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September 25, 2004
The key is in your mind….
Ali Laçej
ERA-Albania

September 25, 2004
The key is in your mind….
1. What potential resources…???

2. Snapshot on current situation !

3. Release….what for???

4. Quantum leap…?!

The key is in your mind….
1. What potential resources…???
Three Potential Resources
Multicultural
Not integrated
People Poorly mobilized
Leave!!!

Environment Economy&Governance
Very Rich Informal & Poor
Urban Pollution Corrupted
Missing Preservation Chaotic
Abuse!!!! Monopolize!!!

The key is in your mind….
2. Snapshot on current situation !

People Multicultural
Albanians, despite historic disappointments, Not integrated
remain faithful to their Euro-Atlantic orientation.
Quite 1 million Albanians work and stay in EU
Poorly mobilized
countries and USA and Canada. They are the Human bridge
to bringing forth the essential Euro-Atlantic belonging of
Leave!!!
Albanians. They witness all kinds of educational lacks as
well as outstanding virtues.
Some of them are involved in academic or
scientific works and a few in criminal activities. Usually
Albanians behave within a certain Euro Atlantic civilization
pattern.
Albanians are multireligious people.
The religious differences never caused a cultural clash, as
they stand strong for broad family kinship.
Within kinfolk!
(broad family) you will find different
? ? n
religious participations.
s…
?
at
io Albanians go proud for that.
e tu
rc t si
o u n ??
es rre r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !
People Multicultural
Albanian community, that had survived under the Not integrated
pressure of dictatorship, the first 90’s, blasted off, disrespecting
not only the relations built under dictatorship, but even those that
Poorly mobilized
were once appreciated as traditional and morale.
Albania is like e jail!! You can enter, but it is truly difficult
Leave!!!
to go out for locals.
Before 90’s the guardian of this jail was the Communist Regime.
Who causes it now???? Inside guardians resigned from that
duty……
What happens in a jail, what is it a like-in-jail-society?
Favoritism is the weakest manifestation of degenerative and
backward oriented processes in an outside guarded jail. Violence
and miscommunication bolster the disintegration. The gap
between groups of citizens increases.
? !
?? io n
… at
ces i tu
r s
ou ent ??
es rr r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !
People Multicultural
Albania did not inherit such a strong civic Not integrated
organizing tradition, civic mobilizing happened in eruptive
way due to critical national or communitarian events. Now
it seems to be the future cradle of leadership.
Poorly mobilized
Political parties and politicians as individuals
Leave!!!
failed to maintain promises for a brighter and excellent
future, partly because of offering huge expectations, and
partly because of their preference for militant or “military”
feats. It was the preferred path for high ranking due to
catching hold of the wish of the commander, to protect the
superiors and command the inferiors.
The vehicles of economic and legal systems are
broadly and dangerously corrupted.

? !
?? io n
… at
ces i tu
r s
ou ent ??
es rr r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !

Albania as a coastal country, in the upper Mediterranean
weather region, especially the Northern Region offers a broad range of
qualities for a long term sustainable development. There are three rivers, Very Rich
Drini, Buna and Kiri connecting together at the end of basin of the
Shkodra Lake. There are other potentials created as artificial lakes. A lot Urban Pollution
of rivulets transport waters from Alps and Highlands to a beautiful
landscape connected to the Adriatic Sea. Water is abundant. Missing Preservation
Mining richness consists on Metallic (Cooper,
Chromium, Iron and Aluminum and other rare metals…), and richer it is Abuse!!!!
the Nonmetallic offer (Silicates, Dolomites,Quartz, Magnezites,
Limestone,Granite, etc). Energy production resources are still unused
optimally. Forests have been overexploited, but the landscape offers a
huge potential for such a production…..
Cultivated agriculture, vineyards, and food production have a
big chance for doing it BIO.
The region offers the tradition of producing tobacco and
beverages, as well those based on endemic herbs…flora and fauna….are
relatively rich…even there have been some intrusive actions in lake
basins and river beds….
? !
?? tio
n
s … a
e tu
rc t si
o u n ??
es rre r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !

