For
through the disobedience of one man many were made sinners,
but through the obedience of one Man many will be made
righteous.
20
The law was given so that sin would increase. But where
sin increased, grace increased even more, 21so that, just as sin
reigned in death, grace might also reign through righteousness
to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

6 What should we say then? Do we continue to sin so that
grace may increase? 2Never! If we have died to sin, how can
we still live in sin? 3Do you not know that all who have been
baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death?
4
We have been baptized into His death and have been buried
with Him, in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead
by the Father’s glory, we too may live in newness of life.
5
Since we have been united with Him in the likeness of His
death, we will also be united with Him in the likeness of His
resurrection. 6 We know that our old man was crucified with

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Christ so that the body of sin might be destroyed, that we should
no longer be slaves to sin. 7Whoever has died with Christ has
been set free from sin. 8And if we have died with Christ, we
believe that we will also live with Him. 9We know that Christ has
been raised from the dead and can no longer die, because death
no longer has dominion over Him. 10In His death He died to sin
once and for all, but now that He lives He lives for God. 11So
count yourselves dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.
12
Do not let sin reign in your mortal body, so that you obey its
lusts. 13Do not devote any part of your body to sin, as instruments
of unrighteousness. But devote yourselves to God, as those who
have been raised from death to life, devoting the parts of your
body to God, as instruments of righteousness. 14For sin will
not have dominion over you, because you are not under the
law but under grace.
15
So what should we do then? Should we sin because we
are not under the law but under grace? Never! 16Do you not
know that when you devote yourselves as obedient slaves, you
are slaves to that which you obey—whether to sin that brings
death, or to obedience that brings righteousness? 17But thanks
be to God! For you were once slaves to sin, but now you have
wholeheartedly obeyed the pattern of teaching that was delivered
to you. 18And since you have been set free from sin, you have
become slaves of righteousness. 19I am speaking to you in simple
human terms, because your flesh is weak. Just as you once
devoted the parts of your body as slaves of impurity, doing one
lawless act after another, now devote the parts of your body as
slaves of righteousness, which leads to holiness.
20
When you were slaves to sin, you were free from righteousness.
21
In the past you did things you are now ashamed of, but what
fruit did you reap from doing those things that end in death?
22
But now you have been set free from sin and have become
God’s slaves, now you reap the fruit of holiness, which results
in eternal life. 23For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of
God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

7 Do you not know, brothers—I speak to those who know the
law—that the law only has authority over a man as long as

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he lives? 2A married woman is bound to her husband by the law
for as long as he lives. But if her husband dies, she is released
from the law concerning her husband. 3Now if her husband is
alive and she marries another man, she is called an adulteress.
But if her husband dies, she is free from the law and can marry
another man without being an adulteress. 4So, my brothers,
you have also died to the law through Christ’s body, so that
you may belong to someone else, to Him who was raised from
the dead, in order that we may bear fruit for God. 5For when
we lived according to the flesh, the sinful passions aroused by
the law were at work in our bodies and bore fruit for death.
6
But now we have died to the law that once bound us and have
been released from it. So now we serve God in the new way of
the Spirit, not in the old way of the letter of the law.
7
What should we say? Is the law sinful? Never! On the contrary,
without the law, I would not have become aware of sin. I would
not have known what coveting was if the law had not said, “You
must not covet.” 94 8But sin, seizing an opportunity through the
commandment, aroused all kinds of covetous desires within me.
For apart from the law, sin is dead. 9I was once alive apart from
the law. But when the commandment came, sin came to life
and I died. 10So the commandment that was meant to bring life
actually brought death! 11For sin, seizing an opportunity through
the commandment, deceived me and used the commandment
to kill me. 12 Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment
is holy, righteous, and good.
13
So has what is good become death to me? Never! But in
order that sin would be exposed as sin, it produced death in
me through what was good, so that through the commandment
sin would become utterly sinful. 14For we know that the law
is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold as a slave to sin. 15I do
not know why I do the things I do. For I do not do the things I
want to do, but the things I hate to do! 16And if I do not do the
things I want to do, my conscience agrees that the law is good.
17
So it is no longer I who do these things, but sin living in me.
18
I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my flesh. For
I want to do what is right, but I find that I lack the power to
resist doing what is wrong! 19For I do not do the good I want to
do, but instead I do the evil I do not want to do! 20Now if I do
94
Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21

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the things I do not want to do, then it is no longer I who do it,
but sin living in me.
21
So I find this principle at work in me: when I want to do
good, evil is always tempting me! 22Even though my inner man
delights in God’s law, 23I see this principle at work in my body,
it is at war with my mind and makes me a captive to the law
of sin that is already in my body. 24What a wretched man I am!
Who will deliver me from this body of death? 25 Thanks be to
God through Jesus Christ our Lord!

So in my mind I am a slave to God’s law, but in my flesh I
am a slave to the law of sin.

8 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are
in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh
but according to the Spirit. 2For in Christ Jesus the law of the
Spirit of life has set us free from the law of sin and death. 3For
what was impossible for the law to accomplish—because of
the weakness of the flesh—God accomplished by sending His
own Son in the likeness of sinful man in order to condemn the
sins of the flesh, 4so that the righteous requirements of the law
would be fulfilled in us who walk not according to the flesh
but according to the Spirit. 5Those who walk according to the
flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who
walk according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of
the Spirit. 6The mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the
Spirit is life and peace. 7The mind of the flesh is hostile towards
God and does not submit to God’s law, because it is impossible
for it to do so. 8 Those who walk according to the flesh cannot
please God.
9
But you do not walk according to the flesh, but according
to the Spirit, because the Spirit of God lives in you. Whoever
does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to Christ.
10
But if Christ is in you, although your body is dead because
of sin, your spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11So if the
Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead lives in you, He
who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal
bodies through His Spirit who lives in you.

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Romans 8

12
Brothers, we are not indebted to the flesh, so we are not
obligated to live according to it. 13If you live according to the
flesh, you will die. But if by the Spirit you put to death the
works of the body, you will live. 14For all who are led by the
Spirit of God are sons of God. 15For you did not receive a spirit
that makes you a slave to fear again, but you have received the
Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba! Father!” 95 16 The
Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are God’s
children. 17And if we are His children, then we are heirs—heirs
of God and co-heirs with Christ—provided we share in His
sufferings, so that we may also share in His glory.
18
I have come to this conclusion: that our present sufferings
are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed to
us. 19Even creation longs and eagerly waits for the sons of God
to be revealed. 20Creation has been made subject to decay, but
not voluntarily. For God subjected it to decay in the hope 21that
creation itself would be set free from its slavery to corruption,
and would share in the glorious freedom of God’s children. 22We
know that to this very day all creation groans as if suffering the
pains of child birth. 23Not only does creation groan, but we who
have the firstfruits of the Spirit also groan within ourselves as
we eagerly wait for our adoption—the redemption of our bodies.
24
We have this hope because we have been saved. Hope that
is seen is not hope, for who hopes for what they already have?
25
But if we hope for what we do not see, we will continue to
eagerly wait for it.
26
Likewise, the Spirit also helps us in our weakness, since we
do not know what we should pray; the Spirit Himself intercedes
for us with groans that are too deep for words. 27And the Father
who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because
the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to God’s will.
28
And we know that God makes all things work together
for the good of those who love Him, for those who have been
called according to His purpose. 29God also predestined those
He foreknew to be conformed to the likeness of His Son, so that
He would be the firstborn among many brothers. 30And those
He predestined, He also called. And those He called, He also
justified. And those He justified, He also glorified.
95
Abba is the Aramaic word for father.

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Romans 9

31
So what can we say about all of this? If God is for us, who
can be against us? 32Now if God did not even spare His own
Son but delivered Him up for us all, will He not freely give us all
things since He has given us His Son? 33Who will bring a charge
against God’s elect? Certainly not God, because He is the One
who justifies us! 34Who will condemn us? Certainly not Christ,
who died—who better yet, was raised to life—who is now at the
right hand of God interceding for us! 35Who will separate us from
the love of Christ? Will tribulation, or distress, or persecution,
or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? 36As it is written:

“For Your sake we are put to death all day long.
We are counted as sheep for the slaughter.”
(Psalm 44:22)
37
But in all these things we are more than conquerors through
Him who loved us. 38For I am persuaded that neither death, nor
life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present,
nor things to come, 39nor height, nor depth, nor anything else
in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God,
which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

9 I speak the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience
also bears witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 that in my heart I have
great sadness and unending grief. 3For I wish that I myself were
cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my
fellow countrymen, who are my very flesh and blood, 4my fellow
Israelites! For all of this belongs to the Israelites: the adoption
as God’s chosen people, the glory, the covenants, the giving of
the law, the temple worship, and the promises. 5 To them belong
the patriarchs, from whom Christ descended, who is God over
all, and who is blessed forever! Amen.
6
It is not as though God’s word has failed. For not everyone who
has descended from Israel belongs to Israel. 7And not everyone
who is a descendant of Abraham are Abraham’s children. On
the contrary,

“It is through Isaac that your descendants
will be named.”
(Genesis 21:12)

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Romans 9

8
Meaning: it is not Abraham’s natural children who are God’s
children, but it is the children to which the promise refers to who
are Abraham’s descendants. 9For this is what the promise said:

“At the appointed time I will return,
and Sarah will have a son.”
(Genesis 18:10, 14)
10
So our father Isaac was born, and later married Rebekah
who gave birth to twins. 11But even before the twins were born
or had done anything good or bad—in order that the purpose
of God’s election would stand, an election not based on works
but on God’s calling—12she was told:

“The older will serve the younger.”
(Genesis 25:23)
13
As it is written:

“Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”
(Malachi 1:2-3)
14
So what should we say then? Is God unjust for doing this?
Never! 15For God said to Moses:

“I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy,
and I will have compassion on whom
I will have compassion.”
(Exodus 33:19)

So then, it does not depend on a person’s desire or effort but
16

on God’s mercy. 17Like the Scripture says about Pharaoh,

“For this very purpose I raised you up,
that I might demonstrate
My power through you,
and that My name might
be declared throughout the whole earth.”
(Exodus 9:16)

Therefore, God has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens
18

whom He desires.

306
Romans 9

19
You may say to me, “Then why does God still find fault with
us? After all, who can resist His will?” 20But who are you, O man,
to question God? Should you, who were formed, say to Him who
formed you, “Why did you make me this way?” 21Does not the
potter have the right to use the same lump of clay to make one
vessel for honourable use, and another for dishonourable use?
22
What if God—desiring to demonstrate His wrath and make
His power known—patiently endured the vessels of wrath, which
were prepared for destruction? 23What if He did this in order
to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of mercy,
which He had previously prepared for glory—24even to us, whom
God has also called, not only from the Jews but also from the
Gentiles? 25As God says in Hosea:

“I will call those who were not My people,
‘My people.’
And I will call her ‘loved,’
who was not loved.”
(Hosea 2:23)

“And in the place where it was said to them,
26

‘You are not My people,’
there they will be called
sons of the living God!”
(Hosea 1:10)

Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel,
27

“Though the number of the sons of Israel
are like the sand of the sea,
yet only a remnant will be saved.
28
For the Lord will fulfill His word in justice,
and He will quickly execute it on the earth.”
(Isaiah 10:22-23)

Just as Isaiah foretold,
29

“Unless the Lord of Hosts had left us a remnant,
we would have become like Sodom,
we would have resembled Gomorrah.”
(Isaiah 1:9)

307
Romans 10

30
What then should we say? That the Gentiles who did
not pursue righteousness have obtained righteousness, a
righteousness that is by faith. 31But Israel, who pursued the
law of righteousness, did not attain righteousness through the
law. 32Why? Because they tried to attain it by works instead of
by faith, and so they stumbled over the Stumbling Stone. 33As
it is written:

“Look, I lay in Zion a Stumbling Stone
and a Rock of offense,
and whoever believes in Him will
not be ashamed.”
(Isaiah 8:14, 28:16)

10 Brothers, my heart’s desire and petition to God for Israel
is that they may be saved. 2For I can testify that they are
zealous for God, but their zeal is without knowledge. 3 They
did not know God’s righteousness, so they tried to establish
their own instead of submitting to God’s righteousness. 4But
Christ is the end of the law, so that all who believe in Him will
be made righteous.
5
For Moses wrote about the righteousness of the law:

“The man who practices these things
will live by them.”
(Leviticus 18:5)
6
But the righteousness that comes by faith says, “Do not say in
your heart, ‘Who will go up to heaven?’ (That is, to bring Christ
down), 7or ‘Who will go down into the depths?’ (That is, to bring
Christ up from the dead).” 8But what does it say?

“The word is near you,
it is in your mouth and in your heart.”
(Deuteronomy 30:11-14)

That is, the word of faith that we preach: 9that if you confess
with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart
that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10For
it is with your heart that you believe and are made righteous,

308
Romans 10

and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved. 11As
the Scripture says:

“Whoever believes in Him will not be ashamed.”
(Isaiah 28:16)

For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile. They all
12

belong to the same Lord who is rich toward all who call on
Him, 13for,

“Whoever calls on the name of the Lord
will be saved.”
(Joel 2:32)
14
But how can they call on Him if they have not believed in
Him? And how can they believe in Him if they have not heard
about Him? And how can they hear about Him unless someone
preaches about Him? 15And how can they preach if they are not
sent? As it is written,

“How beautiful are the feet of those
who announce peace and good news!”
(Isaiah 52:7)
16
But they did not all obey the good news. For Isaiah says:

“Lord, who has believed our report?”
(Isaiah 53:1)

So faith comes from hearing, that is, hearing the word of God.
17

But I ask, have they not heard? Yes they have!
18

“Their voice has gone throughout all the earth,
their words to the ends of the world.”
(Psalm 19:4)
19
But I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says:

“I will provoke you to jealousy by those
who are not a nation.

309
Romans 11

I will provoke you to anger by a nation
without understanding.”
(Deuteronomy 32:21)
20
And Isaiah boldly says:

“I was found by those who did not seek Me.
I have shown Myself to those
who did not ask for Me.”
(Isaiah 65:1)
21
But to Israel He says:

“All day long I have stretched out My hands
to a disobedient and rebellious people.”
(Isaiah 65:2)

11 Now I ask, has God rejected His people? Never! I am also
an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of
Benjamin. 2God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew.
Or do you not know what the Scripture says about Elijah? How
he pleaded to God against Israel,
3
“Lord, they have killed Your prophets
and have torn down Your altars.
I am the only one left,
and they are seeking my life!”
(I Kings 19:10, 14)
4
But what did God say in response to him?

“I have reserved seven thousand men for
Myself who have not bowed
their knee to Baal!”
(I Kings 19:18)
5
In the same way, at the present time, God has also chosen
a remnant by grace. 6And if it is by grace, it is no longer by
works. Otherwise, grace would no longer be grace. 7So what is
the conclusion? Israel did not obtain what it was seeking; the
elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, 8as it is written:

310
Romans 11

“God has given them a spirit of slumber,
and to this very day He has given them
eyes that do not see
and ears that do not hear!”
(Deuteronomy 29:4; Isaiah 29:10)
9
And David says:

“Let their table become a snare and a trap,
a stumbling block
and a punishment for them.
10
Let their eyes be darkened
so that they cannot see,
and bend their backs continually.”
(Psalm 69:22-23)
11
Now I ask, have they stumbled and fallen permanently?
Never! On the contrary, because of their transgression salvation
has come to the Gentiles, in order to provoke the Jews to jealousy.
12
But if their transgression means riches for the world, and if
their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will
their fullness bring!
13
I am talking to you Gentiles, because I am an apostle to the
Gentiles. I work hard in this glorious ministry of mine, 14in the
hope that I may somehow provoke my people to jealousy and
save some of them. 15For if their rejection means reconciliation
for the rest of the world, will not their acceptance mean life
from the dead?
16
If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole
batch of dough. If the root is holy, so are the branches. 17Now
if some of the branches were broken off, and you, a wild olive
branch, were grafted in among the other branches and are now
partakers with them of the rich root of the olive tree, 18 then
do not boast that you are better than the branches that were
broken off. If you boast about such things, remember this: you
do not support the root, but the root supports you.
19
Now if you say, “The branches were broken off so that I could
be grafted in.” 20 That is true. They were broken off because of
their unbelief, but you stand only because of your faith. So do

311
Romans 11

not be arrogant, but be afraid! 21For if God did not spare the
natural branches, He will not spare you either! 22Notice how
God is both kind and stern: stern to those who fell, but kind to
those who continue in His kindness! But if you do not continue
in His kindness, you will also be cut off! 23And if they do not
continue in their unbelief they will be grafted in, for God is
able to graft them in again. 24For if you were cut from an olive
tree that is naturally wild, and contrary to nature were grafted
into a cultivated olive tree, how much easier will the natural
branches be grafted back into their own olive tree!
25
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers,
because I do not want you to become conceited: Israel has
become partially hardened until the full number of the Gentiles
has come in. 26In this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written:

“The Deliverer will come from Zion,
and He will turn ungodliness
away from Jacob.
27
And this is My covenant with them
when I take away their sins.”
(Isaiah 59:20-21, 27:9)
28
As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for
your sake. But as far as election is concerned, they are loved
for the sake of the patriarchs. 29For God’s gifts and calling are
irrevocable. 30For you were once disobedient to God, but now you
have obtained mercy because of their disobedience. 31Likewise,
they have now become disobedient so that they may also obtain
mercy, just as you have obtained mercy. 32For God has handed
all men over to disobedience, so that He may show mercy to all.
33
Oh, the depths of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of
God! How unsearchable are His judgments! How untraceable
are His ways!

“For who has known the mind of the Lord?
34

Or who has become His adviser?”
(Isaiah 40:13)

312
Romans 12

35
“Who has given to God,
that God should repay him?”
(Job 41:11)
36
For all creation originates from Him, was created by Him, and
is for His glory. To Him be the glory forever! Amen.

12 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by God’s mercy, to present
your bodies as living sacrifices that are holy and acceptable
to God, for this is your spiritual act of worship. 2Do not be
conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing
of your mind. Then you will be able to discern what God’s good,
acceptable, and perfect will is.
3
I ask every one of you, through the grace God has given to
me, not to think more highly of yourselves than you should.
But instead, think soberly about the measure of faith that God
has given to you. 4For each person has one body with many
body parts, but not all the body parts have the same function.
5
It is the same with all of us. We are many, but in Christ we
are all one body, and we are all connected to one another. 6 We
have different gifts according to the grace given to us. If your
gift is prophecy, then prophesy according to the measure of
faith that has been given to you. 7If it is serving, then serve. If
it is teaching, then teach. 8If it is encouraging, then encourage
others. If it is giving, then give generously. If it is leadership,
then lead diligently. And if it is compassion, then cheerfully
show compassion.
9
Your love must be sincere. Utterly detest what is evil, and
cling to what is good. 10Love one another with brotherly affection,
preferring to honour one another above yourselves. 11Never be
lacking in zeal, but serve the Lord with spiritual fervour. 12Rejoice
in hope, be patient in affliction, and pray continually. 13Share
with the saints who are in need, and practice hospitality.
14
Bless those who persecute you. Bless them, and do not
curse them. 15Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with
those who weep. 16Always think of one another in the same way
you think of yourselves. Do not think that you are better than

313
Romans 13

others, but associate with those of low position, and do not
become conceited.
17
Do not repay anyone evil for evil, and always make it your
goal to do what is right in the sight of all men. 18If possible, as
far as it concerns you, be at peace with all men. 19Do not take
revenge, beloved, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written,

“Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,
says the Lord.”
(Deuteronomy 32:35)
20
“If your enemy is hungry, feed him.
If he is thirsty, give him a drink.
For in doing this, you will heap burning
coals on his head.”
(Proverbs 25:21-22)
21
Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

13 Everyone must submit to the governing authorities. For
there is no authority except for what God has allowed,
and those who are in authority have been instituted by God.
2
Therefore, whoever rebels against the governing authority
rebels against what God has instituted, and those who rebel
will bring judgment on themselves. 3 Those who do what is good
have no fear of the authorities, but those who do what is evil
have something to fear. Do you want to live without fear of the
authorities? Then do what is good, and they will commend you
for it. 4For they are God’s servants to do you good. But if you
do evil then be afraid, for they bear the sword for a reason.
They are God’s servants, who have been instituted to carry out
justice and to punish all evildoers. 5 Therefore you must submit
to them, not only because they can punish you, but also for
the sake of your conscience. 6 That is why you pay your taxes,
because they are God’s servants who have been instituted to
attend to these duties. 7Give to everyone what you owe them:
if taxes, then taxes. If customs, then customs. If respect, then
respect. If honour, then honour.
8
Do not be in debt to anyone. Your only debt should be to

314
Romans 14

love one another, because those who love one another have
fulfilled the law. 9For the commandments,

“You must not commit adultery,
you must not murder,
you must not steal,
you must not give false testimony,
you must not covet,”
(Exodus 20:13-17; Deuteronomy 5:17-21)

along with any other commandments there may be, are summed
up in this one commandment:

“You must love your neighbour as yourself.”
(Leviticus 19:18)
10
Love does no wrong to its neighbour. Therefore love is the
fulfillment of the law.
11
Follow this commandment, since you know that time is
short. It is the hour to wake up from your sleep, because our
salvation is now nearer than when we first believed. 12 The night is
almost gone, and the day approaches. Therefore we must cast off
the works of darkness and put on the armour of light. 13We must
live decently, as in the daytime. For wild parties, drunkenness,
promiscuity, sensuality, strife, and jealousy cannot be a part
of our lives! 14 Therefore we must clothe ourselves with the Lord
Jesus Christ, instead of thinking of the lusts of the flesh.

