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CONTENTS ROLL OF HONOUR PROCEEDLNGS OF THE SIXTEENTH GENERAL MEETING. .. 1919 INDEX TO THE PROCEEDINGS 69 STATEMENT OF ACCX)UNTS. ... Friday and Saturday. . 74 75 78 81 129 146 U8 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 157 Classical Association of South Australia 158 Classical Association of Victoria 159 3 . 70 APPENDIX Former Presidents of the Association Officers and Councel Rules Names and Addresses of Members Topographical List of Members Manchester and District Branch Birmingham and Midlands Branch Liverpool and District Branch Nottingham and District Branch London Branch Bristol Branch Northumberland and Durham Branch Cardiff and District Branch Leeds and District Branch Bombay Branch .. . 1918 16th.. 1917. May 16th AND 5 17th. DECEMBER TO DECEMBER 21st. ..........

nobly to BROADBENT. HUNTER. F.A.A. M. PAINE. W. birth W. L. M.'' K. DURNFORD. M. J. E. THOMPSON. M. R. HARDING LEWIS C. STUART. REV. A. them die.A. M. C.A..A. M.IRoll Of fbonour " Their names who dared For (hat sweet mother land which gave Nobly to do.A. PREEDY. E. B. M. B. H. S. B.Thboi.. E. W. W. B. B. MOULTON.. SOUTHWELL. PROFESSOR J.A. HEATH. M. M.A.D. G. B.A. MURRAY E. LORING. J. F.A. " Nobis meminisac reliotum " . Lrrr.A. L. C. D. C. G. R. D. FRY.D. HULTON. BELL.A.A. H.

Blakiston (President of Trinity College). wlia welcomed the Association. said that their visit to Oxford at a time when the minds of many people were agitated about a psssible conflict between classical and scientific studies was a good omen. he could not have been more surprised than I was to receive a gracious invitation to preside over this gathering of British scholars. 1919. ^ Except where otherwise stated. 5 iu th» . Friday. THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. Dr. the meetings were held Divinity Sehool. and had Magisier Nostrandu^ Ortuinus Graiius of Cologne. to whom most literature. I felt to have been sailing under false colours to have ever. May 16th MORNING SESSION The Rev.REPORT OF GENERAL MEETING. The Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum is great which I an exact gauge of two reasons— its standard is my scholarship. MAY 16th AND 17th. and particularly so because the Address on a classical subject was to be delivered by a distinguished Professor of Medicine. to refer for of the letters are addressed. I Early in the sixteenth century a literary joke sent inextinguishable laughter through the learned circles of Europe. been asked to join that wicked Erfurt Circle. HELD AT OXFORD^ ON FRIDAY AND SATURDAY.

of Medicine in this Chair gives — to the Oxford meeting an appropriate renaissance shall we say mediaeval ? flavour. Not an educated man in the Oxford sense. whose Rudimenta Grammatices and de Emendaia Structura Laiini Sermonis upheld for a generation. Reheved by the assurance that in alternate years the quahfication of your President was an interest in education and traditional small Latin literature. to have had the pleasure of listening to an address from a real Oxford scholar-physician. I gladly^accepted. most appreciative of audiences have storied memories of Linacre's voice. an early teacher of Greek in this University. yet faint memories of the classics linger — the result of ten years of such study as lads of my generation pursued. Tom Hood's lines memories best expressed in : The weary tasks I used to con The hopeless leaves I wept upon Most fruitless leaves to me ! ! ! In a of teaching and practice. on the Continent at least. a mere picker-up of life learning's crumbs is made humanities in science not To have a Professor to reahze the value of the less than in general culture. and the founder of the Royal College of Physicians. themselves an audience indeed. — . to know Hippocrates and Galen was to know disease and to be qualified to practise and my profession looks back in grateful admiration to such great medical humanists as Linacre — . suggested the possession of even the and less Greek. In those happy days. These noble walls. the reputation of English scholarship. anticipatory qualms as afflict however. not.« CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION by pen or tongue. and the basis of the keen judgment of Erasmus may have been formed by intercourse with him in this very school. and one may be pardoned — the regret that the meeting is not being held in May 1519. without such an amateur at the thought of addressing a body of experts.

that put the microcosm into Hne with the macrocosm. some salt of which remains from early association. I was going to say the only but it is more civil to say the most — progressive of the learned professions. To a childhood and youth came echoes of the controversy that Aristarchus began. at any rate. Copernicus continued. victory (and in my with wit enough to realize its final case. to own its significance) privilege. Nor can I claim to speak for pure science.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. to be left. and for the golden age of Eden substituted the telliis dura of Lucretius. to have shared in its long have witnessed struggle. hostile. to have hved in a world re-making these are among the thrills and triumphs of the Victorian of my generation. live through. To have lived right through an epoch. . blazed a path Picture the mental state of a community which could produce Omphalos— an attempt to untie the geological knot ! I heard warm clerical discussions on its main thesis." by which happy phrase Brother Herp designates mediaeval mysticism and not a bad thing for a young man to Creation. the distinguiahed naturalist Philip Henry Gosse. that the fossils were put into the earth's — ! ^ strata to test men's faith in the Mosaic account of the and our Professor of Natural Theology lectured upon it The intellectual unrest of those days wrapped many in that " dyvine cloude of unknowynge. as sufficient infection usually him enable to understand. and Darwin ended. — to have done this has been a wonderful To have outgrown age-old theories of Man and of Nature. matched only by two in the story of the race. seriously ! . mental states alien or even * By if remains to not to sympathize with. Think of the Cimmerian darkness out of which our generation has. T and Caius and Rabelais. and from a lifelong attempt to correlate with art a science which makes medicine. I trust. to have seen west separated from east in the tangled skein of human thought.

Atlantean.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION « An Age Nature. among possibilities of human effort. to the conquest of the earth was added the control of the air of the deep. with the wreckage of mediaeval autonomy to clear up. Man's Redem'ption Man with the well-known hnes of Shelley beginning " Happiness and Science dawn though late upon the of And now having survived the greatest war and a great victory. also glorious victories of peace pestilences were cheeked. of glorious sacrifices. the cry of the poor became articulate. Never before in its long evolution has the race realized Our fathers have told us. as usual. past four years have exhausted in every direction the And. and to help the life of the other. great purpose of a scattered people. the purging of a nation's dross in the fire of suffering and sacrifice. Nor was it only an age of Never before had man done so much for his brother. I ended an address on life ! In 1910. radiant energy revealed the hidden secrets of matter. Bearing on shoulders immense. the nations the chief burden has fallen on that weary Titan. . but the known. has advocates. and our hopes are to rebuild Jerusalem in this green and pleasant land. and the welding in one Even Montaigne. submerged half became a sacred duty of the How full we were of the pride of at Edinburgh. . and we its full capacity. our fears are lest we may fail to control the fretful forces of Caliban. the load Well nigh not to be borne Of the too vast orb of her fate. to plead the heroic clash of ideals. ourselves have earth. of Force followed the final subjugation of The dynamo replaced the steam-engine." ! in history. but she developed a spirit No wonder war that made defeat impossible. the Motherland. the victory over the powers of Nature meant and the mastery Force. Not alone did she furnish the sinews of war.

nation off its feet. the concentrated and prolonged martyrdom surpasses anything man has yet had to endure. But there are other sides which we should face without shrinking. and something worse the hardened — —so grapliically described in Book II of the Republic. too. When waking dream becomes a and a herd-emotion of hate sweeps a the wild beast of Plato's reality. the things. — that forces us to do accursed heart. the wave professors. and in this great conflict the finer sense of humanity has been shocked to paralysis by the helplessness of our civilization and the futility of our rehgion to stem a wave of primitive barbarism. swept.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. Why dwell on the horrors such as we doctors and nurses have had to see ? Enough to say that war blasts the soul. and even to defend them ! I refer to it because. we stand aghast at the revelation of the depth and ferocity of primal passions which reveal the unchangcableness of cent of . ! human nature. Over us. lie in the soul. light. sanest of men. What a shock to the proud and mealymouthed Victorian who had begun to trust that Love was Creation's final law. forgetting that Egypt and Babylon are our contemporaries and of yesterday in comparison with the hundreds of thousands of years since the Cave-dwellers left their records on walls and In the mystic shadow of the Golden Bough. the desolation that follows is wider than that in France and Belgium. called it 9 " the greatest and most magnifi- actions " human and the glamours of its pride. but I protest against the selection of us for The other day. and circumstance still captivate. wider even than the desolation of grief. Black as are the written and unwritten pages of history. as we have been accused of sinning against the Of course we have. in an address on " The special blame. Comradeship of Letters " at Turin. pomp. President Wilson is 2 . and bones swayed by the emotions of our savage ancestors.

not more brutal than their fellows. barbarity ! Is ! . and the utilization if not gladly. men representing the chief Universities and eorry to have seen Sargent's picture " Gassed " in this year's It haunts the mind like a nightmare. and to their several nations scientific men render this service freely. of their discoveries in warfare should not be a greater reproach to them than is our joyous acceptance of their success. . sought out not the secrets of death but the secrets of life. who first invented aerial " machinations to plague the sons of men." A group of medical » I am Academy. and that there are this . That the mental attitude engendered by science is apt to lead to a gross materiahsm is a vulgar Scientific men. in mufti or in uniform. and to accomplish sainted Faraday and of of the the gentle Dalton are utilized to the full. What a change of heart after the appalling experience Nothing more piteously of the first gassing in 1915 horrible than the sufferings of the victims has ever been seen in warfare. and to say that science has been prostituted in discovering means of butchery ! is Slaughter. ments in technique and destructive force that would have delighted Nisroeh. and unrestricted.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 10 reported to have said : " It is one of the great griefs of war that the Universities of the Central Empires it used the thoughts of science to destroy mankind of States to redeem these Universities the of the is duty science from this disgrace and to show that the pulse of humanity beats in the classroom. wholesale to misunderstand the situation. are error. this is the discoveries what is sought.' Surely we could not sink to such ! But martial expedithy servant a dog ency soon compelled the Allies to enlist the resources of the instruction of our enemies was soon chemistry before the Armistice there were developand bettered." A pious and worthy wish but once in war a nation mobilizes every energy.

Not a pacifist. been published." theories read the " lessons of war which should have sufficed to convince a beetle " such were among the failure to — newspaper comments and in other ways we were given to understand that our interference in such matters was most untimely." Two an ordinary barbarian. worthy of the Oxydracians by means of Levin-bolts and Thunders and more horrible. All the same. Could a poll have been taken a week before the Armistice as to the moral justification of the bombing of years changed me into detailed tally of civilians killed . but the total figures quoted are not far behind the German. women and children by the bombing of open towns was received. but a slaughter of our innocent : ' last ditcher. and let not the undying reproach of humanity rest on us as on the Germans. Against reprisals there was at first a strong feeling. breaking. Early in 1916 1 wrote to the Times " The cry for reprisals illustrates the exquisitely hellish state of mind into which war plunges even sensible men.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. With what a howl of righteous indignation the . maiming. tearing and slaying more folk and confounding men's senses and throwing down more walls than would a hundred thunderbolts (Rabelais. It was a dirty and bloody business." and with infinite possibilities — for its further development " Steeped in folly bj'- —should be for ever abolished. " condemning its victims to death by long-drawn-out torture. more frightful. more diabolical. I believe.' yet I refuse to believe that as how bitter soever the provocation. we a nation. Book IV. shall stain In this matter our let us be free from bloodguiltiness. Ixi). ch. it is gratifying to see that the suggestion has been adopted at the Peace Congress. A by our airmen has not. hands in the blood of the innocent. and prepossessions. 11 medical bodies of the United Kingdom was innocent enough to suggest that such an unclean weapon the use of lethal gases.

We may deplore the necessity and lament. had been spared. And he could say. but possibly as a set-off. may by yet prove the best bulwark of civilization In his History of the Origin of Medicine (1778. of Babylonia. compels . else. '' No tumults. . many of Whose priests even His bishops were in khaki. : ! ! ! . no civil ! . . of Greece. science as represented cellulose and sulphuric acid. and quit themselves like men yes. we considered ourselves " Christians of the best edition. I should abhor. all picked and culled. To do what me now though damned." Science alone may prevent a repetition of the story of Egypt. — ! — — ! plunge the best of us Learning new or old ! — — seems a vain thing to save a nation. and scores died the death of heroes Into such hells of inconsistency does war All tlie same." and the churches remained open. with more than the three score and ten thousand who knew not the right hand from the left. as did a ! certain great personage . . p. prayers rose to Jehovah. : — yet public reason just Honour and empire with revenge enlarged . spanning a period of more than 200 years. 30) Lettsom maintains that the invention of firearms has done more to prevent the destruction of the human species than any other dis" Invention and discernment of mind covery he says have made it possible to reverse the ancient maxim that strength has ahvuys prevailed over wisdom. The suggestion seems brazen effrontery when wc have not even given Ah the world the equivalent of the Pax Romana what a picture of self-satisfied happiness in Plutarch One envies that placid life in the midst of the only great peace the world has known. and of Rome.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 12 — — Berlin for which we were ready how we should have howled at the proposer of any doubt And many Jonahs were displeased that a city greater than Nineveh.

^ With the the thinkers. may weaken as they pass out in circles. in the free democracies in which Demos with safety says " L'Etat c'est moi. Has Science reached such control over Nature that she will enable our civihzation to escape the law of the Ephesian. in which " not the great nor well bespoke. and the crowded how different streets with ! The crowded Blue Mosque of Cairo. vol. Let this be our hope in the present crisis. depopulating ." it has yet to be determined whether Science. . but the mere uncounted folk " sang Luther's great hymn Ein'' feste Burg ist timer Gott. one was a service in the Dom. For she had religion it may shock some of you to hear I mean the people.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 13 no tyrannies. nor both with the new science. followed an outburst of national megalomania. 100. Why the Goodwin's * And Pythian priestess. Surely those cultivated to deal with. At any rate. the outstanding fact of the war. can rule without invoking ruin. but the people for Huss 1 died. now that material civilization is worldwide cataclysmic forces. the thousands of kneeling ^loslems awaiting the cry of the Muezzin from the tower. no epidemic disease needing powerful and choice drugs and medicines " though as a Delphic priest there is a pathetic lament that the Pythian priestess has now only commonplace questions sedition. ^ men of his circle must have felt that their house could never be removed. the old religion combined with the old learning. powerful enough in centres of origin. iii. suffice to save a nation bent on The suicide of Germany. the other. (Plutarch's Morah. etc. not the writers or self-destruction. written on known all records panta rhei ? Perhaps so. edition). — ! whom Luther lived and Of the two devotional ceremonies which stand supreme in my memory. Two things are clear there must be a very diiferent civilization or there will be no civilization at all and the other is that neither . Berhn. as the embodiment of a mechanical force. . no pestilences nor calamities Greece. p.

and the monopoly of journals relating to the history of these subjects. like Jeshurun. heretofore free from enemies. you remember. Of the function of the classical members in this mwmecic community there can be no question. For what does this Association stand ? these classical interests that you represent familiar simile. nor slaves. Withal. for one scholar in other countries she had a dozen. nor neuters. you live in a well-protected social environment. And she had science. I hate to speak of you vision that he . and the proportion and Universities who studied Greek and Latin has been higher than in any other country. life Commerce. ! ! ! II So much preliminary to the business before us. You know better than I the innumerable classical of students in her Schools studies of her scholars. In classical learning relating and medicine she simply had the field. to meet changed conditions as practical men. By What ? are Take a a very simple trick. with the reinforcement born of hope or with the strong resolution of despair. Neither warriors. she in the Arts. and led the world in to science the application of the products of the laboratory to the —in and in and did What a ever such pride go before such destruction and Traube tragedy that the successors of Virchow and Hclmholtz and Billroth should have made her a " Lilies that fester smell byword among the nations " far worse than weeds uses of everyday War.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 14 Humanities Germany never broke. a seething mass going to and fro at their different tasks. — did Empcdocles give Mcnippus in the moou-halt the first stage of his memorable trip— such long and clear saw the tribes of men like a nest of ants. and have been well taken care of. waxed fat .

Soc. and the broad ventral service serves as a trough for the food. will play the same game and even steal the much sought liquid without any compensatory gift of nourishment.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 15 as larvae. Gilbert White used it ahnost as an equivalent English word. wasp distributes food to the larvae. no.'^ Swammerdam which calls it — ants display in feeding. but as such. So intensely altruistic. she must be paid by a draught of nectar from their exudatoria. But listen The larva is provided with a pair of rich to the sequel honey-bags in the shape of salivary glands.* ! 1 Professor Wheeler in Proceedings of Amer. Disturb a nest. assiduous V. The truth is really very different. big exudatoria from which is discharged an ambrosia greedily lapped up by the nurse. Let From earliest days much attention has in this explain. often predigested. while if it is not forthcoming the wasp seizes the head of the larva in her mandibles and jams it back The lazy males into its cell and compels it to pay up. 1918.A. Ivii. Phil. — has been shown that the nursing function or instinct In the case of the ant the nurse really trophallactic. It . who with this considers herself In the same manner. is this behaviour. there is a difficulty in finding an indeed. licking. apparently. you perform a duty of the greatest import me trophidium stage of your existence.'" which tenderest of all feelings. and the chief care is to take them to a place of safety. that expresses the for the very word " aropyTj. .D. is places the larva on its back. the heads of which eagerly protrude from their cells. when the well paid for her care. This attention is what our symphilic community — to use a biological term— bestows on you. been paid by naturalists to the incredible affection " incredible aropyij. 4. The skill among and devotion with which the wonders in the life this is done are of the insect to which moraUsts have never tired of urging a visit. and attending the larvae. vol.

toria. Though small in number. and graphs. remove the thyroid gland just below the Adam's apple. and you deprive man of the lubricants which enable his thought-engines to work— it is as if you cut off the oil- motor— and gradually the stored acquisitions of his mind cease to be available. expect from you ? Surely the honey-dew and the milk of paradise secreted from your classical exuda- What which we lap up greedily in recensions. and not without reason. for the very life of the workers depends on the hormones you secrete. before this do for the Our Association a historical evolution of the word Humanism. I like to think of the plcasanttlavourcd word as embracing all the knowledge of the ancient classical world— what man knew of nature as . monocommentaries. The normal processes of the supply of a skin cease. value. known. the men of your guild secrete materials which for society at largo individual. S. so careful of your comforts. what the th>Toid gland does The Humanities friend Mr. Among academic larvae you have for brochures. is a humming liive of working cells. centuries absorbed the almost undivided interest of the nest. like our endocrine organs. the hair falls. your group has an enormous kinetic For man's body. histories. caricature of humanity. which lubricate the wheels of life. are called hormones now are imnibcr a which of you is will rccognJEC from its derivation how appropriate the term. Allen read most suggestive paper on the are the hormones. all under central control of the brain and heart. even insignificant-looking structures). translations. and all dependent on materials called hormones (secreted by small. Now. too. the features bloat. For example. and within a year he sinks into dementia. and the paragon of animals is transformed into a shapeless These essential lubricators.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 16 docs the community at large. each with its specific function. P.

" B. as you may see by the name over the — — provided accommodation. 3 or. the fine and the technical arts. as . so commonplace that it has ceased to be marvellous. the name As true to-day as in the fifth century of Hellas stands no longer for the name of more a race. but as the name of knowledge tersely put by Maine. change in the eighty-seven years again. " Except the blind forces of Nature. nothing moves [intellectually. with different names sometimes. he means] in this world that is not Greek in origin.C. soil of Greece and Rome the models of our philosophies. ever-turning world ? One an Why of the marvels. is the deep rooting of our civilization in the much of our dogmatic rehgion. the all practically doors. — one is surprised to find them the same practically no Compare them. building Bodley's this invariableness in — the ideals of our democratic freedom. 1773 no change ! — Rashdall we may ! trace the story of the studies in Arts. the fundamentals of science. they have been through all the centuries essentially the same Greek and Latin authors. and metaphysical practically the seven hberal Arts for which. logic. But comparing the subjects those in the first in 1918 with printed papers of the School in 1831. — always were. with the subjects given in John Napleton's and with the help of Considerations. and the philosophies. The well as Greats " papers for the past decade make interesting With singular uniformity there is diversity study. moral. rhetoric. Let us sec what this University means by the Literae Humaniores. with those immortal lives " not of now or of yesterday but which literature. grammar." Man's Anabasis . natural. and the basis of our law. only to find that as far back as 1267. enough to bear high tribute to the ingenuity of the *' examiners.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 17 what he knew of himself. The Humanities bring the student into contact with the master minds who gave us these things with the dead who never die.

Rabanus Maurus. including the mathematicians. it is claimed. Many deny the art to find the mind's construction irk the face. prevents the development of learning in other and more useful directions and the method of teaching is said to be antiquated and out of touch with the present They control the academic life of Oxford. It is not tiic dominance. but surely not the possibility of diagnosing at Only in him is seen that a glance a " fu-st in Greats " ! .CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 18 from the old priest-ridden civilizations of the East began when " the light of reason lighted up all things. .. only fifty-one are scientific.'* with which saying Anaxagoras expressed our modern outlook on life. in those — teaching — by their fruits ye shall know them. And in Twas all very well days when wits were fresh and clear Hfe ran gaily as the sparkling Thames happy days when it was felt that all knowledge had been garnered by those divine men of old time. The Humanities have been a subject of criticism in two directions. Their overwhelming prominence. It is mitters not very polite perhaps to suggest that as transand interpreters they should not bulk quite so large in a modern University. An analysis of the Register for 1919 shows that of the 257 men comprising the Heads and Fellows of the . Patristic. Edmund's Hall). but the unequal dominance As to methods of that is a cause of just complaint. needs. that there was nothing left but to enjoy the good things harvested by such universal providers as Isidore. and those stronger dishes served by such artists as Albertus Magnus and St.. and Arabian savours. twenty-three colleges (including St. Thomas Aquinas delicious blends of such skill that only the palate of an Apieius could separate Greek. and Vincent of Beauvais. product of " Greats " needs no description in tliis The place.

Apart from mental discipline. done something " that not only elevates above the common herd. As a discipline of the mind for the few. may bring one railing accusation against his school and college. and recognize that except for the few in " Mods. Ingram Bywater. the system should not be touched. Yet we make boys and young men spend ten or more years on the study of Greek and Latin.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 19 altogether superior expression. few are the mystics. It the instrument neuro-muscular the is satisfactory to read that the Greek Curriculum Committee thinks " it is possible in a comparatively short time to acquire a really valuable knowledge of Greek." I am sure of it. of Milton. and to learn with accuracy and fair fluency some of the most important Greek literature. but leads not unfrequently to positions of considerable emolument. the value of the ancient languages is to give a key to their literatures. if the teacher will go to school to Montaigne and feed fat works in . and we should be ready to sacrifice a holocaust of undergraduates every year to produce in each generation a scholar of the type of. of having. Make the language an instrument to play with and to play with thoroughly. 'Tis Nature's method—does it not cost some thousands of eggs and fry to produce one salmon ? But the average man. that self-consciousness of having reached life's goal. in that pickled sentence of Dean Gaisford's Christmas sermon." "Many are the wand-bearers." and a system should not be judged by the exceptions. not of scholar timber. at the end of which time the beauties of the languages are still hidden because of the pernicious method in which they are taught. or mechanism by which to it is know how dissect played." and " Greats " is it is superfluous to constructed. and of Locke should have been neglected until recently. say. It passes my understanding how the more excellent way of Montaigne.

and Science sadly lacks the Humanities.* which have stirred the pool. which should never have taken place. While of all interests so agiTC that neither in the Public Schools nor in the older Universities arc the conditions at present in keeping with the urgent needs of the nation. and there is everywhere evidence of the value placed upon the ancient models but this wonder pales before . Humane. you of the elect this is pure camouflage the amateur but there is another side upon talking to the experts be said by one whose best may something which I feel Humanities is — . and whose breviary is Plutarch. Secondary . but for the average man whom to infect with the spirit of the To the greatest single gift in education. every chapter in whose two books appeals to me. has been officially recognized in the two reports edited by Sir Frederic Kenyon. science. the so-called Humanists have not enough friends have been the old Humanists. Ill The School of Literac Humaniores excites wonder in the extent and variety of the knowledge demanded. anabolic action from diverse is representatives most encouraging. This unhappy divorce. the specific is not to bo endowments alone. and cannot but be helpful. and I am not pleading for the " Greats " men.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 20 against that old scoundrel Protagoras a well-earned grudge for inventing grammar pace Mr. Livingstone. and Education. Paraphrasing Mark Twain's comment upon Christian Science. » and Education. or rather Plutarch gallicizcd by Montaigne. except those on grammar. but in the leaven which work a much needed change in both branches of scientific sought may in knowledge. I speak of course as a fool among the wise. To have got constructive. 1917. against which I have a medullary prejudice. 1919. Scientific and University.

and all of prime importance in modern education.^ The practical point for us here is that in the only Strange school dealing with the philosophy of the sources of the new science that human thought. were the Middle Ages. and " such. has made a new One gets even an world are practically ignored. it discovers truths which they could never reach.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 21 the gasping astonishment at what is not there. and it investigates the secrets of nature and opens to us a knowledge of the past and of the future. Roger Bacon. of the Ionian philosophers. inventing according to convenience. the very Few " Greats " men. fathers of your fathers. impression of neglect in the Schools. a reference. mastered his environment and had a modern outlook. " Content to be under clouds of false witnesses. Perhaps the anomalous position of science in our philosophical school is due to the necessary filtration. but the moving forces which have made the modern world are simply ignored. — is it not that one man alone. Twin berries on one stem. deceived. Yet they are all Hellenic. Of this the persistence of the Augustinian questions until late in the eighteenth century is an interesting indicaThe moulder of Western Christianity had not tion. a recognition. grievous damage has been done to both in regarding the Humanities and Science in any other complemental. I fear. Now and again a hint. or at any rate of scant treatment. as glad to welcome the forger and the cheat Lord Acton somewhere says. through ecclesiastical channels. of our than light classical knowledge. much use for science. all part and parcel of the Humanities in the true sense. to live in a twilight of fiction. could why tell why Hippocrates is a living fci'ce a modern scientific physician would to-day." — . indeed the preservation. or feel more at 1 How modem Bacon's outlook was may be judged from the following sentence: " Experimental science has three great prerogatives over all other sciences it verifies conclusions by direct experiment. and the Greek spirit was stifled in the atmosphere of the Middle Ages.

Except as a delineator of Erasistratus to. such as Sir Oliver Lodge or Sir Arthur Conan Doyle might envy. best in the passing sublunary world. what does the Oxford scholar know of Theophrastus. whose Governor." and " What an oyster's soul is " questions which indicate whence the modern like Aristarchus. than at any period in our Harvey. for the reason 1 Loeb Series. Pergamos. of Hero. — ! — ^ faster as he reads the story of Archimedes. the founder of modern botany. . whose is all that is College. is meted out indifference Beggarly recognition or base to the men whose minds have fertihzed science in every department." " To how many fathoms' depth the sunhght penetrates the sea. Examiners has never reheved the grave monotony of the papers by such peripatetic questions as " How long a gnat hves. and a hving force to-day in one of the two departments of biology. When Ai'istotle and his conmientators were summoned. of " names not even mentioned in the " Greats papers in the past decade." as Richard de Bury calls " the Prince of the Schooles. you remember. — Lucian got his inspiration to chaff so successfully Boyle and the Professors of Gresham May I dwell upon two instances of shocking neglect ? " the It really is amusing in Oxford to assert neglect of measurer of all Art and Science. had an Endorian command over the spirits. Yet the methods of these men exorcised vagaries and superstitions from the human mind and pointed to a clear knowledge of the laws It is surprising that some wag among the of nature. to Gulhver's surprise they were strangers." In Gulhver's voyage to Laputa he paid a visit to the little island of Glubbdubdrii). and made accessible recently to English readers. say.CLASSICAL ASSOCLiTION 22 home with or with Galen at story up and Herophikis at Alexandria. The pulse of every student should beat character. perhaps indeed to Greek readers by Sir Arthur Hort.

I believe. Ueber den Qlatten Hai des Aristotlea. For 2. to the biological works in the Literae Humaniores papers for the past ten years. I fear.^ And the senior student. and his philosophy The beginner may be sent now to Professor Thompson's Herbert Spencer Lecture. of adaptation. their outward structure. and animal. yet they form the very foundations of discoveries that have turned our philosophies topsy-turvy. 1913. and of the struggle for existence. of growth. of plant. and first his natural history studies influenced pro- foundly his sociology. 1842. their metamorphosis. D'Arcy VVentworth — development . a consciousness of guilt kept them far away from him in shame. of sex. his psychology. and indeed he seems to have been first and foremost a speaks for the biologist.) . (Berlin. Such meaning to posterity. of bird. and he must be indeed a dull and muddymettled rascal whose imagination is not fired by the enthusiastic yet true picture of the founder of modern biology. will make the shades of many classical dons of this University seek shelter with the commentators when they realize their neglect of one of the most fruitful In biology Aristotle of all the activities of the Master.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS that having so horribly misrepresented 2a Aristotle's and shame the lower world. I advise to study the account by Johannes Miiller ^ (himself a pioneer in anatomy) of his rediscovery of Aristotle's remarkable discovery of a special mode of reproduction in one of the species of sharks. — who studied the problems of heredity. whose methods and problems are our own.000 years the founder of the science of embryology had neither rival nor worthy follower. There is no reference. if capable of appreciating a biological discovery. ^ 2 Summarized from D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson. whose language is our language. their early in general. the man who knew a thousand varied forms of life. time the language of modern science. of nutrition.

a Latin poet that we find up-to-date views of the origin of the world and of the origin of man. the " functions and temper and achievement of science and poetry" (Herford). a manual of atomic physics with its What an Milky Way. the man who united. . than of " the long limitless age of days. and doubtless was a tutor. a man who had " gazed on Nature's naked loveliness " unabashed. Unmatched among the ancients or moderns is the vision by Lucretius of continuity in the workings of more — . The description of the wild discordant storm of atoms (Book V) which led to the birth of the world might be it is in transferred verbatim to the accounts of Poincare or of Arrhcnius of the growth of new celestial bodies in the man and might have been a contemporary and friend. — Nature not less oiLe silence Sternel de ces espaces infinis which so affrighted Pascal. . and III and V are set as in Honour Mo:lerations. as no one else has ever done. The ring theory of magnetism advanced in Book VI has been reproduced of late by . the flaring atom streams of her myriad viniverse. Thompson. . the age of all time that has gone by " . Books I and scattered one of seven alternatives in section D through the " Greats " papers are set translations and but anything like adequate snippets here and there consideration from the scientific side is to be sought in vain. Book II.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 24 Nothing reveals the unfortunate break in Humanities clearly than the treatment of the greatest Naturepoet in literature. The golden work of Lucretius is indeed recognized. and torrents can only be read appreciatively by pupils of Roentgen or of J. insight into primitive the beginnings of civilization ! He marvellous conception of . infinita aetas anteacti And temporis omnis. . of Tylor. J. longa diei .

The sole value of the myth is its causal association with the poem of Tennyson. And may I here enter a protest ? Of love-philtres that produce insanity we may read the truth in a chapter of that most pleasant manual of erotology. mind capable in lucid intervals of writing such verses as De Rerum Naiura we know nothing. when enthralled by Vivien or some dark lady of the Sonnets ! In the School of Literae Humaniores the studies are based on classical literature and on history. made That joint action of this kind should have been taken by the Boards of Arts and of Science indicates a widespread conviction that no man is cultivated up to the standard of his generation who has not an appreciation of how the greatest achievements of the human mind and the practical question is how have been reached . history. psychology. or political in imperfectly provided for in this University.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 25 Parsons. to introduce such studies into the course of liberal education. " but a number large of students approach philosophical study Students of such subjects as mathematics. the subject of which should be the Principles of Philosophy considered in their relation to the Sciences. economy become naturally interested philosophy." This I quote from a Report to the Board of the Faculty of Arts just before the war on a proposed new Honour School. natural science. how to give the science school the leaven of 4 . the Anatomy Of insanity of any type that leaves a of Melancholy. Only exsuccous dons who have never known the wiles and ways of the younger Aphrodite would take the intensity of the feeling in Book IV as witness to anything but an accident which may happen to the wisest of the wise. whose magnetons rotating as rings at high speed have the form and effect with which this disciple of Democritus clothes his magnetic physics. and their needs are at present very pology. anthro- from other sides.

or of the colour-scheme in tiger-beetles. the Greek added experiment. and moves. As a mental operation. to the analysis of the evidence of the Commission on Coal-mines. or in the observer himself. observation By such the child grows and in its daily exercise an adult lives Only a quantitative diflerence makes scientific — accuracy— in do we discover things as they that way alone the This " the discovery essence of Plato's definition of science as really are.26 CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION an old philosophy. Our everyday" existence depends on the practical application of discoveries in pure science by men who had no other motives than a search tor knowledge of Nature's laws. a study of the mechanism of the nose-dive. a disinterestedness which Burnet claims to be the distinctive gift of Hellas to humanity. but never fully used it in biology. how to leaven the old philosophical school with the thoughts of science. Crookes' tubes were a plaything until Roentgen turned them into Perkin had no thought practical use with the X-rays. in knowledge. in the earth beneath. With the discovery of induced currents Faraday had no thought of the dynamo. is of things as they really are. Science has been defined as the habit or faculty of observation. To observation and reasoned thought." Science and no Natural Science without ." whether in the heavens above. of transforming chemical industry when he discovered * Since writing tliis lecture. A. the scientific method is equally applicable to deciphering a bit of Beneventan script. and to which the modern world owes its civilization. in which he urges with all the weight of his learning and experience that the foundations of a liberal education in Oxford should be " No Humane Letters without Natural Hiimano Letters. an instrument which has made science productive. Stewart has sent me his just-published essay on Oxjord after the War and a Liberal Education. Professor J. or apart from the ordinary routine of life.^ It is important to recognize that there is nothing mysterious in the method of science.

and the smaller the field. men get into backwaters far from the main stream. and is may be may and a paster of a modern biologist in the experimental modification of in the mysterious insulation of hereditary characters from the environment. Chemistry. and unin- tion does the modern specialist . each with its laboratory and literature. as do no others. They quickly lose the sense of proportion. tion that an electrical charge produced nitrous acid make us independent of all outside sources for fertilizers. Turn the pages of such a dictionary of chemical terms as Morley and Muir. a century ago an appanage of the Chair of Medicine or even of Divinity. young society.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 27 would have cursed the observahad he foreseen that it would enable Germany to prolong the war. The study for fourteen years of the variations in the colour-scheme of the 1. but of very limited scope. has now a dozen departments. the greater the tendency to megalocephaly. Only in one direcacknowledge his debt to the dead languages. The extraordinary development of modern science may be her undoing. The workers lose all sense of proportion in a maze of minutiae. man into a sticker of pins on the other hand. Specialism.300 species of tiger-beetles scattered over the earth stcrihze a labels . to the god of words whose magic power is nowhere so manifest as in the plastic language of Greece. has fragmented the specialities themselves in a way that makes the outlook hazardous. become hypercritical. The only visit many students pay to Parnassus is to get an intelligible label for a fact or form newly discovered. and you meet in close-set columns countless names unknown a decade ago. sometimes its own Applying themselves early to research. he whose interest types. but he would have blessed the thought that it may Priestley aniline dyes. Men of science pay homage. Every^vhere men are in small coteries intensely absorbed in subjects of deep interest. now a necessity.

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 28 telligible to the specialist in another department unless and familiar with Greek. as meaningless as the Arabic jargon in such mediaeval collections as the Synonyma of Simon Januensis or the Pandects of Matheas Sylvaticus. 1917. Biologic nomenclature draws on Greek in countless While . iv. not the idiogranulomes or protoplasm of the spermatogonia. Princeton L^niversity Press. Dealing not alone with the problems of heredity and of sex. The separation of the calypto- some from the cryptosome antedates the transformation of the idiospliacrotheca into the spermiocalyptrotheca.* The Value of the Clasaica. the mitotic complex is much more than a simple physiological process. ways you can never take your oath What an ailment means exactly if you haven't studied both. Within the narrow compass of the primitive which riot. 1. all living beings originate. as the idiosphacrosome differentiates into an idiocrytosome and an idiocalyptosome. in Medicine it is obvious (17. the microsomcnstratum but the idioectosome disappears metamorphosis of the spermatid into a sphere. And what a Listen to this account which Grecian he has become Aristotle would understand much better than most of us. and in the action and interaction of physical forces the cytologist hopes to find the key to the secret of life itself. As Punch put it the other day in a delightful poetical review of Professor West's Botany relies volume ^ : on Latin over since Linnaeus' days . a protean phase. 2 t. unite into the idiosphacrosome. Of course I have made this up out of a recent number of the American Journal of Anatomy. the idiophtharosome. both surrounded by the idiospliacrotheca. 19. ' * . The process cell from onomatomania runs of mitosis has developed a special and language. literature ! The karyogranulomes. archoplasmic vesicle in the in the . acrosoma of Lenhossek.) Let me give a couple of examples. but M'ith the very dynamics of life.

I have never succeeded in mastering philosophy cheerfulness was always breaking in. of science lies in — the " scientia Now when studies reach the point of intercommunion all a scien- these and connec- come to be considered in their then I think." process I hesitate to dwell. which immediately proceed to eat up everything Only in this way does in and of the body of their host. a spherical morula. since.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 29 Or take a more practical if less Cratylean example. Oliver Edwards. and not till then. Pieris larvae of . Johnson's friend. the Leas. of which Plato speaks. extolled — wrote monographs it fills one with terror to think that a crop so dear to Hodge {et veris cymata ! the Brussels sprouts of Columella) should depend on the deposition in the ovum of the Pieris of another polyembryonic egg. and upon which two of my Plinean colleagues of uncertain date. From over-specialization scientific men are in a more parlous state than are the Humanists from neglect of classical tradition. Chrysippus and Dieuches. are parasitiased by the ApaniaJes glomeratus. the Mesochorus pallidus. The cytoplasm or ooplasm of this forms a trophoamnion and develops into a polygerminal mass. Nature preserve the Selenas. It is tragic to think that the fate of a plant. recognition of a The salvation new philosophy tiarum. cabbage vulgarly hrassicae. and the Crambes. tion with one another and mutual affinities. In our precious cabbage patches the holometabolous insecta are the hosts of parasitic poly embryonic hymenoptera. which in turn has a hyperparasite. the dietetic and pharmaceutical virtues of which have been so by Cato. will the Upon this synthetic pursuit of them have a value. upon the prevalence of which rests the psychic and for the somatic stamina of our fellow-countrymen butterfly. — . brawny-armed Brasserii. like Dr. from which in turn develop a hundred or more larvae. so dear to Cato and so necessary for the sustenance of our hard-working.

And the glories of Greek science should be opened in a sympathetic way to " Greats " men. should be done for classics. with the Music-room. of Galen with John Hunter. don. Under new regulations at the Pubhc Schools. and perhaps himself construct Hero's fountain. When the beautiful rooms. with ten or more depart- the knowledge of ments. over the portals of which are the mocking blue and gold inscriptions. each in charge of a special sub-librarian. Science will take a totally different position in this country when its advances is the possession of all educated men. the present Kepler to period modern the to history the error. The sciengrave be a time is suggested would tific student should go to the sources and in some way — — be taught the connection of Dcmocritus with Dalton. history. The time too is ripe for the Bodleian to become a studium generale. literature. a boy of sixteen or seventeen should have enough science to appreciate the position of Theophrastus in Botany. .. the task of teaching subjects on historical What has been done lines will be greatly lightened. are once more alive with students. theology. S*ingcr. I wish time had permitted me to sketch even briefly the story of the evolution of science in this old seat of A fortunate opportunity enables you to see learning. and of Plato and Aristotle with them all. and undergraduate. 3. and Scientm. each section in charge of a sub-librarian who will be Doctor perplexorum ahke to professor. which George Sarton advocates so warmly as the new Humanism.^ the student will gain a knowledge of the But to limit evolution of modern scientific thought. and by the introduction of literary and historical studies.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 80 In the proposed Honour School the principles of philosophy are to be dealt with in relation to the sciences. 1 Popular Science Monthly. of Archimedes with Kelvin. xxiii. vol. and with the Science-room through the liberality of Dr. etc. of Aristarchus with Newton. September 1918. and Mrs.

and the actual astronomical model. Merton. per- Clirist and with the co- Bodleian and Dr." made for him and 1 1. were constructed for the latitude of Oxford. Aschenden. to a group of men of the fourteenth century Reed. the entire contents of the cabinet of philosophical apparatus of the Earl of Orrery. and uses symbols +. Andrew's Cross as the sign of multiplication. A series of quadrants and astrolabes show how Arabian instruments. and others whose labours made Oxford the leading the of older Greek models. Merle. For the first time the instruments and works of the early members of the Merton School of astronomerThey belong physicians have been brought together. The mathematical work of Robert Recorde of All Souls' College. and St. particularly Church. the " Orrery. An original Marshall microscope. themselves retaining much have translated Some Alexandrian science into the Western world.' Among A other notable exhibits there are series of : astronomical volvelles in manuscripts and printed books. and wooden telescopes of the Orrery Collection. The printed evidence that Leonard Digges of XJniversity College was the inventor of the telescope many years before Galileo. Cowley. Mr. called after his name. — — University of the world. mission of several of the Colleges. covered in St. 5. T. including the great quadrate or Schissler. 2. The early vellum 6. recently dis. in which he suggested the St. — =. who flourished some thirty yeprs after the foundation of the Society. . Oriel. scientific Little remains of the scientific apparatus of the early period of the Roj^al Society. Gunther. 4. Early surveying instruments. 7. R. John's CoUege. but through the kindness Dean and Governing Body of the of Christ Church. has operation of the of the Curators arranged a loan exhibition of the early scientific instruments and MSS. 3.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS two phases 31 Through the kind in its evolution. John's. and one was associated with our astronomer-poet Chaucer. is on exhibit. Simon Bredon. of Magdalen College. The earliest known slide-rule in a circular form. Richard of Wallingford.

yet France was not wrecked and Russia civilization . and a love of and all that is smoke and squalor of a modern best in religion. Spurgcon. has Discobolus culture has been no gospel. *' the good." Against the old man who thus blasphemed beauty. Whether such love may develop in a based on a philosophy of force is the present problem of the Western world. to encourage in all a sense of brotherhood reaching the standard of the Good Samaritan surely the realization in a democracy of intelligent — such reasonable ambitions should be compatible with the control by science of the forces of nature for the common in art. you may remember. but neither man nor nation is to be judged by the behaviour in a paroxysm Lavoisier perished in the Revolution.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 32 The story of the free cities of Greece shows how a love of the higher and brighter things in hfe may thrive in a democracy. snakes. and in their midst. to have the men and women who could love the light put in surroundings in which the light may reach them. Butler broke into those memorable verses with the refrain " O God Let us not \)c ! O Montreal discouraged. To have freemen of the Greek type with a stake in the State (not mere chattels from whose daily life the shadow of the workhouse never lifts). may survive the starvation of such scholars as Danielevski and Smirnov. Montreal. and the massacre of Botkin." known Our puritanized to call the Antinous vulgar. " ! The direction of our . even thoughts of despair. stuffing an owl. To-day there arc doubts. in literature. and insects. with skins. plants. sat " the brother-in-law of the haberdasher of Mr. Samuel Butler found stored away in the lumber-room of the Natural History Museum. Amid city. Copies of these two statues. the industrial after the bread-and-butter struggle of the day. and of delirium. the Archbishop of Paris was butchered at the altar by the Commune.

