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Chapter 13: Data

processing Data
sets

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First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report

the file contains the marks by a randomly selected marker 332 First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report .1 Scored responses Filename: INT_cogn_sco. target language and student The student responses on the questionnaire ire and Writing (only for the two skills out of three. student and marker Writing booklet was marked by a central marker this file contains the marked responses from the c more than one marker. school.Data sets This chapter details the contents of the ESCL data sets.2.13 Data processing .2 Language assessment items data files 13. one teacher-level file and two school-level files.1 The Student Questionnaire and performance data file Filename: INT_stu. target language. but not a central marker. school.txt For each student who participated in the cognitive assessment the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system. for which each student was sampled) variance estimates 13. The ESLC international data sets consist of seven data files: four student-level files. 13.txt For each student who participated in the assessment the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system.

2.13. school.txt For each Writing booklet which was marked more than once the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system.txt For each school that participated in the survey the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system.3 Teacher Questionnaire data file Filename: INT_tea. target language and principal target language 333 First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report . target language and student The students raw responses to Listening and Reading items 13. target language and teacher m the original responses in the questionnaire variance estimates 13.4 School Questionnaire data files File names: INT_sch_TL1. target language.2 Raw responses Filename: INT_cogn_raw. implicit and explicit strata. student and marker Marked responses 13.2.txt. school. INT_sch_TL2.3 Multiple marking Filename: INT_cogn_mm. school. the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system. school.txt For each teacher who filled out the questionnaire the following information is available: Identification variables for the educational system.txt For each student who participated in a Listening or Reading test.

6 Records excluded from the datasets The following data is excluded from the datasets Students that did not participate in any session.School plausible values for Listening. only students and schools that meet the formal criteria for participation have a weight in the datasets. excluded or absent Teachers that did not respond to the questionnaire Schools for which no students attended a questionnaire or test booklet session. If a school participated for two target languages. However. 334 First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report . A participating student is defined as one who has responded to the Student Questionnaire (required of all students). 13. the school is present in both files. Reading and Writing and standard errors for the school plausible values School weights The school dataset is divided separate in files for the first target language and the second target language. 13.7 Weights in the datasets All schools for which any student participated in the survey are in the datasets. either because they were ineligible.5 Records in the data sets Student level All students who attended at least one questionnaire or test booklet session Teacher level All teachers who responded to the questionnaire School level All schools for which at least one student attended a questionnaire or test booklet session 13. and has done at least one of the two cognitive tests assigned. Since only one principal responded per school the principal responses and indices are replicated in both files as far as they are applicable to both target languages.

for example selected several answers when only one answer was expected. This code is used for items or options in the Principal Questionnaire that were not applicable for the target language because the principal responded to the other target language version of the questionnaire. 13. mainly due to the localisation (see Chapter 3). Missing: 99 for closed questions and 9999 for open questions.8 Representing missing data Missing responses were coded to distinguish between four types of missing data36: Not applicable: 77 for closed questions and 7777 in open questions. Invalid: 88 for closed questions and 8888 in open questions. Unique randomly assigned number for identification of students. The educational system codes used in ESLC are the educational system codes of the European Commission The school identification variable named school_id. In Spain and the Flemish Community of Belgium. a number of schools took part that were not part of the sample. This is a string consisting of a three letter educational system identification variable (ISO 3166. This consists of the letters The respondent identification variable named respondent_id.A participating school is defined as a school where at least 25% of the sampled students have completed the questionnaire and at least one test booklet. teachers and principals The marker identification variable called marker id. Not applicable: 78 for closed questions and 7778 in open questions. schools and markers The following identifiers were used: Educational system identification variable named educational system_id.9 Identification of respondents. These schools can be identified through the code student respondents from these schools do not have weights. This code is used when the respondent did not provide an answer to the questions. with BGE. Flemish and French Communities of Belgium 36 Note that as far as the indices are concerned. 13. This code is used when a respondent gave an invalid answer. BFR for the German. each missing value is a true missing value 335 First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report . This code is used for items or options in the questionnaires that were not administered to respondents. BFL. Based on this criterion four schools (two in the first target language sample and two in the second target language sample) did not get a weight because all questionnaires for these schools were lost.

Full details of all identifiers and codes used can be found in the codebook made available with the data sets. Note: since some schools participated for two target languages. 336 First European Survey on Language Competences: Technical Report .the marker. merging the student files with the teacher or school files. should always be done on two variables: school_id and targetLanguage_id. .