14
2
Welcome the man who is weak in faith, but not for the
purpose of arguing with him about disputable matters.
One man believes that he can eat anything, while another
man with weak faith eats only vegetables. 3 The man who eats
everything must not despise the man who eats only vegetables,
and the man who eats only vegetables must not judge the man
who eats everything, for God has accepted them both. 4 Who
are you to judge another man’s servant? To his own master he
stands or falls. And he will stand, for the Lord is able to make
him stand.

315
Romans 14

5
One man may think that one day is more holy than another,
while another man may think that every day is alike. Each
man should be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 The man who
observes one day, does so to the Lord. The man who observes
no day, does so to the Lord. The man who eats meat, does so
to the Lord, and gives thanks to God. The man who abstains
from meat, does so to the Lord, and gives thanks to God. 7For
no one lives for himself, and no one dies for himself. 8If we live,
we live for the Lord. If we die, we die for the Lord. So whether
we live or die, we belong to the Lord. 9For this reason Christ
died and rose to life again, so that He would be Lord of both
the living and the dead. 10Why do you judge your brother? Or
why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before
the judgment seat of Christ.96 11For it is written,

“As I live, says the Lord,
every knee will bow to Me,
and every tongue will confess to God.”
(Isaiah 45:23)
12
So then, each one of us will have to give an account of himself
to God. 13So let us no longer judge one another! Instead, let us
decide not to put a stumbling block or snare in our brother’s way.
14
I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that no food in
itself is unclean. But if a man thinks that something is unclean,
then it is unclean to him. 15If what you eat causes your brother
grief, then you are no longer walking in love. Do not destroy
your brother by what you eat, because Christ died for him!
16
Otherwise, people will criticize you for doing something that
you think is good. 17For the kingdom of God does not consist of
eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace, and joy in the
Holy Spirit. 18 Those who serve Christ in this way are pleasing
to God and approved by men.
19
So let us pursue what brings peace and edification to one
another. 20Do not destroy God’s work for the sake of food. All
food is clean, but it is wrong for a man to eat anything that
96
Immediately after the rapture of the church we will all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ. Our works will be examined,
and we will receive crowns and rewards based on the works we
have done for the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:10).

316
Romans 15

might cause his brother to stumble. 21It is not good to eat meat
or to drink wine, or to do anything else that might cause your
brother to stumble. 22Keep whatever you believe concerning
these matters between yourself and God. Blessed is the man
who does not feel condemned by what he approves. 23But the
man who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he is not
acting in faith. And everything that is not done in faith is sin.

15
2
We who are strong in faith should bear the weaknesses of
those who are weak in faith, rather than pleasing ourselves.
Each one of us should please our neighbour for his good,
so that we can build him up. 3For even Christ did not please
Himself, as it is written,

“The insults of those who insult You
have fallen on Me.”
(Psalm 69:9)
4
For all that was previously written was written for our
instruction, so that we might be encouraged by the Scriptures
and hold patiently to our hope. 5Now may the God of patience and
encouragement give you the same attitude toward one another
as Christ Jesus had, 6so that with one mind and one voice you
may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7
Therefore accept one another, just as Christ accepted you,
for the glory of God. 8I tell you that Christ became a servant
to the Jews on behalf of God’s truth, in order to confirm the
promises given to the patriarchs, 9so that the Gentiles might
glorify God for His mercy, as it is written:

“Therefore I will acknowledge You among the
Gentiles, and will sing praises to Your name.”
(2 Samuel 22:50; Psalm 18:49)
10
Again it says:

“Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people.”
(Deuteronomy 32:43)
11
And again:

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Romans 15

“Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles!
Praise Him, all you people!”
(Psalm 117:1)
12
Again Isaiah says:

“One will rise up from the root of Jesse,
who will rule over the Gentiles,
and the Gentiles will put their hope in Him.”
(Isaiah 11:10)
13
Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as
you put your trust in Him, so that you may abound in hope by
the power of the Holy Spirit.
14
I myself am persuaded, brothers, that you yourselves are
full of goodness, and that you are filled with all knowledge and
are able to warn one another. 15Brothers, I have written you very
boldly on some points in order to refresh your memory. For God
has given me the grace 16to be a minister of Christ Jesus with
the priestly ministry of proclaiming the gospel of God, so that
I might present the Gentiles as an acceptable offering to God
that has been sanctified by the Holy Spirit. 17 Therefore I will
boast in Christ Jesus concerning the things of God. 18But I will
not dare to speak about anything except for what Christ has
accomplished through me, in bringing the Gentiles to obedience
by my words and deeds, 19by the power of signs and wonders
through the power of God’s Spirit. For I have fully preached
the gospel of Christ from Jerusalem all the way around to the
province of Illyricum. 20I strive to preach the gospel where the
name of Christ is not known, so that I do not build on another
man’s foundation. 21Just as it is written:

“Those who have never been
told about Him will see, and those who have
never heard will understand.”
(Isaiah 52:15)
22
That is why I have often been detained from coming to
you. 23But now I have no more opportunities in these regions.
And since I have longed to visit you for many years, 24I will
try to visit you when I travel to Spain. I hope to see you when

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Romans 16

I pass through, and after I have enjoyed your company for a
while you can send me on my way. 25But right now I am going
to Jerusalem to minister to the saints. 26For the churches in
the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia were pleased to make
a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.
27
They were pleased to do this, and in fact they are indebted to
them. If the Gentiles have shared in the spiritual blessings of
the Jews, then they should also share their material blessings
with the Jews. 28 Therefore, when I have accomplished this and
have delivered this fruit of theirs, I will pass through and visit
you on my way to Spain. 29I know that when I come to you, I
will come to you with the full blessing of Christ.
30
Now I urge you, brothers, by the Lord Jesus Christ and by
the love of the Spirit, to join me in my struggles by earnestly
praying to God on my behalf. 31Pray that I will be rescued from
the unbelievers in Judea and that my ministry in Jerusalem will
be well-received by the saints, 32so that I will be able to come
to you with joy, if it is God’s will, and be refreshed with you.
33
Now may the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

16 I introduce our sister Phoebe to you, she is a servant of
the church in the town of Cenchrea. 2 Welcome her in
the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in
whatever she may need help with, for she has helped me and
many others.
3
Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus,
4
who have risked their necks for my life. I am not the only one
who is grateful to them, for all the Gentile churches are grateful
to them as well.
5
Also greet the church that meets in their home. Greet my
beloved friend Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ
in the province of Achaia. 6Greet Mary, who has worked hard
for you. 7Greet Andronicus and Junias, my fellow countrymen
and my fellow-prisoners. They are notable among the apostles,
and they were in Christ before I was.
8
Greet Ampliatus, my beloved friend in the Lord. 9Greet
Urbanus, our fellow-worker in Christ, and my beloved friend

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Stachys. 10Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those
in the household of Aristobulus. 11Greet Herodion, my fellow
countryman. Greet those in the house hold of Narcissus who
are in the Lord.
12
Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, for these two women have
worked hard for the Lord. Greet my beloved friend Persis,
because she has also worked hard for the Lord. 13Greet Rufus,
who is chosen by the Lord, and his mother, who has also been
a mother to me. 14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas,
Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. 15Greet Philologus
and Julia, Nereus and his sister, Olympas, and all the saints
who are with them.
16
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of
Christ send you their greetings.
17
Now I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause
divisions and who put stumbling blocks in your way that are
contrary to the doctrine you were taught. Avoid such people!
18
For these men do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their
own stomachs. Through smooth talk and flattery they deceive
the hearts of unsuspecting people. 19Everyone has heard of your
obedience, therefore I rejoice over you. But I want you to be
wise concerning what is good, and innocent concerning what is
evil. 20 The God of peace will soon crush satan under your feet.

May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
21
Timothy my fellow-worker greets you, as do my fellow
countrymen Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater.
22
I, Tertius, the one who is writing this letter for Paul, send
you my greetings in the Lord.
23
Gaius, who is my host and the host of the whole church,
greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus,
greets you. 24May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with
you all. Amen.
25
Now to God who is able to establish you according to my
gospel, the message of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation

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of the mystery that has been hidden since the world began, 26but
has now been made known through the prophetic writings by
the commandment of the eternal God, so that all nations might
obey Him and put their faith in Him—27to the only wise God be
glory forever and ever through Jesus Christ! Amen.

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1 Corinthians
1 From: Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ by the
will of God, and our brother Sosthenes.

To the church of God in the city of Corinth, to those who
2

are sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be saints, and to
all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord and
theirs—Jesus Christ:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
3

Jesus Christ!

I always thank God for you, because of the grace God has
4

given to you in Christ Jesus. 5For in Him you have been made
rich in every way, in all speech and all knowledge, 6because the
testimony of Christ has been confirmed in you, 7so that you do
not lack any spiritual gift as you eagerly wait for the coming of
our Lord Jesus Christ. 8He will make you firm until the end, so
that you will be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
9
For God is faithful, and He has called you into fellowship with
His Son Jesus Christ our Lord.

I urge you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,
10

to be in agreement with one another, so that there may be no
divisions among you, and to be perfectly united in mind and
purpose. 11My brothers, some members of Chloe’s family have
reported to me that there is infighting among you. 12I mention
this because each one of you says, “I follow Paul,” or “I follow
Apollos,” or “I follow Cephas,” or “I follow Christ.” 13Is Christ
divided? Paul was not crucified for you, was he? Or were you
baptized in Paul’s name?

I thank God that I did not baptize any of you, except Crispus
14

and Gaius, 15so that no one can say that they were baptized in
my name. 16Oh yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas.
As for the rest, I do not remember baptizing anyone else. 17For
Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel—but

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not with words pertaining to the wisdom of this world, otherwise
the cross of Christ would be emptied of its power.
18
For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who
are perishing, but to those of us who are being saved it is the
power of God. 19For it is written:

“I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
and the understanding of the prudent
I will reject.”
(Isaiah 29:14)
20
Where is the wise man? Where is the scholar? Where is
the philosopher of this age? Has God not turned the wisdom of
this world into foolishness? 21Since God in His wisdom ordained
that the world through its wisdom would never know God, it
pleased God through the foolish message of the gospel to save
those who believe. 22 That is why the Jews ask for signs and the
Greeks search for wisdom. 23But we preach Christ crucified,
which is a stumbling block to the Jews and foolishness to the
Gentiles. 24But to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks,
Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25For the
foolishness of God is wiser than man, and the weakness of God
is stronger than man.
26
Look, brothers, not many of you were wise, not many of
you were powerful, and not many of you were of noble birth
when you were called. 27But God has chosen the foolish things
of this world to put the wise to shame, and God has chosen
the weak things of this world to put the strong to shame. 28God
has chosen what is lowly in the world, what is despised, and
what is nothing, to destroy what the world thinks is important,
29
so that no man may boast before God. 30It is because of God
that you are in Christ Jesus—God has made Him our wisdom,
our righteousness, our sanctification, and our redemption.
31
Therefore, as it is written,

“Let the man who boasts, boast in the Lord.”
(Jeremiah 9:24)

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2
2
Brothers, when I came and proclaimed the testimony of
God to you, I did not come with eloquent words or wisdom.
For I decided to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ
and Him crucified. 3I came to you in weakness and fear, and I
trembled greatly. 4My message and my preaching were not with
persuasive words of human wisdom, but with a demonstration of
the Spirit’s power, 5so that your faith would not rest on human
wisdom but on God’s power.
6
We speak wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom
of this world, or of the rulers of this world, who are passing
away. 7On the contrary, we speak about the mystery of God’s
wisdom that was previously hidden, which God ordained for
our glory before the world began. 8None of the rulers of this
world understood this wisdom, if they had, they would not have
crucified the Lord of glory.
9
But as it is written,

“No eye has seen, no ear has heard,
neither has it entered into the heart
of man what God has prepared for
those who love Him.”
(Isaiah 64:4)
10
But God has revealed these things to us by His Spirit. For
the Spirit searches all things, even the deep mysteries of God.
11
What man knows the thoughts of another man except for that
man’s own spirit within him? Likewise, no one knows God’s
thoughts except for the Spirit of God. 12 We have not received
the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that
we can know all that God has freely given to us.
13
When we speak about these things we do not use words
taught by human wisdom but words taught by the Spirit,
interpreting spiritual things with spiritual words. 14 The natural
man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are
foolishness to him and he cannot understand them, because
they can only be understood from a spiritual standpoint. 15 The
spiritual man is able to understand all these things, but he
himself cannot be understood by the natural man.

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16
“For who has known the mind of the Lord
that he may instruct Him?”
(Isaiah 40:13)

But we have the mind of Christ!

3 Brothers, I could not speak to you as I would to spiritual
men, but as to carnal men—as to infants in Christ. 2I fed
you with milk, not meat, because you were not ready for it. And
you are still not ready for it, 3 you are still carnal! When there
is jealousy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal
and walk as carnal men do? 4When one says, “I follow Paul,”
and another, “I follow Apollos,” are you not carnal?
5
After all, who is Apollos? And who is Paul? We are only
servants through whom you believed. The Lord gave each of
us a task to do. 6I planted, Apollos watered, but God made it
grow. 7So neither the planter nor the waterer is important, but
only God who makes it grow. 8 The planter and the waterer work
together, and each will be rewarded for their own labour.
9
For we are God’s fellow-workers. And you are God’s field,
God’s building. 10By the grace God has given to me, I have
laid a foundation like a skilled architect and builder, and now
someone else is building on it. But each man should be careful
how he builds on this foundation. 11For no man can lay any other
foundation except for the one that has already been laid, which
is Jesus Christ. 12Now if any man builds on this foundation using
gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, or straw, 13each man’s
work will become apparent. For the day of judgment will bring
it to light. It will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test the
quality of each man’s work. 14If a man’s work survives, that is,
what he has built on the foundation, he will receive a reward.
15
If a man’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss. He will be
saved, but only like one escaping through the fire.
16
Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that
the Spirit of God lives in you? 17If any man destroys the temple
of God, God will destroy him. For the temple of God is holy,
and you are that temple!

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18
Let no one deceive himself. If anyone among you thinks
that he is wise in this world, let him become a fool so that he
may become wise. 19For the wisdom of this world is foolishness
in God’s sight. For it is written:

“He catches the wise in their craftiness.”
(Job 5:13)
20
And again,

“The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise,
that they are worthless.”
(Psalm 94:11)

So do not boast about men. For all things belong to you,
21

whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death
22

or the present or the future—all things belong to you, 23and you
belong to Christ, and Christ belongs to God.

4 You should regard us as servants of Christ and stewards
of the mysteries of God. 2Every steward must prove himself
to be trustworthy. 3But it means nothing to me if I am judged
by you or by any human court. In fact, I do not even judge
myself. 4My conscience is clear, but that does not mean that I
am innocent. It is the Lord who judges me. 5 Therefore do not
judge anything before the appointed time, but wait until the
Lord comes. He will shed light on what is hidden in darkness
and will reveal the inner motives of our hearts. Then each man’s
praise will come from God.
6
I have used Apollos and myself to illustrate these things
to you, brothers, so that you may learn from us not to think
beyond what the Scriptures say. Then you will not take pride
in one man against another. 7What makes you so great? What
do you have that you did not receive? And if you did receive it,
then why do you boast as though you did not receive it?
8
Have you already become full and content? Have you already
become rich? Have you become kings without us? I wish that
you had become kings, so that we could reign with you! 9I
think that God has put us apostles on display at the end of

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the procession, like men condemned to die in the arena. We
have become a spectacle to the whole earth, both to angels
and to men. 10 We are fools for Christ’s sake, but you are wise
in Christ! We are weak, but you are strong! You are honoured,
but we are dishonoured! 11To this very hour we are hungry,
we are thirsty, we are poorly clothed, we are mistreated, and
we are homeless. 12 We labour and work with our own hands.
When we are ridiculed, we bless. When we are persecuted, we
patiently endure. 13 When we are slandered, we continue making
our appeal. To this present day we have become the filth and
scum of the whole earth.
14
I am not writing these things to shame you, but to warn
you because you are my beloved children. 15Even if you had
ten thousand overseers in Christ, you would not have many
fathers. But in Christ Jesus, I became your father through the
gospel. 16 Therefore, I urge you to imitate me. 17 That is why I
have sent Timothy to you, my beloved and faithful son in the
Lord. He will remind you of my walk in Christ, which is what I
teach everywhere in every church.
18
Some of you have become arrogant, as though I were not
coming to you. 19If it is the Lord’s will, I will come to visit you
soon. Then I will not only find out what these arrogant people
are saying, but what power they really have. 20For the kingdom
of God is not a matter of words, but of power. 21So what do you
prefer, that I come to you with a rod or with love and a meek
spirit?

5 There are rumours of incest among you, this kind of sexual
immorality is not even tolerated among the pagans. A man
has his father’s wife! 2 You should have mourned and removed
the man who committed this sin from your midst, but instead
you have become arrogant! 3Although I am absent in body, I
am with you in spirit, and I have already judged the man who
committed this sin as if I were present with you. 4When you
assemble together in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, I will
be with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus Christ
will be present. 5At that time you must deliver this man over
to satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may
be saved on the day of the Lord Jesus.

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6
Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little
yeast will affect the whole lump of dough? 7Get rid of the old
yeast so that you may be a new lump of dough, a lump without
yeast, as you really are. For Christ, our Passover Lamb has been
sacrificed. 8So let us no longer observe the feast with the old
yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the yeast-free bread
of sincerity and truth.
9
In the letter that I previously wrote to you, I told you not
to associate with sexually immoral people. 10 I do not mean
the people of this world who are sexually immoral, or who are
greedy, or who are extortionists, or who are idolaters, otherwise
you would have to leave this world! 11But now I am writing to
tell you not to associate with anyone who professes to be a
brother but is sexually immoral, or is greedy, or is an idolater,
or is verbally abusive, or is a drunk, or is an extortionist. Do
not even eat with such a man!
12
It is not my business to judge outsiders, now is it? But is it
not your business to judge those inside the church? 13God will
judge those outside. Remove that wicked man from among you.

6 How dare any of you, with a complaint against a fellow
brother, go to court before the pagan judges instead of before
the saints! 2Do you not know that the saints will judge the world?
And if you will judge the world, then are you not capable of
judging smaller matters such as these? 3Do you not know that
we will judge angels? How much more the things concerning
this life! 4 Therefore, if you have any disputes concerning the
things of this life, why do you stand before judges who have
no standing in the church? 5I am saying this to shame you. Is
there not a wise man among you who is able to judge between
his brothers? 6But instead, one brother goes to court against
another brother, and this in front of unbelievers!
7
To have such lawsuits against your brothers is a complete
failure for you. Why not just be wronged? Why not just be
cheated? 8But instead, you do wrong and defraud, and you do
this to your own brothers! 9Do you not know that the unrighteous
will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. No
fornicators, or idolaters, or adulterers, or homosexuals, or

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sodomites, 10or thieves, or those who are greedy, or those who
are drunkards, or those who are verbally abusive, or those who
are extortionists, will inherit the kingdom of God. 11That is what
some of you were! But you were washed, you were sanctified,
and you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by
the Spirit of our God.
12
“For me, everything is permitted”—but not everything is
good and profitable. “For me, everything is permitted”—but I will
not be enslaved by anything. 13“Food is meant for the stomach,
and the stomach for food”—but one day God will do away with
them both. The body is not meant for sexual immorality but
for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. 14Just as God raised
the Lord from the dead, He will also raise us up by His power.
15
Do you not know that your bodies are joined together with
Christ? Should I then take what is joined together with Christ
and join it together with a prostitute? Never! 16Do you not
know that the man who joins himself together with a prostitute
becomes one body with her? For it is written,

“The two will become one flesh.”
(Genesis 2:24)

But the man who joins himself together with the Lord is one
17

spirit with Him.
18
So flee from all sexual immorality. For all other sins a man
commits are outside his body, but the man who commits sexual
immorality sins against his own body. 19Do you not know that
your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who lives in you, whom
you have received from God? You are not your own, 20 you were
bought for a price. Therefore glorify God with your body and
spirit, for they are both His.

