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Some Applications of Trigonometry
(Q.1)The angle of elevation of the top of building from the foot of tower is 45° and the angle (1 Mark)
of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m
high find the height of building ?

(A) 40 m(B) 50m(C) 60m(D)
(Q.2) A 1.5 m tall boy
is standing at some distance from a 31.5 m tall building. The angle of (1 Mark)
elevation from his eyes to the top of building increase from 45° to 60° as he walked
towards the building. Find distance as he walked towards the building.
(A) 30 m(B) 20 m(C) 10 m(D)
(Q.3) In the given triangle find the value of sin A: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(1 Mark)
(Q.4) A kite is flying in sky if the string attached is of length and is tied to ground
making 60°. Then what is the height?
(A) 50 metre(B) 40 metre(C) 60 metre(D) 120 metre
(Q.5) A kite is flying at a height of 60m above the ground. The string attached to kite is tied (1 Mark)
to a point. The inclination of string with the ground is 30°. Find length of the string.
Assuming there is no slack in the string.
(A) 30 metre(B) 60 metre(C) 90 metre(D) 120 metre
(Q.6) A person is climbing a 20 m longladder which is inclined at 30° from ground and (1 Mark)
touches top of minar. Find the height of minar.
(A) (B) (C) 10 m(D) 15 m
The angle of elevation of the top of a tower form a point on the ground which is 60 m
(Q.7) (1 Mark)
away from the foot of tower is 30°. Find the height of tower.
(A) (B) 30 m(C) (D)
(Q.8) A live drawn from the eye of an observer to the point in the object viewed by the 1 Mark)
observer is called:
(A) Line of inclination(B) Horizontal line(C) Line of sight(D) Vertical line
(Q.9) The angles of elevation of the top of the tower from two points at a distance 4m and 1 (1 Mark)
m from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary then
the height of the tower is:
(A) 8 m(B) 10 m(C) 6 m(D) 12 m
(Q.10) A tower stands vertically on the ground from a point on the ground which is 15 m (1 Mark)

away from the foot of tower if the height of tower is meters find the angle of
elevation.
(A) 30°(B) 60°(C) 90°(D) 120°
(1 Mark)

(Q.11) In figure 1 the angle is called
(A) Angle of inclination(B) Angle of depression(C) Acute angle(D) Obtuse angle
(Q.12) From a point on the ground the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a (1 Mark)
transmission tower fixed at the top of a 30m high building are 45° and 60°. Then the height
of tower is___,
(take )
(A) 30 m(B) 28.9 m(C) 21.9 m(D) 20 m
(Q.13) The angle formed by the line of sight with the horizontal when the point being viewed (1 Mark)
above the horizontal level is called.
(A) Angle inclination(B) Angle of declination(C) Angle of depression(D) Right angle
(Q.14) In the given figure h is equal to____ (1 Mark)

(A) 20 m(B) 30 m(C) 40 m(D)
(Q.15) From the top of
a 10 m height building the angle of elevation of the top of a cable (1 Mark)
tower is 60° and angle of depression of its foot is 45°, determine the height of the towers.
(A) 10 m(B) 15 m(C) 27.3 m (D) 20 m
(1 Mark)
The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be
(Q.16) . If the height
of tower is 40 m. What is altitude of the sun?
(A) 30°(B) 60°(C) 45°(D) 90° (1 Mark)
(Q.17) The angles of depression of top and Bottom of an 16 m tall building from the top of a
multistoried building are 30° and 60° therefore the height of multistory building is:
(A) 12 m(B) 24 m(C) 36 m(D) 48 m
(Q.18) The shadow of the tower standing on a level ground is found to the 40 m longer when (1 Mark)
the sun’s altitude is 30° than when it is 60°. Than the height of tower is:
(A) 20 m(B) (C) 40 m(D) 60 m

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Two poles of equal height are standing opposite each other on either side of the road
(Q.19) (1 Mark)
which is 60m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the
top of poles are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the poles.
(A) 40 m(B) 60m(C) 80 m(D)
(1 Mark)
(Q.20) The altitude of the sun at any instant is . The height of the vertical pole that will cast a shadow of 30 m is .

