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Advanced Nonlinear Finite Element Investigation into Structural

Behavior of Composite Beams
Layout of the thesis






Literature review
Shear connectors in push – out test
Simply supported composite beams
Composite beams with web openings
Continues composite beams
Composite connections
Conclusions

Abstract :
Objectives
This thesis shows 4 year research project using advanced nonlinear finite
element modeling to investigate structural behavior of various types of
composite beams with practical constructional features. The objectives of the
research project are:

To examine the structural behavior of simply supported, continuous
and semi-continuous composite beams through advanced nonlinear
finite element modeling which incorporates the nonlinear deformation
characteristics shear connectors and tensile reinforcement.
To provide detailed understanding on the structural behavior of various
types of composite beams based of the results of extensive parametric
studies with advanced nonlinear finite element modeling.
To provide guidance for practical design of composite beams.

Summary of Findings/Conclusion
Shear connectors
A three dimensional finite element model has been created in conventional
push – out tests to study structural behavior of shear connectors. 8
specimens were tested with different material properties and geometrical
configuration.
1. The proposed 3 dimensional finite element model can predict
accurately the load carrying capacity and the load-slippage
characteristics of shear connectors in both solid and composite slabs
up to a slippage of 4 mm.
Simply supported composite beams

Total 6 composite beams have been selected from literature and simulated to study their structural performance. .A simple 2 dimensional element model has been proposed to predict the structural behavior of simply supported composite beams. Moreover. the stiffness and shear resistance of the shear connectors are very important in evaluating load carrying capacities and the deflections of composite beams. 2. this model has been extended to study to predict structural behavior of composite beams with rectangular web openings and also perforated composite beams. In particular. It concludes: 1. The deformation characteristics of shear connectors are very important in predicting the structural behavior of composite beams accurately. Finite element model can predict deformation characteristics of simply supported composite beams under both sagging and hogging moments during entire deformation ranges.