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Mathematics For Class X
Statistics
(Q.1) The mean of the six numbers is 43. If one of the no. is excluded, the mean of the remaining no. (1 Mark)
is 41. Then the excluded no. is:
(A) 83(B) 53(C) 12(D) 10
(Q.2) The average temperature of Tuesday, Wednesday & Thursday was 42°C. The average (1 Mark)
temperature of Wednesday, Thursday & Friday was 47°C, if the temperature on Tuesday was 43°C,
then the temperature on Friday was:
(A) 43°C(B) 49°C(C) 50°C(D) 58°C
(Q.3) The mean of first 5 multiple of 5 is: (1 Mark)
(A) 18(B) 16(C) 15(D) 14
(Q.4) The mean of 10 observations is 25. If one observation, namely 25, is deleted, the new mean is: (1 Mark)
(A) 22(B) 25(C) 28(D) 30
(Q.5) The mean of 6, y, 7, x, and 14 is 8 then: (1 Mark)
(A) x +y = 13(B) x – y =13(C) 2x + y =13(D) x2 + y2 =15
(Q.6) The average weight of a sample of 10 apples is 52 g. Later it was found that the weighing (1 Mark)
machine had shown the weight of each apple 10 g less. The correct average weight of an apple is:
(A) 64kg(B) 62 g(C) 45g(D) 36 g
(Q.7) 20 years ago, when my parents got married, their average age was 23 years, now the average age ofmy family, (1 Mark)
consisting of myself & my parents only is 34 years. My present age is
(A) 16 years(B) 34 years(C) 42 years(D) 48 years
(Q.8) The average age of 5 teachers is 28 years. If one teacher is excluded the mean gets reduced by 2 (1 Mark)
years . The age of the excluded teacher is
(A) 26 years(B) 33 years(C) 36 years(D) 40 years
(Q.9) The mean of first six prime numbers is: (1 Mark)
(A) 6.8(B) 5.6(C) 4.(D) 3.2
(Q.10) The marks obtained by Rahul in school exam are 140, 153, 148, 150, and 154 respectively. Find (1 Mark)
the mean ……….
(A) 129(B) 139(C) 149(D) 159
(1 Mark)
(Q.11) The mean of and is:

(A) (B) (C) (D) 7/5
(Q.12) The sum of 15 numbers is 435.The mean of those numbers is: (1 Mark)
(A) 26(B) 28(C) 29(D) 35
(Q.13) The arithmetic mean of a – 2, a, & a + 2 is: (1 Mark)
(A) 3a(B) a – 2(C) a +2(D) a
(Q.14) The mean of all factors of 24 is: (1 Mark)
(A) 7.5(B) 7.75(C) 7.25(D) 7
(Q.15) The mean of a data is ‘P’. If each observation is multiplied by 3 and then 1 is added to each (1 Mark)
result, then the mean of the new observation so obtained is
(A) 3P(B) P + 1(C) 3P + 1(D) P
(Q.16) Mean of a set of observation is the value which: (1 Mark)
(A) Occur most frequently(B) Divides observation into two equal parts.(C) Is a representative of whole group
(D) Is the sum of observations
(Q.17) The mean, of x – 5y, x – 3y, x – y , x + y , x + 3y & x + 5y is 12. Then the value of x is: (1 Mark)
(A) 12(B) 18(C) 20(D) 24
(Q.18) The arithmetic mean of five given number is 85. Their sum is: (1 Mark)
(A) 85(B) 425(C) Between 85 and 425(D) More than 425
(Q.19) The average marks scored by girls is 68 and that of the boys is 62. The average marks of the (1 Mark)
whole class is 64. The ratio of the girls & boys in the class is:
2
(A) 1 : 2(B) 1 : 1(C) 2 : 3(D) 3 : 5
(Q.20) The sum of the deviation of a set of values x1, x2, … xn measured from 50 is –10 & the sum of (1 Mark)
deviations of the values from 46 is 70 . The mean is
(A) 49.75(B) 49.5(C) 49(D) 48
(Q.21) The average of A & B is 25, B & C is 28, & C & A is 21. Then the average of A, B and C is: (1 Mark)
(A) 23.66(B) 25.66(C) 26.66(D) 24.66
(Q.22) The mean of 20 numbers is 15. If 2 is added to each of the first ten numbers, then the mean of (1 Mark)
the new set of 20 numbers is:
(A) 13(B) 30(C) 16(D) 17
(Q.23) The mean weight of a class of 34 students is 46.5 kg. If the weight of the teacher is included , the (1 Mark)
mean rises by 500 g. Then the weight of the teacher is
(A) 72 kg(B) 52 kg(C) 175 kg(D) 64 kg
(Q.24) A bus maintains an average speed of 60 kmph while going from P to Q and maintains an (1 Mark)
average speed of 90kmph while coming back from Q to P. The average speed of the bus is:
(A) 72 kmph(B) 30 kmph(C) 150 kmph(D) 75 kmph
(Q.25) The mean of 9 observations is 36. If the mean of the first 5 observations is 32 & that of the last (1 Mark)
5 observations is 39 then the fifth observation is:
(A) 31(B) 43(C) 52(D) 63
(Q.26) Out of 100 numbers , 20 were 4s, 40 were 5s, 30 were 6s and the remaining were 7s. (1 Mark)
The arithmetic mean of the number is:
(A) 5.3(B) 5.4(C) 6.1(D) 6.5
(Q.27) L is the lower class boundary of a class in a frequency distribution and m be the mid point of (1 Mark)
the class. Which one of the following is the upper class boundary.
(1 Mark)
(A) (B) (C) 2m-L (D) m-2L
(Q.28) Out of 100 numbers , 20 were 4s, 40 were 5s, 30 were 6s and the remaining were 7s. The
arithmetic mean of the number is:
(A) 5.3(B) 5.4(C) 6.1(D) 6.5
(Q.29) The mean of the values of 1,2,3--------n with respective frequencies x,2x,3x,………nx is (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.30) The mean of the following frequency distribution is 62.8. Find the missing frequency x. (2 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Class 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120 2007]
Frequency 5 8 X 12 7 8
(Q.31) Calculate the median from: (5 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Marks 0-10 10-30 30-60 60-80 80-100 2007]
No of 5 15 30 8 2
students
(Q.32) Find the mean of the following distribution: (2 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
Class 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 Delhi 2007]

