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150 views9 pagesNSTSE Answer Key for Class 12 PCM. Official Answer Key with NSTSE Solutions

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NSTSE Answer Key for Class 12 PCM. Official Answer Key with NSTSE Solutions

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150 views9 pagesNSTSE Answer Key for Class 12 PCM. Official Answer Key with NSTSE Solutions

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A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

Solutions for Class : 12 (PCM)

Mathematics

1.

(A)

Similarly,

f ( x ) = Lt f (1 x ) tan x

f(1) = xLt

x 1

1

2

and

= hLt

(1 (1 + h)) tan (1 + h )

0

2

f ( h) tan + h

= hLt

0

2 2

=

5.

(C)

I=

6.

(D)

4.

(D)

(B)

55

( log 5 )

+c

+C

y = cos1 (cosx)

y = cos-1(cos( + x))

y = cos1(cos( + x))

6 |x| 2

y = ( + x)

Since, x =

cos sin 0

and .

=0 0=0

y = x

Let

dy

dx

1 dt = (log 5)

(log 5 )

3

cos sin 0 cos sin 0

then

55 5x (log 5)3 dx = dt

3.

5x

5x

2 | x |

1

1 4 2 |x| 4

4

cos sin 0

.55 .5x dx

I=

domain of f(x) is given by

6 |x| 2

5x

h

2 2

2

Lt

. =

h

0

=

tan h

2

(A)

55

Put 55 = t 55

= hLt

h cot h

0

2

2.

Let I =

4

x=

= 1

7.

(C)

8.

(B)

of an even function is an odd function.

9.

(C)

7

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3

18 x 2 dx = 18 x

3

= 6((7)3 (1)3)

15. (A)

= 6(7)3 6(1)3

Of the given options the value of f(x) is

18x2.

10. (B)

dy

1

dy

y

= 1 + dx

= y + or

Given

y

x

x

dx

3 + 2i 5 i 7 3i

= i

2i

3i = z

3 2i 5 + i 7 + 3i

On integration, we get

log |y| = x + log |x| + c

or

z = z , z is purely real.

y

y

log

= x+c

= e x+C

x

x

16. (D)

y

y

= A ex

= ec e x or

x

x

11. (C)

3 2i 5 + i 7 + 3i

z = i

2i

3i

3 + 2i 5 i 7 3i

Let

x+y=k

E = x2 + (k x)2

Where A = ec is a constant.

y = A x ex

The solution y = x ex corresponds to

A = 1.

cosx + sinx =

2 cos x is an integer at

4

17. (C)

k

2

Given equation is

ex dy + (y ex + 2x) dx = 0

or

12. (A)

x log x (log x 1) dx

or

= log x ( x log x x ) dx

ex

dy

+ ye x + 2 x = 0

dx

dy

+ y = 2 x e x , which is linear in y.

dx

Here, I.F. = e

1dx

= ex

Note that

d

1

( x log x x ) = x + log x 1 = log x

dx

x

or

( x log x x )

Since, (a

(a

(a

2

b) = a b sin

2

b) = 16 4

y ex =

( 2 x e ) e dx + C

x

y ex = x2 + C

18. (C)

+C

2

b) = a

y = 1 B(1, 1)

1

= 16

4

k

2

y=

3

x = , + , + ,

+

2 2 4

4 2

4

14. (C)

k

2

d 2E

= 4 > 0 R throughout

dx 2

Now,

of x.

Now,

dE

= 2x 2 (k x ) = 0

dx

x=

2 cos x

4

4

13. (B)

E = x 2 + y2

(1, 0)

Given curve is

x2 + y2 2x = 0

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or

x2 2x + 1 + y2 = 1

or

(x 1) + y = 1

2

22. (C)

Required area =

(1

0

1

(area of

4

1

2

24. (B)

Let E = Lim

x 2

f ' ( 2 ) = Lim

x 2

1 x2

1 x2

=

=

x

x

1

= sin , where = cot

1 x2

(0, )

x

f ' ( 2) =

25. (D)

Let I =

I=

1

1

= cos ec =

1 + cot2

= x2 = | x |

I=

( , ), therefore,

f ' (x) = cosx b < 0 for all x R

cos x 1 )

xf ( 2) 2f ( x )

x2

form

0

By La Hospital Rule

sin ( cos1 x )

Since tan ( cos 1 x ) =

co s (cos 1 x )

(Q

1

2

23. (D)

sin[cot1{tan(cos1x)}]

b>1

1

2

2

3

adj(adj A) = |A|n 2 A

AB is also orthogonal

21. (C)

1

2

>

1 cos <

1 x

1+

x2

1

2

cos <

AA ' = I, BB ' = I

1 x2

1

sin

cot

1 1 cos <

|a||b|cos <

1

( )

