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Roumanian National Energy Regulatory Authority

THE ROUMANIAN LPG
TECHNICAL CODE

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Roumanian National Energy Regulatory Authority
1. Purpose and objectives. Area of application
Scope
1.1 The liquefied petroleum gas – LPG technical code, hereinafter called technical
code, is destined to impose and promote the minimal technical requirements in the
liquefied petroleum gas sector, as a general overview, contained both in the
primary and secondary legislation, in the technical directives and the effective
standards and those that need to be detailed via technical directives by the
economic representatives in the field. These technical requirements are to ensure
the safe, stable and efficient economic operation of the infrastructure in the
liquefied petroleum gas sector.
The Technical Code has been prepared by National Energy Regulatory Authority.

Objectives

1.2 The Technical Code has the following objectives:
a. Determination of technical requirements for the Table 1 activities related to the
infrastructure in LPG sector, such as design, execution, storage and distribution
of LPG, taking into account all the security precautions during handling.
b. Ensuring a minimal security level in order to avoid the deaths and proprietary
damages, in case a fire or explosion occurs.
c. Establishing the general conditions regarding LPG quality;
d. Ensuring a regulations framework meeting the European Commission
Directives requirements in LPG sector, applied through Decisions or Orders of
the Romanian Government;
e. Establishing a regulating framework so that an independent and competitive
environment is achieved within LPG sector;
f. Establishing of certain requirements regarding the authorization and
certification for companies developing design, execution and exploitation
activities, as well as trade activities within LPG sector;
g. Establishing safety requirements for the end users installations that use LPG, in
order to meet the essential safety requirements contained in the EC Directives
related to LPG sector, applied by Decisions and Orders of the Romanian
Government;

Area of application

1.3 Meeting the Technical Code provisions is compulsory for all companies and end-
users in LPG sector. The provisions of the Technical Code apply to the activities
and infrastructure in LPG sector shown in Table 1.
1.4 This Technical Code is meant to assist the Romanian and foreign investors that is
to facilitate their information using a single document regarding the technical
regulations applicable in LPG sector.

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Table 1. List of activities in LPG sector
Sub-activity Object Technical Code
applicability
1. Designing activity within LPG sector
1.1 Systems and 1.1.1. Simple skid type installations for auto-gas The Technical Code is
installation design distribution (with or without the possibility to applicable
fill/packaging vessels-cylinders) within mixed or
independent distribution stations;
a. with above ground horizontal or vertical stationary
containers:
- pressure containers with water capacity of 13m³ or less;
- pressure containers with water capacity exceeding 13m³;
b. with underground stationary containers:
- horizontal under pressure containers with a water
capacity of 13 m³;
- horizontal under pressure containers with a capacity
exceeding 13m³;
c. covered containers:
- horizontal under pressure containers with water capacity
of 13 m³;
- horizontal under pressure containers with water capacity
exceeding 13m³;
1.1.2 In the open installations for small bulk LPG
distribution system:
a. with aboveground fixed or mobile pressure containers:
- cylinders with water capacity of 150 l or less;
- containers with water capacity of 450 l or less;
- under pressure containers with water capacity of 13 m³;
- under pressure containers with water capacity exceeding
13m³;
b. with underground stationary under pressure containers:
- containers with water capacity of 450 l or less;
- under pressure containers with water capacity of 13 m³;
- under pressure containers with water capacity exceeding
13m³;
1.1.3 Installations for small bulk LPG distribution for
agreement equipment (trailers and agreement boats);
1.1.4. Domestic devices and industrial equipment for
LPG use as combustion gas with or without
vaporizers;
1.1.5 Industrial installations for the use of LPG at The Technical Code is
cutting and welding activities (with O2); not applicable
1.1.6 Industrial equipment within closed spaces for The Technical Code is
LPG use in laboratories applicable
1.1.7. Installations for LPG use as refrigerate, The Technical Code is
including air conditioner appliances which use LGP as not applicable.
cooler;
1.1.8 Installation for aerosol filling with LPG; The Technical Code is
1.1.9 Pressurization systems with LPG in storage or applicable
terminal systems;
1.1.10 Measurement systems for LPG quantity and
flows;
1.1.11 Pressure relief systems, including the The Technical Code is
scattering of gas with or without flame; not applicable.
1.1.12 Transfer installations in and from stationary The Technical Code is
and/or mobile containers (auto tanks or rail tanks); applicable
1.1.13 Installations for fuel conversion for road and The Technical Code is
rail vehicles and, including auto kits for engines; with applicable
auto LPG combustion;
1.1.14 Storage systems in stationary under pressure The Technical Code is
containers: applicable
-above ground

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- semi-covered/underground
- covered;
1.1.15 Storage systems in refrigerated containers The Technical Code is
under atmospheric pressure; not applicable.
1.1.16 Installations for cooling /refrigeration for LPG The Technical Code is
storage or which use LPG at closed cycle cooling; not applicable.
1.1.17 Loading/unloading installations for all types of The Technical Code is
storage and / or LPG terminals; applicable.
1.1.18 LPG leaking detection systems; The Technical Code is
applicable.
1.1.19 Automation installation afferent to the systems The Technical Code is
and installations in LPG sector: levels, flows, weights, applicable.
cylinder counter;
1.1.20 Mixing installations for LPG production by The Technical Code is
various methods, including LGP processing from oil not applicable.
or natural gas in oil refinery and petrochemical
installations;
1.1.21 Auxiliary installations in LPG sector The Technical Code is
- water, stream, technological air, venting, electric etc; applicable.
- fire and signalization protection;
1.1.22 Stationary installations fully equipped for LPG The Technical Code is
filling/packaging in containers – cylinders: applicable.
- manual;
- mechanical;
- automatic;
1.1.23 Mobile LPG filling / packaging installations in
containers- cylinders;
1.1.24 Powered transportation and loading of
containers-cylinders in the means of transportation /
pallet operation;
1.1.25 Systems for containers-cylinders maintenance
from the loading/packaging installations:
- for empting the containers-cylinders;
- for hydraulic test;
- for sand testing;
- for paint;
- for tightness testing;
- for sealing of the locking and labeling frame;
1.1.26 Propane-air mixing systems for connection to
the natural gas network;
1.1.27 Gas odorizing installations; The Technical Code is
not applicable.
1.2 LPG container 1.2.1 Design of metallic, non-metallic (Aluminum), The Technical Code is
design composite material container-cylinder ; applicable.
1.2.2 Stationary containers design; The Technical Code is
applicable.
1.2.4 Design of containers with water capacity of and The Technical Code is
over 13m³: applicable.
- for above ground installation;
- for covered, buried/underground installation;
- mobile;
1.2.5 Container design for vehicles installations: The Technical Code is
- cylindrical; applicable.
- toroidal;
1.2.6 Vaporizer design; The Technical Code is
applicable.
1.2.7 Design of devices and equipment given at 2.12, The Technical Code is
2.13, 2.14, 2.15 applicable.
1.2.8 Trans-containers design (tank-containers) The Technical Code is
applicable.
1.2.9 Tubes design for LPG use at aerosols The Technical Code is
applicable.

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1.2.10 One time use cartridges for LPG design; The Technical Code is
applicable.
1.3 LPG pipes design 1.3.1 Pipes and pipe sub-assemblies for LPG The Technical Code is
installations: applicable.
a. from metal;
b. from non-metallic materials;
c. from plastics (HDPE; polyamide)
1.3.2 Pipe sub-assemblies for LPG installations: The Technical Code is
a. from metal; applicable.
b. from non-metallic materials;
c. from plastics (HDPE; polyamide)
1.3.3 Cathode protection systems for LPG containers The Code of practice is
and pipes. applicable.
2. Execution activity in LPG containers and pipes field
2.1 Containers and pipes execution;
2.2 Storage tanks execution at LPG atmospheric pressure/refrigeration; The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.3 Assemblies execution on fixed and/or mobile/transportable structures; The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.4 Metallic construction execution afferent to the transportation and/or The Technical Code is
distribution systems; applicable.
2.5 Execution of assembling activities for under pressure containers. The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.6 LPG containers and storage vessels repairing, exchange, altering, The Technical Code is
modernization, withdrawing from use and scraping; applicable.
2.7 LPG containers and storage vessels testing; The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.8 Piping activities for installations and systems mentioned at 1.1 and 1.2. The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.9 Vaporizers execution and installation. The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.10 LPG pipe installation in assemblies and sub-assemblies (prefabricated) The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.11 Fitting of LPG piping in assemblies and sub-assemblies (prefabricated) in The Technical Code is
final systems; applicable.
2.12 Execution of tubes for aerosols and one time use cartridges; The Technical Code is
applicable.
2.13 Execution of appliances for LPG combustion as fuels (gas-stoves, all The Technical Code is
types of burners, LPG illuminating lamps, ovens, forced conviction air heater, applicable.
fire-places, refrigerators etc)
2.14 Execution of safety and locking devices: all types of valves, including the The Technical Code is
ones for constant flow for camping cylinders, ball valves, safety valves, applicable.
explosion sealing etc;
2.15 Execution of devices and coupling elements for the LPG end-user: The Technical Code is
- flexible tubes from rubber/elastomer; applicable.
- flexible tubes from metal/metallic hoses;
- connection/junction elements;
- pressure regulators;
3. Installations and systems execution within LPG sector
3.1 Repairing, maintenance, exchange, altering, modernization, testing, The Technical Code is
withdrawing from use and scraping of the installations and systems from applicable.
points 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 and of the containers and storage vessels at point 2;
4. LPG production and distribution activities
4.1 LPG production in technological installations in oil-refineries and/or The Technical Code is
through other technologies; applicable.
4.2 LPG distribution from mobile tanks;
4.3 Packaged LPG distribution in cylinders, cartridges, aerosols, bulk, retail, in
fixed or mobile distribution points, including containers-cylinders for mobile
lifting/piling installations;
4.4 LPG distribution in small bulk;
4.5 Auto-gas distribution from the storage systems tanks and auto-gas

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distribution to the vehicles;
4.6 LPG transfer in and from transportable containers/tanks or vessels; The Technical Code is
applicable.
5. Special design and execution activities in LPG sector
5.1 Installation of pressure containers and recipients in frozen soil; The Technical Code is
5.2 LPG storage in cavities, including piping and accessories for this type of applicable.
storage;
5.3 Process installations that need special approval for construction and
installation based on environment special requests;
5.4 Storage and transportation in pressure containers installed on cargo river
and sea ships;
5.6 LPG containers and installations for hot air balloons;
5.6 Transfer installations in and from stationary and/or mobile containers from
the river or sea ships;
5.7 Chemical or petrochemical installations for LPG processing;
5.8 Storage terminals for distribution and transportation. The Technical Code is
not applicable.

1.5 The Code is not applicable to the activities especially mentioned in Table 1 and for
the military activities in LPG sector, for the activities in the natural gas sector,
natural liquefied gas and compressed natural gases for vehicles – CNGV.
1.6 License granting for the commercial activities in LPG sector fall in National Energy
Regulatory Authority recommit based on specific regulations, for the following
activities:
- production license;
- distribution license;
- storage license.

2. LPG QUALITY REQUIREMENTS

2.1 Liquefied petroleum gas – LPG:
- Represent a mixture of light gaseous hydrocarbons under standard pressure and
temperature conditions which can be liquefied by pressure increase or temperature
decrease;
- they are considered liquids having a vapor pressure which doesn’t exceed the
input one for the commercial propane, predominantly composed of the following
simple-hydrocarbons or in mixture: propane, propylene, butane (n-butane and / or
isobutene) and butane (butylenes) including butadiene;
- they are fractions of light hydrocarbons from the paraffin series (saturated acyclic
hydrocarbons), derived from the refinery processed, oil stabilization installations and
from the natural gas processing. They are normally liquefied under pressure in order to
be transported and stored.

2.2 For the immediate identification, at the producer and market level, LPG is
characterized by unique numbers of classification, as described below:
- ONU/ UN number included in the recommendations regarding dangerous goods
transportation is construed as base for the national, regional and international naval,
road and rail transportation regulations;
- CAS number (Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number) defines the chemical
product, but not the concentration or specific mixtures;
- EINECS number introduced by Decision no. 81/437/EEC of The European
Community Commission;

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- ICSC number characterizes the international identification of dangerous
substances of International Chemical Safety Cards (the International Chemical Safety
Cards).

2.3 ONU/ UN number has been established by the Committee of Experts (COE) in
dangerous goods transportation of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) under
ONU custody and it is used world wide for the international commerce and
transportation for chemical products identification or for the dangerous goods
categories and it is included in the transportation regulations regarding the dangerous
goods.
The number is made out of four ciphers, generally between 0000 and 3500, and in
order to avoid confusion, it is always preceded by “UN” digits.
The ONU/ UN numbers included in the regulations regarding the dangerous goods
transportation are the fundamentals for the air fright, naval, rail and road transportation
al national, regional and international level.

2.4 The CAS number (Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number) defines the
chemical product, but not the concentration or specific mixtures. From the security
perspective and the chemical substances inventory type, it represents the best criteria
regarding the avoidance of ambiguity.

2.5 The EINECS number introduced by Decision no. 81/437/EEC of The European
Community Commission and it is composed by two groups of three ciphers and one
group of two ciphers (digits).

2.6 The EC number is a term used to replace in the future the two numbers and it was
introduced based on Directive 87/548/EEC, Appendix 1.

2.7 GEO (Government Emergency Ordinance) no 200/2000 regarding the
classification, labeling and packaging of dangerous substances stipulates in Appendix
1 the EC identification numbers specific for LPG – propane and butane, as well as their
mixtures as they were defined in the Transportation Regulations for the dangerous
goods ADR/RID.

2.8 Centralized classification of the identification numbers for LPG is shown in
Appendix no. 4.

3. REQUIREMENTS REGARDING DESIGN ACTIVITIES IN LPG SECTOR

3.1 From the point of view of the design, the code of practice has to cover the following
important fields:
a) positioning principles;
b) design and execution methods and techniques;
c) materials (compatibility, characteristics and quality);
d) testing procedures (for performance, mixtures and quality);
e) establishment of components dimensions (for plates/tables, pipes and standard
sections);
f) codes of practice for safe exploitation.

Positioning principles
3.2 When positioning the infrastructure within LPG sector, the designer should
establish the priority level of the following elements:

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1. the need of complying with the legal environment regarding the system positioning;
2. geographical delimitation of the site;
3. the need of access for emergency services;
4. the need for stuff evacuation through emergency exits;
5. interfering with other installations on such location;
6. the need to prevent leakage through delimitation of the places subjected to such
leakage;
7. the need to ensure the acceptable working conditions for the exploitation stuff;
8. the need for operability and maintenance;
9. interaction between the existent or planned facilities on the site, as well as access
ways, drainage and utility paths;
10. the need for minimal separation distances which have to reduce the costs and risks
during the material transfer between the installations/storage facility;
11. the need of identifying the dangerous material positioning as far possible from the
border site and the vicinity with the local active population;

Design and operation methods and techniques

3.3 No matter what the chosen design method or technique is, the designer should comply
wit the design principles taking into consideration the safety essential requirements; the
link between the design conditions and the safety essential requirements of the pressure
equipment for LPG is shown in Table 2.

Table 2. The link between the design conditions and the safety essential requirements
Safety essential requirements Provisions from Appendix 1
PED Directive
enclosed to Government
Decision 584/2004
1. Introductive notes: Introductive note no 1
The compulsoriness regarding the safety essential requirements application for
all the under pressure equipments and assemblies that present a certain
danger.
2. Compulsoriness regarding the safety essential requirements application for Introductive note no 2
all the under pressure equipments when they are used under the conditions
recommended by the operator/producer in case there are some dangers.
3. Compulsoriness related to the elaboration of a risk analysis regarding the Introductive note no 3
design and execution of the under pressure equipment taking into
consideration risk determination from the pressure point of view.
4. Interpretation and application of the safety essential requirements so that at Introductive note no 4
the time of execution and design, the technical level and the current practice
are taken into account as well as the technical and economic aspects in order
to ensure a high degree of health protection and security.
General aspects Section 1
5. The under pressure equipments should be designed, operated and tested, Section 1.1
equipped and installed such as to ensure the security according to the
operator/manufacturer instructions
6. The operator has to apply the following principles, in the given order: Section 1.2
- to eliminate or reduce the risks;
- to apply adequate measures for protection against dangers;
- to inform the user with regard to the residual dangers.
7. The under pressure equipment should be designed such as to prevent the Section 1.3
dangers produced due to inappropriate use or there should be a warning that
the equipment must not be used in such a way.
8. Design
The under pressure equipment should be designed such as to ensure the Section 2.1
intrinsic security during their entire service life.
The most frequent indices have to be taken into account.
9. The under pressure equipment should be designed for testing Section 2.2.1

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corresponding to the predictable use.
10. The under pressure equipment should be designed for an adequate Section 2.2.2
strength based on the calculation method and completed if needed with the
experimental method or an experimental method based on design without
calculation if the maximum input pressure product PS and the volume V is
smaller than 6000 bar x liter or the PS product x DN is smaller than 3000 bar
Calculation method using formulas Section 2.2.3
11. The under pressure enclosed space and other points related to loading: Section 2.2.3a
The accepted efforts should be limited relevant to the damaging
possibility/defection by applying safety factors/indices.
The requirements can be met provided that one of the following methods are
involved:
- design based on formulas;
- design based on analysis;
- design based on mechanical rapture method.
12. The design calculations have to especially determine the strength of Section 2.2.3(b)
the pressure equipment:
- the calculation pressures should be based on the static and dynamic
pressures of the liquid and the instable liquids decomposition;
- the calculation temperatures should by based on the appropriate safety limits;
- he has to take into account all possible combinations of temperature and
pressure;
- the maximum tensions and the tension concentrators have to be maintained
within the safety intervals;
- the calculations have to use values corresponding to the materials properties,
based on synthetic data, together with the adequate safety indices;
- the junction indices should be applied according to the materials
characteristic which depend on the non-destructive control type and on the
operation conditions;
- all worn types have to be taken into account (corrosion, creeping, exhaustion)
of the detecting/degrading instruments and with the instructions that have to
pay attention to the appropriate special design characteristics for the entire
service life of the equipment:
- total number of service hours at specific design temperature;
- number of cycles designed al special tensions level;
- additional corrosion determined through the project.
13. The calculation have to take into account the adequate structural stability, Section 2.2.3(c)
which has to include the necessary measures during transportation and
handling;
14. Experimental design method Section 2.2.4
The design should be validated by an appropriate/adequate testing program
that contains acceptance and compliance criteria regarding a relevant
sample/series for the under pressure equipment.
The testing program should include:
a) a pressure resistance testing following which it has to be determined if the
under pressure equipment doesn’t leak or is not deformed;
b) when there is a creeping or fatigue risk, the testing should be appropriate for
the operation under service conditions of the under pressure equipment;
c) when needed, additional testing such as corrosion, external damages
testing;
15. Handling and operation measures under safety conditions. Section 2.3
Specific methods regarding the under pressure equipment operation should
exclude any predictable risk paying attention to:
- locking and opening devices;
- dangerous discharges of the super-pressure shield;
- preventing the physical access when a super-pressure or vacuum have
occurred;
- the surfaces temperatures taking into account the intended use;
- instable liquids decomposition;
- equipping the access door with devices that can prevent the pressure
dangers;
16. Inspection means for the under pressure equipment: Section 2.4

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(a) they should be designed and performed such as to permit the performance
of the necessary inspections;
(b) the internal inspection should be available;
(c) other means which ensure the pressure equipment safety: such as when it
has reduced dimensions to allow physical access, when the opening of the
under pressure equipment has a negative impact on the interior or when the
contained substance is not dangerous for the pressure equipment material and
it does not result in internal degradation processes.
17. The empting and venting means should be equipped for: Section 2.5
- preventing the damaging effects such as hammer strokes, collapse due to
vacuum, corrosion and uncontrolled chemical reactions;
- allowing the safe cleaning, inspection and maintenance;
18. Corrosion or other chemical degradation from Section 2.6
Has to be avoided by additional protection against corrosion or other chemical
influence;
19. The wear Section 2.7
Has to be taken into account when the erosion or abrasion conditions occur by:
- appropriate design, such as additional width, coatings;
- the possibility to replace the most affected components;
- the measures necessary for the safe and continuous functioning should be
included in the operation instructions stipulated under Section 3.4 from
Appendix 1 to Government Decision 584/2004
20. The assemblies should be designed such as: Section 2.8
- the components be adequate and safe for the operational role;
- the components be correctly integrated and fitted;
21. Loading and empting provisions Section 2.9
The under pressure equipment should be designed and equipped with
accessories that ensure the loading and empting taking into account the
following dangers:
(a) when loading: overloading or over-pressure and instability;
(b) when empting: uncontrolled liquid discharge;
(c) when loading and empting: unsafe connection and release;
22. Protection against exceeding of the acceptable intervals Section 2.10
The under pressure equipment should be provided with adequate protection
devices, unless they are protected by other protection devices within an
assembly.
The appropriate protection devices and combinations of such include:
(a) safety accessories;
(b) adequate surveillance equipments such ad gauges and/or alarms;
Safety accessories Section 2.11
23. The safety accessories should be designed and manufactured such as to Section 2.11.1
be appropriate and safe and, when applicable, to comply with the maintenance
and testing requirements:
- they have to be independent and they should not be influenced by other
functions;
- they have to be according to the design principles in order to obtain a safe
and appropriate project, under safety conditions in case of damage,
redundancy, diversity and auto-diagnosis.
24. The devices for pressure control should be designed such as the Section 2.11.2
maximum input pressure PS would not be exceeded, except for the case of a
sudden discharge of 1,1PS;
25. The temperature monitoring devices should have an adequate response Section 2.11.3
time from security reasons
26. Internal fire Section 2.12
When necessary. The under pressure equipment should be designed and, if
the case maybe, provided with accessories such as to minimize the damages
in case of fire occurrence;
Execution Section 3
27. Execution procedures Section 3.1
The manufacturer/producer should ensure a competent execution of the
procedures starting with the design stage and to involve relevant techniques
and procedures;

