Giles and Richard Farnaby in Lincolnshire Author(s): A. E. B. Owen Source: Music & Letters, Vol. 42, No. 2, (Apr., 1961), pp.

151-154 Published by: Oxford University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/731523 Accessed: 15/04/2008 22:41
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GILES AND RICHARD FARNABY IN LINCOLNSHIRE
BY A. E. B. OWEN

A CHANCE discovery has thrown new light on the lives of Giles and Richard Farnaby.1 Among the family papers of the Earl ofScarbrough at Sandbeck Park, Yorkshire, is an indenture of lease2 between Sir Nicholas Saunderson3 of Fillingham, Lincolnshire, knight, and Giles Farnabie of "Aistroope" (Aisthorpe), Lincs., gent., dated I8 February 1607/8. The preamble states that Sir Nicholas has made the lease as well for and in consideration of the good and lawfull service to be doon by the said Giles Farnabie unto the said Sir Nicholas in teaching his children4 musick as also for that he the said Giles hath given and granted unto the said Sir Nicholas Saunderson one Richard Farnabie the sonne of the said Giles Farnabie to serve him for seaven yeares from the feast of Phillip and Jacob thappostles now next ensewing [i.e. I May I608], and to teache and instruct the children of the said Sir Nicholas Saunderson in skill of musick and plaieing uppon instruments. The property now leased to Farnaby by Sir Nicholas consists of all that his messuage or tenement with thappurtenaunces and one croft thereunto adioyning in Stainton next Langworth in the said countie of Lincoln together with the third part of one close of meadow called ... the Woodswarves containing ... fowerteene acres, one close of meadow or pasture containing . . . seaven acres lieing
1 For the most recent account of Giles Farnaby (? c. 1565-I640) and his son, see Grove's 'Dictionary of Music & Musicians', 5th ed. (I954). I am indebted to Mr. Thurston Dart for several helpful suggestions and for reading through this article in typescript. 2 I am most grateful to Lord Scarbrough for permitting me to visit Sandbeck to inspect this document and to search among his papers for other references to Farnaby. The indenture, which bears the reference number MTD/B 7/9, first attracted my attention while I was correcting a catalogue of Lord Scarbrough's papers prepared by the National Register of Archives. 3 Sir Nicholas Saunderson (c. I561-I631), created Ist Viscount Castleton in 1627. Upon the death of the 6th Viscount (and ist Earl) Castleton in 1723, the title became extinct and the Saunderson estates passed to a cousin, Thomas Lumley, afterwards 3rd Earl of Scarbrough. 4 Sir Nicholas, who was married before I599 (see 'The Complete Peerage', s.v. Castleton), had in all four sons and three daughters, according to A. R. Maddison, 'Lincolnshire Pedigrees', iii (Harleian Society, I904), s.v. Saunderson of Reasby and Saxby, but the information there given on their ages is contradictory and I have been unable to discover how many may have been alive in I6o8. The eldest son, Nicholas, may then have been aged about IO or II: he matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford in June I6io and was admitted at Lincoln's Inn in May I613.
I51

