III The meaning of the following lines with reference to the context: (4

William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to
attend his father's funeral. Hamlet is shocked to find his mother already remarried to his Uncle
Claudius, the dead king's brother. And Hamlet is even more surprised when his father's ghost
appears and declares that he was murdered.
A mote it is to trouble the mind's eye.
In the most high and palmy state of Rome,
A little ere the mightiest Julius fell,
The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead
Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets:
As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood,
Disasters in the sun.
Hamlet, Horatio speaks
These lines are spoken by Horatio to Bernando. The main theme of the conversation is the
question why would ghost appear after all. The ghost appears for the same reason as they did
in the night before Julius was killed. To announce that something bad is going to happened. He
is in a way a predication that something bad is going to happened.

Seems, madam! nay it is; I know not 'seems.'
'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother,
Nor customary suits of solemn black,
Nor windy suspiration of forced breath,
No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
Nor the dejected 'havior of the visage,
Together with all forms, moods, shapes of grief,
That can denote me truly: these indeed seem,
For they are actions that a man might play:
But I have that within which passeth show;
These but the trappings and the suits of woe.
Hamlet, Hamlet speaks
Here Hamlet is explaining the difference between appearance and reality. He is explaining to his
mother that even though his clothes are completely dark, his eyes show grief, nothing can
express the real grief, sorrow that he feels inside of him.

the stamp of one defect. within a month-Let me not think on't--Frailty. That grows to seed. Hyperion to a satyr. As he runs through his description of their marriage. Hamlet. Carrying.. He describes the haste of their marriage. Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fie on't! ah fie! 'tis an unweeded garden. crying. So. stale. that these men. I say. and the ominous omen the marriage represents for Denmark. Or by some habit that too much o'er-leavens The form of plausive manners. that “*i+t is not nor it cannot come to good. or fortune's star. thy name is woman”. not two: So excellent a king.3. commenting that his mother moved “*w+ith such dexterity to incestuous sheets”. thy name is woman!-A little month. Heaven and earth! Must I remember? why.” Each of these motifs recurs throughout the play. so loving to my mother That he might not beteem the winds of heaven Visit her face too roughly. He compares Claudius to his father (his father was “so excellent a king” while Claudius is a bestial “satyr”). Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason. oft it chances in particular men. specifically his intense disgust at his mother’s marriage to Claudius. to this. “Frailty. As infinite as man may undergo-Shall in the general censure take corruption . As. Hamlet thinks for the first time about suicide. As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: and yet. but Hamlet feels that the option of suicide is closed to him because it is forbidden by religion. flat and unprofitable. he touches upon the important motifs of misogyny. Since nature cannot choose his origin-By the o'ergrowth of some complexion.-Their virtues else--be they as pure as grace. Hamlet then goes on to describe the causes of his pain. or ere those shoes were old With which she follow'd my poor father's body. Hamlet speaks Here. Being nature's livery.. Suicide seems like a desirable alternative to life in a painful world. noting that the shoes his mother wore to his father’s funeral were not worn out before her marriage to Claudius. things rank and gross in nature Possess it merely. in their birth--wherein they are not guilty. she would hang on him. not so much. 4. incest. That for some vicious mole of nature in them. That it should come to this! But two months dead: nay. that was. How weary.

