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UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION - UN412


Solutions for Class : 12 (PCB)
Biology
1.

(A)

40, reductional divisions are required to


produce 40 embryo sacs from megaspores.

2.

(D)

Producers do not produce energy. Energy


cannot be produced. It can be transformed
from its one form to the other. Producers
are converting radiant energy to chemical
bond energy through photosynthesis.

14. (A)

Retroviruses are exception to the central


dogma.

15. (C)

Atlas, patella and cochlea are vestigial


structures of man.

16. (C)

RNA is synthesized from DNA as single


stranded, linear molecules. Since it is not
double stranded, the concentration of
different bases in RNA is variable.

3.

(D)

Best material for micropropagation is the


root or shoot tips.

17. (D)

4.

(A)

Prof R. Mishra is considered as Father of


Ecology in India.

Restriction endonuclease cuts DNA at


specific DNA sequence.

18. (D)

Because synergid is a haploid cell.

5.

(C)

Viruses are obligate parasites which grow


on the living host body only and thus cannot
grow as primary colonizer on barren sites.

19. (B)

Two types of gametes produced are AbC


and abC.

20. (B)

Peripatus resembles an arthropod in


having haemocoel, dorsal heart with ostia,
tracheal respiration and the pattern of
development.

21. (C)

Haemophilia is due to the lack of anti


haemophilic globulin.

6.

(D)

Grazers feed over the leaves, whereas, the


browsers not only feed delicate leaves but
also the young and delicate shoots, as can
be seen in case of feeding behaviour of
elephants or camels.

7.

(D)

Wings of birds and insects are analogous


organs.

22. (D)

Walter sutton discovered the double helical


structure of DNA.

8.

(C)

Coacervates are a colloid rich viscous liquid


phase which may separate from a colloidal
solution on addition of a third component.

23. (C)

The chromosomal mutation given below


is due to inversion.

9.

(D)

Anaximander (611-547 BC), a Greek,


thought that life arouse from a mixture of
water and earth. The land forms arose
from aquatic types, particularly under the
influence of the Suns heat.

24. (C)

Mendels laws of inheritance (1866),


Chromosome theory of inheritance (1902),
DNA, hereditary material experiments
(1944, 52).

25. (B)

A single archaeocyte is capable to give rise


to an entire sponge.

26. (C)

A sigmoidal growth cruve is also applicable


for the growth of population.

27. (C)

Adult frog performs pulmonary respiration


with the help of lungs.

28. (C)

All birds are oviparous.

29. (C)

In the given figure part labelled as III is


infundibulum IV, Fimbrae and V cervix are
correct.

10. (B)

Haemophilia is a genetically linked disease.

11. (B)

The spermatids are formed after the


completion of maturation division during
spermatogenesis, hence contain n number
of chromosomes, i.e., 23.

12. (D)
13. (D)

Golgi complex acrosome, DNA synthesis


Okazaki fragments.
UGG codes for the amino acid tryptophan.

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30. (C)

Unfertilized ovary produces seedless fruits,


whereas fertilized ovary produces fruits
with seeds.

31. (D)

Eczema is a superficial dermatitis.


Utricaria is a skin eruption characterized
by transient wheals of varying shapes and
sizes.

32. (A)

Male honeybees, called drones, are


developed from unfertilized eggs by
parthenogenesis.

qE

mg
qE = mg

33. (D)

The
process
notogenesis,
the
notochordformation,
takes
place
immediately after gastrulation.

E=

34. (B)

Old age is due to the deterioration of the


structure and function of body cells, tissues
and organs of an animal.

35. (A)

Mendel studied the inheritance of traits


located on the chromosome pairs 1, 4, 5
and 7.

36. (B)

Cytosine, thymine and uracil are


pyrimidines.

37. (D)

Limulus, sphenedon and coelacanth are


living fossils.

38. (C)

Anticodon is transfer RNA is


complementary to the codon of messenger
RNA.

39. (B)

DNase breaks DNA into nucleotides.

