Vienna Symphonic Library

Kontakt 2 User Manual
Introduction
Thank you for registering your product and for downloading this manual. We also offer video tutorials to give you a more personal insight into the abilities of the Performance Tool that is now integrated in your Kontakt 2 programs. We would like to thank Josef Natterer (nattererjosef@web.de) for developing the scripts to perfectly fit the needs of our Performance Instruments!

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General Information
The Vienna Symphonic Library is a comprehensive sample library, containing thousands of articulations and playing techniques for all featured instruments. It is divided into 2 major components: 1. Single Note Samples, featuring playing techniques from staccato to sustained notes, tremolos, trills, dynamics and much more. 2. Performance Instruments which need the famous Performance Tool to work properly. The mixture of these 2 components is what makes your music come alive, and it’s up to YOU to choose the right articulation for your arrangement.

What's new in Kontakt 2:
The scripting features in Kontakt 2 allow us to integrate the functionality of the Performance Tool into each performance instrument program in Kontakt 2, which means that you can load a program and you're ready to play – all settings are perfectly preconfigured for every instrument! Of course, there are some additional settings available with each mode which will be explained in this manual. Depending on your purchases, you will find the following Performance Tool Modes within your Kontakt 2 programs: Horizon Series OPUS 1&2: Alternation and Legato Mode Solo Strings: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Chamber Strings: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Epic Horns: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode French Oboe: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode
© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library Date: 2005-11-14

Woodwind Ensembles: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Saxophones 1: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Vienna Concert Guitar: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Overdrive: Alternation, Legato and Repetition Mode Mallets: Alternation Mode Glass & Stones: Alternation Mode FX Percussion: Alternation Mode Vienna Harps: Alternation Mode The Performance Tool Scripts in Kontakt 2 re-interpret your MIDI information to give you absolute authenticity in sound. They basically operate in three Modes chosen according to the selected Performance instrument: Legato, Repetition, or Alternation Mode. The Performance Tool script settings of a given instrument are preconfigured for each Performance instrument. The Performance Tool functionality is intended as a tool for real-time performance of legato, repetition, and alternation sequences played on the keyboard. If you are editing your MIDI tracks in your sequencer’s editor, and skipping passages or running loops, the music may not always sound as originally recorded. Naturally, when you record and playback your completed sequence, you will hear the intended result. For best performance control, we recommend using an 88-key master keyboard, so you can access all preconfigured keyswitch functions while you’re playing. But, of course, you can also use the sequencer’s matrix editor and enter the notes and functions step by step, or fine-tune what you’ve recorded. The instruments and their settings are documented in the Vienna Symphonic Library manuals, which you can refer to if you’re unsure how to set up a specific performance. You can also download the Range Finder guide (PDF) from the user area of our website www.vsl.co.at, which gives brief descriptions of the instruments and their playing ranges. Attention: When you load a program that features modwheel blends, touch the modwheel before starting to play. Kontakt needs this activation before it plays back modwheel blend programs!

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Installation
First register your Vienna Symphonic Library Horizon Series product and download the Kontakt 2 Instruments (.nki files) from the User Area of our website www.vsl.co.at/user. Then double-click on the folder “Exs” on your DVD, open the folder “Samples” and extract the files to your hard disk. You do not have to extract the “Sampler Instruments” folder, as this contains only EXS-specific files. The files on your DVDs are packed as self-extracting files. To extract them on a PC, simply double-click on a file and specify the target folder. You can also use WinRar (included on your DVD) to extract single files.

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Data Structure
When we designed our Horizon Series products, it was not clear whether future releases of the Kontakt sampler would support the mapping structure of our Performance Elements. Therefore, the data structure contained on your DVDs unfortunately doesn't exactly match the technical needs of Kontakt. VERY IMPORTANT: In Kontakt, the .nki files are saved with relative paths. This speeds up the loading process dramatically, but will only work if you keep the structure we used in our mapping stations. Each Horizon Series product needs a separate folder, which contains 2 subfolders: K2-Instruments (your .nki files; the K2-Instruments folder will be created automatically) and Samples (containing ONLY .wav files and articulation folders extracted from your DVDs). This is essential, since Kontakt starts searching for the samples it is looking for in the folders on the same level as the “K2-Instruments” folder! Below, you will find a list of the Horizon Edition’s collections. Pick out your collection and click on the image to go to the Appendix page where the necessary data structure for the product is shown and explained. Please organize your samples and programs exactly as shown in the image – otherwise, Kontakt will have to go on a long search to find the correct samples.