(A) 30 (B) 15(C) 25m(D) 25 m
In a circle with centre O, AB and CD are two diameters perpendicular to each other.
(Q.21) (1 Mark)
The length of the chord AC is
(A) 2AB.(B) 2AB.(C) (1/2)AB.(D) (1/ 2)AB. (1 Mark)

(Q.22) The ratio of the length of a rod and its shadow is 1: . The angle of elevation of the sun is :

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.23) In the given figure find the value of h. (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) 35
The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found be 30 m longer when the
(Q.24) (1 Mark)
sun’s altitude is 30° than when it is 60°. Find the height of tower.
(A) 20°(B) (C) (D)
(Q.25) The angle of elevation of the top of tower from a point on the ground which is 40 m (1 Mark)
away from the foot of tower is 45°, then what is the height of tower ?
(A) 40 m(B) 60m(C) 80 m(D) 120 m
(Q.26) An electric pole stands vertically on the ground from a point on the ground which is (1 Mark)
10 m away from foot of pole, the Angle of elevation is 60° from top of the tower find the
height ?

(A) 5m (B) (C) (D)
(1 Mark)
(Q.27) The angle of elevation of a tower from a distance 100m from its foot is . Height of the tower is

(A) 100 (B) (C) 50 (D)
(1 Mark)
(Q.28) If the elevation of the sun changed from to , then the difference between the length of shadows of a
pole 15m high, made at these two position is ?

(A) 19m(B) 18m(C) 10 (D)
(1 Mark)
In the given Fig., AB and CD are two common tangents to the two touching circles. If
(Q.29)
DC = 4 cm then AB is equal to

(A) 4 cm(B) 6 cm(C) 8 cm(D) 12 cm
(Q.30) If the angle of elevation of a tower from two points distant a and b (a>b) from its foot and in the same straight line (1 Mark)

from it are and , then the height of the tower is .

(A) (B) (C) (D)
Two equal circles of radius r intersect such that each passes through the center of
(Q.31) (1 Mark)
the other. The length of the common chord is .

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.32) A boy standing on a horizontal plane finds a bird flying at a distance of 100m from him at an angle of elevation of (5 Marks)
30degree. A girl standing on the roof of 20 m high building finds the angle of elevation of the same bird to be 45 degree. [CBSE-DELHI
Both the boy and the girl are on opposite sides of the bird. Find the distance of bird from the girl. 2007]
(Q.33) Cards marked with numbers 13,14,15……. 60 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. One card is drawn at (2 Marks)
random from the box. Find the probability that number on the drawn card is [CBSE-DELHI
i. divisible by 5 ii. a number which is a perfect square. 2007]
(Q.34) A pole 5m high is fixed on the top of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of the (5 Marks)
[CBSE-
pole observed from a point A on the ground is 60 degree and the angle of depression of Outside Delhi
point A from the top of the tower is 45 degree. Find the height of the tower. (take 2007]

)
(5 Marks)
(Q.35) A Window in a building is at a height of 10m from the ground. The angle of depression of a point P on the ground
[CBSE-
from the window is 30 degree. The angle of elevation of the top of the building from the point P is 60 degree. Find the
Outside Delhi
height of the building.
2007]
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3
(5 Marks)
From the top of a house, h meters high from the ground, the angle of elevation and
(Q.36)
[CBSE-
depression of the top and bottom of a tower on the other side of the street are and Outside Delhi
2007]
respectively. Prove that the height of the tower is h(1+tan cot )
(Q.37) The angles of depression of the top and the bottom of a building 50 meters high as observed from the top of a (6 Marks)
tower are 300 and 600 respectively. Find the height of the tower and also the horizontal distance between the building and [CBSE-DELHI
the tower. 2006]
(6 Marks)
(Q.38) The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed from a point on the [CBSE-DELHI
2006]
ground is and on moving a meters towards the tower, the angle of elevation is ‘ ’.

Prove that the height of the tower is
(Q.39) A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10 m above the water (6 Marks)
[CBSE-
level, observes the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60° and the angle Outside Delhi
of depression of the base of the hill as 300. Calculate the distance of the hill 2006]
from the ship and the height of the hill.
(Q.40) From a window h meters high above the ground in a street, the angles of elevation (6 Marks)
[CBSE-
and depression of the top and foot of the other house on the opposite side of the street are Outside Delhi
2006]
respectively. Show that the height of the opposite house is

(Q.41) On a horizontal plane there is a vertical tower with a flag pole on the (6 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
top of the tower. At a point 9 metres away from the foot of the tower the 2005]
angle of elevation of the top and bottom of the flag pole are 60° and 30°
respectively. Find the height of the tower and flag pole mounted on it.
(Q.42) From a building 60 metres high the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a (6 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
lamppost are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the distance between the lamppost and 2005]
building. Also find the difference of height between building and lamppost.
(Q.43) Two pillars of equal height stand on either side of a roadway which is 150 m wide. (6 Marks)
[CBSE-
From a point on the roadway between the pillars, the elevations of the top of the pillars are Outside Delhi
60° and 30°. Find the height of the pillars and the position of the point. 2005]
(Q.44) A man on the deck of a ship is 10 m above water level. He observes that the angle of (6 Marks)
[CBSE-
elevation of the top of a hill is 60° and the angle of depression of the base of the hill is 30°. Outside Delhi
Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the height of the hill. 2005]
(6 Marks)
(Q.45) If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is and the [CBSE-DELHI
2003]
angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is , prove that the height of the cloud is

