# Stiffness matrix problem with cantilever

Determine the member end forces of the members in the following structure.
E = 200 GPa
I = 100 x 10-6 m4
A = 50 x 10-3 m2

Member 1 connected to 1 and 2
Length

3

AE/L

3333333.33

E

2.00E+08

12EI/L^3

17777.78

I

2.00E-04

6EI/L^2

26666.67

A

5.00E-02

4EI/L

53333.33

cos

1

2EI/L

26666.67

sin

0

Force

Stiffness matrix local axes K
0.00

-3333333.33

0.00

0.00

FEF

3333333.33

py1

0.00

17777.78

26666.67

0.00

-17777.78

26666.67

M1

0.00

26666.67

53333.33

0.00

-26666.67

26666.67

px2

-3333333.33

0.00

0.00

3333333.33

0.00

0.00

u2

0

py2

0.00

-17777.78

-26666.67

0.00

17777.78

-26666.67

v2

15

M2

0.00

26666.67

26666.67

0.00

-26666.67

53333.33

θ2

-22.5

=

0.00

Defle

px1

u1

0

v1
x

θ1

15
+

22.5

00 -937.00 0.00 v2 0 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 53333.00 0.00 0.00E+08 12EI/L^3 937.00 0.00 17777.00 3333333.00 0.00 20000.00 26666.00 0.00 17777.00 0.33 0.00 -26666.00 -3333333.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 53333.78 26666.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -26666.67 53333.00 0.00 0.00 u3 0 py3 0.00 -1250000.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.33 KxT TT x K x T = Stiffness matrix global axes 3333333.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3333333.00 0.00 0.33 0.78 -26666.00 17777.00 937.00 -17777.67 26666.00 0.00 u2 0 py2 0.00 A 5.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 -17777.00 0.00 0.67 -3333333.67 0.00 E 2.67 0.00 -26666.00 0.67 0.67 0.00 -3750.00 0.00 0.00 M2 = x θ2 + 0 px3 -1250000.33 0.67 0.00 0.50 -3750.00 0.00 1.78 26666.00 0.00 0.00 10000.50 -3750.00 0.67 -3333333.00 cos 1 2EI/L 10000.00 sin 0 Force Stiffness matrix local axes K Defle FEF px2 1250000.00 -937.00 q3 0 .67 26666.00 0.00 0.67 26666.00 0.67 0.67 53333.00 0.00 -26666.78 -26666.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 3750.00 0.00 1250000.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 17777.00 0.00 0.00 10000.33 0.00 0.00E-02 4EI/L 20000.00 3750.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 26666.00 -3333333.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 26666.Transformation Matrix 1.33 Member 2 connected to 2 and 3 Length 8 AE/L 1250000.78 26666.00 Transformation Matrix Transposed 1.00 -3750.00 -17777.00E-04 6EI/L^2 3750.00 1.00 -26666.50 I 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 3750.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.33 0.00 0.67 26666.78 26666.78 -26666.00 0.00 0.50 3750.00 0.00 0.00 3333333.00 -17777.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 937.00 1.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 20000.00 v3 0 M3 0.00 26666.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.67 0.00 0.

00 θ4 0 Transformation Matrix -0.50 -3750.80 -0.00 cos -0.00 0.00 0.00 -1250000.00 M2 = x θ2 + 0 px4 -2000000.00 0.00 0.80 0.00 8000.00 0.00 TT x K x T = Stiffness matrix global axes 1250000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Member 3 connected to 2 and 4 Length 5 AE/L 2000000.00 0.00E-02 4EI/L 16000.00 0.00 -3750.00 0.00 E 2.00 -4800.00 0.00 0.50 3750.00 0.00 0.00 4800.00 0.00 1920.00 sin -0.00 -3750.00 3750.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 4800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 v4 0 M4 0.00E+08 12EI/L^3 I 1.00 0.00 0.00 4800.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1920.00 0.00 -2000000.Transformation Matrix 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 937.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20000.00 8000.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 16000.00E-04 6EI/L^2 A 5.00 u4 0 py4 0.00 -937.00 0.60 -0.00 v2 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.50 3750.00 10000.00 .00 1.00 0.00 0.00 1920.00 -4800.00 0.00 4800.00 0.00 1.00 1250000.80 -0.60 0.00 2000000.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 1.00 -1920.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 4800.50 -3750.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 2EI/L 8000.00 0.00 0.00 10000.00 0.00 0.00 0.8 Force 1920.00 0.00 0.00 -937.00 0.00 20000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Stiffness matrix local axes K Defl FEF px2 2000000.00 0.00 937.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3750.00 -4800.00 -4800.00 0.00 -1250000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 u2 0 py2 0.00 0.00 16000.00 0.