4

a b <

= 1 sq.units

4

20. (A)

19. (A)

1 + 1 + 2a b < 1

=11

the circle)

|a + b|2 < 1

(a + b) (a + b) < 1

1 ( x 1 ) dx

2

radius = 1

1

|a + b| < 1

f ( 2) 2f ' ( x )

1

f ( 2) 2f ' (2)

1

1

dx

1 + sin x

1

dx

1 + cos x

2

dx

x

2cos

4 2

2 sec

x

dx

4 2

x

I = tan + c

4 2

x

I = tan + c

2 4

a=

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= 4 2(1) = 2

;b=c

4

26. (C)

Here,

cos 1

| x + 1|

Lt + f ( x ) = Lt +

1

x 1

x 1 tan

( x + 1)

=

Lt

x 1+

(x

+ x) + 1

2

x +1

=1

1

tan ( x + 1)

1

2

(x

+ x) + 1

2

= cos 1 x2 + x + 1

= x2 + x + 1

1 = (x2 + x2 + 1) {(x2 + x2 ) + 1}

Since x 1 +

x + 1 0 + and

tan t

s

= 1 = Lt

t 0

s 0 tan 1 s

t

Lt

x2 + x = 0

x = 0, 1

30. (D)

If e is the identity element w.r.t. o then

aoe = eoa = a for all a 1

| x + 1|

Lt f ( x ) = Lt

1

and x

x 1 tan

1

( x + 1)

( x + 1)

Lt

= 1

= x

1

1 tan

( x + 1)

27. (B)

x

g(x) = sin is a bijection.

2

28. (C)

1

d

1

tan 1 =

dx

x 1+ 1

x2

I=

a + e + ae = a

e(1 + a) = 0

e = 0 (since a 1, a + 1 0)

31. (A)

1

1

x2 = 1 + x2

of the wheat in the cylinder be h ft., then

the volume V ft3 of the wheat at that instant

is given by

V = (10)2h = 100 h

1

d

1

dx

tan 1 dx =

dx

1

x

+

x2

1

(Since

I = tan x 1

I=

dV

dh

dh

= 100

314 = 100

dt

dt

dt

dV

= 314)

dt

dh

314

dt = 100 (3.14 ) (Taking = 3.14)

+ =

4 4

2

is increasing at the rate of 1 cubic ft, per

minute.

Note:

1

1

I = tan 1 = = is

x 1 4 4 2

incorrect.

32. (A)

1

since, the function tan 1 is not an

x

antiderivative of

interval [1, 1].

29. (C)

1

d

tan 1 on the

x

dx

Now d = displacement

x 2 + x + 1 = 2 (given)

cos 1

cos 1

(x

+ x) + 1

2

(x

+ x) + 1

2

+ sin 1 x2 + x + 1 =

sin 1 x2 + x + 1

2

Workdone =

33. (B)

= 12 + 0 8 = 4 unit

centre is (a, a).

Hence, the equation of the circle is

(x + a)2 + (y a)2 = a2

or

..... (1)

2

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2 x + 2yy1 + 2a 2ay1 = 0

x + yy 1

=a

y1 1

0 1 1

1 0 1

=

1 1 0

we get

.... (2)

2

x + yy 1

x + yy 1

x+

+y

y

1

y1 1

x + yy 1

=

y1 1

or

38. (C)

2

R1 = {(b, a) : (a, b) R}

ii) Let R = R1

Let (a, b) R

1

1 x

1+ x =

1 + x2 = 1

(a, b) R1

(b, a) R

(a, b) R (b, a) R

39. (D)

x=0

Here, (fog)(x) = f(g(x))

R is symmetric

= [x [x]] = 0

(b, a) R

Since R R1

Since (b, a) R

40. (B)

AB + AC = P.V. of B = P.V. of C

(Taking A as origin)

= 2(P.V. of mid-point of ([BC])

= 2 P.V of D

R1 R

= 2 AD

Combining, we get R = R1

1

35. (B)

Physics

2

Required area = 2 (| x | x ) dx

0

41. (A)

2

= 2 ( x x ) d x

0

x2 1 x3 1

1 1

= 2 = 2

2

3

0 0

2 3

42. (B)

virtual, the magnification produced by the

lens is positive i.e. m = + 4.