When he states that "there is nothing either good or bad. “for there is nothing either good or bad.From that particular fault: the dram of evil Doth all the noble substance of a doubt To his own scandal. in form and moving. (I. . Man for all his physical beauty and intellectual achievements is nothing but dust. 23-38). what is this qintessence of dust? Man delights not me. but thinking makes it so. Hamlet speaks Claudius and Gertrude are worried that Hamlet has become insane. how noble in reason. Hamlet. He's also implicitly damning the naïveté of the king's new yes-men. how infinite in faculties. seems that he is actually articulating the Aristotelian notion of the tragic flaw. 7. the paragon of animals. despite a good and admirable nature. so he becomes very depressed that his two friends have turned traitors and he speaks these lines. They don't know that Hamlet is only pretending to be mad and so Claudius asks Hamlet's two friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to cheer him up and find out the reason for his strange behavior and see whether his parents can help him out of his difficult situation. Hamlet thus indirectly expresses his contempt for his hypocritical friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern." he's not indulging in ethical relativism as much as wishing for blissful ignorance. but thinking makes it so. no. but due to an imbalance. how like a god: the beauty of the world. but the outcome is still essentially the same: dishonor and a kind of national downfall. 5.” Hamlet.4. in this illustration is substituting a nation for a person. and yet to me. how like an angel in apprehension. in a dream of passion. in and of itself is not bad. But in a fiction. and of his knowledge that his stepfather is a fratricide and his mother incestuous. The two friends readily agree to help Claudius and Gertrude and they meet Hamlet and begin to quiz him about his strange behavior. 6. Hamlet as soon as he meets them realizes that they are decoys meant to remove his disguise and expose him. Hamlet speaks Hamlet’s speech."That is God created man from dust and after he dies will become nothing but dust. The concept of the tragic flaw encompasses the notion that the hero.307-314) Hamlet. But he concludes by remarking that man is nothing more than "quintessence of dust. overwhelms his other qualities. is ultimately led to his downfall through a character trait which. though by your smiling you seem to say so“ (II. “What a piece of work is man.2. Hamlet. nor woman neither. “Is it not monstrous that this player here. how express and admirable in action. Hamlet speaks Hamlet is a prisoner of his own thinking.

Ay. there's the rub. And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep. He wonders how an actor can cry even though he is not sad. 'tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish'd. No more. Must give us pause: Hamlet. Hamlet has two ways of taking arms against the sea of troubles he faces--commiting murder. and by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to. knowing suicide would end these. to sleep. He would to be like the actor. both would lead to eternal damnation. “the play’s the thing Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king. Thoughts of what could happen after death "give us pause". He wonders who would bear the injustice and disappoint-ments of life. Hamlet speaks 9.” (II. In his belief system. There's the nightmare that troubles the eternal "sleep" of death. To be. Or to take arms against a sea of troubles. Hamlet. To die. A broken voice. That he should weep for her” (II. given the pain he feels at his father's death/murder. or to take action.Could force his soul so to his own conceit That from her working all his visage wanned. For in that sleep of death what dreams may come When we have shuffled off this mortal coil. there's the rub. Hamlet wonders whether to live or die. and his mother Gertrude's hasty remarriage to the murderer. It is the "dread of something after death (that) puzzles the will and makes us rather bear those ills we have/than fly to others that we know not of. to show his feeling. he wonders if it is nobler to bear his grief.. In this soliloquy. distraction in his aspect.2. and his whole function suiting With forms to his conceit.554-563). To sleep: perchance to dream: ay.. Hamlet.2. Tears in his eyes.608-9). 8. or he to Hecuba. or not to be: that is the question: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune. Hamlet speaks Hamlet tries to place himself in the position of this stage actor and wonders what the player would do if he had Hamlet's "motive" and "cue for passion. or committing suicide. Hamlet speaks In the famous "To be or not to be" soliloquy. and all for nothing! For Hecuba!What’s Hecuba to him. His father's ghost has told him what happened and demands revenge." .

