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UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION - UN412


Solutions for Class : 12 (PCM)
Mathematics
1.

(A)

Similarly,


f ( x ) = Lt f (1 x ) tan x
f(1) = xLt
x 1
1
2

and

= hLt
(1 (1 + h)) tan (1 + h )
0
2


f ( h) tan + h
= hLt
0
2 2

=
5.

(C)

I=

6.

(D)

4.

(D)

(B)

55

( log 5 )

+c

+C

y = cos1 (cosx)

y = cos-1(cos( + x))
y = cos1(cos( + x))

6 |x| 2

y = ( + x)
Since, x =

cos sin 0

and .

=0 0=0

y = x

Let

dy
dx

1 dt = (log 5)
(log 5 )
3

= cos sin 0 cos sin 0


cos sin 0 cos sin 0

then

55 5x (log 5)3 dx = dt

Since, cos1 cosx = x if x [0, ]

f(x) is defined only for |x| 6.

3.

5x

5x

2 | x |
1
1 4 2 |x| 4
4

cos sin 0

.55 .5x dx

I=

As domain of cos1 x is [1, 1], therefore,


domain of f(x) is given by

6 |x| 2

5x

h
2 2
2
Lt
. =
h
0

=

tan h
2
(A)

55

Put 55 = t 55


= hLt
h cot h
0
2

2.

Let I =

and + x will lie between 0


4

Since, cos1 cosx = x if x [0, ]

x=

= 1

7.

(C)

By property, adj AT (adj A)T = O (null matrix)

8.

(B)

Since, f(x) = f(x)

f(x) is an even function and differential


of an even function is an odd function.

9.

(C)

Let f(x) = 18x2


7

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3
18 x 2 dx = 18 x
3

= 6((7)3 (1)3)

15. (A)

= 6(7)3 6(1)3
Of the given options the value of f(x) is
18x2.

10. (B)

Applying (R1 R3)

dy
1
dy
y
= 1 + dx
= y + or
Given
y
x
x
dx

3 + 2i 5 i 7 3i
= i
2i
3i = z
3 2i 5 + i 7 + 3i

On integration, we get
log |y| = x + log |x| + c

or

log |y| log|x = x + c

z = z , z is purely real.

y
y
log
= x+c
= e x+C
x
x

16. (D)

y
y
= A ex

= ec e x or
x
x

11. (C)

3 2i 5 + i 7 + 3i
z = i
2i
3i
3 + 2i 5 i 7 3i

Let the two positive numbers be x and y

Let

x+y=k

E = x2 + (k x)2

Where A = ec is a constant.

for E to be minimum, we must have

y = A x ex
The solution y = x ex corresponds to
A = 1.

cosx + sinx =

2 cos x is an integer at
4

E attains its minimum at x =

17. (C)

k
2
Given equation is
ex dy + (y ex + 2x) dx = 0
or

12. (A)

x log x (log x 1) dx

or

= log x ( x log x x ) dx

ex

dy
+ ye x + 2 x = 0
dx

dy
+ y = 2 x e x , which is linear in y.
dx

Here, I.F. = e

1dx

= ex

Note that
d
1
( x log x x ) = x + log x 1 = log x
dx
x

and solution is given by

( x log x x ) (log x )dx |(f(x)

or

( x log x x )

Since, (a

(a
(a

2
b) = a b sin

2
b) = 16 4

y ex =

f ' (x) type

( 2 x e ) e dx + C
x

y ex = x2 + C

18. (C)

+C

2
b) = a

y = 1 B(1, 1)

1
= 16
4

k
2

y=


3
x = , + , + ,
+
2 2 4
4 2
4

14. (C)

k
2

d 2E
= 4 > 0 R throughout
dx 2

Now,

Since, [x] is discontinuous at integral values


of x.
Now,

dE
= 2x 2 (k x ) = 0
dx

x=

2 cos x
4

So, f(x) = 2 cos x


4

13. (B)

E = x 2 + y2

(1, 0)

Given curve is
x2 + y2 2x = 0

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or

x2 2x + 1 + y2 = 1

or

(x 1) + y = 1
2

22. (C)

Required area =

(1
0

1
(area of
4

(AB)(AB) ' = AI.A ' = AA ' = I

1
2

24. (B)

f(2) = 4, f ' (2) = 1


Let E = Lim
x 2

f ' ( 2 ) = Lim
x 2

1 x2
1 x2
=
=

x
x
1
= sin , where = cot

1 x2
(0, )
x

f ' ( 2) =
25. (D)