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28. The preparing of the components should not reveal damages, cracks or Section 3.1.1
mechanical features alteration which might influence the safety.
29. Fixed connections: Section 3.1.2
- the fixed connections and the adjacent areas should not present damaged
areas or internal damages which could affect the security;
- the fixed connections features should comply with the minimum specifications
for materials that joint together, except for the case when the specific values
have not been taken into account at design;
- the fixed connections should be performed by qualified personnel according
to the adequate working procedures;
- the stuff and the procedures should be approved by a third party agency
authorized for under pressure equipment category II, III and IV
30. Non-destructive testing (NDT) of the permanent joints have to be Section 3.1.3
performed by qualified personnel. For Categories III and IV , the personnel has
to be authorized by a third party organization
31. The thermal treatment should be performed during an appropriate Section 3.1.4
execution stage
32. Identification. The materials from which the parts of the pressure Section 3.1.5
equipment have been manufactured should be identified through adequate
means from the receipt stage, during execution and until the final testing
33. Final evaluation. The under pressure equipment should be subjected to a Section 3.2
final evaluation.
34. Final inspection Section 3.2.1
The compliance with Government Decision no. 584/2004 has to be visually
evaluated and by documentation study.
The testing performed during execution has to be taken into account.
In order to secure the under pressure equipment both internal and external
inspections are needed for each section of the under pressure equipment.
35. Pressure testing Section 3.2.2
The under pressure enclosure has to be tested for a pressure at least equal,
as the case may be, with the value in section 7.4 from Appendix 1 to the
Government Decision 584/2004.
- Category I, under pressure equipment manufactured in series, has to be
subjected to static testing;
- Provided that the pressure testing is damaging or inapplicable, you may try
other testing that proved their efficiency, taking additional precautions before
performing these testing such as NDT or other equivalent testing
36. Security devices inspection Section 3.2.3
For assemblies, the security devices have to be inspected from the point of
view of the absolute compliance with the requirements under Section 2.10 from
Appendix 1 to the Government Decision no. 584/2004.
37. Marking and labeling Section 3.3
The EC marking and the following information have to be provided:
- for all the under pressure equipments: name and address, year, identification Section 3.3(a)
data, maximum and minimum essential limits;
- depending on the type of the under pressure equipment, other information Section 3.3(b)
needed for safe installation, safe operation or use, as the case maybe, for
maintenance and periodical inspections;
- where necessary, warning signs should be installed in order to attract the Section 3.3(c)
attention to the inadequate use of the equipment, which experience has
proven that may appear.
38. Exploitation instructions Section 3.4
The under pressure equipment introduced on the market has to be provided,
when it is considered necessary, with instructions for the end-user, that contain
the necessary information relevant to the fitting, assembling, commissioning,
use, maintenance, including the user’s inspections.
As the case may be, these instructions have to refer to the possible dangers
according to Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix 1, Section 1.3 and for
the particular features according to Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix
1, Section 4.3.
39. Materials Section 4
The materials for the under pressure equipment should be appropriate for use

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along the whole service planned life, excepting the cases when they are
subjected to replacement.
The filling materials for welding etc should satisfy only the applicable
requirements under Sections 4.1, 4.2(a) and 4.3, the first paragraph in
Appendix 1, Government Decision 584/2004
40. The materials for the components exposed to pressure should: Section 4.1
(a) have adequate properties for all the service conditions and for all the
testing conditions, be sufficiently ductile and rigorous;
They have to be chosen such as to prevent the fragile breaking when
necessary;
(b) to be resistant enough under chemical agents influence relevant to the
contained liquid;
(c) nor be significantly affected by ageing;
(d) correspond to the provisioned refinement procedures;
(e) be chosen such as to avoid the occurrence of differential ageing;
41. (a) The manufacturer should determine the necessary values for the Section 4.2
design calculations according to the Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix
1, Section 2.2.3 and to the essential characteristics of the materials and their
treatment according to the Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix 1,
Section 4.1;
(b) the manufacturer should provide data related to the compliance with the
materials specifications, using materials which correspond to the compiled
standards for materials according to Ministry of Economy and Commerce
(MEC) Order no. 440/2004 and the Government Decision 584/2004:
- for the use of the materials covered by the AEM - European material
authorization;
- for the use of the materials that do not require special approval - ASM;
(c) for Categories III and IV ASM, they have to be granted by a notified
organization.
42. The producer has to take the adequate precautions to ensure that: Section 4.3
- the used material is complying with the required specifications;
- all the documents regarding the materials are obtained from the material
manufacturer; the main parts from Categories II, III and IV have to be certified
by specific control under the circumstances of an accepted quality test system.
43. The under pressure equipment with burner or heated by other method Section 5
which presents an overheating risk has to ensure, as applicable, that:
- There is adequate protection for limiting the operation intervals (e.g. the heat Section 5(a)
input, the heat transfer and the liquid level) in order to avoid any local or
general overheating risk;
- there is, if necessary, points for sample collection in order to be able to Section 5(b)
evaluate the liquid properties, such as to avoid the risk related to the deposits
or corrosion;
- there are precautions for eliminating the damage risk relevant to deposits Section 5 (c)
- there is the possibility of additional heat discharge after shutting down. Section 5(d)
- there are precaution measures which prevent the dangerous deposits of Section 5(e)
flammable combustion mixtures and air, as well as the return of flames;
44. The piping through design and execution should ensure that: Section 6
- the overload risk due to free motion or other huge tensions is controlled Section 6(a)
through supports, reinforcements, anchoring, alignment and pretension;
- there are drainage means and evacuation of liquids from the lower areas, Section 6(b)
such as to avoid the hammer hitting or the corrosion when there is a possibility
for condensation;
- there are conditions to avoid the risk associated with vibrations and vortexes; Section 6(c)
please see Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix 1, Section 2.7;
- the care relevant to the fatigue risk due to vibrations in piping is ensured; Section 6(d)
- the measures regarding the sealing of the branches with high risk in case the Section 6(e)
piping contain Class I fluid, have been ensured;
- the ramification points have been marked according to the fluid contained Section 6(f)
when there is a risk of accidental discharge;
- the position and the direction of the underground piping have been marked Section 6(g)
according to the execution file specifications in order to facilitate the
maintenance, inspection and repair activities;

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45. The specific quantity requirements are usually applicable as a general Section 7
rule. If they do not apply, including in the cases when the materials are not
referenced in particular and the amortized standards are not applicable, the
producer has to prove that the has taken the adequate measures which ensure
an equivalent security level.
This action is an integrant part of Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix 1
and the provisions stipulate under this section. It completes the essential
requirements under Section 1-6 for the applicable under pressure equipment.
Input efforts Section 7.1
46. The symbols are defined for the elasticity limit, the minimal value of the Section 7.2
rapture strength and the temperature resistance outside the range that define
an important creep;
48. Joint indices: for welded joints, they cannot exceed the following values: Section 7.2
- 1.00 for completely destructive and non-destructive tests;
- 0.85 for non-destructive tests at evenly intervals;
- 0.70 only for visual inspection.
49. Pressure regulators Section 7.3
The sudden exceeding of the pressure according to Government Decision
584/2004, Appendix 1, Section 2.11.2 should be limited to 10 percent from the
maximum acceptable pressure.
50. Hydrostatic pressure testing referenced under Government Decision Section 7.4
584/2004, Appendix 1, Section 3.2.2, should not be less that:
-The value of the maximum load to which the pressure equipment is subjected
to taking into account that the maximum acceptable pressure and the
maximum acceptable temperature are multiplied with 1.25 indices or
- the maximum acceptable pressure value multiplied with 1.43 indices;
51. Materials properties excepting the cases when they are imposed by other Section 7.5
criteria; the steel is ductile enough to satisfy the requirements under
Government Decision 584/2004, Appendix 1, Section 4.1(a) provided that the
breaking elongation is less that 14 percent and the ISO V breaking effort on
sample is greater that 27J at a maximum temperature of 20°C, but it is not
greater than the minimum service temperature.

3.4 When designing the infrastructures within LPG sector, the following working
techniques have to be taken into account:
1. intensification: which involves dangerous materials reduction at a level that allows
dangers reduction;
2. substitution: which involves the replacement of a dangerous material with a safe one;
3. diminishing: which involves the use of a dangerous material in les dangerous conditions;
4. limitation: which involves the prioritizing of equipment design or changing of the reaction
conditions by adding protection equipment;
5. simplifying: which considers that more simple systems are easier to use that the
complex system, in order to reduce the major accidents caused by operation errors;
6. avoiding damaging effects: takes into account that the systems can be designed such
as to reduce the possibility of undesired events linked to damaging effects or “domino”
effects in other places/areas;
7. avoiding incorrect mounting: provisions that the critical equipment within the
infrastructure to be designed such as the incorrect mounting to be hardly possible;

3.5. When determining the design theme, the following elements should be inspected and
assessed:
a. power efficiency;
b. reliability and availability;
c. risks identification, analysis and evaluation;
d. the impact over the operating stuff health;
e. the impact over the environment;

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3.6. When the design is detailed from the mechanical point of view of the equipment within
the systems in LPG sector, the following elements are to be taken into consideration:
a. the temperature and the pressure
b. execution materials;
c. corrosion/erosion;
d. other design conditions;
e. spinning and alternating equipment design.

3.7. The temperature and the pressure are the fundamental indices parameters to the
design; their combination may be considered very important relevant to the mechanical
integrity of any equipment in the system.

The design pressure

3.8. When determining the design pressure, the following coefficients have to be taken into
consideration:
a. the temperature of the liquid that is to be handled;
b. the average heating and cooling temperature of the liquid;
c. the Joule-Thomson effect (accompanying gas expansion temperature change
with the friction and heating transfer effect), that is used when liquefying gases;
d. surrounding temperature;
e. solar radiation influence;

The design pressure
3.9 The under pressure equipments have to be designed such as to resist to the operation
maximum allowed pressure; for the under pressure equipment set of safety valves have to
be provisioned, which have to work at ±5% compared to the normal working pressure.

3.10. During the operation of the safety valves, the input pressure in the safety valve (±5%
compared to the normal working pressure) may be different than the pressure relevant to
the operation point of the safety valve.

3.11. In case of emergency, the accumulated pressure in the under pressure equipment,
leads to an increased pressure in the system exceeding the design pressure, until
reaching the maximum allowed pressure – PMAA, as mentioned in the technical codes
and standards.

3.12. The equipments designed to operate under vacuum should be designed at a
negative total pressure of 1 bar and should be provisioned with a vacuum
breaking/declining device sized for a working pressure.

Manufacturing materials

3.13. The materials selection for the under pressure equipment should be bear the
analysis of the following main characteristics:
1. Mechanical properties:
a. traction rupture strain;
b. firmness;
c. bending impact;
d. hardness;
e. fatigue strength;

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f. time strength;
g. creeping strength;
2. The influence of high or law temperatures over the mechanical characteristics;
3. Corrosion resistance;
4. Manufacturability
5. Special features:
a. electric resistance;
b. magnetic characteristics;
c. thermal conductivity;
6. Availability in standardized sizes;
7. Costs for the materials and execution;
8.Acceptable conductibility and breaking strain maintenance for all the service temperature
ranges;
9. Compatibility with LPG when it is a liquid of gas in the container;
10. Identity evaluation by checking all the physical-mechanical characteristics and the
necessary manufacturability.

3.14. The recommended materials for the use within LPG sector are:
1. carbon steel and stainless steel for plates and tubes, without welding for LPG in liquid or
gaseous state, with mechanical characteristics ensured for the temperature and pressure
according to the applicable standards;
2. copper for low pressure tubes fir gaseous LPG, according to the applicable standards;
3. high density polyethylene and polyamide for the low pressure pipes for gaseous LPG.

3.15. Within the LPG systems, the use of the aluminum pipes, polyethylene -aluminum
type or reticular polyethylene is prohibited.

Corrosion/erosion

3.16. Through the design, the considered procedures when evaluating the
corrosion/erosion should be proved to ensure the correct choice of the manufacture
materials.

Other design considerations

3.17. During the design of the under pressure equipment the following factors have to be
taken into account:
1. The dynamic pressures;
2. The weight of the container and of the content;
3. The charge resulted from:
a. wind;
b. special/large amount of precipitations;
c. snow;
d. seism / earthquakes;
4. Residual tensions, local tensions, heat tension etc;
5. Tensions accumulation;
6. The forces and the reaction moments from attachments and conducts etc;
7. Collapsing;
8. Additional, for the pressure containers:
a. load evaluation and of the other causes that lead to tensions and which
may lead to damages.
b. discontinuities in the container body;

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c. changes in the cross section;
d. thickness changes;
e. joints form bi-metallic materials;
f. inlets and openings;
g. flanges;
h. bushings and joints;
i. enforcements / bolts with sealing surfaces;
j. supports and brackets.
9. Additional, only for pressure pipes:
a. hydraulic shocks / hammer hits
b. condensation shock;
c. cavitation;
d. pulsations/ vibrations;
e. vibratory charges;
f. temperature ranges;
g. pumping;
10. Additional protection for:
a. damages caused by external mechanical impact;
b. leakage from adjacent pipes;
c. external heating sources;
11. Evaluating of the domino effect occurring;
12. Controlling and supporting possibilities:
a. ensured operation, control and maintenance access;
b. double fitting ensuring the sealing and the protection;
c. legs and trestles mechanically resistant for accidental tensions;
d. impact strain under adjacent traffic conditions or in order to avoid such
situations;
e. drainages which prevent accumulated / captive fluid;
f. cavities / storage / pockets related to suspensions, dirt, sludge
accumulations which may lead to pitching or corrosive condensing formation;
g. avoiding the cryohydrates occurrence;
13. The installation sealing conditions through shielding or fitting locking by locally
label marking and registering in the shielding record when such operation are executed;
14. Preventing the static electricity accumulation through grounding, ensuring the
supplementary possibility for periodic testing;
15. The evaluation of unacceptable potential consequences caused by any
contaminated leakage;
16. The evaluation of unacceptable potential consequences caused by any
destruction/rupture processes;
17. Evaluation of the damages / defections possibilities and their causes:
A. Mechanical:
a. material defects;
b. execution and mounting defects;
c. excessive tensions, external loads, including reaction forces;
d. overpressure;
e. overheating;
f. mechanical and thermal fatigue;
g. mechanical shocks;
h. fragile rupture;
i. creeping;
j. prolonged tensions;
B. Defects caused by corrosion mechanisms:

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a. general;
b. cavities;
c. pitting;
d. external. Including the induction;
e. under load / tension-cracks;
f. fatigue;
g. electro-chemical;
h. chemical;
i. combinations of such;

3.18. Aboveground, covered and buried (underground) LPG containers equipping should
be accomplished according to the recommendations in Table 3.

Table 3. Recommendations regarding the LPG containers equipping*
Function Operation in Operation in Correspondence with the
gaseous state liquid state PED Appendix 1
1
Pressure adjustment equipment O O 2.11.2., 7.3
Purging F F 2.5
Liquid stage evacuation O F 2.9
Indicating or control of the maximum O O 2.10
filling level
Filling O O 2.9
Gaseous stage output O F 2.9
Gaseous stage return NA F 2.9
Liquid stage output NA F 2.9
Liquid stage return NA F 2.9
Temperature gauge F F 2.9
Pressure gauge O O 2.10
Liquid level gauge O O 2.10
Equipotent bond and the grounding O O 2.10
*O = compulsory; F = optional; NA = not applicable
The screwed bonds may have the sizes equal or less than DN 50, the sealing is made with sealing products
and/or compatible putties with the LGP quality.
1
The equipment for regulating the pressure may be a safety valve or a pressure regulating device.
For underground containers, the following method for pressure control may be involved:
- covered with soil with a thickness greater than 0.5 m;
- two independent protection systems against overloading: an automatic one and one for the
maximum filling level;
- two overloading control systems (dual pressure control switches which stop the operation at the
input pipe / or the return of the liquid or gas);
- protection of the container coating against all fire risks that may occur inside access compartment to
the fittings or an emergency device;

3.19 When executing the tension analysis for LPG pipes in order to evaluate the correct
tension status, the following aspects have to be taken into account:
a. the tensions within the LPG pipe specific systems and these tensions are
checked to determine if they are complying with the domain mentioned in the project or in
the design technical code;
b. the tensions that influence the rotating equipment components fitted to the piping;
c. the tensions that influence an under pressure container or a container fitting/bolt;
d. the tensions that influence one or more anchored structures;
e. the tensions that influence one or more pipe brackets;
f. the movements of one portion of the piping system due to thermal deformation or
contraction;
g. the effects produced by the loads caused by the wind influencing the piping
system and / or the fitted equipment;

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h. the effects produced by the loads caused by seism / earthquakes influencing the
piping system and / or the fitted equipment;
i. the effects produced by the loads caused by oscillations or vibrations influencing
the piping system and / or the fitted equipment;
j. the effects of the soil resistance against the movements, related to underground
piping and / or covered influencing the piping system and / or the fitted equipment;
k. the temperature, pressure and weight variations influencing the flange joints and
the tendency to leakages should be determined as well.

3.20. The data resulted from the evaluation constitutes a data base, in case these details
are not included in the piping project.

Rotating and alternative equipment design

3.21. The rotating and the alternating equipment, hereinafter called machine, should be
considered as very important equipment for the systems and they should be manufactured
and equipped such as to be able to make the transfer of the liquid, from one operating
area to another operating area and should be designed and manufactured such as to meet
the essential health and security requirements.

3.22. This machines category includes all the devices with rotating or alternating
movement, executed in accordance with the physical-chemical characteristics and the
hydraulic ones for the transported LPG, respectively: the pumps, the compressors,
expanders, vents, turbines, mixers, carousel type packaging equipment, including the
gearing devices (engines, activating turbines), the transportation system of the cylinders to
the packaging installation (transportation chain), the palettes mechanical system, the
activating mechanisms for the sealing testing tube for the portable cylinders, etc.

3.23. These machines should be considered as potential sources of leakage and
contamination, because of the rotating and alternating movements, capable to produce
vibrations and fluctuations of the transported material.

3.24. The design and manufacture requirements regarding this type of machine should
take into account the service pressures (input/ aspiration and discharge/return), the
service temperatures, the debits which cause vibrations characteristic to pumping and
cavity such as the risks related to the machine vibration to be minimized, based on the
technical progress and the availability of the vibration reduction means.

3.25. When choosing these machines, you should take into account that they should be
designed, manufactured and / or equipped such as the risks caused by gas, liquid or vapor
leakage.

3.26. The design requirements should refer to the production materials quality during
testing, under normal conditions and under emergency conditions.

3.27. The strength of the used material should be adequate for LPG characteristics,
especially related to the fatigue, time resistance, corrosion and erosion.

3.28. The rigid pipes as well as the flexible one afferent to the machines, that use LPG,
especially under high pressure, should resist to the internal and external tensions
stipulated and should be solidly fixed and / or protected against all types of external

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tension or aggression. Precautions have to be taken in order to ensure, if rupture occurs
(sudden moves, high pressure streams etc), that they would not cause unacceptable risks.

3.29. Within the areas with high risk of earthquakes, special measures will be provided in
the project for diminishing the damages produced by seismic tensions.

3.30. Each machine should be provided with control device which allows the full stop in
security conditions. The control systems should be positioned such as their activation
would not cause additional risks.

3.31. The operator’s access to the control systems should be safely provided, should be
visible and easy to identify by adequate markings, should be positioned outside the
dangerous areas, excepting the access to certain control devices, where it is necessary,
for example the safety shut down devices.

3.32. By design, the machine selection should:
a. eliminate or reduce the risks as much possible by ensuring a high safety;
b. adopt the necessary protection measures for the risk that could not be
eliminated;
c. inform the users about the remaining risks caused by incomplete efficiency of the
adopted precautions; indicate if special training is necessary and specify, if needed, the
use of a certain individual protection equipment.

3.33. All machines should be accompanied by operating instructions that include:
a. detailed description of the machine;
b. the information marked on the machine;
c. drawings and execution procedures containing the mounting play and
adjustments;
d. operating and maintenance instructions, including the commissioning;
e. tribology information;
f. details regarding the connecting devices to the LPG system (e.g. aspiration /
pressing pipes, supports, arresters, safety devices when pressure has risen, equipotent
joints, seismic buffers, etc).
g. handling instructions, indicating the machine weights and of its different parts
which are transported separately;
h. warnings for the situations when the machine can not be used, if necessary.

3.34. The system connection devices should be executed such as to induce tensions,
reactions and torques into the connecting elements.

3.35. The jointing elements (threads, screws, bolts, nuts) should be manufactured out of
materials specified in the project.

3.36. Jointing elements manufactured from materials or sized differently or set up
differently from the threads when making the joints must not be used.

3.37. All the exposed mobile parts should be protected with protection parts adequately
manufactured.

3.38. The machines should be certified according to the effective legal environment with
regard to the electro-magnetic, electro-safety and service compatibility in explosive
atmospheres.

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3.39. The equipotent links provisioned should be adequate for ensuring the intrinsic
grounding.

3.40. The conventional sealing systems (sealing boxes with soft material), the
hydrodynamic sealing and the mechanical sealing provided for the machines should be
realized with special care.

3.41. The maintenance, the inspection and monitoring of the machine operation should be
the objective of detailed programs related to the development of such activities, focusing
the special monitoring of:
a. vibrations;
b. pulsing shocks;
c. leakage through acoustic emission;
d. lubricating agents.

3.42. The adequate instrumentation for the system control, including the loop verification
devices (manual mechanical scales or automatic electronic scales) should be provided in
the design stage.

3.43. The machines bases should be designed for appropriate loads and for seismic loads
by equipping with anti-seismic dumpers.

3.44. The machines that operate in areas with a high degree of seism should be provided
with automatic locking fittings for the technological flows when the seism starts.

3.45. The possible risks analyses should be prepared in the project and in the operating
instruments for all the scenarios regarding the possible deterioration mentioned within the
documentation, such as:
a. rupture risks during operation;
b. risks associated with the rotating speed variation;
c. risks associated with electric overloads;
d. risks associated to dropping or objects ejection;
e. risks associated to the vehicles impact;
f. risks associated with mounting errors;
g. risks associated with operating errors;
h. risks associated to terrorist or sabotage actions;
i. fire or explosion risks.

3.46. The machines should be certified according to the effective legal environment and
should be accompanied by the conformity declarations;

3.47. The machines should be marked visibly and permanently at least with the following
information:
a. the name and address of the manufacturer;
b. EC mark;
c. indication of the series number and type;
d. the manufacture serial number, if applicable;
e. the manufacture year;
f. information regarding the use in a potential explosive atmosphere.