. survived. as the dream-repubhc approached completion." . and all other good things. has sunk deep into the hearts of the people in science of work the was before the war. he realized that after all the true State is within. the Greek message to modern democracy ? and v/ith it is community blended the note of individual service to the on which Professor Gilbert Murray has so wisely dwelt." Lucian's winning picture of this " Universal Happiness " might have been sketched by a Round Table pen or some youthful secretary to the League of Nations. and the right to live healthy. seems to benefit the general health. they grow out of human characters " {Rep.. all of them brave. and self-controlled . so great seemed Isaiah preventing untimely death that the day of at hand " when a man's life should be more precious . equality. After discussing the various forms of Government. than fine gold. and pat- terned on an ideal the existence of which matters not a Is not the need of this individual reconstruction whit. of which each one of us is the founder. such as confluent smallpox. a terrible infection. With the hot blasts of hate still on our cheeks. and then.THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS vision 18 everything. all at peace and unity and in the enjoyment of legality.. and after weltering four years in is nurses the uncon" whose citizens are querable hope of an ideal state absolutely wise. 5 even a man than the gold of Ophir. . happy and lives. If . it may seem a mockery to speak of this as the saving asset in our future but is it not the very marrow of the teaching in which we have been brought up ? At last the gospel of the right to hve. liberty. That such hope persists is a witness and the to the power of ideals to captivate the mind reahty may be nearer than any of us dare dream. still . happy chaos poor stricken humanity . Perhaps such an attack through which we have passed may benefit the body cosmic. VIII). Plato concludes that " States are as the men are. just.

The time proved too short for the committee to produce anything more than an interim report. May 16th AFTERNOON SESSION The afternoon meeting was devoted Some months in schools. t. two sub-committees. more particularly schools. while providing a course in Greek that shoidd be of real value even to the boys who will not specialise in classics. Friday. which was basis of this discussion. . proposals of set of Littre. was carried with applause. Sir William Osier acknowledged the vote. ix. Memorable sentence indeed in which for the first time was coined the magic word philanthropy. where the object the Greek curriculum in order to make room is to lighten for other subjects. vote of thanks to the President for his Address. and be justified of her children. Trdpeari kcu (f)i\oTe)(^i>Lr] ' the love of humanity associated with the love of his craft ! — philanthropia and philotcchnia — the joy of working joined in each one to a true love of his brother. and the object girls' is to the pupil some real grasp of the subject without making undue demands on an already crowded curriculum. " 't)v yap TTaprj (j)i\avdp(07rlr}. Par E. one the question of tlie laid before the meeting to form the The report embodied the suggestions of of which (A) had considered specially public schools. having been proposed by the President of Magdalen and seconded by Sir John Barran. and the meeting adjourned. the other (B) that of schools of the municipal type. and conveying the subtle suggestion that perhaps in this combination ! the longings of humanity ^Visdom A — philosophia —at may last find their solution. where little Greek frame a course that is will give now taught. curricula to a discussion of Greek earlier Council had the appointed a committee to consider this question. The former sub-committee presented a * (Euvres compUtea d' Hippocrates.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 34 There is a sentence in the writings of the Father of Medicine upon which all commentators have lingered. 258.

DEBATE ON CxREEK CURRICULUM whicli tlie gist 35 was tliat Greek should be begun in tlie public scliools at the age of about tliirteen with a three-year course which should be open to any boy with linguistic leanings. Thucydides. It is not only that the position of Greek in the curriculum has been considerably altered by the trend of public opinion. but is likely in the immediate future to change very rapidly. In the report of Sub-committee A it was our object to put what we thought ought to be said as shartly as possible. Plato. first year literature Arthur Hort " You have in your hands the report of two sub-committees appointed to consider the question of Greek curricula in schools. and should be suited both for boys who would continue classics after the age of sixteen and for boys who would drop them at that age. I feel that this matter is a very urgent one from the point of view of schoolmasters. and primarily to Homer and Herodotus. and Homer. Demosthenes. The other sub-committee presented a scheme for a two-year course of Greek that should begin at the age of about sixteen and a half and extend over the last two years of the pupil's of translation The main object of the course was to teach the The members of the sub-committee quote personal experience to show that able pupils. and likely to be carried into . Herodotus. Parallel with this course. seemed to us on the sub-committee that the position in regard to Greek in the majority of public schools has not only changed a great deal in the course of the last few years. one lesson a and to week should be given to Greek history in the and archaeology in the second. and perhaps it may be necessary this afternoon to Sir : give a little further explanation. were able to if they start two years to read considerably in a fair selection from such authors as Xenophon. perhaps even violently. but that the abolition of compulsory Greek already carried into effect at Cambridge. are able in a course of career at school. Greek at sixteen and a half. the restriction of composition to what is necessary for purposes and the limitation of the range of reading to a few of the best authors. pupils to read Greek authors. with some episodes from Thucydides and some easy Plato. and perhaps the best way or reform It is to begin will be to indicate why any sort of change considered necessary. The sub-committee advocated the simplification of the teaching of grammar. the Greek dramatists.

how much Greek ? outlook spiritual our on it have had how much effect would plays of mangled two or imagine. and myself these masters — it worth while. Mr.sity. number any case certain now to become in is considerably smaller. composed of before question I put the of the problem. a few snippets of should. although anticipated for some time. Fletcher of Charterhouse. will. Cambridge. That motive now being removed. I not the slightest hesitation in pronouncing Euripides. Putting aside exceptional schools. and while those number smaller still to carry on their study after their school course. for the ordinary boy and the separately provide school can of Greek study is provided course whatever Therefore specialist. who intend many who intend to become will drop for not after three years. lead to a great falling-ofi in the number of boys who will take up Greek at all. unless take Greek that it Secondly. such as Winchester. Xenophon. it classical specialists will carry it and another three to four at the on must be taught together. Thucydidcs Greek a : amount fair wf literature. two years for for the boy who at school will drop it boy who foundation for the at sixteen will must not drop it. Dr.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 36 effect here before long. I think it is have made a of series of dips into one of the worst heresies that we first authors put have inherited that Euripides should be one of the . and at the present time practically the only motive why many boys take up Greek at all is that they have to pass in Greek to enter Oxford or Cambridge. some other must be We have to prove to a boy who is not compelled to supplied. men Is it of public-school experience —Dr. Norwood of Marlborough. we arc prepared to meet it. Dr. also serve as the That is the crux worth while giving five or six periods a years ? I was at first doubtful. I am anxious that we should start by facing facts as they stand. Rouse of the Perse School. Ramsay of Eton. had years after we three Greek dropped had Supposing we ourselves read and have we should literature began it. one We should have read. but when three for week to Greek this small sub-committee. in fact. for no classes two These Univer. and whether we like it or not we must accept the position. the ordinary public schools will in future have only a small minority of boys taking Greek and a Most of these boys on their study of Greek will carry more than four years. the may nevertheless be worth his while to do so.

Moreover. With regard is that to method. We do not wish the boy who takes up Greek for only grammar a short time to work in a literary or sloppy manner learn Greek should can be made interestmg. is the difficulty but I think it is easy by matters Boys and grammar than we are. will continue their of teaching two Greek studies. is . Therefore there or three dialects at once.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM 87 On the surface his Greek is easy but when you get below the surface. the training of the linguistic faculty. on account of those who Greek. With regard to composition.' but we can provide boys with something worth doing. on the ground that have read eight to ten books of than a bit here and a bit there of boy better for a it is Homer and to three of Herodotus It all sorts of writers. both accidence and syntax. which would enable boy to feel after three years that though he has not made a long then. he is an exceedingly mature writer. The question staple authors grammar of will be raised Homer and Herodotus. If we take the Attic grammar as the standard and adopt a different plan of doing to exaggerate this difficulty. There is also of course a gymnastic side to the study of Greek. the central point of the suggestion Homer and Herodotus (especially the former) should be the staple authors. . he has seen something of them. The question before young boys. They do not notice them imless their attention is drawn to them. You can concentrate on essential forms by marking the book in use or adopt a simplified grammar. can for a journey into the realms of gold. it will be possible without muddling-the boy's manage the different dialects. but our prime object We provide a moral and aesthetic training. we provide a course of reading. are far less troubled of spellmg translation lessons. would not be impossible to take such authors after a year's preparatory course. adequately prepared by the requisite knowledge of grammar. We must get away from this tradition. For this reason the study of Euripides is one of the last things for a boy. we thought it worth while to recommend that viva-voce methods might be used more largely mind to ' ' . is to can only aim at covering a small part of what Sir William Osier called ' Hellas. who if we choose for our did not write Attic The sub-committee felt that we must begin with Attic grammar. no boy unless he has some linguistic ability.

as part of the necessary general introduction to history. two men members were unable to attend therefore this report work of representatives of the girls' schools. Writing exercises must not take up too much time. their ideas. and by way. We are keen that the teacher should in procedure. and then showing them that for them but he must not do the work for much .CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 38 than at present. Greek and Latin traditions would be preserved by reading about the Greeks and We reading what they actually wrote. This plan would do away with the enormous and cumbrous mass of books overladen with commentaries. Rouse would no doubt prefer. them and take all the stuffing out of the lesson. etc. instead of ought to obtain the sup- port of these critics for our suggestion that Greek history should be taught to all boys. though there must be AVTitten work so that the boy can recognise a word by eye as well a by as ear. ..' keep up their Greek to the end of their school couise Unless we are right m believing this. as Dr. one or two of us who have had experience of teaching Greek quickly to more advanced pupils were asked to draw up a scheme showing the kind of course At the second meeting the which we had found practicable. though perhaps not so far as to teach Greek like modern language. because no school will organise itself to boys separately. introductions. Compromise teach the two classes of absolutely necessary. the subject drops." Holding " The report of Sub. of providing a basis for discussion. and give his form instead of letting it has been too a sense invert the usual help with the lesson beforehand them puzzle it out. and not as an appendage to the Greek language. I think. and make way for plain texts with the necessary explanations supplied by the teachers. In the words of our report ' : We believe that it will be found quite possible to use the course indicated as a foundation for those boys who will or longer. Those who criticise make a the old classical studies always great point of saying that even if Greek and Latin as languages were no longer taught. whether they learn Greek or not. At the first meeting Miss its is : discussion circled entirely round the question of the introduction of Greek teaching into schools of the newer type. represents the .committee B differs in method from that of Sub-committee A.

they would have been turned on to another language. I was struck by the great difference in the problems of the two groups. but everyone looks forward to qualifying for a career. treat- consider beginning Greek at though I do not think you . Girls especially offer a different type of material and come to the study of Greek with a different basis of culture. which I think ought to be discussed separately. half is too I late. like this in the Miss PuRDiE this : missionary spirit. it seems to me that a course in Greek of four periods a week might serve as the humanistic element in the Advanced Science Course. and would have greater continuity and coherence than the isolated modern language lessons so frequently offered." " I represent the municipal type of school.DEBATE ON CxREEK CURRICULUM One must 39 face tlie question whether a two-years' course in Greek has a practical value. ment : of these sixteen and a two problems. but if there had been no Greek teaching available. who in time will strengthen the position of classics in Once embarked on Greek they wish to continue." Sharwood Smith '*I should regret the separate Mr. But it is not only the future classical scholar whom such a course would benefit. To the English specialist. and this must not be forgotten. apart from the moral and aesthetic value which everyone would admit it The most im- possesses. is to survive at all is a very urgent Listening to the spokesmen of the two sub-committees. One wants people to do Greek for its own sake. In view of the new Advanced Courses which the Board of Education has sanctioned. Many of them have the loss of potential classical students. also. I have never heard of anyone who began Greek and regretted it or wanted to stop. where problem of whether Greek one. a short course in Greek would be invaluable. We want people to introduce a course these secondary schools. If you have only one or two experts in each school. these will form a steady stream of classical scholars. the pupils course been able to do this with distinction and have proceeded to a University honours course in classics . portant loss for schools which do not provide Greek teaching at all is all In my own school who learn Greek begin with a post-matriculation very much on the lines indicated here. possibly English. The school curriculum up to matriculation is so crowded that it is a question of post-matriculation Greek or no Greek at all.

As He to the Homer and it. I am sorry there has been no recommendation as to reading Greek aloud without translating. It is possible to teach a boy to be a firstrate Greek scholar in three years practically without teaching grammar at all. thanks to Prof. If there no difficulty of the Hellenic spirit iu the teaching. certainly ought to be in the second year's course. but it will be a more living subject than it was in the old days. BO-called difficulty about dialect in dealing with Herodotus. much more extended use of them. and indeed advocate want to inculcate the I favour the use of translations to start with. and I hope the grammar question may be laid altogether. It is an exceedingly important reading . Greek spirit. which we certainly did We a find that boys schools. but allow examinations to dominate oui curriculum. we must never With regard to grammar. on which I feel very strongly. out a in three years A first-rate scholar." what want to really I speak of the proposal of Sub-committee A as to beginning by Homer and Herodotus. It is not necessary for a pupil to understand every word as he goes along . Those of us who do not believe in this teaching of grammar. the Greek is taken in subconsciously. We want the boys to recognise this question of always been told that forms rather than to know all about them. boys take to Greek quite readily in the smaller I secondary in the big non-local schools. can be made intensely interesting. I am sorry that Euripides is not included. grammar.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 40 ought to begin and all schools. He is the most modern of authors and. grammar. and we do not believe that it should be completely learnt before Greek is read. Gilbert Murray. you can teach enough to turn reason for choosing the age of sixteen the difficulty of examinations. there is Greek will continue. and a half is Start Greek at fifteen in earlier tlian fifteen. about getting pupils to take up Greek. do not want boys to have no grammar. except incidentally. just as well as is any not get in the old days. With regard to the authors selected. I have if we did not insist on meticulous accuracy at once. We want them to learn it as they go along. while thoroughly agreeing with what the Chairman said. Fewer boys will take it. there Professor is none Murray : — unless the teachers make "1 think the good teacher matters and that the method is is quite secondary. the result would be sloppy.

and if we jettison the question of composition until the class we are free to read those authors out of get more of the Greek whom the class will get From Homer and Herodotus you the largest amount of interest. and thought it necessary to begin with an Attic author and never to use any non-Attic author had got some way." " I was brought to Oxford to-day Mr. not like Thucydides. with a Homeric leading to an Attic form. reason was that I had to teach Greek. In some ways this is regrettable. spirit to the square inch than from any other author. it is through reading authors that you can expect to give people some sort of voyage into the realms of gold That leads to the question. O'Connor : ing this report. For the boys and girls considered here. who is a middle-aged author. Now conditions are changed. . tion is. amount cursorily and a small amount over and over again and trying to extract the last inch. I agree very strongly with the general spirit of the report of Sub-committee A . I abolished Homer and has not considered the question. and I shoukl like to know why 41 the other sub. As to the question of grammar.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM matter. How to read an author a pity to waste time ? Many people on the very careful reading of small and point out that there is something to be said for reading the Greek aloud without translating I think the solution is to be found in combining the two methods. I remember being hurt at hearing that I preferred the spite of Aeschines to the wrath of My Achilles. Greek prose has gone by the board. 6 The proper end to aim by read- at for early general educa- I consider. in a limited time. as to learn the Attic form alone. reading a large quantities. and they have this further advantage that they are the kind of literature that appeals to the young. and there was a good deal of trouble about it. including Greek prose.committee When I first went to Glasgow found a habit in the biggest class (180 men) of beginning Greek by reading Homer and Herodotus. say it is in the shortest time. B. if you begin with Herodotus and Thucydides you must go back to old-fashioned grammars. and I think it is just as easy to learn your forms under that method. but in another way it leaves us more free. In Australia where I was at school we learnt the contracted and uncontracted forms together. a familiarity with a large number of subjects. I Herodotus and introduced pure Attic as the beginning. .

preferable to superlative excellence for the purposes of general early educa- is. They do not students in a the same talk them they do not talk Latin as . but how is questions to settle. —you any and can get peg upon as a which to hang the acquisition of the language as a language. we do not want called ' literary to study ' Greek. not for the purpose of the literatiu'e the literature then. after studying Italian Grammar ought made more intelligible. but as regards the second point nothing though said. general through translations —but more for Plato. who do not intend up Greek to take length of time I advocate familiarity with Xenoph on. Greek concentration xipon one or two subjects. something which time nothing can be done. . a lack of definiteness on a at what age should a boy begin Greek. all are the competing claims of Greek many and other studies to be met ? How are we to get the number of hours needed per week for our own study ? If the Committee were able to make some of time required that in it definite suggestion as to the would be we may be reduced to of great value. The teacher goes a very long way.CLASSICAL ASS0CL4TI0N 42 history and including even Greek. but the method of study is important. and great stress People are always languages. it is nor Greek as pronounced in Greece. should be laid upon grammar in all pronounced in Italy I consider in such a hurry to get at the literature. In this country Latin and Greek are studied by way which seems to mc very unfortunate. and how many periods a week should he have ? My first difficulty is met by the statement that three years should be given to Greek very important point : before matriculation. Crees for three weeks they want to get at Dante. in much way as they do arithmetic and algebra. it seems to me. efficiency over a large area in one subject. that Even tion. not only by concentrating on forms but by bringing it into touch with grammars already known. Greek in a sloppy way." " There has been a considerable amount of diverDr. nor is I minimum amount The great danger like three periods a is week. Greek is it is the most important of not going to be expelled from the curriculum in so words. agree that the simplifica- desirable lies in I feel that what is and necessary. Euripides. In other words. to be : sity of opinion and. to those is geography. tion of the teaching of grammar the bearing of that simplification as Captain Cuttle would say. but the application thereof.

and I think too much in the reports of both sub-committees there is a optimism as to what can be done. I acknowledge much discipline is gained from studying the meanings of a that word in the lexicon. suggests something in the snippet line. I was surprised to hear that Homer and thing is that Herodotus could be taken so very to switch him early. We know that there has been a Departmental Committee to consider the position of Science in English education. A boy spends hand.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM It is interesting to notice tlie different loyalties of the Association have for different authors 13 which the members the unsatisfactory . such as Sub-committee (A) is of schools suggested in the report of the far too small. I should consider whether : . to my dismay. when we express them we at once begin to compile an Index Expur gator ins. much time turning over the pages of the lexicon. Xenophon. it would be helpful which give if I think we could add the opinion that the number a course of Greek. that in every considerable area there should be at least one school in which facilities were offered for advanced work in classics. but the position of the classics has not been considered by any authorita- throw out the suggestion that the Association it would be useful to approach the Board on Education this matter. another on Modern Languages. boy on difficult to start a and should say I it would be grammar and then Herodotus." of " Though no Government Committee has Professor Slater tive body. but with a considerable amount of regret. May we Attic forms of straight off to Homer or not be teaching Herodotus for his anecdotage rather than his I think a other qualities ? and the word episodes ' With regard ' boy wants some Thucydides as well. Euripides. with less dismay. so many to the assistance to be given of us do give assistance already. by the teacher beforeIf we are to get more boys to read Greek and to read it more quickly. and one to consider the position of English. I should not myself like to have to get through the tremendous programme suggested for the first term. With regard I if it is a choice between giving that up should prefer the former alternative. to the suggested two-year post-matriculation course. there must be more editions with vocabularies at the end. is little and I tion to reaffirm its resolution passed in first should like this Associa- January 1917. and on this Index I find. but or giving up Greek.

and student so few students take Greek If only the schools by A an exceptional phenomenon at . within two years of learning the alphabet. The later pupil's time girls who has Miss Holding. . . price 2d. and within two years taking a pass degree at London University with Greek as one of four sabjects of equal importance. when they course as get there. and four books of the Republic. done the same. . we should have no lack of students reading Greek for their degree. fourteen plays a few odes of Pindar and idylls of Theocritus six of Thucydides three speeches three books of Herodotus the Apology. to be obtained from the Stationery No. some of in primary education. books read by one Homer books five plays . I have had students beginning Greek from the alphabet.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 44 been appointed to consider the position of the question has been put in an that classics. it is For some years past criticism is very easily refuted." Ure Professor "It has been objected : year post-matriculation course that That to our proposed two- not possible in the time. Phaedo and of Demosthenes and parts of others Greek who at the end : . and a few idylls of Theocritus. of five short . Phaedrus of Plato. examination eight books of Homer. . is suggested is That at all. books of the Befiiblic course is : Thucydides and part of a third Demosthenes Here them during her course seven books of two parts of two books of Herodotus of them with the If students classics. official series. A. wider. . It often takes boys some time to find out what they really want. two years on much list of speeches of the Ajwlogy. some fourteen points with under It deals burning questions just now. is why for a short course that docs not all would provide such a make Let our demand be too great claims upon the and docs not begin too soon. and Gorgias of Plato and two . of a . 21 of the Office. of the including the value of the classics and a great many the of questions which have concerned us this afternoon. Crito. These students came up to college knowing no Greek learned any Greek at school the newer Universities. — all this Other students have extra burden of a course can spend the greater part the ground that can be covered Here is the list of is of books read in two years and three months by a student with no previous knowledge of of this period took 2nd Class Honours in Classics in the London B. pamphlet published by the official Ministry of Keconstruction.

and the the Classical Association endorsed recommendation excluding proposed curriculum. and history. Sophocles." part as essential a philosophy. We must make our pupils acquainted with the substance of the best and we must make them acquainted with those literature. As regards grammar. to find that it structions are Captain K. We do not wish them to think that England is beyond question the most advanced and highly intellectual country that has ever existed. N. including the tragedians. It is surprising that more stress has not been made on the fact that the educational value of Greek is twofold material and formal." "I should be very sorry Mr. I should have imagined that it was Greece in the age of Pericles of which we wanted our pupils to have knowledge. their thought that the right all the means of brmging out the one side. My point of view is that of a teacher of English. Colvile : "I disagree with the proposal of Sub-committee A to concentrate on Homer and Herodotus. Stuart Jones : dealing with the sub-committee likely if the report of Greek in the public schools were adopted as representing the opinion of the Classical AssociaI do not agree with their recommendations either as tion. relating to the authors to be read or as regards the teaching of grammar. There are no two writers who. and Euripides. grammar of as forms.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM 45 we are to we put the time more for beginning Greek.committee's from tragedians if languages. They must understand that there have been civilisations as great as ours. taken alone. way to make the I the should Greek have pupil really interested Greek and Greek tragedy was to cover a large amount ground in English translations. We ought to lead them to a comparative study of education if . can give pupils an acquaintance with the best Greek poetry. This matter must be considered not only from a classical standpoint. and it seems to me that Greek does not contribute its best to the whole of you throw all the stress on those two authors. We teach Greek for two reasons. which should include plays of for life in of Aeschylus. I am surprised Conis regarded as accidence and nothing more. the have the right people reading it. while at the same time you could study minutely certain portions of various authors. formal qualities which put Greek above teaching of I should the grammar is be particularly sorry sub.

* in the reports does school interested. and hardly any one. I came here to-da}^ hoping to find out the how these (whose case We want schools grammar reports could help the particular is. The life of Latin is somewhat more assured. the am I — without disparagmg the You want I said that I to teach right doctrine. and can look forward to extended studies municipal type." Sir John Barran : many grammar "I speak as one of the Governors of one of up and down the country. all Homer of all Greek surprised that the Classical Association should spoke as a teacher of English. I should always vote for Greek to be taught in every school as an aid to But Homer teaching. It is I which I am in efficiency. Homer and Herodotus that the peculiar qualities of the Greek language or of Hellenic culture are most clearly Greek is only one cog in the machinery and must not be considered except in relation to set forth. We . is is my own untranslatable. the doctrine in the world will not go home unless written decently. I think. from the writers of newspapers upwards. of education. If you can only teach Greek in small quantities you should at least teach translation from Greek into English. as a teacher of English. eighteen. and even longer. of our boys stay beyond the age . nor is it the have endowments. and. a typical one) in to increase in numbers and to preserve classical teaching. fashioned people to students Greek literature charm authors. but the essence of greatness of most entertaining of Herodotus. The great value of Greek depends on the fact that finest vehicle that ever existed for expressing ideas and it is not in the words of it was the with precision. writes good English. ask myself. But only 25 per cent. where the life of Greek hangs on a thin and precarious tliread. but both are surrounded by a sea of materialism. appear very old- in terms of modern me Plato and the tragedians seem to democracy. and can send boys to the Universities and promote classical studies as a municipal school cannot do. or the Avill who think put them forward as champions of their race. and even Herodotus not very suitable for translation into modern English prose. the other wheels.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 46 and Homer and Herodotus civilisation. and we want Into which of the my school fall ? not the older type of public school in which the great majority of boys go on to seventeen. two categories referred to Into neither.

and the boys themselves." public.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUiM 47 farmers and tradesmen take their sons away then. With regard to the ultimate decision. the parents. Eighteen months ago I was reading Mr. Professor who the fullest measure of support from the " Everyone on either sub-committee is en- gaged in teaching. and have a start) some 450 extracts from Greek authors. Lang Jones : " I think the teaching profession should have its say in this matter also I do not think this Association should undertake to specify what might well be regarded as fads." Mr. evei~y single — I laborious copying from the board rather fizzled out. I started. that I would take Greek. handled twenty Readers. but they learn. now collected (for from the very best to some all . So at the beginning of the next term I told the Fourth Form. we are not given the names of the members of the two comfttittees responsible for the reports. H. In spite of in such schools as were boy put his name down. I am told. and will have such a backing from those that they will command Ure : are teachers. Scheme B therefore would not help us. and where should we be under Scheme A ? I ask you to bear in mind the type of school of which I speak. arranged in logical sequence. Livingstone's book on Classical Education. I of the most doubtful complete in themselves. The duty of the Association is to express itself on general principles as to the lines on which the teaching of Greek should proceed. particularly mentioned by the last speaker. and there is . and to give us a working model upon which we of sixteen . I have heard a criticism from those who can speak with authority in the scholastic work that this Association would carry more weight if it were careful to associate itself more intimately with the teaching profession. and for the first time realised what we ought to stand for in Greek. and after a struggle the class then browsed on Greek literature. can proceed. but they are a thread running through. are willing to co-operate and to The public schools. Everyone is conscious that Greek is at the cross-roads. but it must be done out of school hours. which I was then taking in Latin. I hope the final recommendations will be drawn up in such a form. . It came to this latter proviso. and none was what I wanted Greek written by Greeks. will not have their policy dictated to them by merely academic persons. .

but they tltought it best to make the report as simple and short and to confine themselves to fundamentals. to provide a modest programme for a criticism But the whole question is boy who will learn Greek possibly for three years only. it in an author. its place should be supplied teacher beforehand. two points made in the discussion seem to call for an Sir : Dr. .CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 48 It is Athens and Socrates that we want to aim at in our teaching. and do the copying myself. committees were conscious of the importance of these two points. Crees said we ought to state the age for beginning The subGreek and the number of periods assigned to it. though I do not mind what age good grounding in Latin. my own opinion is Icxicun or nothing. able." Arthur Hort " Speaking entirely on my own responsibility. With regard to composition. to draft a report on a more extended scale which will be less likely to arouse ill-informed criticism. but all the time I know a Grammar never expect a boy to I grammatical point unless he has met am My it as closely extracts include careful that Attic is regarded as the standard. It certainly desirable for him to learn about tragedy if he can do is it . The age to begin Greek is deteras possible. all dialects . They were Sir : produced at short notice. keep as possible in connection with the reading. mined by the age at which boys come to and leave public schools. As to the number of periods." Frederic Kenyon " I wish to make a statement as to how the Association oould deal with these two reports. and before us if they went out in the form put now they might mislead people outside. With regard to vocabulary versus lexicon. that depends on the teacher but I should say. I have now resumed with a it will not exclude Homer. I suggest that this meeting should ask the Committee. answer. but that again is a point each school must settle for itself. in the light of the explanations and discussions of to-day. we felt that five should be the irreducible minimum a week. must be the handmaid of literature. The A special If a lexicon is not desir- by information given by the vocabulary for each text is was made that we excluded tragedy. a boy is as long as he has a In Greek as in Latin possible. and it is not possible for such an Association as this to lay down definite regulations on these points. demoralising. three years if dozen boys.

possible for a girl to read original authors after half a term's All the pupils rapid training. In one it is thirteen. and constructions. criticise it the point of view of three teachers in girls' schools. and it only represents that the existing system . getting into a real author soon. If this this dov/n syntax is without elementary. time. that he should practise it in sentences chiefly done viva voce. The interesting remarks on the interaction of Greek and English have my fullest sympathy. I did mean sub-committee was not attempting to to explain any was simply drawing up a tentative scheme. Our idea was that in the first year the boy would learn as much accidence as was absolutely essential without being a slave to too much grammar. in the other seventeen.DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM 49 Our recommendation concerns solely what lie should The same speaker suggested that no authors should be at all. and the minutiae of syntax should come from reading. Then I come to the interesting point about the Age of The question is whether we can get the boy there in Pericles. I should . conjugations. of the kind of course which has been proved to be workable. In the general curriculum each subject must be correlated to the others. and has met with sonle measure of success. Miss Holding " : We must not forget that we are referring not only to different classes of schools. but we must remember that the scheme deals with boys who drop Greek at fifteen to sixteen. Surely that would have been to produce the in the time. but it was impossible to lay going into a great deal of detail. the age at which Socrates appears a very grotesque it person. specified He play of Hamlet without Hamlet. hit on a real omission. We were considering the class of boy who can only survey a limited amount of the field. and as soon as possible be plunged into some kind of Reader. and are interested in the parallels afforded in the declensions. which it hoped would be criticised and amended. however. when he said the scheme did not mention the teaching of syntax. who begin Greek have taken Latin. The claims of Socrates were also urged. for schools in It was a statement which Greek was seldom or never taught. We agreed that syntax should be learnt from the actual reading. but to schools in which the age It is is different. must be learnt at the first. do first. This is a matter which we ought to consider more fully.

" ^ of the evening Professor Grenfell exhibited by Mr." lady who was present suggested that. President of Trinity College) and tlie lectures were delivered President of the Association. L.15 to 11 p. Norham Gardens. Saturday. and the meeting authorises the Council to consider and issue such a report." ^ and Cook on " Some Pillar Cults of Greece and Italy.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 50 like Plato to but be added in the question of age tlie second term in addition to Homer. . present consideration on the line of the discussion which on the a full report for public issue Sir : has taken place .m. at it might be which there was The Chairman. From 8. B. thought this would leave the matter rather too late. particularly of the teaching profession. must be the determining factor in deciding which author the pupils are to read. Later in the afternoon members were entertained at tea by the President and Lady Osier at 13. J. been common among British public men. the publica- A tion of the report should be deferred in order that discussed at the next January usually a larger number meeting. Blakiston. A." " I move that this meeting thanks Frederic Kenyon for the reports submitted for Committee the Greek Curriculum and requests it to submit occasion. I\Iyres read a paper entitled Glad- Gladstone's interest in Homer illustrates uses classical studies as intellectual recreation. The motion was then put to the vote and carried. Professor stone on Homer. however. a Reception was held in the Ashmolean Museum. May 17th Morning Session At 10 a. by Lantern Professor Percy Gardner on " Recent Acquisitions of the Ashmolean Museum. In the course and explained some recently found papyri. a The substance of this paper will be incorporated in the second volume of Zcua.m. The guests were welcomed on behalf of the University by the Vice-Chancellor (the Rev. Dr. in view of the small attendance. of which have fortunately It presumes intimate 1 These acquisitions are dealt with by Professor Gardner in the Journal of Hellenic Studies for 1918 and 1919. of teachers.

where the processes involved and arranging the material were most courteously explained to members by Dr. but only a general acquaintance with subsidiary studies and research. in spite of his early immersal in public life. Phillimore followed with a paper on The Revival of Criticism. in scholarship abroad and and in face of fresh in education at home.REPORT OF COUNCIL 51 acquaintance with the texts. H. and by his championship of a realist view of the Homeric Age contributed to prepare a field for Schliemann and fair later pioneers of pre-Hellenic archseology. may . of the photo graphers. and appeals to members to impress upon their friends the claims of the Association. Blackwell. his opportunity for recreation and reflection since his entry into public life.New English Dictionary. of the in collecting Afternoon Session Professor Slater read the Report of the Council. mounted. published in 1858. It was the " classical" training unreformed Oxford which determined Gladstone's handling of of the Homeric problem and his cultivation of Homeric study. Bradley. while noting a slight shrinkage in the member- ship. Gladstone kept himself sufficiently in touch with cognate enquiries. Oxford. dentally they led to a turning-point in his his appointment as Commissioner first real own Inci- career through for the Ionian Islands. underwent little Though the main lines of his view of Homer change. S. unmounted. be had. Oxford. 6s. with a view to raising the numbers to something 1 To be published by 2 Copies like representative strength — in the B." Immediately afterwards a visit was paid to the & office . movements His Studies on Homer. 4«. Hills Sanders. 6d. Professor J. Cornraarket Street. trusts that with the return of peace the balance will soon be redressed.'^ At the end of the morning session the members present were photographed outside the Divinity School by Messrs. with which was incorporated the Report of the Journals Board. as follows : Membership of the Association The Council. were in fact his reasoned contribution to reformed teaching in the reformed University.



there never was a time when the classics, as a
" pivotal " subject, more urgently needed or more thoroughly

belief that

deserved the vigorous and alert support of







birth of the Association

brated by the

hoped that



be said to have been

Oxford meeting of 1904,

this second

Oxford meeting of 1919







a prosperous rebirth.

Conference with the Board of Education


the motion of the Liverpool Branch, Council was led to

seek a conference between

and representatives

of its


own with

of the Board's " Regulations for

to " Latin
p. 20, par.




of Education


" (1917,

Circular 8541,

1918, Circular 9076, p. 20, par. 48

to the Liverpool authorities

and damaging


Secondary Schools," in regard

Advanced Courses


of the

reference to the latest form



and to others, seemed dangerous

to the prospects of Latin.

The Conference was arranged and held on October 25th, 1918,
the President of the Board in the chair. Explanations, which
were not altogether discouraging, were offered, and it was intimated that the present dispositions were more or less tentative
and subject to

revision, should occasion require,


were given that the policy of the Board was not intended to be
hostile to classics.

The Greek Curriculum

At the instance

of Sir Arthur Hort, Council appointed a repre-

sentative committee of fourteen (with power to add to its numbers)

pressing question of the Greek curriculum in
Labouring under the difficulties incidental to the time,
the Committee has nevertheless produced a succinct report in

to consider the

two sections

—the work of two sub-committees — which has been

duly circulated to



of the Association, to serve as a

basis of discussion at this General Meeting.

The Council hopes that



be possible to deal with the

subject more fully in the light of the discussion which





Joint Activities

In January

last tlie Association

Humanistic Associations,

took part, with the four other

in a joint session, at

which an address

" Co-operation in

was delivered by Sir Frederic Kenyon on
Through its representatives on the Council
for Humanistic Studies the Association has also conferred, from
tional Progress."

time to time during the year, with the Conjoint Board of Scientific
Societies (Education Committee) towards a solution of sundry

A report of these joint conferproblems of Reconstruction.
ences has been issued under the title Education : Secondary
all members.
by the Chairman of Council
and the Hon. Treasurer at the League of Empire meeting for
by Professor Conway in negotiations still
oversea teachers



which has been sent to

Association has been represented


continumg with the four other Humanistic Associations, the
Conjoint Board of Scientific Societies, and other bodies, with a
view to the foundation of a new monthly popular journal to
and by
record " The Progress of Knowledge " in all subjects

Emeritus Professor Sonnenschein in the broadening activities
of the Standing Committee on Grammatical Terminology.

The Ruined Libraries

of Serbia

Council has received and would bring to the notice of all
members of the Association an appeal from the " Committee
(of the

Royal Society



of Literature) for

promoting an intellectual

the allied and friendly countries " (Hon. Secretary,

Mr. Arthur Maquarie, R.S.L.) to join in a

movement which that

is inaugurating for the restoration of the ruined libraries

and printing-presses

of Serbia.

Subsidy from Leeds Branch
Council has received, and recorded


gratitude on behalf

of the Association, a special subsidy of £10


Branch towards the maintenance

of the Society under present-day difficulties.

from the Leeds and
of the




Proposed International Meeting of Philologists and Archaeologists
Council has received and
the American


considering a communication from

Philological Society inviting the Classical Associa-

Cambridge an

tion to take steps to convene at either Oxford or

international meeting of

classical philologists

and archaeologists,

It is
fortnight of September 1920.
suggested that a small

preferably within the



this proposal.

Reconstruction Pamphlet

Council invites the careful attention of all members to a
pamphlet which it has received from the Ministry of Reconstruction entitled The Classics in British Education.^
Roll of

Two more names have


Bell, B.A.,

to be


added to the Roll



F. E. G. Southwell, B.A. (killed


active service in France).

death-roll includes an ex-President of the Association, the


Master of Trinity College, Cambridge

Lincoln College, Oxford



Miss Gavin



the late




the late Rector of



Mr. Austen-

and the Rev. E. D. Stone.
Balance Sheet

The Balance Sheet will be laid before this meeting.
Journals Board


circulation of the journals has been fairly well maintained

during the year, especially in the case of the Quarterly.


have, however, been causes for grave anxiety, owing to rises in
the cost of paper and printing.
the chief trouble





price of paper





at first

is li^cely


the other hand, the cost of printing has recently
been increased by no less than 75 per cent., and prospects of a
The Board has adopted
fall in the future are very problematical.
fall further.



This pamphlet



being circulated to

members with

thig issue of

. it is pleasant to record. and this solution may become necessary. which. Pantin laid down in July the heavy duties of Treasurer which he had discharged since the beginning of 1913.JOURNAL'S BOARD REPORT various methods of economy. however. CamThis volume was in bridge. Mr. and to issue more double numbers . and there seems permanent cure except an increase in the subscriptions. P. and Professor A. W. has been met by generous contributions from the Philological Societies Cambridge. The four Editors of the journals in 1917 continued in office through the past year. E. The odicals diflEiculty is one which now is which appeal to a limited felt in circle the case of all peri- of readers. was appointed Editor for 1919. W. also to increase the price of copies sold over the counter to non-subscribers. of St. The thanks of the for his services in editing . Various other plans for effecting small economies have also been considered. which Professor Clark ceased to represent on being appointed one of the representatives of the Classical Association in order up the office of Secretary. Catherine's College. Professor J. rise in the cost of printing will be fully felt during the current year. Dobson was elected Treasurer in his place. sucli as reducing the 55 number of sheets allotted to the journals and publishing double numbers. The Board accepted his resignation with deep regret and recorded which he had rendered to it and to classical study. of sheets. on the nomination filled by the appointmeiit of Mr. The Board desires to thank them for carrying on the work under to take difficult circumstances. and on his retirement Mr. Gaselee The Yearns Work in 1918. In spite. The Board has been most anxious to avoid this as long as possible. and from The great at Oxford and the Council of the Classical Association. H. but a point must come when a further reduction in size would be to be no injurious to the circulation of the journals. The their sense of tlie great services vacant place on the Board was C)Til Bailey. S.Jones. The Board has considered and approved It proposes to curtail further the number of various economies. and have been reappointed for 1919. of all economies the result has been a serious deficit. Clark Secretary. F. of the Oxford Philological Society. Board have been oft'ered to Mr. C.

I Rhys Koberts wish to touch on membership. in our financial our guiding rule should be Education : : DonH. difTiculties. reach the last persons to be afiected —the politicians. unless as a last Secondary and University (John Murray. I which has been carried out during the past year." Professor Report. Modern Languages. "I move : may generally. but also The future up- holding of the classics depends not on fighting other subjects for a share in the curriculum. a volume covering the The Board period October 1917 to September 1919 will appear. the Council during the past year has been continuing the policy started by the Leeds meeting. we recognise other subjects to be. but on co-operating with them on behalf of education in general. This policy has led and the joint meeting with the Humanistic Associations. : " In seconding the adoption of the its first I item only. just as to the conferences referred to duty It is the of the Classical Association to attempt to convince the public that the Classics stand for a vital element in civilisation. and they have expressed to the Editor and contributors their regret for Sir any inconvenience which the change Frederic Kenyon which is have caused. the adoption of the Eeport. Some substantial progress has been made in establishing a spirit of harmony with those who represent History. * We are all. Science. . it is hoped. This is our permanent work. do not question the financial grounds for the Council's decision. 1919). and Mathematics. the need of increased hope.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 56 preparation. ask the Association for confirmation of this line of action. but the Board received instructions from the Council (which they handed on with regret to the Editor and contributors) when to defer publication until 1920. agreed that. not only looking after the special interests of the aiming at co-operation with other subjects. This an active spread of the claim for humanistic education which will at last. The pamphlet ^ circulated sums up what has been done in this direction. It is a hopeful sign that the working classes are beginning to realise that the Classics in general are a will lead to and Humanities form of culture to which they are entitled. a rendering of account from your Council to the Associa- To speak tion. and convincing everj'^one that the classics arc a substantial element of civilisation and culture. classics.

