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Index

Financial Inclusion

DECEMBER,2012
2014
AUGUST,

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India and Japan

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Judicial Appointment Process

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FINANCIAL INCLUSION
India has grown substantially
since liberalization and GDP of India
has seen a multifold increase over the
last two decades. But this growth has
not been inclusive enough and since
the turn of the century government
has turned their attention towards
inclusive growth. Financial inclusion
is an important tool for the growth to
be inclusive. Financial inclusion
defined by the Rangarajan committee
as “The process of ensuring access
to financial services and timely and
adequate credit where needed by
vulnerable groups such as weaker
sections and low income groups at
an affordable cost”. This statement
says financial inclusion means financial
services should be accessible to
everyone especially to the low
income section and these financial
services should be available at a cost
that is affordable to everyone.
Different countries are in different
stages of financial inclusion and in
India it is to provide banking solution
for everyone. In India only few are
included with in the financial ambit.
In India after independence at
various stages government has tried
to increase the people with in the
ambit of organized financial services.
In the initial phase of financial
inclusion government nationalised
the banks. Nationalisation of banks
gave government the opportunity to
decide about the rates and also it
provides better control over the
overall functioning of the banks.
During this phase government
provided bank licenses with focus on
uncovered area and also they
provided for priority sector lending.
In the second phase which started in
2

1990’s RBI provided guidelines to
open no frill accounts and various
other initiatives like easier KYC, use
of IT in banking, better customer
services and reduction in amount
which banks needs to keep with RBI.
This provided the banks the adequate
flexibility and credit to lend to those
who need the money. There has
been a commendable progress
achieved by India in financial
inclusion. India has greatly increased
the total number of bank branches
and also the total number of branches
in rural area. Now banks lend more
than their assigned limit to priority
sector. In spite of all the progress, this
has not been sufficient. A lot more
needs to be done in order to make
the financial inclusion successful.
With above objective in mind
government has launched “Pradhan
Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana”. PM
announced the scheme on his
maiden Independence Day speech.
Various objectives of this scheme
includes:1. Enrolling 7.5 crore bank
accounts and bring them in
organised financial sector.
2. Provide Universal access to
banking facilities starting with
Basic Banking Accounts with
overdraft facility of Rs 5000
after six months.

3. Rupay debit card to every
account holder.
4. This card will have accidental
insurance cover of Rs. 1 lakh as
well.
5. An additional 30000 Rs life
insurance cover will also be
provided to those who will
open the account.
6. Final aim is to link bank
accounts with Aadhaar card,
so that it reduces the leakages
in the transfers from
government.
All these measures along with
measures taken by RBI to bring more
and more citizens into financial net
will take some time to reap the
benefits. But they are the necessary
steps to remove some of the
longstanding problems. Corruption in
the transfer of funds can be largely
controlled it objective of direct
benefit transfer can be achieved.
Unaccounted money is also a big
source for black money and it is not
taxed. Farmers and poor who do not
have banking facility are forced to go
to money lenders who charge large
interest rates. These large interest
rates are reason for large scale suicide
of farmers in India. So government
should take all the necessary measure
to bring everyone into financial ambit.

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INDIA AND JAPAN
India and Japan have a long
history of engagements, relations
between the two countries are as old
as 6th century B.C. It started with
Buddhism being introduced to
Japan. Japan’s relation with India has
always been positive, in freedom
struggle Japan supported netaji.
However the modern relations are
more based on technological
advancement of Japan. But even in
present era where relations are
dominated by economic sphere both
countries have maintained good
cultural, educational and spiritual ties
based upon the values of democracy
and rule of law. Strong cultural values
of Japan has attracted Indian leaders
from time to time, Swami Vivekananda
once said that every Indian must visit
Japan once in his/her lifetime. The
Japan-India Association was set up
110 years ago in 1903, and is today
the oldest international friendship
body in Japan. India and Japan has
seen lot of adversaries in the past but
they have always stood by each other.
Post the Second World War, India did
not attend the San Francisco
Conference, but decided to
conclude a separate peace treaty
with Japan in 1952 after its sovereignty
was fully restored, marking a defining
moment in the bilateral relations and
setting the tone for the future.
Relationship between the two
countries after independence
started with India concluding a
separate peace with Japan in 1952,
which was all the more important
because India did not attend the San
Francisco Conference. After that
Japanese PM visit to India in 1957 and
India’s PM Jawahar lal Nehru’s visit to
Tokyo same year started the long

journey of mutual trust and friendship
of two countries who were trying to
get out of their problems. And most
importantly in India there is a great
admiration for Japan for how they
have grown despite all the
adversaries. Despite god beginning
momentum of Indo-Japan relations
died after 1950’s. This can be seen
from the fact that no high level visit
took place from India for 30 years.
But Maruti Suzuki investment in
1980’s changed the scenario and
they brought good business practices
with them. Japan has always helped
India in the time of crisis they were
among the few countries who
helped India during the balance of
payment crisis in 1991 and India is
also the biggest beneficiary of Japan’s
overseas development assistance.
At the beginning of 21st century
bilateral relations got a strong push
and leaders from the countries came
forward to make it successful. The
Japan-India Global Partnership in the
21st Century was launched looking
into new challenges and
opportunities present in the 21 st
century world. In the year 2006
relationship between the two
countries were further scaled up and
relationship was upgraded to a Global
and Strategic Partnership and an
annual summit of prime ministers was
declared. India is one and only
country in the world with which Japan
has PM level summit. Due all these
measures economic relationship
between India and japan flourished
to new heights. India finally
concluded a comprehensive
economic partnership agreement
with Japan in 2011. Since the turn of
the century trade relations between

the countries has scaled many folds.
In various fields India and Japan
complement each other; in
demography Japan has an ageing
population while India high youthful
population; India has great stock of
natural resources while Japan has
advanced technology for exploring
the resources; India’s service sector
is flourishing while japan has a great
manufacturing sector. So in all the
above aspects both countries can
complement each other and help in
the growth of other.
Japan-India bilateral trade
reached close to $ 20 billion in the
year 2013-14. Japan’s trade share with
the India is 2 to 2.5 percent of total
trade by India. India imports from
japan mainly electronic goods,
machinery, Iron and steel etc. while
India exports includes petroleum
products, jewelry and gems. Indian
government also has plan to invest $
1 trillion in infrastructure during the
twelfth plan period, Japanese
assistance could prove to be critical
as they have the expertise and know
how in infrastructure field. Japan has
already provided the willingness for
Delhi-Mumbai Industrial corridor but
India has various other important
infrastructure projects in line like
Western Dedicated Freight Corridor
(DFC) so Japan’s assistance would be
a great help. In political sphere at the
60th anniversary of diplomatic
relations both countries have signed
“Strengthening the Strategic and
Global Partnership”. And Emperor
Akihito and Empress Michiko weeklong visit in December 2013 shows
the importance japan attach to India.
Prime minister Narendra Modi visit to
Japan also strengthen the already
existing rapport between the nations.

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Reinterpretation of Japanese Constitution

JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT PROCESS
Administration of law and order
is one of the most important functions
of state. The judicial system deals
with the administration of the laws
through the agency of the courts.
Judiciary has been given the power
to impose penalty and punish in case
of deviation from the normal course
of action. Judiciary also helps in
resolving the disputes between the
people. Judicial system has not been
always like we have right now, it has
evolved through various stages. India
had a fairly well-developed and
sophisticated
system
of
administration of justice even in
ancient India. And there is some
similarity between the system we
have now and what it used to be in
ancient India. But laws and system of
administration of justice which we
have now is developed during the
British rule.
In present India judicial system
is divided in three tiers, with Supreme
Court at the top, high courts in the
middle and subordinate courts at the
bottom. Chapter IV of part V of the
constitution deals with the Union
Judiciary and Chapter V and VI of part
VI deals with high courts and
subordinate courts respectively. All
the three tiers of courts also have a
defined jurisdiction. Supreme court
has original and exclusive jurisdiction
with respect to cases related to
interstate disputes. Supreme court is
also the protector of fundamental
rights but High courts also have the
power to issue writs in case of
violation of fundamental rights.
The appointment process of
judges to the Supreme Court and the
High Court is provided under Article
4

124(2) and Article 217(1) of the
Constitution. Articles 124 says that
“every judge of the supreme court
shall be appointed by the president
by a warrant under his hand and seal
after consultation with such of judges
of the supreme court and of the High
courts as the president may seem
necessary for the purpose”. The
Supreme Court in S.P. Gupta v.
President of India (1981) held that
the executive would appoint the
judges in ‘consultation’ with the Chief
Justice rather than in ‘concurrence’.
But 9 judges bench in “second
judge’s case” interpreted the word
“consultation” as “concurrence” and
it was interpreted that the President
has to concur with the names
decided by CJI and Art 50 of
separation of power was cited to
explain this. President invoked the
article 143 in this case and in “Third
judges case” it was decided that
“collegiums” will prescribe the name
with which the president has to
concur with. Collegiums will consist
of chief justice and two or four senior
Supreme Court judges in case of
appointment of high court and
supreme court judges respectively.
Present process of appointment
of higher judiciary has been criticised
of several accounts:(1) Process lacks accountability
(2) It does not into consideration
the proper merit.
(3) There are no specific criteria
for selection in judiciary.
(4) In a democracy people are
supreme
and
elected
representatives
are
representative of people, they
should have some say in the

appointment process of
judiciary.
(5) India is the only constitutional
democracy where the
judiciary appoints its own
judges.
In keeping these criticism in
mind parliament has passed a bill for
appointment in higher judiciary. With
the passing of National Judicial
Appointments Commission (NJAC),
the collegium system of appointing
judges to the Supreme Court and
high courts is set to become history.
The new legislation seeks to replace
the existing judges-appointingjudges system with a 6-member
Commission.
The Judicial Appointments
Commission will consist of—
(a) The Chief Justice of India,
Chairperson, ex officio;
(b) Two other Judges of the
Supreme Court next to the
Chief Justice of India in
seniority—Members, ex
officio;
(c) The Union Minister in charge
of Law and Justice—Member,
ex officio
(d) two eminent persons, to be
nominated by the collegium
consisting of the Prime
Minister, the Chief Justice of
India and the Leader of
Opposition in the House of the
People—Members.
Involvement of executive and
legislature in the appointment of
higher judiciary is definite
requirement but separation of power
should be maintained and it should
also be seen that impartiality of
judiciary is not hampered.

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R. 1914 near Kolkata — was launched here on Monday. 2014. the Madras High Court Bench has observed. ♣ Mr. Centre Identified 287 Outdated Laws to be Repealed in the Winter Session ♣ Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the government has identified 287 obsolete laws to be repealed in the winter session of Parliament. and sent the police to arrest Singh and others. ♣ He also informed that the Centre is considering a proposal to repeal 700 Appropriation Acts. to repeal 36 obsolete laws. the oldest one of them dating back to 1836. Government Buses can’t Display Election ads: Election Commission ♣ As Maharashtra and Haryana go for Assembly polls in October. identifying 72 antiquated statutes. which have to be immediately axed. 19 men were killed in the firing. The Bill is currently pending.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. After every such withdrawal.com/civilservices/courses National Issues NATIONAL ISSUES Taking Decisions on Moral Grounds By Trial Courts has become a Fashion: HC ♣ It has become “a fashion” in recent years for trial courts to convict those accused in criminal cases on the moral grounds and individual perceptions of the presiding officers rather than strictly on the sound legal principles. The British imperial government saw the men on the ship as dangerous political agitators. Prasad said the government is also acting on a September 12 report submitted by the Law Commission of India. ♣ In the previous session.com/civilservices/magazine 5 . ♣ These 72 laws are part of 261 statutes. Shivakumar also said that taking decisions on the moral grounds was the job of those in “cassocks and saffron clothes” and not judges wearing black robes as they “are expected to act strictly in accordance with the principles and provisions of law. ♣ The commemoration was launched by Union Minister of State for Culture Sripad Naik in the presence of three granddaughters of Baba Gurdit Singh who was among the leaders of the 376 immigrants aboard the ship that had been turned away from Canada and forced to return to India. Komagata Maru Centenary Observed on 29th September ♣ A day after Prime Minister Narendra Modi reached out to the immigrant community of the United States.iasexamportal. the government had introduced the Repealing and Amending Bill. the Election Commission ruled out allowing display of election advertisements on government http://www. Every Parliament passes around 12 Appropriation laws each year to be used whenever the government decides to withdraw money from the Consolidated Fund of India. ♣ Mr.” ♣ The observations were made on a criminal appeal filed by an individual in 2006 to set aside the conviction and 10 years rigorous imprisonment imposed on him by a Mahila Court in Tiruchi district. a year-long centenary commemoration of the Komagata Maru incident — in which 19 Canada-bound Indian immigrants were killed in police firing on September 29. which “prima facie require repeal as they are inconsistent with modern times” as per the Commission report.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the particular Appropriation law becomes infructuous. Prasad said the Centre has already written for urgent feedback to various departments concerned in whose jurisdictions the outdated amending laws continue to exist. ♣ Justice P. While Singh escaped arrest.

announced a new art award to be presented in partnership with Delhi-based 6 art organisation Ojas Art. 31. Jhingan had noted that “children with TypeI diabetes have to take small frequent meals to avoid the danger of hypoglycemia. Dr.000 respectively. ♣ The Ojas Art Award. Ashok Kumar Jhingan.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. The award will also celebrate and encourage new artistic talent by providing a platform for the artists to showcase their work at the Lit Fest. ♣ It will be worth Rs. 51. if these children are not allowed to take frequent meals then it leads to hypoglycaemia. ♣ “Level playing field envisaged under the Model Code of Conduct is a very vital aspect for ensuring free and fair elections. ♣ The 63-year-old Chief Justice was sworn in by President Pranab Mukherjee. Justice Handyala Lakshminarayana swamy Dattu pledged to be a common man’s judge on the Bench. ♣ Known for its innovation and inclusive approach to the arts and artistic expression. Dr.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. had written to Health and Education Ministries stating that the government should look at including this (Type-I diabetes) in the list of physical disability in the Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act. However. will be presented to two Indian artists. New Art Award Announced in Jaipur Literature Fest ♣ The ZEE Jaipur Literature Festival.. chairman of Diabetes Education and Research Foundation. the buses of the SRTC are virtually under the control of the state government concerned.” the EC said. the EC has directed that State Road Transport Corporation buses and buses owned by Municipal Corporations and other government-owned vehicles “shall not be used” for display of political advertisements during the period when the model code is in force.. The first edition of the Ojas Art Award will focus on Gond Art and is open for entries from September 29. the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has sought comments from the Education and Social Justice & Empowerment Ministry on how to bring in the programme to aid these children.000 and Rs. showcasing up-and-coming artists’ work.. Justice Dattu http://www. the ZEE Jaipur Literature Festival has been working with Ojas Art for a number of years.. ♣ Asked about the changes in the Supreme Court over the years. saying the party in power can use it to its advantage and disturb the level playing field. 1 out of 10 School Children is Overweight: Health Ministry ♣ Batting for care of children with Type-I diabetes in schools and colleges and allowing them to take frequent meals even during examinations. This is very important for the normal functioning of their brain.. the world’s largest free literary festival. the CJI said the workload had increased tremendously and many sensitive cases were being filed now.. which not only adversely affects their performance at school level but also poses a danger to their lives and may leave them demotivated and frustrated. ♣ In his letter..iasexamportal.” Justice Handyala Lakshminarayana Swamy Dattu as the new CJI ♣ Hours after being sworn in as the 42nd Chief Justice of India at the Durbar Hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan. 1995. ♣ Taking action on a report advocating better care and maintenance for children with Type-I diabetes who are in schools and colleges. ♣ In a communication to Chief Electoral Officers of all states. He will serve for 14 months and retire on December 2. A party should not be in a position to take undue advantage on account of it being in power in the government.com/civilservices/magazine .com/civilservices/courses National Issues transport buses. ♣ Using powers vested to it under Article 324. the EC referred to the issue of allowing election related advertisements on state road transportation and municipal corporation buses. a new annual addition to the Festival. 2015.

After the Kargil conflict. that tourism could generate income for taxi drivers. rather he wanted every IndianAmerican to send five nonIndian friends to visit the country.iasexamportal. ♣ Artillery was first used in India in the 14th Century by the Bahmani Kings during the Deccan War against Vijaynagar Kingdom. artillery has eternally been an arm to reckon with. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam supremo Jayalalithaa arrived at the Parappana Agrahara complex as Tamil Nadu Chief Minister. Elavarasi — were sentenced to four years’ imprisonment with a fine of Rs. government. The Regiment celebrates the occasion every year as Gunners Day. Tourism Unites”: PM ♣ The vast untapped economic potential of the tourism industry was at the heart of an impassioned pitch that Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made in Manhattan.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. it is acknowledged as an significant Arm of Decision. Jayalalithaa Sentenced to 4 years in Jail ♣ An epic 18-year-long legal battle ended in less than five minutes on 27th september. even though India’s current achievements in the tourism sphere were relatively low. 100-crore fine was imposed on her for offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act. Sudhakaran and J. opinionshapers. “Terrorism divides. was raised on this momentous day in 1827. ♣ The Tourism Departments also plans to take the tourists to the http://www. Her co-accused — Sasikala Natarajan. Ms. 1962. they could increase substantially to tap into a global market worth nearly $3 trillion globally. and later during the reign of the Marathas. 18-Year-Long Legal Battle Ended.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ This way. ♣ The three-time Chief Minister was sentenced to four years’ simple imprisonment and a Rs. Hyder Ali.com/civilservices/magazine 7 . ♣ The Regiment proved its mettle also during the operations of 1947-48. Modi said to the nearly 700 Indian-Americans at a starstudded dinner at the Taj Group’s Pierre Hotel overlooking Central Park that he did not need their dollars. distinguished gathering of Indian-American community leaders. auto-rickshaw drivers and “even tea-sellers. Terrorism Divides. he argued. ♣ In consequence. Tipu Sultan and the Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh.5 inch RML Gun. Artillery has acquired further prominence and with its vast array of weapons. 1971 and 1999. Apple Festival starts in Himachal Pradesh ♣ The Himachal Pradesh State Tourism Department has launched an Apple Festival to showcase and promote locally produced apples and apple made products among tourist. V. and this would also bring benefits per the axiom. She would now be barred from contesting elections for the period of conviction plus six years — a total of 10 years. A force multiplier throughout the Mughal Period. 1965.” ♣ Reiterating his support for a scheme that he had mentioned in an earlier conversation Mr. 10 crore each.” 187th Gunners Day Celebrated: 28 Sep 2014 ♣ 28th September is being celebrated as Gunners Day. 5 (Bombay) Mountain Battery equipped with 2.S. when he said to a select. she had lost her post after having been found guilty of corruption.com/civilservices/courses National Issues is presiding over the Bench monitoring the 2G spectrum scam. and long-standing friends of India in the U. Jayalalithaa stood disqualified as an MLA and lost her position as Chief Minister. By the time the curtains were drawn on the dramatic day. tourism unites. It has a special significance in the annals of the history of the Regiment of Artillery as the first Indian Artillery Unit.

com/civilservices/magazine . US Court Issues Summons Against Narender Modi ♣ It is no less historically significant as Stonehenge. cruel. Siddhalinga Swami. ♣ Environmental activists. Though neglected these monuments are in reasonably good shape. inhuman. who frequently travels to the place to see that they are in tact. Rao who has submitted a concept paper to top officials of the Tourism Department. The ‘Save Kappatagudda’ Campaign ♣ The ‘Save Kappatagudda’ campaign. Another such prehistoric site Machu Picchu in Peru in South America draws three lakh tourists. conducted a meeting near the Deputy Commissioner’s office.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. If it is not declared a wildlife sanctuary. negligence.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. battery. says Mr. crimes against humanity. The department also conducted a competition for farmers growing exotic varieties of apples. and http://www. students. Various local hotels and food chains have also set up stalls selling apple based products. ♣ In their lawsuit. However. public nuisance. ♣ “The only problem is Pandavulametta and other prehistoric sites have never been aggressively promoted as world tourism spots. 8 he explained. Venkateswara Rao. or degrading treatment or punishment. ♣ But not a soul visits our own prehistoric monuments abounding a cluster of hillocks of Pandavulametta. It will only prevent mining activities. to urge the State government not to drop the plans to declare Kappatagudda hill ranges in Gadag district a wildlife sanctuary. a prehistoric observatory and even as place of healing. packaging and marketing processes involved.com/civilservices/courses National Issues apple orchards itself so that they may have a more handson experience of the plucking. was launched. have extended support to the ‘Save Kappatagudda’ campaign. ♣ Mr. prehistoric monument in United Kingdom. led by the former chairman of the Western Ghats Task Force Anant Hegde Ashisar and Nandiveri Math seer Sri Shivakumara Swami. Pandavulametta too is seen as sacred worshipping place. All of them lack basic infrastructure facilities even pathway to reach them”. wrongful deaths. wildlife experts.iasexamportal. attracts seven lakh tourists from all over the world annually. residents of villages surrounding Kappatagudda and others. and A n n a d a n e s h w a r a Mahashivayogi Math seer. they have made eight distinct claims for relief which include. farmers. Sangamayya Konda and Sailada though located just about 14 km from the district headquarters of Srikakulam ♣ “Jane Doe”. ♣ Mr. Millions of dollars are generated from these two sites. basically because not many people know their existence. which is variedly believed by archaeologists as a sun worshipping place. Ashisar said the government had dropped declaring Kappatagudda a wildlife sanctuary citing the livelihood of the poor. who led the agitation against setting up the POSCO steel plant. a man only known as Asif and the American Justice Centre — these were the variegated plaintiffs in the lawsuit that led to a dramatic summons issued by a New York federal court against Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Pandavulametta: A Prehistoric Site barring of course K. Machu Picchu and Biskupin in Poland. academics. extrajudicial killing. freelance archaeologist. Abhinava Annadaneshwara Swami. religious leaders. multiple “John Does”. ♣ Stonehenge. it will provide scope for the exploitation of the mineral deposits and harm the ecology. in order. the wildlife sanctuary status for the region would not affect the livelihood of the people as there was no proposal either to vacate village residents or ban farming activities. Ashisar said the seer of Gadag Tontadarya Math. Like Stonehenge.

Calling the U. SC Cancelled Allocation of 214 Coal Blocks ♣ In an order with far-reaching implications. and finally an address to business chamber USIBC members in Washington. GE. 8.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. and moreover.000 crore this way. technology and innovation. “a vital partner for our national development” as he left for his tour. the State governments in the five Ganga river basin States .com/civilservices/magazine 9 . speaking directly to the heads of GE and Westinghouse that have bid for plants in India.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ intentional infliction of emotional distress. skills. but also with investment management firms Blackrock and KKR. IBM. Modi will address corporates at different levels. the government said the Centre’s efforts alone will not help the river get a second lease of life. All allegations pertain to the role that the plaintiffs perceived Mr. as he will try to disentangle the nuclear knots over India’s supplier liability laws. from a breakfast meeting with 11 top CEOs. Modi said he hopes to “draw especially on the rich possibilities of partnership in education.10. the Supreme Court cancelled all but four of the 218 coal block allocations declared arbitrary and illegal by it in an August 25 judgment. ♣ The third is to enforce zero liquid discharge from “grossly” polluting industries located http://www. to make up for the loss to the exchequer. Modi to have played in presiding over the anti-Muslim pogrom that occurred in Gujarat in 2002. Mr. Mukesh Ambani will be part of the business delegation during the visit. instead the “thought to keep the Ganga clean must come from within” for the general public.iasexamportal. Business-to-business a priority over government-togovernment engagements in Modi’s visit Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected in New York a day after unveiling his “Make in India” plan on 25th September for a five-day visit expected to focus on boosting the Indian economy.S. including the heads of Boeing. when he was the state’s Chief Minister. Jharkhand and West Bengal – should rise above political differences and chip in to save the Ganga.” During his visit. one-on-one meetings with leading business figures. Mr. research. ♣ In response. Another big priority for the PM will be energy supplies. Uttar Pradesh. 295 as compensation for every tone of coal they extracted illegally. ♣ Another proposal is by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to make all 1. ♣ The decision comes as a windfall for the government as the court has ordered the owners of the cancelled coal blocks to cough up Rs. The government is also free to auction the cancelled blocks. ♣ The government is expected to get Rs. Bihar.500 km-long river.000. ♣ The levy was calculated with reference to the figures of loss arrived at by the Comptroller and Auditor General.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Ganga Clean-up Programme ♣ The Supreme Court said it wants the NDA government to give it a “commitment” that river Ganga will be cleaned in a phased manner and said the court will keep a close watch on the executive’s efforts to rejuvenate the 2.649 grampanchayats located along the Ganga banks free from open defecation.Uttarakhand.

professing or propagating a religion. Lodha. for augmentation of capacities to the extent of 800 MW and 1080 MW respectively at both locations. propose the exclusion/inclusion of certain areas in the draft notification dated March 10.9. The court held that no state authority could infringe upon a person’s fundamental right under the Constitution of India (Article 25) of freedom of conscience and freely practicing. said that the substantial question of law can only be decided by the higher judiciary — the Supreme Court and the high courts.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. said that Parliament could not take away the powers of the judiciary and rest them in a tribunal which is not a court in its characteristic.M. BHEL will Set up 2 Power Stations in Telangana No Government can Force anyone to Declare his Religion: Bombay High Court ♣ No person in India can be compelled to declare his religion. senior officials informed. Though they believe in Jesus Christ. he can say that he does not practice or belong to any religion.000 members.11. ♣ This draft notification issued by MoEF was based on the ESA demarcated by the high-level working group (HLWG) headed by K. ♣ The petition was filed by Dr Ranjeet Mohite.com/civilservices/magazine . negotiations are still on for arriving at final cost. out of which BHEL’s portion would be approximately Rs. claimed to be members of Full Gospel Church of God.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. which they said had more than 4. ♣ A Constitutional Bench of the apex court. ♣ The government will soon enter into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the state-owned company.000 crore. headed by Chief Justice R.com/civilservices/courses National Issues across the five Ganga river basin States. who 10 ♣ Public sector giant Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) will construct two thermal power generating stations for the Telangana State Generation Corporation (TSGENCO) at Kothagudem and Manuguru in the next three years. describing the tribunal as unconstitutional and in breach of separation of powers between different organs of the state. democratic republic with no state religion.000 crore. after undertaking demarcation of eco sensitive areas (ESA) by physical verification. ♣ Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman in a separate but concurring judgment. Kishore Nazare and Subhash Ranaware. National Tax Tribunal Act is Unconstitutional: SC ♣ The Supreme Court struck down the National Tax Tribunal Act. NGT gave order to MoEF for the Demarcation of Eco-Sensitive area ♣ The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) submitted a confusing affidavit to the National Green Tribunal saying State governments in the Western Ghats region may. ♣ The court said that “every individual has the right to claim that he does not belong to any religion and that he does not practice or profess any religion”. ♣ The HC said that if an individual is told by the state to disclose his religion. the Bombay high court ruled while hearing a PIL seeking direction to the Maharashtra government to not insist on declaration of religion on official forms and documents. holding it unconstitutional. ♣ The HC reminded the governments that India is a secular. ♣ Project cost for both stations could be about Rs. 2014. However.iasexamportal. they do not believe in Christianity or any other religion. Kasturirangan. ♣ Justice Swatanter Kumar of the NGT asked the counsel for the Ministry to take direction from secretary or additional secretary on the question of http://www.

♣ In 2013.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.” ♣ Time said as it named six inspirational young persons in its first class of “next generation leaders. “came at the problem with an approach he brings to all of his projects — marrying smart design with a commitment to sustainability. working with the Bangalore-based nonprofit Parinaam Foundation. with such statements on Kashmir. http://www.” Young Leader of Tomorrow” by Time Magazine ♣ Union Minister of Rural Development Nitin Gadkari has proposed that the MGNREGS be restricted to only tribal and poor areas and the permissible labour to material ratio of expenses be changed from the current 60:40 to 51:49. The change will increase the presence of contractors in the job scheme and squeeze the funds available for wages. “He [Bhutto] thinks he can gain this region back.iasexamportal. inspire others to spruce up. ♣ Alok Shetty is among “leaders of tomorrow” who are “working hard to change their worlds today. Restrict MGNREGS only Tribal and Poor Areas ♣ Political reactions across party lines have strongly condemned the statement by Bilawal Bhutto that his party. ♣ If the encounter results in death of any one.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ A 28-year-old Bangalore-based architect has been named “young leader of tomorrow” by Time magazine for his pioneering work in designing affordable flood-proof houses for slum dwellers. ♣ Even as the current upper limit in expenditure is not being met. Mandolin U.” ♣ Mr.” ♣ Mr. but a lung infection proved fatal. ♣ He was reportedly being treated for liver failure at the Apollo Hospital . ♣ The BJP described the statement as “immature” and “childish. Shetty. without disclosing vital information. ♣ According to an analyst in Pakistan. He said that if Kerala had completed its demarcation of ESAs.com/civilservices/courses National Issues demarcating ESAs. the government wants to increase this from 40 to 49 per cent. Shrinivas . where pro-Taliban forces are strong. the government invited proposals from consultants for developing a cleanliness index with parameters and a scoring method to facilitate ranking of various cities and towns. Cleanliness Index ♣ Union Tourism Ministry said it was working on a “cleanliness index’’ for cities in the country to encourage the best performers and. in turn. is designing homes for hundreds of slum dwellers whose makeshift houses flood during the heavy rains and become breeding grounds for diseases like malaria. Shrinivas is no more ♣ The Carnatic music fraternity is in a state of shock over the untimely death of Mandolin U. Shetty. would take over the whole of Kashmir. the Pakistan People’s Party. then let it be finalized. ♣ Mr.com/civilservices/magazine 11 . by the police party before proceeding to nab them. the police must immediately register an FIR and furnish a copy to the court having jurisdiction over the area. ♣ He had lately received a liver transplant and had recovered. Bilawal Bhutto Statement on Kashmir SC Lays Down Guidelines for Police Encounters ♣ The Supreme Court laid down stringent guidelines for police encounters to prevent fake encounter killings by police. who studied Master’s in architecture at Columbia University.” and said Kashmir would always remain an integral part of India. Bhutto’s PPP was wiped out in Multan in the 2013 general elections. ♣ The top court said every intelligence input about armed terrorist movement must be recorded in writing.

000 live births. Child Health and Adolescents Plus (RMNCHA+) framework. ♣ The panel had recommended de-recognition of these institutions as they were merely functioning as colleges without any research on the curricula or innovation in teaching. ♣ The two sides signed an IndoChina Audio-Visual Coproduction Agreement through which India hopes to secure Indian filmmakers a foothold in the Chinese market.com/civilservices/magazine . cost-effective interventions” before and immediately after delivery. ♣ As per a commitment to WTO. This quota is strictly applied in case of foreign films that opt to release in China via the revenue-sharing model. China imports only 34 films a year. ♣ The Supreme Court objected to the University Grants Commission (UGC) preparing its report on the educational standards of 44 deemed universities on the basis of photographs and video footage sent by the varsities instead of an actual field inspection of the facilities. ♣ The ‘India Newborn Action Plan (INAP). ♣ Asserting that India can reduce the deaths through “simple.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.’ inaugurated by Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan. http://www. Vardhan said of the 2. Mr. ♣ The court had asked the UGC to assess the quality of education imparted by the 44 institutions in the light of the P. ♣ The Commission said physical inspection would further delay the filing of its report.N. ♣ The other route is outright sale where the Chinese distributor buys a film for a fixed price and retains the profits. ♣ The programme will be implemented under the existing Reproductive. India contributes seven lakh. Participation of stars from China would be a major attraction.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Javadekar said. ♣ India is hopeful that the Chinese will at some point agree to extend the revenue sharing model to Indian films made under the co-production agreement as the film exhibition industry in China is already double of the size of India’s and set to boom over the next decade.iasexamportal. Dr.8 million who die at birth worldwide. is the first step towards arresting infant deaths. ♣ The observation came when the UGC said it would finalise its report by September 30. India Newborn Action Plan ♣ The Centre launched a programme to reduce infant mortality and bring down the number of deaths to a single digit by 2030 from the current 29 deaths per 1. To Wipe out Kala Azar ♣ The Gates Foundation is now planning to work with the new Indian government to wipe out kala azar. 12 ♣ India has already decided to have a China focus at IFFI with a dozen Chinese films lined up for screening.com/civilservices/courses National Issues SC objected UGC ♣ A Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra said the Commission may be misled by the visual images and arrive at wrong conclusions about the facilities in the varsities under scanner. Tandon Committee report. Maternal. Indo-China Audio-Visual Coproduction Agreement ♣ India made a strong pitch with the visiting Chinese delegation to get actor Jackie Chan to attend the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) due to start in Goa on November 20.

Sri Lanka. Bombay. ♣ The draft bill is based on recommendations of the A M Pathan committee and has been criticised for compromising the autonomy of these universities. Lalitha Kumarmangalam as the Chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW) ♣ BJP’s national executive member Lalitha Kumarmangalam was appointed as the chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW). kala azar is concentrated in 52 districts in Bihar. the international health community believes these to be gross underestimation. Saifee Burhani Upliftment Trust. including the National Museum. medical journal Lancet placed the estimate 40 times higher. Jharkhand and West Bengal. is also on the boards of Reliance Industries.iasexamportal.000 kala azar cases in 2011 and fewer than 100 deaths due to the disease. One Legislation for All Central Universities ♣ To introduce one legislation for all central universities.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. while India reported just over 1. ♣ Of the seven states invited to the event.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ The foundation’s co-chairs. while the rest are governed by separate Acts of Parliament. who is currently serving as a senior adviser with McKinsey India. Foster Care Adil Zainulbhai as the Chief of the Quality Council of India (QCI) ♣ Kumarmangalam is from Tamil Nadu and runs an NGO called Prakriti. ♣ Zainulbhai. ♣ There are currently 40 central universities under the Ministry. Melinda Gates and her husband. Maldives. Quality Council of India (QCI). asking them to revert with suggestions within three weeks. six — Afghanistan. the Human Resource Development Ministry has circulated the draft bill to all such varsities. Saifee Hospital. including Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Cabinet colleagues. cultural MoUs between several institutions.com/civilservices/magazine 13 . India host the Third Meeting of SAARC Cultural Ministers ♣ India will host the Third Meeting of SAARC Cultural Ministers in New Delhi from September 24-26. and technology assistance on irrigation. railway infrastructure. ♣ India officially reported fewer than 5. former Microsoft cofounder and CEO Bill Gates. the American India Foundation. ♣ However. according to the World Health Organisation. ♣ The second largest parasitic killer in the world after malaria.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Nepal and Bhutan — have already confirmed that they will attend the meet. ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi has appointed former McKinsey India chairman Adil Zainulbhai as the chief of the http://www. Network 18 as well as on the advisory board of Indian Institute of Technology. of which 16 were created in 2009 under one Act. Indo-China Pacts ♣ Many agreements will be signed dealing with tourism and student exchanges. banks. Uttar Pradesh.000 malaria deaths in 2011. are in India to meet the new government. ♣ China’s decision to build industrial cities in Gujarat and Maharashtra at an initial investment of $10 billion is a step towards addressing the ballooning trade deficit India has of about $35 billion. Bangladesh.

Bhagatsingh Koshyari. Pralhad Joshi. ♣ Minors in conflict with the law would also be eligible for foster care services. by temporarily downgrading the newly created post of Additional Secretary in the Ministry. ♣ A party release said the rules of the MPLADS provide for “such a prescribed amount of contribution by MPs in the event of a national disaster. ♣ To reverse the declining child sex ratio (CSR) across the States. the Minister said 100 critical districts have been identified and efforts would be made to correct the imbalance. The CPI(M) contribution to the nation-wide relief and rehabilitation effort would. Sher Singh Ghubaya. Ninong Ering. nine in each House. 50 lakh each from their Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds for relief and rehabilitation work in the flood-affected areas of Jammu & Kashmir. 50 Lakh each for Relief and Rehabilitation Work in Jammu & Kashmir ♣ The Communist Party of India (Marxist) decided that all its Members of Parliament would donate Rs. ♣ Other members of the Committee are A Arunmozhithevan. under the Union Home Ministry. ♣ The 86-year-old Advani is a member of the Committee on Public Undertakings headed by Shanta Kumar (BJP) and Committee on Information Technology headed by young BJP MP Anurag Thakur. ♣ The CPI (M) has 18 MPs. Inter-State Council Secretariat.com/civilservices/magazine .K. Malla Reddy. a project would be undertaken in schools where with the aid of teachers and non-governmental organisations. Union WCD Minister Maneka Gandhi said that in collaboration with the Union Human Resource Development Ministry. ♣ Alok Shrivastava from the Madhya Pradesh cadre has been appointed Joint Secretary. ♣ Anand Kumar has been made Managing Director. Party senior Maj Gen B C Khanduri is heading the Committee on Defence.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. by temporarily downgrading the post that fell vacant after the retirement of P. Advani as the Chairman of the Ethics Committee of Lok Sabha ♣ Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan appointed BJP veteran L. approved appointments to several key posts . stand at Rs. who are either deserted or unable to get care at home. Arjun Ram Meghwal.K. a 1984batch IAS officer of the Punjab cadre. ♣ Another BJP veteran Murli Manohar Joshi is heading the Committee on Estimates. thus. ♣ The Ethics Committee examines every complaint relating to unethical conduct of a member referred to it. 14 ♣ Manikrao Gavit of Congress was heading the Committee in the last Lok Sabha.iasexamportal. Dhar Chakraborty. Jayshreeben Patel. ♣ The Union Ministry for Women and Child Development (WCD) which has set a target to bring down malnutrition levels and improve the skewed sex ratio has decided to bolster child care in the country by introducing the concept of foster homes and creating awareness about sexual abuse. Kariya Munda.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ The Child Line (1098). Bhartruhari Mahtab. National Highways Infrastructure http://www.” L. ♣ Nirmaljeet Singh Kalsi. students would be made aware of “inappropriate touch.G.” Appointments Committee of the Cabinet Approved Appointments to Key Posts ♣ The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. Hemant Tukaram Godse. Advani as the chairman of the prestigious Ethics Committee of Lok Sabha. Sumedhanand Saraswati and Bhola Singh. CPI(M) MPs Donate Rs. Union Shipping Ministry. has been appointed Adviser. 9 crore. ♣ Presenting the Ministry’s 100day report.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ The foster care proposal will cover children below 18. is to be expanded from 282 locations to 343 locations by the end of Financial Year 2014-15. an emergency outreach service for children in need of care and protection. chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

by temporarily placing the newly created post at this level. the Law Commission headed by Justice A. Department of Higher Education. Administrator. the nodal agency to provide enumeration devices and data entry operators. National Board for Wildlife Reconstituted ♣ The Ministry of Environment and Forests has filed an affidavit in the Supreme Court http://www. ♣ In 1976 the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi appointed him as the educational adviser to the Government of India. Aruna Sundararajan. Data Glitches Stall Rollout of Food Security Act ♣ Technological and procedural delays in identifying the intended beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) has seen the agencies involved — the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD). Yudhvir Singh Malik has been appointed Chief Executive Officer. Uma Promises Clean Ganga in Three Years ♣ The 247th Law Commission report specifically focuses on the impact caused by Sections 42 to 46 of the 1925 Act on Christian women and mothers.” ♣ Eminent educationist and former education adviser to the Union government Kireet Joshi passed away after battling cancer. Gujarat in 1956.” ♣ Noting that Christianity is the third largest religion in India. He was appointed as the Registrar of Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education in 1958. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. and state officials — indulge in a blame game. — PTI Property Law Unfair to Christian Women: Report ♣ The Law Commission of India has asked the Narendra Modi government to amend provisions in a preIndependence law dealing with property succession in Christian families. ♣ However. ♣ They were accompanied by data entry operators (DEOs) who entered the responses into a tablet computer. ♣ He is also credited with seeding the idea of the Indira Gandhi National Open University as also of Pondicherry University. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. ♣ For the Socio-Economic Caste Census survey.. Joshi was appointed Secretary of Auroville International Advisory Council. ♣ She congratulated the teachers who were felicitated in the programme. 1925 “weave an archaic principle of giving superior status to man in access to and owning property.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Secretary.P. ♣ He served as the Educational Adviser to the Gujarat Chief Minister from 2008 to 2010. Additional Secretary. he resigned his job the same year in order to study and practise the Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo at Puducherry. Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises. the Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL). Educationist Kireet Joshi Passes Away ♣ Union Minister Uma Bharti reiterated her commitment to clean river Ganga and promised to do so in three years while asserting that she would not entertain any questions in this regard before the task was achieved. and asked all teachers to become ‘real gurus’ and students to become better human beings rather than grow professionally. Additional Secretary. Department of Electronics and Information Technology. ♣ Mr. saying the statute gives “preferential approach to men and is unfair and unjust to Christian women. Vijay Laxmi Joshi has been appointed Secretary.iasexamportal.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Tapan Ray.com/civilservices/magazine 15 . Joshi was selected for the Indian Administrative Services in 1955 and posted as Assistant Collector of Surat. enumerators used scanned images of handwritten data from the National Population Register (NPR) to verify household members’ basic details.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ Development Corporation Ltd. Universal Service Obligation Fund. Shantiniketan. He was 83. ♣ He was instrumental in redesigning and redrafting of the Bill for Vishwa Bharati University. and Amarjeet Sinha. ♣ In 1981 Mr. proposed as the basis of the identification process. Neeraj Kumar Gupta. Shah said Sections in the Indian Succession Act.