Now, m =

4=

f

u+f

20

or u + 20 = 5

u + 20

or u = 15 cm

1 1 1

2 1 1 0

3 2 k

Again, m =

f v

f

4=

20 v

20

or v = 20 80 = 60 cm

k0

37. (A)

120

N

= 4 10 7

2.5

0.2

l

Also, f = + 20 cm

solution if

a 21

Let = a 21

a 31

B = 0 n =0

= 1.885 103 T

1 1

= 2 =

6 3

36. (A)

tan 1 (1 x )

2

1

tan 1 (1 + x ) = tan 1

1 x

(a, b) R1

Let (a, b) R1

(a, b) R

tan 1 (1 + x ) = cot 1 (1 x )

1

tan 1 (1 + x ) =

or

34. (A)

= 0 + 1(0 + 1) 1 (1) = 0

43. (B)

a12

a 22

a 32

a13

a 23

a 33

as per the figure shown below.

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46. (A)

qE

100

= 20.18 a.m.u.

A 0.1 m long bird will require frequency,

A=

47. (B)

qE = mg

E=

frequency. Indeed, radars occasionally detect

birds.

mg

q

48. (A)

the four corners of the square PQRS as

shown below.

1.67 10 27 9.8

1.6 10 19

Here,

= 1.02 107 N C1

q1

P

upwards.

44. (A)

2m

1

1

1

1

1

4

=

+

+

+

=

or R ' = 3

R ' 12 12 12 12 12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

q4

q3

2m

q4 = 6 C = 6 106 C;

and PQ = QR = RS = PS =

2m

the centre O of the square.

Then,

V=

resistance, same current will pass through

the each resistor, Therefore,

the current through each resistor =

r2 + r2 = 2

or r = 1 m

four corners,

E 9

= =1 A

R 9

1 q1 q2 q3 q 4

+

+

+

40 r

r

r

r

1 1

. (q + q2 + q3 + q4 )

40 r 1

9 109

2 10 6 + 2 10 6 + 3 106 + 6 10 6

1

) (

= 2.7 104 V

1

1

I = 1 = 0.25 A

4

4

49. (B)

Here, I = 10 A ; n= 100;

A = 40 cm 20 cm = 800 cm2

1

2

Br

2

= 8 102 m2 ; B = 5 T ;

and = 60 rad s1

e=

2m

r O r

q3 = 3 C = 3 106 C;

e B r2 v =

q2 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

45. (C)

q1 = 2 C = 2 106 C;

9V

Therefore, the effective resistance of the

network of resistors,

I=

q2

2m

r

battery of e.m.f. 9 V is shown below. Let I

be the total current in the circuit. If R ' is

the effective resistance of the four resistors

of 12 each connected in parallel, then

c 3 108

=

= 3000 MHz

0.1

v=

mg

1

2

0.05 ( 2 ) 60 = 6 V

2

coil)

Now, = n B I A cos

= 100 5 10 8 102 cos 60o

= 200 N m

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50. (C)

photons. Photons are electrically neutral as

they are not deflected by electric and

magnetic fields.

51. (B)

net e.m.f. of cells,

its speed is known as the de Broglie relation

and the wavelength of the matter wave is

called de Broglie wave length.

58. (C)

The total internal resistance of the cells in

series,

A v = A v ' A v ''

Also, A v =

E

5.3

5.3

I =

=

=

= 0.854

R + r 4 + 2.2 6.2

52. (C)

nD

d

= 0.01 10 30 = 3 V

53. (A)

59. (C)

N

reduced to 0 after 12.5 years. After 25

2

54. (B)

55. (D)

N0

. So, the

4

= 5.263 1013 J

60. (B)

1

.

4

sequence of electromagnetic waves is; radio

waves, microwaves, infrared radiation,

visible light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays,

gamma rays. Ultraviolet waves come after

visible light.

61. (C)

0 A 8.854 1012 90 10 4

=

Now, C =

d

2.5 10 3

= 3.187 1011 F

h

6.62 10 34

=

me ve 9.1 10 31 10 5

Now,

1

1

2

C V 2 = 3.187 10 11 (400 )

2

2

= 7.27 109 m

W=

= 2.55 106 J

Now X L = L = 2fL

22

70 1.0 = 440

7

De Broglie proposed that the wave length

associated with a particle of momentum

p is given as

= 2

57. (A)

d = 2.5 mm = 2.5 103 m ; V = 400 volt

56. (B)

1 1 1

+ =

v 9 10

i.e., v = 90 cm

Magnitude of magnification =

90

= 10 cm

9

e =

106 kg

Maximum K.E. = 2 2 f2 R2 m =

...... (ii)

Vout

Vin = A v ' A v ''

5 80 6 10 5

y5 =

= 1.2 cm

0.02

Vout

Vin

...... (i)

Here, d = 0.02 cm ; D = 80 cm ;

the net voltage gain (Av) is equal to the

product of the gain of the individual

amplifiers i.e.