7 Now to answer the questions that you wrote to me about:
it is good for a man not to marry a woman. 2But in order to
avoid fornication, each man should have his own wife and each
woman her own husband. 3 The husband must give his wife
the love and kindness he owes her, and the wife must give her
husband the love and kindness she owes him. 4The wife does

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not have authority over her own body, but her husband does.
Likewise, the husband does not have authority over his own
body, but the wife does. 5Do not deprive one another of these
things unless you both consent to do so for a set time, so that
you may fully devote yourselves to prayer and fasting. But after
this time has ended, come back together again so that satan will
not be able to tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
6
I say this only as a suggestion, not as a command. 7I wish all
men were unmarried like me. But each man has his own gift
from God—one this, and another that.
8
Now I say this to the unmarried and to the widows: it is good
for them to remain unmarried like me. 9But if they do not have
self-control they should get married, for it is better to marry
than to burn with passion.
10
To the married I give this command—not I, but the Lord:
a wife must not separate from her husband. 11But if she does
separate, she must remain unmarried or be reconciled to her
husband. And the husband must not divorce his wife.
12
I, not the Lord, say this to the rest of you: if any brother
has an unbelieving wife who desires to live with him, he must
not divorce her. 13And if a woman has an unbelieving husband
who desires to live with her, she must not divorce him. 14For the
unbelieving husband has been sanctified on account of his wife,
and the unbelieving wife has been sanctified on account of her
husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but now
they are holy. 15But if the unbeliever departs, let them depart.
The brother or sister is not bound in such circumstances, for
God has called us to live in peace. 16 Wife, how do you know
whether you will save your husband? Husband, how do you
know whether you will save your wife?
17
Every man should live the life the Lord assigned to him, and
should remain in the same situation he was in when God called
him. This is my rule for all the churches. 18Were you circumcised
when you were called? Then do not become uncircumcised.
Were you uncircumcised when you were called? Then do not
become circumcised. 19Both circumcision and uncircumcision
mean nothing, what matters is keeping God’s commandments.
20
Each man should remain in the same situation he was in when

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God called him. 21Were you a slave when God called you? Do
not let it bother you, but if you can gain your freedom then do
so. 22For the man who was a slave when the Lord called him, is
the Lord’s freedman. And the man who was a free man when the
Lord called him, is Christ’s slave. 23You were bought for a price,
so do not become slaves of men. 24Brothers, each man should
remain in the same situation he was in when God called him.
25
Now concerning virgins: I do not have a command from the
Lord for you, but I will give you my opinion as one who by the
Lord’s mercy is trustworthy. 26In view of the present distress, I
think it is good for a man to remain as he is. 27Are you bound to
a wife? Do not seek a divorce. Are you unmarried? Do not seek
a wife. 28But if you do get married, you have not sinned. And
if a virgin gets married, she has not sinned. But those who get
married in this present distress will experience many troubles,
of which I want to spare you from.
29
Brothers, I tell you that time is growing short. From now
on those who have wives should live as if they had none. 30And
those who weep should live as if they did not weep, those who
rejoice should live as if they did not rejoice, those who buy
should live as if they did not possess anything, 31and those who
use the things of this world should not become consumed by
them, because this world in its present form is passing away.
32
I want you to be free from concern. An unmarried man is
concerned with the things of the Lord, with how he can please
Him. 33But a married man is concerned with the things of this
world, with how he can please his wife. 34 There is also the same
difference between a wife and a virgin. An unmarried woman
is concerned with the things of the Lord, with how she can be
holy in both body and spirit. But a married woman is concerned
with the things of this world, with how she can please her
husband. 35I say this for your own benefit, not to restrain you,
but to promote what is honourable, so that you may serve the
Lord without distraction.
36
If a father thinks he is acting unfairly towards his virgin
daughter by not allowing her to marry, and if she is old enough
and he feels that she ought to marry, then let the father do as
he pleases. He is not sinning. Let her marry. 37But if a father has

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firmly decided in his heart that his daughter should remain a
virgin, because she has no desire to marry and is not engaged,
and he has decided in his heart to keep her a virgin, he does
well. 38So the father who gives his virgin daughter in marriage
does well, but the father who does not give her in marriage
does even better.
39
A wife is bound by law to her husband for as long as he
lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to marry whomever
she wishes, but only if he serves the Lord. 40In my opinion she
would be happier if she remained single, and I think that I have
been inspired by the Holy Spirit to say this.

8 Now to answer your questions concerning meat that has been
sacrificed to idols. We know that we all have knowledge, and
we know that knowledge puffs up, but that love builds up. 2If
any man claims to have knowledge, but does not act in love,
he really does not know very much at all. 3But if anyone loves
God, he is known by God.
4
Now about eating food that has been sacrificed to idols: we
know that there is no idol in the world that is real and that
there is only one God. 5Even though there are many so-called
gods and lords, whether in heaven or on earth, 6for us there is
only one God—the Father, through whom all things exist, and
through whom we exist. And there is also only one Lord—Jesus
Christ, through whom God created all things, and through
whom God gave us life.
7
But not everyone has this knowledge. Some still think that
idols are real. So when they eat food that has been sacrificed
to idols, their weak conscience is defiled. 8 The food we eat does
not make us any better or worse before God, whether we eat
food that has been sacrificed to idols or not.
9
But make sure that your freedom does not become a
stumbling block to those who are weak. 10 You may have this
knowledge, but what if someone with a weak conscience sees you
eating at the temple of an idol? Would they not be encouraged
to eat what has been sacrificed to idols? 11Then the brother with
the weak conscience, whom Christ died for, would be destroyed

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because of your knowledge. 12And when you sin against your
brothers by wounding their weak conscience, you sin against
Christ. 13So if meat causes my brother to stumble, I will never
eat meat again, so that I will not cause my brother to stumble.

9 Am I not an apostle? Am I not free? Have I not seen Jesus
Christ our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord? 2Even if
I am not an apostle to others, I am definitely an apostle to you.
For you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.
3
My defence to those who scrutinize me is this: 4do we not
have the right to eat and drink? 5Do we not have the right to
take along a believing wife as the Lord’s brothers, Cephas, and
the other apostles do? 6Or do only Barnabas and I have to work
for a living? 7What soldier ever pays his own wages? Who plants
a vineyard and does not eat its fruit? Or who tends a flock and
does not drink its milk?
8
Am I speaking from a human perspective? Or does not the
Law also speak of these things? 9For it is written in the Law of
Moses,

“Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading
out the grain.”
(Deuteronomy 25:4)

Is God only concerned about oxen? 10Or did He say this mainly
for us? It was written for us, because the man who ploughs and
the man who threshes should do so in the hope of sharing the
crops. 11If we have sown spiritual seed among you, is it wrong
for us to reap a material harvest from you? 12If others have the
right to share in your material blessings, how much more do we?

But we did not use this right. On the contrary, we patiently
endured all things so that we would not hinder the gospel
of Christ. 13Do you not know that those who minister in the
temple eat the food of the temple, and those who serve at the
altar receive a share of what is offered on the altar? 14In the
same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the
gospel should make their living from the gospel.

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15
But I have not made use of any of these rights. And I am
not writing these things in the hope of receiving anything from
you. I would rather die than let anyone deprive me of my reason
for boasting! 16I cannot boast about preaching the gospel, for I
am obligated to preach. Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel!
17
If I had chosen to preach on my own initiative, I would have
a reward for that. But that was not the case, God called me
to preach, and so I have been entrusted with a stewardship.
18
So what then is my reward? My reward is this: to preach the
gospel of Christ free of charge, without using any of my rights
in preaching it.
19
Although I am a free man, I have made myself a slave to all
men, so that I may win many. 20 To the Jews I became like a Jew,
so that I might win the Jews. To those under the law I became
like one under the law, so that I might win those under the law,
though I myself am not under the law. 21To those without the
law I became like one without the law, so that I might win those
without the law, though I am not without God’s law because I
am under Christ’s law. 22 To the weak I became weak, so that
I might win the weak. I have become all things to all men, so
that by all means possible I might save some. 23I do this for
the sake of the gospel, so that I may partake in its blessings
along with you.
24
Do you not know that all those who run in a race run, but
only one receives the prize? So run to win the prize! 25Everyone
who strives to win, exercises self-discipline in all areas. They
do it to receive a corruptible crown, but we do it to receive an
incorruptible crown. 26 Therefore I do not run aimlessly or box
like someone shadowboxing. 27Instead, I beat my body and make
it my slave, so that after I have preached to others, I myself will
not be disqualified.

10 Brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact
that our fathers where all under the cloud and that they
all passed through the sea. 2In the cloud and in the sea they
were all baptized as followers of Moses. 3 They all ate the same
spiritual food, 4and drank the same spiritual drink. They all
drank from the spiritual Rock that accompanied them, and that
Rock was Christ. 5But God was not pleased with most of them,

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so He struck them down in the wilderness.
6
Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we
would not lust after evil things as they did. 7Do not be idolaters
as some of them were, for it is written:

“The people sat down to eat and drink,
and then got up to celebrate.”
(Exodus 32:6)
8
Do not commit fornication as some of them did, for twenty-
three thousand of them died in one day. 9Do not test Christ
as some of them did, and were killed by snakes. 10And do not
grumble as some of them did, and were killed by the destroying
angel. 11These things happened to them as examples, and they
were written down as a warning to us who live in the last days.
12
So if anyone thinks he is standing firm, he should watch
that he does not fall! 13No temptation has overtaken you except
for what is common to man. But God is faithful! He will not
let you be tempted beyond what you are able to bear. On the
contrary, in your temptation God will provide a way of escape,
so that you will be able to bear it.
14
Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. 15I am speaking
to intelligent people, so judge for yourselves if what I am saying
is true. 16 When we bless the blessed cup at the Lord’s table,
do we not share in the blood of Christ? And when we break
the bread, do we not share in the body of Christ? 17Since there
is one loaf, we who are numerous are one body, for we are all
partakers of the one loaf.
18
Look, do not the Israelites who eat the sacrifices participate
in the altar? 19So what am I saying? That an idol is anything?
Or that a sacrifice offered to an idol is anything? 20No! What
I am trying to say is this: the offerings that pagans sacrifice
are sacrificed to demons, not to God, and I do not want you to
participate with demons. 21You cannot drink from both the cup
of the Lord and from the cup of demons. And you cannot be a
partaker of both the table of the Lord and the table of demons.
22
Are we trying to provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger
than He is?

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23
“Everything is permitted”—but not everything is good and
profitable. “Everything is permitted”—but not everything is
edifying. 24Let no one seek his own good, but the good of others.
25
Eat whatever is sold in the meat market, but for the sake
of your conscience do not ask any questions. 26For,

“The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it.”
(Psalm 24:1)
27
If an unbeliever invites you for a meal and you want to go,
then eat whatever is put before you, but for the sake of your
conscience do not ask any questions. 28However, if someone tells
you, “This meat has been sacrificed to an idol,” then do not eat
it for the sake of the man who pointed it out and for the sake of
conscience—29his conscience, that is, not yours. Do you want
your freedom to be judged by another man’s conscience? 30You
may eat with thankfulness, but do you want to be criticized for
what you give thanks for?
31
Therefore, whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do
it all for the glory of God. 32Do not become a stumbling block
to anyone, whether to Jews or to Greeks or to God’s church.
33
But do as I do, for I try to please everyone in everything I do,
not seeking my own good but the good of others, so that they
may be saved.

11 Imitate me, as I imitate Christ. 2I praise you for remembering
me in everything, brothers, and for keeping the precepts
that I delivered to you. 3I want you to know that Christ is the
head of every man, and that man is the head of the woman,
and that God is the head of Christ. 4Any man who prays or
prophesies with his head covered dishonours his head, which is
Christ. 5Any woman who prays or prophesies without wearing a
covering on her head dishonours her head, which is man, and
she is no different than a woman who has shaved her head. 6If
a woman does not cover her head in public worship, then she
should cut off her hair. And if it is shameful for a woman to
cut off her hair or to shave her head, then she should wear a
covering. 7A man should not cover his head in public worship,
because he is the image and glory of God. But the woman is the

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glory of man. 8For man was not created from woman, but woman
was created from man. 9And man was not created for woman,
but woman was created for man. 10For this reason, and because
the angels are watching, a woman should wear a covering on
her head to show that she is under man’s authority. 11But in
the Lord women are not independent of men, and men are not
independent of women. 12Although woman was created from
man, man is born from woman. And all things come from God.
13
Judge for yourselves: is it proper for a woman to pray to God
with her head uncovered? 14Does not even nature itself teach
you that it is disgraceful for a man to have long hair? 15But a
woman’s long hair is her glory, because her hair has been given
to her as a covering. 16And if anyone wants to argue about this,
we have no other custom—neither do any of God’s churches.
17
In giving you these next commands, I cannot commend
you. For when you assemble together, it is not for better but
for worse! 18First of all, I hear that when you assemble together
as a church there are divisions among you, and I partly believe
it. 19For there must be divisions among you, so that it may
become evident who is approved by God among you. 20When you
assemble together, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper. 21For each
person eats his own supper without waiting for anyone else;
one goes hungry, while another gets drunk. 22Do you not have
houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise God’s church
and humiliate the poor who have nothing? What should I say
to you? Should I commend you? I will not commend you!
23
For I passed on to you what I received from the Lord: that
the Lord Jesus Christ, on the night He was betrayed, took bread,
24
and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take
this and eat it. For this is My body, which is broken for you. Do
this in remembrance of Me.” 25In the same way, after supper
He also took the cup and said, “This cup is the new covenant
in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance
of Me.” 26For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup,
you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
27
Whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in
an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body
and blood of the Lord! 28 That is why a man should examine

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himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29For
any man who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and
drinks judgment on himself, because he did not recognize the
Lord’s body. 30 That is why many of you are feeble and sick and
some have died. 31But if we would examine ourselves, we would
not be judged. 32When the Lord judges us, He disciplines us so
that we will not be condemned with the world.
33
Therefore, when you assemble together to eat the Lord’s
Supper, my brothers, wait for one another. 34If any man is hungry
he should eat at home, so that when you assemble together
it may not lead to judgment. And when I come I will give you
further instructions concerning the matters that still remain.

12 Now, brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant about
spiritual gifts. 2 You know that when you were pagans,
you were enticed and led astray to worship idols that cannot
speak. 3 Therefore I want you to know that no one speaking by
the Spirit of God can say, “Jesus is cursed,” and no one can
say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.
4
There are various gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 There are
various ministries, but the same Lord. 6 There are various effects,
but the same God who works all these gifts in everyone. 7Each
person has been given the manifestation of the Spirit for the
good of the body of Christ. 8 Through the Spirit one person is
given the gift of the word of wisdom, and according to the same
Spirit another is given the gift of the word of knowledge. 9By the
same Spirit another is given the gift of faith, and by the same
Spirit another is given the gift of healing. 10 To another the gift
of the working of miracles, to another the gift of prophecy, and
to another the gift of discerning spirits, to another the gift of
speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to another the gift
of interpreting tongues.97 11All these are the work of one and the
same Spirit, who distributes these gifts to each one individually
according to His will.

97
The nine gifts of the Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:8-10). Revelation
gifts: gift of wisdom, gift of knowledge, gift of discerning spirits.
Power gifts: gift of faith, gift of healing, gift of miracles. Prophetic
gifts: gift of prophecy, gift of tongues, gift of interpreting tongues.

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12
Although the body has many parts, it is one body; all the
parts of the body, which are many, make up one body—it is
the same with the body of Christ. 13For by one Spirit we were
all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether
slave or free, we were all made to drink of one Spirit. 14For the
body is not just made up of one part, but of many parts.
15
If the foot says, “I am not a hand, so I am not a part of the
body,” does that mean it is not a part of the body? 16And if the
ear says, “I am not an eye, so I am not a part of the body,” does
that mean it is not a part of the body? 17If the whole body were
an eye, how could it hear? If the whole body were an ear, how
could it smell? 18But God, according to His will, placed each
one of the body parts in the body. 19What would become of the
body if it had only one body part?
20
There are many body parts, but only one body. 21The eye
cannot say to the hand, “I do not need you.” Neither can the
head say to the feet, “I do not need you.” 22On the contrary,
the weakest body parts are even more necessary. 23For we give
greater honour to the body parts we think are less honourable.
And we clothe our unpresentable parts with greater modesty,
24
while our presentable parts have no need to be clothed. But
God has put the body together, and has given greater honour
to the parts that lacked honour. 25He did this so there would be
no division in the body, so that the different parts would equally
care for one another. 26If one part suffers, every part suffers with
it. If one part is honoured, every part rejoices with it.
27
You are the body of Christ, you are all individual parts of
it. 28In the church God has appointed first apostles, second
prophets, third teachers; after that, those with the gift of
miracles, and those with the gift of healing; after that, helpers,
administrators, and those with the gift of speaking in different
kinds of tongues. 29Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all
teachers? Do all operate in the gift of miracles? 30Do all have the
gift of healing? Do all speak in tongues? Do all interpret? 31But
eagerly desire the greater gifts—yet I will show you something
far better than this.

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1 Corinthians 13-14

13 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but do not
have love, I have become like a noisy gong or a clanging
cymbal. 2If I have the gift of prophecy and know all mysteries and
have all knowledge, and if I have the faith to move mountains,
but do not have love, I am nothing. 3If I give all my possessions
to feed the poor, and if I surrender my body to be burned, but
do not have love, I gain nothing.
4
Love is patient, love is kind, love does not envy, love does
not boast, love is not arrogant. 5Love is not rude, love is not self-
seeking, love is not easily irritated, and love keeps no record of
wrong. 6Love does not rejoice in injustice, but always rejoices
in the truth. 7Love always protects, love always believes, love
always hopes, love always endures.
8
Love never fails! But the gift of prophecy will cease, the gift
of tongues will come to an end, and the gift of knowledge will
pass away. 9For we know in part and we prophesy in part. 10But
when perfection comes, then what is imperfect will be abolished.
11
When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a
child, and I reasoned like a child. But when I became a man,
I gave up my childish ways. 12Now we see things obscurely
through a mirror, then we will see things face to face. I know
in part now, but when the time comes, I will know everything
fully as God has fully known me.
13
Now these three things remain: faith, hope, and love. But
the greatest of these is love.

14 Pursue love and eagerly desire spiritual gifts, especially
the gift of prophecy. 2For whoever speaks in tongues does
not speak to men but to God; no one can understand what they
are saying, because they are speaking mysteries in the Spirit.
3
But whoever prophesies speaks to men for their edification,
encouragement, and comfort. 4Whoever speaks in tongues
edifies himself, but whoever prophesies edifies the church. 5I
wish all of you spoke in tongues, but I wish even more that you
all prophesied. The man who prophesies is greater than the
man who speaks in tongues, unless he can interpret so that
the church may be edified.

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6
Now, brothers, if I come to you speaking in tongues, how
would that benefit you? But if I speak words of revelation,
knowledge, prophecy, or teaching, will that not benefit you?
7
If lifeless things like the flute or harp do not produce distinct
notes, how will anyone know what tune is being played? 8And
if a trumpet does not give a distinct sound, who will prepare
for battle? 9It is the same with you, if you speak in a tongue
that cannot be understood, who will understand what you
are saying? You will just be speaking into the air. 10 There are
many different languages in the world, and none of them is
without meaning. 11If I do not understand the meaning of the
language, then I am a foreigner to the one who is speaking and
he is a foreigner to me. 12It is the same with you. Since you are
so zealous to have spiritual gifts, seek to excel in the gifts that
edify the church.
13
Therefore, whoever speaks in tongues should pray that they
may be able to interpret them. 14For if I pray in tongues my
spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. 15So then what should
I do? When I pray, I will pray with both my spirit and my mind.
And when I sing, I will sing with both my spirit and my mind.
16
For if you praise God with your spirit, how can someone else
say “Amen” to your thanksgiving, when they do not understand
what you are saying? 17You may be giving thanks well enough,
but the other person is not edified.
18
I thank my God that I speak in tongues more than all of you.
But in the church I would rather speak five understandable
19

words to instruct others than ten thousand words in a tongue.
20
Brothers, do not think like children. Be like infants
concerning evil, but in your thinking be like adults. 21In the
law it is written:

“With foreign tongues and strange lips
I will speak to this people,
but even then they will not listen to Me,
says the Lord.”
(Isaiah 28:11-12)
22
So tongues are a sign for unbelievers, not for believers.
And prophecy is for believers, not for unbelievers. 23If the whole

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church assembles together and everyone is speaking in tongues,
and an unbeliever or person without understanding of these
things walks in, will they not say that you are crazy? 24But if
everyone is prophesying, and an unbeliever or person without
understanding of these things walks in, will they not be convicted
and condemned by all that is said. 25 Then the secrets of their
heart will become apparent, and they will fall on their face and
worship God, declaring that God is truly among you.
26
What is our conclusion, brothers? When you assemble
together, if you have a psalm, a teaching, a revelation, a tongue,
or an interpretation, all these things must be done for the
edification of the church. 27If someone speaks in a tongue, two
or three at the most should speak one at a time, and someone
must interpret. 28But if there is no interpreter, then the person
with the tongue should be silent and speak between himself
and God. 29Let two or three prophets speak, while the others
carefully judge what is said. 30And if something is revealed to
a person who is seated, they must let the first person finish.
31
You can all prophesy one by one, so that everyone may learn
and be encouraged. 32 The spirit of a prophet is controlled by the
prophet. 33For God is not a God of disorder but a God of peace.

As in all the churches of the saints, 34women must be silent
in church. They are not allowed to speak out, but must be
submissive, as the law says. 35If they want to learn something
they can ask their own husbands at home, for it is shameful
for a woman to speak out in church.
36
Did the word of God originate with you? Or has it come to
you alone? 37If any man claims to be a prophet or to be spiritual,
he should acknowledge that what I am writing to you is the
Lord’s commands. 38But if anyone wants to be ignorant, let
him be ignorant.
39
Therefore, brothers, eagerly desire to prophesy, and do
not forbid speaking in tongues. 40But all things must be done
decently and in order.