Again ♣ Days after he courted controversy with his remark that “love jihad” flourished through madrasas. is a repeat of what the MP said on September 7 at a programme in Etah. Jharkhand and the Bombay Natural History Society. BJP MP from Unnao. ♣ Mr. one crore to 516 beneficiaries. Singrauli to be Developed as Energy City: Chouhan ♣ Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that Singrauli will be developed as ‘energy city’ of the State. ♣ “Love jihad” is a term used by right-wing Hindu outfits while referring to alleged conversion of Hindu girls through marriage.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. he said.iasexamportal.” ♣ The remark. was also the guru of Yogi Adityanath. 5. current MP from the city and BJP’s firebrand leader who is in the news for his campaign against “love jihad”. where he was admitted after being brought from Gurgaon.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Mumbai. Over Rs. according to initial estimates of http://www. horticulture and handicraft. A Central School will also be established in the city for providing education facilities to the wards of those working in the energy city. ♣ “Singrauli will be developed as energy city of the state. ♣ It will be connected with air and rail facilities. ♣ He also provided benefits under various welfare schemes totalling Rs. Guwahati. ♣ He said Rs. New Delhi. ♣ In the affidavit the government has retained the Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation and added four NGOs — World Wildlife Fund for NatureIndia. hotels. 5. Sakshi Maharaj Courts Controversy. this time with a statement that religious learning institutions are giving “education of terrorism. made at Nademau in Kannauj district. Instead Help J&K: Modi ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi appealed to friends and wellwishers not to celebrate his birthday and instead dedicate time and resources towards relief work in this hour of need for flood-ravaged Jammu and Kashmir. an industrial area will also be developed for all-round development of the district. restaurants.4005.com/civilservices/magazine . with heavy damages to trade. ♣ Avaidyanath.700 crore to the state’s economy. also a former MLA. Leaders Mourn Avaidyanath Death ♣ Avaidyanath. Modi’s appeal came amid plans to celebrate his birthday on September 17. ♣ Apart from other measures. Nature Conservation Society. branding madrasas as “hubs of terror” where “love jihad” prospered. Loss to J&K Due to Floods: Assocham ♣ Devastating floods in Jammu and Kashmir have caused an immediate loss of Rs. former chief priest of Gorakhpur’s famous Gorakhnath temple.com/civilservices/courses National Issues reconstituting the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) after the apex court had earlier stayed all the decisions of the standing Committee. He passed away at the Peeth hospital in Gorakhpur. 161 crore in the city during the Deendayal Anyodaya Mela. Aranyak.000 cr. Sakshi Maharaj.” Mr. was admitted to Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon. Don’t Celebrate my Birthday. 100 crore will be spent on infrastructure development in Singrauli during five years. including in Gujarat where he will be present that day. Maharashtra. 2014 across the country. has set off 16 another controversy. Chouhan announced while launching development works worth Rs.

the industry body said. ♣ The government is taking all measures to restore power supply to the worst-hit parts of Srinagar. railways and communication in the state completely out of gear. ♣ A total of 224 boats of the Army and 148 inflated boats of the NDRF are conducting rescue operations. 1838.com/civilservices/magazine 17 . ♣ The oldest among them is the Bengal District Act. one of the most influential Islamic seminaries in South Asia. agriculture — horticulture. condemned “love jihad. power and communication in the hilly terrains would have suffered a loss of about Rs. the Centre. ♣ With life limping back to normality in the State. as part of the relief and rehabilitation plan.84 Lakh People Rescued in J&K ♣ Over 1.000 crore. which relates to the administration and development of local areas.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. The commission said it found during its research that 34 repealed laws still remained on the government website.” The Sheriffs Fees Act. he believed that Mr. ♣ Engineering stores. is another antique law which needs to be axed. Axe 72 Obsolete Laws Urgently: Law Commission ♣ Even as the Union government prepares to bring in a comprehensive law during the winter session of Parliament to weed out obsolete laws. the Law Commission identified 72 outdated laws which required urgent repealing.” The 72 laws are part of the 261 statutes that “prima facie require repeal as they are inconsistent with modern times” as recommended in an interim report handed over by the Law Commission to the government.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Katju said that on the basis of material available in the public domain. the seminary said the “bogey of ‘love jihad’” was being raised by people with vested interests. 1852. ♣ Jammu & Kashmir has been hit by the worst floods in over a century. Over 1. whereas sewage pumps have been dispatched from Delhi. Rao’s remarks “amount to intimidation of http://www.’ says such Marriages are Illegal ♣ Darul Uloom Deoband. ♣ Over 5 lakh litres of water.054 tonnes of cooked food have already been airdropped and distributed. The Act deals with payment to the sheriffs of the “presidency towns of Bombay. including suction pumps from Visakhapatnam. ♣ Besides. Press Council Panel to Probe KCR’s Remarks ♣ Press Council of India Chairman Markandey Katju appointed a three-member committee to inquire into the remarks of Telangana Chief Minister K. which mandates that only “residents of the presidency of Fort William in Bengal can be directors of the Bengal Bonded Warehouse ♣ ♣ ♣ Association and that the association can sell property only to the East India Company.” a headline-grabbing name given by Sangh Parivar organisations for inter-religious marriages that are allegedly a ruse for conversion . ♣ In an order communicated to the media. Other laws identified have been enacted from 1838 to 1898. ♣ The Islamic seminary termed “illegal” marriages with Hindu girls after their forcible conversion to Islam. 1836. trade. has made arrangements for 13 tonnes of water purifying tablets and six water-filtration plants.700-3. have reached the flood-affected areas.630 crore. ♣ Second in line is the Bengal Bonded Warehouse Association Act. Calcutta and Madras. roads and bridges in the Jammu and Kashmir regions itself is Rs. 3 lakh food packets and over 1. ♣ Without naming any political party. high-cost infrastructure like Railways. ♣ Heavy duty pumps have been airlifted from Jodhpur and Raipur. 2. throwing basic infrastructure like power. Mr. ♣ Deoband Condemns ‘Love Jihad. 2. ♣ The initial estimated loss to hotels.iasexamportal. Chandrashekar Rao allegedly against the media.com/civilservices/courses National Issues industry body Assocham.84 lakh people stranded in the flood-hit areas of Jammu and Kashmir have been rescued so far by the armed forces and the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF).

a veteran journalist and freedom fighter.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ It was asked to investigate if Mr. ♣ He launched Tripura’s first Bengali daily Jagaran in 1953 and had been a guiding force for journalists. declared the best in the state—level science exhibition. mediapersons and that “they should salute the Telangana people if they wish to live in Telangana”.c. 3 p. with Rajeev Ranjan Nag as convener and K. Rao made the statements attributed to him that he would break the necks of. where he was born in 1914. Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act of 1995.M. ♣ With his demise. Veteran Journalist Jiten Paul Dies at 101 ’ ♣ The Supreme Court clarified that the three per cent reservation for disabled persons in government jobs covered all classes of employees. 18 Himachal Student Makes Bullet Train Model ♣ A Himachal Pradesh student has created a bullet train model that has been selected for a national—level exhibition. ♣ The nonagenarian was actively involved welfare activities and http://www. and bury underground. the Telangana Union of Working Journalists. if there was any threat perception to the media in the State. ♣ Although 19 years had passed since the passage of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities. intellectuals and social activists for decades. ♣ INSPIRE is a programme of the department of science and technology of the Union Government to sharpen young minds in science. ♣ Shilpa. a Bench headed by Chief Justice R. Quota for Disabled Covers All Employees in Hamirpur district. and what steps were necessary for the media’s protection there.iasexamportal.com/civilservices/magazine . Amarnath and Krishna Prasad of the Outlook magazine as members. including appointments and promotions to the Indian Administrative Services. he took part in India’s independence movement in Brahmanbaria district of Bangladesh. the disabled were struggling for their rights. a brilliant legacy of journalism and social movement in northeast India came to an end. a school official said. Lodha said. ♣ He tirelessly worked towards rehabilitation of Bengali migrants from East Pakistan after partition of India and later for people displaced internally due to ethnic strife and insurgency problem in Tripura. ♣ The model.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Before settling down in Tripura. passed away at a hospital in Agartala. at age of 101. will now be displayed at the national— level Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE) exhibition to be held in New Delhi Oct 6—8. a class 10 student in Government Senior Secondary School at Sudhial near Nadaun ♣ Jiten Paul. has prepared the bullet train model that is based on the magnetic repulsion effect of similar poles of magnets.com/civilservices/courses National Issues media personnel under threat of dire consequences and violate the fundamental right of freedom of expression and speech. ♣ The order was in response to complaints from representatives of the Indian Journalists Union and its affiliate.” ♣ The panel comprises senior journalists. school principal Om Prakash said.

according to spokesman Ruwan Wanigasooriya. Pottu Amman Dead” ♣ Dismissing reports that the LTTE’s one-time intelligence chief Pottu Amman had been arrested in Hong Kong. said they were not in consonance with section 5 A the Wildlife Act. The government did not constitute a full fledged Board.” ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ members and five independent NGOs and representatives from 10 States or Union Territories. The Bench directed that none of the orders passed by the standing committee would be given effect to until the next date of hearing after two weeks from August 25. after quitting New Delhi Television (NDTV). the Sri Lankan Army said he was dead for years. The order came in response to a petition filed by Pune resident Chandra Bhal Singh.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. in July after the Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Limited bought a controlling stake in Network 18 and its subsidiaries. the Election Commission issued notice to BJP MP Yogi Adityanath for violation of the Model Code of Conduct. Managing Editor of India Today’s English news channel Headlines Today. The apex court while staying the August 12 decisions of the standing committee. a battery of senior counsel appearing for the bar owners termed the policy “discriminatory. Bar licences could be cancelled any time. ♣ Though charge-sheeted in India in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. Prabakaran.Indian Broadcasting Network (CNN-IBN) in 2005. EC Show-cause Notice to Yogi Adityanath Govt. ♣ In an urgent mentioning to stop the State from enforcing the policy. apart from a representative only from Andhra Pradesh. 1972. along with that of LTTE chief V. his name.com/civilservices/courses National Issues rights movements of journalists till his last days. ♣ Right to Sell Liquor no Fundamental Right ♣ The Kerala government submitted before a Bench of the Supreme Court that the right to sell liquor was not a fundamental right. ♣ Mr.iasexamportal. India Today group’s former Editor-in-Chief Shekhar Gupta was re-designated as Editorial Advisor — just two months after he moved over from the Express Group. Rajdeep Sardesai to Join TV ♣ Former IBN 18 Editor-in-Chief Rajdeep Sardesai will join the India Today group as Consulting Editor . ♣ The Army had sufficient evidence to believe that the senior member of the rebel Tigers — who is on Interpol’s wanted list in connection with the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi — was dead. said the decision to close the bars was a policy decision. ♣ He founded Cable News Network. ♣ Nalin Mehta.com/civilservices/magazine 19 . ♣ The new committee is in keeping with the legal provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act which prescribes 10 non-official ♣ Four days ahead of the byelection in the Noida assembly constituency of western Uttar Pradesh. arguing against a petition challenging the decision to close 730 bars in the State. http://www. Sardesai quit IBN 18. The Supreme Court on August 25 had in response to a petition put on hold the over 100 proposals approved by a truncated standing committee of the Board notified on July 22 which had only two non-official members and one government organisation on board. was removed from the list as the designated court observed that both were killed in the Sri Lankan Army’s offensive.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. to Reconstitute Wildlife Board ♣ The government has decided to reconstitute the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) after the Supreme Court stayed decisions of its newly constituted standing committee in August for violating provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act. ♣ Recently. ♣ Government counsel Kapil Sibal. also quit in May.

Rajasthan. ♣ The CWC’s forecast list of September 6 had 18 level forecasts and 8 inflow forecasts. Growing at 7. J&K missing in CWC flood forecast list ♣ The Central Water Commission (CWC).39 percent slower than the national average of 4. however. or language” to help a candidate. ♣ Union Minority Affairs Minister Najma Heptullah said NAWADCO had identified two properties in Rajasthan. has no flood forecasts for J&K. is lower than that reported by Bihar’s Statistics Directorate. community. ♣ It hoped the CWC would include the flood-vulnerable sites of J&K in its forecasts. race. six in Madhya Pradesh and seven in Karnataka and one piece of land in Delhi for development as institutional and commercial projects. and explain why they were not included so far. ♣ The public-sector NAWADCO was established last December with an authorised share capital of Rs.03 per cent in 2010-11.” and using “religion for furtherance of the prospects of election of a candidate.33 per cent.73 per cent during 2012-13 — the only State that clocked a double-digit growth rate during the year. The difference is the output of the sectors that do not belong to any State such as the Bombay High. the BJP’s lead campaigner in U. The State government had reported a growth rate of 15. Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. responsible for forecasting floods and issuing advisory to States. religious or linguistic. ♣ As the growth rate for the bulk of the States is higher than the national GDP. ♣ All major industrial States lag behind Bihar. ♣ Over the years.29 per cent in 2011-12 and 15. 500 crore to mobilise resources for developing Waqf properties in a Shariahcompliant way.” promoting “enmity or hatred between different classes of the citizens of lndia on grounds of religion. Delhi is third with a growth rate of 9. according to Himanshu Thakkar of the South Asia Network on Dams Rivers and People (SANDRP).18 per cent. ♣ The resources generated by such development of Waqf properties will be used for the welfare of Muslims. Gujarat is ranked sixth and Maharashtra ninth with 6. ♣ Bihar’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) grew 10.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ The Gorakhpur MP. Normally.05 per cent. ♣ This comes against the backdrop of Yogi Adityanath consistently making inflammatory speeches through the campaign.iasexamportal. MoU to develop Waqf properties ♣ The National Waqf Development Corporation (NAWADCO) and the National Building Construction Corporation signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to develop Waqf properties in Delhi.” making an appeal to caste or communal feelings for securing votes. discrepancies have been increasing between the GSDP data in the States’ reports and the figures that finally come out after discussions with the CSO and validation. which grew at 9.P. the most recent on Sunday when he blamed people of a minority religion for the State’s recent communal tensions.5 per cent 20 in 2012-13. ♣ The growth rate was 10. the latest data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) has revealed. Bihar Tops in Growth: CSO ♣ Bihar is the fastest growing State while Tamil Nadu is the worst performer. caste. ♣ NAWADCO was set up on the recommendations of the http://www. ♣ Tamil Nadu recorded the slowest growth rate 3. Nor were there any hydrographs for rivers in the State. ♣ The second-best performing State is Madhya Pradesh. ♣ The CSO-verified growth rate for 2012-13.com/civilservices/magazine .96 per cent. the economic slowdown is not reflected in the data. the States’ GDP adds up to about 90 per cent of the national GDP.89 per cent. has been charged with violating several sections of the model code : these relate to activities that aggravate “existing differences or create mutual hatred or cause tension between different castes and communities.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. but none from J&K.

SC tells CBI chief Government has decided to come out with a policy framework on by early 2015. Before leaving for J&K — where he announced Rs. counsel for the CBI chief. ♣ As more personnel of the National Disaster Relief Force (NDRF). added ♣ The Supreme Court described as “serious” the allegation against Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Director Ranjit Sinha that he frequently met accused persons in the 2G scam at his residence. ♣ Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh made a separate appeal to NGOs to mobilise their resources to help deal with the situation. the court will take a particular view. allowing up to 51 per cent FDI. Atomic Energy Commission. if properly developed. ♣ It has also at decided to disallow foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail.” the Bench said. ♣ Mr. India won’t Sign NPT.000 people from inundated areas across the State. says AEC Chief ♣ R. ♣ “The Supreme Court wants a fair trial. ♣ “The averments made against you are serious.” a Bench of Justices H. Modi took stock of the flood situation and relief operations in meetings with the State administration in Jammu and Srinagar. says Minister ♣ Following complaints raised by US companies on India’s intellectual property rights (IPR) regime. ♣ The Bench said it was closely watching the agency’s investigation of the 2G scam cases and would not let anyone sabotage the criminal trial.L.Five additional NDRF columns and 70 boats were sent to the flood-affected areas.” ♣ The Minister. could fetch an annual income of Rs. Chairman. while hearing advocate Prashant Bhushan’s allegations against Mr. 1.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Sinha.com/civilservices/courses National Issues Sachar committee report.000-crore assistance in addition to Rs.iasexamportal. Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said . If we find there was some derailment of the entire investigation. Air Force and Army were pressed into action.2 lakh crore. ruled out India signing the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty (NPT ) since India is a “strong supporter of the non-discriminatory [nuclear] regime. IPR policy soon. the Modi J&K floods a ‘national disaster ’ ♣ The flood situation in Jammu and Kashmir was declared a “national-level disaster” by Prime Minister Narendra Modi even as the Army alone evacuated 15. Allegations against you are serious. Bobde told senior lawyer Vikas Singh. Sinha. 1.100 crore already made available to the State government through the http://www.A.com/civilservices/magazine 21 .K.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. that at the moment there was no move to reverse the notification by the UPA government to open up the multi-brand retail sector. however. 1. the Prime Minister asked other States to also pitch in. Dattu and S. which estimated that Waqf properties.

by all accounts at least 160 people have lost their lives so far. would find a place in official communications. States free to add official language: SC ♣ Asserting people’s right to linguistic freedom.A.iasexamportal. Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar announced that a Special Rhino Protection Force of local youth would be raised to check poaching in the Kaziranga National Park (KNP) and other rhino-populated areas in Assam.P. Legislature had introduced Urdu as the second official language of the State. Zero tolerance on rhino poaching ’ ♣ Union Minister for Environment. the Supreme Court has held that there is no bar against a State Legislature declaring a language used in the State as an official language for the convenience of its citizens. ♣ “There will be zero tolerance towards rhino poaching and our efforts would be to bring down the number of rhino poaching incidents to zero. ♣ This means that a widely-used language in a State. ♣ Making the offer after undertaking a visit to flood-hit Jammu and Kashmir for a firsthand assessment of the situation. ♣ He wanted all the pending applications to be cleared in a week.Narayana announced. Modi expressed his anguish at the loss that has been caused in PoK. ♣ The Centre also announced Rs. Rs. Narayana said there should be no scope for corruption and warned of stringent action if anybody was found guilty.” Building. the Minister announced that his Ministry would request the CBI to expand the scope of its ongoing probe into rhino poaching in the KNP by including more cases and fasttrack it. ♣ Though official figure of the deaths is not available.” he said. ♣ Also. 50. ♣ Addressing a press conference after two-day visit to the national park. Bobde passed the order on a petition by U. Modi offers assistance for PoK flood relief ♣ In a humanitarian gesture. Hindi Sahitya Sammelan against the 1989 amendment to the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on offered all possible assistance to Pakistan for carrying out relief operations in the flood-ravaged Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK).com/civilservices/magazine . Lokur. once declared an official language by the State Legislature. “in the interest of the Urdu-speaking people”. 1951. advertisements and even signposts. ♣ A comprehensive plan would be undertaken to ensure free movement of park animals through the six animal corridors across the National Highway 37 passing through the world heritage site. Kurian Joseph and S. ♣ At a review meeting with town and country planning officials.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.000 would be given from the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) to those grievously injured.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.P. 22 ♣ The Bench upheld the 1989 amendment and declared Urdu as the State’s “second official language. Madan B. besides Hindi.com/civilservices/courses National Issues State Disaster Relief Fund — he convened a crisis review meeting with the Cabinet Secretary and other senior officials in the national capital. he said the department would be equipped with GPS solutions to quickly process the applications and ensure transparency in giving approvals. ♣ The Home Ministry has asked all State governments to speed http://www. Home Ministry asks States to fasttrack cases against MPs.M. ♣ He said the government would not hesitate to take action as per law on the complaints received from citizens. Mr. Lodha and comprising Justices Dipak Misra. ♣ He directed the officials to expedite processing of applications and granting of approvals. ♣ The aim was to provide improved and transparent services to the people. ♣ Mr. Municipal Administration Minister P. ♣ A Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice of India R. layout permissions to be given online ♣ Permissions for construction of buildings and layouts would be given online in Andhra Pradesh. 2 lakh ex-gratia to the next of kin of those who died in the floods. ♣ The U. MLAs.

2014 direction of the Supreme Court. ♣ The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) had written to the Lok Sabha seeking information on the LoP. NHRC and Lokpal without the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha as a member of the selection committee choosing them. Government of India can print Re 1 note: Law Ministry ♣ Putting to rest the debate on printing of one rupee notes. 20. the sources said. ♣ The step is also in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s direction on July 24 asking the Home Minister and Law Minister to work out a mechanism to settle cases against politicians within a year to cleanse politics from tainted lawmakers. 2. 5. ♣ The move comes following a recent reference from the Lok Sabha secretariat in this regard. Rs. 50. ♣ Congress with 44 seats in the 543-member Lok Sabha has emerged as the second largest party after BJP’s 282 but fell short by 11 to stake claim for the LoP for which it requires a strength of 55. they said. http://www.com/civilservices/magazine 23 . ♣ Any sentence which attracts punishment of two years and above can lead to disqualification from Parliament or state legislature.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Rs.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ The direction came in the wake of Supreme Court setting a deadline to complete trial in cases involving lawmakers. the one rupee note was printed and issued by the central government. Rs. Rs. official sources said. they said. 10. ♣ There is no mandatory requirement of the LoP in the selection committee that recommends persons for Central Vigilance Commissioner.000 and Rs.iasexamportal. 5. ♣ While the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has the authority to issue bank notes of denominational values of Rs.000. chairpersons and members for the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and Lokpal. as per the Central Vigilance Act 2003. directing them to seek day-to-day trial in courts.” the Act says. Vigilance Commissioner. 100. ♣ Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan had rejected the Congress’ demand for LoP status for its nominee. Govt to go ahead with key appointments without LoP ♣ The Government has decided to go ahead with the appointments to various statutory bodies like CVC. ♣ The Act further has a provision that when no such leader (LoP) has been recognised then the selection committee can include the leader of the single largest group in opposition in the Lok Sabha. 10. 1. Rs. Rs.com/civilservices/courses National Issues up cases against MPs and MLAs facing charges which attract disqualification. 8(2) and 8(3) of the Representation of the People Act needed to be completed within one year of framing charges. Rs. cases against MPs and MLAs which attract disqualification under Section 8(1). the Law Ministry has opined that the Government of India has all the powers to print currency notes of this denomination. The secretariat has informed the DoPT that there is no recognised LoP in the Lok Sabha. ♣ The Government will go ahead with the appointments to various statutory bodies without the LoP. Rs. 500. ♣ “No appointment of a Central Vigilance Commissioner or a Vigilance Commissioner shall be invalid merely by reason of any vacancy in the Committee. ♣ According to a March 10. ♣ The appointment of a Central Vigilance Commissioner and Vigilance Commissioner is done by the President on the basis of recommendation from a three member selection committee headed by Prime Minister and comprising Minister for Home Affairs and the Leader of Opposition in the House of the People. appoint special public prosecutors and ensure regular monitoring.000.

design.” ♣ “Central government is not precluded to issue one rupee Government of India note under the Coinage Act. ♣ Organised by the Coimbatore Auto Sports Club. The dimension. since the RBI was of the view that with the repeal of Section 2 of the Currency Ordinance. ♣ Onam is celebrated to mark the return of legendary King Mahabali to Kerala who was ♣ Former Solicitor-General Gopal Subramanium has withdrawn his letter to the Supreme Court opting out as amicus curiae in the Padmanabha Swamy temple case.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Further. http://www.” the ministry said in its opinion. ♣ He also remarked on the significance of Onam as a symbol of national integration. the rally has attracted over 40 competitors.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ The Government of India also has the sole right to mint coins of all denominations. justice. as 24 per Section 24(1) of the RBI Act. ♣ It includes a novice and allladies class. it said.” it said. 1. However. the RBI. adding that the definition of coin in the Act makes it clear that Government of India one rupee note is included in the definition of coin. 1940. the Government of India is not empowered to issue note of denominational value of one rupee. the State festival of Kerala. ♣ Mr. 1934. 2 has been discontinued as these denominations have been coinised. ♣ The ministry said while repealing the Currency Ordinance. ♣ The printing of notes in the denominations of Re. National TSD Rally ♣ The Rally of Coimbatore. is not empowered to issue bank note of denomination of value of one rupee. 2011. apart from the metal.iasexamportal. Modi greets Malayalis on Onam loved by his subjects for being a just and benevolent ruler.com/civilservices/magazine .com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Subramanium has already swung into action and left for Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala to inspect the temple premises and prepare an additional report on the administration of the temple. peace and prosperity. ♣ The Act defines a coin as “made of any metal or any other material stamped by the Government or any other authority empowered by the Government in this behalf and which is a legal tender including commemorative coin and Government of India one rupee note. material and standard weight of such One Rupee Note have to be prescribed by the Central Government in terms of Section 4 and 5 of the Coinage Act. such notes issued earlier are still in circulation. which consolidates the laws relating to coinage and the mints. 2011.000. the coin may be made of any other material. “necessary provisions for inclusion of Government of India one rupee note within the meaning of ‘Coin’ have been consciously incorporated in the Coinage Act.”Further. does not bar the Government of India from printing one rupee notes. ♣ An open TSD event will also be held concurrently with the championship event. 1 and Rs. ♣ However. ♣ He also said Onam reminds us of the glorious era of King Mahabali and is a day to “reaffirm our commitment to create a just. peaceful and prosperous society”. the fourth round of the third FMSCI Indian National TSD Rally Championship for four wheelers will be held. ♣ The Law Ministry in its opinion stated that the Coinage Act of 2011. 2011.” the opinion said. ♣ Section 4 of the Act provides that the central government may authorise minting of coin of denomination not higher than Rs. Gopal Subramanium withdraws resignation ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday greeted Malayalis on the occasion of Onam. the law ministry opinion was taken.

a constitutional body. Dattu to be next Chief Justice of India ♣ President Pranab Mukherjee has cleared the appointment of Justice H. organised annually by the Mumbai Academy of Moving Image (MAMI). But what happens if the biological mother is a foreign citizen and the child applies for citizenship of that country. he had written to Chief Justice of India R. a child born here from an Indian surrogate mother is entitled to Indian citizenship.com/civilservices/magazine 25 . ♣ Justice Dattu will become the Chief Justice of India after the retirement of CJI R. Globally. which is facing a funds crunch for its forthcoming 16th edition this year. come to an end and the executive will get an equal role in appointments to the highest judiciary. as the 42nd Chief Justice of India.977 women — that year. Lego is world’s biggest toymaker ♣ Danish toy maker Lego has taken the top spot as the world’s biggest maker of toys by sales.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Justice Dattu could become the last Chief Justice of India to be appointed under the collegium system of judicial appointments. ♣ Mr.075 — 1. overtaking Barbie dollmaker Mattel. says a report released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Geneva. Aamir to donate Rs 11 lakh for Mumbai film fest ♣ Bollywood actor-producer Aamir Khan said that he is donating Rs.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.” a Bench led by Justice Ranjan Gogoi asked. They said he decided to withdraw his letter after the court asked him to reconsider his decision. expressing his decision to bow out as amicus curiae. ♣ Aamir has joined a list of cinema lovers who have come forward to save the fest. says WHO ♣ India recorded the highest number of suicides in ♣ The Supreme Court on Thursday asked the government to clarify its stand on the citizenship of children born to surrogate mothers in India. including the http://www. Performance was boosted by the Lego Movie product line. 2014. ♣ The number of victims was 2.L. 2015. SC moots dual citizenship for surrogate children H. but whose biological mother was a foreign national.M. the collegium system will Southeast Asia in 2012.M. He had also returned the files concerning the case to the Supreme Court Registry. ♣ If the States ratify the National Judicial Appointments Commission. ♣ Suicide by pesticide ingestion is among the most common methods employed globally and is of particular concern in rural areas in Southeast Asia.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ Supreme Court sources said the case files had been sent back to him and he was expected to appear in the case in November.L. the number was 8.iasexamportal. ♣ “Under the Constitution. ♣ The Bench was looking into the larger issue on the need for a “comprehensive legislation” dealing with all issues and situations.098 men and 99. Lodha on September 27.000. ♣ Additional Solicitor General (ASG) Tushar Mehta acknowledged the problem. Lodha.11 lakh towards supporting the Mumbai Film Festival. Dattu. He will hold the post for a little over a year until his retirement on December 2. the seniormost judge in the Supreme Court. surrogacy was banned by law. ♣ The report had complained of corruption and disregard of ethics in the temple’s administration. its first-half results showed on Thursday.04.58. adding that in countries such as Germany. Subramanium’s report on the condition of the temple and its assets in Thiruvananthapuram had created a storm. ♣ Early this month.58. India suicide capital of Southeast Asia.

Thakur and R. ♣ The problem of citizenship of a surrogate child was highlighted in the case of twin babies born to an Indian surrogate mother and a German father. ♣ The amendments act as a course correction after the former Supreme Court judge Justice K.” the Bench observed after perusing an affidavit filed by the Director of the National Mission for Clean Ganga.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Justice Gogoi suggested that the government could consider dual citizenship for surrogate children born in such circumstances. India violating privacy of Internet users: report ♣ A report launched by the Software Freedom Law Centre (SFLC) titled ‘India’s Surveillance State’at the Internet Governance Forum.” SC wants to monitor Ganga cleanup ♣ Unhappy with the government’s affidavit setting out its plans to clean the Ganga.R. ♣ The two boys. tasked with the collection and analysis of citizens’ communications data and meta-data. fix milestones so that we can assess the progress. currently underway in Istanbul. were conceived by an Indian woman in Gujarat’s Anand district in January 2008.com/civilservices/magazine . Lokpal search panel gets freedom of choice ♣ The Department of Personnel and Training has notified amendments giving autonomy to the Lokpal search committee to shortlist and recommend names independently for selection of Chairman and members of the anti-corruption body. Also. ♣ It is better if you can show us a PowerPoint presentation. said the Indian state is violating the privacy of its citizens through use of Internet monitoring systems. the Supreme Court said it wanted to monitor the progress made in efforts to restore the river and asked for a roadmap. rape accused and those who could not even affix their signatures practising as lawyers in various courts in the State after “purchasing” law degrees from neighbouring States. ♣ “It seems the Ganga will not be cleaned even after 200 years. ♣ The norms relating to issuance of fitness certificates for aided recognised schools will be amended by including a provision for setting up facilities in addition to the present one related to safety of the school building. Thomas opted out from heading the search committee in March 2014. ♣ The Report further revealed that an unknown number of Lawful Interception and Monitoring (LIM) systems.S. Kirubakaran told Additional Advocate General K.T. Increasing clamour among criminals to obtain law degree: High Court ♣ The Madras High Court Bench wondered how the Central and State governments as well as the bar councils could turn a blind eye to autorickshaw 26 drivers. created by new reproductive technology. Banumathi said.com/civilservices/courses National Issues citizenship of a surrogate child. Balaz Nikolas and Balaz Leonard. a Bench comprising Justices T.iasexamportal. citing lack of autonomy. in 2008. Toilets mandatory in aided schools ♣ The State Cabinet decided to impose strict norms for providing fitness certificates to aided recognised schools by making it mandatory to build toilets. Swaminathan that a judicial officer had informed him of an autorickshaw driver practising as a part-time lawyer in a court at Ambur town in Vellore district. ♣ The amendment made in Rule 10 of the Search Committee Rules removed this roadblock by omitting the words “from among the list of persons provided by the Central Government in the Department of Personnel and Training. Chellapandian and Assistant Solicitor General G. http://www. which outlined plans to rejuvenate the river and its ecology. ♣ Justice N.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ Justice Thomas had objected to the provision that the search committee should only shortlist candidates from a list provided by the department. ♣ Eminent jurist Fali Nariman too had turned down the post of a member of the panel for that reason. are already installed in India’s communication networks. Jan Balaz.

The bottom line is already made clear. Modi’s style has been crticised as authoritarian by the Opposition. ♣ India had decided not to ratify WTO’s TFA. more so when the man in question. the Commission has taken a serious view of such speeches. overcome a http://www.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. We are willing to talk but achieve the same objectives in whatever manner.com/civilservices/magazine 27 . — PTI Modi@100 days ’ ♣ India is talking to “good number” of countries to garner support on its stand on the food security issue at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) with a view to carrying forward the talks for freer trade. the quantum of subsidy is computed after taking into consideration prices that prevailed two decades ago. the 160-member WTO failed to agree on a global customs pact popularly called the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). ♣ New Delhi has asked WTO to amend the norms for calculating agriculture subsidies so that the country could continue to procure foodgrains from farmers at minimum support price and sell them to poor at cheaper rates without violating the norms. India talking to WTO members on food subsidy issue issue for food security purposes.com/civilservices/courses National Issues ♣ Erring schools will not be issued a fitness certificate and would not be allowed to take up new admissions. ♣ Mr. had sought five years to show results. ten years. and in some sectors such as infrastructure. ♣ At its last meeting at Geneva on July 31. Protect rights of minorities’ ♣ The National Commission for Minorities (NCM) has asked the government to send out a clear message to minorities reassuring them that their Constitutional rights would be preserved and protected.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.” Commerce Secretary Rajeev Kher told reporters. ♣ “We will start from where we have left. ♣ But this is certainly long enough a period to judge the direction of the man and his government. but his admirers say it is an assertion of authority. without any concrete movement in finding a permanent solution to its public food stock-holding ♣ A period of 100 days in power is too short to judge any Prime Minister. particularly by prominent persons. ♣ The WTO has resumed work at Geneva from September 1 after a month long vacation. Social media helps raise funds for Mumbai Film Festival ♣ A fund-raising campaign on social media helped the Mumbai Academy of Moving Image (MAMI). ♣ He said that it was now up to the WTO Director-General Roberto Azevedo to convene meetings in the form of either calling heads of delegation or in smaller groups. ♣ The Commission sent a communication to this effect to the Home and the Minority Affairs Ministries after discussing the complaint against BJP member Yogi Adityanath for a “hate speech” he is said to have delivered. ♣ According to sources. which is dear to the developed world. However. the festival organisers. ♣ The current WTO norms limit the value of food subsidies at 10 per cent of the total value of foodgrain production. Narendra Modi.iasexamportal.

♣ An external agency will study the project in detail and its effect in over 250 police stations across Kerala. ♣ The students were welcomed by vice-chancellor Gopa Sabharwal. Stress on gender sensitisation in curriculum inclusion will be the core of the curriculum for schools and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) will collaborate with the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) to ensure the textbooks are free from gender biases. Pakistan and Bangladesh under a strong secular state. which does not tolerate religious extremism of any kind. the entire film fraternity came forward and now the industry itself is taking care of the festival. ♣ Gender sensitisation and http://www. ♣ The uncertainty over the festival’s future triggered a social media campaign. with a modern minded leadership. Justice Markandey Katju. ♣ The HRD Ministry.” said festival director Srinivasan Narayan. The J&K Legislative Assembly has urged resumption of talks.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. We are getting commitments from many individuals and we have also opened our website of the contributions from ordinary fans. ♣ The social media campaign helped the organisers raise Rs 1. They are now expecting Rs.” Mr. 5 crore by October. the Janamaithri Suraksha Project (Community Policing) initiative of the Kerala Police is set for a professional audit on its effectiveness in bridging the gap between the police and the community. Katju’s solution for ending IndoPak. ♣ The Kozhikode city and rural police officers who head the scheme in various stations will share their experience with the professional agency appointed by the government to review the progress of the scheme. ♣ “As the word spread.iasexamportal. But we were unsuccessful. which has begun the process of drafting a new education policy. problems ♣ The former Supreme Court judge. who also greeted the teachers and staff to the reborn university amidst enthusiasm by those present at the occasion. Narayan said. expired in February. the sole sponsor for the past five years. “Since then. Audit of community policing scheme ♣ After a successful stint of over six years.5 crore in just two days.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.” ♣ He said huge amount of money being spent on arms purchases could also be used for the uplift of poor people and giving them decent lives. and which is determined to rapidly 28 industrialise India and provide for the welfare and raising the standard of living of our masses. we were searching for the new sponsor. more than eight centuries after the ancient university was destroyed by a medieval ruler. Academic activities begin at Nalanda varsity ♣ Academic activities began at Nalanda University at Rajgir. wants curriculum to underline gender issues and has assured that all States and stakeholders will be involved in the process of drafting the new policy. the two subjects which will be taught here in the first session. #pledge4MAMI from wellwishers. nine attended classes on the inaugural day in the departments of environmental studies and history.com/civilservices/magazine . ♣ Justice Katju was expressing his views in the backdrop of the Indian government deciding not to hold talks with Pakistan after the Pakistan High Commissioner met separatist leaders.com/civilservices/courses National Issues crippling financial crisis after their contract with Reliance Entertainment. ♣ Out of the 15 students enrolled in the university so far. said the solution to IndoPakistan problems lay in the “reunification of India.

Mira Ali and Justice (retd. art-lovers and journalists will deliberate on the contemporary challenges faced by the society at present.) Dalvir Bhandari. Sulabh International kickstarted its nationwide ‘Toilet for Every House’ campaign from Katra Sadatganj village in Badaun that has been in the news for the killing of two girls when they ventured out of their homes in the dark to relieve themselves. it would send wrong signals about the “attitude and intentions” of his government towards Netaji. ♣ The three-day festival is being organised by the Ajmer Literary Society and its aim “is to build a civilised.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ A U. Experts divided over posting of exCJIs as Governors ♣ With the former Chief Justice of India (CJI) P. thinkers. a new dimension has been added to the debate on judicial autonomy and accountability. Japan should jointly work on heritage cities: Modi ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India and Japan faced a common challenge in preserving and building smart heritage cities. the event will be the first of its kind in Ajmer and it will be held in Hindi.com/civilservices/courses National Issues First Ajmer literature festival ♣ The first Ajmer Literature Festival will begin on September 4. ♣ It is for the first time a former CJI is being appointed to a gubernatorial post. ♣ Conceived by poet Ras Bihari Gaur. the Prime Minister said that he had learnt how the city was dealing with civic issues.” ♣ To be inaugurated by filmmaker Muzaffar Ali.com/civilservices/magazine 29 .N. cultured and sensitive society for the promotion of art. study in 2010 found that more people in India have access to a mobile phone than to a toilet … It’s a shame. ♣ In a statement here.iasexamportal. the Manch observed that if Mr. Sathasivam being appointed as Kerala Governor. literature and culture in the country and the world. Modi urged not to visit Renkoji temple ♣ The Punjab-based Netaji Subhash Kranti Manch urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi not to visit the Renkoji temple in Tokyo where some believe that the ashes of the late freedom-fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose are buried. http://www. writers. India.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ After meeting Kyoto’s Mayor Daisaku Kadokawa. Sulabh begins ‘toilet for every house’ drive from Badaun ♣ Taking a cue from Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Independence Day speech. Modi chose to visit the temple as was reported in a section of the media.

com/civilservices/order-form/the-gist-subscription . 449 Ø No.Ø Medium: English Ø Price: Rs. 600 Rs.COM Ø File Type: PDF File Only (No Hard Copy) Ø Gist of The Hindu Ø Gist of Yojana Ø Gist of Kurukshetra Ø Gist of Press Information Bureau Ø Gist of Science Reporter http://iasexamportal. of Booklets: 12 (1 Year) Ø Publisher: UPSCPORTAL.

♣ Hong Kong democracy protesters defied volleys of tear gas and police baton charges to stand firm in the centre of the global financial hub 29th September. Conversations with some of them seemed to suggest that the Prime Minister’s economic agenda gave them cause for optimism. As night fell. Biswal.iasexamportal.S. Mixed response from Indian Diaspora ♣ It was literally the ambience of a sold-out rock concert at Madison Square Garden (MSG) as Prime Minister Narendra Modi took to a revolving stage and wowed the IndianAmerican community. ♣ The protesters defied government calls to go home. where energy giant General Electric (GE) is the biggest player. ♣ According to the Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Syed Akbaruddin. ties were in for “transformational growth. “Given that Israel is well placed in that region.” ♣ The conversation assumes significance as it came before Mr. Modi and his U.S.S. and the Prime Minister’s address to the Council for Foreign Relations to outline his government’s foreign policy objectives.S. ♣ The proposed new agreement between New Delhi and Washington would also look at assisting wind power technology. digging in for another night of confrontation with police in their campaign for free elections. thousands of demonstrators who have blocked off a major highway turned on the torches on their mobile phones. Modi’s dinner meeting with U.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. “welcomed” the government’s decision to allow an anti-dumping proposal on solar energy technology to lapse. ♣ U.com/civilservices/magazine . ♣ There was a sense of breathless excitement among numerous young Indian-Americans in the arena over the opportunity to see Mr.” and identified solar energy and other clean energy 30 initiatives as a key area. Modi in person. similar discussions with a wide range of organisations protesting against Mr. Assistant Secretary of State Nisha Biswal said India-U. the Prime Minister requested and was given a briefing of their understanding of the situation. “Clean energy is a subject very close to President Obama’s heart and I know that India’s government has made this a priority too. visit just outside the venue on the street http://www.S. a day after chaotic scenes saw riot police fired tear gas in running battles with angry crowds in one of the biggest ever challenges to Beijing’s rule of the semi-autonomous city.com/civilservices/courses National Issues INTERNATIONAL ISSUES Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu briefs Modi on IS ♣ In the first meeting between Indian and Israeli Prime Ministers in more than a decade. Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked Benjamin Netanyahu to explain Israel’s perspective on the Islamic State.” said Ms. India-US expected to announce Renewable energy pact ♣ While India and the U. ♣ However. President Barack Obama in Washington. they are expected to announce an agreement on reneweable energy when Prime Minister Modi and President Obama meet. the two leaders discussed the situation in West Asia.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. turning the Admiralty business district into a sea of lights. which would let India import solar panels and technology more easily. ♣ The U.S. are at an impasse over the nuclear deal. Protests spread in Hong Kong ♣ The ranks of Hong Kong democracy protesters who have paralysed parts of the city swelled into their tens of thousands. one of the biggest political challenges for China since the Tiananmen Square crackdown 25 years ago.

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http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses

International Issues
suggested that a very different
aspect of the Prime Minister’s
agenda was a source of deep
concern — his social and
political views.
♣ Suman Narayan, a young
Indian-American based in San
Jose, California, who had
travelled to New York solely to
be a part of the festivities here,
said Mr. Modi’s presence in the
U.S. had energised the
community and made it upbeat
about the future of India’s role
in the world.
♣ While Mr. Narayan expressed
confidence that this would lead
to more investment in research
and development in India,
especially if the U.S. looks to
capitalise on the change in the
Indian government, he seemed
less sure of Mr. Modi’s political
or social agendas other than the
promise of investment and
growth that they held out.