Let I =

I=

1
1
= cos ec =
1 + cot2

= x2 = | x |

I=

Since, f(x) = sin x bx + c is decreasing on


( , ), therefore,
f ' (x) = cosx b < 0 for all x R

cosx < b for all x R


cos x 1 )

xf ( 2) 2f ( x )
x2

form
0

By La Hospital Rule

sin ( cos1 x )
Since tan ( cos 1 x ) =
co s (cos 1 x )

(Q

1
2

23. (D)

sin[cot1{tan(cos1x)}]

b>1

1
2

2
3
adj(adj A) = |A|n 2 A

AB is also orthogonal

21. (C)

1
2

>

(AB)(AB) ' = A(BB ' )A '

1 cos <

Now, (AB)(AB) ' = AB(B ' A ' )

1 x
1+
x2

1
2

cos <

AA ' = I, BB ' = I

1 x2
1

sin
cot

1 1 cos <

If A and B are orthogonal

|a||b|cos <

1
( )
4

a b <

= 1 sq.units
4

20. (A)

y = 1 ( x 1) in the first quadrant.

19. (A)

1 + 1 + 2a b < 1

=11

the circle)

|a|2 + |b|2 + 2a b < 1

For the circle,

Required area = area of OABC

|a + b|2 < 1

(a + b) (a + b) < 1

1 ( x 1 ) dx
2

which is a circle with centre at (1, 0) and


radius = 1
1

|a + b| < 1

f ( 2) 2f ' ( x )
1

f ( 2) 2f ' (2)
1

1
dx
1 + sin x

1
dx

1 + cos x
2

dx
x
2cos
4 2

2 sec

x
dx
4 2

x
I = tan + c
4 2
x
I = tan + c
2 4
a=

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= 4 2(1) = 2

;b=c
4

26. (C)

Here,

cos 1

| x + 1|
Lt + f ( x ) = Lt +
1
x 1
x 1 tan
( x + 1)
=

Lt

x 1+

(x

+ x) + 1
2

x +1
=1
1
tan ( x + 1)

1
2

(x

+ x) + 1
2

= cos 1 x2 + x + 1

= x2 + x + 1

1 = (x2 + x2 + 1) {(x2 + x2 ) + 1}
Since x 1 +

x + 1 0 + and

(x2 + x)3 + (x2 + x)2 +(x2 + x) + 1 = 1

(x2 + x) {(x2 + x)2 +(x2 + x) + 1} = 0

tan t
s
= 1 = Lt
t 0
s 0 tan 1 s
t
Lt

x2 + x = 0
x = 0, 1
30. (D)
If e is the identity element w.r.t. o then
aoe = eoa = a for all a 1

| x + 1|
Lt f ( x ) = Lt
1
and x
x 1 tan
1
( x + 1)
( x + 1)
Lt
= 1
= x
1
1 tan
( x + 1)
27. (B)

x
g(x) = sin is a bijection.
2

28. (C)

1
d
1
tan 1 =
dx
x 1+ 1
x2
I=

a + e + ae = a
e(1 + a) = 0
e = 0 (since a 1, a + 1 0)
31. (A)

1
1
x2 = 1 + x2

Let at any instant of time t min, the depth


of the wheat in the cylinder be h ft., then
the volume V ft3 of the wheat at that instant
is given by
V = (10)2h = 100 h

1
d
1
dx
tan 1 dx =

dx
1
x
+
x2
1

(Since

I = tan x 1

I=

dV
dh
dh
= 100
314 = 100
dt
dt
dt

dV
= 314)
dt

dh
314
dt = 100 (3.14 ) (Taking = 3.14)

+ =
4 4
2

The depth of the wheat in the cylinder


is increasing at the rate of 1 cubic ft, per
minute.

Note:
1


1
I = tan 1 = = is
x 1 4 4 2
incorrect.

32. (A)

The resultant force is given by

1
since, the function tan 1 is not an
x
antiderivative of
interval [1, 1].
29. (C)

1
d
tan 1 on the
x
dx

Now d = displacement

Since, tan 1 x ( x + 1) + sin 1

x 2 + x + 1 = 2 (given)
cos 1

cos 1

(x

+ x) + 1
2

(x

+ x) + 1
2

+ sin 1 x2 + x + 1 =

sin 1 x2 + x + 1
2

Workdone =
33. (B)

= 12 + 0 8 = 4 unit

If a is the radius of the circle, then its


centre is (a, a).
Hence, the equation of the circle is
(x + a)2 + (y a)2 = a2
or

..... (1)

x + y + 2ax 2ay + a = 0 ..... (2)