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The control system

3.48. The used symbols, colors and the graphic should be in accordance with the
applicable effective standards.

3.49. The control systems on the control board may be: electric, electronic or electronically
set and should meet the following functions:
a. monitoring, registration and organizing of a data base regarding the installation
condition and the process indices;
b. providing the operator with information such as they would not influence the
system status;
c. the automat control of the process, of the control data during cycling, of the start
on, of the normal operation, of the shut down and of the turbulences (operating control
within the security limits);
d. detecting the beginning of a danger and the automatic stopping or diminishing
the danger;
e. preventing the automatic or normal control operations that may initiate a danger.

3.50. These functions should be ensured via alarms, means of protection and process
control systems.

3.51. The communication interface should include a range of input / output components
such as: command board, peripheral devices, and indicators, signaling instruments,
graphic terminals, synoptic schemes, diagrams and acoustic alarms.

3.52. The system interface should include input (sensors), output (activations) and
communications (via cable, optical fiber, pneumatic, analogue / digital signals),
transmissions, signal barrier, amplifiers etc.

3.53. The system integrity should be a performance and availability function which should
ensure the required security and the reduction of the risk level.

3.54. The design should take into account the following aspects regarding the system
security:
1. preventing, limiting and / or reduction of the adjacent events surpassing (Domino
effects);
2. ensuring the security of the constructions on the site and of the systems within
the system location;
3. monitoring of the unauthorized person access;
4. accessibility related to the services for emergencies;
5. fast communication facilities with the services for the emergency cases;
6. evaluating of the intrinsic security conditions.

3.55. The main principle of the intrinsic security should be the complete elimination of the
dangers using the below means:
1. using the techniques mentioned under Section 3.4;
2. evaluation of the danger indices (Dow / Mond) - that are used for the processes
or projects evaluation, by a classification based on the existent facilities and distributed
based In the accidents classification;
3. the explosion conditions evaluation, for which the intrinsic/in-house security
methods should be:

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a. establishing the safety distances such as the adjacent installation are not
affected by the worst situation;
b. installation/providing barriers, dispersion panels, explosion proof walls,
resistant constructions/ buildings;
c. providing with drainages, dams, taluses, slopes that are able to retain and
collect the leakages and to limit the negative influence over the environment;
d. directing the venting collectors, in case of explosion, away from the
vulnerable areas, buildings or communications means, towards the boarder of the sire;
e. separate deposit of the flammable / explosive materials outside the
processing area;
f. positioning the dangerous installations such as the main access ways to
the site are not affected;
g. the safety fittings positioning (the activating mechanisms) outside the
vulnerable locations;
h. positioning the systems in open air in order to ensure the rapid dispersion
of the LPG minor leakage, such as to prevent the concentration along the buildings that
may start fires or explosions;
i. the classification of LPG dangerous area such as they indicate the areas
where the ignition sources should be eliminated;
j. establishing the separation distances to houses such as the explosion, fire
and dangerous emission are reduced;
k. avoiding the blocking or the interfering with the evacuation paths.

Active and passive protection against fires

3.56. The fire protection systems function should be the put off and control of the fire or
furnishing the protection against exposure in order to eliminate the Domino effect.

3.57. Through design, the measures that should be taken in order to ensure the active and
passive fire protection should include:
a. the ignition potential of the substance;
b. the substance toxicity and the generated smoke;
c. the volume of the stored substance;
d. the frequency of the dangerous operations;
e. the distance to other dangerous installations;
f. the accessibility to the fire position;
g. the extinguish capacity within the system place;
h. the response time of the fire department;
i. the available resources of the fire department.

3.58. The recommended extinguish means recommended based on the nature of the fire
are:
a. water;
b. chemical foam;
c. inert gases;
d. chemical powders;
e. halogenated hydrocarbon

3.59. The passive fire protection means, recommended for pressurized containers and
pipes in case of fire exposure are:
a. protection covering of the metallic construction with masonry, cement or soil;
b. covering with special expandable foam;

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c. sublimation cover;
d. mineral fibers matting;

3.60. By design, the alarm systems should meet the following requirements:
a. maximum reliability;
b. should be independent towards the process control system and its alarm
systems;
c. ensure the response procedure when alarm is on;
d. presentation such as it will not be taken for something ales and it has to be very
distinctive compared to other systems;
e. verification possibility and immediate operation.

3.61. When designing the LPG leakage detection systems in order to ensure the
supervision and efficient detection, the following aspects are to be taken into account:
1. the way the human beings perceive the emitted signals;
2. the objective of the detection signals;
3. detector types;
4. detector maintenance;
5. detection system management and other sources identification, sources that may
contribute to major accidents or to dangers occurrence, such as:
a. unawareness of the maximum risk areas, where the leak detectors should
be installed;
b. lack of leak detectors or the existence of inappropriate leak detectors in
the maximum risk areas;
c. leak detectors incorrectly positioned or installed on the system site;
d. the low level of maintenance and control of the leak detection system;
e. too much trust with the inefficient leak detectors;
f. leak detectors that don’t have the capacity to return to zero in order to
restart the detection activity;
g. alarms, safety and protection devices unable to operate when commanded
to;
h. undetectable leakage;
i. unwatched maintenance procedures;
j. increasing of the incorrect operation risk related to the detection system or
to the transmission system.

3.62. When detecting the LPG leakage, the data in Table 4 have to be taken into account.

Table 4 The main data regarding LPG leakage detection
Formula Natural Gas Propane Propane/air Butane
40% / 60%
mixture C3H8 C3H8 / air C4H10
The normal state under atmospheric pressure gas gas gas Gas
The specific weight compared to the air (air=1) 0.6 1.6 1.2 2
The ignition/explosion limits:
- low % gas in air - LIE 5 2.2 * 1.8
- high % gas in air – LSE 15 10 * 9
* the limits refer to % gas in air and they are
the same for propane

3.63. The LPG leakage detection and the recommended detection methods that have to
be applied according to the written procedures are:
a. the control with the deep detector able to detect 10 percent from LIE, in a collected
sample form a control point;

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b. application of a mixture of soap and water or other solution that forms bubbles in case of
leakage;
c. verification by determining the pressure drop at the end of a sealed segment of the
piping;
d. the ultrasonic inspection via a system which detect the ultrasonic energy generated by a
gas evacuation. The detector should be calibrated for the system pressure.

3.64. The LPG leakages and the action criteria when the case may be are shown in Table
5.

Table 5. Classification of LPG leakages and action plan
Leakage degree Action criteria
DEGREE 1: - implementing of the system security plan;
Leakage represented by the existence or possibility - the requirements for the possible evacuation of the
of risk endangering the people and the propriety and people and assets;
which need immediate repair or a continuous action - access denied in the marked area;
under the condition of danger existence on short - deviation of the traffic;
term. - elimination of ignition sources;
- venting of the are;
- shutting down of the gas flow by locking the fittings
or the other devices;
- announcing of the competent authorities for
emergency situations;
DEGREE 2: - dampening and migration of the gas;
Leakage recognized as non-destructive at the - avoiding the gas to get close to the buildings and
moment of detection, but which requires repairs the elements under the ground level;
based on a future potential danger. - the existence of the pavement / asphalt;
- the soil type and the soil conditions allow the
permafrost, moisture and natural ventilation;
DEGREE 3: These leakages should be reevaluated periodically
The non-dangerous leakage at the time of detection until the first intervention or until the leakage degree
and which may reasonably be construed as non- is reevaluated.
dangerous after that.

3.65. By design, the security report preparation is compulsory for all the systems (such as
installations or adjacent locations) which are included under the Government Decision
95/2003 provisions.

3.66. The main chapters provisioned to be treated with regard to a minimum of data and
specific information which have to be taken into account when preparing the security
report are the following:
A. The description of the objective or location;
B. The objective level and organization;
C. The environment and the objective surroundings (Domino Effect) and a detailed
description.
D. Meteorological data;
E. Geological, hydrological and hydrographic data;
F. The detailed description of the dangerous substances features relevant to the
objective;
G. Installations and dangerous operations description;
H. Detailed data related to the technological process description;
I. Detailed data regarding the objective design;
J. Data regarding the auxiliary services;
K. Identifications of the accident risks and the intervention in order to minimize the
consequences of the accident;

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L. The protection and intervention measures relevant to the minimization of an
accident consequence.

Classification of dangerous areas

3.67. Classification of dangerous areas related to the LPG infrastructure sector is made
according to the provisions of:
a. ATEX Directive (Government decision 752/2004) regarding the equipment and
systems used in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b. MMSSF Order no. 476/2006 regarding the applicable standards of Government
Decision 752/2004;
c. MCTC Order no. 176/2005 regarding the approval of the technical regulation
included in NP 099-04 for the design, execution, inspection and handling of the electrical
installations within areas with explosion potential.

3.68. The explosion danger areas are the following:
a. Zero (0) zone which corresponds to an area where the gaseous explosive
atmosphere is permanently present on long term, under normal service conditions of the
system (over 1000 hours/year).
b. Zone one (1) which corresponds to areas where the probability of explosive
gaseous atmosphere might be present under normal service conditions of the system (10
…1000 hours/year).
c. Zone two (2) which correspond to an area where the presence of a gaseous
explosive atmosphere is not possible under normal service conditions of the system;
however, in case it occurs, it is possible that it lasts only for a short period of time (less
than 10 hours/year).

3.69. The delimitation of the danger areas for the activities within the LPG gas is tightly
linked to the emissions degree and the emissions debit generated by the emission
sources, under normal operation conditions.

3.70. The emission degrees may be:
a. continuous, which may occur permanently or is expected to occur on long term
basis; a continuous degree emission is characteristic for zero zone;
b. primary, which is expected to occur periodically or occasionally; a primary degree
characterizes zone one;
c. secondary, which is not expected to occurs and which, in case it occurs, is
expected to occur rarely and for short periods of time; the secondary degree emission
characterizes zone two;

3.71. The essential condition within the LPG dispersion control is given by the natural
ventilation of the area represented by explosion danger.

3.72. The natural ventilation depends on the emission area position and it is characterized
by geographic and meteorological conditions specific for the location and it is sufficient to
ensure the dispersion of the entire explosive atmosphere which might appear within the
area.

3.73. In case of natural ventilation, it is important that you know the predominant direction
of the wind which should be visibly marked.

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3.74. The efficiency of the ventilation related to dispersion and explosive atmosphere
persistence control, characterizes the ventilation level (strong, average or low), may, under
specific circumstances, modify the classification level of the dangerous areas.

3.75. The LPG concentration mixed with air defines the low and high explosion limits.

3.76. The classification of the explosion risk areas specific for LPG sector activities will be
elaborated according to the scheme shown in Figure 1.

3.77. When classifying the dangerous areas relevant to explosion risk, particular to the
LPG sector activities, the following documents should be prepared: list of flammable
liquids, their features and the list of discharge sources.

3.78. The list of inflammable liquids and their features should include:
a. the name of the flammable liquid;
b. composition;
c. ignition point;
d. LIE- the low explosion / ignition limit;
e. data related to the liquid volatility: vapor pressure at 20°C and the boiling point;
f. the relative gaseous density compared to the air;
g. the ignition temperature of the gaseous explosive atmosphere;
h. the temperature group and class;
i. other relevant information and notes;

3.79. The list of the discharge sources should include:
a. description, position and the discharge degree relevant to the discharge source;

b. the flammable liquid: type, service temperature and pressure, liquid or gaseous
status / phase;
c. ventilation: type, degree, availability;
d. the dangerous area: zone type, vertical and horizontal extent of the zone,
measured in meters;
e. other relevant information and notes.

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1. The enclosure with
flammable fluids
No

2. The contained quantity of flammable fluid
is capable to produce a dangerous volume of 4. Non-
gaseous explosive atmosphere dangerous area

Yes

3. There are discharge sources No

Yes

5. The discharge sources can be eliminated Yes

No

6. The degree of each discharge should be
7. Continuous determined; the indices influencing the type and extent 11. Secondary
discharges of the areas, the discharge flow, speed etc should be discharge
evaluated.

Yes
8. Can be transformed 9. Primary degree
in primary degree Yes discharge
discharge 12. Can be eliminated

10. Can be transformed in
No second degree discharge Yes

No
No

13. The indices that influence the type and the extent of the areas should be evaluated

14. The atmospheric and climatic conditions are determined, including the
wind sped and direction.

15. The ventilation level should be determined

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15. The ventilation level should be determined

16. Strong 17. Average 19. Weak
VP VM VS

Yes

18. The ventilation 20. The ventilation
Yes degree can be changed degree can be
to strong changed to average

No No

21. The zone type is determined

22. Zero zone 23. Zone 1 in 24. Zone 2
in Zone 1 Yes Zone 2 Yes

No No No

25. The extent of the area is to be determined using an adequate code or by calculations

Figure 1. The simplified scheme recommended for the classification of dangerous areas relevant to
explosion risks particular to LPG sector activities

3.80. The possible initiators of the events might be:

A. Initiators outside the location:
a. The impact with aircrafts;
b. Seism;
c. Crushing;
d. Weather extreme conditions:
1. excessive rain;
2. excessive snow;
3. very low temperature;
4. high temperature;
5. floods;
6. storm, hurricane, sudden swirls;
7. thunder lighting;

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e. earth flows;
B. Operation errors:
a. Unprotected system;
b. Filling of an open system;
c. Overloaded system;
d. Excessive loads;
e. Degraded contents;
f. Deterioration caused by inappropriate response to alarm signals;
g. Wrong operation of the sealing fittings;
C. Abnormal loads:
a. Impact with a vehicle;
b. Impact with military bomb / missile;
c. Impact with a dropping object;
d. Temperature or pressure exceeding the designed service ranges;
e. External temperature / pressure exceeding the design values;
f. Container or pipe breaking;
g. Vacuum;
D. Hostile actions / sabotage:
a. Fire;
b. Explosion;
c. Degraded / deteriorated security system;
d. Contamination;
e. Deteriorated control system;
f. Contaminated / bugged system;
E. Deterioration and bad management:
a. Corrosion / erosion;
b. Cyclic loads;
c. Inadequate material specifications;
d. Chemical attack;
e. Hidden defects;
f. Deteriorations related to dangerous systems identification;
g. Deteriorations of the control processes;
h. Accumulations of electro-static tensions;
i. Inappropriate operation equipment and tools under the specific working
conditions;
j. System power supply failure / lack of electricity;
k. Lack of cooling water;
l. Lack of nitrogen / inert gases;
m. Lack of technological and / or instrumental air;
n. Lack of steam.

3.81. In case of certain events occurrence, following psychological processed, which are
natural for the human being under these circumstances, unexpected behavior
modifications might appear, which eventually create crisis states.

3.82. Under crisis conditions, a lucid and experimental analysis should include:
a. configuration of the case;
b. evaluation of the crisis situation;
c. configuration of the alternative action measures for emergencies;
d. development and finalizing of emergency action plan;
e. implementation of the emergency action plan.

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3.83. The emergency action plan should include:
a. limiting and monitoring the incidents in order to minimize / reduce the effects and
to diminish the danger for people, environment and properties;
b. implementing of the necessary measures for people, environmental and
proprieties protection;
c. description of the activities that should be executed in order to control the
incidents related to the consequences limitation, including the description of the safety
equipment and of the available resources;
d. notification of the local authorities and of the emergency departments;
e. providing the assistance regarding the consequences attenuation / reduction
actions of such incidents.

System emergency insulation

3.84. The insulation of the system in crisis situation should be done in case of high
probability or occurrence of an event and it should include: the system, the technological
piping, the control system and the electrical system.

3.85. The aspects that should be taken into consideration when determining the
emergency isolation of the system are:
a. the main danger relevant to the substance (toxicity, flammability, corrosion,
oxidation);
b. the danger level (e.g. very flammable, a little flammable, low flammability, non-
flammable etc);
c. the physical characteristics of the substance (volatility, ignition point etc);
d. in case the vented / purged product may form dangerous accumulations or flows;
e. if the operating personnel might be exposed to risks until the isolation of the
system;
f. if there are auxiliary security / protection systems;
g. the nature of the indices that influence the amount of the discharge (system high
pressure, large quantities that escaped or stored, long pipes, return / opposite direction
flows, interconnected containers, Domino effect for nearby systems);
h. the evacuation potential causes: vulnerable pipes, equipment deterioration;
incidents caused by the nearby systems (Domino effect) and / or operation errors;
i. the identification methods in case of leakages / escapes and the time interval;
j. the possibility of dangerous escalation of the event;
k. the characteristics of the people exposed to risks.

3.86. The possible scenarios concerning the major accidents related to LPG sector:
a. Deterioration / rupture of the pressurized container;
b. Discharge / escape of liquid LPG;
c. Deterioration / breaking of an LPG piping;
d. Deterioration / breaking of the vaporizer;
e. Deterioration / breaking inside the packaging LPG in containers-cylinders;
f. Deteriorations during the loading / unloading operations related to the road and /
or rail auto-tanks;
g. Discharge at the gas venting chimney level;
h. Damages discovered above the liquid LPG level within the container;
i. Damages discovered under the liquid LPG level within the container;
j. Overload;
k. BLEVE (explosion of the vapors generated by the expansion of the boiling liquid);
l. Discharge of the safety valve;

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m. Deterioration / rupture of the vaporization system – vaporizer;
n. Liquid LPG escape through the gas evacuation chimney;
o. Flame absorption in case of fire and BLEVE occurrence;
p. Rail and / or road transportation tank hose rapture;
q. Heat shock caused by the flame jet;
r. Overpressure caused by the explosion;
s. Vapor stream caused by the heat radiation;
t. Vapor explosion in open space – UVCE and/ or closed space – VCE;
u. Deterioration / rupture caused by explosion slivers / splinters;
v. Increase of a lighted flame.

Risk evaluation methodology

3.87. The risk evaluation methodology should answer the following questions:
a. What system are we talking about?
b. Which are the risks linked to the operation and exploitation of the system?
c. Are there any incidents we expect they will occur?
d. Which one is the most dangerous?
e. Which are the possible consequences?
f. Which is the level of occurrence?
g. Which is the chain of events that might cause damages?
h. Can the potential consequences estimated as probable be acceptable?
i. Which are the advantages and costs of an alternative technology?

3.88. The risk evaluation criteria are defined by the below elements:
1. Static elements: the access path, mixture of the transported substance, the roads
and the rail roads, signals, signal transmitting devices and deterioration identification tools,
bridges, tunnels, protection walls, high voltage lines and poles, construction elements
necessary for the access into the system and other infrastructure – rail stations, cabins,
storage houses etc;
2. Dynamic elements: maintenance, personnel qualification level, qualification
methodology, transportation process planning, logistics, forecast processes and control
procedures;
3. External elements: population density along the location, presence of the storage
industrial areas and the risk related to the stored dangerous substances, the position of
the power installations, intersection of the piping routes (water, gas, power conducts),
conflict areas between two transportation systems (parallel systems of rail and road,
intersections and passages, bridges, tunnels), weather influence (foggy areas, intensive
rains, snow, glazed frost, the natural light period, wind direction and speed etc).

3.89. The risk evaluation should be based on the following principles (Table no. 6):
1. The determination of the intended use;
2. Dangers, dangerous situations and events should be identified;
3. Risk consequences / probability evaluation;
4. Residual risk estimation;
5. Risk evaluation;
6. Analyzing the risk diminishing options.

3.90. Within the risk evaluation matrix included in Table no. 6, each objective is shown by
a row, and the scenarios are represented by the columns. The last row contains the risk
characteristics related to the scenarios, and the last column contains the risk
characteristics related to the objective.

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Table 6. The risk evaluation matrix
Scenarios The risk
S1 ..... Sj ..... Sm values
The risk matrix for Es
related to the
p1 ..... pj ..... pm
objectives
O1
.....
m
k is = ∑ k ij
aij = Ω(tij) j =1
Objective Oi kij = pjaij m
dij = Φi(lij) d ij = ∑ k ij d ij
j =1
.....
On
n n
k j = ∑ k ij K s = ∑ k is
The risk values related i =1 i =1
to the scenarios n n
d j = ∑ k ij d ij Ds = ∑ d is
i =1 i =1

The symbols meaning is the following:
Es stands for the situation in which the risk analysis is executed;
Sj is the defined scenario based on possible events;
Oi is the objective / element in discussion;
pj the probability conditioned by the j scenario to occur in given s situation;
tij stands for the time of the event occurrence for object i, within scenario j;
Ω stands for the time transformation function related to the event occurrence within
the probability frame;
aij the conditioned probability that the object i is affected by the given scenario j;
kij the probability that object i is affected by scenario j;
lij the occurrence impact intensity over object i, supposing that the event occurred
due to the given scenario j;
Φi the function which estimated the damages suffered by object i;
dij the damage caused to the object i, supposing that the event occurred due to the
given scenario j;
Kis the probability that the object i is affected by the given scenario s is given by the
following formula:
m
k is = ∏ (1 − k ij ) ; (if probabilities pj of the individual scenarios are very low, the
j −1

formula in the matrix may be employed);
dis expected damage caused to the object i, for the given situation s;

kj the expected number of objects which will be affected by scenario j;
dj the expected number of damages caused by scenario j;
ks the total number of objects expected to be affected by the given situation s;
Ds the total expected number of damages caused for the given situation s;

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4. REQUIREMENTS REGARDING THE WORKS EXECUTION WITHIN LPG SECTOR

4.1. The execution should be carried out using correctly selected materials and employing
adequate techniques so that the system is not affected by defections and damages.

4.2. The commissioning of the equipment should be accompanied by a series of
documents which have to emphasize the followings:
1. the certification related to the mechanical execution operations and to the
interoperation hand over;
2. certification related to the mechanical testing carried out;
3. system performance testing execution;
4. certification that the system performance has been accepted;
5. the witness samples for the inspections and testing;
6. the witness samples for the performance testing;
7. cleaning and pressure testing of the system;
8. certification of the non-destructive testing through visual inspection to determine
if there are any discrepancies in execution;
9. certification for the mechanical equipment testing according to the technical
standards or codes;
10. certification for the execution materials testing from the sizing and security
correctness point of view;
11. certification for the threaded components from the sizing and security
correctness point of view;
12. inspection of the pipes isomers and of the P&I plans / schemes;
13. certification for the joints adjustments and of the pipes schemes;
14. certification for the pressurized equipment testing (pressure testing, sealing
testing, protection devices testing);
15. records of the pressurized equipment testing;
16. certification for the dynamic testing of the sub-systems and systems;
17. simulation and testing of the utilities systems;
18. simulation and testing of the instruments and tools;
19. certification for the rotating machines testing, running-in;
20. simulation involving the process computer;
21. spare parts inventory;
22. records of the security inspections and the ones for emergency situations;
23. records for the environment inspections;
24. the notes list related to the finalization of the execution, including the final
inspections dates;
25. registering of the final certification regarding the security conditions
accomplishment according to the effective legislation which has taken over the European
directives regarding the system in discussion;
26. focusing on a certain number of preliminary testing which certifies the
equipping, correct installation and system tests;
27. the machines inspection, including the verification of the rotating direction of the
rotating and alternating equipment;
28. preliminary running-in;
29. checking for the connection to the registering devices;
30. inspection of the instruments and tools and simulations on adjusting loops;
31. inspections and simulations of the power supply systems;
32. inspections of the utility systems;
33. checking of the safety and emergency system;

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34. checking and simulating for the signaling and alarm systems;
35. vacuuming and making the system inert;
36. filling with the service liquid and checking for adequate sealing.