20 -2880.20 -2880.Transformation Matrix Transposed -0.40 -3840.00 TT x K x T = Stiffness matrix global axes 721228.00 -959078.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 959078.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 2880.80 959078.00 0.20 2880.00 0.00 16000.00 16000.80 -959078.40 -3840.40 1280691.60 0.00 2880.00 -721228.00 0.00 -0.00 3840.60 0.80 959078.00 -3840.00 3840.40 -1280691.00 -0.00 .40 1280691.40 3840.00 0.00 2880.00 -0.80 0.80 -0.00 0.40 -1280691.00 0.00 -959078.00 -721228.40 3840.80 0.80 -959078.00 8000.00 -2880.00 0.00 0.80 -0.00 959078.60 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 8000.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2880.00 -3840.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 721228.00 1.

0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -721228.7 26666.3 0.4 1299406.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 937.0 v1 -22.0 0.0 3750.3 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 10000.0 10000.0 + -22.5 px2 -3333333.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 -3333333.0 0.0 0.5 -25796.7 89333.0 3750.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 20000.0 17777.0 v1 15.0 0.0 0.4 -3840.8 959078.7 0.0 0.0 0.7 89333.0 0.0 Take fixed end forces across and set rows and columns that have 0 deflection = 0.0 0.0 -26666.5 = x θ2 u3 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8000.0 u2 -15 0.5 -3750.7 26666.0 8000.7 3840.0 -17777.0 -17777.0 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 3750.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2880.0 -1250000.0 0.0 on the main diagonal.0 u3 0.3 0.0 0.0 -25796.0 -721228.0 0.5 -3750.5 M3 0.0 0.0 py3 0.0 0.0 θ4 0.0 v3 0.0 θ2 px3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -959078.0 0.0 26666.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 u1 -15 0.0 0.0 0. 0 3333333.0 -937.0 0.0 0.Structural Stiffness px1 3333333.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -25796.0 22.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 v4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -26666.0 0.7 26666.0 0.8 26666.7 0.0 1.0 0.8 -959078.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -3750.0 0.0 -3840.0 1250000.0 0.0 0.0 v2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 959078.0 -2880.0 0.4 3840.1 959078.8 -26666.7 53333.0 0.0 -1250000.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10000.0 0.4 -1280691.0 0.0 0.0 5304562.8 -26666.8 26666.0 -17777.0 0.0 θ3 0.0 u2 0.0 0.0 20000.0 0.0 0.0 959078.0 26666.0 0.0 0.0 -1250000.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 u4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 959078.1 959078.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 2880.0 16000.0 py2 0.0 0.0 0.5 3750.8 26666.0 0.0 px4 0.5 -25796.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 26666.0 0.2 -2880.0 0. Make sure that you have a 1.0 0.2 2880.4 1280691.8 -959078.0 0 0.5 0.0 26666.0 3840.0 0.0 0.0 -3840.3 0.4 -1280691.0 = x 15.0 0.8 26666.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 M4 0.0 0.2 2880.0 0.0 17777.0 -17777.0 py4 0.0 v2 M2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 26666.0 0.0 θ1 22.0 v3 0 0.0 0.0 0.4 3840.0 0 0.4 3840.7 0.0 θ1 0 -3333333.7 0.3 0.4 1299406.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10000.0 0.0 0.0 -1250000.3 0.7 3840.0 0.0 0.0 721228.0 1250000.0 0.0 -959078.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 u1 0.0 -3750.0 0.4 -3840.0 0.0 0.0 -937.3 0.0 0.0 M1 0.7 53333.0 0.0 -3333333.0 py1 0.0 5304562.