Your fat king and your lean begger is but variable service. they dig out Yorick the court jester's skull. Alexander returneth to dust. knows what it’s to leave betimes. dead and turned to clay. Hamlet remarks that it is quite possible that the dust of Alexander's mortal remains might have become the clay . two dishes. Alexander was buried.16-24) Hamlet. the dust is earth. but where a’ is eaten-a certain convocation of politic worms are e’en at him: your worm is your only emperor for diet.with which beer barrels are sealed tight.203-206) Hamlet. when we are dead. of aught he leaves. Hamlet is also talking a bit about how this makes all people equal. and that once he died and was buried he became dust. 12. Horatio replies that it would be a freakish and bizarre thing to do so. Not where he eats. Since no man. Both a king and a beggar will be worm food when they die. Hamlet speaks This quote deals with the theme of death because the whole thing is talking about what happens to a person's corpse after that person dies. and why of that loam whereto he was converted might they not stop a beer-barrel? Imperious Caesar.3. worms eat us. Hamlet speaks Hamlet's stepfather.10. (V. has arranged a fencing match between the prince and Laertes. These lines are densely cynical and highlight the worthlessness of all human achievements."loam" . and we fat ourselves for maggots.” (IV.1. There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. yet it will come – the readiness is all.Might stop a hole to keep the wind away. it will be now – if it be not now. He talks about how we fatten all other animals for us to eat. but we're really being fattened up for the worms to eat. As they dig the grave. After examining Yorick's skull Hamlet asks Horatio whether or not it would be possible to trace imaginatively the final state of Alexander the Great's human remains.2. Hamlet talks about how. …Alexander died.217-222) Hamlet. :…we defy augury. Hamlet and Horatio arrive at the graveyard where the two gravediggers are digging a grave for Ophelia. let be. In the first part. ‘tis not to come – if it be not to come. And a person can take a worm that's eaten a king's flesh and go use it for bait to fish with. Laertes happens to be the son of Polonius (whom Hamlet has slain) and the brother of Ophelia (who has gone mad and committed suicide as a result of Hamlet's actions). we fat all creatures to fat us. (V. If it be now. King Claudius. of earth we make loam. 11. but to one table – that’s the end. Hamlet speaks These lines are from the famous Graveyard scene which is a tragi-comic scene meant to amuse the people and provide comic relief even as it highlights certain universally profound truths of human life in gerneral. Hamlet and . Hamlet means to imply that even Alexander the Great who was a world conqueror was an ordinary mortal human being like all of us.

The potent poison quite o'er-crows my spirit: I cannot live to hear the news from England.his friend Horatio well know that the king desperately wants the prince out of the way. I fear. his father. Before. His life ended. with the occurrents. who was hoping for the promotion himself. 13. has promoted Cassio as his lieutenant. 'Twere now to be most happy. It gives me wonder great as my content To see you here before me. So tell him. Which have solicited. Othello has secretly married Desdemona. a Moorish general of Venice. more and less. whenever it comes. leaving a wide gap of silence where years of living should be. Iago determines to use Desdemona as the means of his revenge. Now. O my soul's joy! If after every tempest come such calms. and finally of how Hamlet's promising life was cut short OTHELLO Othello. omens mean nothing to him. and that Laertes is looking for revenge. Hamlet speaks The reference you mention is part of Hamlet's final speech in which he observes the fact that he is dying and reflects that he will not be a part of anything more in life. Iago. the fencing match doesn't promise to be an entirely playful affair. But I do prophesy the election lights On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice. because he finally realizes that it is out of his control. He also asks Horatio to tell the story of his uncle. May the winds blow till they have waken'd death! And let the labouring bark climb hills of seas Olympus-high and duck again as low As hell's from heaven! If it were now to die. makes plots against both Cassio and Othello to exact revenge. His main plan is to make Othello jealous and that would ruin their marriage. he is of the opinion that "there's special providence in the fall of a sparrow. the beautiful daughter of Venetian senator. . "We defy augury"—that is. too soon. weighed its implications. and refuses Horatio's offer to excuse him if he thinks better of things. Hamlet realizes he needs to rely on Horatio to tell Fortinbras that he has Hamlet's "dying voice" for succession to the throne of Denmark. The rest of his life is to be silence. Hamlet will deliver himself over to his fate. of how Ophelia died. now or in the future. Hamlet has agreed to it nonetheless. Hamlet. and sought into its causes. The rest is silence. 14. for. he would have thought too precisely on the event. his mother." and therefore a guiding hand behind his own fall.