15 Now let me remind you, brothers, of the gospel that I
preached to you, which you have accepted and firmly

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stand on. 2By this gospel you are saved, that is, if you hold fast
to the word that I preached to you; unless, of course, you have
believed in vain.
3
The first thing I delivered to you, was what I had received:
that Christ died for our sins as the Scriptures predicted—4 that
He was buried, that He rose again on the third day as the
Scriptures predicted, 5and that He appeared to Cephas and
then to the twelve. 6After that He appeared to over five hundred
brothers at once, most of these brothers are still alive, but some
have died. 7Next He appeared to James, then to the rest of the
apostles. 8And last of all, though I was like a miscarried fetus,
He also appeared to me.
9
For I am the most unworthy of all the apostles, and I do
not even deserve to be called an apostle, because I persecuted
God’s church. 10But by the grace of God I am what I am, and
His grace towards me was not in vain. On the contrary, I worked
much harder than the rest of the apostles—yet not I, but the
grace of God that was with me. 11So whether it was I or they,
we all preach the same gospel in which you believed.
12
Now if we preached that Christ has been raised from the
dead, then why do some of you say that there is no resurrection
of the dead? 13If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not
even Christ has been raised. 14And if Christ has not been raised,
our preaching is worthless and your faith is also worthless.
15
Furthermore, we would be found guilty of giving false testimony
about God, because we have testified that God raised Christ
from the dead. But God did not raise Christ from the dead, if
the dead are not raised. 16For if the dead are not raised, then
not even Christ has been raised. 17And if Christ has not been
raised, your faith is worthless and your sin still remains. 18 Then
those who have died in Christ have perished! 19If our hope in
Christ is only for this life, we should be pitied more than all
other men.
20
But Christ has in fact risen from the dead, and He has
become the firstfruits of those who have died. 21Since death
came through one man, the resurrection of the dead also came
through one Man. 22For through Adam all die, but through Christ
all will be made alive. 23But concerning the resurrection of the

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dead, each man has his proper order: Christ the firstfruits,
then those who belong to Christ at His coming. 24 Then the end
will come after Christ has abolished all rule, all authority and
power, and hands over the kingdom to God the Father. 25For
Christ must reign until He has put all His enemies under His
feet. 26 The last enemy to be abolished is death.
27
For,

“God has put all things under His feet.”
(Psalm 8:6)

But when it says, “all things have been put under Him,” this
clearly excludes God, who has put all things under Christ.
28
When all things have been put under His authority, then the
Son will also put Himself under the authority of the One who
has put all things under Him—that God may be all in all.
29
How would it profit those who are baptized on behalf of the
dead, if the dead are not raised? And if the dead are not raised,
why would anyone be baptized on behalf of the dead? 30And why
do we put ourselves in constant danger? 31I face death daily—
this is true, just as my boasting about you in Christ Jesus our
Lord is true. 32If, according to human motives, I fought wild
beasts in Ephesus, what did I gain? If the dead are not raised,

“Let us eat and drink for tomorrow we die!”
(Isaiah 22:13)
33
Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good character.”
Come back to your senses as you should, and stop sinning!
34

For some of you are ignorant of God—I say this to your shame.
35
But someone might ask, “How are the dead raised? What
kind of body will they have?” 36You fool! What you sow does not
come to life unless it dies first. 37What you sow is not the body
you will have, but only a seed—maybe of wheat or some other
grain. 38But God gives it the body He desires it to have, for He
gives each seed its own body.
39
Not all flesh is the same: men have one kind of flesh, animals
another, fish another, and birds another.

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40
There are also heavenly bodies and earthly bodies. The
heavenly bodies have one kind of glory, and the earthly bodies
another. 41 The sun has one kind of glory, the moon another,
and the stars another. Even the stars differ from one another
in glory.
42
That is how it will be with the resurrection of the dead. The
body that is sown is perishable, but the body that is raised is
imperishable. 43It is sown in dishonour, it is raised in glory. It
is sown in frailty, it is raised in power. 44It is sown a natural
body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body,
there is also a spiritual body. 45As it is written,

“The first man Adam became a living being.”
(Genesis 2:7)

But the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
46
The spiritual does not come first—the natural comes first,
then the spiritual. 47The first man was from the dust of the
earth, but the second Man is the Lord from heaven. 48 Those
who belong to the earth are like the man of dust, but those who
belong to heaven are like the Man of heaven. 49Just as we now
bear the image of the man from the dust, we will also bear the
image of the Man from heaven.
50
I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot inherit
the kingdom of God, neither can the perishable inherit the
imperishable. 51Look, I will tell you a mystery: not all of us will
die, but all of us will be changed! 52In a moment, in the twinkling
of an eye, at the sound of the last trumpet, the dead will be
raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53It is necessary
for the perishable to be clothed with the imperishable, and the
mortal to be clothed with immortality. 54When the perishable
has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal has
been clothed with immortality, then what has been written will
be fulfilled:

“Death has been swallowed up in victory.”
(Isaiah 25:8)

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“O death, where is your victory?
55

O death, where is your sting?”
(Hosea 13:14)
56
The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57But
thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord
Jesus Christ!
58
Therefore, my beloved brothers, be steadfast and unmovable,
always excelling in the work of the Lord, knowing that your
labour in the Lord is not in vain.

16 Now concerning the collection for the saints in Jerusalem:
do what I directed the Galatian churches to do. 2On the
first day of the week each one of you should set aside and save
a portion of your earnings, so that no collections will need to
be made when I come. 3When I arrive, I will send letters along
with the men you have approved and they will carry your gift to
Jerusalem. 4If it is best for me to go along, they can go with me.
5
First I must travel through the province of Macedonia, but
after I have travelled through Macedonia I will come to visit you.
6
Perhaps I will stay with you for a while or even spend the winter
with you, and then you can send me on my way to wherever I
may go. 7I do not want to cross over to see you now and only
make a passing visit. But I hope to spend some time with you
afterwards, if the Lord permits.
8
But for now I will remain in the city of Ephesus until Pentecost.
For a great and powerful door of opportunity has opened for
9

me, and many oppose me.
10
If Timothy comes, make sure he has nothing to fear while
he is with you, for he is doing the Lord’s work, just as I am. 11Do
not let anyone despise him. But send him on his way in peace
so that he may return to me, because I am expecting him along
with the other brothers.
12
Now concerning our brother Apollos, I strongly urged him to
visit you with the other brothers. However, he does not want to
visit you right now, but he will come when he has the opportunity.

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1 Corinthians 16

13
Be vigilant, stand firm in the faith, be men of courage, and
be strong. 14Whatever you do must be done in love.
15
You know that Stephanas and his household were the first
converts in the province of Achaia, and that they have devoted
themselves to the ministry of the saints. Therefore I urge you,
brothers, 16 to submit to people like them and to anyone else
who is a fellow-worker and labourer.
17
I rejoiced when Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus
arrived, because they supplied what was lacking from you.
18
They have not only refreshed my spirit, but yours as well.
Therefore, acknowledge people like them.
19
The churches in the province of Asia greet you. Aquila and
Priscilla greet you in the Lord, and so does the church that
meets in their house. 20All the brothers here greet you. Greet
one another with a holy kiss.
21
Now I, Paul, greet you with my own hand writing. 22Whoever
does not love the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be cursed! Maranatha!
(Our Lord is coming!)
23
May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you! 24
My
love is with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen.

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2 Corinthians 1

2 Corinthians
1 From: Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,
and from our brother Timothy.

To the church of God in the city of Corinth, and to all the
saints throughout the province of Achaia:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
2

Jesus Christ!

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
3

the Father of mercy and the God of all comfort. 4He is the One
who comforts us in all our afflictions, so that we can comfort
those who are going through any kind of affliction with the same
comfort we ourselves have received from God. 5For just as the
sufferings of Christ abound in us, so also the comfort of God
abounds in us through Christ. 6If we are afflicted it is for your
comfort and salvation, for this will encourage you to patiently
endure the same sufferings that we also suffer, and if we are
comforted it is for your comfort and salvation. 7And our hope
for you is firm, because we know that just as you share in our
sufferings, you will also share in our comfort.
8
We do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, about the
afflictions we suffered in the province of Asia. We were weighed
down so far beyond our own ability that we even despaired of
life. 9Indeed, we felt like we had received a death sentence. But
this happened so that we would not trust in ourselves, but in
God who raises the dead. 10And God delivered us from such a
great death, and will deliver us again! For we have put our hope
in Him that He will continue to deliver us. 11And because you
have been helping us through your prayers, many people will
give thanks to God when they see the answer to your prayers
for our deliverance.

For we take pride in this: that our conscience testifies that
12

in this world and especially among you, we have conducted
ourselves in holiness and godly sincerity—not in worldly wisdom,
but in the grace of God. 13We write nothing that is not publicly

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read and acknowledged as true. And I hope that you will always
acknowledge this, 14even if not all of you acknowledge us, so
that you can boast of us as we will boast of you on the day of
the Lord Jesus.
15
I was so confident of this, I intended to visit you first so
that you might benefit twice. 16I had planned to visit you on
my way to Macedonia and again on my way back, and then to
have you send me on my way to Judea. 17So when I planned
this, did I do it lightly? Or did I make these plans according to
the flesh by saying “Yes” when I really meant “No”? 18Just as
God is faithful, our message to you is not “Yes” and then “No.”
19
For Christ Jesus, the Son of God, was preached among you
by Silas, Timothy, and me. And our preaching was not “Yes”
and then “No,” but in Christ it has always been “Yes!” 20For all
God’s promises are both “Yes” and “Amen” in Christ, and so we
give glory to God through Him. 21Now it is God who establishes
us together with you in Christ, and who has anointed us, 22it
is God who has put His seal on us, and who has put His Spirit
in our hearts as a pledge.
23
I call God as my witness, that the reason I did not come
to Corinth was in order to spare you. 24For we did not want to
exercise authority over your faith, but to work with you for your
joy, for by faith you stand.

2 I decided not to visit you again in sadness. 2For if I grieve
you, who will make me happy? Definitely not you, whom I
have grieved.
3
I wrote the previous letter to you so that when I was able
to come, I would not be saddened by those who should make
me happy. And I am confident that what makes me happy will
also make you happy. 4For I wrote to you out of great affliction
and anguish of heart and with many tears—not to grieve you,
but to let you know the abundance of my love for you.
5
The man who has caused you grief has not grieved me as
much as he has grieved—not to put it too severely—all of you.
6
The punishment the majority of you have given this man is
sufficient. 7Now you must forgive and comfort him, or else he

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might be overcome with overwhelming sorrow. 8 Therefore I urge
you to reaffirm your love for him. 9One reason I wrote to you was
to test you, to see if you are obedient in all things. 10Whoever
you forgive, I also forgive. And whoever I have forgiven, I have
forgiven in the presence of Christ for your sake, 11so that satan
may not outsmart us—for we are not ignorant of his schemes!
12
When I came to the city of Troas with the gospel of Christ,
the Lord opened a door for me. 13But my spirit had no relief,
because I was unable to find my brother Titus. So I bid farewell
to those at Troas and departed for the province of Macedonia.
14
But thanks be to God, who always leads us triumphantly
through Christ and spreads the fragrance of the knowledge of
Christ through us in every place. 15 To God we are the fragrance
of Christ among those who are being saved and among those
who are perishing. 16 To the one we are an aroma that leads to
death, and to the other we are an aroma that leads to life. And
who is competent of such a task? 17 We do not peddle God’s
word as many others do, but before God we speak sincerely in
Christ as men sent from God.

3
2
Are we starting to commend ourselves again? Or do we need,
like others, letters of recommendation to you or from you?
You are our letter, which has been written in our hearts, and
is known and read by all men. 3It is clear that you are Christ’s
letter, the result of our ministry, a letter not written by ink but
by the Spirit of the living God, a letter not written on stone
tablets but on human hearts.
4
Such is the confidence we have through Christ before God.
5
We do not claim that we are competent in ourselves, because
our competence comes from God. 6It is God who has made us
competent ministers of the new covenant, a covenant that is
not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the
Spirit gives life.
7
Now if the ministry that brought death was engraved in
letters of stone and came with such glory that the children of
Israel could not gaze at the face of Moses because of the glory
of his face, even though the glory was fading, 8 then how much

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more glorious will the ministry of the Spirit be? 9If the ministry
that brought condemnation was glorious, then how much more
glorious will the ministry be that brings righteousness! 10For
the old covenant was glorious, but its glory cannot compare
with the surpassing glory of the new covenant. 11And if that
which was fading away came with glory, then how much more
glorious is that which is everlasting!
12
Therefore, since we have such a hope, we speak boldly.
13
We are not like Moses, who put a veil over his face so that
the children of Israel could not gaze upon the glory that was
fading away. 14 Their hearts were hardened, for to this very day
the same veil remains when the old covenant is read, because
only in Christ is the veil removed. 15 To this very day when the
Law of Moses is read, a veil covers their hearts. 16But when
anyone turns to the Lord, the veil is removed. 17For the Lord is
the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.
18
So all of us with unveiled faces, as if seeing the Lord’s glory in
a mirror, are being changed into His likeness from one degree
of glory to another by the Spirit of the Lord.

4 Since God in His mercy has given us this ministry, we do not
faint. 2But instead we have renounced secret and shameful
ways, and we do not walk deceitfully or distort God’s word.
But we make our appeal to every man’s conscience by clearly
presenting the truth in the sight of God. 3And if our gospel is
hidden, it is hidden from those who are perishing. 4For the god
of this world has blinded the minds of those who do not believe,
to prevent them from seeing the light of the glorious gospel
of Christ, who is the image of God. 5 We do not preach about
ourselves, but we preach that Jesus Christ is Lord, and that
we are your servants for Jesus’ sake. 6For the same God who
said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” has shone in our hearts
the light of the knowledge of God’s glory, which is revealed in
the face of Jesus Christ.
7
But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, which shows
that this infinite power comes from God and not from us. 8We are
afflicted on every side, but not hemmed in. We are confounded,
but not in despair. 9We are persecuted, but not abandoned. We
are struck down, but not destroyed. 10We always carry the death

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of the Lord Jesus in our bodies, so that the life of Jesus may be
manifest in our bodies. 11We who are still alive are constantly
being delivered over to death for the sake of Jesus, so that the
life of Jesus may be manifest in our mortal bodies. 12So death
works in us, but life works in you.
13
It is written,

“I believed, therefore I have spoken.”
(Psalms 116:10)

And since we have that same spirit of faith, we also believe and
therefore speak. 14We know that God, who raised the Lord Jesus
from the dead, will also raise us up through Jesus, and will
present us with you. 15All this is for your sakes, so that God’s
abundant grace may cause much thanksgiving to abound to
the glory of God.
16
Therefore we do not faint. Though our bodies are perishing
on the outside, we are being renewed day by day on the inside.
17
For this present affliction, which is only small and momentary,
is producing an eternal glory that far outweighs all of this. 18So
we do not look to the things that are seen, but to the things
that are not seen. For the things that are seen are temporary,
but the things that are not seen are eternal.

5 We know that when this tent that is our earthly house is
destroyed, we will have an eternal house in heaven that is not
made by human hands but made by God. 2We groan because we
desire to be clothed with our heavenly dwelling. 3For if we are
clothed we will not be found naked. 4While we are in this tent
we groan and are burdened, not because we desire to lay aside
our earthly bodies, but because we desire to be clothed with our
heavenly bodies, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by
life. 5It is God who has prepared us for this very thing and has
given us His Spirit as a pledge, guaranteeing what is to come.
6
Therefore we always take courage, even though we know that
while we are at home in this body we are absent from the Lord.
7
We walk by faith, not by sight. 8 Therefore we take courage,
even though we would rather be absent from this body and at

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home with the Lord. 9So whether at home or absent, we strive
to please Him. 10For all of us must appear before the judgment
seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive our due reward
for what we have done in this body, whether good or bad.98
11
Therefore, since we know the fear of the Lord, we persuade
others, but God knows our motives, and I hope you know our
motives as well. 12We are not trying to commend ourselves to
you again, but are giving you an opportunity to boast about
us, so that you can answer those who boast about outward
appearances rather than what is in the heart. 13If we are insane,
it is for God’s sake. If we are sane, it is for your sake. 14For
Christ’s love compels us, and brings us to this conclusion: that
if One died for all, then all were dead in sin. 15He died for all,
so that those who live should no longer live for themselves but
for the One who died and rose again.
16
So from now on we do not look at anyone according to the
flesh. We used to look at Christ according to the flesh, but we
no longer do. 17If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. Old
things have passed away, all things have become new! 18All of
this comes from God, who has reconciled us to Himself through
Jesus Christ and has given us this ministry of reconciliation:
19
that through Christ, God was reconciling the world to Himself
by not counting men’s sins against them. And He has entrusted
us with this message of reconciliation.
20
Therefore, we are Christ’s ambassadors, and through us God
is calling you. So we beg you on Christ’s behalf, to be reconciled
to God. 21For God made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us,
so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.

6 As God’s fellow-workers, we beg you not to receive God’s
grace in vain. 2For God says,
98
Immediately after the rapture of the church we will all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ. We will be judged on how
faithfully we served the Lord in our actions and deeds, or lack
of, and He will reward us accordingly. The motives of our hearts
will be laid bare! There is no punishment for believers at the
judgment seat of Christ, because our sins were atoned for at
the cross (Romans 14:10-12).

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“In the time of favour I heard you,
and in the day of salvation I helped you.”
(Isaiah 49:8)

Look, now is the time of favour! Now is the day of salvation!
3
We put no stumbling block in anyone’s way, so that no
fault may be found with our ministry. 4Instead, we demonstrate
that we are God’s ministers in every way: in great endurance;
in afflictions, lack, and distress; 5in beatings, imprisonments,
and riots; in hard work, sleeplessness, hunger and fasting; 6in
purity, knowledge, patience, and kindness; in the Holy Spirit,
and in sincere love; 7in the word of truth, and in the power of
God; with weapons of righteousness in both the right hand
and the left; 8 through honour and dishonour, bad report and
good report; considered impostors, yet true; 9unknown, yet well
known; condemned to death, yet alive; punished, yet not killed;
10
sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; poor, yet making many rich;
having nothing, yet possessing everything.
11
We have spoken openly to you Corinthians with our hearts
opened wide! 12 We have not held back our love for you, but you
have held back your love for us. 13I ask you, as if you were my
own children, to pay us back in the same way: open wide your
hearts to us!
14
Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what
partnership does righteousness have with lawlessness? Or
what fellowship does light have with darkness? 15What harmony
is there between Christ and Belial?99 Or what portion does a
believer have with an unbeliever? 16What agreement does the
temple of God have with idols? For we are the temple of the
living God—just as God said:

“I will dwell in their midst,
and walk among them.
I will be their God,
and they will be My people.”
(Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:12)
(Jeremiah 32:38; Ezekiel 37:27)

99
Belial means “worthlessness,” and refers to satan.

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“Therefore depart from among them,
17

and be separate, says the Lord.
Touch no unclean thing,
and I will receive you.”
(Isaiah 52:11; Ezekiel 20:34, 41)
18
“I will be a Father to you,
and you will be My sons and daughters,
says the Lord Almighty.”
(2 Samuel 7:14)

7 Since we have these promises, beloved, let us cleanse
ourselves from all that defiles the body and spirit, perfecting
holiness out of reverence for God.
2
Make room in your hearts for us. We have not wronged
anyone, we have not corrupted anyone, and we have not taken
advantage of anyone. 3I am not saying this to condemn you.
As I told you before, you are in our hearts, and we would be
willing to live or die with you. 4I have great confidence in you,
and I have boasted much about you. I have been filled with
encouragement, and in all of our afflictions my joy overflows.
5
When we arrived here in the province of Macedonia, our
bodies had no rest. We were afflicted on every side. We had
conflicts on the outside and fears on the inside. 6But God, who
comforts the depressed, comforted us by the arrival of Titus.
7
We were not only comforted by his arrival, but also by the
comfort he had received from you. For he told us about your
longing, your mourning, and your zeal for me, which made me
rejoice even more!
8
If I grieved you by my previous letter, I do not regret it. I did
regret it at first, but now I see that my letter only grieved you
for a while. 9So now I rejoice, not because you were grieved, but
because your grief led to repentance. This grief was according
to God’s will, and so you were not injured by us in any way.
10
Godly grief produces an unregrettable repentance that leads to
salvation, but worldly grief produces death. 11See what diligence
this Godly grief has produced in you: what earnestness to clear
yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what longing, what

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zeal, what retribution. In every way you have proved yourselves
to be innocent in this matter. 12 The reason I had previously
written to you was not because of the one who did the wrong,
or because of the one who was wronged, but so that you could
see how devoted to us you are in the sight of God.
13
All this has given us comfort. In addition to our comfort,
we greatly rejoiced when we saw how happy Titus was, for his
spirit was refreshed by all of you. 14For I had boasted to Titus
about you, and I was not put to shame. Just as everything we
told you was true, our boasting of you to Titus was also true.
15
And his deep affection for you abounds all the more when he
remembers how obedient you all were and how you received
him with fear and trembling. 16 Therefore I rejoice, because in
everything I have confidence in you.