757E-05 0.00 8.0 0 θ4 0.048E-05 4.122E-05 -6.0 0.0 0 θ3 8.0 -15 θ1 -6.532E-05 -3.0 0.908E-04 -1.18217E-03 θ1 4.0 0.243E-04 -6.162E-04 -6.45006E-03 v3 0.0 0.091E-04 0.0 0.048E-05 0.573E-05 0.0 0.0 0.757E-05 0.048E-05 0.083E-04 -1.057E-04 0.00 0.057E-04 -6.0 0.911E-05 8.0 0.0 1.532E-05 4.0 0.048E-05 -1.0 0.911E-05 0.62171E-04 u4 0.00 0.0 0 v1 -1.0 0.0 0.0 0.048E-05 4.00 0.538E-04 -1.0 0.0 0.688E-05 0.057E-04 2.0 -15 q2 -6.5 u2 4.0 0.0 22.0 0.243E-04 0.0 0.243E-04 9.00 2.048E-05 4.908E-04 1.0 0.057E-04 -6.00 0.0 0.0 0.5 u3 4.00 8.532E-05 4.0 0.0 0.0 θ3 6.0 0.834E-05 4.0 0.532E-05 -3.083E-04 -3.048E-05 4.0 0.083E-04 -1.0 0.243E-04 -6.573E-05 -2.159E-05 0.0 0.083E-04 -3.0 θ4 0. u1 4.048E-05 4.0 0 v4 0.0 1.0 0.0 v4 0.057E-04 -6.00 0.243E-04 -6.0 0.297E-04 4.45006E-03 v2 -4.0 0.95324E-04 6.00 1.000E+00 7.00 8.911E-05 8.377E-05 -7.757E-05 0.911E-05 0.0 0.834E-05 -1.757E-05 -6.0 -22.122E-05 -6.0 0.0 0.0 x .083E-04 -3.00 -2.0 0.0 0 v3 0.0 0.159E-05 -2.0 0.0 0.757E-05 0.0 0.048E-05 -7.0 0.95324E-04 = u2 6.0 0 u4 0.0 0.00 0.85244E-03 θ2 u3 = 4.00 -6.00 0.083E-04 0.048E-05 4.048E-05 4.000E+00 0.243E-04 5.45006E-03 v1 -7.0 0 u1 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.Invert the modified stiffness matrix and multiply by the force vector.057E-04 9.757E-05 2.086E-04 -1.0 0.048E-05 4.0 0 v2 -3.377E-05 4.0 1.00 -2.0 0.122E-05 -6.083E-04 0.0 0.

00 -17777.00 20000.00 0.00 20000.45006E-03 0 py2 0.33 0.5 -0.00000E+00 0 M3 0.50 = px2 + 0.00 -17777.00 17777.00 15 30.67 53333.00 py2 0.85244E-03 x 4.00 1250000.00 6.45006E-03 py3 0.00 M1 -22.95324E-04 0 + 0 px3 -1250000.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.67 26666.00 0.00 15 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18217E-03 x 4.00 0 .50 3750.00 -26666.50 -3750.78 -26666.00 -937.00 0.78 -26666.5 6.Member Forces Member 1: px1 3333333.21 = -1.00 -26666.00 -937.67 0.00 6.95324E-04 -22.67 0.85244E-03 15 M2 0.00 3750.00 -3333333.67 26666.00 937.33 0.00 3750.67 px3 0.33 0.00 0.62171E-04 0 px2 -0.00 26666.00 6.00 6.00 26666.78 26666.5 -45.00 -3750.00 0.00 M2 -22.00 M2 0.00 -3750.21 M3 0.67 -4.67 53333.00 0.00 0.00 py1 -15.00 = 0 0.00 10000.00 22.45006E-03 0 -7.78 26666.50 -22.33 4.50 -3750.67 px2 -3333333.00 17777.5 -1250000.00 0.67 0.00 py2 M2 -0.95324E-04 15 + 22.00 0.00 10000.00 3333333.00 = 0.00 0 -0.45006E-03 0 py1 M1 = px1 -0.00 -4.00 937.00 Member 2: px2 1250000.00 py2 15.00 0.00 py3 0.50 3750.33 0.33 0.

00 -4800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 4800.00 -4800.00 0.00 0.19166E-05 v2 8.80 0.45006E-03 -4.95324E-04 u4 0 v4 0 θ4 0 px2 2000000.00 -4800.95324E-04 x 0 0 0 .07151E-03 θ2 = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85244E-03 x 4.00 -1920.00 0.00 16000.83 py4 -17.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.67 px4 -23.95324E-04 4.00 8000.00 0.00 -1920.00 0.19166E-05 py2 0.87 M4 42.00 8.00 0.00 6.00 4800.83 py2 17.07151E-03 M2 0.60 -0.00 1.00 0.00 -2000000.87 M2 = 46.60 0.00 0.80 0.00 8000.00 0.Member 4: First bring deformations to local axes u2 -0.71 4.80 -0.00 1920.60 -0.00 0.00 py4 0.00 2000000.00 0.0 v2 θ2 = u2 1.60 0.00 -2000000.00 16000.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 -4800.00 0.00 1920.00 0.00 4800.00 u4 0.00 0.00 M4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 θ4 0.00 px4 = px2 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4800.00 0.00 0.80 -0.00 0.0 v4 0.