You are on page 1of 2

CELL

Name: ceska rahayu wibowo

1. What is cell?
Cell is Cells are the structural and functional units of all living organisms.
Some organisms, such as bacteria, are unicellular, consisting of a single cell.
Other organisms, such as humans, are multicultural, or have many cells—an
estimated 100,000,000,000,000 cells! Each cell is an amazing world unto itself: it
can take in nutrients, convert these nutrients into energy, carry out specialized
functions, and reproduce as necessary. Even more amazing is that each cell
stores its own set of instructions for carrying out each of these activities.

2. Structure of cell

3. organelle cell

Eukaryotic organelles

Eukaryotes are one of the most structurally complex cell type, and by definition are in part organized by
smaller interior compartments, that are themselves enclosed by lipid membranes that resemble the
outermost cell membrane. The larger organelles, such as the nucleus and vacuoles, are easily visible
with the light microscope. They were among the first biological discoveries made after the invention of
the microscope. Not all eukaryotic cells have every one of the organelles listed below. Exceptional
organisms have cells which do not include some organelles that might otherwise be considered universal
to eukaryotes (such as mitochondria).[27] There are also occasional exceptions to the number of
membranes surrounding organelles, listed in the tables below (e.g., some that are listed as double-
membrane are sometimes found with single or triple membranes). In addition, the number of individual
organelles of each type found in a given cell varies depending upon the function of that cell.
Prokaryotic organelles
Prokaryotes are not as structurally complex as eukaryotes, and were once thought not to have any
internal structures enclosed by lipid membranes. In the past, they were often viewed as having little
internal organization; but, slowly, details are emerging about prokaryotic internal structures. An early false
turn was the idea developed in the 1970s that bacteria might contain membrane folds termedmesosomes,
but these were later shown to be artifacts produced by the chemicals used to prepare the cells
for electron microscopy.[30]

However, more recent research has revealed that at least some prokaryotes
have microcompartments such as carboxysomes. These subcellular compartments are 100 - 200 nm in
diameter and are enclosed by a shell of proteins.[1] Even more striking is the description of membrane-
bound magnetosomes in bacteria,[31][32] as well as the nucleus-like structures of the Planctomycetes that
are surrounded by lipid membranes.[33]

4. difference cell animal and cell plant