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ASSIGNMENT MODULE 2
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D8881
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SUBMITTED TO:

Ms Sehrish Arif

SUBMITTED BY:

Madiha naveed

SUBMITTED ON:

15 September 2014

DATE OF SUBMISSION:

20 September 2014

TOTAL NO OF PAGES:

13

MARKS OBATINED

46

they'll gain a feeling of confidence and satisfaction. as these are the most sensitive periods of development ." WHY NEED EPL: The children should be exposed to a variety of EPL starting at early ages . will be exactly how they turn out as adults tomorrow. For independence The way we treat our children today.1 Write a comprehensive note on the importance of practical life exercises. These may include setting up an alarm clock daily or going for fishing once in a while. which will nurture their personality for successful future. While busy in activities that he might consider as fun or play. he is interested in all the activities around him that the adults or even the older siblings are doing.they need to do these exercises at home and prepared environments at schools for the following reasons : 1. This is why it is always said. self satisfaction and self respect 2 . If we pamper them too much. "Be not worried if your child is not listening to you. be worried that he is always watching u. a child is constantly observing as to what they are doing and how they are doing it. And if provided with the right materials and suitable environments.8881D Q. INTRODUCTION: Exercises of practical life or more commonly referred to as EPL are those daily actions and routine tasks performed by adults while carrying out different activities. Therefore. 3. For developing love of work When a child is young. who are yearning to grow up and be actual adults. This is the right time to introduce the child to daily work. they’ll always take everyone else take for granted and demand work to be done for them. Once they know that everything can be done easily and in a better way if done by them. which he will be very keen on doing again and again. 2. is encompassed in this heading. anything and everything we do. the child is actually learning to perform these in life later on and most importantly learning to enjoy these tasks and develop the love of work. CHILDREN AND EPL: Children are actually the "mini adults ". or shower them with superfluous help and snub them from doing things themselves by considering them "just a child ". Looking at adults all around them. the child always replays his observations in real. For happiness.

Movement is a way to train motor impulses to the will and conscious activity. Through good work habits. by movement. For passing on good work habits to the next generations A child is a natural observer of everything around him. This is why sentences of praise like "you are a big boy…. and everything has a place" is an important principle followed in Montessori schools and should be followed at homes too so as to incorporate the habit of placing everything on its actual place and avoid clutter all around by the children. This creates ease of finding things again when required. Even managing stress and deadlines are done in the same way as the adults do. The little adults are no different. For perfection of movements It is nature's way to continually progress. 7. Also creating the love for tidiness and keeping one's environment clean. If the adult complains about his job or his colleagues. They have a feeling of being productive by doing actual adult-like things all by themselves. He learns his habits and develops his personality as he sees the adults doing so. The child also learns to move with grace and avoid clumsy movements. he is cultivating the importance of 'giving respect to get respect ' in the personality of the child so that he will always reciprocate this goodness of behavior later on. When an adult acknowledges the child's self respect in his younger years. " you have to put the toys back after you finish '. For making world a better organized and tidier place "There is a place for everything.8881D Appreciation."I love it when you help me …". which can be learnt by a little change in attitude. 5."who wants to help mummy collect the toys?" or "lets us tidy your room". 6. without the assistance of adults. 4. They try to do those things again which will make parents happy and the child will have a sense of achievement and self satisfaction. "No pain. approval and success are the motives of adults when they work for any objective or aim in life. the child will learn to work in the same way. If the adult does his/her work happily. It will be more fun when done like this "you hold the toy basket while I put in the blocks or you would like to pick them up while I hold the basket?" In this way. "this is so nice of you…". but almost all will respond willingly and happily to. no gain" reflects on the same notion. mummy so proud of you " and other such phrases bring cheer and joy to the little children. For learning to give and take help gracefully Asking for help or offering to help is almost an art in itself. the child will do the same. Not many of the children listen to." you behaved like a good girl . 3 . ". example when a child take off his shoes and places it on the shoe rack by himself or puts back the plates in the kitchen after meals. the child learns how to move his body parts and strengthens the muscles just like any other exercise. the child happily helps and is always ready to do so in case he sees other child or sibling require assistance.

