# THEORY2

Structural Theory 2

Chapter 6

EX. Analyze the following frame using the moment distribution method.
100 kN

B

2I

C

3I

SPAN
JOINT

AB

3I

D

F

2.5 m

5.0 m

CD

A

K

B

EF

D

C

15

E

3I

A
2.5 m

2I

4.0 m

20 kN/m

BC

F

E

15

B

C

15

DF

0.00

0.65

0.00

0.48

0.00

0.65

0.35

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-62.50

-27.17

+40.76

CO

+20.38

BAL

-13.59

+1.75

CO

+0.88

BAL

-1.75

+0.15

BAL

+0.88
-0.45

+0.04

BAL

+0.15
-0.08

+0.08

-0.04

+0.04

+0.01
+21.45

+0.31

-0.23
+0.08

CO

+1.75

-0.88
+0.31

CO

FM

-10.08
-5.04

+42.91

-0.02
-6.19

-12.38

-12.52

C

E

8

FEM
BAL

CE
8
0.26

0.26

0.35

+62.50

-41.67

+41.67

+21.74

-5.38

-5.38

-14.49

-2.69

+10.87

-7.25

-2.69

+0.94

-0.94

-0.94

+0.94

-0.47

+0.47

+0.47

-0.47

+0.16

-0.24

-0.24

+0.16

-0.12

+0.08

+0.08

-0.12

+0.04

-0.04

-0.04

+0.07

-0.02

+0.02

+0.02

-0.02

+0.01

+0.01

-0.01

-0.01

+0.01

-25.02

-42.91

+67.33

-54.96

+25.02

relative stiffness factors,

K beam

K column

2
5

=
3
4

=

=

8

=

20
15
20

;

;

K beam

K column

=

=

8

15

distribution factor,

DFAB
DFBA

DFDC

Engr. I.R. Bonzon

=
=

15
8  15

=

=

0

0.652
=

0

1

THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 DFCD = Chapter 6 15 8  15  8 DFFE DFEF = DFBC DFCB = = DFCE DFEC 15 8  15 = 0.348 fixed-end moments. I.348 0.67 kN- FEM FD = + L2 12 = + (20)(5)2 12 = +41.258 = 8 8  15 = 0. Bonzon 2 .484 = 0 = 0.R.50 kN- FEM DB = + PL 8 = + (100)(5) 8 = +62.652 8 8  15 = 8 8  15  8 = = = 8 8  15  8 0.50 kN- FEMDF = - L2 12 = - (20)(5)2 12 = -41.67 kN- m m m m Engr. FEM AB = FEM BA = 0 FEM CD = FEM DC = 0 FEM EF = FEMFE = 0 FEM BD = - PL 8 = - (100)(5) 8 = -62.258 0.

308 0.02 -0.447 -0. I.33 +0.008 -0.347 -0.02 +0.0 m HD MDC M AB Moments Due to Applied Loads SPAN JOINT AB A K DF FEM CO CO CO -30.0 m 2.779 -0.00 -20.45 D 9 0.390 +0.00 BAL CO BC B +23.11 +0.00 -27.13 -1.04 BAL FM -1. MBA 10 kN/m B 20 kN 2I MCD C 3I 3I A D 20 kN HA 6.00 +1.37 -2.42 -0.125 -0.95 -0.00 0. Bonzon C D 9 0.07 -0.84 +3.174 +0.027 +0.174 -0.00 0.15 -0.125 +0.46 0.447 -0.R.17 BAL +0.000 0.054 +0.71 +0.25 -0.43 -11.45 +30.72 Moments Due to Sidesway SPAN JOINT AB A K DF FEM 0.00 +1.16 -9.08 +1.49 -0.779 -0.27 C +27.48 +0.120 +0.24 -4.795 3 .308 0.692 0.01 0.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 2.447 +0.308 +13.125 -0.08 0.692 -10.692 0.0 m EX.054 +0.03 -0.60 +0.00 +1.008 -0.019 -0.125 Engr.00 +6.22 -0.692 0.000 +1.02 -23.06 -0. Analyze the frame shown using moment distribution method.01 +0.795 C +1.027 -0.00 +6.308 +10.447 +0.060 BAL FM B CD 4 -0.060 +0.08 +0.73 -10.00 CD B 9 0.390 BAL CO B 9 BAL CO BC 0.20 BAL 0.03 -0.92 BAL C 4 0.019 +0.347 -0.62 +3.120 +0.

K BC = K CB = 4 K CD = K DC = 3 4 = 9 12 . K AB = K BA = 3 4 = 9 12 .0 kN-m FEM CB = + L2 12 = + (10)(6)2 12 = +30. Bonzon = 0 4 .0 kN-m FEM BC = - L2 12 = - (10)(6)2 12 = -30.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 relative stiffness factor.0 kN-m FEM BA = + PL 8 = + (20)(4) 8 = +10. DFAB DFBA = = DFBC 9 9  4 = = 4 9  4 0.308 DFCD = 9 9  4 = 0.R. FEM AB = - PL 8 = - (20)(4) 8 = -10. K CD = K DC = 9 distribution factor.00 FEM CD = FEMDC kN- m Engr.692 = DFCB = 4 9  4 = 0.692 DFDC 0 0.308 = 0 fixed-end moments due to applied loads. K AB = K BA = 9 K BC = K CB = 2 6 = 4 12 . I.