♣ In a wide-ranging address to the
Assembly Mr. Modi also made
a strong pitch for nations to
“fulfill promise to reform the
U.N. Security Council by 2015,”
and called for a greater role for
the G-4 coalition including
India, Brazil, Germany and
Japan, one that would help all
countries move beyond
thinking of policy as a “zerosum game.”
♣ Devoting a significant end
segment of his speech to the
benefits of Yoga Mr. Modi
called for an International Yoga
Day, arguing, “It is not about
exercise but to discover the
sense of oneness with yourself,
the world and the nature. By
changing our lifestyle and
creating consciousness, Yoga
can help us deal with climate
change.”

those who themselves, their
parents or grandparents or their
spouse, were one-time Indian
citizens, allow for visa-free
travel to and from India.
However, a PIO card is only
valid for 15 years.
♣ On the other hand, the
Overseas Citizenship of India
(OCI) card given to only those
who themselves or their
parents were one time citizens,
has lifelong visa-free travel and
does not require the holder to
register with any office
regardless of the length of their
stay.
♣ Eventually the PIO and OCI
schemes will be combined in a
new scheme and also cover
spouses.
Obama wants Modi to join fight on
IS, Ebola

PM announces lifelong visas for
Indian Diaspora

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ is
India’s philosophy: Mr. Narendra
Modi at UNGA

♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi
opened his historic United
Nations General Assembly with
a tribute to India’s ancient
civilisational traditions, telling a
packed Assembly hall of
delegates
that
India’s
philosophy, which was not an
ideology, was the Vasudhaiva
Kutumbakam, or world family,
and this has guided the nation
since Vedic times.

♣ Amid cheers from thousands of
Indian-Americans, Prime
Minister Narendra Modi
announced several measures to
ease travel to their motherland
including life-long visas.
♣ “There is even more to come,”
he said smilingly as he
announced that People of
Indian Origin (PIOs) in staying
in India for long would not have
to report to police. “There is no
need for them to do that
anymore.”
♣ Currently PIO cards, given to

♣ In his summit discussions with
Indian Prime Minister Narendra
Modi in the coming days U.S.
President Barack Obama is
likely push strongly towards
having India play an active role
on the global stage, including
in the fight against the Islamic
State and the scramble to
contain Ebola.
♣ In a media briefing with senior
administration officials on 26th
september the U.S. was also
quick to clarify that the
summons issued against Mr.
Modi in the Federal District
Court of New York could not
be delivered to him while he

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was in the U.S. and he was
immune from prosecution at
this time. The allegations in the
case pertain to the role that the
plaintiffs perceived Mr. Modi to
have played in presiding over
the anti-Muslim pogrom that
occurred in Gujarat in 2002.
♣ Previewing some of the likely
subjects of discussion between
the two leaders the officials
recognised that their summit
would occur at a “remarkable
time in international affairs,”
including the fight against IS in
West Asia and the challenge of
tackling Ebola in West Africa.
♣ The officials also reiterated the
summit meeting’s intention to
address a broad spectrum of
policy issues including security
cooperation, defence, trade,
and India’s positive role in
numerous trilateral contexts.
Bamiyan (Afghanistan) will be
SAARC cultural capital for 2015

at the conference while
preparing a road map on
cultural ties till 2017. The year
2016-17 will also be declared
the SAARC Year of Cultural
Heritage.
♣ The SAARC countries also
agreed to formulate proposals
for transnational nominations
for the World Heritage List and
a regional list of heritage sites.
India’s Project Mausam got a
fillip as the Delhi Resolution
agrees to recognise the impact
and contribution of maritime
routes and the monsoon as also
other inland relations through
centuries of trade, migration
and colonialism.
♣ In a measure aimed at
promoting literature produced
in local languages of the region,
the Ministers decided to make
them accessible to readers
across the world through
translations in not just English
but SAARC languages.
Global Arms Trade Treaty to take
effect in December

♣ Bamiyan, the Afghan town
which shot into prominence
when the Taliban blew up two
ancient statues of the Buddha
in 2001, has been selected to
be the SAARC cultural capital
for a year beginning April 2015.
Dhaka will be the SAARC
cultural capital in 2016-17.
♣ This was decided at the
SAARC Culture Ministers
Conference. Finalising the
cultural capitals for the next two
years was part of the Delhi
Resolution which was adopted
32

♣ A global Arms Trade Treaty to
regulate the $85 billion industry
and keep weapons out of the
hands of human rights abusers
and criminals will come into
force on December 24 after the
50th country ratified the
agreement, the United Nations
said.
♣ The 193-member U.N. General
Assembly adopted the treaty in
April 2013. Argentina,

Bahamas, Portugal, Czech
Republic, St. Lucia, Senegal
and Uruguay deposited their
ratifications with the world
body, taking the total to 52.
♣ The Arms Trade Treaty aims to
set standards for all crossborder
transfers
of
conventional weapons ranging
from small firearms to tanks and
attack helicopters.
Mars mission success pride of
Asia”, says China

♣ China has hailed India’s
success in positioning a satellite
in the Martian orbit, calling the
interplanetary triumph of the
Mangalyaan as “the pride of
Asia”.
♣ With the success of
Mangalyaan, India has boosted
its credentials as a potential
launch pad for its resourcestrapped neighbors.
♣ Among India’s neighbours, it is
becoming a symbol of national
pride to launch satellites
independently rather than hire
transponders from other
nations. The previous
government had highlighted
the ISRO’s relative lack of
initiative.
Climate gathering: focus will be on
“Right to grow”

♣ UN Secretary-General Ban Kimoon opened the UN Climate
Summit on 23rd september, as
world leaders and several
business executives gathered
to
announce
their

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commitments to reduce the
effects of climate change.
The summit is not part of the
negotiations that are taking
place in the build up to a 2015
summit in Paris in 2015, in
which a comprehensive deal is
set to be decided. Mr. Ban has
instead convened the event to
build political momentum in
favour of an agreement.
The UN chief called on
governments and private
institutions to invest in climate
solutions designed to reduce
the emission of greenhouse
gases. He also urged the
implementation of carbon
taxes.
US responsible for the delay in
India Japan nuclear deal
India’s nuclear deal with Japan
is not going to happen in a
hurry. Neither will its nuclear
agreement with Australia which
was signed just weeks ago. The
reason lies in Washington.
India and the US are yet to
complete the last bit of their
nuclear deal, known as
“administrative arrangements.”
This is necessary to
operationalize the deal, but has
been hanging fire.
India says the US is responsible
for the delay, but US officials
say they are holding firm on
their demand for end-user
verification visits to Indian
nuclear plants and more
important, to track externally
sourced fuel through Indian
plants.
This demand is at the heart of
Japanese refusal to sign the
nuclear agreement with India.
Before Modi’s visit, MEA had
put a lot of pressure on the
Japanese side to complete the
deal.

♣ Japan has indicated clearly that
it would wait for India to
complete administrative
arrangements with the US
before they would consider the
Indian deal.

Ashraf Ghani as the next Afghan
President

Citizenship to some Rohingya
Muslims in Myanmar

♣ Myanmar gave citizenship to
209 Muslims displaced by
sectarian violence, after the
first phase of a project aimed
at determining the status of
about a million Rohingya whose
claims to nationality have been
rejected in the past.
♣ Meanwhile
Myanmar
government’s chief negotiator
said that efforts to secure a
historic ceasefire agreement
with ethnic armed groups are
“at a crucial moment” at the
start of a fresh round of
negotiations
♣ The Rohingya Muslim minority
in Rakhine State need
permission to move from their
villages or from camps, where
almost 140,000 remain after
being displaced in deadly
clashes with ethnic Rakhine
Buddhists in 2012.
♣ Some of the 209 who received
citizenship were members of
the Kaman Muslim minority,
who are recognised by the
government as indigenous to
Myanmar, but there were also
Rohingya.

♣ Former Finance Minister Ashraf
Ghani
was
declared
Afghanistan’s next President on
Sunday, hours after signing a
power-sharing deal with his
rival Abdullah Abdullah that
ended a prolonged standoff
over the disputed result.
♣ Mr. Abdullah will now nominate
his choice for the new post of
“Chief Executive Officer”
(CEO), which will be similar to
Prime Minister — setting up a
tricky balance of power as
Afghanistan enters a new era.
♣ The White House welcomed
Sunday’s power-sharing deal,
which it said “helps bring
closure to Afghanistan’s
political crisis”. “We look
forward to... the conclusion of
the
Bilateral
Security
Agreement,” it added in a
statement. Gaza truce talks with
Hamas on September 23rd
♣ Israel said it would send a
delegation to attend indirect
Gaza truce talks with Hamas in
Cairo next week, although a
Minister said they would likely
achieve nothing.
♣ Egypt, which has played a key
role in the talks, had initially
invited both sides to resume
talks on September 17 but it
was pulled forward

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iasexamportal. Diane Kruger and Emma Stone in the list. Mr.S.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Emma 34 alongside Nisha Biswal. the awards. ♣ National won 61 of 121 parliamentary seats. ♣ Ruffalo would receive Britannia Humanitarian Award.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Judi Dench to be Awarded at 2014 BAFTA Awards ♣ Robert Downey Jr. ♣ Coup leader Voreqe Bainimarama was on the verge of sweeping a historic vote to become Fiji’s first elected leader in eight years. ♣ With 70 per cent of the vote counted following poll.com/civilservices/magazine . Key the first New Zealand leader able to govern in his own right since proportional voting was introduced in 1996 and means his centre-right National Party has increased its vote in all three elections he has contested. up from 59 at the last election in 2011. Bainimarama’s Fiji First Party had 60. securing a third term as voters ignored campaign allegations of dirty tricks and mass spying. well clear of its nearest rival. Obama to nominate Verma to the post of Ambassador to India Robert Downey Jr. Sweeping a Historic Vote ♣ The White House confirmed that U. down two. Watson and Mike Leigh. Taylor Swift top in People’s 2014 Best Dressed List ♣ Taylor Swift has got the top spot in the “People’s 2014 Best Dressed List. ♣ If confirmed.com/civilservices/courses International Issues John Key Swept to a historic Victory ♣ New Zealand’s conservative Prime Minister John Key swept to a historic election victory on. ♣ According to Deadline.1 per cent.7. its worst performance since the 1920s. would be honoured with Stanley Kubrick Britannia Award for Excellence in Film. hours after Scots voted to remain in the United Kingdom. the Social Democratic Liberal Party (Sodelpa) on 26. ♣ The referendum’s result prevented a rupture of a 307year union with England. while the main opposition Labour Party managed only 32. Verma will be the second Indian-American in a top State Department role directly responsible for Washington’s diplomatic engagement with India. ♣ While Downey Jr.com. http://www. President Barack Obama intends to nominate Richard Rahul Verma to the post of Ambassador to India. Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs.. said an official .” ♣ The 24-year-old singer was followed by Jessica Alba. ♣ Salmond’s impassioned plea to launch a new nation fell short. bringing a huge sigh of relief to Britain’s economic and political establishment. ♣ The resounding win makes Mr. which honour the individuals who have devoted their careers to advancing the entertainment arts. along with Mark Ruffalo. with Scots choosing instead the security of remaining in union with England. Mr. Dench will receive the Albert R. Broccoli Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment. would be hosted by Rob Brydon on October 30 at the Beverly Hilton. Wales and Northern Ireland. as international observers gave the ballot a stamp of approval. and Judi Dench Mark will be honoured at 2014 BAFTA Los Angeles Jaguar Britannia Awards. Alex Salmond resigned as first minister and leader of his political party ♣ Scotland’s pro-independence leader Alex Salmond resigned as first minister and leader of his political party.

was known for his unorthodox views and was fighting a legal case against the originator of a widely circulated text message that called him an apostate. Janet DeNeefe. placed by Law Minister Anisul Huq. including a commitment to halve the proportion of hungry people in the world in the period from 1990 to 2015. ♣ A single mother. said they had decided to cancel his appearance after he asked for the fee.” the 2014 edition of The State of Food Insecurity in the World said. Auj.com/civilservices/magazine 35 .iasexamportal.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. people who have been married before and couples who have been living together ‘in sin’ were married by Pope Francis in a taboochallenging ceremony at the Vatican.two years after he was labelled an “apostate” in a text message campaign. ♣ In another signal of the http://www. Naipaul has been dropped by an international literary festival in Bali after the event refused to meet his “eleventh-hour request” for a $20. Sweden: Social Democrats likely to win ♣ Swedish voters headed to the polls in general elections with the Social Democrats poised to reclaim power after eight years in opposition and the far right expected to make historic gains. its organisers said .Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. which has seen the number of hungry people decline globally by more than 100 million over the last decade and by more than 200 million since 1990-92. ♣ However the event’s founder and director. Pope Solemnises Modern Marriages ♣ The number of people in the world without enough to eat fell to 805 million in 2012-14. the dean of Islamic Studies at the prestigious University of Karachi was gunned down in his car while on his way to an Iranian cultural centre where he was invited as a guest of honour. looks set to become the next Prime Minister. ♣ The Trinidad-born British writer had been one of the biggest names booked for this year’s Ubud Writers and Readers Festival (UWRF). ♣ If opinion polls prove right. ♣ The anti-immigration Sweden Democrats could double their seats in Parliament. was passed in the night session with Speaker Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury in the chair. although he could win by just a slim margin. Naipaul dropped by an international literary festival in Bali ♣ Nobel laureate V. ♣ In a unanimous vote. ♣ The Parliament got back this power after nearly four decades. which had stayed off the general election and is now out of Parliament. down from over a billion in 1990-92. as a growing proportion of the nation of 10 million express frustration with an accelerating influx of refugees. 16th Amendment to the Constitution ♣ The Jatiya Sangsad — national Parliament of Bangladesh — has passed a Constitution amendment bill empowering it to remove Supreme Court judges for misconduct and incapacity. ♣ Mr. Global hunger figures down by more than 200 million ♣ The figures “confirmed a positive trend.000 fee to appear. a recipient of a presidential medal of distinction. three United Nations agencies dealing with nutrition issues said in a joint report . ♣ The amendment was passed amid objection from senior lawyers and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). ♣ The bill. the international community adopted the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ♣ In 2000.com/civilservices/courses International Issues liberal Professor of Islam shot dead ♣ A professor of Islam known for his liberal religious views was shot dead in Pakistan’s port city of Karachi . the 16th Amendment to the Constitution was passed .S. Stefan Loefven. ♣ Mohammad Shakil Auj (54). the stocky leader of the Social Democrats.

It comes three weeks before a major synod of the Catholic Church will discuss the divisive issues of marriage. including China Nights (1940). ♣ Popes very rarely perform marriages — the last one was in 2000.iasexamportal. raising hopes of solving the over six months-long aviation mystery. ♣ She also played a leading role in U. in which she starred with Japanese heartthrob Kazuo Hasegawa. divorce and conception. She married JapaneseAmerican sculptor Isamu Noguchi in 1951 but their marriage lasted just four years. which was banned in mainland China after the war. One of the couples was single mother Gabriella and her partner Guido. and she later expressed regret over them. Yoshiko Yamaguchi. NASA to send first 3D printer into space station ♣ Japanese actress and singer Yoshiko “Shirley” Yamaguchi. Japan’s WWII film idol Yamaguchi dies were seen as pro-Japanese propaganda. and went on to star in Akira Kurosawa’s Scandal and other films.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. space agency said in a statement.S. ♣ The last time a Pope performed a marriage was under the leadership of John Paul II in 2000. has died at the age of 94 after a life as dramatic as any of her films. where her father worked for the railway.com/civilservices/magazine . ♣ Yamaguchi. who was nearly executed in China at the end of World War II. whose previous marriage was annulled by an ecclesiastical tribunal. she re-launched her career in Japan under her birth name. ♣ Following her deportation from China in 1946. she narrowly avoided execution for treason by revealing her Japanese identity to the Chinese court. ♣ Her hit songs included “Fragrance of the Night” and “Suzhou Serenade”. ♣ Space Exploration Technologies Corp’ (SpaceX) Falcon-9 rocket will launch a Dragon cargo spacecraft loaded with more than 5.S. ♣ Transport Minister Liow Tiong Lai said the Joint Agency Coordination Centre (JACC) which is leading the search for the plane is currently in the midst of retrieving the objects to be analysed. ♣ Arrested after the war as a collaborator. including Samuel Fuller’s A House of Bamboo (1955). and before that in 1994. http://www. ♣ Some of her movies at this time 36 ♣ NASA is all set to send the fourth SpaceX Cargo Mission.com/civilservices/courses International Issues openness of his papacy. who was born to Japanese parents in pre-war Manchuria.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. movies and musicals in the 1950s as Shirley Yamaguchi. Need to examine ‘MH370 objects’ ♣ The Australia-led search team for the missing Malaysian flight MH370 has discovered 58 hard objects inconsistent with the Indian Ocean seabed.000 pounds of scientific equipment and supplies. that would carry among other equipments a 3D printer to the International Space Station (ISS) from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on September 20. entertained Chinese and Japanese audiences posing as a Chinese under her assumed identity Rikoran or Li Xianglan. the U. Pope Francis asked to marry 40 people from different social backgrounds who would be a realistic sample of modern couples.

devolved government to the province. was meeting with Turkey’s leaders including President Recep Tayyip Erdogan for talks on measures to defeat the militants in Iraq and Syria.S. have signed up to a U. a NATO member and Washington’s key ally in the region. Kerry arrived at the Charles De Gaulle Airport in Paris after flying from Cairo.iasexamportal. including 10 Arab states. ♣ The spacecraft’s 2. a visit that comes after Turkey said it would not allow its air bases to be used for strikes on the extremists. http://www. ♣ At the end of the video showing the beheading of Sotloff. Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Paris after a four-day tour of the Middle East trying to build a coalition to defeat the Islamic State (IS).S.S. ♣ The top U.com/civilservices/magazine 37 . and posted the videos online after the U. Kerry’s visit comes a day after 10 Arab states. ♣ IS militants recently beheaded two American journalists. or allow a U. where he met Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi and Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi.S. ♣ In a feat few could match. died at the age of 88. Kerry presses Turkey to join antiIS coalition ♣ U. ♣ Turkey.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. the firebrand Protestant leader.S. ♣ Nearly 40 countries.-led plan to tackle the extremist group. touring the Middle East to establish a coalition of more than 40 countries. Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Ankara for talks aimed at building a coalition against Islamic State (IS) jihadists. diplomat. including heavyweight Saudi Arabia. who was abducted in Syria last year. ♣ A towering figure during the Troubles in Northern Ireland. the spacecraft will carry science payloads like the ISS-Rapid Scatterometer to monitor ocean surface wind speed and direction. ♣ The IS group has also put out videos showing the beheading of Kurdish and Lebanese soldiers and the mass shooting of dozens of captured Syrian soldiers. James Foley and Steven Sotloff. is reluctant to take part in combat operations against Islamic State militants.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. agreed in Jeddah to rally behind Washington in the fight against IS. John Kerry Arrives in Paris for IS Talks ♣ U. the BBC reported. he was known for his decades of intransigence and impassioned rhetoric. ♣ He did what even he once considered unthinkable in May 2007 and entered office with Sinn Fein — the political wing of Irish Republican Army — and as a result restored stable.-led coalition to attack jihadists from its territory. ♣ It will be the fifth trip by a Dragon spacecraft to the orbiting laboratory. ♣ Mr. ♣ Besides. began launching airstrikes and humanitarian missions in August to aid waning Iraqi and Kurdish security forces in northern Iraq.com/civilservices/courses International Issues ♣ It will also carry a small flowering plant related to cabbage that would allow scientists to study plant growth and adaptations in space. Irish dealmaker Paisley dead ♣ Former Northern Irish First Minister Ian Paisley.5 tonnes of supplies and materials are critical for the implementation of 255 science and research investigations that will occur during the station’s Expeditions 41 and 42. IS releases beheading video of British aid worker ♣ Islamic State (IS) extremists released a video showing the beheading of British aid worker David Haines. the Islamic State group threatened to kill Haines next and briefly showed him on camera.S. ♣ Mr.

When official records began in 1963 the tally of people over 100 was 153.784. the government announced. ♣ On national Respect for the Aged Day — there would be 58. conservative Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). partly because many health professionals have become infected. the countries at the centre of the epidemic. Dubai. ♣ The film To Singapore. ♣ Malaysia gained independence in 1957 and Singapore in 1965. leading the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster and the Protestant. ♣ The body of the eminent singer. directed by Singaporean director Tan Pin Pin. some 4. — AFP WHO: Ebola death toll hits 2. Film about dissidents Banned ♣ Singapore banned a local documentary about nine dissidents living in exile.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ The number of 100-year-olds in Japan has steadily increased over the last decades. The Southeast Asian city-state famous for strict social controls has relaxed censorship rules in recent years. Firoza Begum was educated in Calcutta in undivided India and was closely linked with rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. is sometimes referred to as the country’s “demographic time bomb. ♣ Singapore’s Media Development Authority (MDA) said in a statement it had “assessed that the contents of the film undermine national security because legitimate actions of the security agencies… are presented in a distorted way as acts that victimised innocent individuals”. features interviews with the former activists and student leaders who fled Singapore from the 1960s until the 1980s. ♣ Some 170 international medical staff are already active in Guinea. but maintains strict regulations on films that discuss local politics.400 ♣ More international medical workers are needed to fight the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The singer had been ailing for a long time. ascribed partly to advances in medicine and a healthy local cuisine. Japan’s centenarian population reaches new record ♣ The number of Japanese aged 100 and over has reached a new record.400 have died from the disease.” due to the increased pressure on health services and the country’s welfare system.com/civilservices/courses International Issues Paisley co-founded both a church and a political party. security measures 38 and pay.820 centenarians.400 more than the previous year.iasexamportal. nurses and infection specialists to Sierra Leone for half a year. after brief periods of self-rule. according to the UN health agency. who had mesmerised Bengalis with her voice for seven decades. Hundreds bid Adieu to Firoza Begum ♣ Hundreds of people paid their last respects to Nazrul Sangeet legend Firoza Begum who died at the age of 84. ♣ The number of people infected with the deadly haemorrhagic fever virus has risen to 4.com/civilservices/magazine . in combination with low birth rates. ♣ The growing number of elderly in Japan. ♣ Born in 1930. — AFP http://www. with Love . ♣ The WHO Director-General welcomed an announcement by Cuba to send 165 doctors. ♣ The 70-minute documentary was released in December last year and has been screened at film festivals in Germany. ♣ Many of them have also stayed away from work because of lack of hygienic protection equipment. the Health Ministry estimated. where more than 2.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. both from Britain. ♣ About 87 per cent are women. was brought to the Central Shaheed Minar in the capital where people from all walks of life paid homage. saying its contents undermined national security. World Health Organization (WHO) chief Margaret Chan said in Geneva. Liberia and Sierra Leone. ♣ Health services in West Africa have been strained. South Korea and the United States. who is now Bangladesh’s national poet.

Assistant Foreign Minister. now the only ASEAN country yet to sign the pact. Rouhani’s government to approve faster 3G mobile Internet licences for http://www. in response. ♣ President Hassan Rouhani reentered Iran’s feverish debate on Internet censorship and gender segregation.” observed Mr. Internet censorship not working: Rouhani India inks free trade agreement with ASEAN ♣ India has formally signed a free trade agreement for services and investments with ASEAN. embedded with strong “strategic” resonance. ♣ The India–ASEAN Agreement on trade in goods was operationalised in 2010. triggered greater possibilities for stronger partnerships between Beijing and some of the regional heavyweights. Twitter and YouTube inaccessible without the use of illegal software. ♣ Key to India’s interests is a brief annex in the agreement on the movement of natural persons that defines business visitors. Thailand and Vietnam — are expected to get the agreement ratified by their Parliaments after which it will be formally adopted during the next India–ASEAN summit later this year. Myanmar. education. ♣ Mr. IT. Liu. which leaves popular websites such as Facebook. ♣ The pact will allow India to leverage its competitive edge in the areas of finance. he said Beijing was open to exploring the possibility with Moscow of linking India with the $400 billion mega energy tie up that China had recently signed with Russia.com/civilservices/courses International Issues Xi’s visit will mark a new era in bilateral ties: Beijing ♣ China has stated its intent to substantially elevate its ties during the upcoming visit of President Xi Jinping to India.com/civilservices/magazine 39 . the Philippines. saying neither policy was in the country’s interest. Laos. is also expected to do so soon. ♣ “Imagine the contribution it would make to human civilisation if China and India began to work together for the development and progress of 2. ♣ This will be especially helpful for balancing India’s deficit with ASEAN countries in trade of goods. ♣ In response to a question. ♣ Liu Jianchao. health. telecommunications and transport. Rouhani was elected last year having pledged to be more moderate on social issues.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Chinese analysts are of the view that the United States’ Pivot to Asia — broadly seen as a China containment doctrine — has. ♣ Iran has a policy of filtering online content. ♣ The services agreement will open up opportunities of movement of both manpower and investments. told visiting Indian journalists that President Xi’s visit next week would mark the beginning of “another era” in Sino-Indian ties. intra corporate transferees (managers. Cambodia. disallowing differences in perception on the border issue to cloud a growing relationship of significance. Singapore. ♣ All ASEAN members — Brunei. ♣ The decision of Mr.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Philippines. including Russia and India. Malaysia. Indonesia. executives and specialists) and contractual service suppliers.5 billion people.iasexamportal.

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International Issues
two Iranian companies last
month was seen as the first step
toward making Internet access
easier. But he went further and
said filtering was counterproductive.
World Media Summit invites
entries for Global Awards for
Excellence

♣ The agreement, which will
enable Australia to export
uranium to India in return for
safeguards from India on its use,
will bolster India’s plans to
increase nuclear energy
production.
♣ India offers the potential to
double Australia’s uranium
exports to more than a billion
dollars by 2018, say experts.
South Africa ‘refuses’ Dalai Lama
visa for Nobel summit

presspersons that a park would
come up near Pune on about 5
sq. km and another near
Ahmedabad on about 10 sq.
km.
♣ The park in Maharashtra will be
focussed on automobile sector
and that in Gujarat on the
power sector.
♣ The Pune park will be
completed in about 12 years in
three stages and is likely to see
total investment of $5 billion.
♣ The first phase will be
completed in three years.
World Bank rider for pedestrian
project

♣ The World Media Summit
(WMS) has invited entries for
the first WMS Global Awards
for Excellence, instituted to
honour “truth, objectivity,
excellence” in journalism.
♣ These
are
“the
first
comprehensive news and
news-related awards at the
international level recognising
professional excellence across
the print, television, radio, and
digital-only platforms.
♣ The four awards announced fall
under three categories:
contributions to public welfare
by exemplary news teams and
news professionals in
developing countries; media
innovation; and new media
reporting.
India, Australia to sign civil
nuclear deal today

♣ India is set to win another
endorsement for its status as a
peaceful nuclear power, with
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
and his Australian counterpart,
Tony Abbott, expected to sign
an India-Australia civil nuclear
cooperation agreement here.
40

♣ South Africa has refused to
grant a visa for the Dalai Lama
to attend the World Summit of
Nobel Peace Laureates in Cape
Town next month, his
representative said.
♣ The government “conveyed by
phone to me they will not be
able to grant the visa for the
reason that it would disturb
relations between China and
South Africa,” Nangsa
Choedon told AFP.
♣ The refusal could provoke a
boycott of the 14th annual
peace summit, according to a
spokesman for South African
laureate
and
former
Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
China to develop industrial parks

♣ China will set up two industrial
parks in India, one each in
Gujarat and Maharashtra, and
the two countries are expected
to sign agreements for this soon.
♣ Chinese Consul-General in
Mumbai, Liu Youfa, told

♣ The World Bank has told the
Chennai Corporation that its
funding of the pedestrian plaza
at T. Nagar is conditional. It has
advised the civic body to
complete a study on
environment and the social
impact of the proposed
pedestrianisation project in that
area.
♣ The study by the Chennai
Corporation is also expected to
assess the impact of the project
on ‘reducing extreme poverty’
and ‘promoting shared
prosperity’.
♣ The Rs.83-crore pedestrian
plaza, part of the T. Nagar
redevelopment proposal, had
already been approved by the
Corporation Council a few
months ago.
♣ “Funding for the project will
not be approved without a
proper study of the social and
environmental aspects of such
an
innovative
urban
infrastructure project,” said
officials.
♣ Work on commissioning the
plaza with a commercial theme
was expected to begin this
month. But the requirement of

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International Issues
a new study is likely to delay
the project, they said.
♣ The plaza is likely to become
operational by May next.
♣ The levels of pollution caused
by traffic diversions, the
increased number of visitors to
T. Nagar, the rise in garbage
collection and heightened
commercial activity will also be
assessed. Displacement of
hawkers and impact on their
livelihood will be part of the
study.
India-Japan ties will only bring
psychological comfort: China daily

♣ “The increasing intimacy
between Tokyo and New Delhi
will bring at most psychological
comfort to the two countries,”
China’s State-run Global Times
newspaper said in an editorial .
♣ On the “blossoming personal
friendship” between Narendra
Modi and his Japanese
counterpart Shinzo Abe, the
paper said China-India relations
denoted much more than that.
♣ “Abe’s harangue on the IndoPacific concept makes Indians
comfortable. It is South Asia
where India has to make its
presence felt… Sino-Indian
ties can in no way be
counterbalanced by JapanIndian friendship,” the editorial
said.
♣ While mentioning that Mr. Modi
had not named China in his
remarks in Japan, the paper
referred to Japanese and

Western public opinion that the
comments were directed at
China.

town which is an Al-Nusra Front
stronghold just outside
Damascus. They are also
seeking compensation for three
of their fighters who were
wounded in recent days.

Another American journalist
‘beheaded’

♣ An Internet video posted
purported to show the
beheading of another U.S.
journalist, Steven Sotloff, by
Islamic State, which called it
“retribution” for U.S. airstrikes.
— AP
U.N. troops’ captors set demands

♣ Al-Qaeda-linked Syria rebels
who are holding more than 40
United Nations peacekeepers
hostage in the Golan Heights
are demanding they be
expunged from a U.N. terror
blacklist, Fiji revealed.
♣ The Pacific nation’s Army chief
Mosese Tikoitoga said the
rebels
also
wanted
humanitarian aid sent to a small

China to lay 1,300 km of rail
tracks in Tibet by 202

♣ The extended railway lines
built by China in Tibet — 251
km from Lhasa to Shigatse on
the west and 433 km to
Nyingchi
(still
under
construction) in the east — will
effectively link Tibet to India,
Nepal and Bhutan
♣ These are part of the Chinese
government’s mission 2020 for
infrastructure in Tibet.
♣ The lines are also seen as a
“triangular defence” for China,
allowing it to rush troops and
military hardware to its sensitive
southern borders with India at
short notice.

Chinese railway plans for Tibet on track

♣ China’s railway plans for Tibet
are firmly on track with two new
rail lines going west and east
from Lhasa.
♣ The ambitious railway line from
Beijing to Lhasa was began

seven years ago.
♣ The extended lines — 251 km
from Lhasa to Shigatse on the
west and 433 km to Nyingchi
(still under construction) in the
east — will effectively link Tibet

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41

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International Issues
to India, Nepal and Bhutan.
♣ These are part of the Chinese
government’s mission 2020 for
infrastructure in Tibet.
♣ The lines are also seen as a
“triangular defence” for China,
allowing it to rush troops and
military hardware to its sensitive
southern borders with India at
short notice.
U.S. Post Service to release stamp
on Akkineni

♣ Legendary actor Akkineni
Nageswara Rao will be the first

42

Indian actor to be honoured
with a postage stamp by the
U.S. Post Service (USPS).

♣ The Akkineni Foundation of
America (AFA) has said that the
stamp will be issued on the

birth anniversary of Nageshwara
Rao, who died of cancer early
this year.
♣ A special release ceremony is
being planned by AFA on
September 20 in Dallas, Texas.
♣ The AFA is also planning to
release the stamp in India on
December 17 at the first
International Akkineni Awards
Ceremony being planned at
ANR College, Gudivada in
Krishna district of Andhra
Pradesh.

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following the latest incidents in Chumar and Demchok. Long promoted by China. the Chinese appear to have pitched for a wide-ranging dialogue with India in the hope of building consensus. long promoted by China. Xi’s visit. ♣ It is intended to advance multimodal connectivity. BCIM (Bangladesh-China-IndiaMyanmar) corridor ♣ India has warmed to the idea of the BCIM (BangladeshChina-India-Myanmar) corridor that could prove to be a gamechanger in regional linkages among the four countries. Dhaka and Chittagong. which many of its critics say has an element of Beijing’s alleged Indiacontainment strategy — the spokesman said China and India should build consensus on this subject. The two leaders are expected to discuss the possibility of a civil nuclear cooperation agreement.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Mandalay (Myanmar). along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). harness economic complementarities. It is intended to advance multimodal connectivity. Dhaka and Chittagong. shifting the focus on the root cause of the problem. Mandalay (Myanmar). cultural ties among others during Mr. linking Asia with Europe. promote investment and trade and facilitate people-topeople contacts.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Chinese officials say the latest initiatives of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st century MSR will carry forward the earlier spirit of the peaceful exchanges between China and its neighbours along the ancient super-highway. Key to Xi Jinping’s visit to India ♣ 20 MoUs and agreements are expected to be signed by the two countries on issues related to infrastructure development. ♣ Beijing is expected to push its new-generation APC1000 nuclear reactors. with Beijing looking to take forward plans to set up industrial parks in India.com/civilservices/courses India & The World INDIA & THE WORLD Negotiated Resolution of the border Issue ♣ China has called for a negotiated resolution of the border issue with India. based on dialogue. ♣ The BCIM corridor. in part based on its experience in Gujarat. BCIM is intended to link Kunming to Kolkata.iasexamportal. is intended to link Kunming to Kolkata. the way forward for India-China ties? Gujarat has been among the biggest destinations for Chinese investment in India. ♣ India has warmed up to the idea of the BCIM (BangladeshChina-India-Myanmar) corridor. ♣ In response to a question on the Maritime Silk Road (MSR) — an initiative. ♣ Is the Gujarat model. ♣ In dealing with a complex relationship. with areas of agreement and differences.com/civilservices/magazine 43 . harness http://www.

Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Xi’s visit. India stalled the ratification of the TFA owing to these concerns. ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ Key agreements between ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) and Petro Vietnam for joint oil explorations in the South China Sea blocks are expected to be signed during the visit. China has amplified the pitch on its vision of the Maritime Silk Road (MSR) amid the repositioning of American forces in the Asia-Pacific and an emerging trade deal between Washington and its traditional regional allies. ♣ Developed nations back India’s stand at WTO ♣ ♣ ♣ India said it has won the support of major developed countries. and facilitate people-topeople contacts.iasexamportal. ♣ Mr. The visit marks the 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties between the two nations. for its stand at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) demanding that the implementation of the Trade ♣ Facilitation Agreement (TFA) be kept pending unless its apprehensions on the issue of food security are addressed. The communiqué talks about enhanced cooperation between countries of Asia and Europe to create sustainable and profitable growth. it added.’ wrote the Chinese Premier in connection with the decades-old border issues that have marred Sino-Indo ties for long. India got a reference to BRICS and disappointment with poor progress on the IMF quota reforms also included in the ASEM communiqué.com/civilservices/courses India & The World ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ economic complementarities.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. as also the European Commission. and Germany. Chinese investment in India stands at $400 million. and to root out border incidents. “Many countries like the United Kingdom.K. Mukherjee was received at the Noi Bai International Airport by the Vietnamese Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of President’s Office Dao Viet Trung and was given a guard of honour. Finance Secretary Arvind Mayaram was leading the Indian delegation as Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley is indisposed. Sweden and the European Commission emphasised on the need for expressing deep concern on non-implementation of TFA without mentioning India’s concern on the issue of food security. India is not opposed to the TFA as it increases the ease of doing business but wants its adoption postponed till there is “satisfactory” progress on finding a permanent protection for its minimum support prices to farmers against the WTO’s agriculture subsidy caps that are benchmarked to food prices of the 1980s. Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan is part of the delegation accompanying the President. Vietnam to sign key oil search pact ♣ President Pranab Mukherjee arrived for a four-day state visit during which India and Vietnam are expected to sign agreements on oil exploration and air connectivity. Austria. Switzerland. India. He also garnered the support of Pakistan. Germany. Bangladesh and Russia for India’s standpoint. talks on the issue of stapled visas might figure in the meeting. Over $10 billion investment is expected from China during Mr.” the release said. http://www. Finland. including the U. beginning with measurable steps to clarify the Line of Actual Control. and the two sides have worked together to maintain peace in the border area. President Xi’s visit may provide Narendra Modi a rare chance to seize the moment by stating India’s political intent on solving the border row between the two countries. At the WTO’s General Council meeting in Geneva on July 31. ‘Progress has been made in the negotiations on the boundary question. promote investment and trade.com/civilservices/magazine . Currently. With India and China deciding to mark 2014 as a “year of friendly exchanges”. 44 ♣ The President will also visit the historic city of Ho Chi Minh.

MoUs to be signed during Xi’s India visit ♣ Ahead of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to India next week. cultural ties among others.com/civilservices/courses India & The World 20 agreements. he will present Friendship awards to the family of the Dr. President Xi will also meet Congress party president Sonia Gandhi. ♣ Before he leaves India on September 19. ♣ The two leaders. the two countries are still to appoint their Special Representatives for the border talks.iasexamportal. who are meeting for the second time since Mr Modi took office. However. ♣ Chief amongst the agreements will be the setting up of two ‘industrial cities’ near Gandhinagar and Pune on the lines of the Chinese manufacturing hub Shenzen. http://www. are expected to discuss the road ahead in the Sino-Indian border negotiations. on issues related to infrastructure development. China’s Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Jianchao told journalists in Beijing that President Xi’s visit will mark the beginning of “another era in Sino-Indian ties’.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. President Xi will receive the official welcome at Rashtrapati Bhavan and will outline his vision for India-China ties at a speech which will be broadcast live in China. ♣ In Delhi on September 18. revered for his service in China during the Sino-Japanese war.com/civilservices/magazine 45 . embedded with strong “strategic” resonance. Kotnis.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ India and China are expected to sign as many as 20 agreements and MoUs in Delhi.

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plans to seek legal opinion on the matter. Of the six. in turn. NTPC is not certain on Fate of Coal Blocks Healthy inflation declines are not enough: RBI Governor ♣ The fate of NTPC’s five coal blocks allocated between 1993 and 2010 hangs in the balance. ♣ Mr. of which one that was not de-allocated is set to commence operations soon.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. the Ministry. The case in point is Anil Ambani’s ultra mega power project in Sasan. he said that drone-deliveries are technologically proven but will have to wait for rules and regulations to be framed. Amazon launched about a year ago in India. according to the founder and CEO of Amazon. According to this view. ♣ The company had got four blocks recently. ♣ Confusion arose with the Court specifically saving four blocks. In question are 218 coal blocks. Bezos said that the launch experience of his business in India was “better and faster” than in any other market which is why he was committing $2 ♣ As the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) gets ready to announce its fourth quarter bi-monthly monetary policy review on September 30. one was exempted from de46 allocation by the apex court. Bezos said that connecting small and medium businesses with the digital market is a prime area for Amazon and will be a key differentiator compared to competition. Jeff Bezos.com/civilservices/magazine . of which 12 were with ultra mega power projects and 10 belonged to NTPC. except those given to ultra mega power projects and Central Government public sector units where there are no joint ventures. ♣ Mr. ♣ The surprise element lies in the fact that whatever data that are available in the public domain would seem to suggest a softer interest rate regime. while six were awarded earlier. the usual expectations from the market for an interest rate cut are surprisingly muted. ♣ While NTPC has decided to wait for clarity from the Coal Ministry. ♣ The Supreme Court on September 24 ordered deallocation of blocks.iasexamportal. after a http://www. ♣ Refusing to be drawn into a discussion on the competition with Google in key businesses. India’s e-commerce market is growing by “leaps and bounds”: Jeff Bezos ♣ India’s e-commerce market is growing by “leaps and bounds”. ♣ The Coal Ministry has also decided to look into how the miners that were allocated coal blocks for captive use are handling the surplus.com/civilservices/courses Economy ECONOMY billion in fresh investment here. the RBI has. including NTPC’s Pakri Barwadih.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. NTPC had 10 coal blocks.

♣ In the last policy review. ♣ Speaking on the occasion. pleasant surprises.” Union Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises Minister Anant Geete said. ♣ The broad macro-economic indicators have generally been positive even though one ‘lead’ indicator — the index of industrial production (IIP) — continues to remain erratic. a favourable environment to lower the benchmark repo rate.1. include HMT Machine Tools. and Triveni Structurals. Retail inflation based on the consumer price index (CPI) has declined by almost a full percentage point from July from close to 8 per cent to just above 7 per cent. called the launch of the campaign a historic day for Indian industry and said. SLR was reduced from 22.5 per cent. Modi.iasexamportal. CRR is the portion of total deposits of customers.com/civilservices/magazine 47 . ♣ The head of India’s largest private sector company. ♣ In the last bi-monthly policy review on August 5. NEPA.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Dr. Heavy Engineering Corporation.” ♣ Unveiling the campaign logo earlier.000 crore for employees of six state-run units not capable of revival. Aditya Birla Group chief Kumar Mangalam Birla said his steelto-software conglomerate already had its manufacturing base in India and now planned to leverage its global production facilities for bringing technology here. “We are committing ourselves to the movement our beloved Prime Minister had given to 1 billion Indians on Independence Day… The uniqueness of his leadership is that he dreams and he does. ♣ The Prime Minister also noted that India ranked low on the “ease of doing business” index and said he was sensitising government officials to the need for “effective” governance. the central bank had cut SLR by 50 basis points from 23 per cent to 22. the financial markets expect that the central bank would reduce the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) further. ♣ Most significantly. Rajan said that “The idea behind the SLR cut is that if government finances are improving and the government is on a fiscal consolidation mode. which have been identified by the government for revival. In the June bi-monthly policy also. Reserve Bank of India unlikely to cut policy rate cent with effect from August 9.com/civilservices/courses Economy very long time. Government to revive five PSUs ♣ The government said it had begun the process of reviving five ailing PSUs and is working on one-time settlement. we can afford to liberate more access to government financing and make it possible for the private sector and public sector firms to get access to that financing. which commercial banks have to hold as reserves either in cash or as deposits with the central bank and the repo rate is the rate at which the central bank lends money to banks. ♣ “The state-run units.5 per cent to 22 per ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign at a high-profile event. ♣ SLR is the portion of deposits banks are required to maintain in the form of gold or government securities. Nagaland Paper & Pulp Co. the RBI had kept the short term indicative lending rate (repo) at the current level of 8 per cent and the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) unchanged at 4 per cent.” FDI should be understood as ‘First Develop India’: PM ♣ While the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is likely to maintain its policy rate at current levels. However. http://www. inflation data for August — both retail and wholesale — have delivered big. involving voluntary retirement scheme entailing a cost of Rs. Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries (RIL). Mr.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. before providing credit to customers. amidst uncertainty over the progress of the monsoon. Modi said “FDI should be understood as ‘First Develop India’ along with ‘Foreign Direct Investment’” while encouraging investors not to just look at India as merely a market but also as an opportunity. which has remained at 8 per cent for the greater part of the year. which captains of industry from India and abroad immediately joined by committing multi-crore investments and projects in the presence of Mr.