If he were to die now. Othello must be made to feel that same way about Desdemona and Cassio. when they belie her. Othello must feel that same poisonous jealousy that Iago feels. That she loves him. Now. For that I do suspect the lusty Moor Hath leap'd into my seat. he would be happy because he doubts that he could feel more happiness from anything to come in life. because he is as happy as he can ever be. That Cassio loves her. noble nature. He wants revenge for his own suspicion that Othello has gone to bed with Emilia. he says. Lie with her! lie on her! We say lie on her. even as he's going mad with jealousy. Iago speaks Here Iago revels his future plan and the reasons why he must take revenge towards Othello. wife for wife. especially because Othello will be thanking Iago for opening his eyes. howbeit that I endure him not. ……… I'll have our Michael Cassio on the hip. . And I dare think he'll prove to Desdemona A most dear husband.My soul hath her content so absolute That not another comfort like to this Succeeds in unknown fate. in addition to having sex with Othello. Iago then previews what's going to happen next. The phrase "even'd with him. Abuse him to the Moor in the rank garb-For I fear Cassio with my night-cap too— Othello. loving. But partly led to diet my revenge. 'tis apt and of great credit: The Moor. He declares that if such happiness can come after every storm he'd be willing to see the winds blow until they had awakened death. Othello speaks Othello speaks to Desdemona when he meets her for the first time in Cyprus. I do love her too. 16. Not out of absolute lust. and the waves rise to heaven and fall to hell. And even if he would die right now he would not regret it. His joy is so great that he feels their reunion is a kind of miracle. Lie with her! that's fulsome. and esspecialy the joy of her being here with him. Othello is holding Desdemona in his arms and saying these words. and in his mind Iago sees a picture of Cassio wearing his night-cap. is also doing it with Cassio. He is expressing his love. I do well believe it. 15." seems that he has some notion that he might have sex with Desdemona. Iago will enjoy that. He says that he could wake up the dead just to tell them how happy he is. Othello. It's eating at his gut and he won't be satisfied. though peradventure I stand accountant for as great a sin. but it's not the sex that's important. Iago's paranoia makes him suspect that Emilia. Is of a constant.

It is not words that shake me thus." in which case Othello would be comparing himself to Herod the great. and lips. "where there's smoke. . and be hanged for his labour. but the two get mixed up in Othello's mind. but being wrought Perplex'd in the extreme. The handkerchief is a kind of proof. Nature would not invest herself in such shadowing passion without some instruction. in our cliché. there must be fire. ears. Othello compares himself to the "base Indian. When you shall these unlucky deeds relate. but not a confession. His eyes are lowered in grief ("subdued") and the tears flow as fast as all the drops of sap ("gum") in a grove of trees that have been tapped to harvest the fluid. had his beloved wife killed. Both comparisons make good sense. and lips" (Whose? His? Hers? Theirs?). in a fit of jealousy. who. Finally he is completely overwhelmed and "Falls in a trance. but Othello is not an ordinary man. to be hanged." But the smoke is all in Othello's mind. And he is weeping. might feel that he deserved no more than probation or community service. He gets worse and sees in his mind's eye "Noses. and it is words which make him shake." someone in a now unknown tale who threw away a pearl because he was ignorant of its true worth. having made a mistake and feeling genuinely sorry. Othello's passionate irrationality makes him tremble. then returns to confession and the handkerchief. Many an ordinary man. Othello speaks To lie with (have sex with) someone is not the same thing as to belie (tell a lie about) someone. and so he pulls out his dagger and gives himself a deadly wound. Turk. --Is't possible?--Confess--handkerchief!--O devil!-Falls in a trance Othello. ears. As he punished the "malignant . Othello speaks Here we see a man who is describing the experience of a terrible mistake. If he could get a confession from Cassio." 17. Othello. and then get the confession.--first. . "Judean" is an alternative reading for "Indian. Pish! Noses. Othello did suffer from jealousy and he threw away Desdemona without knowing her true worth. but it would be more satisfying to hang him first. King Lear . Nor set down aught in malice: then must you speak Of one that loved not wisely but too well. nothing extenuate. he would hang him.--Handkerchief--confessions--handkerchief!--To confess. Speak of me as I am. but he believes that "Nature would not invest herself in such shadowing passion without some instruction." He believes that he couldn't possibly feel so terrible without a good reason.--I tremble at it." so he will punish himself. and then to confess. Of one not easily jealous.