8 We want you to know, brothers, about the grace that God
has given to the churches in the province of Macedonia. 2In a
great test of affliction, their abundant joy and deep poverty has
overflowed in rich generosity. 3For I testify that by their own free
will they gave as much as they were able, even more than they
could afford. 4 They begged us earnestly to let them participate
in this gracious gift to the saints in Jerusalem. 5But they did
not do as we expected, for they gave themselves to the Lord first
and then to us, as was God’s will. 6So we have urged Titus to
finish this gracious gift, which he had previously started among
you. 7Just as you abound in everything—in faith, in word, in
knowledge, in all earnestness, and in your love for us—make
sure you also abound in this grace of giving.
8
This is not a command, but a test of how genuine your love
is when compared to the earnestness of others. 9For you know
the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ: though He was rich, for
your sake He became poor, so that through His poverty you
might become rich.
10
In my opinion, I think that it is best for you to finish what
you had previously started. Last year you were not only the
first to give, but the first with the desire to do so. 11Now finish
what you have started, so that your readiness to give may be
matched by your willingness to finish it—by giving what you

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can. 12For if a person is ready and willing to give, then the gift
is acceptable according to what they have, not according to
what they do not have.
13
Not that others should receive relief at your expense, but that
there may be equality. 14At this present time your abundance can
supply their need, and when you are in need their abundance
can supply you, so that there may be equality. 15As it is written:

“Those who gathered much
had nothing left over,
and those who gathered little had enough.”
(Exodus 16:18)
16
But thank God for putting the same dedication into the
heart of Titus as we have for you. 17For Titus willingly accepted
our request and has eagerly left to visit you. 18We also sent a
brother along with him who is praised by all the churches for
his work in the gospel. 19 This brother has been appointed by the
churches to accompany us in the ministry of this gracious gift,
which is for the glory of the Lord Himself, and is proof of your
readiness to help. 20 We want to avoid any criticism concerning
the ministry of this liberal gift. 21So we consider beforehand
what is honourable, not only in the sight of the Lord but also
in the sight of man.
22
We also sent with them our brother. He has proven to be
diligent in many ways, on many occasions, and now he is even
more zealous because of his great confidence in you. 23 Titus is
my partner and fellow-worker among you, and our brothers are
messengers of the churches and an honour to Christ. 24 Therefore
show these men your love, and prove to all the churches that
our boasting about you is true.

9 I do not need to write anything further to you about this
ministry to the saints. 2For I know how eager you are, and
I have been boasting to the Macedonians that you in Achaia
began making preparations for this gift last year, and your
zeal has stirred up most of them. 3I have sent these brothers
to you, so that our boasting about you in this matter may not
be in vain, and so that you will be prepared just like I said you

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would be. 4Otherwise, if any of the Macedonians come with me
and find that you are not prepared, we would be ashamed of
our confidence in you, not to mention how you would feel. 5So I
thought it was necessary to urge the brothers to go ahead of us
in order to prepare this blessing that was previously promised,
so that it will be ready as a blessing and not as something that
is forced.
6
Remember this: those who sow sparingly will reap sparingly,
and those who sow generously will reap generously. 7Each of you
should decide in your own heart what amount to give. Do not
be grieved or pressured, for God loves a cheerful giver. 8For God
is able to make all grace abound to you, so that in every matter
and in every way you will always have everything you need, so
that you may abound in every good work. 9As it is written,

“He has scattered abroad,
he has given to the poor;
his righteousness endures forever.”
(Psalm 112:9)
10
For God, who supplies seed for the sower and bread for
eating, will supply and multiply your seed and increase the
harvest of your righteousness. 11You will be made rich in every
way so that you can always be generous, and through us your
generosity will cause others to give thanks to God. 12 The ministry
of this gift will not only supply the needs of the saints, but will
also cause many to overflow with thanksgiving to God. 13For
when they see the proof of this ministry they will glorify God,
because you have been obedient to your confession of the gospel
of Christ, and because you have been generous in sharing with
them and everyone else. 14And when they pray for you, they will
long for you because of the surpassing grace God has given to
you. 15 Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!

10 Now I, Paul, appeal to you with the meekness and
gentleness of Christ—I who am humble in person, but
bold when absent! 2I beg you that when I come I will not have
to be as bold and daring as I expect to be toward some people
who think that we walk according to the flesh. 3For though we
walk in this body of flesh, we do not wage war according to the

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flesh. 4 The weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but are
mighty through God for the tearing down of strongholds. 5We
refute every philosophy and every high thing that exalts itself
against the knowledge of God, bringing into captivity every
thought to the obedience of Christ. 6We will be ready to punish
all disobedience, once your obedience is complete.
7
Do you only look at the outward appearance of things?
If anyone is confident that he belongs to Christ, he should
consider again that we belong to Christ just as much as he
does. 8For even if I boast somewhat more of our authority—the
authority that the Lord has given to us for building you up, not
for tearing you down—I would not be ashamed. 9I do not want
you to think that I am trying to frighten you with my letters.
10
For some say, “His letters are weighty and forceful, but in
person he is weak, and his words are worthless.” 11These people
should realize that what we say in our letters when absent, we
will do when present.
12
We would never dare to put ourselves into the same class
as these people or even compare ourselves with those who
commend themselves. Without wisdom they measure themselves
by themselves and compare themselves with themselves. 13We
will not boast beyond proper boundaries. We will only boast
within the boundary lines that God has assigned to us, which
extends as far as you. 14We are not going beyond our boundaries,
which would be the case if we had not reached you, but we
were the first to reach you with the gospel of Christ. 15Neither
do we go beyond our boundaries by boasting of the work others
have done. On the contrary, we hope that as your faith grows,
you will help us to greatly enlarge our boundary lines. 16 Then
we can preach the gospel in the regions beyond you. For we
will not boast of things already done in the boundary lines of
another man.
17
“Let the man who boasts, boast in the Lord.”
(Jeremiah 9:24)

It is not the man who commends himself who is approved,
18

but the man whom the Lord commends.

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11 I wish that you would bear with a little of my foolishness,
but you are already doing that. 2I am jealous for you with
a godly jealousy, because I promised you in marriage to one
husband, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ.
3
I fear that somehow, just as the serpent deceived Eve by his
craftiness, your minds might also be led astray from your sincere
devotion to Christ. 4For if someone comes and preaches a different
Jesus than the Jesus we preached, or a different spirit than the
Spirit you received, or a different gospel than the gospel you
accepted, you are willing to bear with them!
5
I do not think that I am inferior to those “super-apostles.” 6I
may not be a skilled speaker, but I do have knowledge, and we
have made all of this clear to you in every way.
7
Or was I wrong to humble myself by preaching the gospel of
God to you free of charge, so that you could be exalted? 8I robbed
other churches by taking wages from them in order to minister
to you. 9When I was present with you and was in need, I was
not a burden to anyone of you, for the brothers who came from
Macedonia fully supplied my needs. In every way I kept myself
from being a burden to you, and I will continue to do so. 10Just
as the truth of Christ is in me, no one in the regions of Achaia
will stop me from boasting about this. 11Why? Is it because I do
not love you? God knows that I do!
12
And I will continue doing what I am doing, so that I may
put an end to the boasting of those who consider themselves
equal to us. 13For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers,
who pretend to be apostles of Christ. 14And no wonder, for even
satan pretends to be an angel of light. 15So it is no surprise if
his servants also pretend to be servants of righteousness. But
in the end they will be punished for their deeds.
16
Again I say, do not think of me as a fool. But if you do, then
receive me as you would receive a fool, so that I may also boast
a little! 17When I confidently boast like this I am not speaking
as the Lord would speak, but as a fool would speak. 18Since
many boast according to the flesh, I will also boast. 19You gladly
tolerate fools because you are so wise! 20You tolerate anyone
who enslaves you, who devours all that you have, who takes
advantage of you, who exalts himself above you, and anyone

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who slaps you in the face. 21I am ashamed to say that we are
too weak to do that! What anyone else dares to boast about, I
speak as a fool, I will also dare to boast about.
22
Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I.
Are they Abraham’s descendants? So am I. 23Are they servants
of Christ? I speak as a fool, but I have served Him far more. I
have worked much harder, been in prison more often, suffered
more floggings, and have faced death more frequently. 24Five
times I received thirty-nine lashes from the Jews. 25 Three times
I was beaten with rods, once I was stoned, three times I was
shipwrecked, and I was adrift at sea for a night and a day. 26I
have travelled frequently, I have been in danger from rivers, in
danger from bandits, in danger from my own countrymen, in
danger from the Gentiles, in danger in the city, in danger in the
wilderness, in danger at sea, and in danger from false brothers.
27
I have laboured and toiled, gone without sleep, been hungry and
thirsty, fasted often, and have been cold and naked. 28Besides all
this, I am overwhelmed daily with concern for all the churches.
29
Who is weak, and I do not sympathize with their weakness?
Who is enticed into sin, and I do not burn with anger?
30
If I am compelled to boast, I will boast of the things that
show my weakness. 31The God and Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ, who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying! 32 The
governor in Damascus, who was under King Aretas, guarded
the city of Damascus in order to arrest me. 33But I was lowered
in a basket through a window in the city wall, and escaped from
his hands.

12 I am compelled to boast, even though it is not profitable. I
will go on to visions and revelations from the Lord. 2I know
a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether it was in the
body or out of the body I do not know, only God knows—was
snatched up to the third heaven. 3I know that this man—whether
it was in the body or out of the body I do not know, only God
knows—4was snatched up to paradise and heard inexpressible
words, which a man is not permitted to speak. 5I will boast
about this kind of man, but I will not boast about myself, except
about my weaknesses. 6If I wanted to boast I would not be a fool,

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because I would be speaking the truth. But I will refrain, so that
no one will think more of me than what they see or hear me do.
7
To keep me from becoming conceited because of these
extraordinary revelations, I was given a thorn in my flesh, a
messenger of satan, to strike me repeatedly, so that I would
not become conceited. 8 Three times I begged the Lord to take it
away from me. 9But He told me, “My grace is sufficient for you,
for My power is made perfect in weakness.” So I will gladly boast
about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may rest on me.
10
Therefore I take pleasure in all weaknesses, insults, hardships,
persecutions, and calamities that I suffer for the sake of Christ.
For when I am weak, then I am strong.
11
I boasted like a fool, but you have compelled me to do so.
I should have been commended by you, for I am not inferior to
those “super-apostles,” even though I am nothing. 12 The signs
of an apostle were performed among you with all perseverance
by signs, wonders, and miracles. 13How were you inferior to the
other churches, except that I myself was not a burden to you?
Forgive me of this wrong!
14
I am ready to visit you for the third time, and I will not be
a burden to you. I do not desire your possessions, but you.
For children are not obligated to save up for their parents, but
parents for their children. 15So I will gladly spend and expend
myself for your souls. Even though the more I love you, the less
you love me.
16
Be that as it may, I have never been a burden to you, though
some say that I was crafty and took you by trickery! 17Did I take
advantage of you through any of the men I sent to you? 18When
I urged Titus to visit you and sent our brother along with him,
did Titus take advantage of you? Did we not walk in the same
spirit and in the same footsteps? 19Do you think that we have
been defending ourselves before you this whole time? No, we
have been speaking before God in Christ, and everything we do,
beloved, is for your edification. 20I am afraid that when I come
I may not find you as I wish, and that you may not find me as
you wish. I am afraid that I may find quarrelling, jealousy, anger,
strife, slander, gossip, arrogance, and disorder. 21I am afraid that
when I come again my God may humble me before you, and that
I may mourn over many of those who have continued in their

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sins and have not repented of the impurity, sexual immorality,
and sensuality that they have practiced.

13 This is the third time that I am coming to visit you.
“At the mouth of two or three witnesses
every matter must be established.”
(Deuteronomy 19:15)
2
Therefore, I write to those who have continued in their sins
and to all the rest. What I said before, when I was present with
you the second time, I will say again while absent: if I come
again, I will not spare those people—3since you are looking for
proof that Christ is really speaking through me; Christ who is
not weak in dealing with you, but who is mighty among you.
4
Although He was crucified in weakness, He now lives by God’s
power. Although we are weak like He was, when dealing with
you, we will be alive with Him by God’s power.

Examine yourselves to see if you are still in the faith. Test
5

yourselves! Do you not know that Jesus Christ lives in you?—
unless, of course, you fail to pass the test! 6I hope you realize
that we have not failed the test. 7We pray to God that you will
not do what is evil. Our desire is not to show you that we are
approved by God, but that you will do what is right, even if it
seems like we have failed. 8For we cannot do anything against
the truth, but only for the truth. 9We rejoice whenever we are
weak and you are strong, and we pray for your restoration. 10I
write these things while I am absent from you, so that when I am
present I will not have to be harsh in my use of authority—the
authority that the Lord has given to me for building you up, not
for tearing you down.
11
Now, brothers, I say farewell. Be restored, be comforted, be
of one mind, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will
be with you.

Greet one another with a holy kiss.
12 13
All the saints here
greet you.
14
May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and
the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all! Amen.

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Galatians 1

Galatians
1 From: Paul, an apostle, who was sent neither from men nor
by man but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised
Him from the dead, 2and from all the brothers who are here
with me.

To the churches in the province of Galatia:

Grace and peace to you from God the Father and our Lord
3

Jesus Christ, 4 who gave Himself for our sins so that He might
deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our
God and Father. 5 To Him be the glory forever and ever! Amen.

I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting the One who
6

called you by the grace of Christ and are following a different
gospel, 7when there is no other gospel! There must be some who
are troubling you, who are determined to pervert the gospel of
Christ. 8But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach
a different gospel than the one we have preached to you, let
them be cursed! 9As we have said before, and now say again:
if anyone preaches a different gospel than the gospel you have
received, let him be cursed!

Am I trying to gain favour with man or God? Or do I seek
10

to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not
be a slave of Christ.

I want you to know, brothers, that the gospel I preached
11

to you did not come from man. 12I did not receive it from man
nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation from
Jesus Christ.
13
For you have heard of my former way of life in Judaism,
how I greatly persecuted God’s church and tried to destroy it.
14
I had advanced in Judaism far beyond many of my Jewish
peers, because I was extremely zealous for the traditions of my
forefathers.
15
But when God, who separated me from my mother’s womb

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and called me by His grace, was pleased 16 to reveal His Son to
me so that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not
immediately go and consult with flesh and blood. 17Niether did
I go down to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before
I was, but instead I went into Arabia and then returned again
to Damascus.
18
Then three years later I went down to Jerusalem so that I
could personally meet Peter, and I stayed with him for fifteen
days. 19I never saw any of the other apostles except the Lord’s
brother James. 20God is my witness that what I am writing to
you is no lie.
21
After that I went into the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22 The
churches of Christ in Judea did not even personally know me.
23
This is all they had heard: “The man who once persecuted us
is now preaching the faith he once tried to destroy!” 24And they
gave glory to God because of me.

2 Then I went again to Jerusalem fourteen years later with
Barnabas, and I took Titus along with me. 2I went there
because of a revelation. I declared to them the gospel that I
preach among the Gentiles. But I did this privately with those
of reputation, for fear that somehow I had been running or had
run my race in vain. 3Not even my companion Titus, who was
a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. 4Even though false
brothers had snuck in secretly to spy on the freedom we have
in Christ Jesus, in order to bring us into bondage. 5Not for a
moment did we yield in submission to them, so that the truth
of the gospel might remain with you.
6
And those of reputation—whatever they were makes no
difference to me, for God does not judge by outward appearances—
those of reputation did not add anything to my message. 7On the
contrary, they saw that I had been entrusted with preaching the
gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been entrusted
with preaching the gospel to the circumcised. 8For God, who
worked through Peter as an apostle to the circumcised, also
worked through me as an apostle to the Gentiles. 9And when
James, Cephas, and John, who were reputed as pillars of the
church, recognized the grace that was given to me, they gave

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me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship. They encouraged
us to go to the Gentles, while they went to the circumcised.
10
Their only request was that we remember the poor, the very
thing I was eager to do.
11
But when Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face,
because he was at fault. 12When Peter first came, he ate with the
Gentiles. But afterwards, when some men came from James,
he withdrew and separated himself from the Gentiles, because
he feared those of the circumcision party. 13And the rest of the
Jews acted hypocritically along with him, even Barnabas was
led astray by their hypocrisy.
14
When I saw that they were not walking in line with the
truth of the gospel, I said to Peter in front of them all, “Why do
you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews, when you yourself
live like a Gentile and not like a Jew? 15We are Jews by birth,
and not Gentile sinners. 16We know that a man is not justified
by obeying the law, but only through faith in Christ Jesus. We
have also believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified
by faith in Christ and not by obeying the law, for no flesh will
be justified by the works of the law. 17But if while seeking to
be justified in Christ we are found to be sinners, does that
make Christ a minister of sin? Never! 18If I rebuild what I have
destroyed, I prove that I am a transgressor. 19For through the
law I died to the law, so that I might live for God. 20I have been
crucified with Christ and no longer live, but Christ lives in me.
Now, the life I live in this body, I live by faith in the Son of God
who loved me and gave Himself for me. 21I do not cast aside the
grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the law, then
Christ died for nothing!”

3 You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you not to obey
the truth? For Christ Jesus was clearly portrayed before
your eyes as crucified. 2I only desire to learn one thing from
you: did you receive the Spirit by doing the works of the law
or by believing what you heard by faith? 3Are you so foolish?
Having started with the Spirit, can you finish with the flesh?
4
Have you suffered so much for nothing—unless it was really
all for nothing?

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5
Does God supply you with the Spirit and work miracles
among you because you do the works of the law, or because
you believe what you heard by faith? 6Consider this:

“Abraham believed God, and it was credited
to him as righteousness.”
(Genesis 15:6)
7
Therefore, understand this, those who believe by faith
are sons of Abraham. 8 The Scripture foresaw that God would
justify the Gentiles by faith, when the gospel was announced
beforehand to Abraham through a promise,

“Through you all nations will be blessed.”
(Genesis 12:3)

So those who believe by faith are blessed along with Abraham,
9

who believed by faith.
10
Everyone who does the works of the law are under a curse,
for it is written,

“Cursed is everyone who does not continue
doing all that is written
in the Book of the Law!”
(Deuteronomy 27:26)
11
It is clear that no man is justified by the law before God, for,

“The just will live by faith.”
(Habakkuk 2:4)
12
The law is not by faith, on the contrary,

“The man who practices these things will
live by them.”
(Leviticus 18:5)

Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a
13

curse for us. For it is written,

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Galatians 3

“Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree.”
(Deuteronomy 21:23)
14
Jesus Christ redeemed us in order that the blessing promised
to Abraham would come to the Gentiles through Him, so that
we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
15
Brothers, here is a human illustration. No man can add or
subtract from a covenant that has been confirmed. 16Now the
promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. It does not
say “And to your seeds,” which refers to many, but it refers to
one, “And to your seed,” who is Christ. 17This is my point: the
law, which came 430 years later, does not cancel the covenant
that was previously confirmed by God in Christ, otherwise the
promise would have been abolished. 18For if the inheritance
comes through the law, it no longer comes through a promise,
but God gave it to Abraham through a promise.
19
So why was the law given? It was added to define
transgressions, and was instituted through angels by the hands
of a mediator (Moses), until the seed (Jesus) to whom the promise
referred had come. 20A mediator represents more than one, but
God is one.
21
So is the law against the promises of God? Never! For if a law
had been given that was able to impart life, then righteousness
would have truly come through the law. 22But the Scripture
shows that all are imprisoned under sin, so that the promise,
which is by faith in Jesus Christ, might be given to all who
believe. 23Before faith came we were kept in custody under the
law, imprisoned until faith was to be revealed. 24So the law was
our guardian to lead us to Christ, so that we might be justified
by faith. 25But now that faith has come, we are no longer under
a guardian.
26
You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27For
all who were baptized into Christ have clothed themselves with
Christ. 28 There is no longer Jew or Greek, slave or free, male or
female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29And if you belong
to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, and heirs
according to the promise.

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Galatians 4

4
2
What I am saying is this: as long as the heir is a child, he is
no different than a slave, even though he owns everything.
He is under guardians and stewards until the time set by
his father. 3It was the same when we were children, we were
slaves to the elementary principles of this world. 4But when
the appointed time came, God sent His Son, born of a woman,
born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law,
so that He could adopt us as sons.
6
And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of His
Son into our hearts, the Spirit who cries out, “Abba, Father!”100
7
Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son. And if you are
a son, then you are an heir of God through Christ.
8
In the past, when you did not know God, you were slaves to
what by nature were not gods. 9But now that you know God—or
more accurately, are known by God—how can you turn again
to those weak and poor elementary principles? Do you desire to
be enslaved by them all over again? 10You are observing special
days, months, seasons, and years! 11I fear for you, that perhaps
my labour among you was in vain!
12
Brothers, I beg you: become like me, for I became like you.
You have not wronged me. 13You know how sick I was when I
first preached the gospel to you. 14Yet you did not despise or
reject me on account of my sickness. But instead you received
me as if I were an angel of God, or as if I were Christ Jesus
Himself. 15What has happened to your joy? I can testify that if it
were possible, you would have plucked out your own eyes and
given them to me. 16So have I now become your enemy because
I am telling you the truth?
17
These false teachers are zealous for you, but their motives
are not good. They desire to isolate you from us, so that you
will be zealous for them. 18It is always good to be zealous for
what is good, and not only when I am present with you. 19My
little children, I am once again suffering labour pains for you,
and this will continue until Christ is formed in you. 20I wish
I were present with you now, so that I could change my tone,
because I am puzzled about you!

100
Abba is the Aramaic word for father.

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Galatians 5

21
Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not
listen to the law? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons,
one by the slave woman and one by the free woman. 23 The son
of the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but the
son of the free woman was born according to a promise. 24 These
two women are symbolic of two different covenants. The slave
woman, Hagar, represents the covenant from Mount Sinai,
because her children are born into slavery. 25Hagar represents
Mount Sinai in Arabia, and she corresponds to present-day
Jerusalem, which is in slavery along with her children. 26But
the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother.
27
For it is written,

“Rejoice, barren woman
who has not given birth!
Break out with joyful shouts,
you who have no labour pains!
For the children of the desolate woman will be
more numerous than the children of the
woman with a husband!”
(Isaiah 54:1)
28
Now we, brothers, like Isaac, are children of the promise.
29
But just as it was at that time, the son who was born according
to the flesh persecuted the son who was born according to the
Spirit, so it is now. 30But what does the Scripture say?

