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Slump test

The slump test is a means of assessing the consistency of fresh concrete. It is used,
indirectly, as a means of checking that the correct amount of water has been added to the
mix. The test is carried out in accordance with BS EN 12350-2, Testing fresh concrete.
Slump test. This replaces BS 1881: Part 102.
The steel slump cone is placed on a solid, impermeable, level base and filled with the fresh
concrete in three equal layers. Each layer is rodded 25 times to ensure compaction. The
third layer is finished off level with the top of the cone. The cone is carefully lifted up,
leaving a heap of concrete that settles or ‘slumps’ slightly. The upturned slump cone is
placed on the base to act as a reference, and the difference in level between its top and the
top of the concrete is measured and recorded to the nearest 5 mm to give the slump of the
concrete.
When the cone is removed, the slump may take one of three forms. In a true slump the
concrete simply subsides, keeping more or less to shape. In a shear slump the top portion
of the concrete shears off and slips sideways. In acollapse slump the concrete collapses
completely. Only a true slump is of any use in the test. If a shear or collapse slump is
achieved, a fresh sample should be taken and the test repeated. A collapse slump will
generally mean that the mix is too wet or that it is a high workability mix, for which the flow
test (see separate entry) is more appropriate

the simplicity of the test often allows a wide variability in the manner that the test is performed. Very dry mixes. having slump 0 – 25 mm are used in road making. Consistency is a term very closely related to workability.[5]:68 Collapse Shear True In a collapse slump the In a shear slump the top portion of the In a true slump the concrete simply concrete collapses completely.[4] . This test is performed to check the consistency of freshly made concrete. More specifically. [1]:128[4] Interpretation of results[edit] The slumped concrete takes various shapes. > 100 mm. Workability of concrete is mainly affected by consistency i. having slump 10 – 40 mm are used for foundations with light reinforcement. top internal diameter 4 in (102 mm). subsides. Apparatus Metal mould.e. Only a true slump is of any use in the test.Concrete slump test The concrete slump test is an empirical test that measures the workability of fresh concrete. shear slump or collapse slump. This cone is filled with fresh concrete in three stages.[1]:134 In India this test is conducted as per IS specification. but concrete of the same consistency may vary in workability. The cone is placed on a hard non-absorbent surface. for which slump test is not appropriate. keeping more or less to [4] [4] shape. and bottom internal diameter 8 in (203 mm) with a height of 1 ft (305 mm). 5/8 in (16 mm) in diameter. 50 . The slump test is used to ensure uniformity for different batches of similar concrete under field conditions. low workability mixes. It is a term which describes the state of fresh concrete. a fresh sample should be taken and the test repeated. open at both ends. so as not to disturb the concrete cone.[2] Height measurement The test is carried out using a mould known as a slump cone or Abrams cone. A 2 ft (610 mm) long bullet nosed metal rod. and is measured in to the nearest 5 mm if the slump is <100 mm and measured to the nearest 10 mm if the slump is >100 mm. Concrete subsides. A collapse slump is an indication of too wet a mix. At the end of the third stage. it measures the consistency of the concrete in that specific batch. The mould is carefully lifted vertically upwards.128 and to ascertain the effects of plasticizers on their introduction. wetter mixes will be more workable than drier mixes. medium workability mixes. It refers to the ease with which the concrete flows. The test is popular due to the simplicity of apparatus used and simple procedure. and according to the profile of slumped concrete. This subsidence is termed as slump. [1]:127. in the shape of the frustum of a cone.90 for normal reinforced concrete placed with vibration. It is used to indicate the degree of wetness. If a shear or collapse slump is achieved. concrete shears off and slips sideways. A collapse slump will generally mean that the mix is too wet or that it is a high workability mix. high workability concrete. Unfortunately. It is also used to determine consistency between individual batches. and provided with the handle. concrete is struck off flush to the top of the mould. the slump is termed as true slump. each time it is tamped using a rod of standard dimensions.