♣ The implementation of these standards by developing countries could also improve domestic tax compliance as ♣ The GMR Group said on 23rd September that it has signed a Project Development Agreement for 900 MW Upper Karnali Hydro Power project with the Nepal government. abbreviated as ‘mSXI’. ONGC will start oil production from KG block in 2019 ♣ start production in 2019. HMT Chinar Watches.603. Rural Development and Drinking Water & Sanitation Nitin Gadkari. The project.” MCX-SX said in a statement substantial amount of data received from financial institutions by the tax administration could be used for domestic tax purposes also. ♣ The Upper Karnali Hydro Power project was awarded to the GMR Group through an International competitive bidding process in 2008 on BOOT basis. is being developed as an exportoriented project to be constructed in a period of about 5 years. Tungabhadra Steel Products Ltd. have agreed to set rolling by 2017 the automatic exchange of information on tax evaders. HMT Watches. He said for road development the government was considering to use cement instead of bitumen to bring down construction cost.iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Economy ♣ Mr. and Hindustan Cables. ♣ At present. with a capacity of 900 MW. These six companies have employee strength of 3. HMT Bearings.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ The proposed global standard would facilitate a systematic and periodic transmission of bulk taxpayer information by the source country of income to the country of residence of the taxpayer. ♣ He said that the ministry had also been focusing on the ports 48 Nepal finalises Hydel project with GMR group India support exchange information on black money MCX-SX is going to change name ♣ The Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has approved a new name for MCX Stock Exchange (MCX-SX) which will now be known as ‘Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India Ltd’. ♣ The exchange is in the process of making an application to Registrar of Companies (RoC) for registration of the new name. ♣ “The six companies which cannot be revived are: Hindustan Photo Films. countries exchange information on the basis of requests and that too only on suspected tax evasion and other financial crimes. Shipping. This was stated by Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways. ♣ The Minister also said private sector was shying away from public private partnership (PPP) projects primarily because of high interest rates and reluctance of banks to fund such projects.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.” the Minister said at a press conference to mark the 100 days of the NDA government here. sector. ♣ India will support the proposed international automatic exchange of tax and banking information that is expected to aid unearthing and retrieving black money stashed offshore. http://www.com/civilservices/magazine . Geete said the government was working on a one-time settlement proposal for six terminally ill PSUs. ♣ Forty-six countries. which could not be revived. ♣ It is the largest FDI for Nepal and also the largest investment for GMR Group outside India. Government decided to give boost to inland waterways ♣ The Union Government has decided to give a boost to inland waterways in a big way to reduce the cost of transportation as well as to curb pollution. to eliminate higher recurring expenditure. including India.

com/civilservices/magazine 49 . announced his exit from the company. Korea.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. who was previously managing the reins of Puma India as the managing director for nine years. Infosys global partnership with Huawei ♣ Infosys announced a global ♣ Providing details. ♣ With his “Come. taking over the reins of the brand that recently launched the Forever Faster campaign. Indian Embassies around the world are expected to join the campaign. http://www.”. Abhishek previously had been spearheading the sales and retail functions for the brand and had joined Puma right at its inception in 2005 as a founding director. the Modi Government hopes. ♣ Puma India said that it had appointed Abhishek Ganguly as its new Managing Director. Mr.000 companies to explore investment possibilities in India. ♣ Mr. Japan. ♣ The 30-stock equity index. in separate press releases. Poland. Abhishek Ganguly as new MD. ♣ The campaign also includes invitations to the world’s top 3. Sarraf said ♣ The oil discovery in Krishna Godavari basin block KG-DWN98/2 or KG-D5 is the first large oil production from the Staterun Oil and Natural Gas Corporation’s (ONGC) major oil discovery in the Bay of Bengal will east coast. ♣ The drive. Modi had invited global companies to set up manufacturing units in India to supply to the rest of the world. aimed at reviving the job-creating manufacturing sector — key to taking the economy on a sustainable high growth path. Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M) partnered Snapdeal ♣ Ahead of the launch of its new generation Scorpio. “Make In India” campaign ♣ Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the “Make In India” campaign . Sweden. Italy. has launched the first equity index-linked green bond that will help raise funds for products seeking to mitigate climate change. ♣ Both the companies will build reference architectures and standardised solutions for big data platforms on Huawei hardware infrastructure. partnership with Huawei to offer enterprise customers big data and communication solutions besides expansion of its existing engagement with Microsoft and Hitachi Data Systems. ♣ Its role will be to provide information and solve investors problems. Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M) has partnered online marketplace Snapdeal for booking the sport utility vehicle (SUV).com/civilservices/courses Economy ONGC Chairman and Managing Director Dinesh K. Puma India ♣ Rajiv Mehta. Australia. comprises companies selected on the basis of their corporate sustainability ratings. Germany and France. ♣ The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has set up an eight-member expert panel to redress grievances and handle queries of global and domestic investors within 24 hours.iasexamportal. to which the ‘World Bank Green Bond’ is linked. ♣ Scorpio has been Mahindra’s one of the highest selling SUVs and the homegrown auto giant is to launch the refreshed version on September 25. in collaboration with the World Bank. ♣ “The objective is to take manufacturing growth on a sustainable basis to 10 per cent over the long term. make in India” slogan in his Independence Day speech. the Government is likely to invite the who’s who of the global corporate sector from the US. Infosys said the IT solutions to be developed with Chinese multi-national ICT firm Huawei would be for enterprise customers looking to modernise operations with cloud infrastructure.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ For the launch. will do for investment sentiment what the “Incredible India” campaign has accomplished for tourism. The block also has 10 gas discoveries. China. BNP Paribas in collaboration with the World Bank ♣ Financial services firm BNP Paribas.

priced at Rs. ♣ HDFC Bank has nearly 1. which will provide employment to up to 3. Rao said. ♣ The social networking site is in talks with some of the biggest video content producers of YouTube to test videos directly on Facebook. high-quality medicines. HDFC Bank Senior Vice President and Business Had (Cards Payment ♣ Get ready for a fierce content war between YouTube and Facebook. ♣ A statement from Lupin said the tie-up would address the local needs for affordable. ♣ This facility is for all States except in Jammu and Kashmir due to restrictions on bulk SMS delivery in the State. Facebook set to take on YouTube HDFC Bank to send debit card PINs via SMS ♣ Lupin has tied up with Merck Serono. according to The Wall Street http://www. the new generation Scorpio will be available in six variants. materials supply and office services to improve their operational efficiency. TCS said in a statement in Mumbai.200-sq mt facility will offer customers specialised finance and accounting. The first launches are expected in 2016. ♣ While no financial details of the tie-up were available. 50 ♣ As part of its ‘go-green’ initiative.com/civilservices/courses Economy ♣ According to the details made available to users.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Customers will get OTP within 48 hours of applying for it. while the total number of those employed at the centre stands at 300. ♣ Facebook and video content producers are now discussing how advertising might be incorporated into these videos. HDFC Bank has started sending PIN. Using the OTP. customer can set debit card PIN at the bank’s ATM.com/civilservices/magazine . Products) Parag Rao said. ♣ The company had recently launched new variants under the FZ series.83. unique code number. for debit card holders through SMS instead of sending it by post. ♣ Both the clients have already surpassed their target of recruiting 100 women each. human resources. ♣ Green PIN is One Time Password (OTP) sent to the customer’s mobile number registered with bank. ♣ Saudi Aramco and GE are the centre’s first customers. ♣ The new model comes with a newly designed air-cooled 149cc.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.5 lakh cards on an average are issued annually by the bank. Lupin said it had an established working relationship with Merck and the agreement could add up to 20 new products to the current portfolio. ♣ Currently.iasexamportal. ♣ It is not just environment friendly but also convenient and saves time of both customers and the bank.75 crore debit card holders and about 16.850 (ex-showroom Delhi). content creators use Facebook to promote their programming but prefer people to watch the videos on YouTube and other platforms where they can make money through advertisements sales easily. the biopharmaceutical division of Merck. it said. Motorcycle Fazer FI ♣ Yamaha Motor India Sales launched 149-cc motorcycle Fazer FI. single-cylinder fuel-injected engine which provides enhanced fuel efficiency and acceleration. ♣ The Riyadh-based 3. to support the expansion of Merck Serono’s general medicines portfolio in emerging markets. it said.000 women in three years. Lupin tied up with Merck Serono TCS opens Saudi Arabia’s first all-women BPO centre ♣ India’s largest software exporter Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) on Sunday said it has opened Saudi Arabia’s first all-female business process centre. Rao said. ♣ Lupin will receive an upfront and milestone based licensing fee.

♣ India is protecting the domestic auto industry from overseas competition while signing free trade agreements with different nations and groups. the Commerce Ministry. who is also the Chairman of Japan’s Honda Motor Co. launched its new face-lifted sports utility vehicles (SUV).iasexamportal. Facebook has been involved in this video initiative for at least six months. including India. KESSY system and Light Assist. but has not been successful at making a significant impact in the automobile sector here. the Yeti.0 TDI diesel engine.com/civilservices/magazine 51 . suppliers and other stakeholders throughout the country. ♣ Chairman of Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) Fumihiko Ike. Vijayan Rajes is UPASI President ♣ Vijayan Rajes has been elected President of United Planters’ Association of Southern India http://www. ♣ General Motors Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Mary Barra is on a three-day visit to India. ♣ The new Yeti is being offered at a slight premium to the existing variant and will feature cruise control. meeting dealers. at a price of Rs.14 lakh (prices exshowroom. said it could not continue providing protection to the industry while duty barriers were coming down all over the world.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. to study the market here.18. son of Venu Srinivasan. Sudarshan Venu is Joint MD of TVS Motor ♣ In a significant move. — IANS Global auto makers Seek friendly Policy ♣ As India moves towards becoming a hub for production and exports for global car manufacturers. as the Joint Managing Director of the company. Mr. ♣ As a whole-time director. ♣ In view of this. added another major challenge was to improve the business environment for investing into India. Venu has already been very active in the affairs of the company. the latter said India needed to make more business-friendly policies if the country wanted foreign companies to invest here. ♣ Both variants are powered by a 2.63 lakh for the 4X2 variant while its 4X4 variant is priced at Rs. it said. ♣ The development assumes significance given the fact that the American auto major has been present in the domestic market for about two decades. Skoda launches Yeti upgrade Protection to auto industry cannot be forever: Commerce Secretary ♣ In a veiled warning to the domestic auto sector.20.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Maharashtra). the board of TVS Motor Company has appointed Sudarshan Venu. ♣ The company plans to launch 40 new products globally. GM to study Indian market ♣ Czech car maker Skoda. the board has chosen to elevate him to the position of Joint Managing Director.com/civilservices/courses Economy Journal .

♣ He has worked in varied roles at different locations with the Renault group. ♣ The decision has been taken in view of the concerns raised by various Ministries.com/civilservices/courses Economy (UPASI) for 2014-15. has appointed Rafael Treguer as Vice-President (Sales and Marketing). individual bank boards are free to prescribe a lower retirement age for the wholetime directors. purportedly showing some Bharatiya Janata Party leaders inducing its party MLA with money and perks to support the BJP. the petitioner in the case. particularly his children.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. including “exacerbation of vulnerabilities of the public servants after filing such details. ♣ The observation was made with reference to a footage released by the Aam Aadmi Party.05 lakh while the KTM RC 200 is priced at Rs. ♣ KTM bikes have won more than 240 World Championship titles. Deadline for Declaring assets Extended ♣ The Department of Personnel and Training has extended the deadline from September 15 to December 31 for public servants to declare their assets and liabilities under the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act. launched two supersport motorcycles from the KTM stable — KTM RC390 and KTM RC 200. and their publication on websites of the respective ministries/ departments. giving rise to apprehensions of safety and security of family members of the public servant.’’ the RBI said. — PTI Subhash Chandra Garg appointed as World Bank ED ♣ Senior IAS officer Subhash Chandra Garg was appointed as Executive Director in World Bank.. an UPASI release said. SC tells Centre ♣ The Supreme Court told the Centre that horse-trading would continue if steps were not taken soon to form a government in Delhi. Dattu told the Centre. Upper age limit set for MDs and CEOs of private banks ♣ The upper age limit for managing directors (MDs) and chief executive officers (CEOs) and other whole-time director of banks in the private sector has been fixed at 70 years. targeted mainly at young professionals and college students. and has been serving on the Executive Committee of UPASI since 2002-03. ♣ N. ♣ Both bikes will be backed by KTM’s 140 exclusive dealer network across the country and will be available from September 10 with dealers.2. Bajaj Auto launches two supersport KTM bikes ♣ Bajaj Auto.iasexamportal. as an internal policy.60 lakh (both ex-showroom Delhi). Vijayan owns MSP Plantations.” a fivejudge Constitution Bench led by Justice H. 1. the KTM RC390 is priced at Rs.990.’’ the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said. Dharmaraj has been elected Vice-President. ♣ “Things better be done at the earliest. — PTI New VP for Renault India ♣ Renault India Pvt.s. Ltd.a. ♣ “Beyond this age (70 years). including the managing directors and chief executive officers. launched its latest handset Canvas Nitro powered by an octa-core processor. ♣ Mr. will have a tenure of 3 years from the date of assuming charge of the post. priced at Rs. Garg. ♣ According to a company statement.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. nobody should continue in the post. said an order issued by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet. formation.12. ♣ “Within the overall limit of 70 years.com/civilservices/magazine .” ♣ The Department of Personnel and Training has accordingly revised the deadline for simplification of declaration forms and completion of the entire process from 270 to 360 days. otherwise horse52 trading will continue. http://www. — Special Correspondent Expedite Delhi govt. specifically of moveable property. ♣ Mr. Yercaud. a fullyowned subsidiary of Renault s.L. Micromax launches Canvas Nitro ♣ Micromax . a 1983-batch IAS officer of Rajasthan cadre.

5-inch HD IPS display. will also have a solicitor and a chartered accountant.com/civilservices/magazine 53 . software giant Microsoft unveiled the new look of its MSN website in India. Kingfisher Airlines ♣ The Supreme Court denied relief to debt-ridden Kingfisher Airlines challenging the decision of the Grievance Redressal Committee (GRC) of United Bank of India (UBI) to declare the airline and its promoter Vijay Mallya as wilful defaulters. formed a committee headed by a retired high court judge to conduct a forensic audit of the troubled NSEL and liquidate the assets of its defaulting borrowers in the over Rs. ♣ The committee will ascertain the liability that is outstanding against the defaulting borrowers of NSEL. who represents NSEL in the case. through counsel. and 2500 mAh battery. Panel set up to conduct forensic audit of NSEL ♣ On a plea made by investors. 13MP rear and 5MP front camera. the Bombay High Court. U. ♣ The Fair Price Shops apart from selling the usual subsidised rice and wheat. SC declines to give relief to Mallya. and monetise the assets. according to Advocate Ameet Naik. conduct a forensic audit. ♣ The preview in India had been made live for users starting Monday and Microsoft was inviting people to try out the new web experience.com/civilservices/courses Economy will help consumers pay in dollar.5. Dave and U. the court said in its order. ♣ The committee will determine where the amount has gone. 8GB memory (expandable up to 32GB). Microsoft unveils new look for MSN in India ♣ Aiming to offer a comprehensive and seamless experience to users to access content via its website and apps across screens (PCs as well as mobiles) and operating platforms. and even book tickets apart from providing other financial services like ATMs .Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. announced the launch of Multi-Currency Foreign Travel Card through 100 selected branches of Mumbai. http://www. and comes with 2GB RAM. ♣ The card. State Bank Launches New Travel Card ♣ State Bank of India (SBI) and MasterCard. ♣ A Bench of Justices Anil R. Daga.500 units of the new Innova LE. runs on Android KitKat operating system. he said. ♣ The three-member committee. pound settling. Lalit refused to entertain the company’s petition seeking a direction to the government allowing liberty to make representation before the UBI’s grievance committee and right to a legal representative. will now sell recharge coupons. Toyota launches ‘Innova Limited Edition 2014’ ♣ Toyota Kirloskar Motor launched ‘Innova Limited Edition 2014’ for the festive season. consumer durables. Delhi. DTH cards. ♣ It has also been empowered to distribute the assets to the duped investors but distribution of funds will require the court’s permission. adding they could also leave feedback on the site. C. launched exclusively through online marketplace Snapdeal. Only 1. will be available till November. euro and Singapore dollar initially and eventually be made available in all major currencies. that the defaulter order by UBI “blacklists” the company leading to serious consequences. Ration shops in Retail Avatar ♣ The dual-SIM device. It submitted. and is empowered to ascertain the assets of company.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. which is available in retail and corporate variants. in an exclusive brand new colour — Bronze Mica Metallic — besides Silver Mica Metallic. headed by Justice (Retd) V. Chennai and Bangalore circles. ♣ The airline claimed that it was declared a wilful defaulter without giving it an opportunity to be heard. leather finish back.iasexamportal.500 crore payments scam.

Terms of the deal are not disclosed.350 crore and Rs. ♣ Available in the diesel variant. 54 http://www. United Bank of India declares Vijay Mallya wilful defaulter ♣ United Bank of India (UBI) has declared Vijay Mallya and three directors of Kingfisher Airlines (KFA) as wilful defaulters. ♣ Innova LE will be available at Toyota showrooms at select cities whereas in other cities. a day after SpiceJet started its offer of Rs. ♣ It further said banks could issue Tier-2 debt capital instruments to retail investors. Ganguly.710 (ex-showroom New Delhi).400 crore to KFA.999 (all inclusive one-way fare).4. 2014. ♣ ngpay was founded in 2008 by Sourabh Jain. Mallya as a wilful defaulter. UBI had identified Mr. Flipkart also said it would phase out its own payment product Payzippy launched last year. Meanwhile.90.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Economy ♣ It is based on the existing Gx Grade and comes with the options of seven and eight seater in both Euro III and Euro IV engines.13.1. Basel III capital norms revised ♣ The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued revised and final guidelines for raising nonequity regulatory capital instruments by banks under the stringent Basel III framework under which lenders can issue Tier-2 capital with a minimum original maturity of five years as against 10 years now. Flipkart invests in ngpay ♣ e-commerce firm Flipkart has made a strategic investment in mobile payments firm ngpay. Mallya later moved the court seeking exemption of his appearance before the panel. Innova Limited Edition accessory package will be available. The fares are applicable for booking in 90 days in advance. ♣ Earlier. after the Division Bench of the High Court dismissed a KFA appeal against UBI.iasexamportal.829 for Bangalore-Delhi. The development was confirmed by the bank’s executive director Deepak Narang. a release from the company said.12. subject to board approval. ♣ Mr.00.399 Srinagar-Chandigarh. Subhash Gupte and Ravi Nedungadi — have also been declared as wilful defaulters.999 one-way. Promotional air fares from Indigo ♣ Budget carrier Indigo started promotional air fares by offering discounted one-way fares starting at a low of Rs. ♣ According to Indigo. the price starts from Rs. Mr.K.499 one-way charge. ♣ It may be mentioned that UBI filed a caveat in the Supreme Court against KFA on August 29. which was given by the Bangalore branch of UBI. Narang . ♣ The fares go all the way up to Rs.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. and asked him to appear before the bank’s panel to hear him out before declaring him as a wilful defaulter. three other directors — A.com/civilservices/magazine .947 to Rs. ♣ Besides Mr. — IANS ♣ The bank has an exposure of between Rs. its DelhiJaipur flight is priced at Rs. followed by Rs. Mallya.

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chairperson. He said the report maligned the Indian farmers and it even said that tea samples contained monocrotophos and DDT. Greenpeace campaigner Neha Saigal clarified that the CCFI had sent them legal notices http://www. portable Braille printer ♣ In a bid to make technology affordable and accessible to visually-impaired persons. an indicator of life. The report released in August had said that a large number of tea samples tested positive for a cocktail of toxic pesticides. 2013. a B.500 kms from the surface of Mars.V. including a sensor to track methane or marsh gas. tables and images in Indian language ♣ Mentored by Elliott J. and a group of IITians are engaged in not only developing a low-cost portable Braille printer that could cost as much as an average Android mobile but also in integrating graphics.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Students developed low-cost.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. a colour camera and a thermal-imaging spectrometer to map the surface and mineral wealth of ♣ The Centre’s anti-NGO tirade got a boost with the Crop Care Federation of India (CCFI) backed by former Greenpeace member Dr. MOM spacecraft had sent its first images of the planet on Thursday. CCFI. Patrick Moore taking on foreign funded groups for “derailing the progress of the Indian agricultural sector. Tech. could revolutionize the facility for the visually impaired and persons with a low vision. ♣ The spacecraft is equipped with five instruments.captured by Mars Colour Camera on-board Mars Orbiter Mission”. ISRO said. Prasad Eye Institute Innovation Centre. Orbiter sent picture of dust storm activities on Mars ♣ India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) sent a picture of regional dust storm activities over the northern hemisphere of the Red Planet. the planet.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Cyient (formerly Infosys) and the Tata Centre for Technology and Design. Post-Doctoral Associate of Biomechatronics Group. ♣ Mr.com/civilservices/magazine 55 .” ♣ Rajju Shroff. Pesticides in tea ‘Trouble Brewing’ ♣ “Regional dust storm activities over northern hemisphere of Mars . told the media that the Federation plans to file a case in the Bombay High Court against Greenpeace for its report on pesticides in tea titled ‘Trouble Brewing’. the low-cost Braille printer. Idupulapaya. ♣ MOM aims to study the Martian surface and mineral composition and scan its atmosphere for methane. a counterpart to ink printers. ♣ The spacecraft was launched on its nine-month-long odyssey on a PSLV rocket from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on November 5. Rouse. It had escaped the Earth’s gravitational field on December 1 and was placed in the Martian orbit on September 24. Shroff said that Greenpeace had failed to share raw data publicly and there is secrecy on the tea report. and assisted by premier institutions such as L. final-year ECE student at IIIT. MIT Media Lab.iasexamportal. using solenoids to control the embossing pins. which was not sprayed on tea. Sandeep Konam. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said. a day after creating history by becoming the only such Endeavour so far to have met with success on the maiden attempt. ♣ It said the image was taken at an altitude of 74.

The whale shark. is commonly found in deep seas around the Lakshadweep Islands. a heavy isotope of hydrogen. probably. and was there before the Sun was formed some 4. a technology that seems to have sprung from the pages of J. aided by plummeting costs of the equipment to generate it. said. among the largest fish species in the world. expensive. while everything else around the cloaked object appears ♣ Up to half the water on Earth is likely older than the solar system. raising the likelihood that life exists elsewhere in the galaxy. Ms. while solar thermal electricity (STE) — from “concentrating” solar power plants — could provide a further 11 per cent. a report from the International Energy Agency (IEA).6 billion years ago.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. IEA reports said solar photovoltaic (PV) systems could generate up to 16 per cent of the world’s electricity by 2050. in water molecules. while STE could also grow in the United States along with Africa. Solar energy could be the top source of electricity by 2050 ♣ Solar energy could be the top source of electricity by 2050. Water or ice that comes from interstellar space has a high ratio of deuterium to hydrogen. according to a study.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology demanding that raw data be shared publicly. Scientists to come up with an ‘invisibility cloak’ ♣ Scientists at the University of Rochester have discovered a way to hide large objects from sight using inexpensive and readily available lenses. 56 followed by the United States. ♣ Researchers can tell where the water comes from by examining the ratio of hydrogen to deuterium. the device looks like equipment used by an optometrist.000 kg. ♣ But scientists have not known how much deuterium was http://www.K. Saigal said Greenpeace had shared data with two or three companies. ♣ Previous cloaking methods have been complicated. Whale shark found washed ashore at Panambur undisturbed. although solar is still less than 1 per cent of energy capacity worldwide. which demanded raw data. Rather. ♣ The IEA said PV expansion would be led by China. they say. and not able to hide objects in three dimensions when viewed at varying angles. ♣ An average whale shark is around 30 feet in length and weighs around 9. ♣ The research in the journal Science found that “a significant fraction” of the water on Earth was inherited from interstellar space.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.iasexamportal. ♣ Cloaking is the process by which an object becomes hidden from view. Rowling’s Harry Potter fantasy series. the West’s energy watchdog. and it. When an object is placed behind the layered lenses it seems to disappear. Earth’s water is older than the solar system ♣ A 10-ft-long whale shark was found washed ashore at the Panambur beach. ♣ Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels constitute the fastest growing renewable energy technology in the world since 2000. ♣ “The rapid cost decrease of photovoltaic modules and systems in the last few years has opened new perspectives for using solar energy as a major source of electricity in the coming years and decades.” said IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven. ♣ The so-called Rochester Cloak is not really a tangible cloak.com/civilservices/magazine . is the first incident of a whale shark found washed ashore at Panambur. because it forms at such low temperatures. India and the Middle East.

an ocean preserve flush with rare seabirds. marine preserve to be world’s largest ♣ Far off America’s shores. turtles and marine mammals will grow to roughly three times the size of California under a memorandum that U.04 per cent. which will also add new protections for more than 130 “seamounts” underwater mountains where rare or undiscovered species are frequently found. After Mars mission GSLV-MkIII is ISRO’s next project ♣ The flush of the successful Indian Mars manoeuvre will take a while to wear off. GSLV-MkIII can follow on the second launch pad a fortnight after it. The former will look for signs of methane in the Martian atmosphere. ♣ The date of its launch depends on an earlier flight of the PSLVC26. Dr. ♣ Scientists simulated the origin of a planet under conditions where all the deuterium from space ice has already been eliminated. meanwhile. ♣ Millions of marine animals live in the bio-rich expanse included by the new monument. in http://www. where 24. have put in the basic framework on how to carry out the study. Radhakrishnan. The prevalence of spurious products was found to be about 0. ♣ The two scientific instruments that will become operational on 27th September are the Methane Sensor for Mars and the Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer.000 square miles (1.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology removed in the process of the Sun’s birth. Surinder Singh. or how much deuterium-rich water-ice the solar system would have produced when it was first born. the White House has said. Expanded U.iasexamportal. the IRNSS-1C. but recreational fishing will still be allowed. The C-26 vehicle is also getting assembled at Sriharikota. Deputy Drugs Controller. MOM is set to search for methane on Mars ♣ Spacecraft specialists from the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) are getting ready to uplink the commands and switch on two more scientific payloads on India’s spacecraft to Mar. who is now Director of the National Institute of Biologicals. said it would be the first to receive data from the five instruments on board the orbiter.000 samples were picked up from across the country. heads this committee that is studying the prevalence of spurious drugs.S. The stages of the vehicle are being put together at Sriharikota. ♣ The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) in consultation with the Indian Statistical Institute and other partners. which is an indicator of possible microbial life there. President Barack Obama signed on 25th September. Government study on spurious drugs is set to gain momentum ♣ The Government’s study on spurious drugs in the country is set to gain momentum in the next few months. ♣ The first flight of the new vehicle is being considered for October-end if good weather holds. and the latter will map Mars’ surface composition and its mineralogy. including the State drug controllers. said Bangarurajan. ♣ J. said ISRO Chairman K. Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM). deep-sea mining and other extraction of underwater resources will be banned. according to V. which will put into orbit the third regional navigation spacecraft.S.D. km).2 million sq. including details on the category or medicines to be covered. If the PSLV is flown in the week starting October 9 as planned. Mission Director. CDSCO (West Zone).com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. The move puts the remote waters surrounding a collection of islands off—limits to drilling and most fishing in a bid to protect fragile underwater life. ♣ Former Drug ControllerGeneral of India. Kesava Raju. got down to brass tacks and expects to get one of its biggest projects off the mark this calendar year — GSLV-Mark III. ♣ A similar study on spurious drugs was conducted in 2009. ♣ The expanded Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument will cover 490.com/civilservices/magazine 57 . ♣ Commercial fishing. making it the largest marine preserve in the world.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Rao. Radhakrishnan said. Team ISRO has. general manager of Indian Space Science Data Centre (ISSDC) near Bangalore.

MOM has had a perfect journey. ♣ The new cells were discovered in the hippocampus of a mouse. In these cells. ♣ Indian Space Research Organization’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) spacecraft started orbiting the red planet at 7. and until now. ♣ Through its journey since November 5. instead travelling along an axon that project directly from one of the dendrites. ♣ The news about the confirmation of the success of the test-firing was received from the spacecraft after a timedelay of about 13 minutes. The surveys carried out by CSIR-NGRI scientists. the signals skip the cell body altogether. ♣ The newly discovered cells. however. Tracking and Command Network in Bangalore. under a World Bank funded hydrology project. Ministry of Water Resources. from which protrudes spindly appendages called dendrites and axons. Humans have the same general brain structure and types of hippocampus cells as 58 mice. ♣ Dendrites are branchlike structures that receive signals from other nerve cells and deliver them to the cell body. boosting the hopes of ISRO engineers about the engine’s performance on 24th when it will fire for 24 minutes to insert the Mars orbiter into the Red Planet’s orbit. arsenic-free aquifer after the top zone in Bihar and waterbearing aquifer at a depth of 200 metres in the hard rock areas of Tumkur. 2013 when PSLVC25 lifted off from Sriharikota with the spacecraft in its nosecone. Kesava Raju. The LAM engine was fired last on December 1. ♣ With uncontrolled exploitation of groundwater resources across the country adversely affecting the shallow aquifer resources both in terms of quantity and quality.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology an attempt to preserve the public’s access to federal areas. Karnataka are among some of interesting findings that emerged from Heliborne Geophysical surveys undertaken on a pilot basis in five States in the country. ♣ The engine ignited after it had slumbered in space for 300 days during the spacecraft’s voyage to the moon. Heliborne Surveys reveal potential for groundwater in the deserts of Jaisalmer ♣ Presence of fresh water zones below the upper saline layers in the deserts of Jaisalmer.47am. could erupt in joy as Prime Minister Narendra Modi stood a happy witness.iasexamportal. a pilot aquifer mapping project was initiated by the Central Ground Water Board. Mars Orbiter Mission. engine test firing successful ♣ The test-firing of the engine on India’s spacecraft to Mars for four seconds went off smoothly. but it was only 12 minutes later —because of a time delay in radio signals travelling the 680 million km — that scientists at ISRO Telemetry. unknown process. Mr. ♣ Neurons come in different shapes and sizes but the basic blueprint consists of a cell body. The neuron then processes the signals and zaps along information to the next cell via a long projection called the axon. Obama is extending the preserve to the full 200 miles (320 km) but only for three of the five regions. INS Sindhurakshak ♣ The second Board of Inquiry (BOI) constituted by the http://www. 2013 to catapult India’s Mars orbiter from its earth-orbit into sun-centric orbit and its sojourn to Mars began.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/magazine . Mission Director said. have a different.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ISRO: Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) ♣ India created history on 24th September becoming the first country to successfully get a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt. Mr. The hippocampus is home to extensively branched neurons called pyramidal cells because of their triangular cell bodies. New of brain cell discovered ♣ Researchers have discovered a strange new type of brain cell that sends signals by bypassing the cell body altogether. The islands sit between Hawaii and American Samoa and are divided into five regions. ♣ The aim of the project is to develop sustainable and comprehensive groundwater management plans.

the Ministry of Water Resource launched a web portal to connect with the public on the ambitious project of the NDA Government. Web portal on Ganga Rejuvenation Launched ♣ As part of its efforts to make the Ganga rejuvenation programme a mass movement.iasexamportal. will undergo flight test in Goa by September-end. Since then it has been anchored at the Naval Dockyard in south Mumbai. Union Minister for Water Resource Uma Bharti said the launch of the website was an important tool to connect the public with the gigantic task of Ganga rejuvenation. where suggestions can be given about the Ganga Rejuvenation Plan.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ The submarine was finally retrieved from the waters in June 2014 and handed over to the Navy. First water clouds found outside solar System ♣ Scientists have discovered the http://www. India would become the third country to demonstrate this facility. priced above Rs. Second naval prototype of Tejas ♣ The second naval prototype of Tejas.9.52. ♣ With that. ♣ The portal aims to reduce the bottlenecks of manual recognition system and fully automates the recognition process.archival and retrieval management system for the Central Zoo Authority and a book on “Zoos in India 2014. ♣ The bilingual website has a provision to receive feedback from the public.000. Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar launched an online portal for grant of recognition to zoos and monitoring of zoos. Environment Minister launches online portal for zoos ♣ Union Minister for Environment. ♣ The new offering. is designed to meet the demands of professionals who require the most advanced gear available for shooting 4K ultra high definition video.com/civilservices/magazine 59 . and highspeed burst mode photography. ♣ Launching the website. the indigenously developed light combat aircraft. ♣ He also launched an E. full HD video.” an official statement said. the statement said. ♣ The portal for grant of recognition and monitoring of zoos envisages maintaining and providing real-time information about the recognition and evaluation process.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology Defence Ministry to probe the feasibility of reusing INS Sindhurakshak has recommended decommissioning of the kilo-class submarine. Indian Air Force version of Tejas was expected to get final operational clearance by March 2015. The public can also upload files up to the size of 4 MB along with their suggestions. ♣ The company has also introduced a 64 GB memory card SanDisk Extreme PRO microSDXC UHS-1. a press release issued in Delhi said. would come in handy for people who would like to have 4K ultra HD video shooting for extended period as well clicking and storing a large number of photographs. ♣ This memory card. priced at Rs. High-end 512GB memory card SanDisk ♣ SanDisk Corporation has launched its high-end 512GB memory card SanDisk Extreme PRO SDXC UHS-1.700.

http://www. which could include a significant defence component. ♣ Apple also introduced a system. ♣ A joint statement on defence cooperation signed last year had emphasised joint forays specifically in the Asia-Pacific region — an area of growing tensions because of rival claims on South China Sea resources between China and other littoral States — as well as the Indian Ocean region. ♣ The new phones (iPhone 6 will cost $199 with a two-year contract in the U.5 inches. 60 ♣ A Malaysian passenger jet blew up in mid-air over eastern Ukraine after being hit by numerous “high speed objects. In both cases. The phones will also have a new sensor to estimate how much you’ve climbed stairs.7 inches. ♣ Visiting Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbot unveiled Canberra’s aspirations by pointing out that Canberra could become an “utterly reliable source of energy. and imparted urgency to the transfer of coal for thermal power plants. at 401 pixels per inch rather than 326. Saturn.” the report said. — PTI iPhone 6 packs new sensor. ♣ “There are no indications that the MH17 crash was caused by a technical fault or by actions of the crew. ♣ The screen resolution on the Plus version will be sharper than previous iPhones. ♣ The findings were published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters .” said a highly anticipated report by the Dutch Safety Board.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.1 inches for the Galaxy S5 and 5. — AP N-deal highlights growing energy ties ♣ Australia boosted its credentials as India’s core energy partner by signing a deal for uranium supplies.com/civilservices/magazine . ♣ Kiev and the West have accused pro-Russian separatists of shooting down the plane with a surface-to-air BUK missile supplied by Moscow. ♣ The findings appear to back up claims that the Boeing 777. for using the phone to make credit card purchases at retail stores.S.) will start shipping in America on September 19. and Neptune — but have not been seen outside of the planets orbiting our Sun until now. called Apple Pay.7 inches for the Note 4 — but they will be large enough to neutralise a key advantage Samsung and other Android manufacturers have had.3 light-years away from Earth. while the iPhone 6 Plus will be 5. resource and food security for India.” according to an interim report published on the disaster that claimed 298 lives.” ♣ Analysts point out that the deeper engagement in energy and food security could pave the way for a broader strategic relationship between the two countries.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology first evidence of water ice clouds on an object outside of our own solar system. developers will be able to design apps that can be viewed differently when the phone is held horizontally. bigger screen ♣ Apple says the new phones will be faster and have better battery life than previous versions. MH17 hit by high speed objects: report ♣ Of Apple’s new smartphones that were unveiled. which crashed in July as it was flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur. not just how far you’ve walked or run. the iPhone 6 will have a screen measuring 4.iasexamportal. facing severe shortage of the resource. was hit by shrapnel from a missile. Uranus. ♣ Water ice clouds exist on our own gas giant planets — Jupiter. ♣ Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 “broke up in the air probably as the result of structural damage caused by a large number of high-energy objects that penetrated the aircraft from outside.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. about 7. But Russia blamed government forces for the attack. ♣ The new phones aren’t as big as Samsung’s latest flagship phones — 5.

The officer said it was presumed to be a new type of tactical missile INS Sumitra to be commissioned tomorrow ♣ INS Sumitra . North Korea test-fires more tactical missiles ♣ North Korea test-fired three missiles into the sea . and improve public health systems in West Africa. rapid-fire Russian AK630 guns.000 for the treatment of people who have contracted Ebola in Sierra Leone. World Bank’s country manager in Sierra Leone. a new-generation naval offshore patrol vessel (NOPV) built by Goa Shipyard Ltd. http://www. built on an inhouse design of the shipyard. ♣ The missiles were presumed to have landed about 210 kilometres out in the East Sea. Kavach chaff launchers and the Sanket electronic warfare system and electronic sensors. ♣ The supplies have been transferred to the Central Medical Store in Freetown for immediate dispatch to different Ebola treatment centres.com/civilservices/magazine 61 . ♣ A chartered UN cargo aircraft landed at the Lungi International Airport with the drugs and medical supplies. ♣ The Ebola outbreak has claimed over 2. The ship carries most sophisticated weapons such as guns. ♣ The supplies include latex gloves.. ♣ The launch occurred at a site in the North’s border town of Wonsan.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology UNICEF helps Sierra Leone combat Ebola ♣ With funds from the World Bank. it said. South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said. help their communities cope with the economic impact of the crisis. ♣ “The World Bank is committed to improving the health of the people in Sierra Leone and eliminating Ebola. Admiral Robin K. heavy-calibre super rapid gun mount.” said Ato Brown. assorted antibiotics and personal protective equipment.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Liberia and Sierra Leone to contain the spread of Ebola.” an officer was quoted as saying by Yonhap news agency.000 lives in West African countries this year. ♣ This largest offshore patrol vessel of the Navy will be the fourth in its class. all of which are urgently needed to fight the Ebola epidemic. Dhowan. in Chennai. will be commissioned by the Chief of the Naval Staff. intravenous fluids.iasexamportal. ♣ The state-of-the-art warship will join the Eastern Naval Command in Chennai for maritime surveillance and coastal security. ♣ The funding from the World Bank comes from its $200 million pledge last month to help Guinea. UNICEF has facilitated the delivery of medicines and other supplies worth over $825. ♣ “The military is staying vigilant and paying attention to movements of the North Korean military in case of an additional launch. Ximhua reported.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.