Execution inspection criteria

4.3. The recommendations related to the pressurized container inspections involved in the
LPG sector are shown in Table no. 7.

Table no. 7. Recommendations related to the pressurized container inspections
involved in the LPG sector

ID Inspection field Result
1 The data involved in the container analysis: Duplicate of the container S – Satisfactory
drawing containing the important details according to the sample N - Unsatisfactory
drawing included in the container manual; NA – Not applicable
NV – Not verified
2 The data involved in the LPG system analysis: According to the project;
3 The analysis of the normal operation written procedures for the LPG
system;
4 The analysis of the container operation written procedures;
5 The analysis of the emergency procedures or of the abnormal
operations;
6 The analysis of the compulsory equipment that need to accompany the
LPG container or system;
7 The analysis of the protection and safety against incidents;
8 The analysis form the point of view of the safety separation distances;
9 The analysis of the ignition protection systems caused by static
electricity, thunder lightning and hazardous droughts;
10 Analysis of the safety access under normal conditions and in accidental
situations: accumulations nearby the container, the adjacent
underground areas, drainage areas – dams, banking, collecting drains,
sites – neighboring properties etc;
11 The analysis of the overloading protection systems;
12 The analysis of the potential dangerous area in case of leakages;
13 The analysis of the protection systems against corrosion regarding the
underground, covered and / or aboveground containers or / and tanks:
- the original structure of the soil potential;
- pipes sealing from the container for an auxiliary protection;
- the potential linked to the soil structure – neighboring sites;
- the electricity from the cathodes protection;
- continuity of the structures in case of unique protection.
14 The analysis of the equipotent connections continuity.
15 The analysis of the external corrosion;
16 Analysis of the repairing works, modifications and remedies history: all
repairing works / modifications mentioned in the containers record or in
the installation record from the moment of the construction and the
changes in the service indices should be included;
17 The analysis of the venting-evacuation, degassing, purging systems etc
for normal conditions and emergency operation: sizing of the orifices, of
the discharge capacity of the safety valves etc;
18 The analysis of the measurement and control devices;
19 The analysis of the pressure control systems: pressure regulators,
overflow devices, heat valves etc;
20 The analysis of the consumption devices of the system;
21 The analysis of the history related to the initial testing required in the
technical regulations: pressure testing, sealing testing, compulsory and
optional non-destructive testing.

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4.4. The recommendations related to the pressurized piping inspections involved in the
LPG infrastructure are shown in Table no. 7.

Table no. 7. Recommendations related to the pressurized piping inspections
involved in the LPG infrastructure

ID Inspection field Result
1 Specifications related to the materials: S – Satisfactory
- manufacturer name; N - Unsatisfactory
- manufacture standard (norm); NA – Not applicable
- functional indices – work pressure, temperature etc; NV – Not verified
- external diameter;
- pipe wall thickness;
- mass, measure in kg/m;
- whether or not is longitudinally welded;
- the minimum specific rapture strain, measured in daN/mm²;
- joints type (welded, threaded, flange etc);
- external protection;
- internal protection;
- equivalent length.
2 Analysis for the pipe materials identification (marking, paint, other
identification elements etc);
3 Analysis of the design calculation (standard, design code etc);
4 Analysis of the pipe elements selection – amours, fittings etc;
5 Analysis of the joints selection;
6 Analysis regarding flexibility ensuring and the possibility to take over the
deformations / contractions of the system;
7 Analysis of the support / bearing elements;
8 Analysis of the underground portion selection;
9 Analysis of the welding conditions (if applicable);
10 Analysis of the acceptance standards for the non-destructive inspections:
- checking e=with penetrating radiations;
- checking using penetrating liquids;
- checking using ultrasound;
- checking using magnetic powders;
- pressure testing;
- sealing inspections;
- inspection of the protection coatings;
11 Analysis of the fixing requirements;
12 Analysis regarding the corrosion control, including the protection with
cathodes;
13 Analysis of the LPG leakages evaluation;
14 Analysis of the inspection conditions during service: normal and / or
emergency service (accepted verification intervals);
15 The analysis of the surveillance / current maintenance possibilities
(maintenance intervals);
16 Analysis of the damages evaluation;
17 Analysis of the emergency operation;
18 Analysis of the training for the operation conditions;
19 Analysis of the normal operation and events registrations.

4.5. The under pressure equipment within the LPG infrastructure may be recertified
according to the recommended scheme in Figure 2:

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Defining of the pressurized
equipment

Identification of the
pressurized equipment
categories

Verification of the records /
certification documents

Incomplete documentation

Complete documentation Obtaining the omitted
documents.

Accuracy of the inspections
and components testing. Obtaining / elaborating
the equivalent
documentation.

Performance
examination Executing of inspections and
testing.

Unforeseen
Elaborating the final document related to the
inspections and testing.

Description of the service
conditions.
Completing the re-certification document

Establishing the periodical inspections and the
re-certification program.

Figure 2. The recommended scheme regarding the pressurized equipment re-certification.

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Execution of works within LPG systems

4.6. The execution of works on operating systems within LPG infrastructure should only be
carried out based on the approval certified through the special system work permit,
elaborated and issued by the beneficiary of the respective work.

4.7. When issuing the work permit, the followings should be taken into account:
a. human factor;
b. the management of the systems works;
c. the qualification level of the working force;
d. the recognized and unrecognized work force competence;
e. the required work permit depending on the nature of the works;
f. the content of the working permit;

4.8. When issuing the work permit, the following aspect should be considered related to
the possibility of major events or dangers occurrence:
a. errors impacting the system security management;
b. errors related to the danger identification before and during the works;
c. errors related to the allowance to work in dangerous circumstances;
d. inappropriate communication during the works being done.

4.9. Evaluation of the conditions regarding the issuing of the working permit:
a. whether or not the execution personnel has been well informed, trained and
supervised to reduce the potential human errors during the validity of the work permit;
b. whether or not the execution personnel is provided with sufficient information
regarding the security, the maintenance instructions, the technical equipment and the
protection equipments;
c. whether or not the execution personnel is provided with sufficient information
related to the required type of operations (such as equipment replacement, excavations,
works within hot or very cold areas, sealing repairs, entering tanks, waste evacuation,
isolations, welding operation, with fire etc);
d. if the work is prepared adequately such as to comply with the requirements
provided in the work permit;
e. whether the employee responsible for the maintenance works supervision has
identified the work for which the work permit has been issued and whether or not he / she
is authorized to be responsible for the work supervision;
f. whether the allowed work is coordinated, periodically checked and analyzed
during its development;
g. whether all the permitted works are mentioned in the issued document;
h. nature of the human factors (physical health, stress, fatigue etc);
i. whether enough precautions were taken before issuing the work permit (isolation,
shielding, leakage, venting, environment monitoring, risk evaluation, communication level,
the time allocated for the work etc);
j. whether the personnel is informed about the medium in which the work develops
(toxicity, flammability, explosiveness, the type of the dangerous zone, power supply etc);
k. whether the responsible person for the system operation is informed by the type
of the maintenance operations, the course of the operations and what he or she has to do
within this timeframe;
l. whether the permitted work requires a special procedure related to the future
operation;

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4.10. The identification activity regarding the major dangers that might occur during the
work development, for which the work permit has been issued, should take into account
the following elements:
a. if a wrongly prepared work permit is used;
b. if the information regarding the requested work is wrong;
c. wrong identification of the possible dangers;
d. inserting ignition sources into potentially explosive areas;
e. inappropriate work term for the permitted work;
f. errors when handling the system related to the ensuring of the required conditions
for the permitted work;
g. inappropriately qualified personnel for the work in discussion;
h. bad management related to the coordination and monitoring of the permitted
work.

Non-destructive works

4.11. The pressurized equipment and other critical safety components within the LPG
infrastructure should be subjected to inspections and testing during service without
affecting the equipment integrity, but which should provide enough information to
determine the technical state of such equipment.

4.12. The non-destructive testing should be applied as identification technique for the
deteriorations and abnormalities related to the materials and should be used such as to
lead to accurate information regarding the technical condition of the systems.

4.13. The non-destructive testing should be interpreted as measurement method of one
physical characteristic or of an effect which might give clues about the deterioration or
abnormality presence and should not be confused with the measurement of absolute
indices, such as pressure or temperature.

4.14. The recommended non-destructive testing techniques are the followings:
a. techniques which identify and measure the defect / deterioration at the surface of
a pressurized equipment component;
b. techniques which identify / measure the defect / deterioration inside a
pressurized equipment component.

4.15. The non-destructive testing quality executed on a pressurized equipment component
can not be evaluated through consecutive observations or by comparing the obtained
results.

4.16. The non-destructive testing should be the main mechanism for design, execution or
operational errors identification.

4.17. The monitoring through non-destructive testing should provide the guarantee that the
system operation does not cause deteriorations affecting its components integrity outside
the design indices.

4.18. The non-destructive testing should be executed based on written or drawn
examination - control schedule or scheme which includes, for each pressurized equipment
component of the deterioration mechanism that is to be inspected, the examination
intervals and the non-destructive testing methods.

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4.19. The registration following the non-destructive testing constitutes the data base
related to the service life of the specified equipment.

4.20. The main non-destructive testing methods categories are the ones below:
a. mechanical and optical methods;
b. penetration and penetrating radiation methods;
c. electromagnetic and / or electronic methods;
d. sonic and ultrasonic methods;
e. thermal and infrared methods;
f. chemical and analytical methods;
g. auxiliary methods which provide images and / or signal-image analysis.

4.21. The objectives of the non-destructive testing are:
a. determining the discontinuity: surface abnormalities, abnormalities linked to the
surface, internal anomalies;
b. structure inspection: microstructure, matrix like structures, small structural
disturbances, large structural disturbances;
c. sizing and metrological inspections: movement of the position, size variations,
thick and densities etc;
d. checking the physical and mechanical characteristics: electric properties, thermal
properties, mechanical properties, surface properties etc;
e. chemical composition analysis: elements analysis, impurities concentration,
metallurgic content, physic-chemical status;
f. the tensions control and dynamic response: tensions, efforts, fatigue, mechanical
deterioration, chemical damages, other deterioration forms, dynamic performance;
g. signal analysis: electromagnetic field, heat field, acoustic signals, radioactive
signals, image analysis (thermo graphics).

Inspection of the covered and / or underground LPG pipes

4.22. The person in charge for pipes monitoring should take into account the below
elements when evaluating the technical condition of the pipes and when repair works are
done:
a. the period of time since the commissioning of the pipes (in years);
b. the covered / underground length of the pipe;
c. the anti-corrosive protection type (protection coating, flanged or protection
through cathodes);
d. service pressure;
e. the size of the pipe (DN or external diameter);
f. manufacturing materials;
g. corrosiveness of the ambient or soil;
h. soil strain;
i. the electrodes type for the welding and the conditions under which the welding
took place;
j. the separation distance to inhabited buildings;
k. the LPG status at the respective moment: gaseous or liquid;
l. deterioration scenarios;
m. information regarding the excavations executed nearby the pipe; the uncovering
of the pipes will be executed without excavation;
n. the condition of the joints that can or can not be sectioned;
o. the area near the joints and their anti-corrosive protection status;

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p. the execution and the condition of the threaded joints which should ensure the
tightness and sealing, without additional tensions / strains or thread overlapping, following
the alignment / position of the threaded components; whether union couplings are used for
fitting connection and gauges fixing;
q. the threaded joints execution is accepted for pipe diameters smaller or equal to
DN 50;
r. the pipe welding is executed according to the following requirements: pipes
positioning-aligning, welding only with electric arc, with coated electrodes, according to the
accepted welding procedures, with authorized electrodes (“let” type components are
recommended (e.g. Weldolet, sockolet etc) in order to ensure the end-to-end joints can be
checked employing the penetrating radiation control; the corner welding is accepted only
for the components forged to the pier, involving non-destructive checking with magnetic
flux or with magnetic powders and only for DN smaller or equal to 50 mm).
s. the flanged joints or with welded ends should be executed such as:
- the pipes sections that are to be connected should be well positioned;
- they should not involve residual tensions;
- the sealing gaskets should be compatible with LPG use (the use of natural rubber
gaskets are prohibited);
- the flanges connection should be made only with stud bolts that must be of similar
material quality and size for all the flanged connections of the respective pipe;
- the use of screws for flange connection related to LPG pipes is prohibited;
t. the direction changes and the branches should only be manufactured using
forged components, from compatible materials and for which the strength corresponding to
the service parameters is ensured after mounting;
u. the PE and / or polyamide pipes should comply with the quality and execution
provisions; they should be certified and executed by qualified personnel, with technically
accepted equipment for this particular type of work;
v. the PE and / or polyamide pipes should be positioned at least 60 cm under the
soil level, on a dry sand bed and tamped, of at least 30 cm thickness; the aboveground
assembling is prohibited;

Pressure testing and tightness check

4.23. Before commissioning, the pressurized equipment should be tested in order to
determine its safe use.

4.24. (1) The pressure testing is applicable for the new pressurized equipment, the one
significantly altered or the repaired ones and it should determine:
- the design and execution quality;
- the possible execution and metallurgical errors;
- the possible mechanical tension accumulation areas;
- diminishing the rupture risk during service due to possible ductile and / or fragile
ruptures;
(2) The pressure testing should only be executed after the equipment has been
prepared through degassing and after you have ensured the interior atmosphere is inert
and not dangerous; this condition is obtained after streaming and water filling / emptying.

4.25. The pressure action during the testing should not insert residual tensions and should
not generate tensions unevenly distributed related to the equipment structure integrity.
4.26. The damages identification should be done through non-destructive methods, mixed
with tightness checks and / or rupture / breaking testing and should involve only the
welded connections and the materials they are made of.

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4.27. The pressure testing disadvantages are represented by the fact that the possible
fuse ruptures / cracks might open during the testing without being detected, and that is
why such testing should be accompanied by acoustic emission.

4.28. The acoustic emission is defined by a transient elastic wave generated by a rapid
power discharge into the material; this method ensure the identification of: cracks
propagation, fuse ruptures / cracks, discontinuities, elasticity / tension issues, fatigue,
corrosion, and under load corrosion, creeping, fiber ruptures, peeling etc.

4.29. The pressure testing accompanied by acoustic emission may be executed for new
containers with progressive pressure, with equilibrating levels at: 0%, 50%, 65%, 85% and
100% from the maximum service pressure, with a discharge up to 50% followed by
pressure increase at equilibration levels starting at 65% and continuing with 85% and 98%
from the maximum service pressure.

4.30. The fitting of the acoustic sensors should be made such as the integral surface of the
pressurized container may be covered.

4.31. The pressure testing is executed as a testing to determine the hydrostatic pressure
strain which, as applicable, should not be lower than the highest from the following
possible values:
a. the appropriate value for the maximum tension the pressurized container in
service is subjected to, taking into account the maximum accepted temperature, multiplied
by 1.25 or
b. the maximum accepted pressure value multiplied by 1.43.

4.32. For the container pressure testing (initial or periodical) combined with acoustic
emission, the interval between two tests should be of 10 years.

4.32. For the other containers, which have been subjected to pressure testing without
acoustic emissions, the interval between two pressure tests is of 5 years.

4.33. For the cylinders, the interval between two pressure tests is as follows:
- 10 years for the cylinders marked EC under the conditions provided in the ADR /
RID Regulations;
- 10 years for the ones marked CS, under the conditions provided in the ADR / RID
Regulations provided that they were manufactured according to the system for quality
guarantee;
- maximum 5 years for the other cylinders, provided that the design and execution
comply with MIR 113/2003 order provisions;
- maximum 5 years for the other cylinders as long as the service life from the first
commissioning does not exceed 20 years.

4.34. The cylinders pressure testing should be preceded by external and internal
inspections which should be done within the same timeframe; for the other containers, the
external and internal containers should also be made at the middle of the interval
mentioned under Section 4.33.

4.35. The tightness check should be executed after the pressure testing has been finished,
at a prescribed pressure; the recommended value for the LPG sector is of maximum 0.5

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MPa (5 bar) with air, nitrogen or LPG and after all the assembling operations regarding the
safety devices for the pressurized equipment have been finalized.

4.36. In cylinder cases, the tightness testing is realized both for the joint between the valve
and the neck part of the cylinder and for the welded joints of its body (lids welding,
protection shield, bracket).

4.37. Checking of the cylinder tightness may be realized as described below:
- assisted by foam substances;
- through emerging them in different testing tubes (tilting, continuous passing, coiled
etc);
- using water mechanical indicators;
- using leakage electronic devices, provided with control alarms both for the joint
between the cylinder and fitting and for the entire body of the cylinder.

Commissioning of the auxiliary systems within LPG sector

4.38. The commissioning of the auxiliary systems within LPG sector includes the following
phases:
1. checking the configuration of the system (routes integrity, connections, visual
inspection of the equipment etc);
2. checking the tolls systems (alarm and decompression / triggering simulation);
3. cleaning, circuits / lines and containers washing with water and air streams;
4. executing the cycling of the auxiliary equipment and elaborating the cycling
protocol;
5. containers calibration and metrological inspection of the devices and tools;
6. receipt of the process chemical substances;
7. preparing the final document.

4.39. Any possible discrepancy related to the normal operating conditions should be
covered by emergency procedures.

4.40. The exploiting personnel should be training by employing the following types of
procedures:
a. procedures which provide the general operation guidance;
b. procedures which provide the assistance operations regarding the achievement
of the objective;
c. procedures which provide empowerments and which give a description of the
operators behaviors;
d. procedures which provide the training support.

4.41. The procedures should be elaborated as simple as possible, involving clear and
familiar names for the operation personnel.

4.42. The terms used in the material should be identical with the ones on the control panel.

5. REQUIREMENTS REGARDING THE LPG SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE
OPERATION

System handling
5.1. The operation procedures represent the determination of the best operation practices
in order to ensure the essential safety requirements and should include:

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a. Standard operation procedures;
b. Abnormal operation procedures;
c. Temporary operation procedures;
d. Emergency operation procedures;
e. Commissioning operations procedures;
f. Starting operation procedures;
g. Shutting down operation procedures;
h. Bulk loading and unloading operation procedures;
i. Process change operation procedures;
j. System changes operation procedures;
k. Special procedures concerning the water evacuation from the pressurized
containers.

5.2. Such procedures should be accompanied by the following documents:
a. material security data sheet – MSDS;
b. control measurement file, also including the operation personnel protection
equipment;
c. documentation regarding the positioning of the processes that are to be executed
within the installation;
d. the file containing the responsibilities of those individually involved in system
operation;
e. the file regarding the system arrangement for the meant objective related to the
conditions to ensure the main processes, as well as the development conditions for the
auxiliary processes;
f. documents regarding the process monitoring and the afferent registrations;
g. documents regarding the quality issues / sample collection to be used for
analysis;
h. documentation regarding the packaging conditions for the end product.

5.3. The operation procedures should be accompanied by inspection documentation
elaborated according to the quality management requirements.

5.4. The operation procedures should be reviewed for the following cases:
a. new equipment introduction and changes within the equipment structures
mentioned in the old procedure;
b. introduction of new substances into the process;
c. important changes within the process;
d. new responsibilities for the personnel;
e. additional testing of the system that should be realized and that should be
included in the standard operation procedures;

5.5. The operation procedures should contain accurate marking of the following:
a. the margins where the interventions stop and where the control system trust
becomes critical;
b. the margins where the trust in the human operation is reasonable until the
operation of the automatic systems is reset.

5.6. These issues should be taken into account at the following risk evaluation.

5.7. The operation procedures followed when commissioning should be an experimental
test related to the most important preparations regarding the operating personnel training
and the specific training done for adequate operation purposes.

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Water evacuation from the LPG pressurized containers

5.8. The evacuation of the water from the pressurized containers afferent to the LPG
systems employing special water evacuation containers is compulsory; the special water
evacuation containers should be fixed downstream the leakage fittings of the related
containers.

5.9. The water evacuation containers are pressurized containers and are provided with
safety devices in case of an increased pressure.

5.10. The discharge of these containers is to be realized only after they have been
completely isolated from the relevant pressurized container.

5.11. It is acceptable that the water evacuation can be done using only one evacuation
container, which is useable for many storage containers, connected through an isolated
collector adequately installed from the thermal and operational point of view.

Making LPG systems inert

5.12. The inert atmosphere represents gaseous mixtures with low oxygen content
including non-reactive gases or strongly stable gases before reaction.

5.13. The inert gases use or the system inertness completing should be made having in
mind the following purposes:
a. the reduction of the ignition and / or explosion risks;
b. the reduction of the oxidation risks;
c. accelerating of other reaction without oxygen;
d. purging and protection of certain storage systems;
e. oxidation control during electric welding;
f. the transfer of the flammable chemical substances;

Operations related to accidental LPG leakage

5.14. Normally, the LPG leakages should be detected by the fixed or portable detection
devices set such as at 10% from the minimum explosion margin – LIE – the visual alarm
should be activated and at 20% from LIE, the ringing alarm would be activated.

5.15. When the ringing alarm is activated, all the isolating fittings are locked and all the
operations are stopped.

5.16. The hierarchic manager should be informed and the police and fire departments
should be notified, as well as the ambulance (if the case may be).

5.17. You should take any measures in order to minimize the leakage scattering. The
primary priority in such situations is the human lives saving.

5.18. Warning plates are to be positioned in order to restrict the people access into the
area (all people are evacuated to an area opposed to the wind direction) and the ignition
sources are prohibited.

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5.19. All vehicular access to the affected area is prohibited, excepting the ones involved in
the intervention.

5.20. The power supply in the area should be stopped.

5.21. In case a fire occurred and it can’t be put off, you have to immediately involve
measures to put it under control. A fire caused by LPG leakage will never be put off
because the leakage scattering may cause fires or explosions in the auxiliary areas, which
are even harder to keep under control.

