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Life Cycle Cost Estimate for

1 ENERGY STAR Qualified Air Source Heat Pump(s)
This simple energy savings calculator was developed by the U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE and is provided for estimating purposes only. Actual
energy savings may vary based on use and other factors. For a more sophisticated estimate, use the ENERGY STAR HVAC Investor software
or a bin-hour tool.

Enter your own values in the gray4 boxes or use our default values.
Number of units

1

Electric Rate ($/kWh)

$0.113
City

DC-Washington

Choose your city from the drop-down menu

ENERGY STAR
Qualified Unit
Initial Cost per Unit (estimated retail price)
Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) rating
Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) rating
Heat Pump Capacity (Btu/hr)
Use with programmable thermostat (Yes/No)

Conventional Unit

$6,700

$5,700

8.2

7.7

15

13

36,000

36,000

Yes

No

Annual and Life Cycle Costs and Savings for 1 Air Source Heat Pump(s)
1 ENERGY STAR
Qualified Units

1 Conventional Units

Savings with
ENERGY STAR

Annual Operating Costs*
Energy cost

$1,160

Energy consumption (kWh)

10,279

Maintenance cost

Total

$1,499
13,291

$340
3,012

$0

$0

$0

$1,160

$1,499

$340

$10,882

$14,071

$3,188

$10,882

$14,071

Life Cycle Costs*
Operating costs (energy and maintenance)
Energy costs
Energy consumption (kWh)

123,354

Maintenance costs
Purchase price for 1 unit(s)

Total

159,495

$3,188
36,141

$0

$0

$0

$6,700

$5,700

-$1,000

$17,582

$19,771

$2,188

Simple payback of initial additional cost (years) †

2.9

* Annual costs exclude the initial purchase price. All costs, except initial cost, are discounted over the products' lifetime using a real discount rate of 4%.
See "Assumptions" to change factors including the discount rate.

A simple payback period of zero years means that the payback is immediate.

Summary of Benefits for 1 Air Source Heat Pump(s)
Initial cost difference
Life cycle savings
Net life cycle savings (life cycle savings - additional cost)
Simple payback of additional cost (years)
Life cycle energy saved (kWh)
Life cycle air pollution reduction (lbs of CO2)
Air pollution reduction equivalence (number of cars removed from the road for a year)
Savings as a percent of retail price

$1,000
$3,188
$2,188
2.9
36,141
55,657
5
33%

Assumptions for Air Source Heat Pumps Category Power ENERGY STAR Qualified Unit Initial Cost Per Unit Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) ratin Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) rating Value Data Source $6.5 Heating Capacity of Air Source Heat Pump (Btu/hr) Lifetime 36.000 Btu/hr 12 years qualified residential air-source heat pumps is ≥ 14.0 for single package equipment.000 Btu/hr 12 years Industry Data 2008 NAECA NAECA Assumption LBNL 2007 Maintenance Labor cost (per hour) Labor time (hours) Usage Full-Load Cooling/Heating Hours for Selected Locatio AK-Anchorage AK-Barrow AK-Fairbanks AK-Juneau AK-Nome AL-Birmingham AL-Huntsville AL-Mobile AL-Montgomery AR-Fort Smith AR-Little Rock AZ-Flagstaff AZ-Phoenix AZ-Tucson AZ-Winslow AZ-Yuma CA-Beverly Hills CA-Los Angeles CA-Palm Springs CA-Sacramento CA-San Diego CA-San Francisco CA-Stockton CO-Alamosa CO-Colorado Springs CO-Denver CO-Grand Junction CO-Pueblo CT-Bridgeport CT-Hartford DC-Washington DE-Wilmington FL-Daytona Beach FL-Fort Myers FL-Gainesville FL-Jacksonville FL-Key West FL-Miami FL-Orlando FL-Pensacola FL-Tallahassee FL-Tampa FL-W. ENERGY STAR Specification: The SEER criteria for ENERGY STAR 14.320 0 0 129 0 0 1557 1464 2265 1819 1432 1583 179 2141 1842 950 2315 1166 1530 2092 871 1347 224 1158 97 523 628 997 834 942 695 1320 1015 2763 3288 2228 2086 4566 3931 2915 2297 2215 3068 3479 1493 1484 1548 1845 1900 1963 4179 5016 941 EPA 2004 EPA 2004 Heating 2.2 The HSPF criteria for ENERGY STAR qualified residential air-source heat pumps are ≥ 8.061 3128 4612 3059 3414 3749 1562 1606 1130 1366 1738 1681 2854 1116 1261 2112 907 1277 1070 630 2016 1467 2948 1834 2947 2418 2255 2352 2018 2358 2555 2061 2346 720 504 889 1020 342 265 583 1047 1133 709 314 1655 1686 1467 1379 1367 1213 0 0 2247 EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 .700 Industry Data 2008 8.700 7.7 13 36.2 for split systems and ≥ 8.5 Assumption LBNL 2007 Conventional Unit Initial Cost Per Unit Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) ratin Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) rating Heating Capacity of Air Source Heat Pump (Btu/hr) Lifetime $5. Palm Beach GA-Athens GA-Atlanta GA-Augusta GA-Columbus GA-Macon GA-Savannah HI-Hilo HI-Honolulu IA-Des Moines $20 0 Cooling 1.