62. (C)

63. (D)

vacuum =

K.E. =

h

h

=

p m

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c 3 108

=

= 6 107 m

v 5 1014

e4 m

802n 2h2

= 13.6 eV,

Ze2

P.E. =

= 2 K.E. = 27.2 eV

80 r

64. (C)

Here, R = 10 ; L = 2 H ; C = 25 F

71. (D)

72. (B)

= 25 106 F;

Ev = 200 V

When the frequency of the a.c. supply equals

the natural frequency of the circuit,

XL = XC i.e. Z = R

73. (D)

E v 200 200

= 4000 W

=

10

R

Let E be the e.m.f of the battery. The

charging current I is opposed by the e.m.f.

of the battery. According to Ohms law.

74. (A)

T-shape structure with two lone pairs of

electrons on Cl atom.

75. (B)

or E = V I r = 12.5 0.5 1 = 12 V

76. (C)

does not rotate the plane of polarized light,

therefore, the compound must be a racemic

mixture.

77. (B)

protein with conc. HNO3 when yellow colour

is obtained.

78. (C)

corresponding acids by Tollens reagent

while all others are strong oxidising agents

and hence, cleave the molecule at the site

of the double bond yielding a mixture of

products.

Chemistry

Pyrophosphoric acid (H4P2O7)

O

OH

P

OH

O

O

OH

OH

a tetrabasic acid.

67. (C)

Al3+ + 3e Al

Cu2+ + 2e Cu

Tollens' reagent

CH3CH = CHCHO

Na+ + e Na

1

1

mol, Al,

mol,

Thus, 1 F will deposit

3

2

Cu and 1 mol Na, i.e., moles deposited are

in the ratio

1 1

: : 1 i.e., 2 : 3 : 6 or 1 : 1.5 : 3.

3 2

68. (A)

geometrical isomerism.

69. (D)

with HNO3 ,nitration occurs at o, p-positions

with simultaneous replacement of SO 3H

group by NO2 group to give ultimately 2, 4

6-trinitrophenol.

70. (D)

Aldehydes which do not have an hydrogen atom (e.g., HCHO and C6H5CHO)

undergo self-oxidation and reduction

reaction on treatment with concentrated

alkali solution. One of the molecules gets

reduced to alcohol and the other gets

oxidised to the acid.

NaOH

2C 6 H 5 CHO

+

C6H5COO Na

NH2 in the

reaction.

VE=Ir

66. (D)

100 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2

= 2 103 mol

1 mol NaCl is doped with SrCl2

= 2 105 mol

As each Sr2+ ion creates one cation vacancy,

therefore cation vacancies = 2 105 mol/

mol of NaCl

= 2 105 6.02 1023 mol1

= 12.04 1018 mol1

Order may or may not be equal to

molecularity.

Pav = Ev Iv

= Ev

65. (C)

C 6 H 5 CH 2OH +

CH3CH = CHCOOH

79. (B)

80. (A)

pyrites is converted into FeO which then

combines with silica to give FeSiO3 as a slag.

FeO + SiO2 FeSiO3

Reactions I and II give 2-propanol, i.e.,

H+

Mark.add.

2-Propanol

(i) CH MgI

3

CH CHOHCH

II. CH3CHO

3

3

(ii) H+ /H O

2

2-Propanol

and IV gives 1, 2-propanediol.

(i) C H MgI

2

5

C H CH OH

III. CH2O

(ii) H + /H O

2 5

2

2

1-Propanol

Neutral

CH2 CH CH3

IV. CH2 = CHCH3

KMnO

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OH OH

1, 2 -Propanediol

81. (D)

82. (A)

83. (A)

preparation of colloidal sol of Na as it reacts

with water vigorously.

HeO2 (80% : 20%) mixture is used by deep

sea divers for artificial respiration. Because

of low intermolecular forces in He, it is much

less soluble in aqueous solutions (as

compared to N2) such as blood and does not

cause caisson sickness or bends by

bubbling out of blood when the worker

moves from high pressure (while in deep

sea) to atmospheric pressure.

o

3

1.732

a=

4.28 A = 1.86 A

4

4

metal to a volatile stable compound.

Magnetic moment,

corresponds to the number of unpaired

electrons n = 3 by applying the formula

eff = n(n + 2) B.M.

For n = 1, =1.73 B.M.; for n = 2, = 2.83

B.M. ; for n = 3, = 3.87 B.M. and so on.

86. (D)

87. (C)

r=

84. (A)

85. (B)

semipermeable membrane.

Reducing character of hydrides increases

down the group.

88. (C)

89. (C)

hydrogenation of alkenes.

90. (A)

2 5

HCOOH

CO + H2O

500 K

Ti + 2 I2

TiI4 (volatile stable) ;

Impure

1700 K

TiI4

Ti + 2 I2

Pure

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