5.22. In case of LPG leakage, and when no fire has occurs, you should immediately take
all the measurements to stop all the ignition sources.

5.23. In all and each cases the water cooling installation should be started (with
continuous flow which apply to the leakage sources or through pulverization).

5.24. The rapid increase in the pressure and in the noise level following the safety valves
activation should not lead to panic, as this is a usual effect in such circumstances.

The maintenance procedures elaboration

5.25. The technical measures related to the maintenance procedures should be based on
the need to diminish the major accidents or dangers.

5.26. The maintenance procedures should take into account the following aspects:
a. the human factor;
b. the qualification level of the working force;
c. the principles of an appropriate maintenance;
d. acknowledging the deterioration and maintenance rate;
e. the errors and effective performance recognition criteria.

5.27. In order to evaluate the maintenance procedures, the following factors should be
taken into consideration:
a. if the economic agent includes adequate maintenance regime (planned, based
on risk, viability, base or dropping conditions) for each security system;
b. if the procedures ensure the keeping of the time periods needed for the safety
testing performance;
c. if the security management system of the economic agent includes a
maintenance plan for the adequate system;
d. if the maintenance personnel is well enough trained to recognize during the
maintenance controls if the equipment is deteriorated;
e. if the coordination personnel is well enough professionally trained to supervise
the maintenance operations;
f. if the maintenance programs are monitored, checked and reviewed;
g. if the maintenance personnel complies with the requirements involved in such
operations (the physical condition, stress, fatigue, attitudes towards the duties, working
conditions change);
h. if there are enough precautions related to the maintenance of the systems with
possible danger (isolation, empting, venting, inertness, environment monitoring, risk
evaluation, work permit, communication, the time allocated for the work);
i. if the maintenance personnel is informed about the nature of the working
conditions (toxicity, flammability, exclusivity, explosion risky areas);

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j. if the maintenance personnel uses appropriate performance equipment, tolls and
devices for the working place during system revision, replacement and putting back in
service (static electricity, absolute safety, anti-deflagration, explosion proof potential);
k. if the maintenance process provides sufficient detailed operation training for
repairing related to a system during service after it has been impacted by maintenance
works and which should be the subject of risk evaluation;
l. if there are sufficient conditions for the corrective maintenance to be applied in
order to reduce the major accidents or dangers consequences.

5.28. The effective maintenance schedule should include the following steps:
1. The maintenance policy establishing which represents the highest level
document applied to the system and which contains the essential maintenance
requirements in order to ensure the system safety;
2. Establishing of the maintenance strategy which represents the next level
documents in the series and which should be reviewed and updated each 1 to 2 years;
3. Elaborating of the maintenance schedule applied to the system and which
describes the entire maintenance requirements package that should ensure the system
safety;
4. Elaborating the preventing or foreseen maintenance work list derived from the
automatically generated analysis as work object at the prior established time frame;
5. Short term maintenance which represents the works list selected in an ad-hoc
manner in order to ensure the maintenance for a short period of time.

Defects analysis

5.29. The defects analysis should include all the disciplines that may contribute to a
complete investigation of the occurrence and it may be: mechanical, electric, electronic,
structural, chemical and metallurgical.

5.30. The investigations should include:
a. the circumstances in which the deterioration took place;
b. the fatigue, rupture, creeping, corrosion, erosion, wearing, welded joints quality,
inappropriate used materials influence;
c. the execution defects influence;
d. human errors;
e. the work place risk;

5.31. The analyses that should be performed are the following:
a. metallurgical;
b. related to corrosion;
c. thermo-hydraulic;
d. related to mechanical loads;
e. related to mechanical rupture;
f. static;
g. related to the process management system.

Discarding and scrapping of the pressurized equipment

5.32. The discarding and scrapping of the equipment should be performed only after the
equipment has been priory prepared by degassing and ensuring that the interior
atmosphere is inert and safe; this is done through streaming and water filling / empting.

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5.33. The operations are to be accomplished only by qualified personnel and under
supervision.

5.34. The cylinders may be discarded after the preparing procedures and should be
scrapped by:
- drilling with at least 15 mm diameter cotter within the welding band between the
lids;
- by a deformation exceeding the acceptable limit;
- by collapsing involving high power crushers;
- by flame cutting with the disk burnish machine on a large enough portion, and the
cut should be perpendicular on the welding bend.

5.35. Other scrapping methods may be involved, provided that after the scrapping, the
cylinder would not be useable.

The Safety Management System

5.36. The management system for safety operation – SMS (Safety Management System)
taken into consideration for the major accidents consequence minimizing should depend
on the performance indices shown in Table 8.

Table 8. Safety management system indices
Number of the possible accidents notifications and reporting.
Number of the relevant projects regarding the accidents preventing
System indices

measurements.
Number of the inspections and evaluations.
Number of the trainings related to the emergency situations.
Number of meetings and audits.
Number of the persons undertaking responsibilities in the safety field,
compared to the total number of people having leading roles.
Production stops.
Number of the training hours and simulation hours for safety conditions.
The likeliness related to accidents occurrence.
Number of parts that might defect.
Number of operational errors.
Process indices

Number of LPG leakages.
Number of maintenance hours / Number of global production.
Postponed maintenance works (in hours).
Number of postponed / delayed maintenance works related to critical testing
components.
Number of training hours related to the installation safety.
Number of the normal service years.
Number of the warned operators.
Frequency of the procedures revision.
Q max / Q legal limits (according to Appendix 2 of Seveso 2 Directive)
Product indices Dangerous substances Qm stock.
The quantity of Q substance in the control points.
Direct safety costs / Direct total costs.
Total annual costs with the insurances.
Economic indices
Total costs for restarting of the production.
Increase of the annual investments related to preventing measurement field.

5.37. Leakage reporting and registration are written down in the reporting record which
should contain the following data:
a. discovery date, leakage degree, reporting time, investigation duration and the
name of the operator;

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b. the result of the leakage indicating device and the indicator type;
c. leakage position (the route and the material involved, the equipment, the location
configuration);
d. the cause of the leakage, the occurrence type;
e. details regarding the history of the element where the leakage took place: the
date of the commissioning, the anti-corrosion protection level etc;
f. the leakage detection method;
g. the remedy date, the intervention type, the remedy time / duration and the name
of the person who executed the remedy;
h. scheduled checking date to be executed after the intervention;
i. if the leakage degree required the notification of the authorized organizations for
emergency situations.

Personnel training

5.38. The personnel training related to the risks diminishing involving major accidents
should be based on the following aspects:
a. the human factor;
b. the qualification level of the work force;
c. the low competence related to the information transmission;

5.39. The causes that may lead to major accidents and dangers occurrence are:
a. insufficient training plans where personnel training is imposed;
b. incorrect operation of the command system;
c. maintenance of the command system and the inappropriate coordination of such
maintenance;
d. unauthorized maintenance ordered by unauthorized persons;
e. incompetence regarding the dangerous situation acknowledgement;
f. not being aware of the technologies used at the control room of the dangerous
operations;
g. permission to execute any works impacting the system without a proper
understanding of the respective situation;
h. operation of the dangerous processes by incompetent personnel;
i. not knowing the safety procedures regarding the incidents that might lead to major
or dangerous accidents (ringing alarm, access ways, emergency evacuation procedures
etc).

5.40. The economic agent should pay attention to the following main considerations
related to the training principles determination:
a. training perception from the economic agent point of view (investments and
costs);
b. the economic agent ability to analyze the training need and the instruction
priorities;
c. the economic agent strategies, plan, policy, objectives and training programs;
d. the available training resources;
e. the revision of the training needs of the economic agent;
f. the trainers competence;
g. the adequate training themes;
h. the evaluation of the knowledge acquired after the training themes.

5.41. The training involves a special procedure when the danger level is high and should
consider the avoidance of the following situations:

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a) management incompetence related to the safety process leading;
b) the unauthorized personnel that faces dangerous situations;
c) dangerous processes lead by incompetent process operators;
d) discrepancies between the quality conditions and the procedures.

5.42. The training should include the following elements:
a. recognized academic qualification and professional experience;
b. specific training according to the economic agent profile;
c. fire protection;
d. information technology;
e. danger determination;
f. first aid precautions;
g. risk prevention methods and integrated equipment;
h. safety systems;
i. lifting techniques and manual handling;
j. emergency logistics (alarming, signals identification, evacuation routes etc);
k. danger identification techniques, which are involved in dangerous operations;
l. running-in, starting and restarting post maintenance operations techniques,
shutting down and accidental droppings;
m. isolation procedures in dangerous situations;

5.43. The recommended personnel training procedure related to the authorization and
certification is shown in Figure 3.

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Personnel training
(The competent and qualified personnel for the training is included in the list handed over
to ANRGN control body together with the individual files elaborated according to the
REGULATION)

Obtaining of a copy containing the instructions regarding the activity development in the
small bulk LPG storage.

Hading over of the documentation for the training development, attending certification and training
program graduation and authorization for small bulk LPG storage activity performance.

Examination (testing) of the trained personnel.

Notification regarding the examination results.

Acceptance after test Rejection after test, temporary
postponing and test reschedule.

Certification issuing as well as of a copy of the instructions (procedures) related
to the small bulk LPG storage installations service

The intermediary certification period of time
(professional experience within the small bulk LPG activities)

Attending the practical Projects notification (certification) and
elaboration of the installation confirmation given by the empowered
and mounting projects. ANRGN stuff.

Inspections run by ANRGN related to the performance of the authorized personnel

Conclusive result Non-conclusive result
(satisfactory) (additional data is required)

Procedures determination

Final certification and definite notification

Figure 3. The recommended procedure for personnel training for authorization and certification

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Annex no. 1

Relevant Terminology in LPG Domain

Safety accessories – devices meant to protect the under-pressure equipment against
exceeding the acceptable limits. These devices comprise:
- pressure direct limitation devices, such as: back-up valves, rupture member fuses,
collapse bar, operated safety systems;
- pressure, temperature, fluid level direct limitation devices which either determine
correction actions, or close or close and block , such as: pressure switch, fluid level
limitation device temperature switches, as well as measurement and control devices
with safety function,
Pressure regulating accessories devices with operational role which have an enclosure
for over-pressure;
Major accident: any occurred event such as an emission of dangerous substances, a fire,
or an explosion, as a result of uncontrolled evolutions during the exploitation of any
objective, which leads to the immediate or belated apparition of serious dangers for the
population and/or the environment, inside or outside the objective, and in which one or
more dangerous substances are involved;
Covering – material on the exterior surface of a pipe or of a storage container which
protects them against corrosion;
European Agreement regarding the conformity assessment - agreement between
European Union and every associated country, and which stipulates mutual
acknowledgment of the results of the application of the conformity assessment
procedures;
Accreditation – procedure through which the national accreditation organism,
acknowledged according to the law, certifies that an organism or a laboratory is competent
to perform specific tasks;
Aerosol – metal, glass or plastic material rechargeable container which contains
compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure gas, and/or a liquid, paste or powder,
which are introduced through a device to be evacuated/ejected as liquid, foam,
suspension, paste or powder particles or in liquid or gaseous state;
Recreational boat – any boat, irrespective of the type or propulsion mode, of the
established dimensions, which is meant for sportive and recreational purposes;
LPG Mixture – propane and butane mixture as it is defined in the ADR and RID
Regulations for the transportation of dangerous goods;
LPG- Air Mixture – liquefied petroleum gas – usually propane – at relative low pressure
and normal atmospheric temperature which might be diluted with air in order to produce a
calorific power and usage characteristics;
LPG analysis – use of testing methods and other techniques for determining the
composition, explained in the product standards;
Assembly – under-pressure equipment group, which the producer assembles in order to
construct a unit or an integrated and working system;
Gas device – device that burns LPG;
Approval/ European material approval – technical document issued for materials which
do not make the object of a harmonized standard, in which the characteristics of the
materials meant for repeated usage for the execution of the pressure equipment are
defined;
Non-dangerous area – area in which there is or there are no expectations to occur any
gaseous atmosphere in sufficient amount so that special precautions for the execution,
installation, and electrical and automation apparatuses be necessary;

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Dangerous area – area in which there is or there might be a gaseous explosive
atmosphere in such amounts that special precautions for execution, installation, and
electrical and automation apparatuses are necessary;
Control casing – casing which regulates the output or the pressure of an environment
which affects a controlled process;
Non-dismountable assemblage – assemblage which can be dismounted only through
destructive methods;
Potentially explosive atmosphere – atmosphere which can become explosive due to
local and operational conditions;
Road tanker – adequate and authorized motor vehicle for the transportation of the auto-
gas from the supplier to the storage and distribution system, or to a consumer/ beneficiary;
Auto-gas / LPG auto, LPGc – liquefied petroleum gas which can be stored and/ or
handled in liquid phase under moderate pressure conditions and at surrounding
temperature. This is mainly composed of propane and butane, with reduced percentage of
propylene;
Competent authority – central public administration organ responsible for the regulation
of a domain;
Authority – organism which has control legal statute in a domain;
Damage – event or incident which does not generate major effects upon the health of the
population and/or the environment, but which has the potential to produce a major
accident;
EEC type cylinder – transportable under-pressure container made according to the
provisions in EEC Directive regarding transportable under-pressure equipment;
By-pass – getting over or around a regulation connection;
Calibration – series of operations which establish, under specific operation conditions,
relations between values and quantities indicated by a measurement instrument or a
measurement system, or the value represented by the measure of a material and the
correspondence of the obtained value by using work standards. The calibration includes
also the adjustment and/or the correction of the instrument used during measurement
within accepted limits;
Qualification: set of professional competencies which allow a person to carry on specific
activities for an occupation or profession;
LPG Quality – attribute of liquefied petroleum gas defined by its composition and physical
qualities;
Storage capacity – net volume of a container, filled up to the maximum level admitted by
the regulations for under-pressure storage of the auto gas;
Cassation– fall into disuse;
Cathode – negative terminal of an electrical device;
Cavitation – the setting in of a condition for the emergence of the gaseous phase during
the pumping of a liquid output;
Boiler – boiler-burner assembly, meant to transmit to the water the heat sent out during
the fuel burning; standard boilers, recovery boilers; condensation boilers, low pressure
boilers, boilers to be installed in a living space are defined;
Essential requirement: requirement which takes into account especially health
protection, adequate trust that a properly identified product, it is in conformity with a certain
standard or another normative document;
Conformity certification – action of a third party which proves the existence of adequate
trust that a properly identified product is in conformity with a certain standard or another
normative document;
Conformity certificate – document issued based on the rules of a certification system
and which indicates the existence of adequate trust that a product, properly identified, is in
conformity with a certain standard or with another normative document;

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EC examination certificate – document through which a designated organism certifies,
according to the provisions of a decree, the fact that the examined product fulfils the
provisions that can be applied to the decree;
Cycle – series of events or operations which have the tendency to repeat themselves in
the same order;
Building – any structure/ construction temporary or permanently occupied by people,
animals, cars, or other movable/ personal goods, etc.;
Pipe installation class – category in which pipes are integrated according to PED;
Location class – it is used to indicate the general density of the population in the site of
the LPG system;
Practice Code – any document published or approved according to the requirements
regarding the performance of the activities in the regulated field;
Electromagnetic compatibility – the characteristic of a device, equipment or system to
adequately work in its electromagnetic environment, without introducing electromagnetic
perturbations intolerable for any apparatus which is present in this environment;
Professional competency – the capacity to fulfill activities at the working place at a
qualitative level as specified in the occupational standard. The competences are acquired
through initiation, qualification, training, specialization, re-qualification;
Component – any essential piece for the safe operation of the equipments and protection
systems, but which does not have an autonomous function;
Safety component – component which, on condition that is not interchangeable
equipment, it is introduced on the market by the producer or its authorized representative,
in order to fulfill a safety function when used and which can endanger safety or health of
the exposed persons when not working properly or damaged;
Composition – the concentrations of the major and minor components and the constituent
traces in the analyzed liquefied petroleum gas;
Condensation – liquid or drops which form when a gas is cooled bellow the dew point;
Condensed – the product – the result of condensation;
Normal reference conditions – pressure, temperature, and humidity reference conditions
(saturation state) equal to 101,325 kPa and 273, 15 K;
Standard reference conditions – pressure, temperature, and humidity reference
conditions (saturation state) equal to 101,325 kPa and 288, 15 K;
Pipes – tubular elements meant for the transportation of fluids when mounted in an under-
pressure system. These include pipes, pipe systems, faucets, fittings, compensating pipes,
hoses and other under-pressure components as it is the case. The heat exchangers (in
this case, vaporizers) with pipes meant for heating and cooling are considered delivery
pipes;
Filling connection – connection/connection hose made on the storage container in order
to ensure the filling operation (see Transfer point);
Refrigeration – the temperature to which any heat is used for solidification;
Customer: any person or persons that use or intend to use, and finally buy LPG;
Container – container or fixed or mobile structure in which dangerous substances (auto
gas) can be contained, packed, included;
Meter – device used to measure the volume of gas which passes through it upstream;
Operational control – adopting and applying some procedures and instructions for the
operation under safety conditions, including the maintenance of the installation,
technological processes, equipment and temporary operation interruptions;
Releasing ratio – the quantity of flammable gas release per time unit by the releasing
source;
Conformity statement – procedure through which a producer or an authorized
representative of the producer provides a written insurance that a product is in
concordance with the specified conditions;

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Fault – discontinuity which reduces the integrity of a material in an unacceptable manner
in connection with the acceptance level;
Density – the ratio between the LPG mass and its volume under specified pressure and
temperature conditions;
Relative density – often named also specific weight, it is the LPG dry or wet mass per
volume unit related to the mass of an equal volume of dry air, in the specified conditions of
pressure and temperature;
Storage space – any construction, place or container, as it was designed, but also
authorized by ANRGN for the storage of LPG;
Storage – the presence of a quantity of dangerous substances LPG so that they can be
stored under safe conditions;
Designation – procedure by which a competent authority confirms that a laboratory, a
certification or an inspection organism meets the conditions to perform a procedure for the
conformity assessment, stipulated by a technical regulation;
Electronic leakage detector – electronic instrument which electronically measures the
volume around a liquefied petroleum gas leak;
Discharge device – device designed to open at high pressure;
Safety distance – minimum separation between a danger source and an object (human,
equipment, or environment) so that it reduces the effect of a possible unpredictable
incident and prevents the transformation of a light incident into a major one;
Protection/Evacuation distance – recommended separation of the persons, in case of
various dangerous cases when auto-gas leakage was produced;
Distributor: device/apparatus equipped with a meter for the liquefied petroleum gas
distribution (dispenser);
Destruction – activity needed for the elimination of various goods, equipments, etc.
Explosion domain – gas or vapors concentration domain which will burn or explode if an
ignition source is introduced;
Regulated domain – set of economic activities and the products associated to them, for
which specific technical regulations regarding the conditions for the introduction on the
market and use are issued;
Equipments – machines, apparatuses, fixed or mobile devices, control components and
the instrumentation in them, and detection or prevention systems which, separated or
together, are destined to the generation, transfer, storage, measurement, control, and
energy transformation and/or materials manufacture, and which can cause an explosion
through their own potential ignition sources;
EIP – individual protection equipment – devices or articles meant to be worn or held by
a person in order to ensure protection against one or more health or safety risks;
Impact breakage energy – the energy absorbed by a material sample subjected to trial
with a Charpy hammer according to SR EN 10045-1;
Calibration – set of operations which define, under specified conditions, the existent
relation between the values of the sizes indicated by an instrument or a measurement
system, or values represented by a materialized size or a reference material, and the
corresponding values obtained from calibration;
Labeling – marking;
Conformity assessment – activity whose object is the direct or indirect determination
whether all specified conditions are fulfilled;
Evaporation – the change from liquid phase into vapors;
Examination – evaluation performed by determining or verifying the acceptability of a
component, a system or document;
Execution – operation assembly needed for making a product;
Safety factor – the ratio between destruction/ rupture pressure and the maximum
accepted operation/work pressure;

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Feedback – the information about current operations of a system or device used by the
control system to modify the future operation;
Fluids – gases, liquids, and/or vapors in pure state, as well as their mixtures; a fluid can
contain also a solid substances suspension;
Risk sentence - a sentence which expresses a concise description of the risk presented
by the chemical substances and mixtures dangerous for man and the environment
(according to SR EN 13253);
Normal functioning -: see normal operation;
Professional training providers: natural or legal person which hold the capacity to
provide services of professional training and to fulfill the professional training standards;
Flexible hose: a flexible tube or pipe with coupling heads;
Fixing – material used for ensuring sealing between two parts;
Inflammable gas – gas which mixed with air in certain percentage will form an explosive
gaseous atmosphere (see inflammable vapors);
Liquefied petroleum gas – light hydrocarbons mixture in gaseous phase under standard
pressure and temperature conditions, which can be liquefied by raising pressure or
lowering temperature;
Chromatograph gas – chromatograph which physically separates the components of a
mixture that is measured by it with the help of a detector whose signal it processes;
Supporting gas – pure gas used in order to transport a sample piece through the
separation device of a chromatograph in order to analyze it;
Ventilation degree – the efficiency of ventilation in controlling the dispersion and the
persistence of the explosive atmosphere;
Filling mass degree – the ratio between the highest permitted LPG volume in a device
and the water volume at 15˚ C which would completely fill the device;
Imperfection – relevant discontinuity through checks and inspection, which necessitates
an evaluation compared to the acceptance criteria;
Immunity – the characteristic of a device, equipment, or system to function without
degrading the quality in the presence of an electromagnetic disturbance;
Trial – physical operation (destructive or non-destructive) performed in accordance with a
procedure which defines permanently the objective evaluation of the characteristics of a
component or of the system;
Wobbe Number - is the measure of the contribution of the heat in the LPG plant and
represents the ration between the indicated calorific power, in base volumetric conditions,
related to the square root of the relative density in the same indicated standard conditions;
Flammability – the temperature an inflammable liquid produces a sufficient vapors
quantity so that it allows the emergence of a flame, but to which the continuation of
burning is not possible;
Inspection – conformity assessment through observation and reasoning, accompanied,
as is the case, by measurement, trials and comparison;
Plant – a technical entity from an objective, where LPG is produced, used, handled and/or
stored. The plant comprises the totality of equipments, structures, pipe system, gears,
devices, internal railways, docks, internal unloading piers which serve the plant, wharves
and other similar unloading structures floating or of a different nature, necessary for the
exploitation of the plant;
Irrigation plant – assembly made up of a collector with spraying nozzles made to perform
the water spray;
Maintenance – all necessary actions for the maintenance in normal operational state of
the LPG system but it excludes rehabilitation and replacement;
Introduction on the market – the action of making available for the first time, against a
price or for free, with the purpose of distributing and/ or usage;