Assumptions for Air Source Heat Pumps Category IA-Dubuque IA-Sioux City IA-Waterloo ID-Boise ID-Lewiston ID-Pocatello IL-Chicago IL-Moline IL-Peoria IL-Rockford IL-Springfield IN-Evansville IN-Fort Wayne IN-Indianapolis IN-South Bend KS-Dodge City KS-Goodland KS-Topeka KS-Wichita KY-Lexington KY-Louisville KY-Paducah LA-Baton Rouge LA-Lake Charles LA-New Orleans LA-Shreveport MA-Boston MA-Worcester MD-Baltimore ME-Caribou ME-Portland MI-Alpena MI-Detroit MI-Flint MI-Grand Rapids MI-Lansing MI-Marquette MI-Muskegon MI-Sault St Marie MN-Duluth MN-International Falls MN-Minneapolis MN-Rochester MN-St. Louis MS-Jackson MS-Meridian MS-Tupelo MT-Billings MT-Glasgow MT-Great Falls MT-Havre MT-Helena MT-Kalispell MT-Miles city MT-Missoula NC-Asheville NC-Charlotte NC-Greensboro NC-Raleigh NC-Wilmington ND-Bismarck ND-Fargo ND-Williston NE-Grand Island NE-Lincoln NE-Norfolk NE-North Platte NE-Omaha NE-Scottsbluff NH-Concord NJ-Atlantic City NJ-Newark Value 605 836 667 614 636 411 683 830 948 714 1036 1181 786 948 710 1109 723 1068 1225 1080 1150 1193 2233 2299 2388 1892 729 453 1050 220 321 216 642 497 595 578 222 570 196 212 288 662 523 414 1050 1032 1178 1215 1832 1726 1623 510 465 408 403 307 193 621 225 919 1325 1203 1239 1758 437 476 459 851 899 801 640 890 647 385 832 1007 Data Source 2458 2316 2412 2532 2208 2590 2459 2260 2166 2418 2154 2027 2370 2152 2391 2024 2252 2093 1981 2027 1975 1939 1115 1115 1118 1361 2397 2734 2172 2959 2728 2843 2670 2650 2771 2620 3130 2817 3059 2934 2828 2496 2580 2831 2048 2149 1997 2009 1433 1417 1611 2308 2585 2330 2735 2423 2787 2367 2650 2021 1865 1978 1883 1519 2593 2702 2579 2288 2284 2437 2403 2327 2365 2641 2198 2340 EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 . Cloud MO-Columbia MO-Kansas City MO-Springfield MO-St.