To love my father all. I shall never marry like my sisters. That lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry Half my love with him. that bide the pelting of this pitiless storm. Cordelia says that her love cannot be measurable to the love her sister have for their father. She just wanted to explain that she is completely honest when it comes to how she feels. his heart will break into fragments before he will weep. 19. Or ere I'll weep. Poor naked wretches. corrupt and deceitful. but this heart Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws. . Cordelia says she will "obey. Good my lord. Cordelia. Cordelia Answering to her father. and replies simply that she loves him as a daughter should. 20. half my care and duty: Sure. lie to their father with sappy and excessive declarations of affection. Then he crys out to the fool that he shall go mad. I shall go mad! King Lear. loved me: I Return those duties back as are right fit. when I shall wed. bred me. if they say They love you all? Haply. whereso'er you are." "love" and "honour" her father. Cordelia. this excerpt shows the relationship between parent and child. You think I'll weep No. I'll not weep: I have full cause of weeping. where the elderly King Lear is deciding to give up his power and divide his realm amongst his three daughters. love you. and how big her love is for her father. Cordelia. Her lackluster retort. but she's going to reserve "half" of her "love" and "duty" for her future husband. Goneril and Regan. enrages Lear. Lear's plan is to give the largest piece of his kingdom to the child who professes to love him the most. Why have my sisters husbands. Regan. refuses to engage in Lear's game. will win the challenge. You have begot me. however. Also. Obey you. 18. and Goneril. and most honour you. and he disowns Cordelia completely. despite its sincerity. Here. O fool. King Lear speaks King Lear says that though he has a good cause for weeping.Story opens in ancient Britain. certain that his favorite daughter. King Lear. when he asked his daughters how much they love him. She cannot believe that they can love their father more than husbands.

defend you From seasons such as these? O. savoring your life and making the most of every moment until the end. 23. King Lear speaks . even as their coming hither. For the first time in his royal life. Thus enlightened. the rich and pompous "mayst shake the superflux to them"—shake off what is superfluous and distribute it to the needy. King Lear speaks King Lear's "Take physic. Lear experiences what it's like to be a poor. Edgar speaks It speaks to being ready for inevitable death. and the feeling is unpleasant. and sing.How shall your houseless heads and unfed sides. I have ta'en Too little care of this! Take physic. in ill thoughts again? Men must endure Their going hence. Are many simples operative. There is means. Ripeness is all: come on. and hear poor rogues Talk of court news. Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel. Your loop'd and window'd raggedness. What. King Lear. King Lear. 21. pomp." Only a dose of human suffering can establish the difference between what is necessary in life and what is mere indulgence. that to provoke in him. The which he lacks." The medicine ("physic") he has in mind is a bitter concoction: exposure to such storms as Lear himself now endures. King Lear. And ask of thee forgiveness: so we'll live. King Lear. naked wretch. and tell old tales. I'll kneel down. madam: Our foster-nurse of nature is repose. The king realizes that his former comforts (his "pomp") prevented his administering compassionately to the wretches of his realm—he has taken "Too little care of this. take a taste of your own medicine. ! Come. but also. let's away to prison: We two alone will sing like birds i' the cage: When thou dost ask me blessing. And show the heavens more just. pomp" means "pompous men. whose power Will close the eye of anguish. That thou mayst shake the superflux to them. And pray. having been thrown out by his ungrateful daughters. Doctor speaks 22. and laugh At gilded butterflies.

