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Rue de Villiers 78300 Poissy Town or city Poissy. the free encyclopedia Villa Savoye View of the west and south facades of the villa.Villa Savoye From Wikipedia. International Address 82. Yvelines Country France Coordinates: 48°55′28″N 2°1′42″E Coordinates Current tenants Centre des monuments nationaux Construction started 1928 Completed 1931 . General information Type Villa Architectural style Modernist.

[3] A manifesto of Le Corbusier's "five points" of new architecture. and built between 1928 and 1931. 1985-1997 Design and construction Owner French government Architect Le Corbusier. it was designated as an official French historical monument in 1965 (a rare occurrence. France. as Le Corbusier was still living at the time). Pierre Jeanneret Website http://villa-savoye.Renovated 1963. and under the care of the Centre des monuments nationaux. the villa is representative of the bases of modern architecture. and is one of the most easily recognizable and renowned examples of the International style. the house fell into disuse after 1940. It passed on to be property of the French state in 1958. Originally built as a country retreat on behest of the Savoye family. [4] [5] . and entered a state of disrepair during World War References [1][2] Villa Savoye (French pronunciation: [sa'vwa]) is a modernist villa in Poissy. and after surviving several plans of demolition. It was thoroughly renovated from 1985 to 1997. It was designed by Swissarchitects Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret. the refurbished house is now open to visitors year-round. in the outskirts of Paris.

His work in the later part of the decade. The site was on a green field on an otherwise wooded plot of land with a magnificent landscape view to the north west that corresponded with the approach to the site along the road. Other than an initial brief prepared by Emile [8] for a summer house. [6] The villas designed by Corbusier in the early part of the 1920s demonstrated what he termed the "precision" of architecture. Also he was one of the first members of Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM) and was becoming known as a champion of modern architecture. . space for cars.Contents [hide] 1 Background 2 History of the commission 3 Construction 4 Design 5 Later history 6 Legacy 7 Footnotes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links [edit]Background By the end of the 1920s Corbusier was already an internationally known architect. his work with the Centrosoyuz in Moscow involved him with the Russian avant-garde and his problems with theLeague of Nations competition had been widely publicised. where each feature of the design needed to be justified in design and urban terms. an extra bedroom and a caretaker's lodge. including his designs urban for Algiers began be more free-form. His book Vers une Architecture had been translated into several languages.[7] [edit]History of the commission Pierre and Emilie Savoye approached Corbusier about building a country home in Poissy in the spring of 1928.

guest bedroom. Freely-designed facades. The design was for a double lodge but this was reduced to a single lodge as the costs were too high.Corbusier had such freedom with the job that he was only limited by his own architectural palette. His initial ideas were those that eventually manifested themselves in the final building but between Autumn 1928 and Spring 1929 he undertook a series of alternatives that were influenced primarily by the Savoye's concern about cost. 4. relieved of load-bearing walls. The project was tendered in February with contracts awarded in March 1929. chauffeur and maids rooms.[12] [edit]Design The Villa Savoye is probably Corbusier's best known building from the 1920s. Functional roof. On the ground floor he placed the main entrance hall. Support of ground-level pilotis. At first floor the master bedroom. The salon was orientated to the north west whilst the terrace faced the south. At the time the project started on site no design work had been done on the lodge and the final design was only presented to the client in June 1929. although this excluded the cost of the lodge and the landscaping elements (almost twice the original budget). ramp and stairs. Free floor plan. elevating the building from the earth and allowed an extended continuity of the garden beneath. kitchen. [13] It was designed addressing his emblematic "Five Points". He began work on the project in September 1928. [9] The eventual solution to this problem was to reduce the volume of the building by moving the master bedroom down to the first floor and reducing the grid spacing down from 5 metres to 4. serving as a garden and terrace. Unlike his earlier town villas Corbusier was able to carefully design all four sides of the Villa Savoye in response to the view and the orientation of the sun. garage. the basic tenets in his new architectural aesthetic: [4] 1. providing illumination and ventilation. [11] Although construction of the whole house was complete within a year it was not habitable until 1931. At second floor level were a series of sculpted spaces that formed a solarium.[10] [edit]Construction Estimates of the cost in February 1929 were approximately half a million Francs. it had enormous influence on international modernism. 3. reclaiming for nature the land occupied by the building. salon and external terraces. The son's bedroom faced the south east and the kitchen and service terrace were on the north east. Changes made to the design whilst the project was being built including an amendment to the storey height and the exclusion and then reintroduction of the chauffeur's accommodation led to the costs rising to approximately 800. the son's bedroom.000 Francs. 2. serving as only as a skin of the wall and windows and unconstrained by load-bearing considerations.75 metres. 5. allowing walls to be placed freely and only where aesthetically needed. [14] . Long horizontal windows.

