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Lesson 1: views about learning

Exercises:
Identify whether or not each of the following descriptions is an example of learning. If it is not,
indicate what it is.
1. Kris Marielles ability to focus on academic tasks improved significantly after she began
taking glutaphos under her doctors supervision.
It is not learning because glutaphos is a supplement for enhancing memory.______________
2. Jon is fond of cajoling his sister every time she wear a mini-skirt. After a week, his sister does
not wear her mini-skirt anymore.
Learning.______________________________________________________________________
3. Jemima blinks at a sudden flash of light.
No, because it is a natural response of Jemima in the light.____________________________
4. Karen deliberately listens to the teachers discussion on analysis and parsing. After a week or
two she realized that language is best taught from part to whole.
Learning.__________________________________________________________________
5. Jake Arnold has read in his biology book that the famous Rhine River in Europe, which cut
through several countries starting from Austria down to West Germany and Netherland, is known
as Europes largest open sewerage system. Later, he tells his mother that water pollution is
widespread all over the world. From that time, he never throws his waste anywhere.
Learning.________________________________________________________________
Developing Your Critical Thinking:
Answer the following question briefly.
1. Is smoking a form of learning? Prove your answer.
Yes, because due to curiosity we era able to smoke and we barely know how to smoke after w
do it. And it is only a manifestation that we learn to smoke.___________________________
2. As prospective teachers, do you think that there is a need to study and understand the process
of learning? Why do you say so?
Yes. Because it is a tool for dealing student in the future.___________________________
3. Is learning a form of thinking? Prove your answer by citing a example.
Yes. Because in order to answer this number, I think of the answer which is suited for the
question.____________________________________________________________________
4. Can thinking be taught in the classroom? In what ways? Explain your answer.
Yes, by proper mapping and access of learning in L.T.M. In that way we are capable to think
of our own through the process of Analogical thinking._________________________________

5. In your case as student. Were you taught how to learn? Explain.


No. Because learner develop their own learning strategies.__________________________

Metacognitive Activities:
1. What would you consider an overt manifestation of learning.
If he/she can perform a task that would determine his/her learning.______________________
2. Imagine a situation where there is no sign of learning, how would you feel? How would you
react.
There is no specific feeling and reaction because if you were there you probably not answer the
question because you do not know something._________________________________________

Lesson 3: Types of knowledge


Exercises:
1. Give at least three example for each of the following:
a. Facts
sun is a star.__________________________________________________________________
manila is the capital of the Philippines.___________________________________________
Philippines is in the southeast Asia._______________________________________________
b. concepts, and
concept of evaluation.__________________________________________________________
Concept of survey.____________________________________________________________
Concept of analysis___________________________________________________________
c. generalizations.
______________________________________________________________________________
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2. How would you test if you have learned the episodic and semantic knowledge?
By answering a question that would determine and based on our episodic and semantic
knowledge._______________________________________________________________
3. What are categories?
Are group of things that have common or similarities.____________________________
4. How do we account for:
a. natural categories
are thing that natural exist.______________________________________________________
b. artifact categories, and
are man made categories. It occurs through the help of man.__________________________
c. nominal categories.
Are the changing categories due to some factors affecting to it.________________________
Developing Your Critical Thinking:
1. What do you think are the best learning strategies for you to study in exams?
Reading with comprehension and memorising.______________________________________
2. Do you have a well developed strategies in maximizing your time, effort, and potentials?

No because I used strategies when there is a date to passed a certain task.___________________


3. How do you acquire your concept skills and study skills? Cite concrete examples.
Through listening, reading and writing. When there is a exam I would prefer to listen to my
classmate to review their selves to read their reviewer loud. As I listen to them I also reviewing
my knowledge then i read my own reviewer then writing it on a paper. _____________________

Lesson 4: Prior knowledge


Exercises:
1. What specific prior knowledge do you have for each of the following terms of content,
structure and relevance?
Horizontal decalage
refers to fact that once a child learns a certain function, he or she does not have the capability
to immediately apply the learned function to all problems._______________________________
Vertical decalage
refers to a child using the same cognitive function in different stages across development. In
this sense, a child is improving upon a certain cognitive function, such as seriation tasks, as he or
she ages.______________________________________________________________________
Paradigm shift
a radical change in somebody's basic assumptions about or approach to something
Vertical articulation
______________________________________________________________________________
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Transitivity
The relationship among the three given object.
Transduction
the transfer of genetic material from one bacterium to another using a bacteriophage.
Cephalocaudal principle
refers to the general pattern of physical and motoric development followed from infancy
into____ toddlerhood and even early childhood whereby development follows a head-totoe progression
Epigenetic principle
is an idea developed by Erik Erikson that states that every organism is born with a certain
purpose, and continues to develop how it was intended to in interrelation with its environment.
Analogies
a comparison between two things that are similar in some way, often used to help explain
something or make it easier to understand.
2. To develop the questioning strategy, create a story by giving emphasis on the DSEGE pattern
where you can:
Described a person or event:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Specify the time element.