H A (4) – 20(2) = 0.447k M DC = -11. I.447k M CB = +23. M AB + M BA .THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 fixed-end moments due to sidesway.HD (4) = 0.45 – 0.125 combined end moments.  M DC 4 HD = (+) FX = 0.447k M CD = -23. M AB = -1.447k M BC = -27.45 + 0.795k due to shear conditions. H A + HD + 20 = 0 -20 Engr.125 = = + (6)(E)(3I)() (4)2 0 = +1. (+) M B = 0. HA M AB  M BA  40 4 = (+) M C = 0.27 + 0.795k M BA = +27.R. FEM AB = FEM BA FEM BC = FEM CB FEM CD = FEMDC = + (6)(E)(3I)() (4)2 = +1.43 + 0. M CD M CD + M DC .72 + 0. Bonzon = M AB  M BA  40 4 + M CD  M DC 4 5 .46 – 0.

HD = 0  20 .R.H A .447(12.45 + 0.27 + 0.49195) = +29.65 kN-m HA = = -7.01  21.12.97 + 2.49195) = -11.23.33 .45 + 0.49195) = -21. k = -12.49195) = -29.01 kN-m M DC = -11.795k – 40 -8. C E 4I 18 kN Engr.20 kN-m M BA = +27.447(12.49195) = -21.447k .33 kN = -12.795(12. Analyze the frame shown.43 .87  40 4 = M CD  M DC 4 =  29.447(12.0.795k + 27.0.65 4 HD = Check. Bonzon 24 kN 4I 3I 3I F 3I A 18 kN HA M A D 2 m 2 m 2 m 1 m 27 kN 4 m B 27 kN 2 m 2 m 1 m 24 kN VA HF MF HD MD VD 6 .20  21.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 M AB  M BA  M CD  M DC  40 4 -20 = -80 = -1.46 + 0.04 kN-m M CD = -23.7. I.484k.0.49195) = +21.0.447(12.87 kN-m M BC = -27.795(12.447k – 11. M AB = -1.49195 final end moments.27 . 20 .67 kN M AB  M BA  40 4  11.45 .72 + -40 = 0.43 + 0.87 kN-m M CB = +23. (+) FX = 0.72 .67 = 0 ok EX.

10 10.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 24 kN 6.768 4. Bonzon 12 12  12 = = = 12 12  12 12 12  9  16 0. DFAB DFBA = = DFBC DFCB Engr. K CE = K EC = 16 K EF = K FE = 2 2 = .757 18 kN HA 8. I. K EF = K FE = 12 3 4 16 12 12 12 distribution factor.500 0. K BC = K CB = 12 K CD = K DC = = 9 12 .500 = = 0 0.09 VE 8.396 Chapter 6 27 kN 14.40 6. K AB = K BA = 12 K BC = K CB = 4 4 = 12 12 .667 8. K AB = K BA = 3 3 = 12 12 . K CD = K DC = 9 K CE = K EC = 4 3 = .76 HF 9.80 VF VD relative stiffness factors.324 7 .R.42 VB V' C HD VA " VC 4.

I.0 kN-m FEM BC = - PL 8 = - (24)(4) 8 = -12.432 DFCD = 9 12  9  16 = 0.0 kN-m FEM EC Pa2b L2 (27)(1)2(2) (3)2 kN-m FEM CD = FEMDC = 0 FEM EF = FEMFE = 0 fixed-end moments due to sidesway.0 12. Bonzon 8 .571 DFEF = 12 16  12 = 0.0 kN-m = (3)2 +8.0 kN-m FEM CB = + PL 8 = + (24)(4) 8 = +12.R.0 kN-m FEM CE = - = + Pab2 L2 = - = + (27)(1)(2)2 (3)2 = - = +6. FEM AB = FEM BA - Pab2 = L2 = + Pa2b L2 - = (18)(2)(1)2 = (3)2 + (18)(2)2(1) -4. Engr.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 DFCE = 16 12  9  16 = 0.243 = 0 DFDC DFEC = 16 16  12 = 0.429 = 0 DFFE fixed-end moments due to applied loads.

