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Cd.

49 Radar Observation & Plotting


FUNDAMENTAL THEORY
1. What is the radar sweep?
transmission of one pulse only
2. Which radar condition can be expected when stationary warm air is located on top of cold
sea?
radar black-out
3. What is the main function of the antenna?
to transmit and receive radar signals
4. What is the effect of Sub-reflection?
distance to radar horizon is reduced
5. What is the radar scan?
transmission of pulse during one 360 rotation of the antenna
6. What is the meaning of radar range resolution?
the radar ability to separate targets in range
7. What is the function of the Magnetron?
generate radar pulses
8. What is the meaning of radar bearing resolution?
the radar ability to separate targets in bearing
9. Does the number of pulses transmitted per second affect the radar maximum range?
yes
10. We have normal transmission of radar waves when the radar horizon is?
10% longer away than the optical horizon
11. How does radar antenna height influence on sea clutter?
High antenna height, more sea clutter
12. The reflection of radar pulses is similar to that of?
light
13. What is the relation between scanner width (size) and horizontal beam with?
large scanner with, narrow horizontal beam width
14. What is the main function of the receiver?
amplify the incoming signals
15. What are two main purposes of marine radar?
traffic surveillance and navigation
16. The horizontal extension of the target affects the echo pulse?
little
17. Does the ships trim affect radar minimum range?
yes
SETTING UP RADAR DISPLAY
1. What is the purpose of the Drift controls?
used to ground stabilize True Motion display
2. What is the purpose of the VRM control?
to measure distance accurately
3. Marine radar bearing accuracy is generally?

not so good
4. Which course should be fed in to a stabilized radar picture?
true course
5. How to reduce beam width distortion?
reduce Gain
6. What is the purpose of the HL-suppress button?
to switch off the HL temporarily
7. What is the purpose of the Brilliance control?
Adjust signal intensity on the display
8. Marine radar range accuracy is generally?
- High
MARINE RADAR PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION
1. The radar must be able to operate in relative wind speeds up to?
- 100 knots
2. What is the required accuracy of the heading marker?
- +/- 1 deg
3. IMO resolution 477 applies to all ships built after?
- 1984
4. What is the minimum radar display diameter for ships of 10000 tons and upwards?
- 16 inch
5. What is the minimum number if range scales required?
-5
6. What is the minimum display diameter required on ships bigger than 1600 tons but less than
10000 tons?
- 250mm
7. What is the maximum radar warm-up time?
- 4 min
8. It is a requirement to have the HM-suppress button spring loaded?
- Yes, it is a IMO requirement.
PLOTTING
1. When plotting north up, you plot?
- Bearings
2. What is the effect of gyro error?
- All bearings will be wrong.
3. What is the main advantage of true plotting?
- Easy to understand
4. What is the main purpose of plotting?
- Obtain information about weather danger of collision exists, CPA, TCPA, targets course and
speed
5. What is the main purpose of Seaspeak?
- Reduce maritime communication problems.
6. What is the effect of error in time between two plots?
- Error in CPA, TCPA and target course.
7. What is the effect of using incorrect bearings in plotting?

- CPA, TCPA, Course and Speed are effected.


8. What is the usual method of deciding whether collision danger exist or not?
- By taking several bearings of the target.
THE USE OF RADAR IN NAVIGATION
1. Use of radar to assist in navigation can be divided in?
- 3 groups
2. How is an uncoded racon displayed on the PPI?
- As a line
3. What is the main purpose of the parallel index line?
- Assist the navigator in obtaining a decided CPA to a selected point.
4. What is the purpose of the radar reflector?
- Making small objects better visible
5. What is a coded racon?
- A racon which display a morse code on the radar screen.
6. Radar navigation have X important motion components?
-3
7. What type of radar can active a racon?
- X-band radar
8. Does the racon show up on a C-band radar?
- No
RADAR AND COLREG
1. Does the COLREG give any preference to ships equipped with radar?
- No
2. COLREG no 35 specify?
- Sound signals during reduced visibility.
3. What is the main content of COLREG no 5?
- Proper look out.
4. COLREG no 10 apply to?
- Vessels sailing in separation schemes