Protest from architects who felt the house should be saved. [17] The approach to the house was by car. no longer in position to live as they had done before the war. It has been suggested that this is because he was interested in glass for its planar properties and that the set-back position of the glass in the timber frame allowed the façade to be seen as a series of parallel planes.[19] Throughout his career Corbusier was interested in bringing a feeling of sacredness into the act of dwelling and acts such as washing and eating were given significance by their positioning. [20] At the Villa Savoye the act of cleansing is represented both by the sink in the entrance hall[21] and the celebration of the health-giving properties of the sun in the solarium on the roof which is given significance by being the culmination of ascending the ramp. [23] The Villa Savoye uses the horizontal ribbon windows found in his earlier villas.[18] The four columns in the entrance hall seemingly direct the visitor up the ramp. The wide strip window to the first floor terrace has two baby piloti to support and stiffen the wall above. the car proceeded around the curve to park in the garage. designed as a second residence and sited as it was outside Paris was designed with the car in mind. appearance)…". with both occupations damaging the building severely. Dropped off by the chauffeur. [25] The Savoyes continued to live in the house until 1940. The villa was expropriated by of the town of Poissy in 1958.[16] The house. past the caretaker's lodge and eventually under the building itself. The Savoyes returned to their estate after the war. extended on two sides to incorporate the projecting façades and then further divided to give the position of the ramp and the entrance. Corbusier often chose to use timber windows rather than metal ones. Each autumn the Savoyes suffered problems with rainwater leaks through the roof. Even the curved arc of the industrial glazing to the ground floor entrance was determined by the turning circle of a car. they abandoned the house again shortly after. [15] In his book Vers une Architecture Corbusier exclaimed "the motor car is an object with a simple function (to travel) and complicated aims (comfort. Although these piloti are in a similar plane to the larger columns below a false perspective when viewed from outside the house gives the impression that they are further into the house than they actually are. [22] Corbusier's piloti perform a number of functions around the house. but. both inside and out. which first used it as a public youth center and later considered demolishing it to make way for a schoolhouse complex. [24] [edit]Later history Problems with the Savoyes caused by all the requests for additional payment from the contractors for all the changes were compounded by the requirement for early repairs to the new house.and then by the Americans. It was occupied twice during the war: first by the Germans when it was used as a hay store[26] . resistance. leaving during World War II. Meanwhile the occupants entered the house on axis into the main hall through a portico of flanking columns. On the two longer elevations they are flush with the face of the façade and imply heaviness and support. Unlike his contemporaries. and the intervention of .The plan was set out using the principle ratios of the Golden section: in this case a square divided into sixteen equal parts. that can be seen from almost everywhere in the house continues up to the first floor living area and salon before continuing externally from the first floor roof terrace up to the second floor solarium. but on the shorter sides they are set back giving a floating effect that emphasises the horizontal feeling of the house. This ramp. The sense of mobility that the car gave translated into a feeling of movement that is integral to the understanding of the building.

Yorke's The Modern House published in 1934. In 1985. The restoration included structural and surface repairs to the facades and terraces. The villa was added to the French register of historical monuments in 1965. despite opposition from Corbusier. Australia The Villa Savoye was a very influential building of the 1930s and imitations of it can be found all over the world.poor detailing in this case led to the roof leaking.the piloti tended to be symbolic rather than representative of actual structure. becoming the first modernist building designated as historical monument in France. A first attempt of renovation was begun in 1963 by architect Jean Debuisson. R. for Mademoiselle Mandrot near Toulon had a regionalist agenda and relied on local stone for its finish. but his next villa design. [4][27] [edit]Legacy The southern hemisphere "shadow" of the Villa Savoye. 2. spared the house from demolition. and also the first to be the object of renovation while its architect was still living. in Canberra. as well as the second volume of Corbusier's own series The Complete Works.[29] The freedom given to Corbusier by the Savoyes resulted in a house that was governed more by his five principles than any requirements of the occupants. After the Villa Savoye Corbusier's experimentation with Surrealism informed his design for the Beistegui apartments. and the reinstatement of some of the original fixtures and fittings. it was the last time this happened in such a complete way and the house marked the end of a phase in his design thinking as well as being the last of a series of buildings dominated by the colour white. being completed in 1997. a thorough state-funded restoration process. Functional roof . was undertaken. Colin Rowe compared the Villa Savoye to Palladio's Villa Rotunda. Despite this.Corbusier himself. Support of ground-level pilotis . [32] . the installation of lighting and security cameras. led by architect Jean-Louis Véret. In his 1947 essay The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa. [28] The building featured in two hugely influential books of the time: Hitchcock and Johnson's The International Style published in 1932 and F. [30] Criticism has been levelled at Corbusier's five points of architecture from a general point of view and these apply specifically to the Villa Savoye in terms of:[31] 1. S.