2

Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get

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2 x + 2yy1 + 2a 2ay1 = 0

x + yy 1
=a
y1 1

0 1 1
1 0 1
=
1 1 0

Substituting this value of a in (1),


we get
.... (2)
2

x + yy 1
x + yy 1
x+
+y

y
1
y1 1

x + yy 1

=
y1 1
or

38. (C)
2

R1 = {(b, a) : (a, b) R}
ii) Let R = R1
Let (a, b) R

1
1 x

1+ x =

1 + x2 = 1

(a, b) R1
(b, a) R
(a, b) R (b, a) R

39. (D)

x=0
Here, (fog)(x) = f(g(x))

R is symmetric

= f(x [x]) (Q 0 x [ x] < 1)

Conversely, let (a, b) R

= [x [x]] = 0

(b, a) R
Since R R1
Since (b, a) R

40. (B)

AB + AC = P.V. of B = P.V. of C
(Taking A as origin)
= 2(P.V. of mid-point of ([BC])
= 2 P.V of D

R1 R

= 2 AD

Combining, we get R = R1
1

35. (B)

Physics

2
Required area = 2 (| x | x ) dx
0

41. (A)

2
= 2 ( x x ) d x
0

x2 1 x3 1
1 1
= 2 = 2
2
3
0 0
2 3

42. (B)

As the image formed is erect and hence


virtual, the magnification produced by the
lens is positive i.e. m = + 4.

Now, m =
4=

f
u+f

20
or u + 20 = 5
u + 20

or u = 15 cm

1 1 1
2 1 1 0
3 2 k

Again, m =

f v
f

4=

20 v
20

or v = 20 80 = 60 cm

k0

37. (A)

120
N
= 4 10 7
2.5
0.2
l

Also, f = + 20 cm

The given system of equations has a unique


solution if

a 21
Let = a 21
a 31

B = 0 n =0

= 1.885 103 T

1 1
= 2 =
6 3
36. (A)

tan 1 (1 x )
2

1
tan 1 (1 + x ) = tan 1

1 x

i) (a, b) R aRb bR a (b, a) R

(a, b) R1
Let (a, b) R1
(a, b) R

tan 1 (1 + x ) = cot 1 (1 x )

(x + y)2 ( y12 + 1) = (x + yy1)2


1

Since, tan1(1 + x) + tan1 (1 x) =

tan 1 (1 + x ) =

(xy1 + yy1)2 + (y x)2 = (x + yy1)2

or
34. (A)

= 0 + 1(0 + 1) 1 (1) = 0

43. (B)

a12
a 22
a 32

a13
a 23
a 33

For the equilibrium of the proton


as per the figure shown below.

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46. (A)

qE

The average atomic mass of neon,

90.51 19.99 + 0.27 20.99 + 9.22 21.99


100
= 20.18 a.m.u.
A 0.1 m long bird will require frequency,

A=
47. (B)

qE = mg

E=

It is very close to the popular radar


frequency. Indeed, radars occasionally detect
birds.

mg
q

48. (A)

Four charges q1, q2, q3 and q4 are placed at


the four corners of the square PQRS as
shown below.

1.67 10 27 9.8
1.6 10 19

Here,

= 1.02 107 N C1

q1
P

The electric field is directed vertically


upwards.
44. (A)

2m

1
1
1
1
1
4
=
+
+
+
=
or R ' = 3
R ' 12 12 12 12 12
12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

q4

q3

2m

q4 = 6 C = 6 106 C;
and PQ = QR = RS = PS =

2m

Let r be the distance of each charge from


the centre O of the square.
Then,

V=

Since all the four resistors are of the same


resistance, same current will pass through
the each resistor, Therefore,
the current through each resistor =

r2 + r2 = 2

or r = 1 m

Potential at point O due to charges at the


four corners,

E 9
= =1 A
R 9

1 q1 q2 q3 q 4
+
+
+

40 r
r
r
r

1 1
. (q + q2 + q3 + q4 )
40 r 1

9 109
2 10 6 + 2 10 6 + 3 106 + 6 10 6
1

) (

= 2.7 104 V

1
1
I = 1 = 0.25 A
4
4

49. (B)

Here, I = 10 A ; n= 100;
A = 40 cm 20 cm = 800 cm2

1
2
Br
2

= 8 102 m2 ; B = 5 T ;

Here, r = 200 cm = 2 m; B = 0.05 Wb m


and = 60 rad s1
e=

2m

r O r

q3 = 3 C = 3 106 C;

The current in the circuit

e B r2 v =

q2 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

R = R' +R' +R' = 3 + 3 + 3 = 9

45. (C)

q1 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

9V
Therefore, the effective resistance of the
network of resistors,

I=

q2

2m
r

The network of resistors connected to the


battery of e.m.f. 9 V is shown below. Let I
be the total current in the circuit. If R ' is
the effective resistance of the four resistors
of 12 each connected in parallel, then

c 3 108
=
= 3000 MHz
0.1

v=

mg

1
2
0.05 ( 2 ) 60 = 6 V
2

= 60o (angle between field and plane of


coil)

Now, = n B I A cos
= 100 5 10 8 102 cos 60o
= 200 N m

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50. (C)

Statements (A), (B) and (D) are true of


photons. Photons are electrically neutral as
they are not deflected by electric and
magnetic fields.