.
(Q.46)From a window (60 meters high above the ground) of a house in a street the angles of (6 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
elevation and depression of the top and the foot of another house on opposite side of 2003]
street are 60° and 45° respectively. Show that the height of the opposite house is 60(1 +
3) metres.
(6 Marks)
(Q.47) A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 10 m above water level, observes the angle of elevation of the top
[CBSE-
of a hill as 60° and angle of depression of the base of the hill as 45°. Find the distance of the hill from the ship and height
Outside Delhi
of the hill.
2004]
(Q.48) From an aeroplane vertically above a straight horizontal plane, the (6 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
angles of depression of two consecutive kilometre stones on the opposite 2004]
sides of the aeroplane are found to be and . Show that the height of the

aeroplane is
(6 Marks)
(Q.49) If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is and the angle of depression of its
[CBSE-DELHI
2004]

reflection in the lake is , prove that the distance of the cloud from the point of observation is .
(Q.50)The angle of elevation of a jet fighter from a point A on the ground is (6 Marks)
[CBSE-
60 . After a flight of 10 seconds, the angle of elevation changes to 30 . If the Outside Delhi
jet is flying at a speed of 432 km./hr, find the constant height at which the 2008]
jet is flying.
(Q.51) A statue 1.46 m tall stands on the top of a pedestal. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top (6 Marks)
of the statue is 60o and from the same point, angle of elevation of the pedestal is 45o. Find the height of the pedestal. [CBSE-DELHI
2008]
(Use )
(Q.52) Two ships are sailing in the sea towards a lighthouse. The angles of depression of (6 Marks)
the two ships are observed as 60 and 45 respectively. If the distance between the two
ships is 100 m, find the height of the lighthouse.
(Q.53) A tower stands vertically above from the ground. From a point on the ground which is (3 Marks)
15 m away from the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is found
o
to be 60 . Find the height of the tower.
(Q.54) An observer 1.5 m tall is 28.5 m away from a chimney. The angle of elevation of the (3 Marks)

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top of the chimney from her eyes is 45 . What is the height of the chimney?
o (3 Marks)
(Q.55) A bridge across a river makes an angle of 45 with the river bank. If the length of the
bridge across the river is 50 m, what is the width of the river?
(Q.56) A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from (3 Marks)
the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole if the angle made by the
rope with the ground level is 30 .
(Q.57) The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 40 m longer when (5 Marks)
o o
the sun altitude is 30 than when it is 60 . Find the height of the tower.
(Q.58) From a point on a bridge across a river, the angles of depression of the banks on (6 Marks)
o o
opposite sides of the river are 30 and 45 , respectively. If the bridge is at a height of 3 m
from the banks, find the width of the river.
(Q.59) From a point on the ground 40 m away from the foot of a tower, the angle of elevation (5 Marks)
of the top of the tower is 30 . The angle of elevation of the top of a water tank (on the top of
the tower) is 45 . Find the height of the tower and depth of the tank.
(5 Marks)
The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at distances
(Q.60) and
metres from the base and in the same straight line with it are complementary, prove that

the height of the tower is metres.
(Q.61) From the top of a hill, the angles of depression of two consecutive kilometer stones (5 Marks)

due east are found to be and . Find the height of the hill.
Two pillars of equal height are on either side of a road, which is 100 m wide. The
(Q.62) (6 Marks)

angles of elevation of the top of the pillars are and at a point on the road between
the pillars. Find the position of the point between the pillars and the height of each pillar.
(6 Marks)
(Q.63) A round balloon of radius subtends an angle at the eye of the observer while
the angle of elevation of its centre is . Prove that the height of the centre of the balloon
is .
Most Important Questions

(Q.1)

(Q.2)

(Q.3)

(Q.4)

(Q.5)

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300 and450. Find the height of the hill.
(Q.13) Two pillars of equal height and on either side of a road, which is 100 m wide. The angles of elevation of the top
of the pillars are 600 and 300 at a point on the road between the pillars. Find the position of the point between the
pillars and the height of each pillar.
(Q.14) At what angle is the height of an object and the length o f the shadow equal?

(Q.15)

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