BM-30 Smerch Multiple Rocket Launcher

The BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) or 9K58 is a Russian multiple rocket launcher. The system is designed to defeat manpower, armored and soft-skinned materiel in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in 1986 and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989.[1] Components:
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rockets (in containers); 9A52-2 modernized launch vehicle; transloader; automated fire control equipment; set of arsenal equipment; training facilities.

The 300mm rockets with a firing range of 70 and 90 km and various warheads have been developed for the Smerch MLRS. The 9A52-2 vehicle with the automated system ensures:
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delivery of fire from an unsurveyed fire position; laying of the launch tube cluster with the crew staying in the cabin and without using aiming points;

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autonomous determination of an azimuth of the launch tube cluster’s longitudinal axis; visual representation of graphical information for the launch tube cluster laying, the route of vehicle movement and location as well as a point of destination and direction of movement on the video terminal; increase in MLRS survivability owing to reduced time of staying at a fire position; increased comfort for the laying operator, especially in adverse weather conditions and at night; increased independent operation owing to the navigation and survey equipment, which allows the vehicle to rapidly change fire positions and move autonomously; reduction of the combat crew.

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Chassis: MAZ-543M Combat Weight: 43.7 t Length: 12 m Height: 3.05 m Width: 3.05 m Crew: 3 men Emplacement Time: 3 min Displacement Time: 2 min Launcher: 9A52-2, 300-mm, 12 tubes Launch Rate Salvo Time: 12 rounds in 38 seconds

Reload Time: 20 min

Operators
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Algeria: 18 systems in 1999. India: 38 systems to be delivered by 2008 and additional 24 systems by 2010.Total cost $750 million. Kuwait: 27 systems in 1996. Russia: 300 in 2001(100 in 1995) [2] Belarus: 48 system in 1990 [3] Ukraine: unknown number [4]

[edit] Former operators

Soviet Union: Passed on to successor states

Rocket Projectiles
Variant Name Type Cluster munition, anti-personnel Rocket Warhead Range Min. Max.

Weight Length Weight Submunition 72 × 1.75 kg, 243 kg each with 96 fragments (4.5 g
each)

Selfdestruct time

9M55K

110 sec

Cluster munition, 9M55K1 self guided antitank Cluster munition, AT minelets. 800 kg 7.6 m

243 kg 5 × 15 kg

9M55K4

243 kg 25 × 5 kg mines

24 hour 20 km 70 km

HEAT/HE9M55K5 Fragmentation. separable HEFragmentation

646 × 0.25 kg 243 kg (120 mm RHA
armor piercing)

260 sec

9M55F

258 kg

9M55S Thermobaric HEFragmentation

243 kg

9M528

815 kg

243 kg 7.6 m

25 km 90 km

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