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Despite finishing with medals in the last three Commonwealth Games. you don’t get the Arjuna Award. ♣ Sanam Singh could not add a second consecutive Asian Games gold medal to his kitty as he and Saketh Myneni settled for a silver after losing the hard-fought final in straight sets to Korea’s Yongkyu Lim and Hyeon Chung. in Incheon. The second-seeded Indian pair did not give much of a chance for the top-seeded Hsien Yin Peng and Hao Ching Chan of Chinese Taipei in winning 6-4. ♣ The Indian squash players wrapped up a historic performance in the Asian Games. ♣ It was mission accomplished for Sania Mirza. She won the mixed doubles gold with Saketh Myneni in the Asian Games at the Yeorumul Complex.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. So. “There were doping allegations against me earlier and if you’re involved in a doping scandal. when she got a chance at the 17th Asian Games.” women’s outfit lost in the quarterfinal stage to China and Singapore respectively. Seema made the most of it. She did not compete in Doha in 2006 with talk that she was probably on dope and she could not make it to Guangzhou after failing to qualify from the New Delhi Commonwealth Games.com/civilservices/courses Science & Technology SPORTS 17th Asian Games – India on Day 10 ♣ ♣ ♣ Sanam Singh could not add a second consecutive Asian Games gold medal to his kitty as he and Saketh Myneni settled for a silver after losing the hard-fought final in straight sets to Korea’s Yongkyu Lim and Hyeon Chung. clinching an unprecedented men’s team gold after the women’s side settled for its first ever silver in Incheon.iasexamportal. taking the lead from the third round and improving it in the next to beat the field hollow and win the gold comfortably at the Asiad Main Stadium.com/civilservices/magazine . Yogeshwar Dutt wins gold 17th Asian games: India on day 10th ♣ The Indian paddlers’ campaign in the 17th Asian Games ended after the men’s team. an Olympic bronze http://www. she 62 ♣ ♣ missed the last two Asiads for one reason or the other. “All that pain and sacrifice came to my mind when I got that gold and that made me emotional. 6-3 in the final. ♣ The Indian. I’m very happy.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. through Saurav Ghosal and Dipika Pallikal respectively in the individual events. First gold medal in athletics for India in Asian games ♣ Life has been really hard for Seema Punia. in Incheon. and the ♣ Yogeshwar Dutt ended India’s 28-year-old wait for a wrestling gold medal in the Asian Games by emerging champion in the men’s freestyle 65kg category at the Dowon Gymnasium in Incheon. ♣ With a silver and a bronze.” said the 31-year-old from Haryana. led by Achanta Sharath Kamal. the squash players signed off with their best ever medal haul in the Games. Tears rolled down her cheeks as she stood on the podium with the gold.

put on a stupendous show in winning 3-0 against Zalimkhan Yusupov of Tajikistan in the title clash. ♣ Indian race walking’s wonder girl won a sensational silver in the 20km at the 17th Asian Games here. 17th Asian Games – India on Day 6 ♣ With three bronzes India took their medal tally to 15 (one gold.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ Sejwal won the bronze in the 50m breaststroke with a timing of 28. ♣ The award. one silver.com/civilservices/magazine 63 . Lifetime Achievement award for Kapil Dev ♣ Indian cricket legend Kapil Dev has been honoured with a Lifetime Achievement award at a ceremony in the House of Lords in London. L Sarita Devi (60kg) and Pooja Rani (75kg) entered the semifinals of their respective weight categories with commanding victories — assuring India of at least a bronze medal. ♣ Yuki Bhambri clinched India’s lone singles’ medal in tennis at the ongoing Asian Games. Rajat Chauhan and Sandeep Kumar eked out a narrow 227-225 victory over the hosts to give the country their second gold medal in eight days. Asian games 2014: India on day 9 (28th September) ♣ Indian pair of Sania Mirza and Prarthana Thombare settled for a bronze after losing their women’s doubles semifinal to Chinese Taipei’s Chin Wei Chan and Su Wei Hsiehin in the Asian Games. It was the country’s first-ever women’s silver in the event at the Asiad. 13 bronze). ♣ A few hours later. and it was only the third Asiad medal in the pool by an Indian in the last 28 years. ♣ Indian women had earlier lost the semi-finals by a slim margin of 224-226 against Chinese Taipei to set up a bronzemedal play-off with Iran.V.R. ♣ The Indian women’s compound team.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ Sandeep Sejwal’s bronze in 50m breaststroke ♣ Sandeep Sejwal won a rare swimming medal for India at the Asian Games. Indian archers had a good field day with men entering finals and women aiming for bronze.26s. The Indian men’s trio of Abhishek Verma. in Incheon. settling for a bronze in the men’s event after unforced errors cost him the semifinal clash against Japan’s Yoshihito Nishioka in Incheon. constituted by the Indo-European Business Forum (IEBF). which left him tied http://www. ♣ Indian golfer Udayan Mane tamed the windy conditions to put himself in medal contention with a superb sixunder 66. Asian games 2014: 8th day ♣ India earned their second gold medal in the 17th Asian Games after the men’s compound archery team bagged the yellow metal by getting the better of South Korea. with his coach insisting that better facilities at home would have fetched him the gold. ♣ Saina entered quarterfinals while P. ♣ Khajan Singh clinched a silver in 200m butterfly at Seoul in 1986 and Virdhawal Khade bagged a bronze in the 50m butterfly event in Guangzhou four years ago. settled for a bronze after beating Iran in the third-place playoff. meanwhile. Poovamma and Arokia Rajiv picked up bronze medals while Manju Bala brought another in the women’s hammer throw. ♣ Three women — Mary Kom (51kg). was presented to the former India World Cupwinning captain for his contribution to the sport and for his work in the field of upliftment of poor and destitute communities through the Khushii society.com/civilservices/courses Sports medallist.Sindhu was ousted. quarter milers M.iasexamportal.

♣ Bindra. Anisa Sayyed and Heena Sidhu won the women’s 25m pistol team bronze in the 17th Asian Games at the Ongnyeon Shooting Range. ♣ After winning the first two games in contrasting style. Sawarn Singh wins bronze in rowing ♣ Young rower Sawarn Singh brought some cheers back to the Indian contingent as he clinched the bronze medal in men’s single sculls final at the 17th Asian Games in Incheon.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. tweeted. Another bronze for India in the 17th Asian Games ♣ The Indian trio of Rahi Sarnobat. ♣ “Tomorrow will mark the end of my professional shooting life!. took risks. 64 Saurav Ghosal. was just a point away from winning a historic men’s singles gold. Abhinav Bindra Plans to Quit Shooting ♣ India’s Olympic gold medalist Abhinav Bindra plans to leave full-time shooting after competing in his favourite 10m air rifle event in the Asian Games. ♣ Ayonika Paul. Asian games: bronze in double trap shooting ♣ The Indian shooting team comprising Shagun Chowdhary. raised his game impressively and raced to victory after that.com/civilservices/courses Sports third midway through the Asian Games golf tournament. Shreyasi Singh and Varsha Varman bagged a bronze in women’s double trap event but Gurpreet Singh narrowly missed out on a medal in his event at the 17th Asian Games in Incheon. Chowdhary was placed 8th. Abdullah grabbed the chance with both hands. compete as a hobby shooter training twice a week. the 28-year-old Ghosal was on match ball at 10-8 but still could not pull it off. Shreyasi 10th and Varsha finished 12th. ♣ In the double trap individual competition. ♣ The 24-year-old Singh finished behind Iran’s Mohsen Shadinaghadh. Abhinav Bindra’s first Asian Games individual medal ♣ Ace Indian shooter Abhinav Bindra claimed his first Asian Games individual medal by winning bronze in the men’s 10 metre Air Rifle event at the Ongnyeon International Shooting Range ♣ The 2008 Olympic gold medalist had won his first Asian Games medal earlier in the day by taking third place in the men’s team 10m Air Rifle event along with compatriots Sanjeev Rajput and Ravi Kumar.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ The Arjuna award selection committee did not consider http://www. also could finish only seventh in the 10m rifle event. But the top seed slipped at the doorstep of victory as Kuwaiti Abdullah Al Muzayen grabbed the gold with a fighting 3-2 verdict at the Yeorumul courts. Bindra still hopes to qualify for the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. ♣ Another rower Dushyant Singh was the only athlete to manage a podium finish for India as he grabbed a bronze in the men’s lightweight single sculls. ♣ Despite giving up serious shooting.” Bindra. ♣ The women finished behind South Korea and China and Sarnobat could manage only a seventh place in the individual event. failed to make the final at the world championships in Spain. who won the gold medal at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow this year.iasexamportal.” “I will however still shoot. the Commonwealth Games silver medalist. who won the gold medal and silver medallist Kim Dongyong of hosts South Korea. who has been leading the charge here.com/civilservices/magazine . Saurav Ghosal missed out on winning the gold medal for India ♣ It was Indian squash’s biggest moment at the Asian Games. Arjuna award for Manoj Kuma ♣ The Union Sports Ministry has informed boxer Manoj Kumar that he will receive this year’s Arjuna award.

♣ The central board of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) met over the weekend at the men’s World Cup and voted to allow a twoyear testing phase that would let players wear head coverings. Players allowed to wear religious head coverings. the Ministry decided in giving the award to Manoj. ♣ After reconsidering the case. a powerhouse in the sporting world. on a trial basis in some games. such as hijabs or turbans ♣ Basketball players will be allowed to wear religious head coverings. the host team. ♣ The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) named flamboyant allrounder Shahid Afridi as its new national Twenty20 captain until the 2016 World T20 while Misbah ul Haq was retained as http://www. Afghanistan and. came up with a contingent which was almost double that number or more.iasexamportal. which had hockey team captain Sardar Singh as its flag-bearer. Saudi Arabia turned up with an all-men team. where the government admitted that the pugilist also deserved to get the honour. and loud cheers were reserved for Japan. The Indian team. ♣ Nepal led the athletes’ march. following the Korean alphabetical order.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Shahid Afridi as Pakistan’s T20 captain Asian Games ♣ 17th Asian Games began with a lovely show of colour. light and vibrant music at the Incheon Asiad Main Stadium.com/civilservices/magazine 65 . of course. A lovely display of ring gymnastics by children and later.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ♣ India had won three medals (all bronze) out of four categories at Guangzhou 2010 and this time they look good for medals in all four categories including the team ♣ China. JYJ and Psy lit up the night.com/civilservices/courses Sports Manoj for the award after the Sports Authority of India (SAI) erroneously informed the panel that the boxer had failed a dope test. a bit disappointing considering the progress the country had made by fielding women at the 2012 London Olympics for the first time. ♣ Previous FIBA rules allowed a player to wear only a 5 cm headband. That drew objections that the group was discriminating against Muslim and Sikh players. ♣ ♣ r ♣ ♣ An aggrieved Manoj moved the Delhi High Court. ♣ South Korean President Park Geun-Hye opened the Games with the simple one-liner as is the custom and a little later.Assured bronze for India in Asiad ♣ Indian squash player Dipika Pallikal could not better the colour of her assured bronze as she lost to world number one Nicol David in the women’s singles semifinals of the 17th Asian Games on Monday. but all was forgotten in the dance. the treat offered by Korean pop stars Exo. ♣ The panel stuck to its choices even after it became clear that Manoj had never tested positive. music and lights. Each team had been allowed only 130 athletes for the march past but China. such as hijabs or turbans. looked smart with the men in navy blazers and blue trousers while the women wore green sarees with blazers on top. it was time to party.

S. Mehta rep.25.iasexamportal. originally owned by Dabur. the chief event of the races . ♣ The defending champions Czechs needed to win the doubles to keep alive their chances of reaching a third straight final. and trained by S. defeated Thiruvananthapuram’s J. Field Marshal wins Maharaja’s Cup ♣ Field Marshal (Ranjeet Singh up) won the Maharaja’s Cup (1. Subroto Cup from September 16 ♣ The 55th Subroto Cup international football tournament kicks off on September 16 this year. unseeded as he had lost early in the lone Stateranking tourney he had played this season. Prannoy clinched the maiden title of his career after winning the USD 1. the pullout had reduced the number of original owners in the HIL to four before Pune came on board as one of the new teams two days back. who captained Pakistan in ODIs and T20 matches in 2010 and 2011 before being removed by the board said he was delighted to get back the responsibility.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Mehta and Manav H. with 94 participating teams across three categories. ♣ The winner is owned by M/s Harresh N. an honour accorded to players who have competed in at least 20 ties. S.600m). Padmanabhan. 66 ♣ However. defeated Ernakulam’s fourth-seeded Alwin Francis in straight sets while Arathi. ♣ The 34-year-old from Karnataka is the ninth Indian to receive the award.000 Indonesian Masters Grand Prix Gold. ♣ France makes the final for the first time since 2010. Davis Cup: Doubles win takes France into final ♣ Jo-Wilfried Tsonga and Richard Gasquet put France back in the Davis Cup final by winning the doubles and ending the two— year reign of the Czech Republic.com/civilservices/courses Sports the Test and ODI skipper until the 2015 ODI World Cup. Eloor . ♣ Young Indian shuttler H. Ltd as the new owner of the Mumbai franchise.000 Indonesian Masters Grand Prix Gold. Vijay while Kozhikode’s Agna Anto and M. ♣ Afridi has played 381 ODIs and 74 T20 internationals.25. the present batch of players contracted to the Mumbai team would not be retained and would be part of the min-auction to be held towards end of October.K.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ The tournament. Honour for Bopanna ♣ Rohan Bopanna has received the Davis Cup Commitment Award. ♣ Afridi. following his straight-game victory over local favourite Firman Abdul Kholik in the finals in Indonesia.com/civilservices/magazine . ♣ The seasoned pair of Rupesh Kumar and Sanave Thomas brushed aside the top-seeded Dilshad Kamaludheen and Ram C. Shuttler Prannoy wins Indonesian Masters ♣ H. Rohan Bloodstock Pvt. a former international. It won the last of its nine cups in 2001. New owner for Mumbai Franchise ♣ Hockey India announced DoIT Sports Management (India) Pvt. ♣ Munawar. Prannoy clinched the maiden title of his career after winning the USD 1. Malavika in a repeat of last year’s final. Haritha took the women’s doubles title. Ltd. Munawar and Arathi Crowned Champions again ♣ Kozhikode’s Mohammed Munawar and Ernakulam’s Arathi Sara Sunil retained the men’s and women’s singles titles in the 45th Seshasayee Kerala State senior badminton championship at the FACT Udyogamandal Club. Along with Ranchi Rhinos.H. taking the total number of teams back to the original six in the Hockey India League (HIL). ♣ The Mumbai franchise. will finish on October 20 with http://www. organised by the Subroto Mukherjee Sports Education Society under the aegis of the Indian Air Force. was dismantled recently due to financial issues. 34.

it was announced by International Tennis Federation (ITF). will present Davis Cup Commitment Awards during this weekend’s 2014 Davis Cup by BNP Paribas World Group and zone group ties. 256 for five overnight. Besides Bopanna. ♣ The grid is brimming with exF1 drivers besides two female participants in Italy’s Michela Cerruti and Britain’s Katherine Legge. one of the FIA’s Women in Motorsport Ambassadors. ♣ The championship comprises 10 rounds over nine months in Europe and the US with a grand finale in London June 27. as his partner. Rohan Bopanna to receive Davis Cup Commitment Award ♣ Indian tennis star Rohan ♣ ♣ ♣ Bopanna will be awarded the Davis Cup Commitment Award in Bangalore on the sidelines of the ongoing World Group playoff tie against Serbia. 2015. was bowled out for 314 in its second innings. when the 270bhp machines will run on a purpose-built circuit around the iconic Bird’s Nest stadium that was build for the 2012 Olympics. only the second Indian after Narain Karthikeyan to race in Formula One. ♣ However. Each award recipient will have competed in a minimum of 20 home-and-away ties or 50 ties at any level of the competition (including week-long zone group events) over their career. waste disposal and washing areas and discussed the issue with athletes. ♣ Mushfiqur was last man out for 116 as Bangladesh. ♣ The 30-year-old Chandhok.iasexamportal. coaches and the mess contractor. ♣ The committee. storage. and is presented to Davis Cup players who have shown long-standing dedication to representing their country in this prestigious competition. ♣ Punjab has now won the title four times in a row. visited the complex to inspect the kitchen.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. including India’s Karun Chandhok. 10-wicket win for West Indies ♣ Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur Rahim completed his third Test century but could not prevent West Indies from romping to a 10-wicket victory early on day five of the opening Test at Arnos Vale Sports Complex . ♣ The major attraction in the junior boys’ section will be the Brazilian side Colegio Estadul Santo Antonio. also a former F1 racer.com/civilservices/magazine 67 .com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. it instead decided to provide suggestions to improve the conditions. led by Joint Secretary (Sports) and comprising of senior officials from the ministry and the Sports Authority of India (SAI). will be driving for Mahindra Racing Formula E team with Brazilian Bruno Senna. ♣ Committee formed to Oversee Camp Conditions ♣ Sports Minister Sarbanand Sonowal constituted a highlevel committee for the inspection of catering and other facilities at the Indira Gandhi Sports Complex where camps in boxing and gymnastics for Asian Gamesbound athletes are being held. ♣ The committee was asked to submit a detailed report within twenty four hours.com/civilservices/courses Sports the junior boys’ (under-17) final at the Ambedkar Stadium. finding the hygiene and food at the venue to be satisfactory. the world’s first fully-electric racing series. former Grand Slam tennis champions Lleyton Hewitt of Australia and Gustavo Kuerten of Brazil will also be presented the award after their respective games. This new award was conceived as part of the ITF’s 2013 Centenary celebrations. ♣ The pint-sized wicketkeeper http://www. Punjab retains Dhruv Pandove Trophy ♣ Punjab retained the all-India Dhruv Pandove Trophy for under-19 players on the basis of first-innings lead after the final against Madhya Pradesh Cricket Academy ended in a draw here. The players from the club regularly train at the Fluminense Academy. Karun Chandhok set for Formula E debut ♣ Twenty drivers. representing 10 teams will kickstart the historic FIA Formula E championship. The ITF through its national associations.

Ajay Shriram. even as it faced considerable pressure from all sides. the Union Sports Ministry opted to send the file to the Prime Minister. two for 44. Open final ♣ Serena Williams overwhelmed 17th-seeded Ekaterina Makarova of Russia 6-1. ♣ Kemar Roach was the best of the host’s bowlers with four for 64. needing just 13 for victory. ♣ Welcoming the move. the 32-year-old American will become the first woman since Chris Evert in the 1970s to win three consecutive titles at the tournament. eased to the target before the lunch interval.com/civilservices/courses Sports hit 15 fours and one six off 243 balls in five and a half hours. Pals Serena Williams. the president of the All India Tennis Association (AITA). Anil Khanna.S.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. dating back to the first edition in 1992. Asian Games contingent referred to the PMO India end England tour with narrow T20 defeat ♣ India’s long tour of England ended on a heartbreaking note as England held their nerves to pull off a thrilling three-run victory in the only T20 International in Birmingham. Ian Chappell said defending champion India. ♣ Making the announcement in a press conference here . seven. ♣ India ended at 177 for five after England posted 180 for seven.iasexamportal. India needed 17 runs in the final over of the match but captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni could not steer the team home in a contest that went down to the wire at Edbaston. Fenesta National tennis championship: Prize money doubled for Nationals ♣ The prize money for the Fenesta National tennis championship has been doubled for this year to a total prize purse of Rs. Ian Chappell picks India among WC favourites ♣ With the teams entering the final phase of their preparations for next year’s World Cup. while fellow pacer Shannon Gabriel grabbed two for 25 and left-arm spinner Sulieman Benn. 18 lakh. 6-3 in the semifinals to extend her U.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. ♣ It was learnt that the Sports Authority of India (SAI) had recommended a list of nearly http://www. thank to captain Eoin Morgan’s 71 runs off 31 balls. ♣ Despite Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s obvious flaws as a Test captain. according to the Australian.com/civilservices/magazine . said that the initiative was to celebrate the organisation’s long association with the game. Open winning streak to 20 matches. the Chairman and Senior Managing Director of DCM Shriram Limited. responded by announcing a wild card each to the men’s and women’s winners of the event for the Delhi Open. he is still an excellent leader in the shorter forms of the game. ♣ Chasing a competitive 181 for 68 ♣ Unable to declare the pruned list of athletes and officials for the Asian Games. ♣ West Indies. Australia and South Africa were the favourites to win the showpiece event.S. Caroline Wozniacki to meet in U. ♣ If Williams can make that 21 in a row by beating Caroline Wozniacki in Sunday’s final. ♣ Chappell said that the leading teams — India and Australia — were in good shape partly due to strong leadership.

N. Vladimir Kramnik (Rus. Sergey Karjakin (Rus. Veselin Topalov (2784). Eesha Karavade (2389). 6. 10.41 athletes in the recent Glasgow Commonwealth Games. P. Magnus Carlsen (Nor. P. 7-8. Alexander Grischuk (Rus. 2804). B. Bhakti Kulkarni (2328). 9. 10. Mary Ann Gomes (2355). as against an overall list of 950 members. Tania Sachdev (2404). 5. Viswanathan Anand (2785). ♣ The argument was to keep a possible proportion of a medal for every three sportspersons. 2768). Humpy (2598). Parimarjan Negi (2669).com/civilservices/magazine 69 . http://www. including 24 per cent officials. ♣ The SAI was pleased with the improved strike rate of a medal for every 3. Maxime VachierLagrave (Fra. Harika (2523). 3. Abhijeet Gupta (2642). 4. 2. ♣ The lists: World (top-10): 1. 5. 2801). 10.com/civilservices/courses Sports 400 athletes. Anand fifth in World Rankings ♣ An inactive Viswanathan Anand moved up two places to be fifth in the latest World rankings after USA’s Hikaru Nakamura and Russia’s Sergey Karjakin slipped a few rungs following their below par performances in the Chess Olympiad in Norway last month. Fabiano Caruana (Ita. 8. Levon Aronian (Arm. K. 2. 2. 7. Hari Krishna (2725). 6. Raghavi (2253). Vidit Gujarathi (2621). Soumya Swaminathan (2352). Adhiban (2619). ♣ World champion Magnus Carlsen held on to the top spot despite losing seven rating points. Viswanathan Anand (2785). 5. 2789). 2782). 6. 3. Padmini Rout (2354). Surya Shekhar Ganguly (2614). Sasikiran (2680). ♣ India (top-10): 1. S. 8. 2760).Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Sandipan Chanda (2619). 2777). Vijayalakshmi (2314). 2870). 3. 4. D. 7. Hikaru Nakamura (USA. ♣ India women (top-10): 1. S. 4. 9.iasexamportal. Sethuraman (2613). Levon Aronian was the other player to hold a published rating in excess of 2800. K. 9.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.

The Main examination held in October-November and the candidates those who qualify at this stage are invited to the interview in March-April next year. FOUNDATION COURSE (PRELIMINARY+ MAINS) Dear Aspirants.February. We will provide you: • • • • • • • • • • • • • BOOKS STUDY KITS MAGAZINES Mock Test Papers Monthly Magazine.G.S. The Preliminary held in May-June and the results are announced in July-August. The Indian Civil Services examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The competitive examination comprises of three stages : • • • Preliminary Examination – (Objective Test) Main Examination (Written ) Interview Test The examination schedule is announced during January .com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-pre/general-studies-foundation-course .Civil Services Mentor Gist of Important Newspapers Free Access to Online Coaching at IASEXAMPORTAL Previous Year paper’s with solution Previous Year question’s trend analysis Free Login Access worth Rs 1999 for IAS PRE 2015 Free Gist Subscription worth Rs 449 Free Weekly Subscription worth rs 399 TELEPHONIC/EMAIL GUIDANCE WITH COURSE CO-ORDINATOR For More Information Click Given below link: http://iasexamportal.

principal researcher. Boston. Mukherjee. ♣ According to a press release.K. Kamal Bawa. ♣ They will be honoured at an award ceremony in Pyeongchang in South Korea on October 15. Vicunas. each recipient will be given a wooden plaque. is among the three winners of the MIDORI Prize for Biodiversity.com/civilservices/magazine . Global Biodiversity Prize for Indian ♣ R. president. Chair.000-prize has 70 been opened up to writers of all nationalities. Camelids and Environment (VICAM).000 to support their work in safeguarding biodiversity. 2014.iasexamportal. ♣ Mr. ♣ The winners were announced in Tokyo and Montreal. writing originally in English and published in the U. and Bibiana Vila. and Commonwealth.— PTI ♣ The other two who bagged the prize are Alfred OtengYeboah.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. the £50. Republic of Ireland and Zimbabwe. Argentina.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Mukherjee. set in troubled Bengal of the 1960s and centred around a dysfunctional family. University of Massachusetts. A Life Apart was a joint winner of the Vodafone-Crossword Award in India. regional or local levels. and Distinguished Professor. now a British citizen. ♣ Mr. ♣ The MIDORI prize is a biennial international prize given by the AEON Environmental Foundation and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to honour individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity at global. ♣ Previously. who studied at Oxford and Cambridge. the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE). National Research Council and Director. has been shortlisted for the prestigious Booker Prize 2014. was also the only Indian-origin author to be longlisted earlier this year. ♣ For the first time in its 46-year history. reviews fiction for the Times and the Sunday Telegraph and his first novel. India. the prize was open only to authors from the U.K. Ghana National Biodiversity Committee. in its debut as a global literary award.com/civilservices/courses Awards and Prizes AWARDS & PRIZES Neel Mukherjee makes it to the Man Booker Prize shortlist ♣ Kolkata-born British author Neel Mukherjee’s latest novel The Lives of Others . Gist of NCERT Geography IS BN: 9 78938 2732 761 Book Code: F17 http://www. a commemorative gift and $100.

com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. He will assume the office for the second time under town of Tobruk. ♣ Afghanistan has now experienced its first-ever peaceful power transition in its history as outgoing President Hamid Karzai transfers power to the new President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai. has swung behind the antiIslamist forces. ♣ The Tobruk-based parliament. ♣ He became President of Afghanistan in a peaceful transition after a six-month election season that ended with marathon negotiations that gave the newly created position of chief executive to his challenger Abdullah Abdullah.S-led invasion toppled the Taliban. ♣ Mr. AIADMK general secretary Jayalalithaa had to step down as her appointment as Chief Minister was quashed by the Supreme Court. ♣ In Benghazi.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. 2001. ♣ In September. ♣ Libya’s new parliament swore in Prime Minister Abdullah alThinni and his cabinet during a meeting in the eastern port ♣ Renowned Hindi author Govind Mishra was conferred the ‘Saraswati Samman’ for his novel “Dhool Paudhon Par” published in 2008 at a function in New Delhi. Rosaiah at the Raj Bhavan and submitted a letter and resolution passed by the party legislators stating that he had been unanimously elected leader of the AIADMK legislature party. as clashes continued between rival militias near the capital Tripoli and in the eastern city of Benghazi. replacing Hamid Karzai in the country’s first democratic transfer of power since the 2001 U. declaring the main Islamist militias to be terrorist organizations. the AIADMK treasurer. Panneerselvam will be the next Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. ♣ The ceremony followed weeks of political maneuvering in the fractious assembly. met Governor K. the House of Representatives. the largest city in eastern Libya. radical Islamist militias have succeeded in pushing rival forces loyal to retired general Khalifa Haftar out of most areas. similar circumstances.com/civilservices/courses Awards and Prizes IN THE NEWS Ashraf Ghani as Afghanistan new President ♣ Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai has been sworn in as Afghanistan’s new President. Karzai had been Afghanistan’s only leader since 2001.iasexamportal. Govind Mishra gets Saraswati Samman 2013 Abdullah al-Thinni swore in as Libya’s new Prime Minister Panneerselvam will be the CM of Tamil Nadu ♣ O. ♣ Govind Mishra is the second Hindi author who was conferred this honour after it was given to Harivansh Rai http://www. Panneerselvam. ♣ He will be the 28th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu since 1920. ♣ Mr.com/civilservices/magazine 71 .

Snowden.5 million kronor ($210.000) cash award is shared by Pakistani human rights activist Asma Jahangir.S. which has former cabinet secretary K M Chandrasekhar as member. Rizwan Akhtar as new ISI chief ♣ The government has set up a panel of experts to suggest ways for restructuring the Railway Board.” for his disclosures of top secret surveillance programs. internally and otherwise to meet future demands. ♣ The award foundation said the former National Security Agency contractor splits the honorary portion of the prize with Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger. Uttar Pradesh). Economist Debroy to head new rail panel decision-making body and run it on professional lines. 72 ♣ Nicola Sturgeon today launched her bid to replace Alex Salmond as leader of the SNP. Home Minister Rajnath Singh said that it has been recognised as the highest literary award in India. though he added it’s unclear whether Mr. who remains exiled in Russia. ♣ Award foundation director Ole von Uexkull said all winners were invited to the December 1 award ceremony in Stockholm. ♣ She is the clear favourite to succeed Mr Salmond. has been tasked to suggest measures to reorganize the Railway Board and its departments so that policy making is separated from dayto-day operations. constituted by the K K Birla Foundation. a long pending issue. ♣ Miss Sturgeon said she wants to ‘serve my party and my country’ and insisted she is the ‘best person for the job. Basil Fernando of the Asian Human Rights Commission and U. ♣ Giving away the award. ♣ The 1. can attend. ♣ The panel. to infuse efficiency in the transport behemoth’s top ♣ Lieutenant General Rizwan Akhtar was appointed the new http://www.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. environmentalist Bill McKibben. 1939. putting on course to be Scotland’s first female First Minister. Mishra completed his BA and MA (English) at the University of Allahabad. who dramatically quit after voters rejected his dream of independence in the historic referendum.com/civilservices/courses In the News Bachchan in 1991.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Nicola Sturgeon to replace Mr Salmond as Scottish First Minister Edward Snowden selected for ‘alternative Nobel’ ♣ Edward Snowden has been selected among the winners of the Right Livelihood Award. has also been mandated to estimate the financial needs of railways and ensure policies to raise resources.com/civilservices/magazine . in Atarra (Banda. also known as the “alternative Nobel.iasexamportal. ♣ The seven-member committee. headed by economist Bibek Debroy. Born on August 1.

even as the city slept. Koli gets reprieve at the eleventh hour ♣ The Supreme Court stayed the execution of the death sentence of Surinder Koli for killing children at his employer’s house in Nithari village in Noida in 2006.com/civilservices/courses Awards and Prizes chief of Pakistan’s InterServices Intelligence (ISI) in commander-level promotions announced in the country’s powerful Army. Gen. ♣ The reprieve for Koli was packed with drama as the stay order came in the early hours of Monday. ♣ Lt. Bapu (born Sathiraju Lakshminarayana) leaves behind a legacy as one of the finest filmmakers on the firmament of Indian cinema. film director. They sought a fresh review into the death sentence. designer and painter.m. Akhtar is a graduate of the Command and Staff College in Quetta.com/civilservices/magazine 73 . Jail officials said Koli was spending his last hours reading the Bhagvad Gita and answered questions with a blank expression. Zaheerul Islam and five other lieutenant generals are scheduled to retire from service in the first week of October. ♣ Artist. Dattu’s official residence in Lutyen’s Delhi at 1. ♣ Lawyer Indira Jaising and her team of lawyers knocked on the doors of Chief Justice of Indiadesignate H. He has won the National Film awards twice and the Andhra Pradesh State government’s Nandi awards for 6 of his films in addition to receiving awards from several other institutions. But the hanging was not carried out. http://www. Ms.L.iasexamportal. Versatile Bapu is no more ♣ The man whose pencil etched what was universally accepted as the epitome of beauty is no more. National Defence University and the Army War College.S. ♣ The director was conferred with Padma Shri last year. U. ♣ Koli was due to be hanged at the Chaudhary Charan Singh district jail in Meerut in a few hours. ♣ Announcement comes as current ISI chief Lt.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Gen.30 a. cartoonist. Jaising and her lawyer team prevailed.

com/civilservices/getting-started . given the prestige and power linked to the profile of a civil servant. if you so like. and the possible strategies. The Vision Our aim is to guide the candidate. that a candidate might choose to get success. We welcome the aspirants to discuss. discussing the various aspects of the civil services examination. Why and How ? • How to Read A Newspaper for IAS Exam • Two more attempts in UPSC Exams: all boon and no bane!! • How to Study? The Ultimate Dilemma • Preparing for Civil Services without Coaching • IAS Preparation for Rural/Remote Areas Students • Why do Online Test Series? • NCERT and NIOS Books for IAS Preparations • Strategy for IAS Exam for Working Professionals For More Important Articles Click below Link http://iasexamportal. to guide you in your preparations. their problems and confusions. with us.Getting Started with IAS Exam Preparations . at IASEXAMPortal we have come up with an initiative to guide the aspirants. We have started with a series called. IPS exam. However. No wonder. anytime. later. take our other products and services. Thus. in their journey through the IAS. You may. there is a great competition for this examination. Every other day. We wish the candidates All the Best for the their preparations!! • Civil Services Exam: What. Any aspirant may subscribe to the Getting Started Series. a large majority of students are struggling without any proper guidance.Getting Started with Civil Services Examinations. in making different decisions while facing the UPSC.FAQ for New Aspirants Civil Services is the dream of many students. we would come up with motivational and informative articles. and enjoy our support free of cost.

Bangalore. even as he maintained that a blanket ban is unacceptable. Forests and Climate Change. The GEAC.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. The GEAC. has shown an undue haste which has marked the history of transgenic crop approvals in India. India is a signatory to international conventions on both subjects. It clearly went against the opinion of the TEC and parliamentary committee reports and also a letter endorsed by over 250 scientists against field trials of GM crops. the GEAC cleared field trials for some GM crops. It is this very regulatory process that has come into question in the past 74 by the parliamentary committee and the TEC. The TEC called for strengthening the existing regulatory system before granting permission for conducting more field trials. A court hearing on July 15 did not take place but three days later. there were concerns that seed supply would be the monopoly — direct and indirect — of one multinational company. Rajendra Singh Paroda as a member who submitted a separate dissenting report when the five other TEC members submitted theirs in July 2013. Nagpur was chosen because it is the home of http://www. The government said such recommendations were beyond the mandate of the TEC and based on scientifically flawed reports. The GEAC was quick to point out that the Supreme Court had not imposed a ban on confined field trials. it seems. Paroda’s report which it felt had addressed all the terms of reference. Bhubaneswar. It is imperative to proceed with caution on the issue of GM crops. no State government cutting across party lines and ideologies supported the commercialisation. it has disregarded the committee of experts appointed by the government itself after the Court’s order. Hyderabad and Nagpur. the Centre said it was scientifically flawed and did not address the terms of reference and merits outright rejection since it has exceeded its mandate. It defended the present regulatory system in the country saying it was adequate and robust and the government was committed to strengthening it while praying for this writ to be dismissed. Prakash Javadekar. was petitioned by farmers and the Swadeshi Jagran Manch to halt trials of transgenic crops approved by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) on July 18 and there is some confusion if the government has actually taken such a decision. These took place in seven cities — Ahmedabad. Chandigarh. The Centre’s affidavit trashed the TEC report on several counts and accepted Dr. said a GEAC official. But the comprehensive Parliamentary Standing Committee report on agriculture in 2012 had taken a clear stand against field trials. move away from conflict of interest situations and take an impartial and rigorous scientific view which should benefit humanity at large and not just powerful corporations. by granting approval to GM trials even before the Supreme Court ruled in the matter. Second. which was constituted by the apex court in 2012 to advise it on issues related to GM crops field trials and bio-safety assessment. The Centre was also perturbed by TEC’s suggestion that there should be a moratorium on trial for crops which originated in India. demanding a moratorium on genetically modified (GM) crops. there appeared to be a persuasive case for more tests and trials under an agreed protocol and under an independent regulatory agency that would inspire wider confidence. Professor Visvanathan draws attention to the public consultations that were held which he feels strengthened the democratic process. In a way. the apex court appointed Dr. In the absence of a ruling from the Supreme Court. Research is important. There are grave concerns about a loss of biodiversity — something that has happened already in the case of cotton and some other crops — and bio-safety regulations..Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.iasexamportal. Fourth. The Centre had filed a response to the report of the Technical Expert Committee (TEC) in April 2014. The GEAC decision has come even before the Supreme Court decides on a writ petition filed by Aruna Rodrigues in 2005. there appeared to be no overwhelming consensus on it in the domestic and international scientific community. The Humble Brinjal’s Bt Moment? Moratorium on Introduction The moratorium had been imposed because of four crucial reasons. Kolkata. The TEC had also recommended a moratorium on field trials of herbicide-tolerant crops until the issue had been examined by an independent committee. First. Later. the apex court is yet to adjudicate on it.com/civilservices/magazine . could not wait for the Supreme Court’s decision. After the TEC submitted an interim report in October 2012. Kolkata and Bhubaneswar were selected because West Bengal and Odisha account for 50 per cent of brinjal production in India.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals SELECTED ARTICLES FROM VARIOUS NEWSPAPERS & JOURNALS Battle Lines Sharpen over GM Union Minister of Environment. Third. the GEAC steamed ahead with what it thought fit. Ahmedabad was selected because of the success of Bt cotton in Gujarat. even as some States were against GM field trials.

Stigma and discrimination have affected and gravely impeded the battle against HIV. the views of over 60 scientists in India. and (iii) give serious thought to the strategic importance of the seed industry and how we can retain public and farmer control over it even as we encourage private investment in this area. The technology of genetic modification is also being extended to food crops though this raises legitimate questions of safety. approach has been one of permissions. Goa. The sexual route. the mortal fear of being stigmatised and discriminated against prevents many from seeking early testing and treatment.S. The U. That. they not only fail to get timely intervention but also go about infecting others. rears its ugly head time and again. Subject to these caveats. including children. these children join the ranks of a couple of hundred others in India who have faced the same fate.com/civilservices/magazine 75 . Also. Chandigarh was included because it is the capital of India’s two most agriculturally advanced States while Bangalore and Hyderabad were chosen because they are the most important centres for biotech Research and Development (R&D).iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals India’s premier research institution in cotton and there have been controversies over Bt cotton in Vidarbha.. the U. the fact that young children are infected with the virus turns the spotlight on our failing to eliminate transmission from pregnant mother to child. none of these three hopes has been even partially realised as yet. in my view. Only about half of the 2. refusal to http://www. France. with appropriate regulatory control based on strictly scientific criteria. being forced to leave school because of pressure from parents of other students.” Strengthening public sector R&D and reviving the public sector seed industry are critical imperatives if India is to move ahead in this vital area. A number of them supported commercialisation while many others opposed it. being pricked by a needle used on an HIV positive person. Eviction of HIV positive tenants from houses. Preventing vertical transmission is one of the easiest ways to cut the incidence rate.S. He had said: “Developments in biotechnology present us the prospect of greatly improving yields in our major crops by increasing resistance to pests and also moisture stress. and from infected mother to child are the only modes of HIV transmission. (ii) build a broader political (and public) consensus on the use of genetic engineering in agriculture. The latest example is the case of 13 HIV positive orphans studying in a school in Rivona. The moratorium was the middle path based on precautions.” The speaking order had also expressed the hope that the moratorium period would be used productively to (i) operationalise the independent regulatory body in its entirety as recommended by many scientists as well as civil society organisations. Besides doing nothing to end discrimination. Irrational Prejudice That India still has no antidiscrimination law to protect the interests of HIV positive people shows how little the nation as a whole cares about them and how callous society is to their plight. This is analogous to the studies carried out on the impact of tobacco smoking on the incidence of lung cancer in human beings. an approach that would be both responsible to science and responsive to society. Simultaneously. this incident amply demonstrates that the state has failed to raise awareness and dispel the myths and misconceptions about the routes of HIV transmission. Refusal of school admission and expulsion from school are but only the beginning of a long journey of discrimination and negative social response that HIV positive people encounter. The then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had himself spoken about the issue in his address to the Indian Science Congress on January 3. we should pursue all possible leads that biotechnology provides that increases our food security as we go through climate related stress. Alas. Bt cotton has been well accepted in our country and has made a great difference to the production of cotton. transfusion of HIV infected blood. Hyderabad and the Central Food Technological Research Institute. The second step which needs to be taken is to ask the National Institute of Nutrition. It will be in the national interest to complete these two steps before a decision on the release of Bt brinjal for commercial cultivation and human consumption is taken. in Thiruvananthapuram and the spirit of his remarks permeated the speaking order. 2010.1 million people in India who are HIV positive are currently on antiretroviral treatment. discrimination against HIV positive people. As a result. The present acrimony must give way to a reasoned and sober dialogue.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. The extreme intolerance on the part of the civil society activists as well as the disdainful arrogance on the part of the scientists were on full display. Mysore to undertake a careful study of the chronic effects of Bt brinjal on human health. Some others advocated caution and called for more data.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. As a result. These must be given full weightage. is the only way forward. New Zealand and other countries were sought. It’s a shame that this situation prevails even 28 years after the first person with HIV was diagnosed in Chennai. while the European approach has been one of prohibitions. Besides anxiety and denial.

It was the day of Bakrid (Id-ul-Fitr). 1858) On July 30.M. Due to rain. By sentence of drum-head courtmartial. alias Prakash Pandey — killed Major Spencer with the Major’s own sword. historian and editor of 76 the Punjabi magazine Phulwari from Amritsar. he compares this well to Holwell’s Black Hole of Calcutta of 1756 and the well of Cawnpore of 1857. In stark contrast. but there is also one at Ajnala!” The well was in place till 1972. and the fear among many doctors and paramedics to treat them. a respected Punjabi writer. there were executed by H. The rebellion spread in different regions of Punjab.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. hundreds of mutineers were ‘slaughtered’ in the term used by Cooper himself in different areas of Punjab. Jhelum. no less than 659!(The Crisis in Punjab. The 282 bodies were thrown into a dry well. Jind. Hote Mardan.’s 27th and 70th killed 36. Page 177. by Tehsildar Dewan Pran Nath’s agents. the villagers. the cremation was scheduled to take place on August 1. 1857. Kapurthla and Kashmir. one thanahdar killed five: total. nearly 500 disarmed sepoys rebelled near Ajnala. Rebellion broke out in Meerut on May 10. Others were taken to the Ajnala police station to be hanged. One was the colonial version of Frederic Cooper. The remains were dug out recently by the town people themselves. Frederic Cooper. Amritsar. without any governmental help. Phillour. Cooper called it ‘rebel’s grave’ and wanted that written in Persian. Cooper’s glee on attaining revenge is evident. Armed forces arrived and rained bullets. whose book The Crisis in the Punjab from the 10th of May Until the Fall of Delhi was published in 1858 from London. the centenary celebrations of 1857 were observed here in the presence of the http://www. Umritsur. Sealkote. Jhelum. 84. the compulsion to broad-base the Health Minister’s initiative to “mainstream AIDS awareness to reduce HIV infection rate” to also address the issue of discrimination cannot be overemphasised. published in the 1920s. 187. who was nearly 95 in 1928 and was in his twenties at the time of the massacre. doctors have no hesitation in treating those with hepatitis B and C. Gurmukhi and English. On August 1. Giani Hira Singh Dard had recorded the eyewitness account of Baba Jagat Singh. The rebels were to be killed on the night of July 31. Smith. which are much more easily transmissible than HIV by the same routes. Deputy Commissioner Cooper had ordered a long rope. and it was later included in the nationalist historian and editor Pt. Loodhianah]. These individuals who are supposed to be best informed seem to suffer from the same paranoia that has seized the common man. The well was filled with sand. the then Deputy Commissioner of Amritsar district. when it is remembered that the strength of the regiment before the mutiny amounted to 871. were massacred and dumped into a dry well 100 yards from the Ajnala police station in Amritsar district. The Peshawur Light Horse. The other. Peshawur and Loodhianah [Lahore. Many people jumped into the river near the village of Daddian and drowned. on the 29th of August. Sealkote. Hence. Lieutenant Gosling’s party killed 15. One of them — Prakash Singh. Phillaur. Sirsa. When those in the dungeon did not show up. Ferozepur. inscribed with the words Kalian Wala Khuh (The Well of Blacks). A Matter of Martyrs July 31-August 1. 167. M. As per Cooper’s account. Two accounts are available about the Ajnala incident. also on the same date. thousands of Poorbeah sepoys — of the 26th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry — were disarmed in Lahore’s Meean Meer Cant. Two hundred and eighty-two sepoys of the Indian army. Sunder Lal’s proscribed book Bharat Mein Angrezi Raj (British Rule in India).com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals employ such people and even ostracism from villages are not uncommon. Sirsa. Captain James’ party killed 40. Peshawar. In 1928. At the time of this article going to press. 100 yards from the police station. “Some idea may be gathered of the terrific and swift destruction. 21 days ahead of the decided date. But most alarming is the refusal by most private hospitals to admit HIV positive people. and they all fled south. and by a similar summary tribunal. Ferozepore. The British Government with support from feudal chieftains of Patiala. the execution was postponed until the next morning. who alerted the district administration. it was found that 45 of them had suffocated to death.’s 87th. it looked like a raised sand hill. The Punjab Government has allotted a plot of land for the cremation. London. which Cooper spelled as Lahore. Elder and Son. In 1957. “There is a well at Cawnpore. The Punjab Infantry shot and killed 125. by Giani Hira Singh Dard. who rebelled against the British colonial occupation of India. within about 30 hours after the mutiny. while some were forced into a dungeon. At two places in his book. only to be trapped near Ajnala. Cooper proudly and teasingly counts the killings of mutineers in August 1857 in Peshawar area to 659. Jalandhar. on the same day. Hote Mardan.com/civilservices/magazine . and H. His version was carried with photographs in the November 1928 Fansi Ank (Execution Issue) from Allahabad. where rebels dumped the bodies of British officials.iasexamportal. was a nationalist version. 237 rebel sepoys were taken out to an open ground in front of the police station and killed in turns of 10. and a memorial will be built on it later. Jullundur.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.

