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# UiTMPHG/NFMR

TUTORIAL CHM270
CHAPTER 3: CHEMICAL KINETICS

The reaction is first order in both reactants. The rate constant is 3.0
-4
-1 -1
+
x10 M s at 25C. Calculate the rate of reaction if [NH4 ] =0.85 M and
-5
-1
[NO2 ] =0.20 M.
(5.1x10 Ms )

1.

2.

## The reaction between bromated ion, BrO3 and bromide, Br produces

bromine and water.
+
BrO3 + 5Br + 6H 3Br2 + 3H2O
+ 2
The rate law is rate= k[BrO3 ][Br ][H ]
a) What is the order of reaction with respect to each of the reactants,
st
st
nd
and what is the overall reaction order? (1 order, 1 order, 2
th
order, 4 order)
+
b) How does the rate change if [H ] is tripled? (9 times faster)
c) How does the rate change if both [BrO3 ][Br ] are doubled. (4
times faster)
+
d) How does the rate change if [H ] is halved? (rate decreased)

4.

2NO + O2 2NO2
Experiment

[O2]0 M

## Initial rate (Ms )

0.020

0.040

6.0 x 10

-4

0.040

0.040

2.4 x 10

-3

0.040

0.080

4.8 x 10

-3

Determine the rate law and the rate constant based on data above.
2

5.

## Write the rate law for the reaction.

(rate=k[Br2] )
What is the change in rate if [N2O2] is tripled?
(same)
What is the change in rate if [Br2] is doubled?
(4 times faster)
What is the change in rate if both [N2O2] and [Br2] are doubled?
(4 times faster)

Nitrogen and water are formed when ammonium ion reacts with nitrite
ion.
+

-1

## (rate =k [NO] [O2], k=37.5 Ms )

The reaction order in N2O2 is zero order. The order with respect to Br2
is second order.
a)
b)
c)
d)

-1

[NO]0 M

N2O2 + Br2 2NOBr

3.

-

Experiment

-1

[ClO2]0 M

[OH ]0 M

## Initial rate (Ms )

0.012

0.012

2.07 x 10

-4

0.024

0.012

8.28 x 10

-4

0.012

0.024

4.14 x 10

-4

0.024

0.024

1.66 x 10

-3

a) Determine the order of reaction and write the rate law for the
reaction
b) Calculate the value of rate constant, k for the reaction.

UiTMPHG/NFMR

6.

-4 -1

-2

0.500 M.

## constant, k= 6.7x10 s . If the [C3H6]0 is 0.050 M

a) Calculate the time (in min) taken to decrease the concentration of

(3.12x10 M)

c) How many hours will it take for the [H2O2] to decrease to 25% of its
initial concentration?

C3H6 to 0.015 M.
b) Calculate the [C3H6] after 1 hour.

(3.85x10 s)

10.

(21.4 hours)

SO2Cl2 SO2 + Cl2

## c) What is the half-life of the reaction?

d) How long will it take to reduce the initial [C3H6] to 6.25%?

## In an experiment, 0.0250 mol of SO2Cl2 is placed in 0.50 L vessel and

-5 -1

allowed to react. The rate constant for the reaction is 2.2 x10 s .
7.

## Decomposition of NO2 is a second order reaction with the rate

-1 -1

constant, k=0.56M s .
2NO2 2NO + O2

(8.75 hours)

## b) Calculate the [SO2Cl2] after 3 hours.

(0.0394 M)

c) How many hours will it take for the [SO2Cl2] to decrease to 6.25%?
(36 hours)

## In a reaction, 0.750 mol of NO2 is placed in a 5.00 L vessel and

allowed to decompose. Calculate the [NO2] consumed after 15min.
(0.148M)
8.

-2

-1 -1

11.

-5 -1

-2

## concentration of butadiene is 3.25 x 10 M.

Rate constant for the decomposition of N2O5 at 25C and 45C are
-4 -1

-3

(5.5x10 M)

reaction.

## b) Calculate the time taken to for 90% of butadiene to dimerize if the

initial concentration is 0.750 M.

(95.4 s)

12.

The rate constant for the dissociation of N2O5 are measured at two
different temperatures, 45C and 55C. The rate constant at 45C is

Half-Lives of Reactions

-4 -1

-3 -1

2 N2O5 4NO2 + O2

9.

a)

b)

## Calculate the rate constant at 65C.

-3 -1

(5.2x10 s )

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16.
Molecularity and Reaction Mechanism

## The rate law for decomposition of N2O5 is rate=k[N2O5]. Based on

the proposed mechanism, derive the rate law that agrees with the
experimental rate law.

13.

## Bromine, Br2 reacts NO according to the following mechanism.

Step 1: NO + Br2 NOBr2

N2O5

(slow)

NO2 + NO3

(fast)

(slow)

NO3 + NO 2NO2

(fast)

## a) Write the overall reaction for the following elementary reactions

b) Choose the rate-determining step.
c) Give the rate law based on the mechanism.

MAC 2014
14.

## A possible mechanism for the reaction between H2 and ICl is given

below.
H2 + ICI HI + HCI

(slow)

HI + ICI I2 + HCI

(fast)

## a) Write the overall reaction for the following elementary reactions

b) Identify the reaction intermediate.
15.

## Nitrogen monoxide reacts with hydrogen with the following reaction

mechanism.
2NO + H2 N2 + H2O2 (slow)
H2O2 + H2 2H2O

(fast)

## a) Write the overall equation for the reaction.

b) What is the predicted rate law for the reaction?

UiTMPHG/NFMR

SEPT 2013

MAC 2013

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OCT 2012

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SEPT 2011

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MAC 2011