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You are on page 1of 19

A Short Tutorial

Written by Justin Feng for Physical Science 303

January 11, 2014

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I:

The Basics

Chapter II:

Graphing Functions

Chapter III:

16

In this Chapter, you will learn how to turn this list of numbers:

x

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

y

2.10

3.80

6.20

7.60

10.50

Entering Data

1) Open a New Blank Workbook in Excel, and enter the data into the workbook:

Note that the x-values do not show the correct decimal places; even if you explicitly type 1.0

into a cell, it will still display 1. To fix this, go to the next step:

2) Select the data, and right-click on the selected data (ctrl-click for Mac). A menu will open;

click on the Format Cells option:

3) The following box will open. Under the Category menu, select Number and set the number

of decimal places to 2:

B. Graphing Data

4) To make a graph, click on the INSERT tab at the top of the window (indicated by the orange

circle). Then select the data and click on the Insert Scatter (X,Y) or Bubble Chart option

(indicated by the red arrow):

5) The following menu will open. Click on the highlighted option to make a graph (this makes a

graph where the data points are connected by lines).

6) We are not done yet! Click on the graph, and a green + sign will appear next to the upper

right-hand corner of the graph. Click on the + sign and a menu will appear. Select the option

labeled Axis Titles. You can also drag the graph so that you can see your data:

7) Now rename the axis titles by clicking on them; the horizontal axis represents the column with

the x-values, and the vertical axis represents the column with the y-values. You can also change

the title for the graph by clicking on the chart title (indicated by the orange arrow):

y as a function of x

12.00

10.00

y(x)

8.00

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00

0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

6.00

Comment: Click on the graph. Your screen should look like this:

The x-axis of the graph represents the values in the highlighted purple box, and the y-axis

represents the values in the highlighted blue box. The column of numbers that correspond to

the x-axis should be to the left of the y-axis.

In this chapter, you will learn how to turn this formula:

=

1 2

+ 0.1

2

Creating a Table

1) First, choose a set of values for x. For simplicity, use the values for x from Chapter I:

x

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

2) Next, open a New Blank Workbook in Excel, and enter the values into the workbook (you

should format the cells to get the right decimal placessee page 4):

3) Click on the first cell in the y column (indicated by the green box in the picture above).

Then, find the Formula Bar (indicated by the big green arrow below), and click on it:

10

4) When entering a formula into Excel, you must begin by typing an = sign. If you are given

1

the formula = 2 2 + 0.1, you must translate it into a language (the syntax) that Excel

understands:

Your Formula:

What You Type Into Excels Formula Bar:

1 2

=(1/2)*(x^2)+0.1

= + 0.1

2

The symbols +, -, and / indicate addition, subtraction, and division, respectively.

Multiplication, on the other hand, is indicated by the symbol * (so that is typed A*B),

and exponentiation is indicated by the symbol ^ (so that 2 is typed x^2).

When you type the formula into the formula bar, it should look like this:

5) Press Enter (Return on Mac). Now your screen should look like:

11

6) There is no number in the cell, because we have not told Excel what x is.

Click on the cell where you entered the formula (indicated by the green arrow), then

highlight x (as indicated by the red arrow):

7) Once x is highlighted, click on the first value of the x-column (indicated by the blue

arrow). The highlighted x should be replaced by the number of the cell (in this case, B3):

12

8) Press Enter (Return on Mac). Click on the cell where you entered the formula. Click on the

small green box in the lower right hand corner (indicated by the red arrow) and drag it down:

this is what it should look like when you drag the lower right corner down:

You should now have two columns of numbers, just like you did when plotting the data in

Chapter I.

13

9) Click on the INSERT tab at the top of the window. Again, select the data and click on the

Insert Scatter (X,Y) or Bubble Chart option (as indicated by the red arrow):

10) As before, make the following selection (indicated by the red arrow):

14

11) Again, add axis titles and rename them (see the bottom of page 6 for details):

15

Suppose you are given two sets of data with the same independent variable (x is the independent

variable here):

x

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

y (experiment)

2.10

3.80

6.20

7.60

10.50

x

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

y (theory)

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

This chapter will teach you how to take the two sets of data above and turn it into this graph:

16

Entering Data

1) Open a New Blank Workbook in Excel, and enter the values into the workbook (again,

format the cells to get the right decimal placessee page 4):

If you wish, you may resize the columns by clicking the lines in between the column titles

(labeled by A, B, C, D,) at the top of the spreadsheet. By the way, expt. is a common

abbreviation for experiment.

2) Select the data (make sure to include the row containing the labels x, y (theory), and

y(expt.)), click the insert tab, and pick the following options (indicated by the yellow & red

arrows):

17

Your screen should now look like (with the exception of the maroon circle):

The legend is circled in maroon. This tells you which line corresponds to which column. This

is why it is important to select the column labels, as instructed earlier.

3) Finally, add axis titles, rename them, and rename the graph title (see the bottom of page 6 for

details):

18

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