In The Year's Work and in the Proceedings. they will have if not caught many years in which to spread abroad a knowledge of those classics which only ignorance can decry. we shall gain both in money and. were to bring in a single new member. Oxford. the faiths that have long been hers. So I would ask any member classical still full of the Association of life whom my words can reach to send to the Treasurer names of new members and new correspondents. what is far better. anxious Treasurer would find a hundred pounds any entrance it fees) added The another way. Better fifty at local and there enlist eight pounds a still let : us double the number of our local correspondents and thus open up new recruiting-grom^ds. out of this rough total of 1. if one member in every three or four. speaking for myself I would have cities.500. all told. — as in'war. in war as in peace. The present membership of the Classical Association is small. and colleges (among others.480. I lay special stress on schools and colleges because. Yet. to gather in fresh members the younger the better. she is ever ready to uphold. to his Association recruiting officers has some dotted here Let each local correspondent about the kingdom. in numbers. hut do multiply the annual one case. raise the 57 annual subscription. lamentably small j no more than 1. . The place and the moment are propitious. schools. we may lose members in the other. . would be sheer ingratitude support which 8 many in me not to recall to-day the of her best speakers It generous and writers have. they may and Why classical not masters enrol undergraduates Caught young (and ? never be caught). Till I looked closely into our topographical lists the other day. where we held our In peace first General Meeting fifteen years ago. tlie . Oxford and Cambridge colleges) have no local correspondent. our classical tutors and senior boys.JOURNAL'S BOARD REPORT resort. and again there is one hundred year to gladden the Treasurer's heart. I did not know how many counties. reduced in bulk though one or both of these volumes must at present be. and the correspondents. they will also find ample proof that studies not only have a long history. old and new. then. is Oxford still. new members. in correspondents — its don't include (I Or look annual income. our able and rightly In subscribers. and to help others to uphold. but are and movement.

etc.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 58 during all the turmoil and agony of the last five years. Professor interested Clark in the said that Professor Conway was particularly scheme of bringing up-to-date information The had considered the matter. rather than we begin a long and steady efEort to enlarge ? " : little Would more ? it be possible to democratise the There is a feeling among many school- masters and schoolmistresses that everything is done over their a common remark that the Classical Association needs fresh blood. here in their great home. giving a record of a Mr. style. I warmest thanks . and were ready within the reach of educated artisans. shall our membership Miss PuRDiE Association a among the crowded towns tender to them. May I ask that such things should be taken into account when fixing the date of future meetings ship. of Chicago useful to get that journal circulated in England. etc. whilst the academic discussions were arranged when for Saturday. and giving classical plays with stage directions. in their schools ? " Baynes asked if the Council had any knowledge of the new projected journal to be published month by month by the five Humanistic Associations. teachers could be present. and up it is I of the time-table of this meeting. Sir Frederic Kenyon stated that the teachers in elementary schools and the lower grades of secondary schools were also aimed . Classical Journals to suggest various authors to write such articles. who want to work for the classics of a society. for if the This would do ? much to increase the members cannot take any vital part member- in the doings Might not the Associhumble men and women. and with an account of any This journal might appeal to a wider The Classical Journal was an interesting attempt to help practical schoolmasters and mistresses with accounts of what was being done. we may well ask. here and now. of my and where. ation be brought into touch with the especially in municipal schools. character of a month's work in a popular discoveries in any branch. It might be public through continuation schools. As an instance would mention the drawingThe most vital question a day when very few teachers heads. interest naturally dwindles. regarding CTreek was put down for could be present. lent to a new Branch of the Association set Yorkshire.

against a balance in 1917 of £97 5^.. the other hand. £73 6s. as was being done with the historical. it 59 was hoped to provide a more popular presentation of knowledge than was supplied by existing journals. in accordance with the previous practice of the Association. but that the reports for two years would be incorporated in one volume. E. which the £137 XV of the Association 13s. sorry that Council had decided to cut out The Yearns Worky and asked that a bulletin might be published containing a list of books chronologically arranged with names of authors. the Balance Sheet does not include the cost of Vol. 9s. Could not the local associations make suggestions on this point ? DoBsox Mrs. 10c?. advocated that the Association should elect the Council by ballot. Mr. The income £406 of the Association for 1918 Os. There for 1918 of the Association requires 6s. On realised how heavy would be The actual deficit is. She was as 80 few members could attend the annual meeting. 5d. Baynes said he only wished to urge that the classical side should be popularised.TREASURER'S STATEMENT by which at in this project. and this has Proceedings issued incurred a in further must be remembered 1918.133 in 1918 less . was £354 in 1916. NoRMAX Gardiner read the Treasurer's Statement as follows The Balance Sheet is a deficit of £173 shows that the financial position most careful consideration. pixblishing popular and encouraging correspondence from She also schools. pointed out that the Historical Association had already undertaken work articles of this nature. bd. in 1917 and £332 3s. Id. id. It is against about £50 than the average income before the war. be reduced by £100 which were invested in War Bonds before was it the expenses of the Association. for liability of in dealing with the financial position. This deficit may. Mr. therefore. Ud. Frederic Kenyon Work was explained that The Year's not cut out. pagination. The falling-ofi is due principally to the decrease in subscriptions: 1. however. Sir and price.. The adoption Report was then put to the vote and of the carried. lOd.

change. Ad. and Balance Sheet of 1920. as still net loss to the Association on the year's working £170 high. in 1916. and impossible to say it how many members have been permanently from this cause. bd. to £525 if Is. the difficulty of obtaining the addresses of been engaged amount war in service. £15 16s. repaid to the Journals Board for expenses wrongly charged to them in the past. XIV of the Proceedings costing £329 12s. in 1917 and £330 12s. these items too would have shown an less than Travelling expenses are increase. . In addition to this 6s. The Yearns Work and Vol. few. grants of £10 to the Council Humanistic Studies and of £5 to the Committee on Grammar. 5d. £62 19s.. in 1917 Entrance fees show little . U. to £34 105. of Thanks to great economy. Extraordinary expenses are a in 1917. come into the hoped to avoid a are only temporary is reason to believe that the It is necessary. but are compared with £83 12s. The total expenditure for the year.. leaving a deficit of £73 9s. Id. lost we omit tlie purchase as compared with £381 Os.262 in 1917 . of £100 of War Bonds. but is many subscriptions have lapsed during the war. The therefore. volume for the two years in 1920.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 60 against 1. 3(/. and in order to do so it will be necessary to out the whole or a part of £100 invested in "War Bonds. The increase is chiefly due to the increased cost of publications. Postage and Clerical Work. ed. Actual resignations are the pre-war level. As an immediate measure of relief the Council proposes to postpone the issue of The Yearns Work for 1918. The Council has decided a heavy loss has been incurred Association to pay sell is off this debt. is. id. Owing and to issue a double to the late date of the General Meeting. against £45 7s. measures. deficit in By the current year. 3d. there has been some reduction under the heads of Printing. in 1917. 8rf. therefore. in 1916. though considerably below The branches have again proved their value by introducing many new members. amounts as against £144 14s. but had not the General Meeting been postponed. The cause of this is largely members who have Compositions for life members 1. and there financial crisis is is too its cost will means it But these this much not temporary. sum of £8 10s. by the journals for which the ultimately responsible. id.072 in 1916. the next volume of the Proceedings cannot be issued until the autumn.

Supposing that it rises to £400 a year. The Association may raise its capital 2. amount nominally to £722 18s. The general expenses the Association are likely rather to of increase than to decrease. £137.FINANCIAL DISCUSSION examine to the general position the of finances the of 61 Association. Further. postage. apart from war securities which must be realised this year. XV. At pre- sent the actual cost of publications amounts to 4s. The income for the present year is about £350. subscription. and clerical labour. Id. Against these must liability of the Association for life number more than Association is 200. The Association may draw on its capital. then. the practically no reduction latter former we may is to be expected . a very thin volume without the list The cost of the two volumes is £304. Three courses are open : The invest1. . hope to produce the two volumes for less We than £240. The of members. but their . . Professor Clark seconded the adoption of the Treasurer's . leaving 3. 5(7. as the always in arrear for one volume of the Pro- ceedings. per member. for expenses Failing this. without counting extraordinary expenses which We cannot possibly estimate this general expenditure at less than £175 it is more likely to be £200 a year. The last volume of The Year's Work cost £167 publications. members. Hence the capital of the Association Moreover. travelling. present value be set the is little more than £520. Vol. Even with our present curtailed activities the general expenses amount to £160. 5d. whp stated above. say £130. ments. Proceedings. there would remain £200 or £225 for constantly occur. means reduction of income. and there will not be a penny to spare for occasional publications or other developments. reduction of cannot be reduced with safety. No reduction can be expected in the cost of printing. cannot. in the in time expect a reduction of perhaps £60. Thus even under the most favourable circumstances there will be a yearly deficit. the ! only course left is to reduce the publications permanently. in rise in price is due to increased cost of paper and printing .

and there would be a saving in stipends. including two representatives of the journals. but they were palliatives only. A meeting of the Board took place this morning. Also four Editors would no longer be necessary. There are practical difficulties quarterly the grievance with the publishers and the Board may be a e. w^hich was met by donations from the Oxford and Cambridge Philological Societies and a grant from the funds of the Classical Association. — and the however. espenially wages. The present. was up Members might then look forward to numbers pro\'ided at regular periods in place of curtailed numbers which appeared to the end of 1906 infrequently. new journal must cover the cost of price of the it Should the Association decide to carry out recommendation. difficulty in — suggests that they should be given provisional power to amalga- mate if possible and desirable. was to revert to the position as it and to concentrate on one periodical. The will require the opinion of experts publishing. There remains the grave and present problem of the current year The Classical in which we are confronted with a loss of £164. there is hope of financial equilibrium this in future. . there stationery. scribers will but I Rhys Roberts pleaded eloquently if an increase in the number doubt meet the A difficulty. at which the Treasurer and two Editors were — The loss on the journals apart from The Year's Work Proceedings was about £68. While the cost of printing. dd. Association has already sold stock to help us. this increase. balance. 3d.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 62 Report and said " As a : Journals Board.g. rqents of the Journals Board bring in £7 The only 15«. invest- which . could hold out no further hope Classical Association. Various minor economies were considered. This can only be met by an increase in the subscription to the Professor journals. postage. and The Editors present did not think there would be combining in one volume the contributions for any and the review. a year. I am member of the peccant body. the largely responsible for the difficulties in which the Association finds itself. journals amounts to £164 2s. the prices charged for the journals do not pay for the cost of production. wrappers. and the Oxford Philological Society has no further For the current year the estimated loss on the two of assistance. remains at present figures. against of sub- suggestion which was regarded with considerable favour by the Board.

and it is as I may The be able to oSer. and Fellow. con. which could only be realised at The a loss. Warde Fowler is very much still in retirement. difficulties permanent cause in question are apparently — increased maintenance — and due to a also to the pro- The suggestion has been made of who receive the periodicals at a reduced rate to contribute sums of not less than 55. we are possible that in a time of peace still which we hope is approaching (to which I look with more confidence and cheerfulness than has radiated from the Treasurer's Report) the Council will be able to put forward a distinguished politician. productive though adorned the College of Mark Pattison. Warde Fowler is an eminent scholar. Such subscriptions will be thankfully received by the Treasurer. Warde Fowler. But on led to suggest a Oxford scholars this occasion the Council has been happily name of one of our most distinguished living Mr. or a gallant admiral to Presidential Chair. and one who repre- sents to Oxford generally a distinct tradition. Macan " It : my is privilege to our President for the ensuing year. Council would consider that I was discharging I feel that the the commission laid upon me in a perfunctory way if I contented myself with naming their candidate only without commending him by such poor observations doors of the Temple of Janus technically at war. Tutor. Lend me your ears for a — few moments while I delight myself with a slight expatiation on the merits of this proposal. are not yet closed.ELECTION OF OFFICERS 63 represents a value of about £150. Mr. the friend and adviser of Bywater. he has associated with the Pattison tradition — a tradition of accurate and . and at the present day. sending an appeal to subscribers ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF COUNCIL Dr. nominations is I occupy the think that the policy of suggesting such a sound one and that the Association does well to and the public services of the link itself with the external world country." The Report of the Treasurer was then carried nem. tracted effect of the war. As Undergraduate. or an illustrious soldier. and distinguished scholar whom we Association for that name to be move I the nomination of have only to name the propose to call to the Chair of this Yet received with acclamation.

could fail to feel that Sir William had done the good service by giving it such wholesome what we thought of one another. and wit. is an expression of his belief from the preface to his volume on Social Life in the time of Cicero which hope I should like to quote for classical learning the unlearned public thought. shall be : added to tlie list of Vice-Presidents (Applause).CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 64 Many good scholars make mistakes. with its wealth of knowledge. himself the union of science and scholarship. By Warde their lucidity and not only good scholarship but good literature.' The God's creatures may ' : I firmly believe and education lies in be brought to that the one gi-eat the interest which feel in ancient unleiirned are not all Philistines . as a student of classics. This is not merely the fulfilment of a customary form. torian. insight. and his literary composition No man tradition. presenting in experience." The proposal was then carried unanimously. for no one who listened to the address yesterday. old who has Roman especially devoted himself to the exposition of the religion. have never detected any mistakes in Warde Fowler's he is not merely a great classical scholar and his- almost f nultless scholarsliip. and we knew what the public thought of us." " I regard it as a great privilege to be able to Mr. but we now know what is thought of ua by educated opinion. though in some points he hinted. Fowler on the subject of charm his wiitings are Roman owe to the writings of religion. " I have to move {a) that the Vice-Presidents Mr. but he Osier will be succeeded birds. who has just ceased to be President. and that we must be on our guar^^ Classical Association counsel. by an accurate observer a naturalist of considerable artist. is a genuine naturalist. . The verdict was on the whole favourable. I : am glad to have an opportunity of expressing publicly what I personally. and (6) that Sir William Osier. Mackail of the Association be re-elected for the coming year. Warde Fowler has a mission for them too. Pearson second this proposal as a member of Cambridge University. Wc knew . that we might amend our ways. is William Sir of the habits of He is also a born the flower of an artistic could better recommend classical study to There the less educated world. but I at least And work. life and they too are and Mr. not without justice.

both when perhaps optimistic . Sharwood-Smith. of Galen. N. fession and all all a successor of Hippocrates. a strengthening and given uplifting force during the war they will continue to exercise that . of science. we know of our own experience. M. I is the inspiration . those of Miss E. all but if realised. the motion was carried. not from it. and a renewed desire to communicate it to others. Newbury. Head Master Dr. and that both are commonwealth shared by us necessary for the service of the which like to express the sense we owe is One of the great advantages of the stimulus people say. That address was delivered by and of Rabelais. Edgehill. shall go out by the classics. must come is all of growth of mutual understanding to in this Kenyon. Warwick of the Grammar School. G. Murray "I have to propose the addition new names to the Council. Miss Holding seconded Professor Gilbert to the point put 9 by this motion. those who spread the light in 'partihus externorum." Miss Hirst. do we stand with regard who asked that the Council . . Dobson.ELECTION OF OFFICERS 65 against that Classicism wMch is the negation of Humanism. that the two fields of study are complementary. is it provides to teachers. which was carried. C. We should the debt Sir Frederic meeting in this way Teaching. of Columbia University. The classics have been. anticipate a time is be in great measure by humanists and by men recognised.Y.. three of whom the professions will be humanistic that ideal be kept in view. influence in years of peace to come. but how Latin and Greek can save the nation. Richards. The question is not how we can save Latin and Greek. from this meeting with a quickened sense of the real help towards life to the work. of Oriel College. School for Girls. Oxford. based on the principle of trying to get new blood and receiving help from the representatives of the newer municipal and grammar schools. Head The names are High Mistress of the King's Mr. Murray : " How Professor Clark. of Bristol University . Storr-Best. Professor and the Rev. having seconded the election of the Vice-Presidents. so that we may get out of a purely University atmosphere and bring in people who Professor Gilbert : of five represent the militant side of the Classical Association. and . whatever No work not inspiring work. It is now may it belonged to the medical pro- To were humanists.

It is now pro- posed to go outside Europe. but which has grown beyond the bounds at first contemplated. The Standing Committee have taken steps to extend its operations to other languages Spanish." Professor Murray : " In seconding this resolution I should like to say that the Association realises that Professor Sonnen- schein is carrying on a very important task which was put in hia hands by the Association originally. Italian. Macan : . by If no opinion to is the Council. and so to play into the hands of those who wished the classics maintained. guages. Dutch. The fundamental terms of grammar which is worth making. and has developed rapidly. and so it is hoped not and syntax. of are terms A over the difficulties between the languages. a kind of grammatical entente of all the It is only an experiment. which is merely The object of the Committee on Grammatical Reform was to make grammar simple. but I do not think any particular notice was taken of his request. and so include in the movement the non-European languages belonging to the Indo-European family. and to take cognisance of Sanscrit and the Sanscritic vernaculars of Modern India." Frederic Kenyon Sir act on all expressed it as : " The Council have the power questions involving a change of rules. the Committee will feel free to deal with they think best." Professor Sonnenschein moved " That the steps taken by the Standing Committee on Grammatical Reform to extend the principle of uniform grammatical terminology to Sanscrit and the vernaculars ' of Modern India be approved. nomenclature denotes the adoption of a single point to bridge common of view. and Russian and hope shortly to be able to issue an Appendix to the Report of 1911 in which the — application to these languages will be shown.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 66 miglit be authorised to take certain steps ? We passed the General Treasurer's Report." " In introducing this motion Professor SonnenDr.' " I do not wish to magnify the " office of grammar. of morphology. but it is one British Commonwealth. The movement began with the Government Committee on Modern Lana means to an end.

Sir Arthur Evans." Sir Frederic Kenyon moved a vote of contributed to the success of the meeting and the University for their : thanks to mittee and especially to Mr. Richards who had who had reception and the facilities given. in which various dates in September were suggested as more likely to suit school teachers. . Parker seconded and said the Association everybody feel at home. which one of its representatives. as also to the Cambridge University Press.ARRANGEMENTS FOR NEXT MEETING schein inserted word tlie cluded in the resolution Professor motion was May Sanscritic' " ' this 67 word be in- itself ? Sonnenschein having accepted this alteration. it was decided to accept the invitation to Newcastle. those who arranged the exhibitions. this meant a great deal of preparation. and Sir Frederic Kenyon promised that the Committee would do best to fix its a date that would allow teachers to be present. E. Gunther. probably July. who is a member . particularly for the use of the Divinity School Sir all to the Vice-Chancellor . DATE AND PLACE OF NEXT MEETING Sir Frederic Ken yon "An invitation has been received from the Northumberland and Durham Branch to hold our meeting at Newcastle next year. and the of the Association who had prepared papers . During the period special of the Book Exhibit meeting the Clarendon Press held a Convocation House adjoining the in the Divinity School. Cowley. Mr. the carried. It is suggested that it should : be held in April or July. Miss C." The vote of thanks was carried by acclamation. which was to had worked so naturally and smoothly that no effort could be suspected ." After some discussion. At the end of this session a visit was paid to the Bodleian Library. particularly William and Lady Osier. by the kind invitation of Dr. and members lastly to the Clarendon Press for the trouble they had taken in arranging an exhibition of books. A. All the arrangements had make experienced the perfection of hospitality. E. Professor Grenfell. Com- to the Local to the various persons assisted in the entertainment of the visitors.

Members had also the privilege of examining a remarkof early scientific instruments that had been of the Association. and collec-tion of Cretan and other antiquities. of the Association able collection brought together by the President and other members of the University. . On Sunday afternoon hospitably entertained examined his unique a large gathering of by Sir members Avas most Arthur Evans at Youlbury.CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION 68 most kindly attended and explained.

. P. H.— INDEX TO THE PROCEEDINGS PAQH Board Conferences with of Education and other Bodies Election of Officers and Members of Council Exhibition of Papyri by Prof.. H. E. Macan. Blakiston. J. N.. Phillimore 67 Meeting. B.A. Resolution on Greek Curriculum in Schools. Clark. S. M. Myres. Lang Jones. Debate on . HoRT.67 Votes of Thanks . Sir J. Cook. E. Prof. Cajyt. CoLviLE. Hirst. Holding. Dr. .. B.. Sir F. N. R. 48. Gakdnek 50. Mrs. A.53 63 50 66 34 54 Journals Board Lectures and Papers by A. Dr.. Prof. H. Crees. L. Prof.. . Next General 51 Photograph of Members 5 President's Address 50 Reception in Ashmolean Museum 51 Report of Council 53 Serbia. Baynes. Dr.51 Prof. N.. 52. C. Sir A. F. Bev. K. . J. E. Dobson. Gardiner. Stuart Kenyon.— NAMES OF THOSE WHO TOOK PART IN THE PROCEEDINGS Barran. Jliss G. . J. H. Ruined Libraries of 59 Treasurer's Statement 34. J. . Jones. Grenfell Grammatical Terminology. Miss G. .


Deficit (Signed) E.. xW. 22 4 11 15 16 11 42 13 Printing and Stationery 10 500 .. 1918 Expenditure incurred but not included Audit Year's Work.B. 331 18 8 119 16 3 19 2 . to DECEMBER 218t. £ Postage Clerical g. 20th. 1918 36 10 100 £451 14 11 accounts for Publications were not received in time to be included in the Audit. xii Proceedings. Treasurer. 1917. The Balance Sheet requires correction N. Norman Gardixer. 71 1918. Advertisement in Classical Journals Repayment to Journals Board Council of Humanistic Studies Committee on Grammar Payment to Contributors Purchase of £100 War Bonds £ 7 6 10 8 5 5 10 10 8 10 6 <52 Railway Fares Year's TrorAr d. 33118 8 130 19 162 3 3 626 173 in 6 1 4 6 5 £451 14 11 ..—The as shown. December 21 St. vol. Expenditure. Hon. vol. 716 Bank Charges and Cheques Accommodation of Council General Meeting and Reporting same s. Expenditure to Dec.. d.STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS DECEMBER 16th. Balance.


APPENDIX 10 73 .

O. M. LL.. LL. D. The Right Hon.C.D. 1918.. F.A.C.. 1915.C. D. 1914.. Asquith. Litt.P.R.B. R. D. H.L. F. 1906. 1907.. LL..D.B.C. The Very Reverend Henry Montagu Butler. Collins.P.. K. Master of Trinity College.A. Lord Chancellor. 1911. Sc. Richmond.C.A.. F.S.. D. K.C.. K.P. LL. D.D.A. Regius Professor of Medicine..L. D. Viscount Bryce.R. F.S. Oxford. 1913. D. the Earl of Cromer.R.. Cambridge..C. the Earl of Halsbury... S..Litt.C.L. D.. LL. Master of the Rolls. G.. LL. The Right Reverend Edward Lee Hicks.. Butcher.M. D. O. 1917.C. G.R.C. F. F.S. Litt. K. F. Christ Church.. The Right Hon...D.R. M.D..A. The Right Hon.. Lord Curzon op Kedleston. William Osler.R..D.D. D. Professor William Ridqeway. D.B..S. Cambridge.S.FORMER PRESIDENTS OF THE ASSOCIATION 1904.S.L. The Right Hon.. F.D. The Right Hon.. B.M..L. Professor Gilbert Murray. G..B. 1910. P. Prime Minister. 1909.. Esq. Kenyon. of Lincoln. The Right Hon.C.D.C.. Sir Frederic G.LE..D. M.C. H..L.D. 1905..L...B.. Disney Professor of Archaeology. President of the Royal Society.. LL. D. 1908.S. Sir Archibald Geikie. K. Lord Bishop 1912.. Ph.L.. Sir R..C. Bart.D. F.C. Director of the British Museum. 191G.L. Oxford.L.B.D.Litt. H.B. H.C. Sir W.A. LL. D.Litt.D.B....D. Sir 74 .L.C. M.

D..C.C. LL.Litt. Lord Finlay. D.. D.C.D. The Right Hon. Gardner Hale..B.OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR 1919 PRESIDENT W. D. P.C. D..L.. D.. LL..D.D. Director of the British Museum. Leeper. The Right Rev.D.D.E.. K.. Litt. LL.R.C. K. D.D.M. The Hon. F. H.G.D. O.. VICE-PRESIDENTS The Right Hon. Chief Justice of New South Wales. D.. K.L.L.. Ph.R.. F.M. Oxford.A. Conway.M. Professor Henry Jackson..M. Asquith..B... M. and Most Rev. Litt>D. Bishop Gore. Cambridge. LL.C.D. K.C. F.. Melbourne University... Earl Curzon op Kedleston.B. LL.C.L. G. Professor R.D.L. F.S.S..C. D. The University. The Right Hon.A. LL. Warde Fowler. Esq. Lord Archbishop of York.. G.. Chicago.. Litt.A.D.. The Right Hon.C.B. D.A. The Right Hon.. Sir Archibald Geikie. Sir Frederic G.D.R. S.L.. Cosmo Gordon Lang. Lincoln College.B.D... Cullen. Professor W. Manchester.R. Viscount Bryce. LL. Warden of Trinity College.A. Alex...S. O.P.. Sir W. Esq. The Right Hon. Kenyon. F. D. LL...I. H.O. M.I.C.. 76 .D.. the Earl of Halsbury.B. F.L...D. O.S.D. F.S.. LL. P. LL..A.Litt.

. F.. The Reverend Canon A. J.A. K.A..... . Professor Sir W.D. Wilts. Bart. Tlie University. Dobson. Birmingham. The Grammar School. Sir W. Pearson. Oxford. Limebeer.D. Professor J.D. M. Newbury. A.C.B. Women. F. M. Liverpool.B.D. R.. President of Magdalen College.L. F. F..V. Rhys Roberts.C. Sc.. F. Durham. Litt. MissD. Esq. Edgehill. Edwards. Bristol. F. Richards. LL.O. LL. D. Cyril Norwood. G. Baron Phillimore of Shiplake. Clark.D.R. MA. Pendleton High School..Litt.D. Sir William Osler. F..A. Mackail..A.Litt. M. Maunde Thompson. Birmingham.S.C. Professor J.C.. D. M. E. Pantix..M.C.A.A. A. B. D.L.A. C.D. Yorkshire. The University... London...L. O. M. Esq. M. The M. Cruickshank. Leeds. G. Manchester. W. Esq.A... K. Miss E.C. M. C.B. Ridgeway. Oxford. LL. Professor W. Postgate..S. Litt. Corpus Christi College. C. Oxford. Esq. Sharwood-Smith. F. Regius Professor of Medicine...A. LL. Earl Loreburn.D.A.P. Reverend G..L. M.R. D. Sonnenschein. Warwick. D. The University. D.. M.. E. W.B. W. Training College for University.. rofessor Gilbert Murray.A. P.L. .. Adelaide.A..APPENDIX 76 The Right Hon. The University.D.C.B.C.. F. LL.. Miss M..A.B.D. Paul's School.D. Esq. Professor E. The Lilley. Darnley Naylor... St.A.M... F. Marlborough College. M. LL.. Professor Sir Herbert Warren.L.G.A.. P.R. D.R. LL.B. Richmond. King's High School for Girls. The College. W. Sir E..C. COUNCIL Professor A.. Bradford.. Professor H. D. Litt. Liverpool.A. Viscount Morley of Blackburn. M.. Oxford. Oriel College.A. Oxford.D.S. E.B..Litt..Esq.C. H.. F... Liverpool.D.C. D.. Esq. S.. The Grammar School. Kenneth Forbes. Litt.L. The Right Hon.. Canabridge.

Litt. Norman Gardiner.B..A. B. Leicester. Epsom. SECRETARIES Professor D.. A.. London. Litt. Professor P...A. M. Reading.... F. Wood. Storr-Best. Cambridge. Garnsey.A.. Wollaston Road.A. H. 4. 77 The Grammar School. Esq. N. N. Slater. HON.. Representing the Classical Association of Victoria Miss F. P. Eepresenting the Classical Association of South Australia Professor J. M. Coalville. Training School for Women. R.W. Postgate. Esq. . Liverpool. 2. 3 Ure. Stawell. The College.D. HON.A. University College. Esq. TREASURER E.A. M. Miss M. Eepresenting the Classical Association of New South Wales : E. D. M. Chalcot Gardens. M.OFFICERS L.

create opportunities co-operation among for friendly intercourse all lovers of classical and learning in this country. meet as often as it may deem necessary by the Secretaries to each member." 2. The Council with the general administra- shall be entrusted tion of the affairs of the Association. at the General Meetings of January 5th. 4.RULES first General Meeting of the Association. January Gth. tion shall be members thereof. and ordinary Members. 1904. 5. a Treasurer. 1. and in particular (a) : To upon public opinion the impress studies to claim of such an eminent place in the national scheme of education (b) To improve the (c) and methods. the Council. "The and Classical Association. The objects of the Association are to promote the development and maintain the well-being of classical studies. two Secretaries. and. May 2^th. Adopted at the Amended 1908. 1917. and shall be ex-officio members of 3. a Council of fifteen members besides The officers of the Associathe Officers. The Association shall consist of a President. The name of 1910. shall have control of the funds of the Association. October lOtk. The Council upon due at every meeting of 6. Association shall January be 13th. January Uth. Vice-Presidents. 1906. 1912. to make . and the Council five shall form a quorum. the January 9th. To encourage investigation and call attention practice of classical teaching by free discussion of its scope disco veries (d) To to new- . subject to any special direction of a General Meeting. 1914. shall notice issued It shall be within the competence of the Council 78 .

There shall be an entrance fee of 5*. The President 9. and the 10. and shall not be eligible for re-election until after the lapse of one year.RULES rules for its own 7'9 procedure. 13. and shall not be eligible for re-election until after the lapse of five yeai^s. President. It shall also have power to bring before the General Meeting without previous notice all business which 13a. and in particular shall prepare the list of agenda and determine what papers shall be read. Vice-Presidents. and Council shall be elected at the General Meeting. For the purpose of establishing a rotation the Council shall. Treasurer. The Election of the Ofiicers and Council at the General Meeting shall be by a majority of the votes of those present. provided always that questions before the Council shall be determined by a majority of votes. The Council shall make all necessary arrangements for the conduct of the General Meeting. who of the Association shall be are in sympathy with open to all persons its objects. desire to propose a resolution or to read a paper at the General Meeting shall give notice accoz'd- ingly to one of the Secretaries at least six weeks before the date of the Meeting. Secretaries. notwithstanding. the place to be selected at the previous General Meeting. shall by elected for Members 11. or at any place within the limits. The Vice-Presidents. Rule Notice of resolutions sent in under this shall be circulated to Members together with the names of the respective proposers. the Chairman to have a casting vote. the Chairman to have a casting vote. on retirement one year. 14. Ordinary members shall be elected by the Council. 16. shall be elected for one year. The General Meeting of the Association shall be held annually in some city or town of England or Wales which is the seat of a University. Any member who may it considers urgent. Membership of either sex 15. the Treasurer.of the British Empire which has been recommended by a special resolution of the Council . provide that one-third of its original members shall retire in the year 1905 and one-third in 1906. 7. but shall be Secretaries eligible for re-election. The annual aub- . The 8. but vacancies occurring in the course of the year may be filled up temporarily by the Council. 12. of the Council shall be elected for three years.

fee. 10. by 2s. subscriptions of last of any year may IGa. If the President of any body so associated is unable to attend the meetings of Council. upon notice given by a Secretary member to each at least a fortnight before the date of such meeting. Libraries without entrance members elected during the shall count for the ensuing year.APPENDIX 80 scription shall be 5s. The President of any body so associated shall during his term of office be a Vice-Pi'esident of the Classical But the members of the associated body shall A. This composition fee for new members will be reduced. subscribe by an annual payment of 5«. of Council beyond .ssociation. The Council shall member's name from the 19. Rules of the Association shall be made by vote at a General Meeting. Classical Association shall relations with other bodies having like objects with upon their application to the Council and by vote of the same. 12. 20. not be deemed to b© members of the Classical Association. and 10 shall not apply to the Vice-Presidents created under this rule. Members who have paid the entrance fee of 5s. Thirty years' payment shall carry membership for 18. The provisions of Rules 8. in the case of old members wishing to compound. The have power to enter into its own. for every annual payment already made. Gd. have power to remove by vote any list of the Association. nor shall they have any of the rights or privileges of members beyond such as they shall enjoy through the operation of this rule. The three months payable and due on the 1st of January in each year.. 17. Alterations in the life. The Council shall in each case determine the contribution payable by any such body and the privileges to be enjoyed by its members. the Council shall have power to invite that body to a limited period (not nominate a representative to serve for exceeding one year) as an additional member the number 15 mentioned in Rule 3. may compound for all future subscriptions by the payment in a single sum of fifteen annual subscriptions.

Rev. B. Epsom. Head Master.A. Clyde Road.. L.. Adcock. T.NAMES AND ADDUESSES OE MEMBERS •^* Iht is compiled from information furnished by Members of are Life Members. Warden of Radley College. H...C. Sir Lionel. Fife. Rt. Andrews.W. Abrahams. F.A. Jesns College. Bishopshall West. Salisbury Plain. *Alford.. 4th N.. Infantry (Eeservo) Brigade. Brigade Education Officer. E.. Adams. F. E. Sherborne. 11. A.C. Agar..A. 21.. A.. Tliis the Abbott. Rev.. M.. Abernethv. E. King's College. S. D. Adam. S. Miss A... Adam-Fox. Miss M. St. Mountain Ash. G.A.. A. M. 2. Cambridge. M. S. DufFryn. K.. Clapham High School. llie Mambers to whose names an asterisk is 2fi'eji.A.B. Miss G. Miss H. M..Z. AiLiNGER.A..2. 1. 11 81 . Malvern.A. Central Foundation Boys' School.. Cambridge. Werstan's. E.A. The College. Gloucester Gardens.. (No address. T.. Ealing Common. Mrs. India Office.A. C. M. 1. 13. S. Barton Road. *Alder. Hon. Affleck. Alinqton. M. W. Rev.J. Abbott.W. Norman Gardiner. Inglis Road. 5. 2. Sedber. Dorset. W. Windsor. Abingdon. Miss M. Manchester. Aldersgate Street. Headquarters. CoAvper Street. Lord. M. Glamorgan.. Abel... M. Aberdare.A. 51. V. Bishop's Road. Adams. E. A. Cambridge. Esq. 180.. Eton Colltge.C..) AiNSLiE.. Sling Camp. B. M. and Members are requested to be so kind as to send immediate notice of any Permanent Change in their addresses to E. with a view to corrections in the next published list. West Didsbury. B. M.. St. Miss E.

S. Anderson. Bryn Seiriol. Scaleby Hall. Hermit's Hill.. Alexandra Road. W.S. S. Althau8.A. F. M. Cambridge. Trinity College. Dublin.T. B. M. Anderson. Education Department.A. S. . G.. Armstead.. Allen. N. Andover.A. Trinity Hall. Miss E.. B. p. :^LD. C. A... Bryndedwydd. Radegund's. Rome. 3. Prof. G. St... The University. N. H.W.->bury.A. L. N. Yateley R(ad.A. D. Clifford. K. K. Anderson. M. Cardiff.. 2. Royal Grammar School. Miss M.M. Anderson..A..A.. Miss D.. School. Cluygate. H.. 3.. Oxford. St. Christ Church. Edgbastou. 8. B. B. Strathray Gardens. V. ShelTield.D. Apperson. M. Allwood. Cranley Gardens.. Anderton. 18. Newcastle-upon-Tyne.A. Bell. Mrs. Cranleigh School.. 23.. Ven. Manchester. AsHWiN. C.. M. Mayville Ko:\d.B. F.A. Birmingham. F.. Burghfield Common. Mossley Hill. Brentwood. liev. Cambridge... B. M. Armitage. M. Manchester. G. AsHTON. is\W. 19. Hampstead. Mil way Road. Liverpool. Archibald.A. Surrey. M. Buck. J. T. Chorley. Miss 11. Essex.. Heyscroft. Anderson. Lady ^largaret Hall.Litt.. Appleton. Allen. Per.. R.. Miss D. Queen's College. 3. W. Oxford. N. *Allen. Prof.APPENDIX 82 Allbutt. M.. R. Lancashire.C. Hammans..W. D.A. Sir R. Hampstead..... M. 8.W. M.A..s. Westfield College. Oxford.. J. The High School.C.G. E. M. M. Albans.. Angus. Antrobus.M. Allen.. 95.A. Cambridge. Rose Valley House. Public Library. Sir T.D. E. Mortimer. College Street. C.. F. Surrey...R. 7. Vice-Principal. Berks. S. Arnold. Sir R. Liverpool College. Allison. Esq.. M.A. C. I. *AsnuY.A. Antrobus. 37. Brackley. Archdeacon W...A. Hertslets...A. Huyton.W. West Did.. M. British School. Arnold. M. Mount House. Sheffield. 7.. Carlisle. G.A. Junr..A.A.T. J... C. Heath Park Avenue. c/o H.A. L. Prof.C. Miss D. M. F. M. M.A. High Wycombe. N. Alton. Armson. C... Merton College. J. Angus.. Miss E. Argles. B.C. Clifton Hill.. Oxford. Bombay. Magdalen College School. M. F.. B.. Pupil 'I'eachers' Centre. Warwick Ashley. Lancashire. AsiiBEE. Litt. Myton.. AsHFOHD... Miss A. R. W. North W^ales. Neville. Bangor. The Rectory. B.. Almond. Wright. J... T. Miss E.

. Hellenic Society. Cyril. J.. 42. Pall Mall.. M. P. M... 34.. Bloomsbury Square. Toronto. S. W. M. Streatham. Woodborough Road.. Oxford. M..A. Bourne Avenue..A. W.W.W.A. M. Eccleston Street. H. Birmingham.A.W. Grindlay & Co. G. Miss E. A.. 19. C. Gerald. Downham Market. Barker. M. Merchant Taylors' School. 1. Petersfield. Miss K. a. Cavendish Square.C. Scotland. Nottijigham. Elvetham Eoad. Hon. Barkby. 24-. F. John's Vicarage. The University. Bagge. E. 11.A.C. Rev..R. c/o Messrs. Trevor. M..A. M. 11. Baines. Barlee.. Rt.A.A. 1.A. B..P. B. D. J. Hanworth Road.A. Bombay.O.. J. Bromley... H. AuDEN. H. 15.. Barker. B. I.. Baker. M. Hounslow. Barke.S.S. Prof. S. Windsor. Baldwin.. The University.L. W. Gloucester.. Bedales School. Austin.. M. 1. Athenajum Club. 426. Camp Hill.. Hon. 13. Grammar School. H. M. Oh. F. Ball. Barker.A. Balfour... A. C. M.Sc.. Guyscliffe. M. Miss D. Hants.. Derbyshire.C. Edgbaston. Hardwicke Court. J. S. Manchester. S. S. Barker. E. Eccles Old Road. II. S. . Preston. M. Prof. Loretto...A. H. E. Balmforth. Kent.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 83 AsQUiTH. ff. King Edward VI.A. Norfolk.. Rt. M. M.. Lloyd... 20. S. Upper Canada College. Attlee. 7. G.. Birmingham. J. Wycombe Abbey School. B. D. Bampfylde. D..W. 60.Chantrey House. Exeter College. E. Astley Hall. L. Canon P. York Mansions. Garstang Road. Bailey. Manchester.. Pendleton.P.A. St. 1. M. 1.. II..A.... Badlet. M. Queen Anne's Gate. 16. Barber. L. Stradsett Hall.. Hopton Road. M. Ross.. K. Atkinson.. Principal. Baker. Bailey. Oxford. *Atkinson. Leeds.A.A. M.. M. Stourport. Balliol College. W. Baillie. High Wycombe. Baker-Penoyre. B. E. ll.W. Oakfield Street. Bakewell.A. P. M.W. E. F.. Repton. T. W. M.. BA. Miss A.. Cardiflf... Barker. K. Musselbiu-gh.P.A.. Rt Hon. Battersea. M.. Queen's Gate Gardens.. B. 164. London. Avenue View. A. Miss L. Canada. 19.C. *Barlow.

A. High Court. B. Bombay.. Barr. R«v.'s High School for Girls. King Edward YI. The College. J. F. N. T.A. Baxter. M. Belcher.A. M. Sawley Hall.A.. A. Prof.S. Bate. J. R.A. Lincolnshire..... B. ProJ. Bradford.O. Principal. M. J. Sind.A. H. M. Cheshire. I. D. Brighton . N.. M. Middlesex... M. Peterhouse. Jamaica. Ordination Test Schools. Barran. Barton. c/o Calder. II. Barry. King William's College.A. M. 4. York. Miss F.. Miss H. M. New Street.s. Bart.. Edinburgh. Rev.. H. Bolton.. Edgbaston. Ivy Garth.A. Birch Lawn. Rev. Staffs. H. Hampton School. Dublin.. a. M. Birmingham.. M. Pendleton. *Barnes. Imperial Sor\'ice College. S..A.s Effie. W. Eccles Old Road.. K.A. Sir S. Baugh. M. M. Leamington. Birmingham. Hayes. C. J. Wimbledon.A. Rev.A.. T. B. M. J. Wheatsheaf Road..A. 6.A. Sir J. Barnett.P. Barrows.. M. Eastwood. Cambridge. 11.A.. Prof. B. Newcastle.. Reading.. 164.. King's Road. Canon E.. M.. *Batchelor. W. Behrens.A. E..A.A. Bredcruft. FitzWalters.. *Barnard. Sedbergh.A. B. Weston-super-Mare.. The Grammar School. Malvern P.W. Scroope Terrace. Lansdowne Road.. H. Kent. The Hon. Manchester. W. Kenmure Avenue. Oxford. J. C. Barrett. J. Barrow. 22... p. R. F.. L.APPENDIX 84 Barlow. India... University of Cincinnati. 1. E. Beggs. The College. Randall. Beckwith. B. Durham. Trinity College. Bristol. 3/r. Barton. Beasley.. Woolhampton. I.. M. Barnes. S.D.... Rev. M. Baskerville. Battle. Rev. Beaven. M. M. The Grammar School.. S. H.. Miss M. Beazley. Cambridge.. Thornfield.A. *Beaumont.. I. Northwood. Barnard. Douai School.. Peter's School. King's School. Mrs. Bromley.A. M. Bredcroft. Stamford. E.. •Beare. A. M. Peterborough. R. Rev..... Ohio. Athenaeum Club.. St.S. Knutsford. Larkana. Lincolnshire.A. M.. Stamford. Northcote Place. H. Miss J. D. Beck.. D...C. M.A. 46. 19. Battiscombe. Miss H. Isle of Man. Yorks. G.W. M. Christ Church College.. Hazeldene. a. Windsor. Bayneb.. 4. E.. W. Barnby. Bayley. Miss E. Ripon.C. E. D.A. p.. B.

M. S. 21. Henry King & Co. Bernard. Esq. E. Vanbrugh Park. M... Florence. Bernays..S.A. Lismore Place... M. Miss S. F. Miss F. S. M. A. E. C.. H. Shortlands.A. Eev. B.. H.W.S. M. M. Bell. V. Cambridge.A... Benton. M. 3. C. Cambridge. Bennett. B. H. B. von B. Binney. J. Pall Mall. Bhabha. Miss E. Benson.W. 88. B. Carlton Gardens. The University. Edward. Bevan. a. C.. The School. 53. E.A. H. M..A.A. B. Rev. E.. Lingard Street. Oxford.S. Berryman. Eton College. J.A. 23. Royal Engineers' Office. Times of India. Blackett. Constantia.A. Mrs.. Blunt. B. c/o S. Rev. Barnsley. Miss E. 3. A. The Priory. c/o Messrs.. Oxford. Nottingham..D..D. LL. Bill.. J.. Magdalene College.A. 2.. Hayes. M.. S. Bingham. *Bensly. Bloxam. Carlisle. E. M.. Eton College. Martyrworthy. B. II Ciliegio.A. Crediton. Worthing... W. Cranmer Road. E. Berks.. 2. 3Irs. Eev. M.. Boas.C. Blagden.. York House..A. Windsor. Bombay.. County High School for Girls. E. Cunmor. Leeds.. D.. H. B. F. C. Ealing. M. J. The University.A.A. near Leeds. BoDDiNGTON... M. S.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 85 Belcher. W. E. Steyne School.A. T.A. E. F. W. High School. Rugby. Biamley Kectory. Bengal. Prof. Windsor. U... San Gervasio. Benn. 1737. St. Bevan. J..A. M. Kurseong. W.. Blakiston.A. R. Blomfield. Bland.) . N. W.. Mass. J. p. Rev.A.A. W. M. Magdalen College.. p. A. Belcher.A. Bennett.A. High Hall.. Portugal Street. Blackheath. Blackett.. Canon E. Newbury. Nalder Hill House. A.. N. C. Win- chester. Kew. M.. Bethune-Baker. E. H. Aberystwyth. W.E. Manchester. B..A.. nr. B. 5. M. Bridlington. John's Vicarage.. I. Durham.D.C. Hornby Road. Bell. Rawdon College. A.. T. Basingstoke. M. Priory Road.. (War Service. B.. Sheppard. BiBBY. 9. Wimborne. 8. Dorset. Staverton Road..A... M. 12. H. Rev. Billson. R.A. M.. (War Service. B. 0. Cambridge Street.. Bell. 1.. Blomfield. Hampstead Square.) *Benecke. G. Grangethorpe Hospital.. Rusholme.. B. Kent. Cambridge. 1. P. Principal... Trinity Road.. G. Rev. Carrington.. Rugby School. W..

