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Introduction

Pakistan has seen its best days and worst days during its nearly 7 decades of inception. During the days of
crises, many institutions and countries helped it stand up again; one of the rescuers was the International
Monetary Policy (IMF). But the main question arises that was it a blessing or just another crisis in disguise? If
IMF helped Pakistan, so what did they get in return? This report answers, further, the following questions:




Was/ is there any other source of help?
If yes, why didn’t Pakistan use it?
What are the implications of taking loan from IMF on Pakistan’s economic indicators?
Did Pakistan regain its health or turned out to be worse?
If it turned out worse, so what should Pakistan do to climb out of such a dark pit?

International Monetary Policy (IMF):
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that was initiated in 1944 at the Bretton
Woods Conference and formally created in 1945 by 29 member countries. The IMF's main objective was to
assist in the reconstruction of the world's international payment system. Countries contribute funds to a pool
through a quota system from which countries with payment imbalances temporarily can borrow money and
other resources. The IMF does not issue funds for individual projects but focuses on diminishing the balance of
payment deficit and provides facts, statistics and information on how to maintain an healthy balance of
payment. The governance of IMF is illustrated as below:

Pakistan and IMF Relationship
Pakistan became a member of the IMF in 1950. The first time the Government of Pakistan opted for a loan from
the IMF was in 1958. Pakistan received its second and third SBAs in 1965 and 1968, during Field Marshal Ayub

5 billion for the Energy Park at Gaddani project.3 Billion (originally asked for USD 7.Khan’s era.  The debt projections exclude the $2 billion that Pakistan raised from international markets at exorbitant prices last week. China has committed to provide US$ 6. The 3 year loan will be available with a 3 percent floating interest rate and will be considered by the IMF board in early September. entailing high rollover and refinancing needs. Negative Impacts on IMF  IMF has been criticized of being immensely manipulated by the United States as it is their major donor.4%.  Pakistan failed to increase revenues and its tax collection fell short of the first nine months’ target by over Rs200 billion.     Negative Outcome of IMF in Pakistan  Pakistan’s gross debt to total national output ratio will remain at 63.2 Billion) under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) over the next three years to boost Pakistan’s FX reserves and to help the economy. broaden its narrow tax base and slash subsidies in particular. An IMF loan will likely involve Pakistan in a long process of committing to reforms. A total of 12 programs have been received by Pakistan. Positive Outcomes of IMF in Pakistan The government paid off the circular debt of Rs. A program of targeted subsidies has been introduced to lower the burden on low income groups. Youth Loan Schemes and package of incentives for businessmen are initiated to revive domestic investment.  GDP recorded a growth rate of 5. huge amount of loans from IMF should have stabilized the Pakistan economy and balance of payment deficit by now but the condition of Pakistan economy and exchange rates are not even close of getting stabilized.00% during the last quarter as compared to 2.9% during the corresponding period last year.  Government will also not be in a position to bring down the country’s total debt for at least two more years according to latest figures released by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Some of them are as under:       Standby Arrangement (SBA) Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP) Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Extended Fund Facility (EFF) Extended SAP Compensatory Contingency Finance Facility (CCFF) The IMF has agreed to lend Pakistan an amount of USD 5. . According to desired situation.  64% of the debt is due for redemption within the next 12 months. Four more SBAs worth USD 330 Million were granted to Pakistan during General Yahya Khan’s regime who replaced Ayub Khan.500 billion which was the cause of power outages.

 Increase in the number of conditionality.  Over-imposing. IMF has been accused of supporting military dictatorship.  It has been blamed to create situations where countries have ended up in a vicious debt cycle “more loan more interest. more interest more loan. In 1988 the number of conditions laid out to Pakistan was 4 and by year 2000 they had become 35. .  Overoptimistic projections.”  Conditionality undermines domestic political institutions.