## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

**Chapter-01: Electric Charges and Fields
**

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

**Like Charges and Unlike Charges:
**

Like charges repel and unlike charges attract each other.

Conductors and Insulators:

Conductors allow movement of electric charge through them, insulators do not.

Quantization of Electric Charge:

It means that total charge (q) of a body is always an integral multiple of a basic quantum

of charge (e)

q = ne

where n = 0, ±1, ±2, ±3, ….

Additivity of Electric Charges:

Total charge of a system is the algebraic sum of all individual charges in the system.

Conservation of Electric Charges:

The total charge of an isolated system remains uncharged with time.

Superposition Principle:

It is the properties of forces with which two charges attract or repel each other are not

affected by the presence of a third (or more) additional charge(s).

The Electric Field E at a Point due to a Charge Configuration:

It is the force on a small positive test charges q placed at the point divided by a

magnitude

|q|

4πε 0 r 2

It is radially outwards from q, if q is positive and radially

inwards if q is negative.

E at a point varies inversely as the square of its distance

from Q, the plot of E versus r will look like the figure

given below.

Coulomb’s Law:

The mutual electrostatic force between two point charges q1 and q2 is proportional to

the product q1q2 and inversely proportional to the square of the distance r21 separating

them.

k ( q1q2 ) ^

F 21 ( force on q 2 due to q1 ) =

r 21

r212

^

**Where r 21 is a unit vector in the direction from q1 to q2 and k =
**

•

1

4πε 0

is the

proportionality constant.

An Electric Field Line:

It is a curve drawn in such a way that the tangent at each point on the curve gives the

direction of electric field at that point.

Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in

Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

d s is a ‘dot’ product. for r>>a 4πε 0 r 3 A Dipole Placed in Uniform Electric Field E experiences: Torque τ . Test Papers. Tips and Tricks .com and http://onlineteachers.• Important Properties of Field Lines: These are: (i) Field lines are continuous curves without any breaks. • Electric Field at a Point due to Charge q: E= F q • Electric Field due to an Electric Dipole in its Equatorial Plane at a Distance r from the Centre: −p 1 E= 4πε 0 2 2 32 (a + r ) −p ≅ . for r>>a 4πε 0 • Electric Field due to an Electric Dipole on the Axis at a Distance r from the Centre: 2 pr E= 4πε 0 (r 2 − a 2 ) 2 ≅ • 2p . (ii) Two field lines cannot cross each other.d s = ε0 • Electric field outside the charged shell is as though the total charge is concentrated at the centre.co. q φ = ∫ E. hence it is scalar. The same result is true for a solid sphere of uniform volume charge density. The electric field is zero at all points inside a charged shell. (iii) Electrostatic field lines start at positive charges and end at negative charges – they cannot form closed loops. τ = pxE • The Electric Flux: φ = ∫ dφ = ∫ E. Sample Papers.in Portal for CBSE Notes. • Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. ∆φ is positive for all values of θ < ∆φ is negative for all values of θ > π 2 π 2 • Gauss’s Law: The flux of electric field through any closed surface S is 1/ε0 times the total charge enclosed by S.

Tips and Tricks . Electric field E along the outward normal to the surface is zero and σ is the surface charge density.n 2πε 0 r where r is the perpendicular distance of the point from the wire and is the radial unit vector in the plane normal to the wire passing through the point. r (r ≥ R) 4πε 0 r 2 E=0 • (r < R) where r is the distance of the point from the centre of the shell and R the radius of the shell. Electric field E.in Portal for CBSE Notes.com and http://onlineteachers.• • Electric field E. due to an infinitely long straight wire of uniform linear charge density λ: λ ∧ E= . due to thin spherical shell of uniform surface charge density σ: ^ q E= .co. In a cavity within a conductor (with no charges). Electric field E. q is the total charge of the shell & q = 4πR2σ. Potential is constant within and on the surface of a conductor. outward on either side. Charges in a conductor can reside only at its surface. due to an infinite thin plane sheet of uniform surface charge density σ: σ ^ E= . Test Papers. Sample Papers.n 2ε 0 ^ • Where n is a unit vector normal to the plane. Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. the electric field is zero.

- Charted Engineeruploaded bySantanu Phukan
- Solar Casestudy Rabi Rasmi Abasanuploaded bypiyush
- XII Math Ch7 Integrals ChapterNotes Novuploaded byAbhinav Palod
- Documentuploaded byDevanshu Kathrecha
- system24-2014-04uploaded byRose Mejia
- SEMI India Launches Solar PV Technical Training Programmes in Jaipuruploaded byRajan Murugesh
- Forex Trader Job Descriptionuploaded byEko Waluyo
- 2013_12_sp_english_core_03uploaded byAjay Agarwal
- Question and Answers 21 to 40 Logicuploaded bypratikcds
- A computer system monitors the temperature of the solar panels remotely.docxuploaded byLisi Natera
- Mission Solar Brochureuploaded byiyer34
- Rooftop Solar Power Projectsuploaded bySachin Gupta
- ClarificationSolar PV_Thermal .pdfuploaded bygopi_dey8649
- Dpr Rooftop Solaruploaded byAnish Babu
- 2013_12_sp_english_core_04uploaded byAjay Agarwal
- Cost Updateuploaded byxsmartie
- WorkExuploaded byrasnim
- Design and Performance Analysis of a Directly-coupled Solar Photovoltaic Irrigation Pump System at Gaibandha, Bangladeshuploaded byMd. Arifur Kabir
- A case study of 3-MW scale grid-connected solar photovoltaic power plant at Kolar, Karnatakauploaded byAnant Joshi
- Motor Feeder Cable Voltage Dropuploaded byapi-3844354
- StructSteel Specificationsuploaded bySHEKAR RAM LOGANATHAN
- Flamingo Class 12 ( XII ) English Summary Easy[1]uploaded byAnshul
- Technical & Economic Assessment of Electricity using Off-Grid Solar Photovoltaic Technology in Peshawar - KPKuploaded byIOSRjournal
- Adnan Ahmed Petrol Pumpuploaded byUsman Tariq
- Iec Cet Report(2)uploaded byNaveen Kumar
- Excel 2010 Tutorialuploaded byjorge_cm71816
- Amrut Energy - Brochureuploaded byArvind Patel
- Solar PV Designuploaded bykhare_girish
- Minimal Cutset Enumeration and Network Reliability Evaluation by Recursive Merge and BDDuploaded byMd. Arifur Kabir
- Aiits 2016 Hct Vii Jeem Jeea Advanced Paper-2 Questions Paperuploaded byAnshul

- RCflight Simulator PICSIMuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- glider.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Foam Designsuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- waves-p3.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 205710main_Right_Flight.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Gpmp0760 Manual v2uploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 01.OSHistory.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- sl1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Collisionuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- collision.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Basic Fundamental of Operating Systemuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Notes on Current Electricityuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- AeroClub Module5 Make a Foam Planeuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- gravitation-p1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 811103388X7478X20.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- CBSE Chemistry XII Chapter 1uploaded byVirendra Gaur
- relations_and_functionstest1_1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 11_physics_notes_03_law_of_motion.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- mechanical-properties-of-solid.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 10 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS part 1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 2.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Moment of Inertia p2uploaded byVirendra Gaur
- moment-of-inertia-p1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- units and measurements.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 9uploaded byVirendra Gaur
- gravitation-p1.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Physics Notes Class 11 Chapter 5 Laws of Motionuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 12th physics current electricity.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 2 UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS .pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur
- 11_physics_notes_10_oscillations_and_waves.pdfuploaded byVirendra Gaur

Close Dialog## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Loading