Wilts.S. W. R. C.. W. Llandaff. Rev. M. R. S. Braukholtz. M. Woodhead 44. Clark College. J.. Dr. Rt. A.C.C. M.A..B. M. G..A. Kensington. St. St. Bridge.. Bottomley-Smitii.. &. Scarsdale Villas.. Nicholas. J. *BowEX. Rev. Loom Lane. 0. Rev. Rnthgow. (War Service. v. Blackwood... Grindlay & Co. Sussex. *BosAXQUET. Leeds. Bombay... M. Brisbane.. Eton College. 80. lleadingley.. M. R. D.S. St. 173. Grammar of. J. Brock. F. BousFiELD.A.C. Miss M. Devonshire Road. c/o Messrs... Miss. E. E. Brice-Smitii.. Godalming. E. . Edmund's School. West Kensington. Boycott. Brockman.. M. 54.. D. M. Bramston.A. Eton College. G. C. Bombay. G.. Co. co. 17. Manchester.. Brackett. Broadbent. F. Bridge. J. Windsor.A. 22. Henry. R. Leeds. Pewsey. Lancing College..A. I. F.. Bradley. Bromley. M. Bridge. K. Admiral Sir C.. LL.. Rev. *Broad.Litt. Shoreham. Micklegate. C. M. B. S..) Braham. BoTTiNG... B. Brikton. W.S. Liverpool.A. C. Tue Brook. See Knaresborough. Bombay. Wan-e House. pool. Rev. Brigg....A. May Bank. School..A..A. Oxford. Cathfdral School. Cumballa Hill.. II. Kcighley. J. Woodstock Road. Charing Cross. Moor Allerton. Bramley-Moore. J. T. Enford Vicarage.. BowRiXG. Queensland. Bradney. 14. Prof. I.. Prof A. India. Radlett.L. Magdalen College. R.A. Rose Court. B. Winchester.. A. M..M. Herts. Kent.) T... H. D.A.A.. M.C. Dublin. H.A.... 84. Windsor. Charterhouse. M. N.A.. M.A. Stonehouse. Hammelton Road. C. Highfield Road. Withington.M. H.A.B. U.. Brexnan. Worcester. Oxford. Gloucester.A.. Canterbury.A. H. Branfoot. Hopelands. T. 1.W. F. the Lord Bishop of. I. (War Service. J. Rt. c/o Messrs..A.B.. H. Joseph. Perham Road. H. Liverpool. M. Liver- . BowLBY.. Rev. M. Rev. H. ^fiss L.. Mass. Brig HTM AN.. Prof A. Bramley.A..APPENDIX 86 Bolus. Collector's Office.. T.A. Kildwick Hall. E.Afton. Poona. John's Vicarage. York. Dunwood House. Bradley. Bishoj) BoTWOOD.. Aigburth.S.A. B. 21. 8..

B. Theodore. D. Fife. S.. E. Carfax. Rev. W. F.C.D..B.. BuNCE.. D. 1 . *Brooks. Rt. Rev..A. F. *Brown. 19. N. Prof. Rev. Rankine..) Burn. Brooks. M. C. 2. B. School of Art. Michael's Hamlet.A. University College. G. Godalming. Prebendary A. Liverpool. Merchant Taylors' School.. 1... 5. Principal R. Prof. M. G.S.A. Bull. Browne. Hon. M.. Capt.C. Beaconsfield.D. St. Southborough. E. Great Crosby. Prof J. See Oxford. N. Fenay Hall. C..M. L.i. Paragon. M. Brown. Queen's Terrace. Alphege Lane.. Dorset Road.. Buckley. (War Service... S.. Burrows. O.. Tunbridge Wells.A. Mrs. Huddersfield. Hertford College.. M. M. Browning. Rev. 61. Burns. F.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS Brodribb. See Chichester. BuLLER...L. Oakford. Marlborough College. Edmund's School. Greenhurst. 8. Courtney. Burrows.. Charterhouse. M.W.W. L. V.... S. D. A. Broom. Halifax. Bristol. Wilts. O.. Cardiff. Canterbury. Bombay. E. C.. Rev. Liverpool... Pentyrch. Burnside. A. Bexhill-on-Sea.A... E. Hon. New Zealand. M. Oscar. Clifton. Brook.. Ph. 3. Viscount.W^ 7. Litt.G. Burnett. W. Bruce. Burnet. Nr. L. A.D.A. The University. M. Prof F.D..A. St. Miss M. Rev. St. (Athens). 2. G. St. Bampton. E. *Browne. E. S... C. Rt. Andrew's. M.A. Lincoln's Inn. Bishop of .B. Rev. M. Dartmouth Park Hill. E. 31.. C. Rev.. Reedley Lodge.A. Devon.. M. A.A. Holly Terrace House.D. Buckingham Gate. M.A. St.A.R.A. Greenhurst. the Lord Bishop of. Brooke. Brown. F. 34. Rt. W. BuRGE. Cranley Gardens.. Rev.. Browne.. Burnley. 3. Prof H. Stone Buildings. D. D.... Godalming.Litt. Bryant. King's College. Strand.. D. Burroughs.. 5. B. Bromley. Hon. M. M.A. LL. W.A. Bishop of Burke. F. I. Brown.. D.. W. Miss M.A. Holly Hcampstead.A. Cornwall Gardens.. Lanes. N... BURKITT. 87 Hill.. 7. F. Victoria University College^ Wellington.VV. Canterbury..D. Rev. Bucks. Rt. Rev.B. Rev. R.A.. H. Cecil. Dublin. W. 14.. Kensington... Eastbourne.. BucKLAND. M. Oxford.A. Charterhouse.W\ 7. Sir John A.D.A.C. M. 4. City of London School. A. B. *Bryce. Andrews. Andrew's School. Bart. P. Miss T.A. M. Miss M. The Vicarage. St. M. E. B. Ph. J. C.A. Burnley.

M. Belgium.. F..A. Miss A. Miss Manchester.. 7. L.. The University. *BunTON-BROWN.. Campbell. M.A. B. Brookside. Prof. Auburn Road.. Prof.. U. Sutton. Miss B. Hove.. Upper Drive.W. M. Wolverhampton. M. Byrde. Godalming. T.A. Northacrc.. Drumalla. A.A.. H. W. Woodside Road. J... Sir J. Hampstead. Mrs. Y... Capps. Miss E.O. The Friars. G. 4... The Rectory. Derby Road. Montagu. D.. C. Limelmrst. W. LL. Kensington.W.. H. R. The West Cottage. T.E. 1.. Prof. M. Tlie University. Caldecott. Cambi-idge. Siunington S. Liverpool.A. A. Prof. Cambridge. E.D. *BuRTON. L. M.. 84.D. A. A. Canterbury. K. Head Master. RathmuUan. S. Palace Gi-ove. G. Fitzjohn's Avenue.. Litt. M. York. LL. M. Princeton University. A. Liverpool.D. Butler. BuTTERWORTH. Litt.A.. J/m E. University College. Campion. Calder.APPENDIX 88 BuRSTALL. G.A. PJi. W.D. 16.C. M. W.. ^Manchester. Donegal.. Bart. Bury. Rev.. 8.. Butcher. E. Wooler.. Carter. Cambridge.. Calam.. Surrey. Barnabas' Vicarage. Prof... 6. . S. A. 19. Campbell.. Halifax. Mrs. Prof. H. Bury. Gilling East. E. Campagnac.P. Sussex. 3 Campbell.. Duchy Chambers. Carson. Carlisle.C. Storey's Way. Brigadier-General F. 16.. M.... Fev.TX. Miss A. Sir Thomas Street.. M.. Manchester High School for M. 0. Godalming. Carnoy. School House.. Bristol. G.B.A. M.. Northumberland. R. Butler.A. S. Rev.. A. G.A...S.. BusHE. King's College..A. E. Cambridge. J.. New Jersey. Lymm. Canney. 9. M. Carlisle. N. Malton. J. M. Ewart Park. E. 150. M. 8. co. Princeton. St. Elvaston Place.A. Campbell. G. Upper Norwood. Christ's Colli'ge. Heath Grammar School. Butler... Huddersfield. Iverna Court. M. Carrutiiers. G.A. 92. Rue des Joyeuses Entries. 32. Belvedere School. Cheshii'e. Prior's Field. M. Withington. M..A. Girls...A. J.. S. Manchester. W.A.A.. Campbell. Louvain. Redland.

Ridge Road. 3... Oxford. S.. Chichester. W.A. D. 6.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 89 Carter. 12 7.D. Church Avenue.. N. Orchard Street. School House. 1. G.A.. Eton College. Holly Lee. Chapman. London.. Chitty. St. Birmingham. Ohettle.. D. the Loi-d Bishop of. T. p.. F. near Midhiu'st. M. York. Chambers.A.A. University Hall. K. See Salford. L. Lynch Rectory. Bishop of. N.. M. T. M. Bombay.. J. Rt. G. Case. Miss Esther. Eton College. E. Kensington Court... Canon W. LL. J. 108.W. c/o. L.B.. M. Esq. P. South Liverpool. N. M. Bishop's Stortford.. M. R. H..A. Kent. Hampstead.. Case. Barnes.A. 3. S. University College. M. E.A. Chichester.A. Billing Road. Rev.R. W^. Anderson.D.C. S. Northampton.A. 0..A. Forest Edge. Chappel.O.. Victoria Embankment.. Northampton. C. 4. Lord. Chantry Mount School. Case.D. Elphinstone College. Whitehall.. a. Churchill.. A.D. Digby W.A. B. *Caspari.. Board of Education.A..A. Chadwick. G. Chalmers. T.. Eaton Square.. H. M. N.. Highgate. Mrs. Charnwood. Livingstone Drive. Gray's Inn Square.C. M. M. B. R. S. M. Miss J. M.. M. Caspari.L.D. See Ely. . Windsor. 1. Elm Bank Mansions. Casartelli..W. City of London School. Chadwick. D...A.. Charlesworth. Hon. C.. M. Chilton. Rev. B. 13. Windmill Hill. Chapman. W. Bishop of. Malton. 82. Chatfield. Tonbridge. 34. M. Yorks.A.B. Miss D. G. John Street.W. 1.. 35. Rev. (Glasgow). St. R. M... Caton. 56. G. G.A. Miss F. Michael's Rectory. P.. LL. M.. 1.A. 5. Sir N. M. Lord. Rev. H. F. 1. L. Cayley.P.. The Grammar School. D. 3. Rt.. H. Masetti. Liverpool. B. M.C. M. Forest Row. Rt..M. Hereford. Chapman.. Hon. Churchyard.C.W.. Fairfield. Eton College. Bombay. Rev. M. Hornsey.. High Court. Sussex. M.8.. Chavasse. Manchester. S. 76.A... H. L. Cholmeley. *Chambers.. Polstead Road. Rev..C. Rev. Hovingham Hall. M. London.A. Coventry. Rt. Hon.. Miss A. B.A. Cholmeley. Chase. Sussex. O. The Palace... Cattley.. Windsor. Windsor. 5.. W.. p. Talbot Road. Cornwall Mansions. The University. F. B. Chandavarkar... E..

Nortlileigh.. M.. W. Corpus Chrlsti College. Stanley Street. M. M. Greek Street. M. Palace Gardens Terrace. Copthorno. Cook.A.A. Clough. Princes' Park. A. Conway. K. Maidstone. c/o Mrs. Sussex.. Grange Road. Liverpool. Clark. M.APPENDIX 90 Clapham. 3. Mrs. Collins. Meanwoodside. Tlio University. CoMPTON. Misa V. Finchley. 4a. H. Rev.A. F. J. Elm Court. Stoke-onClark. Handsworth. 23.A. The Grammar School. C. W.. A. L. Allington Castle. Kensington. F. G. Cooke. M. Miss E. B. H.. Miss G.. 8. The Rfctory. Cohen. *Clementi.A. 39. M. Cambridge. Kent. CoLViLE. Rev..A. Doi-set. Miss H.A. Misa A. Godstone. W... CoLWELL. Denmark House. \.A. Great North Road. 4. W. 8. Sunnyside. :M. K.A. A. Leeds. Rugby. Blackpool. Conway. Bedford Square.. Collins. StaflFs.. M.A.A. CoNNAL. Surrey. •Cook. Collins. Hawkhurst.A.. Claremont Road. Rev. Margaret M. C. Swanage. Manchester... E. B. Clementi. Oxford and Cambridge Musical Club. Scarsdale Villas. E. 35. M. CoLMAN..A.. The University... Lieut.C. 6.A. K Trent.. M. CoLSON. Cole..... \V. Leeds.. Liverpool.. 4. Draethen. Park House. Sandhurst Rectory.C. M. B. CoGHiLL.. Prof.A. Stockport. Miss C.A. T. CoNDER. E. Cambridge. 89. Conway. Parkfield Road. Clark. H. 4.. Rev.A. Conway.. C. M. Manchester.A. Kitsou.-Col. High School. A. Prof. Ormesby.A. 2.. Prof.A.. C. Troy House. Yew Tree Cottage. R. Oxford. E.. 5. Tunstall... F. J.. Leeds. CoNNELL. S.. M. 2. M. Tunbridgo Wells. E.. Kent.S. Mrs. Seymour Grove. F. Sir S. Clendon.. . Bristol. Temple. Prof. Miss A. Lansdowne House.. 3. N. c/o Mrs. C.A. 19. M. Amen Corner.. L. C. B. Oxford University Press. E..B. M. M. Miss D. a. M..A. Manchester. Saxmundham. CoLviN. M. B.. Rev. Eaikes Road.. Alexandra Drive.A.. E.A. CoMPTON. The University. D. N. M. Rochester.. Kensington. Liverpool. F. M...D. •Conway.G. V. S.. Miss M. H. CoLLisoN-MoRLEY. Eyres. Didsbury.. ISL.. Litt. Cranmcr Road.

. B. M. Willowbrook. H.I. J. Maidstone. N. CooKSON. D.. Magdalen College. M. N.. 56. Crawford.. M. Cooper. near Halifax.E. Hon. P. The Waver Farm. Royal Masonic School...A.. Calcutta.A.A. S. Head Master. G. Croft. Westminster School. Northampton. Merchant Taylors' School. Nungambakkam. Trinity College.C. Rutland Park. Holywell. Braintree. Anson Road. London. School House. G. H.C. Dulwich. S.A.Watson. Essex. M. Miss A.. Crace. (No address). . Crammer.A.A. 12. W. 21.A. 3IissA... Miss M. M. Eton College. Cambridge.R. Man- chester. Justice H. Cambridge. E. Government House.A. Herts.. CouzENS... Oxford. M.. Rev. 1. Argyll Lodge. H. Windsor. Lyndewood Road. Broad Carr.. M. Headingley. *CoRNFORD. R. Crofts..D. Rt.A.. B.. Rev.. J. B.S. Miss F. CosTLEY. Uxbridge. M..A.A.S.C.. R.C. Crerar. B. St. John's College. S..A.. E. Corbet.. Boughton Monchelsea. of Kedleston. Leeds..I. Canon A. the Earl of. *Crees. The County School..A. F. 19.Litt. G. M. 2. Cambridge. 1... Oxford.W. North Hill Road.. 7... Miss L.B. Marlborough Road. J. Bombay. W. M. M. Cronin.White. Andrews.A. M. E. Hightown. W. 1. Rock Ifouse..W. Crosby.. 56. ]. Crossley.E. Cunningham. Madras. M. F. Bushey. H. Trinity College. G. 3fiss K. Liverpool. Cran... I. Bombay. M. The College.. M. Rev. *Crosby. 13.W. Cambridge.. Oxford..S.. M. Consulat de Belgique. CoRLEY... B... M. Chaucer Road. CoTTERELL. H. Mrs. Cradock. C.A.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 91 Cooke. Rt. S.A. Crypt Grammar School.. S. M. F... Hon. A. Sheffield. Cruickshank.. Durham. E.. H. St.. M. CouRTAULD. W. Keble College. Fife. Crawford.A. CoxE... Rev. Audley Square.. Cooke. Digby Mansions. Thurlow Park Road. Magdalen College. H. T. Maurice.A. Billing Road.A. High Court. C.. F. D.A.A. Creed. R. 44. Curtis. Tufnell Park... W. K..C. Gloucester. R. Cuvelier. D. W.S. Wethersfield. M. Carlton House Terrace. M. *CouPLAND. F. CuRZON ISl.. Clevelands.. 83. Torfels. B.A. Oxford.A. Junr. F. R. Torrington Square.Hammersmith Bridge. Earl. Culley. C. Cowley. Jas. F. H. Mr. J. 29..L.

R. C. Lloyd's Wales. S.. Head Master..A. B.. Liverpool. Surbiton. Davies. M. R. B. W. Hope Lodge. M. The Hill. Chapelville. M. Glasgow.A. Northcote Hou. G..A. H. The University.. Bournemouth..A. M.A.. Dawes.. Brighton and Hove High School. R. Dawes.'je.APPENDIX 92 D'Arcy. Harrison College. Apollo Bunder. Davies.. W.A. . M... 71.Sc.D. Dublin. Miss C. St. Vicarage Road. M. Morpeth. Chester. M.. H.R. Grammar School. Wycombe Abbey School. Dale. Cromer Terrace..A. A. Manchester. Prof.A. G. Weybridge. T. Surrey. F. Bombay.A. Dale.. D. B.. M. Miss C. Nottingham.. Day. J. ^fiss K. S.. Cardiff. LL.A.. F. David. B. M.. D. Dorset. Langcliffe Hall. .. Boyd. B. W. Uppingham. Heathlands. V.W.. S. Yorks. Settle. F. 74. G.D. D. D. M. Board of Education.J.. University College. President. A. Highbury Mansions. Walea.. 1. Davies. M. Brighton. The University.. B. Brighton.A. D. Dalton. 24.. Leicestershire. S. D. M. Prof. S.S7r. Bank House.D. Miss. Eastlx)urne. 31. B. Davies. Barbados. Clyde Road. J. Dale. Dale.A.D.. A. Dedicot. Manchaster. M. Leeds.D. (No address).. A...A. Miss A... M. S. G. Birkenhead.. Bidston Road. Miss M.... Chapelville.. M. The School. De Gruchy. Grove Road. Rev. S.A.. A. Dawson. Davies. Whitehall. Davidson. 18. 12. 1. Rev. Rugby. Ballinasloe. Bucks.. Dawkins. Dakers.. Gal way..A.. M. A. Surbiton. N. S.. M. (No address).A.W... Daubeny. Rutland. A. Miss M. Rev. Blackburn. Davies. M.. Montpelier Road. Demfsey. Delany. F. Rev. Mi^s M.. L.C. Sir Alfred. Dawson. Day.A.S..A.. Co. Miss L.. G. C. Daniel. Davis..A. Rowton.Litt. M.. Miss E.W. Caermarthen. D. The College. Rev. Danson.A. The University. Dawes.J. Rev.. F. I.. Thoresby High School.. M. South D. Grove Road. Springfield Cottage.. Dallas.. W.D. Lutterworth.. W. H.. nr. *Darlinoton. M. Stoneyhurst. 7?ey. Leeds. Dawson. Joseph's. P. Cheshire. Lowther Road. J.. University CoUege of S. LL.A. Dakyns. A. T. Parkstone. W.. H. Long Eaton. West Didsbury.

Birchfield. J.. 3frs. E.. B. Cleveland Garden. Surrey. Yorks. Bristol. Dix.A. E. *Dqdd. DoBSON.. Kemerton. Mrs. Clapham Common.. Shepherd's Hill.W.. K. Dudley. Carter Knowle Road. John's Hall..A. DoMAiLLE.A. DoNKiN... N. Buckingham Gate. M. B.. W. Captain P..A. Leeds. 11. Much Dewchurch. Englefield Green. J. Hereford. F. St. St. Englefield. *DoNNER.. Roedean School. Durham. R. J.Litt.A. Oxford Road. Harrow.. Miss M. Sir J. DoBBiE. Prof R.A. Alex.. University College.. F. Hyde Park.. Eton College. C. 5.. Settle. Northfield.A. 1. 4. Toronto. 1. Oakamoor. M.. L. F. University of Tasmania.R.. Clayesmore School. Duff.. *DuFF. J.. W. J.. 8... De Winton. Salisbury. D.A.. Prof. C. Hobart. M. Pool House... [Bradford. Stoke-on-Trent.. B. H. Bristol..D. DuNBABiN. Manchester. J. DoNCASTER. H. H. Winchester.A. Jesus College.. DoBSON.A. Sheffield. a.s. Duke. Armstrong College. Windsor.. Prof E. E. L. Sheffield. Droop. LL. F. 3 House. Oxford.A.A.. M. Oxford. DuNLOP. (War Service.. N. 32. Reading. Miss M. Draper. M. Northwood Park. Giggleswick School. M.. a. 15. G. St. Derriman. G. W. J. W. DuFFEY. Cambridge. W.. M. Devine.*S'iVE.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 93 Denjian. Vicarage Gate.) DoDD.. B.. King's Lea. 6.A. Prof. Per. DoDDS. C. Surrey. Cambridge Park. H. Crescent Grove.. W. 20.A. Victoria College.S. 2. B. Jesus College. Rev. Mayfield. A. Highgate. Caterham Valley.. B. C. Oak Mount...W. Kensington. Worcestershire. B. M. M.. Oxford. D. M. H. Wight. Rev. Miss M. F. Adel Rectory. R. De Zouche.. Miss M. H. Joseph's College. M. N. Dunham.A.. De Witt. R. Longbridge Place. a. *DuNDAS.A. H. Wadham College.. Redland. Canada. S. Elm Grove Road. B.. James's Court. *Dry8dale.. E. Beauchamp. J.A. M. J.A. No.. R.. W. DoBSON. Miss M. W. Ti-inity College... Douglas. .. Fallowfield. DoDD. West View. S. . M. M. 11. Newcastleupon-Tyne. LL.. Farley Eetreat.A.A. Dingwall..D. P. Prof... Cunliffe Road. Duckworth. Du Pontbt. The University. 4. Cambridge. Dow.. C. Worthing. Mansfield College. Oxford. J. B. Christ Church. M. Miss A.. B. Tewkesbury.. M.A. Brighton. M. K. Miss D.A. 23..A. *Drewitt.

C. E. Edwards.. *Eden. Yeadon. Weetwood...A.) Elgie. C. W. W. Elliott. Shaw Street.A..Y. Miss E.C... M. Cardiff. Rev.A. University College of N. Chcadle. Edghill. Rt. F...A. G. 2... U.. Rev.. K. Peterhouse. Dean Close School. M.B. D. Ellis.. Crouch End.. 2.. Enthoven. E. Stoke-on-Trent. University College. Rishworth. Cambridge.D.. King's Cross. B.. Cheshire.S. W. M. Ladi/ Lucy. Evelyn-White. Glasslyn Road.. Hunslet. M. E.. Ithacti. Chancery Lane.C. *Dymond. Miss 0. Sir E. G4. High School for Girls. 137. Head Master. Oxford. E.B. Ely... Kingsley Road. Hur-st Grove House. Halifax. St. Miss E.A. E. Leeds. C.S. Evans.. Halifax.. Ipswich. Evans. M.. Southampton. R. M.. D. Effron. K.S. Cornell University.. Provost. H.A. Park Street.. Cambridge. E. High School for Girls. Adel.A.. L. T. A.D. C'oloml H. M. Rishworth Grammar School. R. Bangor.. 1. B. See Wakefield. India. King's Parade. St.. C. G... Elliott.. A. EcKERSLEY.. England.. Evans. Edwards. M.A. D.. Evans. H... 37. Cheltenham. E.. Simla. Miss E. Wilts. Banister Court. Cambridge.. Ely. B. J. H. Rt.A. (War Service. Massie St. Eddison.. Doncaster. M. King-s College. the Lord Bif^hop of.A. Miss Dulcie. G. Sidney Sussex College. EsDAiLE. Edmonds. H. Carlton Manor. 23. British Museum. S. R.A. M. Cambridge.. I. Evans.. M.Litt. Lady.A. Edwards. Prof. B. R.APPENDIX 94 DuRNTORD.A.. J. S.. N. Elliott. Evans.A. Brook Street.. G. M. Edwards. . Hull. Warwick. King's High School for Girls. Michael's Street. Rev. M. J. D. Bedford. LL.. H. Cuthl>ert's Vicarage.. C. Sheffield. Granville Place. Longton. Rev. C. Grammar School. The Palace. Grammar School. Storey's Way. Vincent... Elliston.I.A. G. East. near Leeds. R.C. London. F.S. 26. M. near Chippenham. 8. W.A. C. M. Ecclesall.A..A. D. Cambridge.A. Bolton.D. 12. M. Elsee. J. W.C. M.. (No address. W. Litt.. Earnshaw. Easterling. Leeds. J. Bradford. Leigh de la Mere. B. Ellam.A.E. M. High Wray.) Eppstein. N. Evans... Ambleside. Bishop of..A. B... Ellaby. W. 34. H.. 2. M. Westerfield Road. M. H. Elmer. W..A. The Ridge. M. B.. J. Wales. 2. Liverpool.I. M.A. B.D. Miss E.

M. St.. Bedford College. Hartley College. Et.Roy. Mary's Vicarage. Forbes. W. Dublin.. S. St. LL. 8. Brighouse. Courtlands. Charterhouse. T.. E. K.. *FitzGerald.. B. Forbes. Va. F. G.P.A.. F. Robinson.Inst.. Miss J.. M. Barnes. Dublin. Miss M.N. L. ffead Master. S. 13. J.. F. Regent House. S.. Southampton.A.A. H. D.A.. Stoke-on-Trent. Mauritius. Phillimore Gardens. Kingham. Godalming. F. II071. Finch. Miss A. Faulds..R. Regent Road. Birmingham. M. University College School. Edin . Darley Dale. Sector 0/ Exeter College. *rowLER. Rev. M. G. Bruce.. Rev. Cheltenham. M.A. B.A.A. Ford. 6.. Farnell.S. The School.. Miss K. J. FoTHERiNGHAM. B.A. Flather. Oxford. Elphins. F.. Newton Road.. Frognal... Felkin.W. Lawden Cottage.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 95 EwART. Ferakd.W. Head Master. 13. The University. C.. J. Cambridge. Lionel G. J.A. H. and S. D.A... Blackball Road. Field. B.. Yorks. M. G.. University of Virginia.. M. Field. Pontefract.W. T. Highfield Road..) FiNLAY. Sheffield. M. J. Blackroc CO. E. Prof. Forrest.D. Frof. Fowler. Ferrall. . D. Bradford... M.A. Elra Bank Mansions. N. F. Hanley. Curepipe.. M. J. The College. H. Hertford.A. B. Rev...B.. M. R. (No address. M.. L. Ferguson. L.. LL. Edgbaston. (No address. M. Hamilton Road.D. Yorks. S. B. G. Charlottesville. J.Litt. Girls' Secondary School.Litt.. W. Miss E. Edinburgh..D.A.. Balholm. Curepipe Camp. 17.A. Fletcher. H... E. 3. Liverpool. Girls' Grammar School. Helen's. 1. *FiTZHUGH. Beverley Road. H.Anthrop.A. St.A.A.W.C. Nottingham.A.A. C. Warde. 31. The Academy.A... T. Matlock.. Shei'wood Rise.. Christ's Hospital. S. Fleming. M.. ExTON. King's School. C. Mount Merrion Avenue. Facon.... 35. 3.. Nottingham. Hon.. T. The University. Lord. W.) ExoN. Harrow. Chipping Norton. FoRSEY. Falding. S. K.. Oxford.A. U. Flood. Forster. FoRMAN.A. Miss C. S.. M. N. Barnes.



Fox, H. F., M.A., Brasenose College, Oxford.
Frampton, Rev. R. E, E., M.A., Halsted Rectory, Sevenoaks,
France, Miss U. G., B.A., Clough House, Charlotte Road,



Miss F. G., B.A., 71, Torbay Road, Brondesbury,

Fraser, H. M., B.A., L.C.P., Head Mastei', Alleyne's


School, Stone, Staffs.

Frazer, Sir J. G., M.A.,
Middle Temple, E.C. 4.




Brick Court,

M.A., The Grammar School, Ilkley, Yorks.
M.A., Rossall, Fleetwood.
FuRNESs, E. H., B.A., The Old School-House, Bromsgrove.
FuRNESS, J. M., M.A., Khedivieh School, Cairo, Egypt.
Furkess, Miss S. M. M., Bedford College, Regent's Park, N.W.
Fyfe, W. Hamilton, M.A., Christ's Hospital, Horsham.
Frazer, N.


L. R.,

Garbutt, Miss


M.A., Head Mistress,






Garbutt, Miss E., The University, Manchester.
Gardiner, E. Norman, M.A., 2, The College, Epsom.
Gardner, Afiss A., The University, Bristol.
Gardner, Prof. E. A., M.A., University College, London,



Gardner, Prof. P., Litt.D., 12, Canterbury Road, Oxford.
Gardner, R., M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
Garnsey, E. R., B.A., Authors' Club, 2, Whitehall Court,
S.W. 1.
Garrod, H. W., M.A., 39, Earl's Court Square, S.W. 5.
Gaselee, S., M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Geden, Pev. A. S., Royapellah, Harpenden, Herts.
Gedge, Miss E. C, B.A., The Rectory, Gravesend.
Geikie, Sir Archibald, CM., K.C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S.,
Shepherd's Down, Haslemere, Surrey.




Martin, 'M.A., All Souls College, Oxford.

•Genner, E. E., M.A., Jesus College, Oxford.
•Genner, Miss G. B., M.A., Norfolk House, Winchester


Rom.sey, Hants.

Oeurans, H.

T., 20, St.


Street, Oxford.

Mary's Hall, Kemp Town, Brighton.
Gibbons, W. M., :M.A., 26G, Fulwood Road, Sheffield.

Ghey, Miss F.






Gibson, H. H., M.A., Rossall School, Fleetwood,
Gibson, Mrs. M. D., LL.D., D.D., Castlebrae, Cambridge.
GiDDEN, H. W., M.A., Hoathfield Lodge, 352, Shirley Road,
Giles, P., M.A., Litt.D., Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

Gillespie, Prof. C. M., M.A., The University, Leeds.

King Edward VI, School, Birmingham.
M.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.
GiLSON, R. C, M.A., King Edward VI.'s School, Birmingham.
GiLSON, Ivor,

J. P.,

Gladstone, R., Woolton Vale, near Liverpool.
Glass, Rev. Prof. D., M.A., Rawdon College, near Leeds.
Glazebrook, Rev, Canon M. G., D.D., The College, Ely.
Glennie, Rev. H. J., M.A., St. Margaret's Vicarage, llkley.
Glover, T. R., M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.
•Godfrey, C, M.A., Royal Naval College, Osborne.
GoDLEY, A. D., M.A., 27, Norham Road, Oxford.
Goode, a. G., B.A., Hillside, Bloomfield Road, Highgate, N. 6.
GooDELL, Prof. T. D., Ph.D., 35, Edgehill Road, New Haven,
Conn., U.S.A.
GooDHART, A. M., M.A., Mus. Bac, Eton College, Windsor.
Goodrich, W. J., M.A., The School, Sherborne, Dorset.

Goodwin, Miss U. M., 115, Iffley Road, Oxford.
Gordon, Prof G. S., M.A. (War Service.)
Gordon, W. M., M.A., School House, Tonbridge.
Gore, Rt. Rev. Bishop Charles, D.D., 6, Margaret
London, W. 1.
GoRSE, Rev. H., Magnus



School, Newark-on-Trent.

GouGH, Rev. T., B.Sc, Grammar School, Retford, Notts.
Gould, T. W., M.A., 5, Kensington Crescent, W. H.
Gow, A. S. F., M.A., 45, High Street, Eton.
Gow, Rev. J., Litt.D., 19, Dean's Yard, Westminster, S.W. 1,
Grafton, Rev. F. W., S.J., c/o The Rev. W. Feran, 31, Farm



Graham, Miss L.
Granger, Prof






School, Pontefract, Yorks.





Grant, Prof A. J., M.A., The University, Leeds.
Grant, B. C, B.A. (War Service.)
Graves, Rev. C. E., M. A., St. ^Martin's, Grange Road, Cambridge.
Gray, Miss F. R., St. Paul's Girla' School, Brook Green,

Hammersmith, W.



Bev. J. H., M.A., Queens' College, Cambridge.
Gray, J/rs. R. M,, 13, Mariue Lines, Bombay.
Green, Miss E. M., B.A., 11, Gordon Street, W.C. 1.
*Green, G. Buckland, M.A., 21, Dean Terrace, Edinburgh.
Green, liev. J. H., M.A., Carrfiekl, Holmfirth, West Yorks.
Greene, C. H., M.A., School House, Berkhamsted, Herts.
*Greene, F. Carlton, Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
Greene, H. W., M.A., 4, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.





A., All Souls College, Oxford.

Greenwood, L. H. G., M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
Gregory, Miss A. M., 57, Tettenhall Road, Wolverhampton.
Grenfell, Prof. B. P., D.Litt., Litt.D., Queen's College, Oxford.
Grensted, Bev. L. W., Egerton Hall, Victoria Park, Manchester.
•Griffith, Miss C.


H., 55, Sedlescombe

Road South,



Grigg, E. W. M., B.A. (No address.)
Grundy, G. B., D.Litt., Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
*Grundy, W. W., B.A., Victoria University, Manchester.

GUPPY, IL, M.A., John Rylands Library, Deansgate, Manchaster.

Gordon, Bt. Bev. Francis, D.D. See Hull, Bishop of.
GuRNEY, Miss A., 69, EnnLsmore Gardens, S.W. 7.
Guy, Bev. R. C, M.A., Forest School, Walthaujstow.
GUYOMAR, Bev. A. 11., B.A., S. Patrick's College, Jaffna, Ceylon.
*GwATKiN, Miss E. R., M.A., 84, Anfield Road, Liverpool.
GwATKiN, Bee. T., M.A., 3, St. Paul's Road, Cambridge.
Hackfortii, R. H., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.
H., M.A., Mus.Doc., Principal of Armstrong
College, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Haig-Buown, W. a., c/o Messrs. King, King Jb Co., Bombay.

•Hadow, Sir W.

•Haigii, p. B., M.A., I.C.S., Poona,



Presidency, India.

Mrs. E. A. R., 53, Connaught Street,

Hyde Park,W.


Hale, Prof. W. G., The University, Chicago, U.S.A.
Hall, F. W., M.A., St. John's College, Oxford.
Hall, Miss M. L., Baldock, Herts.
Hallam, G. H., M.A., Ortygia, Harrow-on-tho-llill.
Hallam, J. li., M.A., Education Offices, County Hall, Wakefi.ld.

Halliday, Prof. W.
•Ualsbury, Bt. lion,
Gardens, S.W, 7.


The University,



D.C.L., F.R.S.,



A. Staffs. LL..A... Giggleswick School. Headlam. 224.. *Harrison.. London. Haynes. Eton College.. Leeds. East Parade. Lancaster Avenue.. Ha ward. J.. Heath. K.Litt. Cambridge. 98. The Brewery. 7. 19. B.. Manchester. Hannam. LL. G. D. J< J.mond. H. Heard.. Kensington. Principal. C. J. Fettes College. Hampstead.A. E.A. Brasenose College. Harrison.D.P.. H. G.D. B. Surrey. Bombay. Yorks. Settle. C. Ahmedabad... Wimbledon. Oxford. Miss E. B..L. 54. Heath.A.R. Cambridge.. T. S. B.Litt. Oxted. Broadhurst Gardens. St.. Harries. W. Whitehall.A. Andover. Mill Hill School. B. Yorks. Newnham College. M. Rev. M. W.W. G.A... High Court. p. C. M. D.W. C.W.. Edinburgh.. Stoke-on-Trent.S. Withington. Man- chester.A. T. II. Leicester.A.. Haydon. Hawkins. M. M. A. Headlam.. *Harrison. J.. Oxford. 5. N. H. York House School. S.. 38. Severn Street. Heaton. Edgbaston. H.W..A. L. R.D. H.. A..A.. V. Regius Professor. P. 11. F. LL.. Queen Anne Terrace. Harley. Board of Education..C.Mus. B. Y. Bedford Gardens. A. Harris. Hampton.D. 4. Westmor- *Hammans. M. Miss J.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS Hamlet. India. W. Whalley Range.D. Manchester. G. B. King Edward's School. Harroaver. James's Vicarage.. E. N. Trinity College. Manchester. I. Hardy... 9. Cambridge. J. *Ham. The Moor House. Hancock. Heathcote.. R. C. Sedbergh. Prof. Hayes. Wood Road. . The Greek Manse.C. W. Christ Church.. 99 New- chapel. Shakespeare Street.. M.A. King's College School. Harper.. Rev. J. Oak Road. Rev.. St. L. land. 1. G. W. Aberdeen. The Hon. Birmingham. 19. J.A.... Litt. Sir T.. Sir Heberden.D. M.S. 1.. Gujerat College.. Round Hill. B. M. Sheffield. Grasmere. Hardcastle... London. C....A.O.C.A. D.A. E. Bardwell Road. 64.W.B.. Hagley Road. LL. John's Wood Park. S. 8..C. D.. S. a... F. Rev. Haslam.S. B. Oxford. M. Windsor. 91... E. Rendel. L. B. Didsbury... M.A. M. Headlam. M. N.. 8.

3.A.. H.>^on Crescent.D. Henry. 8. 3. S. F. Lincoln.. W. Hicks. Hewart. See Burnley. D. Hicks.E. James' Mansion. 4. Addi. Hon. Sir C. a. Ven. M.W. Durham. The Lodge. West Ken.A. Hillard.. R. N.. Bishop of. HiRSCiiFELD. 14. K. Hepple. Devonshir* Road. Didsbury. Sister Mary. Henderson. S. W. Kent. I. Cambridge. IL.APPENDIX 100 Helena.sity. Parkfield Road.A.A. M. M.. M.. M.A. Cambridge Heath.A. W. Shields. Hampstead.. Laucs.. A. lit.. Birmingham. A. Sunderland. Hicks. Ken. M.A.. Brighton College. c/o Secretariat.S. Barnard College.A. M. Putney Hill. L. British Museum... N. Columbia Univer. M. S.<5ington. Henn. Barnley. St.A.. 11. B. The Training College. S.A. Bromley. 5.. Henninos...A.sington Park Gardens. M. Herford. E. Putney High School. W. *Hodoe. St. B. High Street. 33. SafTron Ai'ch'leacon W. R. Ken. Oxford. E.. New College. K.A. D. J.... Miss R. Fos.. J. Downside Crescent. Prof. Park. Miss M. N. 54. W. Hendy. Cross Hill. Service. W. Hagley Road.*?.. A.. Bombay. M. Ilead Master of St. Mrs.. Miss M. . M.. Kensington 16. G. Heward.. Temple. Belfast. Waldcn. Hirst.P. U. F. L.W. 11. Hill.. M. G..ster.. Approach Road.A. Henry. Roan School for Giils.. E. London. Hewetson. Windsor Avenue. Palace Grove. M.C. HiGGS. 8.A. CLE. Rev. L. H.. E..C.C. Edgbaston High School. Isleworth. Rev. B. G. Green. Hett.. Hill. Miss G. Oak Lea. Old Palace. *HinsT. Sir Gordon. Manchester..) Lansdowue Crescent... B.A.sington. Parmiter's School. (War B. 5. 3.^. 10. Reedley Lodge. Henn. R... Paul's School. Hildesley. IloBitousE..S. Miss M. Hetherington. Anthony's. Herman. 1. Paper Building. M. Miss 'M. Dr. 3.. G. A. Mrs. New York... II. Heppel. M. College Glouce. 26. Miss A. Miss M. Mount Pleawnt.E. 15.D.sodene. W. D. Miss C. N. R.C. Meldon Terrace. Brighton. L. Piccadilly.

Hogarth. HoLLOWELL. Roehampton. S. H. Miss mundham. M. M. F.. Umbria Street. H.. C. M. K. Twickenham. F. G. A. Campden Hill Square.. Rev. Rice. Lanes.. M.A. H. a. Holland.. 20. Holmes.A. Mirfield..A.A. Calday Grange School. Africa. Roberts Road.E.. Horner. HoRT. J. G. Newmarket.A. Holder.. Miss J.B. E. M. Clopton. Miss K..A. WestKirby. HoPKiNSON. Holding...A. M. A. S. M.. M. M. Wheelwright Grammar School.S. F. B. B... M. Cambridge. Innes.. Birmingham. S. E. Exning. Sax- Suffolk. S. LL. H0DQ.C. Rev. D. Boston Avenue. Lansdowne House. Miss E. M. J. Giles'. Hopkins. v.. 15. Miss M. Litt.. I. Victoria Street.D. Hose. The University..E. S. Holland. Johan- City. Sir A.. F. Harrow... S.A.W. B.. Cheshire. Abbotsford Villa. . Yardley Secondary School.. Saltburn. Laurie Park Road. Dewsbury. The School. Southsea.A.D. Hogarth. Warwick Road.. Mass.A. 8. Holme. B. M.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 101 *HoDGE. Southend-on-Sea. A.A. St.. African School of Mines...A. F. nesburg. 1. T. C. W.W.S. Hodgson. H.A. North Loudon Collegiate School. Avonmore. Colne. HoLLiDGE. S. 5. High Wycombe.. J. B. R. Heatherley.A. New York U. Holy Trinity Vicarage. Rev.. Manchester. Westleton.W. Adelaide. Miss G.M. Oxford.A.. I. Rev.A. 14...A. M. R.. M.SON. Sydenham. M.. Toubridge. Ill. S. U. H. B. College of the Resurrection. B. *HoRSFALL. East Hayes. W.. Sidcup....M. Edmund's Road. T. A. H.. *HoLLWAT.A.. E. Church Lane. Stratford-on-Avon. M. H. St. HoRNSBY.A. The Wadleigh High School.A.B. Carlisle Mansions.. P. C. 1.. B.Sc. 11. Prof.. Australia... Harrow. Hole. Shady Hill Square. Hoernle. HoPKiNSON. Chislehurst Road..G. Dulwich College.. L. HoRSFALL. C. London. The Red House. A. B. 4-1. Rev.A..A.. Cheltenham. Bart. N. 59. The High School. HoFMEYR.. S.. Hooper. M. Prescote. F. Hodges. M. Harpurhey. 2.A. Hopkins... D. Hooker. Sir Alfred. Miss M. Oiley Farm School. Windmill Hill.. Milton Street. W.