Students 8 12 10 11 9
(Q.33) The Arithmetic Mean of the following frequency distribution is 50. Find the value of p. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 2006]

Frequency 17 p 32 24 19
(Q.34) The Arithmetic Men of the following frequency distribution is 53. Find the value of P. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 2006]

Frequency 12 15 32 p 13
3
(Q.35) The Arithmetic Mean of the following frequency distribution is 52.5. Find the value of p. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 2006]

Frequency 15 22 37 p 21
(Q.36) The Arithmetic Mean of the following frequency distribution is 47. Determine the value of p. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 Outside Delhi
2006]
Frequency 8 15 20 p 5
(Q.37) The Arithmetic Mean of the following frequency distribution is 50. Determine the value of p. (3 Marks)
[CBSE-
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 Outside Delhi
2006]
Frequency 16 p 30 32 14
(Q.38) The Arithmetic Mean of the following frequency distribution is 25. Determine the value of p. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
Classes 0 -20 20 - 40 40 - 60 60 -80 80 - 100 Delhi 2006]

Frequency 5 18 15 p 6
(Q.39) Find the mean of the following distribution: (4 Marks)
Class 4-8 8-12 12-16 16-20 20-24 24-28 32-36 [CBSE-DELHI
28-32 2005]
No of 2 12 15 25 18 12 13 3
students
(Q.40) If the mean of the following data is 18.75, find the value of p: (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
xi 10 15 p 25 30 Delhi 2005]
fi 5 10 7 8 2
(Q.41) The mean of the following frequency distribution is 62.8 and the sum of all frequencies is 50. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
Compute the missing frequencies f1 and f2:
2004 ]
Class 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120 Total
Frequency 5 f1 10 f2 7 8 50
(Q.42) Find the value of p if mean of the following distribution is 7.5: (3 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI

2003 ]
x 3 5 7 9 11 13
y 6 8 15 p 8 4
(Q.43) The mean of 30 observations was 150. It was detected on checking that one observation of 165 was wrongly copied (3 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
as 135 for the computation of mean. Find the correct mean. 2003]
(Q.44) The mean of the following frequency distribution is 57.6 and the sum of the observations is 50. Find (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
the missing frequency and . Delhi 2004]

Class 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120
Frequency 7 12 8 5
(Q.45) 100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and the (6 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
distribution of number of letters of the English alphabet in the surnames was obtained as 2008]
follows:
Number of 1-4 4-7 7-10 10-13 13-16 16-19
letters