“Cast out the slave woman and her son,
for the son of the slave woman will not
be heir with the son of the free woman.”
(Genesis 21:10)

Therefore, brothers, we are not children of the slave woman
31

but of the free woman.

5 For freedom Christ has set us free. So stand firm, and do
not become ensnared again by a yoke of slavery. 2Look! I,
Paul, tell you that if you become circumcised, Christ will be of
no benefit to you! 3Again, I testify to every man: if you become
circumcised, you will be obligated to keep the whole law. 4 Those
trying to be justified by the law have been cut off from Christ

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and have fallen from grace! 5But through the Spirit, by faith, we
wait for the hope of righteousness. 6For in Christ Jesus neither
circumcision nor uncircumcision matters, what matters is faith
working through love.
7
You were running your race well. Who has hindered you
from obeying the truth? 8Such persuasion does not come from
the One who calls you. 9A little yeast ferments the whole lump of
dough. 10 I am confident in the Lord that you will take no other
view. But the one who is troubling you will bear his judgment,
whoever he may be.
11
Brothers, if I am still preaching circumcision, why am I
still being persecuted? If that were the case, the offence of the
cross would be abolished. 12I wish those troubling you would
castrate themselves!
13
For you, brothers, were called to freedom. So do not use
your freedom to gratify the flesh, but to serve one another in
love. 14For the whole law is fulfilled in one command:

“You must love you neighbour as yourself.”
(Leviticus 19:18)

Beware, if you bite and devour one another, you might destroy
15

one another!
16
So I say this: walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the
desires of the flesh. 17For the flesh desires what is contrary to
the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the flesh. They are
opposed to one another, so that you do not do what you want to
do. 18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.
19
Now the works of the flesh are obvious: adultery, fornication,
impurity, sensuality, 20idolatry, drugs and witchcraft, hatred,
quarrelling, jealousy, outbursts of anger, strife, divisions,
factions, 21envy, drunkenness, wild partying, and similar things.
I warn you, as I have warned you before, that those who practice
such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.
22
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience,
kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23meekness, and self-control.

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There is no law against such things! 24 Those who belong to
Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh along with its passions
and desires. 25If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the
Spirit. 26Let us not become self-conceited, provoking and envying
one another.

6 Brothers, if a man is overtaken by any sin, those who are
spiritual should restore him gently in a spirit of meekness.
Watch yourself, or you may also be tempted. 2Bear one another’s
burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. 3If
anyone thinks he is something, when he is nothing, he deceives
himself. 4Every man should examine his own actions. Then he
can be proud of himself alone, without comparing himself to
others. 5For each man will have his own load to carry.
6
Those who are taught the word should share all good things
with their teacher.
7
Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. Whatever a
man sows, he will reap. 8 Those who sow to please their flesh,
will reap decay from the flesh, but those who sow to please the
Spirit, will reap eternal life from the Spirit. 9Let us not grow
weary of doing good, for in due time we will reap a harvest if
we do not faint. 10So then, whenever we have an opportunity,
let us do good to all, especially to the family of faith.
11
See how large my letters are when I write in my own
handwriting. 12 Those who want to look good concerning the
flesh, only compel you to be circumcised because they do not
want to be persecuted for the cross of Christ. 13For those who
are circumcised do not even keep the law, yet they want you to
be circumcised so that they can boast about your flesh. 14But
may I never boast about anything except for the cross of our Lord
Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me,
and I to the world! 15For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision
nor uncircumcision matters, what matters is a new creation.
16
May peace and mercy rest upon all who walk by this rule,
and upon the true Israel of God!101
101
May peace and mercy rest upon all who walk by this rule,
and upon all those Jews who believe in Jesus Christ!

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17
From now on let no man cause me trouble, for I bear the
scars of the Lord Jesus on my body.
18
May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit,
brothers! Amen.

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Ephesians 1

Ephesians
1 From: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God. To
the saints in the city of Ephesus who are faithful in Christ
Jesus:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
2

Jesus Christ!

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
3

who through Christ has blessed us with every spiritual blessing
in the heavenly realms. 4For God in His love chose us in Christ
before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless in
His sight. 5He predestined to adopt us as His sons through Jesus
Christ, according to the pleasure of His will, 6 to the praise of
His glorious grace that He has favourably given to us through
the Beloved One.

In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness
7

of sin, according to the riches of God’s grace, 8 which God has
abundantly given to us in all wisdom and insight. 9For God
revealed the mystery of His will according to His good pleasure
that He purposed in Christ: 10 that when the time is fully complete,
He will gather all things in heaven and on earth together under
the headship of Christ. 11Through Christ we have obtained an
inheritance, which was predestined according to the purpose
of God who works all things out according to the counsel of His
will, 12so that we, who first hoped in Christ, might bring praise
and glory to God.

You also put your hope in Christ after hearing the word of
13

truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed in Him
you were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is the
pledge guaranteeing our inheritance until God redeems those
He has purchased for the praise of His glory.

Therefore, ever since I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus
15

and your love for all the saints, 16I have not stopped giving
thanks for you as I remember you in my prayers. 17I pray that
the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give

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you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.
18
I also pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened so
that you may understand the hope of His calling, the riches of
His inheritance in the saints, 19and the surpassing greatness
of His power toward us who believe; all this is according to the
working of His mighty power, 20which God used when He raised
Christ from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the
heavenly realms, 21far above all rule and authority, power and
dominion, and every name that can be named—not only in this
present age, but in the age to come.
22
God has put everything under His feet and has made Him
head over everything for the church, 23which is Christ’s body,
the fullness of Christ who fills all in all.

2 You were once dead because of your trespasses and sins. 2In
the past you walked according to the ways of this world and
according to the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit that is
presently at work in the sons of disobedience. 3We all previously
lived like them, walking after the lusts of the flesh by fulfilling
the desires of our flesh and mind; we were by nature children
of wrath just like them.
4
But God—who is rich in mercy, because of the great love with
which He loved us—5made us alive with Christ even though we
were dead in our transgressions—for by grace you have been
saved. 6For in Christ Jesus, God has raised us up with Christ
and has seated us with Him in the heavenly realms, 7so that in
the ages to come He might show us the surpassing riches of His
gracious kindness towards us in Christ Jesus. 8For by grace you
have been saved through faith, and this not of yourselves, it is
the gift of God; 9it is not by works, so that no man may boast.
10
For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do
the good works that God prepared in advance for us to walk in.
11
Remember that you who are Gentiles by birth were previously
called “the uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the
circumcised”—a circumcision, which is made in the flesh by
the hands of men. 12At that time you were separated from
Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to
the covenants of promise, living in this world without hope and

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without God. 13But now in Christ Jesus, you who were once far
off have been brought near through the blood of Christ.
14
For Christ is our peace, and He has made both groups
one by tearing down the wall of division. 15He abolished in
His flesh the hostility of the law with its commandments and
decrees, making peace between the two by creating in Himself
one new man out of the two, 16 that through the cross He might
reconcile both groups to God, making them into one body, thus
killing their hostility. 17He came and proclaimed the good news
of peace to you who were far off, and to those who were near.
18
For through Christ both groups have access to the Father by
one Spirit.
19
Therefore you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but
fellow citizens with the saints and members of God’s household.
20
You have been built on the foundation of the apostles and
prophets, and Jesus Christ Himself is the Chief Cornerstone. 21In
Him the whole building is being joined together and is growing
into a holy temple in the Lord. 22 Through Christ you Gentles
are also being built together to become a dwelling place where
God lives by His Spirit.

3 For this reason, I, Paul, have become a prisoner of Christ
Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles. 2Surely you have heard
that God has made me a steward of His grace to you Gentiles. 3I
received this mystery by revelation, as I briefly wrote before. 4So
as you read this you will be able to understand my knowledge
in the mystery of Christ. 5In past generations this mystery was
not made known to men, but now it has been revealed by God’s
Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets. 6 This is the mystery:
that through the gospel the Gentiles are fellow heirs, members
of the same body, and partakers of God’s promise in Christ. 7I
have become a minister of this gospel by the gift of God’s grace,
which He has given to me through the working of His power.
8
Although I am the very least of all the saints, I was given this
grace of preaching the unsearchable riches of Christ to the
Gentiles, 9 to shed light on this mysterious plan that through
the ages has been hidden in God, who created all things by
Jesus Christ, 10 that the manifold wisdom of God might be made
known through the church to the rulers and authorities in the

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heavenly realms. 11 This was according to God’s eternal purpose
that He carried out through Christ Jesus our Lord, 12in whom we
can boldly approach God with confidence through faith in Him.
13
So I ask you not to be disheartened because of the troubles I
suffer on your behalf, for they are for your glory.
14
For this reason I bow my knees before the Father of our
Lord Jesus Christ, 15from whom every family in heaven and on
earth is named. 16I pray that according to His glorious riches He
would strengthen your inner man with power through His Spirit,
17
so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith. I also
pray that you will be rooted and grounded in love, 18so that you
may be able to comprehend with all the saints, how wide, how
long, how high, and how deep Christ’s love is, 19and that you
may know the love of Christ, which surpasses all knowledge,
so that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.
20
Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly beyond
all we ask or think, according to His power that is at work
within us, 21to Him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus
throughout all generations forever and ever! Amen.

4 I, Paul, a prisoner for the Lord, urge you to walk in a manner
worthy of the calling to which you have been called, 2 with
all humility and meekness, bearing patiently with one another
in love, 3being diligent to keep the unity of the Spirit through
the bond of peace. 4 There is one body and one Spirit—just as
when you were called you were called to one hope—5one Lord,
one faith, one baptism, 6one God and Father of all, who is above
all, who is everywhere, and who lives in us all.
7
But each one of us has been given a certain measure of grace
according to the gift of Christ. 8 That is why it says:

“When He ascended on high,
He led captivity captive,
and gave gifts to men.”
(Psalm 68:18)
9
Does not the words “He ascended” mean that He also
descended to the lower parts, that is, descended to the earth?

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10
The One who descended is also the same One who ascended
far above all the heavens, so that He would fill everything.
11
Christ gave apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and
teachers, 12for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the
ministry, and for the edification of the body of Christ, 13until
we all become united in the faith and in the full knowledge of
God’s Son, becoming a fully grown man that measures up to
the maturity and stature of Christ’s fullness. 14 Then we will no
longer be infants tossed to and fro and carried about by every
wind of doctrine, which is taught by cunning men in their
craftiness and deceitful schemes. 15Instead, by speaking the
truth in love, we will in all things grow up into Christ who is the
head. 16From Him the whole body is joined and held together by
every contributing joint. And when each one of the parts does
its work, the body grows and edifies itself in love.
17
Therefore I say this, and testify in the Lord: you must no
longer walk as the other Gentiles do, because they walk in the
foolishness of their thinking. 18 Their minds are full of darkness
and they are alienated from the life of God, because of their
ignorance and their hard hearts. 19 They have become apathetic
and have given themselves over to sensuality, greedily practicing
every kind of impurity.
20
But that is not what you have learned about Christ! 21If
you have truly heard about Him, and have been taught about
Him according to the truth in Jesus: 22 then cast off the old man
along with its former behaviour, for it is corrupted by deceitful
desires. 23Instead, be renewed in the spirit of your mind, 24and
put on the new man, which is created after God’s likeness in
true righteousness and holiness.
25
Therefore cast off falsehood,

“let every man speak the truth to
his neighbour,”
(Zechariah 8:16)

for we are all members of one body.

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26
“When you are angry, do not sin.”
(Psalm 4:4)

Do not let the sun go down without dealing with your anger,
27
or give the devil a place of opportunity. 28 Those who steal must
stop stealing and start working, using their own hands for what
is good, so that they may have something to share with those in
need. 29Do not let any corrupt words come out of your mouth,
but only speak what is good and useful for edification, so that
those who hear will benefit. 30Do not grieve God’s Holy Spirit,
by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31Remove
all bitterness, rage, anger, quarrelling, and slander from among
you, along with all hatred. 32Be kind and tender-hearted to one
another, forgiving one another just as God forgave you in Christ.

5 As beloved children be imitators of God. 2Walk in love, just
as Christ loved us and gave Himself up for us as an offering
and sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling fragrance.
3
Let there be no sexual immorality, impurity, or greed even
mentioned among you, because these things are improper for the
saints. 4Let there be no obscenity, foolish talk, or course joking
among you, because these things are improper, but instead
give thanksgiving. 5For we know that no sexually perverted, or
impure, or covetous idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom
of Christ and God. 6Let no man deceive you with empty words,
for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the
sons of disobedience. 7So do not be participants with them.
8
You were once darkness, but in the Lord you are now light.
So walk as children of the light. 9For the fruit of the Spirit
consists of all goodness, righteousness, and truth. 10So examine
what is acceptable to the Lord. 11And do not participate in the
unfruitful works of darkness, but instead refute and expose
them. 12For it is shameful even to speak of the things they have
done in secret.
13
Everything that is exposed by the light becomes visible, and
where everything is visible there is light. 14That is why it says,

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Ephesians 5

“Wake up, sleeper, arise from the dead,
and Christ will shine upon you.”102
15
So be careful how you live, do not be unwise but wise.
16
Spend your time wisely, because the days are evil.
17
Therefore do not be unwise, but understand what the Lord’s
will is. 18Do not get drunk with wine, and indulge in immorality,
but instead be filled with the Holy Spirit, 19speaking to one
another with psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and
playing music with your hearts to the Lord, 20always giving
thanks to God the Father for everything in the name of our Lord
Jesus Christ, 21submitting to one another in the fear of God.
22
Wives, submit to your husbands, as you would to the Lord.
23
For the husband is the head of the wife, just as Christ is
the head of the church. The church is His body, and He is its
Saviour. 24Just as the church submits to Christ, wives must
also submit to their husbands in everything.
25
Husbands, love your wives as Christ loved the church. For
He gave Himself up for the church, 26so that He might sanctify
and cleanse it by washing it with the water of the word, 27in
order to present a glorious church to Himself. A church without
spot or wrinkle or any other kind of blemish, a church that is
holy and blameless. 28In the same way, husbands ought to love
their wives as they do their own bodies. The man who loves his
wife loves himself. 29For no man hates his own body. On the
contrary, he nurtures and cares for it. Just as Christ nurtures
and cares for the church. 30 We are members of His body—of
His flesh and of His bones.
31
“For this reason a man will leave his father
and mother and will be joined to his wife,
and the two will become one flesh.”
(Genesis 2:24)
32
This is a great mystery; of course, I am speaking about Christ
and the church. 33Nevertheless, every man must love his wife
as he loves himself, and every wife must respect her husband.
102
Quoted from an unknown source, but may allude to Isaiah
26:19 and Isaiah 60:1-3.

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Ephesians 6

6 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
2
“Honour your father and mother”—this is the first
commandment with a promise—3“so that it may go well with
you, and that you may live long on the earth.”103
4
Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but nurture
them in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.
5
Slaves, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling
and with a sincere heart, as you would Christ. 6Do not be people-
pleasers, only working hard when your master is watching.
But work as Christ’s slaves, doing God’s will from your heart.
7
Serve them with kindness, as you would the Lord—not man.
8
Remember that the Lord will reward every man for whatever
good he does, whether he is slave or free.
9
Masters, treat your slaves in the same way. Do not threaten
them, for you know that both their Master and yours is in
heaven, and that He shows no favouritism.
10
Finally, my brothers, be strong in the Lord and in the power
of His might. 11And put on the full armour of God, so that you
will be able to stand firm against the devil’s schemes. 12For we
do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers,
against the authorities, against the powers who govern this
dark world, and against the spiritual forces of wickedness in
the heavenly realms.
13
Therefore put on the full armour of God, so that you will
be able to stand against the enemy in the day of evil, and after
you have done everything, stand firm. 14 Therefore, stand firm!
Have the belt of truth buckled around your waist, put on the
breastplate of righteousness, 15and shoe your feet with the
preparation of the gospel of peace. 16Also take up the shield of
faith, for with it you will be able to extinguish all the flaming
arrows of the evil one. 17And take the helmet of salvation and
the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 18Pray in the
Spirit at all times with all kinds of prayers and petitions, always
watching persistently, making petitions for all the saints. 19Pray
for me also, that God will give me the right words to say when
I open my mouth to speak, so that I will have the boldness to
103
Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16

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Ephesians 6

preach the mystery of the gospel, 20for which I am an ambassador
in chains, so that I will be able to speak as boldly as I should.
21
Now Tychicus, who is a beloved brother and faithful minister
in the Lord, will tell you everything about how I am and what
I am doing. 22I have sent him to you for this very purpose, so
that you may know how we are doing, and that he may comfort
your hearts.
23
Peace to the brothers, may love combined with faith be
yours from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 24Grace
be to all who sincerely love our Lord Jesus Christ! Amen.

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Philippians 1

Philippians
1 From: Paul and Timothy, slaves of Christ Jesus. To all the
saints of Christ Jesus who live in the city of Philippi, together
with the overseers and deacons:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
2

Jesus Christ!

I thank my God whenever I remember you. 4Whenever I pray
3

for all of you, I always make my petitions with joy. 5For you
have been my fellow partners in the gospel from the first day
until now. 6I am confident of this: that He who began a good
work in you will continue doing so until He finishes it on the
day of Jesus Christ. 7It is right for me to think this way about
all of you, because I hold you in my heart. For whether I am
in chains or defending and confirming the gospel, you are all
partakers with me of grace. 8God is my witness of how I long
for all of you with the tender mercies of Jesus Christ.

And I pray that your love will abound even more and more
9

in all knowledge and discernment. 10I pray that you will be
able to approve what is true and genuine, so that you may be
sincere and blameless until the day of Christ, 11being filled with
the fruit of righteousness through Jesus Christ, to the glory
and praise of God.

I want you to know, brothers, that what has happened to
12

me has happened for the advancement of the gospel. 13It has
become apparent throughout the whole praetorian guard and
to everyone else that I am in chains for Christ. 14Many of the
brothers have become confident in the Lord because of my
chains, and are speaking the word more courageously without
fear.

Some truly preach Christ out of envy and strife, but others
15

out of goodwill. 16 Those who proclaim Christ out of strife are not
sincere, and are adding affliction to my chains. 17But the others
do it out of love, knowing that I have been appointed to defend
the gospel. 18But why should I worry about that? For in every

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way Christ is being proclaimed, whether with false motives or
true. And for this reason I rejoice, and will continue to rejoice.
19
I know that because of your petitions and the provision of
the Spirit of Jesus Christ, this will turn out for my deliverance. 20I
eagerly expect and hope that I will not be ashamed of anything;
that now, as always, with all boldness, Christ will be magnified
in my body—whether by life or death. 21For to me, to live is
Christ, and to die is gain. 22If living in this body means more
fruitful work for me, then what should I choose? I do not know!
23
I am hard-pressed and cannot choose between the two: I long
to depart and be with Christ, which is far better, 24but for you it
is more necessary that I remain in the body. 25Convinced of this,
I know that I will stay and continue helping all of you for your
advancement and joy in the faith. 26 Then, when I return to you
again, you may boast about what Christ Jesus has done for me.
27
I ask only that you live in a manner worthy of the gospel
of Christ. Then, whether I come to see you or remain absent, I
will hear that you are standing firm, united in one Spirit, with
one mind, striving together in the faith of the gospel, 28without
being frightened in anyway by your opponents—which is a sign
to them that they will perish, but that you will be saved, and
that by God. 29For on behalf of Christ, you have not only been
given the privilege to believe in Him, but also to suffer for Him.
30
And now you are in the same conflict that you previously saw
me in, and still hear that I am in.

2 Now if you have any encouragement in Christ, if you have
any comfort from His love, if you have any fellowship with
His Spirit, and if you have any sympathy and compassion, 2 then
make my joy complete by being like-minded with one purpose,
united as one with the same love. 3Do not do anything out of
strife or self-conceit, but in humility think of others as better
than yourselves. 4Do not only look out for your own interests,
but also for the interests of others.
5
Have the same attitude in yourselves as Christ Jesus:
6
Who, although He existed in the form of God,
did not consider His equality with God

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as something to hold on to.
7
Instead He emptied Himself,
took on the form of a slave,
and was born in the likeness of men.
8
And when He appeared as a man,
He humbled Himself
and became obedient to the point of death—
death on the cross!
9
Therefore God has highly exalted Him
and has given Him the name
that is above all names,
10
that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow,
in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
11
and every tongue will confess
that Jesus Christ is Lord,
to the glory of God the Father.
12
Therefore, my beloved, just as you have always been
obedient—not only in my presence, but now even more so in
my absence—work out your salvation with fear and trembling.
13
For God is the One working in you to produce the desires and
actions that accomplish His purpose.
14
Do everything without complaining or arguing, 15so that
you may become blameless and innocent children of God, who
are faultless in the midst of a twisted and perverse generation,
among whom you shine as lights in the world, 16as you hold
on to the word of life, so that I will be able to boast on the day
of Christ because I did not run or labour in vain.
17
But even though I am being poured out like a drink offering
on the sacrifice and service of your faith, I am glad and rejoice
with all of you. 18In the same way, you should also be glad and
rejoice with me.
19
Now I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly,
so that I may be encouraged when I learn of your well-being. 20I
have no one else who is like-minded, with such genuine care for
your welfare. 21For everyone else looks out for their own interests,
not those of Christ Jesus. 22But you know that Timothy has
proven himself trustworthy, like a son with his father he has
served with me in the work of the gospel. 23 Therefore, I hope to

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Philippians 3

send him as soon as I learn of my circumstances. 24And I trust
in the Lord that I will also come shortly.
25
I think it is necessary to send Epaphroditus back to you.
He is a brother, fellow-worker, and fellow-soldier with me, and
he is the messenger that you sent to minister to my needs. 26He
longs for all of you and is distressed because you heard that he
was sick. 27For truly he was sick and close to death. But God
had mercy on him, not only on him but also on me, to keep me
from sorrow upon sorrow. 28 Therefore I am very eager to send
him back, so that you may see him again and rejoice, and that I
may not be so worried. 29Give him a joyful welcome in the Lord,
and honour men like him. 30For he almost died for the work of
Christ, risking his life to supply the help you could not give me.