Such cases resulted in a higher rate of conviction. Within three days of digging.com/civilservices/magazine 77 . to honour the martyrs by disinterring their remains from the well. The strategy to use the TFA as a lever to get an agreement on the food subsidy issue was probably born out of the assessment that it would be difficult to get the developed world back to the negotiating table once the TFA was signed. including the Archaeological Survey of India showed interest. While it is entirely appropriate that women’s safety is given high priority. which supports the TFA. Rape and Reality The gulf between statistics and substance is not easily bridged. The country is being accused of sabotaging the first real agreement forged by the trade body in 19 years on trade facilitation with its rigid stance on the issue of food subsidy. both sides are guilty of brinkmanship. the http://www. and Prime Minister Narendra Modi is also obviously conscious that he will be facing elections in two crucial States in the next few months. Yet. Hundreds of volunteers took part in the digging and thousands gathered to watch. which is aimed at easing customs rules and simplifying procedures. An agreement on trade facilitation (TFA). In 2012. Facilitation and Food India is receiving a lot of flak for its stance at the just-concluded meeting of the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) General Council in Geneva with epithets such as “deal-breaker” being hurled at it.iasexamportal.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. especially if these are inter-caste or inter-religious. jewellery and coins were also retrieved. teeth and bones were exhumed. Clearly. Its position is that the limit does not account for inflation and currency depreciation and the base year needs to be reset to a later period. they tried their best to involve the State and Central Governments. either by strangers or those known to victims in their family or neighbourhood. The number of rape cases registered in the country may conceal the reality in two significant ways. villagers built a room over the well and turned it into a Gurdwara. However. The passage of the Food Security Act means that the subsidy bill will bloat in the coming years and the country cannot afford to be constricted by limits that are based on flawed calculations. discussions on public stockholding of food grains never started. especially if it leads to a final agreement on all issues. has questioned the current limit of “trade distorting” subsidy which is 10 per cent of the value of food grains output in a year with the base year for prices set at 1986-88. This is a fair argument as it concerns the critical issue of food security for a country that is home to a quarter of the world’s hungry. Politically speaking. India has signalled that it is willing to return to the table and has suggested a permanent “peace clause” until a final understanding on subsidy is reached. The Hindu’s six-month investigation into cases of sexual assault in Delhi has revealed that four of ten cases arose out of complaints by parents of girls who had eloped with boys. but their efforts were futile as no agency. it is equally important to identify the strands of patriarchy discernible in the resort to complaints of rape at the instance of parents who disapprove of relationships. led by trade unionist Amarjit Singh Sarkaria. The managing committee renamed Kalian Wala Khuh as Shaheedan Wala Khuh (Martyr’s Well) and appealed to the Governments of Punjab and India to give them the vacant land nearby. Before beginning the work. India’s statement at Geneva clearly highlights that despite repeated requests.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals then Chief Minister Pratap Singh Kairon. in 1972. was seen only in 162 out of 583 cases registered in Delhi in 2013. no government can afford to be seen as compromising either the interests of the 270 million people who live below the poverty line or its farmers. Extending the TFA deadline by another six months will not cause harm. If denial of freedom of choice to women in love and marriage is one issue. all is not lost. Secondly. 2014. for the cremation. Medals. nearly hundred human skulls. Another 25 per cent involved breaches of promise by men that they would marry their partners. The association of rape in the popular imagination with predators lurking in dark lanes to prey on vulnerable women has led to a general belief that better policing and more stringent laws will be the solution. the 150th anniversary of the 1857 killings was observed at the site. The main grouse India has is that there has been little forward movement on discussing the issue since the Bali meeting even as much vigour has been exhibited in finalising the TFA. was reached at the 9th Ministerial Round in Bali in December last year after the developed world agreed to find a permanent solution to the contentious issue of stockpiling of food grains by the developing countries by 2017.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the town people formed an 11-member committee of all practising Sikhs. And rape as it is conventionally understood. The Bali Declaration also provided for a “peace clause” whereby countries such as India could continue with their food subsidy programmes until then. First. under the control of the army. In 2007. They built a new Gurdwara nearby and began digging of the well on February 28. only a small proportion of the rapes are reported at all. a significant number of rape cases relate to consensual sex but have been criminalised by circumstances. India.

The principle of open justice and public trial is essential for the fair administration of justice. the composition of the Judicial 78 Appointments Commission (JAC) can be modified by Parliament by ordinary law. Third.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals disavowal of women’s agency is another.” and “The security of securities is publicity. stated: “… The Supreme Court must uphold the rule of law.” Justice Sabyasachi Mukherjee. etc of the JAC would not be charged to the Consolidated Fund of India and will be dependent on budgetary control by the Executive. While some sympathetic judges used to exercise their discretion to hand down mild sentences. Conviction is indeed inevitable if the girls involved are below the statutory age of consent. Only in proportion as publicity has place can any of the checks applicable to judicial injustice operate. therefore. The Supreme Court and the High courts have their independent registries. and surest of all guards against improbity. whether the judiciary should have a dominant voice. The bills were an attempt by the previous government to take over judicial appointments. necessary that those who uphold the rule of law must live by law and Judges must. society must move away from the inherent patriarchy behind the phenomenon.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.iasexamportal. where appointments are made by or at the direction of Chief Justices (Article 146 and Article 229 respectively). whether the convention that the senior-most Supreme Court Judge be appointed Chief Justice of India (CJI) should be disregarded. Publicity is the very soul of justice. rather than one with ex officio holders of judicial office who are all birds of passage with a limited tenure. observations by the 19th century philosopher Jeremy Bentham were quoted: “In the darkness of secrecy. The new government has started a process of consultation in relation to two Bills — the Constitution Amendment Bill and the Judicial Appointments Commission Bill. It is. There is no balancing provision to distinguish sexual abuse of a minor. In the celebrated case of Scott v.”. The two Bills being debated do not address the issue of a lack of transparency in the appointment procedure and of non-disclosure of reasons for selection. There appears to be a consensus that the composition of the proposed JAC should be entrenched in the Constitution and cast in stone and that the pre-1993 position and the primacy of the Executive should not be restored — a view shared by two Ministers involved in the recent consultation process. ensuring total freedom from political interference and political domination. the much-strengthened penal law applicable since last year has made longer prison terms inevitable for statutory rape. Ramaswami. from consensual sex between couples of a proximate age group. mechanical resort to rape provisions and pressure on women to disown relationships are not the way. Making Judiciary more Transparent The question of judicial appointments has reached centre stage. Second.com/civilservices/magazine . This places a question mark on the wisdom of recent legislation raising the age of consent from 16 to 18. and whether there should be a veto for dissenting members against the judicial members. It is the keenest spur to exertion. Scripted FIRs. The focus of this article is only on openness and transparency in the appointment procedure and on the necessity of providing relevant principles and guidelines in the Constitutional Amendment Bill. That means greater inter-generational dialogue and display of sensitivity by police officers and judges. While making the country safer for women. influential connections and personal likes and dislikes. thereby criminalising teenage sexual activity. It keeps the judge himself while trying under trial. Accounts gathered from complainants. All democracies are swiftly moving toward an open government and a citizen’s right to know — an international trend increasingly being supported by judicial decisions. therefore. The debate raises many important questions — whether the JAC should be a permanent body with permanent members and a fixed tenure. the independence and impartiality of the proposed JAC will be undermined by the JAC Secretariat being made a department of government. be obliged to live according to law …. lawyers and judges reveal that the protestations of women that they had consented to the act or eloped with the accused are disregarded so that provisions relating to statutory rape and abduction can be invoked to appease angry parents. The worrying concerns relate to: appointment of unsuitable candidates and selection based on favouritism and nepotism. the expenses and salaries. during the controversy regarding the impeachment of Justice V. which ought to be dealt with sternly. sinister interest and evil in every shape have full swing. Scott. First. Where there is no publicity there is no justice.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Collegium System There is a broad perception among most stakeholders that the present collegium system has not performed well and needs radical change. Why should this salutary principle not apply to the process of judicial appointments? “In camera” trials are ordered where the parties and witnesses require protection or http://www.

not to speak of the exclusion of archery and tennis from the programme. which had come third in 1986 and topped since then. while giving their inputs in a confidential manner. Canada and Scotland came third and fourth. could be frittered away by misconduct of officials. a complete record of video/audio of JAC deliberations. The three medallists apart. and for the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) to view the alleged criminal conduct of its secretary-general seriously. Four years ago. Liberal funding for foreign exposure. inputs sought from the public with regard to shortlisted candidates. — with whom five judges agreed — while overruling the claim of privilege for non-disclosure of communications relating to appointments and transfers of judges. had only 49 gold out of a total of 137. reasons for selection to be recorded and disclosed when required. but unfortunately it also marked some new ‘lows’ for the country. the proposed constitutional amendment must embody some key principles and core concepts for guidance and implementation by the JAC. from laws of contempt and defamation. our track and field athletes fared poorly. From an overall perspective. the true facts. This would be a fairer reading of Agricultural Outlook 20142023. income. performance.P. England. predictably displaced Australia from its perch at the top of the medals tally gathering 174 medals in all. And that is why the demand for openness in the government is increasingly growing in different parts of the world.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. The present secretive process followed by the collegium excludes public scrutiny. at 15. The preparations might have suffered a little this year for want of adequate resources and because of delayed planning. following its success in the 2012 London Olympics. Cautious Outlook A positive agrarian outlook for the next decade cannot allow any quarter for complacency in a nation that is home to the world’s largest number of farmers. Still it was disappointing to note that no gold medal accrued for India from boxing this time and the haul in shooting was reduced. about the administration of the country is thus one of the pillars of a democratic State. which have not been overruled at this point. India slumped. Bhagwati J. standing. Gupta vs. consultation with members of the Bar and Bar organisations. following the modest success by the Indian contingent. enforced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) last year. Obviously. general reputation. observed: “The citizens’ right to know the facts. strict adherence to selection standards and a sense of discipline and commitment among athletes. not unexpectedly. most importantly.” To ensure openness and transparency. the news that broke on the concluding day. etc and which is accessible to the public. a Mixed Bag The just-concluded Commonwealth Games in Glasgow featured a few ‘highs’ for India. was disgusting and deplorable. the ‘home advantage’ that saw India perform beyond expectations in the New Delhi Games was in Glasgow lost to the contingent. a joint report of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Food and Agriculture Organization. and. There is a need for the Union Government to enforce discipline among sports administrators. In the functioning of the JAC or any other machinery for judicial appointments. violates the citizen’s right to know and leads to diminishing respect for the judiciary. the sports administrators are once again the butt of ridicule. with a special feature on India. While the gold medal-winning feats of discus thrower Vikas Gowda and badminton player Parupalli Kashyap signalled breakthroughs in these events after several decades. was the poorest since 1998 when it was seven. even as our athletes punched above their level to post a record tally of 101 medals. Pertinently. The observations in the First Judges Case (S. a complete and periodically updated database of potential candidates that includes their qualification. coaches and administrators might help India fare better in the Incheon Asian Games next month. the sports administrators had faced corruption charges that startled the country.com/civilservices/magazine 79 . with backing from the Union Government. The projection is for sustained production and consumption of agricultural http://www. to the fifth place in the medals tally from its second spot in the New Delhi Games though there were handsome contributions from the shooters. etc). of two Indian officials being arrested. 22 in 2006 and 30 in 2002. These would include: transparent criteria for eligibility as well as for shortlisting and selection (like age. as also the largest number of people who face food insecurity. The total gold for India this time. accounting for 16 of India’s gold collection in 2010. The process of reforms in the IOA. Union Of India).iasexamportal. 58 of them gold. For India. some of the shooting and wrestling events in which India dominated in Delhi were scrapped. support the concept of openness.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Australia. absolute immunity to citizens. applications to be invited by nomination/ advertisement. It was 38 in Delhi. Today.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals a fair trial is prejudiced. wrestlers and weightlifters. no litigating parties are involved and the potential candidates who voluntarily participate must agree to an open and transparent process.

Around 2. that the first Allied shots were fired in the British and French invasion of German Togoland. like so many other spoils of war. consequent to important corrective measures envisaged in the Mid-Term Appraisal of the Tenth Five-Year Plan. is the belief of over a quarter of Indians. massive increase in credit flows and upgradation of rural infrastructure. leading to increases in per capita availability during the next 10 years. as evidenced in the United Kingdom by last year’s political skirmishing among politicians and historians. The demand for animal feed and biofuels would similarly exert pressure on foodgrain availability for human consumption at 80 affordable prices. over a tenth of these coming from Algeria. Remember that British forces in the Gold Coast (modern day Ghana) mobilised four days before the British declaration of war. Therein lies a message for the region’s political leadership and for global stability in general.000 died. prices are expected to stay higher than they were before the 2007-08 global meltdown. The West Indies contributed 16. Whereas the global forecast for the continuation of the current run of lower prices of cereals over the short term is encouraging. Michael Gove.000 troops. the British Empire also served as a reservoir of manpower on an astonishing scale. a force of which most Europeans will never have heard. by the war’s end.iasexamportal.000 men. sugar and fats thanks to rising incomes. As John Reader explains in his magisterial history.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals commodities in the country. It is also crucial not to mince http://www.” Perhaps. however.40. at least. No less relevant is the allusion to a shift to diets rich in protein. Africa: A Biography of the Continent. Kenya.000 men served in the Chinese Labour Corps. according to a British Council survey earlier this year. attacked the left-wing narrative of a cruel and futile war prosecuted by feckless generals.” In turn. This might be a forgivable gap in knowledge. against adversaries who were far from evil incarnate. Nigeria which provided the lion’s share for Britain. The OECD-FAO report also notes the substantive role of India’s wideranging subsidies and support prices for foodgrains — an issue that has acquired immense currency in the wake of New Delhi’s stance at the World Trade Organization negotiations. a war fought largely in Europe. “German militarism was at the root of the First World War. another survey showed that over half of Britons didn’t know whether India had contributed over 1. agreed. The war’s legacy has also grown more complicated. Paris and London would later carve up that territory. not in Europe. these sceptics implied. many in the nations of the Commonwealth — India above all — will therefore wonder why they should care about.com/civilservices/magazine . retorted that Britain and her allies had fought for dubious aims. was not much different. The awareness created by the ongoing public interest litigation petition in the Delhi High Court seeking a ban on these products in schools could set a critical standard nation-wide and save future generations from a rising epidemic. around two million Africans had participated in the war effort. above all. The French colonies alone sent just under half-amillion Africans to fight in Europe.” Boris Johnson. It is no consolation that the situation is little better in Europe. especially among poor communities. All of this is a tacit reference to the rise in public investment in agriculture. A European war. In addition to being a battleground. “those who fought were not dupes but conscious believers in king and country. led by the Regius Professor of History at the University of Cambridge. and that the first Allied victory came here. Two years ago. Fought by India Did you know that India fought against Britain in the First World War? That. and resolved to the benefit of engorged European empires. while resource pressures may halt absolute growth rates. He argued. The (now former) British Education Minister. committed to defending the western liberal order. 1. if the real figure were not well over a million. Richard Evans.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Britain. “Germany had expansionist aims and a toxically racist culture. half of them troops. The developing countries are said to account for 75 per cent of additional agricultural output over the next decade. triumphalism ought to be avoided in the centenary commemorations. The food riots of the recent past in parts of the world ought not to return ever again.00. the Mayor of London.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. The five per cent additional excise levy on aerated drinks announced in the budget should be backed by aggressive public campaigns to raise awareness of the health risks associated with the consumption of fast food. As the writer Kenan Malik put it in a recent essay. As Commonwealth heads of state in Glasgow commemorated the First World War centenary on Monday. Ghana and. with its trade surplus growing six-fold between 2000 and 2013 to $22 billion. instead. led by European politicians. a slew of prominent historians. Coinciding with this phase more or less is India’s emergence as a leading exporter of agricultural products. much less commemorate. insisting. The FAO estimates that growth in agriculture is five times more effective in reducing poverty than growth in any other sector. commanded by European officers.

principally in the form of six expeditionary forces labelled ‘A’ to ‘F’. The academic Christian Koller notes that one French general believed West Africans made good soldiers because of their “underdeveloped nervous system and their hereditary fatalism.” Eventually.7 million tonnes of supplies. the Germans and the Belgians all used the force of law and arms to compel Africans to join their armies. voluntary. At first. As the historian Ranajit Guha explained to journalist Seema Sirohi. The more recent cut in the SLR is thus a demonstration of a welcome resolve on the part of monetary and fiscal authorities to work in tandem to achieve policy goals.1 million troops to serve overseas. In the June bi-monthly statement. This included 3.000 were held prisoner. But. in particular. The French. The http://www. Leading banks have invested more in SLR securities than what they are required to. as in India. The policy repo rate has remained unchanged at 8 per cent.000 casualties from sickness alone in just one year.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.50 percentage points to 22 per cent. Among monetary and liquidity measures. compounded by the shock of German chlorine gas in April 1915. the increased leeway that banks have may not translate into higher credit disbursements. but also buttressed British garrisons in Egypt. there is no change in the rates which are pegged to it — the reverse repo stays at 7 per cent and the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the bank rate both continue to remain at 9 per cent. and they used all means at their disposal to push villagers into service. the only change of note — even this was anticipated — has been the reduction in the statutory liquidity ratio by 0. the French. It also stuck to the interim budget’s fiscal deficit target of 4.1 per cent for the year.000 were killed — five times more than the combined death toll from every war that India has fought since independence — and 80. sent Africans to Europe in large numbers.000 animals. £146m of Indian revenue.” It would take volumes to list their achievements in full. At Ypres. Hitler complained that Jews were responsible for bringing Blacks into the Rhineland). whereby a prosperous villager would buy a poor neighbour’s son and donate him to the recruitment centre as his own contribution. According to the RBI. such as the Somme and Neuve Chapelle. 6. Reserve Bank Governor Raghuram Rajan’s statement that the RBI is looking at newer avenues to support the real economy instead of depending on the “blunt” repo rate is pertinent. 1916.” permitting them to sleep in trenches if necessary.000 colonial troops were deployed to Europe. much recruitment was. How were these troops used? Overall. Waiting for Growth to Pick up The Reserve Bank of India’s third bi-monthly policy statement for 2014-15 has been on entirely expected lines. it was Indian Muslim troops who were tasked with protecting the Dome of the Rock. notionally.iasexamportal. in particular. There has been no change in the CRR.00. “a widespread proxy system developed in the Punjab. As recorded in a new book by Kristian Coates Ulrichsen.50. which provided 1. 1. the British. in India over the near term at least. On Jerusalem’s capture the next year. Singapore and China. Indian casualties were exceptionally high.com/civilservices/magazine 81 . The reductions in the SLR are also seen as a move to converge towards global norms for statutory pre-emptions in banks.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals words on the nature of this participation. Senegalese battalions served with distinction at Ypres. with 60 per cent of all Indian troops serving in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq). The First World War in the Middle East. and tens of thousands of African troops even stayed behind for the post-war occupation of the Rhineland (in Mein Kampf. British and Indian troops in Mesopotamia suffered over 2. and another 10 per cent in Egypt and Palestine. and political support — including that of Gandhi. But Indian forces had their greatest impact in West Asia. As the Conservative politician Baroness Sayeeda Warsi put it last year. Over 74. The Empire’s biggest contribution was by India. The deficit in the monsoons has narrowed recently and there has been a pickup in industrial activity.000 nurses. This opens up more avenues for bank lending to productive sectors of the economy as growth picks up. However.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. as well as contributing to seminal battles of the Western Front. Consequently. for instance. local political elites were incentivised to supply manpower. Growth prospects have improved modestly. the reduction in June was in anticipation of a recovery in economic activity.5 per cent. who helped recruit Indian volunteers in the face of nationalist opposition. The Union Budget for 2014-15 which was presented subsequently renewed the government’s commitment to the medium-term fiscal consolidation road map. over 10.70. the SLR was reduced to 22. “our boys weren’t just Tommies — they were Tariqs and Tajinders too. There are at least two reasons why the successive reductions in the SLR are significant. But most important of all was the Indian Army. the largest volunteer force in the world. These forces not only protected the northwest of India.

Cut to 2013.com/civilservices/magazine . suggesting that a big El Niño could be brewing. Being prepared for the worst must continue to be the motto. A Weak El Niño and the Monsoon This year.” Goldman Sachs claimed that by 2050.” Despite the crippling financial crisis. looks unlikely at this stage. The poor rains continued into early July as well. The seasonal deficit this year could depend on how conditions in the Pacific evolve. the region that has the greatest impact on monsoon rains over India. Waking up to the BRICS In his 2001 paper titled “Building Better Global Economic BRICs”. Brazil ahead of Italy and India just one rank behind in terms of current GDP. as is evidenced by the increasing number of converging positions on political issues. and rainfall records for over a century indicate that the odds favour the monsoon ending in a drought (which atmospheric scientists typically define as a season with a rainfall deficit of more than 10 per cent).Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. An El Niño often leads to an early withdrawal of the monsoon and reduces the rainfall received in September. These were the Contingent Reserve Arrangement and the New http://www. A big deficit at the end of the season. The extent to which that happens is likely to have a considerable impact on this year’s monsoon deficit. With the inclusion of South Africa. But the acronym is today representative of much more than an investment narrative alone. the first half of the monsoon ended with a cumulative rainfall deficit of about 22 per cent. over the next decade. In this context there were at least two concrete arrangements inked at the sixth BRICS Summit in July. even before the monsoon began there were concerns about how it might fare. the waters have recently cooled to a slightly below average level. BRIC.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. economist Jim O’Neill of Goldman Sachs calculated that “if the 2001/2002 outlook were to be extrapolated. with China and India at second and third position respectively. the poor rains in June and July have already affected agricultural operations. The rainfall deficit soared. As if to vindicate the gloomy prognostications. Consequently. giving a pluralist and inclusive veneer to an economic idea. there was a great deal of even warmer water below the ocean surface. This year. The nearer term target looks achievable now.5 per cent in a broad range of 5 to 6 per cent. a massive warming event now looks improbable. but it is critical to persist with the downward path over the medium term. Then the heavens opened and the second half of the month saw bountiful rains across much of the country.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals ongoing fiscal consolidation can release resources for the private sector. Contrary to earlier expectations. in Wall Street lingo. BRIC became BRICS. Rain set in over Kerala five days late and its progress northwards to cover the rest of the country was unusually tardy. Jim O’ Neill’s expectations seem modest. which will have a large economic and political impact. given the substantial shortfall from the first half of the season. given apprehensions of a drought that an El Niño might produce. China would be “as big as Germany” and Brazil and India “not far behind Italy” on a current GDP basis. That is still a substantial shortfall. with the area under kharif crops falling by about 14 per cent when compared to last year. Notwithstanding these and other favourable developments. is likely to develop later this year. the Reserve Bank’s cautious approach is certainly justified. the RBI has retained its April GDP growth forecast for the year at 5. the July rains were only about 10 per cent below 82 average. albeit probably only a weak one. and it is clear that it is time to “wake up” to the BRICS. In a follow-up paper in 2003. in the central Pacific. The change in wind patterns that typically accompany a developing El Niño and aid its growth has not hitherto occurred. Nevertheless. China was the world’s second largest economy. that in 2014 the list already looks radically different.iasexamportal. with surface waters of the equatorial Pacific growing warmer. Last year. Indeed. The development of such an event. Moreover. BRIC has done better on pure economic terms than most expectations. Both growth and inflation are subject to many risks and monetary policy needs to adapt nimbly to the changing situation. all the BRIC countries were within the top 10. the monsoon got off to a bad start. the list of the world’s largest 10 economies would look very different. It is remarkable then. This group now has a significant political dimension. the government has already initiated a number of measures to deal with such a situation. Even so. For now. The waters of the tropical Pacific Ocean had begun warming ominously. however. is an “outperformer. But the eastern Pacific remains warmer than usual and current forecasts continue to indicate that an El Niño. and India received about 43 per cent less rain than it should normally in June. The RBI remains committed to the disinflationary path of taking CPI inflation to 8 per cent by January 2015 and to 6 per cent a year later. could well take a toll on the monsoon. “Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050. titled. In purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.

Vote shares in turn are determined by the level of a nation’s financial contribution. deciding instead to invest greater resources in “cleaner” fuels. staggered over five to six years. the U. Then. the concentration of voting power and headquarter location in Washington DC in the case of the World Bank is merely a coincidence. will it prefer to prioritise investments through its (proposed) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank? How soon can the central banks of the member countries devise arrangements to act as depository institutions for the NDB? And. has welcomed the idea of the NDB and acknowledged its potential in infrastructure development and the global fight against poverty. in the immediate term. demand and supply.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. there are other questions that will need to be answered in the days ahead. has a de facto veto.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the most debated — is that the location of the NDB is immaterial when governance and ownership is equally shared. skewed by our imagination of existing institutions such as the World Bank. the World Bank President.850 million thereafter. with 40 per cent of the global population and a combined GDP of $24 trillion (PPP). As such. Conversely. Hopefully this will be in favour of developing economies and will enable the reimagining of economic pathways. how will the NDB raise funds in different countries? What will be the currency or currencies of choice? All important posers which can be addressed if the resolve is unerring. Indeed the NDB is at once the most celebrated and critiqued outcome of the Fortaleza Summit. Other development finance institutions enjoy similar financial backing. Indeed. despite the headquarters being located in the Philippines. this could become the demonstrator project through which the relationship between donors and recipients. Now that we are a few weeks away from its public conception. coloured and obtuse in the run-up to the Summit. Over a decade. Jim Yong Kim. major policy decisions at the World Bank are made through a Super Majority — 85 per cent of votes. Conversations and reportage on these two were shrill. Rather than replacing or supplanting existing development finance institutions.S. In contrast. The NDB’s mission must be to create a business structure where borrowing countries are given greater agency in prioritising the kinds of projects they would want funded. A contribution of $1. The first reality is the NDB can neither replace nor supplant the role of the existing development banks. The NDB will not be able to compete with the reach and expanse of existing institutions such as the World Bank. An important difference could be in the way conditions and restrictions are imposed on loan recipients. Such easy access to capital markets on the back of high promoter creditworthiness allows the bank to have a lower cost of funds. BRICS. As recently as last year. According to its Articles of Agreement. The second reality is. the NDB will require over half a decade before it can accumulate the stated capital base of $50 billion from within BRICS and another $50 billion (approximately) from other countries and institutions. it is time for a reality check on this widely discussed BRICS achievement. fragile current accounts and other domestic imperatives.7 per cent shareholding. the World Bank Group decided to restrict funding for new coal plants in developing countries. It continues to follow in the same vein. will require some doing as the BRICS countries are grappling with weak balance sheets. which has a subscribed capital of over $223 billion. collectively accounts for a mere 13 per cent of the votes at the World Bank. Of course. will be rewritten.iasexamportal. It is also useful to note that previous World Bank presidents have been U. only a modest $150 million has been promised by each of the BRICS countries. backed by 67 member nations and a subscribed capital of $162 billion.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals Development Bank (NDB). Bretton Woods Institutions such as the World Bank have been known to impose conditions for lending that create structural mismatches between project funding. The bank borrows $30 billion annually by issuing Triple-A rated debt in international bond markets. Location has frequently been confused with ownership. Japan dominates the functioning of the ADB with a 15. the World Bank would be well advised to reconsider this decision given lifeline energy needs and the energy access realities in developing countries such as India. in spite of its modest economic weight in the initial years. The third reality — perhaps. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) too has a large balance sheet. citizens and the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) list of managing directors is http://www.com/civilservices/magazine 83 . lenders and borrowers.S. In fact. the NDB can change the ethos of development finance irreversibly. With around 16 per cent voting share at the World Bank. the NDB will seek to supplement existing resources. If China is unable to dominate this institution.

5 per cent. The 84 committee submitted its report towards the end of June 2014. It would be useful for BRICS members to institute a professional management body for steering everyday operations of the NDB as well as all non-policy related decisions. Through equal shares of paid-in capital in the NDB. They must find ways to engage the recipients and beneficiaries in its decision-making apparatus. in terms of minimum expenditure on food and non-food items. not a mirror to the existing hegemony of money. the normative level of expenditure for essential non-food items such as education. In this regard. This level of private expenditure has to be seen in the context of public expenditure that is being incurred in areas like education.9 per cent as estimated by the Tendulkar Committee methodology for 20112012 and 29. Eradication of poverty is thus an important objective. The actual ‘well-being’ of the household will be higher than what is indicated by the poverty line. minimum non- food consumption is more problematic. Based on the analysis presented in the report.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. this can be hugely inefficient and troublesome. This is also consistent with the way we have derived the poverty line.4. The new poverty line is not limited only to calorie intake but also extends to fats and proteins.8 per cent for 20092010. Nevertheless. but there are many problems associated with this approach including difficulties in aggregating deprivations on several scores derived from different sources. It is true that there is no direct correlation between calorie and nutrition. The purpose of this article is to briefly explain the approach taken by this committee. all five countries have to be on board to move in a particular direction. Admittedly. the perception regarding what constitutes poverty varies over time and across countries.com/civilservices/magazine . there is a need for a measure of poverty. education.7. sanitation or housing. clothing. The group has been criticised for going back to calorie norms. Human beings need a certain minimum consumption of food and non-food items to survive. Minimum food consumption is related to fulfilling certain nutritional standards. It is necessary to ensure that the benefits of growth accrue to all sections of society. we have had a long history of studies on the measurement of poverty. Working backwards. Growth is not the sole objective of economic policy. the NDB must be a template for change. therefore. has important policy implications. there are three components in the poverty line: the food component. With an equal voting share. The NDB must be dynamic and lithe. Perhaps the best approach is to look at it in terms of a certain minimum consumption expenditure per person or preferably per household. it is incumbent upon BRICS members to ensure that this initial at-par equity in governance does not unexpectedly allow for a super majority like gridlock. The Need to Measure Poverty In June 2012. Some analysts focus on deprivations in terms of health. However. This minimum level of consumption expenditure can be derived. restricting decision making because of a lack of consensus. There are many other http://www. this methodology gives the estimate for 2009-2010 at 38. the NDB. and behaviourally determined expenditure for other non-food items. the poverty ratio at the all-India level for 2011-2012 is 29. However.407 in urban areas is treated as the poverty line at the all-India level. in fact.1.2 per cent. the government of India appointed a committee to take a new look at the methodology for measuring poverty. This implies a monthly consumption expenditure of Rs. Even the ADB’s presidents have been Japanese citizens. in turn. many approaches to it. Based on the methodology outlined in the report. including those dealing with project funding.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. There are. Any household failing to meet this level of consumption expenditure can be treated as a poor household.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals composed entirely of Europeans. Basically. there is a clear intention of creating an alternative model that focusses on voting-power parity. health and food security. This is in contrast to the 21. with its intention of rotating leadership. seeks to overhaul the existing governance framework prevalent in the international development finance institutions. The measurement of poverty. If anything. with almost all of them having served in the Finance Ministry in Tokyo. This stands to reason.iasexamportal. In India. the monthly per capita consumption expenditure of Rs. as discussed earlier. The smallest country can negotiate at par with the biggest country. much like the BRICS grouping itself. Therefore. Only then will it be possible to evaluate how the economy is performing in terms of providing a certain minimum standard of living to all its citizens. Are there conceptual problems associated with the new poverty line? Our group has gone back to the idea of separate poverty line baskets for rural and urban areas.035 in urban areas for a family of five at 20112012 prices.972 in rural areas and Rs. BRICS members should democratise the bank’s functioning if new stakeholders are included in the future. conveyance and house rent. And most importantly.860 in rural areas or Rs.

were sufficiently dramatic and heart-rending as to place Kurdish aspirations at the top of the allied agenda after the 1991 war. even though it may remain at a high level. of short advances and harsh retreats. language and dialects. It took the urban poverty basket as given. Now. The 25 million Kurds worldwide are Muslim. particularly the genocidal violence of the 1980s and the use of chemical weapons in 1988. fat and protein requirements appears to be a reasonable approach. who reside in the mountains of northeast Iraq.iasexamportal. In fact. Above all.643 sq. Poverty is not the same as hunger. Each programme that focusses on a particular kind of deprivation may have to choose that criterion which is most appropriate. the assaults upon these people. It is a simple recognition of the fact that these expenditures constituted a significant part of total consumption. with a small community in Syria at the Turkish border. barren plain. Hunger is far worse. a suitable measure on poverty is useful. The methodology adopted by the new group on poverty is based on sound principles. has on its cover a photograph of a Kurd soldier in his distinctive national dress. Poverty is easy to perceive but difficult to be precise about. defining their collective security. a narrative of defeat. over time. of small victories and major setbacks. There is a need to distinguish the rural poverty line from the urban poverty line and then a need to work out Statespecific poverty lines. the Kurdish story consisted of persistent uprisings. the community has kinship with the Iranians. The group has done that and reported the results in one of the chapters. and most of them are Sunni. measuring poverty is not that easy. In the absence of any other normative criteria. the minimum level may turn out to be arbitrary. The Iraqi Constitution of 2005 recognised Kurdistan as a part of the Iraqi federation. of promises made and quickly forgotten. clan and interpersonal differences among the chiefs. All of these have to be done in a consistent way. the Kurds in Iraq have moved towards independence.com/civilservices/magazine 85 . However. all around him is a limitless. a weapon on his back. Till the end of the last century. they have never had a homeland of their own. the struggle imparted a clarity to Kurdish aspirations. the appropriate price index also becomes an issue.N. the median fractile class expenditures were treated as the norm. Obviously. northwest Iran and much of eastern Turkey. However. policies should work towards not only reducing the number of people below that line but also ensuring that people in general enjoy a much higher standard of living. Racially.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. That is why the group decided to take a new look at the basket rather than updating the old basket for price changes. The title of the book is as bleak as the photograph: People Without a Country. It represents the absolute minimum. Without such norms. Hence. exile. the diffused Kurdish aspirations and sporadic uprisings acquired a “national” character that transcended tribe. with three of Iraq’s provinces — Arbil.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. economic and cultural interests. as the group has clearly indicated. Kurdish Crescent on the Horizon A book on the Kurds. The Tendulkar Committee itself did not abandon calorie norms. The Kurds are a culturally distinct people. Two. The frequently used World Bank measure of poverty has no strong methodological roots.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals factors which contribute to nutrition. non-food consumption as a proportion of total consumption has been steadily rising. betrayal and bloodshed. But taken in conjunction with other factors mentioned in the report. relating minimum food consumption to calorie. But to obtain a general picture of progress in the country. Dohuk and Sulemaniya — which together have an area of 40. its language is also closely related to Persian. Instead of going for an absolute poverty line. the decades of struggle did have some positive implications. leading to the setting up of no fly-zones and safe-havens that consolidated into territorial autonomy after the 2003 conflict. published in 1978. a dramatic culmination of long-held aspirations. Numbers do indicate that the poverty ratio in India is coming down. That is why though conceptually simple. Nor does the poverty line mean a comfortable standard of living. While viewing the problem over time. and a http://www. while far in the background are massive snow-capped mountains. Policymakers must continue to follow the twofold strategy of letting the economy grow fast and attacking poverty directly through poverty alleviation programmes.km. consistently crushed. one can also think in terms of relative poverty and define the poverty line in terms of median or average consumption expenditure. The introduction of norms for certain kinds of non-food expenditures by our group is an innovation. Food and Agriculture Organization. with their own ethnicity. this could change: as Iraq is breaking apart and is convulsed in sectarian conflict. One. this measure is not considered as an appropriate basis for determining entitlements under various programmes. The mountains that made them hardy and warlike also divided them into fiercely independent tribes and clans. It also claimed that the poverty line it recommended ultimately satisfied the norms of the U.

Mr. Following the ISIS’ successes. This seems to be paying off. For the last 10 years or so. In return. The immediate concern relating to independence is linked to the borders of this new entity. political and economic issues to oppose full sovereignty. Barzani is also active among Syrian Kurds. which would boost their territory to over 78. has reminded us: “The border has changed. with the old Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline now being supplemented by a new 86 pipeline that goes directly from Kurdish territory to Turkey. which it has cultivated over several years. More importantly. and population to well over eight million. viewing it as an ally in a hostile environment. These Kurdish aspirations pose new challenges to regional players. The power balance has changed.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals population of a little over four million. being landlocked. Falah Bakir. ErdogØan has boosted political and economic ties with the KRG. with cash transfers from Baghdad having been recently curtailed. And … Baghdad is far away. The political reality has changed. the Kurds took advantage of the collapse of the Iraqi armed forces and seized the “disputed” territories in the neighbouring provinces of Nineweh. and the great rival of the Barzanis. the Gorran (Change) Movement that emerged in 2009 to challenge what it saw as the nepotism and corruption of the two traditional parties. Iran would however not like to see a sovereign Kurdish state on its border since a truncated Iraq would dilute its influence in Baghdad and possibly encourage its own Kurds to pursue aspirations for freedom. Its leaders have welcomed an independent Kurdistan. has been in a Turkish prison since 1999. Thus. achieving bilateral trade of $8 billion in 2013. Mr. Massoud Barzani has been a central figure in Kurdish affairs across the region.” He then announced that a referendum would be held among the Kurds in a few months to decide whether to seek full “independence”. Iran’s position is more complex. backing a united Iraq against an independent Kurdistan that in its view would be a Turkish puppet. Talabani represent rival parties. He has engaged closely with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ErdogØan. building up their security forces. Barzani is the President of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). a united Iraq would provide a much more congenial a place to accommodate such mixed communities than a new state whose origins lie in ethnic exclusiveness. Diyala and Kirkuk.” It is just possible that the Kurds may reject caution Dark Truths about Money Estimates. Gorran has argued that independence should go beyond mere rhetoric and should be based on strong institutions that provide for transparency and accountability in the polity.iasexamportal. Talabani is the president of the Iraqi Republic. the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). Barzani explained that Iraq was already partitioned and the Kurds “can no longer experiment with their fate indefinitely. The third principal Kurdish party is the Turkey-based Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) which has been in conflict with successive Turkish governments. Barzani’s call for full independence has created divisions among Kurdish parties. This has further alarmed Iran. Independent Kurdistan would also face the serious challenge of economic viability. http://www. helping the latter to reach out to the Kurds in Turkey. Again.com/civilservices/magazine . Abdullah Öcalan. Mr. Mr. by their very nature. would always be subject to the vagaries of its ties with its neighbours. it recognises that its sectarian approach is no longer viable. Mr. But.000 sq. this is an unprecedented historic movement for the Kurds. The PUK has raised constitutional. While it would prefer a Shia-dominated administration in Baghdad. the Iraqi Kurds have much larger claims. it has been declared a “terrorist” grouping by Turkey’s western allies and its leader. seeking to wean the popular Democratic Union Party (PYD) away from the PKK. Israel has maintained close links with the Kurds in Iraq for the last few decades. Barzani can be expected to make every effort to maintain a united Iraq. The two traditional Kurdish leaders — Massoud Barzani. Barzani and Mr. to oppose independence. It is at present crucially dependent on budgetary support from Baghdad. However. The state. It may. Kirkuk and other territories captured recently by the Kurds are mixed in ethnic and sectarian terms. while Mr. including the oil-rich town of Kirkuk itself. given its serious refugee problem and the need to fund its armed forces and pay for imported gasoline. Mr. Mr. son of the legendary Kurdish leader Mulla¯ Mustafa¯ Barzani.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the KRG already finds itself in difficulties. encouraging it to use the PUK. The de facto foreign minister of the KRG. Jalal Talabani — now hold major positions in the new political arrangements: Mr. Turkey is central to KRG’s oil exports.km.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Iraq’s Kurdish scenario has been complicated by the emergence of a new party. therefore. back a “unity” government in Baghdad.

mining business and private education — choose themselves straightaway. regular intervals to reflect market prices.iasexamportal. Taking a larger view. and inflating expenses. necessarily reduce poverty? Can India replicate the 20th century development model of the North nations? Unlike the fully fossil-fuelled cities of North nations. the primary cause for carbon emissions in projects such as smart cities. it is extremely difficult to provide even an estimate that is reliable — which is not surprising considering that cash transactions do not always leave a trail. Indian cities are semi-fossil fuelled. While many of them are believable. i. as indigenous production failed to meet demand. India’s energy consumption has grown at 7 per cent per annum. There are several estimates of the black economy and the amount of unaccounted money stashed abroad. The only way to plug this is by revising guideline values at frequent. from a policy-making perspective it is important that the process and methodology of estimation are robust and credible. the government needs to review its taxation policies and tighten systems and processes. 35 lakh crore. connectivity and a better environment.5 per cent of the country’s area. Opening new coal mines has its own problems. Diversion of subsidised kerosene to the open market is estimated to have generated as much as Rs. According to former Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh. will also have to encourage people and businesses to report their incomes truthfully. remains real estate transactions. Since 2000. That is almost equal to India’s annual total primary energy supply (TPES) worth Rs. Coal contributes 60 per cent of the fossil fuel that India consumes. It has to be first found. river linking. extra energy cannot be printed at will. under-reporting output. Opening them will further endanger our forests.e. The country has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world. it imported 21 per cent of its coal last year. If the infrequent updating of guideline values and leakage of subsidies are failures of processes. Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said that to reduce poverty. untapped coal blocks are in dense forests that constitute only 2. and a newer city constructed with broad streets for fossil. Urban Development Minister M. we need to take serious notice. the government. provide insights into the government’s acche din promise. Unlike money. which encourages registrations at lower prices. A conservative energy cost for upgrading 5. The NIPFP study has identified four major founts of black money.fuelled vehicles and concrete high-rise buildings.11. but what is required is the will to do so. bullet trains. through reform of its tax regime. Building Smart Cities without Energy Recent statements by Ministers from the National Democratic Alliance. when an agency such as the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy comes up with a report that pins the size of the parallel economy at 75 per cent of the GDP. India’s carbon emissions must grow till 2030-40. India is already hard pressed to meet the current demand for fossil fuel. Checking this should not be difficult. It is highly probable that there are similar leakages with other subsidies and social welfare schemes. while the third is a recent addition after private university education took off. the malpractices in the mining sector constitute a failure of governance. They consist of an older city constructed in a prefossil fuel era. The mining industry generates cash through under-invoicing of sales. But can India access the massive quantity of energy needed to develop 100 smart cities? Will more fossil fuel use. the unaccounted money from which is estimated to be as big as the Plan expenditure of the government. It is the fourth one — diversion from government subsidy schemes — which is the surprise package in the NIPFP report.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals are approximations and cannot claim any substantial level of accuracy. the annual fossil fuel consumption rate will have to jump to 15 per cent. the fact is that cash transactions still reign supreme. At some stage in the future. though. the first two have traditionally been the base of the parallel economy. more than double of the Union budget for 201415. and then accessed. with narrow streets made for pedestrians and animal carts and low-rise buildings made from lime binders. India’s power utilities enforce regular rolling power cuts.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Guideline values are considerably lower than prevailing market prices. Bringing even a part of this into the system can work wonders for public finances. Consequently. Despite http://www. If the additional energy consumption for the smart cities project is spread over the next 10 years. Yet. The biggest source. Venkaiah Naidu promised to create a hundred smart cities with better facilities. Therefore.. which is half the kerosene subsidy provided last year. when read together.000 kilometres in older cities is 600 million tonnes of oil equivalent (MTOE). keeping pace with GDP growth. Though under- reporting has decreased after steps such as making income tax PAN mandatory for property deals.910 crore.com/civilservices/magazine 87 . When it comes to the parallel or black economy.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Three of them — property transactions.