Environment
The Human intervention in the environment used demoted Very Rich
technologies and methods, causing damages to the landscape.
The wild growth including wild constructions are not based on Urban Pollution
general basic frameworks, but mainly in the logics of egocentric
pleasure, violence and extreme profit. Missing Preservation
Inhabited centers are coping with hard
infrastructural problems and Urban Waste Management as an industrial Abuse!!!!
method, hasn’t started yet. Green areas, and green town garlands
are damaged or misused for wild construction.
The total absence of industrial
production diminished the underground, ground and air pollution to
admirable levels. Solid residuals are abnormally present in
dust at big inhabited centers. Noise pollution seems to be within
allowed upper limits. Wild growth appears, as well, in the form of big
chaotic villages pauperizing wonderful tourist potentials.
Dangerous residual presence of chemicals in some
former industrial sites.
?? n
!
? io
s… uat
c e i t
o ur n ts ??
es rre r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !

Due to the chaotic transition and the weakness in Law Very Rich
Enforcement the Albanian Governing Structures show, in many cases
it was reported the abusive use of the landscape and environment for Urban Pollution
profitable activities.
Huge forest areas were destroyed. Missing Preservation
Riverbeds and mountains near tourist potential zones have been
excavated for producing construction industries’ raw materials, driven Abuse!!!!
by subjective decisions instead of technical studies. For a
long time fishing in the lakes and riverbeds consumed criminal
methods of dynamite and electric shock hunting. Fertile land is
used for construction of houses and other facilities in rural areas.
Erosion is not under
control. Forestation stands still.

? !
?? io n
… at
ces i tu
r s
ou ent ??
es rr r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !
Economy & Governance

Governance is based in mixed structures, public Informal& Corrupted
administration is slowly reformed.
Public order represents loopholes.
Underdeveloped
Public budget’ financed investments, frequently Chaotic
disregard the legal procedures.
Corruption seems to have touched all levels of an Monopolize !!!
administration.
Decentralization stopped. Albanian governance remained
highly centralized. Legal reform
goes slowly and it seems to be late in going to meet EU
standards. Serious lacks
are identified in standards, antidumping measures, rules of
origin, border control and enforcement of property rights.

? !
?? io n
… at
ces i tu
r s
ou ent ??
es rr r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !
Economy & Governance
Local communities, in periphery, face a lot of difficulties in Informal& Corrupted
front of scarce infrastructural services. Health care and education lose
quality at a big pace at these areas. Underdeveloped
Know-How transfer is not organized and supplied as needed.
Human resources capacity-building is poorly planned and Chaotic
enhanced.
The production chain is fragmented because of chaotic Monopolize !!!
developments.
Industrial production is weak and it does not represent the main
economic source of the country.
Energy production is insufficient and it bears a lot of
administrative mischief.
Employment practices have a quite illicit practice. You
must be exceptionally rich to open a regular business. It is
very difficult to find young entrepreneurs, even a lot of them are
graduated in economy, or similar. Human factor disregarded.

? !
?? io n
… at
ces i tu
r s
ou ent ??
es rr r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !
Economy & Governance
Governance does not offer the necessary Security and guaranties to the capital
in general.
Informal & Corrupted
Statistics system is hanging on. Underdeveloped
Fiscal and other financial instruments work half power, because of system
corruption. Chaotic
At the National level you should find some Strategies for the reduction of Monopolize !!!
Poverty and Country development, the broad public isn’t informed adequately.
Implementing is poor.
The General Local Governance Strategies of Development do not exist, yet.
Different initiatives are running. Up till now, no one is going to address
financing for expertise at these levels.
The cooperation and synergies among Governance, Business and Not-for-Profit
are weak.
Cooperation with international economic factors remain confined within
institutional relationships at very high levels, it doesn't influence common
citizens. ? !
?? tio
n
s … a
e tu
rc t si
o u n ??
es rre r?
l r
cu tf
o ?!
t ia n a …
n o h ap
ote ot .w le
h …
tp s se um
ha n ap l ea a nt
1.
W
2.
S Re Q
u The key is in your mind….
3. 4.
2. Snapshot on current situation !