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OPUS 1

Opus 2

Solo Strings

Chamber Strings

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

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Epic Horns French Oboe Woodwind Ensembles

Saxophones 1

Vienna Concert Guitar

Overdrive

Mallets

Glass & Stones

FX Percussion

Vienna Harps

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Kontakt 2 – modes overview
User interface in Kontakt 2 To open the interface of each mode, please click on the “Tool” icon of your loaded program:

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This will open your interface with your additional settings. Each element will be explained in detail farther below.

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Legato Mode
Loading instruments
The Legato Mode enables you to perform authentic monophonic legato lines on your keyboard. Specific Legato instruments have been created that work in Legato Mode. Legato instrument files will always have “PERF-LEG” in their name, e.g., “VI-14_PERF-LEG_F+F_PORTA“ from OPUS 1, containing violin ensemble Performance Legatos. The instruments themselves are named “perf-leg”, so “VI-14_PERF-LEG_F+F_PORTA“ will be a forte legato, played by the violin ensemble, which you can switch with the ModWheel to play a portamento effect. To load an instrument, scroll through the sampler’s instrument browser and select the legato performance of your choice. Please see the printed manual that comes with your Horizon Series product for a detailed description of each program. The Performance Tool scripts will take care of the complex keyswitching for you to create a perfect legato performance as you play.

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The settings of a Legato Instrument
The script editor of the “VI-14_PERF-LEG_F+F_PORTA” will look like this:

User settings All settings have been optimized to fit the needs of each instrument. IMPORTANT: If you decide to change the settings of an instrument, you need to save the new instrument (preferably under a new name, so that you can always go back to the factory settings). Let’s go through the settings in the script editor (the grey area) from left to right: Leg_time: When you play legato, you should always connect one note with the following one. The leg_time function can do that for you. The higher the setting, the less you will have to manually connect the notes. Still, there will never be an unwanted “overlap” of notes, because legato instruments are monophonic, so that the next note will automatically sound as you strike it. It’s best to experiment with the leg_time to find the settings that suit you best. You can transpose the position of each instrument on your keyboard in octave steps by using the Octave Offset (it is always set to position each instrument in its corresponding range on the keyboard).
© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library Date: 2005-11-14

Function Keys: Ghost, Release Trigger, Repetition Trigger With the help of function keys, you can access special functions directly on your MIDI keyboard, or insert them in your recorded MIDI track to make your performance even more realistic. By clicking within the appropriate fields, you can set the trigger notes for the function keys. However, please make sure that the trigger notes are not set inside your instrument’s playing range. Please remember that the Vienna Symphonic Library always uses C4=middle C on your keyboard.

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Ghost: Press this key to have the next starting note muted. For instance, you could later copy these muted notes to another track to have them played in another technique of your choice. The Ghost function makes it possible to start a legato passage from any other starting note (from another MIDI track), e.g., from a crescendo, a diminuendo, a sforzato. An example: In your sequencer, you record a three bar legato passage in piano (soft), using legato performances. But you want a strong accent on the first note of this passage, instead of the now recorded piano tone. So you decide you want to use a fortepiano tone from the "Special Dynamics". In this case you put a ghost function key prior to the first note. Now the first note won't be played, but the second note still will have the right legato transition from the ending of the (now silent) first note to the second note. Now you copy this first note to the MIDI track that is to play the fortepiano note. (Leave the muted note in the legato track, as the second legato note still needs to know where the transition comes from!) Playing both MIDI tracks, you will get the authentic transition from the fortepiano note to the legato passage. Release trigger: Use this if you want to have the last note of a sequence end with a special release sample for increased authenticity. To activate this function, press the trigger note after pressing the last note of a sequence and keep the Release Trigger pressed until you release the last note. Attention: if you hold a note too long, the release sample will still be triggered after the natural duration of the note, and you will hear the sample as a distinct extra tone. The notes of legato performances are quite long, of course, but for the sake of your computer’s memory they are far from endless. If you need longer notes for your Legato instrument, please make use of the programs contained in “Sus-Blend” that lets you fade each legato note into a long sustaining note.