Waiting http://www. Its HDI is at 0. it makes sound business sense to sell it for profit rather than to alleviate poverty.515 to 0. the Human Development Index (HDI) scores of India and these countries are similar. Fear and helplessness that there is no one else to depend upon and few to report to. The old are like the goose that must lay the golden eggs and move on. For two decades India has sung the 10 per cent growth mantra. If either happens. Biomass has an energy density that is half to a fourth of fossil fuels. we are no longer a caring society. Sri Lanka’s has done much better. Cambodia. analysing the roots of their abuse to emotional dependence. The multidimensional poverty index (MPI) puts about half of the population in India.32 to 0. is up from 0. the massive quantity of energy required for smart cities is likely to remain elusive. The Myth of Happy Old Age The Help Age India report (2014) on old age abuse provides an altogether different picture. Energy from these sources is cheaper and more accessible to the poor to meet daily needs. the data tells us the behaviour of our society is an insult to old age When cities are ranked in terms of the level of abuse. an ecology of violence where over half the elderly interviewed report to experiencing abuse within the family.com/civilservices/magazine . the report indicates that at least 41 per cent of those abused did not report it. Javadekar’s statement. choked within and caged in silence festers like a sore. paying little heed to distributive justice. If the trends of the last two decades continue. whose contribution ranged from 25 to 50 per cent of their TPES. compared to India’s 73 per cent. India’s greater reliance on fossil fuels makes its economy less energy efficient and more polluting. under the poverty line. callousness and indifference. development. India’s economy has grown rapidly. ranging from 0. India’s Gini index. transport. Among Tier II cities. Yet its per capita carbon emission is 0. The younger generation commodifies old age by seeing the old as sources of pension. Nagpur is highest with 85 per cent interviewed reporting abuse. disrespect (33 per cent). Second. The energy density of fossil fuels is very high. Based on a sample study of 1. Bhutan.715. 60 per cent less than India’s. it will take India several decades to lift the people under the poverty line above it. Despite their helplessness. Comparing India’s carbon emissions.6 T per annum. Abuse. Bangladesh. In the last two decades. Laos and Bangladesh and a quarter in Bhutan. Despite being caught in the web of symbolic and physical violence. Cambodia. Yet. while the percentage of abuse has gone up. What is interesting is that such abuse is not occasional but sustained with verbal abuse (41 per cent). economic dependence and the changing ethos of values. income. and has only 5 per cent of its population below the MPI line. and Bhutan two thirds of that amount. and the percentage of poor people with other Asian countries that share the same tropical ecological space throws light on the second question.38. Third.5 T per annum. For many. placing it 46 ranks above India. While our myths and advertisements perpetuate the myth of happy old age. Their performance questions Mr. To recover investments. How did they do it? First. and hence lowered their per capita carbon emissions. power generation and distribution. provided global warming and peak oil don’t tip the global economy into a crisis. They point out quietly that old age has become a commodity.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. deeply disturbing. requiring smaller investments. and neglect (29 per cent) emerging as the three most frequent types of abuse reported by the elderly. the report suggests that old age is a frightening prospect. Cambodia and Laos emit 20 per cent. and its energy conversion technologies are simpler. There is growing consensus that “trickle down” benefits of growth have been weak in India. property.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. lower urbanisation in these countries results in less energy consumption and emissions. Only the state and big business can make the large investments required to produce energy from fossil fuels. Oddly.554. Cities consume over 75 per cent of TPES of a country but produce only 5 per cent of it. the poorest and the most vulnerable will be impacted the most. they used proportionally less fossil fuels. India has a per capita carbon emission of 1.iasexamportal. Bangladesh.200 people from six Tier I cities and six Tier II cities. the elderly are good sociologists. consequently leaving less per capita energy available for 88 poverty alleviation. The statistics are frightening and the few interviews. There is a sense that in a deep and fundamental way. old age is a space of helplessness. Laos and Sri Lanka matched or emulated India’s HDI and MPI scores but with significantly lower per capita emissions. and requires large investments in mining. adds to the penumbra of silence. the old are still able to provide an ethnography of despair. Bangalore tops among Tier I cities with the sample reporting 75 per cent of abuse. but so has the gap between the rich and the poor. India’s GDP quadrupled. a measure for income inequality where zero denotes complete equality.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals India’s effort to achieve energy security by opening new mines and acquiring wells abroad.

the absence of ethics and memory that could have provided dignity to old age. The report shows that the vulnerability of old age is created out of the political economy of dependency. when the old have nothing more to give. a ganglion of memories. For most of them. Old age is not a part of the ritual cycle. a creation of social security to be effected by public policy? It is the erosion of values that disconcerts one to suddenly realise that your grandparents are not a refuge. Most of them seemed embarrassed. The family. sustain their sense of worth and dignity. complains that his wife and he are constantly abused because they do not earn. a bundle of stories. and yet what adds to the desperate poignancy is that they are not able to cut loose. is now redundant or pathological. once a sign of status. When parents complain that they have been reduced to being less than domestic servants. our sense of a civilisation. It is almost as if grandparents are like creatures out of Tussauds. Somehow with modernisation. The son sides with the wife against the mother upturning one of the oldest norms of domestic politics. a problem for policy and social work. a natural process where the old retire with dignity. His wife cooks for the entire family and yet they have to plead for a fair share of the food. memory. when the elderly wither away as a commodity. They are not seen as part of the ritual cycles of domestic life. grandparents have become occasional question marks. providing a richness of emotion and memory to the family. one wonders what happened to the idea of India. features that can be ignored. “God. feel angry or embarrassed. The daughterin-law is the new Hobbesian sovereign in these sociological anecdotes as the mother-in-law becomes a desiccated old creature. she is so old and scaly. The question is do we rethink the norms of old age. Old age. It is also clear that there is a generational change here. to give me details about stories they have heard or food cooked. It provides the facts and asks you to feel. at least as reflected in the survey sample. not for the family which states its indifference ruthlessly. The report however raises a deeper question in a tacit way. preferring the narratives on TV or the Internet. they are seen as dispensable. Keshav. As a teacher I often ask my students — a sensitive lot — to talk about their grandmothers. The report can be read both as a sociology and a social policy. treat it http://www. She almost felt repulsed exclaiming. one adds a sense of helplessness. “even requests for medicine or clothes are met with taunts of their impending deaths and termed as a ‘waste’ on them. economically useless and burdensome. emotion becomes a guise of dependency perpetuating the violence as the old feel there is nowhere to go and no alternative system which could sustain them. consumerism. only one could talk of his grandmother’s pickles with a zest that summoned a whole sensorium. Dignity has become a rare word as abuse becomes the sociological constant. where old age was a position of dignity and wisdom. I asked one student to describe the touch of her grandmother. One has to understand that ours was a civilisation where the old were honoured. The old probably grew up expecting their children to nurture and protect them. a milch cow to be milked by greedy children. Worse.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. denied even their basic needs. One literally sees them as “useless eaters” to be denied food and medicines and to be eventually abandoned in the dust heap and suffer in silence and indifference. The old grammar has changed. the empty boast about our Indian-ness. The question is does such a problem have to be solved civilisationally or is it merely an act of repair. as the report notes tersely. The tyranny of the regime is enforced by the son and the daughter-in-law. Old age is now an iron cage from which there is no exit.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. individualism. a burden. the old themselves ponder on the distance between generations. surprised with such intrusive questions.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals for the old to die seems an unnecessary inconvenience. the local politician or the policeman are of little help. Few have recollections of stories told. The new generation wants the old to give them property but then move on. The extended family or the neighbourhood. unrecognisable from the soap operas of old which glorified her power and authority. they become waste to be abandoned. the values of old age are no longer part of our society.” An absence of memories and ethos of sharing disrupts the ecology of old age.com/civilservices/magazine 89 . Today. As sociology.iasexamportal. What makes the report so devastating is that it is so baldly written. It’s a no-nonsense approach. ritual burdens. Yet. a 65-year-old from Kolkata. What breaks them is the fact that their children see them as being useless. There is a touch of the new to this politics of abuse. Many of the old reported that they went hungry to sleep. To the vulnerability that abuse creates. a rite of passage to dignity.” The political economy of our new old age becomes clearer in interviews. its census of violence becomes even more devastating because of a sheer absence of sentimentality. an appeal against parents but an appendage.

think on those lines. But the premises of progress are increasingly precarious. argues the report. of all our pride in our culture. India could mitigate many of the challenges by means of creating universal access to health care. Secondly. education and standard of living.2 billion people still living below $1. have brought humanity closer as it grapples with a common predicament underpinned by climate change and globalisation. most people in most countries have seen advances in their lives over the past three decades. Across countries and continents. Courts.5 billion people in 91 developing countries live with simultaneous deprivations in health. The 2004 Asian Tsunami. in transition to the jobs market. First. and ensuring respect and protection for women’s freedom and dignity.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals as a commons of stability and wisdom. making such children face an adult criminal court would mar the prospect of their rehabilitation and amount to denial of restorative justice. such categorisation militates against the core principle that everyone should be treated as a child until the age of 18.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.iasexamportal. murder. as new opportunities expose people to new 90 uncertainties.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. ‘Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience’ would resonate among millions of ordinary people. A sense of tragedy haunts the future. The government’s intention to introduce a fresh. The case for revisiting the present law is unexceptionable. The age has been fixed in law based on studies on child and adolescent behaviour and the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child. Culture seems too distant and fragile to sustain old age. Official crime data do not support the theory that juveniles are responsible for any rise in instances of sexual offences. spectacularly minimising casualties. 2008 was no less a triumph of moral courage and resilience. Income poverty continues to prove intractable. women and the elderly are the most vulnerable. One is forced to ask what is the use of the idea of India. But there are remarkable examples of India’s spirit of resilience and the capacity to draw vital lessons. and the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster preceded by an earthquake. and change the values of our culture? The other alternative is to accept that old age is a problem and accept that new institutions of support outside the family have to be built. when the old are left to die or live in indifference. Verma Committee. The Union Cabinet’s approval for legislative changes that would allow juvenile justice boards to determine whether cases involving children of this age-group can be transferred to a criminal court is an inappropriate remedy for the problem of juveniles committing grave offences. the 2007-2008 food. Vulnerability and well-being The 2014 Human Development Report is methodologically more sophisticated in that. The idea of carving out an exception in the Juvenile Justice Act for children between the ages of 16 and 18 when they are accused of rape. the Supreme Court saw no reason to make exceptions to the present paradigm of juvenile justice. Children. is the most recent. Another 1. 2000. The Indian government’s resoluteness in the wake of the provocative serial bomb blasts of November 26. The Naveen Patnaik Government’s action to relocate nearly a million people during the 2013 Cyclone Phailin in Odisha. Social policy as a piece of plumbing and repair haunts the report.25 a day. Even after the horrific gang-rape in Delhi in December 2012.com/civilservices/magazine . comprehensive http://www. Public action and democratic accountability can strengthen communities against a sense of loss of control over their destinies. Indeed. The main object of juvenile law is to preserve the scope for rehabilitation and prevent recidivism among young offenders. a more vibrant primary education system. Amending juvenile law Legislative responses ought to be well thought-out. Equally. but are constantly vulnerable to return to the brutal cycle of poverty. as are adolescents and the young. These challenges also lay bare the imperatives of fashioning an internationally coordinated response in an inter-connected world. among others. financial and banking collapse. Ranking 135th out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index. Those immediately at risk are the 800 million people who have just about lifted themselves out of hunger and want. though laudable in intent. we used to laugh when we heard that the Japanese were buying land for old age homes in India. Maybe they had a better sense of the future than us. for the first time it calculates the gender development index independently of reference to males.S. the 2005 Hurricane Katrina. had not fully achieved its objectives. several of them are still recovering from recent natural and man-made catastrophes. and lawmakers need to be wary of tinkering with existing laws because of moral panic over one incident. Nor did the Justice J. which made far-reaching recommendations on the legal framework on cases involving sexual offences. As children. governments and activists have noted that the Juvenile Justice Act. with 1. as per the United Nations Development Programme’s Multidimensional Poverty Index. The 2014 report therefore advocates a return to full employment — a theme that had strong support in the 1950s. and other serious offences is completely retrograde.

no approved drugs or vaccines are available to prevent infections or treat infected people.000 in Nigeria may return here. it believed. Yet. In particular.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. came trooping in to repay exiting depositors. transmission has been rampant both in the community and in health-care settings.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals law that covers both children in conflict with the law and those in need of care and protection may be quite an appropriate response.” It has also highlighted that the “consequences” of its spread across the world could be “particularly serious” considering the virulence of the virus. Keeping Ebola in check After the H1N1 influenza (swine flu) in 2009 and polio in May 2014. After the first outbreak in December 2013 in the Guéckédou region in Guinea’s remote southeastern forest region. One way to prevent the spread is to stop symptomatic passengers from travelling in normal passenger aircraft. lured by advertisement campaigns boosted by outsized commissions to the sales force and aided by political connections. It is highly unlikely that the drug would be used to treat those in the four countries. transmission occurs only when people come into contact with the body fluids of affected people.000 Indians who live in Guinea.134 confirmed cases) were infected and the mortality figure was 961. India has its task cut out as nearly 5. Sahara. The death toll this time is much more than the combined count of all previous Ebola epidemics. which has had an earlier run-in with the Reserve Bank. The incubation period — the time interval from infection to onset of symptoms — of two to 21 days poses a real danger to public health. Those in need of care and protection now include children living on the streets and child workers. The government will be well-advised to have wider consultations before enacting it into law. They could sustain their “business model” as long as new depositors. The Union Health Minister has held out the assurance that the Ministry has put into operation “the most advanced surveillance and tracking systems”. it is still alarmingly high. they could facilitate virus spread once symptoms show up. the WHO has now declared the Ebola (Ebola virus disease) outbreak in West Africa as an “extraordinary event” and a “public health risk to other countries. Though the virulence has been lower at 55 per cent. and to screen and follow up those arriving from or transiting through these countries as the infected people act as carriers of the virus. the draft bill prepared by the Ministry of Women and Child Development contains forwardlooking aspects. there is no scientific confirmation of humans getting infected through airborne transmission. Provisions for finding foster care homes for children are aimed at ensuring mechanisms for non-institutional care. Others like the Sahara group offered utmost convenience — ostensibly collecting pygmy-size deposits right at investors’ doorsteps even in remote parts of the country. In this era of global travel. Currently. though infected people would not transmit the virus till they develop the disease. However. The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights has noted that the bill enunciates ‘fundamental principles’ for the care. a notable example being what the Saradha group in West Bengal indulged in. Utmost care is called for.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the most lethal Ebola virus known. nationals who were flown back to America.com/civilservices/magazine 91 .779 people (with 1. the Zaire virus species is usually restricted to Central Africa. the time given for stakeholders to study the implications of the new bill is inadequate. More teeth for SEBI The passage of the Securities Laws (Amendment) Bill by Parliament is an important step in empowering the Securities and Exchange Board of India to deal with financial shenanigans. Both corporal punishment and persistent verbal abuse will be prohibited. The biggest threat comes from the extremely high virulence of the Zaire Ebola virus species.iasexamportal. Many of these promised unrealistically high returns to lure gullible depositors. was basically shopping for a benign regulator: the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. As on August 6. Despite the deadly characteristics of the virus. Nigeria and Sierra Leone. It is a different matter that the Supreme Court suspects the bona fides of Sahara’s huge deposit mobilisation claims and has upheld the SEBI order deeming its latest issue of optionally convertible debentures illegal and ordered the return of the money. would not look too closely at the bona fides of its http://www. Liberia and Sierra Leone and about 40. The regulatory body had not been fully equipped to deal with ingenious schemes masquerading as collective investment schemes. But an experimental drug tested only in animals has improved the condition of two Ebola-infected U. with fatality rates going up to 90 per cent. protection and rehabilitation of and justice for children. as many as 1.S. Poor handling practices in weak health-care systems are putting doctors and healthworkers at great risk. the virus has spread to three other West African countries — Liberia.

As Bangalore moved away from its exalted Non Fan status.” The enchantment with “smart” cities. providing drinking water. For all its faults. Needless to say.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. While there have been other similar acts of malfeasance. But the new and eager call for “smart” cities is too intriguing to let pass 92 without reflection and comment. which began with the previous Finance Minister.com/civilservices/magazine . and once more. in what was then a Non Fan Station (Army classification for cool cities like Bangalore). In the 1960s. Sahara has been claiming that there has not been a single instance of default on its part. While the new law will deal with extreme cases of malfeasance. not to say governments such as that of Singapore. http://www. but the Saradha group’s investors have suffered enormously as confidence in the group evaporated. SEBI can. That Ideal Home. It is a scaling up of the “gated community” concept to the city level. whose door would open with a mere “hello.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the “smart city” will evade the intolerable strains on public and private life posed by the ungovernable Indian city. It hopes to leverage and mobilise technology to improve energy consumption and waste management. new dreams were spun out of the marvels of city planning and management represented by Singapore. predictably. to salivate.iasexamportal. Though we don’t have a “smart” city yet in India. SEBI now gets explicit powers to disgorge illegal gains made through fraudulent deposit schemes and capital market offences. allocate scarce resources wisely. Its very creation and periodic strengthening have been in response to one crisis or the other. Meanwhile. the important message from the new legislation is that the market regulator can deal proactively with them before they assume menacing proportions. But that was before the remote control was even dreamed of. was significant enough to be made a part of the 12th Five Year Plan. the most popular room at the Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum in Bangalore was the Room of the Future. provide Internet connectivity and infrastructure to enable ease of access and movement. rather. sensors which alert you about impending traffic jams or tell you how to curtail water wastage and bring every household onto a smart e-grid. following the model of Gujarat’s Dholera. The money collected will be parked in SEBI’s Investor Protection and Education Fund. since I was determined to maintain my edge over a mere inanimate object. we see many real estate companies occupying the Internet with their offers of “smartness. The new legislation was overdue: the UPA government had promulgated an ordinance in July 2013 and then presented a draft bill. Is the “smart” city the “one size fits all” solution to the myriad problems that plague the cities and towns of the subcontinent? One quickly realises that it is not. At the end of the last millennium. Gujarat’s Dholera. with a magistrate’s permission. with Narayana Murthy. This technobabble about our collective future is not very different from the dreams which other technologies once generated. California. which is stoutly being resisted by — you guessed right — those who will be dispossessed. a 100 of them have been provided for in the latest budget. guaranteeing electricity supply and better roads. continuous and seamless wifi access. but no one seriously believed they would be part of anybody’s real experience. Sometimes. “smart” cities will design a new future for their inhabitants: “greenfield” sites will be made to ensure the homogeneity of its population. it sets its goals high — placing hope entirely on creating a new urban space consisting of hot spots.” Appropriate lights and music would turn on as you entered and settled down. IT giants who made Bangalore their home spoke of building “a home where no buffaloes roam” a la Santa Clara. building more housing for the poor. In order to do this. conduct search and seizure operations and initiate recovery proceedings. Attention will now be focussed on SEBI. which lapsed. especially on whether it can act decisively against frauds that have thrived amid a regulatory vacuum.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals investors. when we were young and stupidly enamoured of what electricity could achieve. a few other desirables have been thrown in such as healthcare and good governance. The call to “smarten” Indian cities has gone beyond the tired old promises of clearing garbage. In its quarter century of existence. clear congestion. as the Mayor. SEBI’s overall regulatory framework needs to be strengthened. Those who lose money can be recompensed from the sale of recovered assets of a delinquent company. such ambitious technological visions involve huge finances. SEBI has had to deal with many sharp practices in the financial system. the Karnataka Chief Minister even pragmatically promised “strips of Singapore” — despairing at the hurdles in India posed by democracy. Instead. the CEO of Infosys. the mere thought of the quick millions to be made in building these dreams is leading many companies. In pursuit of smartness The “smart” phone moment passed me by. was a dreamlike space.

India is the world’s largest importer of arms.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. he will have the assistance of the governments of Karnataka.com/civilservices/magazine 93 . The Supreme Court called it illegal in Mohini Jain vs. The issue has arisen in the course of proceedings related to the fixation of fee by committees in different States. Meanwhile.S. with the sum topping the onecrore mark for post-graduate specialities. the court placed a complete ban on capitation fees. After his meetings with Mr. Mr. Hagel pronounced himself convinced that the two sides “can transform our potential into results. a Veda Pathasala. in Islamic Academy of Education (2003). The practice of collecting capitation fee has for many years dominated the discourse on education. alternative medicine centre. has been all but abandoned. a vedic village no less.S. vs. the Bench has asked former Union Minister and senior advocate Salman Khurshid to study the issue in depth and suggest an appropriate mechanism by which it can be effectively stopped. as a twojudge Bench of the Supreme Court put it last week.iasexamportal. New Delhi has bought U. With tens of thousands of engineering seats remaining vacant. Goshala. The Javelin challenge The irony in India-United States relations is that all the right things are said about them. the Sanathana Dharama Parirakshana Trust from Sringeri has taken the pursuit of smartness to new heights. Modi. it may appear that this stream will be free of the menace. have been collecting huge sums as capitation fees. they should not indulge in profiteering. will perhaps need to address this aspect. and also among the biggest buyers of U. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Finance and Defence Minister Arun Jaitley. emboldened no doubt by the success of many privately built gated communities. In this. along with related issues such as the right of minority communities to administer educational institutions and the fixation of an equitable fee structure. However.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals The dream of the “smart city” is a morally and socially indefensible one in a deeply segmented and hierarchical society like ours. considering it to be a necessary evil. As the time nears for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the White House in September. The Khurshid Committee.. The education sector has emerged as a significant generator of unaccounted money. Since 2008. defence equipment worth nearly $10 billion and has been pushing for transfer of technology to manufacture those http://www. The latest endeavour came from U.” The main focus of his meetings was cooperation in the defence sector. materiel. as a recent report on black money points out. even decades after independence. No law. the reality is a big drift in bilateral ties. Anecdotal evidence suggests that an MBBS seat cannot be bought for anything less than Rs. in which the quest for meeting the basic needs of its citizens.P. Banned by law in many States and by the Supreme Court through a judgment in 2003. Finally. In yet another attempt to curb the menace. with a temple complex. who arrived in New Delhi shortly after Secretary of State John Kerry. The general thinking of courts since then has been that while educational institutions are entitled to a surplus of funds that could be used for further expansion and provision of facilities. especially for professional courses. there is an apparent effort to ensure that his talks with President Barack Obama are productive. Tamil Nadu. The pursuit of smartness is merely another name for a technological escape from our bewildering and taxing social milieu. can be made effective unless the targeted illegality attracts public odium. and all the wrong things done. however stringent.40 lakh. but the truth is that some engineering institutions and courses continue to command significant revenue potential. despite judicial opinion and the law standing in their way. The pressure has grown on Washington to show it wants to take bilateral ties forward under Prime Minister Modi. The reason is not hard to find: parents and students are ready to pay fabulous sums for the coveted degree.S. On offer at a site about 40 kilometres from Bangalore is the first exclusively Brahmin community township.” a line unfailingly included in the speech of every visiting dignitary from the U. Andhra Pradesh (1993) it questioned the idea of imparting of education being treated as a trade. while studying the issue. Houses curving around the auspicious symbol of ‘Om’ will ensure its inhabitants protection from the rough and tumble of Indian democracy. private institutions. Karnataka (1992). Curbing capitation fee What has been accepted in principle often defies attempts to put it into practice.S. the collection of capitation fees remains a “hard reality”. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel. The abolition of capitation fees in education is one such phenomenon. So while the two countries are said to be bound by virtue of being “the world’s largest democracy and the world’s oldest democracy. etc. who it had blacklisted while he was Gujarat Chief Minister over the 2002 riots. especially those offering engineering and medical courses. while in Unnikrishnan J.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra in the form of provision of information and data on complaints.

will in the next couple of months move closer to 67P till it is about 4 km above its surface.S. the U. manufactured by Raytheon-Lockheed Martin. Thus. Hence. political democracy. They retain primordial secrets — the gas. By studying materials lying 20 cm below the comet’s surface. Mr. Since http://www. a 4.” A trilemma describes a situation where only two of three things can hold true at the same time. dust and organic molecules since they were created. but drew the line at transferring technology to enable the system to be built locally.iasexamportal. He is a firm believer in and supporter of globalisation. the Israeli alternative the Army has extensively tested and liked.4 billion kilometres since it was launched in March 2004. Space history made After travelling a distance of 6. we must jettison democracy. Philae is expected to provide vital information about organic materials that are securely locked and cannot be studied from Earth. agreed to activate their stillborn 2012 Defense Trade and Technology Initiative. which respond to legitimate demands.” Declarations apart. the “predominance” of such molecules in 67P would strengthen the possibility of comets’ role in seeding life on the planet of humans. would be anchored to the surface. Philae. At this altitude. The two sides. Rosetta made space history on August 6 when it became the first spacecraft to rendezvous with a comet — 67P/ Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Hagel appeared to concur. with an array of instruments. he has also posed a famous “globalisation trilemma. however.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals weapons here. The identification of a smooth landing site to deploy the lander in November was not done in advance as little information was available about the nature of the terrain. And if we want democracy along with globalisation. which is at an altitude of about 100 km. Images collected by the craft from a distance of 285 km from the comet have suggested a ragged surface marked by “sharp-edged structures” with precipitous cliffs. Rosetta has already changed our understanding of 67P’s shape — it appears as a “doublelobed structure” with a neck connecting the two. It remains to be seen if the “smooth” areas seen from that height are indeed smooth when better-resolution pictures become available as the Rosetta gets closer. information garnered from 67P can unlock many secrets about the birth and evolution of the Solar System and the origin of water and life on Earth. if we want to deepen both economic globalisation and political democracy. “economic globalisation. and freer exchange of technology.5-kmlong object. lands safely on the comet. none of the other comets studied before had a similar match. However. the next biggest challenge will be to ensure 94 that the lander. It is believed that comets had seeded Earth with water and carbon-containing molecules. has a reputation for not being very reliable on precisely this aspect of its military partnerships. is serious about taking its military partnership with India to a higher level. We can have at most two at one time. The craft. according to Rodrik.com/civilservices/magazine . Still.” As Rodrik argues. It could have either been formed by the fusion of two comets or by differential erosion at the spot that now forms the neck. particularly amino acids that are the building blocks of life. Democracy is compatible with national sovereignty only if we restrict globalisation. saying the way to transform defence ties would be to move “from simply buying and selling to co-production. the third cannot.S. the Hartley 2 comet was found to have the same signature as water. and national determination are mutually irreconcilable. we would require global institutions that are truly democratic. Mr.6 billion years ago. co-development. A deal on the Javelin would be far dearer than the Spike. Another important study is the assessment of the ratio of normal to heavy water (where one of the two normal hydrogen atoms has been replaced by the heavy hydrogen isotope deuterium) to ascertain if the comet’s ice signature matches that of water on Earth. A few years ago. The limited hike has not received an effusive welcome from weapons contractors. the very basic needs of world citizens — that is governance at a global level. Unlike the Curiosity rover that is moving freely on Mars. Mr. Food security and Rodrik’s trilemma The Princeton don Dani Rodrik is one of the world’s leading economists. No agreements were announced during Mr. It is unclear if New Delhi’s recent decision to increase the FDI limit in defence production from 26 to 49 per cent will be a game-changer. Hagel is said to have discussed a “pilot plan” to coproduce and co-develop the Javelin anti-tank missile.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. A team from the company had visited India some years ago. to be airdropped from Rosetta. If we push for globalisation while retaining the nation state. Hagel’s visit. Philae. Comets are primitive objects formed from debris left over when the Solar System was formed around 4.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. If any two out of three conditions prevail. Since life on earth is comprised exclusively of lefthanded amino acids. to check if the U. Hagel’s offer should be put to the test. we must shove the nation state aside and strive for greater international governance.

Developing strong markets and open economies requires more government. And two. More than 80 per cent of India’s cultivators are small and marginal farmers. governments have grown the largest in those economies that are the most exposed to international markets. despite the humongous pressure it was placed under. forgetting that robust structures of governance are essential to the functioning and legitimacy of the market mechanism http://www. What is much more surprising is the kind of media furore that the Indian government’s position has evoked. This is ridiculously low. In such a situation. This is at the heart of India’s entire architecture of food security built up over the last four decades. But Rodrik actually demonstrates something even more important. not to be confused with the British Prime Minister). Let me explain why I call the agreements unfair. He says.com/civilservices/magazine 95 . rather than be subject to palpably unfair trade agreements.” Building on the work of David Cameron (the Yale political scientist. Let us first highlight two outstanding facts about the situation regarding food subsidies and the WTO. both by lobbies within India and powers abroad. deeply aggravated by the newly emerging context of climate change. the latest United Nations population estimates show that even in the year 2050. which is itself calculated at fixed reference prices of the 1986-88 period.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Rodrik finally concludes that this is because in highly globalised nations.S.” The needs and rights of the Indian people must always come first for a democratically elected regime and the Modi government is to be congratulated for affirming its commitment in this regard. And after testing out a number of possible alternative explanations for this counter-intuitive result. culminating in the recently passed Food Security Act. They face increasing challenges of water and livelihood security and need continued government support to enable them to earn a sustainable income. citizens demand that their governments compensate them against the risk that international economic forces expose them to. He suggests that reempowering national democracies places the world economy on a stronger footing. India has refused to sign the TFA in the absence of a “permanent solution” on subsidies on account of public stockholding for food security purposes. Weakening democracy in the quest for deeper globalisation is one of the worst bargains we could strike. it is only natural that a sovereign democratically elected government will seek to protect the interests of its citizens. Rodrik shows that contrary to popular expectation. That is if we respect the democratic ideal. who assume that any and all steps towards the free market are an unmixed blessing in themselves. A deeper reflection on Rodrik’s trilemma would hopefully disabuse many people. not less. It may be useful here to remember that despite all the efforts to move people to urban areas and away from agriculture. and the European Union currently provide four to ten times the agricultural subsidy per person compared to that provided by India. I would suggest that there is no better way to understand India’s position at the WTO negotiations. which includes the system of procurement from and assurance of minimum support prices (MSP) to its farmers and the public distribution system (PDS). Sacrificing the national agenda of food security for the sake of an even deeper globalisation is not an option for a sovereign government of India. that the U. we have to accept the sovereignty of nation states responding to the demands of their citizens. especially given the vulnerability of farming. “Markets need to be embedded in institutions of collective deliberation and social choice. This support that we need to provide our farmers cannot be given within the limits set by the WTO agreements. not just to India but to many other nations with a large farm sector. around 800 million Indians will continue to live in rural areas.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. There are two decisions that have proved contentious here: the Ministerial Decision for an agreement on trade facilitation (TFA) and the Ministerial Decision on public stockholding for food security purposes.iasexamportal. This can only be seen as a reflection of the way in which the discourse on “free market fundamentalism” has acquired a dominant position over the last 20 years. The present WTO ceiling on domestic support is pegged at a mere 10 per cent of the value of production. One.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals such a global political community is as yet a distant. No democratically elected and accountable government of India can afford to ignore the interests of these people. that India faces a real crisis of hunger and malnutrition among a very large number of its people. quite unrealisable dream. and unrealistic and unfair. who grow crops on less than 5 acres of land. What the government has shown is that it is unwilling to sacrifice the basic requirements for food security of the Indian people at the altar of what Rodrik terms “hyperglobalisation.

Mr. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been busy outlining just how exactly he will make the acche din (good days) roll in for India and Indians. Writing about water scarcity in Kutch. its provenance goes all the way back to the British Raj. One of its first proponents was the British engineer. its votaries claim. Uma Bharati. Arthur Cotton who suggested linking the Ganga and the Cauvery for purposes of navigation. an environmental impact study by the Centre for Water Resources and Distribution Management (CWRDM) claims that the State of Kerala has several reasons http://www.iasexamportal. And central to the government’s vision of a sujalam suphalam mataram is the river interlinking project. has informed the Lok Sabha that three interlinking projects — the Ken-Betwa link. most importantly. It will also result in the flooding of 8. Lyla Mehta has shown how water scarcity is often portrayed as something that is natural. Gujarat. Purely technological solutions like the interlinking project are myopic precisely because they do not adequately study.9.” ambitiously championed by the Narendra Modi government. The NWDA has studied and prepared reports on 14 projects for the Himalayan region. budgeted at over Rs. But the most crucial questions about these projects remain unanswered. drowning a few tigers here and there does not seem much of a price to pay for more water and more electricity.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. rather than humanly produced. but what of the communities who depend on these lands for their livelihoods? Of course there is that old logic that people must be displaced for the greater good of the country. Modi seems all set to go ahead with it. the Damanganga-Pinjal link and the ParTapi-Narmada link — are set to takeoff. but would the lives of these people get magically transformed for the better after they have been resettled? Perhaps the question to ask then is whose thirst for water will be quenched by this process. including the most advanced among them. the interlinking project has been managed by India’s National Water Development Agency (NWDA) under the Ministry of Water Resources. The interlinking project aims to link India’s rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals that will allow for their water capacities to be shared and redistributed.” as the Ministry of Rural Development calls them — who are affected by these mega projects. Modi’s river disconnect Since taking office. For some.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals in all capitalist democracies. the Union Minister for Water Resources. For. It has been split into three parts: a northern Himalayan rivers interlink component.000 crore. Or.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Is the crisis of water scarcity and livelihood in contemporary India about to be solved for landless farmers. 16 projects for the peninsular India component and 36 intra-State river interlinking projects. Will the interlinking project really be the magic wand to reduce water scarcity as is being claimed? Whose experiences of scarcity and struggles for livelihood will it resolve? And what will be the financial and. Mr. that the water scarcity crisis must also be seen as a crisis of unequal access to and control of a finite resource. The cost of the project. Modi’s acche din. She raises the rather crucial point that the naturalisation of scarcity within political discourse mostly benefits powerful actors and mega projects. the ecological costs of that process? For example. But there’s more to the cost than meets the accounting eye. tribal communities and seasonal labourers or is it only going to benefit the consumptive desires of elite and middle class families? In South India. Ms. can be ecologically and socially disastrous. a southern peninsular component and an intraState rivers linking component. Since the 1980s.com/civilservices/magazine .650 hectares of forestland. including a part of the Panna National Park in Madhya Pradesh. must the more vulnerable sections of the Indian population subsidise the rich and powerful once again? The interlinking project offers us an expansive view of how “development. While the interlinking project may be one of the flagships of Mr. This. While several governments have 96 toyed with the idea before shelving it (including the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led National Democratic Alliance). the Ken-Betwa river link is currently set to benefit the States of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. is an engineered panacea that will reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts besides facilitating the generation of hydroelectricity for an increasingly power hungry country. is expected to transfer surplus water from the Ken to the Betwa basin through a 221kilometre long canal. at the heart of the project lies a technocratic fantasy of ending water scarcity through the power of hydraulic engineering. River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. Cotton’s proposal was shelved but the plan to connect rivers has come up repeatedly in post-independence India. understand or prioritise the socio-economic and long-term well-being of those families — “Project Affected Peoples.

Hence. do more. Rajasthan.iasexamportal.000 pre-degree colleges and senior secondary schools. has emerged as a major emitter. in reality both rivers are water-deficient. The BASIC meet did not throw up any new thought or action plan and reiterated what the developing countries have tried to do for the last 20 years. given the number of educational institutions. and it is perceived by some to be losing its significance in terms of climate talks. the recent BASIC (Brazil South Africa India China) ministerial meeting has once again called on the developed countries to walk the talk on funding and emission cuts. The study further claims that the link will have detrimental effects on rice cultivation in northern Kerala’s Kuttanad region. India has already announced a voluntary mitigation goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25 per cent over 2005 levels by 2020. the world is moving towards a new climate treaty which seems fraught with contention already. like the rest of the world. is very high. Modi’s cabinet. and its emphasis on equity and common but differentiated responsibilities. and funds for technology transfer. While countries such as the United States are not even signatories to the Kyoto Protocol. Haryana. There is also a larger issue of devising a demographic policy to separately meet the requirements of the young. but it also needs to review its commitments and.com/civilservices/magazine 97 . The reason for unemployment could be the lack of employment because of the quality of education or lack of opportunities. and will end up killing the very rivers that they seek to link. One of the BASIC countries. and could potentially create an ecological disaster for both the Vembanad wetland system and the biodiversity of the Western Ghats. Maneka Gandhi. In some States like Chhattisgarh. a Union Minister in Mr. Now more than ever.938 colleges for professional educational and 436 universities. there is a real danger that more first world nations will renege on their historical responsibility to fund capacitybuilding and other critical measures in the developing countries vis-à-vis climate change. middle-aged and older segment of the population. BASIC despite its cloak of togetherness seems a divided house. In this light. These are in addition to the nearly 14 lakh schools in the country for a population of 25 crore children in the age group of 514 years. The study claims that the interlinking project is based on false data provided by the NWDA. With little commitment to emission cuts or funding adaptation and technology transfer in the poorer countries. Madhya Pradesh. Demographic dividend in the country is not being appropriately used and there is a need to revisit the demographic policy so as to tap benefits from the youth.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. there is a need for India to emphasise along with other countries the need for strong commitments on emission reduction and operationalising the GCF. Already Japan and Australia have scaled back their promises on emission cuts. balanced. Differences in BASIC on various issues have prompted India to side more strongly with yet another group called the Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDCs). As a pressure bloc. West Bengal. especially among the youth.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals to oppose the Pampa-AchankovilVaipar interlinking project aimed at diverting water to the water-starved Vaipar basin in Tamil Nadu. adaptation and mitigation are nowhere in sight. by probably inviting foreign universities to set up campuses in India. averaging nearly 20 per cent for the age group of 1524 years. but going by past experience some advanced countries are not going to abide by this. Young and jobless in India The Census data released recently show that unemployment in the country. In line with this. Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has been stressing on funds from the first world for the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and also on scaling up targets in the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and its quick ratification. Doing more on climate Climate change talks are poised at a critical stage before the Conference of Parties meets in Paris in 2015 to finalise a new treaty.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. China. and India’s alliances with developing countries assume significance at this point. there is a need to improve the quality of education by ushering in competition. the unemployment rate is above 25 per cent. as claimed by the NWDA. which is expected to meet soon. India has more than 71. has stated that India’s riverlinking projects are extremely dangerous. Prosperous States like Punjab. http://www. It is no wonder then that Ms. could be a gamechanger. Instead of there being surplus water in the Pampa and the Achankovil rivers. Gujarat and Maharashtra have averages that are less than half of the national average. The BASIC meet stressed that the 2015 outcome in Paris should be comprehensive. Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. and despite its emphasis on alternative energy and mitigation it still relies heavily on coal for energy. equitable and fair — but so far nothing has been fair in the climate negotiations. India’s role and alliances. 25.

it may sound strange that there should be any debate now on the autonomy of public broadcasters in the country. France and Poland.6 births per woman against the replacement rate of 2. In contrast to many countries in Europe where age-related expenditure on health and care is 8-10 per cent of GDP.3 million in Poland. Consequently. migration to Europe is expected to increase significantly by 2020 — 1 million in Germany. The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs can explore guided migration agreements. India already has a strong outflow of migrants of which two-thirds migrate to the Gulf countries.K. as nearly 90 per cent of them who are associated with the unorganised sector are not included in any sustainable social security programme. There are more than 11 crore elderly people in India who are above the age of 60 years — generally women — who are in urgent need of care. While some three crore elderly people who are under the ‘below poverty line’ category get about Rs.4 million in the U.5 births per woman and these countries depend on immigrants. On paper an autonomous organisation. it largely remains a subordinate office of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. other than Persian Gulf. has increased but not in significant numbers to Germany. capital investment and infrastructure. Germany.1 million in Spain. it is less than 1 per cent in India. In countries like Germany. Poland and France.1. In view of the weak and inadequate public healthcare system. Italy. Further.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals Employment creation is a function of economic growth. the birth rate is less than 1. To equip them with suitable skills. According to official statistics. they have limited access to medical services. The universal pension could increase with age. one practical way could be to train our youth for employment opportunities abroad. Italy and the U. consequent to ageing. Some simple initiatives to help the elderly could include granting respectable amounts of universal pension and universal insurance to help them live with dignity. 1. Spain. an area which is neglected in the country. many research studies have discovered. especially in Italy. There is one silent segment of the population. The question of Prasar Bharati’s autonomy has surfaced again. 13 per cent migrate to North America while Asian countries. These countries need immigrants as the native population in many of these countries is shrinking.. the flow of migrants to countries like Portugal and Austria declined in the last decade. These opportunities need to be availed of the near future by appropriate manpower planning. The universities from these countries can be invited to India to train our youth in soft skills and necessary professional activities. writing to the Ministry protesting against the broadcaster having little say in its own functioning. the need is to ensure that they are suitably skilled. and Poland.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. 1. In view of the fact that Indians migrate to the West in large numbers. one-third Europeans would be above 65 years of age by 2060. generally illegal migrants. To a large extent. 1.1 million in France. with its Chief Executive Officer. As the process involves a long gestation period. but the impression of government control remains strong. Such well-trained migrants would serve two important functions: they would serve as brand ambassadors of the country and as a rich source of remittance. fast-ageing Europe attracts less than 3 per cent of migrants but offers excellent opportunities for high and medium-skilled labour. migration is expected to add up to 60 million 98 people in Europe by 2060. which was created by law in 1997. In contrast. there is a need to address two things in connection with changing demographics in India — a need to have a think tank to study the problems of the elderly and agerelated financial economics and a need to develop the science of medical gerontology. Jawahar Sircar.iasexamportal. bilateral with each of the countries in Europe and multilateral with the Euro area to educate and prepare migrants for the destination countries. especially for women. it cannot be denied that public service broadcasting remains relevant because All India Radio and Doordarshan have the widest geographical spread in terms of coverage. the elderly.K. Finally. In fact. He has contended that his suggestions on the posting and transfer of Indian Information Service officers in the news divisions of Akashvani and Doordarshan have been ignored. migration to countries like Spain. given the low birth rate averaging 1. With electronic media organisations expanding exponentially in recent years. 500 as old age pension. absorb about 10 percent. The plight of most illiterate and non-skilled migrants. which gets neglected in most of the policies of the government. Switzerland. Their cultural http://www. cooperation from countries which are seeking immigrants can be sought. and 2. In recent years. the remaining eight crore have to fend for themselves. its radio and television wings have been served by competent professionals. However. is pitiable.com/civilservices/magazine . Unshackling Prasar Bharati No government has so far shown the will to grant full financial and administrative autonomy to Prasar Bharati.

