You are on page 1of 4


Eclipse 2+0 Ethernet Link with 1+1 TDM
You require path and equipment protection for a high capacity mixed-mode link. The path must be protected,
Ethernet traffic capacity doubled and protected, and legacy PDH traffic must also be protected. Can it be done? Yes
it can, using Aviat Networks Eclipse Packet Node.
This application note describes how an Eclipse link can be configured to provide:

Path and equipment protection, with or without diversity
Ethernet capacities to over 800 Mbit/s
Provision for legacy E1/DS1 circuits
Lowest installed cost

Note that a space diversity or hot-standby link won’t provide a solution where Ethernet capacities higher than about
450 Mbit/s are required. Two co-path links provide the answer, but the challenge is to provide protection on such
links without doubling up on the hardware – and the cost.

We must configure for the most cost efficient yet reliable solution. We know we need two co-path links to provide the
Ethernet traffic capacity, so 2+0 with link aggregation is an obvious answer. For E1/DS1 traffic it is not so straight
forward as both links are online for the Ethernet traffic, meaning normal 1+1 hot-standby is not possible without
doubling up on the hardware. The answer here lies with Eclipse Super PDH ring protection.
With Ethernet link aggregation the traffic on two co-path links is combined to provide one customer connection that
is the sum of the capacity on each link. If one link fails, traffic on the failed link is automatically assigned to the
remaining link. If the remaining link has insufficient capacity to transport the transferred traffic, QoS settings are
used to determine which traffic gets priority. This way all high priority traffic such as voice and real-time video
continues to get through at the expense of low priority file transfer traffic and similar. This protection mechanism is
known as 2+0.
With Eclipse Super PDH (SPDH) ring protection a simple point-to-point PDH ring is configured on the co-path links.
Normally all traffic is transported in one direction around the ring; the other direction is held in reserve. If one link
fails, the PDH traffic is wrapped at each side of the link, and the path re-established on the reserve ring.
Figure 1. 2+0 Ethernet with 1+1 E1/DS1


April 2011

but when conditions deteriorate one link or the other remains online to provide the connection protection. If one link fails. with Cross Polar Interference Cancellation). Figure 2 shows how the physical link is established. For L1LA all traffic is momentarily interrupted on link failure and restoration. • • • • Each RAC is DPP (Data Packet Plane) connected to a DAC GE for L2LA or L1LA (L1LA on DPP is scheduled for SW release 6. Y-cables are used to connect to external equipment. path switching is not hitless/errorless. QoS settings on the DAC GE can be used to schedule link forwarding when traffic is congested. But frequency diverse operation is an option. Paired DAC 16xV2 cards (optional) provide redundancy on the tribs end-to-end. 2 AVIAT NETWORKS April 2011 . The Physical Link Figure 3 shows logical operation for Ethernet traffic. RAC 6X is used where CCDP operation is required. Here both links are active on different frequencies to provide the diversity element. but unlike L2LA its load balancing is always optimal and it supports aggregation between routers. Existing traffic on what was the remaining link is not affected.0). Figure 2. Traffic on the remaining link is not affected. Each RAC is also configured for SPDH operation. unless dropped due to priority traffic brought across from the failed link. The real benefit here is that just one frequency channel is used. space diversity or frequency diversity are normally employed. but you do get double the Ethernet capacity of a standard diversity link for better than 99. whereby a portion of the link bandwidth is assigned to ring operation. When normal service is restored new traffic sessions are auto-assigned between both links. both links can be operated on the same radio channel using CCDP with XPIC. L2LA or L1LA is configured on the DAC GE. Providing the traffic entering the link is prioritized. the balance to Ethernet traffic. EXAMPLES The following examples illustrate link setup and operation. not two in the case of frequency diverse operation. Under normal path conditions both are traffic carrying. its traffic is assigned to the remaining link. Hold and restore timers are available to avoid frequent link switching at or close to threshold. However as both links must be traffic-carrying. these mechanisms are not an option. Where diversity protection is not needed. (Co-channel Dual Polarized. The capacity assigned between Ethernet and TDM is fully flexible. • • • For L2LA only traffic on the failed link is momentarily interrupted. Unlike normal frequency diversity. The DAC GE card manages the link aggregation function. Two co-path links use RAC 60 (or RAC 6X) with ODU 300hp (or IRU 600 for all-indoor links).PATH PROTECTION CONSIDERATIONS Where path conditions dictate the use of diversity to minimize the effects of ducting / reflections / fading. Interrupt times are typically less than 50 ms.5% over time.

the ring is wrapped by the RAC either side of the break. Figure 4. and traffic is restored. the ring auto-reverts to normal operation. • • Both links are active for Ethernet traffic.Figure 3. path protection. The throughput is the aggregate of the capacity of each link. 3 AVIAT NETWORKS April 2011 . • • • If one link fails. and E1/DS1 redundancy . where with normal operation all traffic is sent clockwise around the ring. The SPDH Logical Link SUMMARY Eclipse Packet Node provides all the ingredients needed to support the required solution of doubled Ethernet capacity. An SPDH ring is established on the lowest CAPEX. The Ethernet Logical Link Figure 4 shows logical operation for E1/DS1 traffic. Interrupt times are typically less than 100ms. This is optional. Two DAC 16xV2 cards are used to provide end-end trib redundancy. When the failed link is returned to service. Both links are actively supporting an SPDH ring network for E1/DS1 traffic.

AVIATNETWORKS. Where frequency diverse operation is not required. ANSI bands L6 to 38 GHz. All Rights Reserved. Eclipse is available on ETSI bands 5 to 38 GHz. Inc. Data subject to change without notice. co-channel (CCDP/XPIC) provides a solution using one frequency channel. Aviat Networks and Aviat logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Aviat Networks.COM Aviat.• • • • If either link fails the link aggregation and ring protection mechanisms maintain service. contact Aviat Networks. and on the 5. © Aviat Networks. For more information on this application or other radio backhaul application. Service and reliability are maximized. Inc. Full / normal service is auto-restored when the failed link recovers.8 GHz ISM band for USA and Canada. installation costs are minimized. 2011. Glossary CCDP DAC DPP L1LA L2LA QoS ODU RAC SPDH XPIC Co-channel Dual Polarized Data Access Card Data Packet Plane Layer 1 Link Aggregation Layer 2 Link Aggregation Quality of Service Outdoor Unit (RF transceiver) Radio Access Card Super PDH Cross Polar Interference Cancellation WWW. Eclipse 2+0 Ethernet Link with 1+1 TDM_April 2011 4 AVIAT NETWORKS April 2011 .