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Power Distance (PDI) – Power distance is the extent to which less powerful

people in an organization will accept and expect power to be distributed
differently. China ranks 80 on PDI which is very high. This means there is a lot of
power distance between subordinates and superiors, but that it is accepted and

Individualism/Collectivism (IDV) – This is whether or not people think with
the mentality of “I” or “We.” The American culture is very “I” focused, meaning
that we focus more on furthering ourselves and careers versus furthering our
department or group. On the other hand, China ranks 91 on IDV, meaning that
they are highly collectivistic and think as a group versus individually. This can be
seen with the high amount of in-groups and out-groups.

Masculinity/Femininity (MAS) – This is the first dimension where the
Americans and the Chinese rank similarly. China ranks 66 for this dimension,
meaning they are very driven by successful, competition, and achievements. The
Chinese will often put work before family or leisurely activities. This dimension
can be seen in the fact that Chinese workers will leave their families to go work
at factories for 11 months out of the year, proving how important work truly is to

Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) – This is the second dimension where
Americans and Chinese rank similarly as well. China ranks 40, meaning they
accept ambiguous situations and are not deterred by them. It may seem like
China has a lot of rules and regulations in place to avoid ambiguous or uncertain
situations, however they are willing to bend and changes the rules as situations

Compared to Arab countries where the power distance is very high (80) and Austria where it very low (11). This is seen in the very time consuming Chinese negotiation process. Germany is somewhat in the middle. but defined from below. the Chinese characters are hard to interpret or understand if it is not your native language.require it. It suggests that a society’s level of inequality is endorsed by the followers as much as by the leaders. Long-term/Short-term Orientation (LTO) – The Chinese rank extremely high on long term orientation at 118. not from above. The Chinese language is also very ambiguous. and their focus on long term results versus short term goals. Germany does not have a large gap between the wealthy and the . Germany has a 35 on the cultural scale of Hofstede’s analysis. For example. HOFSTEDE'S DIMENSIONS Germany CULTURAL Power Distance Index Hofstede’s Power distance Index measures the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions (like the family) accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. the time required to build trust and long-term relationships. meaning they focus on persistence and perseverance. and that they will dedicate however much time is required to achieve their goals. This represents inequality (more versus less).

Masculine traits include assertiveness. (b) men’s values from one country to another contain a dimension from very assertive and competitive and maximally different from women’s values on the one side. but have a strong belief in equality for each citizen. It indicates to what extent a culture programs its members to feel either uncomfortable or comfortable in unstructured situations. So these two cultures share. surprising. it ultimately refers to man’s search for Truth. Unstructured situations are novel. In Germany there is a society that relies on rules. caring pole ‘feminine’. strength. and on the philosophical and religious level by a belief in absolute Truth. The United States scored a 62 on Hofstede’s scale. Germany wants to reduce its risks to the minimum and proceed with changes step by step. Germans have the opportunity to rise in society. femininity refers to the distribution of roles between the genders which is another fundamental issue for any society to which a range of solutions are found. . to modest and caring and similar to women’s values on the other. unknown. and individual achievements. Germany has a masculine culture with a 66 on the scale of Hofstede (Netherlands 14). in terms of masculinity. ‘there can only be one Truth and we have it’. similar values. Masculinity Masculinity versus its opposite. laws and regulations. Uncertainty Avoidance Uncertainty avoidance deals with a society’s tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity. by planning everything carefully they try to avoid the uncertainty. For example. For example.poor. The IBM studies revealed that (a) women’s values differ less among societies than men’s values. Germans are not to keen on uncertainty. in Germany there is a reasonable high uncertainty avoidance (65) compared to countries as Singapore (8) and neighbouring country Denmark (23). safety and security measures. power. materialism/material success. The assertive pole has been called ‘masculine’ and the modest. Uncertainty avoiding cultures try to minimize the possibility of such situations by strict laws and rules. and different from usual. self-centeredness.