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ANRGN license – document released by ANRGN through which the owner is authorized
to perform activities in specified LPG field;
License – document through which a natural or legal person is authorized to execute
certain types of activities: transport, execution, distribution;
Explosion/ flammability limit – percentage volume at which auto gas-air mixture can
explode/ ignite;
Inferior explosion/ flammability limit (LIE) – air concentration of inflammable gases or
inflammable vapors under which gaseous atmosphere is not explosive;
Superior explosion flammability limit (LSE) - air concentration of inflammable gases or
inflammable vapors over which gaseous atmosphere is not explosive;
Location – the place where the LPG system is located or the place where is to be located
(Emplacement);
Public place – the place which is generally opened to all persons from a community as
opposed to the one that limits the presence of certain persons. Churches, schools, and
commercial buildings, as well as any acknowledged public place or which has priority
which is frequently attended by persons are public places;
Brand – commercial name of the producer which appears in the conformity declaration
and in the homologation documents;
Marking – symbol impressed on a product which attests the fulfillment of specific
conditions;
Conformity marking – symbol applied by the producer or its authorized representative,
before the introduction on the market and/or use, on a product, on its packing and/or on
the accompanying documents and which has the signification of the product’s conformity
with all the applicable requirements, as stipulated in the technical regulations: EC –
European conformity marking; CS – national conformity marking;
Master-meter – volumetric calibration device used for or in the calibration operation of the
distributors during metrological/standards verifications;
Machine – assembly of parts or components connected between them, of which at leas
one is in motion, with operating systems, adequate control and power circuits and other
similar elements, reunited for a certain purpose, especially for the processing, treatment,
transportation or packing of a material;
Absolute measurement – the measurement of a property starting from fundamental
dimensions;
Direct measurement – measurement of a property starting from dimensions which mainly
define this property;
Environment – ensemble made of eco-systems and their constituent parts, natural and
physical resources, social, economic, esthetical, and cultural conditions;
Methanol – liquid, light, volatile, inflammable, and toxic alcohol (CH3OH) used for
preventing the formation of hydrates in the transportation pipes, and for the elimination of
humidity from storage containers;
Drive engine – any engine with internal combustion, with ignition spark or compression
ignition, used for the purpose of propulsion, including interior – inboard engines, interior
engines with steering propeller, with or without integrated evacuation, and exterior –
outboard engines, in 2 and 4 cycles;
Objective – the space under the control of the activity’s owner, where dangerous
substances are present in one or more installations, including infrastructures or common
or connected activities;
Odoriferous substance – chemical substance introduced in the liquefied petroleum gas
to produce at a low concentration a determinable unpleasant smell to indicate the
presence of a LPG leak-off;
Odorizing – operation for the introduction of the odoriferous substance in the liquefied
petroleum gas out of safety reasons;

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Normal operating – situation in which the system functions at normal parameters (see
normal functioning);
Operating – the use of an active process which will consume resources such as physical
power, energy, chemicals, and materials;
Approved organism – inspection organism designated by the Ministry of Economy and
Trade under the European provisions in the specific domain or by a national competent
authority in a member state of the European Union;
Competent organism – any organism which fulfils the conditions stipulated in the
competency standards and it is designated as such;
Certification organism – organism independent from its client and other interested parts,
which applies the rules of a certification system with the purpose of evaluation,
certification, and conformity surveillance;
Notified organism – organism which was designated by the competent authority to
effectuate the conformity assessment in a regulated domain and which is registered with
the Notified Organisms Register;
Danger – intrinsic property of a substance, LPG respectively, with the potential to induce
negative effects for the health of population and/or environment;
Gas dispersion board – panel built from fire-resistant materials which have the role of
dispersing the liquefied petroleum gas in the case of leaking in the atmosphere from the
location (.dispersion wall);
Training – the development of professional competencies within the same qualification;
Electromagnetic disturbance – any electromagnetic phenomenon which can degrade
the performances of a device, equipment, or system; an electromagnetic disturbance can
be an electromagnetic noise, an unwanted signal, or a change in the very propagation
environment;
Identification plate – a metallic plate assembled on pressure equipment and which gives
information regarding the producer, manufacturing number, and data specific to the device
(stamp plate);
Engineer-like practices – set of activities, from the design of the devices to the receiving
of the finite product, including control and verification activities, unfolding or recorded in the
producing company documents;
Pressure – relative pressure at atmospheric pressure, of 1,013 bars, respectively the
measured pressure; pressure in the domain of vacuum is expressed by a negative value;
Maximum accepted working/operating pressure – maximum pressure to which the
device is designed to function safely;
Static pressure – pressure independent of flow conditions;
The pressure of the vapors / vapor pressure – the pressure exerted when a solid or
liquid substance is in equilibrium with its own vapors; it is according to the substance and
temperature;
Producer – person responsible for the design and achievement of a product, with the
purpose of introducing it on the market, on its behalf; the producer’s responsibilities are
applied to any natural or legal person that assembles, packs or labels products in order to
introduce them on the market on its own name;
Product – any material good known under the name of product, which, even within the
providing of services, is meant for consumers or it is possible, under predictable
conditions, to be used by consumers even if it is not meant for them, and which is provided
or placed at disposal within a commercial activity by onerous title or free of charge,
whether in new, used, or reconditioned state;
Burning products – constituents which result form burning LPG with air, oxygen, or their
mixing, including inactive gases associated with fuel and air, but excluding any diluents or
contaminators;

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Safe product – any product which, under normal or reasonably predictable use
conditions, including duration and, if the case, functioning, installing, and maintenance
necessities, does not present any risk or only minimum risks compatible with the use of
the product and considered as acceptable and corresponding to a high level of health
protection and consumers safety;
Dangerous product – any product which does not fulfill the “safe product” conditions;
Over-pressure protection – a device or a system for preventing pressure in the pressure
equipment in order to not exceed a predetermined value (device for pressure limitation);
Dew point of hydrocarbons – the temperature level above which the condensation of the
hydrocarbons cannot occur at a specified pressure;
Transfer point – the place (fixed position) where the liquefied petroleum gas – LPG – is
transferred from the transportation container into the storage container of the storage and
distribution system; it is the point to which the safety distances are related;
Purge – a temporary opening that makes the fluid escape in the atmosphere (purging);
Calorific power – energy quantity released as heat through complete burning in the air of
a specified LPG quantity;
Re-qualification – obtaining of the competences characteristic to an occupation or
profession, different from those previously acquired;
Container (under pressure) – enclosure, designed and executed in order to contain
under-pressure fluids, including all assembled components, limited to the devices of
connection to other equipments. A container may be composed of two or more enclosures;
Transportable under-pressure container – all under-pressure containers (such as gas
cylinders, tubes, drum-containers, cryogenic containers, container sets, defined in ADR, as
well as all tankers, including demountable tankers, container tankers, such as mobile
tankers, railway cars tankers or containers mounted in set on railway cars or an auto-
chassis) which are used for LPG transportation, including the casings and their
accessories used in transportation;
Pressure regulator – device used for the maintenance of a pre-established pressure in a
circuit from which gas is evacuated at an inferior pressure;
Reparation – procedure for correcting a fault in the base material or in the welding of
pressure equipment;
Authorized representative of the producer – legal person authorized by the producer to
act in its name;
Residential – used in the sense of house usage (.domestic);
Risk 1 – the probability that a certain negative effect might occur in a certain period of time
and/or under certain circumstances;
Risk 2 – function of the severity and probability of occurrence of an event;
Serious risk – any significant risk which necessitates a quick intervention of the public
authorities, including the risks with no immediate effects;
Residual risk – level of risk which persists after the measures for the reduction of the
probability and the consequences of a danger were taken;
Insulation valve – valve installed on a pipe system with the role to isolate the LPG supply
(. Safety valve or fireproof valve);
Dew – mixture of atmospheric condensation product stored as little drops on cold
surfaces;
Pacing out of operation – see cassation;
Safety – state of a product, process, or service where the risk of endangering persons or
generate damages to the environment and/or property is limited to an acceptable level
(safety);
Quality system – organizational structures, procedures, processes, and resources,
necessary for implementing management quality;

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Control system – all the necessary components (required) for the automatic control of a
variable process;
Storage and distribution system – pressure and distribution equipments assembly with
storage and delivery role for the LPG clients; the point or the place from which it is
possible to be emanated in the atmosphere without inflammable gas, inflammable vapors
or inflammable liquid, so that a gaseous explosive atmosphere may be formed;
Low pressure distribution system – distribution system in which the gas pressure is
generally maintained at the same pressure with the one for consume; it is restricted
especially only for home use supplies and for the use of small commercial services;
Protection systems – devices, other than the components of the equipment, which are
meant for immediate stop of the incipient explosions and/or limiting the effective domain of
an explosion and which are introduced on the market separately as autonomous systems;
Specialization [specific form of professional training which pursues the attainment of
knowledge and skills in a restricted area of the bigger domain of a profession;
Harmonized European standard [European standard adopted under a mandate of the
European Commission, and which transforms the essential security requirements into
technical specifications for the products in the regulated domain;
Dangerous substance – any pure chemical substance, mixture of substances or
prepared substances which fulfils diverse criteria and which exist as raw materials,
products, secondary products, residues or intermediary products, including those
substances about which there is a reasonable presupposition that will be generated in the
case of the occurrence of an accident;
Flow excess valve – reinforcement opened under normal operation conditions which
closes automatically when the maximum normal prescribed volume was exceeded;
Safety valve – device designed to open (to trigger) at high pressure;
Market surveillance – the set of the measures, resources and adequate institutional
structures through which the competent authorities impartially ensure and guarantee that
the provisions of the applicable technical regulations are fulfilled, irrespective of the origin
of the products introduced on the market and by observing the principle of free
competition;
Ignition source – a source with enough energy to produce the ignition of an inflammable
mixture;
Maximum accepted working/ operating temperature – maximum temperature at which
the device is designed to function safely;
Impact testing temperature - temperature at which the resistance to the rupture energy
at impact break is insured;
Environment temperature – temperature of the atmosphere from the vicinity of the
pressure equipment;
Purification time – period of time needed for the purification of one part of or the whole
equipment before the evacuation of air or LPG leavings;
Traceability – the attribute of the result of a measurement or of the value of a calibrator
which takes into consideration the reference standard calibrations, usually national or
international, through a continuous chain of comparisons, given uncertainties being
attributed to it;
Storage facility – any space in which dangerous substances are stored;
Emergency – all measures needed to be taken within the objective regarding the limitation
and the elimination of the consequences in any situation which might lead to
uncontrollable developments during the exploitation of the objectives, which might
endanger the health of the population and/or the quality of the environment within the
emplacement, and in which one or more dangerous substances are involved;
Intended usage – the use of equipments, protective systems, and devices according to
the group and the category of equipments with all the information provided by the

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producer, which are needed for the functioning under safe conditions of the equipments,
protective systems, and devices;
Inflammable vapors – see inflammable gas;
Medium ventilation (MV) – ventilation ratio which can control the concentration, which
leads to a stable situation, in which concentration, within the limits of the area, is inferior to
LIE during release, and in which the explosive atmosphere does not unusually persist after
the stop of the release;
High ventilation (HV) – ventilation ratio which can instantaneously reduce the
concentration at the emission source which leads to an inferior LIE concentration resulting
in a small spreading area, if not even insignificant spreading;
Low ventilation (LV) – ventilation ratio which can control the concentration during the
emission and/or cannot stop the persistence of the explosive atmosphere in an unusual
way after the cessation of the release;
Ventilation – movement of the air and its replacement with fresh air under the action of
wind, thermal gradient, or artificial means (ventilators, exhausters, etc.);
Impermeability check – specific trial to determine the place of the possible accidental
LPG evacuations;
Container volume – the inside volume of the pressure chamber, including the volume of
the fittings up to the first connection or solder, excluding the volume of the fixed interior
components;
Comfort zone – area in which temperature and humidity conditions are comfortable to the
population;
Excavation zone – area for necessary works for the underground mounting of
equipments;

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Annex no. 2

Relevant legislation in LPG domain
a) Primary legislation

Roumanian Laws

1. Law No. 245/ 2004 regarding the general security of the products;
2. Law No. 351/ 2004, with further modifications, of gas;
3. Law No. 90/ 1996, with 2005 modifications, regarding work protection;
4. Law No. 41/ 2004 regarding activity in metrology;
5. Law No. 608/ 2001 regarding the evaluation of the products conformity;
6. Law No. 122/ 2002 for approval of Government Ordinance (GO) 48/ 1999 regarding
the road transport of dangerous goods;
7. Law No. 137/ 1995 regarding environmental protection;
8. Law 451/ 2001 for approval of GO 200/ 2000 regarding the classification, the
branding and packing of dangerous substances and chemical preparations;
9. Law No. 230/ 2003 for approval of GO 78/2000 regarding the homologation of the
road vehicles and elaboration of their identity card for admission in circulation on
public roads in Romania;
10. Law No. 50/ 1991 regarding the authorization to execute constructions and some
measures for building dwellings;
11. Law No. 350/ 2001 regarding territory arrangement and urbanism;
12. Law No. 460/ 2001 for modifying and supplementing GO 20/ 1994 regarding
measures for the reduction of the seismic risk of existing buildings;
13. Law No. 110/ 2002 regarding the ratification of the Agreement between Romania
and CE (European Commission) establishing certain conditions for the road goods
transport and for promoting combined transport;
14. Law No. 235/ 2002 regarding the approval of Government Emergency
Ordinance (GEO) 182/ 1999 for modifying and adding GEO 12/ 1998 for Romanian
railway transport and for reorganizing the Romanian Railway National Company
(SNCFR);
15. Law No. 105/ 2000 regarding the road transport of dangerous goods;
16. Law No. 71/ 2003 for accepting the International Code for the construction and
equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk, adopted by the International
Maritime Organization;
17. Law No. 182/ 2000 regarding the protection of the national cultural patrimony;
18. Law No. 54/ 1998 regarding the legal circulation of the land;
19. Law No. 159/ 2005 regarding the Romanian integrated customs tariff;
20. Law No. 50/ 1991 regarding the authorization of the construction works;
21. Law No. 107/ 1996 regarding the waters.

Decisions and ordinances of the Roumanian Government

1. Government Decree (GD) 584/ 2004 regarding the introduction of under pressure
equipment on the market ;
2. Government Ordinance (GO) 69/ 2001 regarding re-framing the Protocol from
June 3rd, 1999 for the modification of the Convention regarding the internal railway
transport (COTIF) ;
3. GO 25/ 2004 for re-framing and supplementing GO 17/ 2002 ;
4. GO 43/ 1997 and GO 21/ 2005 regarding the roads conditions;

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5. GD 454/ 2003, modified through GD 1242/ 2004 regarding simple under pressure
equipment;
6. GD 941/ 2003, modified through GD 1941/ 2004 regarding the transportable under
pressure equipment;
7. GD 761/ 2001 with subsequent amendments (GD 453/ 2003) regarding the settling
of the terms for introducing on the market of gaseous-fuels consuming devices;
8. GO 17/ 2002 regarding the period of driving and the one of rest of the drivers of the
vehicles which effectuate national road transport;
9. GO 44/ 1997;
10. GO 46/ 2004;
11. GO 48/ 1999 for the agreement regarding international road transport of dangerous
substances on public roads. Regional Development Agency (ADR) Regulation, the
edition in force;
12. GO 62/ 2003 regarding the measures for seismic risk reduction of the existing
constructions;
13. GD 71/ 2002 regarding the conformity assessment and of CS national conformity
mark;
14. GD 95/ 2003 regarding the activities presenting major dangers;
15. GD 102/ 2003 regarding the settling of conditions for the introduction on the market
of materials for construction;
16. GD 115/ 2004 regarding the essential security demands of the individual protection
equipments and terms for their introduction on the market;
17. GD 119/ 2004 referring to industrial machines;
18. GO 129/ 2000 republished, regarding professional training of adults, according to
programs elaborated according to GD 522/ 2003;
19. Government Emergency Ordinance (GEO) 170/ 2004 regarding road transports
in Romania;
20. GEO 200/ 2000 regarding the classification, labeling and packing of dangerous
chemical substances and dangerous chemical products;
21. GD 270/ 2002 regarding the new boilers on liquid and gaseous fuels for warm
water;
22. GD 321/ 2005 regarding the evaluation and the administration of the surrounding
noise;
23. GD 322/ 2005 regarding the limitation of the air emissions of certain pollutants from
the burning installations;
24. GD 343/ 2004 regarding the information referring to fuel consumption and carbon
dioxide emissions;
25. GD 457/ 2003 regarding the electromagnetic compatibility;
26. GD 487/ 2002 regarding the national norms on the designation and notification of
the trial laboratories;
27. GD 497/ 2003 regarding electro security;
28. GD 539/ 2004 regarding the level of noise produced by equipment destined to
function outside the buildings;
29. GD 622/ 2004 regarding the introduction of construction products on the market;
30. GD 650/ 2001 regarding the Regulation for elaborating the technical rules for
constructions;
31. GD 697/ 2004 regarding the export and import of dangerous goods;
32. GD 749/ 2001 regarding the weighing devices with non-automatic functioning;
33. GD 752/ 2004 regarding the equipment and the protection systems used in
potentially explosive atmospheres;
34. GD 755/ 2004 regarding the legal measurement units;
35. GD 941/ 2003 regarding the transportable under pressure equipments;

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36. GD 1340/ 2001 regarding the insurance of the user’s, environment and property
protection;
37. GD 2167/ 2004 regarding the settling of the risk evaluation principles for man and
environment of the notified substances;
38. GD 2195/ 2004 regarding the terms for introducing the leisure boats on the market ;
39. GD 2427/ 2004 regarding the risk assessment and control of the existing
substances;

b) Secondary legislation

Minister’s Orders

1. Order no. 924/ 2000 of the Minister of Transportation for the approval of RNTR 6
regulations for the modification of motor vehicles engines for LPG operation;
2. Order no. 88/ 2001 of the Minister of Internal Affairs for the approval of the DGPSI-003
General Provisions regarding the equipment and endowment of the constructions,
technological plants, and PSI-technical means platforms;
3. Order no. 87/ 2001 published by the Minister of Internal Affairs (MI) regarding the
approval of the identification, assessment, and control methodology for fire risks, the
evaluation, and the control of fire risks;
4. Order no. 2190/ 2004 of the Minister of Transportation, Constructions, and
Tourism (MTCT) for approval of the Regulations regarding the technical European
agreement for construction materials;
5. Order no. 476/ 2004 of the Minister of Transportation, Constructions, and Tourism
(MTCT) regarding the standards harmonized to Governmental Decree (GD) no. 752/
2004;
6. Order no. 384/ 2004 regarding the standards harmonized to GD no. 457/ 2003
regarding electric security;
7. Order no. 381/ 2004 of the Minister of Economy and Commerce (MEC) and the MTI
regarding the standards harmonized to GD no. 497/ 2003 concerning electromagnetic
compatibility;
8. Order no. 615/ 2004 of Minister of Health (MS) regarding the standards harmonized
standards to GD no. 119/ 2004 regarding industrial machines;
9. Order no. 85/ 2004 of Ministry of Economy and Trade MEC regarding the standards
harmonized to GD no. 761/2001 the gaseous fuels-consuming apparatuses;
10. Order no. 226/ 2003 of Ministry of Industry and Resources (MIR) regarding the
types of gases and the input pressures;
11. Order no. 1027/ 2003 of MTCT regarding the standards harmonized to GD no. 2195/
2004;
12. Order no. 2190/ 2004 of MTCT for approving the Regulations regarding European
technical agreement for the construction products;
13. Order no. 2132/ 2004 of MTCT regarding the standards harmonized according to GD
no. 622/ 2004 regarding the introduction of the construction products on the market;
14. Order MTCT/ 2005 regarding the establishment of various rules referring to the
transportation of dangerous goods by railway;
15. Order no. 9/ 2005 of MMSSP regarding the supplementation of occupation
classification in Romania;
16. Order no. 620/ 2005 of MTCT regarding the implementation and use of Euro codes for
constructions;
17. Order no. 607/ 2005 of MTCT for the approval of the Control Methodology regarding
the surveillance of the market for construction products involved in satisfying the security
requirements in case of fire

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The Technical Code for Liquefied Petroleum Gases