Llaudaff.D. 13. House. S. Worcester. H. F. Westcoto. R. W.A. B. Jackson. Bombay. Hurst.A. M.C. Catholic College..A.. Moss Side. Godalming. M. J.A.. (War Service. Jesus College. Surrey.A. Northants. F. Impey. Caterham Valley.A. Evans. Amen Corner.. A. 3fiss J. HoTLB. Hughes. The College. 2.A. Litt.. A.. HowARTH. Surrey. M. Irwin. M. H. S. LimpsHeld.. F. Cambridge. S.. 10. J. H.. W.. Dorset. Vicarage Gate..A. W. Prince Consort Kensington. Great Malvern. !M. Hunt. J. Miss S.. 24.A. C. Oxford.) Husband. B. Drayton Gardens. Charterhouse.. •James.. M. Byculla Clnb. North Bailey.. A. jAr-KSON. HouGHTOx.. W. University Club for Ladies. Winkley Street. Cardiff Road. Yorks. v. Oxford. James. O. M. Road.. T. HuTTON. Hanover Square. A.. F B...A. JRev. Miss J. M. C.Litt. 8. South Kensington. 13. Prof. The Vicarage...W. Hughes. W. HuLBERT. Sherborne. W. D. J. Durham. George Street. Imperial College Union. Hughes.. Miss A.A.. L. Bold Street. Wingfield House.. E. Banbury Road. M. Rev.Sc. M. Kenley.. Wyss Wood. Woodlands. von. Manchester.A.A. Rev.. 68. Alvechurch. Brixworth.Litt. Glebe Road. Ilkley. Monmouth...A. JRev.P.W. King Street..J. D. Hunter. Miss K. Kensington... Mrs. Canon S.APPENDIX 102 HoTHERSALL. Hessle. Levitt. The Cottage. How.. the Lord Bishop of.. Bootli Avenue. E. M. 10.C. Grammar School.. I..C. M. G.. Ballard's Shaw. The College. L. M... S. B. HoYLE. 7.A. Jacobi.A. Irvine. R.A. 20. J. Preston.M... 19. !M. Denison Road. Baron F. Hull. M.. H. HiJGEL. B. D. 1. P. HuBBACK. Bt. "Withington. H. D. Oxford University Press. D. Huddersfield.. Oxford. B. S. 29. Man- chester... M..A.. W.A.S. Trinity College.. II. H. Miss C.W. Oxford. 21. P.. 4. Miss W. .. *HoTSOx\. Hunt.. Victoria Park. How. Worcs. Eothen. Belgiave Villas. Miss L. Miss M... Miss S. The James. HuBBERSTY. A. B. L. Queen's College. Manchester..D. 49. Barnes.

Croydon. Leeds. S. (No Jones.A.. broke.) Jeffreys. J. Croydon. M. D.A. Eastbourne. C... R. Tom.. J. G. F. 10. JoBSON. *Jasonidy. Canterbury. J. C. Dunand Gardens. M.. Chaucer Road. Feltham. C... M. Johnston. Oxford. Cardiff. Nantwich.) . Cheshire.. Dingwall Avenue. Principal.. Thoresby.. Cambridge.A.. Cambridge. Essex.. Lloyd.. Cardiff. Redhill. B. Head-Master. M.. Cardiff. Principal. Chester. Jones. Don- caster. Clarkhouse Road. CM. Rev. R. Woodleigh.A. Johns. St. 0. Newcastle-onTyne.. Croydon.. High School for Boys.. M. Aston.. A.A.. Lady Margaret Hall. *Jbx-Blake.. Evan Jones. B. B. Hillside Cottage. Dingwall End.. M. C.A. Willaston School. *JoHNSON..A.. W. Miss K. W. L.. P.. Bishop Hatfield's Hall. *j£VONs. Mrs. Pencoed..A. Heolgerrig. King Edward's Craig Terrace. Hampstead. J. *JonNSON. 36.O. T. R.A. The Liudens. F. R.. M. SheflBeld. Rev.B. D. G. Stuart. Romilly Orescent. Park Lane. Park Lane. Feltham. Jones. Litt. G. Jenkyns. *JoHNSON. Principal. Ferndale. Durham. Miss L. C. M.. J. L. Jones. J. H. Merthyr Tydvil.S. Manor Road. Miss L. Kay. H. Rev. Girton College. Johnson. address. Jenkinson. M. R. Ystrad Meurig. Rev. Girls' Municipal High School.. Queenwood.W.. John's College. Johnson. F.. School of Medicine. Cambridge.. 10. Jones. M. Cuthbert's Grammar School. M..A. 16. (No address. Miss B. Miss E. Glan-y-Mor.A. Jelf. Miss Ethel A.A. King's College School. H. Johnson. Pencisely Road. M. Coronation Terrace. Lymwood.. Prof. 9. F. Jones.. B. Jones. Jex-Blake. St.NAMES AND ADDRESSES^OF MEMBERS 108 James.. B. H. 97.D. PemJones... Oakbank.W. Sandersfoot.. B. B. F.. H. Birmingham.A. Well Road..A. Llandaff. Jones. Miss H. Jenkins.Litt. N. P. King's School.A. B.A. 3.A.. Johnston..A. Altrincham.A. Higher Kinnerton. Jamieson. M. 97. Waltham Abbey.. 7.. 9. M. Miss C. Cardigan. School.B.. F.

W. King. Rt. Kingdom.. W. Bishop of. Poena. M. Catharine's College.Litt.. D. University College School. F. Knaresborough.. W. D. W.. I. Hampsteud. 7. Herts. P. The British Museum.. Ph.. KiRWAN. Windsor. 8. A..S. 2. Christ Church Road.A. N. Head Master. 5..W. C. Ann Arbor. Rev. G. Kemptiiorne. Valloy Road. E. East Albert Road.A. JuDSON.... Mi's. C. M. 1. I. D. M. Kensington. Sherborne. W.. K..A... Haileybury College.C. J.. Exeter.. J. Alexandra College. Kensington. Jukes. R. Ely.APPENDIX 104 Jones.. Liverpool.... A. D.D. 5. Bombay Presidency. S. W. Oxford..Litt.O.A.A.. Margaret's Road. F. C. S. 16.A. C. Keatinge. T. KiNCAiD.C.S. Keane.. W. St.S. KiNDERSLEY. Rt. W. 3. 145. Streatham.A.. Residence. Dublin... E.A. New llauipshire. Long Lane. KiLNER.D. Rev. J.V.. Sir F. Prof. M. Rev. 5. Milltcwn Park. M. University of Michigan. U. Oxford. 4. S. P. Dean Close School.A.. C. B. Winchebter. M. Miss E.. N. St. Kelsey.Litt. Ker. Kemp.. G.. B.. The PhiUips Exeter Academy.B. W. a.A.A.A. N.C.A.C. B... W.. A. Rev. R.. 1. C. Cambridge. KiRTLAND. B. Keen. C.. I. Very Rev. Cardiff. Vicarage Gardens. Kennedy. Kennedy. India..A.A. W. The Grammar School. Calcraft.. Mrs.W. King. Upper Clapton. R. Ahmedabad..A. India. Rrof. Michigan. F.. Frognal.S. D. U. Kenyon.. See Lichfield. •Knight.D. West Downs. The Deanery. A.A.. C. Kemp. Penylan. M. Church End. S. Whitefield. Finchley. Abbeylands. 13.C. Miss Hampsteatl. Joseph. M. W. KiRBY. Eton College.. The Hon. Miss E. M. R. LL. J.. Gloucester Terrace. G.. .. Kikkpatrick. Hyde Park.. W. Kendall. 3. M. the Lord Bishop of. H. M. M. H.J. Mr.. B. M. M. G. The Grammar School. Jones. Springfield Gardens. Dublin.. Ahmedubad. South Shields. Bristol.. Head Mastei. Hipperholme. Winchester Avenue. Clifton College. H. Yorks. M. 40.D. Cheltenham.. J. Ox-mefield. Ripou..A.B. New College. The Old Kipling. Miss F. B.A. C.S.



Knox, Rt. Rev. E., D.D, See Manchester, Bishop of.
Krause, Mrs. J. M., Combertoii Hall, Kidderniinster.
Kyrke-Pemson, Miss E., St, Ives, Elmstead Eoad, Bexhillon-Sea.

La Motte, Digby, M.A., Oxford and Cambridge

Club, Pall

Mall, S.W.

Lake, E. D. C, M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming.
Lamb, Sir Richard, K.C.S.I., C.I.E., I.C.S., Tudor


Broadwa}', Worcestershire.

Lamb, Miss W., Holly Lodge, Cami)den Hill, \V. 8.
•Lamb, W. R. M., M.A., 5, Cambridge Terrace, Kew.
Lang, The Most Rnverend C. G. See York, Archbishop of.
Lang, Miss H. N., Wycombe Abbey School, Bucks.
Langford, Prof. A. L., M. A., Victoria College, Toronto, Canada.
Lanqley, J. E., M.A., Prince Alfred College, Kent Town, S.

•Last, H. Macilwain, B.A.,


John's College, Oxford.

Latter, H., M.A., Head Master, Collegiate School, Wanganui,
New Zealand.

Lattimer, R. B., M.A., 50a, Albemarle Street, W. 1.
Laurie, G. E., B.A., Royal Academical Institution, Belfast.
Lawder, Miss E., 25, Halifax Road, Cambridge.
Lawson, J. C, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Layman, Miss A. M., Northampton Girls' School, St. George's

Avenue, Northampton,
Layng, Rev. T., M.A., King's Stanley Rectory, Gloucestershire.
Lea, Rev. E. T., M.A., Steyning School, Sussex.
•Leach, Frof. Abby, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S.A.
Leader, Miss E., Elm.shurst, East Finchley, N, 2.
•Leaf, W., Litt.D., D.Litt., 6, Sussex Place, London, N.W. 1.
Leckenby, a. E., M.A., Grove Park, Wrexham.
Ledgard, W. H., B.A. (War Service.)
Lee, Edmund, Rydal Bank, Park Drive, Bradford.
Lee, Rev. R., M.A., Southcote, 7, Elm Grove Road, Ealing

Common, W.



Sidney, Litt.D.,







•Leeper, Alex., LL.D., Warden o/Trinity College, The University,
•Leeper, A. W. A., 4, Palace Street, Westminster, S.W, 1.
Lees, 3fi8s E, M., B.A., The University, Manchester.




Legaed, a. G., ma,, 3, Queen's Parade, Bath.
*Lego, L. G. Wickham, M.A., New College, Oxford.
Lego, Bev. Stanley C. E., M.A., King's College,




Leigh, Miss M. M., University College, Reading.
Leman, If. M., M.A., LL.M., 29, Herbert Road, Sherwood
Rise, Nottingham.
Leverton, Jiev. E. S., M.A., Menheniot Vicarage, Liskeard,


Miss A. K., S. Hampstead High School for Gii-ls.
London, N.W.
Lewis, Mrs. A. S., LL.D., D.D., Castlebrae, Cambridge.
Lewis, Miss D. A., 20-t, Monument Road, Birmingham.
Lewis, Miss E., 13, Rawlinson Road, Oxford.
Lewis, Hev. F., M.A., The Gale, Ambleside.
Lewis, J. G. R., Administrator's Office, ^^'indhllk, Protectorate

of South- West Africa.

Lewis, L,



M.A., Solva, Hawksworth Avenue, Guiseley,

nr. Leeds.

Lewis, Miss M. E., St. Mary's Lodge, Prittlewell, Essex.
Lewis, O. R., M.D., 324, Birchfield Road, Perry Barr, near

Leyton, Prof. A.


MA., M.D.,

Sc.D., St. Helen's, Adel, near



Iiei\ E. Jackson, M.A., Fulneck School, Pudsey, Leeds.
Liberty, Miss M., 29, Upper Park Fields, Putnc-y, London, S.W.
Lichfield, /it. Rev. the luord Bishop of. The Palace, Lichfield.

Liuderdalb, E. W., M.A.,



Old Burlington Street, London,



J. SV.,

M.A., B.D., Headingley College, Leeds.

LiLLEY, J/iss M., M. A., Training College for Women, Birmingham.

LiMEBEER, iViVeD.E., M.A., Pendleton High School, Manchester.
Lindsay, A. U., Balliol College, Oxford.
LiNDSELL, Miss A. E., M.A., Newnham College, Cambridge.
Ling, Miss i). L., B.A., The High School, Stroud, Gloucestershire.

.VmB. M.B., 84, Fitzjohn's Avenue, Hampstead, N.W. 3.
Linton -Smith, Rev. Canon M., D.S.O., The Vicarage, BlundellLiNN'ELL,

sands, Liverpool.




M.A., The


School, Bolton,

Lister, Miss H., Oriel Street, Oxford.

Livingstone, R. W., BA., Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

Llewblltn, Miss G., Girls' Grammar School, Clitheroe.
Lloyd, D. J,, M.A. (No Address.)
*Lloyd, Miss M. E. H., c/o Messrs. Humphrey Lloyd
28, Church Street, Manchester.
Lloyd, R., B.A. (War Service.)
LoANE, G. G., M.A., Knockaverry, Linnoll Close,






3fiss E., B.A., University College,

Cathays Park, Cardiff.

Canon W., D.D., Wcu-den q/Keble

College, Oxford.

LocKiTT, C. H., M.A., B.Sc, Head-Master, The
" School, Bungay, Suffolk.


Lodge, J., Junr., B.A. (War Service.)
LoEWB, H., M.A., St. Catharine's College, Cambridge.
Long, H. E., M.A., Secondary School, Sowerby Bridge, Yorks.
Longman, C. J., 27, Norfolk Square, W. 2.
LoNGSTAFF, Miss S. M., B.A., 39, Scarsdale Road, Victoria
Park, Manchester.

LoNGWORTH, F. D., M.A.,, Godalming.
LoREBURN, m. Ron. Earl, G.C.M.G., D.O.L., 8, Eaton
Square, S.W. L
LoRiMER, Miss H. L., Somer\alle College, Oxford.
LOYEGROVE, E. W., M.A., Ruthin School, Ruthin, N. Wales.
LowRY, C, M.A., School House, Tonbridge,
*LuBB0CK, S. G., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Lucas, F. W., Colfe Grammar School, Lewisham, London, S.E.
LuMD, J^ev. T. W., M.A., Merchant Taylors' School, E.G.
LuNHAM, W. M., B.A., Carnagh, Bowdon, Cheshire.
LuPTON, Miss A. M., 6, Lidgett Park Road, Roundhay, Leeds.
LuPTON, Miss E. G., Springwood, Roundhay, Leeds.
LuPTON, W. Arthur, B.A.,^Red Gables, Ilkley.
Lush, Miss C, St. Gabriel's College, Culhani, Oxon.
Lynam, a. E., M.A., Oxford Preparatory School, Oxford.
Lyon, Miss M., West Heath School, Ham Common, near
Richmond, Surrey.

M.A., Worcester College, Oxford.
the Hon. E., M.A., Albemarle Club, 37, Dover
Street, W. 1, and Grange Gorman, Overstrand, Cromer.
Lyttelton, Hon. G. W., B.A., The Old Christopher, Eton
College, Windsor.

liev. F. J.,

Lyttelton, Rev.

*Macan, R. W., D.Litt., Master o/ University College, Oxford.
MacDonald, J., Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Madan.. N.M. New York City. Cardiff. W. 181. M. Michael's Crescent. Macklin. M. Ilkley. E. Sioke-on-Trent.. Lincoln College. 8. MacVey. 6. 12..) Macmillan. Elphinstone College. K.A.B... Major.. University College of WaK-s. Headingley. Oxford. a.. Rev. Queen's Road. Mann. R. Mansfield.. D.Litt. B.. B.D. Staft's.. Beda's College. Edgbaston. W... Windsor. Miss A. Calcutta. Alice Building. Bedford.A. (War Service. (Resigned temporarily. J. Macnaghten.. Leicester. Miss M. Manchester.W. Cam- bridge. Mackenzie. Ovingdean Hall. 97.A..A. South Grove. P. 15. Beaufort Road. Marrs.) *Macfarlank-Grieve. E. Macurdy.. MACNAUcnTON. E.. J. Croydon.APPENDIX 108 Macfarlane. p.A.. Sydenham Road.. Queen's Gate Gardens. M. Mount Pleasant.B. BA.. Marriott.. Highgate. Miss E. H.. H. Miss A. Puck's Wood. B. Finchampstead.. M.S...A. Monsgr... Head Master.. A... Rev. Maghatii.. Malden. M. M. W. XL. Poughkeepsie.. C.Y. LL. J. Oakhill.D. Miss G. U. Kensington. A.B. 27. MacGregor. W.A. the Lord Bishop of.A.. 7. F. Rt. D. W. M. Rev. N. Aberystwyth. Herts.. Pembroke Gardens. W.Litt. IL.A.. Uppingham School.. Hk Honour Judge A.. D. Ltd. H. .«!..A. A. Eton College. T. Rome. Wadleigh High School. D. R. Marchant. Bishop's Court. H. M. Manchester. W.. J.A. C. R. Copgrove Rectory. St.S. Mainwauing. Provost c/ Queen's College. W. Rutland.. M. R. Vassar College. Berks. Leeds.A. Bombay.. Wakefield. Marshall.. 40. Burton Leonard.A. LL. Chief Censor's Office. Oxford.. *Macnaghten. H. 8. Rev.. Hornby Road. Marshall. D.. M. M. U. Prof. BA. S. L. Michael's..E. 7. Marsh. G. MacInnes. Calais. Marshall. N.A. a.. St. J.A. D. Richmond Road. Rev. H. Rev. llaileybury College.F. M. 6.. Ileadingley. John's Wood. MACLEOD. M. Yorks. Leeds.A.. C... Bombay. A. St.. Rev.A.D. Mere Road.. Romer.W. D. M. LL.. G. Marshall. Impington Park. 57. M. Malim. 11.B. Bombay Co. The Crescent. 11. D. MacVay. F.A.. M. Mackail. Brighton. St. M. Ph. L.

II.A. Lady Margaret Hall.. H. R. F.A.. Clifton Hill. *Mathew.A. F. Gloucestershire. W. M. The Precincts. Oxford. Surveyors' Department. Rev. Mis8 F. 30. St.A.. B. C. B.W. M. (No address.W. G. McCrea. •Mayor. •Mayor. N. McCuTCHEON. G. Canon A. Miss J. 3. B. Wilbraham Road. Miss A. Girls' High School. Bristol..A. University College of North Wales.. Wakefield. N. Warlbcck. Demesne Road. M.A. McElderry.. Miiswcll Aveuue. Gordon House. Reading. F.S.. Kendrick Girls' School. N.P. Mason... W. Hulme Grammar School. Miss K.. Paul's School. The War Office... Rev.. York. E. McCroben. N. Rev... McDowALL. McCoMBiE. Manchester.A. Clifton. Clifton. 1.. Stamford Road. Belsize Park Gardens. M. Miss M. Crieff. Bede's School.. Oxford. F. G. Masham. Perth Eoad. M. H. Matthaei. F..A. Prof.A.Mus. 6. Prof. E. High School for Girls. Muswell Hill. M. Milton Mount College.. Board of Education. Ilkley.. 4. Matheson. H.. West Kensington.W. Mathews. W.A. P.A. 113.. Mrs. 5. Whitehall. B.. G. Miss G. Sir J. 66a. Miss H.. 163. Bromsgrove.A. Miss G. T.. E.A. D. Canterbury. Merchant Taylors' School. B. Cirencester.. T. Massey.C. J. Suburb. J. a. N. South Hampstead. B. Croydon. Measham. Glenearn. /?ey. B. Fallowfield.. Martin. Martin. Major R.A.. Manchester. A. Bangor.) Martin.. Maufe.A.G.. E. G. St. M.. S. Matthew. Pearce. W. Salisbury Road. Savile Road. LL.O. McKay.. W. Mathews. Whitehall. H.A. P.. 70. B. 2. J..D... 1. Canynge Square.. Stafford.W.. G. May.. J. Maida Yale.. E.A. Matthews. Miss M. B.).A.. J. R. Kettering. . Bristol. A. D. Mattinqly. L. J. H.. Ardgriana.R. Mill Hill School.A... B.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS lOd Marston.I.S. (Scot.W.A. M.B... College Road... Cheltenham. Matall. M.A.. B.. E.. Malton.W. Miss G. Galway.A. Mason. Mavrogordato.D. Hampstead Garden N.W.A. McAnally. S. Ladies' College. Mason.. N. W.. 1... Eastbourne. S. M. Knox.E. Bromsgrove School. B. Miss G. M. British Museum. McClure. Miss L. M. Ampleforth College. B.. Linnell Close. N.. M. J. 3. M. 1.

A.A.A..D.. Hydro.. Kendal. E. Nowland. Hull. Surbiton. The Laurels.S.A. Liverpool. Rev.. Board of Education... Whitehall. Greenbank Cottage. Morc. E. A. A.. M. Oxon.C. Compton Road. E.W. S. St..L.. B.B... Middlesbrough. M. 26. New Zealand. Goldhill. J. M. Viscount.M. MiTCHESON. W.A. Donset. S.A... Surrey..^^. F..APPENDIX 110 Measures. West Horsham. B. Morton.E. Headingly Lane. 14. G. Hon. G... King Edward VI.A. Miss E. B.. County High School. Otago High School. F. P.A. D.L.. Miles. Sale. Oxou..Sc.. Withington. University of Chicago.B. MoRiARTY.W. *Millington. M. 1..D. S..W. LL.A.M.. M. Marsland Road. M. T. Millard. Ladbroke Square. E. W. P. C. F.A. N. Miss M.. Christ's Hospital. Miss B....D.W. McL. Old School House. Miss E.. Yorks.A.. M.. Milverton.. Somerset. Mills. Bankside. School. A. G. India.R. Sydenham. 110. Cambridge. Canonbury. O.. H. Rt.. M. 11. C.C..R. Miss V>.B. Merrill. Old Headington.M. Michael. G. Treasury. Morton. The Lawn. G.A. J. MoiNTFORU. D. 46. T. MoRisoN. R. C. J. LL. B. . MiLNER. Mary's College. 1. Miss M. Belgrave Road. P. Manchester. M. Vice-Chaiicellor of the University. M.S.L. MORAN. Y.I. Slierborne. I. Ben Rhydding. Moor. L. W. Whitehall. Moor. Alfreton Yicarage..A.. M. W.A. St. T. Bev. Grove Terrace. Meiklejohn./Vo/.S. MoNTEATH.S.... M. W. E.C. Sir Henry A. MiERS. M.L. Miss M. MoRUis... M.. Mill Lane. MooRE.. Moor.. G. Newcastle-on-Tyne. James's Street.. D. U. G. Head Master. MooRE. 12.. Flowermead. Birmingham. Milne. E. M.. Ahmednagar. MiALL..A.M. L.A. F. Merrick. S.sbury House.. Wimbledon Park. J. R. 41.. S. Derbyshire. M.A. Peak Hill.. D. 1. •MoxoN.. S. Leeds. Mrs. m.. MoRRELL. Brooks's Club. Cheshire. MoRLEY of Blackburn. Hon.A.C.S. S. 34. H.A. M. M. G.. Oxford. Armstrong College.A.C. IMoRLEY.C.. Rev.. Old Headington. N. A. Y. 1. C.C. Grammar School. T.. M. 47.R. C. Prof.G. J.. A.. Shrow.. G. Farnham. MiCHELL.. Manchester. S.Sc.. Viscount. S.. 1. M. Rugby.. Merton College. J. Duncdin.. B.A. The Laurels.

umberland. Barton Street. C. Miss M. Lord..W. J. Grammar School. NoRRis.. J. Chislehurst.. L. R.A. Northants. W. M. Miss J.. urray..A. C. W. W. Murdoch. Dublin. 1.. Nairne. Rt. Newton. NicOL.. Broadwater Down. A.. MuNRO..A. Queen's College.. *MuRFET... B. John.A. 27. Howard. Dalhousie College. V.14. Regent's Park. T. MA. Sidney House.A..B. 15. A. Road. The University.A. *Myres. Ernest.. E. Ealing. 56.R. The High School.A.. Kent. Myers. M. Benares. Godalming. Seaforth Hall. Hulme Hall. Oxford. Litt. St. 4.D.. *Naylor.. Betteshanger. Nolan. Didsbury. Litt.. Miss M. Witney. NoRTHBOURNR.BA. 111 Cumberland 1. Gilbert. Nicholson. Tenandry. J.S. 4. Francis Xavier's. M. 1. BA. Adelaide. D. 7. Darnley. Prof. Albemarle Street. Nightingale. A. Jesus Lane. Lancaster Neild.. *MuLVANY. Nairn. M. The High School. F. Liverpool.. T. Prof.. Port Moresby.. 5. Street. F.. M. Downhills.. a..B. Reii.. M. L.. G. Tunbridge Wells. Co. M. a. Govern ment House. Miss M. Christ Church.. Miss M... M. Terrace... S. LL.. Newman. Manchester.D.A. Hon. L. Pinehurst. Canada. LL. Halifax. M. L. D. Sheffield. Nightingale.A... p. M. . 2.. West Kensington.C. Miss H..A.D. Manchester. Newman. M. *Newton...A.D.. T. 4. K. Eastry. York. Prof. E. Prof. Needham. Murray. . B. Rutland Park. F. Banbury Road. John. Oundle. A. N. H.. British Museum. J. W..C. Blyth. M .A. Nicholson. T. M. Rev. *Newbold. D. Cambridge. Muspratt. ma. 101.. North- *Mltmm.P. Portora Royal School. Kidderminster. South Australia. Girls' Secondary School. Oxford. Mount Park Crescent.L. LL..C. M. M.A.. Merchant Taylors' School. Prof. Crowborough. Hyde Park Street.. 25. W. Portsmouth.. 50a.. Oxford..A. Cheltenham. Oxford. *MuRRAY. C.D. Rev.. M. Bootham School.A. C. K. Papua. Hailey.. Brackenside. M. NiCKLiN. The Lord.. Fermanagh.A. Christ Church.A. Murray. 1. B. Miss A.. Miss E. Pittville Lawn. Oxford. Nicholson.. Rev. Upper Gardiner C.D. Enniskillen.J. T.NMIES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS Muir-Mackenzie. E. B.. A. M. W. H. Lincoln College. E. J. W.Litt. Murray. W.

R.R. D. Norham Gardens. St.A.. B. Orange..A. See Bombay.A. Rt. Rev. W. Odqers. Woodcote.A. B.A.A.. Sussex. Rev. Osborne. Papamosco. p. D.D. M. Rt. M. Norwood. H.. OzANNE.... U. Preston. 3.M.. a. Oxford. S. Marston Ferry Road... N. *OsLER. M. 17. O'Malley. F. 32. W. Sir W. Owen. Tavistock Place. Old Bailey. Wilts. Steep Hill... M. D. M....A. Lea Wood. F.S. Bishop of Pantin.. Preston. Birmingham..A. R. B. Liverpool. M. H... W. lluskisson Street. Old Square. J. 50.. University House. M. E.A. B. M. Regius Prof. 78. G. Acrise. Sefton Park. Owen.C. Surrey. B. E. Marlborough College. a. N. Hove. Parker. Head Master. Kensington.. Merton House. Harrow-on-the Hill. the Lord Bishop of. Cuddesdon.A. Hall Place Gardens.D. Albans. M. Lea Wood.A.D. ^[rs. Nowers. Passmore Edwards Settlement.. Miss A. Kiugsgate Street.. *Oke. Pallis.. E. Rev.. A.A.. Haskmere. D. Oxford. Miss B. De Parys Avenue. U. Win- chester. Rev.C. J. C. Prof. M. F.) Owen. E. Ph. Keble College.. Liverpool College. M.A.A. Westfield College. Cambridge.D.D. Pennsylvania. Palmer. Dowhurst Road... Oxford. A.. W. M. Oxon. Paget. Grove City College. Norwood. Papillon.R.. 13.A. a. J. Liverpool.. Godulming. J. 14. Aigburth Drive. G. The Old Cottage. Prof. 2.M. S. E. Rev.C.A. Bernard. Norwood. Oxford. Page... E..S. H.A. G.. Grant. L O'Connor. Bedford. Liverpool. Ormerod..APPENDIX 112 Norton. Bart.D. M. Miss H.P.. E. LL. Grove City.. Rev. Denmark Villa3. .A.. D. Rutland. M... Litt.C. M.. C.A. 14. W. K. T. The University. Canon T. E.. Watling Street Road.. Oliphant. Uppingham School. Oxford. E.C. Kentons. Head-Master. M. M. Litt.. Miss C.. M. Tatoi. R.. of Medicine. Norton. (No address.. L.. Lincoln's Inn.. 4.. Hampstead. Owen. 9. Oxford. Watling Street Road. T.. Christ Church. Oakeley. p. S.W... Liverpool. W.

R. J..A. Peaty.A. Miss S... Paul. C. Phelps. F.. Penny. R. Clarence School. Parry. Liverpool. Warden of AW Souls' College. Laurel Crescent. The Oratory School. Small Cause Court. 39..A. Wm. J. L. Helen's. L. M. G.. R. Pendlebury. Paterson. M. Trinity College. Pretoria.. Perman. Cambridge. S. St. B. Phelps. Prof. Nigel 0. Durham. Brackley.. Nev/ick House.D. Grasmere Rectory. Manchester. LL.A. c/o McGill University.. The Johnston Schools. Canada. W. M. Bristol. Oxford. E. Miss E. Pearson. Pearson.. Merton Court Preparatory School. W.. Somervillc College. J. 4. 15 . Peterborough. Aiiington House. the Lord Bishop of.Mus. F. E. County School.... Cardiff. Pavri. Rev. M.. 113 Browsholme Hall. Pearson. Peskett. M... M. Gunnersbury. M. 21. E. Oxford. Sir W.. B. IC. M. D. M. M. Graeme M. Edgbaston. Oxford. Cambridge.. Clifton High School. Cheltenham. Parry. M. M. M. Westmorland. A.. Transvaal University College. The Palace.A. Peterson.A.G. Provost o/ Oriel College. Manchester.. Stoke House. M.. Period. Peterson. Clitheroe.. Bm-lington Road. M. Principal. Patton. a.... The University. Birmingham.A.. St. W. LL. Northants.A.A. Miss M. The Rt. Pbarce. Exton.. Gairloch... J.... Weston-super-Mare.. Prof. Keighley. Withington.. Col. Rochester. Lansdowne Street.A.. Magdalene College... K... Montreal. C. B.D. Peacock. Rev.A. University Registry. Miss G. A. N..A.A. Rev.A. A.D. Rev. B. Edith's School. Oxford. Pereira. B. M. South wold.. Kent.M.B.. F. C. A. M. S. W. Canon E. Cathays Park. R. Northmoor Road.. Oxford. Parry.. F. Footscray. Ruskin House.A. Peterborough. M..S. Wodeberia.D. Paterson... A. nr. M. p. Miss A... St.A. A. M... Corpus Christi College. Liverpool. E. Pembroke Dock. A. Parker. W.A.A.A. Peake. C. Bombay. Miss Ida A. Miss E...A. Penrose.C. Rev. Topsham. Seaford. Grammar School. Miss E. Devon. B. Peskett. Miss D... H. High Master. :M. Pember. Rev.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS Parker. King's School House. Paton. Miss M. H. Freshfield.B.

Pickering. Carnbiiin. Miss D.A.A. Claughton. Rt.W.. Kingsgate Street.L..B....A. M. St. P. G. \.. ProJ. Telegraph Chambers. a.. L.. F.A. Lanes.A. Pooler. N.W. G. Crickle- 2. J. Maurice. Phillpotts. M. LL. Brockley. W. T.. Crowthorne. L. Campden Hill. Newcastle-undcr-Lyme. F. Miss K. Lee. M.. End well Road. 48. Norfolk. Pollard.. P. A.. Miss H. The Barracks.C. W. Powell.A. Mary's Rectory. PiLKiNGTON. K. W. Pickard-Cambridge. W. Queen Margaret's School.. Lancaster 15.. U. B. B.stel. Banbury Road. Winchester. 64.D. PosTOATE. W.. D. *PiCKARD. Principal.... Queens' College. M. Miss G. M. Shrewsbury. The Schools. Biiar's Hey. Prof... Chester Terrace.. W.C. H. Market Street. M. T. Pope. Kensington. Kent.A. Yorks..A.. Oxford. M. B. Powys.Litt. LL. Banl)ury Road. Miss M. L.D. Poole. 5. Scarborough.APPENDIX lU Phillimore. 3. P. Mrs..B. Scotter. St.E. M. Grendon. Oxford.. W.A... E. PiCKARD. M.. R. Mrs. Pierce-Jones.A. Hyde Park Place.W. M. N. Miss E. M. GO. Miss M. Regent's Park.. Hussars. Pooley. 2.L. D... PniPPS.A.. A. M. Leeds. B. The University. Oxford... E. E.C.A. F. B. S. Oxford.. Plaistowe. Major E. F. Well Walk. Powell. a. Pollock. [N. Hon..... 12. Rev. wood.. 8. Cambridge. D.B.. C... Bandon..D..L. The Museum House. Walm Lane.. Bradford Commercial Institute.A.. M. H.C. Staffs. Pope. Lanes. S. 2.. M. Rev... Forncett. GO. Whitehouse. CO. M. Prof.. The Ousels.C. A.A. B.A.A. Miss M. Settle. Baron. Bi'adford. . Powell. Micliael's Ho. B. Litt. H..A.. Wellington Place. H. Balliol College. Cork. J. Porter. J... Liverpool. J. Overdale School. Linnet I^ne.. Phillips. Bart. Orme Girls' School. of Shiplake.E.. IMary's College. Cam House. Plaskitt. S.L. Sir F. Grove Park. S. •Powell. M.A. PiLKiNGTON. Rainhill.Litt. Phillips. St. Oxford. Hampstead. Belfast.. LL.. 21. Platt. The Grange. Sidmouth. Birkenhead. 7. M.A.M.B. 1. *Platnauer.. Gate. L.

8. D.... M..A.C. Behar and Orissa. T. Head Mistress.. Ramapillai. Cornwall. E.. F. M.A. Cheltenham. St.. M. J.. M. Anthony. G. Miss E.W. 7. Price. Reade..NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS PoYNTER. M. A.. Rees. Elgin Avenue.. H. T. Oxford. Hampstead. Charterhouse.) *Rainy. Prideaux. Miss F. c/o Messrs. The Hindu College.A. Rackham. Emeritus Prof. Northumberland. *Raleigh.A.. 5. Liverpool. Ramsay. Bombay. Eton College... Miss. Purser.A. C. Miss K. B. W..C. *Radcliffe..D.. a. B. Champaran.. Rackham. M. G. Hazel Road.D.O.. Eton College.. Windsor. Miss R. J... Linton Road. The Queen Mary High School. Brixton Road. B. Radcliffe. Ramsay.A. The Vicarage. 11. *Radford. Liverpool Collegiate School.. Christ's College.. Drumore. . M. Prtckard. M. H. a. Jaffna. Miss M. M. R. Rev.... S.W. H. A. Portscatto. G. Reed. L. Ph. M. Prichard. 6... Cambridge. Prestige.. Swansea. Prof. F.A.. Litt. M. Godalmiug. 115 1. C. Brecon. W. N.S. Miss 11. A. Rees. Purdie.A. Girls' High School. F. 29. B. C. Guildford.. Rapson. Gill & Co. Fleet. Ladybarn House School.. G.. A. Oxford. Macclesfield. P.P. Park Road.. J. (War Service.A. Queen's Gate. The Mount School. 9. Trinity College. Ralph..A. Inverness Terrace. Liverpool. Ceylon. The Athen^um. PuRTON. G. Cambridge. Mount Pleasant.B. Shamley Green. 8. M.. Rawlins. Rev. Heddon-on-the-Wall.. Windsor. M. Dublin..A... Headingley. H.. H. Cheltenham..T. Ladies' College. Manchester. M.. C. 3.. Miss F. Anfield. Uplands. G. Evelyn Road.S. M.A. Pringle. R. 21. Rackham.A. G. F. Parliament Hill.. Holywell..D. J. W. Blairgowrie.A. Hants.S. Paddington and Maida Vale High School.A.B. G. M.. N. 35.. 181.S.A. 6. 293.. Purdie. Prof. Uxbridge. Wood Lane. Wallace Street. W. QuBLCH.. York. 110..D. C. Miss K. Mortimer Road. W.A.. M.R.B.R.A. 2. W. M. Litt. Leeds. Miss W. B. S. Price. India. Bwlch. A.. Headingley. Withington. W.. M. I. Rawnsley. Shotover. L. B. Leeds. Wylam. Fort. 0. Reade. Pall Mall. Miss J.W. Rains.

W. South Luffenham.. R. 3. Miss J. M. Elswick Road. Rendall.A. Richards... J. Belvedere Avenue. A. S. [Tyne. 25. Litt.W. RiOBY. Miss C. RiCKARDS.A. M.A. Cheshire.. JiiGBY. Richmond.. E. M. Stamford.. The Gables. S. Litt. II.. Miss Silvia M. Cambridge.. Essex. Stockwell Road. BiDLEY. Winchester.C.. W. F.. Prof. Essex. Corf ton Road. M. Prof. Sc. K. Sir W.. D. Lingwood. Fen Ditton. Ridley. RiDGEWAY. . M. F. 5. King Edward VI. Hampstead.A. The College. Richardson. 11. Royal Holloway College... {^''o Address. v. M. S. Sir W. Richmond. B. York. Flendyshe. Rhodes.APPENDIX 116 Reeve.. Surrey.D.A. Rendall. Oxford. Dedham. Oriel College.A. 30a Chalsey Road. St.A. Miss F.A. E. West Kensington. Ealing. Cambridge. Newcastle-uponRiCHARDSON... M. E. M. Miss E. Richmond. Everton. The University. Bartholomew Road. W. W. Sumner Place. J. Englefield Green.. Miss C. M.. Liverpool. Litt.D.. Prof.A. J. M. Bath. T. M. D.. M.A. M. Pev.... W..A. Edinburgh. C. Training College. Eev. Richards. Ridding. S.. F. L. The Rectory. *Rendall.D. Howden. Miss H.. University Library. Cape Town. S. Orangezicht. New Street. (Membership temporarily suspended. Rhys. Kingswood School. Ritchie. M.. LL. Reid. Miss A.D. Miss M.. 24.A. B. A. c/o The Librarian. H. K. B. G. J.D..L. Edward's College. Hev. F. 25.. G. M. Brockley. M.B.. 9.A.A. Richards. G.A. R. L. Beavor Lodge.... M. J.W... Bryanston Road..) Reid. Head Master. Percival Road. Kingsthorpe.A. Miss S. 15. M..W.... N. Yorks. N.B. Bristol. Miss C. Hammersmith. 0.. W. Westfield College.. B. Kelvedon. Rhoades.D. Clifton. Reynolds. Wellesley Mansions. Dedham House. West Road.A. Birmingham. A. Blacktoft Vicarage. Lysmore. 3.E. Richardson.) Richards.. W. Norham Road.... G. B. Grammar School. Bev. Cambridge..C. Prof... The Mount School. 20. Rev.. M.. Richards. Prenton. Richards. Oxford.

. S. Litt. L. St.. D. Miss S. E.. Miss M. RoBY.A. Nagpur.A. RuBiE. Bombay Presidency. W. M.. 50. East Khandesh. Rowlands. Rooke. M. N.. M. Manchester.. .A. Headingley. Colston's School.. Ifiss H. Addison. Packer's Close. Jalgaon.. Kensington. J. The High School.. Old Aberdeen. D. 39... Bryn-y-don. Wrexham.. Bradford. R. M. B. M. Leeds. Bangor. Hev... Bristol. Goldhurst Terrace. Denbighshire.. Mus. Miss A. Cardiff. The Rectory. A.. M. N. Caldy.A. Bradford... Otto. Robertson. G. Bedford Park.D.S.C. West Hampstead. Leeds. F. W. B. N. Toronto. Beverley.A. Rogers. I.. Newbury. Yorks. Aigburth.. University College. 6. Trinity College...A.. Prof. Miss R.D. M... B. W.. King Street. RouGHTON. M. 6. London. Perse School.Bac. G. Roberts. Miss M. Holmefield. 3Iiss M. RoCKETT.. Rhys. High School for Boys. Didsbury. Rev. Leeds..S. N. Berks. Robertson. Rose. M.A. Canada.E. M. Roberts. High Bank.A. Robertson. W. Charles's Square. 10.. H.. M. AberystAvyth. B. M. J. Market Harborough.A.. RowELL...C.. Oxford. Robertson. Wales.W. B.A.A. Brighouse. King's College.D. Rossiter. C. Liverpool. C.. S. RoscoE. 4.A. Rogers. H. Roberts. Miss A. Prof J. Crediton Hill.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 117 E. Miss G. Denbigh. Museum Road. India. The University...... RoTHFELD. Stapleton. Roberts.A.OBEHTS. Inglehurst. M. Ilsley Cottage.. Eltham College. Princijyal of Univeri^ity College.A. Ruthin. West Kirby.A.A. Prof. 33. A. Cambridge. W. The University. B. County School for Girls. St. 8. 199.. Ifiss M. LL.. Rogers. Miss M. Streatley. AV..D.. Robertson. G.A. G. L. E. Roberts. Girls' Grammar School. I. B. E. B. W. Robertson. Michael's Crescent. S. Litt. F. M. Roberts. Yorks.) Robertson. A. Well Close.. J.. Queen Anne's Gardens. Miss Ethel. M. Ainslie J. B. Cardiff. D. 7. K..A. W. W. The Grammar School. M. D.A.. Central Provinces.. Robertson. W. Cambridge....A.. KW. Robertson. Robinson.. T. 2. Cottingham. *RousB. M.A. Robinson. 13. Donnington.A.A. Victoria College.. (War Service. U.

. Mrs.. H..A. Miss Place. G. Sandford. E.. M. Knighton Rise.A.. Miss E. V. N. Rev.E. V{ce-ChanceUor. G. St.C. Bombay.. Shannon. LL.. E.. F. G. M. 2. 2. Staveley Corner. Grange Road. G.A. Rev.. W.D. S. H. W. School.. B. Hymers College. St. R. Liverpool. B. H. Oxford. Miss A. S. Grimsby. Bedford Co.. Exmouth. Lytham. Ivy Bank. E. ^ir Michael. Malvern..S.E. 8. *Rtle. Grammar School. G. New Oleethorpes. I. Grindlay Sale. B... Ortler. Ea. Longton Grove. Fulham Secondary School. M. F. M..A... Bingley. St.C. Cottage. Sarson. Park.A. Mount Pleasant. 26.. near Hitchin. Saunders. Pocklington Grammar School. College House. ScATTERGOOD. Clarendon Villas. (War Service.A. G. Miss A.. T. Brereton Avenue. W. Ponders End. Sanders. . Sadler. India. M.A.A. Sampson. Sands. John's House. Old Windsor.. M. E. Miss B.C.. The Turrets. S. K. Saunders.. Girls' Scott. Oandle.A. Bijapur.. Seiavyn. Seebohm. S...W... Munster Road.A. Rev.. M.B.A. King Edward YII.D. Uckfield. M. 15. Stoneygate Sc-hoor.. School.A. M. M. Sydenham. E.. The Training College. B. Arnold.APPENDIX 118 *RuDD.I. ScoLES. LL. Denham & Hornby Road. Gloucestershire. M. Prestbury.A.D.A. Yorks. M.B. Litt. Sale. B.. Far Headingley. Oxford..A. 5... Leicester. Olave's Grammar Bridge. College. M. Sandys.J. EusHBROOKE. Sharp.A. E. Yorks..A. 70. G. Sargbaunt J. ..The University. E. P.A.) Scott. Miss.S. Bernard P. c/o Messrs.A. W. M. M.. D. G. J.. Gorman Russell. B. C I. Miss M. *Salter. The School.s.. Rt. Leed. L. Vanbrngh Road. Salford. Walter. . Saunders. Leicester.D. Bede's College...stbourne. Semple. of. Brighton. E. Campden Hill Gardens. W. Scott. Fairwarp.. Sanderson. Cambridge. H. Rev.S'lV J. F. C. M. Manchester. Tower 1. Keble Road. Leeds... the Lord Bishop C.A..A. S. Beaumont College. The Grange Farm. S. 1. Bailey... The W.. Fulham. T... Swynford Croft. Arnokls. ProJ. M. Salmon. C. Parktown. Hull.