Number of 6 30 40 16 4 4
surnames

Determine the median and mean number of letters in the surnames. Also find the modal size of
surnames.
4
(Q.46) Which measure of central tendency is given by the x-coordinate of the point of (1 Mark)
[CBSE-DELHI
intersection of the “more than ogive” and “less than ogive”? 2008]

(Q.47) Find the mean, mode and median of the following data : (6 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
Class 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 Delhi 2008 ]
Frequency 3 8 10 15 7 4 3
(Q.48) Find the median of the following data: (1 Mark)
[CBSE-Outside Delhi

2008 ]
(Q.49) Find the value of x, if the mode of the following data is 25: (1 Mark)
15, 20, 25, 18, 14, 15, 25, 15, 18, 16, 20, 25, 20, x, 18
Q.50) If the mean of the following data is 20.6, find the value of p. (3 Marks)

x: 10 15 p 25 35
f: 3 10 25 7 5
(Q.51) If the mean of the following data is 20, find the value of p. (3 Marks)

x: 15 17 19 21 23
f: 2 3 4 5p 6
(Q.52) Find the mean of following frequency distribution: (3 Marks)

(Q.53) Find the mean of the following frequency distribution: (3 Marks)

(Q.54) If the mean of the following distribution is 54, find the value of p: (6 Marks)

(Q.55) The median of the following data is 28.5. Find the values of x and y, if the total frequency is 60. (5 Marks)

(Q.56) Calculate the median from the following data: (6 Marks)

(Q.57) Compute the mode for the following frequency distribution. (3
Marks)

(Q.58) Draw a cumulative frequency polygon for the following frequency distribution by less than (6
method. Marks)

Most Important Questions

(Q.1) What do you understand by mean?
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(Q.2) What are the different methods for finding mean?
(Q.3) The marks obtained by 30 students of Class X of a certain school in a Mathematics paper
consisting of 100 marks are presented in table below. Find the mean of the marks obtained by the
students.
Marks 10 20 36 40 50 56 60 70 72 80 88 92 95
obtained(xi)

Number of 1 1 3 4 3 2 4 4 1 1 2 3 1

student ( fi)
(Q.4) If the mean of the following distribution is 6, find the value of p.
x: 2 4 6 10 p+5
f: 3 2 3 1 2
(Q.5) Following table shows the weights of 12 students:
Weight (in kgs.) 67 70 72 73 75
Number of students 4 3 2 2 1
Find the mean weight.
(Q.6) The following table shows the weights of 12 students :
Weight 67 70 72 73 75

(in kg)
Number 4 3 2 2 1
of
students

Find the mean weight by using short-cut method.
(Q.7) The table given below gives the distribution of villages under different heights from sea level
in a certain region. Compute the mean height of the region :
Height 200 600 1000 1400 1800 2200

(in metres)
No. of 142 265 560 271 89 16

Villages
(Q.8) Find the Mean of following frequency distribution :
Class- 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50
interval
No. of 7 10 15 10
Workers 8
(Q.9) Find the Mean of following frequency distribution :
Class- 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100
interval
Frequency 15 18 21 29 17

(Q.10)
Class- 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100
interval
Frequency 15 18 21 29 17

Find the Mean of following frequency distribution :
(Q.11) If the mean of the following distribution is 27, find the value of p:
Class- 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50
interval
No. of 8 p 12 10
Workers 13
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(Q.12) The mean of the following frequency table is 50. But the frequencies f1 and f2in class 20-40
and 60-80 are missing. Find the missing frequencies.
Class 0 - 20 20 – 40 40 – 60 60 – 80 80 – 100 Total