000 -1.243 0.006 +0.003 -0.857 -0.193 +0.012 -0.003 +0.000 -1.432 0.137 +0.571 FEM -4.00 -12.000 0.125 0.935 +0.432 0.273 CO CO 0.116 -0.500 0.287 BAL CO +2.429 +3.R.287 -0. I.052 9 .001 -2.000 0.000 0.024 -0.002 BAL -0.032 -0.231 +0.001 -3.500 0.104 +0.165 CE 12 -1.935 +13.001 +0.648 Moment due to Sidesway SPAN JOINT AB A K CD B C 12 DF 0.00 +6.001 -0.000 0.293 -0.029 +0.033 +0.000 0.324 0.500 +2.42 +2.220 +0.070 +0.000 0.000 +0.066 +0.183 -0.005 +0.000 0.044 +0.173 CO +0.00 +1.27 -13.324 0.087 BAL -0.004 CO -0.000 +1.586 +0.097 +0.092 +0.500 BAL Engr.330 C C E 16 0.000 0.243 +0.308 BAL CO +2.243 -0.365 -0.000 -12.003 -0.018 CO +0.648 -1.000 +8.00 +12.324 -0.154 -0.058 -0.426 -1. Bonzon E BC F B 12 0.644 +0.092 +0.009 -0.574 +0.002 -0.000 0.125EI  FEM EF FEMFE = FEM BC FEM CE = + (6)(E)(2I)() +3EI  = (2)2 FEM CB FEM EC = = = 0 = 0 Moment due to Applied Loads SPAN JOINT AB A K CD B C 12 EF D E 9 BC F B 12 CE C C 12 E 16 DF 0.006 -0.002 -9.000 0.003 +0.000 +1.500 0.000 0.429 0.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 FEM AB = FEM BA = + FEM CD = FEM DC = + (6)(E)(3I)() (3)2 = +2EI  (6)(E)(3I)() (4)2 = +1.139 +0.440 +0.486 -1.000 +2.000 0.046 D 9 FEM BAL EF +0.009 BAL -0.000 -2.046 +0.571 +3.058 -0.000 0.000 +0.500 -0.016 -0.000 +1.007 +0.125 -1.000 -0.000 -0.003 BAL FM +0.713 -0.032 +9.088 -0.713 +0.029 BAL CO -3.

001 +0.002 +0.689k using shear conditions.055 +0.003 +0.038 -0.005 -0.491k M BA = +9.R. I.001 +0.006 BAL -0.689 combined end moments.050 -0.935 .006 +0.011 -0.084 -0.001 +0.017 -0.156k M EF = -2.010 CO +0.004 +0.005 +0.762k M EC = +2.034 -0.003 +0.007 +0.005 +0.060 +0.189k M DC = +0.012 -0.001 +0.019 -0.030 -0.110 BAL CO +0. Bonzon 10 .648 + 1.003 +0. (+) M B = 0.H A (3) – 18(1) = 0.014 +0.1.001 -0.6 (+) M C = 0.009 -0.004 -0.689k M FE = -1. M CD M CD + M DC .193 + 1.  M DC 4 HD = (+) M B = 0.002 +0.935 + 0.002 -0.063 +0.032 + 1.010 +0.324 + 2.762 -1.097 + 1.055 -0.002 +1.012 BAL FM +0.023 +0.648 .427 -0.001 -0.979 +0.017 -0.491 -0.167 -0.979k M CD = +0.126 -0.013 -0.110 -0.346k M BC = -9.001 +0.014 +0.028 -0.001 +1.006 +0.THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 BAL CO -0.979 -0.689 +2.006 -0. HA M AB  M BA 3 = .0.189 +1.156 +1.006 -0.001 -0.0.42 .002 -0.002 -0.346 Chapter 6 -0.005 BAL CO -0.979k M CB = +13. M AB = -3.001 -0.003 -0. M AB + M BA .025 +0.045 +0.0.HD (4) = 0. Engr.27 .002 -0.427k M CE = -13.

1.61456) = -8.097 .42 + 0.80 kN-m M BC = -9.10  4.08 kN-m M EF = -2.75 kN-m HA =  8.HF (2) = 0.491(3.61456) = +8. Bonzon 11 .67 kN-m M EC = +2.032 . H A + HD + HF + 18 = 0 M AB  M BA 3 .40 3 HD =  4.61456) = -8.28 kN .427(3.2.42 kN-m M BA = +9. Engr.81 kN-m M CE = -13.6 = -6.80 2 = -9.61456) = +6.67 kN Check.75  9.75 kN-m M FE = -1.10 kN-m M DC = +0.1.125k M CD = +0.189(3.61456) = -9.05 kN HF =  8.193 .40 kN-m 4 + M EF  MFE 0 2 + 18 148.0. I.979(3.935 .R.42  6.156(3.979(3.61456) = -4.689(3.1.346(3.324 .61456) = -10.689(3. M AB = -3.61456 final-end moments.65 + 41.27 + 0.08 4 = -2.40 kN-m M CB = +13.  MFE 2 HF = (+) FX = 0.648 + 1.6 + M CD  M DC = 0 = k = -3.THEORY2 M EF Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 M EF + M FE .1.61456) = -4.61456) = +14.935 + 0.762(3.648 .61456) = -6.

6.04 .R. 18 .28 = 0. I. Engr.9.67 .2. Bonzon  ok 12 .THEORY2 Structural Theory 2 Chapter 6 (+) FX = 0.