40. (A)

Prophase I is the most important phases


of meiosis I because crossing over occurs,
resulting in mutual exchange of sections
of homologous chromatids.

mg
q

1.67 10 27 9.8
1.6 1019

= 1.02 107 N C1
The electric field is directed vertically
upwards.
44. (A)

The network of resistors connected to the


battery of e.m.f. 9 V is shown below. Let I
be the total current in the circuit. If R ' is
the effective resistance of the four resistors
of 12 each connected in parallel, then
1
1
1
1
1
4
=
+
+
+
=
or R ' = 3
R ' 12 12 12 12 12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

Physics
41. (A)

B = 0 n =0

9V
Therefore, the effective resistance of the
network of resistors,

120
N
= 4 10 7
2.5
0.2
l

= 1.885 103 T
42. (B)

R = R' +R' +R' = 3 + 3 + 3 = 9

As the image formed is erect and hence


virtual, the magnification produced by the
lens is positive i.e. m = + 4.

The current in the circuit


I=

Also, f = + 20 cm
Now, m =

Since all the four resistors are of the same


resistance, same current will pass through
the each resistor, Therefore,

f
u+f

20
or u + 20 = 5
u + 20
or u = 15 cm

the current through each resistor =

4=

f v
20 v
4=
f
20
or v = 20 80 = 60 cm
For the equilibrium of the proton
Again, m =

43. (B)

E 9
= =1 A
R 9

as per the figure shown below.

1
1
I = 1 = 0.25 A
4
4

45. (C)

e B r2 v =

1
2
Br
2

Here, r = 200 cm = 2 m; B = 0.05 Wb m2


and = 60 rad s1
e=

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1
2
0.05 (2 ) 60 = 6 V
2

46. (A)

The average atomic mass of neon,

90.51 19.99 + 0.27 20.99 + 9.22 21.99


100
= 20.18 a.m.u.
A 0.1 m long bird will require frequency,

50. (C)

Statements (A), (B) and (D) are true of


photons. Photons are electrically neutral as
they are not deflected by electric and
magnetic fields.

51. (B)

When cells are joined in series,

A=
47. (B)

net e.m.f. of cells,


E = 2.0 + 1.8 + 1.5 = 5.3 V

c 3 108
v= =
= 3000 MHz
0.1

The total internal resistance of the cells in


series,

It is very close to the popular radar


frequency. Indeed, radars occasionally detect
birds.
48. (A)

Four charges q1, q2, q3 and q4 are placed at


the four corners of the square PQRS as
shown below.

r = 0.5 + 0.7 + 1 = 2.2


I =

52. (C)

r
2m

q2

2m

For nth bright fringe, y n =

r
2m

q3

2m

y5 =
53. (A)

q3 = 3 C = 3 106 C;

fraction left undecayed is

2m

Let r be the distance of each charge from


the centre O of the square.

1 q1 q2 q3 q 4
+
+
+

40 r
r
r
r

55. (D)

Here, h = 6.62 1034 J s


de-Broglie wavelength of electron :
Here, me = 9.1 1031 kg ; ve = 105 m s1

e =

9 109
2 10 6 + 2 10 6 + 3 10 6 + 6 10 6
1

) (

56. (B)

57. (A)

= 60 (angle between field and plane of


coil)

Now, = n B I A cos
= 100 5 10 8 102 cos 60o

22
70 1.0 = 440
7
De Broglie proposed that the wave length
associated with a particle of momentum
p is given as
= 2

A = 40 cm 20 cm = 800 cm2
o

Here, L = 1.0 H ; Ev = 110 V ; f = 70 Hz


Now X L = L = 2fL

Here, I = 10 A ; n= 100;
= 8 102 m2 ; B = 5 T ;

h
6.62 10 34
=
me ve 9.1 10 31 10 5

= 7.27 109 m

= 2.7 104 V
49. (B)

1
.
4

In descending order of wavelengths, the


sequence of electromagnetic waves is; radio
waves, microwaves, infrared radiation,
visible light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays,
gamma rays. Ultraviolet waves come after
visible light.