but also a kind of shadow".A machine for living. p33 9. ^ Ville Savoye à Poissy. Centre des monuments nationaux. ^ Curtis (2006). ^ Gast (2000). ^ Benton (1987). p96 & 97 10. 2. Centre des monuments nationaux. "Le Corbusier. ^ Benton (1987). 2011. Giedion. ^ Benton (1987). Retrieved January 19.[33] This antipodean architectural quotation is according to Howard Raggat "a kind of inversion. Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture. [34] [edit]Footnotes 1. p137 . ^ Travel review of a visit to Villa Savoye. p192 8. ^ Gast (2000). (French) 4. p74-77 16. Retrieved January 20. 2007.The west wing of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies in Canberra designed by Ashton Raggatt McDougall. Retrieved January 20. (French) 3. Retrieved on January 19. is a near exact replica of the Villa Savoye. Ministry of Culture. 13. except its black colour. 6. and the Villa Savoye: From Consecration to Preservation of Architecture". 2011. Ultimate House. a reflection. 5. ^ Curtis (2006). 2011. p201-203 12. 2011. Retrieved on January 19. October 16. ^ Panayotis Tournikiotis. p194 & 195 15. ^ Villa Savoye à Poissy: Tourism Industry. ^ Samuel (2004). ^ Le Corbusier (1997). Label XXe. ^ a b c Villa Savoye . p93 7. ^ Monuments historiques . 2011. p200 & 201 11. p66 14. ^ Benton (1987).

p94 27. p71 32. March/April 2001 34. Tim (1987). p98 29. p97 & 98 24. ^ Panayotis Tournikiotis. p108-112 33. ^ Gast (2000). ^ Curtis (2006). ^ Samuel (2007). Maria: Stealing Beauty in Frieze Magazine. in Architecture Australia. ^ Curtis (2006). p76-78 25. p13 30. ISBN 0-300-03780-5. p194 & 195 26. 2011. ^ Berman. ^ Samuel (2007). ^ Samuel (2007). ^ Gast (2000). ^ Curtis (2006).17. and the Villa Savoye: From Consecration to Preservation of Architecture". . John: Australian Baroque. ^ Macarthur. ^ Samuel (2007). ^ Rowe (1987). p186 23. "Le Corbusier. ^ Curtis (2006). Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture. p185 22. The Villas of Le Corbusier. Retrieved January 20. p66 31. p95 & 96 19. ^ Gast (2000). ^ Gast (2000). ^ Curtis (2006). p66 20. p169 21. 28. Issue 99. Giedion. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. May 2006 [edit]References  Benton. ^ Benton (1987). p66 18.

Le Corbusier -Ideas and Forms. England: Architectural Press. Le Corbusier . United States of America: MIT Press. The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa and Other Essays. Norton &  Company. [edit]Further reading Hitchcock. Berlin. Basel. Flora (2004). United States of America: W. Oxford.  Gast. Boston: Birkhäuser. Flora (2007). ISBN 0470847476. London & New York: Phaidon Press.architect and feminist. Colin (1987). England: Architectural Press. ISBN 0-393-03651-0. The International Style. Curtis.  Samuel. Henry-Russell. ISBN 0-7506-0627-4. William J R (2006).W. ISBN 978-0-75066354-0. Le Corbusier in Detail. ISBN 0-7148-2790-8. Oxford.Paris Chandigarh.  Etchells. England: Wiley Academy. Klaus-Peter (2000). Frederick (1997). [edit]External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Villa Savoye  Official site  Pictures of the interior and exterior of the villa by the Boston College View page ratings Rate this page What's this? Trustworthy Objective Complete Well-written . Chichester. ISBN 3-7643-6291-X. Towards a New Architecture by Le Corbusier. ISBN 978-0-262-  18077-1.  Samuel. Philip Johnson (1966). Le Corbusier . Rowe.

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