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LIGHT REFLECTION NUMERICALS WORKSHEET

1.

The incident ray makes an angle of 30 with the surface of a plane mirror. Find the
angle of reflection. (Ans: 60)

2.

A light ray strikes a flat, smooth, reflecting surface at an angle of 80 to the


normal. What is the angle that the reflected ray makes with the surface of the
mirror? (Ans: 10)

3.

Light from a laser strikes a plane mirror at an angle of 38 to the normal. If the
laser is moved so that the angle of incidence increases by 13, what is the new
angle of reflection? (Ans: 51)

4.

A plane mirror is approaching you at a speed of 10 cm/sec. You can see your
image in it. At what speed will your image approach you? (Ans: 20 cm/sec)

5.

Two plane mirrors are positioned at right angles to one another. A ray of
light strikes one mirror at an angle of 30 to the normal. It then reflects toward
the second mirror. What is the angle of reflection of the light ray off the second
mirror? (Ans: 60)

6.

An object is 36.0 cm in front of a concave mirror with a 16.0 cm focal length.


Determine the image position. (Ans: -28.8 cm)

7.

A 3.0 cm tall object is 20.0 cm from a 16.0 cm radius concave mirror.


Determine the image position and image height. (Ans: -2.0 cm)

8.

A concave mirror has a 7.0 cm focal length. A 2.4 cm tall object is 16.0 cm
from the mirror. Determine the image height. (Ans: -1.9 cm)

9.

An object is near a concave mirror of 10.0 cm focal length. The image is 3.0
cm tall, inverted, and 16.0 cm from the mirror. What are the object position
and object height? (Ans: u = 26.7 cm, ho=5.0 cm)

10.

An object of 4 cm height is placed at a distance of 18 cm from concave mirror


having focal length 12 m. Find the position, nature and height of the image.
(Ans: v= -36 cm, height of image = - 8 cm)

11.

A dentist mirror (concave) has a radius of curvature of 3 cm. How far must it
be placed from a small dental cavity to give virtual image of cavity that is
magnified 5 times? (Ans: - 1.2 cm)

12.

An object of 5 cm height is placed at a distance of 12 cm in front of a concave


mirror. It forms a real image 4 times larger than the object. Calculate the
distance of the image from the mirror. (Ans: - 48 cm, image is at a distance 48
cm from the mirror on the same side of the object.)

13.

An object 4 cm. in size is placed at 25 cm. in front of concave mirror of focal


length 15 cm. At what distance from the mirror should a screen be placed in
order to obtain a sharp image? Find the nature and the size of the image. (Ans:
v=-37.5 cm, h=-6 cm, inverted and enlarged )

14.

An object 2 cm high when placed in front of a converging mirror produces a


virtual image 3 cm high. If the object is placed at a distance of 8 cm from the
pole of the mirror, calculate: (i) the position of the image, (ii) the focal length
of the converging mirror. (Ans: concave mirror, v = 12 cm, f = -24 cm)

15.

A convex mirror has a focal length of 13.0 cm. A light bulb with a diameter of
6.0 cm is placed 60.0 cm from the mirror. What is the light bulbs image
position and diameter? (Ans: 10.7 cm, 1.1 cm)

16.

A convex mirror is needed to produce an image that is three-fourths the size


of an object and located 24 cm behind the mirror. What focal length should be
specified? (Ans: -96 cm)

17.

A 7.6 cm diameter ball is located 22.0 cm from a convex mirror with a radius
of curvature of 60.0 cm. What are the balls image position and diameter?
(Ans: -12.7 cm, 4.4 cm)

18.

A 1.8 m tall girl stands 2.4 m from a stores security mirror. Her image appears to be
0.36 m tall. What is the focal length of the mirror? (Ans: 0.60 m)

19.

The radius of curvature of a convex mirror used on a moving automobile is 2 m. A


truck coming behind it is at a constant distance of 3 m. Calculate the position, size
and nature of the image formed. (Ans: image is at a distance 0.75 m from the mirror
on the side opposite to the object, size of the image is 0.25 times the object. The
image is virtual, diminished and erect)

20.

An object is placed at a distance 10 cm from a convex mirror of focal length 15 cm.


What will be the nature the image? (Ans: a virtual and erect image, at a distance of
6cm from the optical center of the mirror on the right hand side of the mirror.)

21.

An object is placed at 20 cm in front of a convex mirror of focal length 10 cm. Find


the image distance and magnification. (Ans: image distance v=6.66 cm,
magnification = 0.33)

22.

A convex mirror is fitted on an automobile with focal length of 3 m. If a vehicle


following the automobile is at a distance of 5 m, determine the position and nature of
an image. (Ans: virtual, erect and diminished image at a distance of 1.875 m from the
mirror.)

23.

An object of height 6 cm is placed at a distance of 15 cm from a concave mirror of


focal length 10 cm. Find position, nature and height of the image. (Ans: v=-30 cm,
height = 12 cm, real, inverted and magnified).

24.

An object of height 5 cm is placed at a distance of 10 cm from convex mirror of focal


length 15 cm. Find the position, nature and size of an image. (Ans: Virtual, erect, and
diminished, at a distance of 6 cm behind the mirror, height of image = 6 cm

25.

A convex mirror is used as a safety mirror in a shop. It has a focal length of 15 m. A


person is standing 12 m away from this mirror. Find the position of his image. (Ans:
v=6.667 m, image behind the mirror).

26.

An object of height 6 cm is placed 18 cm away from a concave mirror. The image is


formed 12 cm before the mirror. Find out the following: (i) Focal length of the mirror
(f) (ii) Radius of curvature (R) (iii) Image height (h) (iv) Magnification of the mirror
(m). (Ans: height of image = 4 cm (real and inverted), R = 14.4 cm, m = -0.67)

27.

A convex mirror used for rear view on an automobile has a radius of curvature 3.00
m. If a bus is located at 5 m from the mirror, find position, nature and relative size of
the image. (Ans: f=1.5 m, v=1.15 m, m=0.23, virtual erect and smaller in size by a
factor of 0.23)