1 1
. (q + q2 + q3 + q4 )
40 r 1

N0
. So, the
4

54. (B)

or r = 1 m

Potential at point O due to charges at the


four corners,
V=

N0
after 12.5 years. After 25
2

years it will be reduced to

q4 = 6 C = 6 106 C;

r2 + r2 = 2

Half-life = T = 12.5 years

reduced to

q2 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

and PQ = QR = RS = PS =

5 80 6 10 5
= 1.2 cm
0.02

Let the initial amount be N0. This will be

q1 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

Then,

nD
d

For fifth maximum, n = 5

r O r

q4

Here, d = 0.02 cm ; D = 80 cm ;

= 6000 108 cm = 6 105 cm ;

Here,

q1
P

E
5.3
5.3
=
=
= 0.854
R + r 4 + 2.2 6.2

= 200 N m
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h
h
=
p m

Ev = 200 V

where m is the mass of the particle and v


its speed is known as the de Broglie relation
and the wavelength of the matter wave is
called de Broglie wave length.
58. (C)

When the frequency of the a.c. supply equals


the natural frequency of the circuit,
XL = XC i.e. Z = R

When the amplifiers are connected in series,


the net voltage gain (Av) is equal to the
product of the gain of the individual
amplifiers i.e.
A v = A v ' A v ''

Also, A v =

Vout
Vin

Pav = Ev Iv

65. (C)

...... (i)
...... (ii)

VE=Ir
or E = V I r = 12.5 0.5 1 = 12 V

From the equations (i) and (ii), we have

Vout
Vin = A v ' A v ''

Chemistry
66. (D)

or Vout = Vin A v ' A v ''

OH

R = 0.4 m, f = 10 MHz, K.E. = ? m = 10


106 kg
2 (3.14)2 (107)2 (0.4)2 1.67 1027
= 5.263 10

60. (B)

67. (C)

1 1 1
+ =
v 9 10
i.e., v = 90 cm
Magnitude of magnification =

0 A 8.854 10
90 10
=
Now, C =
d
2.5 103

It is a disubstituted complex and will show


geometrical isomerism.

69. (D)

When o- or p-phenolsulphonic acid is treated


with HNO3 ,nitration occurs at o, p-positions
with simultaneous replacement of SO3H
group by NO2 group to give ultimately 2, 4
6-trinitrophenol.

70. (D)

Aldehydes which do not have an hydrogen atom (e.g., HCHO and C6H5CHO)
undergo self-oxidation and reduction
reaction on treatment with concentrated
alkali solution. One of the molecules gets
reduced to alcohol and the other gets
oxidised to the acid.

1
1
2
C V 2 = 3.187 10 11 (400 )
2
2

= 2.55 106 J

64. (C)

K.E. =

Al3+ + 3e Al
Cu2+ + 2e Cu

68. (A)

Now,

63. (D)

OH

1
1
mol, Al,
mol,
3
2
Cu and 1 mol Na, i.e., moles deposited are
in the ratio

= 3.187 1011 F

c 3 108
=
= 6 107 m
v 5 1014

e4 m

OH

1 1
: : 1 i.e., 2 : 3 : 6 or 1 : 1.5 : 3.
3 2

12

vacuum =

Thus, 1 F will deposit

d = 2.5 mm = 2.5 103 m ; V = 400 volt

62. (C)

Na+ + e Na

Here, A = 90 cm2 = 90 104 m2 ;

W=

contains four POH groups and hence, it is


a tetrabasic acid.

90
= 10 cm
9

61. (C)

P
OH

Maximum K.E. = 2 2 f2 R2 m =
13

Pyrophosphoric acid (H4P2O7)

= 0.01 10 30 = 3 V
59. (C)

E v 200 200
= 4000 W
=
10
R
Let E be the e.m.f of the battery. The
charging current I is opposed by the e.m.f.
of the battery. According to Ohms law.