51. (B)

When cells are joined in series,


net e.m.f. of cells,

where m is the mass of the particle and v


its speed is known as the de Broglie relation
and the wavelength of the matter wave is
called de Broglie wave length.
58. (C)

E = 2.0 + 1.8 + 1.5 = 5.3 V


The total internal resistance of the cells in
series,

A v = A v ' A v ''

r = 0.5 + 0.7 + 1 = 2.2

Also, A v =

E
5.3
5.3
I =
=
=
= 0.854
R + r 4 + 2.2 6.2

52. (C)

nD
d

or Vout = Vin A v ' A v ''


= 0.01 10 30 = 3 V

For fifth maximum, n = 5

53. (A)

59. (C)

2 (3.14)2 (107)2 (0.4)2 1.67 1027

Let the initial amount be N0. This will be

N
reduced to 0 after 12.5 years. After 25
2

fraction left undecayed is


54. (B)

55. (D)

N0
. So, the
4

= 5.263 1013 J
60. (B)

1
.
4

In descending order of wavelengths, the


sequence of electromagnetic waves is; radio
waves, microwaves, infrared radiation,
visible light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays,
gamma rays. Ultraviolet waves come after
visible light.

61. (C)

0 A 8.854 1012 90 10 4
=
Now, C =
d
2.5 10 3

Here, me = 9.1 1031 kg ; ve = 105 m s1

= 3.187 1011 F

h
6.62 10 34
=
me ve 9.1 10 31 10 5

Now,
1
1
2
C V 2 = 3.187 10 11 (400 )
2
2

= 7.27 109 m

W=

Here, L = 1.0 H ; Ev = 110 V ; f = 70 Hz

= 2.55 106 J

Now X L = L = 2fL

22
70 1.0 = 440
7
De Broglie proposed that the wave length
associated with a particle of momentum
p is given as
= 2

57. (A)

Here, A = 90 cm2 = 90 104 m2 ;


d = 2.5 mm = 2.5 103 m ; V = 400 volt

de-Broglie wavelength of electron :

56. (B)

1 1 1
+ =
v 9 10
i.e., v = 90 cm
Magnitude of magnification =
90
= 10 cm
9

Here, h = 6.62 1034 J s

e =

R = 0.4 m, f = 10 MHz, K.E. = ? m = 10


106 kg
Maximum K.E. = 2 2 f2 R2 m =

Half-life = T = 12.5 years

years it will be reduced to

...... (ii)

Vout
Vin = A v ' A v ''

= 6000 108 cm = 6 105 cm ;

5 80 6 10 5
y5 =
= 1.2 cm
0.02

Vout
Vin

...... (i)

From the equations (i) and (ii), we have

Here, d = 0.02 cm ; D = 80 cm ;

For nth bright fringe, y n =

When the amplifiers are connected in series,


the net voltage gain (Av) is equal to the
product of the gain of the individual
amplifiers i.e.

62. (C)

63. (D)

vacuum =

K.E. =

h
h
=
p m

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c 3 108
=
= 6 107 m
v 5 1014

e4 m
802n 2h2

= 13.6 eV,

Ze2
P.E. =
= 2 K.E. = 27.2 eV
80 r
64. (C)

Here, R = 10 ; L = 2 H ; C = 25 F

71. (D)
72. (B)

= 25 106 F;
Ev = 200 V
When the frequency of the a.c. supply equals
the natural frequency of the circuit,
XL = XC i.e. Z = R

73. (D)

E v 200 200
= 4000 W
=
10
R
Let E be the e.m.f of the battery. The
charging current I is opposed by the e.m.f.
of the battery. According to Ohms law.

74. (A)

ClF3 where Cl is sp3d hybridised has a


T-shape structure with two lone pairs of
electrons on Cl atom.

75. (B)

Only 1o amines (i.e., Me

or E = V I r = 12.5 0.5 1 = 12 V

76. (C)

Since, the compound is optically active and


does not rotate the plane of polarized light,
therefore, the compound must be a racemic
mixture.