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uppon... Sowthill next Langworth, and one other close of pasture called the middle close ... containing ... seaventeene acres all which said closes and messuage ar now in the tenure and occupacion of John Lamyng of Stainton ...5 The lease is for twenty years from I May next, with all "proffitts and commodities" belonging (the wood and trees excepted), at a rent of CI6 a year payable at Michaelmas and Lady Day "and one couple of fatt hennes yearlie" at the feast of the Purification (2 February). There are a number of conditions attached. The lessee "shall plant and sett yearlie uppon some convenient place of the premisses six ashes and six willowes setts" and renew them when necessary, and shall "well and sufficientlie" hedge and ditch the ground and repair and maintain the buildings. The lessee is not to plough up any part of the land, nor to alienate the property to anyone other than his wife or children, without the consent of Sir Nicholas in writing, otherwise the lease will become void, as it will also if he the said Richard Farnabie shall not continue and abide with the said Sir Nicholas Saunderson his heires or assignes and do him his best service during the tearme of seaven yeares aforesaid, he the said Sir Nicholas Saunderson givinge him necessarie and convenient meat drinck and apparell fitt for his callinge. The lease is signed "By me Giles Farnaby" 6; JohnJulian and William Trimingham are witnesses to its sealing. A search for corroborative evidence brought some further facts to light. Egidius Farnaby was one of the churchwardens of Aisthorpe (a small village five miles north of Lincoln and three and a half south of Fillingham) in I6o27, and on 27 September of that year Philadelphia Farnaby, daughter of Giles, was christened there. A son, Edward, was also christened at Aisthorpe on 27 October I604. There are no other Farnaby entries in the Aisthorpe registers of this period nor does Giles appear again as churchwarden there. Among the records at Sandbeck is a memorandum book of estate business kept by Sir Nicholas Saunderson8 which adds a little to our knowledge. Saunderson made regular notes of rents, etc., outstanding, and a list in October I6Io includes "To be rec. at Stainton.
5 Stainton-by-Langworth is a village some six miles north-east of Lincoln. We need not suppose that Farnaby himself ever resided on this property; it was for him to make what profit he might out of the farmer and actual tenant, John Lamyng. 6 Note Farnaby's own spelling of his name, although spelt -ie in the document by the clerk. This is the first specimen of Farnaby's handwriting to be identified. 7 C. W. Foster, 'History of Aisthorpe and Thorpe-in-the-Fallows' (I927), p. I31. I am much indebted to Dr. Mary Finch of the Lincolnshire Archives Office who, in verifying this for me from the parish register transcripts (among the diocesan records), brought to light8 the Farnaby baptismal entries. Reference number EMA/2.

GILES AND

RICHARD

FARNABY

IN LINCOLNSHIRE

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Mr. Farnaby. 6.Io.o.", with a subsequent cross against the name, which presumably indicates payment. In I6II we find included under "Debtes to be pd. before ye 2oth of May" the entry "Mr. Farnaby 3.Io.o", and later, under "Rents behind 6t? Aug. for I6IO", "Stainton. Farnaby 3.IO.O", probably the same debt still unpaid-both entries have a later cross against them. From the foregoing evidence we can say with certainty that Giles Farnaby was living at Aisthorpe from 1602 to I608, and that Richard continued in Saunderson's service until at least i61o, since his father was still holding the Stainton property in that year. But the arrears in 1611 suggest that by then Giles may have left the district. In any case we know the agreement was not allowed to run its full term, for the indenture is endorsed vacat consensu, "void by consent". There is nothing to show when this took place, and no new lease of the Stainton property to provide a terminusad quem, either during or immediately after the original twenty-year term, has so far been found among the papers at Sandbeck. But on 13 April I614 Richard Farnaby was married at St. Peter Westcheap, London, more than a year before his apprenticeship to Saunderson in 1608 was due to end. It would thus appear that probably not earlier than I6I0, but certainly before April I614, the Farnabys had left Lincolnshire and returned to London. It is at least worth noting (so far as negative evidence is of value) that Giles Farnaby does not figure again as churchwarden at Aisthorpe, as we should certainly expect him to do had he resided in the parish for much more than the six years of which we have actual record. 9 The year of Richard Farnaby's birth has hitherto been unknown. On the evidence of his apprenticeship for seven years in I608 Mr. Thurston Dart suggests that he may have been aged 14 at the time, following the old custom of apprenticeship at this age. If so, we may assume that Richard was born about 1594. We also learn from the christening of a daughter Philadelphia in I602 that Giles Farnaby's first-born child of this name, christened at St. Peter Westcheap in I59I, must have died. This makes more reasonable the marriage of Philadelphia to William Walters in 1634, now seen to have taken place at the age of about 32 and not (as appeared hitherto) at the rather advanced age of 43. The terms of the I608 indenture do not suggest that the elder Farnaby was then newly entering the service of Sir Nicholas
9 No further reference to Farnaby occurs in the Aisthorpe register transcripts for this period nor in those of Fillingham, Saxby (adjoining Fillingham, and the burial place of Sir Nicholas Saunderson), or Stainton-by-Langworth, according to Dr. Finch who has kindly searched for me.

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Saunderson; the "good and lawfull service to be doon" by him is alluded to almost casually whereas Richard's duties, and the provision to be made by his master, are more precisely specified. We may assume that the youth's introduction into the household was the outcome of his father's past service and the esteem in which he was doubtless held. When this service began has still to be discovered; but since Giles Farnaby's associations (so far as they are known) in his earlier and later years are almost all with London, his residence for at least six years so far from the capital as Aisthorpe can only be explained by assuming he had come specifically to take service either with the Saundersons or some other local family.