Sharp, 3f{ss F., B.A., 5, Selwyn Road, Upton Manor, E. 13.
*Sharpley, Miss E. M., Newnham College, Cambridge.
Sharplet, H., M.A., The Friary, Richmond, York.
Sharwood-Smith, E., M.A., School House, Newbury.
Sheepshanks, A. C, B.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Shepherd, W. C, B.A., Town Custom House, Bombay.
Sheppard, J, T., M.A., King's College, Cambridge.
Sheppard, S. T., c/o The Times of India, Hornby Road, Bombay.
Sherriff, Miss I., M.A., Surrey Hostel, 80, Lewisham High
Road, New Cross, S.E. U.
Shewan, A., M.A., LL.D., Seagate, Sfc. Andrews, Fife.
Shingles, Miss E. A., B.A., Thoresby High School, Leeds.
Shoppee, Mi's. L. C, c/o Rev. R. Gifibrd Wood, East Cowton
Vicarage, Northallerton.

Hon. LL.D. (Glasgow); Hon. D.Litt.
Woodstock Road, Oxford.
M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.



(Leeds), 64,

Sikes, E. E.,

*SiLC0X, Miss L., St. Felix School, Southwold.

Simmons, Missis.

J., 15,

Maresfield Gardens, Hampstead,

N.W. 3.

Simpson, H. Derwent, 71, Palatine Road, Withington,

*SiMPSON, P., M.A., 155, IffleyRoad, Oxford.

Skeel, Miss C. A.

J., D.Litt., Holly Hedge Cottage, Well
Road, Hampstead, N.W. 3.
Skerry, Miss D. F., B.A., Girls' Municipal School, York.
Slater, Prof. D. A., M.A., 4, Chalcot Gardens, N.W. 3.
Slater, E. V., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Slater, H., M.D., St. Budeaux, Devonport.
Sleeman, J. H., M.A., Royal Holloway College, Englefield

Green, Surrey.

Sloane, Miss E.

J., M.A.. 13, Welford Road, Leicester.
Sloman, Rev. Canon A., i\[.A., The Rectory, Sandy, Beds.
*Sloman, H. N. p., Grammar School, Sydney, New South Wales.
Smedley, I. F., M.A., 12, Newton Grove, Bedford Park, W. 4.
Smiley, M. T., M.A,, The University, Liverpool.
Smith, Prof. A. J., M.A., 18, Oakdene Avenue, Darlington.
Smith, A. P. Gordon, M.A., Hymers College, Hull.
Smith, D. Riicker, M.A., Craven Bank, Leigh Road, Southampton.
Smith, Miss E. M., St. Christopher's, Linnet Lane, Liverpool.
Smith, F. E. J., M.A., 4, Gloucester Place, Portman Square, W. I.

Smith, Prof. G. 0., M.A., University College, Toronto, Canada.




N., B.A.,




School, Newcastle-


*Smith, Frqf. J. A., Magdalen College, Oxford.
Smith, Leigh, M.A., Frankfort, Horton Place, Colombo, Ceylon.
Smith, Miss M. L. S., Gu-ls' High School, Durham.
*Smith, Nowell C, M.A., Head Master, The School, Sherborne.
Smith, Miss W., St. Christopher's, Linnet Lane, Liverpool.

Smyth, Austin, M.A., 3, Temple Gardens, E.C. 4.
Smyth, J. W., B.A., I.C.S., Government House, Karachi, India.
Solomon, L., M.A., St. John's, Gregory's Eoad, Beaconsfield,
Somerset, E. J., B.A., Rossmore Hoiise, Cairo.
*Sonnenschein, Emeritus Prof. E. A., D.Litt., 4, Sion Hill
Place, Lansdowne, Bath.
SowELS, Miss G. R., St. David's, Berkhamsted, Herts.
SowEiiBY, Mrs., Pali Hill, Bombay.

Spalding, K.




M.A., Stoneways, High Wycombe, Bucks.
M.A., Head Master, Grammar School,



Spooner, Bev. Canon


A., D.D.,

Warden of



S. G., M.A., Oundle School, Northants.
Stanton, Rev. Prof. V. H., D.D., Trinity College, Cambridge.
*Sta\vell, Miss F. M., 33, Ladbroke Square, W. 11.
Steavenson, E. J., B.A., Monkton Combe School, Bath.


Steele, Miss A. T., M.A., Greycoat Hospital, V/estminster, S.W.
•Steele, J. P., M.A., M.D., 35, Viale Milton, Florence, Italy.

Stenhouse, Miss S. E., B. A., 48, Wyggestou Girls' School, Leicester.
Stephanos, A. D., c/o Ralli Brothers, Apollo Street, Bombay.
Stephens, liev. E., Ushaw College, Durham.
Stephenson, Pev. F., M.A., The School House, Felsted, Essex.
Steuart, Miss E. M., University College, Cathays Park, Cardiff.
Stevenson, Miss E., 1, Roseburn Cliff, Edinburgh.
Stevenson, G. Hope, University College, Oxford.
Stevenson, W. E., M.A., Hayes, Trumpington, Cambridge.
Stewart, Lieut. -Col. (Prof), New Zealand Administrative Expeditionary Force, Bloomsbury Square,



Stewart, Pev. 11. ¥., B.D., The Malting House, Cambridge.
Stewart, Prof J. A., LL.D., 14, Bradmore Road, Oxford.
Stodart, J. C, M.A., c/o Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W.
Stocks, J. L., St. John's College, Oxford.
Stokes, J., M.A., M.D., 3 40, Glossop Road, SheHield.
Stokoe, H. R., M.A., Park House, Tonbridgc, Kent.




*Stoke, E. W., M.A,, Eton College, Windsor.

Stonehouse, Miss M. Y., B.A., 98a, Steinhold Avenue, S.W. 2.
Stoneman, Miss A. M., M.A., The Park School, Preston.
Stork, F., B.A., 40, Mecklenburg Square, W.C. 1.
Storr-Best, L., D.Litt,, M.A., Grammar School, Coalville,

The Grammar School, Manchester.
Stranqeways, L. E., M.A., High School, Nottingham.
Strong, 2frs. S. Arthur, LL.D., L.H.D., Acting Director, British

Stoit, C. a., B.A.,

School, Valle Giulia,


Strong, Very Rev. T. B., D.D., Dean o/ Christ Church, Oxford.
Strudwick, Miss E., M.A., City of London School for Girls,
Carmelite Street, E.C, 4.
J. J., 133, Queen's Gate, S.W. 7.
Summers, Prof. W. C, M.A., 15, Endcliffe Rise Road, Sheffield.
Sutherland, Miss N. St. Clair, B.A., Kildare, High Beech
Road, Loughton, Essex.
Sutton, Miss E. J., B.A., The High School, Carmarthen.
Swallow, Rev. Canon R. D., M.A., 3, Morpeth Mansions,
Ashley Place, S.W. 1.
Swatne, Rev. W. Shuckburgh, The Deanery, Manchester.
SwiNBURN, Miss D. H., B.A., Ashmead, Royston Park, Hatch
End, Middlesex.
Sydney-Turner, S., 37, Gt. Ormond Street, London, W.C. 1.
Sykes, Arthur, Lady wood Cottage, Roundhay, Leeds.
Sykes, a. a., 16, Edith Road, West Kensington, W. 14.
*Sykes, J. C. G., C.B., M.A., 38, Grosvenor Road, Westminster,
S.W. 1.
Symes, Miss E,, M.A., Redland High School, Bristol.
Syson, Miss M. r., Duumarklyn, Weston-super-Mare.

*Stuart, Miss

Tabor, A. S., M.A., The Manor House, Cheam, Surrey.
Talbot, J., M.A., B.Sc. (War Service.)
Talbot, J. E., M.A., 12, Stanhope Gardens, S.W. 7.
Tanner, Miss L. K., Koran ji Gakko, San Kocho, Shiba Ku,
Tokyo, Jai)an.
*Tarrant, Miss D., M.A., Bedford College, Regent's Park,



Tatham, M.

T., M.A., Northcourt, Abingdon.
Tatton, R. G., M.A., 2, Somers Place, S.W.
Tayler, Rev. C. B., B.A., Clibburn Rectory, Penrith.
Taylor, A. C, D.Litt., West Deyne, Uppingham.


Dover. M. 5. Hacknoy Downs School.A. M. 31. Miss M. 16.A. Vergam Terrace. J. The College. Castle Avenue.. Thoseby. M. Baring Road. Chaldon. M. W.E.D. M. Harcourt Street. Thornton. Deronda Road. Caterham. G.F. Cyrus. B. St. Thompson.. Tho Wick. 4. Montrose. M. 7. 24. Northwood. Thackeray.. 40. M. Broome Rectory.A. Manchester. Misa M.A.A. 15. Shrewsbury.. J.A. Wimbledon Common. Fishguard... C.B. Taylor..A.. Baring Road. Clifton College. M. Ph. Bungay. Miss M. British Museum. Misa G. Terry. Mrs.L. Grove Park. M. H.E. C.A.A... E. H. M.. N.. Thallon.. B. Woodlands. Thomas. M.A.. John...A. Earlhara Grove. L.. Thomas.. M. *Taylor. Thompson.C. Thring. J. M.. Oxford. E. F. Sir E..APPENDIX 122 Taylor. Whiteford Road.B. Bucks. Taylor. Mias L.A. Hove. F.. Thomas. 5. M.W. Thomas. New Square. Hawk Hill. F. M. Tilley.. Montague Gardens. Cambridge. B.. Miss M. New York. 03. Cambridge. Thomson. Stanford. Secondary School. Gerrards Cross. T. Grove Park. M. Royal Holloway College. Rusholme. Bristol. Taylor.. Surrey. A. Harrogate. D. Trevone.C..E. Taylor. *TowEH.B. H.E. . Maundo..A..A. Mackay. A. W. St. Vassar College... Fettes College.Litt. 2. Rev. Misa I. E. 44. H. Thomas. N. Woodlands. R. Cecil F. M. B. Tn>LYARD. Hove. F. Sussex.. Tod. Edinburgh. 16.. MisslA. B. W. 1... U. M.C... *Taylor. Aberdeen. Heme Hill.A. Marsham Lane House. E.A. a. a.. Miss D.A. Middlesex. Plymouth. S.. •Thompson.. Joseph.A. N. Sussex. A. Poughkeepsie. Norfolk...C. E. Rev. Taylor. a. J. Miss S. D. M. Central High School.. Oriel College. Todd.. S. Woodlands.A.. Cheltenham. Manse. Newcastleupon-Tyne. J.S. The School. Tombling. J. 19. S. M. Thompson. 1. Englefield Green. Mrs. Taylor.. Dublin... Mannamead. W.. U.. E. King's Gardens. G. Clapton.A. Schvyn Gardens.. Hamilton Place. M. Forest Gate.A.

Varley. ToYNE.A. Strand-on-the-Green.. Unwin.. Cheshire. New Square. *Trollope... Stanley.A. Brighton. W. Yorks Wager.. Virgo. B. a... C. Sherbourne Lodge.A. Abbotsacre Lodge. M. 2. Surrey.A. M. Miss E.A. M.. Magdalene College. J. Wellington College. Trayes. S. Esp Hall. N. Tyttenhanger Lodge. Tressler... Ure. Vakil. Norfolk. H. Yorks. F. W. Leamington.. Tyler. W.. M. St. Gresham Villa. Underwood. Harold. H.. Waddell.A. Plj'^mouth. B. M. 5. LL. M. F. Reading. Berks. Miss E. M. .Sc. S. Ovingdean Hall. Vernon-Jones. Thetford Road. Ben Rhydding. F. The College. M.. A..R.. E. V. University College. Vaisey...A. Berks. Wellington College. Leeds. Hyde.A. Edgbaston. M...A. M. Cumberland. 3fiss E. Windsor. B. S.S.. The Gables. Holt. G..) Vaughan. Captain S. Charterhouse. West Horsham. Winchester. M. M. N. B.. Albans.. R... Seaford.. Harrow-on-the-IIill. Ure.. H. B.A. M. J.. Keighley.. 3fis3 E.. C. Beechcroft. B. 3Irs.. New Maiden. Wade. Princes Square. 8. B. Cheltenham. B. R. M. (War Service. Lyttelton Road.A.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 128 Towers. 11.A. c/o Messrs. IJpcoTT. Bucks.. ViNCE.. Vaughan.. Newcastle-onTyne.B.A. Veysey. Eton College.A.Sc. a.. Eton College... St. a. Mailovv.. M. E.. M. West Park. A. Armstrong College. Godalming. G. D. B. M.. M. H. Haileybury College. Barclay & Co. M. P. Miss W.A. Wace. Reading. Hertford. M. A. Chester.A. A. M.A.B. *Vaughan. TowsEY. M.A. University College.A. Chiswick...A. Naylor House. B. P. Oaks.A. W. Rev. ViNCE. a. Esplanade Road. letters to Welling Grove.A. W. M. ViLLY. B.. E. E.. M.A.. Dee Fords Avenue.D. W.. Turner. B. W. The Lodge. A.C.. M.A. Birmingham. TowNSEND. *Vaugkan. 29.. Roxborough Park. Varley. 46.. Cambridge. Miss F. 174.A. M.. Leslie Lodge.. LL. York.A.. Turner. R..A... Frof.. Hendre. South Street.. Brentwood. Lincoln's Inn. L. Christ's Hospital. H.. Market Street.. W. Peter's School. XJPCOTT..A... M.A.. Ulpha.A. F. 3.. M.. Windsor. Bombay.

M..D. a.. D.A. M. Fulneck School. M. IL. Armstrong College. near Falmouth. Walker. A. Lewes House. Wardale. Flamstead..A. E. B. C. Technical College. Regent Lodge. Wilts. M.C. Warman. Warner..Litt. Rev.A. S. J. 8. L.. M. 2... Cambridge. M. LL. Portland Place.. Sir A. Prestwich. G.C... of. Walker.A. Waterfield.. South Bailey. M. Essex. St. K.S. Prof. Walton. S. Northallerton. Prince Alfred College. E.A. Rev.A. New College. M... B. Oundle. Northants. The Yicarago. Queen Anne Terrace.. Leeds.A. Allen F. M. Waters. Iluddersfield. M. Walder. Ward.. E... D. M. Sydney. King's College. Miss I.O. near Leeds. 1. Mass. Rev... E. Ilarley. c/o Cheltenham College. C. 79. Sedgeley Park.A. Bradford... D. Durliam.A.A.. Walston. Municipal Secondary School. W. 1. Ramsgate. Walker.. . Waterlow. Warburton. M.... Boaloe.. Walters.D. King Edward's Grammar School.. Chigwell School. Miss E. 6.. Walker. W. W.. Miss M. A. Hallam Street. Rev. Headingley. Warren.A. U. Master q/ Peterhouse.A. 7. B.A. Kent Town. Archdeacon R.. W. S. W. South Ward. MA. H. Wallace. Warm AN.. F.B. 10. Walker...D. W. M.. Paul's Vicarage.A. Beaconslield. a. W. Oxford. The Grammar School. Wimpole Street. Litt. Ward.C. Litt. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Birmingham.C. Lanes. p. Ward..... Strand. Walde.D.. Miss D. M. Leamington Spa.sey. Wakefield.A. Manchestei'. F. Cottesmore House. Waterfield. Rev. R. Lewes. C. B. B. Sir Herbert... [W.Pew.V. Cambridge.. P.A. Bishopsgarth. F. J. Rev. 16. Rev.Litt.A.A.A. D.. M. Walden. M. The Rectory. The Oaks. D.A. dent of 1.. Cambridge. II.. Waterhouse. M. Queen's College.. S.. Cambridge. Albert Avenue. Fiveways. Walters. Langton-on-Swale. Parsonage House.. M.. Oxford.. T.APPENDIX 124 Wakefield. British Museum. Guy. Crick Road. J.A. F.. W. 57. Presi- Magdalen College. [Australia. Ward. M.Oare. M. King's College. Manchester.. Walker. Rev.A. Newtomalle.L.. Head Master.. W.. Grove Street.. W.. A.. M. Crafts Street.A.. E. Oxford. Warner. Miss G.. M. the Lord Bishop Rt.D. D. 141. Sir C. Colne. Sir G.D. Oxford. Walker. Warren.. 3fis8 L. Clare College. M. Walker.

. Wallasey.. G.A. Michigan. Wheeler. Whibley. Warden of Wadham College. Hanover Square.. M. Cheshire... A. Watson. Weatheuhead. J. Wells..) Watkins. Cambridge. Leeds.A. Bedford. H. Great Brickhill. D. c/o Hampstead Tenants. M.A.) Wedd. Watkins. B. A..NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS Waters. S. Weech.A. Liverpool. Yorkshire. Miss F. M. J. Weber. Cheltenham. A. Sedbergh. The University. Yorks.A.... Ltd.. Portsmouth.. M. B.. M. B. M. E.A. 7. W. Whincup. Miss E. School House.. Cheltenham.A.. Watson-Taylor. Hampstead Way. T. M. Fev. B.. C. 125 (War Haileybury College. 14.A.. L. Harborne. B. Et. Rutherton Road. M. Richmond Park Road.A.. Whitehead. King's College. Watson. Williams. T. Webb.C. Abercromby Square. H. N. M. Watson. Oxford. Matlock Bath. M. University Club for Ladies. High School for Girls.. J. Miss T..S. R. Miss J. Wilson Eoad. Windsor. H.. E. M. Watts. Kilmacolm... Pembroke College.. Newnham College. Bishop.) White. A. Miss * Whitehead.. Wells.... Mrs. H. Magdalen College. N. Barnsley. Mass. C.A. S.A. Sheffield. Dibleys. I^t.. W.W.A.. Miss E. Welldon.A.. Litt. Miss L. Watson. Watkins. Crich Common. Great Rollwright... M. M. Oxon.D. Eton College..D. Rev. Berks. 52. H. U. 44. Durham.A.. (War Service. Westaway. White.S. W. 8. G. Miss E.. A.. (War Service.. W. Street.A. Upper ChejTie Row. LL. Harvard University. Whitehead. Renfrew...A. Cambridge. Chipping Norton.. P. Ann Arbor. M. B. Whibley. M.. Leicester.. W. Blewbury.. C. B. W.A. Hertford. M.A. George .L. The Ladies' College.A. M. Pemberley Crescent... Wenley. N. •Wells. M.. Cambridge... D. G. White. School House. Bev. Columba's School. M. The University. H.A. Fleetwood.A. L 4. Miss K.A. White.D. Westawat.. The Rectory. L.. M. M.. Rossall School. K. University of Michigan. 0. Sheffield. F. 1.. The Wyggeston School. The Training College.. 7a. Cambridge. Mrs. J. J.A.A. U. 4. N. The Deaneiy. Temple Fortune House. Prof. Prof.W. Ipswich.W.. Went. Derbyshiie. Wedd. St.. M. C.... Bletchley.A. Oxford. M. Service.

) WiBHART. Bombay.. H.. Woodchurch Road. 5. M. Fernsholme. Williams. St.A. Oxford.. Piccadilly.A.A.. Rev. M. Oldliam. Manchester.. WiNFiELU. A. Christ's Hospital.. Miss E.A.. M. Bangor.. MissO. F. S.. LL. Hants..A. C. N. Williams. J. H. Halifax.. Bangor. Bombay.. M. Bradford. H.A. M. Edmund's Hall. B.A. Willis.S. H. Cowbridge. R. M. 1. Miss J. 9..OLT. Bedales School. Savile Club. Oxford. 135.APPENDIX 126 Whitestone. B. Haldon. Wilson. Parkville. Wild. c/o Town Custom Hoxise. Prof. Malabar Hill.. Prof. Gray Street. Banbury Road. Wilson. E. BA. Wales. 53. Williams.. Willis. N. Glynn.C. 36. W.P. Williams. M. Williams. W. Cambridge. Principal's T^dge. Miss Maud. Trinity College.. Williams. Whitit. 46. H. H... West Didsbury..) Willis. (No address. WioGLESwoRTH. *WniTWORTH. Whitwell. Wilson. T. Hudson. All Souls' College. Melbourne. Rev. Williams.. A. W. W. Leckhampton. G.. St. G. A. Mixs K. S. R. B. Mary's Hall. M.A. R. R.S. M...A. Whyte..A. Hyderabad. Miss H. ISIagdalen College... The College. Wales.A. B A. Park Road.A. Greengate Street. Rev. J. Tasmania. 102. C. Bristol. 177. Miss J. A. C.A. B. Friars' School. W. Williams. . B..A. Whitley. B. Miss M. A.. E... Williamson. N. Cheltenham.A. W... Williams. India...A.. Willis. St.. N.. a... M. W. 107. M. Oxford. R. M.A. Brautwood. M. Williams. E. Rev.A. M. Oxford. WiNP. Rev.....A.A. Duiham. Willey. L. J.Litt. Williams. 46. JSL. The Grammar School. (War Service. Hobart. F. Petersfield.. Selwyn College. M. Sind. R. Wilkinson. A.. M. Remenham Rectory... Windsor.. Miss S.A. M. I. We. Rt.. H.. I. H. Cheltenham. Spenser. Prof. J. L. Plas Tirion. The University. Badminton House.. Whiting. M. Pendleton. C. * Wilkinson. Sligo.. Wilkinson. R.A. M. A. Castlebar Road.A..C.A. G. J. Aberdeen.. B. Birkenhead. Hon. 70. Northern Grove. Miss J. Horsham.B. D. Grammar School. Eton College. Clifton Park.. Bury.. Wild. The School. Eastbourne.. St. Manchester. Wakefield. Williams. Leeds. Ealing.. The High School. Henley-onThames. John's Square. B. Chad's Hall..

.E.A. A. York. Highgate.C. Leeds. W..A. N.. M. B. M. Wood.W. WoRTHBPOON. W. Oxford.. D. WooDWAiiD. Eastbourne. 119. Zachary. Hon. Beckbury Hall.. W.A. 1. B. Keslake Road..NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS 127 WiTTON.. Raby Street. Withington Girls' School.H. Wye. M. R. M. Gt.D. W..A. Miss E. Banbury Road. B... M.A.. Jersey. E.A.. Thorpe Bay. 53. Southwood Lane. F. Gt. Woodward. Miss H.D. Woodard.. H. Bart. Sir William H. M. Broadwater Road... Wood. M. A. 6. T. (War Service. Katoombah.A. R. Oxford. 10.C. School. Training College for Women.. Fulham.A. Bombay. Bolsover Road. Aske's Haberdashers' School for Girls. Hurhngham Court. East Cowton Vicarage. 6. M. J. M.. B..A. 6.A. Secondary Training College. Yorks. r^e Most Rev.B.. Temple Newsam. Gifford.. Young. York. R. St.. .. 86. Halford. Zi-MMERN. Failsworth. Shipston-on-Stour. The Archbishop of.S. M. B.. Wright.. F. Northallerton. Miss M. Prof.. A. Miss Avery. Ph... Miss M.. George's School for Girls. Rev. Wright. S. Miss T. E.. U. Grammar Wyse. 132.. T. F.. Leeds. N.. M. a. Leeds. Wynne-Edwards.-Col.. 16.A.. p. M.. Broomfield. H.. Rippingale. *Yates. E. Bishop of.D.. M..) Wright. The University. (War Service. S. McKinnon. West Kilburn.A. Miss E. Wood. S. A. T. Leeds.P.A.E. L.A. S.. E. M. Miss M. Manchester.. Wright. Worthing. New Cross. London. Moss-side.A. Portland Place.) Woods.A. Litt. D. 14. Columbia University. C.. Yorks. E. J. Wood. See Peterborough. Miss K. Worsley. Miss J. Russell Street. Eidgefield Ten-ace. Hovingham Hall. Edinburgh. Malton. Shifnal. Wood. M. LL.A.D. A. L. M.A. Victoria College. Lieut. Wren. The Rt. Wright. A.A. H. M. WoRTERS.W.. Manchester. WofiRALL... B. Olave's School. D. B. Russell Mansions. Worley. Thoresby High School. H. New York City. Yate. Cambridge. Rev.S. F. High School for Girls. 1. Essex. A.L. Wood. Manchester.. L... TuACKLEY. B.A. Rev J. Wye.. S. G.A.A. Bishopthorpe.. St.. 14.

Sotheran «k Co. Literary and Philosophical Society. E.S. Gla. W. California. C. Eppstein.C. O. NOTICE The Hon. T'uiversity of Kingston.S. Stevens & Brown. Christchurch. bo glad Members to receive W. R. U. Princeton University.A. Jones. Boston. J. c/o Messrs. University of Texas. National Library of Wales.A. University of IMel bourne. P. Manchester. U. Davidson. Canada. St. Newcastle-on-Tyne. c/o Messrs. Public Library. U.S.S. ]>. Princeton. The John Rylands Library. University of Manitoba. Lake Forest College. liev. Willis. Stevens & Brown. Washington U. Copley Square. Jliss M. Lake Forest. North Street. Illinois. U. J. Slon College.S. Jasonidy. F..A. 4. University of Chicago. B. Clinton. Berkeley. 4. W. South Iladley. Aberystwyth. Massachusetts. Trafalgar Square. B.A. Miss M. C. ^y. New Zealand. \V. University of California. Davis.S. Texas. U. Public Library. O. Canterbury College. Newcastle-ou-Tyne. New Jersey. Finch. J. M. New York. Austin. A.S. Crawford. J.sgow. Jiev. Mount Holyoke Massachusetts. the : Guioo. Victoria. A. Strand. ^Y. will Miss.A. Cardiff. 140. E.S. Treasurer addresses of the following AiLiNGER. Deansgate.A. U. James's Square. F. Trafalgar Square. University College of South NVales and Monmouthshire. G. D. present .C. Ontario..APPENDIX 128 LIBRARIES New Bridge Street. Hamilton College. S. Thoresby Murdoch. Library of Congress. College. Victoria Embankment.A. Rhts.A. Mitchc-11 Library. c/o Messrs. London Library.

J. Buckinghamshire—con^MtMe<i — . A. Wycombe Abbey Bakewell. J. Chitty. W. . I. .Rev. Cattlev. A. Arnison. Alington. E. G. . H. Robinson. Grace. E.•Wardale. L. Headlam. Martin. Lyttelton. Beaslev. Stone. Brown. W. F. Macnaghten. Sir G. Rev. A.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS (77/is index be For details the alphabetical list should denotes the Local Correspondent for the place or intended for reference only. . . V. A. Slater. . Campbell. G. Windsor . 17 W. E. G A. Fton . Ure. 129 . . D. H. *Rackham. M. Sloman. M. Brintou. Wellington Coll. . Hon. W. Gow. Goodhart. Rev. H. Churchill. Vaugban. Dodds. *Ramsay. L. G. F. Clare College . Westaway. Miss H. Cahis College — . . Adam-Fox. . R. K. C. C. L. 0. Emmanuel Coll. S. W. C. G. Miss M. W. P. Jesus Colleqe Duke. D. E. Leigh. Sheepshanks. E. Sir W. . Prof. C. T. B. J. F. Bebkshire— A bingdon . Miss J. Rev. B. Whitworth. S. F. Ozanne. Gardner. * district. E. A. . G. Oirton College . Daniel. E. Blewbury .. H. E. Austin. J. C. Edwards. Blakiston. H.) ENGLAND Bedfobdshirb Bedford . P. Warner. . G. Scoles. . M.'Jox-Blake. Watson-Taylor. Crowthorne Finchampstead Mortimer A'ewbury . T. H. Beckwith. St. Miss C. R. Sir T. . W. ¥. Upcott. Christ's College. L. Underwood. C. N. College (continued) J. Miss G. VaugLan. G. Ridgeway. Tatham. Radley College Reading W. Miss D. T. B. Wells. Lang. I. Manstield. Giles. A. Buckinghamshire Beaconsfield Eton College . Spalding. Sandy . A. . Bevan. H. Holland. E. R. is The mark consulted. T. W. F. J. Kindersley. M. H. Great Briekhill Wbibley. Streatley Roscoe. W. Mis. W. G. Solomon. Bingham. C. Cambridgeshire — Cambridge I. E.*Abbott. Prof. PLillpotts. . . J. F. P. W. Prof.Canon A. Rev. Miss K. E. R. F. M. F. Marsh. F. N. J." E. A. C. High . L. G. Sharwood-Sniith. H. Cornish. E. S. Lubbock. •' AUbutt. . Mrs. A. S. G. Rev. G. «. Reid. . Anderson. W. W. Greenwood. B. W. E. . Ure. Rawlins. Broad bent. H. 8. H. Qerrard's Cross Thackeray.

180 Cambeidgeshibe — continued APPENDIX .

Jevons. W. C. J. WaterfieldjRev. K. The College McCombie. M. Dobson. J. Bevan. Brentwood Debbyshire— Alfretoii . . . B. Canon R. Gloucestershire— Bristol Thompson. Miss A. . Penrith JJlpha ]\Iiss M. F. M. Svanaye Smith. . . Miss C. St. Rev. N. F. J. Miss N. Paterson. Chifjwell School Walde. Miss E. Taylor. Waif ham Abbey Johnston. ITepple. Miss K. ClTMBEELANDCarlUle 131 . Castle . Mayor. . Tayler. R. Unwin. Bernard. E. A. Thorpe Bay Wright. R. H. Barley Bale Matlock Bath Hepton . Rt. Rev. Horsfall. B. Rev. G. Rev. Miss E. E. F. G. T. Sandford. B. Rev. A. Lovghton Sutherland. Rev. S. . J. Beaji Close Sch. L. . C. Rev. Miss E. . Campion. Smith. S. Miss. E. Falmotdh Liskcard Portseatto Levcrti'n. E. M. Wat kins. G. Dr. Miss M. A. . J. Pollard. Sir R. Rev. Canon . S. Dr. . R. Thornton. Miss F. Ridley. E. W. C. Stejihens. C. Blackett. . Goodrich. Rev. S. Miss M. . Prof. H. Rev. F. . Ladies' Coll. Kelvcdon Rhoades. . M. H. W. S. Ellam. C. Btidleigh Bevonport Slater. Sidmouth . T. Bayley. . N. Cruickshank. Parrv. H. L. Miss D. E. . Whnioriie E. A. Durham — Barnard Bur ham Barton. Ashbee. F. Prittlewell Devonshire— Bampton Sal- tertdti Crediton . Rev. King. Walker. J. F. B. Miss L. Gardner. Dorset— Parlistone Daubeny. F. . M. *Purdie. . . Morris. . Kadford. . C. A. Buller. J. . Moxon. C. Welldon. C. C. Rev. Rev. Cheltenham. Mi*s A. Kirwan. A. Miss. . P. Rev. H. A. Watkins. H. F. Miss M. Miss 6. M. H. H. Miss M. F. {continued) S. T. Principal F. Sonth Shields Allison. R. . Prof. E. . Truro Webster. Penny. Whiting-. . E. R. Bedhain Rendall. Rockett. G. . Miss. J. Conder. R. Hoyle. E. Vince. . Dobson. Fclsted Stephenson. . G. W. B. J. J. O. Southend Holland. A\'estaway. Towers. Cheltenham . Belcher. Paul. Brooks.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS Durham — continued Cornwall— Burham Ward. Lewis. W.. Jt'xmonth Exton Plymouth . F. . G. Symes. Smith. J. . . P. L. Walthamstorv Guy. . Mrs. Sherhonie Ainslie. . C. Collins. Wilkinson. M. Rev. G. . Dobson. A. W. B. Exton. .Judaon. E. Miss S. Miss A. . G. M. H. T. How. Rev. Miss E. Miss Newman. D. Essex— Braintree Courtauld. F. . Miss M. Rev. S. J. R. E. Rev. J. Balmforth. Junr. H. King. J. . E. . Flood. Saffron Walden Hirst. E.

J. C. P. W. . Miss O. C. W. W. Rcndall. Lipscomb. . F. S. Gordon^W. Rev. Haves Belcher. Canterbury of Wight. Barker. Start. I. J. Holder. Rev. II. J. IlEBTFORD. 8. t. R. Raker. C. Geden. D. G. Corbet. M. B.APPENDIX 182 EER'VF(mV)iinniE—conti7i'i<ed (ihOVCBHTEn&inVLE—co'iiinnfd Cfieltenh a VI— continued Haileyhmj Coll. J. Dcvine. (Bishop of Burnley Henn. C. Archer. . A. Boycott. R. Rev. R. E. J. O. . Hamraans. E. G.-^s Blachhurn Blackpo. Mrs. Ellaby. R. Williains. S. Fleet . J. Sowels.Rev.E. Bishop's Jones. M. Miss M. R. D. ( Dymond. A. Alba7is Barley. Snvthsea Winchester . . B. 8. Willis. Miss D. R. T. H. Canoe Crees. Davies.ady Grtcne. M. Ramsey Southampton . Henn. Buckley. A. LANCASHIRE- Miss M. . Miss F. Frampton. — . . Chapman. A. T. I Rt. . Hobhnuse. 0. A. Kext — Boughtoti-MouChelsea HAMP9HIBF. W. Malin. Forsev. Rev. Platnaner. Papillon. .E Hooper. 0. A. H. F. Clomeuti. Rev.«s E. M. Miss J. Kennedj% W. Miss M. Cirencester Oloucester Harpenden Vaughan. M.R. Evans. Clmrchyard. Lord Pearce. Miss D. F. B. . R. Rev. Carter. Kirby. S. C. L. Myers. M. Burnlry Case. Miss C. . Rev. Drysdale. Hon. . E. TTeriford Ferguson. ITall. W. . Miss E. S. Kemerton King's Stanley Presthury . Uereford Mvrh-Dcnchurch De Wiuton. Rmith. A. A. Bell. . . Bate. Lowry. Rev. Miss G. Colman. HEREFOnCSHlRE— . Rev. Rev. P. L. Layng. Srvenoaks Bramslon. . Miss E. StonehoHXf Strond . Petersfield Isle . Miss A. C.d Bolton Beaumont. L. . H. Miss E. W. Saunders. . Norton. W. Miss M. See Stonviu-Rst. Newbold. E. W. Stokoe. ArchiViald. T. Rev. Ernest. Waters. Prof. P. Compton. Portsmouth . L. Miss Mary L P. Sidoup Tonbridge E. B. J. Prickard. Weatberhead. . Godfrey. Parker. Nicol. . Mi. W. Genner. Mi. Osborne Badley. C. St. Basingstoke Bromley .'^mirE Jfaldock Jierkhainsted . A. •Hodge. S. J I-ing. Miss E. Miss M B. Wishart. Miss M. l\Iiss M. Heppcl. K. C. . Badlett . Rev. . ford Nortbbourne.— Andorer . D. Rev. T. A. R. J. White. F. .owen. C. Canor Brock. Bournemouth . H. Purton. L. H. CMslehurst Eastry Footscray I/airkhurst Maidstime Gidden. T. . A. IT. Bramley. N. C. B. L. Miss A. J. T. F. N. Wace. C. Mathcw. Varley. V. J. Riimsynte Rochester Billson. J. Miss J. . J. Clough. Miss Esther Crofts. K. A. Mason. G. P. Tunhridge Wells Bull. Miss H. J. G. Burnside. R. . C. C. Conway. M. H.

Mrs. Miss M. Prof. W. W. Watts. T. Richard Chapman.. Conway. Prof. Miss U. Mrs. Bvockman. Massey. Cfiorlei/ . Firshjield Hnyton Liverjwol . . Miss T.. Prof. Miss S. N. W. Miss A. *Forbes.A. Dakers. Miss E. S. Crammer. Paton. Needham. (Bishop of Manchester). B. H. B. T.Smith. . Arnold Agar. Theodore Browne. S. P. Rackham. Robinson. A. H. P. L.'mcx&iii'RE—eontinm'd Wild. *Herford. J. Parker. \\'ard. D Manch'ster Barlow. E. T. Miss D. M. Carter. . Ha ward. A. A. . A. O'Malley. . M. E. W. R. M. Knox. Great Croshy . H. C. Perigo. Prof. Miss M. E. F. Canney. Miss F. Sir E. A. Miss T. . Lloyd. J. W. Rev. H. .. Beasley. C. Miss Simpson. . T. Boyd M. K. Rev. Guppy. Heathcote. Manchester Conway.. Ilev. . T. H. Cradock-Watson. Nicklin. E. Bramley-Moore. D. Pallis. C. Miss M. L. A.. L. W. Miss C. T. Prof. Rev. . M. Lees. A. Miss E. A. D. Miss E. M. G. H. Rev. E. Mrs. Rt. Miss K. ^Y. A. W. Rev. Miss S. Hothersall. SirW. Taylor. Llewellyn. T. Miss M. Mrs. Stott. Sir A. Allen. . Grensted. K Burstall. S. Prof. A. Swavne. R. P. Brown. Peake. J. W. Horsfall. Grundy. B. M. J. Ormerod. . G. Goodyear. Dale. . Miss D. Miers. Prideaux. D. A. Rev. Longstaff. Miss G. F. Rev. Bill. .TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS hA. Miss M. Col. J. A. Kenneth Gladstone. F. Miss J. C. Calder. Prof. Hopkinsnn. Applebaum. Mrs. Campagnac. Miss M. Cook. Rev. M. A. K. Miss G. W. Postgate. J. Hall. Clitheroe Colne . K. B. Prof. . S. M. Howarth. W. East. A. E. Dawkins. E. Miss Carlisle. Mason. Connell. L. K. . Warman. H. Rev. Lytham JjA-iUCAsnimi—ctrntinued Atkinson. Anderson. Sampson. Prof. E. Clapham. . . Eees. Halliday. Robert Gwatkin. Rev. E. Bonce. Sir H. Limebeer. Caton. Apperson. Miss M. Miss R. Miss A. Rigby. Coghill. VV. Donner. Prof. J. . M. Miss W. Linton . 133 Miss J. R. R. H. Garbutt. Morton.. Prof.. Miss A. Smith. Miss E. Muspratt. Bury . Dr. Alexander Papamosco. D. Miss G. Willey. E. Mrs. H. Sampson. E. Husband. Joseph Hancock. Bosanquet. . Smith. Kipling. Kev. H. C. Braunholtz. Pearson. Ashton. Yen. Sarson. W. R. P». Miss E. Williamson H. C. CoUie. A. C. Miss Smiley. W. G. Roby. (eontinyed) Barlow.

APPENDIX 134 London— continued LAKCASHIRE— C()7l('»W. Herinondxeij L. F. J. . Principal R. M. R. Rev. Sch. J. . . E.E. Buitows. A. E. N. J. . J. Mill Hill Sch. Rev. . II. Miss F. C. . FitzGerald. O. Clapham High Pilkington. . N. L. Rev. Steele. A. Walters.F. Dulicich Coll. M. Miss H. . F. M. Fulham : . Mrs. Rev. H. Norwood. atimi Sohonl . M. Miss A. A. K. Rev. Stenhouse. I. Miss L. McClure. Thomas. J. . Taylors' Sch. J. A. Miss B. Hawkins. Rev. C. . Girh Uigh Merchant . .t for Jicdford Coll. Rudd. Jones. Vale School A nkc's Schoul. Semple. . ]\Iiss J. . Sec. . G. . Preston .Rev. Cbolmeley. City of London School Broom. B. Barker. Horsfall. Prof. Wiggles worth. Hackney Don-n School Leicestershire— Coalville . Clapham: County Warburton. H. Hicks. legiate Sch Holding. . J. . . Miss D. S. Naime. G. E. . Young. P. Abbott. . . Rev. C. H. Hampstead . Islington . Miss E. A. Furneaux. Colfe Or. II. School . Miss E. Prextwich Jiainhlll . S. L. Spalding. . Mrs. Purdie. Forest Hill Central Foundation Sch Greycoat Hosjfital J. . . Chilton. Rev. . . Itossall School Sal/or d . Rev. S. White. . Rev. M. Miss M. Newton Heath Oldham . H. Maaham. W. W. G. Prof. E. Went. Stonyhnrst . M. G. L. Sec. J. P'Arcy. Norwood. W. Unwin. . Slater. HarJey. A. S. E. Nairn.(\(\ Sicondarg School Johnson. B. M. Sch. King's College Maclnnes. A. Lewixham High LlNCOLNSIIIRELincoln Louth Spalding Stamford . Lucas. Miss E. Harper. Bampfvlde. L. King's Coll. M. J. W. S. F. Storr-Best.C. D. . Rev. Miss S M. Barnard. Gibson. Miss K. . Turner. G. . F. Wright. Abel.ONDOX School Maida . . C. Stoneman. Cottingham. . C. . Haydon. Irwin. MacGrcgor. Mi. H award. . Sch. T. Furness. . . . Colet Court . Casartclli. Leicester Rubie. . Miss M. Miss B. Miss . W. C. G. J.W^<Z Mancli ester Wood. . G. Miss B. Central Found- Otven's School. . School . Miss Lutterworth Darlington. D. N. Martindale. Library Jolin Ryland's. Jones. R. C. Adams. Miss E. Miss G. A. J'rof. II. London ColArmstead. Lumb. R. Bewsher. J. Russell. Barnard. . WliaUey Range Harris.M. . Hose. . Parniitcr's Sch. V. H. M. R. Latyvier Upper Forman. Miss H. City of London School for Gir/sStrndvi-ick. T.. Prof. . II. . Mrs. . York House Sch. (continued) Wright. Miss A. V. J. — Legg. G. Miss E. Green. . Miss E. T. 8. •Tarrant. . M. E. Sir J. Sch. Rt. D. Sloane. C. W. T. Hunt. W. (Bishop of Ralford).