Even now. but she suspects that he doesn't have the right stuff to do what needs to be done. However. and the mad Lear dies as well. But Macbeth seems to trust the witches absolutely. The raven himself is hoarse That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan . . but without The illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly. expressing his fantasy of spending the rest of his life in prison with her. 24. Lear and Cordelia are prisoners in the British camp. who is quite sure that witches can't be trusted. Macbeth Set in medieval Scotland and partly based on a true historical account. If that's the case. Already a successful soldier in the army of King Duncan. That I may pour my spirits in thine ear. He believes that she has a right to rejoice because she will be a queen. and shalt be What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature. It appears that Macbeth has been asking people what they know about the reliability of witches. Speaking to him as though he were really there. Lady Macbeth doesn't rejoice. It is too full o' the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great. he has ignored the advice of Banquo. Lady Macbeth As the scene opens. These words reflect Lear's central trait throughout the play: he is in denial of reality at every turn. Glamis thou art. however: "I'll kneel down and ask of thee forgiveness. Art not without ambition. the Witches predict that future Scottish kings will be descended not from Macbeth but from his fellow army captain. That wouldst thou holily.Macbeth charts the bloody rise to power and tragic downfall of the warrior Macbeth. Here the insane Lear addresses his daughter. She is determined that he will be king. 25. Lady Macbeth is reading a letter from her husband. The letter tells of the witches' prophecy for him. in his madness and defeat he cannot face the political inevitability that neither he nor his daughter is likely to be spared. Macbeth.At the very end of this play.' Hie thee hither. Macbeth is informed by Three Witches that he is to become king. Macbeth is stung by ambition and confusion when King Duncan nominates his son Malcolm as his heir. As part of the same prophecy... Although initially prepared to wait for Fate to take its course. which is treated as a certainty." Cordelia is subsequently killed. He is sane enough to know his own guilt. Banquo. and Cawdor.

Buttress. he says. but there's a part of her that wants to close its eyes to what she wants to do 26. that the heaven's breath Smells wooingly here: no jutty. In short. Banquo describes those nests as the swallows. you murdering ministers. To cry 'Hold. By his loved mansionry. Come. calls on the "spirits" of murder to take away her womanliness. That my keen knife see not the wound it makes. and without being seen. hold!' Macbeth. a real knife has no eyes and God's eyes in heaven can see through night and smoke and all. you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts. the place ("procreant cradle") where they make love and produce chicks and keep their chicks safe. Lady Macbeth works herself into a killer's state of mind. of dark night darkened with the smoke of hell. Thus. because swallows have built their nests here. is a metaphor for something else. In an atmosphere of black on black. unsex me here. thick night. Stop up the access and passage to remorse. Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark. Duncan remarks that the castle is very beautiful and Banque agrees saying The air must indeed be sweet. The temple-haunting martlet. I have observed. . Lady Macbeth's knife won't see what it's doing. n other words. perhaps her steely will. who is thinking deadly ("mortal") thoughts. Banquo speaks This is the part when king Duncan arrives in the castle. The knife.Under my battlements. Lady Macbeth. This guest of summer. then. does approve. nor keep peace between The effect and it! Come to my woman's breasts. but this bird Hath made his pendent bed and procreant cradle: Where they most breed and haunt. nor coign of vantage. Lady Macbeth speaks As she waits for her husband. The air is delicate. and "heaven" is probably a metaphor for her conscience. she thinks she's a killer. Macbeth. And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood. Of course. That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose. frieze. and neither will heaven. She wants her blood to be thick and her milk to be bitter poison. And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell. Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature's mischief! Come. the nests that are hanging ("pendant") high on the castle walls are the beds of the birds. And take my milk for gall. but at the end she--as her husband did earlier--asks for the ability to kill without seeing what she is doing.