System Failures
Rule
Elections Property Media Of
Law

Journalists are under Drugs trafficking
Albanians do not The ownership right
“unidentified” politic Trafficking and
have a standard ID remains far from pressure smuggling of Human
resolved Journalists misuse the beings
No general census Property documents
power of media. Corruption
have been made after are not issued according Media reporting censored (Administration vs.
90’s to international or manipulated in some Citizens)
standards cases, according to State officers inflicted by
The voters’ lists were The so called property
international standards crime
prepared parallel by market has a broad wild Authorship violated in Structural deficiencies
Party Commissions side many cases weakening Law
One of the supposed Investigative journalism
In the last elections Enforcement
means for gaining the not enhanced. There is no citizens’
in Shkodra town, 2003, ownership right remains Quantitative media ownership over processes
the participation was the violence, including Still difficult access for of governance and reform
near 20% governance’ misuse. common citizens
?
?? !
s… ion
r ce a t ?
ou u ??
e s t sit for
lr en at !
en tia curr .wh p…?
t n … a
po to se le
h at ho lea u m
1.
W ap
s
3.
R e The an key is in
t your mind….
Sn Qu
2. 4.
3. Release….what for???

Quality of life
Creative Good Active
Livability Engagement Health Participation

educational system offered guarantees
home ownership sports and arts
improving. for sustainable basic
rates health-care to all, exercised by the
public schools offer
job growth health care for majority of population
access to all parks, museums,
percent of population children emphasized.
greater access to
graduated from high hospitalizing gardens
computers and internet amusement, theater,
school the quantity and maintains the
electricity technological cinema, recreational
quality of state
provisioning and water development pace centers
universities, liberal arts, public administration
supply incidence of
private schools,
per capita personal diabetes, heart not corrupted
technical colleges. transparent and
income population bringing disease, HIV, poor
criminality reduced feeding and premature appreciated public
new ideas, discoveries
climate and death lowering. No decision making
and talents to the world
environment optimal epidemics. process

for???
e….what
3. Releas
…???
resources ?!
poten tial m leap…
1. What ! 4. Quantu
ituation
h ot on current s The key is in your mind….
2. Snaps
4. Quantum leap…?!

Politic
Politic Society
Society Chaotic
Chaotic Society
Society Civil
Civil Society
Society

Procedures and structures are chaotic and Procedures and structures promote and
Procedures and structures promote and serve
corrupted. Governance does not include citizen’sfacilitate citizen participation in all levels
leadership and governing elites.
opinion. governance.
The priority of political interests, is a fundamental
The rule of Law is enormously weakened. The rule of law, is a fundamental principle for
principle for governance and interaction among
Violence prevails, including power abuse. governance and interaction among citizens
clans and groups.
There is no balance and synergy among There is a balance and synergy among
There is command from political elite and
government, business and independent government, business and independent
government to economy and science sectors.
sectors and institutions sectors and institutions
Economic structures try to meet commands
Economic structures try to exploit citizens’ Economic structures meet citizens’
and orders from upper political levels, individual
needs, discourage individual initiatives and needs, encourage individual initiatives
promote wild competition among private and facilitate the functioning of private
initiatives totally prohibited
enterprises. Illicit activities are present. enterprise
All citizens have access to education, except
Education tents to innovate and economic All citizens have access to education and
those politically discriminated, that are not
opportunities are scarce, people leave the economic opportunity, and the least
allowed to get higher qualifications. Welfare
country. fortunate members of society have
means sacrifice
Citizens feel disappointed with the public life, economic security
Citizens participate in public life, it is a narrow
there are some initiatives to establish a certain Citizens participate in public life, it is
range of choices to applaud and admire the
NFP sector, it is unsustainable and centralized. a healthy NFP sector, especially at the local
holiness of the leadership.
Environment abuse is enormous and level
Subjective stewardship of the environment,
economic sustainability does not fuel. Responsible stewardship of the environment
strong punishments applied.
Diversity among citizens starts to become
Diversity among citizens looks suspicious and
valued and respected and economic sustainability are promoted
denied.
Dialogue, debate, consensus-building and Diversity among citizens is valued and respected
Dialogue, debate, consensus-building and
mediation goes through ups and downs Dialogue, debate, consensus-building and
mediation are forgettable. No competing ideas
trying to cover the institutional weaknesses. mediation are the favored means to resolve and
allowed
reconcile competing ideas
The key is in your mind….
Here We are!!
4. Quantum leap…?!

