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AERODYNAMICS-I

Program: B.E. Aeronautical Engineering

Semester: IV

Subject: Aerodynamics-I

Code: AE6401

Teaching Scheme

Evaluation Scheme

Theory

Lecture

Practical

Tutorials

Credits

(3 Hrs, 100

Marks)

Continuous

Assessment

As per Institution

norms

3

0

0

3

80

20

Pre-requisite: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery (CE6451), Elements of Aeronautics (AE6302)

Minimum

Qualifying

Marks

50

Course Objectives:

i.

To introduce (i) the concepts of mass, momentum and energy conservation relating to aerodynamics (ii)

to make the student understand the concept of vorticity ( ), irrotationality, circulation ( ), stream

function ( ) & potential function ( ) (iii) thus using them ( , , , ) as tools to solve the potential flows

(uniform, source/sink, doublet, and vortex).

ii.

To introduce - the classical theoretical aerodynamic solutions like lift force estimation for flow over 2D

circular cylinder (Kutta Joukowskis theorem) and compare them with experimental (real, rough and

viscous) flow solutions.

iii.

To introduce (i) the basic K-J transformation techniques (line to circle, circle to ellipse, and circle to

symmetrical & cambered airfoils), (ii) Kutta condition and (iii) the Glaurets theory of airfoils and wing

sections.

iv.

To introduce (i) effect of span wise flow, (ii) concept of vortex filament, vortex sheet, the Prandtls

Classical Lifting line Theory, (iii) Induced drag estimation.

v.

To introduce the basics of viscous flow (i) the concept of boundary layer, its dependence on pressure

gradient, adverse effects of boundary layer, various thicknesses to predict the missing mass flow, missing

momentum flow, effective body shape and drag coefficient (ii) Prandtls boundary layer equations and the

solution procedure by Blassius, (iii) critical Reynolds number and turbulent flows.

Course Outcomes:

After successful completion of the course students will demonstrate the following outcomes:

1.

(i) Thorough understanding of the mathematical formulation of physical flows (ii) An exposure to the

fundamental tools in theoretical aerodynamics (iii) An exposure to formation and solution of elementary

theoretical potential flows.

2.

Able to calculate circulation about geometries like circle, airfoil and thus calculate the lift force acting on

them using K-J theorem.

3.

(i) Able to transform simple geometries like circle and ellipse to desired airfoil section shapes using K-J

transformations (ii) able to estimate/calculate the thin airfoil performance (lift and moment coefficients) for

using Glaurets airfoil theory.

4.

(i) Able to calculate lift force on a finite wing and the amount of induced drag it produced (ii) able to think

of new conceptual designs to increase overall L/D.

5.

(i) Able to demonstrate knowledge of sources for viscous drag and its estimation (ii) able to estimate the

effective contour shapes for geometries like missile nose cones (iii) able to use similarity parameters for

solution of boundary layer equations (iv) able to differentiate turbulent flows from laminar flows.

Detailed Syllabus:

Description

Unit

Duration

1

Lemma and Stokes theorem, barotropic flow, Kelvins theorem, streamline, stream

function, irrotational flow, potential function, equipontential lines, elementary flows and

their combinations.

2

Ideal Flow over a circular cylinder, DAlemberts paradox, Magnus effect, Kutta

Joukowskis theorem, Starting vortex, Kutta condition and real flow over smooth and

rough cylinder.

AIRFOIL THEORY

Cauchy-Riemann relations, complex potential, methodology of conformal

transformation, Kutta - Joukowskis transformation and its applications, thin airfoil

theory and its applications.

4

Vortex filament, Biot and Savart law, bound vortex and trailing vortex, horse shoe

vortex, lifting line theory and its limitations.

5

thickness, energy thickness, shape parameter, boundary layer equations for a steady,

two dimensional incompressible flow, boundary layer growth over a flat plate, critical

Reynolds number, Blasius solution, basics of turbulent flow.

Total

45

Text Books:

1. Houghton, E.L., and Caruthers, N.B., "Aerodynamics for Engineering students", Edward Arnold

Publishers Ltd., London, 1989.

2. Anderson, J.D., "Fundamentals of Aerodynamics", McGraw Hill Book Co., 1993

Reference Books:

1. Milne Thomson, L.H., "Theoretical Aerodynamics", Macmillan, 1985

2. John J Bertin., "Aerodynamics for Engineers", Pearson Education Inc, 2002

3. Clancey, L J.," Aerodynamics", Pitman, 1986

4. Kuethe, A.M and Chow, C.Y, Foundations of Aerodynamics, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons

5. E. Rathakrishnan, Theoretical Aerodynamics, First Edition, John Wiley & Sons

Detailed Lesson Plan:

S. No.

Planed

Duration in

Period/Hrs

Actual

Period/Hrs

Topic(s)

Book No.

Teaching

Method

1, 2

Energy Equations

T2

PPT

3, 4

T2

BB

5, 6

theorem

R4, T2

BB

7, 8

stream function, irrotational flow, potential

function, equipontential lines

R4, T2

BB

9, 10

T2

BB

11, 12

T2

BB

13, 14

T2

PPT

15, 16

T2

BB

17, 18

T2

BB

10

19, 20

T2

PPT

11

21, 22

methodology of conformal transformation

R5, T1

PPT

12

23, 24

applications

R5, T1

BB

13

25, 26

equation

T2

BB

14

27, 28

airfoils

T2

BB

15

29, 30

T2

BB

16

31, 32

T2

BB

17

33, 34

vortex,

T2

BB

18

35, 36

equation, limitations

T2

BB

19

37, 38

T2

BB

20

39, 40

T2

BB

21

41, 42

energy thickness, shape parameter

T2

BB

22

43, 44

dimensional incompressible flow

T2

BB

23

45, 46

Reynolds number, Blasius solution

T2

BB

24

47, 48

T2

BB

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