as his host. but inside the castle. even if he weren't a king. 28. To put it bluntly. comes around. Duncan will be murdered. great nature's second course. He knows that – what goes around. everything looks homey and cozy. And prophesying with accents terrible . that his virtues Will plead like angels… Macbeth. Only at this point does he start thinking of other reasons that he shouldn't kill his king. Chief nourisher in life's feast. Our chimneys were blown down. Balm of hurt minds. Sleep is in a way a cure for the mind. Macbeth is supposed to protect his king. not kill him. sore labour's bath. as his kinsman. The death of each day's life. 29.-Macbeth. Strong both against the deed. Duncan has done nothing wrong. First. 27. The night has been unruly: where we lay. as they say. there would be plenty of kith and kin eager to avenge the murder of any man. Macbeth speaks Macbeth knows that he can get away with murder only here on earth.on the outside of the castle. Macbeth is about to chicken out because he thinks that he's likely to get caught. Macbeth has good reason to be afraid. that we but teach Bloody instructions. as his host. But in these cases We still have judgment here. As the King's subject. Besides. But he has done a great crime against nature so his punishment from it is the curse of not being able to sleep anymore. hath been So clear in his great office. as I am his kinsman and his subject. Macbeth speaks Sleep is the gift of nature that everybody deserves. Methought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep'. Not bear the knife myself. which. He's here in double trust. the innocent sleep. Sleep that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care. return To plague the inventor: this even-handed justice Commends the ingredients of our poison'd chalice To our own lips. being taught. In a warrior society such as his. In the afterlife he will certainly be punished. Besides. Who should against his murderer shut the door. strange screams of death. this Duncan Hath borne his faculties so meek. and. then. Lamentings heard i' the air.

Earlier. There were chimneys blown down from the storm. then. my lord. No doubt. Macduff was the man destined to overpower him.--Hell is murky!--Fie. and covered with blood. It may be a reflection of her mental and emotional state.. Lenox speaks Lennox comments on the disruptions of the natural world on the night King Duncan is murdered. when none can call our power to account?--Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him. damned spot! out. However. Be bloody. He reports that the earth was feverish and shook throughout the night. the mystery is unveiled when Macduff tells Macbeth how he was 'from his mother's womb/Untimely ripped'. 'an armed Head'. 'tis time to do't. the natural world would be in chaos.Of dire combustion and confused events New hatch'd to the woeful time: the obscure bird Clamour'd the livelong night: some say. But Macbeth is unable to read into the equivocation of the second Apparition. warned Macbeth against the possible threat posed by Macduff. I say!--One: two: why. Strange screams of death and prophesying with terrible accents were occurring on this horrible night of King Duncan's death and the hidden bird screamed all night long. second apparition The 'bloody child' the infant Macduff as he looked. the storms and natural world disruptions are caused by a supernatural God who is grieved at his very heart for the murdering of his chosen man King Duncan. Truly. Macbeth. 30. 31. Lady Macbeth speaks Now she sees blood. fie! a soldier. She is completely undone by guilt and descends into madness. Since Elizabethan England believed that the King was appointed by God. bold. Out. it makes sense that the natural world would be in chaos on the night that God's king was murdered. laugh to scorn The power of man. Macbeth draws a simplistic conclusion that he is invincible. God would be highly upset at the murdering of his appointed king. when cut out of the bleeding womb of its mother. and resolute. the earth Was feverous and did shake. never to die in the hands of a man. and afeard? What need we fear who knows it. for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth. Macbeth could understand that he has been deceived--'. the first apparition. Macbeth found his own fear concerning Macduff echoed by the first Apparition.be these juggling fiends no more believ'd'. Macbeth. Her inability to sleep was foreshadowed in the voice that her husband thought he heard while killing the king—a voice crying out that Macbeth . Macbeth.

