Hybrid Electric Cars:The future

the ICE and the electric motor are both connected to the mechanical transmission and can simultaneously transmit power to drive the . INTRODUCTION With increasing awareness towards economic and environmental concerns associated with fuel combustion in automobiles. There are a variety of HEV types. mostly due to public unawareness of the performance and reliability of HEV technology as well as the high initial cost of hybrid cars. The presence of the electric powertrain is intended to achieve either better fuel economy than a conventional vehicle or better performance. The most common form of HEV is the hybrid electric car. The oil dependency. continues to increase with economic growth and development. especially by light-duty vehicles.This paper compares different methods of engine propulsion fossil fuels with hybrid cars technologies so as to find the best future alternative of these.The transportation sector is one of the highest consumers of fossil fuels and the largest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions which is a major cause of pollution. most of which are available in different parts of the world.the world is focusing towards the development of sustainable technologies. and the degree to which they function as EVs varies as well.Prashant pandey.Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer a fuel efficient solution that combines an electric motor based drivetrain with the conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) to reduce fuel consumption and vehicle emissions.These HEV benefits have prompted the automakers to develop hybrid vehicles.shubham sharma.environment friendly alternatives and to review the current hybrid technology as an efficient Solution by comparing it with other latest technoligies which uses fossil fuels for their function. This paper attempts to raise public understanding of the growing need to Shift transportation industry to sustainable. although hybrid electric trucks (pickups and tractors) and buses also exist.efficient and environment friendly transportation. Hybrid electric vehicles can be classified according to the way in which power is supplied to the drivetrain : In parallel hybrids. particularly by lightduty vehicles. Fossil fuel driven vehicles are not only creating financial strain due to fluctuating prices but are also polluting the environment and posing health risks to the community. is responsible for a quarter of the total GHG emissions in the country and has become a source of economic stress with rising oil prices. However consumer acceptance to hybrid vehicles remains low. HYBRID VEHICLES A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle which combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) propulsion system with an electric propulsion system. In an effort to find the best alternate of these fuels.vipul yadav ABSTRACT The demand for Petrol and Diesel in India. this paper reviews hybrid vehicle technology as a logical step towards sustinable..

Series hybrid schematic diagram Power splits hybrids have the benefits of a combination of series and parallel characteristics. not to be the sole source of motive power from launch.Examples of power-split (referred to by some as "series-parallel") hybrid powertrains include current model of ford. Split hybrid schemaatic diagram HYBRID ELECTRIC COMPONENTS Parallel hybrid schematic diagram In Series hybrids. Currently.only the electric motor drives the drivetrain. and a smaller ICE works as a Generator to power the electric motor or to recharge the batteries. they are more efficient overall. VEHICLE There are many components that an HEV is comprised of. They also usually have a larger battery pack than parallel hybrids. making them more efficient in extensive city driving. and the battery pack are all main components that power the vehicle.Nissan etc. making them more expensive. the cost of powersplit the hybrid is higher than a pure parallel. These elements need a way to be monitored and controlled with sensors and controllers. such as inverters and converters. however. the ICE. the small combustion engine can generate power at its optimum settings at all times. INNOVATIONS IN HYBRID CARS . Other devices. ensure that the right type (AC or DC) and right amount of current is being supplied to the various systems in an HEV. commercialized parallel hybrids use a full size combustion engine with a single. Parallel hybrids are more efficient than comparable non-hybrid vehicles especially during urban stop-andgo conditions where the electric motor is permitted to contribute and during highway operation. because series hybrids tend to be more efficient at lower speeds and parallel tend to be more efficient at high speeds.accord as well as the GM Belted Alternator/Starter system found in the Chevrolet Malibu hybrids are examples of production parallel hybrids. Honda's Integrated Motor Assist (IMA) system as found in the civic. Once the batteries are low. The M/Gs . usually through a conventional transmission. As a result. The internal combustion engine of many parallel hybrids can also act as a generator for supplemental recharging.wheels. small (<20 kW) electric motor and small battery pack as the electric motor is designed to supplement the main engine.