18. Order no. 1889/ 2004 of MTCT regarding the technical agreement in constructions;

61 November 01, 1999
Technical norms regarding the delimitation of the energetic capacities protection and safety areas.

Technical Norms and Technical Regulations

1. Technical prescriptions PT C8 ISCIR collection regarding the general requirements
for the design, execution, installation, exploitation, marking/ repairing, and verification of
the fixed storage and input tanks in LPG plants with a maximum capacity of 5,000 l;
2. 113th NPGA Bulletin of – the National Propane Gas Association, USA for the
neutralization of the air-water mixture in the LPG storage tanks;
3. Determination of Safety Distances, European Industrial Gases Association-EIGA
Document IGC Doc 75/01/E/rev, 2001;
4. CEN/TC 114 N 481 – Equipment safety – Guide and recommendations for the
avoidance of dangers generated by static electricity;
5. C 2072 – Comparison between the regulations in European Community countries and
the regulations in USA, in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) field;
6. NP 037 and NP 037/1 -1999 regarding the planning, the execution, and the exploitation
of the LPG - supplying systems for motor vehicles;
7. I 13 and I 13/1-2002 regarding the planning and the execution of the central heating
plants;
8. MP 008-2000 and P118-1999 regarding the fire safety of the constructions;
9. NP 068-2002 and NC 001-1999 regarding application requirements of Law No. 10/1995;
10. NP112-2004 regarding the design of direct setting structures;
11. NP 004-2004 regarding the design, the execution, the exploitation, and the subsequent
utilization of the fuel-distribution stations for insuring fire safety;
12. ME 003-1999 regarding the emergency post-seism investigation and the establishment
of the frame solutions for provisory security;
13. MP 004-1999 regarding the anti-seismic planning through the dynamic calculus
method;
14. ST 009-2004 Technical specification regarding the steel products used as
reinforcement (in constructions): Requirements and performance criteria;
15. I 5-1998 regarding the design and execution of the ventilation and air-conditioning
plants;
16. P100-1992 regarding the anti-seismic design of constructions;
17. NE 013-2002 Practice Code for the execution of the prefabricated items made of
concrete, concrete steel, and pre-stressed concrete;
18. NE 012-1999 regarding the execution of the works in concrete, steel concrete, and
pre-stressed concrete;
19. GP 014-1997 Design Guide regarding the calculus of the foundation soil to seismic
activities in case of direct setting;
20. NP 014-1996 regarding sound reduction;
21. NP 018-1997 regarding the design, execution, exploitation, and subsequent utilization
of the LPG cylinder points of service;
22. MP 027-2003 regarding the assessment of the physical and mechanical residual
characteristics of steel concrete subject to fires;
23. ST 023-1999 Control specification of the quality of high density polyethylene pipes for
natural gas;
24. ST 024-2000 technology for the execution and verification procedures of the natural
gases distribution systems with polyethylene pipes;
25. GE 022-1997 regarding the execution of the demolition works of the concrete and steel
concrete construction elements;
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26. MP 031-2003 program for supervising in time of the response of the constructions,
from the point of view of the operating requirements;
27. GE 026-1997 Guide for the execution of the horizontal and oblique consolidation of the
embankments;
28. MP 037-2004 regarding the thermo graphic determinations in constructions;
29. GE 032 -1997 regarding the execution of the maintenance works and repairs on
buildings and special constructions;
30. I 27-1982 regarding the establishment of the quality class of the welded joints;
31. GE 053-2004 Execution Guide regarding the protection against corrosion of the steel
constructions;
32. NP 055-2001 regarding anti-seismic designing of constructions;
33. GP 055-2000 Guide regarding the fire verification of the structural elements of the
metallic constructions;
34. GT 058-2003 regarding performance criteria of the quality requirements concerning
quality in constructions for ventilation and air-conditioning plants;
35. GT 063-2004 performance criteria of the quality requirements according to Law No. 10/
1995 regarding the quality in constructions for building sanitation;
36. GP 069-2002 Guide for water fog extinction plants;
37. GP 070-2002 Guide for the design, execution, and exploitation of the anti-corrosive
protection for buried steel tanks;
38. NP 071-2002 regarding the design of the constructions and specific PSI plants;
39. NP 072-2002 regarding the exploitation of PSI systems and plants;
40. NP 074-2002 regarding the principles, the exigencies, and the methods for
geotechnical research of the foundation soil;
41. NP 082-2004 Design Code regarding the basis for the design and actions upon the
constructions;
42. P 100/1-2004 Code for seismic designing. First part: Design provisions for buildings;
43. GP 111-2004 Design Guide regarding the protection against the corrosion of the
metallic constructions;
44. NP 114-2004 for designing and executing the anchorages;
45. P 130-1999 regarding the reaction in time of the constructions;
46. C 169-1988 regarding the execution of the embankment for the achievement of the
civil and industrial constructions settings;
47. C 204-1980 regarding the verification of the quality of technological equipment and
plant assembling works for the investment objectives;
48. C 241-1992 regarding the determination of the dynamic characteristics of the
foundation grounds soils in conditions of seismic stress;
49. OIML-R-117 Regulations: Measurement systems for liquids, other than water;
50. TC286WG3 WI: 033: CEN Standard Project for LPG cylinders refilling stations;
51. HS (G) 34 LPG Storage in fixed plants;
52. NFPA 58: LPG Technical Code;
53. 67-1 Regulations for uniform provisions referring to the warning of the equipments
specific to the motor vehicles which use LPG in the propulsion system;
54. NP 099-04 Norms for the design, execution, verification, and exploitation of the
electrical plants in areas presenting explosive risk;
55. Fire protection Handbook, 18th ed., NFPA SUA;
56. Leak Detection Systems, Draft EPA August, 2000, SUA;
57. Classified list in the assessment of the industrial plant risks, CEFIC, 1988;
58. C 244 regarding the inspection and the diagnostic of the durability of the steel concrete
and pre-stressed concrete constructions;
59. General Norms for labor protection – 2002 edition;

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60. API Std. 2510: The Design and the construction of liquefied petroleum gas (GPL)
plants;
61. API Recommended Practice 1632: Cathode Protection of Underground Petroleum
Storage Tanks and Piping Systems;
62. Hazard Analysis and the Critical Control Point System, US Dept. of Agriculture,
Food safety and Inspection Service,
63. European Model Code of Safe Practice in the Storage and Handling of Petroleum
Products, The Institute of Petroleum (IP), London;
64. Regulations 6020/3: 1995 Storage and use of inflammable gases;
65. NACE RP 0169 Standard Recommended Practice: Control of External Corrosion on
Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems;
66. NACE RP 0285 Standard Recommended Practice: Corrosion Control of Underground
Storage Tank Systems by Cathode Protection;
67. CRC 1152: Regulations regarding LPG bulk storage, Canada;
68. OC 286/104 Operational Circular HSE (UK): Pipelines for Conveying LPG Liquid and
Vapor;
69. Piping Systems Manual (Version 1.0): Interactive CD-ROM to ASME/ANSI, API and
Other Applicable Codes;
70. Technical norms regarding the delimitation of the protection and safety areas of
the power capacities approved through Decision No. 61 of the President of the Romanian
Energy regulatory Authority (ANRE).

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Annex No. 3

Standard list used in LPG domain

a) List of compulsory standards in LPG domain

1. SR EN 10002-1, 5 - Metallic materials. Pulling test;
2. SR EN 1089-1- Transportable gas tanks. Identification of gas tanks. 1st Part: Marking;
3. SR EN 1089-2- Transportable gas tanks. Identification of gas tanks. 2nd Part: Warning
label;
4. SR EN 1089-3 - Transportable gas tanks. Identification of the gas tanks. 3rd Part: Color
Code;
5. SR EN 12245- Transportable gas tanks. Completely wrapped tanks of composite
material;
6. SR EN 1439- Steel welded cylinders, transportable and rechargeable for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG). Verification procedures before, during and after filling;
7. SR EN 1440- Steel welded cylinders, transportable and rechargeable for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG). The periodical re-qualification;
8. SR EN 1442+AC- Steel welded cylinders, transportable and rechargeable for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG). Design and construction;
9. SR EN ISO 11114-1, 2, 3, 4 Gas cylinders. Compatibility between the contained gas
and the cylinders and taps material;
10. SR ENV 1991-2-4- Euro Code 1: The basis of the design and actions upon the
structures. 2nd – 4th Part: Wind actions;
11. SR ENV 1992-1-1- Euro Code 2: Design of the concrete structures. Part 1-1: General
rules and rules for buildings;
12. SR ENV 1992-1-2- Euro Code 2: Design of the concrete structures. Part 1-2: General
rules. Fire resistant design for structures;
13. SR ENV 1992-3- Euro Code 2: Design of the concrete structures. 3rd Part: Concrete
settings;
14. SR ENV 1992-4- Euro Code 2: Design of the concrete structures. 4th Part: Structures
for holding liquids and tanks;
15. SR ENV 1993-1-1- Euro Code 3: Design of the concrete structures. Part 1-1: General
rules and rules for buildings;
16. SR ENV 1993-1-2-Euro Code 3: Design of the concrete structures. 1-2 Part: General
rules - Assessment of fire reaction;
17. SR ENV 1994-1-2- Euro Code 4: The calculation of the mixed steel concrete
structures. Part 1-2: General rules – Assessment of fire reaction;
18. SR ENV 1998-1-1 - Euro Code 8 – General rules – Seismic actions and general
requirements for structures;

b) List of non- compulsory standards in LPG domain

19. SR CEI 60050 (161) - International electro - technical vocabulary. Chapter 161:
Electromagnetic compatibility;
20. SR CEI 60050 (411) - International electro - technical vocabulary. Chapter 411:
Rotating electrical machines;
21. SR CEI 60050 (426) - International electro - technical vocabulary. Chapter 426:
Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres;

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22. SR CEI 60050 (461) - International electro - technical vocabulary. Chapter 461: cables;
23. SR CEI 60050 (466) - International electro - technical vocabulary. Chapter 466: Aerial
electric lines;
24. SR CEI 61024-1 - The protection of the structures against thunder. 1st Part: General
principles;
25. SR CEI 61025 - Fault Tree Analysis (FTA);
26. SR EN 10020 - The definition and the classification of the steel marks;
27. SR EN 10025-2, 3 - Steel hot-rolled products for constructions;
28. SR EN 10027 - Symbolization systems for metals;
29. SR EN 10028-1 - Flat steel products for pressure vessels. 1st Part: General technical
conditions;
30. SR EN 10028-2 - Flat steel products for pressure vessels. 2nd Part: Plain carbon steels
and alloy steels with high-temperatures specified characteristics;
31. SR EN 10028-3 -04 Flat steel products for pressure containers. 3rd Part: Wrought
steels with fine granulation, normalized;
32. SR EN 10028-4 - Flat steel products for pressure containers. 4th Part: Nickel - alloy
steels with low-temperatures specified characteristics;
33. SR EN 10028-5 - Flat steel products for pressure containers. 5th Part: Wrought steels
with fine granulation, with thermodynamic rolling;
34. SR EN 10028-6 - Flat steel products for pressure containers. 6th Part: Wrought steels
with fine granulation, hardened and tempered;
35. SR EN 10028-7 - Flat steel products for pressure containers. 7th Part: Stainless steels;
36. SR EN 10045-1, 2- Metallic materials. Impact bending test on Charpy test pieces;
37. SR EN 10052 - Thermal treatment vocabulary for ferrous products;
38. SR EN 10088-1- Stainless steels – 1st Part: List of stainless steels;
39. SR EN 10120 - Steel sheets and strips for welded gas cylinders;
40. SR EN 10204 - Metallic products. Types of inspection documents;
41. SR EN 10213-1…4 - Technical delivery conditions for steel castings used under
pressure;
42. SR EN 10216-1…4- Non-welded steel pipes used under pressure. Technical delivery
conditions;
43. SR EN 10216-1…6- Welded steel pipes used under pressure. Technical delivery
conditions;
44. SR EN 10217-1…4-Non- welded steel pipes used under pressure. Technical delivery
conditions;
45. SR EN 10222-1…5: 2001/ 2002 Steel forged parts for under-pressure containers;
46. SR EN 10253-1- Butt welding connections. 1st Part: Wrought carbon steel for general
usage and without specific inspection requirements;
47. SR EN 10269- Steel and nickel alloy for fixing elements with specific characteristics at
high and/or low temperature;
48. SR EN 10272 -02 Stainless steel bars for pressure containers;
49. SR EN 1050: 2000 Safety of the machines. Principles for risk assessment;
50. SR EN 1092-1: 2002 Flanges and their joints. Circular flanges for pipes, valves, and
accessories, PN designated. 1st Part: Steel flanges;
51. SR EN 1127-1- Explosive atmospheres. Explosions prevention and protection – 1st
Part; Fundamental concepts and methodology;
52. SR EN 1160- Installations and equipment for liquefied natural gas. General
characteristics of liquefied natural gas;
53. SR EN 12067-1, 2- Adjustment devices of the air/gas ratio for gas burners and gas
apparatuses;
54. SR EN 12078- Gas pressure regulators for gas burners and gas apparatuses;

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55. SR EN 12084 - Non-destructive testing. Eddy flux testing. General principles and basic
guide;
56. SR EN 12094-1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16 - Fixed fire fighting systems; Components for gas
extinguishing systems;
57. SR EN 12164: Copper and copper alloys. Semi-manufactured goods for simple
mechanical processing;
58. SR EN 12205 - Transportable gas cylinders: metallic non-rechargeable gas cylinders;
59. SR EN 12257- Transportable gas cylinders. Cylinders without junctures, with annular
cover, made of composite material;
60. SR EN 12259-1…5- Protection against fire. Fixed fire fighting systems;
61. SR EN 12266-1 - Industrial valves. Testing of the valve apparatuses. 1st Part: Pressure
test, test procedures, and acceptance criteria. Compulsory prescriptions;
62. SR EN 12266-2 - Industrial valves. Testing of the valve apparatuses. 2nd Part: Tests,
test procedures, and acceptance criteria. Further prescriptions;
63. SR EN 12416-1, 2 - Fire protection. Powder fire-fighting systems.
64. SR EN 12420 - Copper and copper alloys. Forged parts;
65. SR EN 12493 - Steel welded containers for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG);
66. SR EN 12499 - Cathode protection of metallic structures;
67. SR EN 12542 - Steel fixed cylindrical containers, welded, manufactured in series for
the storage of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) having a smaller or equal to 13m3 volume,
and for installation on the surface. Design and execution;
68. SR EN 12805 - Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) auto vehicles components;
69. SR EN 12806 - Components for auto vehicles with liquefied petroleum gas.
Components, other than the tanks;
70. SR EN 12807 - Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders transportable and
rechargeable, made of steel, joined with brass. Design and execution;
71. SR EN 12816 -Transportable, rechargeable, steel and brass LPG cylinders.
Destruction;
72. SR EN 12817- Verification and re-qualification of the surface containers for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) having a smaller volume or equaling 13m3 ;
73. SR EN 12818 - Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders transportable and
rechargeable, made of steel, joined with brass. Destruction;
74. SR EN 12818 - Verification and re-qualification of the underground containers for
liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) having a lower volume or equaling 13m3;
75. SR EN 12819- Verification and re-qualification of the surface containers for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) having a higher volume than 13m3;
76. SR EN 12820- Verification and re-qualification of the surface containers for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) having a bigger volume than 13m3;
77. SR EN 12862 - Transportable gas cylinders. Specification for design and construction
of the brass, welded, transportable and rechargeable gas cylinders;
78. SR EN 12954- Cathode protection of the underground or immersed structures.
General principles and application to pipes;
79. SR EN 12972 - Tanks for the transportation of dangerous goods. Trial, inspection, and
trail for metallic tanks;
80. SR EN 12979 - LPG systems for auto vehicles. Installation requirements;
81. SR EN 13012 - Fuel stations. Construction and performance of the filling machine
pistols used at the fuel distributors;
82. SR EN 13018 - Non-destructive testing. Visual examination. General principles;
83. SR EN 13044 - Containers. Codification, identification, and marking;
84. SR EN 13109 - Containers for liquefied petroleum gas – LPG. Destruction;
85. SR EN 13110 - Brass, welded, transportable, rechargeable cylinders for liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG). Design and construction;

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86. SR EN 13152 - Indications and tests for liquefied petroleum cylinder casings. Self-
closing valves;
87. SR EN 13153 - Indications and trials for liquefied petroleum cylinder casings. Manually
operated valves;
88. SR EN 13175 - Indications for the equipment and the accessories of the liquefied
petroleum gas tanks (LPG);
89. SR EN 13177 - Chemical products used for treating the water destined for human
consumption. Methanol;
90. SR EN 13192- Non-destructive testing. Impermeability trial. Calibration of the
reference losses for gases;
91. SR EN 1321- Non-destructive tests of the welded joints made of metallic materials.
Macroscopic and microscopic examination of the welded joints;
92. SR EN 1330-1- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 1st Part: General terms list;
93. SR EN 1330-10- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 10th Part: Terms used in visual
examination;
94. SR EN 1330-2- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 2nd Part: Common terms for non-
destructive testing methods;
95. SR EN 1330-3- Non-destructive testings. Terminology. 3rd Part: Terms used for
industrial radiographic examination;
96. SR EN 1330-4- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 4th Part: Terms used for
ultrasounds examination;
97. SR EN 1330-5- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 5th Part: Terms used for the
eddy flux testing;
98. SR EN 1330-8- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 8th Part: Terms used for
impermeability trial;
99. SR EN 1330-9- Non-destructive testing. Terminology. 9th Part: Terms used for the
acoustic emission examination;
100. SR EN 13322-1- Transportable gas cylinders. Rechargeable, welded, steel gas
cylinders. Design and construction. 1st Part: Carbon steel;
101. SR EN 13322-2- Transportable gas cylinders. Rechargeable, welded, steel gas
cylinders. Design and construction. 2nd Part: Stainless steel;
102. SR EN 13365- Transportable gas cylinders. Groups of cylinders for permanent and
liquefied gases (except acetylene) – Verification during filling;
103. SR EN 1337-1- Support for structures. 1st Part: Design general rules;
104. SR EN 13385 Transportable gas cylinders. Gas cylinder batteries for permanent and
liquefied gases (except acetylene) assembled on vehicles – Verification during filling;
105. SR EN 13445-2 - Pressure containers not subjected to flame – 2nd Part. Materials;
106. SR EN 13445-3- Pressure containers not subjected to flame – 3rd Part: Design;
107. SR EN 13445-4Pressure containers not subjected to flame – 4th Part: Execution;
108. SR EN 13445-5Pressure containers not subjected to flame – 5th Part: Verification and
testing;
109. SR EN 13554-Non-destructive testing. Acoustic emission. General principles;
110. SR EN 13463-1- Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres. 1st
Part: Methods and basic requirements;
111. SR EN 13477-1- Non-destructive testing. Acoustic emission. The characterization of
the equipment. 1st part: The equipment description;
112. SR EN 13477-2- Non-destructive testing. Acoustic emission. The characterization of
the equipment. 2nd Part: Verification of the working characteristics;
113. SR EN 13480-2- – Industrial metallic pipes – 2nd Part: Materials;
114. SR EN 13480-3- - Industrial metallic pipes. 3rd Part: Design and calculus;
115. SR EN 13480-4- Industrial metallic pipes – 4th Part: Execution and installation;
116. SR EN 13480-5- Industrial metallic pipes – 5th Part: Verification and testing;

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117. SR EN 13480-6- Industrial metallic pipes – 6th Part: Further requests for underground
pipes;
118. SR EN 13523-0…23- Sliver dyeing of metals. Trial methods;
119. SR EN 13554-Non-destructive testing. Acoustic emission. General principles;
120. SR EN 13565-1…4- Fixed fire-fighting fix systems. Emulsion systems;
121. SR EN 1360- Rubber hoses and union joint hoses for fuel distribution dosing.
Specification;
122. SR EN 13617-1- Fuel stations. 1st Part: Conditions referring to the construction and
the safety performances for immersed pump distributors, fuels distributors, and distance
pumping plants;
123. SR EN 13636- Cathode protection of immersed metallic tanks and related piping;
124. SR EN 1366-1- Fire-resistance tests for technical installations. 1st Part: Pipes;
125. SR EN 1366-5- Fire-resistance tests for technical installations. 5th Part: Thermal
installations ducts;
126. SR EN 1366-7- Fire-resistance trials for technical installations. 7th Part: Passage
closings for conveyors and belt carriers;
127. SR EN 1366-8- Fire-resistance trials for technical installations. 8th Part: Smoke
evacuation pipes;
128. SR EN 13760 -. LPG loading device for vehicles with light and heavy loads. Loading
device. Trial conditions and sizes;
129. SR EN 13776- Filling and unloading procedures for liquefied petroleum gas road
tanks;
130. SR EN 13799- Level indicators for the liquefied petroleum gas containers;
131. SR EN 13856- Minimal requirements for the contents of the users’ manual for
liquefied petroleum gas systems for auto vehicles;
132. SR EN 13906- Coiled springs made of round wires and bars. Computation and
design;
133. SR EN 13942- Natural gases and petroleum industry. Pipes transport systems.
Valves for pipes;
134. SR EN 13952- Liquefied petroleum gas – LPG cylinders. Filling procedures;
135. SR EN 13953- Safety valves for transportable and rechargeable liquefied petroleum
gas (LPG) cylinders;
136. SR EN 14071- Safety valves for LPG containers. Auxiliary equipment;
137. SR EN 14075- Design and execution; Fixed welded steel cylindrical produced in
series for the storage of liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) having a volume lower or
equalling 13m3 , and for underground installation;
138. SR EN 14129- Safety valves for LPG containers;
139. SR EN 14140- Transportable, rechargeable, welded, steel LPG cylinders. Alternative
design solutions;
140. SR EN 14427- LPG cylinders transportable, rechargeable, completely wrapped in
composite materials. Design and construction;
141. SR EN 1473 - Installations and equipment for liquefied natural gas. Terrestrial
installations design;
142. SR EN 1515-1- Flanges and their joints. Double-ended bolts and bolt nuts. 1st Part:
Choosing the double-ended bolts and the bolt nuts;
143. SR EN 1515-2- Flanges and their joints. Double-ended bolts and bolt nuts. 2nd Part:
The classification of the materials for double-ended bolts and bolt nuts for the steel
flanges, designated PN;
144. SR EN 1555-1…5- Plastic sewerage systems for the distribution of gaseous fuels.
Polyethylene (PE);
145. SR EN 1591-1- Flanges and their joints. Rules for the computation of the joints in
circular flanges with sealing packing 1st Part: Computation method;

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146. SR EN 1593- Non-destructive testing. Impermeability trial. Bubble emission
technique;
147. SR EN 1596- Indications for the devices which operate exclusively with liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG). Mobile and portable hot-air generating units on gas, which are not
for home usage, with direct heating and forced convection.
148. SR EN 1762 - Rubber hoses and union joint hoses for liquefied petroleum gas (liquid
and gaseous phases) and natural gas till 25 bar (2,5 Mpa). Specification;
149. SR EN 1779 - Non-destructive testing. Impermeability trial. Criteria for choosing the
method and the techniques;
150. SR EN 1802 - Transportable gas cylinders. Regular verification and testing for non-
welded brass alloy gas tanks;
151. SR EN 1839 - Determination of explosion limits of gases and vapors;
152. SR EN 1854 - Flame surveillance devices for gas burners and gas apparatuses;
153. SR EN 1975 - Transportable gas cylinders. Indications for the design and the
construction of transportable and rechargeable, not welded, brass and brass alloys gas
cylinders with a capacity of 0, 5 l till 150 l inclusive;
154. SR EN 286-1…4 - Simple pressure containers, not subjected to flame, destined to
contain air or nitrogen;
155. SR EN 291- Rubber seals. Static sealing packing for home devices which use
gaseous fuels up to 200 mba. Indication for material;
156. SR EN 303-1…6- Heating boilers;
157. SR EN 417- Metallic cartridge for liquefied petroleum gas, non-rechargeable, with or
without valve, for the supplying of the portable devices.
Construction, inspection, trials, and marking;
158. SR EN 437- Trial gases. Trial pressures. Apparatus categories;
159. SR EN 462-1, 2 Non-destructive testing of the welded joints. The quality of the X-ray
images;
160. SR EN 493 Assembling elements. Discontinuity of the surfaces. Bolt nuts;
161. SR EN 50014 Electric appliances for potentially explosive atmospheres. General
requirements;
162. SR EN 50016 - An Electric appliances for potentially explosive atmospheres.
Pressurized apparatus « p »;
163. SR EN 50018 - Electric appliances for potentially explosive atmospheres. Explosion-
proof casing « d » ;
164. SR EN 50020 - Electric appliances for potentially explosive atmospheres. Inherent
safety “i”;
165. SR EN 549 - Rubber materials for fixings and membranes destined for gas
appliances and gas plants;
166. SR EN 583-1 - Non-destructive testing. Ultrasounds examination – 1st Part: General
principles;
167. SR EN 583-3 - Non-destructive testing. Ultrasounds examination – 3rd Part:
Transmission technique;
168. SR EN 583-4 - Non-destructive testing. Ultrasound examination – 4th Part:
Examination by discontinuities on the surface on a vertical line;
169. SR EN 583-5 - Non-destructive testing. Ultrasounds examination – 5th Part: Features
and dimensions of the discontinuities;
170. SR EN 589 - - Motorcars fuels – LPG. Requirements and analysis methods;
171. SR EN 60079-10 - Electric appliances for gaseous explosive atmospheres. 10th Part.
The classification of the dangerous areas;
172. SR EN 60079-14 - Electric appliances for gaseous explosive atmospheres. 14th Part:
Electric installations used in dangerous atmospheres (other than the mines);