J. W. Miss Bell. Q. {continued) Baillie. L. D. Brodribb. H. M.t Sch. Bailey. J. C. De Gruchv. Miss A. J. S. ' Collins. T. M. Miss V. Debbie. I. Miss M. Asquith. F. Olave's Gr. ff. L. Lord Cohen. Miss M. Edward. Anderson. Burton. E. Mathews. Hillard. G. N. F. Prof. Martin. Girls . W. Collins. . Alford. Blackett. Miss M. . . L. Butler. A. Tollington . P. H. Bradley. H. *Parker. W. Sir L. -S^. Abrahams. B. V. Miss A. Hon. H. Droop. E. E. Curtis. Witton. . Almond. South Hampstrad : High School Lewis. S. Sir J. G. J. Miss A. London Roan Sch. K. C. Rev. Miss C. A. Prof. Miss S. E. S. Prof. Balfour. Miss K. J. C. P. Antrobus. Beggs. A. H. C. . Bennett. B. Dow. University Coll.Rev. Westjield Coll. P. D. T. 185 Rt. Miss A. Baker. Blundell. R. M. Bridge. Colwell. E."W. Miss C. P.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS London — continued London — coyitinued Putney High School . St. School Kingdom. K. Boas. L. . Miss M. L. H. L. Rt. Richards. H. Gardner. Rt. Hon. for . Prof. H. F. Admiral Sir C. K. Mrs. Wimbledon . Costley-White. F. Miss E. W. T. Bromley. Bruce. M. G. S. P. Cotterell. W. A. Conway. A. Caspari. . Benton. St. . Hon. E. J. Gould. *Pantin. . Hewetson. . . Burke. Baker-Penoyre. C. St. R. Westminster School . D. D. Mrs. E. N. Rt. Miss E. Dale. Miss H. . Rev. Earl Althaus. Bloxam. Armstead. Rushbrooke. S. Felkin. . Kendall. H. Miss F. H. K. J. Gray. W. Sch. A. Stockwell Training Coll.'Q\\. F. Miss E. J. . . Barkby. Miss R. Miss A. W. T. F. Brvce. E. . W. W. W. Crawford. Charnwood. Mrs. P. . W. A. Butcher. . Baines. H. J. Curzon. Atkinson. Chalmers. . E. Gerald Barlee. W. Viscount Buckland. Earl of Crosby. T. Streatham High School . Mary's Coll*?oy. . A. 6. Miss U. Bland. M. G. Miss M. Pavl'. Miss E. C. PauVs Girh' School Gedge. M. L. Sir R. Mrs. La Motte. Miss A. G. K. L. Powell. Campbell. Collison - Morley. M. Dingwall. Barnett. Coll. Piatt. M. Miss K. F. F. Caspari. Culley. H. Sir J. E. Smedley. Lord Chambers. Case. C. Hon . A. E. Rogers. Campbell. . Vniv. Miss A. Colvin. Hon. Miss . Loane. Beasley. Skeel. Miss A.H. Richardson. Higgs. F. E. Rotting. Affleck. 0. C. Sir S. Miss M. R. J. : £Iccltsbourne School Londo7i . L.

MissC. Greene. . Sir F. L. C.W. G. B. W.APPENDIX 186 London — continued London— ooH^mwfd London . E. MackaU. Mason. Loreburn. Mayor. Meiklejohn. Miss F. Lord Forbes. Kensington. A. C. Earl of W Haydon. H. G. John Nicholson. Miss H. Mrs. . O'Connor. Baron W.. Sir A. B. A. Miss E. Pollock. L. Poolcy. Phillimore. :\Iattingly. Rendall. Rhodes. Elliott. Miss H. D. Goode. Millingtou. P. Mi8sB. Matthaei. F. Robertson. H. Haigh". M. Phipps. LiDDell. A. Hetherington. Garrod. Heath. E. Johnson. Sale. Macmillan. F. Hon. Kilner. Dunlop. V. Martin. Gilson. Pendlebury. (co7itinu€d) . A. Jliss A. Miss S. Miss M.MissM. Langri<lgc. C. Lamb. lycaf. tjir E. W. B. B. A. R. Matthews. MissC. Walter Lee. Miss E. E. M. N. Miss M. H. Frazer. R. G. S. Heath. Lee. W. Miss C. Norris. . Hewart. Sir J. J. B. Finlav. R. H. F. E. . Prof. Miss M. G. G. R. ^\'. Esdaile. W. R. Miss F.G. J. Haynes. E.M. D. A. Paget. W. Miss M. T. W. Halsbury. Hole. Rev. J. Mavrogordato. II. Miss C. Kenyon. R. J. Miss M. Rev. W. . Morley of Blackburn. F. Rev. Leader. G. R. A. A. Francis. Miss L. Reade. Sir F. \V. N. Viscount Muir. F. McL. Kcr. B. B. Sliss \V. V. Huttou. The Lord Mumm. Miss C. Rickards. J. Radcliffe. P. S. L. Richmond. Mrs. H. H. A. G. C. J. Rev. Hubback. S. Liberty. F. Viscount Mitcheson. W. A. H. IL J. Evans. R. McAnally. Peniber. Lattimer. Quelch. Headlam. L. Milner. J. Miss M. M. J.Mackenzie. M. Lidderdale. HUgel. Morison. R. Ridley. Miss K. W. G. A. E. Poynter. E. Gurnev. Mi.J. A. M. L. Easterling. Sir T. Uildesley. Rev. Rice Hopkinson. Knight. J{. Murray. A. S. M. H. Hollway. Salter. B. Michael. A. W. Nicholson. Hodge.\. Bp. Miss E. Hill. Merrick. von Hughes. and W. Earl Lyttclton. Miss A. M. Longman. E. MissM. Rose. Hirschfeld. A. T. M. Richmond. Plaskitt. K. Garnsey. Kemp. Rooke. M. C.V. G. Rt. E. Baron F. G. P. J. Sir Gordon Hicks. W. Sir W. H. Greene. E. P. E. (continued) . H. Holmes. Sir Sidney Lceper. G. MacNaughton. C. Gore. Miss Oakley. W. G. 1). London.

Pondtr'n End Uxiridge . Willis. Hopkins. W. Hendy. . C. Charles worth. Squire. Wye. B. Stonehouse. E. Water low. Wight. . . H. Literary Society. "Hort. Rev. J. Nightingale. Brackley . Sir E. R. . N. Miss J. T. Taylor. Phillips. (^continued) Sheriff. Miss Gorse. F. Raleigh. Walker. Miss F. Miss F. . Mountford. Miss G. Kev. Smyth. S. Miss L. Rev. B. Rev. E. Todd. Nottingham . Libraries JIlDDLESEX Harrow Du School Harrow Pontet. A. Miss M. G. D. Miss A. A. Sister Helena Mary Butler. W. A. J. Tyler. J. Ideicprth . Dakyns. S. Macdonald. C. P. Dedicot. E. Walker.. 137 Sunderland Wooler . Wood. Hodgson. Blunt. H. G. G. Baynes. C. . Vaisey". Barker. F. . Miss N. M. Nottinghamshire— Long Eaton Newark-pnTrent . J. (Bishop of Peterborough). Ford. Stewart. H. F. Walters. Simmons. Tyne . E. V. Rev.. G. B. Anderton. H. E. J. J. H. Baxter. Smith. Richardson. Terry. F. Miss T. Forncett . C. Smith. Innes Owen. H. Wood. Talbot. White. Rev. Miss J. J. Miss F. . H. Miss M. Taylor. L. Sir A. Woods. A. Wotherspoon. Sir W. Miss L.-Col. H. C. Sykes. H. Middlesex— cow^mM/-^ Sanders. A. F. Miss E. L. Murdoch. Q. T. H. Holt . H. E. W. E. S. Watson. J.Miss G. H. Blyth . R. Pearson. C. Rev. Thompson. F. . Prof. . F. F. H. . Tavlor. L. A. G. A. Miss I. C. G. Storr. . Miss L. Miss A. A. NORTHAMPTONSHIBE— Waterfield. . W.M. Swallow. Whitehead. Williams. Virgo. Miss E. A. Public Library. M. R. H. Jeffreys. Miss E. H. Stuart. Waddell. Ashwin. . G. Bagge. Hatch End 18 . . Twickenham Waterhonse. . A. Miss D. . P. Xorthwood . F.G. Zimmern. Hulbert. H. J. A. E. H. . H. R. S. Chadwick. McDowall. Whitestone. Norfolk — Downham Market .. A. G. Rev. . Cran. Bwinburn. . Stobart. Sykes. W. . Pringle. Libraries W. N. H. Rt. . Layman. B. G. Morjyeth Newcastle. Townsend. Steavenson. Sion College. Thomas. G. Brixworth Kettering . Hadow. . Miss J. T. D. G. Miss K. F. C. F. J. J. A. B. Sharp. London Library. . Duff. J. W. . Seebohm. Hallam. M. N. R. C. E. Thomas. M. Rev. Mackinnon. NOBTHUMBEELAND Williams. M. Towsev. . Wylam . . A. M. . Miss M. R. Cooke. G. A. Sanderson. A. Rev. C. Peterhoi'ovgh . W. M.on. . Northampton Oundle . G. D. Wells. J. H. Miss M. . P. . Lt. Rev. . F. J. . G. T. Stawell.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS London — continved Loiidon . H. G. A. Canon R.

W. S. V. P. . R. M. G. Balliol College P. Prof. M. G. Miss H. C. C. Drewitt. B. . G. Mansfield Coll . Rt. W. . D. Godley. Strong. E. A'dmund Hall WiWiams. Rev. E. Murray. B. {_contlmed) . J. J. . Culhatn Newton. Scott. •Ricliards. Prof. 11. Cuddeidim (Bishop of Oxford). Fox. Burge. A. Magdaleyi. WUson. Coll. Warner. W. BarWr. Rev. Mrs. G.'//. K. A. Jetii. Warren. Lush. W. J. CorpMs Spooner. F. . E. •Henderson.i Tod. . W. Gough. Rev. J. R. •Stevenson. A. Miss E. . Joachim. L. . Oxfordshire— CMpning Norton Fowler. H. Walker. •McCutcheon. W. A. Chriit Church •Anderson. M. M. D. Pope. J. Prof. Hertford Coll. Hea<llam. . M. P. F. W. Macan. JLnU'ij Did llcadington Moor. Wriglil. . J. R.B. G. Rev. M. W. . D. Owen. Wick- ham. John's <:'. H. Betford . Rev. H. N. J. Lemau. T. A. Prof. Meiion College . Penrose. J. T. Lindsay. Webb. J. R. S. Oxford T. A. H. Magrath. coiithiued — {continued) F. Mathesou. New College. . Scott. J. A. 0. Allen. S. L. J. Waldeu. Wadham R. •Livingstone. Walter. Prof. Facon. H. R. Dodd. Rev. Cooper. Miss K. E. Dundas. How. *Pember. Watkins. Rev. W. C. O J'ford : All Souls' Coll. Legg. St. Joseph. Williams. . Gardner. Cookson. Sidgwick. . College W. Miss H. A. . A. Trinity College Coupland. Smith. W. P. S. M. . Heberden. Rev. Lady Margaret Field. E.. H. U. R. A. . Brightman. B. P. Miss A.*Dodd. H. W. Geldart. J. Rev. Rev. J. Rev. Hunt. L. B. Rev. Rev. J. M. Hailey. Univert'ity Coll. Coll . Ej-eter College .•Allen. W. Munro. R. L. G. Queen's College Clirisii College . Oriel College . Cyril. Last. . A. Hull Jex-Blake. Keatinge. Miles. G. "Wilkinson. W. A.APPENDIX 138 OXFOEDSHIBB NOTTINGHAMSHIKB— C07t^(nKe<i Nottingham . Rev. H. St. E. G. L. Argles. Rev. •Binney. S. H. Prichard. Stewart. W. •(lenner. Very Rev. Rev. A. F. E. H. W. P. •Owen. C. Cowley. C. H. R. H. U. Whitwell. Beazlev. Stocks. Clark. H. ble College . L. . Prof. M. H. Hughes. Coll. Phelps. W. Somervllle Coll. P. A. Phelps. Paton. John Murray. H. Grundy. Prof. Brasenose •Marcbant. H. . E. N. Strangeways. J. Fotheringham. H. Greene. W. I'ickard . H.'Burroughs. Miss C. liev. H. . P.'Wells. . . A. E. S. Prof. W. A. G. •Lorimer. *Ha]l. B. G. H. F.ailey. R. Grenfell. A. I'owell. A. U. C. A. A. A. Rev. G. C.Cambridge. F. E. Chapman. Rev. T. Miss E. Kir Herbert *Benecke. C. L. J. Lock. Karnell. R. . T. M. II. . A. F. W. C. Granger. R. Prof. W. Lincoln College.

Miss M. H. Odgers. H. . Staffords ire Farley Bridge. Miss M. Richards. Hunter. Miss M. Brook. M. P. G.-Col. E. Rev. . Peskett. Mrs. Saxvtundham Conwav. Pickering. C. Rev. W. C. Sonnerischein. Rhys. H. R. A. F. J. *Irvine. G. Miss G. Charterhouse School . Miss A. Elliston. A. Rev. E. Miss D. Goodwin. Rev. R. . D. . T. Prof. . Rev.ys. Com. Mrs. Prof. J. Miss M. N. H. Bryant. M. . F. Elliott. Miss M. Worley. H. Stafford E. A. Bath Legard. C. Chaldon . Prof. E. E. Lister. T. Miss B. R. Mrs. T. R. H. . M. Pope. Surrey — CuterhaTn Domaille. . Battiscombe. . Somerset Aah Priors Mare I. R. Armitage. . C. F. F. TunKtall W. G. W. Wolverhampton Caldecott. N. Hamlet. Gerrans. Osier.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS Oxfordshire — continued Oxford Staffobdshire. C. J. L. Prestige. JScwmarket Hopkins. Miss Taylor. Marshall. Lvnam. Johnson. T. J. Mrs. Rev. J. J. . J. Oxford . Rev. Tabor. Clark. Hogarth. . Stone . Kempthorne. A. T. F. H. A. L. G. *Rogers. W. Moor. G. F. . Miss M. H. M. Miss Southwold M. Gregory. H. Rev. J. Richards. Prof. J. D. Moor. J. R. T. Afilverton We8to7i . A. M. Faulds. Mainwaring. Measham. I. Taylor. Shropshire— Coalbroolidale Shifnal . G. Miss N. . H. E. N. Westleton RUTLAKD— S. Johnson. C. M.-continued Handxworth Clendon. . C. Miss . . H. C. A. Evans. E. A. E. I^eiccantle- under -Lyme Barton. Hanley . J. . E. G. J. M. 139 Fraser. . Miss G. Rev. Yate. Croydon . Epsom . F. M. Shrewshury Semple. Gardiner. Jacobi. 8. Lnffenhavi Uppingham Hogarth. Miss A. A. L. Miss H. S. F. !Sir (Bishop of Lich- field). M. Syson. Silcox. L. Mackenzie. Miss S. . W. . M. R. Rev. — {continued) Worcegter Coll. J. Tliomas. Englefield Green Donkin. . Bradley. W. . F. Miss E. J. E. H. . H. Miss H. Lake. Day. Suffolk— Bungay . . Hardy. Rev. C. E. A. Miss A. . E. T. — Dcnman. Miss M. . . Stolie . Miss M. Myres. L. Owen. . H. H. Rev. Simpson. L. M. — Radcliflfe. Rev. Measham. E. Fletcher. Maj. Richards. Miss L. Rev. L. E. Mills. Ipswich . lioyal Holloway College Richardson. Longworth. McCrea. Sleenmn. Poole. Rev. F. Peacock. A. Peaty. G. F. Antrobus. Lt. Powell. V. R. Lockitt. Tombling. Taylor. . . Rt. D. Tressler. C. R. Lichjield Longton Lewis. R. Watson. Cheain School Claygate Cranleigh Sch. G. M.

. .APPENDIX 140 SuBBEY continued Farnhani .

E. . Bibbv. H. W. Patton. Fleming. Draper.on Stour Stourbridge Stourport Worcester . F. . Morley. Bnry. Prof. F. Ilkley . . E. Prof. H. Kendal Peterson. . Rev. M. J. N. E. . B. Elliott. E. C. Calam. . E. W. G. P. E. Baldwin. G. Hull). Glennic. Gillespie. Rev. Robertson. H. T. Garbutt. M. Villev. Miss D. L. Edghill. Burn. Prof. . A. Rev. M. L. Yorkshire— Barnsley . Miss A. A. S. A. Dodd. . Sir John A. F. Hubbersty. H.C. S. C. D. Moor. Falding. R. Smith. J. Bridlington . Rev. H. Lee. H. E. Rev. Kitson Connal. Dix. M. Broinsgrove . Howden I. B. A. Macklin. J. Furness. Ben Rhydding Berryman. Rev. (Lord . Miss G. Lewis. W. Frazcr. Broad. Evans. K. W. Miss E. 141 Croft. E. R. Miss E. I. . C. Waterlow. E. R. Mrs. E. Miss L. H. W. Huddersjield Wyse. Alder. Lupton. Derriman. G. F. CM. Green. J P. Roberts. G. . Dale. . L. S. Norwood. Mi. Kemp. G. II. Lloyd. Gurdon. of Holmjirth Impey. P. M. W. Wade. D WORCESTEESHIKEAlveoliurch B Hon. Clark. EfErou. . Keighley Miall. W. 8. Nicholson. R. Yorkshire— continued Ashford. Miss A. Miss K. Broadicay . A. Wiltshire— Chijipenham. H. W. Salisbury Salisbury Plain Adams. J. . A. Rev. Saunders. Judge . Miss C. Northfield . Brooke. C. Crossley. Miss Hull M. Blomfield. . Rigby. Salmon. W. Prof. . Mias A. J. H. B. C. W. Warman. J. F. M. Wbstmobland— Grasmere England. G. R. Smith. . F. Leeds Brigg. A. Rt. 0. Bj-ig house Gilling. Rev. . C. Miss E. A. G. His Honour R. Barker. Miss M. Rev. D. All wood. Jliss J. M. Doncaster Evans. W. J. H. K. H. P. W. D. A. B. A. James. . E. Miss E. Bowrinp. W. Beverley Bingley Bradford. Bewsbury Holme. E. Whitehead. Bland. . B. T. R. Davies. Miss L. Rossiter. J. Edwards. Williams. R. F. Wordsworth. Behrens. . S. Rev.amb. Sir R. V. Jones. Rt J. . Cooke. J. J. M. E. . Miss M. . Rev. S. Hunslet. G. M. Elsee. S. Shipiton . Hughes. H. Prof. B. A. Miss L. A. Brown. Miss E. Branfoot. M. Ward. MissE. Krause. C. Elliott. Rev. Scott. Harrogate HessU . Preb. Pickard. W. L. M. . L. Briffhortte . . F. B. Byrde. Miss M. Miss E. Ambleside . Duffev. . W. C. East Guiseley Halifax . M. A.MissF. Haslam. A. Lewis. Miss J. Rev. Mayall. Kiddermimter Malvern . Darlington Roberts. . H. . . Rev. Maufe. Thoseby. Miss C. Malim. Eddisou. H. Marlboroiig h College Peicsey .TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS W AUW 1 CKSUlRE— continued Warwick. E. Whitley. Bishop Hipperholme House.

Miss E. JackLightley. . Summers. F. Prof. Eckerslcv.. D. Miss C. J. . G. Harrison. Rev. L. Phillips. L. Rev. . E. Hammond. G. Maiden. Kay Leyton. Morton. liichvicmd Barran. Macleod. Prof. Major. Moor. C. Miss U. S. Rev. W. E. S. (continued) Guest. Prof. Sharpky. Miss G. Mrs. A. J. Rev. Miss L. W. Miss D. Rev. W. Eden. Radcliffe. . R. J. H. . Grant. Rev. Rt. Escott. H. Prof. Sedhergh Glass. Reid. . Walker. Elli-s Mrs. Toync. 51. A.. Prof. Wilson. B. . Forster. J.. . Maltvn Mathews. E. . R. Sir Michael Scattergood. Robert Newman. . . E. Miss W. Burnby. E... D.. T. W. ..KSmZE— continued Leeds . F. Northallerton Walton.. . . H. C. Price. Sir W. F. *l{oberts. W. Walder. G. ISLE OF JERSEY MAN . .ss J. J. J. E. Prof. J. E. L.Jones. Liipton. B. A. Johnson. (Bishop of Knaresborough). Hallam. Rev. Miss F. Eev. Shoppce. . F. Rev. Wheeler. J. . . Dawson. Botwood. . Mi.. Miss G. H. C. Mirfield Acm Cleeihorj>e Sharp. Wcrsley. . Miss H. Hon. W. Bruce Pontrfract (irahiim. Rbys Stokes. Rev. Ytado7i York . M. H. J. Miss E. A. Settle S. Shingles. P. Rev. Hannam. Sir J. R. H. Miss H. H. 8. Jamieson. McCroben. Miss F. Kev. . Wynne-Edwards. Wilkinson. Douglas. . Wakefield (Bishop of Wake- Wood. Rev. M. S. A. A/iddleshrovffJi Homer. H. J. J. . F. . (Archbishop of York). J. Slnnington Sowerhy Bridge Long. J. D. Miss J. C. . H. H. C. Weech. A. Most Rev. Rev R. Skerry. H. M. Nightingale. R. son. Miss A. C. . Miss A... Mrs. N. W. R. J. M. I!. G. D. Miss A. M. S. T. M. WALES Brecon— Bwlch . Dudlev. Miss M. . N. . H. M. W. N. Gibbons. G. Jliss K. Wager. H. P. IJbbey.. Lang. Reed. E. Prof. C. W. Sheffield . Rogers. H. Worrall. Miss E. Pickard. Miss M. A. A. C. Harries. 11. Sadler. Rev. Rt. Miss D. . Sykes. . Ralph. J. B. G.APPENDIX 142 Yorkshire— f(?. Arnold. Miss E. Robertson. Moran. L. H. Hcarboroiigh Pierce. Rev. Lupton. Chadwick. A. . . Pocklington Forrest. Spilsbury. Couzens. . J. W. G. . Zachary. E. T. Saffhurn Hornsby. A. Prof. A. llijton Boftomlcy-Smith. A. A. Doncaster. Whitehead. A. C. field). Barrow. Cayley. Miss E. France. Woodward. L. C. . M. G. All wood. B. Miss N. Campbell. M. M. . J. M. Sands. Price. E. Wood. E. Watkius. Barnes. G.i<t/!K^<i YoB. .

W. E. Whitefield Levett. I. T. Eev. Brooks.. Miss E. T. Sutton. Miss M. . . . Allen. Prof. F. Pkmbeokeshire — Carmahthen- Bangor 143 Miss M. Jenkyns. May. Enniskillen Glamobganshibe— Llandaff A. M. G. Erice-Smith. Ballinasloc . A. Heard. Miss E. Cabnaevon- Corthri^ige Thomas. Keane. M. Eev. . . . . . Miss E. Jones. . A. Kihnacohn Montrose . W. Henry. . H. Eobertson. Hudson. . J. 0. S. E. H. E. Q. Burke. . T. Eoberts. . A. Miss E. Miss D. I'rof. Lord Aberdare. Pooler. E. . Eichmond. Brennan. E. T. Williams. Keen. W. T. Cabdigan— Aberysticyth Wales — continned Benslv. T. E. Miss E. W. M. S. Eev. Prof. Prof. J. . Library . Green. of MONJIOUTHSHIBE Monmouth James. Nolan. Hig. Barr. Evans. Marshall. Pilkington. M.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS Wales — continued. Oalway M. J.js. Brig. E. Watson. M. Whyte. James. Prof. S. Miss A. E. Prof. Powell. . .*Alton. Prof. Marshall. Iloyle. Davies. Pathmulhn Sligo . Miss E. . Barke. Mrs. A. L. Muthin Wrexhani. G. Prof. Sandersfoot . Laurie. H. C. . Pye. G. -Gen. E. T. Thompson.. . Steuart. . . E. A. Eoberts. E. Murfet. A. U. J. . E. Ferrall. John. Glasgow Davies. Prof. . Stvansea . Woodward. Eees. . Prof. G. Mitchell Library. Ystrad Meurig . Lock. Kev. V. E. Beare. von B. J. F. . Ferard. Jones. . Miss F. Belfast Arnold. Leckenby. . W. V. •Pearson. W.. Eev. Jenkins. T. E. Ferraan. . Thomson. E. Williams. W. J. Mathews. Prof. Buckland. McElderry. Willis. F.. Eoberts. Miss M. . D. . Miss Jones. Denbigh— Lovegrove. . . M. K. Miss Blairgowrie Crieff Fdi7ibtirgh . . C. . G. E. Taylor. Dr. Miss E. \V. Purser. Miss A. E. H. . J. Stevenson. Jones. J. Miss E. . Miss F. Geo. . W. . Miss C. . Angus. Merthyr Mountain Ash Pentyrch 1. J. . Evans. C. Eev. M. . P. K. Mrs. Cardiff . T. V. N.. D. . Bando7i . Jones. Blackrock Dervock Dublin Exon. F. Eev. Miss E. G. Browne. . . . P. Thompson. E. J. Eev. Prof. National Library Wales. Miss M. Miss M. E. I Williams. L Dempsey. Eamsay. Fishguard Pembroke . Piowlands. Prof. Delany. Wales and Mon. lEELAND Carmarthen Ferndale L. University College of H. Eobcrts. Eev. W. Prof. J. . Miss J. E. Prof. SCOTLAND Aberdeen narrower. J. E.

Ithaca Ken. Abby. .S.s. Howard. Brackett. . Nova Scotia— Hamilton College Library. New Hampshire — Ereter .A. J. Virginia — Charlottesville — . H. F. E. Hoernle. Rev. Barrows. Prof.A. Prof. University Library. . G. College Library. Colombo . G. J. Miss G. Miss M. Prof. Poiighheepsic Halifax .Fork NORTH AMERICA Canada— . J. U. California — U. . . . Prof. . University of California Library. IllinoisChicago . N.S. . Texas O.A. Miss A. Jaffna . . C. Miss I.A. Andrews Barker. Mann.S. Prof. S. Merrill.S. W. Wye. A. — Italy Horence . . Cunningham. De Witt. Congress Library. JJerheley U. H. T. Miss I. Prof. Prof. U. Worcester Carnoy.A. Ohio— Cincinnati .A. J. A. . W. .S. MassachusettsS. J. KiugKfon Najiiioha . J. Michigan— Ann Arbor Kelsey. M. Kirtland. Shewan. University Library. Burnet. Rama Pillai. E. . A. P. White. Prof. R. Robert. Battle. . Home Benn. Prof. Wenley. T. U. . Lake For eft. H. *Leach. Fitzhugh.S. . Oliphant. U. A.S. WEST INDIES Barhadoes Jamaica . Martin. W. W. L. P. Prof. University Library. . S. . A. Wallace.ion. Guyomar. University of Library. France— Calais .APPENDIX 144 ScOThAy D—cojitirmrd Mvsselhurgh. St. . Miss A. . Thallon. . . Prof. New York— U. . Ceylon— Hale. Leigh. Prof. Prof. . R. W.*Aucien. . . Peterson. U. H. Texas- Atuttin — Connecticut New Haven Goodell.A. Prof. University Library. . D. Prof. . A. Prof. U. C. Prof. Munay. Smith. E. College Library. Mrs. J. .S. T. Boston Cambridge . Pennsylvania— Grove City .S. Clinton .A. W. Prof.K. Prof. A. Sir W. W. C. Bell. E. P. H. . Hodges. North America— ^o«^i«?/«<^ U. MacVey.A. Dalton. Steele. . Montreal Toronto . . A. B. M. U. A. .A. Rev. J. Rev. T.A. . . Prof. Columbia Washington . H. J. Miss G. F. O. Abernetby.S. . \ .S. Strong.'Hirst.S. Miss T. New Jersey Princeton Capp. ASIA U. . A. L. M. — U. Macurdy.A. W. Mount Holyohe Nen-tonville EUROPE Belgium — Lmiraine. M. . . D. . Monsgr. U. Mrs. MacVay. . C. Prof. . H. Smith. . . Elmer. Ashby. Prof. . R. Public Library.S. . T. . . Langford. R.A.

Sydney Marrs. . Braham. Furness. Rev. . Ilobart . New Zealand— Heaton. Mrs. J. J. P. Morrell. Port Moresby J. F. Madan. S. . Bousfield. AFRICA Cape ColontCape Town . Sowerby. Rev. Mrs. . T. A. Reade. AUSTRALASIA G. R. N. W. . Chatfield. Sheppard. Coxe. A. Japan— Anderson. Braham. P. N. Naylor. H. Karachi Kurgeong College Library. Lewis. J. Kennedy.TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS Abjx— continued India— Ahmedabad Asia Hampton. Sir . C.D. Miss E. Wren. Brown. J. H. . J. Africa— Windhuk Transvaal . J. . K. Egypt— Macnaghten.H. Miss L. Haig-Brown. Batchelor. H. L. K. E. K. Prof. L. V. Australia— Rainy. Kincaid. Cu repipe W. University Library. C. Prof. G. M. A. Richie. Paterson. S.H. Dunbabin. — continued Poo7ia J. R. C. Hill. Mr. Hollidge. 0. (Bisbopof Bombay). H. W. Wariganvi . F. C. 145 J. . G. S. SlAM- Burns. Tasmania— Matritius— Wild. Protectorate of South-West Blomfield. J. . Rotbfeld. Shannon. E. . Crerar. Mulvany. J. Prof. E. . H. F. F. B. . J. S. Sir Papua— Allison. P. Roughton. G. Leeper. R. Enthoven. B. H. Palmer. H. E. L. Corley. Prof. . . H. C. Christchurch Dunedin J. N. . . C. Sliolapur Simla . Jalgacni M. R. Ward. Madras j^agpur 19 . H. R. E. . D. 0. C. . W. . . Monteath. Paskerville. T. Cuvelier. W. H. A. . . M. M. Langley. Rev. E. F. Toimi . H. . H. W. M. J. Williams. R. Hofmeyr. Mrs. M. . Hotson. C. H. Tildesley. P. E. B. Barlee. L. . D. R. J. . Sanderson. A. H. M. R. Champaran Hyderabad Sloman. A. Williams. P. J. G. Cairo . Jukes. Justice. . R. E. Calcutta Martin. Mr. J. C. Rt. . Murray. . . Prof. J. . — Johannesburg . Sale. . Prof. V. . Bolus. LarTiaiia Brisbane . A.W. . . Willis. H. Pretoria . Bombay . Queensland— S. E. D. C. Latter. W. P. W. Sir J. Adelaide lLe?it . W. Gray. . A. J. New South Walbs- Dawson. Wellington . ATimednagar Benares — contimied India . Gray. Vakil. . J. . Fowler. Whitty. Hon. R. M. S ray til. Somerset. J. Cameron. ViCTOEIA Melbourne . H. G. N. . Shepherd. Stephanos. Bhabha. Chandavarkar. . Haigh. D. Pavri. . C. Miss S. Prof. H. H. Tokyo S. A. . M. Bijapur Tanner. Bangliok . Prof. A. B. Brown. J.

B.A. M. Hon. (Oxon. M. .A. Esq. Canney. Williamson. Agar. M. . Esq. the Bishop of Salford The Vice-Chancellor OF the University of Manchester (Sir Henry A.A.A.. The Rev.. M. .A.A. S.. W.D. .. K. Treasurer Arnold Heathcote. Sir Edward Donner. Ashton. M. Professor W. M.. .A. Secretaries Braunholtz.A. M. LL.A.Sc. M. G. Litt. . . Esq. M. Committee : Chairman Professor R. . Calder. D. Esq.A. A.A. A. Miss Hilda Livesey. Professor W. Scheme M.A. Conway.A. F. D. H. Sir Christopher Needham.. M. . Professor M. J. W.A. 14G T.). . Parker Mason.R.B. Paton. D.S. Hon. Miers.A. Boyd Dawkins. Hon... Longstaff.D.D.A. Vice-Presidents : The Right Rev. Peake.THE CLASSICAL ASSOCLATION MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT BRANCH President Professor A. the Bishop of Manchester The Right Rev.A. for School Lectures ]\I. J. M.C. Esq. Miss . Bart. . . Burstall.. D. . Limebeer. . . M. A..R. K. Archdeacon of Manchester. B. S. E. Swayne.A. Secretary Miss S. F.Litt. Miss D. Blair Anderson. M. Professor W. . Willoughby C. Allen. S. B. .A. Recorder of Manchester Miss S...Sc. : .S. M. F.. B. L. M. Dean of Manchester The Ven. L.) The Very Rev.D.

M. Professor of Biblical Exegesis in the University of Manchester. Esq..So. lectures were given in the course of the year — " Some : Gleanings from Latin Inscriptions. M. A. . E. Calder. Boyd Dawkins. . Esq.D. M. F. . S. . Professor W.A. M. . Blake Reed.R. At the Annual General Meeting on February received with regret the resignation of Sir 1st the Branch Edward Donner from the Presidency.A. B. Excavation Committee Chairman: Professor R. Professor James Tait. . . M. Esq. Herford. E. E. D. " Some Lines of Continuity between Ancient and Modern Civilisation. William- D.A. Haward. Professor A. J. Miss M. — " The S. J. M. Morton. H. Miss M. J. Professor "W.. Miss M. as difficulty was found in many who had been accuatomed the to .A. . H. Nicklin. by Professor W. S." Peake." by Professor G. L. . A. Wiggles worth. Unwin. D.A. B.A. . Esq.A. M.. by Professor A.A.A. M. C. S. W. son. Clapham. A. March 1st. The Rev. M. H. November \st. The Kev. S. Miss Elaine Garbutt. Anderson.. — Some working of the scheme. Husband.B. Professor W. T.A.. Miss K.000. Esq. . Treasurer). GuppY. Secretary). M. M. M. . (joint meeting — with the Historical Association). F. Herford.. Esq. . Excavation Committee. Theologian and Classical Scholarship. . D.. The Rev.D.A. Lloyd Miss M. .A. . Nicklin. M. Esq.A. J. M.D. was elected President in his place. M. B.. Peake.A.MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT BRANCH 147 G. Esq.A. Hopkinson. B. B. H. {Hon.A..A. HoTHERSALL. Hewlett.Litt. Esq.A.A. M. Phelps.A. G. . Arnold Heathcote.. The following February 1st.. B. . T. Litt. which he had held since 1910. J. Miss E.A. M. Dakers.S. — At the end of the year it was reported Committee that the Ribchester Museum was wholly free from debt and that the number of visitors during the year had been over 1. on behalf of this School Lecture Scheme. {H(m. . M.. Warman." B. M. Miss J. Esq. Conway.A. A. Stott.Litt. D. D.A. Blair Anderson.

M. M. .A.A. Secretaries Rev. : Wheatsheaf Road. Edgbastoo. McCrea.A. Ashley and subsequently. The Rev. M. L. . far — increase of 19 on the numbers of the previous year. M. .Litt. G. R. . Baugh.A. M. it hoped that It is now soon overcome. D. M. B. Miss H.LiTT. Gary Rev. M. HooKHAM. M. M. Beaven. James. Secretary Valentine Road. 27. the. . Rev.A. King's Heath. Canon .APPENDIX 148 support were either too busy to offer lectures or absent. scHEiN.A. Treasurer Miss E.A. Barrett. M. Hon.A. M. . C. M. Hon.A. (whose resigna- tion after years of great usefulness to the Association took place in July 1918). R. BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLANDS BRANCH President The Right Honourable Lord Charnwood Vice-Presidents : The Right His Grace the Archbishop of Birmingham Watson Caldecott. Miss .A. Marriott.A. M. M. Committee Chairman : Professor Sonnenschein.A. Hooker. A. Hon. GiLsoN. R.A. Greek Reading Circle : Rev. .. Secretary of . Mrs. Professor SonnenThe Rev. Waterfield. G. . Miss Major. ViNCE. . . M. M. Miss H. Marriott Hon. of the : Miss M. G. Bishop Gore Principal Alfred Hayes. Gary Gilson. . M. S. At the close of 1918 the Branch numbered 128 members an lectures were arranged. and at eight of these among those applying being schools as away as Colne and Macclesfield. A. Latin Reading Circle 22. Miss A. . R. D. be this difficulty will Requests were made from ten schools. L..

A." of Euripides. "Andromache and some of Euripides' Women. resigned the Secretaryship oE the Branch. February 21st. A. LL." by Miss D. M. Hooker. G. Robertson. 1918. Miss de Zouche. Marriott. February 20th. May 9th. Miss Hooker.." by Professor Vacher Burch. M. 149 . . L. B. The Name of the Mother of Zeus in the Minoan Script. G. M. M." — by Miss Orange. .D. Miss LiLLEY. . 1918 (Classical Association and Socratic Philosophical Societies). Esq.— " The Latin Lyric. C.BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLANDS BRANCH Barrett. March Qth. and Humanism. 1919." Rev." by Dr.D. We much Miss . Keen . Miss Drummond Frank Jones. 1918." by Kenneth by Miss M.A. A. 1918. — " Greek Literature.A. E. 1919. The Rev. Clendon. with special reference to Aias son of Oileus. . M..Aeschylus. M.—" May Ibth. Cary Gilson. 1919. Bradshaw. with special referenca to the Anthology. L. H. December bth. R.—" Virgil and Theocritus.A. A. — " Some Aspects of Aristophanes' Criticism ^^ 1th.A. October llth. Canon Gibson Smith. . her resignation the office was filled temporarily After by Mrs. Esq. June 1918 Miss M. — " Catullus. March 20th." by Dr. M. 1919. The following meetings of the Branch have been held since the publication of the Proceedings.A. November Ulh. Brown.A. to announce that in regret . January 1918. de Zouche.—" The Later Lyi-ic. the Lord Bishop of Liverpool Sir Alfred Dale S." by Miss Janet Bacon. M. E. LIVERPOOL AND DISTRICT BRANCH President Sir Alfred Dale Vice-Presidents : The Right Rev. . M. Sonnenschein. Richmond. 1918. Caton.—'. . March — " Scientific 1918. .A. Farnell. — " The Historical Basis of Greek Legends. January lltk. Robinson. L. 1918. Marriott.. R. Robert . by R.A." by Rev.

University Club. .. K. . Prideaux Miss Rackham M. Miss . . T. C. V.J. .A. Muspratt. Wilson. Lancelot J. H.. Grenfell. Esq. . 1919. Esq. Esq. Pallis. . Committee Anthony Professor Bosanquet Professor Campagnac Miss Chapman H. . Legge. LL. C. P. M.APPENDIX 150 Gladstone. Professor B. Miss C. . Forbes Professor Halliday Miss Jenkins A. Turpin E. Esq. ." by Professor R.. . E. 5th. Pallis Professor Postgate W. . . Martindale.D. . Esq. Professor J. G. NOTTINGHAM AND DISTRICT BRANCH President Dr. . . The following lectures were given to the Branch during the year February by Miss \st." February 3rd. Belvedere School. J. F. Hon." by November down 1918. . Felix Oswald Vice-Presidents : The Rev. G. . Cradock Watson K. S. Esq. October Wth. A. — "New Greek Papyri from Oxyrhyncus and Professor B. Esq. . Myres L. Vipon. Whitehouse. Miss E. Liverpool. .B. Africa. East. . Postgate. Mr. Secretaries : Miss T. J. . S. Tebtunis. — " The Growth of by the Rev. the Soul in the Latin Poets C. P. Houston Mr. H. The Rev. . C. Paton. Clark Miss E. Litt. and ofiicers. Bosanquet. K. Ij- R. Smiley Miss K. P. Browne. . G. H. . J. . Eon. E. The University. Esq. V. Treasurer Montgomery.D. Wallis. Canon Thomas Field Dr. — " Some Aspects of Mediaeval Hellenism.—" Roman to Catullus. R. Strangkways. Mr. . C. Adam ." Alice Gardner. A.

— The Orphic Tradition. Gow Miss F. Gardner ." by the Rev. . . M. Slater T. Committee Mr. Caspari W. . E. .. F.D. of the Branch : — " Xenophon Up to Date. . R. . Professor W. Committee Miss M.D. the secretarial work was done temporarily by the Treasurer. The following papers were read at meetings during the year February 7th. C. Treasurer. G. Mackail. . . R. Kenyon J.A. Flamstead Walters. . . E. H. Dingwall Miss Hewetson J. . .NOTTINGHAM AND DISTRICT BRANCH 151 Secretary Mr. ' F. J. Meiklejohn W. G. Professor D. Gray Sir F. Hon. Strangeways MiBS E. . Burrows ProRev. The number of members was 35. Litt. LL. T. LONDON BRANCH President The Very Reverend the Dean of Westminster Vice-Presidents Rt. T. Esq. Canon T. Parker C.. F. . B. S. RrsHBROOKE E. E. J. . H.. S. F. M. Case . E. Esq. Stewart Walde Miss M. 0. March 7th. ." by Professor J. R.D. A. Professor A. . S. C. . fessor E. . Platt. Litt. Esq. with the Secretary and the Mr. Field. . Treasurer and Chairman of Committee Dr. P. H. Dobson. Nelson W. A. Rice Holmes. E. Macqregor R. : Granger. W. E. ..* p. . M. Facon Mr. M. L. * Absent on active service.B. H.. Pantin Miss C. Houston . Leman . E. Page. Taylor.A. H. Barker. Asquith Principal R. G.

The March fifth Annual General Meeting Branch was held on of the 18th.W. R. Committee Mrs. Esq. E. : Campion. City of London School for Girls. N. Barton. . S. T. Page opened a discussion on "The Teaching of Classics". 1918. During the year five meetings have been held in January Mr.C. in March. F. of whom 74 are also members of the Central Association.APPENDIX 152 Secretary MiS8 E. G. E. Dobson read a History and in December paper on " Orphic Literature and Doctrine " Roman . Clifton. E. at Bedford College. Strudwick. Treasurer : Miss G. Macan lec: tured on " Pericles— his Policy and Methods " in May Professor R. North London Collegiate School.. Brooks . Camden Town. Wilkinson. Conway lectured on " The Venetian Point of View in ." To all these lecturers the cordial thanks of the Branch are due for their kindness in coming and in lending their valuable support to the work of the Branch. C. Dr. J. ('. Carmelite Street. at the Annual General Meeting. Secretary Miss C.5. Hon. Collins. Vice-Presidents Professor J. F. W.W. Taylor. DonsoN . in November Professor J. Regent's Park. S. T. E. F. Mr. Hill gave a lecture. BRISTOL BRANCH President Rev. DOP. on " A Sketch of Ancient Coinage. Badminton House. illustrated by lantern slides. There are 119 members. T. Professor F. Rev. S.4. N.SON-. . F. Holding.

P. D. Budworth. Treasurer The Rev. Bouchier. B. Hon.A. — March \Uh.A. H. 1919. Public Library. H. Professor F. S. .A. How. How. March Sth. November 29th. Wilkinson. H. Committee J. The Rev." by Mr.A. G. M. . D.A. F. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Durham. M. J. . Knowles. D. North Bailey. The Rev." by Mr. Jevons. 20 . Blackett. 20. Fowler. Mus. Hadow. M.A. M. New " (an address on the art by Miss Stewart. C.—'' Old Lamps of translation) . Bridge.—'' Dion the Deliverer. Cruickshank. Professor J. M. S. . Secretary Basil Anderton. M. of Gaza under the Late NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM BRANCH President The Right Rev..A. M. J. H.—" The Relation between : ture and Classical Art. The Rev. D. 1918. Wight Duff. Eminent Greeks. E. Gardner. the Lord Bishop of Durham Vice-Presidents The Right Rev. . M. Miss D. Hiley . Hon.Litt. W. Dakyns. H. Ellershaw. M. opened by Miss for —Discussion on the Teaching of Classics." Professor P.—" Sculptured Portraits of J." by Mr. .. Professor H. . . Canon A.BRISTOL BRANCH 153 The following papers have been read February Sth. 25fA. Barton. J. October by Classical Litera- E. H. " The Literary School Empire.A. Professor J. the Lord Bishop of Newcastle Sir W.S.Litt. . F. P.A. M.Doc. R.A. February lith. J. R. ..

