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Vanessa C. Peralta Jan.

15,2010
BSE-2E Mr. Layson
Edtech II

Selection, Production Utilization of Appropriate
Teacher Tools for Instruction

Sa pagsisimula ng aming klase sa Edtech2 hindi na kami nahirapan sa aming
professor dahil kilala na namin siya bilang isang magaling na guro. Si G. Layson ay isang
dalubhasa sa pagtuturo sa amin, noong simula kami ay masaya dahil siya ang magtuturo.
Unang pagkikita namin pinaliwanag niya ang aming dapat gawin ngayong semestre,
pinaliwanag niya isa-isa ang aming “silabus”. Unang basa ko pa lamang sa aming
gagawin ay nakaramdam na ako ng hirap dahil una, talagang pang indibidwal ang mga
gawain na kanyang ibinigay. Maiisip mong maari kang bumagsak pag hindi mo nagawa.
Muling pagkikita namin sa aming guro ay noong Dec. 18 mayroon siyang pinagawang
gawain na tungkol sa aming pananaw sa kinukuha namin na kurso , na ang gagamitin ay
ang aming mga kamay , ang ginawa ng aming grupo ay isang puno na naglalaman dun
ang bunga ,ugat, dahon, yong pinakapuno nito. Sa lahat ng grupo halos iisa lang ang
aming naisip, dahil nga maiituring mo talagang isang puno ang mga guro.
At sa muling pagkikita ay noong Jan.18,2010, ang ginawa namin sa kanya ay
nagpaliwanag lamang siya sa mga dapat naming gawin sa gawain na kanyang
pinapagawa, at dahil nga sa matagal siyang wala nagbigay siya ng regalo sa aming
seksyon.
What is Psychosocial conflict that serves as a turning point in development. In Erikson’s
Development? view, these conflicts are centered on either developing a
Erik Erikson’s theory of psychological quality or failing to develop that quality. During these
psychosocial development is times, the potential for personal growth is high, but so is the
one of the best-known potential for failure.
theories of personality in Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust
psychology. Much like The first stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development
Sigmund Freud, Erikson occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most
believed that personality fundamental stage in life.2
develops in a series of Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is
stages. Unlike Freud’s theory based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers.
of psychosexual stages, If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and
Erikson’s theory describes secure in the world. Caregivers who are inconsistent, emotionally
the impact of social unavailable, or rejecting contribute to feelings of mistrust in the
experience across the whole children they care for. Failure to develop trust will result in fear and
lifespan. a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable.
One of the main elements of Psychosocial Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Erikson’s psychosocial stage The second stage of Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
theory is the develoment of takes place during early childhood and is focused on children
ego identity.1 Ego identity is developing a greater sense of personal control.2
the conscious sense of self Like Freud, Erikson believed that toilet training was a vital part of
that we develop through this process. However, Erikson's reasoning was quite different then
social interaction. According that of Freud's. Erikson believe that learning to control one’s body
to Erikson, our ego identity is functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence.
constantly changing due to Other important events include gaining more control over food
new experience and choices, toy preferences, and clothing selection.
information we acquire in our Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and
daily interactions with others. confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of
In addition to ego identity, inadequacy and self-doubt.
Erikson also believed that a Vygotsky and Social Cognition
sense of competence also Definition
motivates behaviors and The social cognition learning model asserts that culture is the prime
actions. Each stage in determinant of individual development. Humans are the only
Erikson’s theory is concerned species to have created culture, and every human child develops in
with becoming competent in the context of a culture. Therefore, a child's learning development is
an area of life. If the stage is affected in ways large and small by the culture--including the
handled well, the person will culture of family environment--in which he or she is enmeshed.
feel a sense of mastery, Discussion
which he sometimes referred 1. Culture makes two sorts of contributions to a child's intellectual
to as ego strength or ego development. First, through culture children acquire much of the
quality.2 If the stage is content of their thinking, that is, their knowledge. Second, the
managed poorly, the person surrounding culture provides a child with the processes or means of
will emerge with a sense of their thinking, what Vygotskians call the tools of intellectual
inadequacy. adaptation. In short, according to the social cognition learning
In each stage, Erikson model, culture teaches children both what to think and how to think.
believed people experience a
2. Cognitive development of the child's problem solving is mediated through an adult's help, it
results from a dialectical is wrong to focus on a child in isolation. Such focus does not reveal
process whereby a child the processes by which children acquire new skills.
learns through problem- 9. Interactions with surrounding culture and social agents, such as
solving experiences shared parents and more competent peers, contribute significantly to a
with someone else, usually a child's intellectual development.
How Vygotsky Impacts
parent
Learning:
or teacher
Curriculum--Since
but children learn much through interaction, curricula should be designed to emphasize interaction
sometimes a sibling or peer.
3. Initially, the person
interacting with child
assumes most of the
responsibility for guiding the
problem solving, but
gradually this responsibility
transfers to the child.
4. Language is a primary
form of interaction through
which adults transmit to the
child the rich body of
knowledge that exists in the
culture.
5. As learning progresses, the
child's own language comes
to serve as her primary tool
of intellectual adaptation.
Eventually, children can use
internal language to direct
their own behavior.
6. Internalization refers to the
process of learning--and
thereby internalizing--a rich
body of knowledge and tools
of thought that first exist
outside the child. This
happens primarily through
language.
7. A difference exists
between what child can do
on her own and what the
child can do with help.
Vygotskians call this
difference the zone of
proximal development. 8.
Since much of what a child
learns comes form the
culture around her and much