because this is the right time to start these activities to make our children independent and self sufficient today so as to become successful and dynamic adults in the future. 4 . appreciation and acknowledgment. CONCLUSION: Maximum opportunities should be provided to a child to have hands-on experience on activities of daily life. But if they are scolded or snubbed in their sensitive period of development. grace and courtesy and care of environment in daily routine – "CARE" becomes his second nature and an integral part of his personality. Since the early years are the most sensitive periods of development. Children need attention. How do u think this grouping is helpful? INTRODUCTION Exercises of practical life are those daily actions or tasks carried out to do any work. so as to make them independent and prepare for their future life and work. For normalization of the child Every child wants engage themselves in activity. In a systematic way. but in fact plays a productive role in developing the personality traits of the child and prepare him /her for future independence. once the habits are formed. becoming more and more adept at helping himself and others by being an independent and productive individual . the child is taught simple tasks firsts leading to more complicated ones . so that the most could be made out of this sensitive and productive development stage of life . which may seem to be of no use to the adult. Doing exercises of personal care. They try to achieve these through activity. For avoiding personality disorders It is very important to groom children as cultivating delicate plants. Explain the different groups of exercises of practical life. he learns to be independent. yielding better results as compared to unwilling workers. Q2. Therefore epl should be actively incorporated and encouraged for their personality building. they grow up to be introverts and have lack of self confidence and trust issues. 9.8881D 8. For developing love of the universe When a child does things by himself. These are done by adults and consist of anything or everything in real life to maintain proper living conditions. 10. the child will always take joy in doing all sorts of work that he comes across as an adult. In a Montessori school these exercises are done by children in real adult like situations. grooming. which in turns makes him responsible for all the stuff he does or owns.

Once the child has mastered the basic exercises. which are i. but he also looks forward to such exercises as the complexity level increases. Grace and courtesy exercises 4. Also the child knows how to bring into use different tools to help him in different activities.rolling and unrolling mats. Placing a jug of water on the table or moving it across the room. These are 1. but are short and completed quickly too. These are also tasks from routine life like opening and closing of bottle caps . iii. these are not difficult for him at all.8881D GROUPS OF EPL The exercises of practical life are broadly grouped into four major categories. dressing and preparing food. Higher elementary exercises These are simple tasks of daily life. These may look like insignificant acts. threading beads of different sizes in a string . wringing of a wet cloth and using scissors to cut along different geometrical lines . ii. His mind and body are ready and willingly accepting more as they are presented to him . In exercises of personal care children are taught to wash their hands and face. pouring water from jugs into glass or another jug etc. brush their teeth. mostly these can be categorized as holding and placing objects. Exercises of personal care 3. and are completed in short times. Children always 5 . take a shower and take care of their personal grooming.these include using a funnel to pour water. Elementary exercises These area a little complex than the basic exercises. muscular exercise . PERSONAL CARE This includes exercises of grooming. but in actual these are helping the child to master their motor skills and manage their clumsiness by perfecting their balance and coordination. Care of environmental exercises ELEMENTARY EXERCISES: These are further divided into three sub groups. Elementary exercises 2. Basic elementary exercises These activities involve very basic movements. which are more logical and complex than basic ones. cut their nails. These may include tasks like holding a glass of water empty and filled with liquid. they aim at concentration building . mental maths and preparation for advanced exercises .all these exercises make a base for being independent and increase the concentration of the child.