M.. . Treasurer : Rev. . The Rev. Richmond. W. R.D." CARDIFF AND DISTRICT BRANCH President The Rt. M. Duff.A. P. Wight Duff's summary of returns from schools in the Northeast notes on books.A. Stevenson. M. The General Meeting. read a paper on " Some Formative Influences on the Pauline Style and Dr. Pestle. Professor D. " Greek Music : J. The Rev. read by Messrs. Stafford Smith E. — Diction. 1918.A. Miss M. Bousfield." March 23rd.A. Esq.A. W..Sc. Hon.. Wight Duff. M. lion.Litt H. B. M. Pearson. L.A. Widdows. D. Professor 0. ..Litt. Cruickshank.A.D. a read paper on Methods of Study and Results.A. : Mortimer Angus.A. M. The Rev. D. G. . Lowe. E.. Miss Dulcie Evans. . Hoyle. M.. L. Norwood. and Miss Taylor. Esq. E. Miss M. D.— The General Meeting..APPENDIX 154 Major W." — February 22nd. November 9th. MA. Mountford. T. Lewis Robertson. Professor J.A. H.. Shipley read a paper on " Sophists and '" — Sophistry. . Miss E.—'MT.A. .A. M. Secretaries . M. M. M. University College. D." March loth.A. M. MA. D." May 2Uh. Miss C. Slater. F. B.A. with the Treasurer and Secretary.." — Maij llth. read a paper on Velleius Paterculus. Cruickshank. H. . Professor D. read a paper on " The Riddle of the Bacchae. WiDDOws. Lord Aberdare Vice-Presidents J. M. . The following meetings have been held since December 1917 February 9th. .. J. Hepple. Pestle. M. 1919. Robinson. Hon. Mr.. Canon A. . A. : — read a paper on " Excavations at Binchester (Vinovia). Canon Dawson Walker. F. Notes on the Direct Method of teaching Latin.

B. A. Miss E. It has unfortunately proved impossible to arrange the usual open lecture by some classical scholar from elsewhere. Lock. M.. B. Professor Norwood. F. . .D. R. . . The usual number been held." Religion. .S.A.A. B. Mr.CARDIFF AND DISTRICT BRANCH 155 Committee Professor 0. Miss Steuart Miss G. B. Edwards.A. Haverfield.A. ." by Mr. G. .A. G. LEEDS AND DISTRICT BRANCH President Major the Hon. Richmond. Barran. Miss C. M. .S. M. M. E. .A.P. : Sir John His Grace the Archbishop of York. LL. Parker. : " .. . M.D. R. M. Bart. W. .A. Mr. Jenkyns. Mr. Edward Wood. W.. D. LL. M. E.. Miss G.A." by Mr. . Bart.D.B. Brooks. . Miss K. Professor F.." by Miss Francis. M. Jenkins ." by Miss Burby Mr.L...A.P. KiTSON Clark.A. Bisgood. G. but it is hoped that next session the effect of demobilisation will show itself by an increased number of men students of the College becoming members of the Branch. McCroben.A. Miss M. B. . . . Freeman Mr. M. T. . FiELD. Michaels stein Muse of Tragedy at Rome.A. Miss Steuart Jones " The Feudal System under the Roman Empire. M. F." by papers read being the following " The Roman and his Newspaper. B. M. . . His Honour Judge A. Romer Macklin. The Rev.. B. C.. MozLEY. AV. A. Lupton. C. Litt. LiEUT. Evans " The " Aristotle's Theory of Comedy. E. Mr. Colonel J. I. LL.. D. The number of Associate and the Associate Full Members has remained about the same Members have been almost entirely women. B. Mr.A. . Whale. Vice-Presidents M. . D.. Sir John Arthur Brooke." by Miss Pearson " Legends and Traditions.B.D. Price. L. BlomN.A.A. . the of ordinary meetings has A War-time Singer. . . M. " . W.D. R. J.A. LL.A.D.." by Mr. The Development and Decay of Roman " Greek Studies and Modern Life. M.-CoLONEL E. J.A.A. .

J. B... S. R. M. The University.A. L. Hon.O. Toyne. Grenfell on " New Papyri from Oxyrhynchua.A. . Vice-Chancellor of Leeds University Mr.. M.S.A. Mr. Woodward. B.A.P.Litt. B. M. Miss K.A.APPENDIX 156 Roberts. M. Faldino. .D. M. The University. The Rev..A. Octobw 1918— March 1919 :— Tuesdny. Lightley. M.A.. M. Hon.I. P. M. J. Mr.. Lewis. R. Malden.S. and of Part III (now 1918. M. Dale. .S. Lieut." and described the contents of the forthcoming Part XIII in that series in prepiration) of the " Tebtunis Papyri. Miss K. A.A. M. W. Treasurer Professor B. M. J.. The Right Hon.A." Tuesday. Mr. Holme.. M. Sir Michael E. R. a.A. Rhys Roberts. P.A. V. The Girls' Grammar School. . Leeds. Connal. Miss C. S. Fleming.A. October Nh. 1918.A.. H.A. Mr. Claremont Drive.— Address by Emeritus Pro- .. Pickard.C. Zachary.C. Leeda. . M. M.. together with the President. Dodd. Secretary Major for Reading Circles and School Lectures F. November lOth. Meetings of the Branch. H. B. J. Major F.. Leeda." After sketching the various discoveries of Greek papyri in Egypt from 1778 to the present day. : The Grammar School. . Spilsbury. . the lecturer gave some striking extracts from the long series of " Oxyrhynchus Papyri. 7. LL. A. D.— Lecture by Professor B. the Treasurer. Chairman of the Executive Committee Professor W.A. the Chairman of Committee. M. and the two Secretaries. The Rev.D. Saunders. W.. Hon. B.LL.A.C. Headingley. Bradford. Broad. E. Dale..O. B. A. Leeds.D. Secretaries : Captain P.. M. Sadler. D. Executive Committee Miss Miss L. K.D. T. Litt. . Whitley. B. W.D.

. or Notes from a Side-show. . Northcote House. . .S. A. The Hon. Hon. Lord Bishop op Bombay Vice-Presidents The Hon. A.C. Marine Lines. Sir C." 157 The object of this literary. Woodward. D. Sir Stanley L.—Paper by Mr. 13. D. I. —Annual Meeting. Hill.A. and recently an Intelligence Officer with the British Salonica Force.S. Tuesday. Gray. on " Marginalia Macedonica. Mr. Vaughan on " The Debt of England to Italy.S. in our Roman Archaeology. M. M. C. J. Governor of Bombay President The Right Rev. I.. E. new universities. Palaeography. Bombay.C. Bombay. artistic." recent papers on Greek Papyri. . BOMBAY BRANCH Patron His Excellency the Right Hon. Covernton. and Post. A. Sir J. Batchelor. 1919.LEEDS AND DISTRICT BRANCH fessor C." The number of members continues to increase. January 2bth. E. and historical svirvey was to quicken interest in the proposed School of Italian Studies at the University of Leeds. Together with Sir Frederic Kenyon's and Professor Grenfell's ology.A. B. Apollo Bunder. Professor Dawson. Saturday. work lies it shows how vast a before students of classical antiquity. H. 1919.. I.S. been printed and circulated free among all members of the Branch.S. with paper by Professor Percy Gardner on "Recent Disco very in Classical Archae- This paper has. Heaton. field of new Authoritative statements such as these help incidentally towards the foundation.A. M. Secretaries : Mrs. of lectureships in Greek Archaeology. CLE. L.O. M.C. with the kind permission of its author... J. Palmer.classical Greek.D. R.I. March Wth. The Hon. Lecturer on Classics and Ancient History in the University of Leeds. Sir George Lloyd..

A. K. H. Times Bombay. N. and to try to find out whether residence in the East offered any facilities for study of the classics which might possibly not offer themselves At this meeting a paper was to more learned Branches at home.C. S..A. on "Indian Sidelights on the Women of Euripides. in 1916. B. no report has lately been published.A. T.A. Ainslie Caterer. M. Perkins.. Sir George : Murray. Otto Rothfeld. President Professor H.A. M. Sheppard. B. H.C. Mr.A. .A. The Bombay Branch of the Classical Association decided. Chancellor of the University of Adelaide. B. Mr. Committee Mr. D. Strachan. The 1919 Annual Meeting was held in January. Marks.. A paper was read by Mr. M. Mr.A. . R. J. Bayly. The Rev.Sc.APPENDIX 158 Hon. Vice-Chaucellor of the Mr. read by " illustrated by modern methods of commerce as Classics in the among Eastern THE agricultural peoples.A. M. but not The membership has kept up well.A. LL. Pavri. R.. P. Vice-Presidents : Professor W. V." to show that Indian social conditions to-day offer some parallel to the conditions of Greek life in the days of Euripides. A. . M. on Mr.C. LL. H.. Captaix R. Mr. University of Adelaide .. Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of South Australia.M. spite of the fact that .A.Sc. Crerar.. Mr..G. to in An Annual General Meeting was held in February 1918. Treasurer Mr. B. I. MacNaughten.A. B. I.. to suspend its activities till the end of the war.B.. Hampton. MacNaughten. ASSOCIATION CLASSICAL OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA Patron The Hon. W. of India. Darnley Naylor. .M. J.S. M. Mitchell. discontinue the Branch. M. " Commerce and Finance B. It was decided to set the Branch going again.S.. T.

Peoples. W.A. Dublin. Hollidge. " The Classics I. " Numismatics.A.m.. South M. H. Meetings are held at the University. Executive The Officers. A.. D. A. Suoden. M. Treasurer Mr. LL. M. His Honour Mr. Littlejohn..D. Leeper. F. S. Lendon. Kent Town. M." by Rev.A." by Professor Navlor. E.. Clucas. . Clark. Mr. McMillan. M.B. J. The following papers were contributed during the year 1918 " Horace. M.A. B. The University. Litt. Hon..A. President Alex. LL. Camb. Hon. Mr. : Sir William Irvine.S.A. LL. Litt. at 8 p. Professor Tucker.SOUTH AUSTRALIA 159 Hon. The Races. South Australia. . . The Rev..A. . J. . R. of the Apostles.D..A. H. Winter. Justice Higgins. M. Rentoul. Odes. Ward. Australia. K.M.. T. C. M." by and the Acts : Professor Naylor. D. 35.. M. G. Vice-Presidents Sir Robert Garran.D.A. The Rev. Helen Sexton. G. THE CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA Patrons The Hon.A. H. L. M. M. . M. Professor J." " by Dr.D.. Prince Alfred College. B. Adelaide.B. Litt.A.G. W. with Miss C.B.M.. Secretary Mr.D.. and Languages of Europe. B.A.

M. . M.D. . B. Auqustin Lode. W. Blackwood. Nevertheless two numbers of Iris were published. Hon. J. K. . : H. Victoria. R. Treasurer J. the Reading Circle continued its study of Greek plays. . Printed by BatttI. Kerry. and on September 21st His Excellency Sir Walter E.A. M. L. Leeper Miss Eveline Syme Ingram.. S.A. M. Latham.D. Davidson.A. Boyce-Gibson M. 21.. Governor of New South Wales.A. Miss Elizabeth Lothian. Mrs. Williams. Ld. B. A.A. B..A. F. LiTT. M.A. Thompson. R.A.S. Watson <t Vin^v.D.. Melbourne. Hon. WYCKX. Secretaries Miss Enid Derham. Castlemaiue. Felix Meyer. . London and Aylttburv.. M.M.. M. lectured to the Association on " The Humanities in Education. T.APPENDIX 160 Council Mrs. M.A.C. M.. Victoria. Miss Harcourt S.A. Lawson.S. Talerddig. . At the beginning of 1918 the Council decided to suspend operaon account of the absorption of members in war activities. W. Street. . L.A. M. . Hawthorn. England. . . Strong. ." On November 27th the Annual General Meeting decided to tions for the year resume full work in 1919.. M.G.

or should form. and intelledual at one thing more certain than another. and the advocates of education. and seemed blind to any but material considerations. it is the war because their moral ideals were higher than those of Germany. EDUCATION AND IDEALS. inslead of waging time and force in fighting one another.e of co-operation. and their lack of intereft is due to the lack of intere^ in it of the great mass of the pubhc whom they represent. It manife^s itself in a disrcsped for knowledge. the object of education What ? To make does a citizen need to God. values. If the answers above given are accepted. except of the most obviously utilitarian kind . know a ? good His to his fellow man. This catechism forms. . spiritual. The treatment of education by mo^t of our statesmen in the pasf shows that they have no real faith or intere^ in it . and this Now real want of faith is. The enemy of education is want of faith in its value bottom. from the highe^ to the lowest. Large sedlions of our population responded to the appeal but slowly. the bitterness which so often attends educational discussions would disappear. And our national well-being after the war if there that the Allies is won . and his relations to the world in which he Are these kinds of knowledge incompatible ? lives. would set themselves to work out a schem. 1 . and it is rampant in all classes of societ}^. the basis of any scheme for educational recon^rucfion. WHAT is citizen. When the challenge came. and would unite in fighting the real enemy that delays educational progress.RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS 21 The Classics British in Education. a want of faith in moral. the people responded to it and the faith which enabled them to fight the long uphill battle rested upon the convidion (often inarticulate) that the world would be no fit place to live in if the material ideals of Germany prevailed that the success of the German ideal was incompatible with the belief in a righteous God. relations to his relations No. But this faith was not so prompt and universal as one would have wished to see it.

to realise that it profits a man nothing to gain the whole world and to lose his own soul . We shall show spirit. We shall teach patriotism and public We shall teach respcd for knowledge. we shall see to it that our national education is placed on a higher plane than the merely material and utilitarian one. reconslrudion of our national life. more. and to underhand how to make use of the capacity and the experience of others. on the narrow a choice between the higher and the lower vision. to appreciate It takes all sorts to make a world.RECONSTRUCTION PR013LEMS trembles. that he cannot that in peace. And we shall be careful not to take too narrow a view. edge of Hence one of the vital lessons of the war is the importance of training all sections of the community to form and to hold high ideals . Other pamphlets science and of in this scries set out the claims modern languages . The wider the range of intere^s which a man possesses. and one to another. and its attendant circumstances the proof that a nation is that which its education makes it. One mind responds bc^ to one Stimulus. Therefi>re. ai the moment of writing these lines. . but material education . . and we want and co-operate with the sorts which are not our own. as gain the whole world if he lose his own soul Napoleon so often declared ii lo be in war. of natural and others might be devoted . we have seen the devotion inspired by the love of France which is inculcated into every French child we have seen the fidelity of our own public school class to the traditions of public service and corporate loyalty which our we have seen also the perils which we public schools teach have incurred through the lack of belief in and resped for the value of knowledge which our education failed to give us. that we think it worth while to ca<ft our bread upon the waters in If now. the greater will be his sympathy with the interests of tuhcrs and his comprehension of the value of their work. We want to resped knowledge which we do not possess. in forming our educational curriculum we shall consider primarily what subjeds are mosl eflcdive in stimulating and strengthening the mind. we can keep we have reached during the war. . we have seen in the war as important as the material. We have seen Germany materialised and brutalised by two generations of highly efficient. and an increased mental capacity. We shall try to give our boys and girls a higher ideal than that which is measured by salaries and wages. sure that we shall find intellectual it after many days in a higher moral standard. nay. the moral is thnce Further. in the at the beit level that the form of non-utilitarian in<trudion. a wider outlook.

to chemiflry. When classics the foundations of Europcm education were and theology monopolised the whole field. Nothing thai will be said in this pamphlet is to be All of those subjeds taken as derogating "from those claims. the educational value of the classics . more important have to consider is how to got the besl out of both . Only gradually and comparatively lately have modern languages produced literatures in any sense comparable with those of Greece and Rome . botany. as contra^ed with Natural Science. arc valuable and indeed indispensable elements in education. The Greek and Latin classics form a part. of what are commonly known as the The Humanities comprise those subjeds which Humanities. mechanics. and but little science or mathematics. Modern education consequently was founded on the Bible and the classics. laid. On the one side we have history. mathematics. of English.udy. geology. law. : THE CLASSICAL TRADITION. language. no histories comparable with those of the ancients. and a great tradition of classical education was firmly established in all civilised countries.THE CLASSICS IN BRITISH EDUCATION 10 the claims of hi^ory. . deal with man in his relation to other human beings as a member of society. elements which in greater or less degree ought to form parts of any education which goes beyond the rudimentary Stage. But the objcd of this pamphlet is to ^ate the no less important claims of the Greek and Latin classics. on the other agronomy. philosophy. only Slill more lately has science come 3 to take a prominent. or the subjeds wliich deal with the universe of nature and with man in his relation it. literature. Two main points have to be discussed firsl. and to show the detriment which the mind of our people would suffer if ever they ceased to hold a large place in our scheme of national education. how to equip the young mind with both portions of the armoury of hfe. the There were no other languages or literatures known that were worth sl. of mathematics. secondly. physics. the possibiUty of making a place for them in the curriculum alongside of the other subjcds which ought to form pan of it. B . or of geography. and hi^orically the mosl important part. It is wasile of time to discuss which of these two main branches of education is the What we for both are obviously necessary. no philosophy or law but those of Greece and Rome.

arrived at manhood.v in French. something of the rigorous methods employed in the pursuit ot Equally true is it that modern history has scientific knowledge.RECOiNSTRUCTION PROBLEMS perhaps a predominant. What we now have to seek is fair play for all. does not entitle them to continued exclusive possession now that other subjeds have. but becai-se there are great literiUure. woven. Mitiistir's 4 . too. position in our daily life . Modern languages. that the classics have formed the main feature of the curriculum of all secondary schools that are m. however. and that the citizen of a modern Slate should know the outlines of the hiiloryofhis own country. and that classics have a tradition in education which is matched by no other subject* This fadl. Italian. whom our own life is ever more and more the purely utilitarian considerations are Further. One might go funher. Let us grant fir^ ungrudgingly the claims of the other subNo reasonable person will deny that the ^udy of natural is of vital practical importance for the life of the modern that it is a stimulating and ennobling exercise of the world mind thai every child should be shown something of the forces and the wonders of the world in which he lives. a couple of centuries ago. only within the la^ generation or two has either subjed been organised as an in^rument Hence for general education. and to see th^t in letting in the new we do not lose valuable elements which only the old can give us. and should learn jeds. which it had not attained both a value. German. of peoples with * Tliis is ciiipluilically stated in the recent Report of the Prime Modem Languages in the Committee on the position of Educational System ol Great Britain. it was through no pcrversit}^ of our anceilors.ore recent history .ore than half a century old. Spanish. and because it is important for us to comprehend the thoughts leasl the m. so to speak. which deprives their political judgment of a much needed balla^l. THE CLAIMS OF OTHER SUBJECTS. . and at of the other great civilised nations with which we are in conta'd. though it entitles them to respc6l. have educational possinot merely because we bilities which they never had before travel more and want to ask our way and order our dinner in foreign countries. and say thai one of the serious dangers which threaten our present polity is the ignorance of hi^ory on the pan of the mass of the cledorate. Russian which it is good for us to read. closelv For the condud of wholly on the side of the modern subjeds. pradical and educational. science . but by the natural force of circumstances.

. In the crisis of the lasl four years. In the fir^l place. in Plato ? And how often in the problems of our world-wide Em. and thought are based upon Greece and Rome. The hi^ory and thought of Greece is bound and Rome are far nearer to us. Our philosophy is based upon Plato and Ari^otle. of indu^ry. literature.THE CLASSICS daily life. and French. But here we touch on the great peril of modern education. Our imaginative literature is bleeped in the literature of Greece and Rome . It is a tragic mi^ake to think of them as ancient or dead subjedts. and are unintelligible without them. language and hi^ory. Italian and Spanish are but Latin modernised. The whole modern system of law (though less in England than in France) is based upon Roman law. of EDUCATION politics. than the hi^ory and thought of tlic cenraries from the second to the sixteenth of our era. its forms. Greek and Roman literature. lie at the foundations and enter inseparably into the slrudture of our own thought. its thoughts come straight thence as though no twenty or thirty centuries lay between Our language is as much Latin as Saxon. how many found comfort. far more modern. VALUE OF THE CLASSICS. modern goal. wisdom. in Thucydides. far more real to us. strength in the literature of Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries before Chrisl. Greek and Roman language. They arc slill unexhau^ed springs of thought and inspiration to-day. and makes a leap thence to Hobbes and Locke . Greek and Roman hi^lory. its subjcdis. and Plato and Ariitotle remain unsuperseded by Kant or Hegel. in jfEschylus. literature. we want modern languages. It is spiritual where because the classics contain elements of the highe^ and intelledual value wliich cannot be obtained else- in equal force or equal intensity that the lover of education to fight for their retention as one of the leading components of our national sy^lem. IN BRITISH of commerce.pire do we find parallels and warnings in the hislory of the Roman Empire which we could find nowhere else ? It is difficult to bring homo to those who have not thought about it the extent to which English language. when men were forced back on the fundamentals of their nature. or even by Nietzsche or James. Greek and Roman thought. the danger le^ in our pursuit of the immediately utilitarian we lose the vital spiritual element which is our ultimate science. and modern (though not exclusively modern) hi^ory. Merely as a means to understanding modern languages and literatures a widely diffused knowledge of Greek and Latin is indispensable.

its positive value is so great that any system ol" education which weakened our knowledge and appreciation ol" it would lower the sT. but conveyed by them to the general educated sense of the community in a way that v^^ould not be possible if Greek and Latin were languages as little known as Arabic or Persian were sensibly weakened or confined to a handful of — — speciali^s. so that an approximate translation from while on the one into the other involves little mental exertion other hand the nuances which dilTercntiate wotds apparently identical with ours. It is the simple truth. If any competent critic were drawing up a lisl: of the great writers of the world. that Greek is incomparably beautiful. The imaginative intelled of the human race produced its finest flower in the Greek race. and possesses delicacies third modern asped sludies in is for it may !>tyle vvhich are themselves a liberal education reasonably be argued that only the eled will appreciate them. though our own may come next to it. Italy. are hardly to be comprehended by the young indent. give certain elements of mental It is not merely training which no modern language can give. and almost necessitate a residence in the country. . are similar to our own. and on which idiomatic knowledge of the language depends. They are more easy in that the forms of sentences and expressions of . unquesl:ioned by those whose range of knowledge qualifies them to judge. It is not necessary to depreciate French and Cierman in order to argue that Greek and Latin. and the whole tone of our civilisation would be lowered if our knowledge of it intimate only in the case of comparatively few in each generation. he could hardly help naming four or five Greeks before he named two of any other country. that the literature of Greece is the finest in the world. More important is the fail that. France.RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS But. while they convey thoughts which are entirely akin to our own methods of thinking. Translation from and into Greek and Latin is an admirable . A which Greek and Latin are irreplaceable by the purely linguistic one. Languages such as French or Italian are at once more easy and more diflkuli. Spain and Gcnnany to make a lisl which would match that which could be produced from Greece alone. We should have to combine the greater representatives of England. they do so in a form of expression so difiereni from our^ that our minds are exercised to transmute the one into the other.andard and lessen the content of our own culture. without calling on the support which Rome could furnish. apart from the intimate association of classical culture with our own. as subjedts of study.

But for all the pradtice of simple prose translation to and from Greek and Latin is at lea^ as valuable an intelledual exercise as the ^udy of algebra or geometry is for those who are not going to be expert training in precision of thought requires fir^ of all a clear mathematicians. Many of our contemporary public men would deal none the less wisely with the problems of to-day if their minds were beeped in the wisdom and fortified by the knowledge which is to be found in the political and hi^orical literature of Greece and Rome. Moreover. aijd which. but this should be reserved for the few and not thru^ upon all. and are so far remoyed from us in time that we can ^udy them more clearly and dispassionately than those of our own country and time. and muSt have had recourse to the political wisdom of Plato and Aristotle. we should do our he^ to lay open to the classes into whose hands the control of our national destinies is now passing. Many a classical scholar during these laft four years mu^f have thought again and again of historical parallels in Thucydidcs and Demosthenes. For those who have higher lingui^ic and ^yU^ic gifts there are other benefits to be derived from the pradice of translation.THE CLASSICS IN BRITISH EDUCATION and accuracy of expression. . It is a Morehouse of experience from which we should be extremely foolish to cut ourselves off. There we find the trials of democracy and of empire. were discussed by writers whose grasp of philosophic thought has never been surpassed. or were dealt with by the admini^rators of the one empire which in all hi^ory moft resembles our own in scope and charader. these problems occurred then in more simple and less complex forms. It comprehension of the sense of the passage to be translated. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROBLEMS. are derived from those of Greece and Rome. on the contrary. and much of the be^ and fine^ appreciation of language and literature is acquired by exercise in prose and verse composition . and there we watch the example of great men and acute thinkers dealing with the elements of the same problems as ourselves. The problems of politics and of empire that confront us confronted Greece and Rome. A fourth consideration which mu^ be touched on is the training which Greek and Latin give in social and political problems. Modern forms of law and government. Yet they are fundamentally the same. and next a seledion of the corred words by which to convey that sense in another tongue.

h is true also of modern One can learn the lessons of French and German languages. in philosophy. For all except the few. in the conveyance of spiritual inspiration and refreshment. The student who reads Pluta? ch or even Li v>' in a translation does not lose much. like Keats. but that he will obtain from it is only a poor and inadequate rcfledion even the best translations of Homer and iEschylus. and approach nearer to the tone and spirit oi their originals than is possible in translations from Greek or Latin. There is no need to deny the modicum of truth that resides in But at which this point is Translations Vv'ill convey much of th^e a(5\ual information contained in classical literature. in ihe expression of ideas. a very great part of the gift which the classics have to be^ow is lo^. hi^ory without reading the authorities for it in their own tongue. progress the Where . whose kindred genius inspires them to divine the spirit which underlies the di^ortcd form. One can even make some acquaintance with the genius of Dante or Cervantes through translations. Nor is it necessary. The question at issue between them is the possibility of finding room for them all in the curriculum. and the extent to which one or other must be sacrificed in order to make way for its competitors. in the art of literary expression. But it is only a part. of Herodotus and Thucydidcs. and part at lea^ of the benefits described under the fourth head of the above summary may be enjoyed by those who cannot read Greek or Latin. even though translations from modern languages are usually more adequate. of Plato and Aristotle. And where Greek and Latin are ^rongc^l. So far as it is true.RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS USE OF TRANSLATIONS. European culture. any more than the value of those subjeits is denied by reasonable advocates of the classics. of Virgil and Horace and Tacitus. it may be as well to touch briefly on an argument often used. that the essence of classical culture can be sufliciently imbibed through the medium of translations. the art of translation is really helpful is in accelerating If a sludcnt has once ma^ered of the weaker scholar. Yet no advocate of modern languages would accept this as an adequate training in modern such a ^atement. reasonable advocate of natural science or of modern subjeds denies the value of the classics. in poctr\'. and even this part loses something of its force and flavour. translations are the lea^ effedive. namely. either as an inslrument of intelledual training or as the depository of indispensable No information and moral inspiration. It is not possible within the limits of a short pamphlet to dwell at length on the value of the classics.

in wliich the original and the translation face one another on opposite pages of volumes of convenient size. t . and of mathematics. in a good school. It is to be observed fir^ that a classical education does not mean. as controversiali^s so often represent it to mean. but it includes as important subsidiaries a considerable amount of " divinity " (Bible study). of hi^ory (ancient and modern). one further claim on their behalf cannot be passed over. Tesliimony to this effedt has been given by many men who had no parti pri's in the matter. to take an a6live part in the life of his school. A great service to the classics has been rendered by the production of the Loeb series of classical authors. A classical education. The proper proportions of these subjedls is a legitimate topic of discussion. has indeed its main ^aple in the ^udy of these languages. and because it comes from a country where the classical culture . and that the leaders of school and university adlivities were usually to be found among the classically trained boys. classical education is an excellent discipline of charafter. It is a somewhat more contentious topic than those which have hitherto been dealt with. or whose prepossessions might have been expecfled to lead them to an opposite conclusion and quite recently some intere^ing ^atiftics have been published. so there are many who could read Thucydides or Plato with profit and comprehension if they had Jowett's version at hand to help them over difficulties. but there is no reason why it should not be stated Experience has shown in the pa^ that a with moderation. Before passing on to consider how the essential benefits of can be^ be preserved for English education. many a man who has learnt his classics at school will find it easy to keep up his acquaintance with them in later years if he is able to glance from time to time at an English version. and a modicum (possibly a small one) of natural science and of modern languages. Similarly. Just as a beginner in Italian will make far more rapid and easy progress ^^dth Dante if he already knows Gary's translation. as the result of a comprehensive inquiry in America. an education confined to the ^udy of Greek and Latin. his comprehension of the greater mailers will be much assisted by the use of a competent version. and will be referred to later but it may be claimed for the classical education of the pasl: that it trained a boy to be a useful member of society. Evidence from this source is additionally valuable because it can be gleaned from a wider range than in England. THE DISCIPLINE OF CHARACTER.THE CLASSICS IN BRITISH EDUCATION the elements of Greek and J^atin.

* The main bulk of it is occupied by the testimony of seveial scores of leading men in American life Presidents of the United States. law>'ers. Speaking. which are ^riking even to those whose faith in the The figures are based upon returns classics is mosl. is This evidence is contained in a volume by Dr. At the end are a few pages of slati^ics. or Honors for Scholarship in other than Classical Subjedis were 13-5 of all the classical Students. of the classical candidates obtained a rating of 90 to 100." In the non-classical subjects 295 per cent. engineers. of all the classical Students. of Princeton University. We^. of the non-classical candidates. 1917)." In reports from 19 high schools and academies and 17 colleges and universities. Honors or Prizes . the results : " The Secretary of the College Entrance Examination Board has tabulated the comparative records of the classical and the non-classical indents who took the examinations of the Board There were 21. Milford. and 1916. and 12-31 per cent. or Essay-writing were 8-8 per cent.103 1914. 1915. scholars. 10 and H. but only 93 of all the non- cent. profound.. These are some of historians. of all the classical students. . and where new subjeds and new experiments get a feir field and ample favour. candidates. A. . Students winnmg Prizes of all the non-classical students. men of business. London. dodtors. of all the non-classical sludenis. in the three years .RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS classics are less securely entrenched in tradition. where prejudice rather againsl the old waj's than for them. .to decry other subjedts. for . " In all but one of the subjedls taken by any large number of candidates the classical Sludenis show a marked superiority over the non-classical. . but only 72 per Students receiving Debating. F. science journalisls. professors." are drawn the It is not necessar\. of the non-classical candidates classical candidates obtained a rating of 75 to 89. and writers of various sorts. but only 35 per cent. " Students receiving High Honors at graduation were 18 per cent. and 2-05 per I7'3i per cent. . In the institutions from which these figures non-classical Students outnumber the classical by over ten per cent. covering a very wide range of universities. yet on every basis of comparison (and only a few have been quoted above) the classically trained men show classical students. of the cent. the better record. which for many individuals arc preferable and have their essential Value of tlu- Classics (Princeton University Press.

G. containing an account of a series of conferences between representatives of all the. and in other schools so far as circvmi^ances permit.). price 6rf. principal subjeds of secondary education. Kenyon on behalf of tiic soci'jtics conrernVd. or this principle. and Modern Language Associations and other bodies. 1917. Scientific and Humane (Alurray. . On these points satisfadory progress has been made during the last few years towards a general basis of agreement. is the training of human beings of a free country. But it is time to pass on to the further question. it would be easy to colled much testimony from men of science. a federation of about sixty scientific organisations. how is room to be found for the classics as well as for the other subjedls which are pressing for an increased share in the curriculum and what should be the relation of these subjects to one another ? . federation similar of the headed by the Royal Humanistic Studies. 11 . If space permitted. and encourage the ^udcnt to make the be^ use of his faculties. a for Classical. or of commerce to the value of a broad humanistic training as a basis for work in quite other fields than the classics or literature themselves. and as citizens any technical preparation of boys and profession. but for the all-round training of the citizen the claim of the classics to hold the premier place has not yet been shaken. Two reports have been issued. Historical headed by the British Academy. RELATIONS WITH OTHER SUBJECTS. girls for a particular work muft be consis'tent with schools in which education is normally continued beyond the age of sixteen. 2. The nature of this scheme following scries of resolutions is be^ indicated by quoting the : 1 The in fir^ cbjed in education mind and charader.* On the one side was the Education Committee of the Conjoint Board of Scientific Societies. of business. showed A GENERAL CURRICULUM. Secondary and University (Murray! 1919 price I5. The results of the conferences a singularly harmonious effort to fashion a scheme of education which would give fair play to all subjeds.) both prepared by Sir F. Society on the other the Council . the curriculum up to In up all to or * Education.THE CLASSICS place ill the BRIflSH EDUCATION IN community and in the educational curriculum . Geographical. English. occupation. and Education.

them shall NO EARLY SPECIALISATION.u3gcs. . it is probably impossible to provide in^rudion in both Latin and Greek in all Secondary Schools. In the case of sludents who Slay at school beyond the age of sixteen specialisation should be gradual and not complete. and can be sl. provision should be made in every area for teaching in these subjeds. Mathematics. 6.tagc specialisation may begin. During this period the aptitudes of the pupil will be declaring At the end of this slage his themselves. and this time can often be obtained by economy in the time allotted to c'assics. and geography the intere^s of sound education. 4. represented English (language and literature'). progress will probably be tcSled by an examination (the " FirSl School Examination " recognised by the Board of Education). — ancient and modem.. While so that every boy and girl who is qualified to profit from have the opportunity of receiving adequate in^lrudion in them. Geography. success in which should be accepted as a sufficient qualification for entry into a university or to other courses of Siudy. In many more lime is needed for initrudion and it is essential. Art and Manual Training. 7. In the opinion of this Conference both natural science and literary subjeds should be taught to all pupils below the age of sixteen. It is that up to about the age of sixteen education should be general.RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS about the age of sixteen should be general and not specialand in this curriculum there should be integrally . hislory in . to mathematics. to natural science. to other languages.udied. Hislory.. that tliis time be other schools in lan.s useful to all and the one congenial mode of self-expression to some. to geography. provided. 5. and that this general education should introduce the pupil to all the principal branches of knowledge to his own language. After The pupil will devote more this 5. In many schools of the older type more time is needed for in^rudlion in natural science . ised 3. Natural Sciences. besides that manual training which i. Languages and Literatures other than English. ihc root idea of these resolutions is obvious. to history. without detriment to the intere^s of classical education.

: " We recognise education in its two scientific aspeds. with the great models of art and the patterns of nobility of thought and of oondu(5l . In this way every pupil has a chance of acquiring a broad outlook upon life. something too of the truth about life. what our place and what our powers. as revealed in astronomy or in chemistry. . lu(iicii't<':i . what we animals really are. pp. ancient and modern. he has the possibility of sympathising intelligently with the intere^s of others. Whatever line of life he may afterwards pursue. some part of all the kinds of intelledual sustenance which the minds of men have grown and rejoiced. That should be the ideal. mind discover its aptitude and powers. This ideal education should bring all into contadl with beamy as seen first in literature. THE PROVISION OF OPPORTUNITY. cil. as a seledive agency. and some kind of a general education will be maintained up to the end of school life. and understanding the importance of whole classes of knowledge.sou (t aiubridge. the changeless systems of the universe. a truth ungarbled whether by prudery or my^icism. even though his own knowledge of them is small. Prof. but equally as a provision of opportunity." * in * Cambridge Jisaays on 1917). 132-3. Nothing of varied slimulus or attradlion So only will the young ihat can be offered should be withheld. subjcds will not be wholly dropped. therefore. and knows something of the treasures which he may expedl to find behind them. in the following words. In view. which show a catholic sympathy with all branches of knowledge tance. A. This matter of the provision of opportunity is of great imporIt is admirably expressed by a di^inguished man of science. \X^ Bateson. C Ihii.THE CLASSICS IN BRITISH EDUCATION lime to the subjedl for which he has moft aptitude or which he But other intends to make his main pursuit at the university. Only at the university will specialisation become complete. of the congenital diversity of the individual types. He is given the keys of many doors. and no less should it show to all the truth of the natural world. His mind is not narrowed and his intere^s limited by a premature and excessive specialisation. that provision should be as diverse and manifold as possible. and the very firil essential in an adequate scheme of education is that to the minds of the young something of everything should be offered.

: " mu^t always be remembered that the newer Indies suffer under an initial disadvantage which it takes some little time to It 14 . privileges .RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS MAKING ROOM FOR OTHER SUBJECTS. to stimulate the reading of easy texts. so rich in capacity This for forming the charader and training the intcllcdt. but it is A generous rivalry between the different subjcds is quite another thing. and will have some comprehension of ancient languages and ancient history. But it is possible to reduce greatly the details of grammar (especially the more exceptional details). to establish the traditions which classics admittedly already possess. so wide-reaching. The Minister of Education has himself recently laid ^ress on the need for gradual expansion on the part of the newer subjeds . and No demand is now made that classics should receive imique demanded that nothing should be done to weight the scales against those who have an aptitude for a form of education so effective. Caesar and Cicero. Herodotus. it is admitted that in mosl of the older secondary schools the time allotted to classics must be reduced. and to assisl progress by the aid of translations. so will ii obtain its share in the curriculum. Those who show aptitude for the subjed will be able to pursue while those who go no further will at lea^ it to its higher levels . have been introduced to intere^ing portions of such authors as Homer. but in the interests of the nation. But to grant at once all that eager advocates of the newer subjeds claim would defeat their own objeds. and consequently a fairly generous allotment of time must be given to them if any progress worth making is to be made. demand is made not in the interests of the classics (whate\er thai phrase may meanj. Each should Strive to make good its claim to be and as each makes good its the bcnelador of the human species claim. In this way the pupils in general will have some of the intercsl and some of the lingui^ic training of the classics put before them. In order that a general education such as has been here outthat full provision of opportunity may be accorded in all dircdlions. which cannot afford to lose so valuable an element from its culture. to restridt composition (except the con^lrudion of simple sentences) to those who specialise in classics. hned may be eslabhshed. they have to pcrfeit their methods. This is frankly accepted by many of the keenesl advoLatin and Greek are unqucSfionably more cates of the classics. because they are more \vholl\ strange to the beginner . As their wiser representatives admit. difficult than mosT: other subjects. to train their teachers.

But there is another side to this question. such modifications in the examinations for scholarships at the Universities as will remove the temptation to excessive specialisation at schools. methods have to be improved. or beneficially corred: the balance of Studies in the curriculum of our schools iniless we are prepared to give to every study only so much time as it can profitably use. a committee of the Classical Association is now sitting lo consider how they can best be eftedted in the case of Greek. Science is here entrenched and proieded by compulsion and encouraged by public opinion. in other words. . Teachers have to be trained. in which an increasing proportion of the population will in future be educated. and ^ill more Greek. the proportions existing in the older schools are completely reversed.THE CLASSICS EDUCATION IN BRITISH correct. For this reason I doubt whether Science or Modern Languages would be in a position at once to make good use of all the school hours which their more extreme advocates demand for them." * FAIR PLAY FOR CLASSICS.fttcr rem! . But there is a far larger class of secondary schools in which classics lead a very precarious existence. Latin. are regarded as ornamental and probably useless excrescences.. which has noi yet been touched on.. text-books have to be written. imci iirj . and raises in an acute form the claim of fair play for classics.ilions . a willingness on the part of advocates of other subjeds to allow fair play to classics.U H Jan. leave altogether out of sight the exiting qualifications of the men and women who are teaching in the schools. 19h). So far as the making of economies is concerned.f tin- |i\t 1 1 umaiii^tic Assm i. Next. a willingness on the part of the friends of classics to make economies of time in order to allow room for other subjedls. Thirdly. We cannot. In the municipal and other secondary schools throughout the country. What then is needed in order to bring about the result we desire? Fir^. . a tradition has to be built up before a new study can acquire the educational value which belongs to any branch of discipline which has been perfected and refined by improvements continued over many generations. In schools such as these the need is to claim for the pupils who attend them an element of culture to which they are entitled and * I. In the controversies with regard lo classics the disputants have almost invariably had in mind the public schools in which classics are firmly and even predominantly established.

the Workers' Educational Association. I should like to sec a redi^lribution of the opportunities for classical studies. not of the social ari^ocracy of the country but of the intelledual ari^ocracy. The classics. 1917.. .'. Kcix. Why " should it ? This is no fantaftic ideal. and possessing what we have seen them to possess. " That obvioisly would be an injustice which working men and women. they should not remain the special preserve of one social class in the community. Greek and Latin being whai we have seen them to be. Classical Assuciution. developing as they arc in appreciation of education.ed in all occupations to have the of developing ii. At a recent deputation to the President of the Board of Education. and excite no more comment than his enjoyment of Shakespeare docs now. . and who eagerly seize every opportunity of extending their acquaintance with Of proposals which would confine the classical civilisation. 5-40.. should be the possession. Mansbridge.. and especially Greek. the founder and inspirer of that excellent movement. the foundation and inspiration of all our modern culture.rled in lull XV.. Vol. There is no reason why this intelledlual aristocracy should be confined to the comparatively wealthy. now that they are rising to fuller power and more articulate expression.. but one that comes well within the range of such a reconilrudion of our national life as we are now (In . I do not wish scholarship to be confined to those who are able to give their lives to it opportunity I want men enga<. pp.RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS which they are in danger of losing. would not tolerate for one moment. It is not ton much to say that there are to-day many working people in all parts of the country who associate the name of prcecc with the cause of humanism.. . It is for the working classes. I hope the day may come when a working mtn may be able to enjoy Homer in the original. A. Fortunately there are signs that they will do so.^plil 27th. THE CLAIM OF THE WORKING CLASSES.* Mr.. to claim their right of access to this mine a of intclledual wealth. good half of the finest literature of the world. used the following words : " Working people are displaying an increasing interest in such subjeds as Greek Democracy and Greek Moral and Political Thought." knowledge of Greek to the well-to-do he said. 16 in Ihc- \ Proceedings 0/ (ha g I ^ .

A Committee of the Classical Association has ju^ been engaged in drafting such a course Modern intellcdual civilisation owes its rise to the recovery It would be tragic if. and that boys and girls who show signs of lingui^ic capacity and literary taSle should have these gifts encouraged. it should put out the source and mainspring of its intellcdual inspiration. but as an essential clement with them in the full culture on which a noble national which ancient of its life life can he nurt\. The classics are a heritage to be cherished.THE CLASSICS IN BRITISH EDUCATION contemplating. . at at the Renaissance. not to the exclusion of other worthy and necessary subjeds. What is required is that in every education'! area there should be facilities for the learning of Latin and Greek. the moment when the nation has risen to the height of its great ordeal in virtue of its maintenance of those high spiritual ideals of Greek literature literature does so much to foster.^rcd and maintained. For those who have them it is no very* great or hard matter to acquire such a knowledge of Greek as may enable them to enjoy the easier authors after a two years' course of ^udy. and even the harder ones with the aid of a translation.

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