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Repetition trigger: This key has the function of providing a legato repetition instead of a fresh starting note. Press it right before the repetition note when it should be part of a continuing legato sequence rather than the beginning of a new one. Attention: please keep in mind that Legato Mode is monophonic, meaning that you can only play one note at a time. If you want to have the violin ensemble play legato chord notes in a sequence, you will either have to set up as many legato channels as you have notes in the chords, or play the chord notes from a “normal” track with, e.g., VI-14_mV_sus loaded.

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Repetition Mode
The purpose of Repetition Mode is to enable you to create realistic sounding repeated notes. We created specific Repetition Instruments to work in this Mode, using a variety of articulations and tempos to achieve the most natural performance. Attention: This mode is not used in OPUS 1&2, Mallets, Glass&Stones, and Vienna Harps! In the Vienna Symphonic Library, instruments for use with Repetition Mode have the designation “PERF-REP” included in the file name. These are the only instruments that will work in Repetition Mode. The file name also provides information about the number of repeated notes played by that instrument, plus the tempo and articulation used. For a start, let’s select “VI-6_LEG-REP5_4-50_P” contained in the Chamber Strings folder “21 VI-6_PERF-REP_LEG_4-50”, and load it into Kontakt 2. The instrument contains a chamber violin ensemble with 5 portato repetitions, played in 4ths at 50 BPM (beats per minute).

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Using Performance Repetitions
When you click on the “Tool” button in Kontakt 2, the script editor now will look like this: The Style Display

Within Repetition Mode, you will find a matrix containing 12 matrix lines (on the left side, please use the scroll bar to see the first matrix lines) and a style display (the LineNr.: showing which line in the matrix is active). Next to the style display you see the selected line_nr. Underneath the line_nr. there are 3,4,5 or 9 yellow icons (depending on the Performance Repetition) that represent the active repetition notes. To edit a given matrix line, simply click on the icons to activate / deactivate this repetition note. Please don’t forget to save the instrument under a new filename after editing the settings!

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Now, let’s have a look at the basic settings again:

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The Base Function Key for switching matrix lines is set to C1 (MIDI: 24) by default so as not to interfere with the play zone. Depending on the Base Function Key setting, the settings for Jump to Last and Skip First will also change. The function of these keys will be described below. Release Time defines the time you have to play the next tone of the repetition (your NOTE OFF Event is being delayed). It can be set roughly to the time of the first keyswitch delay (see below) or a bit higher to get good results. If it is too long, you will get unwanted repetitions, whereas if it is too short, the performance may not sound very natural. It is best to experiment to find the settings you’re comfortable with. Another important setting is the First Keyswitch Delay. This assures that your performance will be aligned with the meter you’re in, and that the repetitions don’t lag behind the tempo of your piece. For our current instrument, it is set to 40 ms. IMPORTANT: To get the timing of your repetition track right, set the MIDI delay of your sequencer track to the negative amount of the First Keyswitch Delay (in this case, -40 ms). This will compensate the delay that is needed to connect the repetition tones correctly. The Matrix The matrix displays 12 lines of repetition sequences with 3,4,5 or 9 entries each, which you can configure according to your needs. The first entry shows the keyswitch of the currently selected matrix line, the second displays the number of repetitions, which should always correspond with the number of repetitions the instrument has. As our current instrument has five repetitions, the basic patterns are all set to five entries. Each matrix line now has five entries. The sequence of “1s” and “0s” defines which of the instrument’s repetitions are to be played; a sequence of “1–0–1–0–1” will play the first, third, and fifth note. You can now configure the lines for the repetitions you have in mind. Please note that it is not possible to have a matrix line without repetitions – you will not be able to toggle the last “1” in a repetition sequence.
© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library Date: 2005-11-14

Make sure that you select the proper instrument for your purposes. You can always play faster than the designated speed of a repetition instrument – 150 BPM repetitions can easily be stepped up to 200–250, but you cannot go below 150 without unwanted glitches and artifacts being heard, as a sample’s next repetition tone would start before the next sample is triggered. As a general rule for repetition “speed limits”: The slower the recorded tempo of the repetition, the higher the possible factor of acceleration (you can easily speed up legato repetitions of 4ths at 60 BPM (4_60) to at least 120 BPM!). Function keys: Jump to Last, Skip First