He learns how to take care of a tiled surface and how to clean a carpeted area. plants and animals. It is why emphasis is paid on grace and courtesy exercises for the children. safety pins and buckles . but in a Montessori school they are also taught to help in kitchen and prepare simple meals. This helps in managing his balance and maintains his confidence and poise. peeler. for the children to follow. children are taught to feed themselves on their own in their homes. make a tie knot . This will make the child love to keep surroundings clean and tidy. use hooks . Manners and etiquettes taught while the beginning years go a long way in the life of an individual. This also encourages the children to use words like please . and blender. They learn how to use tools like knife.8881D like to do these things themselves. Also. Gait is an important facet of personality and to develop a graceful gait the child is made to walk around mat and on a line. Folding of napkins and clothes . may I . How to sit gracefully with an upright back is taught to the children under so that they maintain a healthy posture and care for their backbone. When and how to use brooms. The child is not only taught by lessons but a directress is a practical model of grace and courtesy. They increase their vocabulary when they are exposed to different cooking materials and eatables in the kitchen. 6 . They learn to take care of surfaces. zip up his jacket. so the main aim is to help them learn to do it correctly. grater. brushes and mops is understood by the child by doing these exercises. Also the child develops an aesthetic sense when he combs his hair. By using different dressing frames the child is taught how to button his shirt. also appreciate those who do it for him. The child is taught to differentiate between different surfaces and then clean it accordingly. thank you . CARE OF ENVIRONMENT Both indoor and outdoor activities take account of care of environment. excuse me and sorry . The child also washes small spoons and glasses and other cutlery with great interest which teaches him how to handle delicate things in use. washing of small clothes and hanging them using pegs are real life like situations which the child learns with interest and which are aimed to unconsciously make the child independent for his/her work when required in future. dresses himself and ties his shoe laces. Every activity is broken down into simple and easy to remember steps for the child. tie laces or bows . Meals are an important part of daily life. materials. they learn to be grateful for the delicious meals that are served to them GRACE AND COURTESY Personality and behavior are based on the grooming of a person as a child.

2. individual presentations are given however group presentation is also carried out in the classroom under the same guidelines as mentioned above. all these exercises create love for the living things and objects around him and help him bring himself in harmony with the rest of the universe. Do not speak while demonstrating and do not demonstrate while speaking. He learns to use different garden tools like a hand fork and rake and spade. helping the adults clean the fish tank etc. 4. 8. 3.These are as follows: 1. taking the dog for a walk or the pet cat to the vet. Consent of the child should be taken before every presentation and activity. Individual presentation As the name indicates. a. The child learns to take responsibility of little pets. What are the essential points that we should keep in mind while presenting EPL? KINDS OF PRESENTATION: There are two types of presentations.8881D The child exercises to plant little seeds. It is important to see if all the children in the group are in the mood to take instructions and obey before continuing with the presentation. Make brief and lively demonstration. water plants and take care of them. Q3. Provide assistance if required. Brief the child about the material. The material should be placed at the eye level of the child. 6. b. 7 . Group presentation Most of the time. by providing them food and water. 7. If needed give another demonstration after the child finishes the activity or place the material back. 5. 1. only one child is taken in this kind of presentation. and let him carry it to the workplace. keeping the following points in mind. Invite the child to carry on with the activity without interrupting in between. Material should be ready before presentation. A thing for a place and a place for a thing is to be emphasized to the child. However a few additional things that are to be kept in mind .

The EPL area should be placed near the sink 3.PRESENTING ACTIVITY 1. 3. The child should be shown how to select material from their places and put back after use. C. In case any liquid is being used. and ample amount of time should be given to the child to master one step before moving to the next one. the following steps are taken: A.CHOOSING ACTIVITIES: 1. Furniture used should be of different surfaces so as to expose the children with variety of activities. 3. the activity should be practiced a lot so as to become comfortable with the materials and present with flexibility and more effectiveness. it is almost impossible to expect anything different from the child. The activity should be performed in an interesting and enjoyable manner. It is important to teach the child in an orderly fashion. B. an apron must worn and sleeves must be rolled up. All exercises can be broken down into simple steps. 4. 2. Good quality material should be used. 4. 3. Before each presentation.8881D 2. then do not continue and give individual presentations instead. going from easy to complex.SETTING UP: 1. Even if the presentation is combined. If the demonstrator himself is doing the activity half heartedly. the children should be given separate material to work with. EPL should be done in a realistic way likes he sees things being done in routine around him by the adults. If any of the children seem to be in a different frame of mind. 2. 8 . The EPL area must have all the material within easy access of the child 2. In case of detergents or cleaners are required.EPL that are taught stepwise are more likely to be comprehended by the child and interest is developed. GUIDELINES: While presenting any activity of EPL to a child. so they are not frustrated while waiting for their turns. All material should be child sized and functioning well. mild and non toxic ones should be used.

