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EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory

1

Experiment 7

Fall

Experiment 7
LEDs and Zener Diodes

American University of Beirut

2013

....EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 2 Experiment 7 Table of Contents I............................. 6 III........................................................ 5 B4.................................. 8 Exercise A-2: LED Reverse Region .............................................. LED reversed characteristics ......................................................................................................... 7 IV............................................................................................................................... Appendix: In Lab Report........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 A....... LED Conduction angle .. 3 II...........................................................................................10 Exercise B-2: Zener Regions ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ LED forward characteristics ................. Outcomes .................................................... Zener Diode Characteristics Analysis ...........................11 Exercise B-4: Zener Line Regulation ............. 8 Exercise A-1: LED Forward Region .... 9 Exercise A-3: LEDs Conduction Angle .............................................................................................................................. Objectives ..............................................12 ..................................... Material and Procedure ..... 6 B5.............. Zener diode load regulation ............................................................................................................. 5 B2................................. 5 B1................................................. Zener Diode line regulation....... 3 A3........................12 Exercise B-5: Zener Load Regulation ...................... 4 Zener Diodes ............. B............... 3 A1......................................................................... 3 A2........... Zener Diode Characteristics ...........10 Exercise B-1: Zener Voltage ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Zener Forward voltage ............................................................................... 5 B3............................................................................ Light Emitting Diodes ..............

OBJECTIVES In this experiment you will learn how to:   Investigate the characteristics of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and some of their applications. .EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 3 Experiment 7 I. Starting from a value of 0. A-1 using the red light emitting diode (LED). LIGHT EMITTING DIODES Procedure A1. Plot the forward and reverse characteristics of the LED and determine the incremental resistance of the diode in the forward and reverse conducting regions. Do not exceed 30 mA of current in the diode. Figure ‎A-1: LED Circuit Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise A-1 A2.5 V. MATERIAL AND PROCEDURE A. Investigate the characteristics of Zener diodes and calculate their voltage regulation. increase VS in steps of 0.1 with the diode connection reversed. LED FORWARD CHARACTERISTICS Connect the circuit of Fig.1 V and measure the LED voltage and current for each VS. II. LED REVERSED CHARACTERISTICS Repeat Part A.

does the power dissipated in the reverse direction serve any useful purpose? How can it be eliminated? . using the oscilloscope. A-2. Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise A-3 Discussion on Part A • If VS = 12 V DC. choose the series resistor to give 20 mA through the red LED.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 4 Experiment 7 Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise A-2 A3. • In the circuit of Fig. Carefully measure the voltage levels and conduction angles in the forward and reverse directions. Draw the load line. Figure ‎A-2: LED Circuit using AC input   Compare the measured values with those predicted from the value of VS and the diode characteristics. LED CONDUCTION ANGLE Connect the circuit of Fig. A-2 using the red LED. Calculate the power dissipated in the forward and reverse directions.

Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise B-2 B3. ZENER DIODE CHARACTERISTICS Reduce the value of VS in steps of 0.  Calculate the value of the Zener resistance rZ. Figure ‎B-1: Zener Diode Circuit Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise B-1 B2.  What is the minimum value of VS required to get Zener diode breakdown? Take additional measurements around this minimum VS to answer the following two questions:   What is the value of the knee Zener voltage. VZK? What is the value of knee Zener current. B-1 and measure VZ when VS is 15 V.5 V. Calculate the power dissipation in the Zener diode. and measure VZ and IZ. ZENER DIODES B1. IZK? . ZENER FORWARD VOLTAGE Procedure Connect the circuit shown in Fig. ZENER DIODE CHARACTERISTICS ANALYSIS Plot a curve of IZ versus VZ.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 5 Experiment 7 B.