3 Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord. I have no problem
writing to you the same things over again, because it is for
your own safety.
2
Beware of those dogs, those evil workers, those mutilators
of the flesh! 3For we are the true circumcision, we who worship
by the Spirit of God, who boast in Christ Jesus, and who put
no confidence in the flesh. 4Yet I have some basis for having
confidence in the flesh. And if anyone else thinks he can place
his confidence in the flesh, I can even more:
5
I was circumcised on the eight day,
I am a descendant of Israel,
from the tribe of Benjamin,
a Hebrew of Hebrew parents,
according to the law, a Pharisee.
6
According to zeal, I persecuted the church;
according to legalistic righteousness,
blameless.
7
These things were once valuable to me, but now I count them
as loss for the sake of Christ. 8I truly count everything a loss
compared to the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus
my Lord. For His sake I have suffered the loss of all things and
count it all as rubbish so that I may gain Christ, 9and may be
found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own that is

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Philippians 4

based on the law—but having a righteousness from God that is
based on faith in Christ. 10I want to know Christ, I want to know
the power of His resurrection, I want to share in the fellowship
of His sufferings, I want to become like Him in His death, 11so
that somehow I may attain the resurrection of the dead.
12
I have not obtained it yet, or have been perfected yet, but I
am pursuing to take hold of it because Christ Jesus took hold
of me. 13Brothers, I know that I have not taken hold of it yet.
But this one thing I do: I forget what is behind and reach for
what is ahead. 14I am pursuing after the goal, the prize of God’s
upward calling in Christ Jesus.
15
Everyone who is mature should think like this. If anyone thinks
otherwise, God will reveal these things to him. 16Nevertheless,
we must continue walking according to the standard we have
already attained.
17
Imitate what I do brothers, and closely watch those who
walk according to the example we have given to you. 18As I
have often told you, and in tears I say it again, many walk as
enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their end is destruction, their
god is their stomach, their glory is their shame, and their minds
are on earthly things. 20But our citizenship is in heaven, and
from there we eagerly await the return of our Saviour, the Lord
Jesus Christ. 21He will transform our lowly bodies to be like
His glorious body, by the working of His power—which brings
everything under His authority.

4 Therefore, my beloved brothers whom I long for, my joy and
crown, stand firm in the Lord my beloved.
2
I beg Euodia, and I beg Syntyche, to agree in the Lord. 3I also
ask you, my loyal companion, to help these women, for they have
struggled with me in the gospel, along with Clement and the
rest of my fellow-workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.
4
Rejoice in the Lord always! Again I say, rejoice!
5
Let your gentleness be known to all men. The Lord’s coming
is near!

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Philippians 4

6
Do not worry about anything, but in every situation make your
requests known to God by prayers, petitions, and thanksgiving.
7
Then God’s peace, which surpasses all understanding, will
guard your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.
8
Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honourable,
whatever is righteous, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely,
whatever is well spoken of—if anything is virtuous, if anything
is praiseworthy—think about these things. 9Practice whatever
you have learned, received, heard, and seen in me. And the
God of peace will be with you.
10
I greatly rejoice in the Lord, because you have once again
renewed your concern for me. Truly you have been concerned
for me, but have not had the opportunity to show it. 11I am not
saying this because I have need of anything, for I have learned to
be content no matter what circumstances I am in. 12I know how
to live by humble means, and I know how to live in abundance. I
have learned the secret of living in any and every circumstance,
whether full or hungry, whether prospering or in need. 13I can
do all things through Christ who strengthens me.
14
Nevertheless, it was good of you to share in my afflictions.
15
As you Philippians know, after I first preached the gospel
to you, when I departed from the province of Macedonia, not
even one church shared with me in the matter of giving and
receiving except for you alone. 16Even when I was in need in
Thessalonica, you sent me aid not only once but twice. 17It is not
gifts that I desire, but what I desire is that fruit may be credited
to your account. 18I have been supplied in all abundance now
that I have received the gifts you sent with Epaphroditus. They
are a sweet smelling fragrance, an acceptable sacrifice that is
well-pleasing to God. 19And my God will supply all your needs
according to His glorious riches in Christ Jesus. 20To God our
Father be the glory forever and ever! Amen.
21
Greet all the saints in Christ Jesus. The brothers who
are with me greet you, 22as do all the rest of the saints here,
especially those of Caesar’s household.
23
May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all!
Amen.

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Colossians 1

Colossians
1 From: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and
our brother Timothy. 2 To the saints and faithful brothers in
the city of Colosse who are in Christ:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
Jesus Christ!
3
We always pray for you, giving thanks to God the Father
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 4For we have heard of your faith in
Christ Jesus and your love for all the saints, 5 which stems
from the hope that is laid up for you in heaven, which you
have previously heard about in the word of truth—the gospel.
6
It has come to you and to the whole world bearing fruit and
growing, as it has been doing in you since the day you first
heard it and understood the truth of God’s grace. 7You learned
about the gospel from Epaphras, our beloved fellow-slave, who
is a faithful minister of Christ on your behalf. 8He has told us
of your love in the Spirit.
9
For this reason, since the day we first heard about this, we
have not stopped praying for you. We have been asking God to
fill you with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom
and understanding, 10so that you may walk in a manner worthy
of the Lord, pleasing Him in all things, bearing fruit in every
good work, and growing in the knowledge of God, 11so that by
His glorious might you may be strengthened with all power to
patiently endure all things with joy, 12always giving thanks to
the Father, who has enabled us to share in the inheritance of
the saints of light. 13For He has rescued us from the powers of
darkness and has transferred us into the kingdom of His beloved
Son, 14in whom we have redemption through His blood—the
forgiveness of sins.

Christ is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all
15

creation. 16For through Him all things were created in heaven
and on earth, things visible and invisible, whether kings or lords
or rulers or authorities. All things were created through Him
and for Him. 17He existed before everything, and He sustains

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all things. 18Christ is the head of the body, which is the church.
He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He will
be superior in all things. 19For the Father was pleased to have
all His fullness live in Christ, 20and to reconcile all things to
Himself through Christ, whether things on earth or in heaven,
by making peace through the blood Christ shed on the cross.
21
In the past you were alienated from God with a hostile
attitude towards Him, because of your evil works. 22But now
God has reconciled you by the death of Christ’s physical body,
in order to present you holy and blameless and without fault
before Him. 23 That is, only if you remain in the faith, having
a firm foundation, not being moved or swayed from the hope
of the gospel that you have heard—the gospel that has been
proclaimed to all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul,
have become a minister.
24
Now I rejoice in what I am suffering for you, because I
am filling up what is lacking in my flesh concerning Christ’s
afflictions, which is for the sake of His body—the church, 25of
which I have become a minister according to the stewardship
that God has given to me for your sake, so that I might fully
preach the word of God; 26 the mystery that has been hidden for
ages and generations but now has been revealed to the saints,
27
to whom God chose to make known the glorious riches of
this mystery among the Gentiles: which is Christ in you, the
hope of glory.
28
We proclaim Christ, warning and teaching every man with
all wisdom, so that we may present every man complete in Christ
Jesus. 29For this purpose I work hard and struggle, according
to the working of His power that works within me.

2 I want you to know how much I struggle for you and for those
at Laodicea, and for all those who have not seen my face
in person. 2I want their hearts to be encouraged and united in
love, being rich in every way, because they are fully assured in
their understanding of the knowledge of the mystery of God the
Father, which is Christ. 3In Him are hidden all the treasures of
wisdom and knowledge. 4I am telling you this, so that no one will
deceive you with persuasive words. 5Although I am physically

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absent, I am present with you in spirit, and I rejoice when I see
how orderly and firm your faith in Christ is.
6
Now that you have received Christ Jesus as Lord, you must
walk in Him, 7being rooted and built up in Him, established in
the faith as you were taught, and abounding with thanksgiving.
8
Beware that no man robs your faith through philosophies
and empty delusions that are according to the traditions of
men and according to the elementary principles of this world,
rather than according to Christ. 9For in Christ all the fullness
of the Godhead lives in bodily form. 10And you are complete in
Christ, who is the head over all rule and authority.
11
In Him you were also circumcised, but not by a circumcision
performed by human hands. Instead it was a circumcision that
stripped off the sinful nature, a circumcision performed by
Christ. 12You were buried with Him in baptism and were raised
with Him through your faith in the working of God, who raised
Him from the dead. 13You were once dead in your transgressions
and in the uncircumcision of your sinful nature, but God made
you alive with Christ by forgiving us of all our transgressions.
14
He cancelled the charges that were written against us regarding
the decrees of the law that stood against us, taking them out
of the way by nailing them to the cross. 15Having stripped the
rulers and authorities, He made a public spectacle of them,
triumphing over them by the cross.
16
Let no man judge you by what you eat or drink, or in respect
to a festival, new moon, or Sabbath. 17These things are a shadow
of what was to come: Christ Himself. 18Let no man who delights
in false humility and the worship of angels cause you to be
disqualified from receiving the prize. These men investigate
things they have not seen and are puffed up for no reason by
their fleshly minds. 19 They are not holding to the head, from
whom the whole body is nourished and joined together by its
joints and ligaments as God makes it grow.
20
If you died with Christ to the elementary principles of this
world, then why are you submitting to its rules as though you
still belonged to it? 21“Do not handle, do not taste, and do not
touch!” 22 These rules will all perish with use, because they are

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only the commandments and teachings of men. 23 These rules
may have the appearance of wisdom because of their self-
imposed worship, false humility, and harsh discipline of the
body, but they are useless when it comes to conquering the
desires of the flesh.

3 If you were raised with Christ, then seek the things from
above, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God. 2Set
your mind on the things above, not on earthly things. 3For you
have died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God. 4When
Christ who is your life appears, then you will also appear with
Him in glory.
5
So put to death whatever is earthly in you: fornication,
impurity, lust, evil desires, and greed—which is a form of idolatry.
6
For because of these things the wrath of God will come upon
the sons of disobedience. 7You once walked in these ways when
you lived among them. 8But now you must put them all away:
anger, rage, hatred, slander, and all filthy talk from your mouth.
9
Do not lie to one another since you have stripped off the old
man with his practices, 10and have put on the new man who
is being renewed in the knowledge of his Creator’s image—11in
Him there is no Greek or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised,
foreigner, savage, slave or free; but Christ is all, and in all.
12
Therefore, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, clothe
yourselves with a heart of mercy, kindness, humility, meekness,
and patience, 13bearing with one another and forgiving each
other. If anyone has a complaint against another, forgive them as
Christ forgave you. 14And above all these things clothe yourselves
with love, which binds everything together perfectly. 15And let
the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, because you were called
into one body to live in peace. And always be thankful. 16Let
the word of Christ live in you richly, as you teach and warn one
another with all wisdom, as you gratefully sing psalms, hymns,
and spiritual songs in your hearts to the Lord. 17And whatever
you do in word or deed, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus,
giving thanks to God the Father through Him.
18
Wives, submit to your husbands, as is proper in the Lord.
Husbands, love your wives, and do not be bitter towards them.
19

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20
Children, obey your parents in everything, for this is well-
pleasing to the Lord. 21Fathers, do not provoke your children,
or they will become disheartened. 22Slaves, obey your earthly
masters in everything. Do not be people-pleasers, only working
hard when you are being watched, but work wholeheartedly
because you fear God. 23In whatever you do, work with all your
heart, working for the Lord and not for men, 24knowing that you
will receive an inheritance as your reward, because the Master
you serve is Christ. 25But those who do wrong will be repaid for
the wrong they have done, for there is no partiality with God.

4 Masters, be just and fair to your slaves, knowing that you
also have a Master in heaven.
2
Devote yourselves to prayer, and be alert in it with an attitude
of thanksgiving. 3Also pray that God will open a door for us to
preach the word, the mystery of Christ, for which I am in chains.
4
Pray that I will be able to preach this message as clearly as I
should.
5
Behave wisely toward unbelievers, making the most of every
opportunity. 6Always speak graciously, seasoned with salt, so
that you may know how to answer everyone.
7
Tychicus will tell you everything about me. He is a beloved
brother, who is a faithful minister and fellow-slave in the Lord.
8
I have sent him to you for this very purpose, so that you may
know how we are doing and that he may comfort your hearts.
9
With him I have sent Onesimus, our faithful and beloved
brother, who is one of you. They will tell you everything that is
happening here.
10
Aristarchus, my fellow-prisoner, greets you. So does Mark,
the cousin of Barnabas, whom you received instructions about:
that if he comes to you, welcome him. 11And Jesus, who is
called Justus, also greets you. These men are the only ones of
the circumcision who are my fellow-workers for the kingdom
of God, and they have been a comfort to me.
12
Epaphras, a slave of Christ, who is one of you, greets you.
He always struggles for you in prayer, praying that you may

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stand mature and fully assured in all the will of God. 13I bear
witness that he is very zealous for you and for those in the
cities of Laodicea and Hierapolis. 14Luke, the beloved physician,
greets you, along with Demas. 15Greet the brothers in Laodicea,
and greet Nymphas and the church that meets in his house.
16
After this letter has been read among you, make sure it is
read to the church of Laodicea. And likewise, read the letter that
I sent to Laodicea. 17Tell Archippus: “See to it that you fulfill
the ministry that you have received from the Lord.”
18
I, Paul, greet you with my own hand writing. Remember
my chains. Grace be with you! Amen.

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1 Thessalonians 1-2

1 Thessalonians
1 From: Paul, Silas, and Timothy. To the church of the
Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
Jesus Christ!

We always give thanks to God for all of you as we remember
2

you in our prayers. 3In the presence of our God and Father we
constantly remember your work of faith, your labour of love,
and your endurance of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ. 4 We
know, brothers, that God loves you and has chosen you. 5For
our gospel not only came to you in word but also in power, with
a demonstration of the Holy Spirit and great conviction. You
know how we lived among you; we were your examples.

You became imitators of us and of the Lord. In spite of
6

much tribulation, you received the word with the joy of the
Holy Spirit. 7You became an example to all the believers in the
provinces of Macedonia and Achaia. 8And the word of the Lord
has echoed out from you not only in Macedonia and Achaia,
but also in every place where your faith in God has become
known. As a result, we do not need to say anything. 9For they
themselves tell us about the way you welcomed us, and how
you turned from idols to serve the living and true God. 10 They
also tell us that you are waiting for God’s Son to come from
heaven, whom He raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues
us from the coming wrath.

2 Brothers, you know that our visit to you was not in vain.
2
As you know, before we came to you we suffered and were
mistreated in the city of Philippi. Yet we were bold in our God,
and told you about His gospel in spite of much opposition. 3For
our appeal does not stem from error, impurity, or deceit.

On the Contrary, we have been approved by God and
4

entrusted with the gospel. We do not speak to please men
but God, who tests our hearts. 5As you know, we did not use

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flattering words or put on an act to get your money. God is our
witness! 6Niether did we seek praise from men, not from you
or anyone else. As apostles of Christ we could have asserted
our authority. 7But instead, we were gentle among you, like a
nursing mother cherishing her own children. 8 We had such
great affection for you that we were not only willing to share
the gospel of God with you but also our own lives, because you
had become very dear to us. 9Brothers, you remember how we
laboured and toiled when we preached the gospel of God to you.
We worked night and day, so that we would not be a burden
to any of you.
10
You are witnesses, and so is God, of how holy, righteous,
and blameless we were among you believers. 11You know that
we encouraged each one of you, comforting and urging you as a
father would his own children. 12We did this so that you would
walk in a manner worthy of God, who has called you into His
kingdom and glory.
13
And we also thank God continually for this: when you
received the word of God, which you heard from us, you did
not accept it as the word of men, but you accepted it for what
it truly is—the word of God, which works in you who believe.
14
For you, brothers, became imitators of God’s churches in
Judea, which are in Christ Jesus. You suffered the same things
from your own countrymen as they did from the Jews, 15who
killed both the Lord Jesus and their own prophets, and have
also persecuted us. They do not please God and are hostile to
all men. 16 They are always trying to hinder us from preaching
to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. By doing this they
are always filling up their sins. But God’s wrath is upon them
to the end.
17
Brothers, although we have been separated from you for a
short time—in person but not in our hearts—we eagerly desire
to see your face. 18 We wanted to come to you. Truly I, Paul,
wanted to several times, but satan hindered us. 19For who is
our hope, our joy, and our crown of boasting in the presence of
our Lord Jesus Christ at His coming? Is it not you? 20For you
are our glory and joy!

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3 When we could no longer bear it, we thought it best to stay
behind in Athens, 2and sent our brother Timothy to you.
He is a minister of God and a fellow-worker along with us in
the gospel of Christ. We sent him to strengthen and encourage
you in your faith, 3so that no one would be moved by these
afflictions. For you know that we have been appointed to face
such things. 4In fact, when we were with you, we told you
beforehand that we were going to suffer tribulation. And as
you know, it came to pass. 5So when I could no longer bear it,
I sent Timothy to find out about your faith. I was afraid that
somehow the tempter might have tempted you and our labour
might have been in vain.
6
But Timothy has just returned from visiting you, and has
brought us good news about your faith and love. He has told us
that you always have good memories of us and that you long to
see us, just as we also long to see you. 7Therefore, brothers, in
all our distress and affliction we have been comforted about you
because of your faith. 8It brings great joy to our lives, knowing
that you are standing firm in the Lord.
9
And how can we give God enough thanks for you, for all the
joy you have given us in the presence of God. 10Night and day
we petition God most earnestly that we may see you in person
and supply what is lacking in your faith.
11
Now may our God and Father Himself, and our Lord Jesus
Christ, direct us your way. 12May the Lord make you increase
and abound in love for one another, and for all men, as our love
does for you. 13And may the Lord strengthen your hearts, so that
you will be blameless and holy in the presence of our God and
Father when our Lord Jesus Christ comes with all His saints.

4 You received instructions from us on how you must walk in
order to please God, brothers, but now we ask and encourage
you in the Lord Jesus to do so more and more. 2For you know
the instructions we gave to you through the Lord Jesus.
3
For it is God’s will that you should be sanctified: that you
abstain from sexual immorality. 4Each of you must know how
to control his own body in holiness and honour, 5not in lustful

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passion like the Gentiles who do not know God. 6No man should
go beyond proper limits and take advantage of his brother in
this matter, for the Lord will punish all who do such things,
just as we have already told you and warned you. 7For God did
not call us to be impure, but to be holy. 8 Therefore, anyone who
rejects these instructions is not rejecting man but God, who
gives you His Holy Spirit.
9
We do not need to write to you about brotherly love, because
God has taught you to love one another. 10And you truly have
shown your love to all the brothers throughout Macedonia. But
we encourage you, brothers, to love them even more. 11You must
strive to live a quiet life, minding your own business and working
with your own hands, just as we instructed you. 12 Then you
can walk honestly in your dealings with unbelievers, without
needing a thing.
13
I do not want you to be ignorant about those who have
died, brothers, because I do not want you to grieve like those
who have no hope. 14For if we believe that Jesus died and rose
again, we must also believe that God will bring with Jesus those
who have died in Him.
15
We say this to you by the word of the Lord: we who remain
alive until the coming of the Lord will not go up before those
who have died. 16For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven,
with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, with the trumpet
of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17Then we who
remain alive will be caught up together with them in the clouds
to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will always be with the
Lord. 18 Therefore encourage one another with these words.

5 Brothers, we do not need to write to you about times and
seasons, 2for you know perfectly well that the day of the Lord
will come like a thief in the night. 3When they say, “Peace and
security,” then destruction will suddenly come on them like a
pregnant woman with labour pains, and they will not escape.
4
But you brothers are not in darkness, that this day should
overtake you like a thief. 5For you are all sons of the light and
sons of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness.