______________________________________________________________________________
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Emphasize a causal relationship or a process.
______________________________________________________________________________
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Generalize ideas, principles, and concepts.
______________________________________________________________________________
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Emphasize a concepts with examples.
______________________________________________________________________________
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Write here the nutshell of the story you created.
______________________________________________________________________________
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Developing Your Critical Thinking:
1. In your opinion, is there a specific teaching strategy that will increase the activation of
students prior knowledge? What it is? Explain.
No. Because there is a individual differences that make the activation of prior knowledge that
would be based on the individual learning skills._______________________________________
2. What are schema theories? How are they useful in activating prior knowledge?
Schema theories support the idea that new information is constructed to fit information____
currently existing in the mind. In that sense the lesson should interrelated to each other so that
the past will exist in the mind and bring to the L.T.M._________________________________
3. Described the OVAR approach. Cite specific examples to illustrate the use of that technique to
ascertain students conceptual models.
______________________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________________
4. Differentiate between OVAR and OEPT approaches.
At the end of the OVAR the student can reflect their own so in that case in is only for the
purpose of the individual while in the OEPT the student can share their learning.________

Lesson 6: Analogical Processes


Exercises:
1. Cite at least five (5) pairs of item in which you are perceived similarities. Then explain the
reason for such similarities.
______________________________________________________________________________
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Lesson 2: Learning Metaphors


Exercises:
1. Based on your understanding, what is metaphor? How does learning metaphor help you
account for the process of learning and how it occurs in the classroom?
Metaphor is the diverting of things to positive way. It help mi in increasing my self steam.
2. How do we use metaphors in practice?
We use metaphor in inspiring ourselves to push on our limit.___________________________
3. What is social relationship? How do you account for its contribution to develop the metaphor
of learning as a guided performance?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Developing Your Critical Thinking:
Create metaphors of learning based on the following situation, and then explain why you arrive
in such metaphors.
1. Imagine that you were disembarking from a train. You did not know the place because it was
your first time to be there to visit your aunt. Your aunt had told you already trough text message
about the land marks of the place. Suddenly while going off the train, you caught sight of a
classmate in the high school. You approached her, talked to her, and ask her where to find the
place where you looking for. Your friend was kind to help you find the way to your aunts place.
______________________________________________________________________________
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2. Mr. Del Valle is a teacher in The Teaching Profession, on of the subjects in teacher education
program. He regards todays students as inferior to those of five years ago. He believes that the
school fail to prepare them for college life. He finds that his lectures do not work at their best
because student show no interest in learning new material. The following day, he meditates and
ask himself what goes wrong with his student. That day, he has decided to change his style of
teaching. He uses the lingo of his students. After that he concludes that his student are not that
inferior.
______________________________________________________________________________
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3. Czarina is a student in Principles of teaching 2. She finds the subject quite boring because the
teacher talks about lesson planning and the structure of a lesson design. Miss Angeles notices
that Czarina performs the assigned task inadvertently. After the class, the teacher asks herself.
What makes Czarina act that way in her class? The next day, Miss Angeles is enthusiastic and
energetic to continue with the discussion on lesson planning. She uses positive planning
approaches to Czarinas everyday life occurrence. The following day, Miss Angeles is surprised.
With amazement, Czarina looks at the teacher, smiles at her, and occasionally nods her head.

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4.Teacher Karen Myrizha is now her fifth year as a clinical instructor in the college of nursing.
She wants to modify the syllabus for nursing students in her discipline. She wants to apply ideas
from nursing researches to the practice of teaching. She developed an ability to provide
meaningful engagement of student learning with the content.
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Lessons in
Facilitating
Learning
Submitted by;
Rivas Sonny
Submitted to;
Mrs. F. Endaya