The line regulation is the ratio of the change in VZ to the change in VS. provided that the diode is in the Zener region.7 KΩ. ZENER DIODE LINE REGULATION Apply a VS of 3 VAC peak-to-peak with a frequency of 500 Hz. 1 KΩ. and 220 Ω. The resulting VS is of the form    Measure VZ. DC level. provided that the diode is in the Zener region. 2. What is the DC (average) value of VZ? What is the AC component in VZ? Find the line regulation of the Zener diode. 680 Ω. ZENER DIODE LOAD REGULATION With VS = 12 V DC.2 KΩ. superimposed on a 12 V ( ) Volts.  For what range of load resistors does the Zener diode regulate the load voltage?  What is the load regulation of the Zener diode? Note The load regulation is defined as the ratio of the change in VZ to the change in ILOAD. Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise B-4 B5. 470 Ω. Measure the Zener voltage. and load current for the following values of RL: 56 KΩ. 4. 10 KΩ. Zener current. connect a load resistor RL in parallel with the Zener diode.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 6 Experiment 7 B4. Note The AC component in VZ can be calculated using the voltage divider formed by rZ and the resistor R. Exercise • Refer to in-lab 6 exercise B-5 . 22 KΩ.

OUTCOMES By the end of Experiment VII. students:    Are familiar with LED characteristics Are familiar with Zener characteristics Are able to calculate the line and load regulation for a Zener diode. the value of the resistor R should be chosen using the equation: III.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 7 Experiment 7 Discussion on Part B • How is the maximum current in a Zener diode determined? • How is the minimum current in a Zener diode determined? • Show that for a Zener voltage regulator. .

Vs 0.5V and measure the LED voltage and current for each Vs. Do not exceed 30mA of current in the diode.5 2 2.5 8 8.5 13 13.5 12 12.5 4 4.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 8 Experiment 7 IV.5 15 15.5 11 11. APPENDIX: IN LAB REPORT EXERCISE A-1: LED FORWARD REGION Connect the circuit of Figure A-1 using the red light emitting diode (LED). Starting from a value of 0.5 17 VLED ILED LED (ON/OFF) .5 14 14.5 5 5.5V.5 7 7.5 6 6.5 1 1. increase Vs in steps of 0.5 3 3.5 10 10.5 16 16.5 9 9.

5 9 9. Plot the forward and reverse characteristics of the LED and determine the incremental resistance of the diode in the forward and the reverse conducting regions.5 11 11.5 7 7.5 1 1.5 13 13. Vs 0.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 9 Experiment 7 EXERCISE A-2: LED REVERSE REGION Repeat Part A-1 with the diode connection reversed.5 12 12.5 16 16.5 6 6.5 5 5.5 2 2.5 17 VLED ILED LED (ON/OFF) .5 10 10.5 3 3.5 8 8.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 4 4.

EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 10 Experiment 7 EXERCISE A-3: LEDS CONDUCTION ANGLE Connect the circuit of Figure A-2. measure the voltage levels (positive and negative) and the conduction angle. Measured values Vz V . Vpositive (V) Vnegative (V) Time of Conduction (ms) Conduction Angle (Degrees) EXERCISE B-1: ZENER VOLTAGE Connect the circuit in figure B-1. measure Vz when Vs is 15 Volts.

5 3 3.5 11 11.5 14 14.5 7 7.5 2 2.5 8 8.5 10 10.5 V and measure Vz and Iz.5 13 13. Starting from a value of 0.5 1 1.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 11 Experiment 7 EXERCISE B-2: ZENER REGIONS Refer to circuit in figure B-1.5 9 9. increase VS in steps of 0. Vs 0.5 4 4.5 6 6.5 15 VZ IZ .5 V.5 12 12.5 5 5.

Measure the Zener voltage.2 KΩ 1 KΩ 680 Ω 470 Ω 220 Ω VZ (V) IZ (mA) ILoad (mA) . What is the DC (average) value of Vz (in V)? What is the AC component in Vz (in mV)? Measured values Vz (DC) V Vz (AC) mV EXERCISE B-5: ZENER LOAD REGULATION Connect a Load resistor RL in parallel with the Zener Diode. Zener current and Load current.7 KΩ 2.EECE 310L : Electric Circuits Laboratory 12 Experiment 7 EXERCISE B-4: ZENER LINE REGULATION Measure Vz . Resistor (Ω) 56 KΩ 22 KΩ 10KΩ 4.