Assumptions for Air Source Heat Pumps Category NM-Albuquerque NM-Roswell NV-Elko NV-Ely NV-Las Vegas NV-Reno NV-Winnemucca NY-Albany NY-Binghamton NY-Buffalo NY-New York NY-Rochester NY-Syracuse OH-Akron OH-Cincinnati OH-Cleveland OH-Columbus OH-Dayton OH-Mansfield OH-Toledo OH-Youngstown OK-Oklahoma City OK-Tulsa OR-Astoria OR-Eugene OR-Medford OR-Pendleton OR-Portland OR-Salem PA-Allentown PA-Erie PA-Harrisburg PA-Philadelphia PA-Pittsburgh PA-Scranton PA-Williamsport RI-Providence SC-Charleston SC-Columbia SC-Greenville SD-Aberdeen SD-Huron SD-Rapid City SD-Sioux Falls TN-Bristol TN-Chattanooga TN-Knoxville TN-Memphis TN-Nashville TX-Abilene TX-Amarillo TX-Austin TX-Brownsville TX-Corpus Christi TX-Dallas TX-Del Rio TX-El Paso TX-Galveston TX-Houston TX-Lubbock TX-Midland TX-Port Arthur TX-San Angelo TX-San Antonio TX-Victoria TX-Waco TX-Wichita Falls UT-Salt Lake City VA-Lynchburg VA-Norfolk VA-Richmond VA-Roanoke VT-Burlington WA-Olympia WA-Seattle WA-Spokane Value 1038 1355 361 209 1773 317 418 515 440 571 1089 554 552 714 996 639 828 947 711 649 554 1436 1486 56 261 534 622 379 248 784 482 929 1032 737 621 659 656 2127 1626 1386 544 633 593 691 1066 1353 1288 1654 1375 1741 1142 2412 3233 2958 1926 2380 1524 2967 2209 1298 1546 2452 2225 2237 2465 2041 1671 785 1031 1346 1188 1002 455 125 282 395 Data Source 2162 1596 2596 2678 1642 2631 2481 2598 2754 2765 2337 2685 2586 2539 2134 2471 2274 2238 2500 2464 2581 1724 1722 3499 2679 2742 2105 2681 2842 2492 2901 2371 2328 2380 2532 2502 2532 1212 1539 1808 2571 2462 2434 2490 2050 1830 1909 1638 1768 1398 1880 1142 562 776 1343 1098 1559 1037 1127 1688 1450 1043 1291 1101 926 1308 1538 2443 2117 1923 1980 2113 2651 3186 2956 2622 EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 .

1128 $/kWh National average: US Department of Energy. utility and emission rates updated 2013 .0962 $/kWh $0. LBNL 2007 (Based on minimum estimated savings) Energy and Water Prices Commercial Electricity Price Residential Electricity Price $0.54 lbs CO2/kWh EPA 2013 11. 2013 If you have questions. comments or suggestions. please write to calculators@energystar.gov Calculator last updated April 2009.244 lbs CO2/yr EPA Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator.Assumptions for Air Source Heat Pumps Category WA-Walla Walla WA-Yakima WI-Green Bay WI-La Crosse WI-Madison WI-Milwaukee WV-Beckley WV-Charleston WV-Elkins WV-Huntington WY-Casper WY-Cheyenne WY-Lander WY-Sheridan Value 714 415 457 713 487 513 699 967 477 1035 439 353 455 387 Data Source 1989 2412 2641 2445 2547 2548 2194 2088 2459 2040 2620 2658 2496 2578 EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA EPA 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 Discount Rate Commercial and Residential Discount Rate (real) Programable Thermostat Discount Rate 4% 17% A real discount rate of 4 percent is assumed. Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (Early Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors Electricity CO2 Emission Factor CO2 Equivalents Annual CO2 emissions per average passenger car 1. which is roughly equivalent to the nominal discount rate of 7 percent (4 percent real discount rate + 3 percent inflation rate).