Institutional WEAK
Reform
STOPPED Broad Public
Consensus
Donors
IN DOUBT
Politic
RK
Diagnostics DA Will
MISSING & CORRUPTED
Executive
Work Plan
Board

…from a vicious circle!!!!

The key is in your mind….
4. Quantum leap…?!

Know before…

Education
Empower
Citizens

Assist
SME
&
Cooperate
Enforce
Law
Transfer
Know-How

The key is in your mind….
4. Quantum leap…?!

Actors
Releasing Development Potentials

KNOW HOW

NFPOs Politics Business Individuals

The key is in your mind….
Possible
4. Quantum leap…?!

Individuals
Initiatives
Become more responsible
Take more initiative
Develop the spirit of entrepreneurship
Balance give and take actions
Invest more in education
Reevaluate the meaning of life
Show greater respect to the nature

The key is in your mind….
4. Quantum leap…?!

Possible Initiatives
Change structure
Business
Aim sustainable economic growth
Include know-how
Include expertise
Develop partnership with educational branch
Develop partnership with NFPOs
Aim Echo-Economy
Respect the rule of law
Set up long-term goals
Fit in EU Standards
Media business make a quality shift

The key is in your mind….
4. Quantum leap…?!

Politics Possible Initiatives
Shape up a clear vision about the future
Clean up the political class
Change leadership in a democratic way
Stand for a strong rule of law
Develop a responsible people mobilizing
Develop transparency
Stand strong for restructuring the state governance
Reevaluate the past mistakes and successes
Strongly develop freedom through decentralizing
Draw special attention to strengthening ties with Euro-Atlantic policies.
Develop e substantial stewardship to regional long-term cooperation.

The key is in your mind….
4. Quantum leap…?!

NFPOs
Possible Initiatives
Accentuate the articulating the demands and concerns of
citizens
 Must overthrow the suffering from insufficient financial
resources and a lack of expertise
Enhance co-operation between NFPOs and contacts between
NFPOs and government bodies
Insist in bringing international support in this area, considering
it necessary in order to help Albanian civil society
representatives play a greater role in Albania’s social, political
and economic life.
Assure special support for NFPOs active in the promotion of
political and civil, as well as economic, social and cultural,
rights.
Strengthen partnerships between NFPOs and local authorities
to fostering human rights and democracy at grass root level.

The key is in your mind….
HIGH ALBANIA HIGH ALBANIA
THE LAND OF THE LIVING PAST BY
"Of old sat Freedom on the heights" M. EDITH DURHAM

"Oh we're back in the Balkans again, CS LONDON
Back to the joy and the pain– TI EDWARD ARNOLD
What if it burns or it blows or it snows?
XO Publishers to the India
We're back to the Balkans again.
Back, where to-morrow the quick may be dead,
E Office
With a hole in his heart or a ball in his head– 1909
Back, where the passions are rapid and red–
Oh, we're back to the Balkans again! "
– SONG OF THE BALKAN PENINSULA.
The wanderer from the West stands awestruck amongst them, filled with vague memories of the cradle of his race,
saying, "This did I do some thousands of years ago; thus did I lie in wait for mine enemy; so thought I and so acted
I in the beginning of Time.“…
Albanian mountains is administered by a council of Elders. Each tribe is self-governing. Custom varies
with the district. Of Lek himself little is known. His fame among the tribes that still bear his name far exceeds that of
Skenderbeg, and the fog of mythology is thick round him. He has left no mark on European history–is a purely local
celebrity,–but must have been of insistent individuality to have so influenced the people that "Lek said so" obtains
far more obedience than the Ten Commandments. The teachings of Islam and of Christianity, the Sheriat and
Church law, all have to yield to the Canon of Lek….