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6
So let us not fall asleep like others do, but let us stay awake and
be sober. 7For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who
get drunk, get drunk at night. 8But we belong to the day, so let
us be sober. Let us put on faith and love as a breastplate, and
the hope of salvation as a helmet. 9For God has not appointed
us to suffer wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord
Jesus Christ. 10He died for us so that, whether we are dead or
alive, we may live together with Him.
11
Therefore encourage and build up one another, as you are
already doing. 12Now, brothers, we ask you to respect those
who work hard among you, to respect those who preside over
you in the Lord and who warn you. 13You should highly respect
and love them because of the work they do. Live in peace with
one another.
14
We urge you, brothers, to warn the disorderly, to encourage
the disheartened, to help the weak, and to be patient with
everyone. 15See to it that no one repays anyone evil for evil.
Instead, always pursue what is good for one another and for
everyone else.
16
Rejoice always! 17Pray without ceasing! 18In everything give
thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus.
19
Do not quench the Spirit. 20Do not despise prophecy. 21Test
all things, and hold on to what is good. 22Abstain from every
appearance of evil.
23
Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely,
and may your whole spirit, soul, and body be kept blameless at
the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24The One who calls you
is faithful, and He will accomplish it.
25
Brothers, pray for us. 26Greet all the brothers with a holy
kiss. 27I bind you with an oath by the Lord, to have this letter
read to all the holy brothers.

May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you! Amen.
28

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2 Thessalonians 1-2

2 Thessalonians
1 From: Paul, Silas, and Timothy. To the church of the
Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord
2

Jesus Christ!

We must always give thanks to God for you brothers, as is
3

right, because your faith is growing by leaps and bounds and
your love for one another continues to increase. 4 Therefore we
boast among God’s churches about your perseverance and faith
in all the persecutions and afflictions that you are enduring.
5
These things not only indicate that God’s judgment is right,
but also that you will be counted worthy of the kingdom of God,
for which you are suffering. 6For God in His justice will repay
those who afflict you with affliction, 7and will give rest to you
who are afflicted and to us as well, when the Lord Jesus comes
from heaven in flaming fire with His mighty angels. 8He will
punish those who do not know God, and those who do not obey
the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 They will pay the penalty
of eternal destruction, they will be cut off from the presence of
the Lord and from the glory of His power, 10when He comes on
that day to be glorified in His saints and to be admired by all
who have believed—including you, because you believed our
testimony.

With this in mind we always pray that our God may count
11

you worthy of His calling, and that through His power you may
fulfill every good desire and work of faith. 12 Then the name of
our Lord Jesus Christ will be glorified in you, and you in Him,
according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

2
2
Now, brothers, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus
Christ and our being gathered to meet Him: we beg you,
do not be easily shaken in your mind or frightened because
of a prophecy, message, or letter that was supposedly from
us, claiming that the day of the Lord has already come. 3Do
not let anyone deceive you in any way. For that day will not
come until there is first a great falling away from the truth

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and the man of sin is revealed, the son of destruction. 4He will
oppose and exalt himself over everything that is called God, and
over every object of worship. He will sit in the temple of God as
if he is God, and will proclaim that he himself is God.
5
Do you not remember, I told you all about these things when
I was with you? 6You know what presently restrains him, so
that he may be revealed in his proper time. 7For the mystery
of lawlessness is already at work, but the One who presently
restrains it will continue to do so until He moves out of the
way. 8And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord
will kill with the breath of His mouth—destroying him by the
splendour of His coming.104 9 The coming of the lawless one is
according to the work of satan, with all kinds of false miracles,
signs, and wonders. 10With all unrighteousness he will deceive
all who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth
that would save them. 11For this reason, God will send them
a strong delusion so that they will believe a lie. 12 Then all who
take pleasure in unrighteousness and have not believed the
truth will be condemned.
13
We must always thank God for you, brothers who are loved by
the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning to be
saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through faith
in the truth. 14He called you to this through our gospel, so that
you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15Therefore,
brothers, stand firm and hold to the traditions that we taught
you, whether it was through our preaching or our letters.
16
May our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father,
who loves us and has given us eternal comfort and good hope
by His grace, 17comfort your hearts and strengthen you in every
good thing you say and do.
104
This mystery of lawlessness reminds Me of “Mystery Babylon.”
Mystery Babylon (Revelation 17) stems from Nimrod and the
tower of Babel (Genesis 10:8-12, 11:1-9), where God confound-
ed the language of the people, restraining them from creating
a one world religion, economy, and government. Just as God
restrained this spirit of antichrist then, He is doing the same
today. The Holy Spirit is restraining this lawlessness as we
speak. However, once the church is raptured, the Holy Spirit
will stop restraining this spirit of antichrist (1 John 4:3). Then
the antichrist will be revealed.

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3 Finally, brothers, pray for us that the word of the Lord will
spread rapidly and be honoured as it has with you. 2Also
pray that we will be rescued from wicked and evil men, for not
all men have faith.
3
But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen you and guard
you from the evil one. 4We are confident in the Lord concerning
you, that you are doing and will continue to do the things we
have commanded you. 5May the Lord direct your hearts into the
love of God and the patient endurance of Christ.
6
Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord
Jesus Christ: stay away from every brother who walks in a
disorderly manner, and does not walk according to the tradition
that you received from us. 7You know what you must do to imitate
us. For we did not behave in a disorderly manner when we were
among you, 8neither did we eat anyone’s bread without paying
for it. Instead we laboured and toiled, working night and day,
so that we would not be a burden to any of you. 9It is not that
we did not have the right to this kind of support, but instead
we gave you an example to imitate.
10
While we were with you, we gave you this command: “If
anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat.” 11We hear that
some among you are walking in a disorderly manner. They do
not work and are busybodies. 12We command and encourage
such people in the Lord Jesus Christ to work quietly and to
earn their own bread.
13
Brothers, do not grow weary of doing good. 14If anyone does
not obey what we say in this letter, take note of him. Do not
associate with him, so that he may feel ashamed. 15Do not think
of him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother.
16
Now may the Lord of peace Himself always give you peace
in every way. The Lord be with you all.
17
I, Paul, write this greeting in my own handwriting, to prove
that this letter is really from me. This is the way I write.
18
May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all! Amen.

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1 Timothy 1

1 Timothy
1 From: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment
of God our Saviour and the Lord Jesus Christ our hope.
2
To Timothy, my true son in the faith:

Grace, mercy, and peace from God our Father and Jesus
Christ our Lord!

As I was departing for the province of Macedonia, I urged you
3

to remain in the city of Ephesus, so that you could command
certain people not to teach false doctrines, 4or to pay attention
to myths and endless genealogies. These things promote
disputes rather than God’s work—which is by faith. 5 The goal
of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart, a
good conscience, and a sincere faith. 6But some have missed
the mark and have turned astray to meaningless babble. 7They
desire to be teachers of the law, but they do not understand
what they are talking about or what they constantly affirm.

We know that the law is good if a man uses it lawfully. 9We
8

know that the law is not made for the righteous but for the
lawless and disobedient, the ungodly and sinner, the unholy
and wicked, for those who kill their fathers and mothers, for
murderers, 10homosexuals, sodomites, kidnappers, liars, false
witnesses, and for those who do whatever else is contrary to
the sound doctrine 11that comes from the glorious gospel of the
blessed God, which He entrusted to me.

I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has empowered me,
12

because He considered me faithful and appointed me to
the ministry. 13Even though I was formerly a blasphemer, a
persecutor, and a man full of arrogance and hatred, I received
mercy because I did it in ignorance and unbelief. 14 The Lord’s
grace was abundantly poured out on me, along with the faith and
love that are in Christ Jesus. 15 This is a trustworthy statement
that deserves full acceptance: Christ came into the world to save
sinners, of whom I am the worst. 16But for this reason I received
mercy, so that Jesus Christ might show His immeasurable

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patience in me, the worst of all sinners, as an example to those
who would believe in Him for eternal life. 17Now to the King who
is eternal, immortal, and invisible, to Him who alone is God,
be glory and honour forever and ever. Amen.
18
Timothy, my son, I have entrusted these commands to
you based on the prophecies previously spoken over you, so
that you may fight the good fight—19holding on to faith and a
good conscience, which some have rejected, causing their faith
to become shipwrecked. 20Among these are Hymenaeus and
Alexander, whom I have delivered over to satan so that they
may learn not to blaspheme.

2 I urge you first of all to make petitions, prayers, intercession,
and thanksgiving for all men, 2 for kings and for all those
in authority, so that we may live quiet lives in all godliness
and honesty. 3 This is good and acceptable in the sight of God
our Saviour, 4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to
a full knowledge of the truth. 5For there is one God, and one
Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, 6 who
gave Himself as a ransom for all—the testimony given at the
proper time. 7For this reason I was appointed as a preacher,
an apostle, and a teacher of faith and truth to the Gentiles. I
am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying.
8
I want men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands, without
anger or arguing. 9I also want women to dress in a modest
way that shows respect and self-control. Not with braids, gold,
pearls, or expensive clothing, 10but with good works that are
proper for women who profess godliness. 11Women must learn
quietly and submissively. 12I do not allow women to teach or
to have authority over men. Instead, they must remain silent.
13
For Adam was created first, then Eve. 14And it was not Adam
who was deceived, but it was the woman who was deceived and
fell into transgression. 15So God punished women with the pain
of childbirth, but He will save them if they continue in faith,
love, holiness, and self-control.

3 Here is a trustworthy statement: if any man desires to be
an overseer, he desires a good work. 2An overseer must

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be blameless. He must be the husband of one wife. He must
be sober-minded, self-controlled, well behaved, hospitable,
and able to teach. 3He must not be a drinker. He must not be
quarrelsome. He must not be greedy for filthy lucre, but instead
he must be gentle. He must not be a brawler or a lover of money.
4
And he must rule his own household well, raising children
who respectfully obey him. 5For if a man does not know how to
rule his own household, how can he care for God’s church? 6He
must not be a new convert, or he might become self-conceited
and fall into the same condemnation as the devil. 7He must also
have a good reputation with those outside the church, so that
he will not fall into disgrace and into the devil’s trap.
8
Likewise, deacons must be honourable. They must not be
two-faced. They must not be addicted to wine, or greedy for
filthy lucre. 9 They must hold to the mystery of the faith with a
clean conscience. 10 These men must be tested first, and if they
are found blameless let them serve as deacons. 11Likewise,
their wives must be honourable. They must not be slanders,
but sober-minded and faithful in all things. 12A deacon must be
the husband of one wife, and he must rule his children and his
own household well. 13 Those who have served well as deacons
will gain a good standing for themselves, and a greater boldness
in their faith in Christ Jesus.
14
I am hoping to come to you soon, so I am writing you
these things 15in case I get delayed, so that you will know how
to behave yourself in God’s household, which is the church of
the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth. 16Without
dispute, the mystery of godliness is great:

God appeared in the flesh.
He was justified in the Spirit.
He was seen by angels.
He was proclaimed among the nations.
He was believed on in the world.
And He was taken up in glory.

4 The Spirit distinctly says that in the last times some will
fall away from the faith. They will adhere to deceiving spirits
and the doctrines of demons, 2which are taught by hypocritical

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liars whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron.
3
They forbid marriage and command people to abstain from
certain foods, which God created to be eaten with thanksgiving
by those who believe and know the truth. 4Everything God has
made is good, and nothing should be rejected if it is accepted
with thanksgiving, 5because it is sanctified through the word
of God and prayer.
6
If you warn the brothers of these things, you will be a good
minister of Jesus Christ. Then you will be nourished up by the
words of faith and by the good doctrine that you have followed.
7
Reject godless myths and old wives’ tales, and train yourself
to be godly. 8Physical training is profitable for a little while,
but godliness is profitable for all things, holding promise for
this life and the life to come. 9 This is a trustworthy statement
that deserves full acceptance. 10For this reason we work hard
and are criticised, because our hope rests in the living God,
who is the Saviour of all men—especially of those who believe.
11
Declare these things and teach them.
12
Do not let anyone despise you because of your youth, but
be an example to the believers in word, in action, in love, in
spirit, in faith, and in purity. 13Until I come, attend to the public
reading of Scripture, so that you can encourage and teach the
people. 14Do not neglect the spiritual gift that you received
through prophecy when the elders laid their hands on you.
15
Pay careful attention to these things, and give yourself fully
to them, so that your progress will be apparent to all. 16Pay
careful attention to yourself and to your teaching. Continue
in these things, for if you do, you will save both yourself and
those listening to you.

5 Do not rebuke an older man, but encourage him like a father.
Treat younger men as brothers, 2older woman as mothers,
and younger women as sisters, with all purity.
3
Honour those who are really widows. 4But if a widow has
children or grandchildren, they must first learn to act in a godly
manner in regard to their own family by repaying their parents,
for this is acceptable in God’s sight. 5A widow who is truly left
alone sets her hope on God and continues in petitions and

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prayers night and day. 6But the widow who lives for pleasure
is dead even while she is alive. 7Declare these things as well,
so that they may be blameless. 8If a man does not provide for
his relatives, especially his own household, he has denied the
faith by his own actions and is worse than an unbeliever.
9
A widow cannot be listed among the widows supported by
the church unless she is over the age of sixty, has been the
wife of one husband, 10and has been recognized for her good
works—such as bringing up children, showing hospitality,
washing the feet of the saints, helping those in trouble, and
devoting herself to every good work.
11
But refuse to put younger widows on such a list, for they
will grow restless and will not remain devoted to Christ in this
way, for they will desire to get remarried. 12 Then they will become
guilty of breaking their first pledge. 13Besides, they will learn to
become idle, and will go from house to house. Not only will they
become idle, but they will also start to gossip and meddle in
other people’s affairs, saying things they should not say. 14So I
want younger widows to remarry, to bear children, and to look
after their own households, and not to give the unbelievers any
opportunity for slander. 15For some have already turned aside
to follow satan. 16If a believer has a widow in their family, they
must help them, so that the church will not be burdened by
them, then the church can help those who are really widows.
17
The elders who lead well are counted worthy of double
honour, especially those who labour at preaching and teaching.
18
For the Scripture says:

“You must not muzzle an ox while
it is threshing the grain”
(Deuteronomy 25:4)

and,

“The worker is worthy of his hire.”
19
Do not except an accusation against an elder unless there are
two or three witnesses. 20Publicly rebuke all who sin, so that the
rest will also fear. 21I charge you before God and the Lord Jesus

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Christ and the elect angels, to obey these instructions without
prejudice, and do nothing out of favouritism. 22Do not lay your
hands hastily on any man for the purpose of ordination, or you
may share in their sins. Keep yourself pure!
23
Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine for your
stomach and for your frequent ailments.
24
The sins of some men are obvious and can be seen before
judgment, while the sins of others are only revealed afterwards.
25
Likewise, good deeds are obvious, and those that are not
cannot stay hidden.

6 All who are under the yoke of slavery must consider their
masters worthy of all respect, so that the name of God and
His doctrine will not be blasphemed. 2The slave who has a
believing master must not despise him because he is a brother.
Instead, they should serve him more zealously because the one
who benefits from their help is a beloved believer. Teach and
encourage these things.
3
If any man teaches another doctrine that does not agree with
the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and with the doctrine
that is according to godliness, 4he is conceited and understands
nothing. He is morbidly interested in controversies and disputes,
which only cause envy, strife, slander, evil suspicions, 5and
constant friction between men whose corrupt minds are destitute
of the truth. They think that godliness is a means of gaining
money. Depart from such people.
6
But godliness with contentment is great gain. 7For we did
not bring anything into this world, and we cannot carry any-
thing out. 8If we have food and clothing, we will be content. 9But
those who want to be rich fall into temptation and are snared
by many foolish and hurtful desires that cause men to sink into
ruin and destruction. 10For the love of money is a root of all
kinds of evil, which some have lusted after and have been led
astray from the faith—piercing themselves with many sorrows.
11
But you, man of God, must flee from these things and pursue
righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, and meekness.

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1 Timothy 6

12
Fight the good fight of faith. Seize hold of the eternal life to
which you were called when you made the good confession
before many witnesses. 13I command you before God, who gives
life to all things, and before Christ Jesus, who made the good
confession when He testified before Pontius Pilate, 14 to keep
this commandment without spot or blame until the appearing
of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15His appearing will be revealed at
the proper time by God, who is the blessed and sole Ruler, the
King of kings and Lord of lords. 16He alone is immortal, and
He lives in unapproachable light. No man has seen Him or can
see Him. To Him be honour and everlasting dominion! Amen.
17
Command those who are rich in this present world not to
be arrogant or to place their hope in the uncertainty of riches,
but to place their hope in the living God who richly gives us all
things for our enjoyment. 18Command them to do good, to be
rich in good works, to be generous, and to be ready to share.
19
By doing this they will be storing up treasure for themselves
as a good foundation for the future, so that they may take hold
of everlasting life.
20
Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you. Avoid empty
fruitless discussions and the opposing theories of what is falsely
called knowledge, 21 which some have professed concerning the
faith and have missed the mark.

Grace be with you! Amen.

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2 Timothy 1

2 Timothy
1From: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, sent
to proclaim the promise of life in Christ Jesus. 2 To Timothy
my beloved son:

Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ
Jesus our Lord!

I thank God, whom I serve with a clear conscience as my
3

forefathers did, because I constantly remember you in my prayers
day and night. 4I remember your tears and long to see you, so
that I may be filled with joy. 5I remember the sincere faith that
is in you. It first lived in your grandmother Lois and in your
mother Eunice, and I am convinced that it also lives in you.
6
For this reason I remind you to keep rekindling the gift of God,
which was given to you when I laid my hands on you. 7For God
has not given us a spirit of fear, but a Spirit of power, love, and
self-discipline.

So do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, or of
8

me His prisoner. Instead, by the power of God, join with me in
suffering for the gospel. 9For God has saved us and called us
with a holy calling, not according to our works but according
to His purpose and grace, which He gave to us in Christ Jesus
before time began. 10 This grace has now been revealed by the
appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who has destroyed
death and brought life and immortality to light through the
gospel. 11For the sake of this gospel I was appointed a preacher,
an apostle, and a teacher to the Gentiles. 12 That is why I am
suffering these things, but I am not ashamed. For I know whom
I have believed, and I am persuaded that He is able to guard
what I have entrusted to Him until the day He comes.

With faith and love in Christ Jesus, hold on to the pattern
13

of sound teaching that you heard from me. 14Guard this good
deposit of the truth through the Holy Spirit who lives in you.

You know that everyone in the province of Asia has turned
15

their backs on me, including Phygelus and Hermogenes. 16May

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2 Timothy 2

the Lord grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, because
he often refreshed me and was not ashamed of my chains. 17For
when he came to Rome, he searched diligently and found me.
18
May the Lord grant him to find mercy on the day the Lord
returns! You know very well how much he ministered to me in
Ephesus.

2 My son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2And
the things that you have heard me say in the presence of
many witnesses, entrust to faithful men who will be able to teach
others. 3You must suffer hardship as a good soldier of Jesus
Christ. 4No soldier gets involved in the affairs of civilian life,
because he wants to please his commanding officer. 5Likewise,
an athlete cannot win the prize unless he competes by the rules.
6
The farmer who works the land should be the first to receive
a share of the crops. 7Consider what I have said and the Lord
will help you to understand everything.
8
Remember Jesus Christ, He was a descendant of David,
He was raised from the dead, and this is my gospel. 9For the
sake of this gospel I have suffered hardship and have been
shackled like a criminal, but God’s word has not been bound!
10
Therefore I endure all these things for the sake of the elect,
so that they may also obtain salvation in Christ Jesus along
with eternal glory.
11
Here is a trustworthy statement:

if we died with Him, we will also live with Him.
12
If we endure, we will also reign with Him.
If we deny Him, He will also deny us.
13
If we are faithless, He remains faithful,
because He cannot contradict Himself.
14
Remind them of these things and warn them before God not
to argue over words, because it is of no profit and will destroy
those listening. 15Diligently present yourself to God as one who is
approved, a worker who has no reason to be ashamed, because
he correctly handles the word of truth. 16Avoid wicked and
fruitless discussions, for those who engage in such things will
become more ungodly. 17Their words will spread like gangrene.

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2 Timothy 3

Like Hymenaeus and Philetus, 18 who have turned away from the
truth. They say that the resurrection has already taken place,
and in so doing have destroyed the faith of some. 19Nevertheless,
God’s foundation stands firm, sealed with this inscription: “The
Lord knows those who are His,”105 and “Everyone who professes
the name of Christ must depart from iniquity.”
20
In a large house there are not only vessels of gold and
silver, but also of wood and clay. Some vessels are used for
honourable purposes, and some for dishonourable purposes.
21
If a man cleanses himself from what is dishonourable, he
will be a vessel of honour that has been sanctified and made
useful to the Master and prepared for every good work. 22Flee
from youthful lusts and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and
peace, together with all those who call on the Lord with a pure
heart. 23Avoid foolish and stupid arguments, because you know
that they cause controversy. 24A servant of the Lord must not
quarrel. Instead, he must be kind to everyone, he must be able
to teach, and he must be patient. 25He must gently instruct
those who oppose him, in the hope that God will grant them
repentance, so that they may come to the knowledge of the
truth, 26and come to their senses and escape the snare of the
devil, who has held them captive to do his will.

3 Know this: in the last days difficult times will come. 2For
men will be lovers of themselves, and lovers of money. They
will be boastful, and arrogant. They will be blasphemers. They
will be disobedient to their parents. They will be ungrateful,
and unholy. 3 They will be without natural affection. They will be
unforgiving, slanderous, and without self-control. They will be
cruel. They will be haters of what is good. 4They will be disloyal,
rash, and conceited. They will be lovers of pleasure, rather than
lovers of God. 5 They will have an appearance of godliness, but
will reject its power. Avoid such men! 6For these are the kind of
men who sneak into households and ensnare foolish women,
who are loaded down with sins and led astray by all kinds of
lusts, 7always learning but never able to come to the knowledge