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These function keys provide special functions that will make your performance even more realistic. The function key settings depend on the Base Function Key setting, taking up the three notes preceding the Base Function Key. Please take care that they do not overlap the Play Zone in case you set the Base Function Key too close to it. Jump to Last: If you press this key, the next sample played will be the last active entry in the matrix line. Normally, this will also be the finishing note of the sampled repetition sequence, so you can place the end of your repetition sequence at will. The next sample played after that will be the first active entry of the matrix line (normally the starting note). Skip First On/Off: To play long repetition sequences without employing “chain Mode” (see below), you can use these switches. Pressing the key assigned to Skip First On will cause the tool to skip the starting note of the repetition line until you hit the Skip First Off key. Thus, your initial number of repetitions can easily be increased to any amount you like. Chain Mode Chain Mode links the matrix lines so that you will get a sequence of repetitions consisting of all the matrix lines – in sequence! This allows you to create long repetition sequences with a fair amount of variation (even five or nine repetitions tend to become boring if they’re always in the same order). You can still switch matrix lines while Chain Mode is activated; the Tool simply will jump to the selected line and continue from there. Attention: please remember that you have to play a separate note for every repetition! If you just hold the key, you will also hear a sequence of repetitions, but it will be played as recorded, so that you won’t be able to influence the repetition speed!

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Triplets Since all repetitions were recorded with straight beats (4 or 8 notes and an end note), setting them up for triplets initially may cause a bit of confusion. However, it’s not as difficult as it may seem at first. Here’s some suggestions for programming triplets in Repetition Mode, using “_rep9” files. (For better understanding, the accents in the examples are marked in boldface.) 1. 2. 2x3 triplets + final note: "1:1:0:1:1:1:0:1:1" or "1:0:1:1:1:0:1:1:1" for longer repetitions you can use a simple single note staccato or 0'3s note as starting note and combine it with the following repetition: "0:0:1:1:1:0:1:1:1" or "0:1:0:1:1:1:0:1:1" Here, the separate starting note makes the first accent, so that you can play through the repetition sequence as often as necessary for your piece.

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Most important to get a triplet feeling is the groove/timing and the accents. 3. Sometimes it's good to have longer notes for the accents. For this, you also can combine single notes with the repetitions: "0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1:1". Naturally, you could also select two repetitions out of the middle. In that case, you will have to take care not to trigger a third note. An example: "0:0:0:0:0:1:1:0:0" Yet another solution for longer triplet repetitions is a more intricate combination with single notes. Set up the tool like this: "0:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1" This way, you have no starting note in the repetitions. The combination should work like this: stac – rep2 – rep3 – stac – rep4 – rep5 –stac – rep6 – rep7 – stac – rep8 – rep9 To create a more random effect on the accents, you can use a stac1+2 combination with Alternation mode. For our repetition example, this would be “VC-8_stac_1+2”. 5. If you combine with single notes, we also suggest playing your repetition phrase first only with single notes, recording it on one track. Afterwards, you can split it into a repetition track and a single note track, and move the notes accordingly. Every third note then would remain in the single note track, playing normal staccato notes. The other notes would be transferred to the repetition track. Attention: The delay offset of the Midi track should work in time with the repetition track. This means that you have to set it up to the same First Keyswitch Delay as that of the repetition track. However, sometimes it helps to set this offset a little "off" to get the right shuffle rhythm.

4.

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Alternation Mode
Loading instruments
The purpose of Alternation Mode is to manage the keyswitches of a combination instrument that contains two versions of one tone (_1+2). We had to restrict the functionality of the Alternation Mode in Kontakt 2 to alternating between 2 recorded variations. If you want to make use of the more advanced features contained in the Performance Tool, please learn more in the Performance Tool manual and make use of the original Performance Tool. You can simply load an alternation instrument and then make use of the different alternation matrices available. The script editor will look like this:

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The Style Display The style display (Line:) shows the selected matrix line and the alternation entries themselves. All of the included Alternation Settings are perfectly preconfigured. “1” always represents the first recorded variation of a tone, “2” represents the second variation. The Matrix The matrix is where you can set up your individual alternations. There are 12 lines with 12 sequence entries each, so you can have 12 different alternation sequences in one setup, giving you a lot of possibilities. The first entry of a matrix line shows the number of alternations it contains. The contents of the active matrix line are also shown underneath the style display, so once you’ve selected a line you can change the settings here. Changes you make in the style display will always be reflected in the active matrix line, and vice versa.
© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library Date: 2005-11-14

Remember, the Vienna Symphonic Library uses C4 as Middle C, so you may have to subtract an octave for calculations with your sequencer. Most sequencers, however, allow you to put an initial transposition on a track, so that you can set your tracks up to show the note pitches exactly as they are played with the Vienna Symphonic Library. If your sequencer uses C3 as Middle C, simply have your VSL tracks transposed down an octave. Attention: When polyphony is switched on (which it is by default), you have to release all keys to access the next programmed playing technique! With every MIDI “Note-Off” your next playing technique becomes available! Base Function Key The base function key sets the first keyswitch for the alternation matrix. As the matrix has 12 keys, you have to take care that they don’t overlap with your instrument’s play zone. For example, the contrabass ensemble’s play zone is B0–D4, its keyswitch start key is C6 (MIDI: 84). Therefore, you can place your base function key anywhere starting from E4 without overlapping. Polyphony The polyphony selector is on by default. If you do not activate polyphony, Alternation Mode will let you play monophonic lines, but each note you play will automatically be the next variation, regardless of Note-Off events! Chain Mode The last item in our alternation setup is Chain Mode. This feature allows you to link the matrix lines so that you will get one alternation sequence consisting of all the matrix lines – in sequence! This is especially useful for long sequences consisting of the same articulations. Also, you can still use the function keys to switch to a specific matrix line. The tool will simply continue the chain starting with the line you selected.

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Appendix – Data Structure
Opus 1
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \OPUS1\SAMPLES

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Opus 2

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Chamber Strings
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the "Samples” folder according to the image: \CHAMBER STRINGS\SAMPLES

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Solo Strings
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the "Samples” folder according to the image: \SOLO STRINGS\SAMPLES

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Epic Horns
Create a “Samples” folder within the product folder and move the articulation folders into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \SAMPLES

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French Oboe
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \FRENCH OBOE\SAMPLES

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Woodwind Ensembles
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \WOODWIND ENSEMBLES\SAMPLES

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Saxophones I
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the "Samples” folder according to the image: \SAXOPHONES I\SAMPLES

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Vienna Harps
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the "Samples” folder according to the image: HARPS\SAMPLES

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Vienna Concert Guitar
Create a “Samples” folder within the product folder and move the articulation folders into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \SAMPLES

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Overdrive
Create a folder named after the product and extract the archives from the DVD into that folder to get a structure according to the image: \OVERDRIVE

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

Glass & Stones
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the "Samples” folder according to the image: \GLASS & STONES\SAMPLES

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Mallets
Create the following folder structure and extract the archives from the DVDs into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \MALLETS\SAMPLES

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

FX Percussion
Create a “Samples” folder within the product folder and move the articulation folders into the “Samples” folder according to the image: \SAMPLES

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© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14

We hope that you are satisfied with this brief introduction to the intricacies of using our Performance Instruments with Kontakt 2, and wish you a successful and fulfilling creative experience with the Vienna Symphonic Library. Please visit our Website http://www.vsl.co.at regularly for new Performance Tool tutorials and for additional files. If you want to know more about the instruments of the Vienna Symphonic Library, check out Instruments Online. We'd also like to invite you to visit our forum to meet fellow-users of the Vienna Symphonic Library and to share questions and answers about our library. Most technical support questions can be answered by simply browsing this forum, not to mention lots of user tips, advice, and inside information from the creators of the library.

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Copyright Notice
Information in this training guide, including URL and other Web site references is subject to change without notice. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, or for any purpose, without the express written permission of the Vienna Symphonic Library GmbH. Vienna Symphonic Library may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Vienna Symphonic Library, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights or any intellectual property. Copyright © 2005 All rights reserved. Vienna Symphonic Library GmbH. Draschestrasse 89, A–1230 Wien, Austria E-mail: office@vsl.co.at

© 2005 Vienna Symphonic Library

Date: 2005-11-14