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173. SR EN 60079-17- Electric appliances for gaseous explosive atmospheres. 17th Part:
Inspection and maintenance of the electric installations in dangerous areas (other than the
mines);
174. SR EN 62079 - Elaboration of the instructions, structure, contents, and presentation;
175. SR EN 624 - Specification for appliances which work exclusively with LPG. Heating
appliances with hermetic circuit which work with LPG installed on vehicles and ships;
176. SR EN 629-1- Transportable gas cylinders. 25E taper threads for the connection of
the valves to the gas cylinders. 1st Part: Indications;
177. SR EN 629-2- Transportable gas cylinders. 25E taper threads for the connection of
the valves to the gas cylinders. 2nd Part: Inspection and calibrating;
178. SR EN 671-1…3- Fire-fighting systems. Systems equipped with hose;
179. SR EN 720-1- Transportable gas cylinders. Gases and mixtures of gases. 1st Part:
Properties of pure gases;
180. SR EN 720-2- Transportable gas cylinders. Gases and mixtures of gases. 2nd Part:
Determination of the inflammability and the oxidation capacity for gases and mixtures of
gases;
181. SR EN 732- Indications for appliances which work exclusively with LPG. Absorption
freezing apparatuses;
182. SR EN 736-1- Valve-related devices. Terminology. 1st Part: Defining the types of
appliances;
183. SR EN 736-2- Valve-related devices. Terminology. 2nd Part: Defining the valve-
related devices components;
184. SR EN 736-3- Valves. Terminology. 3rd Part: Defining the terms;
185. SR EN 751-1…3- Sealing materials for screwed connections in contact with gases
from the 1, 2, and 3 group of gases and with warm water;
186. SR EN 764-1- Pressure equipments – 1st Part: Terminology, pressure, temperature,
volume, nominal size;
187. SR EN 764-2- Pressure equipments – 2nd Part: Sizes, symbols, and units of
measurement;
188. SR EN 764-3 - Pressure equipments – 3rd Part: Defining the involved parts;
189. SR EN 764-4- Pressure equipments – 4th Part: Establishing the technical delivery
conditions for the metallic materials;
190. SR EN 764-5- Pressure equipment – 5th Part: Conformity and inspection documents
of the metallic materials;
191. SR EN 764-7- Pressure equipment – 7th Part: Safety systems for the pressure
equipment not subjected to flame;
192. SR EN 80416-1- Fundamental principles for the symbols used on the equipment. 1st
Part: The creation of the original symbols;
193. SR EN 80416-2- Fundamental principles for the graphic symbols used on the
equipment. 2nd Part: The use of arrows;
194. SR EN 80416-3- Fundamental principles for symbols used on the equipment. 3rd Part:
Guide for using graphic symbols;
195. SR EN 82054- Documents administration. Principles and methods;
196. SR EN 88 - Pressure regulators for devices that use gaseous fuels for upstream
pressures lower than or equal to 200 mbar;
197. SR EN 895- Destructive trials of the welded joints. Frontal traction trial;
198. SR EN 910- Destructive trials of the welded joints. Cross-breaking tests;
199. SR EN 962- Transportable gas cylinders. Closed or open valves protection caps for
the valves of the industrial and medical gas cylinders. Design, construction, and trials;
200. SR EN ISO 10380- Delivery pipes. Pipes and corrugated flexible metallic
connections;
201. SR EN ISO 10806- Delivery pipes. Connections for corrugated flexible metallic pipes;

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202. SR EN ISO 11116-1- Gas cylinders. 17E taper threads for the connection of the
valves to the gas cylinders. 1st Part: Indications;
203. SR EN ISO 11116-2- Gas cylinders. 17E taper threads for the connection of the
valves to the gas cylinders. 2nd Part: Inspection calibrating devices;
204. SR EN ISO 11439- Gas cylinders. High pressure cylinders for the storage of the
natural gases used as fuel for motor vehicles;
205. SR EN ISO 11623- Transportable gas cylinders. Regular verification and trials for gas
cylinders made of composite materials;
206. SR EN ISO 11922- Thermoplastic materials pipes for the transport of fluids.
Dimensions and tolerances;
207. SR EN ISO 13341- Transportable gas cylinders. The mounting of the valves to the
gas cylinders;
208. SR EN ISO 13943- Fire safety. Vocabulary;
209. SR EN ISO 1402- Labels and environment declarations;
210. SR EN ISO 1402- Rubber and plastic hoses and union joint hoses. Hydrostatic trials;
211. SR EN ISO 15613- Specification and qualification of the welding procedures for
metallic materials. Qualification based on a welding trial before the start of the
manufacturing;
212. SR EN ISO 2566-1, 2- Steel. Conversion of elongation values;
213. SR EN ISO 4126-1- Safety devices for protection against supra pressures – 1st Part:
Safety valves;
214. SR EN ISO 4126-2- Safety devices for protection against supra pressures – 2nd Part:
Safety devices with rupture disk;
215. SR EN ISO 4126-4- Safety devices for protection against supra pressures – 4th Part:
Safety valves regulator;
216. SR EN ISO 4126-5- Safety devices for protection against overpressures – 5th Part:
Safety devices for controlled discharge against overpressure;
217. SR EN ISO 4126-6- Safety devices for protection against overpressures – 6th Part:
Election, installation, and use of the rupture disks of the safety devices;
218. SR EN ISO 4126-7- Safety devices for protection against overpressures – 7th Part:
Common data;
219. SR EN ISO 4602- Rubber and plastic hoses. Flexibility trials at lower temperatures
than surrounding temperature;
220. SR EN ISO 472- Plastic materials. Vocabulary;
221. SR EN ISO 5199- Technical specification for rotary pumps – Class II (ISO 5199:2002)
222. SR EN ISO 5817- Welding. Melting welded joints of steel, nickel, titanium, and their
alloys (except welding with electron stream). Quality levels for imperfections;
223. SR EN ISO 643- Steels. Micro-graphical determination of the visible grain;
224. SR EN ISO 9606- 3...5- The qualification of the welders;
225. SR EN ISO 9934-1- Non-destructive testing. Magnetic powder testing – 1st Part:
General principles;
226. SR EN ISO 9934-2- Non-destructive testing. Magnetic powders examination – 2nd
Part: Detection mediums;
227. SR EN ISO 9934-3- Non-destructive testing. Magnetic powders examination – 3rd
Part: Apparatuses;
228. SR ISO 14163- Pipes transport systems. Pipes welding;
229. SR ISO 14313- Natural gases and petroleum industries. Scope valves, sluice valves,
faucets, and restraint valves. Technical conditions;
230. SR ISO 4706- Welded, steel, rechargeable gas cylinders;
231. ISO 14224- Natural gases and petroleum industries. The collecting and replacing of
the data regarding the reliability and the maintenance of the equipment;
232. SRV EN 10222-1…5- Wrought steel parts for under pressure containers;

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233. SR CR ISO 15608- Welding. Guide for a grouping system of the welding materials;
234. SR CR ISO 17663- Welding. Guide for quality conditions referring to thermal
treatment used in welding and connected procedures;
235. CEI IEC 300-3-9- Safety management in operation. 3rd Part: Application guide.
Section 9: Risk analysis of the technological systems;
236. CEI IEC 605-2- Reliability trials of the equipments. 2nd Part: The concept of the trial
cycles;
237. CEI IEC 812- Reliability analysis techniques. Procedure of analysis of the failure
models and their effects.
238. CEI IEC 1025- Analysis of the failures;
239. CEI IEC 1078- Analysis techniques of safety in operation. The reliability graphic
method;
240. CEI IEC 61882- Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies). Application Guide;

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Annex No. 4

Quality and security requirements for LPG

a) Quality requirements for LPG

Table 1. Quality requirements for LPG*
The Characteristic Commercial Commercial
Observations
Butane Propane
Chemical denomination Butane Propane
UN Number 1011 1978
Chemical formula C4H10 C3H8
The composition of the substance, in percentage C=83;H=17 C=82;H=18

Density (average volume mass) at 15ºC: 582 504
- in liquid phase, in kg/m3 2,44 1,87
- gaseous phase, in kg/m3 at 0,1013 MPa (1,013 bar)
Density in relation to the air 2,07 1,56
Initial boiling point at 0,1013 MPa -0,5 -42
(1,013 bar), in ºC
Gas phase viscosity,
- in cP at -10º C; 0,22 0,14
- in cP at 0º C; 0,20 0,13
- in cP at +10º C; 0,18 0,12
- in cP at +20º C; 0,16 0,11
Critical parameters: Under critical
- critical temperature, in ºC; 152 96,80 point the
- critical pressure, in bar; 36,71 44,25 gaseous state
3
- critical volume, in cm /mol 250 190 can change in
liquid state;
above this
point,
gaseous state
cannot be
altered.
Relative vapor pressure, in KPa at: PT diagrams
-10 ºC; 4 256 for propane,
0º C; 40 388 butane and
+10º C; 95 552 mixtures.
+20º C; 172 757
+30º C 266 1004
Vaporization latent heat at 15 ºC,
-in kJ/kg; 362 356
-in Wh/kg; 100,5 98,8
-in kcal/kg 86,5 85
Gross heating power,
-in MJ/kg 49,4 49,8
-in kWh/kg; 13,7 13,8
3
-in MJ/m at 15ºC and 0,1013 MPa (1,013 bar); 120,5 93,3
3
-in kWh/ m at 15ºC and 0,1013 MPa (1,013 bar) 33,5 25,9

Low heating power,
-in MJ/kg 45,6 46,1
-in kWh/kg; 12,66 12,78
-in MJ/m3 la 15ºC and 0,1013 MPa(1,013 bar); 111,3 86

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-in kWh/ m3 at 15ºC and 0,1013 Ma(1,013 bar) 30,89 23,9
Combustion power, 29,5...31,03 23,87...24,8
in m air/ m3 LPG without gas
3

Wobbe index, in MJ/m 3
85,48 74,54

Theoretical composition of the products of neutral burning 14/4 13,7/3
in air (condensed water)
-in % CO2, respectively Nm / kg; 3

-in % N2, respectively Nm / kg;
3
86/23 86,3/18,5

Autogenic ignition temperature, in ºC 477...549 490...582
Decomposition temperature, in ºC 400...435 425...460
Maximum flame temperature, in ºC for: 2820 2850
- oxygen; 1895 1925
- air
Burning rate, in m/sec 2600 2350
Flammability limit, in % LPG volume in air mixture: 1,5...1,9 2,0...2,4 Bellow the
-inferior; 5,7...8,8 7,0...9,5 inferior limit
-superior. and above the
superior limit,
LPG does not
burn.
Overall capacity of vaporization: 12165 9387
3
-in kJ/m vapors at 15º C; 49635 50449
-in kJ/kg 28705 25444
-in kJ/l
* according to the Order no 226/ 2003 of the Minister of Industries and Resources liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)
include:
3
• Commercial propane subgroup with low calorific power of minimum 92,22 MJ/m , at density determined
under normal conditions (273,15K and 0,1013 MPa pressure) of 2,018 kg/m3;
3
• Propane-butane mixtures subgroup, with low caloric power of minimum 112,86 MJ/m , at density
determined under normal conditions (273,15K and 0,1013 MPa pressure) of 2,55 kg/m3;
• Supply pressures for propane-butane mixtures, according to GD 453/ 2003, classify as follows: minimum
20 mbar, maximum 35 mbar, and normal 29 mbar.

Table 2. Identification numbers of the main liquefied petroleum gases

EC
Substance ONU/ Directive
number/denomination UN CAS EINECS 67/ 548/EC ICSC
Annex 1

Butane 1011 106 - 97 - 8 200 - 448 - 7 0232
601-004-00-0
1978 74 - 98 - 6 200 - 827 - 9 0319
Propane 601-003-00-5
Mixture
68512-91-4*
*C3 – C4 1965 271-094-00-0
68606-26-8* - -
(GPL, LPG)
68476-85-7
Auto LPG / Auto gas LPG 1965 73-98-6 270-990-9 - -

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Pressure - temperature chart for the propane-butane mixtures

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b) Security requirements for LPG
A4.1 Identification labels of the dangers, for LPG mixture, used in the LPG field:

PL
A4.2. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Safety Sheet (MSDS-Material Safety Data Sheet)
according to Seveso 2 Directive
Date: PROPANE BUTANE
Previous edition date:
Version/survey:
1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE AND THE NAME OF THE PRODUCER
Product name Propane, LPG n-butane;
methylethylethane, diethyl,
LPG
Chemical formula C3H8 C4H10
Identification data of the producer
Emergency telephone number
2. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPONENTS
Substance/ mixed substance Substance Substance
Components/ impurities Does not contain other Does not contain other
components, or impurities components, or impurities
which might modify the which might modify the
classification of the product. classification of the product.

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No. CAS 74-98-6 106-97-8
No. CEE (EINECS) 200-827-9 203-448-7
3. IDENTIFYING DANGERS
Liquefied gas. Liquefied gas.
Extremely inflammable. Extremely inflammable.
4. FIRST AID MEASURES
5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Specific risks Extremely inflammable. Vapors are heavier than air and
spread at the surface of the ground being able to take
Dangerous burning products fire from a distance.
Specific extinction agents Extended exposure to fire can bring about the tearing or
Specific methods explosion of the containers.
During an incomplete burning, carbon monoxide, azoth
Special protection equipment of the oxide, sulfur oxide, unburned hydrocarbons are formed.
firemen All known extinction agents can be used.
Stop the gas flow if possible.
Remove the container and cool it with water to protect it.
Do not extinguish any gas-ignited escapement unless
absolutely necessary. Spontaneous and explosive
reigniting can be produced.
Extinguish other fires.
In the surroundings of the self-contained breathing
apparatuses will be used. The vapors are heavier than
the air and spread to the ground; they can ignite at
distance. Long-term exposure to fire may generate the
rupture or the explosion of the containers.
At incomplete burning, carbon monoxide, azoth oxide,
sulfur oxide, unburned hydrocarbons are formed.
All known extinction agents can be used.
Stop the gas discharge if possible. Place the container
away and in order to protect cool it with water.
Do not put out any ignited gas escapement unless it is
absolutely necessary. A spontaneous and explosive
reigniting may be produced.
Put out any other fires.
Inside the nearby spaces of the fire, autonomous
breathing devices are to be used.
6. MEASUREMENTS IN CASE OF ACCIDENTAL DISPERSION
Individual precautions Wear the autonomous breathing device when
entering the area, after verifying its safety.
Environment protection Evacuate the area. Insure air ventilation
adapted to the situation. Eliminate the ignition
sources. Try to stop the gas leaks.
Cleaning methods Prevent the penetration of the product in
canals, basements, tanks or in all places where
accumulations can be dangerous.
Ventilate the area.
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Make sure the equipment is conveniently tied
on the ground. Prevent the infiltration of water
in the container. Exhaust the air in the
installation. Do not allow the product back in
the container before introducing the gas. Use
only specific equipment adapted to the product
and at the used pressure and temperature.
Contact the gas supplier in case you are not
sure. Keep away all ignition sources (including
those producing electrostatic loads). Keep
away all oxidant gases and other oxidizers.
Abide by the supplier’s instructions regarding
the container’s handling. Keep the container in
a properly ventilated space, at temperature

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lower than 50ºC.
8. EXPOSURE LEVEL CONTROL /INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION
Exposure limit TLV(ACGIH)/2000 800 ppm 2500 ppm
Staff protection Insure the proper Insure the proper ventilation.
ventilation. Do not smoke during handling
Do not smoke during the product.
handling the product.
9. PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Molecular weight 44 58
Melting point -188º C -138º C
Boiling point -420º C -0,5º C
Critical temperature 96,80º C 152º C
Gas relative density (air =1) 1,5 2,1
Liquid relative density 0,504 0,582
(water=1) 8,3 bar 2 bar
Vapor pressure at 20ºC 75 mg/l 88 mg/l
Solubility in water Colorless gas. Colorless gas.
Appearance/ color Sweet. Difficult to detect in Sweet. Difficult to detect in
Odor low concentrations. The low concentrations. The
product is odorized product is odorized
Self – ignition temperature 490º C 510º C
Flammability domain 2,0…9,5 1,5...8,5
Other data Gas or vapors heavier than Gas or vapors heavier than
air; can accumulate in low air; can accumulate in low
places, especially in drainage, places, especially in drainage,
basements, ditches basements, ditches

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY Can form an explosive mixture with air; can
react violently to oxidizers
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION The product does not have known toxicological
effects
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION No ecological effect caused by this product is
known
13. CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO Not to be evacuated in places where there is
ELIMINATION the risk of forming explosives mixtures with air.
The supply with gas of a burner must be
endowed with a flame trap.
It shall not be exhausted in places where there
is the danger of dangerous accumulations.
14. INFORMATION RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION
Official denomination when Propane Butane
transported 1978 1011
UN Number 2.1 2.1
Class / Division 2F 2F
Classification code ADR/ RID 23 23
Danger No. ADR/ RID Label 2.1: inflammable gas Label 2.1: inflammable gas
ADR Label

Further information regarding transport Avoid the transport in vehicles where the
transport compartment is not separated from
the driver’s cabin.
Make sure the driver knows the potential
dangers and the emergency measures in case
of accident.
Before the transportation insure the containers
for tilt and insure that the valves are completely
closed and without leaks, the protection device
of the valve is properly mounted, the protection
lid is assembled at the vent of the valve.
Insure the proper ventilation.
Comply with the regulations in force referring to
this kind of transportation.

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15. INFORMATION REGARDING THE REGULATIONS IN FORCE
Index No. according to 67/548 601-003-00-5 601-004-00-0
EEC Directive F+; R12 F+; R12
Annex 1; F+: Extremely inflammable F+: Extremely inflammable
EC Classification R12 R12
Symbols S9 Keep the container in S9 Keep the container in
Risk phrases conveniently ventilated places conveniently ventilated places
Safety phrases S16 Protect the place away S16 Protect the place away
from ignition or sparkles from ignition or sparkles
sources. Do not smoke. sources. Do not smoke.
16. OTHER INFORMATION
Make sure that:
- all national or local in force regulations are abided by;
- the operators know well the fire risks;
- the risks regarding suffocation during the handling of these products are known;
- regarding the usage of this product, there is an experience regarding compatibility and materials
safety when starting the operation;
- the information provided in this document is considered accurate with their publication.

In case of inhaling Can produce suffocation in high
concentrations.
The symptoms consist of loss of conscience or
mobility. The victim may not be prevented
about the suffocation. Can have narcotic
effects in low concentrations.
The symptoms consist of dizziness,
headaches, nausea, and loss of coordination.
The victim is transported in an uncontaminated
area, autonomous breathing equipment is
used.
The victim is left in a warm place and at ease.
Ask for medical assistance.
Provide artificial breathing if the victim stops
breathing.
Contact with skin and eyes In case of liquid product spill rinse with clean
water for at least 15 minutes.
Ingestion Ingestion is not considered a possible way of
exposure.

A4.3 GPL road transportation must be accompanied by the “TEC Transport Emergency
Card” according to GEO 200/2000 and elaborated according to the provisions in the ADR
Transport Regulation (for propane there is TEC(R)-27A, and for butane – TEC(R)-27b).

Emergency Card for liquefied petroleum gases road transportation
Mixture type A/A0/A1/B/C
Liquefied hydrocarbons (propane/butane)
UN 1965
Class (label) 2.1- inflammable gas
Code ADR: 2F
Danger No. ADR: 23

Load General measures taken by the driver of the

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Liquefied petroleum gas - colorless, odorized, road tanker:
with specific smell, insoluble in water, heavier Everything possible action is performed to take
than air. the vehicle out of the area;
The engine is stopped and the current is
switched off by removing the terminals from the
battery;
There should not be any source of open fire;
smoking is forbidden;
Firemen, police, ambulance service are to be
announced;
Warning signs are to be set and occasional
passers-by are to be warned; evacuation is
performed at protective distance;
Contact with the liquid phase is to be avoided;
Contaminated clothing is to be changed;
Access to ditches, chimneys, cellars,
basements is forbidden, the possible present
persons are to be evacuated at a protective
distance;
The nature of the danger Information regarding the measures in case
Very inflammable, can form explosive mixture of fire
in contact with air; It is not advisable to extinguish initiated fires,
Heating can trigger pressure increase; it re-ignition of the gas with further explosion is
presents high risk of container breaking and possible;
subsequent explosion; The public is informed so that they station only
The gas is heavier than the air and spreads at in areas against the wind;
ground level; The container of the road tanker is continually
Liquefied petroleum gas leaks produce frost- cooled with water to prevent the increase of the
bites. temperature and, implicitly, of the pressure;
Individual protection equipment Information regarding first aid measures
According to the norms in force: If the product comes in contact with the eyes,
- protection goggles; rinse thoroughly with plenty of clean water;
- clothing made of fibbers which don’t Specific measures in case of frost-byte,
produce static electricity; burnings are to be attended by the physician;
- leather shoes without metallic In case of inhaling, the affected person will be
accessories; taken to a ventilated, fresh-air area;
- fluorescent safety jacket;
- antiex lantern.
Further information
Emergency telephone numbers:
Road tanker owner’s telephone number and address:
UN 196

UN 1965

83