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SUMMER TRAINING REPORT

ON
MANUFACTURING OF RINGS
AT
SAMBHI INDUSTRIES

SUBMITTED TO
BHARAT INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
MEERUT

SUBMITTED TO:

SUBMITTED BY:

Mr. Kuldeep Pal Singh

Saurabh Tomar

H.O.D (Mechanical Engg.)

Roll. No. -1112840095


M.E- B (2011-2015)

DECLARATION
I Saurabh Tomar, hereby declare that this project report on
Manufacturing of Piston Rings at Sambhi Industries
Ghaziabad is an authentic record of the work I have done at Sambhi
Industry, Ghaziabad submitted in partial fulfillment of the
requirement for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Technology
in Mechanical Engineering by Bharat Institute of Technology,
under the guidance of Mr. Ramgopal Singh. I have not undertaken or
submitted this work elsewhere in connection with any other academic
course or for the award of any other degree by other Universities or
Institutions.

Place: Ghaziabad
Date:
Saurabh
Tomar

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
I am intended to all those respected people for sparing their valuable
time with me for the realization of the project work. This small space
is sufficient to thank all of them.
I am thank to God Almighty who blessed me with this wonderful
opportunity to do the study and enabled me to it completely.
I am extremely thankful to Mr. Kuldeep Singh Pal, H.O.D,
Mechanical Engineering, Bharat Institute of Technology, who lends
me this opportunity to do the study.
I am thankful to Mr. Ramgopal Singh, Supervisor, for his tireless
effort and cooperation that helped in reach my destination.
I am thankful my teaching staff, colleagues and friends whose
cooperation and support me a lot to reach a fruitful stage.

Sauarbh
Tomar

CONTENTS

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Company Profile
What are rings in pistons?
Functions performed by rings
Materials used for making rings
Manufacturing of rings
Defects in Manufacturing Process
Plating of rings
Rings running action
Breakage of rings

COMPANY PROFILE

INRODUCTION

What are rings?


Rings are circular cast iron structured rings used in pistons of
cylinders of an engine to safeguard the engine from sealing action and
releasing of gases produced during power stroke of cylinder of an
engine.

Piston Rings perform three main tasks:


1. . They seal the combustion space.
2. . They spread the LO up and down the liner.
3. . They transfer heat from the piston to the liner

Materials used for making rings:

Generally speaking the piston ring must be harder than the liner in
which it runs. Rings are cast and machined from grey cast iron.
This may include some additions such as chromium, molybdenum,
vanadium, titanium, nickel and copper.
In some engines nodular or spheroidal graphite iron is used, which
has greater hardness and tensile strength, as has vermicular or
compact graphite cast iron, the use of which is becoming more
widespread.
Alloying elements such as titanium and vanadium form hard insoluble
carbides within the matrix.

Manufacture

The primary sealing effect of the piston ring is achieved by the


inherent tension of the ring which makes it contact the cylinder
wall around its whole circumference.
Two methods are used today; the thermally tensioned ring and
the oval pot cam turning method.
The cheaper method employed mainly for small engines is the
Thermally tensioned Ring. In this method the ring is
machined from a circular pot to the cylinder diameter. Process
involved in this method are as follows:
1. Facing and turning
2. Parting
3. Burring
4. Surfacing
5. Inspection
6. Again surfacing
7. Auding
8. Marking
9. Inspection
10.

Packing

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. www.ringsimages.com
2. www.google.com
3. Automobiles by Kripal Singh