Frequency 17 f1 32 f2 19 120

(Q.13) Find the mean marks of students from the following cumulative frequency distribution :
Marks No. of students
0 and above 80
10 and above 77
20 and above 72
30 and above 65
40 and above 55
50 and above 43
60 and above 28
70 and above 16
80 and above 10
90 and above 8
100 and above 0
(Q.14) Find the mean marks of the students from the following cumulative frequency distribution :
Marks No. of
students
Below 10 5
Below 20 9
Below 30 17
Below 40 29
Below 50 45
Below 60 60
Below 70 70
Below 80 78
Below 90 83
Below 100 85
(Q.15) What is median?
(Q.16) Can the median be determined graphically ?
(Q.17) Find the median of the following data : 25, 34, 31, 23, 22, 26, 35, 28, 20, 32.
(Q.18) The median of the observations 11, 12, 14, 18, x + 2, x + 4, 30, 32, 35, 41 is arranged in
ascending order is 24. Find the value of x.
(Q.19) Find the median of the following data : 37, 31, 42, 43, 46, 25, 39, 45, 32
(Q.20) Find the median for the following distribution :
x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
f 8 10 11 16 20 25 15 9 6
(Q.21) If the median of the following frequency distribution is 46, find the missing frequency.
variable 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 Total
f 12 30 p 65 q 25 18 230
(Q.22) The distribution below gives the weight of 30 students in a class. Find the median weight of
students.
Weight (in Kg.) 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80
f 5 14 9 2
(Q.23) The number of students absent in a school was recorded everyday for 147 days and the raw
data was presented in the form of the following frequency table :
No. of 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 18 20
7
students
absent
No. of days 1 5 11 14 16 13 10 70 4 1 1 1

obtain the median and describe what information it conveys.
(Q.24) Calculate the median from the following data :
Marks 0 – 10 10 – 30 30 - 60 60 - 80 80 – 90
No. of 5 15 30 8 2
students
(Q.25) Find the median for the following distribution :
Class 5– 10 – 15 – 20 – 25 – 30 – 35 – 40 -
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

Frequency 5 6 15 10 5 4 2 2
(Q.26) If the median of the following frequency distribution is 46, find the missing frequencies.
Variable
10 – 20 - 30 - 40 - 50 - 60 - 70 - Total
20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Frequency 12 30 f1 65 f2 25 18 229
(Q.27) Find the median for the following distribution :
Mid - 115 125 135 145 155 165 175 185 195
value
frequency 6 25 48 72 116 60 38 22 3
(Q.28) What is mode?
(Q.29) What are two methods of constructing an ogive?
(Q.30) What is the difference between drawing simple frequency curves and polygons and
cumulative frequency curves and polygons?

(Q.31) Find the mode of the following data :110, 120, 130, 120, 110, 140, 130, 120, 140, 120.

(Q.32) Find the mode for the following series :7.5, 7.3, 7.2, 7.2, 7.4, 7.7, 7.7, 7.5, 7.3, 7.2, 7.6, 7.2

(Q.33) Find the mode of the following distribution table:
Variable 0-10 10- 20- 30- 40- 50- 60- 70-
20 30 40 50 60 70 80
f 5 8 7 12 28 20 10 10

(Q.34) Find the mode of the following distribution table
Class 3–6 6–9 9 – 12 12 – 15 15 – 18 18 – 21 21 - 24

f 2 5 10 23 21 12 3

(Q.35) Find the mode of the following distribution table:
Size of 0– 4– 8– 12– 16 – 20 – 24 – 28 – 32 – 36 -
items 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
Frequency 5 7 9 17 12 10 6 3 1 0

(Q.36) The following table shows the age distribution of cases of a certain disease admitted during a
year in a particular hospital.
Age (in 5 –14 15 – 24 25 – 34 35 – 44 45 – 54 55 - 64
years)
No. of 6 11 21 23 14 5
cases
Find the average age for which maximum cases occurred.
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(Q.37) Draw cumulative frequency polygon for the following frequency distribution by less than
method
Marks 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60

Students 7 10 23 51 6 2

(Q.38) Draw a cumulative frequency curve for the following frequency distribution by less than
method.
Age(in 0–9 10 – 19 20 – 29 30 – 39 40 – 49 50 – 59 60 – 69
years)
No. of 5 15 20 23 17 11 9
persons
(Q.39) Draw a cumulative frequency polygon for the following frequency distribution by less than
method.
Age(in 0–9 10 – 19 20 – 29 30 – 39 40 – 49 50 – 59 60 – 69
years)
No. of 5 15 20 23 17 11 9
persons
(Q.40) The frequency distribution of scores obtained by 230 candidates in an engineering entrance
test is as follows :
Scores 400 – 450 – 500 – 550 – 600 – 650 – 700 – 750 -
450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800
No. of 20 35 40 32 24 27 18 34
candidates
Draw cumulative frequency curves by less than and more than method on the same axes. Also, draw
the two types of cumulative frequency polygons.
(Q.41) Draw the cumulative frequency curve (less than type) and hence obtain the median from the
given data.
Age Frequency
5–6 40
6–7 56
7–8 60
8–9 66
9 – 10 84
10 – 11 96
11 – 12 92
12 – 13 80
13 – 14 64
14 – 15 44
15 – 16 20
16 – 17 8