= Ev

= 13.6 eV,

NaOH
2C 6 H 5 CHO
C6H5COONa+
71. (D)

C 6 H 5 CH 2 OH +

The reagent reacts with H2O

RMgX + H2O RH + Mg(OH)X


72. (B) 100 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2
= 2 103 mol
2
Ze
1 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2
P.E. =
= 2 K.E. = 27.2 eV
80 r
= 2 105 mol
As each Sr2+ ion creates one cation vacancy,
Here, R = 10 ; L = 2 H ; C = 25 F
therefore cation vacancies = 2 105 mol/
6
mol of NaCl
= 25 10 F;
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802n 2h2

73. (D)

= 2 105 6.02 1023 mol1


= 12.04 1018 mol1
Order may or may not be equal to
molecularity.

74. (A)

ClF3 where Cl is sp3 d hybridised has a


T-shape structure with two lone pairs of
electrons on Cl atom.

75. (B)

Only 1o amines (i.e., Me

1, 2 -Propanediol
81. (D)
82. (A)

NH2 in the

present case) gives positive carbylamine


reaction.
76. (C)

77. (B)
78. (C)

Since, the compound is optically active and


does not rotate the plane of polarized light,
therefore, the compound must be a racemic
mixture.
Xanthoproteic test involves heating of a
protein with conc. HNO3 when yellow colour
is obtained.

83. (A)

84. (A)

79. (B)

80. (A)

85. (B)

For n = 1, =1.73 B.M.; for n = 2, = 2.83


B.M. ; for n = 3, = 3.87 B.M. and so on.
86. (D)
87. (C)

(i) CH MgI

3
CH CHOHCH
II. CH3CHO
(ii) H+ /H O
3
3
2

2-Propanol
In contrast, reaction III gives 1-propanol
and IV gives 1, 2-propanediol.
III. CH2O

(i) C2H5 MgI

(ii) H+ /H2O

C2H5CH2OH

eff = 3.87 B.M.


Magnetic moment,
corresponds to the number of unpaired
electrons n = 3 by applying the formula

eff = n(n + 2) B.M.

FeO + SiO2 FeSiO3


Reactions I and II give 2-propanol, i.e.,
H+

Van-Arkel method involves converting the


metal to a volatile stable compound.

1700 K
TiI4
Ti + 2 I2
Pure

In the smelting process, the ore copper


pyrites is converted into FeO which then
combines with silica to give FeSiO3 as a slag.

I. CH3CH = CH2 + H2O CH3CHOHCH3


Mark.add.
2-Propanol

Copper ferrocyanide ppt. acts as a


semipermeable membrane.
Reducing character of hydrides increases
down the group.

88. (C)

C6H5N2Cl + KCN C6H5CN + N2 + KCl

89. (C)

Wilkinsons catalyst is used for the


hydrogenation of alkenes.

90. (A)

2 5
HCOOH
CO + H2O

1-Propanol
Neutral

CH2 CH CH3
IV. CH2 = CHCH3
KMnO
4

OH

o
o
3
1.732
a=
4.28 A = 1.86 A
4
4

500 K
Ti + 2 I2
TiI4 (volatile stable) ;
Impure

Tollens' reagent

CH3CH = CHCOOH

For a bcc unit cell

r=

Aldehydes are easily oxidised to the


corresponding acids by Tollens reagent
while all others are strong oxidising agents
and hence, cleave the molecule at the site
of the double bond yielding a mixture of
products.
CH3CH = CHCHO

Bredigs arc method cannot be used for the


preparation of colloidal sol of Na as it reacts
with water vigorously.
HeO2 (80% : 20%) mixture is used by deep
sea divers for artificial respiration. Because
of low intermolecular forces in He, it is much
less soluble in aqueous solutions (as
compared to N2) such as blood and does not
cause caisson sickness or bends by
bubbling out of blood when the worker
moves from high pressure (while in deep
sea) to atmospheric pressure.

OH

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PO