Albania awoke late to the value of education as a means of obtaining national freedom, and demanded
national schools. But the Turks, too, had then learnt by experience. They replied, "We have had quite enough of
schools in national languages. No, you don't!" and prohibited, under heavy penalty, not only schools, but the
printing of the language….

http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/durham/albania/albania.html

The key is in your mind….
Nga Kanget e Kreshnikeve- From The
Knights’ Songs
Lum për ty, o Zot o i lumi! Nga
Ngaku
kuvijmë...?
vijmë...?
Fort po shndrit ai diell e pak po nxe’!
Ç’po e rreh era, rrapin e Jutbinës !
Borë e madhe që paska ra, Thonë se vendi e ka
Randojnë ahet për me u thye; marrë emrin nga Iliri, i biri i
Ushtojnë bjeshkët prej ortekve,
Kanë ra vashat me gja në lumë, Polifemit; sepse te tre bijtë e
Kanë gjetë lumin në akull të ngrimë;
Kanë nisë vashat krojet me kërkue, ciklopit Polifem dhe gruas se tij
Kanë gjetë krojet, hej akujsh, shterrue.
Kanë nisë vashat e po dertojne: Galatea, - Kelti, Iliri dhe Gali, ikën
Kur të bajnë Zoti motin me lirue,
Gjaja e gjalle drue se ka mbarue ! nga Sicilia dhe u bene sundimtare
Po Zot, ç’ka janë njata shtegtarë,
Veshë e mathë porsi Zotni? mbi fise qe u quajtën me emrat e
tyre: Keltë, Ilirë dhe Galë...
APPIANI-historian romak(95-165 AD)
-Ilyrike II-
Legjenda e Apianit për prejardhjen
e Ilirëve pasqyron përdorimin e
këtij emri si term të përgjithshëm
për fise të ndryshme brenda një
zone të mirëpërcaktuar e të
përligjur ....- por shumë më të
Just a taste of Albanian (Traditional madhe - Ballkani Perëndimor,
and Official Language) ndërmjet rrjedhës së mesme të
Danubit dhe Detit Adriatik.
The key is in your mind….
Useful references
 http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/ECAEXT/ALBAN
 http://www.instat.gov.al/
 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/al.html
 http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/altoc.html#al0000
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albania
 http://www.delalb.cec.eu.int/en/eu_and_albania/assistance_sweden.htm
 http://directory.google.com/Top/Regional/Europe/Albania/Government/
 http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/see/albania/index.htm

The key is in your mind….
REFERENCES/REFERENCA

 Human Development Report – Albania 2002
 Liqeni I Shkodres – Biodiversiteti (Shkoder 2000/F.Sokoli, Dh.Dhora)
 Kelmendi- Veshtrim Geografiko-turistik( Shkoder1988/Gj.Gruda,S.Sheme)
 Beyond Global Engagement (J.Rocher/1988)
 Post Conflict Environment Assesment – Albania (Kenia2000/UNEP)
 The European Convention on Human Rights
 SKZHES-Programi I Masave Publike 2003-2006
 The Basics of the County Development Stratey/(A.Laçej1998)
 Economy Within Global Policies (A.Laçej 1999)
 Shkodra Today and Why?? (A.Laçej 2002)
 Fair Political Struggle decreases corruption (A. Laçej 1988)
 May NFPOs become an integrating factor in Balkans (A. Laçej 2002)
 Iliret (S.Stipcevic 2003)
 Our Posthuman Future (Francis Fukujama 2002)
 CARDS Albania 2002-2006
 Rethinking the Balkans-Bertelsmann Foundation Guetersloh, June 2004
 Albania, state of the nation-CGI Annual Report March 2003
 THE ILLYRIANS-John WILKES/1992/1996/2000

The key is in your mind….
THE
END
……from a wise friend!! (…..many thanks to him!)

Extremists think ''communication'' means agreeing with
them.
There is no one who does not exaggerate!
To live is to change, and to be prefect is to have changed
often.
If you keep thinking about what you want to do or what you
hope will happen, you don't do it, and it won't happen.
As much as we thirst for approval we dread commendation.
Don't judge any man until you have walked two moons in
his moccasins.
One may not reach the dawn save by the path of the night.
Let hope inspire you, but let not idealism blind you.

The art of living well and the art of dying well are one.

The only part under copyright:
“Development is a worthy schedule, you cannot live it all at the hands of the most empirical
science-Economy! “A.Lacej The key is in your mind….