77. (B)

Xanthoproteic test involves heating of a


protein with conc. HNO3 when yellow colour
is obtained.

78. (C)

Aldehydes are easily oxidised to the


corresponding acids by Tollens reagent
while all others are strong oxidising agents
and hence, cleave the molecule at the site
of the double bond yielding a mixture of
products.

Chemistry
Pyrophosphoric acid (H4P2O7)

O
OH

P
OH

O
O

OH

OH

contains four POH groups and hence, it is


a tetrabasic acid.
67. (C)

Al3+ + 3e Al
Cu2+ + 2e Cu

Tollens' reagent

CH3CH = CHCHO

Na+ + e Na
1
1
mol, Al,
mol,
Thus, 1 F will deposit
3
2
Cu and 1 mol Na, i.e., moles deposited are
in the ratio
1 1
: : 1 i.e., 2 : 3 : 6 or 1 : 1.5 : 3.
3 2

68. (A)

It is a disubstituted complex and will show


geometrical isomerism.

69. (D)

When o- or p-phenolsulphonic acid is treated


with HNO3 ,nitration occurs at o, p-positions
with simultaneous replacement of SO 3H
group by NO2 group to give ultimately 2, 4
6-trinitrophenol.

70. (D)

Aldehydes which do not have an hydrogen atom (e.g., HCHO and C6H5CHO)
undergo self-oxidation and reduction
reaction on treatment with concentrated
alkali solution. One of the molecules gets
reduced to alcohol and the other gets
oxidised to the acid.

NaOH
2C 6 H 5 CHO

+
C6H5COO Na

NH2 in the

present case) gives positive carbylamine


reaction.

VE=Ir

66. (D)

RMgX + H2O RH + Mg(OH)X


100 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2
= 2 103 mol
1 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2
= 2 105 mol
As each Sr2+ ion creates one cation vacancy,
therefore cation vacancies = 2 105 mol/
mol of NaCl
= 2 105 6.02 1023 mol1
= 12.04 1018 mol1
Order may or may not be equal to
molecularity.

Pav = Ev Iv
= Ev

65. (C)

The reagent reacts with H2O

C 6 H 5 CH 2OH +

CH3CH = CHCOOH
79. (B)

80. (A)

In the smelting process, the ore copper


pyrites is converted into FeO which then
combines with silica to give FeSiO3 as a slag.
FeO + SiO2 FeSiO3
Reactions I and II give 2-propanol, i.e.,
H+

I. CH3CH = CH2 + H2O CH3CHOHCH3


Mark.add.
2-Propanol
(i) CH MgI

3
CH CHOHCH
II. CH3CHO
3
3
(ii) H+ /H O
2

2-Propanol

In contrast, reaction III gives 1-propanol


and IV gives 1, 2-propanediol.
(i) C H MgI

2
5
C H CH OH
III. CH2O
(ii) H + /H O
2 5
2
2

1-Propanol
Neutral

CH2 CH CH3
IV. CH2 = CHCH3
KMnO

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OH OH
1, 2 -Propanediol

81. (D)
82. (A)

83. (A)

Bredigs arc method cannot be used for the


preparation of colloidal sol of Na as it reacts
with water vigorously.
HeO2 (80% : 20%) mixture is used by deep
sea divers for artificial respiration. Because
of low intermolecular forces in He, it is much
less soluble in aqueous solutions (as
compared to N2) such as blood and does not
cause caisson sickness or bends by
bubbling out of blood when the worker
moves from high pressure (while in deep
sea) to atmospheric pressure.
o

3
1.732
a=
4.28 A = 1.86 A
4
4

Van-Arkel method involves converting the


metal to a volatile stable compound.

eff = 3.87 B.M.


Magnetic moment,
corresponds to the number of unpaired
electrons n = 3 by applying the formula
eff = n(n + 2) B.M.
For n = 1, =1.73 B.M.; for n = 2, = 2.83
B.M. ; for n = 3, = 3.87 B.M. and so on.

86. (D)
87. (C)

For a bcc unit cell

r=
84. (A)

85. (B)

Copper ferrocyanide ppt. acts as a


semipermeable membrane.
Reducing character of hydrides increases
down the group.

88. (C)

C6H5N2Cl + KCN C6H5CN + N2 + KCl

89. (C)

Wilkinsons catalyst is used for the


hydrogenation of alkenes.

90. (A)

2 5
HCOOH
CO + H2O

500 K
Ti + 2 I2
TiI4 (volatile stable) ;
Impure
1700 K
TiI4
Ti + 2 I2
Pure

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