Economy of words and actions is very essential. After the activity. demonstrate more than once or as many times as the child requests. 7. If any dangerous tools are being used the child must be specifically be made aware of the sharp and blunt sides of it. the child is instructed to use the material whenever desired. 12. Also if the activity is no longer being used by the children should be kept away. Even with the easiest of tasks being done. 9.8881D 4. Also the child is learning by repeated actions to increase his expertise and skill. 11. The child should not be interrupted during his activity. keeping the lessons brief are the key to not let the child lose interest. with the child's assistance. 6. 8. Q4. Try to explain "formal setting of a table "and "making a chicken spread sandwich" in the same way epl has been explained in the book FORMAL SETTING OF A TABLE 9 . The child can also help to bring the material to the work place. After the activity is finished. as the children have a very short attention span. the teacher must read the labels first and bring the child's attention to anything written in red. The lesson or demonstration can be repeated after the activity or at some other neutral time. Also observe the child carefully and make mental notes so as to make any modifications that are needed. It is very important that the teacher does not use any language while demonstration so to let the child concentrate on what is being shown to him and vice versa. If required. 10. 5. and how to handle it with caution. the material should be placed back too. Appreciation is a lifeline to children development. If any cleaners are being used in the activity. so as not to affect his self esteem. Always take the child's consent and brief about the activity being presented. appreciating boosts his morale and increases his self confidence eventually yearning to do more and better.

table mats. forks and glasses. Now invite them to set the rest of the table in a similar manner. tissue box and a big tray. jar of chicken spread. plates. napkins folded neatly napkin holders. They will have an idea about how everyone contributes by doing a little part to accomplish one big task. PURPOSE: 1. PRESENTATION: 1. One child each can hold onto a corner of the table sheet and spread it. 4. Place one table mat and place a plate very carefully on it without making any noise . 5. 3. With the help of the children bring the material to the workplace (table). spoons. PRESENTATION: 1. The glass is placed in front towards the center of the table and the napkin is folded and placed in a napkin holder besides the glass. Guide the children about what you have done and the order of placing things. They will learn to work as a team. 2. 10 . In case of any creases the hands may be used to make them smooth. 2. The children will learn to help at meal times.8881D MATERIALS: a clean table cloth. MAKING A CHICKEN SPREAD SANDWICH MATERIALS: a plate a butter knife. the teacher may first place one object so that the rest of the children may follow. some bread. This can be an individual or group presentation exercise. VARIATION: Instead of placing down the things altogether. All the items are placed on a big tray and brought to the table. then move on to the second object and so on . 3.place the spoon to its right side and the fork to its left.

Q5. not mentioned in this book. Open the jar of chicken spread and take out some with the help of the knife. 4. Wrap each triangle separately in a tissue paper or napkin to hand over to the children for eating later. placing mats and cutlery  Spreading / fitting bed sheets  Switching off extra fans and light switches when not in use  Putting dirty clothes in the laundry basket  Sorting colored socks in pairs  Hanging their own clothes on little hangers  Hanging umbrellas on umbrella stand  Hanging and taking off coats and caps from the coat stand 11 . PURPOSE: 1. Cut the sandwich diagonally to make two triangles. Place it on the bread and spread it to make it even. Invite the children to make a sandwich on their own. Write just the names of as many epl that a child can do. 6. 2. 3. 5. 3. Place the plate on the table. use more spread if required to cover the entire bread. and learn to be thankful.  Setting of tables sheets. 7. The child will appreciate people making meals for him . and a piece of bread on that plate. The child will enjoy doing daily tasks.8881D 2. The child will learn to help himself doing simple tasks and preparing simple meals. 8. Place the second piece of bread on it and press it close.

8881D  Collecting toys after playtime  Stacking of books in the bookshelf  Placing eggs in an egg tray  Washing fruits  Refilling ice tray for freezing  Placing shoes on the shoe rack  Peeling and cutting boiled eggs  Spreading butter/jam/spreads on bread  Pouring milk in cereal bowls  Mixing sugar in milk / juice  Beating/whisking eggs  Using water cooler /dispenser  Filling water bottles for school  Cleaning own bicycles after play time  Opening and drawing curtains and blinds  Helping with the vacuum cleaner  Cutting sandwiches into triangles  Planting small seeds in flower pots  Filling food and water trays of pet animals and birds  Opening packets of chips and cookies  Inserting straws in juice boxes  Preparing own school bags  Maintaining and cleaning own study tables  Lighting and blowing out candles 12 .

8881D 13 .