IMPROVED BREAKING REGENERATIVE Regenerative braking is a system in which the electric motor that normally drives a hybrid or pure electric vehicle is essentially operated in reverse (electrically) during braking or coasting.we can multiply the efficiency of the battery and hence the efficiency of the vehicle.If we will be able to multiply the charge stored in the battries.FUEL LESS GRAVITY ENGINE The biggest innovation which we can add in it is FUEL LESS GRAVITY Engine.” it generates electricity. Fuel less gravity engine So. We can improve regenerative breaking by improving its capacity to charge the battries. It is unlike any other gravity motor we have ever seen before. As the motor “acts in reverse. The accompanying friction (electrical resistance) assists the normal brake pads in overcoming inertia and helps slow the vehicle.fuel less gravity engine can be used as an alternate to engine which we are using .The Gravity Engine or ( Motor ) can be designed to run itself very easily. 1. currently. inertia driven motor which gets it’s torque power from leverage as well as speed. 2.We can use this engine by modifying it such that it can produce us higher rpm constantly so that it can be used efficiently at high speeds and thereby be used to store energy to the batteries.As we know that hybrid cars are future. & David Waggoner of Creative Science & Research.there are many components in it which can replaced to enhance its capability and efficiency therby to increase its demand between customers. the motor acts as a generator that charges the onboard batteries with electrical energy that would normally be lost as heat through traditional mechanical friction brakes. Instead of consuming energy to propel a vehicle.The Fuelless Gravity Engine is an amazing new idea created by Rick H. The FGE2 Gravity Engine is basically a gravity.

CRC Press. and most diesel vehicles have higher trade-in values than gasolinepowered cars. The above stated technology can be improved by using the components stated above in order to attain maximum efficiency in city traffic. Thus Hybrid cehicles can be used in future by modifying it with above stated technologies so as to improve fuel economy and efficiency of the vehicle. where braking recharges the battery that powers the electric motor. and diesel for high-mileage (mostly highway) driving. CONCLUSIONS The above paper concludes that:The Hybrid technology is one of the biggest future growing technology in the world. diesel. diesel cars are right choice for cost per mile driven. hybrid for city driving. Boca Raton. RESULTS Regenerative breaking system COMPARISION WITH PRESENT TECHNOLOGY Gas. Hybrid is the winner if you cover a lot of miles in stop and go city driving or on clogged expressways.As this technology gives maximum efficiency and hence reduces the fuel consumption. Go with gasoline if you’re a low-mileage driver.we can use the Hybrid cars at much higher level as this will be the future of the cars. or electric? Everyone wants their car to have better fuel economy and wouldn’t mind if it’s better for the environment. 2003. . The case for diesel is clearer in the premium/sporty segment Among the technologies which have been used to run the car. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles-Design Fundamentals.the most efficient in terms of fuel consumption is Hybrid technology.where the gasoline engine uses premium fuel.Hybrid technology not only improves fuel consumption but also increase efficiency and reduce complexity of the cars. Choosing of vehicle depends on the customers interest. hybrid.Thus by using the components stated above. If you drive a lot of highway miles. REFERENCES  Husain. We will be largely depending on this technology in future due to depletion of fossil fuels. The mainstream gasoline engine is best if you drive less than 7500 miles a year because the savings on fuel won’t match the premium you’re likely to pay for a hybrid or diesel car. so the diesel price disadvantage per gallon of fuel is less than 10%. It helps if you’re easy on the throttle and brake early and smoothly in a hybrid.

Patterson.org/files/Imapct_of_Hybrid_Car s_Final. "Hybrid Synergy Drive Goes Upscale.pdf ."Green Car Journal (2009): 22-23  http://www. fuel prices. D.htm  http://www..com/hybr id-car. P.emicbg. and fuel efficiency in hybrid electric vehicle market success. and A.Importance of vehicle costs.And Small. J. Ron. D. D..howstuffworks. Santini.  Cogan. Vyas.