out. Prospero and his daughter. have created their own hell. watch the storm envelop the ship. so unreal that it can only be compared to a stage on which frets a pitiful actor. Out. they both survived and arrived safely on this island. And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Macbeth speaks In this final soliloquy we uncover the ultimate tragedy of Macbeth.was murdering sleep. brief candle! Life's but a walking shadow. in their destructive power. a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot. On land. Twelve years earlier. The pair. Prospero has created the storm with magic. and has left nothing significant behind. Upon his arrival. 32 She should have died hereafter. betrayed him. seizing his title and property. There would have been a time for such a word. Our days on this earth serve no purpose other than to thrust us toward "dusty death. And her delusion that there is a bloodstain on her hand furthers the play’s use of blood as a symbol of guilt. Prospero rescued a sprite. Antonio." Life is a seemingly endless and depressing succession of bleak days creeping along at a "petty pace. Signifying nothing. as a ship containing the king of Naples and his party struggles to stay afloat. where Prospero learned to control the magic that he now uses to manipulate everyone on the island. Macbeth's heinous acts throughout the play have resulted in his last. Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time. and he explains that his enemies are on board the ship. Miranda. Miraculously. where they are tormented by guilt and insanity. Ariel. The Tempest The Tempest opens in the midst of a storm. who had been imprisoned by the witch Sycorax. The last inhabitant of the island is the child of Sycorax and the devil: ." Our time on this earth is so unsubstantial that it can only be compared to a shadow. Macbeth. When the play is over his character disappears into nothingness. full of sound and fury. The story Prospero relates is that he is the rightful Duke of Milan and that his younger brother. Ariel wishes to be free and his freedom has been promised within two days. To-morrow. Prospero and Miranda were put out to sea in little more than a raft. horrible conclusion about life: it is utterly meaningless. and to-morrow. and to-morrow.

which further charms Ferdinand with heroic images ("pearls that were his eyes") and an hourly sea-nymphs' celebration of his father's life and person. Unless I be relieved by prayer. Which pierces so that it assaults Mercy itself and frees all faults. or else my project fails. 33. Or sent to Naples. uncivilized and wishing only to have his island returned to him to that he can live alone in peace. which has been turned into "something rich and strange" from the effects of a "sea-change. Since I have my dukedom got And pardon'd the deceiver. As you from crimes would pardon'd be. Ariel speaks Ariel's song lyrics commemorate the death of his father. And my ending is despair. Now my charms are all o'erthrown. The Tempest. whom Prospero has enslaved.Caliban. Let your indulgence set me free. art to enchant. Caliban is a natural man. Let me not. I must be here confined by you." 34. Full fathom five thy father lies. Which is most faint: now. 'tis true. Prospero speaks . Which was to please. But release me from my bands With the help of your good hands: Gentle breath of yours my sails Must fill. Those are pearls that were his eyes: Nothing of him that doth fade But doth suffer a sea-change Into something rich and strange. Of his bones are coral made. Now I want Spirits to enforce. dwell In this bare island by your spell. And what strength I have's mine own. Sea-nymphs hourly ring his knell The Tempest.

To work mine end upon their senses that This airy charm is for. 35. O. when I have required Some heavenly music. The Tempest. I'll break my staff. That has such people in't! The Tempest. he needs the audience's help if he wants to leave the island – the only thing that can free him and send him home is the audience's approval and loud applause. and drown his books in the sea. wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world. … graves at my command Have waked their sleepers. where Miranda and Ferdinand will get hitched before old Prospero retires to Milan. and. she is amazed by the view she has infront of her. they are all beautiful in her eyes. Miranda speaks Because Miranda was living on the island for so long. . And deeper than did ever plummet sound I'll drown my book. everyone is ready to head back to Naples. But Prospero remains on stage and delivers this epilog Prospero says that now that he's retired from a lifetime of performing magic. speaking to all of the invisible spirits that he has magically commanded. and let 'em forth By my so potent art. everyone leaves the stage and heads inside to Prospero's cell. he will break his magic staff. 36. oped. This excerpt has a meaning that there is still a chance for the new generation. which even now I do. After that. Bury it certain fathoms in the earth. declares that his last request is some music while he lifts the charm from the three noblemen. to make this world a better place.At the play's end. Prospero speaks Prospero. n the meantime. So many people like her. But this rough magic I here abjure.