While Article 124(3) of the http://www. The commission will now totally control the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court judges. Further. Shockingly.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals programmes have been of high quality but news programming. The corporation is now monitored by the parliamentary committee on Information Technology. The new government would do well to deliver on its intention to strengthen its editorial independence as well as its accountability on the lines of globally renowned public broadcasters. to a dedicated parliamentary committee. effectively creates a fulltime commission with its own staff and regulations. There was very little debate and it was clear that Members of Parliament were determined to cut the Supreme Court to size. The 99th amendment to the Constitution inserts three new Articles — 124A. Under Article 124A. public media institutions should not suffer from bureaucratic control. The National Judicial Commission that was suggested by the Venkatachaliah Committee was a five-member body consisting of three seniormost Supreme Court judges. Article 124C is most sinister and enables Parliament to empower the commission to make regulations for selecting judges and for “other matters. as noted by the latest panel. 2014 are both seriously flawed and contrary to elementary principles of constitutional law.” Thus. executive and eminent persons to present their viewpoints and make the participants accountable while also introducing transparency in the selection. 124B. The NJAC Act is clearly unconstitutional. it is impermissible that they will not prevail while appointing Supreme Court and High Court judges. is often seen as dull and hackneyed. constitutional provisions and safeguards can easily be thwarted by regulations framed by the commission. The fatal flaw is the failure to give supremacy to the views of the judges in the selection process. and 124C — and also amends several other Articles under the ostensible objective of providing a “meaningful role to the judiciary. The first step. A fatally flawed commission Both Houses of Parliament almost unanimously passed. as the panel recommended. the transfer of judges and even the continuance of retired High Court judges under Article 224A. For example. About 70 Acts prescribe the appointment of “eminent persons” and 65 of them require specialised knowledge. with just 14 sections. it has often been noted that the vast assets owned by AIR and Doordarshan are still under government control and it is time these were transferred to Prasar Bharati. It should be run as a professionally managed body. and with inexplicable haste. but there has been very little headway in putting into practice the ideal of keeping the government at arm’s length. is to start seeing Prasar Bharati as a ‘public broadcaster’ rather than as a government broadcaster. Amidst the changing dynamics of information dissemination and consumption. Conferring administrative autonomy in such a manner that its professional head has the final authority in the recruitment and deployment of personnel in the news division will have to be a key aspect of reforming the institution.iasexamportal. and its oversight handed over. If the views of the judges have to prevail in selecting members to a Tribunal. the Union Minister and one eminent person. there is no requirement that the eminent persons on the commission should have any knowledge of law. the NJAC has six members of whom three are judges — the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and two seniormost judges.” But the amendments actually contain nothing to ensure either accountability or transparency. though free of sensationalism. but instead have infusion of skills. the Leader of the Opposition and the CJI. Both laws will also be wholly unworkable in practice. technology and autonomy. The net result is that a flawed but workable collegium system will now be replaced by an even more flawed and wholly unworkable Commission system.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/magazine 99 . the eminent person under the Biodiversity Act has to be eminent in the field of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Chief Justices of High Courts. two laws that seek to abolish the collegium system and replace it with a National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC). The remaining three are the Union Law Minister and two “eminent persons” who are to be appointed by the Prime Minister. In the Madras Bar Association case. This small Act. 2014 and the National Judicial Appointment Commission Act. a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held that a selection committee to select members for the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) must have an equal number of judges and civil servants (Secretaries) with a casting vote to the nominee of the CJI who is the chairperson of that committee. The Constitution (99th Amendment) Bill. One would have expected that such momentous changes would have been referred to a select committee to consider suggestions and objections of eminent lawyers and various Bar Associations. the Sam Pitroda Committee. Several committees have looked into aspects of Prasar Bharati’s autonomy.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.

com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Experience suggests that a high proportion of such accounts are hardly used after the initial enthusiasm wears off. Obviously there are major challenges. who is now being given a pivotal role in facilitating account opening and ensuring smooth bank operations. The controversial Justice Markandey Katju refused to give in to political pressure and it was the collegium system and a public interest litigation that led to the appointment of 17 competent judges to the Madras High Court. Who are the “eminent advocates”? Well. Section 5(2) of the NJAC Act. that will also be prescribed by the regulations. 2014 can now prescribe “any other criteria of suitability as may be prescribed by the regulations. financial inclusion has remained elusive. Insurance companies will be asked to offer micro-finance packages including insurance. each of them consisting of 100-150 families in a cluster of villages.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals Constitution prescribes the minimum requirement of a person to be eligible to be appointed as a Supreme Court judge. The involvement of the Law Minister. A smart card — the Ru Pay card — will be issued. “acche din” may soon be over.iasexamportal. The NDA government has brought a degree of urgency to the scheme of financial inclusion.” Similarly. But we cannot forget the manipulation and humiliation of the judiciary at the hands of political leaders that eventually led to the collegium 100 system. The plan of inclusion. A few details of the government’s action plan figured in the budget speech. In rural areas 44 per cent of the households and in urban areas 33 per cent of them still do not have a bank account. e-KYCs and cash management by banks to extend their services over such wide areas. Members of the Supreme Court collegium have also been accused of exploiting their power to appoint their close relatives or particular lawyers as High Court judges. a major socio-economic initiative of the National Democratic Alliance government. It is now mandatory that eminent advocates are consulted while appointing High Court judges.com/civilservices/magazine . the NJAC Act. This would be one of the most visible manifestations of technology as a tool to further inclusion.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. A Comprehensive Financial Inclusion Plan (CFIP) envisaging coverage of excluded households has been drawn up and is expected to be rolled out under the nomenclature.7 per cent of an estimated 24. The government wants to use these accounts for routing cash transfers in lieu of subsidies for essential commodities. Unlike in previous action plans. the Jan-Dhan Yojana will endeavour to provide universal access to all the beneficiaries through sub-service areas (SSA). Each SSA will be serviced by a business correspondent. the NJAC will destroy the independence of the judiciary. the leader of the Opposition. It is an ambitious attempt at extending formal financial services in a country where only 58. Financial inclusion in that sense is therefore much more than extending banking services. the Jan-Dhan Yojana will have as its focus households rather than geographical areas. For the appointment of High Court judges. The main allegation is that there is a total lack of transparency. In its first phase. additional criteria not mentioned in the Constitution can be added for High Court judges. In the end. the collegium system has its failings. Using this it should be possible for customers to operate their accounts without any external help. The other important innovation is in extending need-based credit facilities to the new account holders upon their fulfilling certain conditions. Similarly.67 crore households avail themselves of banking services.” But the Act is silent as to what happens if the Governor or Chief Minister or both object. We now have an absurd situation where the eligibility of Supreme Court and High Court judges will be determined not just by the Constitution but by “regulations” of the Commission. personal animosity has resulted in the delay or denial of appointments to the Supreme Court. was announced by the Prime Minister in his Independence Day speech. others being money transfers through mobile telephones. The 20-year-old collegium system has been severely criticised even by Supreme Court judges who were members of the collegium. Even if operational obstacles can be overcome. Forty years later. 2014 also requires the views of the Governor and Chief Minister to be given in writing and “as prescribed by the regulations. Accompanied by an equally http://www. the Governors and Chief Ministers in the appointment of High Court judges will inevitably lead to serious political manipulation. requires all-round support. Despite several steps taken by many governments over the years. For the judiciary at least. which is part of the Prime Minister’s vision of a Digital India. Undoubtedly. there is the important question of keeping the first-time bank account holders engaged. Indira Gandhi struck a major blow to judicial independence by the shameful supersession of judges. An ambitious plan for inclusion The Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana. In 1973. Parliament has thoughtlessly created a Commission that the nation will deeply regret.

For one thing.iasexamportal. global stage. After a promising start. Mr. The subsequent visits to Bhutan and Nepal underscored his ability to project India’s leadership in the region without a hint of condescension. the government’s approach to Pakistan seems to be spluttering. Never mind the attendant problem of resettlement. On the other hand. leaders of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries showed a subtle grasp of the importance of gestures and interpersonal equations in diplomacy. Modi has outlined a generous vision of shared regional prosperity. the ongoing crises are rapidly corroding longstanding structures and configurations of power. they tend to be seen as thwarting the government’s policy — an attitude that has created considerable problems in the past. Think only of the deleterious role of our intelligence agencies in Nepal or the stonewalling of the Army on the Siachen glacier. India has equities with several regional players who are arrayed against one another. On the wider. The largesse of our lines of credit is simply not matched by a capacity to complete projects.000 workers migrate to the Gulf every year. The foreign policy report card The 100-day honeymoon of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government will soon be at an end. nothing has hurt India’s claims to regional leadership as much as its inability to make good on promises. Equally problematic is New Delhi’s unwillingness to meaningfully engage the States in fashioning regional policy. India does have an important relationship with Israel. Modi has sought to accord the highest priority to India’s immediate neighbourhood. To be sure. the government has not shown a sure touch. The subsequent vote against Israel in the Human Rights Council was a course correction.00. What has all this added up to? It is perhaps too soon to try and discern a distinctive “Modi doctrine. Despite pressing challenges at home. From the outset.com/civilservices/magazine 101 . India has struggled to evolve a sustainable policy of engagement with Pakistan — one that is insulated from the pressures of predictable events. The government was energetic in organising the rescue of Indian nationals from Iraq. New Delhi’s digging in of its heels will only comfort the military. In his speeches. Mr. meetings and negotiations. On the one hand.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. but only served to highlight the lack of a clear strategic assessment. The government’s early initiatives have been stamped with the Prime Minister’s style. The decision to invite for his swearing-in. The calendar has been packed with visits. Nowhere was this clearer than in the response to the crisis in Gaza.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Nor is there any indication that it is looking beyond short-term measures such as the evacuation of Indians from hot spots. This not only equated Israel and the Palestinians but used stronger language against the latter. This may be an unprecedented opportunity to do so. Redressing these problems is critical if India is to retain the goodwill flowing from the shift in rhetorical gears. At a time when the civilian government in Pakistan is on the back foot. Finally. New Delhi has http://www. it can achieve many important socio-economic objectives. The government may be rightly miffed at Pakistan for meeting the Hurriyat leaders despite being warned of India’s displeasure. this had to be weighed not against some abstract notion of solidarity with the Palestinians but our wider regional standing and interests in a time of crisis and far-reaching change. yet the real challenges lie ahead. If anything.” But the wider arc of foreign and strategic policy is gradually coming into focus. This will be unsustainable if the crisis escalates and spreads. Strategic dithering will hardly help win friends and influence people. the government has been more attuned to India’s interests. The political predilection for Israel was evident in the stance initially taken by the government. The extended neighbourhood has posed more of a challenge to the government. India’s interests in West Asia can best be secured by carving out a larger role in the geopolitics of the region. Take the decision to cancel the Foreign Secretary’s visit to Islamabad. At a time when India could expand and cement its influence. Yet. Evacuating even a fraction of these numbers will be nigh impossible. it is not clear that New Delhi has come to grips with the waves of change washing over West Asia. But it is not clear why a redline should have been drawn on this issue.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals ambitious programme of spreading financial literacy. West Asia has been wracked by a series of crises that could potentially undermine Indian interests in the region. external engagements have encroached on the government’s time and attention. A related issue is that our policy towards neighbours is pulled in different directions by the concerns and interests of various stakeholders in the government. There are nearly seven million Indians living in the Gulf region: almost 7. However. Let’s start with South Asia.

It remains to be seen if the government will consider such serious reforms as the appointment of a Chief of Defence Staff. It is also keen to strike a balance in its ties with Japan and China.” One member of the organisation was briefly questioned by the police before being let off for lack of evidence.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. His targets included the influential Sathya Sai Baba and his claims of producing “miracle ash” out of thin air. yet again. the law has already had a massive impact with nearly 80 cases being registered across the http://www. India has. In so doing. His programmes were routinely disrupted. Dabholkar’s daylight murder was initially probed by the CongressNationalist Congress Party government in Maharashtra and then transferred to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). By awarding a ticket to General V. and by subsequently rewarding him with a ministerial portfolio. the Sanatan Sanstha proclaimed in an editorial just a day after the murder that it was “God’s wish. Modi has indicated that India’s dealings with each of the great powers will be conditioned by the interests at play — and not coloured by the perceptions of others. the government took a strong stance to preserve subsidies for farmers. Indeed. This is a long-standing principle of Indian foreign policy going right back to Jawaharlal Nehru. Hindu right-wing groups were among his fiercest critics. the government has to work to restore a harmonious relationship between the military and the civilian bureaucracy. Through street plays and songs. The problem. antisuperstition campaigners will pay tribute to one of India’s foremost critics of charlatan godmen and black magic.K. then. It does not allow third parties to lodge complaints. The government may seek to shrug this off. after a dogged 18-year struggle. the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) dealt a blow to an already problematic relationship between the government and the armed forces. It will be a pity if. A number of proposals are on the anvil. Yet. Consider the recent World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. though. even physical attacks. often on their own turf surrounded by mobs of followers. Only the affected party has that right.com/civilservices/magazine . reforms are forced on to the table by a crisis. Appointing a full-time defence minister would be a good start. mainly the Hindu Janjagruti Samiti and Sanatan Sanstha. not least in our attempts to resist new trade regimes like the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) that are currently being negotiated under U.S. a law against superstitious practices.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. The most fundamental of these is the dysfunctional civil-military relationship. These norms are inimical to India’s interests. Dr. Singh. Evil and Aghori Practices and Black Magic Act. Regional pacts like the TPP seek to introduce new norms on international trade that will subsequently be imported to the global regime. So far it has yielded nothing. the Maharashtra government cleared an ordinance. supporters of the courageous and gritty rationalist Narendra Dabholkar will gather near the Omkareshwar Temple in Pune. Dabholkar was both fearless and relentless in his single-minded drive against blind faith. He had braved vilification and death threats. Preserving India’s interests. One day after he was killed. he continued to challenge godmen. The Maharashtra Prevention and Eradication of Human Sacrifice and other Inhuman. Dr. Modi observed that his government was not playing for brownie points. Mr. Dabholkar. Mr. Despite American attempts at cajoling and arm-twisting. where he was gunned down while on a morning walk exactly a year ago. Dabholkar’s greatest victory — a law against superstition and black magic — came posthumously.m. However. The development of defence industries is only one aspect of the larger problem of military modernisation. but it will present larger challenges.iasexamportal. Dabholkar had championed. of course. 2013 is a diluted version of the ambitious draft Dr. The government began with something of a handicap on this issue. and in December 2013. on August 20.20 a. been portrayed as “obstructionist” and incapable of coming up with positive proposals. A host of institutional and operational reforms need to be urgently considered. But our stance in the WTO weakens our ability to shape coalitions elsewhere. Dr. the government’s position and rhetoric were tougher than those of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government which allegedly kept America at arm’s length. as in the past. is that issues cannot be neatly compartmentalised. leadership. However. dissent and democracy At 7. is about more than just “standing-up” 102 to any great power or a set of powers.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals sought to steer clear of the reemerging rivalry between Russia and the United States. The tribute will also be an indictment of the government’s utter failure to find his killers. Both organisations have vehemently denied any hand in his murder. Be that as it may. The government would do well to seize the initiative on strategic issues.

drawing on students and volunteers to propel the battle against superstition.” The navy is well aware of the multiple roles it is expected to perform. are also a great opportunity to learn. “This is an issue which goes beyond my father. So. transits through the shipping lanes of the Indian Ocean. Mr. has turned out to be much more than an expression of the navy’s heft to safeguard the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean. Even today. One productive area of learning has been the prevention of corruption. And on simple rational thinking itself. Patil.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. the sexual exploitation of women by local godmen and the fleecing of the gullible by promises of instant wealth. banks and (especially) post offices are still not equal to the task. social audits are conducted. But we have survived and passed the test. The message delivered by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the commissioning had some subtle but significant doctrinal content. The presence of multi-function phasedarray radar that can track and engage several targets simultaneously. which are defining the development of the force. Dabholkar and then been registered with the police.com/civilservices/magazine 103 . Before the Right to Information Act (RTI) came into force. Even then. as well as indigenously developed torpedoes. These activities. The navy and economic growth The commissioning in Mumbai of INS Kolkata. more attention would be required to shore up its ailing submarine fleet. The principal method of embezzlement in labour-intensive public works programmes is well known: muster rolls are inflated and middlemen pocket the difference. The growing instability in West Asia is a source of major anxiety as the navy. If voices which stand for social causes are silenced and no action is taken against the perpetrators. workers agitate for their rights. if the navy has to become a force multiplier to energise India’s economic growth. an enterprising middleman might fudge the muster rolls and hope that no one will bother to verify them. technical assistants are trained. The 2004 tsunami had earlier demonstrated that the navy needs to be well-equipped to provide disaster relief not only to Indian nationals but also to people in distress in other Indian Ocean littoral states. The commissioning of INS Kolkata has shown that the navy’s warship inductions are moving to plan. and expand a rule-based footprint that extends till resource-rich Antarctica. many valuable activities take place: Gram Sabhas are held.000 volunteers. procured from the Persian Gulf. http://www. which has witnessed a surge in incidents of piracy in recent years. The deceptively gentle activist had built a robust movement across all the districts in the State. The commissioning also highlights India’s steady gains in integrating homegrown technology in the construction and design of naval vessels. administrators find out how to speed up wage payments. These include safeguarding the country’s energy security. Five years later. further safeguards were introduced one by one including mandatory social audits of all NREGA works. will be put to severe tests in case a mass evacuation of Indian nationals residing in the Persian Gulf states becomes necessary. it is an attack on democracy. Things improved after muster rolls were placed in the public domain. With his death we lost our security cover. For the prevention of corruption. showcases impressive domestic gains in the integration of cutting-edge military technology. A major breakthrough was the transition to bank (or post office) payments of NREGA wages. organising employment. paying wages or fighting corruption. Modi made it clear in his address that the acquisition of more teeth by the navy was inextricably connected with India’s growth story.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. along with the Indian Air Force and the civil aviation arms. Yet. The navy is also gearing up for a role to protect offshore oil installations far away from the Indian shores. This was a painful affair — the system was not ready for it and the overload led to long delays in payments. as two follow-on destroyers of this class — INS Kochi and INS Chennai — are now in the pipeline. a formidable destroyer. tap seabed resources. These include cases against human sacrifice. coupled with a renewed focus on the development of a state-of-the-art aircraft carrier arm. as the bulk of India’s oil supplies.iasexamportal. However.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals State in less than a year. the cases have mostly come to the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS) set up by Dr. and even displayed page by page on the internet.” says Mr. and so on. “Sustaining the organisation was a challenge. Learning from NREGA One neglected aspect of the debate on the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) relates to the process aspects of the programme. In the process of planning works. muster rolls were beyond public scrutiny and the crooks had a field day. aside from being valuable in themselves. MANS has nearly 250 branches and 5. This focus became transparent when he stressed the importance of securing the sea lanes and the role that ships such as INS Kolkata would play to “inspire confidence to those involved in maritime trade.” he says. The Brahmos cruise missile — a successful product of IndoRussian collaboration — demonstrates the acquisition of credible land attack capability.

Rajasthan. In other words. The corresponding estimates for 2007-08 (prior to the introduction of bank payments of NREGA wages) are much lower: 42 to 56 per cent. A far better way of enhancing the productive value of NREGA works would be to provide more technical assistance to Gram Panchayats. In this and other respects. 68 to 78 per cent of official NREGA person-days of work are reflected in NSS data for 2011-12. This process aspect of NREGA deserves more recognition than it has received so far.g. e. This compares with 219 crore persondays of employment being generated by NREGA in 2011-12 according to the Ministry of Rural Development. gross underestimation of the coverage of midday meals. There are precedents of patchy collection of social statistics in NSS surveys. And the crook’s next refuge is to involve workers themselves in the scam. The IHDS findings are consistent with those of another recent survey: the Public Evaluation of Entitlement Programmes (PEEP) survey. Madhya Pradesh. But for a suitable commission.g. but it certainly gives some reason for hope. workers learn to collect their wages in person from the post office and verify the passbook entries. But it will take a while for many of them to protect their account from fraud. too. Maharashtra. the transparency safeguards that have been painstakingly built into NREGA are crying to be extended to other domains. Judging from recent experience. Over time. land levelling and contour bunding. NSS-based estimates of NREGA employment are consistently lower than the official figures.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. Multiplying this by the rural population total from the 2011 census yields an estimate of 210 crore person-days of NREGA employment in 2011-12. perhaps borrowed from the stock market) would severely dilute the employment objective of NREGA without doing anything to make NREGA works more productive. Thus. Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) and Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) — more for the purpose of siphoning off material funds than to create productive assets. a village postmaster can often be persuaded to use the accounts of illiterate workers as a conduit to siphon off NREGA money. How much progress has been made in this step-by-step battle against corruption? The second India Human Development Survey (IHDS) conducted in 2011-12 provides a tentative answer.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals however. One survey is not conclusive 104 evidence. or 2. conducted in May-June 2013 in ten States: Bihar. Himachal Pradesh. Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. I suspect that the IHDS figures on NREGA employment are more accurate than NSS data because the collection of social statistics is one of the primary objectives of the IHDS survey.com/civilservices/magazine . some labour-intensive works can be very productive.iasexamportal. Chhattisgarh. It is all the more dubious. e. According to recent estimates by Clément Imbert of Oxford University. kindly shared by project director Sonalde Desai. there is nothing wrong with the current 60:40 norm for the labour-material ratio in NREGA works. bearing in mind that material-intensive works are more vulnerable to corruption. but not of NSS surveys. Odisha. the number of days of NREGA work reported by the respondents (22 days on average. http://www. This belief has no basis. There is a widespread belief that NREGA works can be made more productive by raising the materiallabour ratio. Meanwhile.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal.000 households).53 days per person for the whole sample. Thousands of useless pucca structures have been built under programmes such as the Integrated Action Plan (IAP). because materialintensive works lead to the creation of tangible assets instead of earth structures that get washed away. Much remains to be done to ensure that NREGA is corruptionproof — not just the wage component but also the material component. Early tabulations of IHDS data. Lowering the norm to 49:51 (an odd figure. This point has a bearing on recent concerns about the productive value of NREGA works. this was a step forward: the new system makes it much harder to embezzle NREGA funds since the money now goes directly to workers’ accounts. The average number of days of NREGA work was 49 per employed households. Extracting money from someone else’s bank account without his or her knowledge is very difficult because banks have strict norms of identity verification. in 2012-13) was very close to the corresponding average for the same households (24 days) from official records. Jharkhand. Even a good earth road is often much better than a pucca road built with sub-standard material by a corrupt contractor. the bulk of official NREGA wage expenditure is fully reflected in this independent household survey. but the gap is narrowing over time. suggest that 25 per cent of all rural households did some NREGA work in 2011-12. This was a relatively small survey (covering about 2. In this survey. the programme is a great learning tool. The picture emerging from National Sample Survey (NSS) data is a little different. One major qualification is that village post offices are still vulnerable to capture by powerful middlemen. On the other hand.

The U. products. From August 4 to 6. the Central African Republic and Somalia. better roads can mean more Indian vehicles being sold. Nigeria. however. ‘commitments to Africa’ worth $33 billion were announced.S. acute infrastructure deficit.S. and American MNCs would possibly do the same.com/civilservices/magazine 105 . President Obama leveraged his own African lineage by telling them that apart from being a proud American.S. nearly a third of China’s trade with Africa.S. As New Delhi plans to host the third India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS-3) in December 2014.S. which has been steadily expanding its presence in the continent. These included: $14 billion in investment by U. the Commonwealth and La Francophonie. For example. who have often played the China card with us. and its deep-pocketed MNCs may lead to a more intense and potentially unfair competition in Africa. as well as organisations such as the European Union (EU). and healthcare.S. It would. greater U. exports. the U. Second. with many African states facing serious security challenges.S. Africans. Beijing has for long provided concessional loans to African countries to cushion them from the lower quality (and higher costs) of its products and projects.” The summit had an unambiguous economic focus.S. This was spurred by import of African oil worth over $100 billion — part of U. Over 90 American companies participated in the summit. niche areas for Africa include: export of commodities (foodstuff. U. however. India may well overtake the U. However. Pentagon has been alarmed.S. Till 2008. Further. refined products). it seems to have completely missed a historic move earlier this month by President Barack Obama with potentially serious implications. the U.S. Brazil. in industries ranging from mobiles to medicines.iasexamportal. Information and Communications Technology.S. A U. Economically.S. if American MNCs increase production of primary commodities in Africa. Army created the Africa Command (Africom). Because of its vast natural resources. Indian subsidiaries of the U. The U.S.S.’ Historically. the American presence in Africa has been large but is currently declining. India. companies.S. he hosted the first ever ‘U. In his welcome address. Japan. During its three days of deliberations. and $12 billion for a ‘Power Africa’ initiative to boost electricity availability. entry into these may affect market access for us. he also stood before them “as the son of a man from Africa. India would do well to prepare IAFS-3 with a Strengths. $7 billion to finance U. They also include American support for Apartheid regime in South Africa and for right wing dictatorships in countries from Morocco to Congo to Angola during the Cold War. A closer look at the Washington Summit’s outcome also reveals that the U. intends to follow the Chinese strategy of longterm soft funding for Africa.S. is the latest to join this Africa rush. could now play the U. Turkey and South Korea.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals High noon for India in Africa Our news media’s constant focus on the United States notwithstanding. still remains Africa’s largest aid provider and a major investor. Countries such as China. construction etc). have been regularly hosting Africa-focussed summits.S. forceful re-entry of the U. Lately. the slave trade provided an umbilical cord between the U. the U. Sahel.-Africa Leaders Summit’ in which over 45 of Africa’s heads of states participated. Its Asian competitors have an edge here.S.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Bilateral landmarks include American Friendship Treaty with Tunisia in 1799 and establishment of Liberia in 1821. has become the world’s largest oil producer and its oil imports from Africa are set to plummet to a mere $15 billion for the year 2014. and Africa. This has dramatically reduced U.-Africa trade to around $60 billion in 2013.S. such long-term soft loans are often irresistible. If this trend continues. In 2007. was Africa’s largest trading partner. Subsequently. and projects for mineral exploitation. card as well. as Africa’s second-largest trading partner this year. Third. India has successfully created some key interfaces in Africa in areas such as power.S. For most African governments facing a serious capital crunch. aviation. engagement in infrastructure building may release synergies in Africa that we can leverage. the U.S. high population growth and growing middle class. may also leverage its Africom umbrella to gain an economic advantage. services and technology are often either unsuitable or too expensive for Africans. thanks to a shale revolution. Second.S. it may benefit India as their end-user. Finally. the U.S. Weaknesses. MNCs stand to gain. what are the implications of the Washington event for us? First. did help in the dismantling of Apartheid and getting Namibia its freedom. be incorrect to consider Washington a latecomer to the ‘Africa Party. supply of equipment (for power. the U. the U. Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) review of the past six years of the IAFS process. over the past 15 years. in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. The following domains suggest themselves: (i) Being a developing country with http://www. Fourth.S.’ strategy to reduce dependence on the Gulf. Africa has long been a cynosure of many eyes. hotels and hospitals. at the spread of Islamic terrorism across large swathes of Africa: Maghreb. the U. However.

We must not abdicate this important task to the African Union (AU) bureaucracy. and industry may count its losses and lament the verdict’s impact on the cost and availability of power and the cost of importing or transporting coal. risk mitigation. Regulating India’s nuclear estate The 2014 Nuclear Materials Security Index prepared by the Washington-based Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) has ranked India 23rd out of 25 countries with weaponsusable nuclear materials. India cannot sustain the IAFS process on the basis of freebies alone. The demand for establishing a truly autonomous nuclear regulatory authority has been http://www. It has clarified that its verdict will not touch ongoing probes by the Central Bureau of Investigation and the Enforcement Directorate into illegalities committed in the allocation of coal blocks. (iii) There is a need to revamp the Line of Credit approach to projects as it has rarely delivered the intended results. India should. to disgorge the windfall gains made by the players in the scam. subject to constitutional principles being adhered to. on its own. but it has already sent out a clear message that it will no more countenance arbitrary and illegal allocation of natural resources. and this resulted in unfair distribution of national wealth. and the greater willingness of our private sector to engage the continent. in essence. African countries should be invited to become co-stakeholders in the process. to bring to book those guilty of criminal conduct.iasexamportal. (iv) We should harness our assets in Africa. They may calculate the impact on financial firms with exposure to this sector. However. been unable to perform its regulatory functions effectively.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals income level comparable to most African nations. is tasked with regulating the safety and security aspects of the country’s civilian nuclear facilities. Blow for public integrity The Supreme Court verdict holding coal block allocations made since 1993 illegal confirms a longknown. Those who consider the public interest paramount and are concerned about good governance and the integrity of institutions will doubtless welcome this judgment. Political parties may seek to blame one another. and third. second. Rather. Even though many Indian analysts and officials dismiss the NTI ranking as being uninformed. Instead. it is not an autonomous body as it depends on the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) for all practical purposes.com/civilservices/magazine . such as the Indian diaspora there. to save the mining and power sectors from the consequences of the illegal allocations. the approach was ad hoc and casual. (ii) While the African Union Commission can be a political umbrella for the IAFS process. Some may fret over the viability of existing projects and the fate of investments already made. The tasks that remain are.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. sticks to the constitutional norms the Supreme Court has been applying since the time it cancelled 122 telecom licences in 2012 based on the finding that illegal allocation of 2G spectrum had been made. there is a need to take a critical look at the proposed Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority. Instead. Currently. as a result. New Delhi needs to take such criticism seriously given its longstanding desire to mainstream itself into the global nuclear order including gaining membership to key international export control cartels such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). It has. etc. established in 1983 through a gazette notification. but little-acknowledged malaise pervading the administration: cronyism often overshadowing merit. and systems and processes being undermined by power and influence. The judgment also exempts 12 coal blocks linked to Ultra-mega Power Projects that were allotted on the basis of competitive bidding. relevance of our developmental model. it has rightly pointed out the absence of an independent nuclear regulatory mechanism in India with the mandate to ensure that high standards of safety and security are observed in India’s civilian nuclear facilities. a Constitution Bench has now calibrated the law that once tended to make competitive auction the sole basis for the exploitation of natural resources.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. The court will deliberate on the consequences of its findings in further hearings. There was no fair and transparent 106 procedure. Of course. and given some policy leeway to the government to adopt alternative methods. as the judgment points out. All these factors will now be weighed by the Court when it sits again to decide whether to cancel the allocations or find a just alternative. greater support should be given to private sector-driven projects through initiatives like lower interest rates. The judgment. the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB). a growing acceptance of the quality of our healthcare and educational facilities. The sweeping nature of the finding that allocation of coal blocks through the government dispensation route as well as through a non-statutory ‘screening committee’ suffered from arbitrariness is a fierce indictment of successive governments. choose both the recipients for our developmental cooperation and the manner in which we plan to extend it. While the NTI ranking has been criticised for a variety of reasons including inadequacies in its methodology. Given this context. rendering it difficult to apportion blame on any particular party or regime. first.

Since the Bill will now have to be reintroduced in Parliament. In 1997. by notification. premises and activities. It is unknown how many of the amendments suggested by the standing committee have been incorporated by the DAE. Before the NSRA Bill is reintroduced in Parliament. However. there has not been any movement so far on that front.iasexamportal.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. radioactive material. the question is this: who will oversee the safety and security of the strategic facilities and programmes for which there is currently no regulatory authority? The Bill mentions that new regulatory bodies can be created to regulate the strategic programmes. The NSRA Bill is explicit on the ability of the government to control the regulator: “the Central Government may. with powers delegated to it by the latter.” The NSRA also does not say which facilities would be put under the new authority — currently. facilities. was critical of the functioning of the AERB as well as the proposed NSRA Bill and stated in its report that the “DAE should seriously reexamine the provisions of the Bill and take necessary steps urgently so as to ensure that the nuclear regulator becomes an independent and credible body at par with similar regulators in other Countries. The Bill. Environment and Forests” in 2012 that the NSRA lacks autonomy. http://www. the premises. Even though the Union government.” So. the AERB can only oversee the civilian facilities. However.com/civilservices/courses Selected Articles from Various Newspapers & Journals a long-standing one.” In other words. the Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority (NSRA) Bill was drafted by the DAE and submitted to the Union Cabinet for approval. is far from satisfactory even though the DAE has made the assurance that the Standing Committee’s recommendations would be seriously considered. Another issue is the exclusion of the NSRA from the purview of RTI Act. the NSRA Bill. concluded that “the legal status of AERB continues to be that of an authority subordinate to the Central Government. the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of Parliament also produced a report in 2013 entitled “Activities of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board” in which it agreed with the view taken by the CAG on the functioning of the AERB.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. thereby reducing the requirement for the regulator to be transparent. not exceeding six months. as it stands today. tabled in Parliament in August 2012. verification of compliance with the regulations and enforcement of the same in the cases of non-compliance. The PAC also highlighted the observation made by the “Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology. as a result. the Raja Ramanna Committee report had recommended that the Atomic Energy Act (1962) should be amended to enhance the effectiveness of the nuclear regulatory system in the country. even the NSRA. in the light of the observations made by the standing committee and the CAG. had directed the DAE to suggest the necessary amendments to the 1962 Act. the DAE should try and accommodate the eminently useful suggestions given by the standing committee and other independent experts. as currently envisioned by the DAE. as may be specified in the notification. has now lapsed and will have to be reintroduced in the new Lok Sabha. in 2000. The Bill states that “the Central Government may.com/civilservices/magazine 107 . it should be created in law and should be able to exercise necessary authority in the setting of regulations. Finally. for the purposes of national defence and security. The DAE note that sought approval from the Cabinet to introduce the Bill in Parliament had cited both the Mayapuri and the Fukushima accidents as the factors that contributed to the urgency to strengthen the country’s nuclear regulatory mechanism.” Following the CAG report. does not propose the establishment of a truly autonomous regulatory authority.” The CAG report. The Council of Nuclear Safety to be established by the NSRA Bill — with the Prime Minister as the Chair and mostly government representatives as members — will be a very powerful body with the power to appoint the chairperson and members of the new regulatory body. The Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee had recommended the creation of other bodies to do so. The PAC. end up having a governmentcontrolled regulator all over again. it was the Mayapuri radiation accident (New Delhi) in 2010 and the Fukushima disaster (Japan) of 2011 that served as a wake-up call for the DAE. there is a need to strengthen the powers of the regulatory authority that it proposes to set up. the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India had undertaken a “Performance Audit on Activities of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board. nothing substantial happened for almost a decade. supersede the Authority for such period. exempt any nuclear material. We will. This will diminish the powers of the regulator since it will be subordinate to the Council chaired by the Prime Minister. Even as the DAE was preparing to table the NSRA Bill in Parliament. assets and areas associated with material and activities from the jurisdiction of the Authority. first introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2011. For this purpose.” and recommended to the government to “ensure that the nuclear regulator is empowered and independent. In 2011.

Children Welfare Committee (CWC) was also created under the act in order to give children care and protection to those who needs it. Juvenile justice system is to protect all the children. Lots of cases related to misconduct in juvenile home regularly come in news. CWC provides care for children who have been misplaced by violence. Other problem is related to adequate infrastructure for all the children who are below the age of 18. And in between 7 to 12 years of age it is to be tested that have they developed the mental capacity to form their own opinion. If JJB finds out that child has committed a crime their will not be any punishment attached he can only be send for community service or counseling or can be send to special home etc.com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. lost their parents etc. http://www. Juvenile justice system look into the special circumstances which juvenile faces and decide the deterrent towards wrong doing accordingly.com/civilservices/magazine . Juvenile justice act(JJA) which came into force in 2000 is applicable to whole of India.iasexamportal. while looking into the difference of thinking and maturity they have.Child under JJA is defined as anyone below the age of 18 years. Juvenile justice board has social workers as members along with magistrate. Although the act best provisions but in practice there are still flaws to be resolved. A child dealt with by the JJB does not suffer any disqualification attached to conviction for an offence. In a country like India records are not kept properly so it becomes extremely difficult to find out whether a child has attend the age of 18 years. In actual practice we also see problems in the functioning of juvenile home.com/civilservices/courses Delhi University FYUP Row JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM The word ‘juvenile’ originatesfrom Latin word ‘juvenis’. There is also a debate related to serious crime committed by children below the age of 18 years. JJA have provisions for police station as well. But after Juvenile justice act all children below the age of 18 cannot be punished but only measures to improve their behavior can be taken. Provisions of the act :Under this act separate judicial 108 system named as Juvenile Justice board (JJB)have been created and only they have the authority to deal with children.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. Indian penal code says that any child below the age of 7 cannot be charged under any crime because they cannot form their own opinion. Debate is whether more severe sanctions should be put in order to bring justice and fairness to the victim and his family. Juvenile justice system is an offshoot of criminal justice system. The Criminal Justice System (CJS) is a system which decide the rules for society and also provide the sanctions when behavior is deterrent towards the social fabric. Some problems have been seen in the actual working of the act. every police station should have special cell to care of children and police officer dealing with children should take special training. This legislation came in order to make India coherent with the legislation passed in UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. which means young. In justice system it is believed that Juvenile needs special care because of their tender age and underdeveloped mind.

This programme will help government in reducing the costs substantially by migrating users from high-cost channels (in-person) to low-cost ones (transactional websites). G2C will include the services provides government to citizen similarly G2B and G2G will include services provided to business house and government employees respectively. In order to achieve all above use of Information technology is a necessity. In governance rarely any issue involve single department more often than not multiple department and ministries are involved. Another important purpose for this programme is that it will serve the poor. less flexibility and it less takes lot of time to get response from the government officials. Ultimate objective of any technology is to serve the people and make the life easier for them. This is an ambitious programme to “transform India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy”. Multi-channel access through web. But the expense to provide traditional services and to extend around-theclock availability to those services can be astronomical. Ultimate objective is when people are also involved in what kind of services they want.in will involve citizens in the decision making process.iasexamportal.com/civilservices/courses Delhi University FYUP Row E-GOVERNANCE Government in present era has to be SMART. Citizens also need to visit lot of places in order to complete a single work. Initiatives like MyGov. As even the best technological advances can be undermined by simple breakdowns in the collaboration and communication. Citizens want simple processes which take less time and energy. The Government of India formulated the National eGovernance Plan in order to improve the services provided to citizen. http://www.e.nic. Technology advances on the one hand will open lots of new services for the citizen while other hand it will increase the expectation of citizen from the government. G2C. Processes in India generally contain lot of paper work. citizens want a government which is simple. Citizens also want that interactions between the government and them should be smooth and being the primary owner of the information citizen should be provided with all the information. It has been the focus of new government to increase the coherency between the departments to make the decision making process smooth.com/civilservices/magazine 109 .com Click Here to Subscribe PRINT COPY of Civil Services Mentor Magazine http://iasexamportal. phone or text message can offer constituents access through those channels that suit their needs and preferences.Join Online Coaching For IAS Pre & Mains Exams http://iasexamportal. business houses and within the organization. It is now believed in order to provide more and more services use of ICT is a necessity. Department of Electronics and Information Technology (Deity) will look into its execution. A significant challenge in the process of e-governance is also to maintain inter departmental flow of dialogue. accountable. Government will have to fulfill the expectations which citizen put on them. G2B and G2G. In order to achieve all the above objectives government approved the Digital India programme. responsive and transparent. Due to their poor background and education they are also least equipped to use ICT. Digital India is phased programme with the year of completion as 2018. moral. At present there are three aspects of egovernance i. Success of any technological advancement depends upon the willingness of the employee. Poor are the most vulnerable class which has to face problems due to tardy government processes.

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